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1 abann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abann or dil.ie/44

 

Forms: abhuinn

n [ā, f.] (Lat. habena. See Études Celt. iv 329 ). No certain ex. of n s. but note abhuinn .i. tabella palmaris , Rule of Tallaght 1 n. 21 . scourge, whip: imbirt aibne `plying the scourge', Mon. Tall. 143.28 (§ 43) . cet moailli fort laim dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand with a scourge', 142.11 (37) . tri béimenna forru co mbais, no cris no abaind, O'D. 989 (H 3.17, c. 853). a cúrsad ina chét-chinaid co n-abaind, Ériu i 218 § 4 . Fig. domfaraill — nī dūairc in t-ort — / bēim nād borb dot' abainn aird (from a hymn by one in illness), ZCP vi 263.19 . fíach aibne the penalty of flagellation: ní tabar fíach aibne and, Mon. Tall. 138.23 (§ 30) . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne .i. secht cet m-beimeann n-indracc co fo sechd flagellation equivalent to fasting, RC xv 490 § 22 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na h-oidche luain, LB 11b6 ( Rule of Tallaght 82 ). fíach aibne, Ériu iii 102 § 30 .

ada(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ada(e) or dil.ie/254

 

adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas, Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 . níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i. dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the deed that has quelled me', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, Leb. Cert. 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 . nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv (C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada, Metr. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 . ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a.¤ na suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm.

adj II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting .

(a) Of the prerogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart): cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . ., PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach fiasara adha . . . na rig so, Leb. Cert. 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'Curry 969 (H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also: ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .

(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 . dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i 311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm, mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).

ad-ágathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ágathar or dil.ie/255

 

Forms: -ágathar, ágaid(ir), ad-n-agur, atágur, -agur, ad-agadar, ad-ágethar, adnaigethar, -ágathar, -agether, -agedar, ad-n-aigther, atagamar, -agammar, -agetar, -áigder, águr, áigde, aig-siu, -águmar, -hágam, agatar, ad-againse, ataighin, ar-don-aigtis, atnaicter, -ágara, -áigther, -agither, -aigither, -agathar, ad-āgind, cia dágind, -āghedh, áigthe, aghus, aghais, -ndaigset, -ndáigsind, -agsind, no-aghsainn, munadágsad, adaichfer, adaichfedar, adāigfedur, -aichfetar, -áigfimis, ad-agastar, adaigestar, atrágestar, adraigsemar, adraichsetar, adraigsetar, -aigsetar, ataigh, -áigh, ataigsem, atraigset, aghsatt, áigthiu, áigsiu

v prototonic -ágathar. See GOI §§ 543, 553 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 454 . Later as simple vb. ágaid(ir). Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-n-agur sa, Ml. 74d4 . atágur, LU 6154 (TBC). -ágor, Thes. ii 290.5 . -agur, LU 3305 . 3 s. ad-agadar (rel.), Ml. 53c14 . ad-ágethar, BDD² 691 . adnaigethar (atanaaigthar v.l.), IT i 68.9 -ágathar, Wb. 1a3 . -agether, Ml. 129a2 . -agedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 . Pass. ad-n-aigther, Ml. 27c1 . 1 pl. atagamar, LU 3792 ( SCC 36 ). -agammar, LL 308b40 . 3 pl. -agetar, Ml. 39b14 . Pass. -áigder, Thes. ii 294.15 (or 2 s. act.?). Ipv. 1 s. águr, Ériu i 68 § 6 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 219 ). 2 s. áigde, ib. aig-siu, 70.3 . 1 pl. -águmar, LL 308b17 . -hágam, 308b38 . 3 pl. agatar, Ml. 51d11 . Indic. impf. 1 s. ad-againse, Ml. 63d11 . ataighin, Imr. Brain ii 292.8 (see Celtica v 139 ). 3 pl. ar-don-aigtis, Ériu iii 138.83 . Subj. pres. 2 s. atnaicter, Gael. 50, 139 (= ad-n-áichther, Blathm. 892) . -ágara, LU 3891 ( SCC 40 ). -áigther, 3306 ( 11 ). -agither, 5265 ( TBC-I¹ 789 ). -aigither, IT iii 241.212 . 3 s. -agathar, Ml. 66a2 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ad-āgind, ACL iii 295 § 17 . cia dágind, Imr. Brain i 288.7 . 3 s. -āghedh, ZCP xii 296.28 . Pass. ardott áigthe , LU 5656 (TBC). (cf. áigthi ) With s-subj. ?Pres. 2 s. aghus ([ag]ais, aghais, v.l.), ZCP iii 448.7 . 3 pl. -ndaigset, RC xii 422 § 4 . Impf. 1 s. -ndáigsind, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). -agsind, Imr. Brain ii 288.8 . no-aghsainn, BS 74.8 (§ 40) . 3 s. munadágsad, ZCP vii 312.2 . Fut. 1 s. adaichfer, Ml. 68c17 . 3 s. (rel.). adaichfedar, Ml. 46c20 . adāigfedur, ZCP iii 449.6 . 3 pl. -aichfetar, Ml. 80b13 . Condit. 1 pl. -áigfimis, BDD² 506 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ad-agastar, LU 817 . adaigestar, Dinds. 43 (RC xv 434). atrágestar, LL 13587 . 1 pl. adraigsemar, LL 13899 . 3 pl. adraichsetar, Ml. 80d4 . adraigsetar, 124b6 . -aigsetar, 35c4 . Without depon. ending 3 s. ataigh, RC xxvii 300.4 . -áigh, .2. 1 pl. ataigsem, Moling 68 . 3 pl. atraigset, LL 16033 . ro aghsatt , BNnÉ 36.21 .

