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adbas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbas or dil.ie/353
Last Revised: 2013

v neut.? (ad + fis, cf. imbas , or pret. pass. of ad-fét?): brígach n-adbus 'a vigorous talent (?)' Éigse xxxvii 78 § 9 . do-tég i tech a clú chlothach, | díanbrethach rathach rothabartach asa adbus 'I come into the house because of (its) famous reputation, the talent (?) of which is being of quick judgement, prosperous, very generous' 77 § 4 . asa a.¤ .i. athfis .i. aisneis, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, 75 ).

ar-cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cain or dil.ie/3993

Forms: arcanai, aracain, airchetal

v ( air-can-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 479 ) sings, chants, recites. Applied to poetry, charms, and magical formulas as also to legal pronouncements and maxims, see Watkins, Celtica vi 214 . On the filid as custodians of traditional law see Binchy, Ériu xvii 5 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dál arcanai , ACL iii 297 § 51 . dona búadaib arcanai of the victories which you recite, Airne F. 201 . 3 s. aracain gl. incinere, Ml. 64c14 . amail arinchain fénechas as the native law recites, Críth G. 21 . is don grád so arcain fénechas, 272 . aracain (.i. fīrcanim-se do caire in sofesa) coire sofis sernar dliged cachadāna, Anecd. v 23.7 . arcain (.i. fīrcanaid . . .) coire nerma intlectuib raith, 26.3 . fert ar-cain cúi chrúaid `the hardy cuckoo sings', Ériu xvii 90 § 9 . 3 pl. derb lasna druídib . . . aridchanat who chant it, Airne F. 279 . 1 pl. Moninne . . . arcanam, LL 371c14 . Pass. sg. arcanar gl. cantatur, Thes. ii 18.33 . tri sáir Hérenn arcanar, Fen. 30.5 . Pass. pl. arcantar gl. præcinuntur hoc carmine, Ml. 66c7 . Imperf. indic. pass. sg. arsenti ┐ arcantá and .i. . . . no chantaís filid, LU 10134 . Pret. 3 s. arcáchain dó tria imbas forosnai conid and asbert na bríathra sa (verse follows), LU 10348 . Pass. sg. breithemnus . . . arachet araclais arachor `it has been sung', Laws i 46.17 . Appar. as synonym of for-cain in: admall . . . arcain side in bardne so sis, IT iii 43 § 52 . tuathbard . . . forcain side rannaigecht, 44.11 .

Vn. airchetal.

1 búas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búas or dil.ie/7292

n ā, f. See Gwynn, Hermathena xxiv 60 ; Thurneysen, ZCP xx 381.

(a) stream, flow, gush (of water): ron tart a brága cen buais, LL 21168 `his throat dried up without water (?),' Bodl. Dinds. 39. cath Buasi co mbuais (: cluais), LL 6760 ( RC xxix 212 § 17 ). tecait co húais, ra gním ngle, / secht srotha, búais cen búaidre `in an untroubled gush', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.14 .

(b) Fig. of poetry expld. as art, knowledge: būas .i. āi, Corm. Y 199. buss (sic) .i. ai, H 3.18, 65a7 . bues .i. sofis, 633b24 . buas .i. sofis naircetail .i. arinni thic imbas iar mbuais, inde dicitur barr buaise, 64c26 . gur 'lus būas bang na Bōinde (B. na f.) .i. guribh sé an elada do bhí 'sna cnāibh imais, ZCP v 489 § 10. erraind nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rann fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa .i. ollamnas `from the stream of science', RC xxvi 24 § 80 ( LL 24462 ). būas (leg. B., Thurn. loc. cit.) .i. soes n-arc[h]etail (imais add. , LB, note 2) arinní dothēt imbas īar mbuais (leg. mB., Thurn.). Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `barr būaise', Corm. Y 148. Corm. 8. soillsighis sruthlinn mbarr mbuais buadhchu, Anecd. ii 75.11 .

pn As name of river Bush and in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (one of the rígusci Érenn), BDD² 1460. ó Buais co Commur Trí nUsce, Ériu vi 147.18 . d'Inbiur Buasse bruchtait srotha, Todd Nenn. 266.7 .

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain. The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

do-aisféna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aisféna or dil.ie/17158

Forms: taispénaid, taisénaid, tasfenad, taisfenaid, taispenaid, taisbenaid, duaispenait, taisfenat, barasfenad, donairfenadh, -taisfentais, rothaispenu, doaisbena, taisfena, doairfena, -tarfena, taspenfat, taisbenfat, doasfénpha, taispenfa, taismenaid, notaispenfad, doairfenus, tosairfen, tarfen, doairfet, dosroirbead, rotaisfen, rotaisfeóin, rothaismeon, rothaispeanastar, barasfen, donairfénsat, rotaismensat, rothaisbeinsiot, taisfentar, taisfentar, taisbentair, ttaisbentar, taisbentar, -tairfentar, doaisbenad, dofaspenta, rotaisbenta, taisbénad

(* to-ess-fēn-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ; the preverb -ess- shows the vowel -a- throughout, see GOI p. 508 ). Later as simple vb. taisfén-, taisbén-, taispénaid, taisénaid. IGT Verbs § 66 .

