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Ainc(h)rist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ainc(h)rist or dil.ie/1206

pn Antichrist: anchrist gl. ille iniquus, Wb. 26a16 . co tíchtin nAncrist, 25d1 . arsil Ancrist ṅírach, Fél. Sept. 29 . do chathugud fri hancrist, KMMisc. 144 § 3 . Díabul i rricht duine intí Ancríst, LU 1419 . a marbad Anchrist ainglig (of Lucifer), YBL 326b15 ( CF 89.28 ). Cf. Ainticríst.

airúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airúath or dil.ie/2461

Forms: erud, urud

n (1 úath) also appar. erud, urud (see Lochlann ii 213 )

(a) dreadfulness, terribleness, power of inspiring dread (re- garded as an attribute of a hero): fer rosasad a ǽs . . . ┐ a erúath, LU 4844 ( TBC² 354 ). ní acim di gráin na héruath . . . latt . . ., I cannot see that you are sufficiently terrible or awful . . ., 5656 (ib. 1179 ). tinól Dauid . . ./fri herud na hairmiten, SR 5914 (`fear' Gloss.). cáiniu di ḟlaithib . . . eter urud (uragadh, urfuath, v.l.) ┐ gráin ┐ báig, TBC 5172 . fer án athlamh co ngrain ┐ eruath, TBC St. 4215 . cathmílidh co n-úath co n-erud, TTr². 1070 . ri ba mo grain ┐ urud, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . immumdiched a urúath, nambiathad a aruit, LL 14230 . ? dillechta in slóg sorchaidhe / gan a coimsid costadaig / imdíched a n-iruatha (i n-iruat[h]a TBC St. 4694 ), TBC 5690 . conā tardad gráin nā hirḟūath leis ina dochum, acht amail nothīsadh do dhāil nō aenach, Arch. iii 5.8 (of actual weapons ?). is ond Labraid ille fil gráin ┐ gératacht ┐ ómun ┐ aurḟúath for Laignib, LL 21046 . la auromun / auruath niath nertcride, ZCP viii 306.11 .

(b) terror, dread: imgaibtir athai . . . rém ḟuath ┐ rem erud, LU 10276 . a ecla ┐ a urúad (uruath v.l. St.) dread of him, TBC 3303 . ná tairmescca erḟuath na égcomnairt sib, TFrag. 44.z . atrubairt . . . nacar eicen uath na herud don cathraig no need to dread the city, LL 408b44 ( TTr. 2263 ) = úath ná herod, TTr.² 1731 . re huruad meic inn Ardrig for fear of, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

As n.pr. Find, Eruath, is Fatemain, LU 10550 . Uath Urud is Aislinge, 10552 = Hiruth, ZCP viii 217 § 10 .

al(l)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. al(l)e or dil.ie/2965

adv = ille : conid dib cenel C. alle to this point, Ériu iii 136.37 . alé (: turchairthe), Acall. 647 . B. tucc an tor alle (: innile), Leb. Gab. 40.23 . a-le (: ele), Ériu iv 222 § 38 . cu mba hár . . . leo alliu ┐ anall hither and thither, Marco P. 33 , 65 , 114 , 131 (the form alliu is perhaps a diff. formation in the meaning from here , ed.)= illiu ┐ anall, 151 . ? ille alle dá chét naem / do ria . . . co R., SG 366.13 ( LL 298a14 ).

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See Thurn. Gramm. § 483 . The form anaill, TBC² 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorró- bdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Prov. xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona dích- theth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, FM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', FM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , Arch. iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth Gabl. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Ped. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nall- oin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jer. xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, FM v 1868.14 .

athḟoilsigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athḟoilsigthech or dil.ie/4761

adj o, ā (athḟoilsigud). Of the pron. ipse when it `re-demonstrates' a person already mentioned: is prono- men n-a.¤ dóib ipse, Sg. 198a1 . ni cumcat camaiph ille iste beta naithḟoilsigthecha dondí as ipse , 2 .

? 4 baí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 baí or dil.ie/5163

adv in phr. b.¤ chaí appar. hither and thither: dia luid Deichet for b.¤ chaí / . . . / for buaidre cen gár ṅglecc, LL 22216. bái chái .i. ille innond oc meircit . . . a baiolandis commercis (= a bajulandis commerciis), O'Mulc. 116. Cf. báe, cáe ?

bairille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairille or dil.ie/5235

Forms: -ille

n (Engl. or Rom. loanword. Cf. Risk, p.594.) barrel: béimnech na mbarilli ri borddaib na mbárc, LL 32239 ( TTr. 1428 ). an b.¤ beg (:aininne), IGT Decl. ex. 151. tri bairill (? leg. -ille ) fiona, ALC ii 494.25 . b.¤ beórach, RSClára 123b . do bairillighip pūdair, Fl. Earls 52.26 . na bairilledha, FM vi 2012.7 . b.¤ na mine, 1 Kings xvii 14 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc. M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', FM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. Fug. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', FM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rach- thai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfol- ach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, Arch. iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc. M² 9. tair bic ille , LU 3724 ( SC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Ps. 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . ÉC xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, FM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC² 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. Finn i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis TC 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robh- adh? KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. Suibhne § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. Finn i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Ang. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam- sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbec- alma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní becc- dentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann Cóir A.2 ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briath- raibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō beg- s[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , Arch. i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Ir. Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Met. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bog- bhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, O'Hussey TC 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uisc- ech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

cell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cell or dil.ie/8562

Forms: cill, Cille

n ā, f. (Lat. cella). In later lang. also with n s. cill ( TSh. 5808 ).