Vn. áigthiu. Later áigsiu. See áigthech, áigthi .

Fears, dreads, stands in awe of: intí adagadar in Coimdid `he who fears the Lord', Ml. 53c14 . nísnagathar bonum opus ` bonum opus fears them not', Wb. 6a7 . atotágathar dia mbrath / Ailill Aie lía slúagad he fears thee, LU 4707 . ticfa intí tagammar (adaghar v.l. St.) de, TBC-LL¹ 506 . nimmain Andind cia dágind / mád hé Béoin nísnagsind A. will not save me though I fear him, Imr. Brain ii 288.7 . manataigter ind gille `if the servant be not in awe of thee', Mon. Tall. 142.3 . ar cach n-olc itágursa bágursa mac nOengusa, LL 308b24 . aigthi in Coimdid ┐ not aigthife cách, Three Hom. 76.11 . ni agat (.i. ni agatar) monud . . . no gorud frichis ruaid (.i. i llo bratha), LL 364 marg. sup. ataigsetar . . . aní adchonncatar, Immrama 31.179 . bidh ann grisadh co rot-āigther, ACL iii 295 § 26 . aigit (agit v.l.) .i. immeclaigit, Lib. Hymn. i 110 gl. l . aghaim .i. eaglaighim, O'Cl.

Folld. by vn. phrase: adraichsetar digail du thabairt forru, Ml. 80d4 . agur águr iar céin chéin / bith i péin phéin, LU 420 (ACC). atraigsetar (ba heaccal leo, v.l.) C. d'imbirt báis . . . forro, TBC-LL¹ 4276 . atagur . . . urchra forsin caille, Anecd. i 11.27 . ataighin eona uile dom arccuin, Imr. Brain ii 292 § 13 `I used to fear that all the birds would slay me', Celtica v 140 . Folld. by finite clause: air adraigsetar nondabértais iterum in captiuitatem , Ml. 124b6 . atagur min (leg. nin?) tucait (as baoghal lem nach tiubhraid, v.l.) I fear they will not give it, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

See ad-ais, agar.

ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

 

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi, BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

brandub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brandub or dil.ie/6550

 

Forms: brandubh, brannamh

n o (appar. 1 bran + dub) brandubh (brandamh, brannamh, v.ll.) m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) . Name of a board-game , (associated with fidchell and búanbach) see Zimmer, KZ xxx 79 , TD ii 198 - 199 , MacWhite, Éigse v 29f . (`clearly modern chess' in TSh. 852 ff ., ibid.), see branán. b.¤ .i. bro ḟind ann ┐ bro dub nó b.¤ .i. a dub fora broin (ed. broin[n]), Lec. Gl. 204. luis .i. lam, ut est luis fir fora mbrandubh decraiter, O'Dav. 1158. búaid fidchilli ┐ branduib `the gift of playing b.' (among Cú Ch. 's gifts), TBC-LL² 550 . ic imbirt b.¤ ┐ ḟidchell, 745 . imbert b.¤ ┐ búanbaig ┐ fithchille `back-gammon and draughts and chess', RC xiii 442 § 17. ór corcra ar chlár a mbrannaimh, DDána 100.17 . Fig. bearta brannaimh na beatha agá n-imirt leó, TSh. 859. Of the board, the pieces: b.¤ ┐ fi[d]chell `chessmen and chessboards' ( Corm. Tr. 129 ), Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 s.v. orc tréith. etir . . . fidhcill ┐ brandam `draughtboards, and draughtmen' (a king's treasures), RC xviii 182.8 (Tig.). ata mo b.¤ . . . / cuiciur airgit gil can glór / ┐ ochtur do dergór, Acall. 3949. coic ḟidchella ┐ u. branduib, LL 7277. la fichit b.¤ brecboirdnech, 7284 . go n-a brannuibh déad, Ériu i 95.4 . bhar mbrannaimh / . . . do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 ` draughtsmen ', Ir. Monthly 1919, 342 § 48 . See foirenn (c). Fig. imirt ar ghuin ghallbhrannuibh `playing for a check at foreign chessmen', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150.14 .

bréc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréc or dil.ie/6611

 

Forms: bréci

n ā, f. GOI § 209. falsehood, lie; deception: fabhall .i. brég, Eg. Gl. 634. is tri intleda ┐ bréic dagniat gl. callide, Ml. 28c8 . ní radat som fri sudib acht breic ┐ togais, ref. to subdola, 31a18 . 61a6 . in sacart nád b.¤ `the true priest' (of Christ), Blathm. 805. is b.¤ bríg in domain `the might of the world is a lie', Fél. Prol. 145. is b.¤ uile acht Issucán, 44.13 . conid b.¤ amlaid sin cétfaid na fairni út the interpretation . . . given by those authorities is wrong, LU 5022 in marg. ni bui do bréic in betha frecnairc cosmailius etc. in all the pomp of this world, Alex. 631. apair friu . . . co n-id b.¤ in ni ro-raidis, PH 2245. is ed a ḟir . . . ┐ is edh on a brecc the right view . . . the wrong view of it, IT iii 86 § 86. mass ar brēic atām if we are on a false track, ACL iii 241 § 4. ( Aithd. D. 70 ). irnaidi fri bréic a false expectation, TFerbe 800 . ni do brécaib a slight invention (?), exaggeration (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 104.25 . saor ó bhréig an bheatha ché `free from the deceits of this world', Dán Dé v 48 . nombeir a breig a durnn Cuculaind (sic) takes himself by guile out of C.'s hand (?), RC vi 183.19 . a mbréic falsely , BCC 353. labhras bréaga = that speaketh lies, Proverbs vi 19. brég thairngire `a lying forecast', O'Gr. Cat. 392.25. is bréag bhuan ar bhréig dhiombuain (of poetry), DDána 72.18 . lucht na mbréag scandal-mongers , Dánta Gr. 38.13 . In chevilles: ni bu breg, Blathm. 387. ní breg (: cēt), MacCarthy 434 § 5 .

