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cáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáe or dil.ie/7569

 

Forms: caí, coí, cue, cua, caí, coí, cuí, cua, cúadh, cæiti, cæthi

n later also caí, coí. f. g s. cue, cua, Críth G. 237 and v.l. a d s. (in early texts) caí, coí, cuí see infra. Later also cua, ZCP iii 378.13 . g s. cúadh, H 3.18, 649b34 . n p. cæiti, TTebe 1749 , a p. cæthi, 2365 (see Gloss.).

(a) Name of a social institution according to which a member of the noble grades had the right to bring a party with him on a night's coshering visit to each of his servile clients. The number of his party was in direct ratio to the number of his clients. The season of coshering visits was between New Year's Day and Shrovetide, hence phr. aimser chue frequ. glossed geimred. See Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill 18 ff. and Críth G. p. 81 . dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot mad ráithiu chue (chua, v.l.) leth íarm(o)ithá if it be in the coshering season (i.e. winter), Críth G. 237 . fri lesa fri cui dorōnad (a road), Corm. Y 1082 . iní do berar itir da chae 'na foiridhin .i. itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). adbeba (arbeba, v.l.) cach a choí (a gcae geimridh, v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid .i. a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu each one will lose his coshering season, RC xxvi 38 § 200 and note. co tarta . . . .iiii. sect cumel dō nādnaurthet rath nā cuí, ZCP viii 316.23 . cartad raite . . . .i. i n-aimsir cua . . . .i. an aimsir cuae no aimsir coctha, Laws i 128.7 Comm. denum slige .i. i n-aimsir cua, 158.27 Comm. caithge raite . . . .i. an aimsir cua ┐ aenaigh, iv 144.24 Comm. i n-aimsir chuadh . . . .i. gemred, H 3.18, 649b34 . dámh cháe (compd.) na ngradh filleadh so sios (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.27 . In concrete sense of the food provided: creic aige carrnu ina tech curuice forcruid cuad, Laws v 284.y `the purchase of joints of meat for his house up to (= excluding) an excessive amount for a coshering feast i.e. he may purchase sufficient meat to enable him to entertain his lord and party when they come to his house on a coshering party but no more', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . tinol cua (tinol cue .i. bid, v.l.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 23.5 `collection of food for a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . cai .i. fleadh, H 3.18, 211.18 . cuádh .i. feóil ┐ deismirecht air: muc co n-úir .i. i n-aimsir chúadh, 649b33 . ? taccad .i. tī-cāid . . . .i. ar tī chūad atā, Corm. Y 1250 . cuadh .i. coga[d], ut est ni tard biadh i (a, v.l.) cuad do, O'Dav. 578 ( tharda, Ériu xiii 81 § 281 ). Prob. also digeni ierum cai (cauin, v.l.) (.i. fritailim) in righ, ZCP iii 243.14 . In B. na f.: saoghlonn rosmacht cai (.i. fleadh) na trūagh, ZCP v 486 § 8 . līth do pauper ┐ cai (.i. fled), § 7 . seathnach ētig is tearc cūadh (.i. feoil), 484 § 6 ( cua, iii 378.13 ).

Frequ. in phrase for (ar) coí on a coshering visit : aire désa . . . deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí (cae, cuí, v.ll.) ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . trícha lánamna[e] a chórus for coí o challainn co hinit ar is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 `the number on `c.¤' is according to the number of persons paying food-rent', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 . aimsir chūa (chue v.l., Corm. Bodl. 38 ), aimsir chochtae . . . it hē achuis ar a nglanaiter .i. arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not soil their chariots going on a coshering visit (of roads), Corm. Y 1082 . dámha for cáe so síos (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.7 . cach aire dis dib .xvi. aire for cui dib, Irish Texts i 19 § 4 . ni uil aireamh daimhe for cae do rigaibh, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b ) `there is no limit to a king's suite on a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 note 5 . for fecht feili, for cai cuir., Auraic. 2221 . ochtur for caei, 2225 . coicer cae, cethrar gnathless, 2238 . Fig. scuchais in fer cerdda ar cāe / . . . / riasin aīgid co rath Dé died(?), Corp. Gen. 317.12 .

