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áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha , TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

? arethir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? arethir or dil.ie/4101

ind richis .i. tene ut est . . . im tene do tabairt imdergtha do gach duine amail a.¤ (? a rethir, see rether), O'Dav. 1339 .

bánaid, bánaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bánaid, bánaigid or dil.ie/5321
Last Revised: 2019

v (bán)

(a) turns pale (trans. and intrans.), whitens : na banaiter fergnúsi / i ccruadaib comraicthib, LU 8426 ( FB 29 rhet.). no imdergtha in cend indara fecht ┐ ro bánta in fecht aile, LL 13535. ca galar borb ro-t-básaig ┐ ro-t-bánaig, CRR 3. ra bansatar a ṅgnúsi, 39 . cia banait . . . do beoil, PH 8131. robanad imi, TTebe 3365 . o ra bánaiged a bonn (of a dead man), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 9 (cf. MU² 988 cited s.v. bán). bánaidh grian gné na gcorcrach 'the sun whitens the hue of the gilly-flowers', Giolla Brighde 164 § 10 .

(b) lays waste: gur bhánuigh sí ioliomad (sic) do thíortha (of a `píast'), Maguires of F. § 3.

comaithmet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithmet or dil.ie/10695

n (aithmet) act of recalling, remembering; commemoration : in brāth imcomaircid-si . . . ní mellach cid a c.¤ , Ériu ii 136 § 122 . c.¤ ruice .i. . . . c.¤ imdergtha `remembrance of shame', O'Dav. 380 . ferta ┐ cumni ┐ comaitmet anma commemoration of a (man's) name(?), O'D. 512 ( H 3.17, 415 ). O'D. 1009 ( H 2.15A, 16a ).

debuith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debuith or dil.ie/14851
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: debthi, debtha, déne, deabhaidh, debuith, debaith, debaich, debuid, débaid, debaid, deabhaidh, †debtho, debtha, detba, deabhtha, deabhaidh, deabhadh, debuith, debuid, debaid, debuid, debthi, debtha, deabhtha, debthu, debthi, debtha, debthib, debthaib, deabhthaibh, de-buith, deabhthar, deabhfar

n i, f. Strife, contention .

GENDER: inna debthi (as a p.), Ml. 100 c 7 . debtha déne (g s.) LU 46 b 1 . dochum na debtha, TTr.² 1154 . dogéntar debaid rib ┐ ná fuilngid si hí, LL 303 a 6 .—In Mod.-Ir. f. and m. le dásachtaighe an deabhtha, OCT 52.7-8 . g s. deabhaidh, see below.

INFLEXION: n s. debuith, Wb. 10 a 8 . 28 b 25 . debaith, Rule of A. § 15 v.l. debaich, ACL iii 230 l. 147 . debuid, Wb. 31 d 19 . Expuls. 175 . Rule of A. § 15 v.l. LU 21 a 2 , 4 . Triads § 98 . Ériu iv 216 st 18 (deabuid). O'Mulc. 302 . débaid, FB § 33 . debaid usual Mid.-Ir. spelling, already Ml. 19 c 15 . Mod. deabhaidh (Don.) and deabhadh, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 . W.K.—g s. Oir. †debtho; Mid.-Ir. debtha ( deibda, LL 17 a 45 ; detba, O'Mulc. 348 ; deathpa, Celtica xiii 14.268 . dethfa, ACL iii 296 n. 4 ); Mod. deabhtha and deabhaidh (corresp. to n s. deabhadh).—a s. debuith, Rule of A. § 15 . debuid, Wb. 30 b 26 . LU 74 a 17 . debaid (debhaidh), usual Mid.-Ir. spelling; Mod. as n s.d s. debuid, LU 69 a 14 . MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). Mid.-Ir. debaid; Mod. as n s. ( deabhadh, AFM ii 1046. 20 ).—n p. Oir. †debthi; Mid.-Ir. debtha, TBC-LL¹ 246 . LB 123 a 23 . Laws i 58. 14 . PH 4230. 8394 . deabhtha, AFM vi 2250. 9 . debthu, Ériu iv 162. 21 . Mod. as g s.a p. debthi, Ml. 100 c 7 ; Mid.-Ir. debtha, Bodl. Dinds. 25 . Cog. 116. 18 .— d p. debthib, Wb. 6 b 6 ; Mid.-Ir. debthaib, ML 134. 6 . deabhthaibh, ZCP i 406. 26 .

RHYMES: : mebail, LL 148 b 46 . : mebaid, LL 182 a 25 , 257 b 20 . : Dedaig, 129 a 24 . : fledaib, CRR 30. 6 . : Muredaig, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). ceatha, OCU 41. 10 . deabhtha (n p.): treabtha, BB 204 a 50 ( Todd Nenn. 132. 3 ). In Debide: debaid: ail, LL 155 a 5 .

ORIGIN: de-buith, old vn. of di-taa distat, differt ( Ml. 113 a 2 , 117 b 9 ); orig. difference (of opinion). De- probably from dis-, v. s. 1 de, di; cf. 1 dechor. Originally the opposite of com-buith `a being together, companionship.'—By Cormac connected with déde: debaid .i. dede baothi aci nó dede buith oci, Corm. Tr. 59. 5 ; by O'Mulc. traced to Lat. devotio (debuid, pron. devuidh): debuid .i. óndí as deuotio .i. maledictio , l.c. 302 .

I A diversity of opinion or purpose; difference, variance; a dispute or quarrel (arising therefrom), a contention, controversy, often with a notion of vehemence.

