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adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SCC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adhart-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also : i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( PRIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghartoibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a fothraicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi , BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi , Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

3 amarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 amarc or dil.ie/3087

n (Lat. amurca, see Ériu ix 30 ) lees of olive oil: a.¤ .i. ab amurco .i. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec, no a.¤ sin amail in descaid bís fo olae, O'Mulc. 42 . Cf. amasc.

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth G. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth G. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi , LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taithnemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

anfót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfót or dil.ie/3606

n o, m. (2 fót) inadvertence, negligence . Freq. as attrib. g s. (anfóit). Cóic Con. Fug. distinguishes between a.¤ lánfiachach and a.¤ lethfiachach, see below: coig anmand cinath . . . conlat ar andug . . . imraichne, anfot, O'Mulc. 456 . dilmuin cach anfot, Laws ii 2.4 . nī ale ēconn na anfot acht aithgein, ZCP xv 330 § 21 . eitged . . . tre comraite no eitged . . . tre anḟot, Laws iii 90.6 Comm. cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig intentional and unpremeditated crimes, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . int anfot lethfiachach . . . is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach, 18 § 10 . a marbadh ina cintaib comraiti ┐ a chur ar muir ina chintaib anfoit, Laws i 14.10 Comm. tres a ndernadh iat, do comraite no d'anfot `by design or inadvertence', 146.9 Comm. fo comraiti ┐ anfot, v 470.2 Comm. risa fodlaither tre a.¤ do nech nac esceptaig uithir `against whom injury is done through negligence', BCrólige 17 gl. 1 . bidh cach i faitchius anfhoit, O'D. 2304 ( Rawl. B 506, 30a ). ris in coirpdire [a] nanfot, Laws i 176.18 Comm. coirpdire anfoit, ii 182.3 Comm. tre a.¤ feirge indeithbiri, iii 364.6 Comm. tre anfot feirgi dethbiri. O'Curry 2522 ( Eg. 88, 43(44)b ). cach n-aninraicc n-anfoit, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 236 ). isin ngúbreith anfóit ruc `on account of the judgement, false through carelessness, which he had given', Ériu xi 45.z . lia slúag ní fríth a.¤ , Fél. July 30 ( anfot .i. bét .i. ecóir, O'Dav. 82 ). a.¤ .i. anfaitchius ut dicitur . . . is de ata fót faitech ┐ anfot anfaitech, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) = Thr. Ir. Gl. 21.8 (Corm.). comhraite, anbhfót torbha ┐ easbha (list of legal offences), Celtica i 101.426 . Cf. anfot .i. nomen .i. ecoir, O'Curry 1388 (H 3.18, 630b). anbhfótt .i. ainbfios, O'Cl. fonopart tri anfōt, TBC-I¹ 905 . ? anfhod éiti don tsinnsear, Cog. 98.8 . is tacair duit . . . ni ḟorbara a.¤ do rád you would do well not to say anything indiscreet, LL 14559 . ní ha.¤ ní himmarba `it is not a rash saying', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.18 . ? fiacla cirí cleth icurghais / dar anḟot imteact fosdan / gablog imbi crostal craind, IT iii 101 § 179 .

ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha, O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

as-lú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-lú or dil.ie/4452

v Appar. perf. subj. of ibid. See GOI 471 . nech aslu lind imbi luch marb . . . nech aslu fuilred cait . . . nech aslu fuidel lochad `anyone who drinks liquid', Ériu vii 146 § 4 . nech aslu coirm combi mesc, § 7. nech atlu fuil cait, 150 § 21. acht ropa techtae adlúsat `provided that they drink a proper amount', Mon. Tall. § 53 (147.24) .

Cf. lús(aid).

as-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-midethar or dil.ie/4457

Forms: éimded

v (* ess-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 578 ). No deut. forms recorded. For the treatment éim- see Ped. ad loc. cit. and GOI 94 , 507 . Later treated as simple verb with stem éimid-, etc. see éimdid. takes care (not to); look out (ipv.); refuses: emid D. e na gab / brattan Lainne finne fair D. takes care that he put not the little fair cloak of L. on him(?), Lib. Hymn. 17.61 . oll-di-ēmid .i. ollam ērnes na cesta, Corm. Y 998 . emde (nō eimdæ) .i. findta nō dēicci, 512 . émde . . . co ngaba eissi fri mórbúaid Mache, LU 5509 (TBC). eimide . . . dianad forgealltar be cautious, Laws iv 32.z .i. foimdenaig no urfoichli, 34.15 Comm. éimhidhe .i. foichlidh: éimhidhe righ mor .i. foichlidh an rí mór, O'Cl. ol ní tiamdae timsom / ní émsither annsom `there will be no inability there', Fél. Prol. 260 . ataid tenid imbi cona remset a baill oc eirge so that his limbs may not be stiff (with cold), LL 287a11 (maidid?).