(b) way, path (orig. meaning?): cāi .i. conair, Corm. Y 364 . LU 568 (ACC Comm.). conar .i. cen fēr. nó coi en-fir, O'Mulc. 239 . cae .i. conair, Lec. Gl. 223 . cái .i. conair, Metr. Gl. 3.14 . cai no caoi .i. slighe no conair, O'Cl. ar na faghbaidís . . . cai na conair éludha docum in mara, CCath. 1380 . nir lensat cái na conair, Mer. Uil. 207 . 'na rói-rith gidh leonuighthe a céim 'san chaoi, Keat. Poems 119 . for (ar) c.¤ on the road, on a journey: gilidir a chness ra hael / ar óen co tiagmais ar cae may we travel together, LL 6394 ( MS. Mat. 480 ). im Báre im Raibne ro baí / tri .c. allmarach ar caí, 28694 . canmais dord ar ndul ar cae, Manners and Customs iii 378.z . ar cae uar conairi ac techt in turisa `on the course of your way', TTebe 2181 . conrecat for óenchái (enchoi, oenchói, aenchae, v.ll.) together, Fél. June 10 . ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395 (TBC). cia beit fir Érenn occa décsin for oenchoí, Airne F. 173 . for óenchoí ind iatha gl. for unce n-etha, LL 24547 ( RC xxvi 28 ).

(c) way, manner, course, means : coí hi fil in tríchoit cét isin tig, ní ermadair nech díb a suidi the way the `t.c.¤' are in the house, BDD² 1375 . cen choe astuda a tét, RC xx 164 § 20 (ACC. Gloss on crot cen cheis), cf. dia mba coi astuda no dia mbo gae ḟostuda, 176 § 41 (ib. Gloss on dia mba goiste). cae da danic chuici int [s]leg, TTebe 3297 . iar cae coir, Laws i 212.20 Comm. ii 214.16 Comm. in cae is coitechta do, iv 128.20 Comm. dorala ... ar cáe (cai, v.l.) meraigthi, TTebe 4650 . a hoenbennach for cai gnáith, LL 16200 ( for coe, Rawl. 77b40 ). ní lánléir aithnim an marbh a caoi dhuine, Hackett² xviii 7 . bail no caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118 . tiaghair ar chaoi chairdeasa, DDána 97.16 . créd an cháoi . . . arar thriall a ccláoi in what manner? RSClára 142 § 2 . creud é an chaoi no an tordughadh air ar cóir ... do dheunadh?, Donlevy 470.3 . ro chuir ... an cluithche . . . a g-caoi nach raibh ... acht aon bheart `so played the game ... that he had but one move', Oss. iii 144.10 . an tráth nach fúaradar cáoi ar a thabhairt asdeach, Luke v 19 . mo chaoise ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí / re Muire `I can approach Mary on several counts', Aithd. D. 100.9 . ar dtoil do tháth re toil nDé / ... a chaoi (of Christ's teaching), DDána 3.1 . dena mo comurle ... ┐ rod fōire um an caí sin a fuile question, problem (?) (caingin, v.l.), Grail 3190 .

(d) Also expld. in glossaries as house : cāi .i. tech . . unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . cadan . . . .i. cāe a dūn nō a inad .i. adbai, 334 . ulchai .i. cāi (.i. tech) na hōili hī .i. tech, 1284 . ? cuithe ... i. cūa ┐ tē ut dicitur cūad cōi fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, 338 . c.¤ is dáe ... da ainm tighe a mbia daoine, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . cai no ca .i. teach.¤ Dearbhadh airsin mar a deirthear creascha ris an teagh ina raibhe Muire oidhche gheine Iosa, O'Cl. sencas .i. sen cae fis na sen, tech fis na sen . . . ┐ deismirecht [ar] an ni is cae tech:— cer[d]chai, muillend etc., Laws i 32.10 Comm. engach sa caoi a mbíd mna (B. na f.) `in a house where women are', ZCP iii 378.10 (' san ca (.i. 'sa teaghd[h]ais), v 483 § 4 ). Cf. airchae, cerdchae, crescae, 2 lusca.

? seana-bho riabhach . . . nachar muchadh a ccae na a slugaire . . . `in bog hole', ITS xxx 16.24 . See Gloss.

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

immirge, immirc(h)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immirge, immirc(h)e or dil.ie/27872
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirci, imirchi, imirghi

n , f. (imm + éirge) (on the change rh(h), rch>rc in this word see ZCP ix 341 ; Ériu xiii 140 ff. ). imirci, imirchi, imirghi f., IGT Decl. § 3. imríghe, Éigse xxvii 74.1 . imrídhe, 76.49 .