Ipv. 3 s. tasfenad, LU 9771 . 2 pl. taisfenaid, YBL 107b8 . taispenaid, PH 2588 . taisbenaid, YBL 141a28 . Indic. pres. 3 pl. duaispenait, BB 317b28 . taisfenat, FA § 18(LU) . Impf. 3 s. barasfenad, TBC-LL¹ 4278 . donairfenadh, Hugh Roe 286.7 (infl. of perf.). 3 pl. -taisfentais, LU 4037 . Subj. pres. 2 s. co rothaispenu , Lism. L. 2410 . 3 s. doaisbena (?), Laws v 360.20 . acht co taisfena , FB § 7 . Perfective: doairfena, Laws v 360.18 ; iv 100.11 . -tarfena, i 176.21 Comm. Fut. 1 s. taspenfat, LL 209a29 . taisbenfat, PH 2100 . 3 s. doasfénpha, LU 1374 . taispenfa, ZCP viii 210.23 = taismenaid, Lec. 345b30 . Condit. 3 s. notaispenfad, Lism. L. 4248 . (Pret. and) perf. 1 s. doairfenus, Wb. 18d7 . 3 s. tosairfen (sic MS.), Laws i 16.13 . co tarfen , 14.26 . ? doairfet, iii 28.8 . ? dosroirbead, Lib. Flav. i 25 vb 18 . rotaisfen, LU 9777 . rotaisfeóin, 8183 ( FB 13 ). rothaismeon, LB 222b4 . rothaispeanastar, MR 274.14 . barasfen, TBC-LL¹ 4297 . 3 pl. donairfénsat, Hugh Roe 290.17 . rotaismensat, PH 195 . rothaisbeinsiot, AFM vi 2116 .

Pass. ipv. taisfentar, Mon. Tall. 160.2 . Indic. pres. ni taisfentar , Hib. Min. 92 . taisbentair (pl.), Todd Lect. vi 28 . Subj. pres. dá ttaisbentar , TBC-LL¹ 3845 (St.). co taisbentar , Laws v 444 ; ii 48.9 . -tairfentar, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)b ). Pret. doaisbenad, ZCP viii 308.18 . pl. dofaspenta, ACL iii 325.5 . rotaisbenta, TBC-LL¹ 5605(St.) . Vn. taisbénad. Cf. do-adbat.

Shows, exhibits, sets forth: doairfenus dóib gl. narravi, Wb. 18d7 . doasfénpha cach a gnímu eter maith ┐ saich (of Last Judgement), LU 1374 . taispénaid cia mod asa mbrisend-se in recht show (declare) in what manner, PH 2588 . cia notaispenfad in irnaighthe who would give out the prayer, Lism. L. 4248 . taispenaid [in mac] ind aiccept do M. sets forth (i.e. recites), Fél. p. 12 . cu rotaisbénunn a nascairecht until he proves his contract binding, Laws i 216 Comm. co taispentar dó cach ní immba-mbi, Corm. s.v. imbas forosnai = doadbanar, Corm. Y 756 . acht donairfena in mairt do fiadnaibh, Laws iv 100 Comm. taispenfa, toigéba | a t[h]aob dont ṡochaidhe, ZCP viii 210 . ba gnúis shubach donairfenadh fiadh cech n-aon he used to show a cheerful countenance, Hugh Roe 286 . is amlaid rotaisbenad doib-sium he .i. duille óir fair, etc. appeared to them, Lec. 368a10 . áit ar' thaispen an eicsi cenn do Lugh appeared to L., Acall. 1941 (cf. tócaib cenn). co taisfenat in n-anmain i fiadnaise Dé present, FA 18LU = co taisselbait, LB. co tarfen cách a ceird fia[d] Pátraic, Laws i 14 . doairfet Dubtach in file racht n-aicnig exhibited (set forth) the law of nature, iii 28 . go ttaiséna Senán a mhiorbuile fort, ZCP x 16 . With adj. or adv. to complete predicate: do thaispéanadar Ulltaigh iad féin leathtromach 'san imreasan showed themselves partial, Keat. iii 1400 . do thasban . . . é fein go eafachtach displayed his efficiency, Rel. Celt. ii 301 .

In extended meanings: ni taisfentar do nach cathraich saingnustai (the Psalter) is not assigned to any particular city, Hib. Min. 92 (taspentor, v.l.). rothaismeon in airgeint do showed, LB 222b4 . Folld. by vn. phrase: rotaisspenadh do G. . . . cainneal do chor da himdénomh it was revealed (i.e. supernaturally suggested) to G. that he should . . ., Fl. Earls 50 . ba hedh rotaisspenadh i n-a menmain dó, leiges spiratailte d'iarraidh dó, 144 .

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

fo-glúaisi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-glúaisi or dil.ie/22771

Forms: forogluaissisid

v i

I (Trans.) moves, stirs, sets in motion, makes go: ni sinn fotragluais do nim who ousted thee from heaven SR 1741 . cia fochonn fosrogluais o crichaibh in chogaid? Todd Todd Nenn. 128 . trí foglúaiset fóenledchu `that set waifs wandering' Triads 198 . is forrán fích rabarfogluais that repulsed you LL 238b17 ( TTr. 1611 ). fodaig ina maccaem forogluaiset ina cetra who had driven the cattle IT ii2 230.80 = forogluaissisid ib. 64 . fotgluasfither on oenphort, LL 37c42 ( Auraic. 5348 ). biaid dilgenn for Ultaib ... ┐ fogluaisfitir asa tir, Rawl. 143a36 . fogluaset .ix. viros as uno ligno, Trip. 174.13 (2032) . Fig. stirs up, excites, disturbs: nacha[b] foglúesed ani sin let not that excite you LU 1434 ( MU² 901 ). cen buith ibar ṅgnáissi | is mór fodomglúassi `disquiets me greatly' Fél. Ep. 376 . fom-glúaissi mór ṅdubai, 377 . fongluasi imbas inspires Anecd. v 27 . fógluaisi Fuamnach gaeth `stirred up a wind' Ériu xii 154.18 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind accobar though human weakness may stir desire Mon. Tall. § 63 . Refl. bestirs oneself, moves: nachas-fogluaisit do oic `lest thy warriors come' [or: lest they drive, or startle it (the cow)? Cf. IT ii 230 supra] RC x 224 . ma rofesind ... nímfoglúasfind féin dia saigid, LU 5960 .

