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ainfire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfire or dil.ie/1349

n (fíre): as fair ro-imir an a.¤ flaitheasa injustice , Geneal. Tracts i 93.6 .

barae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barae or dil.ie/5381

Forms: barann, barainn, -ainne

n n, f. Also barann, barainn (g s. -ainne). anger, hostility (with subj. and obj. gen.); vehemence, excitement, exaltation: bare .i. búre, Corm. Y 155. Cf. bara fri búre, LU 10833 (prov. anger in return for anger). barann .i. biubhanas ut est beógudh barann, ┐ adfét brigh barann, O'Dav. 267. barann .i. ecraiti, ut est. atfeth brigh barann, O'Curry 2046 (H. 4.22, 61b). `barann' gach béimneart, Metr. Gl. 13 § 22. barann .i. béim, O'Cl. bara .i. fearg, ibid. im (sic leg.) barain gl. in ira mea, Wb. 33a13 . diar ṅéis arnáp b.¤ , Fél. Ep. 419. cía b.¤ ro boí día sruith fríu whatever anger, Trip.² 1521. hin fil ní hi crádind do Día, nó in fail a baraind frim?, 2763 . lin a barann ṁbúan, SR 7934. nīcon mela in fersa a baraind for Ultu nī bus moo, TBC-I¹ 3596. mas co mbaraind dotæt cucunn, IT i 279 n.21 (Eg.) = co féirg, LU 8698 ( FB 52 ). bráo mara / bara bledmaill, LU 8682 ( FB 52 , rhet.). atcota brīgh barann / atcota barann bidbaid, Anecd. iii 11.23 , 24 . cech long rasmbia a bara / ni ragha cen badhad, ii 41 § 11 . fer do baraind bruthaigte, TBC-I¹ 1817 (rhet.). cid mor a bara fort . . . nit aghamar though you are very angry at it, IT ii1 181.199. indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 ( TTr.² 927 ). barand immais `fury of inspiration', RC xxvi 24 § 81. bruth ┐ barand, TBC-LL¹ 1932. imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4 . 's na teinntibh i mbia a mbara the anger inflicted on them (?), PBocht 12.51 . dimbirt a ainchridhe ┐ a bharainde, Hugh Roe² 42.19 . cūach Dīarmada do Breg barainn as a cause of the enmity of Brega (?), Corm. Y 950.

Attrib. g s. angry, hostile: bret[h]a barann, AFM ii 594.19 (an. 917 ). bag barand, LL 23560. lonnbruth barand, TBC-I¹ 3237. mac barrainde (: arrainne), IGT Decl. ex. 564.

Compds. With nouns: co mbarannbāigh, Otia ii 83.1 . re barann-beicedhaigh na n-os, CCath. 4351. Bairnech barannbél, Metr. Dinds. iii 444.52 . nād bad fornn nimbræ do borann (no a suprascript over o) -borrfad (sic leg.) barainn, TBC-I¹ 3561. tri barannghlaedha badhbha, Acall. 908.

With adj.: baighbriathar baronnborb an Goibernora, Hugh Roe² 224.19 .

dígaltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígaltach or dil.ie/16295

adj o,ā (dígailt) that punishes or avenges; vengeful, vindictive: ata Dia foighidech ac fulang in uilc . . . ┐ ata digaltach aca digailt oraind, 3 B 22, 25b2 . a Muire, is dien d.¤ ataoi i n-ar n-agaid, Fl. Earls 138 . díghaltach greise, MR 310 . dioghaltach na fola the avenger of blood, Numbers xxxv 24 ; Deuteronomy xix 12 . ó aghaidh na namhad ┐ an díoghaltaigh, Psalms xliv 16 . tar éis na bplágh ndíoghaltach do imir Dia ar an Éigipt, TSh. 1932 . ar fhóirneart námhad ndíoghaltach, Keat. Poems 58 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

étúalang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étúalang or dil.ie/20951

n o, m. unbearable oppression; hardship, suffering: oc ascin ind étúalaing ┐ ind anfír .i. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 . do ḟuilngebhair mór d'etualang i cathaibh, CCath. 574 . clanna Neill a n-étualang | tre upthaib ban ndraidechta, RC xxiii 418.20 . arna faicsin 'san éadualang soin in that strait RC xxix 120.9 . cuig la dec doibh...fur...an edfhualann sin, ZCP vi 46.32 . i frestal ind etualaing moir bui ic tomait[h]im forro, CCath. 1111 . ernaile imdha étualaing ica n-imbirt for anradaib many kinds of hardship 6106 (etualaincc, etualuing v.l.). in t-etúalang-sain ra immir in saermilid for sluagaib na T., LL 237a3 . in gilla...ro imir imned ┐ edualand orum, Celt. Rev. x 26z = TTebe 2550 . is mor d'imned ┐ d'etualang ro himred formsa isin aidche arér tremit ( Matthew xxvii 19 ) PH 2645 . ba huilliu...le cach n-aen uaithib a fheidm ┐ a edualang bodein, MR 238.19 . ro chaoin a himnedh ┐ a héttúalang ria, Ériu v 80.9 . roba dáil lé docair ┐ dob aghaidh ar éttualang, AFM v 1646.1 . rob osa leo cach etualang ar domon d'ulang inas a mbathad, Cog. 194.1 . fa imshníomh ┐ fa éadtualang TSh. 2740 . acc iomchar ettualaing a easccarat oppression from his enemies AFM v 1824.23 . da ttrian a n-eatha, a mbleachta...co n-éttuailngibh oile...as edh doberthi doibh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 76.19 .

1 foth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foth or dil.ie/24153
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fotha, fuith, futhu

n o, n., m. n p. fotha, fuith (cf. fudha, v.l. fugha, IGT, Decl. § 180 ?), Thurn. held : atait secht fod la Feine, Laws v 264 , to be a misreading of ... secht fodla la F., but the comm. gl. a secht no fothaigedh' suggests foth.