Attrib. g s. lying, false; sham; fraudulent: bres bréci `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 . no-melltais na dee bréce-sin na doine, PH 1949. ulcha smeartha .i. feasog bhreige, RC xv 63.23 . galar bréige `feigned illness', Atlantis iv 118.34 . maith bhréige an bheatha `life's deceitful show', Dán Dé xxviii 40 . sgath bhrēige `a blossom that will bear no fruit' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1293. fíadhnuisi bhréige = false witness, Mk. xiv 56. mic breice suppositious son, BCC 353. bás bréige do léigean chugat `to feign death', Keat. ii 2510 . See turbaid.

With prec. vb. and follg. prep.: nataibred cách . . . bréic immalaile gl. nolite mentiri inuicem, Wb. 27b12 . ni tartat sénsus breíc im anmin gl. ad fallendum, Thes. ii 2.33 (Acr.). sochaide ma tar[a]t bréic whom she (Findabair) played false, LL 10482 (TBC). maircc dā ttabhair an bith bréicc, KMMisc. 346.20 . immumsa rabertad in b.sa on me the trick has been played, TBC-LL² 3801 . cid do chana duit in b.¤ do imbirt form to deceive me, LU 5054 (TBC). brég do cuireadh ar Cloinn E. the C. E. were slandered, IGT Introd. 5.28 . do chur choire brēige air a false accusation, Parrth. Anma 1430. an té . . . do chuireas breug air ` slandering ', Donlevy 108.11 . ni dingen brég ar mo gelladh `I will not break my promise', Stair Erc. 680.

Compds. With nouns: bréigbhreath `an unjust judgement', Keat. iii 518. dar mbreith ór mbréigceanaibh `deceitful sins', Aithd. D. 72.2 . mar atá an bréag-chrábhadh = quod est hypocrisis ( Luc. Phars. xii 1 ), TSh. 8926. na bréig-dhealbha false images, 820 . ná déin bréigfhiaghnuisi ar neach do not bear false witness against . . ., Mac Aingil 3102 . an brēcḟine lying tribe, ZCP viii 211.7 . de . . . briathraib brec-ingill ban cendḟind Connacht of a false promise, TBC-LL¹ 4019. an bhréig-insi lér fhaoi Art beguiling isle (Éire), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . brethem an brēclaithi / ūair a mbīa an brāth, ZCP viii 210.29 . brēclasrach borb, 211.8 . díol na mbréagrann `deceitful poems', Aithd. D. 43.9 . timoircid na brec-scela, PH 724. dorat brecṡíth dó `gave him a false peace', Trip. 46.18 . cumad bréc-thechtairecht braflaingi do berad, MR 178.6 . lá bréccthingealltoibh `by specious promises', AFM vi 1998.20 .

can

Cite this: eDIL s.v. can or dil.ie/8117

 

adv conj (cf. sanchan and GOI 289 ) whence : c.¤ gl. unde, Ml. 34b3 . c.¤ uel disin gl. unde, 44b27 - 8 . 127a8 . Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ).

(a) With follg. noun whence is ? (see O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 ): ni fes c.¤ a genelach from whom he is descended, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). co fesamar . . . c.¤ do chenél, Ériu i 116 § 4 . c.¤ so a ingen ?, Anecd. i 22.8 (see GOI 684 ). ? c.¤ derbh Doidhéin, Ériu xiii 21.17 . As quasi-subst. cid Tuirbe . . . / ni fess c.¤ nó chenél, Metr. Dinds. iv 226.12 . ni fess a ch.¤ . . . fir na cless `whence he came', y. With sense of indef.: cipé ch.¤ `whencesoever it be', CRR 19 .

(b) With follg. prep. DO: c.¤ duibsi gl. cuiates estis ? Sg. 242a2 . c.¤ duid ? ol C. ara Orlaim . . . ┐ tusu ? ol int ara who are you ? TBC-I¹ 786 . c.¤ dó no cuich a tigerna, IT i 272.19 ( FB 38 Eg.).

With prec. cía: cía c.¤ duib ?, Trip.² 1113 . ni festar cia can a cetracha fris `whence [comes] a forty-year period for it', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 gl. 8 . fiarfaighis in rí dibh ca c.¤ doib, KMMisc. 318.21 . With pret. of copula (see O'Brien, loc. cit.): im chomarcar cía bu ch.¤ dóib, TBFr. 65 . imcomaircter di cia bo c.¤ a cinel `asks her whence was his race', RC xii 72 § 42 . Apparently also in somewh. different sense (if not difft. wd.) cia-chan tra beth oc a tuirem na slog why attempt to count? LB 154a7 . ga ch.¤ duit a ḟuirech?, TBC-LL¹ 3068 . ga chana dam menma mór `woher?' 3981 . ca c.¤ dam-sa erghe?, TBC St. 3297 (can profit, advantage, Gloss.). c.¤ (.i. ca tarbha) a cetal go gnāth what boots it to sing his praise continually? ZCP v 487 § 13 . na hairm as airm dhamh 'na dháil / ca ch.¤ gan a n-ainm d'fhaghbháil (of devil), Dán Dé xxiv 7 . Cf. cid do chana duit in bréc do imbirt form?, LU 5053 = TBC-I¹ 565 `what avails it? apparently a rel. verb; in Mid. Ir. also cid do-chanas, Stories fr. Táin Gl. 64 . ca ch.¤ duit .i. cá tharbha dhuit, O'Cl. ga c[h]an, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z .