Cf. is í cland D. fodrogluais ... do denam na cathrach, Ériu ii 22 § 4 where the -d- may stand for -da-, or as a rel.

II (Intrans.) recht find fuglóisfe (fogluaisfe v.l.) muire `will come over (stir up?) the seas' Imr. Brain § 48 . do thaodsat ... for ccúlaibh gus na háitibh as ro ḟógluaissiot AFM vi 2332 .

Vn. foglúasacht, q.v.

for-osmen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-osmen or dil.ie/23843

Forms: fortn-osmen, fortn-osna

v instructs, enlightens (?): fortn-osmen an imbas `the imbas illumines him ' RC xxv 346.1 , cf. fortn-osna a imbus, 348.7 . Cf. osmenad.

for-osna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-osna or dil.ie/23844
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fursann-, forosna, fursundud, foruasnaisiut, forosnaiter, forosna

v (for-osnda) (and- `kindle' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 , Thurn. ZCP viii 81 ) = protot. fursann-; forosna .i. fursannadh no roshoillsiughadh, O'Cl. fársán .i. fursannadh ib. (cf. O'Dav. 14 ). vn. fursundud (-sannad).

(a) lights up, illumines: gelgrian forosnai riched, Fél. Prol. 5 . rí reil ... forosna nem, SR 292 . tuídle tentidi forosnae Tech Midchúarda, LU 7207 ( BDD 87 ). cetheoir coinnle ... forosnat a clár, Fianaig. 14 § 33 . pret. foruasnaisiut in dunud (i.e. with their glittering accoutrements) IT iii 238.110 . Pass. forosnaiter ... o soillse líac logmar they are illumined LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). in nēll nemhdhai triasa bhfursanntar talam, Lism. L. 2459 . Common' in fig. use: fuach firinde forosna iltuatha hErend, ZCP iii 223.1 . for-don-osna ... an fisidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 38 (poem). With tmesis: treiodhna, foruaisle osna purity which enlightens nobility Ériu xiii 18.9 = for uaisle osnai, O'D. 1215 ( H 2.15A, p. 84b ). Brings to light, makes manifest: secht mbeocaíndle ... forosnad gae cach rig (.i. amuil caínnil mbi fursandus no aillsiges a gae for ín cach ís rig), Laws iv 52.22 . Cf. secht fiadnaise forosnat gae cach rē seven witnesses which reveal the false in every field of battle v 310.1 . forosnái th'eicsi duit it ollam thy learning shows clearly for thee that thou art an ollave LL 186a23 ( RC xxvi 8 ) = forosna, Rawl. 107b29 . forosnaibter (.i. faillsigfiter), Rawl. 111b15 = LL 188c45 ( RC xxvi 44 ). forosnabtar gubretha la hanflaithe (.i. foillsighfither .i. ite taitnebaid ┐ bat aine), YBL 250a11 .

imbass forosna (a kind of divination, see Thurn. ZCP xix 163 ff .) Corm. Y 756 (forosnae). In fil imbass forósna lat LU 4527 (for -ó- here see Thurn. ZCP viii 81 ). fortnosna a imbus, RC xxv 348.7 (cf. for-osmen). asbert S. friss ... aní aridboí dia forciund ┐ arcáchain dó tria imbas forosnai LU 10348 = tria imbas forossndi, Anecd. v 28.12 . fort-nosnae a n-imus, H 3.18, 361b13 = Laws i 40.17 (see QML xiii 8 .).

(b) lights, kindles: fursain caindel a ben, LL 126b25 ( ZCP xii 273 ). fursainter caindeald dūn ... co fēgum in uisci, RC vi 175.43 . ro cuir refead lasamain fon coccladh ┐ ro fursainn í, CCath. 3333 . roḟursainset caindle, TTr.² 1839 . ni ḟoirṡenadh [leg. ḟoirsénadh ?] coinniol he would not light a candle Duan. F. 20.5 .

(c) shines: int aengein ... 'na tri haeiblib ra ursaing, ACL iii 244 § 13 : Aithd. D. 7. 35 = re tri faoiglibh do ḟursoinn, RIA 23 I 40 p. 145 .

1 imbas , imbus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imbas , imbus or dil.ie/27294
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imb-ḟess

n o, m. , n. (imb-ḟiuss or imb-ḟess `das grosse vielumfassende Wissen,' Thurneysen, ZCP xix 164 ; Ériu xxxii 79 ).

great knowledge ; poetic talent, inspiration ; fore-knowledge ; magic lore: imas .i. saidecht, Stowe Gl. 433 , Lec. Gl. 364. iachta[d] sluaigh suide n-imbais .i. estidh in sluagh re saidhecht, nó dobeir subaidhe ar in sluagh in t-imat sofeasa bis acon said sin, O'Dav. 1071. būas .i. soes n-arc[h]etail arinní dothēt imbas īar mbūais, Corm. Y 148. cethri srotha déc éicsi ... immas ┐ dichetal, LL 30d34 . ad-sloinn airdnemhidh iomhais (of the technical accomplishments required of a poet), Ériu xiii 18.20 . sreth immais (a technical term in poetry for connecting all words of a verse line by alliteration), IT iii 30.14 . trí labra ata ferr túa : ochán ríg do chath, sreth immais, molad iar lúag, Triads 112. srotha ionnalta an iomais, Content. xxii 17 n. 4 .