A word of doubtful meaning, freq. in legal tracts; expld. by O'Don. ` claim, right, title, property'; `title, claim', Plummer ; by Thurneysen ZCP xiii 301 - 303 as that which can represent or be substituted for something else owing to similarity of nature or behaviour ; he assigns to it the a p. futhu in Cambr. 37b (see futhu and cf. O'Bruadair cited s.v. foich). a thing which someone else has a claim on, which has been promised to someone else, or is forfeit to someone else ( Ériu lvi 78n ); token, sign (?). The word is glossed by O'Dav. as follows (a) f.¤ .i. dliged nó gnimrad ut est ataat .iiii. anmann dona macaib so ... bid a f.¤ maicne dobertais anmann doib .i. ... o gnimrad nó o dligid maicne, O'Dav. 908 . (b) f.¤ no fod .i. amail, ut est ... for finntedha foth ... ; Ocus ... : fodh macaib sceo i ngenaibh, 878 . (c) f.¤ .i. demin, ut est ar ní aidbriudh for f.¤ forlengar for dilsi, 941 = for fot forlengar, Ériu xiii 54 ( H 3.18 p. 61a , faint dot over -t). Cf. follg. exx. mas indraic ┐ esinnraic dorala iman sēt cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar ... is cedfaidh gach uair do bheith foth ninais no foth creca co remdilsi ag in innraic, coma hi in esinnraic do dena imdenam, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). mas da innraic no da esinnraic dorala um an sēt is lais in tí oga tarrus é a imdenam cidh bé foth bus ail les d'imairt air, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). masa cend co memur, no eclaisdacda co tuata, no innraic co hesinnraic is leosidhe imdenam in gach foth da dtig eliugh uile ┐ i fotha comarda ┐ leitharda ... acht cenmotha da fotha .i. foth creca, go remdilsi, no fo n-inais con esinnraic ┐ fo creca nama og an innraic, is a dhenam don esinnraic conadh foth creca go remdilsi, no gonadh foth ninais di é, ┐ a dhenam don innraic conadh foth creca cin remdilsi di é ..., O'Curry 2152 (= O'D. 1641 - 2 ). duine ... roba lis imdénam a seoit do rer in fuid ro imir air, O'D. 1641 ( H 5.15, 19a ). masa ... cend co memur is leoside imdénam in cach foth a mbia éliugud dóib, ┐ in cach foth uili cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither cen mothat da foth foth creca co remdilsi no foth ninais oc in esinraic ┐ fo creca namā con indraic ..., O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a = O'Curry 2151 - 2 ). is iat na fuith ( fotha, O'Curry 2152 ) comarda .i. foth n inais aca mar aen, no foth creca co remdilsi ; is iat na fuith (fotha O'C.) lethárda foth n inais con dara de ┐ foth comarda [leg. creca, as in O'Curry 2150 ] co rémdilsi no cen remdilsi con tí eili, no foth creca co rémdilsi no foth creca namá con tí eili ib. O'D. 1642 . set aidbreda aithfégthar sund iter da feichemain a n-urlaim coitchind, ┐ nechtar de don dá fechemain ro fuaitgestar ón urlaim cen airech ón, ┐ is don fir ḟuil aca n-aidbriud rainic a imdénam do rer a fuid, ┐ nocha do féin is aichnid é, acht da bligne no dá buachaill, O'D. 1651 ( H 5.15, 21a ). duine lasi mbia fod (mas indraic ┐ esindraic dorala umun sét. cid im indraic aidbres cid aca aidbrither, is le imdénum cipé foth is áil di de. Más da indraic no da esindraic dorala umun sét, is leis in tí ca tarrus cipé foth bus áil de), O'D. 1653 - 4 ( H 5.15, 22a ). gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic, ┐ is foth n-inais [foth n-ínfais, 23 Q 6, 42 ] imrid a ndís, is lais in innraic imdhenamh go fior testa ina diagh, ach muna tairge an antest oga n-aidhbrither fíor Dé, ┐ dia tairge ní bfuil fíor is taire nas in fior tairge (.i. d'imdenam), O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21ab ) = 23 Q 6, 4a ( O'Curry 1601 ). atait tri fotha la Feine doberat tuinidhe ┐ dilsi do neoch, .f. n-inais ┐ .f. n-imna ┐ .f. reimdilsi .i. aní fothaighter do dilsi roime riam, H 3.18, p. 208b = O'Curry 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21ba ). See also s.v. inás. ? atait secht fod la Feine nadcon toibget athgabail `seven rights' Laws v 264.11 (see fod). elguin ┐ toiscid, anfis ┐ eitge, acht in eitge iffod fodhal son rop toiscidh roba elguin, i 262 ; expld. by Thurn. loc. cit. `except the eitge which represents, i.e. comprises, the divisions' (i.e. the classes of `eitge,' see Laws iii 88 ).

Cf. na Dessi Muman mor cath ... | Oengus Eogan acher bruth | Rus in Fothad cona foth (: cloth), Rawl. 84a33 .