(a) in general sense. Frequently in opposition to síd, cáinchomrac, óentu. Synonymous with bara: bara .i. deabhaidh, H 2.15A, 117 b ; betlim: b. .i. deabaid, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ); cosnam PH 8394 (vide b); dechétfaid : PH 4230 . Hugh Roe 32. 19 (v. b); drenn: d. .i. debaid, H 3.18 p. 422 ; discell: d. .i. debaid .i. ciall dis, O'Mulc. 338 ; dorbcas: d. .i. debaid nó dormaineacht, ib. 330 ; essoentu: fochunn deabtha (sic leg.) nó essoentad, TTr.² 264 . a bráthri...dia mbad oc debaid nó ic essaentaid, PH 4519 ; immargal: less didiu quasi líss .i. debaid nó imargal, Corm. s.v. leasmac (cf. in lite .i. i nimmargail, Ml. 16 b 8 ); mesbaid: in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 .—It renders Lat. disceptatio, Wb. 6 b 6 (vide b). Lat. discidia, Ml. 100 c 7 (vide b). Lat. lis: non litigosum .i. ní bii debuith do fri nech, Wb. 28 b 25 . seruum Domini non oportet litigare, gl. ní uisse do mug Dæ buith fri debuid to be bent on strife ib. 30 b 26 . líss .i. debaid, Corm. s.v. leasmac . Lat. simultas: depossita simultate, gl. a mba diuscartae in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 . Lat. rixa: contigit eis rixari, tr. cu tarla deabhaidh etarra Todd Lect. v 75. 16 . Lat. certamen: deabaid certamen, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ). Lat. dissentio: gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . —debuith fri nech im ní to contend or quarrel with somebody about something, to be at difference or at variance with, &c. ná bíth debuith duún fri nech, Wb. 10 a 8 . robói debuid do Philomóin fri suide, ib. 31 d 19 . abraid ishé bar naithrech debuid fris, Expuls. 175 . atá debuid dún fri Ailill, LU 21 a 2 . bói debaid dia chlaum fri Patraic he had a dispute with P. (or if Stokes' transl. is right, cf. IV.), Trip. 84. 3 . IT ii 212. 2 f.b. ná ferad debaid fri Dia she should not be at variance with God (because of the death of her son) ZCP vi 269 st 2 . dodealuigh ár ngleic gan goin: is deabuidh meic rea ṁáthair 'twas but the difference of a lad with his mother Ériu iv 216 st 18 (proverbial, cf. MR 134. 15 ). immacomarnic dóib débaid do dénam imman curadmir, FB § 33 . — is dóig liumsa debaid dúib ria nimscar, TBC-LL¹ 1805 . co mbaraind debtha LU 106 a 11 . co tláthugud a debtha, ib. 16 . debuid ar do chinn, Triads § 98 . ní ba muine debtha, Tec. Corm. § 19. 20 . comérge debtha the arising of a controversy FB § 29 . debaid do delbad to stir up strife : delbaid d.¤ dúrglaccaib, Ériu iv 108. 9 , cf. ib. 16 . Frequent in the phrase síd cen debuid LU 33 b 39 . RC iv 256. 5 . PH 4355 . 5022 . 8072 . cáinchomrac cen debaid, LU 120 a 11 . lán do dheabhaidh ┐ do dhoghraing, TSh. 185. 4 f.b. PROV. ferr dála iná deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 7 f.b. find cach cóir dub cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 l. 127 . messam dál debaich, ib. 230 l. 147 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: an occasion or instance of strife or controversy . futura discidia, gl. inna debthi (a p.). nobetis Ia hIsraheldu iartain, Ml. 100 c 7 . in disceptationibus .i. ná bad i ndebthib, Wb. 6 b 6 . debtha comaithchesa strifes of co-occupancy Laws i 58. 14 . betit debtha ┐ irgala ┐ scandlacha eturru im chomriachtain tossaig, TBC-LL¹ 246 . debtha ┐ cosnuma i naimsir áine, PH 8394 . deabtha buana ZCP viii 195. 17 .—atraig d.¤ a controversy arises : atrachtatar deabhtha ┐ dechétfaidhe etorra, Hugh Roe 32. 19 . d.¤ do thodiuschud to arouse strife : tódúscthar debtha ┐ dechétfaide etarru, PH 4230 . d.¤ do ṡídugud to settle a controversy Acall. 3121 .

II n Act of fighting (fri, for with; im about, Cog. 122. 7 ); an armed conflict, a hostile encounter on land or sea, a combat, a fight; esp. a skirmish as opposed to cath `a regular battle' ( Cog. 116. 18 ).

(a) Often connected with gleo: gleu .i. debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . is mana mórgliad sain ┐ is adbar ṅdegdebtha, TBC-LL¹ 5765 ; with cathugud: ic debhaid ┐ ic c., CCath. 2239 ; with comrac, Laws i 126. 16 .— ar debaid noenlái, LU 44 b 29 . tintái Fergus do debuid fri Coinculainn, LU 69 a 14 (also with for: do d.¤ for muintir Poimp, CCath. 2317 ). Cog. 120. 20 ; 122. 7 . dogéntar debaid rib, LL 303 a 6 . in ed tic do debaid i ndegaid a tairb, CRR 30. 6 . mór a ndíth ón deabhaidh sin, AFM v 1580. 14 . leathtrom deabhtha a disadvantage of conflict Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 24 . d.¤ do thabairt to give battle: tucsad d.¤ dóib iman áth, RC xviii 187. 12 . tuc d.¤ dóib, Tig. A. D. 1166 . ní tharat cath ná debaid dóib, SG 411. 4 . cor debtha, id. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 23 . d.¤ do iarraid to seek battle : iarraidh deabhtha ar theaghlach Ṁogha Néid ML 16. 5 . elóatar drem duaislib amach diarraidh debtha RC xviii 274. 10 . deabhaidh deachaibh, BB 34 b 55 . Donnchadh ┐ Maolsechlainn do dheabhadh fri aroile co ttorchrattar coṁthuitim, AFM ii 1046. 20 . a single combat : ar dáig co forgénmáis ár ndís debaid, LU 74 a 17 . bairr debtha, battlements Eg. 158 , Contribb. 182 . caislén debtha a howdah ZCP i 390. 19 . cnoc debtha a fighting-mound CCath. 1748 . dorus debtha a port-hole , ib. 1816 . istad debtha a fighting-place , ib. 1716 . láthar na debtha battle-field : tig A. co nGrecaib co mbátar for láithir na debtha, LL 404 a 52 . stoc debtha a war-trumpet TFrag. 190. 10 .— Laws i 176. 13 ; iii 278. 8 ; v 280. 19 . LU 46 b 1 ( IT i 213. 18 ), 22 . LL 129 a 24 . 289 b 1 f.b. 290 a 31 . Rawl. 106 b 36 . RC v 197 = Oss. iv 288. 1 . IT ii 185 l. 285 (comrocc fri d.¤ níthaig). Misc. 344. 24 . ZCP i 406. 26 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: a particular fight . berid bare mbrúthmar dochum na debtha co torchratar sochaide...leis, TTr.² 1154 . dorochair Art sin debuid la Fiachra, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). slecht Stairn isin debaid la Febail, ib. 146. 5 . na debtha na duinorcuin, LB 123 a 23 (cf. AFM vi 2250. 9 : iomdha a ndeabhtha ┐ a ndunoircne). ML 134. 6 . le déine an deabhtha, OCT 52.8 . Opp. cath: cúicc catha fichet...genmota debhtha besides sundry skirmishes Cog. 116. 18 .—docer re Eochaid i ndebaid Dromma Líathán in the skirmish at D. L. LL 17 b 35 .

III debuid duirn fisticuffs : nárop debaid duirn, LL 148 b 46 . KMMisc. 270. 16 .