Referring especially to knowledge or fore-knowledge obtained by magic or occult means: failte fri tascor n-imais dofaircet nae cuill cāinmesa for Segais i sīgaib, Anecd. v 25.5 (cf. Ériu xiii 26.17 , ZCP xvii 268.13 ). imbus greine .i. bolg greine imfuilnges in grian for na luibhibh ┐ cipe caithes iat bidh dan aigi ? i.e. poetic knowledge derived from the river Graney, O'Dav. 1569. is suithe iumais Greine na (= no) Boinne uil aici, Laws iii 50.9 Comm. Tipra Connla...fo' tat cuill ┐ imbois (? leg. cuill imbois) na heicsi, RC xv 456 § 59. immas na Segsa so dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.21 . luidh Cuchulainn do ririm imhais ar Boinn, O'Curry 1362 ( H 3.18, p. 624a ). buinne na Buaisi ar a mbi bladh iomais nó eladhna, Leb. Gab.(i) 64 n. 5 . dogebthi bheós cna iomhais for Bhóind ┐ Bhuais fria linn, AFM i 90.4 . a c[h]ur ar amus na filed go nderndais faillsiugudh imais cindas ro baí Aengus iarna égaib, Ériu xi 45.28 (= O'D. 950 ). gabais (Finn) a mér ina bēolu. A donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal. Fortnosmen an imbas con-debert, RC xxv 346.1 . fortnosnae a n-imus .i. do fuarascaib a soes ar is ainm imbas do soes, O'Curry 768 ( H 3.18, p. 361 b ). Hence : imbas forosna(i) (lit. knowledge which illuminates) a special gift of clairvoyance or prophetic knowledge supposed to be possessed by poets in ancient Ireland. The rites through which this knowledge was supposed to be acquired are described in Corm. Y 756 , Laws i 44.6 , O'Curry 767 ( H 3.18, p. 361a ) (see Thurn. ZCP xix p. 163 . SGS iv 97 ff . Scott, R.D., The Thumb of Knowledge, chap. iii ): "can dothéig" or Medb. "a halbain iar foglaim filidechta" or ind ingen "in fil imbass forosna lat" or Médb. "Fil écin" or ind ingen. "Décai damsa didiu, cobbia mo ḟechtas", TBC-I¹ 40. doairchechain Scathach do anni aridmoiad co n-epert fris tria imbas forossndi dia foirciund, Anecd. v 28.12 . asbert Find triasa n-imbas forosnai, `fer ilurg,' ol sé, Fianaig. 38.6 . tredi dlegar dun ollamain filead .i. teinm laeghdha ocus imus forosnadh ocus dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. ni conermaitis teinm laodhu no ímbas forosna (of poets who passed false judgments), Laws i 24.33 .

imus forosnudh name of a metre , IT iii 102 § 187.

2 imbas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imbas or dil.ie/27295

n excessive narrowness ? : .i. nemchumca .i. bas ebraice .i. angustiae , O'Mulc. 713. bean teite di tarr i cain lanamna no d'i.¤ , Laws v 486.9 (In ZCP xv p. 355 n. 3 Thurn. : imbas .i. nemchumce `Nicht-Enge,' Man erwartete `Enge (des Beckens)').

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

1 immas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 immas or dil.ie/27768

iumais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iumais or dil.ie/29214

n see 1 imbas .

sous

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sous or dil.ie/38544
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: soas, sós

n o, u n. (2 so+1 fis). Also soas, sós. knowledge, science, learning, poetic lore: ara-caun Coire Soḟis .i. fir-canim-se do caire in sofesa I recite the Cauldron of Knowledge, i.e. I truly sing of the cauldron of good knowledge Ériu xxxii 62 § 2 . buas .i. soes n-arc[h]etail, Corm. Y 148 . dichetal dochennaib . . . is soas fodera son (learning as opposed to sorcery), 756 . Cuangus cáid co soas, Fél. March 13 , glossed s.¤ .i. airchedul, Fél.² lix . sos .i. airchedul, Lec. Gl. 123 . bunad in airchetail ┐ int sois (.i. na bairdne), Anecd. v 24.2 . is dom s.¤ matchous | a ndorigénai do maith, Thes. ii 337.2 ( Hy. v ) .i. is dom dán (filidecht, v.l.), Thes. ii 21 . forber cach grad filed sec alaili i sóus ┐ aircetail, is amlaid forber cach ái dib sen sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, IT iii 6.3 . sos ┐ séghdha ┐ airchital asi sin an defir, O'D. 1212 ( H 2.15A, 84a ). ní thesta main bad maith linn | . . . | acht immas sóis co srethaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.47 . fortnosnae a n-imus .i. do fuarascaib a soes ar is ainm imbas do soes, O'Curry 768 ( H 3.18, 361b ). luid Sinend do saigi[d] in imbois, ar ní testa ní fuirri acht soas, RC xv 456 § 59 . ní soas dorigni | in lebrán léir laindrech | acht fortacht ríg ainglech, Fél. Ep. 89 , .i. fis maith, Fél.² ccviii . Cuongalt . . tetra Erenn etir guth ┐ cruth ┐ soas `knowledge', AU i 444.16 . tendal Éirenn ar shoas, TFrag. 62.7 . a scela, a seanchasa, a sos `her science' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 146 § 24 . a fhir fadlas sós na sen `the lore of the learned', Metr. Dinds. iii 270.1 . a rigni is messu don gáis | amail concren suthi sōs `the defect of prudence is its slowness while learning purchases sound knowledge', Ériu ix 47 § 19 . ferr grés s.¤ `to act is better than to know how,', RC xlv 25 § 34 . as nos baga tuath dosnacht | sos, dana, ┐ ollamnacht, Leb. Gab.(i) 284.20 .

sreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth or dil.ie/38803
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sreath

ā, f. vn. of sernaid. sreath (an arbha), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.15) .