1 icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 icht or dil.ie/27157

Forms: icht, t-iocht, iochta, iocht, ichd, eachta

n u, m. n s. icht, MR 150.10 . in t-iocht , Caithr. Thoirdh. 48.23 . g s. iochta, AFM iii 626.2 . d s. ar iocht , TSh. 3901. don iocht, RC xlix 168 § 1. See ichd (ó dhá chéill) m. and f., g s. eachta, IGT Decl. § 71.4 . The orig. meaning may be natural good feeling and 2 icht may be the same word with extension of meaning. Perhaps also 3 icht.

kindness, clemency, trust, confidence: oineach, iochd, maitheas, sioth, Eg. Gl. 505. buirbe, i.¤, is engnum oll `fierceness, clemency, and great valour,' MR 150.10 . ín mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic) mochtaide, Ériu viii 172.20 . deaghadbhar rígh Ereann ar uaisli, ar cruth, ar cródhacht, ar chéill, ar iocht, ar fhírinne, AFM iii 396.16 . flaitheamhlacht fearamhlacht fíriocht (qualities of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 127. chlann tar iocht d'imir meabhail | ar a máthair unnatural ?, xlii 21 . nach déinid aithris ar iocht ┐ ar chinéal choda dona hainmhinntibh brúideamhla imitate the kindness, TSh. 3901. do-fheadar iocht Mathghamhna ; | ní fhúigfeadh mé a ghualainn ngil, dá mbualainn é, DDána 80 § 22. meirdreach gan iocht, gan onóir | an chríoch so, Keat. Poems 1181. ní foláir go bhfuighinn iocht, PBocht 26 § 35. gan iocht do bheith aige as na heasgcáirdibh se not to trust these enemies, TSh. 6995. adubhairt gur thruagh da bhráthair an neimh-iocht gnátach (sic) do bhíodh aige as féin suspicion , Keat. ii 2504. mar ríomhaid cách im iocht `as people in confidence tell me,' Ó Bruad. i 84.10 .

ar icht under the protection of, entrusted to, at the mercy of: rucait ... i lámaib ladrann ocus ar iocht allmarach no go ráncatar Espáin, SG 343.11 . na ligidh misi ar icht na mbarburach, RC xix 164 n. 3 . tusa, a rí ... | ag triall ar iocht éineathair `at the mercy of one vessel,' Studies 1921, 76 § 23 . gabh meise ar h'iocht 'sar h'oineach, TD 30 § 3. ō niort nāmhad ar th'iocht tānacc, a Thigherna I have fled to thy protection, ZCP xii 384 § 13. [do ug] na heochra ar iocht Peadair, PBocht 26 § 13. ní críonna do neach oileamhain mic ríogh do ghabháil ar a iocht `to take upon himself,' Keat. ii 5311. is ar iocht dhighnite an árdshagairt atá slainte na heagluise dependent upon , Eochairsg. 46.6 .

Compds. ¤breathach of merciful judgments: go cóigedh Ír iochtbhreathaig, 23 G 24, p. 254.9 . ¤Chobhthach : ar fhinibh iochtChobhthaigh `on gentle Cobhthach's races,' Aithd. D. 35 § 4.

imm-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-beir or dil.ie/27777

Forms: imrid, imbir, imbeir, 'mobeir, immamberat, imberr, imberar, immaberr, immabera, immdiroibre, imberthar, immer, conidnimbert, imdarubart, imbert

v Mid.Ir. imrid. lit. carries around.

Indic. pres. s. 2 imbir, Thes. ii 249.11 . s. 3 imbeir, LU 9109 (FB). rel. 'mobeir, SR 527. pl. 3 rel. immamberat, Ml. 111b17 . pass. s. imberr (sic leg.), 131a2 . imberar, Mon. Tall. 142.15 . rel. immaberr, Thes. ii 252 § 1 (Stowe M.). subj. pres. s. 3 immabera, Wb. 13a3 . With ro: immdiroibre, Laws v 442 y . pass. imberthar, LU 3241. fut. s. 1 ni immer , LU 10809. pret. s. 3 conidnimbert, Lib. Hymn. i 122.128 . perf. s. 3 imdarubart, LU 3245. Vn. imbert.

moves, sets in action: applied to various activities.

(a) carries around: dá gáe bolga immosbeir, LU 4568.

(b) puts, places; applies: imbir fo dí so sís `put this below twice,' Thes. ii 40.26 . imbir in da mér ... it bélaib, 249.11 . is mor cet mili mobeir | hi timchuaird a ḟosscemeil ... he places around his footstool, SR 527. nos-imbir ongain slanaide fair he applies healing ointment to him, Lat. Lives 96.11 . sénais in n-én lūamnech | conidnimbert inna lāim `and brought it into her hand,' Thes. ii 343.1 . ? Impers. const. batar imtholtanaig na mná imna heónu imdarubart fair `the birds that chanced to come there' (lit. ? `it had put them'), LU 3244 ( SCC 4 ).

(c) trans. and intrans. plays (a game), gambles, stakes: imbrid Medb ┐ Ailill fidchell, TBFr. 88. ni immer acht di giull, LU 10809. tucadh an fi[th]cill chucu ┐ do imridar hi, Ériu iii 162 § 17. imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. p. 34 n. 8 . mairid in fit[h]cheall egair | d'imert[h]á 'san aird-lepaid, ML² 739. is gadaige in t-í immres, PH 7597. tabhair an taiplis don tigh | go faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607. Fig. toil Dé gin go ndearna mé | imreadh ar gcuid don chluiche, Aithd. D. 68 § 34. gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh `he would meet it with serenity,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . na dronga sin ... d'imir a bprionnsa ar chúntus airmdheoraidh, Ó Bruad. iii 114.2 . ní bhfuil aon ní agam a d'imeórainn acht mo chuid éadaigh, GJ iii 69.9 (Stair É. Uí Chléirigh). na dísleadha leur imredar na saighdeoireadha a eudach, Parrth. Anma 435.5 .