Vn. éimded.

as-oirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-oirc or dil.ie/4468

Forms: essairgid, asanortar, ascomort, ascomart, aschomarta, esorcon, esorcud, esartae

v (* ess-org-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 588 ). Also as simple vb. essairgid. Cuts down; beats, smites; perpetrates (a deed, etc.). Indic. pres. 1 s. cedo .i. assurg (essurg MS), O'Mulc. 306 . 3 s. asoirc cách gl. Caesar, Sg. 33a2 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. sic pugno non quasi aërem uerberans, Wb. 11a11 . asoirc cach teghlach . . . / bassa, Blathm. 501 . adsoirg a bossa la sodain, LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). Indic. impf. 3 s. asorggad cāch dothēiged dia dēchsain, TBC-I¹ 2937 . asnoirged cen gráin cech ngním who would perpetrate any deed, Metr. Dinds. i 8.28 . Subj. pres. 2 s. geib do c[h]laideb / ciassorseo hĒriu (Ailill to Fergus), TBC-I¹ 3559 (rhet.). Fut. 1 s. atotiurr amail asoirc ben bāid a mac, TBC-I¹ 3627 . Pret. 3 s. asort cenn cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . asort slúag, Oct. 7. 3 pl. atnortat, Blathm. 183 . Pass. sg.: indar lat ba indarcan (tinnarcan LU) asnortt cach foiltne ina chend that it was a hammering wherewith each hair had been driven into his head, TBC-I¹ 392 . ? Pass. pl. na mna asanortar (leg. -ta) ar eigin, O'Curry 301 (H 3.18, 165). Perf. 1 s. ascomort gl. cicidi, Sg. 210a6 . 1 pl. ó ascomartmar ar nglé `since we have settled our dispute', Fianaig. 26.18 . pass. sg. ascomart gl. cæsa, Ml. 36b22 . Auster aschomart tré ríaga, Fél. Oct. 19 . Pl. aschomarta (rel.) gl. cæsi sunt, Ml. 26d11 . ho resarta gl. qua caesi sunt, 34b13 .

As simple vb.: essairggid a bassa míni maethgela, LL 231b29 ( TTr. 1066 ). geibid nathraig cechtar a da lám ┐ nos essairg imbi don talmain, 222b6 (ib. 387 ). rosesoircc a bosae, RC xxi 392.11 . ro-esairg a dó . . . ina beōlu crammed two of them into his mouth, MacCongl. 49.11 . na da bhan-chanti . . . barressairg cách díb da chind araile, TBC-LL¹ 6044 . roesairgedur an ogbaid araile, Ériu viii 36.15 .

Mixed forms: rusn-esert (sic) co nglāmaib aimnechaib `maltreated her', Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335 ). conatarraid barr na tuinde co ronesart 'moan cairric, 119 ( RC xvi 71 ). rescmart in glond, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.12 and Corr.

Vn. esorcon, esorcud.

Part. esartae.

áthaurslocud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áthaurslocud or dil.ie/4660

n (? áth + airslocad): fúan . . . imbi, heó óir intlaide uassa bánbruinnechur ina há.¤ where the cloak opens out(?), LU 8675 ( FB 51 ).

bailedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bailedach or dil.ie/5191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: builedach

adj o, ā (bailiud). Also builedach. confused, frenzied, deranged: ataat teora aimsera imbi bailethach in bith: rechuairt duinebath, tuarathlia coctha, fuaslucud cor mbél, ZCP xvi 176 § 7 (= bailidach, Laws iii 12.28 ). is baeledach in bith, mani fostaitis cuir bēl, xv 307 § 2 n.1 . bailedhach, buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. bá bailedhach é co minic o neim na fiaccal, Cóir Anm. 41 (306.21) .