I Act of strewing, spreading out; that which is strewn, laid out: s.¤ gl. struo, strues, Sg. 50b5 . 55b10 . hi far srethaib gl. in stratis uestris (i.e. beds), Ml. 20d9 . Of furniture, etc., forming a normal part of the equipment of a house (see Críth Gabl. Gloss.): indles . . . cach s.¤ as chórus for lár, Críth G. 223 . a sretha sét, 243 . sretha córai isin tig, a[i]ribor cach[a] méit[e] ┐ iarn cach gníma ┐ humalestrai im chaire i talla boin co tinniu, 404 . indles . . . cach amur ┐ cach s.¤ olchena, cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, Laws iii 190.z Comm . According to Thurneysen this is the basis of the meaning in Cóic Con. Fug. (`das Hinbreiten, das Hingebreitete', hence `die Unterlage, Grundlage'), but perh. merely series, collection (of legal judgements, etc.): s.¤ (sretha, v.l.) faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir: lia do fír fri sena n-anbal . . . .i. is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `die Grundlage für Aufklärung auf dem "Urteilsweg", der fīr ist (heißt)', Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . cuic conair[e] fuigill . . . sain a conair, sain a cina, sain a s.¤ . . . .i. is [sain] a s.¤ faillsigthi fuil re aithne cach conairi fuigill dib r[e] cele `verschieden von der andern ist die Grundlage zur Aufhellung, die zur Erkennung jedes Weges besteht', 30 - 31 § 17 - § 21 . sretha failsighte na conaire fuigill is fír, no is e inní is coir d'ursundud no d'faillsiugud forin conair fuigill is fír, 36 § 46 . See p. 5 .

II Usually row, line, series, arrangement, order .

(a) sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro[ṡr]ethnigtis na sina `arrangements of weather', ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). tar sálmuire sretha `over ranges of mainseas', Fél. Ep. 238 . co n-accatár . . . teóra sretha isind [ḟ]raigid . . . s.¤ . . . di bretnasaib óir . . . ┐ s.¤ di muntorcaib óir . . . in tres s.¤ di claidbib, LU 1708 ff . mana[isi] . . . co sreathaibh semann with rows of rivets, TBC-LL¹ 5518 . atchonnarc na saltracha | na sreith táeb ra táeb, LL 298b16 ( SG 367.12 ). trí nói s.¤ fíacal fata, Ériu iv 102 § 45 . ō cech tricha cēt | dlegar for sēt sreith `by various routes', KMMisc. 272 § 57 . a cóic cethri deich data | ar sreith óenaig allata `glorious fairs in succession', Metr. Dinds. iii 12.138 . 'na srethaib | trí hídail chloch fo chethair `ranged in ranks', iv 22.45 . ba lōr d'ōebnius ar ōensreith in one series, ZCP viii 272 § 62 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl, cáine sretha the noble King of Connacht places himself behind, excellent the order, 108.7 . cóic sretha do rámhaibh `five ranks of oars', CCath. 1941 . go dtráigh sibh an sreith ndabhach, Aithd. D. 11.20 . s.¤ braon `drops streaming' (i.e. rain), O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ciabh na sreath hair in waves, DDána 75.8 . sreath do linntibh fuairbhreath `a series of ruthless measures', PBocht 18.25 . s.¤ bagún is brannrad `a procession of bacon and trivets' (i.e. to the house of a chief), Studies 1920, 417.x . do shinneadar sreatha síorbhinne . . . téad mbeannchrot `bouts', Maguires of F. 56.16 .

(b) ranks, lines of people, soldiers, etc.: M., C., | co ṅaidbli a srethe `with the vastness of their train (?)', Fél. Dec. 4 . gnúis fri gnúis ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib, LU 2047 . etir sretha sīl Ādaim, ZCP iii 23.28 . do chuirib, do chóem-srethaib `for companies and gentle ranks' (notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 278.38 . .u. coin geala na nglansreith, BB 277a4 = cóic eich ghela 'n-glan sreith, Leb. Cert. 178.16 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha | . . . | 'n-a dtrí naoimhsreathaibh ar nimh, DDána 29.35 . sreatha seilge hunting-bands, Hackett liv 21 . Of armies, etc.: la sreith slóig Z. `with the series of the host of Z. (?)', Fél. Aug. 24 . dá trichait marc min | . . . | concert-sa in dá sreith the two ranks, LU 9953 . imrim each imasernar s.¤ slúag (sic leg.) (rhet.), RC v 202 § 20 . rosernad . . . cech slog . . . i n-a sreith, MacCarthy 56.24 . mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg s.¤ sniit, MU² 443 (see note). batar . . . na Rómanaig imon catrig ina srethaib, LB 154a35 . sretha sirthe risin saimgrēin ranks of skirmishers in the summer sun, ZCP xii 290.21 . Cf. co roibe crīch Breg i n-a comar creach ┐ i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta ┐ i n-a sreathaib sirthi dona suidight[h]ib sin, ML² 1133 . a fhir dodechaid atúaid | co srethaib `surrounded by troops', Metr. Dinds. iv 2.2 . tanic . . . | aníar ar slicht na srethi `on the track of the convoy', 54.2 . sreata ┐ sluag-buidni, Celt. Rev. iv 16.24 . ceithri sretha . . . do shaighdiúiridhibh `lines', AFM v 1694.z .

(c) Of ornamentation on garments, etc.: tri nói gem . . . | ba foir 'na sreith (a brooch), Metr. Dinds. iii 122.40 . brat co srethaib di ōr impe stripes, lines, edgings (?), ZCP xiii 373.4 . sretha sítai fri a gelchnes, TFerbe 122 . srethai sítai uas a cind, 777 . roindfithí fúdbai féinded fo shrethaib óir `Haufen', Alex. 219 . a ṅ-edaige srolda . . . fo sretaib oir ┐ argaid, BB 429b5 .