(d) uses, employs: bad fri cumtach necolso immabera `let it be for the edification of the church that he employs it' (of a gift or possession), Wb. 13a3 . huare as nolc imme-folngi do neuch forsanimberr `on whom it is used,' Ml. 142d1 . imberr fo dí amal sodain (of a word) `it is applied twice in that case,' Ml. 131a2 . ma doairli sale ind laim oc praind imberar usci leosom `if a spittle falls on a man's hand at meals their use is to pour water thereupon,' Mon. Tall. 142.15 . imbérat a mblichtach do feólaib hi [n]gaimred they will use their milch-cows for meat, LU 5614. a ndliges in flaith ... de biadh is ruidles do cia inaroibre (leg. ima-roibre, Bürgschaft p. 6 ) fadeisin in tan sin, ZCP xiii 20.4 . conaimeas na ro-dilse seo do cach recht imdabera `who may use them,' Laws v 490.12 . .i. ro beres iat, 492.z Comm. a seóid is a h-ilmaine | do iméradh gan fhuirech he would make use of her treasure and wealth without hesitation, Celt. Rev. iv 104.z . cid cīall ┐ erlabra imabera `if it is reason and eloquence he practises' (of an abstract quality), Ériu i 114 § 3. rí imreas ceart mar a neart, Content. vi 242.

(e) plies, handles, wields, uses; works in (of a metal) : is dian immamberat a cossa oc ind figi `they ply their feet swiftly in the weaving,' Ml. 111b17 . ro-immir a chorp co ndernai tri chét slechtain conid rala hi tasse, LL 282a15 . nech immaber biail i ndomnach `whosoever plies axe,' Ériu ii 206 § 27. slán don tí imres in tsuist, Laws iii 220.26 Comm. cerda .i. imrid in t-or, v 90.25 Comm.

(f) practises, exercises, inflicts, performs (folld. by noun obj. and usually by FOR (AR) of person affected, generally in an unfavourable way, by the action): imrubairt a chumachta foir, Corm. Y 446. ind altoir fiugor ind ingrimme immaberr `of the persecution which is inflicted,' Thes. ii 252.2 . imbirseo féin do gním gascid ... forsna sluagu, LU 6378. nobīad a chend de ... acht imrobrethsom a chumaing forsin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2942. nocon imberasam for Ultu a clessin doriisi, 652 . is dóig immērthai ceilg fon cruth sin, 1402 . cip é imress (v.l. imeoras) mela ... fort, TBC-LL¹ 46. ra immir in Findbennach Ái meirbflech a astair ... bar in Dond Cualngi, 6151 . mas é in fechem toicheda ro imer taitus forru `who practised theft on them,' Laws ii 6.10 . mad cen [fis] ina brathri immabera dichmairc `if he commit the theft without the brethren's [knowledge],' Ériu vii 148.7 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959. ro himred fír n-indligid form, MacCongl. 25.1 . is for F. tra ro imriset na trí Colla in fingail, LL 332c13 . co n-imérat gairdi thsāegail fort `I shall shorten thy life,' Fianaig. 82.20 . in fer ro imir in cned, Laws i 228.14 Comm. fornaib coic cathrachuib fora n-immerar a mmuir teneth co brath `on which the sea of fire is inflicted for ever,' Ériu ii 140 § 142. ot concatar ... in n-anflathius do himred for Mumain, Cog. 58.13 . a mheas gurab mar smachtughadh imreas Dia na dochair sin air, TSh. 8204. na míorbhaile do imir Dia ar Pharao `had wrought against,' Keat. ii 261. óig ar ar himreadh mídhíach `warriors on whom misfortune has been inflicted,' Studies 1919, 256 § 5 . don tí ar a n-iméar m'aoir, DDána 95 § 20.

i.¤ láim for practises violence on: ni himmer mo laim ... | form' ḟuil nach form' ḟeoil fodein, SR 1541. Lugaid ... ┐ Ligerne ... ro imbriset láma for Art, LL 24a17 .

i.¤ feirg (etc.) for vents anger on: nad bad fornn nimbrae do borann, TBC-I¹ 3560. na himbeir luinni co lén | for muimmi mac n-Israhél, SR 6971. ro imir a ḟerg ar Lúaighni Temrach, Fianaig. 90.31 . imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4.

i.¤ bás, (or aided) for puts to death: ba dóigh leis noimbertais bas ... fair, D IV 2, 73va15 . imbir bás form im' chintaib, Todd Lect. iii 62.11 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin ... roimeorudh bás ort, ZCP vi 27.12 . an bás roimris-si for mo dhalta-sa, BS § 9 . go n-imeoraidís na hIodhail bás air, Keat. ii 3176. día ndernadh in gním rofhuapair ... no himbertha oighedh easanorach fair, ZCP iv 383.14 .

Used absol. in impers. const. without noun obj., uses violence on, inflicts punishment: ind lám des ... imo-robrad (? leg. imm-robrad, Ed.) for suidiu `as to the right hand a weapon had been used on it,' BDD² 1530. imrubairt ar mo shéitchi, PRIA xix 542 § 12 ( LL 146b25 ). mar iméorthar anocht oram `compared with what will be inflicted on me this night,' BNnÉ 66 § 101.

(g) Used intrans. with FOR, works on, affects prejudicially: ro imir a n-ítu forro sum `their thirst wrought on them,' CCath. 2504. cor imir in a[n]bthine for longaibh Cesair `the storm wrought damage to C.'s ships,' 179 . r[os]n-imbir cid iter in n-uathgrain cetna for graigibh `the same horror worked on,' 3126 .

(h) brings into play; causes: it é fodlai flatha doru[i]rmisem im[m]aberat fuillechtai flaithemnasa a somoínib set `these are the divisions of lordship we have enumerated which bring into play (lit. move) the divisions of nobility according to (the varying) revenues from their property,' Críth G. 490 (see p. 36 n. ). uch a ionnmais bhréccaigh baín | uch is plaígh ro-imres féin `ach, Plage hast du bewirkt,' ZCP x 416.2 . imbeiredh buaidh cen baegla `he used to effect victory without ambushes,' Leb. Gab.(i) 98.9 .