As subst. one of confused mind, expld. in Laws as a dotard: baith, bailedaig, druith, dochuinn, dasachtaig, Laws iii 10.17 .i. in senoir, 12.1 Comm. cor buileadhaigh .i. in seanoir iarmotha ocht mbliadna ochtmodhad, O'Curry 1071 (H. 3.18, 441 a). escuind (sic leg.) .i. no senoraig no bailidaigh, Laws i 244.x Comm. buirb ┐ baoith ┐ buileadhaigh, MR 288.12 . In good sense inspired person, visionary: in builedach Tailchi Tuirbe, ZCP ix 454.10 .

bleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bleith or dil.ie/6118

Forms: mleith, bleithi, bleithi

n f. Mid. Ir. form of mleith, q.v. b.¤ ┐ mbleith ┐ meilt, cóir, beilt lochdach . . . b.¤, beil a dhénmhus neith, IGT Introd. § 66. bean bheilte na brón—(cóir), ibid.

I

(a) act of grinding, milling: foremthes a b.¤ (barley), Thes. ii 335.31 . ocbleth bron, Corm. 14. bla muilind b.¤ the exemption of a mill (is when it is) grinding, Laws iii 280.4 . b.¤ a muilend; b.¤ a (leg. for ?) lam-broin dichmairc; b.¤ for libroin (see (b) below), v 474.3 , 4 . gen bes muilend for a b.¤ `as long as mill shall grind' ( Ériu xvii 74 § 7 ), Laws iv 218.13 Comm. focul fair iar na tirad cen b.¤ . . . iarna b.¤ , ZCP xiv 348.10 ( Laws ii 242.11 ). b.¤ i muilenn ná bróin, Ériu ii 202.1 . docuaidh . . . do b.¤ coda na manach go muilenn, BNnÉ 294 § 20 . naoi gcearna arbhair do bh.¤ nó do mheilt a bróin, Keat. ii 5232. Fig. of armed forces: tuc b.¤ mulind tuathbil forthu threw them into disorder, CRR 25. b.¤ muilinn tuaithfil orra, Cog. 198.34 .

Attrib. g s. fer bleithi ` grinder ', Laws iii 280.7 Comm.

Form obscure in: gelair scor glethe i ngurt ḟeóir / melair blethe sech mulleóir `the meal is ground', Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 .

(b) act of grinding, sharpening (weapons): bai dono ben and fri bleth arm, RC xii 94 § 124 , cf. Laws v 474.4 above. a nairm do b.¤ , BLism. 226 vb11 (Acall.). fodhmhoir . . . ag b.¤ a ḟíacal risin cartha cloichi sharpening his teeth on the pillar-stone, Ériu iii 166 § 23.

(c) act of rubbing, chafing or applying massage to (the skin): conéraig in banchuire imbi ocon dabaig dia mblith ┐ dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256.

II Legal act of tending cattle (at a pound); `wages of attendance on cattle' (seized by distraint), Plummer MS. notes, `costs of (levying) the distress', Manners and Customs i cxci 1 See Binchy, Celtica x 48 f. : fogeiltad, ┐ mb.¤ (inbleith, 272.1 Comm. ) `(expenses of) feeding, and tending ', Laws i 258.16 . ar fogelt na ar b.¤ , 102.3 Comm. a naimsir fogelta ┐ blethi, O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60 va ). dligid dib i forus fri mb.¤ `it (i.e. cattle taken for distraint) becomes liable for expenses of tending in the pound', Laws i 210.26 . fri mb.¤ .i. in screpall (sic leg.) .i. log fir fognama ┐ meich, 212.16 Comm. foghail ┐ bleth: foghail .i. na meich, ┐ bleth .i. in logh fir foghnama, O'D. 1564 (H. 5.15, 3b). Attrib. g s.: broga for aghaib bleithi `shoes on tended cattle', O'Dav. 322.