(a) Usually transl. church, but in a number of exx. clearly ref. to monastic settlement or foundation, collection of ecclesiastical buildings: contubart F. acheill dóo, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). c.¤ mór `great church', 317.7 (Hy. ii). cét c.¤ custói tond fo ógi offrinn, Lib. Hymn. 177.495 (ACC). .xvii. cella, Vita Br. 23 . atait secht cella etc. (heptad). Laws v 118 . dul tar chill, 474.11 . ? bása ch.¤ mo dind / bád lem Érend íath, LU 9979 . i nArd mínMacha maith c.¤ , LL 15954 . can cairde ceall, BB 56a24 . cormand c.¤ tiri Ele, YBL 132a35 . doronsat na clerig tóraind chilli, 316a42 . ab gach chill, Content. xviii 127 . secht n-airchinnich c.¤ , Ann. Inisf. 1029.2 . ar cheallaibh ┐ eccailsibh, FM iii 912.3 . an líon manach . . . ag freastal na sé dteampull do bhí san chill, Keat. ii 3108 . air an uachtarán cille `spiritual superior', Donl. 106.12 .

(b) Extended applications: ba c.¤ chendadach ┐ ba cómrar thaisceda sét somainech in talman hí (of Persepolis), Alex. 415 . In sense of sanctuary : fa ceall chomhdha (of a dead chief), DDána 110.12 . comairce ┐ ceall, 102.30 (`tearmann', Gloss.). Prov. celd cen cloc, Rawl. B 512, 112a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). Of the clergy as oppd. to laity: etir chill ┐ tuaith, RC xviii 196.22 . See túath (T 349.15 ff.). Of ground round a church, churchyard, graveyard : fa úir na cille. Misc. Hag. Hib. 15 § 8 . noco pīantar / fora n-īatur / ūr a c[h]ille , BColm. 28.26 . rés an gcorp ag triall gus an gcill, TSh. 5720 . gur scríob chúichi an chill trí gnaoi-mhúinte grinn `the grave has gathered', E. O'Rahilly xii 31 . Cf. clad cille, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 .i. in relig, 72 .

In n.pr. imchoin na ceall, IT iii 80 § 53 . Colum Cille , pass. In insulting nick-name: c.¤ coire, Laws v 230.4 Comm. , expld. as `a church in which milk-and-water only is drunk, a miserable place' (O'Curry), note p. 231.

Very freq. in nn.loc.., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns: i ndíoghail na ceallairgthe sin ` sacrilege ', Keat. iii 4567 . ceallogam . . . .i. Beanchar, etc., Auraic. 5702 . is cell-phort do Padraig, BB 268b12 (ceand- phort, BR 30.15 ). With adjj. derived from nouns: is buaid clerigh cliaraig ceolaigh ceallabranaigh, BB 295a11 . don eing cheathraigh cheallainglidhe, DDána 89.10 . eiriceach ┐ . . . ceallairgtheach, Eochairsg. 103.9 .

2 cerb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cerb or dil.ie/8741

adj (-p) o, ā

I keen, sharp, cutting . See Ériu xxii 48 . Freq. with cath: crothid conchend catha ceirp (: deirg), LU 3629 ( SC 31 ). cingid catha cerba, ZCP iii 38 § 4 (`champion of fierce battle', SC 429 n. , q.v.). ro mebaid in cath c.¤ / for A. slegdergg, SR 6913 . búaid catha cirb claidebrúaid, LL 6705 . hi cath Crundmóna nār c.¤ , Fian- aig. 74.29 . In other applications: creitis M. cerp, Trip.² 2470 (cearb, Corp. Gen. 368.7 ). ilar cuan ṅgér, ciasta, c.¤ , SR 891 . dluma . . . gura, cerpa, 8087 . buaile curadh, ersce cearb (of a shield), ITS v 116.15 . ? fer c.¤ name of a bird (?), see LL 212 marg. sup. below.

With caill: caill c.¤ (: bedc), Four Songs 20 § 6 (`the live wood'). imme c.¤ caill crāib `the boughs of the wood are a thicket', 8 § 2 (i mbi c.¤ caill chraíb `during which branchy wood is lacerated', Murphy Lyrics 52.2 ). gairid lon dron do chaill chéirp / i fail feit fir chirp, LL 212 marg. sup. (dip. ed. p. 1036).

II As subst. o, m. act of cutting, a cutting stroke; a butcher(?): cirtis cerpaib in cath cron with cutting strokes(?), SR 4767 . mac in chírmaire a llus chír / mac in chirb is é a bés guin, LL 18798 (`the butcher's(?) son, his work is slaying', Ériu ix 54 § 33 ). cerp .i. teascad, ut est gormclaideb [cerp] cinntech `a blue sword, sharp, decisive', O'Dav. 379 . `cearb' ciorrbhadh, `c.¤' tesgadh tren, Met. Gl. p. 25 § 20 . Art Cearb .i. Art tesctha, nó cirrthi, namh cearb cirriudh dicitur, ar is cirrthi robhói, Cóir Anm. 171 .

Compd. gur ben barr in da cluas de; co bhfuil gach cat o sin ille citach cerbchluasach `having jagged . . . ears' (Gloss.), Tromd. Guaire 744 .

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Ir. Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Im. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin for the time being, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Latin Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, Arch. iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. Finn ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , Buile S. 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, St. Ercuil 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for inn- uropair sin, TBC 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, FM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC² 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. Finn ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Met. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, Thurn. Gramm. 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC² 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC² 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. Finn ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tund. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tund. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du- boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC² 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R. 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see Thurn. Gramm. 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. Finn iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thim- nasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunc- tions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. Finn i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Met. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC² 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, FM ii 640.12 . cien- aimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcian- bhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaing- siot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, FM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cian- ḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'C. 846 ( H. 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cian- ainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianair- gnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far- renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, FM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, FM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Misc. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', FM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

comainm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainm or dil.ie/10620

n n, n. (ainmm)

(a) (additional) name, cognomen (freq. not different in meaning from ainmm); synonym: c.¤ gl. cognomen, Ir. Gl. 993 . c.¤ Críst ron-snáda / Saluator ron-sóera! Fél. March 14 (comaind .i. comainm, v.l.). atdeos duib a comanmann, Corp. Gen. 126.26 . in trath dian comainmm compleit, KMMisc. 154.94 . Cumscraidh Mend Macha do c.¤ ond uair-sin ille , Sc.M² 14 R. Mac Dathó a ainm, 1.1 (a c.¤, R). cía do ch.¤ -siu ol M. . . . Fedelm . . . mo ainmsea, LU 4524 (TBC). Sarra dianid c.¤ Iascha cognomen, 160 . da ghadaige . . . darsat comanmann D. ┐ I., PH 2852 . Portt na Cranne darap c.¤ an Fuarchosach, Ann. Conn. 1256.13 . c.¤ carat .i. edadh isin caill `synonym for a friend', Auraic. 5656 . ban-naomh in chomhanma sin, Fl. Earls 176.28 .