(i) Used reflexively, moves oneself about, throws oneself on (for): co n-da n-imbir do chride it chliab immar ubull i fabull `so dass sich dein Herz in deiner Brust herumbewegt,' TBC-LL¹ 4385. non imrend im rennaib na n-arm, 1284 . is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag `then he hurled himself upon the host,' Ériu v 240.148 . immusrubartatar forsna sluagaib coro thrascratar ilcheta díb, RC xiii 458.1 . notimber frisin maith-sin `excercise yourself on that good,' ZCP vi 265 § 17. do imir ... co míleata hé ... ar a mór-naimdib `he disported himself manfully on his great enemies,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.4 .

mírbail, mírbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mírbail, mírbal or dil.ie/32336
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -e, -i, mírbal, mirbuileda, mīrbal, mirbuiled, mírbhuil, -bhuill, mírbal, -ball, mírbhuili, mírbuile, mirbuli, míorbhail

n m. and f. (Lat. mirabil-is) Not in Glosses. Mid.Ir. n p. -e, -i; a s. in mírbal , Betha Adamnáin 56.155 . a p. mirbuileda, PH 2251. g pl. na mīrbal , Fl. Earls 66.14 . g p. mirbuiled, 2693 . With masc. pron.: ni mirbuil e (sic leg.), 2908 . mírbhuil, -bhuill (f.), IGT Dec. § 13 (p. 66.4) . mírbal, -ball, § 12.13 . mírbhuili (-builli incorrect), § 3.21 . d s. mírbuile, ex. 200 .

In earliest lit. used as pred. of cop. or adj. marvellous, wonderful: ba mírbuil a thoíden marvellous was his troop, Fél. Aug. 13. maccán mírbail, June 15 (: fírbail). luam Liss móir mírbuil `pilot of marvellous Lismore', Dec. 3. tegdas Dé . . . cona mílib mírbailib (of the Tabernacle), SR 4208 = tegdais . . . i ndéndais firta ┐ mirbuli dírime m̅c̅ Dé do chantain, LB 120b11 ; perh. subst.

Later subst. a miracle, a wonder , gen. in relig. sense. Gl. miraculum, Ir. Gl. 695. ót-chonncatar Saxain in mírbal, Betha Adamnáin 56.155 . ferta ┐ mirboile ingantacha do denam, PH 159. do chúimniugad na mormirbuli sin, 5402 . dogniter fertu ┐ mirmaili trethi-si, LU 3132. do bīthin oirrderca na mīrbal, Fl. Earls 66.14 . na míorbhaile do imir Dia ar Pharao, Keat. ii 261. go ndeárnadh Dia na míorbhaileadha so, Eochairsg. 66.6 . míorbhuilighe móra, 2.19 . foillsighid do mhíorbhuile go bhfuil h'ainm a bhfogus, Psalms lxxv 1. In wider sense: is mor in mirbuil i sin | inni do[g]niat na leomain, Ériu iii 145 § 25. dá maram is mírbhail dam, O'Gr. Cat. 453. 14 . As adv.: aontacht is maordhacht go míorbhail in wondrous degree , Keat. Poems 170.

plág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. plág or dil.ie/34389

Forms: plage, plága, pláigh

n ā, f. (Lat. plāga) g s. inna plage , Ml. 34b14 ; later also plága. Mod. pláigh.

(a) a plague or pestilence : plag, gl. pestis, Gild. Lor. 256 . o rus-gab in plag nert forsin Róim, PH 340 . dorat aingel Dé . . . plaig for Asardu, 8415 . teidm galair moir ┐ plaig difulaing do taidecht i llongphort Poimp, CCath. 3478 . i n-aimsir na pláge, Fél. Ep. 492 . a n-aimsir na plaga, Rosa Angl. 26.9 ; 208.15 (plagha). in plaidh mor in galair coitcenn [leg. -cinn?] do bi ar fud Erenn, AU ii 490.13 . olcus an aosa grāda | dobertar na morplādha, ZCP x 52.6 . múir for mórphlágaib `walls built over the dead of great plagues', Metr. Dinds. iv 152.100 . gorta ┐ plágha, Luke xxi 11 . pláidheanna ┐ gorta, Matthew xxiv 7 . Of the plagues of Egypt: Rí dorat na deich plága forthu, SR 3941 . PH 7655 . Exodus ix 15 . tar éis na bplágh ndíoghaltach do imir Dia ar an Éigipt, TSh. 1932 . On animals: plág ar mílaib na muirbech, Metr. Dinds. iii 428.36 . trian na plag sin for mila mara ┐ fidbaide, RC xxvi 46.240 . In wider sense of trouble, torment, etc. : ro saerad in popul . . . o plaig na dracon, PH 354 . plag thirmatad, 1597 . pláig pecda, Ériu iv 156.5 . Buach ben Chana . . . grad Cana is Creidi co cuibdi | plag de di (i.e. the love of Cana and Creide brought her woe), RC xlvii 308.20 ( LL 140a43 ). Of persons: Gilla Padraig plagh mellghaile, IT iii 104 § 203 . fóirne Dubhghall . . . pláigh na hÉireann éagcaoinim, Keat. Poems 1032 .

(b) a scourge ? .vii. cét beimend plága fora lama (penitential discipline), Ériu vii 158 § 17 ; cf. ¤béim, ¤buille below.

Compds. ¤béim(m): co tartá cet plag-bemend dar a drúm strokes, lashes , PH 1169 . ¤buille: nos-essairg Achíl ársain o phlágbullib co torchair leis, LL 244b6 = TTr. 2057 (`with death-blows'). ¤teidm: fri hindarba plad-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 .

taimlecht(ae), tamlacht(ae)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taimlecht(ae), tamlacht(ae) or dil.ie/39617

Forms: —a—

n ā and , f. Perh. form of n.loc. Tamlacht(ae) (q.v.) through association with tám and lecht, though the —a— seems short (no rhyming exx.). Cf. Tamlachta ón tamgail rostectaig | ┐ dia lechtaib ar lár, RC xlvii 291.6 . tamhlachta .i. táimhshlechta. támh ro ṡelaidh na dáine isin muig sin, Corm. 43 . plague, pestilence, destruction: Taimhlecht ... frisna taimleachtai bega ... do imir CuChulainn air, ZCP viii 540.23 . as don duinibadh sin muintire P. adberar tamlechda fer nEreann, CS 8.11 . teidhm na taimhleachta, Leb. Cert. 6.22 . atrochratar ... i tamlecht, MU 26.14 . dibud na ndaine .i. in tamlacht, H 3.18 col. 18 ( O'D. 18 ). taimhleacht muintere Parthalain, AFM i 8.5 .

taitius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taitius or dil.ie/39914

n (? -á-. Cf. táid). Found only in Laws Comm., generally glossing 1 táide, q.v.