IV In a special sense of a married woman: the state or condition of having left her husband or being put away by him; a law-term. Concluded from the foll. passages: lécid in fear a cétmuindtir...┐ dogní neach mac fria iarum ┐ dobeir sim aitherrach ní dlegar iarrad disi. intan bís for deabaid is ann toirchither frisin fear, &c. , if the husband puts his wife away and somebody gets a child with her and the husband takes her back again, then she is not entitled to the fosterage-fee. It is while she is at `debaid' (at variance with her husband and away from him) that she is got with child Laws v 200. 17 . Gormlaith ingen Ḟlaind tanic ar debaid ó Cherball do thig a athar i cinta ind imdergtha tuc Cerball di, LL 52 b 1 ; ib. 13 (of Gormḟlaith who returns to her father after being badly treated by Cerball her husband). This sense arose from I (controversy as a cause of separation). A similar usage FDG 32 : codlais Domnall...atchí fís ┐ aislingthi ┐ ised atchonnairc .i. cuilén con rohailed lais fora glún fésin a dul for debaid uada (the hound gathers the dogs of Ireland and gives battle to Domnall). for d.¤ , which refers to the relations between Domn. and his dog, was misunderstood by the copyists and replaced by `for duible ┐ dásacht' (adopted by O'D.). Cf. also LU 21 a 4 ( IT ii 212. 1 f.b. ): mád nech dít muintir noragad for debuid noanfad limsa co róisced a síd.

V Haste, hurry , only Mod.-Ir. deabhadh maille ribh a Domnaill, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 ( Eg. 88, marg. ) ma bhí deabhadh ag teacht ortha go raibh deabhadh ní sa ṁó ag imtheacht ortha, KMMisc. 380. 14 . cuirfead sa deabhadh air ag glúasacht I will hasten his departure Éinín Órdha 41. 8 f.b. —b'ḟéidir nár chás duit deabhadh dhéanaṁ; dein deabhadh! goidé an deabhadh atá ort? (W.K.). The sense-development is strange; probably a contamination of debaid with deibed.

MOD. see Inflexion and V. Sense I preserved in Don.: coingbheochaidh mé ag deabhaidh leat (= Oir. fri) godí go rabh sin déanta I shall keep on worrying you Quiggin Dial. Don. p. 57 ; ib. 18 . and in the common bean an deabhaidh a midwife, Dinneen. In Sc. obs. in all senses.—Hence mod. deabhthar (i.e. deabhfar) adj quick, speedy .

do-ceil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ceil or dil.ie/17294

Forms: ndichil, doceil, docelat, duceltar, dichliter, do-ceiled, do[nda]cela, docēlat, docēlad, dosruichelt, -derchelt, docelt, díchleth, díchelt, dichelta, díchlid, dícheilid

v (*di-cel-) Indic. pres. 2 s. (?) nad ndichil , Ml. 56c11 . 3 s. doceil, SR 7918 . Corm. Y 209 . 3 pl. docelat, Triads 84.85 . Pass. s. rel. duceltar, Ml. 111b11 . pl. ni dichliter , Thes. ii 345.9 . Impf. 3 s. do-ceiled, Fing. R. 418 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do[nda]cela, Ériu iii 98 § 10 . Fut. 3 pl. docēlat, RC xxvi 48 § 264 . Condit. 3 s. cid docēlad , Ériu ii 120 § 59 . ? Perf. 3 s. dosruichelt, Metr. Dinds. iii 388 . -derchelt, Fing. R. 369 . ? Pret. 3 s. docelt, Rawl. 113a4 . Vn. díchleth, díchelt. Verbal of necess. dichelta, Thes. ii 345.9 .

Later as simple vb. díchlid, dícheilid.

(a) conceals (with AR of person or thing from whom concealed): trí cáin docelat éitchi three fair things that hide ugliness, Triads 84 . connafil ní duceltar erut that is hidden from Thee, Ml. 111b11 . cid docelad a mbile . . . ar sūilib cāich?, Ériu ii 120 § 59 . ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindi doceil a llōeg n-inde because it conceals its calf within it, Corm. Y 209 . ni dichliter a chétla his songs are not hidden, Thes. ii 352.17 . cia lín slúag dosceil tonn múad mara mind?, SR 7905 . esca cid dodfeim | tan doceil nach ngesca ṅglan, 7918 . duscel in fírindi ar cāch cotanessa truth conceals itself from . . ., ZCP iii 450.21 . marait dianeís a scéla | acht mad dúi nisdichela no one but a fool will conceal them, RC xxiii 304 . docēlat lesbaire nime `they will hide the lamps of heaven', xxvi 48 § 264 (.i. dichlebait, R). coibsin cáich . . . bad fír-docht dondacela let it be very strictly that he conceals it, Ériu iii 98 § 10 . dichelid in dearc inna peccaid immdha charity covereth a multitude of sins, PH 5903 . in ni gatus nech dib o cheile . . . .i. dichlid cu hiarraid he conceals it till it is sought for, Laws ii 342.23 Comm. ben conceil a forcur .i. ben dichlus forcuir n-eicne do thabairt fuirri, v 274.10 Comm. o dichlit a feis mbanda, 452.26 Comm. debide scailti .i. rannaigacht docheil (sic MS.) a cubaid r. that hides its correspondence, MacCarthy 138 . cid dia rotdichlis fhormsa? why hast thou concealed thyself from me?, SG 313.31 . ráidh rium ná dícheil oram, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.18 . co ndíchlet sede na pecda dorónsat, RC iv 250 § 17 .

(b) denies, refuses: dichlid in ti dobeir ruici n-imdergtha uirri can a gabail uaithe, Laws v 454.6 Comm. cia diachele-seo innocht, ní dichela imbárach, Ériu vi 148.41 - 42 .

(c) In follg. exx. perh. in sense covers, hence contains, possesses: i n-arailib innsib olchenai dochél clú ┐ erdarcus, TTr.² 622 . cenmóthá an-romairb do míledaib calmaib asa hainm docheil clú ┐ erdarcus, 992 . Cf. docealat mor n-amra ind airteni | bite for ligiu Marcain, Corm. Y 26 = dochelit, Thr. Ir. Gl. 2 .

See díthlid, do-cíallathar.

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha , TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

galrugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galrugud or dil.ie/25337

u, m. vn. of galraigid

(a) disease, illness: foillsighidh ... at no galrughadh an sgamhain, 23 K 42, 136.10 . pl. galraighthi inmheodhoncha, AFM iii 210.2 .

(b) distress, trouble: co ngallrugad a orgne ... ocus a imdergtha , Anecd. ii 60.1 . g s. asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi ocus cosaiti, 48.15 . pl. do iomchair Sé [ar] ngalruighthe, Matthew viii 17.

1 grés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grés or dil.ie/26613

n m., u.