(b) (a person of the) same name: coibne .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 496 . cen c[h]umscuguth nadet comanmuin (form ?) na comthuirmi `dass sie nicht gleichnamig sind', Bürgschaft 27 § 74 c.¤ trait do-n-roïg Cū Domna / oc ascnamh a comanmo, Fianaig. 12 § 14 . tricho Fland ┐ tricho Dubthach . . . is ed bui di chomanmanduib i tig Geirg, IT iii 550.26 . cárna a chom- anma, LL 13884 (of Cú Chulainn and a hound). batar . . . comanmunna araile dib (of the Apostles), LB 146b31 (com + adj. in -de from ainmm ? Cf. IT iii 550 supra and Celtica x 254 ). Note also: roderscnaigh dan comhainm riamh ar ulc it sur- passed anything of its own kind in evil (of a bridge), Aisl. Tund. 100.4 . Attrib. g s. and g p. dá churaidh comhlann gcalma / conghlann cubhaidh comhanma (of 2 Murchadhs), DDána 85.32 . cona ttrí cēd curadh comhanmann, Ériu viii 137.21 .

In phr. fer (lucht) a chomanma a man, etc., of the same name or family: ara uib ┐ ar fer a chomanma, LL 39066 . ni faicim do lucht a ccomhanma acht iad araon I see of the same name only these two, Mart. Don. 58.7 . Cf. lead chéid- fhear comhanma the first man of your name, O'Hara 170 . go rabhadar iomad do naomhaibh . . . Éireann 'n-a lucht comh- anmann `that many . . . bore the same name', Keat. iii 1714 .

(c) namesake : c.¤ a māthar `every namesake of his mother's', Cáin Ad. 25 .

(d) anniversary, yearly, weekly, etc. recurrence of any day or date: c.¤ in laithi-sa . . . cacha blīadna, BColm. 28.2 . co tucsat noí catha / on c.¤ coa celi `from year's end to year's end', Ériu x 93 § 3 . Adv. doni se aenach festa c.¤ an lae dorugudh é gacha bliadhna, ZCP vi 86.10 . in slabradh . . . ro sgaoil go mīrbaileach comhainm an fhēsta sin, Fl. Earls 244.1 . cuirfet-sa macamh dot shoighidh c.¤ an laithe a ttanacc sunn this day week(?), BNnÉ 319 § 15 .

Various: ? ni ralie an mag so nad rubann c.¤ n-arcaid, ZCP iii 237.15 . ina c.¤ cen leisci / tomaidm Flesci ┐ Maindi, Lec. 283ra15 (ch.¤ , 6rb24 ; comairm, BB 37b27 ). cían ó chomhainm éantoighe / rádh Thaidhg ris Ó mBríain mBéirre `far from joint-naming from a single house was Tadhg's answer to Ó Briain of Béirre', Ériu xix 92.25 .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', FM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC² 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiachr. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, Ms. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `com- mending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Met. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, FM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. Finn i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, compet- ing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dalaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see A 85.33 ff. ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. C 125.5 dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Prov. xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', FM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', FM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, E. O'Rahilly 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circum- dantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. E 144.16, 23 . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', St. Ercuil 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gramm. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', Táin 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Met. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, FM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tall. 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. Finn ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Met. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth Gabl. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agree- ment, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. Fug. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth Gabl. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC² 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', FM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm, ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'C. 347 ( H. 3. 18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'C. 299 ( H. 3. 18, 165 ). cata cuir con- daigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. Finn iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Met. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', Aisl. MC 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis TC 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, FM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiachr. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, Sc. G. St. iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. Finn ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, FM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Ang. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Is. vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis TC 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'C. 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( Arch. iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y (coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'C. 849 ( H. 3. 18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

1 cucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cucht or dil.ie/13415

Forms: cacht

n u. See Thurn. Gramm. § 76 . external appearance, form, shape, aspect : c.¤ ┐ (.i. v.l.) cuinnsi ┐ cruth .i. ecusc . . . cid cnedhach a cuinnsi c.¤ `his countenance (and) shape', O'Dav. 344 . cuinsi .i. . . . cid cnedach a cuinsi c.¤ (sic leg., cacht, text), Corm. Y 383 `her face (and) form', Corm. Transl. 47 . dlighidh cumal lettrian fria cuinnse c.¤ ara dínsem `the beauty of his face', Laws iv 350.5 Comm. c.¤ .i. gné, O'Cl. ar ch.¤ in (sic leg. ?, ed. p. 380, glossed .i. gne, ib.) chia `in form of the man (?)', ZCP iii 378.16 (B. na f.) = ar tucht (.i. gné) an cía, v 484 § 7 (B. na f.). duine co ce[i]ll is co c.¤ , BB 7b55 . is caem do ch.¤ , IT i 123.16 ( TE Eg. 9 ). Aed . . . ropo rigda a ch.¤ (: chnucc) `kingly of form', Met. Dinds. iv 356.82 . Ériu v 222.41 . clí co ndeochair chuchta cain `notable for goodly shape', Met. Dinds. iii 338.7 . B. gusun c.¤ cuimnech coir `of the model, etc. ', MacCarthy 426 .y . Attrib. g s. da trian a clainne cuchta shapely (?), LL 733 (Leb. Gab.). With transfd. meaning: ba derb la mac Luc[h]ta ille / feib do cuchta cēlmuine as from an utterance made by a wraith (?), ZCP xiv 43 § 3 ( LL 27306 ).