(a) stealth, secrecy (of sexual intercourse) : is cethruime chota cach mic dlighthigh do (i.e. to the illegitimate son) ar a denamh a taidius, Laws iv 294.13 . in fine donither re tarr, i t.¤ , v 452.y . cach ben cus-a tiagar a t.¤ , 456.x . mac doirche ... .i. mac do nithar a ndorchaidhe thaithis, Eg. 88 fo. 17b ( O'Curry 2233 ).

(b) theft : masa taitus ria naimsir lobtha (of cattle) `theft before the time of forfeiture,' ii 4.z . masa nech eile ro imir t.¤ forru ria naimsir lobtha, H 3.17 col. 120 ( O'D. 143 ). láinfiach gaiti for in fechemuin toicheda ma ro imir t.¤ fuirre, Laws ii 78.6 . uaim tadhut .i. ceall a ndentar taitis amail uaim ac gait ┐ ac brait, v 122.3 , cf. 164.12 . más faill imcoimhéda, no mása th.¤ , H 3.17 col. 121 ( O'D. 145 ).

túaiplis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túaiplis or dil.ie/42170

n `a false move in a game ', Dinneen : cuire ... | d'imir a n-allamh ar achrann tuaiplise `gambled in wayward contention their fame away,' Ó Bruad. iii 176.10 . Cf. táiplis ?

1 tul, taul, tel, til

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tul, taul, tel, til or dil.ie/42438
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tul, tuil, tele, til, tula, tela, tila, tul, tul

n orig. u, n. (see GOI § 80 p. 52 ). n s. tul n-oir, Ériu xii 156.z . Manners and Customs iii 163 n. 242.17 . g s. tuil, LL 208a44 . tele, TBC-I¹ 2197 . d s. til, Ml. 50a7 . pl. tula, tela, tila.

Protuberance, projecting part, swelling .

(a) (part of ?) a cross: isin til .i. crucis gl. in patibulo, Ml. 50a7 .

(b) boss of a shield: crandscíath ... taul fair fortrend fodomain, LU 7198 . finden co ... taul argait furri, IT i 81.4 . scíatha ... co telaib óir foraib, LU 7643 . ra tilib ... na scíath, TBC-LL¹ 3561 . topacht a th.¤ dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.25 . sonn láidir ... do thulaib sgiath, ML 128.17 . In n. loc.: lathrach Sceith Conculainn cona Th.¤ , RC xv 283 § 31 . Hence shield: sleg taith fri tola `against shields,' Metr. Dinds. ii 64.11 .

(c) Of parts of the body: t.¤ étain forehead: co raemdetar tula a n-etan, BB 393a11 . no bristea cnáma a lurgan ┐ t.¤ a n-étan, LB 154a51 . tuc urrchur ... a t.¤ edain a fhir comraic, CF 164 . srona dímhora a tulaibh a n-étan, Marco P. 187 . Hence tul forehead: `t.¤' gach gnúis, Metr. Gl. 17 § 44 . t.¤ .i. gnúis, ┐ édan, O'Cl. co n-ecmaing a t.¤ immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 ( FB 70 ). mill ... luaidi rodibraicdis a tulaib trénamais na fir sin, TTebe 2700 . Of animals: fochéird a lúrecha ... immó echaib co ngebethar doib o th.¤ co aurdornd do gaínib, LU 6400 . taul tairb chucaind, TBC-LL¹ 6199 . In phrase t.¤ i t.¤ face to face: conas-tarla t.¤ i t.¤ fri Grécu, TTr. 593 . leasc dho tachar t.¤ i t.¤ | frisin eaclais, SG 70.19 . tel i tel, TTr.² 161 . t.¤ i tt.¤ ┐ aghaidh i n-acchaidh, AFM v 1580.1 . t.¤ fri t.¤ , IT iii 526.7 .

Of other parts of the body: tula sliasta (.i. tairb) `the thick of the thigh,' Laws v 363 n. do thulaib a lurgan, IT i 271.29 .

(d) t.¤ tuinne crest of a wave: gáir na Gairbe gainmige | ra t.¤ tuinne tulghuirme, SG 367.5 . t.¤ na tuinne tulguirme, Acall. 2935 n. As n. loc.: o th.¤ Tuinne tulach-mór `from high-mounded Tul Tuinne,' Metr. Dinds. iii 274.2 . i taul tuinne thend, LL 4b10 . Gatal a gatlaig | Bran ó th.¤ tuinne, SG 365.31 . Note also: amal brethnasa bánóir fri taul ṅ-grene, TBC-LL¹ 1377 . ? bar nertaib gal | bar cridib crú | bar tilaib téici, 5793 . ? rigrad Clainne Echach uili Domblen | tuir do télaib (: Febail), Todd Nenn. 254.6 . ? tarrscur tirear t.¤ taibeṅg, Lec. 282rbz = tarrscur tireach thal taebsheang, BB 36b34 .

(e) d s. as prep. at the end of (?): athgabail t.¤ aine, ┐ taul treisi, ┐ taul chuicthi, ┐ taul dechmaide `immediate distresses of one day ...,' Laws i 210.21 .i. berar imach co hopann, 212.1 Comm. See 214.20 ff. athgabala t.¤ cuicthe, 236.24 .