I handicraft, workmanship, ornamentation, artistic work : gréss i n-óentig fri muintir, Triads 70 . ferr grés soos, LL 345c51 . columhain marmair ... cu saine gacha gresa fair, ZCP i 254.24 . Cairnech ... scribnid Ciarain, is iside roscríb in scribenn amra ... cona hilgressaib `with its many illuminations (?),' Fél.² lxii 5 . glantar do tech gressa lat `let your workshop be cleaned by you,' Ériu v 72.18 . Of the work of building a tower : iar scur in gréssa (: béssa) glanúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.26 . togbhus an eaglas go ndealbhadhaibh iongantachaibh ┐ go ngresaibh bregha `with wondrous carvings and brave ornaments,' BNnÉ 188.36 . seacht mbliadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin cuairt ┐ teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus displaying their accomplishment at home, Auraic. 239 . indeoin in Daghdha ba druin | do grés Grinne, Celt. Rev. x 345.z . iomdha gréas na ghlas cherdcha ar an gcrannghail gcoinnealta, Ériu v 62.1 . a greis (leg. grés) gan locht ar a lār ornament without a flaw on its surface, Ériu ii 164.3 .

II needlework, embroidery, female accomplishments : fuath in gresa the pattern of the needlework, Laws i 152.24 . mad ingena nos-berat, non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, ZCP i 422.1 . ni raibe bíad aile isin tigh acht ina fagadh-si ar a grés, RC xxvii 292 § 53 . ba halaind an ingin sin, eter cruth ┐ chéill ┐ gais ┐ gres ┐ genus, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . asaid in ingen iarsin eter ghenus ┐ grēs ┐ lēigenn, ACL iii 308 vi 9 . go niomad gach nuile ghrés ar thaobhuibh an thaorchotúin (= tsaorch.), Rel. Celt. ii 260.39 . is ré n-a linn fos do cuireadh gréasa is corthaire ... ar bhrataibh ar dtús i nÉirinn embroideries and fringes, Keat. ii 1915 . clūimh arna grés le gallmhnaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.128 . is meadhrach bíd maighdeana ag gréas a mbrat embroidering their cloaks, Ó Bruad. ii 206.1 .

III poetical composition, a work of art, a poem : ní gres luighthi co luathbras `no epithalamium rashly or perfunctorily made' (O'Gr.), Acall. 818 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge, KMMisc. 242 § 3 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . ní rob gerr mo grés glé-maith, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.102 . gréas do rithlearg composition of rhetoric, Content. xii 5 . ra ghreas laoidhe ar ar luigh san `in the poem on which he worked,' ib. xxii 13 . dealbhfad do Chormac mo chēidghrēs droighnighe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.1 . grés oirrdheirc do bhegan rann | do dhealbh misi, Rel. Celt. ii 289.16 . ná tug geall dod ghréaslaoidheadh, Content. xii 6 . luach mo ghréas im láimh, Hackett xix 16.

IV work, doings : i ciniudh imdergtha gach duine allos a[r] ngresa, RC xiv 54.2 . ro taisben doib a gres o ro scarsat, Laws i 22.2 . teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa `three years in displaying their studies,' Auraic. 239 = 2554 .

grís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grís or dil.ie/26675
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: grís, gríss, grís

n ā, f. m. and f. in Mod. Ir. grís (= gríos) f., IGT Decl. § 39 . gríss (with slender -s-) f., ib. § 14 . grís (= gríos) m., ib. § 38 .

I heat, fire, embers, hot ashes: tene taidlech co ngris goirthi ... na macc mbethad, Trip. i 256.23 . hi tellach ... coratgori a grīss `that its embers may warm thee,' MacCongl. 95.26 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diūit, nit goire a grīs `the piety of the wealthy churl is a flame without fire, whose embers warm thee not,' ZCP vii 311 § 16 . Of the heat of the sun: ó gríis imurcrach na gréine, RC xxiv 378.10 . Of the searing of fetters: roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig | fri tri mísaib mór-gemrid, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . Of the burning of fever: gríss bronngalair glanas broinn, Triads 224 . go gcaomhnann sí grís gan mhúchadh ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385 . fá ghrís ndeirg `under lurid glow,' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11. Mac Aodha aighne go dtreoir | gríos oireas dfhuacht fhear n-aineoil `a fire fitted [to warm] the coldness of ignorant men,' Content. xxv 10 . a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís, Dánta Gr. 16.68 . luaith-ghrís ashes: m'inginí is gruag fa luaith-ghrís d'fhágain, ZCP v 212.298 .

II Fig. glow, ardour, valour, passion: clanda Cēin co ngrís, KMMisc. 266.15 . Of Colum C.: ūasal a grīss (: chíss), ACL iii 217.24 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss ocan-imressain, SR 1881 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss, 2561 . a pl. cen grissa, ba cain intṡluaig, 3959 . Of the Ark of the Covenant: robai ann fo gris grada | secht mís ..., 5423 . grís ghrádha Dé ┐ na comharsan, TSh. 1707 . ó ghrís an chreidimh, ó ghrádh lasamhain, Parrth. Anma 331.12 . an tshacramuint ... do bheith na béoghrís gacha subhailce dham, ib. 381.15 . re digail an grisa n-imdergtha doberar air a n-a mhnai, Laws v 298.2 Comm. co ro bhethaidhsiot béoghrís a sengomh doridhisi a ttús samhraidh na bliadhna so they requickened the ancient flame of their hatred, AFM vi 2054.2 (an. 1598). gris a crisi. crisis graece, iudicium latine , O'Mulc. 664 . In phr. fo grís aglow, alive (?): nī bía fo griis ... acht noí mís dar m'hēsse-se you will be only nine months ... alive after me, SR (Adam and Eve) 96.2047 ​​. hed beit 'mo-le fo grīs grinn | a ndīs do chorp is t'anim, SR (Adam and Eve) 52.1435 . ? As epithet ardent: re Domnall nglonnmar ngris, Celt. Rev. iv 216.30 .

Compds. ¤ainech adj. with ruddy face, TBC-I¹ 3186 . ¤bhéilín a rosy little mouth, ITS xvii 213.158 . ¤beó: Murchadh ... grisbheó gan bhádhadh `a burning coal,' AFM v 1636.7 (an. 1570). ¤goradh burning heat: tré ghoimh an ghríos-ghortha, TSh. 4071 . ¤leaca a rosy cheek, ITS xvii 120.225 . ¤maileach with shining mail: gormluireach grismaileach, CF 475 . ¤nim glowing virulence: íslig ... | grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤taitnem burning glow, brilliancy: grístaitnem na narm nglanórda, TBC-I¹ 1777 . gristaitnem ┐ taidlenach na tuag ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5881 . re gristaitnem ┐ re gleordealradh na greini, ib. 4986 . ¤taitnemach burning, glowing: la ruithen na greine griostaithneamhaighi, FDG 255 (note). san ghrianán ... ghríos-taitneamhach úd na glóire, TSh. 2714 . ¤te: tar muir ngríste nguasachtaigh `over the raging, perilous sea,' Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

imdergad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdergad or dil.ie/27464

n u, m. vn. of imm-derga.