(c) With verb other than copula: c.¤ rofesta-su íccfe in mnái `whence shouldst thou know that thou wilt save the woman?' Wb. 10a10 . ní fitemmar c.¤ doberr `whence it is brought', Sg. 32b5 . c.¤ rohainmnigedh do anainmsi whence did it get that name? Hib. Min. 1.9 . c.¤ atá (can as atá, v.l.) aní as titalus?, 269 . ? c.¤ a fuil siat `where they are', Laws v 334.8 Comm. log-enech fuidre . . . c.¤ mittir?, 516.1 . c.¤ do dechobair?, Trip. 100.6 . c.¤ donluid?, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). c.¤ tic inti nat aithgenamar?, RC xiii 222.32 . Exceptionally: c.¤ do choid mo dalta where has my fosterling gone? Lec. 166 vc10 .

Freq. with follg. as, asa: c.¤ ata anní istitalus, Hib. Min. 8.269 (canus, v.l.). c.¤ as rothucais-seo sin whence hast thou acquired that? Ériu iv 138.18 . co fesamar c.¤ as tucad, Ériu i 46.10 . canas tángais a laich?, MR 72.8 . c.¤ .i. canas tig . . . no canas tecaid, Laws v 6.3 Comm. c.¤ asa tecait na fir, LU 10442 . c.¤ assarogabsat anmann, Rawl. 69a19 . canas a ngabar etc., Laws iv 168.1 Comm.

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad, Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi, 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

1 dír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dír or dil.ie/16692

 

adj (a) due, proper, fit, meet: d.¤ .i. dlisdin, Lec. Gl. 163(M) . dir .i. dleisdín, Stowe Gl. 51 . d.¤ .i. dlestanus, 318 . Generally folld. by prep. DO: ni d.¤ dúib ní disund nothing of this is meet for you, Wb. 27a26 . ni diír do noibad aní forchanat what they teach is not proper for sanctification, 31b17 . is d.¤ .i. is dethiden do gl. ad illum pertinet, Ml. 30c4 . amal is d.¤ do mogaid as befits a servant, RC ii 386 § 6 . ní gata Adomnan fīachu ar . . . fine dia mbí d.¤ to whom they are due, Cáin Ad. 29 . adae .i. ad dee .i. dīr do Dia, Corm. Y 67 . i n-as d.¤ d'eclais, 962 . is do is dir inndi is canticum dindí doberar a claiss hi croit, Hib. Min. 287 . is é ná facaidh ní nár bhu d.¤ dhó do fhaicsin that was not proper for him to see, Lism. L. 4894 . déansa gach ní is d.¤ do dheaghdhuine, ML 100.6 . laidh . . . is d.¤ ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisneis, MR 92.4 . cech fírmanach dond eclais dian d.¤ gníd amal cech mog to the church to which it is due, Fél. p. 4 . espuc do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 . ro imbir fair cach ada aili ba d.¤ do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959 . diambadh d.¤ fuil do snām if blood were fitted for swimming, ZCP xi 62.6 . do leith fitt . . . is d.¤ insin that (word) is applicable to a half-ration, Mon. Tall. 156.21 .

Used absolutely without complement: cech ní is d.¤ dlegmait do rad, LL 139b12 ( RC xlvii 304 ). corrthair .i. . . . nō co hor .i. co himel as d.¤ a breith it is proper to bring it to the edge, Corm. Y 336 . ma indligedh dogne in flaith resin cele is d.¤ imsgar fris, Laws ii 274.11 Comm. robba d.¤ recht aicnid [uile] inge cretium the law of nature was right except for the faith, i 16.17 . as forra féin ro ba dir clú an mhadhma do bheith, AFM v 1648 . niptar dir na oiss | immá duma dess, PRIA xix 534 .

(b) belonging to, appertaining to: tectid cach cumachte as díir do dia that belongs to God, Wb. 26a6 . conic do pianad-sa ┐ pianad cech oein as d.¤ duit torment thee and thy seed, PH 6600 . ni fuil sund neach na pad dir (duall, v.l.) dait o a athair no mathair, BDD § 13 . carn ind ríg in fess cía rí | dianid d.¤ ? to whom it belongs, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . tuatha Fochmuinn . . . for Almuin ┐ anas d.¤ di hi finíbh, BB 255b40 . forumai sár for cach toil . . . acht anas d.¤ dí fadesne but what is accordant with itself (luxuria), Ériu vii 138.4 .

Folld. by gen.: do neoch ba d.¤ udbarta issin tempul everything that belonged to . . ., TTr. 1223 ( LL 233b5 ). gen nach ngnim is d.¤ mugsaini to do nothing appertaining to servile work, Anecd. iii 21.8 . ní bus d.¤ clóine anything involving wrong, Ériu ii 202 . menma aircisechtach di cach duine acht ní bas d.¤ pecath save for aught that involves sin, Ériu vii 160.28 . trūail .i. dir uailli í it is a sign of pride, Corm. Y 1240 .