I moving about, wandering, migrating, trekking, shifting (position) : dia talta de in cheirt būi uime, nī bu decmaing techt dī for imirgi a haonar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.21 ). techtai[d] faithchi i mbithbiat caírig cen immirgi without change of place, Críth G. 198. comicheach bis itir da tir dligid lan imirche has a right to a full passage (? for cattle), Laws iv 156.17 . atait secht n-athgabala gabur la Feine cid for imirgi even on a flitting, Laws v 260.16 . for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.23 Comm. intan ba háil do thustidhibh Senáin imeirghi do dhenam `when Senan's parents desired to make a removal (i.e. to change to another district),' Lism. L. 1898. imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `shiftings and changes of camp,' CCath. 3439. utmhall mh'imirce a muigh na Bóruime `restless my wandering,' BS § 45 . prespiter in t-ebra uais | ... | senior a laten malle | ní dereōil inn imirge shifting of sounds ?, ZCP viii 113.29 . immirge re ... Bruide, AU i 56.5 (=teichedh do Albanchaib ria mBruidhi, Tigh., RC xvii 142.x ). imirci neirt do dhenum do clainn A. an immigration in force was made by the sons of A., AU iii 252.16 . muintir Ruairc do dhul for imirce `the O'Rourkes went on a migratory excursion,' AFM iii 632.9 . ingantaighi eachtra ┐ imircedh in tsēipēil `the movements and translations of the chapel,' Fl. Earls 124.27 . dol ar imirce dá dhúthaigh féin, TSh. 7766. fhoráileas Críost ar na daoinibh imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, 4103 . dochuaid Ádhamh ... go neamh ... 's a bhean araon ar imirche, Dán Dé xvi 24. m'imirce ní snaidhm mar so `thus my passing will be no anguish,' PBocht 23 § 50.

II Concrete for abstr.

(a) a moving body of men, a migrating tribe or household, a band of emigrants, a wandering troop: berthius Crimthand mac Ennae i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse conid de ata Tir na Himmergi `C. sent the wandering host of the Deisse to A. L. southward whence the Land of the Wandering Host,' Cymmr. xiv 108.5 . iar tuidecht do Mac Con a Temuir cona himirge, Fianaig. 36.2 . anais Brigit frisin imairchi B. waited for the migratory band, Irish Texts i 13.40 . rob é lín imirce Mochuda `this was the number of Mochuda's train,' BNnÉ 298 § 40. anūair dobí Maeise mac Amra cona imairce ic techt tar Muir Rūaid, ZCP v 497.24 . is slan carra na imairge do fasta `it is safe to detain the wagons of the emigrating party,' Laws v 258.6 Comm. breith ar deredh na n-imírcedh `the rear of the migratory forces was overtaken,' AU ii 524.18 . in méit térna ó Gallaibh do imercibh cloinne Tomaltaigh ... do chuaid drong dibh a ttír A. ┐ do chuaid Ó D. fúthuibh ┐ nir fhaguib en boin aca `of all the droves' (here seems to include both people and cattle), ALC i 278.24 . rí Connacht do thionól imirceadh na ttuath `the flitting forces,' AFM iii 558.6 . do gheall Críosd ... | ag a imirche asbal, Dán Dé xx 6.

(b) Of moveable property, what is carried on an expedition or trekking, a drove, herd, flock ; chattels: ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395. tucait a m-bóthainte bó ┐ a n-alma ┐ a n-immirge dóib, TBC-LL¹ 78. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma ┐ na immirgi a loim ┐ a lacht and, 1592 . masat cethra co ndath chethra | ní himmirgi óenbó, MU² 485. cét cach míl ohoin ille | ro pa mor in imirghe, IT i 125.18 . in raga lim-sa a ingen ? ... ragad egin ar an ingen . tucc ass t'imerge dono, IT ii2 197.7 . Of a single cow : doairthenn C.C. in Morrigan cona bain ┐ asbert : ni berthar ind imerge `this cow must not be taken,' RC x 222.133 . oc breth imerge re sluag `to collect cattle for a host,' Laws i 136.5 . in la ro fuaslaices Find ó Chormac ┐ tucus in chorrimirchi dó and gave him the odd drove, Acall. 4978. do chuirsiot a n-imirgedha a mná ┐ a muinteara i ndaingnibh, AFM v 1848.7 . Of prey in general, gold, jewels, etc.: nirba l[eór] la hAlaxandir an imerci ádbul sin do thabairt fó a chumachta fesin, Alex. 601. Of birds : masat éoin ┐ ethaiti iat ni himmirgi óenéoin, MU² 393. masat elta ... ní himmirgi óenén, 396 . In name of a manuscript ( Peritia xv 373-76 ): ro sgrib in sgribenn n-amrae .i. in Imirce Ciarain, Fél. 90.5 .