(a) the act of causing to blush, putting to shame; shame, disgrace: cen imdergad (gl. (érnais) cen neim) `without putting to the blush,' Thes. ii 328.21 ( Hy. v Comm. ). tāinic Fer Diad leisna techtaib hīsin [ar] ūamun a imderctha dōib for fear of being put to shame by them (as a result of satire), TBC-I¹ 2215. slēchtaitt a cindu dō a cinaid a sáraigt[h]i .i. a imdergt[h]a `that he should have been made to blush,' BColm. 74.18 . corop imdergad deit fía cách, Mon. Tall. 153.29 . mād imdherccad degmnā im drūis `if it be making a gentlewoman blush by imputing unchastity to her,' Cáin Ad. § 51. dornasc d'ór aromthá | thuc dam i llúag m'imdergthá `as the price of my maiden-head,' LU 3978 (SC) (translated SCC (ed. Dillon) p. 47 ). rissi ruada .i. scéla gaiscid ┐ imdergtha cáich riana briathraib (? of blushing as the result of excitement), LL 187b21 . mór dot' imdergadh fuarusa much shaming have I got on account of thee, Moling § 27 ( RC xxvii 274 ). imdergad a gruadh, Ériu iv 214 § 9. clár findlergadh a aighthi | d'imdergadh rob anaithne, IGT Decl. ex. 235.

(b) blushing, a blush: imdergad imadergt[h]ar duine īarna āir nō īarna ēcnuch, Corm. Y 826. ma dia tucthar ruice ruadh-imdergtha fair, O'Dav. 64. dodheachaidh imdherccadh mór d'Aedh `a deep flush came over A.,' BNnÉ 36 § 64. in tan ... adconnairc ... imdergadh na hingine, Aen. 2928. Fig. modesty: a háine, a himdercadh, a gart `her modesty, her hospitality,' Ériu iv 146.11 .

(c) the act of insulting, reviling; insult, reproach: ail .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64. ruice .i. imdergad, Lec. Gl. 256. eccnach .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. focul ind imdergthae ┐ āire, Corm. Y 1228. de gaaib áire ┐ ēcnaig ┐ imdergtha , TBC-LL¹ 3024. do beir ruice nimdhergtha for a éiniuch who bring shame due to insulting to his face, Laws ii 26.12 Comm. ni fuilit imderctha na ēcnaige lind, Anecd. v 4.10 . co mbói ic glamud ┐ ic imdergud Brigte, Lat. Lives 83.6 . do gab ac aithisiugud ┐ ac imdergadh ... fer nÉrenn a n-aigid Con C., Comp. CC 106.z . ár is imdergad do C[h]ríst ┐ da eclais a comgráda do thabairt for neoch nā bī tūalaing a n-airberta, Ériu i 218 § 3. Gormlaith ... tanic ar debaid ... i cinta ind imdergtha tuc C. di, LL 52b3 . cen aithis, cen imdergad | cen chúrsachad, Ériu iii 98 § 12. tar éis gach imdheargtha dá dtug th' athair ... ar Eoghan, PCT 544. tuig ... gurab mar imdheargadh do-bheir Dáibhídh `duine' d' ainm ar an bpeacthach, TSh. 6327. do gabh fearg Greagóir ... ┐ tug imdheargadh mór do'n mhanach, Eochairsg. 111.37 . Mac Liag ... | minic tráth tug imdheargadh | do Bhrian, Aithd. D. 34 § 11. luchd imdheargtha ` revilers ,' 1 Corinth. vi 10. do ghabh ag egnach ┐ ag imdhergad na ndee, Stair Erc. 93.

(d) hostility: cred is crich imdergta ann ... in baile a mbi in bidhbanus cidh a crich a medhon cidh i sechtar crich bes in bidbanus, O'Curry 1446 ( H 3.18, p. 646a ).

imm-derga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-derga or dil.ie/27806

Forms: imdergaid, imaderga, imdergthar, imderg, imdergga, imdergthar, imdercfat, ronimdergus, ronimderg, imdercad, rohimdergad

v Mid. Ir. imdergaid. Indic. pres. s. 3 rel. imaderga, Laws v 383.3 . pass. imdergthar, LU 10901. ipv. s. 2 nacham imderg , LU 8496 (FB). subj. pres. s. 3 imdergga, ZCP xi 84 § 35. pass. corot imdergthar , LU 4233. fut. pl. 3 ni imdercfat , Lib. Hymn. i 65.8 . pret. s. 1 ronimdergus, RC viii 154 § 5. s. 3 ronimderg, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . pass. imdercad, Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad, Ériu viii 157.26 .

(a) reddens, makes red: abbair fris, ní ranna ar (ar om., c.l.) airlissi imdergga ar is dórtud cacha flatha fírinne fuilige for lár `er soll nicht Teile des Gehöftes röten,' ZCP xi 84 § 35 (tr. p. 103 § 35 n. ). fuche (=fuiche) a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551. no imdergtha in cend indara fecht ┐ ro bánta in fecht aile, RC viii 62.5 .

(b) causes to blush, puts to shame: ma roiderctar (leg. roimdergthar, Ed.) a brathair riam no ma imbántar `if his brother turns red or pale before him,' Ériu vii 168 § 13. nachanimderg ... is anfis dō `do not shame him,' Ériu viii 157.19 . tuca Día friss ... corot imdergthar ind i fiadnaisi fer nErend that thou be disgraced for it, LU 4233. imdercad corrici a ucht `he blushed down to his breast,' Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad iarum intī Eochaid `then Eochu was put to shame,' Ériu viii 157.26 . in te nar haerad ┐ nar himdergad um or na um ilmainib riam, Tromd. Guaire 255. fer ... nar imderg nech riam fa biad, Ann. Conn. 1307 § 9. ní náir imdergfa a n-aighthi, IGT Decl. ex. 236.

In the sense blushes generally used in pass. with imm (um, fa): imdergthar im Etain la sodain. "ná imdergthar imut" for Midir "ni drochbanas duit-siu," LU 10901 - 2 . ro himdheargadh im Gorthigern ┐ rogabh fearg adhbol, BB 210a41 . do himdergadh am Fer Dh. aga faicsin `F.D. blushed,' ZCP x 293.1 . do himdergadh go mor fa ghnúis nairigh na hingin `the maiden's modest face blushed deeply,' Ériu v 84.14 . do himdergadh imon ceand the head blushed, RC xxiv 64 § 26. imdergthair uimpe ┐ ba caemh in ruidhiudh gnuisi tainic di, Aen. 2926. gur himdergad im in árdbaile `the stronghold was put to the blush i.e. made red with flames,'. Caithr. Thoirdh. 29.17 .