(c) necessary: ní nad d.¤ do trachtad int sailm what is not necessary for a commentary, Ml. 25a6 . ised ro bo d.¤ do Césair toídhecht docum in tshenaidh Rómhánaigh C. was obliged to . . ., CCath. 213 .

As subst. [n.] one's right or due: Lind mná féile . . . | ainm na linde 'nar báided | is é a d.¤ (díl, v.l.) maras dise this is its proper title inherited from her, Metr. Dinds. iii 294 .

dorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorn or dil.ie/18356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dornn, dord, doirnn, duirnn, dorrann, dorn, Duirn, Duirn, D., Durn

n o, m. Also written dornn (-nd); form dord occurs TBC-I¹ 1823 ; IT i 40.22 (if not a scribal error, cf. card = carn). Note also d s. durrnd, CIH i 52.34 , Ériu lii 140 . doirnn, Trip.² 2928 (doirnnin, v.l.); for assin duirnn , Fél. 146.31 leg. assind iurn out of the iron (pot). dorrann, Ó Bruad. i 66 . dorn m., IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) hand, fist: na durnu (gl. pugnas), Gild. Lor. 165 . robbad durnn caurad ┐ robad rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . a dord ima gāi, 1823 . laigen ina durnn, 2563 . gabaid in gilla imbirt a dornn foraib, 431 . imberta claideb ar dornaib desaib, LU 3424 ( SCC § 19 ). méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn (leg. dornd), BDD § 58 . métither ri durnu degléch, LL 237b1 ( TTr. 1518 ). rosbuailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib, PH 117 . senais R. a dhurna (lamha, v.l.) ┐ a ruscca dósomh, BNnÉ 319 § 13 . meni tuga biad im d.¤ , Laws v 64.21 . is do doarfas in d.¤ cen rigidh (of Belshazzar), Lec. 23a37 . lán duirn a handful: gabais C. lán duirnd dind feór, TBC-I¹ 1643 . comtrom do gach ní aen-lan duirn an equal handful of each ingredient, 23 P 10, 79.36 . debaid duirn a fight with fists: da ndech i mebail | narop debaid duirn, KMMisc. 290.2 . da rabhair a ndeabhaidh | narab deabhaidh duirn, 3 C 12, 122.20 . Hand as symbol of labour or workmanship: radis . . . nach crích no ferand bái aice acht a uird ┐ a indeona ┐ a duirn, TBC-LL¹ 962 . imin clochdroichit suidighus o dourn which he erected with his own hand, Laws ii 232.11 Comm. tri duirn ata dech for bith: d.¤ degsháir, d.¤ degmná, d.¤ deggobann, Triads 76 . rindaide, ráthbuige . . . i tig ríg noibdis corn, | ba hé a ndliged díles d.¤ the right due to their handiwork, Metr. Dinds. i 24 ; 'this was their proper due … a fist' v 125 . conarba ní ri mac oclaig . . . a dornd im suist no im opair so that no son of a warrior would put his hand to a flail, Cog. 116.12 .

Fig. to denote seizure, possession: dobhen urlamhas a atharda a dornaibh danar, AFM vi 2178.19 . d.¤ i mbrollach (a legal formula signifying arrest?): d.¤ ina brollach ar daigin a fastaithe re fiachaibh, Laws i 164.12 Comm. a leanmuin cu hor criche ┐ d.¤ ina brolluch i n-or criche, ii 88.18 Comm. = lamh ina brolluch, 20 ; cf. i 128.z . Prov. d.¤ im cheo a hand round mist (= something vain or ineffectual), Laud 615, 23 . na seoid adchi as d.¤ am cheo, BCC § 138 . d.¤ im diaid id., O'Dav. 1586 ; BS 54.27 . dorn im gae ngreine, CIH iii 750.33 , cf. Cog. 162.24 . fá dornaib underhand, secretly (mod.?): raelta eoluis fé dhóirnibh, Ó Bruad. ii 46 . súgra . . . fá na ndóirnib, 70 .

(b) hand as a measure of length: d.¤ a measure of 6 or 4 inches, O'Don. Suppl. sé troighthi . . . no da dornd déc ma do dornuib toimistar, Laws iv 76.21 Comm. naoi nduirn a fot . . . d.¤ leithet a crai . . . tri duirn a leithet ara medon, ZCP xiv 348.1 ( Laws ii 238.10 ). cetra duirn i n-airde, SG 108.24 . cubat cóic nd.¤ , Ériu ii 130 § 102 . dá dh.¤ décc ina leithet, trí duirn ┐ dá mér i fad a eite, AFM ii 996.9 . Cf. also: in dabach aile . . . fichis dornaib de it boiled hands high (?), TBC-I¹ 724 (see Celtica iii 180 ). in dabach tanaise con figfed durnu di, TBC-LL¹ 1367 = rofhuich d.¤ uaisdi, St.

(c) handful (= lán duirn), small quantity: dornn biroir, TBC-I¹ 1169 . cia fochertha d.¤ lán d'fhiad-ublaib fora cenna, LL 252b17 . nir dirúais dar (= don) charpat . . . acht d.¤ dina bassaib immon roth, TBC-LL¹ 6070 . d.¤ dona hasnaib . . . d.¤ dona fer[t]sib, TBC-I¹ 3638 . dornn do thuige ┐ d'édach, Ériu v 24.31 .