nert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nert or dil.ie/33116
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nnert, neirt, nirt, neurt, niurt, neurt, neort, ni(o)rt, nert, nerta, nerta, a (i n-, ó), nirt, nerta, neirtbhríga, nertmaenig, nertmaoinigh

n o, n. and m. n s. (with art.) a nnert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 . nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 . na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 . a s. na nert n-aile, Ml. 29d5 . g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ). Mid.Ir. generally nirt. d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass. niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir. neurt, neort, ni(o)rt. n p. inna nert , Ml. 108c14 . nerta, 73c2 . a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 . nerta, Ml. 85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).

Strength, might, power, in physical and moral sense. Freq. renders virtus in Glosses; also robur, Ml. 22d2 , firmitas, 48c15 , vires, 73c2 (in pl.), cf. Sg. 105a1 . nert quasi uirt a virtute , Corm. Y 976. uis nert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power: nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 . hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . nert Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta, Anecd. ii 54.10 = a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 . focicher don nirt i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 . dochuadar i neart i nÉirinn (of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral sense: is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14 (defining `perfecta virtus'). ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i. raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 , cf. PH 4674 (do nirt for nert). coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert cennsa, etc., ZCP iii 451.18 . nert (one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc. Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ). neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8 (one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat. fortitudo). Of sway or dominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert (= he reigned for nine years), LL 129a19 . cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of physical strength: nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 . ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ). da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong enough) to be afoot, TBC-LL¹ 5775 , cf. 5868 . dia mbend-sea for mo nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1856. i neart slainte [sic leg.] in sound health (oppd. to: fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 , cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

Power, ability (to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun [= gan] techt lium (= you must perforce come with me), ZCP vi 48.12 . ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he was not empowered to give it up, Marco P. 169. Power, control (over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it, Ériu v 132.1 .

In various phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR 3215 . cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd (sic leg.), Cog. 122.14 . ba nert leis a menma his courage was high, TBC-LL¹ 2496 . ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious compar. (cf. 5 de): ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was raised by the tidings, SCC 20 ( LU 3435 ).

gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm, PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 . do gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989. do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. F. i 86.30 . (with obj. gen.) seizes the power of, subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20 (a. 1288 ). dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii 983 , cf. 1776 .

a (i n-, ó) niurt (with gen.) by strength of, by dint of: ni ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 . faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117. i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 . docuadur ... a nirt a n-imrama, CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii 180.17 . lotar ass fo nert a mbagh 'they went away with all their might', RC ix 466 (ICM) . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?), RC x 54.2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). teichis ... a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM) .

Transf. import, significance, etc.: nert comaccomail the force of a conjunction, Sg. 222b9 . nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the force of a nominative, 215a9 . caite deochair eter a cumang ┐ a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).

Rarely in concrete sense a force, troops: co tanic nert Ulad fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 . gur thinoil ... sluagneart Saxon, MR 110.10 . Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL 108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').

g s. as attrib.: rigi nirt a strong kingdom (?), IT i 124.12 . Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 . is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo-som which prevailed with them, TBC-LL¹ 2908 , cf. 4574 , 4598 . Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc a hostile incursion, AFM iv 718.10 . corbat nirt i fus `mighty in this world', PRIA iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ). do denam imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.

In pl. generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in imitation of Lat. vires): in tan aracrínat a nerta (gl. defectu virium), Ml. 73c2 . traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU 8894 ). tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 . ro tarrngid ... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 . inis na neart, Keat. Poems 1157.

nerta (= Lat. virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy), SR 693 , PH 6249.

Compds.