(d) Of details of the structure of buildings: na doirsí . . . co srethaib óir ┐ argait foraib layers, panels (?), Alex. 593. 10 coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi ┐ eochrainn . . . ina srethaibh . . . forra anuas `rows', CCath. 1812 . faiceam tomhus na gcleath gcorr | na sreath solus, na sreath sliom rows of pillars (?), DDána 119.28 . sreath ghabhlach go ngrés uamann a series of beams, L. Cl. A. B. 183.94 . sreath chlár ós clochaibh díona, 101 . go gcōic srethoip do cholomhnoip marmair `rows', Fl. Earls 96.20 .

(e) rows of buildings, streets : hilar n-adba . . . | srethaib sretta fri sid sain, SR 2475 . da line . . . do tighibh ar mullach a múir . . . iter na da s.¤ sin `between those two ranges' (of houses), CCath. 20 . s.¤ do Thriun Mór ┐ s.¤ do Thriun Saxan `street', AFM ii 942.10 . raith Arda Macha . . . do losccadh . . . ┐ dá sreith do Triun Masan, ┐ an tres s.¤ do Triun Mhór, 994.1 ( ALC i 100.25 ). Ard Macha do loscadh na dí sreith ó chrois Cholaim Chille co Crois Epscoip Eoghain, ┐ ó Chrois Eapscoip Eoghain an dara sreith co Crois Dorais ratha, 1156.15 .

(f) In contexts ref. to grammar, literary compositions, history, etc.: i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind gl. in lectione `in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 . int immognam imbí hi sreith rann `in a series of parts (of speech)', 95a2 . 213a9 . s.¤ immais (gs. of 1 imbas ) metr. alliteration of all words in the line : s.¤ immaiss, ut est: slatt sacc socc simend saland, IT iii 30.14 (see p. 121 ). Perh. in more general sense in follg.: trí labra ata ferr túa: ochán ríg do chath, s.¤ immais, molad iar lúag `spreading knowledge (?)', Triads 112 . rethaib sofis srethaib imbais (glossed .i. s.¤ imait sofis īar foghloim), Anecd. v 26.3 . immas sóis co srethaib `sequence of verses' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 288.47 . In name of a metre: sreatha deich, IT iii 95 § 148 (cf. p. 128 - 9 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail `series of proverb, commentary and poetic composition', Auraic. 337 (cf. 2684 ). in tan is s.¤ series (?), 3577 . Gilla mo Dutu ro dluthaig in duain-sea, nucu s.¤ sáeb, RC xlvii 315.4 . sretoibh sorann series of excellent stanzas, CS 62.5 . sreath . . . rann | d'am[h]ruibh, Ériu ix 163 § 5 . sreath ghlan do ghréas éagsamhail (a poem), Aithd. D. 46.12 . do ghéabham dod ghnúis . . . | sreith mholta eulogy, 46.11 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . am mebrach-sa . . . i sreathaib seanchasa hErend series of events (?), traditions (?), Ériu iv 138.17 . ro-dosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach `I shall establish for you the progression of the stories . . . of the hearth of Tara', 144.7 . ? buaid senchais srethaib airech fettar aided cach oenfhir, YBL 125a44 . seanchas suairc sreath, Leb. Cert. 80.13 . diamhra sreath seanchais `series', Content. xxii 9 . iar sreith na súad (iar srethaib súad, v.l.) handed down by tradition (a name), Metr. Dinds. iv 190.14 . iar srethaib suadh `according to the threads of sages', Auraic. 553 . ní h-inchreti d'ánradaib sretha saeb-fhorcetail na seandruad warriors should not believe the . . . sayings of old druids, MR 190.2 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis the fair blossoms of his abundant knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 176.117 . ? as leór so do solbraib s.¤ , Ériu iv 138.11 .

(g) Common in chevilles: s.¤ cen tair, SR 4319 . ni sáeb in t-ṡ., LL 374c53 . setaib s.¤ , 136b12 ( PRIA 1882, 248.3 ). tolaib s.¤ , SR 2711 . srethaib cland, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . srethaib droṅg, SR 7905 . srethaib ga, LL 19b5 . srethaib gal, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.1 . srethaib iath, SR 2285 . srethaib slóg, 6431 . Note also: conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred, LU 10257 .

(f) Various (cf. srath supra): sreith gl. pratum, Sg. 20a8 (see note). in talam cona sreith trit. Alex. 873 v.l. (sraith, text). gach ionad a d-tiocfaidh sreath no gearradh ó fhior ionuid an riogh ar Mag E. `cess or cutting', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.14 . go dtógbhann sreath is sobhadh, Measgra D. 26.67 (sraith, MS.). sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `taxes', AFM v 1686.2 . bá h-amlaidh ro siodhaighsiott gan sreith gan gerradh gan daoírsi, 1770.16 . Cf. sreath do chomha ar cró nEachaidh `the series (i.e. toll) of thy tributes', Aithd. D. 15.11(a) .

Note also: teora sreatha, TBC-LL¹ 2716 v.l. = teora inshrotha, text. gur berta gan anmain i bursan sreadh ara rabha, ZCP viii 542.17 = co ro marb in n-ingin inna réid, TBC-LL¹ 1559 .