(d) blow with the fist, buffet: ní ba mó nó ó mir nó ó dúrnn nó ó lúa mair[b]fes cach fer leo, BDD § 94 . marbaid cét fer dib col-lūib ┐ co ndornaib, Ériu ii 24 § 6 . do buail d.¤ dásachtach ar Chonán, SG 339.7 . doradus d.¤ dara bhél, Acall. 1428 . d.¤ imidrubart, O'Dav. 1348 .

(e) handle . Of a vessel: gl. ansa, Thes. ii 361.29 (Philarg.). ballán d.¤ `a bowl of hands' (a two-handed cup?), Moling § 14 (`vessel of handfuls?' Plummer MS. notes). cilorn . . . an stuag as a taib no in milan duirn (`the hand-can'; can with handle?), Laws i 134.4 Comm. Of a bell: ássaid bethe tría doirnn (doirnnin, v.l.), Trip.² 2928 . Of a sword-hilt (only in compds.): claideb dorngel, TBC-I¹ 2847 . claidbi gel-duirn, TBC-LL¹ 4372 . claidbi ōrduirn, 4396 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 2045 , IT i 310.38 . im chechtar a dá leth-d.¤ in chlaidib on each side of the hilt, LL 237b37 ( TTr. 1548 ).

(f) Exceptionally foot (of an animal) (?): d.¤ daimh, Triads 76 v.l. ( .i. cos ag treabath, p. 37 ).

(g) As n.pr. m. D.¤ fer do Fénib, H 3.18, 391a . gen. Duirn, AU 682 ; Fél. 68.2 . a síd Duirnn Buidhe, Acall. 7204 , cf. 3847 . pl. tri Duirn , TBC-I¹ 3515 . As n.pr. f. D.¤ ingin Buidi, Laws i 70.14 . accus. Durn, 68.17 . Dornd bean do Feinaib Temrach, v 472.12 Comm.

Compds.

(a) With adj.: ¤balc strong-fisted , Metr. Dinds. iii 114 . ¤chorcra crimson-fisted (epithet of Cuchulainn), MU 4.23 . ¤gel, RC xx 272.3 ; Cog. 162.15 . ¤mass: Diurān dornnmas D. of the beautiful hands, Anecd. i 58 § 63 . ¤mer deft-handed , Metr. Dinds. iii 130 . See also under (e) above.

(b) With subst.: ¤chlaideb ` hand-sword ', Marco P. 61 . ¤ḟáscud squeezing with the hands, CCath. 2521 . ¤gal: bellum (alias dorndghal) breg h-Eile re n-Ailill molt for Laighniu, AU i 24.4 . in indeoin fo dorndgalaib, ZCP xiii 276 § 5 (`boilings with bubbles as big as fists', Celtica iii 180 ). ¤glac: i ndornnglacaib doitlebra Domnaill, MR 116.23 . dornnfot a hand's length, Laws iv 76.24 Comm. With adj. formed from noun ¤gualannach: eich dorngualandaig of a horse with shoulder a hand's breadth, IT iii 72 § 29 .

echrais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echrais or dil.ie/19539
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Echrais

n f. I A horse-fair, race(?): eachrais .i. áonach, O'Cl. : eachrais Ratha Line itir ogaib Dal nAraidhe, Leb. Cert. 6 ( PRIA liv C 18 § 5 , 22.127 ).

II A rapid movement, rush, sally, charge: eachrais .i. iomramh, O'Cl. at-cluinti...echrais na n-anradh ica n-imbirt `sally' CCath. 5932 . bruth fola, eachrais churadh MR 170.11 . o't-concatar...eachrais na nAlbanach ic comáirlech caich `sallies of the A.' 242.12 . dogníd echrais n-imluaith, Ériu viii 44.36 . See Ériu ix 16.12 .

III A resort, meeting-place (?): cumad echrais con ┐ gilla a cell-som co bráth (a malediction), BColm. 62.27 . pn Echrais Ulad, name of the king of Ulster's residence at Tara: in long Muman ┐ in long Laigen ┐ in chóisir Connacht ┐ in eachraiss Ulad, FDG 26 . Keat. iii 552 . echrais na n-amos (at Tara), BLism. 158 b 1 , ZCP xx 481 .

IV Resting-place (?): tarraid a chlaidem i n-echruis for a c[h]líu `in readiness' Fianaig. 84.33 . Cf. ecrus.

étúalang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étúalang or dil.ie/20951

 

n o, m. unbearable oppression; hardship, suffering: oc ascin ind étúalaing ┐ ind anfír .i. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 . do ḟuilngebhair mór d'etualang i cathaibh, CCath. 574 . clanna Neill a n-étualang | tre upthaib ban ndraidechta, RC xxiii 418.20 . arna faicsin 'san éadualang soin in that strait RC xxix 120.9 . cuig la dec doibh...fur...an edfhualann sin, ZCP vi 46.32 . i frestal ind etualaing moir bui ic tomait[h]im forro, CCath. 1111 . ernaile imdha étualaing ica n-imbirt for anradaib many kinds of hardship 6106 (etualaincc, etualuing v.l.). in t-etúalang-sain ra immir in saermilid for sluagaib na T., LL 237a3 . in gilla...ro imir imned ┐ edualand orum, Celt. Rev. x 26z = TTebe 2550 . is mor d'imned ┐ d'etualang ro himred formsa isin aidche arér tremit ( Matthew xxvii 19 ) PH 2645 . ba huilliu...le cach n-aen uaithib a fheidm ┐ a edualang bodein, MR 238.19 . ro chaoin a himnedh ┐ a héttúalang ria, Ériu v 80.9 . roba dáil lé docair ┐ dob aghaidh ar éttualang, AFM v 1646.1 . rob osa leo cach etualang ar domon d'ulang inas a mbathad, Cog. 194.1 . fa imshníomh ┐ fa éadtualang TSh. 2740 . acc iomchar ettualaing a easccarat oppression from his enemies AFM v 1824.23 . da ttrian a n-eatha, a mbleachta...co n-éttuailngibh oile...as edh doberthi doibh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 76.19 .

fáithchíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáithchíall or dil.ie/21216

 

n f. (prob. a compd. of fáth skill rather than fáith prophet. Cf. fithcill [ = fidchell] .i. fathciall .i. fath ┐ ciall occ a imbirt , Corm. Y 607 ). Mystic lore (?), gift of divination (?). a bhfháithciall sin innis ... dúinn their meaning (of visions) 76 . a fháithchiall oighre Chumhaill `second sight' (i.e. thou with s.s.) Ériu ix 10.102 .

fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáth or dil.ie/21356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fáth, fáth, fáith, fátha, fatha

n u, m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle, LL 17a9 ). fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith, fátha. See fáith).

(a) cause, reason; with subjective sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele, PH 7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tond. 110.4 . fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause (i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f.¤ airicc the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis, MacCongl. 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4 ( Hy iv pref .). más é is f.¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their matter for praise TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f.¤ fodera ... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of that pestilence' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair, ZCP vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 . in f.¤ forar crochad Ísu, PH 2877 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra molais in fer sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC-LL¹ 3343 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra thogais, 3367 . cá f.¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what purpose the owner had it Laws iii 150.8 . ca f.¤ nach filet na demnu fomamaigti?, PH 2798 . cred in f.¤ ara feithim ? why do I wait ? YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ... m'ainm nó f.¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr. 95.14 . co nadh fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of healing) TBC-LL¹ p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will me to cause reproach to Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra, ML 86.11 . fá hé f.¤ Bhlánaide ris sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.: ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ.¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain-sea, PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd, LU 7034 ( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais, ZCP iv 239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii 227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the purpose of killing' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl. 85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f.¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh `all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 . ár bhf.¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .

Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 . cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .

(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal Fedelmthe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd); 'the two noble sons of F. are worth a composition by poets', ZCP xxxi 49 . Freq. in chevilles: fath cen chlith, SR 6879 . f.¤ ngle, LL 17a9 . f.¤ co ngail, 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f.¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis, ZCP viii 107.16 . f.¤ ro feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .

(c) wisdom, learning; maxims; skill: fath .i. fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath .i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav. 860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith, O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca imbirt , Corm. Y 607 . fatha felmacc 'a student of wisdom (leech)', Ériu xx 38 § 28 . … fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 .'… of the men of wisdom (learning)', ZCP xxxi 48 . The following seem to belong to this: cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss, LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss `mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ; fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ... as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e., perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól, fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through lore of battles' Metr. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring sciences' RC xxvi 24 § 88 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? fiad fath ` food of learning' 16 § 17 (see 7 fíad). fíad ḟáth 'in the presence of poetic skill', Éigse xxxvii 76 § 3 . ? Eocho flaith na fáth, LL 18a3 .

(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i. aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside, Metr. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti, RC xxvi 24 n. 15 . In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤bert crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim, ALC i 582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the proceedings of an enemy). ¤chomairle wise counsel: fathchomairledha fellsam, MR 296.30 . ¤foghloim: (labrait) iarsin rath ┐ iarsin f.¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤foras: fáthfhoras focal `mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 . ¤gleó: f.¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 . ¤imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤rann `a witty stave' (a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach, gl.). ? ¤réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh do rannaibh slegh, RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf. fonaidm níad for rindib sleg, LU 10344 . ¤rún figurative, mystical meaning: gurab é is f.¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .

With adj.: ¤bertach: do roinn sé go f.¤ cách `with fore-sight' (cleverly ?) Duan. F. i 13.27 . ¤chomhairlech wise in counsel MR 214.20 . ¤rannach: ar mo cheird bfathrannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé xvi 14 . ¤rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsg. 28.10 . do-ní Dia bagar go f.¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh. 7802 .

fidchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchell or dil.ie/22014

 

Forms: fithchell, fichell, fidchille, fichille, fithchille, fichli, fichle, fitchle, fithli, fidchella, fidcilla, fidchell, fidcella, f.

n ā, f. (fid + ciall `wood-intelligence' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 3 [cf. Corm. Y 607 ], W. gwyddbwyll) spelt fithchell, LU 10806 , IGT, Decl. § 12 . fichell, Acall. 7795 , 7816 ; g s. fidchille LU 4859 , 8804 . fichille, FB 37 Eg. na fithchille , IGT, Decl. ex. 522 . na fichli (incorrect) 523 . fichle, Acall. 7799 . fitchle, ZCP vi 47.13 . fithli, 44.17 . n p. fidchella; fidcilla ZCP x 307.15 .