Compds. In certain compds. tul retains its original meaning, but it is also frequently used for alliteration and with merely intensive force.

(a) With nouns. ¤ág violent fight: ro mharb ba mór in tulágh | fuath Sléibe Colláin, Duan. F. i 80 § 74 . ¤argain (orguin) driving, beating on (?): go facca inní: fir hErend uile ... ac t. na mbuden rompu dochum in chatha (imain, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5855 . ¤béim frontal or direct blow, violent blow : uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmenaib, TBC-LL¹ 939 . dobretha tathulbéim do chlaidiub C. dó, 1310 . ¤berbad great boiling: taul fair fortrend fodomain cairi chóir chutrummae cetri ndam tollchruís tolberbud im chethóra mucca midisi inna midchróes mórthaltu, LU 7198 . ¤berna: taurrána tairsce | taulberna tar róut `front-breaching across a road,' MacNeill, Law of status 310.82 ( ZCP xii 366.19 ). ¤breith extempore judgment (?): tendaid breo tengaidh (leg. —adh ?) tuilbretha `the flame of the tongue kindles hasty judgments (?)' (notes), Ériu xiii 14.15 .i. is losgadh don tengaid beres na tulbretha, O'Dav. 1547. Cf. tulbrethach infra. tulbretha Fachtna, Laws i 26.2 Comm. ¤buirbe great fierceness: re t. na Tuaiscertach, MR 258.11 . ? ¤chaíne. In n.pr. Taulchaine rígdrúith ríg Temra, BDD² 1193 . ¤chasad see separate article. ¤chath head-on encounter, fierce battle: tucsat taelcadh doibh `made an onset upon them,' AU ii 192.15 . tailcath, 19 . tulchad Raigne rúaid ` encounter ,' RC xxix 212 § 12 . ¤chind see separate article. ¤chlár front (of forehead): co rruc t. ind étain, LU 4900 ( TBC-I¹ 423 ). da benad C. ... béim da durn dess i tulchlar a etain dó, TBC-LL¹ 4281 . ¤chnáim frontal bone (of the head), forehead: tulcnaim a chind, RC xvi 54.16 . co roímid a thulchnaim as a chind súas, LL 169b4 . ¤chobra boss of a shield: tri scéith dergga ... co telcob[r]adaib oi[r] foraib, LL 30d48 . iar telcomraib sciath, BB 489a15 . ¤chóir favourable judgment (?), prima facie case (?) : tuc Mlaise taircsi fa tulcoir | do féimset gach ni ro ráid, SG 35.17 . budh beag dtaraidh an t. | it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . ¤chomrac see terchomrac. ¤chubae see separate article. ¤drech. Only in etymol. gloss: for tullrech (analysed as tul + drech ?) in talman, no for tul dreiche in talman (gloss on tellraig), Laws i 66.4 Comm. ¤druimm burly (?) back: ria n-amdabchaibh sciath for tuldromunnaib laechrad, BB 411a36 . ¤fhéith frontal (protruding ?) muscle or sinew: tulfēthi a orcan ... tollfēthe a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1935 - 6 (= LU 6449 - 51 ). do éirgidar toillféthi a mullaigh co mbátar ar chuing a muiníl, Comp. CC 102.y . See also toilḟéith. ¤fhót: ra tailfhót de thailfhótaib in talman `projecting clod,' Gloss., MU² 668 . ¤fhuigell cf. ¤chóir, supra: tulfuigeall ` speedy judgement ,' Laws iv 8.26 , taken by Comm. ( 12.4 f. ) as compd. of tall. tul fuigeall uadaib, dianad be feineachas, 18.y . ¤glenn: fān, no seisc, no tail gleann ` stony vale ' (of non-arable land), Laws iv 144.8 Comm. ¤gubae wailing, clamour, clashing (spec. of shields): ro clos telgubai tromm tóethinach tré nert n-immfhorrain na curad, Alex. 266 . ? co n-inseadh Ulaid aengnim im thulgubha deilighthi co trebhi amnus Atharní, BB 259a6 = YBL 178b51 . tulguba na scíath, TTr. 597 . CCath. 905 . tulguma na sciath, Aen. 2489 . ¤imbliu boss of a shield: scieth ... cona taulimlinn tailc tuinigthe d'or derg, CCath. 4726 . ¤mag high plain, plateau (?) : t. bad líach do lot-báig (Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 6.4 . tibit t. Alinde, ii 82.44 . ¤maidm large chasm: resin t. talman ... ar lar in maigi (`sudden bursting of the earth'), TTebe 2965 . ¤medón exact middle: a Cnucc Úachtair Fh. ... cu tailmedón Trága Baile the very middle, MU² 25 . ¤mire violence, impetuosity: a fhiru Muirid, miad ngle, | do nach tuirim tailmire, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.2 . is do'n t. tuaiscertaig in taem sin, MR 158.8 . ¤mong see separate article. ¤naidm immediate obligation: cin ailseth acht taurbuith to bais no galair no thaulna(i)dmand tuath `sofortiger Verpflichtungen gegenüber dem Stamme,' Bürgschaft 22 § 65 c , `Es handelt sich um Einberufung zum Heeresdienst oder zur Volksversammlung, was allen sonstigen Verpflichtungen vorgeht,' p. 24 . ¤port see separate article. ¤rand? ingean Roduib ... | Margin (sic leg., Ed.) na tor asin tul-raind | rosgon ar in Duiblind deirg, Ériu x 81 § 54 . ¤réim see tuillréim. ¤shamlugad see separate article. ¤shním (?): toirthe 'n-a thír ga dtuilshníomh (ttoilghníomh, coimh-shníomh, v.ll.), DDána 113.23 . ¤shunnradh see separate article. ¤tapad violent start: ni ro cuirset cor dibh, acht amail tarraidh in tultapadh íett `save as the sudden starting seized them,' CCath. 5565 . tultapadh .i. tap a gcion, O'Cl. ¤treb? Taken in Laws Comm. as compd. of tol: sét gabla ... do cach tuiltreb .i. don ti risin toltanach bith ina treb, Laws iii 458. 22 Comm. is as gabar eisidhe .i. do bert set gabla for muin dire in cach tul treibh (tultreibh ?), O'Curry 1645 ( 23 Q 6, 19b ).