The follg. are obscure: conchar ic sreith riagla rig (as vn.?), LL 33a39 . ba hé in sét serc ri sretha, | fuair cét recht is cét bretha, 143b11 . Faelan .x. nir bho dhur | ger caemal ar sreith in saer, BB 56a45 . atāit .iii. sreatha cutrumai cin fiacha .i. drumcla n-eich . . ., ZCP viii 103.27 . Mac Cosgraigh co sreathaibh snáu `of beaming countenance', AFM i 520.10 . Dāre Doimthech dālis dig | fola for cach srith (: clith) (`stream'), Fianaig. 30.14 . sāssad slán sorcha sretha, Ériu ii 66 § 13 . conoiscet s.¤ anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 . Perh. of the reins of a horse: im all .i. uilliti he in da sreith do bet air two reins (?), Laws i 124.14 , 138.x Comm . óenach saidbir co srethaib, | co saidlib, co srian-echaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.159 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤bairdne name of a metre: tighearnbhard . . . taebhchassadh ┐ sreathbairdni a dhileas, IT iii 23.13 . s. dano, is fri toebcasad doberar í tomus ┐ tarmarcind, 13 § 26 . See p. 144 . ¤blad widespread fame (?): cethri h-Echdaig aidbli ág | fri srethblaid ┐ sográd, LL 146a9 . ¤bruig extensive lands : co trethnaib iar s. súg, SR 6263 . Dauid . . . | for s. Hierusalem, 6698 . ¤buiden orderly company : sret[h]buidne ordaigthe, CCath. 3466 . ? ¤chelg: Dairbre drech-derg mac Lulaig, | ba prap s. iar samain, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.14 . ¤chircul: O Domhnaill . . . cona aireachaibh . . . ina srethchiorcaill bodba `in a close circle', Hugh Roe 112.12 . ? ¤chor: mo Dia tricc fri s. slamm, SR 5253 . ¤eccor arrangement in rows : ionar . . . co sreithegar gem, BS 10.7 . ¤etarnaid: ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge arranged in ambush (of troops), Hugh Roe 226.5 . ¤fhoirenn: ina sreth-fornib . . . sar-laech `well-arranged lines', MR 222.20 . ¤ga: dar srethgaibh sealga `over the serried hunting-spears', CCath. 3609 . ¤líne ordered line : sreth-linedha . . . ina mórtimcill . . . do mairgreit (a crown), CCath. 5285 . ¤molad gs. as attrib. eulogistic (see II (f) supra): gruaidhe donna | dá ndéantar dán saor sreathmholta, DDána 114.16 . ? ¤ord: aisdibh ┐ ollamnaibh | ┐ rannaibh sreathordaibh, IT iii 90.9 . ¤shlúag: ar súi soi slonnaib srethshluag of arrayed hosts, SR 2692 . ingin Sáuil srethshluagaib, 5918 . ¤ṡuide sosath srethshuide 'a terrace of well-arranged seats' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 128 § 3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤áluind well-arranged (?): broghadha sreath-āille, ML² 1071 . an clár . . . sreath-álainn (the earth), ML 102.26 . ¤amrae marvellously arranged: sainemail suíb srethamra 'unique, beautiful, marvellously arranged' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 24 § 1 . ¤barrgel: tar tonnaibh . . . sreath-bhárrgheala na srothán `over spreading white-crested currents', ML 46.32 . ¤chaem ornamented (?): ic congbail na sangtairi sretcaime co na fothaib, BB 241b45 . ¤chaín = prec.: do thuluib sgiath sreth-c[h]aín, ML² 1707 . ? ¤chisse: atchíu a brat ṅ[d]erg . . . s. sluind, LU 7393 . ar néim imdenam ór fri siric s., 7410 ( BDD 100 . `braided in rows (?)', BDD2 Gloss.). ¤fhíar (term of contempt) with distorted features (?): a brollach sneadach s., IT iii 99 § 165 ( Bruchst. i 28 § 62 ). ¤gel with bright ripples (of water): lēibenda sreath-gela, ML² 662 . ¤glan: cen usce s. snámach | iarnabarach bói Boind without clearly-rippling water, Metr. Dinds. iii 108.79 . tucsam sochraiti srethghlain a Mumain, SG 321.21 . clár sreathghlan seanDáire, DDána 70.8 . ¤mas: Dūn dā Lethglass . . . | súairc s. co saine `herrlich ausgebreitet', Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT iii 39 § 34 ).

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤buidnech: tresan sraittslighidh (sic leg.) sreathbuidhnigh `crowded', Hugh Roe 20.5 . ? ¤latanach: sruth bratha nach | sreathlatanach, IT iii 98.5 . ¤línmar: sos suaichnidh sreth-līnmar of many rows (an encampment), ML² 1061 . ¤lúbach: is . . . sreath-lúbach . . . a carn-fholt having curls in rows, Keat. Poems 67 .

(d) With verb. ¤gonaid: an crádh ler sreathghonadh sinn by which our ranks were slaughtered (?), L. Cl. A. B. 140.43 .

tall, thall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tall, thall or dil.ie/39945

adv. of place and time. Frequently also as demonstr. with nouns, though never enclitic in verse.

I Of place.

(a) yonder, there, yon, that: a salutes fil t.¤ , Ml. 42b4 . siu ┐ t.¤ , 72c9 . a tadall t.¤ , RC xlvii 304.4 . adeir th.¤ `is said in another text,' Laws v 342.9 Comm. ar Thoraigh th.¤ san tuaisgeart, TD 26.45 . in teintide t.¤ (the star of Bethlehem), ZCP v 25 § 7 . As demonstr.: nín chruth hí th.¤ `not in that manner,' Wb. 26b13 . isin tsalm t.¤ , Ml. 58a11 . intí th.¤ gl. ille, Sg. 197a9 . ind nathir humaithe thal, Tur. 129 . in taisceltai t.¤ , 130 . dond leith t.¤ don talmain, SR 7908 . is tu-sa in t-Ísu t.¤ , PH 3921 . in treide t.¤ , ACL iii 223.21 . ó thá sean Torach taobh th.¤ , TD 17.14 . thart th.¤ , 3.2 .