A game played for a stake with two sets of figures on a square board divided into black and white squares (usually rendered ` chess ,' but the rules are unknown): is cethrachair ... ind fitchill, ┐ it dīrge a tīthe ┐ find ┐ dub fuirre ┐ i[s] sainmuinter cachla fechtus beres a tochell, Corm. Y 607 ; both board and figures were often of costly material and elaborate workmanship. fidchell (son of `drús' by `lonnus'), Triads 142 . masa i n-uamas an catha Troianna rohairged in fidceall if chess was invented RC xii 78.18 . in n-imberam fidchill?, LU 10834 . imberat in fidchill, LL 249a15 ( TBFr. § 8 ). imrem fitcell, ZCP vi 54.19 . fer fidchilli a chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cluithchi fithli aga imirt, ZCP vi 44.17 . pl. imberthar fidcella dún ( games ) LU 3241 ( SCC 3 ). ic imbirt brandub ┐ fidchell, TBC-LL¹ 871 . ag imbert fidhcheall, TD 19.15 . am maith se ... for fithchill I am good at f.¤ , LU 10804 . Transf. the board and appurtenances of the game: atá sund ... f.¤, ... clār n-argit ┐ fir óir, 10806 (where the f.¤ includes `clár' and `fir'). ecraid M. in fidchill M. arranges the board 10809 . f.¤ ┐. brandub ... huas cach imdai, IT ii 179.3 . tucad na fir ar in fi[d]chill the men were placed on the board Acall. 7815 . ní thiber in fi[d]chill duit ... ┐ ní thibar ní bus mó da foirind 7819 . a bhranáin óir ós ḟidhchill, TD 2.7 (see Notes, ii p. 199 . do frith esp[aid] tri fer don fi[d]chill, Acall. 7796 . fóirni cona fichthillaib sets of men and boards (item of tribute) Leb. Cert. 242.2 . fiche ficheall, Keat. iii 2639 . imon ffithchill n-óir go ttríbh ccédoibh geam innte, AFM i 92.13 . Of a legendary game played in Rome IT ii 215.19 ( LB 187b24 ). nech fritod-gara ┐ im-bera ficeall medar frit a conversation-game, contest of wits (?) ZCP xiii 268.22 .

forás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forás or dil.ie/23326

 

Forms: foras, forus

n n. growth, increase: foras .i. biseach, O'Cl. torbe no f.¤ (gl. proventum) Wb. 11b3 . du f.¤ (ad propagationem) Ml. 69a11 . a p. inna foras (profectūs) 104d10 . espach leis ... in tan baí f.¤ fora slúagh inna chathraigh cena n-imbirt fri torba, TTr.² 220 = forus, LL 399b5 (Cf. forus ?).

forbrissiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbrissiud or dil.ie/23398
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. (vn. of for-brissi) breaking down, crushing, violating : tria doirsi ... | na cathrach do fhorbrissiud 'through breaking the doors of the temple', SR (Greene) 5347 ​​​. Fig. in f.¤ (gl. supplantationem) Ml. 61c13 . ar f.¤ fir truaig, 36a32 . ní coir ... forlond no f.¤ d'imbirt fair, PH 5980 . forbrisiud dligid hua dligud ailiu `the infraction of one reckoning by another' Sg. 181a8 .

forlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forlann or dil.ie/23722
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: forlaind

n o, m. (for + lín, Celtica iv 46 ; for + lán, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 173 . For the later fórlann see ib. 175 n. 5 ).

(a) superiority in strength or numbers, odds Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 . eochair forrain forlonn, ZCP vi 270 . forlonn (.i. dias) for oenfer xv 327 § 18 . forlonn līno, TBC-I¹ 1179 (= LU 5656 ). co saidig tar comlond do briusiud for forlond, TBC-I¹ 3264 (= co saigit secht comlond, etc. TBC-LL¹ 5326 . forlund a mmét ria mór-rím, Metr. Dinds. iii 164 . forraigtis forlunn fria macco, Rawl. 118b51 . fodrorraich forlond féne | i comlond ..., LL 132b28 . rob inchomraic esein d'F. no d'A., ┐ rob forlonn debaid na desi ... n-a agaid a aenur it was unfair odds having the two against him MR 246.19 . g s. fuaparta forlaind , TBC-LL¹ 5441 . M. macc Fergaile ind forlaind, LL 184a23 . Of a person : forlund cét more than a match for a hundred Metr. Dinds. iii 84 . ba forlann somh ┐ Ua N. d'aén aonta O'N. and he united had the odds on their side AFM v 1766.18 . IS F.¤ DOM (LIM) : cor bo forland do Thuirn Aenias do chomruc ris to fight A. was too much for T. Aen. 2970 . ba fórlann dá gach carb ... lucht dá long the crew of two vessels was too heavy for each ship Caithr. CC § 77 . níor fforlann linn nar n-aghaidh ar ccomhlann do Ghaoídhealuibh we did not think an equal number of G. too many to cope with Duan. F. i 5.25 = ii 346 § 42 .

Attrib. : cóeca duma ... | ar in maig féraig forluind thronged (?), rich (?) LU 2848 .

(b) in wider sense unfair domination, oppression, ill-treatment: ní coir forran no forlond ... d'imbirt fair (of excessive mortification of the body) PH 5980 . cuirim forlann ar gach túaith, Duan. F. i 78.23 (a monster speaking). roḟoemhadh ac ḟeraibh M. in cain sin ciar forlunn, RC xliii 54 § 55 . fuair an gobernóir mór fforlainn ┐ ffoireiccne ag gabhail tre F., AFM vi 2122.2 . fórluinn ifrinn the pains of hell Psalms cxvi 3 .

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