Conjunctional phrase: ba machtad . . . la muntir P. in c.¤ imrulaiseat how they . . . , CCath. 2653 .

Appar. colour (cf. Thurn. ad loc. cit.) in: cettemain cain ree . . . c.¤ [crann], Ériu xxii 41 § 1 `colour'. luss dosber dath no c.¤ in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. 39 . Corm. Y 1094 . Cóir Anm. 134 (expl. of epithet Ruanaid).

In chevilles: fo ch.¤ chert in proper form, SR 2639. 3155 . fo c.¤ cain `fair of colour', Leb. Gab. 16.5 .

Compds. cóeca caillech co cruth cuchtban ` fair-coloured ', Fél.² cxliii 4 . adconnairc ingin caim . . . cuchtglain, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . a cuctlí, Todd Nenn. 130.19 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIR. m f n nom. acc. dá` dí` dáⁿ gen. dá` dá` dáⁿ ︸ dat. dibⁿ, deibⁿ (Sg)

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( ZE 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . Mil 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur 2 . Bcr 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Vienna B. 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ). MID.-IR. m & n f nom. acc. dá`, dí` dí`, dá` ︸ gen. dá`, dáⁿ dat.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith LU 119 b 29 (na dí sreith FM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim TBC 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r. BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig TBC 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Ir. Nen. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo MT 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile FDG 698 . dí salm LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám TBC 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiachr. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFr. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib TBC 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana LU 80 a 32 . TBC 1972 . fora da nechaib déc BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc TBC 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch TBC 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha FB § 45 . dá naill nórda TBC 2560 Y. da nag CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic MT 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Mil 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two Bcr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OT p. 5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib TE 10 LU. dún d.l. SR 1782 . foraib d.l. FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFr. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó MT 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde TBC 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí FM v 1334. 21 . Buile Suibni 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B iv 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 (coba do BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul, M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hogan Onom.

do-aidlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aidlea or dil.ie/17118

Forms: taidlid, tadall, tadhaill-si, nach-am-taidled, taidled, taidlid, thaidle, do-da-aidlea, danaidle, tadill, -taidle[a], do-n-aidlend, taidlend, taidleas, taidhlim, tadhlaim, tadhallann, taidlig, taighlidh, tadhluid, taidled, taidlitís, taidlitis, do-airli, taidled, rotaidlimmis, taidlitis, do-sn-aidlibea, do-aidhlebha, do-t-athlebá, taidlebai, doaidlibem, taidlébat, -tadel, taidheolla, taigheolaid, taidlidhfidh, thaidhéalainn, tairlius, dom-airlis, dotáraill, rustaraill, do- araill, domaraill, domh- áraill, don-áiraill, dofár- raill, do-m-faraill, dusfaraill, faraill, domtharaill, taraill, taruill, taraill, nín-taraill, nis-tarall, tarall, taraill, ro[t]táraill, rotharaill, rotairill, tārliset, rothaidlis, thaidhlis, rotadaill, rothadaill, rota- dhaill, thaidhlimair, thaidhlebair, tadall

(*to-ad-ell-, Ped. ii 509 ). Later as simple vb. taidlid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Ipv. 2 s. tadall (tadaill, v.l.), BDD 162 . LL 120a16 . Ériu iv 140 . tadhaill-si, BNnÉ 170 . 3 s. nach-am-taidled, SR 2053 . taidled, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. taidlid, Trip.² 2911 . Indic. pres. 2 s. ni thaidle , RC iii 176 ( LL 120a19 ). 3 s. do-da-aidlea, Wb. 9b5 . danaidle, LU 5678 (= TBC² 1204 ). nách tan to-sn- aidle, BDD 138 . nach nathir do-n-aidle, Ériu ii 116 . tadill (as deut.), Fianaig. 36 . nach taidli, Met. Dinds. iii 16 . -taidle[a], Ériu xvii 70 § 12 ( Laws iv 214 ). do-n-aidlend, RC viii 56 ( LL 116b28 ). taidlend, Laws v 4 Comm. ni thaidlenn, Buile S. 30 . rel. amal taidless, PH 5579 . taidleas, Laws v 92 . Later forms: 1 s. taidhlim, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 7 . tadhlaim, Ó Bruad. ii 90 . 3 s. tadhallann, Eochairsg. 125 . taidlig, Ériu iii 14 ; viii 157 ( YBL 135b24 ). taighlidh, IGT Introd. § 8 . 3 pl. nach tadhluid , Ó Bruad. ii 104 . Impf. 3 s. taidled (rel.), LL 120a7 ( RC iii 176 ). o nothaidhledh, CCath. 2897 . 3 pl. (rel.) taidlitís, RC xiii 448 = SG 314 . i taidlitis , LL 162b29 ( Met. Dinds. iii 382 ).

Subj. pres.

(a) In older lang. generally with perfective -ro-: 3 s. mad do-airli , Mon. Tall. 142 . ni táirle, Wb. 30d20 . nách thairle, Ériu ii 65 . ? nīm thairle, Hy. vi 12 . nách-an-tairle, i 8 . nīm tharle, vi 8 . dia notairle, TBC² 652 . co nā taraill, LB 108a73 ( Trip. clxxxix ). 1 pl. co tarlam, Fél. Prol. 319(L). tairleam, ZCP iv 235 .