(b) inside, as opposed to 1 immaig outside: mo chorc-sa th.¤ .i. mo craidesi astigh (B. na f.), ZCP v 487 § 2 . rogart as dorus immaig | ... | `in fail t.¤ mac n-Iessé?,' SR 5984 . co rrabi th.¤ i mmedón na cathrach, LU 9145 (FB). amuig ┐ t.¤ , Aen. 1997 . is cetrúimhe cota cach fir t.¤ do cach fir amuigh within (the `fine') ... outside, Laws iv 294.15 Comm. madh glan an corp don taoibh th.¤ , Dán Dé xxvii 31.

(c) Hence in Laws in fer th.¤ defendant: mad sed a deir an fer amuigh ... ┐ isedh a deir an fer t.¤ ... the plaintiff ... the defendant, Laws iv 72.z Comm. i laim cintaig th.¤ , i 84.15 Comm. Cf. cin dethbhirus amuigh no th.¤ innso `no necessity exists on the plaintiff or the defendant,' ii 60.12 Comm.

II Of time.

(a) long ago, of yore, then: hi th.¤ .i. isind aimsir sin gl. id temporis, Ml. 30b17 . 18c13 . 78d4 . amal duratsat sacaird t.¤ `at that time,' 82c8 . o chein thall, PH 148 . amal rothuitset th.¤ , TTebe 4035 . ag Athairne th.¤ na theach, Content. xxviii 12 . san aimsir th.¤ , DDána 6.34 .

(b) hereafter, in the next world: siu ná t.¤ , Wb. 3d17 . is maith siu et t.¤ gl. uitae, quae nunc est, et futurae, 28d1 . is aire as b(eo) a ainm i fos ┐ a anim th.¤ , Lib. Hymn. 178.9 (ACC). maith in chentair siu ┐ flaith ind alltair ... t.¤ , Ériu ii 202 § 19 . gan molbhtha t.¤ na sonn, AFM i 164.4 . an teach thall heaven , DDána 6.17 .

? To this: dall .i. t.¤ a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . min na dentar icuib cuilbir nobind siu na th.¤ , IT iii 102.x . indiu is do cendaib colla t.¤ `at this day it is by the ends of his bones (he effects it)' (of imbas forosnai), Laws i 44.1 Comm.

See tallain, tallamuin.

2 teinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 teinm or dil.ie/40394

Forms: t., teinm

n in phrase t.¤ laída a divinatory incantation used by the `filid .' Perh. same wd. as prec. See ZCP xvii 156 . Marstrander, Bidrag 127 , rejects Zimmer's derivation from O. Norse teinar laegdir ( ZDA xxxv 151 ff. ) on the grounds that t.¤ is vn. of teinnid (see 1, 2, 3 teinnid). Cf. perh.: cocnaid in fili mír do charnna, etc., Corm. 25.28 (in descr. of imbas forosnai). Also: tethna iarom Maen ... tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 30.31 (Atkinson, Laws Gloss. s.v. teinm connects tethna with teinn .i. aisneid, nod-teinn .i. canus, O'Dav. 1526 , 1547 ). `Eröffnung durch das Lied,' Heldensage 71 . By native glossators taken as meaning illuminating (? cf. imbas forosnai, and 3 teinnid), understanding: teinm laeda .i. teinm taithnim ┐ teinm tuicsi, ┐ tuicsi uad tre na laig i neich is ail lais do radha, amail asbeir rellugadh coimgne co laegha co laidib la genelchaib co nduilib ┐ sluinnti, H 4.22, 5 ( O'Curry 1949 )= tenm laegda .i. tenm taitnem, ┐ tenm tuicsin, etc., Laws v 56.24 Comm. tinm .i. tuigsin, O'Cl. Cf. in B. na f. ag t.¤ fuach `understood a word,' ZCP iii 378.4 . neach osgar ní fhéad mo t.¤ `an ignorant person cannot understand me,' 20 (.i. tuicsin, gl. p. 382 ). ag tinm dhūar .i. tuicsin focal nō rann, ZCP v 483 § 2.

For the procedure see Laws i 44 Comm. t.¤ laodhu, i 24.33 Comm. fo t.¤ laodha lanfocail lantoinnseim, Anecd. ii 75.10 . a tri neimthigh filid, t.¤ laedha, imus forosnadh, ┐ dichedul do chennaib, H 3.18, 427b ( O'Curry 1002 ). The t.¤ laída was part of the training of an ollam, and was acquired during the eighth year of study: tredi dlegar don ollamain filead .i. tenm laeghdha ┐ imus forosnadh ┐ dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. da cach ollamain ... iomus forasna ┐ dicetal do chollaib cenn ┐ t.¤ laoga, Anecd. ii 76.5 . tenmlaída ┐ immas forosnai ┐ dichetal do chennaib (in course of study for eighth year of fili), IT iii 50.1 . Cf. 111 , 117 . Ascribed also to Find (see 1 eó): dosber tra Find a ordu ina beolu ┐ do chan tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 34.x = tre thenm-láido, Corm. Bodl. 28 = t.¤ laodae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.1 ). tuc-som (.i. Find) a ordain fa ded fis ┐ cura chan tre t.¤ laega, cur foillsiged do crich a bethad, CF 74.5 . Forbidden by Patrick: atrogell no atrarpe tra (Patraicc) inní sin (i.e. imbas forosnai) ┐ an t.¤ laegda, Corm. 25.41 (= Corm. Y 756 ).

As fanciful name of a metre: tedmleoda annso, IT iii 102 § 186 , see p. 138 . Also of poetry in general: nī tucc d'echtres nō d'ōenuch | ... | an sainsherc tucc ... | do th.¤ laodho na ffiledh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 .