1 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brecc or dil.ie/6620
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā speckled, spotted; variegated; patterned, ornamented: aladh .i. breac, O'Cl. cuirither iasg ṁb. mbedg (MS), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 and 48 n. 4h . ernail dhatha . . . etir brec ┐ dond ┐ alad ┐ rúad, TTr.² 881. tri datha na hec[se] . . . b.¤ ┐ fochanar, Auraic. 5249 speckled (raiment), see Thurn. ZCP xvii 291.16 . i fil ilmíli mbrec mban of women (in) variegated (dress), Imr. Brain 19. cochléne breccai plaid (?) capes, BDD² 1204. cet d'étach gach dadha bricc, IT i 125.15 ( TE Eg. 10 ). bróca brecca bernacha, Todd Lect. vi 60 § 80. écne b.¤ , Imr. Brain 54. ní sladar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg (rhet.), LU 8651. nathir bémnech b.¤ `speckled snake', Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy.v). graig ngabor nglas, brec a mong, LU 3692 ( SCC 33.19 ). daim breca brindled (?) oxen, Trip. 176.15 . na heich breca dappled , Celtica ii 42.32 . a chuilim bhric tig ón Spáin `pied dove', KMMisc. 50.2 . ro brecad do semannaib findruine conid brec (sc. a shield named Briccriu), BDD² 976. ba b.¤ do imdornchoraib na claideb n-orduirn `speckled with the hilts of the gold-hilted swords', Ériu iv 26.26 . go frithathartaib óir bricc friu anechtair with rack-clasps (?) of patterned (?) gold (of scabbards), LL 11193 (TBC). bruiden brec bélfhairsiuṅg, MU² 203. d'aebind bricc of speckled ebony, Alex. 593. mo lebrán brec `with chequered page', SG 56.32 . na Banba bricce `of many-coloured B.', Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 1. ós Bōin[d] bricc ` sparkling ', 92 § 3 . sduadh bhreac dhealbhach um an ndún, DDána 119.17 . san gcrann mbrioc (: riot) on the stained (?) Cross, Aithd. D. 86.11 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 4 ). gur bhó breac ó corpaibh daoíne an tulach, AFM v 1784.23 . cardo benedicta .i. an fuafannan breac `speckled thistle' (Gloss.), ACL i 326.36 . adhbhar gotha dod ghruaidh bhric 'a cause of reproach to your freckled cheek', Giolla Brighde 108 § 3 ​​. See galar.

As subst. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec specks (?), O'Mulc. 42. adberar an Bhrec fría, ó comhmbrecadh taisedh na naomh ┐ na naomh-ogh a n-áoinfeacht . . . innte (a reliquary), BNnÉ 266 § 232 . ? rop ecem secc da selbaib / in b.¤ asin b.¤ Temraig, LL 376a46 . brec mor `great dotting' (a form of Ogham alphabet), Auraic. 6010. rand[aigecht] bec mor andso ocna filedhaibh . . . carrdechnaid vero acna druthaibh . . . ┐ is edh on a b.¤ that is its diversified form (?), IT iii 86 § 86. Cf. § 85.

As epithet in n. pr.: féil Chóemáin Bricc, Fél. Sept. 14. ? innisios fer brec nach beo, SG 362.7 . Appar. n. pr. m.: co B., TBC-LL² 4074 .

Compds. With nouns. Símón Brecc ... brecc-ainech ro bhoí .i. aiged bhrec lais on ardbhruth 'he was mottled-faced, i.e. he had a mottled face from the intense heat (anger ? fever?)'​, Cóir Anm.² ii 26 § 87 ​​​. breccbardne (name of a metre), IT iii 43 § 54 , Murphy Metrics 64 § 59 (see p. 84). brig bladmar, bruthmar, breccbárc, SR 2642. in Bhreac-bhárc .i. lung Fhinn mheic Cumhaill, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xvi 1046 . breac-bhriathra . . . / glac íad `verses ?' (to a patroness), O'R. Poems 3339 and Gloss. bairghean, breac-cháca (breach cháca, MS.) beg éattrom `a loaf or little light Ceak', Eg. Gl. 8. Cf. bairghean breac ` barnbrack ' (`barm-'), Dinneen . do butainte brecdatha .i. co ndathaibh éccsamhla, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.13 . meic Blait breacduirn, Acall. 2355. dá breclamainn `speckled gauntlets', CCath. 4675. delg óir . . . / i n-óe cecha breclenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33.27 ). co rainig . . . in breacmacraid (brecmac rig, v.l.) thiri Armenia the motley youth, RC xx 430.3 . breic-mhias an mheasraidh, TSh. 905. ós breac-mhoigh Éireann, Content. xxx 21. .x. mbrait mbreccphupaill .i. pupaill cacha datha, Ériu ii 4.17 . breacṡolas `the morning or evening twilight ', P. O'C. robrāth na breictheinedh blazing fire, ZCP viii 211.28 . fleadh bhreacthruaille beann `ornamented sides of goblets', Magauran 421 .