(b) da taidhle, RC xii 340 . nír thaidhle, ib. dia dtaidhle, TBC 1832(St.). dia nostaidlea, Todd Nenn. 196 . cen co taidhli, CCath. 5117 .

Subj. impf.

(a) 3 s. co dairleth . . . co tairled, TBC² 586 , 587 . co tairled, LU 5075 .

(b) 3 s. ar na taidled , LL 117a44 . co rothadled, TTr². 466 . 1 pl. na rotaidlimmis , BB 16b51 . 3 pl. ara taidlitis , Im. Brain § 63 .

Fut. 3 s. do-sn-aidlibea, Wb. 25d14 . do-aidhlebha, Lism. L. 1049 (possibly fr. ad-ella). do-t-athlebá, ZCP iii 204 . taidlebai (-bae, v.l.), ix 454 . 1 pl. doaidlibem, Ml. 14d5 . 3 pl. noco taidlébat , LU 4463 . Later forms: 1 s. -tadel, Reeves Ad. 266.7 . 3 s. taidheolla, SG 75 . taigheolaid, O'Gr. Cat. 290 . taidlidhfidh , BCC 211 . Condit. 1 s. ni thaidhéalainn , 3 C 1 3 , 524.4 (late). 3 s. do-m-adlibedh, Anecd. ii 9 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) With infixed -ro- (quantity of vowel uncertain): 1 s. tairlius, Buile S. 48 . 2 s. dom-airlis, Fél. 156 (June 21) . ? 2 s. dotáraill, Fél. 12 . rustaraill, ibid. 3 s. do- araill, Trip.² 271 . Anecd. i 9 . domaraill, Goid. 93 . domh- áraill, Fianaig. 36 . don-áiraill, RC xiii 464 ( LL 292a2 ). dofár- raill, TBC 1922 . do-m-faraill, (: abhainn), ZCP vi 263 . dusfaraill, Fél. 44 . BNnÉ 41 . faraill, ZCP viii 553 (cf. TBC 1922 ). domtharaill, Rawl. 151b16 . taraill, LU 4309 . TBC² 1879(LU = tarraill, TBC 2936 ). Arch. iii 12 , 24 , etc. taruill, BNnÉ 27 . rel. taraill, Acall. 2541 . PH 6478 . YBL 121b35 . nín-taraill, Im. Brain § 44 . nis-tarall, LL 371c17 . Cf. nir thagaill, 361b44 . tarall (as deut.), SR 6675 (dia taraill, ib. 7643 ). do tarall, Dinds. 100 = taraill, Folklore iv 483 . ro[t]táraill, Aisl. MC 93 . rotharaill, ZCP vi 49 . rotairill. Lib. Flav. i 29 va 23 . 3 pl. tārliset, Ériu xvii 44 § 34 (see p. 51).

(b) 1 s. ler' thaighleas, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 7 . 2 s. rothaidlis, PH 8241 . do thaidhlis , Parrth. Anma 368 . 3 s. rotadaill, CCath. 2962 . rothadaill, Met. Dinds. iii 290 . rota- dhaill, FM iii 178 . dier' thadhaill, Fl. Earls 26 . do thadhaill, Marco P. 1 . do thadhall, RC xxix 124 (-gh-, MS). cor taidill, Lec. 602a42 . nir thagaill, 361b44 . nar tagaill, BCC 144 . 1 pl. do thaidhlimair , 3 C 19, 189 va 18 . 2 pl. gur thaidhlebair , O'Gr. Cat. 402 ( TD 22a ).

(a) comes to, approaches, visits, touches: taraill .i. do thadhaill no do-righne cuairt, O'Cl. do-ecmalla in mertrech cuicce pecthu ind lína do-da-aidlea who resort to her, Wb. 9d5 . cia dot-áraill who has been with thee?, Fél. 12 . do-sn-aidlibea he will visit them (i.e. in judgement), Wb. 25d14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and, roadelta; uair is bec fil and ni thaidle, LL 120a19 ( RC iii 176 ). bachlach . . . do-aidhlebha mh'adhaircin | do dhoirtfe mo dhubh, Lism. L. 1049 (possibly fr. ad-ella). ar nā taidled fer . . . a thechsom do aigidecht, LL 117a44 . don bhrugh bheo nach tadhluid daill, Ó Bruad. ii 104 . Ériu viii 157 . nímthairle éc, Hy. vi 2 . náchantairle adamnae, i 8 ; tríst, ARch. iii 314 . Fothairt nach taidli tart whom drought visits not, Met. Dinds. iii 6 . triar ná táraill ces on whom anxiety never fell, SG 382 (wrongly translated, Mart. Don. Oct. 7 ). nach taighlim na trí ceardcha frequent, Ir. Review 1913, 594 . anní dosfaraill what had befallen them, BNnÉ 41 . dom-faraill bēim . . . dot abainn, ZCP vi 263 . Cf. taidled abond, vii 311 .

Hence in hostile sense attacks, injures: is goirt dom-airlis (to one who has wounded him), Fél. 156 (June 21) . dan-aidle C. co fogaid in chlaidib co sebaind a folt de, TBC² 1204(LU). LL 116b28 ( RC viii 58 ). bendacht ar in lāim dusfaraill, TBC 2204 (lear goineadh é, Eg.); 1922 . fiacail Ailella domháraill, Fianaig. 36 . Note further: nách tan tosn-aidle súil ind ríg whenever the king's eye lights on them, BDD 138 . ni ḟil uaib milidh nach tabair mo cluassa aichne for builli a claidim . . . cen co taidhli mo rosc a taidhbred fein, CCath. 5117 . do thadhaill mu rosc-sa hé `beheld him', Marco P. 1 . Fuat mac B. dotarall inse for muir, Dinds. 100 . noco taidlébat a tīr-se co bráth, LU 4463 . san ferann taidhlis trethan which the sea washes, Lec. 52a10 . cūicer filed . . . is ferr tharaill iath nEirenn, Acall. 2549 . dealb duine as deach taraill talmain, YBL 121b35 ( ZCP xiii 177 ). vi 49 . viii 111 . PH 6478 . tarall lám Oxa in n-airc touched, SR 6675 , 7643 . ō no thaidhledh a thaeb an talmain (of Antaeus), CCath. 2897 . ZCP ii 362 . o tharaill in foscudh (= cum tetigisset umbram), Lat. Lives 78 . do for- chongair Dia duin . . . na rotaidlimmís hē, BB 16b51 (= ne tangeremus illud, Gen. iii 3 ). ba hainminic nothaidhledh a chossa lár, Buile S. 14 , 30 . MR 234 . RC xii 340 . geruó mōr an glenn . . . ni thaidhledh somh é acht nolingedh don bhord co aroile de, Buile S. 124 . rochrīnsat [ind énlathi] nach ní taidlitís a n-anāla, RC xiii 448 = SG 314 .