(c) reproaches, rebukes, taunts, reviles: trans. aithisigh, imdhearg, orbhir, ... Reprove , Eg. Gl. 11. nacham ail nacham imderg, LU 8496 (FB). roimderg ┐ roaithisigh in t-imper ingin righ Albun, ZCP vi 277.1 . mo anmchara féin ... ro n-imderggus `whom I rebuked,' RC viii 154 § 5. ronimderg ... ronglam ... he taunted him ... he reviled him ..., Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . imdhearg beathach an ghiolcuidh `rebuke the wild beast of the reeds,' Psalms lxviii 30. go nimdhearga an Tighearna thú `the Lord rebuke you,' Jude 9 . imdheargfuidh do shleamhnughadh tar hais thú `thy backslidings shall reprove thee,' Jeremiah ii 19. mar a n-imdheargann Dia an peacthach as God reproaches the sinner, TSh. 1340. fá sin d'imdheargadar é go dána `they boldly reproached him for it,' Donlevy 128.21 .

Intrans. ró imdherg L. um Coin C., TBC-LL¹ p. 555 n. 3 (=ro gab L. ag griosadh agus ag glámadh C., text).

immitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immitecht or dil.ie/27875

n ā, f. (imb-in-techt) act of wandering about (in nomadic fashion) ?, ranging a territory ? : cain fri feda ┐ aes imitechta tar crich transltd. `transgressors of the boundary,' O'Dav. 1002. cuig airnile saerus fer nimitechta ar thighradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tascar do iadha[dh] riu, no berna do iadha[dh] riu, no cuibhrech in mil mana fetar a fasta ..., O'Curry 1714 ( 23 Q 6, fo. 17b ). ma ro bai [in mil] aidhthe acu (mad ro faoidhi aoidhchi ogaib v.l., O'Curry 2329 (< Eg. 88, fo. 25b )) ┐ do licset uathaib iar sin is aithgin inn, ┐ is do aes imtechta (sic) a cein fil sunn nomads from afar ?, O'Curry 1715 (<ib.). bla dam damgal, ocus imidecht, ocus imairgnechus, ocus arathar transltd. `in being driven,' Laws iii 266.13 , glossed .i. cid ar imtecht beid, 17 Comm. is aire do berar cetharda isin damh ar a beannachadh a recht, ┐ do gní imitecht ┐ imurcor don popal de dairi ┐ dithne na bú, O'D. 659 (< H 3.17 , col. 489 ) (? i.e. the possession of oxen facilitates wandering about). ? gell nimidechtad ... gell nimidechta ... Imidechtad cen imarach amuil irrub airtt (no rogart), O'D. 2215 (< Nero A vii, fo. 148a ). ? fretech, tagra occus imideacht im astad ai, Laws i 266.15 . forimtecht digla `setting out to avenge,' v 296.18 , glossed .i. fir-imitecht do, re digail an grisa n-imdergtha doberar air, 298.2 Comm. is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht, LU 3966 (Thurn. would translate `ohne Säumniss,' `ohne Umwege,' `direkt,' see SCC² p. 59 n. 147 ).

Smacht immitechta is glossed .i. urcraidi dála, ( O'Curry 1440 (< H 3.18, p. 643b )) `a fine for non-attendance at court ,' Plummer MS. notes, (? the absence from court in the case of smacht immidechta being due to the subject's nomadic life) : cach duine-caithe dosli cumul, cúic seoit a smacht imitechta, Laws i 270.11 Comm. cadead smachta athgabala ┐ imidechta a corus ae ? ... smacht imidechta im chinta ... nach cin cethra fofechar a mbruighrecht ... Bo a smacht imidechta otha .u. seotu go rigi da trian cumaile, O'Curry 1023 (< H 3.18, p. 431b ) (? i.e in the case of an offence entailing a fine of five `seds,' the extra fine for non-attendance is to the value of a cow). an commór atá an smacht urcraide dála o na cennaib ┐ o na meamraib. Ni commór itir, mar adeir bretha nemhid ar nis cutruma imitechta na fuigell .i. ni toibhgither smacht dona cennaibh gini toirsit a ndáil acht gabait im a riaraibh con do tisat frithriara provided they accept its rules until counter-rules come to them ?, O'Curry 1440 (< H 3.18 p. 643b ) (? i.e. the extra fine is not enforced in the case of the leader of a band perhaps on the ground that it would be unreasonable to expect him to leave his company leaderless).

lóg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lóg or dil.ie/30495
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lúag, lúach, lóg, lóg, lógaib, lūaigh

n also lúag, lúach, s, n. lóg n-enech, Críth G. 19. d s. co lóg gl. cum donis, Ml. 84c12 should perh. read lógaib. Later o, m. IGT Decl. § 96. Cf. also a s. lūaigh (: tūaidh), ZCP vi 263 § 4.

(a) value, equivalent, worth : ? as í so lóg (MS. asi. solō. g) gl. ursus , Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 14 . l.¤ leith ungae di muccib, Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). imtoin[g] colpdaig nó a l.¤ , Críth G. 43 . l.¤ a deg(g)ḟolaig do chách íarna m(b)íad (of sick-maintenance), 48 . l.¤ gerta cacha bó di grán arbae, 253 . logh secht set the value of seven `séts', Laws ii 158.24 . .uíí. cumala a loghside do gres, iv 290.4 Comm . logh bó do chaoirib, 132.23 Comm . an sét no a logh, O'D. 862 ( H 3.17, 615 ). inti nad mbi arbur feruid a logh do saimbiud a reir feine `value in summer food', BCrólige 27 . a luad di eiric `their worth in wergild', 12 n.3 . lestra[i] lóge bó, Críth G. 365. ōenrī a lōga fo nim / co bruinne Rōma nī fil, Bruchst. i 47 § 104 . is moo recc, is mo luaig ind ingen-sa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 (Vita Brigitae). ar is mór do midlachaib a l.¤ they are worth many m., LU 8754 . luágh tri lethpinginn d'aran, Études Celt. i 84.18 . a luach do dhán díom dhlighe, DDána 84.9 . luach Éibhir Ḟinn one to equal, TD 32.4 . ní bhfuil fios a lúaigh . . . ní mó thoimheostar airgiod ar son a lúacha, Job xxviii 13 , 15 . (cryptic) loscog .i. log, Goid. 78 § 237 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

a l.¤ (soin) do (di ?) such cf. leithéit (a) (iii): atá a lógh d'fhuaire san oighreadh, DDána 110.47 . a luach soin d'ísle san fhochan, 46 . a luach d'éagcóir agallmha, Content. xviii 2. Cf. gan luach an deilc do dith rígh the slightest amount (?), Irish Texts ii 8 § 17.

Attrib. g s. is astaide in cunnrad o lias fola lanloighi and consideration of full equal value, O'D. 1140 ( H 2.15A, 60 ). ni coir nach cor cen lanfolad .i. folad lanloigi, O'Curry 1757 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ). go ndiallait mhōr-lōigh `splendid', Fl. Earls 236.29 ; 60.z . Perh.: lia logha, . . . lia luagha, lia briga . . . lia buadha, RC xliv 162 § 92.