(b) With adjectives. ¤aircnech (oirgnech) very aggressive: Concubur clothamra tulaircneach, BB 259a8 = YBL 179a2 . ¤ammuis (g s. of ammus) well-directed, finding the mark (of slings, missiles, etc.): do clochaibh tulamais, CCath. 1719 . taibli taidlecha tulamuis, TTebe 1401 . ile ... do tromchlochaibh tuinighe tulammais, Hugh Roe 106.7 . do threinbeimennaibh ... tulamuis, Stair Erc. 1337 . ¤bochtaib d p. with broken bosses (?): ferna t. trataib iar fuin, LU 6809 ( BDD 35 = tullochtaib, BDD² 332 ). ¤borb rough, fierce, violent, etc.: fear ... t., MR 152.5 . fogragad t. (sic leg. ?) na cruinni, TTebe 1285 . freagartha ... tulbhorba ... na d-tonn, ML 44.z . tromluirech ... th., Stair Erc. 243 . tachar tulbhorb, AFM iv 1216.1 . troda togda tulborba, BB 241a15 . co ... t., MR 126.12 . ¤brén stinking, rotten ; lathach (locha ?) dóimne tuilbréna, IT i 190.26 . a muir tuilbrēn teinntidhi, Ériu iii 30 § 15 . mara techta tuilbrena ` surface-stinking ,' Lism. L. 3664 . ¤brethach (cf. tul-breith supra): is de is ainm Fachtna T. (i.e. because when he gave false judgment the fruit fell and cows would not yield their milk, but when he gave true judgment the fruit remained safe on the trees), Laws i 24.22 Comm. ¤buide with yellow boss: scíath dond telbude, LU 8638 . Of Tara : a Themhair, a telbuidhe (`O beloved hill'), AFM i 480.17 . ¤chaín smooth-topped: ba de gabsat Albain | ard-glain talcain tlach[t]-mín, Todd Nenn. 150.4 . As n.pr. Munnu maic Thulcháin, Corm. 29 Munnu. ¤cheppach ? in nathir thuilcheppach thair | Muirchertach mac Muiredaig, Rawl. 163a2 ( L. Cl. A. B. 282.3 , 285.3 ). ¤chinnte very certain (?): is tuilchinnti techt dá léim | bert is uirchillti eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 . ? ¤chintach: cuimhnig Muirchertach ... | slat fa tuilcintach re toir, Irish Texts ii 32 § 13 . ¤chróda very brave: marbhoim deich gcéad tulchródha, Duan. F. i 86 § 8 . ¤ gatánach: Māel Sechlaind mac Domnaill dathgil | dorn i Tailtin tulgatānaig (: mulbratānaig) 'der die Faust auf Tailtiu mit geflochtener Brustwehr legt', Bruchst. i 17 § 34 . ¤garb rough, fierce: do ronsat trodach thulgarbh, Caithr. CC 45.5 . ¤gel bright-bossed: scíath taulgel, LU 10796 . ¤glan: 's é fúair in tír tul-glan `the bright-swelling land,' Metr. Dinds. iii 298.7 . tulghlan .i. tulach glan, O'Cl. ¤glas green-hilled : ós talmain telglais, SR 2670 . Echtga, trebar tel-glas ` green-swelling ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 302.66 . ¤goirt very bitter : treas tulghuirt, IT iii 95.18 ( Bruchst. i 64 § 147 ). ¤gorm blue-fronted. Of waves, the sea: do drumcla tuindi tul-guirmi, BDD² 828 . tul na tuindi tulguirme, Acall. 2935 v.l. ar in muir ... tulguirm, 6339 . forrsin farrgi tul-guirm ... taeb-uaine, KMMisc. 314.z . Of shields blue-bossed : sceith troma tulguirm, Fen. 370.6 . Note also: grían t., MU² 461 . sron ... t., CCath. 4025 . ¤gubach clashing, clamorous: dagniat ... tres trén t., TTr. 1258 . ¤fhaebrach keen-edged: faga tromger tulfhaebrach, TTebe 1016 . ¤lethan with broad forehead: fer tailc tuillethan, MU² 642 . dá ech ... tullethain, LU 8593 . ? Of a shield broad-bossed : fa thairrlethar in scēith fil foro thairr sceō thaullethan inn ōclāich, TBC-I¹ 2341 (see 1 tairsce). ¤mael lit. bare-topped. Of an animal's horns: ri haduath a adarc t. tamnaigthi, TTebe 1405 . Of headless bodies: comdaís ... tul-mhaela colla na curadh, MR 302.22 . ¤maithmech: an teangasa nach tulmhaithmheach `this unforgiving tongue,' Aithd. D. 61.9 . ¤medrach very cheerful, merry . As subst.: treb Dháthí in tuilmedrach, YBL 373b11 . ¤mer very swift, violent, impetuous: tonna tuilmera, ZCP xii 393.1 . tamain thulmera `writhing trunks,' TTebe 3504 . ó D. an tarbh tuilmhear, DDána 113.34 . ¤mín gentle, steady: raon tuilmhín gach dáimhe dhamh, Irish Texts iv 57.7 . ¤obann very sudden: in fhōgra th., Fl. Earls 26.9 .

(c) Rarely with verbs. ¤brisid smashes, shatters: cor' imir in a[n]bth ne for longaibh C. co ro tuilbrisit LX long díbh, CCath. 179 . ? ¤cháinid: in torc trén tulcháinim, Acall. 2623.