Hence traverses, passes along: for in tsligid taidledsom, LL 120a7 ( RC iii 176 ). gāid dō co tairled in sligid dorisi, TBC² 587 . ni thaighledh an míol moighe an magh gan fios dó, ZCP x 279 . Of sexual intercourse: nir taigles fēin nā fer ele tusa (Joseph to Mary), 3 B 22, 73 b .

(b) In transf. and fig. sense: ca mēd rand . . . a taidlend in focul is cid? how many parts (of speech) does the word `cid' come under?, Laws v 4 Comm. do neoch taidleas feneochus di as far as the law touches it, 92 Comm. mar taidhles Galen sa .6. lebar de Morbo mentions (discusses?), 3 C 19, 37 ra 28 . nar tagaill se an pecad sin . . . o sin amach did not practise, indulge in, ZCP v 70.24 . Often folld. by la with refl. pron., esp. in ipv. tadall lat ille come hither, BDD 162 . tadall latt, a Ch.; ni adliub, ol C., RC iii 176 ( LL 120a19 ). taidlidh lib oc tuidecht, Trip.² 2911 . taraill leis (.i. do chuaid) isnaib glinnib, Arch. iii 24 ( Trip.² 1683 ). taraill leis Ath Cliath visited, Trip. ii 466.18 . taraill a lám leiss in gipni his hand clasped the band, LU 6394 (TBC).

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216

Forms: do-ucc, do- bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuan- taibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiura- dais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s- bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, conda- darat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b- ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim- ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos- fucad, rothucad, condid- tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n- ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (*to-ber-, Ped. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do- bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, per- missible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm with- out distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC² 1482(LU). 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC² 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC² 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales 40.10 , etc. fuan- taibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC² 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC² 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC² 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Im. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC² 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC² 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC² 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Im. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Im. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiura- dais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC² 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC² 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC² 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s- bertatar, TBC² 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC² 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . FM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC² 2210 , 2212 . TBC 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC² 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC² 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC² 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC² 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC² 3072 . TBC 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see Thurn. Gramm. p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC² 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . conda- darat, TBC² 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . FM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism.L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC² 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC² 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, Thurn. Grammar § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC² 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Im. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC² 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC² 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC² 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC² 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC² 3584 . tucastair, TBC² 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b- ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC² 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC² 42 . tucsatar, Met. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC² 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC² 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim- ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos- fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid- tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n- ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, Arch. iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see Thurn. KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC² 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC² 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. Finn i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, Buile S. 4 . dorattar doibh an ben- nacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Met. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC² 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, Buile S. 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . dear- gruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobert- sat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab. 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Met. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC² 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Im. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, FM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhí- gníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., FM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC² 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, Sc.M. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, FM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Ps. lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( St. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC² 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donl. 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Met. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC² 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, FM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Cor. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhi- benda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC² 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC² 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, Buile S. 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC² 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, O'Hussey TC 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matt. v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC² 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC² 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, Buile S. 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taéb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar im- theacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had com- pleted their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsní- mach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Met. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being prac- tised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n- ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC² 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Met. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Met. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. FM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC² 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, FM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC² 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, Buile S. 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC² 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú? Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen der- bráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir degh- datha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do- som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Met. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros- gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, Buile S. 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Im. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, Buile S. 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC² 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, Buile S. 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construc- tion). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip.2 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC² 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D iv 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death- tales 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, Buile S. 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC² 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath? Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, FM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, Arch. iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerch- landaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC² 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, Buile S. 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiachr. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC² 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC² 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC² 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, Buile S. 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Met. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, Buile S. 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, Buile S. 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC² 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC² 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC² 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., Arch. iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC² 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiachr. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a banti- gerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC² 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy. Fiachr. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, Buile S. 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, Arch. iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Ps. lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, FM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Prov. viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC² 1331 . dobered leth brandai- gechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, Arch. iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Im. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab. 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC² 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, Arch. iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máol- rúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, Arch. iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, FM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Im. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib il- lánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matt. xxii 30 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Im. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), FM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc. M.² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ noda- fucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar geal- tacht robháoi an bhen, Buile S. 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha- sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Gal. iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., O'Hussey TC 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quoti- dian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donl. 44 .