(b) reward, requital, compensation, payment, price : mad ar l.¤ pridcha-sa, Wb. 10d23 . tri thabairt lóge mo precepte dom, 22 . ropia a norpe nemde i ll.¤ far n-irnigde, 27c12 . is ed l.¤ in degnima (gl. in pretio), Ml. 129a1 . tale damsa a log ar epirt do firinne lat, 36a32 . iter fochraic lego lin[d] ┐ bíatha[d] ┐ l.¤ n-ainme compensation for disfigurement, Críth G. 49 . im déolaid fa l.¤ dlegar whether they be gratis or whether a fee is due(?), Ériu xvii 68 § 9 . mad ainmín immurgu is let[h]sét inna l.¤-side `a half-sét is the fee for that', 70 § 10 . is becc in l.¤ degedbarta ┐ degcoiri in sin, Trip.² 2724 . i llúag m'imdergthá compensation, LU 3978 ( SCC 45 ). molad íar lúag `praise after wages', Tec. Corm. § 10.5 . nech écin . . . ro cendgad do luag ḟola Crist `price', Three Hom. 50.14 . coic fichit uinge d'ór . . . i llógh a mna `compensation', RC xviii 274.16 (Tig.). is dar cend lúage locherthair lemsa . . . é, LL 10328 ( TBC-LL¹ 3346 ). a ndoberó ar Dīa . . . do thrūagh, . . . fogēba a lūach, Ériu ii 172 § 4 . luach ara chreich . . . / fúair Concubhar comarbha `compensation', BNnÉ 289.27 . leabhar . . . do dhíol ┐ clogat . . . do cheannach . . . ar luach a leabhair, O'Gr. Cat. 510.23 . manim léicther ind ar l.¤ for a price, Fing. R. 572 . mar luagh i ndearnain an deilg, DDána 51.7 . gan lógh free of charge, Aithd. D. 84.24 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Uilliam Burc do chind luaigi for a reward, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 . do bheirdís léo a luach ar na reic, Acts iv 34 .

Of the reward or payment given for a poem: lúag mo dúane, Metr. Dinds. i 52.83 . trí chét dūan / tuctha dam i llō ar lūag, Ériu xix 77 § 3 . noco tabair do neoch luag, MacCarthy 130.8 . duas is luach gach laoidhe, Keat. Poems 836 . adubhairt C. go ttiubhradh logha ┐ sochar a sgéaluigheachta do, Celt. Rev. x 143.20 .

In unfavourable sense, punishment, retribution : l.¤ a pecthe, Wb. 1c3 . far ṅdígal-si . . . rosmbia a l.¤ , 5d35 gl. mih[i] uendictam (sic). rosbia luag bar n-imorbo[i]ss, MacCarthy 58.26 . ceim isind adbai n-iffernaidi i lluag a thuile, Ériu ii 142 § 158. As quasi-vn.: mo dhaltada . . . . . . / gé donidis faltana / nocho lamhther a lūagh, ZCP xii 394.6 .

(c) wage, fee, special payment (usually with defining gen.): in luag fir fognuma `the wages of an attendant', Laws i 110.9 Comm . cf. ii 76.8 Comm . aigni feimden a aignesa iar ngill a loghi fris `an advocate who refuses to plead after having received a pledge for his fee', i 216.23 Comm . luach aisdir travelling expenses, DDána 62.3 . do ber logh n-anacail `a ransom', RC vi 183.6 . eter l.¤ ṁbaithis ┐ techta comna, Ériu i 220 § 12 . log in belra .i. log na foglumu, no . . . log a feichemnusa, Laws v 212.3 . log berrtha `the price of shaving', i 132.19 Comm . do luach coimhéada the reward of serving thee(?), Aithd. D. 79.13 . l.¤ n-einech, see RIA Dict. s.v. 1 enech and Críth G. p. 85 . is é i luing gan luach farain `had not his fare', Dán Dé iv 24 . lór linn mar lógh rífhleidhe / an ógh is inn d'aoinfhine `entrance fee', Aithd. D. 65.35 . luach foghlama, ┐ luach leabhar, Cog. 138.26 . im log na gaire do tabairt do `the fee for maintaining [his adoptive father]', Ériu xvii 66 § 6 n.1 . ragaid l.¤ a iasachta dó he shall be paid for the loan of it, LL 7632 ( TBC-LL¹ 92 ). l.¤ fastóid (fastaid) price of (payment for) providing accommodation(?): dá lentar do dhruim comharc nó éirghe amach nó togharma an airbhe ní fhuil lúach fastóidh uirre, L. Cl. A. B. 46.z . gémadh fuath le Sacsaibh sinn / luach a fhastaidh i n-Éirinn, Aithd. D. 36.6 . l.¤ impide lit. fee for interceding or requital for the granting of a boon : `It appears from a letter written by Sir John Davis to the Earl of Salisbury that the ecclesiastical officer called herenach paid a fine called Loughimpy to the bishop on the marriage of every (sic) of his daughters', AFM iv p. 817 n . See also s.v. impide. But the term has a wider meaning. The follg. exx. indicate that the fee was paid on the occasion of the ransoming of a prisoner and on the inauguration of a chieftain: an líon oile asa ffríth dá céd marcc cénmothá luach leassa ┐ impidhe, AFM iv 816.14 (an. 1414 ). dlighidh gach tighearna . . . dá ndéntar i gCúigeadh Uladh . . . céd bó ar gach neach dá ndingéntar tighernaidh dhíobh leith amuigh do lúach impidhe na n-airdfheadhmanntach, L. Cl. A. B. 44.13 . l.¤ lesa fee paid to someone who undertakes some transaction on one's behalf: luach lesa (gl. praesumpticium), Ir. Gl. 792 . sessed lóge in lessa, LL 4997 . luagh leasa gacha hinghene righ, Hy Fiach. 142.7 . See 144n. Of payment made on the occasion of the inauguration of a chief Celtica xviii 146 : gan … taoisech tuaithe do denamh isin tír gan luach lesa do mhuintir Maodhóg, BNnÉ 248.4 . dlighidh rígh na Cairge a thrian | is a luach leasa ar aonrian, Celtica vi 162 § 17 . do bhéaradh Dia luach leasa | damh re cois a chairdeasa, Dán Dé 38 § 2 . ar chairdeas ná ar luach leasa | mairg neach do ní an t-aighneas-sa, 60 § 23 . mar fháilte, mar luach leasa, | do-ghébhthá [cúis cairdeasa], LBranach 4982 . mar luach leasa / do gheabhthá laoi fhada, H 1.14, 116 (cited O'Don. Suppl.). luacha leighis medical fees, ZCP viii 547.28 . liaigh nach iarrann luach leighis, DDána 62.2 . do luagh mh'oileamhna ar Aonghus, 69.32 . logh othrusa `nursing fee', BCrólige § 1 n.5 . luach in pōsta, Acall. 7834. l.¤ saethair remuneration: ropia l.¤ far sáithir, Wb. 23c25 . is uisse l.¤ a saithir do chách (gl. dignus est operarius mercide (sic) sua), 29a14 . l.¤ soethar a lám, PH 1662 . l.¤ tinche (see tincem) cost of caring for, attending to: meit frithgnama fris ┐ loig thinche (sic leg.) (of the crops, lín and glaisin), Laws ii 370.z Comm . is logh einiuch ┐ is log tinche fodera secht cumula aithgin in gill, O'D. 113 ( H 3.17, 91 ).