With adjj. brecc-aladh piebald , RC xlvi 230.25 . meic borrthoraid brec-bāin, MacCongl. 33.14 . os Banba brecbuic, MacCarthy 184.10 . panathir breccborr huge spotted panther, Rawl. 78a19 . di sciathaib . . .bána breccbudi ` yellow-spotted ', TTr. 1403. geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuir mbláith, KMMisc. 170 § 12. lis ballach breicderg, Acall. 2738. Brec-derg (name of a drinking-horn), 157 . da sheir birrdha brecduba, RC xiii 5.10 . a barr bre[c]glas, Hail Brigit 20 . dá ech . . . brecglassa, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). gusan mbrúgh mbraenach mbrecṡolus ` light-bespeckled ', Ériu iii 162 § 16. ra beind breccsholais búabaill, MU² 230.

With adjj. formed from nouns. mergeda . . . a . . . breacamlacha `variegated (and) emblematic', Marco P. 61. medon fethech brecbaindech `spotted with pustules', RC xxiv 196 § 11. la fichit brandub brecboirdnech, LL 7285. brat breicbreidech, RC xxi 398 § 33. da n-ocht ṁbliadan brecbuidnech varied and crowded years, LL 14958. o earradhaibh breac-dathacha a banntrachta, ML 38.22 . amail buinne . . . mbreachlasrach with motley flashes, CF 774. brat breclígda immi `of varied hues' (Gloss.), BDD² 1165. gus an mbuinde . . . mbreclinnteach mBuada, MR 104.8 (2 brecc ?). sluagh . . . breacmeirgeach with many-coloured standards, MR 214.y . bloiscbem brecthentech, Lec. 171 ra 26 (brēicthinntech, ZCP viii § 38).

? cumasc slaite breaclíte ┐ lethrannaigechta moire, BB 291a34 = cumasc slaiti brecht, etc., IT iii 84 § 71.

In nn. loc. in compds. see Hog. Onom.

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi , 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle, CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

caiclámach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caiclámach or dil.ie/7680

adj (cóic + lámach ?): bratt buide c.¤ imme, TBC-LL¹ 5260 (coecl. `of the breadth of five hands (?)', TBC St. 4337 and Gloss.) = brat buidi co nechlaim gil i faithi imbi , TBC-I¹ 3200 .

caimmse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caimmse or dil.ie/7778

n f. (Lat. camisia) shirt : nomen uestis c.¤ , Sg. 23b4 . caimsi i.e. a caimsie .i. lēine, Corm. Y 235 . c.¤ .i. ainmm lénead .i. a camisia banléni, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10.30 . caimsi léine, Metr. Gl. 15 § 35 . caimse .i. léine, O'Cl. cáimsi imbi ┐ brat gelderg, BDD 114 . nói camsi fogarti impu, 116. ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léna beca no nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 (mbanciumsa, mbancimsa, v.ll.).

cairín(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairín(e) or dil.ie/7928
Last Revised: 2013

n (2 cara) ` haunch, shank ', Meyer Contribb. s.v. caríne. crithnaigset a charíni imbi imar c[h]rand re sruth, LU 6443 ( TBC-I¹ 1929 ) = chairíni, TBC-LL¹ 2591 . sgenach saille ┐ sgenach carinedh `slice of lean meat', RC xxix 220.12 . cairín .i. feoil gan tsaill, O'Cl. a cascairin comadas | dona degmnaib dilmainib 'fitting its curving lean part for the noble free ladies' Angus Matheson Essays 121 § 6 .

4 carr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 carr or dil.ie/8255

n ā, f. ` mouth, face . . . scab ', Dinneen cair ` gum ', Eg. Gl. 167 . fuil caire .i. toberar a cair, O'D. 829 ( H 3.17, 592 ). imdergadh for in cairr, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). mas co ndurnaib . . . tucad fair fuil isin sroin, no isin cairr, ib. imeasorgain oca teilgtar fuili na dligead othrus, Laws v 476.25 .i. fuil tsrona, no ingne no caire, 478.24 Comm. = i fuil tsróna no ingin no carra, O'D. 441 ( H 3.17, 340 ). ? nocon fuil maith ann anall / is amhuigh c.¤ imbi fuil find, IT iii 104 § 204 . na tiomairce truise si tuitfid a rís 'na gcár `down their throats', Ó Bruad. i 126 ix . In mock n. pr. Mac na Cairre, MacCongl. 114. 17 `Scabson', Index.

Compds. bá mellach cnámach carrgarb a druim (a person), Irish Texts i 33.9 ` scabby ', Plummer MS notes. a charrmatraid ` mangy cur ', MacCongl. 101.14 .

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

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