do-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-scara or dil.ie/18443

Forms: doscara, toscara, do-da-scara, tascrat, [na]chib-tascrad, do-n-scera, notaiscérad, nothascérad, tascrais, rotascair, do-s-tascar, rothascairset, doscar- thar, toscarthar, doscarad, toscartha, tascr-, trascr-, trascērthar, rothrascrus, dorascrad, do-t-rascair, do-s-rascair, doroscarsuid, dorascrad, romtresgair, threasgair, trascrad

v (*to-scar-, Ped. ii 614 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. doscara, LU 4885 = TBC² 398 ; TBC² 1039 YBL. toscara, LU 5239 , 5522 = TBC² 763 , 1039 . do-da-scara, YBL 121b11 . 3 pl. tascrat, O'Dav. 1526 . Ipv. 3 s. [na]chib-tascrad, Wb. 22b1 . Fut. 3 s. do-n-scera, LL 288b42 . Condit. 3 s. notaiscérad, SR 3116 . nothascérad, TTr.² 852 . Pret. 3 s. tascrais, LL 108a14 . rotascair, SR 858 . With doubling of prefix, do-s-tascar, LU 1654 . 3 pl. rothascairset, TTr.² 1869 . Pass. pres. s. doscar- thar, LU 4937 = TBC² 452 . toscarthar, O'Mulc. 573 . Pass. pret. s. doscarad, TBC 3959 . pl. toscartha, LU 10574 . Later treated as simple vb. with stem tascr-, trascr-, the latter being the established form in late Mid. and in Mod.Ir. Pass. fut. trascērthar, PH 6063 . Pret. 1 s. rothrascrus, LL 146b45 . Hence the back-formations impf. 3 s. dorascrad, TBC² 499 (LU); pret. 3 s. do-t-rascair, TBC² 1716 . do-s-rascair, RC xxiii 330.2 (perh. also condarsgar, AU 891 ); pl. doroscarsuid (= doroscarsat), Ériu ii 3.4 ; pret. pass. dorascrad, Met. Dinds. iii 144.13 . Also with stem tresc-: romtresgair, TBC 2368 . do threasgair , O'Gr. Cat. 571.35 . Vn. trascrad. IGT Verbs § 95 .

I Trans. overthrows, knocks down, lays low . In lit. sense: gabais A. a láim ┐ dostascar ┐ dogéni a coblige, RC ix 452 . bec . . . nach aram-trascair dar m'aiss, TBC² 3115 (leg. nacham-t.). benid fona maccu . . . doscara .l. macc dīb, 398 . roscāich do bruth, brattān bec dotrascair has laid thee low, TBC² 1716 . do bhuail in fer . . . gur thresgair go lár é, SG 278 . foceird caer clis asa tabhaill . . . co rustascair dia chonair, BB 365a37 . is minic do trascarthaidh sa sligid sin sinn le toirnigh we were often beaten down, Maund. 257 . rotrascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu, PH 536 . trascraid omna, O'Mulc. 809 . ni he trascras in crand, Laws v 474 Comm. fogur gaeithe . . . indar lem nothascérad (sic leg.) fidbada in betha, TTr.² 852 . gaeth notrascrad in toradh, RC xv 429 ( Dinds. 40 ). isí in gáeth . . . rothascair na toirthe anúas, Met. Dinds. iii 182 . cor trascair griánan Bricrend fri lár talman, FB § 25 . gaoth mhór . . . go rothrasccar iol-chumhtaighthe ┐ teghdaisi, FM 986 (ii 720) . mar fhál thrasgarthar síos, Ps. lxii 3 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffir[n]d comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . rotrascrad Lucifer de nim, MacCarthy 44 . With extension of meaning, lays low, defeats, destroys: do-n-scera a bruth, RC xiii 440 . dias righ-miled rothascair Aeneas . . . ar galaib úinfir, LL 404a4 . a n-rothascair reme do sluagaib Ulad, RC xiv 420 . co rothascairset ilmíli dona slúagaib, TTr.² 1869 . gur trasccoir treona, MR 284 . co trascra Dia a dá láim (an imprecation), 134 . trenfir trascairthi, 238 . cor- thascair a seilb huile .i. a oenboin, ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l. (R). rotascrad Emain la hUltu, ZCP viii 335 . is missi rabái ar in chirt, | cia romthrascrad is tre ḟert (Diarmait m. Cerbaill), LL 149b27 . rotrasccrait ┐ roclaidhmit gan choigill la a mbiodhbadhaibh, FM vi 2146 . rotascair a chomthocbáil subdued his insurrection, SR 858 . Fig. trasgraid in tinneas na briogha, 3 C 19, 62vb36 . traisgeorthar a bhetha sbioradálta, O'Hussey TC 13 .

Lowers, lets down; lets fall: do trasgradh a pupula their tents were struck, Fier. 185 . droichet fo ngabhait longa dimhora cen trascradh seoil dibh without lowering sail (without their sails being knocked down?), Marco P. 136 . a ghlún go talamh do threascaradh bhiocont even a viscount would bend the knee, Hackett xxxix 286 . do threasguir a deóra ar an dtuinn she poured her tears, E. O'Rahilly xvi 42 .

Doubtful cases: tascrat .i. astat . . . fer lobhas ria nadhmaim tascrat .i. . . . co fastaid[-er] fiadain `they bind' (?), O'Dav. 1525 (a misunderstanding? see Ped. ii 614 ). is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid do chora il-lén, | ní hí in chomairle mada, | issed rodoscara in scél, LL 146b ( PRIA xix 544 ) (`that gives rise to the tale', p. 562 ). scuris L. in carpat ┐ tascrais ind echraid `loosened the horses' (separated? Cf. the command above: fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat), RC xiv 402 ( LL 108a14 ). gidh é an sgrioptúir dosgara (dá s., MSS) `even the Scriptures you pull to pieces', Content. vi § 17 .