(d) purchase-price; as vn. act of buying: folam .i. fó-laim . . . dobeir i llāim a chēile lōg a thīre, O'Mulc. 571 . báeth cách co l.¤ tíre `till he buys land', Tec. Corm. § 31.3 = co lluaig tíri, LL 345d35 . ferand do rúagell saccart Cenandsa . . . ┐ issé so in l.¤ .i. xviii nungai, Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.18 . ni rodlecht nach císs de ria luaig ┐ ní dlegar iar na luaigh (of land), 136.11 - 12 . nī bi raith friut fer loighi tire, . . . .i. ar is amail fer gin ferand aigi in fer aga mbi an fearann cennaigh iarna uatuaslacadh uadha, O'Curry 2486 ( Eg.88, 39b ). This text, perhaps also that in Tec. Corm., and the context of Misc. Arch. Soc. where numerous and important guarantors of the transaction are cited, seems to suggest that land nominally purchased was not actually alienated and could be redeemed. tincur a treibi do luag, Laws v 284.29 ( .i. do cennach, 288.7 Comm .). Cf. ii 358.4 , 28. ni bia do mathair ondiu i fognam ┐ ni ba ecen a luag to ransom her, Irish Texts i 5 § 12 . lūagh nātha do gach fer creath, ZCP v 486 § 10 (.i. cenduch) (B. na f.). luid clann Iacoib, ba gnim cert, / do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, SR 3440 . indmass domuin do-t-rega / do[t] lúaig fein a bithdoéra, 3344 . creicc lóige purchase price : ma dia ndeicennaigter e gusan creic loige ita do reir dligid `if it be `well purchased' with the purchase price which is according to law', Ériu xvii 70 § 10 n.2 . rosuidigedh a deicreic loighi side for sed .x. screbal, n.3 .

(e) interest, profit, advantage : ar luach (gl. propter foenus), Sg. 41b6 . luach `Interest', Donlevy 102.5 . áirliogadh airgid . . . air ṡúil luach . . . d'fhágail air a ṡon, 100.3 .

In prepositional phr., do l.¤ in consequence of, as a result of: do lógh m'ḟaigseana ar h'uillinn, TD 14.18 . do luach an scéil, Hackett x 5 . do lógh eólchaire, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 .

Compds. (i) With noun. ¤molad: eagail liom . . . / mar thánag . . . / lem dhán luachmholta tar lear `gainful', Aithd. D. 53.3 . ? gilla donn gruadhchorcra geal / dá mbean drong lúathmholta (leg. lúach-?) logh, IGT Decl. ex. 1664. in luachmurchur[tha] 'the hired foreigner', Ériu lii 202 § 8.5 . (ii) With adj. ¤mór of great value, precious : ré hiodhbairt luachmhóir an aifrinn do thréigean, TSh. 6050 . mar ionnmhus luachmhór, 237 .

ruccae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruccae or dil.ie/35672
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: rucce, ruccae, ruccai, rucai, ruccu, ruccai, rucae, ruc(a)cai, ruice

n io, n. (in Wb.), later m. and f. n s. rucce, Wb. 24a30 , 26b27 , 30a3 . ruccae, Ml. 88b15 . a s. in ruccai , Ml. 57a8 , 49d4 . rucai, 49d3 . d s. ruccu, Wb. 9c13 . ruccai, Ml. 27c9 , 10 . g s. ind rucae , Ml. 87d9 , ruc(a)cai, 118c4 . Later oft. ruice.

Prob. from same root as ruad, see ZCP vi 398 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 126 ; the orig. sense may be that of `blushing', `turning or making red'; hence shame, disgrace , both of subjective feeling and external effects; gl. confusio, Wb. 24a30 , cf. 26b27 , Ml. 55b8 ; pudor, 87d9 ; verecundia, 57a8 , 118c4 , Wb. 9c13 . rucce (.i. nāiri), Corm. Y 1110 . ruice .i. imdergad, Lec. Gl. 256 . do bar ruccu .i. ut erubescatis (sic leg.), Wb. 9c13 . dobeir ruice n-imdhergtha fora éiniuch, Laws ii 26.11 Comm. (gl. enechruice). ma dia tucthar ruice ruadh-imdergtha fair, O'Dav. 64 . Oft. coupled with mebal; Wb. 24a30 , Ml. 27c9 , 49d3 . gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul, RC xxiii 324.30 . cen ruci, cen mebail, FA 35 . is r.¤ it is a shame for (disgrace to) him , Wb. 26b27 , cf. 24a30 , 30a3 . TBC-LL¹ 4536 . is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh, H 3.18 p. 249 ( O'Curry 478 ). In favourable sense: trí maic beres féile do ainmnit: grúss, rúss, rucca `three sons whom generosity (? modesty) bears to patience . . . blushing, shame ', Triads 143 . ben cen rucco, Anecd. i 61 § 97 (leg. ruccu). ruamna ruice ruis, Auraic. 1193 . tinnem ruccae ruis sin .i. on ruidiudh, 5570 .

trefhocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trefhocal or dil.ie/41717
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: trefhoclae

n o, m. (trí+focal) type of poetry or poem containing both praise and blame which precedes and warns of a possible satire (UR 139 ): trefhoclae .i. tri foccuil bíte ind .i. dá foccul di molud do brith for culu ind imderggtha dofarci an tress foccul .i. foccul ind imdergtha ┐ aire trefhoclae i.e. three words that are in it i.e. two words of praise it gives after the reproach, which the third word causes, i.e. a word of reproach and satire, Ir. Gl. 104.17 . tre focal fócra, Laws iii 92.10 (cf. O'Dav. 806 ). in file echtar críchi a biathadh don rig in airet bes ag dénamh a tréfocail ... ┐ lucht na críche ro moladh ann, O'D. 906 ( H 3.17, 647 ). is airi do níther trefocul do fhine in cintaig ar daigh gur dilsiget a aerad, O'D. 965 ( H 3.17, 673 ). trefochlae techtae do filedaib `lawful trefoclae to poets,' Trip. 564.34 (= LU 9786 ). cach fer do sil Coirpri Musc dogní tre focal is grada ollaman dliges, Irish Texts i 20 § 9 . trefocul in so amal rocumsat na baird, Auraic. 1928 , cf. p. 258 . tlacht in trefocuil, 1960 .