II Intrans. with AR (FOR) falls on; assails, subdues, op- presses (?): cóeca ban tánac ille . . . do tascrad ar Faind . . . is dá marbad, LU 3947 ( SC § 44 ). is he firindi in rig can tra- sc[r]ad for nech co hainbfirenach, YBL 167b38 . ? cia nom- thoirsed ni do rath | ni foirbsi notaiscérad if ever I rose to fortune it would not injure you (?), SR 3116 = ní horaibsi rotrascerad, BB 237b11 ; ní oraibse notrascéraind, LB 115a30 ; notraiscerainn, YBL 286a18 . ní horaibsi traiscermid `not to you shall we be oppressive', Acall. 6115 . dochuaid ar ciabair mo chiall . . . orom fadéin rothrascrus I have wrought my own mischief (?), LL 146b45 ( PRIA xix 544 ).

do-soí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-soí or dil.ie/18473

Forms: toe, toi, toí, tái, tae, tó, dosoi, dosói, to-ssoi, tosoi, d-a-súi, dosoat, dosúat, thae, tosoifet, do-do-suifed, doroafath, taeiss, dosoiset, dosoither, dosoithær, dirótha, tóud

v (*to-so-, Ped. ii 637 ) Ipv. 2 s. toe, Corm. s.v. leithech (subj. pres.?) = toi, Corm. Y 825 . toí, LU 5666 . tái, TBC 6017 . tae, 6049 . tó, Corm. s.v. á ( Three Ir. Gl. 5 ) (subj. 3 s.?). Indic. pres. 3 s. dosoi, BCr. 33b18 . dosói, TBC² 26 LU. to-ssoi, 715 LU = tosoi, YBL. d-a-súi, LL 163b31 . 3 pl. dosoat, Sg. 209b8 ; SR 1013 . dosúat, O'Dav. 1193 . Subj. pres. 3 s. mani thae , TBC 6052 . Fut. 3 pl. tosoifet, RC xxvi 48 . Condit. 3. s. do-do-suifed, ZCP iii 451.28 . (with -ro-) doroafath, 27 . Pret. 3 s. taeiss, TBC 6024 . 3 pl. dosoiset, TBC² 2968 . Pass. pres. s. dosoither, Sg. 32a3 . dosoithær, 57a4 . Perf. pl. dirótha, Sg. 54a14 (*di-so-, Ped. ii 635 ). Vn. see below.

I Trans. turns

(a) In lit. sense, of direction: taei do láim go faén ale hold out thy hand with upturned palm, TBC 6017 , cf. 6024 . tōi lethaig fōin fris . . . .i. tōi lossait faon fris .i. fon tairr put a kneading-board flat under it, Corm. Y 825 . tosōi-som clār clē a charpait fri hEmain, TBC² 715 , cf. 2968 . dosói faobhar fri Feargal turns his blade against F., TFrag. 42 . dasúi Flathgius . . . a gnúis ri gáir écomlaind, LL 163b31 . Fig. duine dosūi (dusói, v.l.) a anmain fadessin do betha, ce méd anmain doróafath? Dōine an domain uile . . . do- dosūifed do bethae, ZCP iii 451 .

(b) With I N-, turns, changes (into): dosoat Eoldai tinfed i ndigaim gl. solent . . . in digamma convertere aspirationem, Sg. 209b8 . dí guttai ḟodlaidi dirótha ind have been converted into it, 54a14 . gabais a nathraig . . . noscroith, nodosái i fleisc turns it into a rod, SR 3863 .

Cf. further: frisin comort dosúat na mná ó lámaibh `the clapping which women make', O'Dav. 1193 .

II Intrans. turns (prob. orig. reflex.): ? mani má do á, tó, Corm. Y 70 (.i. mina maidi do carr ticfa, Eg.). tae ille a mo phopa F. turn hither, TBC 6049 = toi, TBC² 3624 . dosoí dond orient gl. conversus ad orientem, BCr. 33b18 . imsoat, dosoat . . . cech leth fo chricha Pardais (of rivers), SR 1013 . asói dosoi uaim fri fraig, IT i 97 (Sc. M.). dasoí frisint óclach, ZCP ix 192 . tosoifet fria sruthu sruthlinne streampools will turn against streams (i.e. will flow back), RC xxvi 48 . toaidh Gold forsin amar turns to lamenting (?), ZCP viii 105 (B. na f.). dosái forsna cethra turns on, attacks (of a dog), Death-tales 30 . Note also: intan dosói int ara forsin carpat turns the chariot, TBC² 26 ; and: tōi forsna heochu isin (asin LU, sic leg.) 1190 . telaig dofrithisi. ? lear do braichlis . . . | dorói dar a lár `has flowed', Aisl. MC 37.29 .

III Perh. also bears, brings forth , see 1 toaid and vn. tóud (Gwynn, Ériu xi 150 ). Cf. iar soudh a laoigh (of a cow), O'Dav. 1499 .

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro- (ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadig- thet, dothéged, dothe- ged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n- dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalot- sam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dode- chaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (*to-tiag-, Ped. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC² 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Im. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC² 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC² 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC² 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC² 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC² 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC² 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC² 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales, 26.8 , cf. FM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC² 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC² 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . dothaégat, § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC² 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC 5097 . ro- (ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadig- thet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Im. Brain § 61 . dothe- ged, TBC² 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC² 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC² 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC² 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC² 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC² 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n- dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC² 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC² 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC² 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab. 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC² 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab. 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 (dol- luidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tol- luid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Im. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC² 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Im. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC² , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC² 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalot- sam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Met. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC² 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC² 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC² 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Im. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC² 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC² 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Met. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC² 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , FM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab. 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC² 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC² 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC² 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. zu Ir. Hdschr. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Im. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab. 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab. 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, Arch. iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig? SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosa- tiagam de? 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forro- gellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC² 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chu- cunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC² 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Im. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 (co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC² 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frec- ndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna tech- taire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, Arch. iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe Miss. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season follow- ing, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC² 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadh- mann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC² 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuath- mhara, FM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, FM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy suc- cession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth Gabl. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar im- chossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC² 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Im. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, Buile S. 6 . With FOR touches on, men- tions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC² 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC² 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composi- tion does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safe- guard? Death-tales 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgsch. 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dode- chaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in mean- ing goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dode- chaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC² 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, Buile S. 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, Buile S. 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Sup- plem. to Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC² 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an brei- theamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, FM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeo- chad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Met. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC² 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC² 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends mes- sengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Im. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is con- strued both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are con- strued ablatively, 106c3 .

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