(a) with subst. in adjectival sense strong, mighty: ¤bág: co nertbáig `with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤bla `mighty fame', Metr. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤blad id., Acall. 1264 (-bhladh). ¤bríg, LL 27a9 . fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74 [sic leg.]. a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤brised: ag neart-brisiud `routing', MR 156.14 . ¤chlann: Colum cádh nert-chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤chomairle, Alex. 574. ¤c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of Christ). ¤gabál: neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤gal: le neartghoil céimeann `prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx 21 . TSh. 2126. ¤Goídel: do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL 4a46 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 220.8 . ¤lia f. a large stone used as a missile, etc. by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega ... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, MacCongl. 47.16 . TBC-LL¹ 5527 St. gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC-LL¹ 1569 = liic mair, TBC-I¹ 889. ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ). Fig. of persons: nertlia gaíse, SCC 38 ( LU 3849 ). n. fergi, TFerbe 312 . ¤maín ( ¤maen): fúair núachar co nertmaín with great treasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤saegal: do nert-saegul, TBC-I¹ 1817 (ret.). ? ¤sluag: re nertmairi nirt sluaig [? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense: ¤adbal, see Fen. 328.18 . ¤brethach: la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤buan, see ML 82.24 . ¤calma, MR 296.20 . ¤cráibtech: toghairm an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤chrechach, Fen. 318.14 . ¤cubrach: inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤giallach: ós chlaind Nemid nertgiallaig `seizer of hostages', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤maínech: mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 = nertmaenig `des Kraftreichen', ZCP xiii 154 , nertmaoinigh `of mighty wealth', Leb. Gab.(i) i 210.7 ; cf. nertmaín above. ¤menmnach: comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 , cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 , 1212 ).

ségda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ségda or dil.ie/36866
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (? -e-) io, iā

I

(a) lucky, happy, fortunate, favourable, propitious : `ní segda dam' ol Eogan, `dubenat mu bráithir imm ainech mu étchi' I am unfortunate, Trip.² 1765 . ni segda dúnn namma na fil lestrae linn but unfortunately we have no vessels, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 . ní segda ar cor ol si amser chomperta damsa inso, LU 1655 . ní s.¤ . . . in leth donroacht dind imirgi , 5397 (TBC). segdai ratha fil ar Lagnib | . . . | ratha retland rath escai | ┐ grene, LL 36a38 . `bidh marb Dond', for se, `┐ ní seghdha dund congbail im athgabail an ghalair. Ar día ructhar Dond i tír, bíaidh an galar-sa co brath a nErinn' `it were not lucky', Metr. Dinds. iv 310.22 . ni segdo dunn or in Dagdo na cumcem do socht, RC iii 346.1 . ba segda in fectus diar gonad in fer, RC v 203 § 26 .

(b) hence in more general sense of pleasing, fine, goodly : segdaib suilib sellglassaib, IT i 69 n. 4 ( LMU 4 , YBL; ségdaib, LL; segaib Eg.). seng cach sēgdæ, Corm. Y 1171 . con ḟacca in mnái, mín a dath, | segda, suaichnid, sochrutach, SR 1068 (of Eve). dá chlar dec ségdai (: ērgna), 4232 . cach súi segda slán, 7441 (: ērgna). segda cairptech docing rot, LU 3798 ( SCC 37 ). maccōem tuchtach . . . co clesaib sēgdaib, TBC-I¹ 1180 . it ségdai ┐ it áildi na cáera, TBFr. 227 . Colum Cille . . . | clerech segda soidhelbha, BCC 355 d (394.2) . seaghdha .i. ealadhanta `learned', O'Cl.

In chevilles: segde chlú `fair the fame', Thes. ii 292.20 ( Ml. Poems II 7 ). segda máin, LL 168az . segdo in dail, Irish Texts i 54 § 16 .

Adv. finnaid úaim, co ségda suairc, | aní dia n-abar Slíab Fúait, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.1 . do-ronsat na hingena éladna inganta co ségdu saethrach, PH 898 = segmar, ZCP xiv 149.11 . gebh in tsaltair mbic . . . | a fuil innti gu segda | cuir dom meabair is dena, Ériu xi 199.13 .

II As subst. io

(a) favourable circumstances : dia mert a ben Coinrói, | ba holc in gnīm dogēni, | sech nī thērna hi sēgdu `unscathed', ZCP iii 42.11 . a Chríst ní sccérmais hi seghdha | manbadh Fiachra `in happiness', AFM ii 756.20 .

? To this: (b) a kind of metre: segda, IT iii 16 § 37 ; 44 § 62 ; cf. 154 § 44 . caide dethbir etir soss ┐ segda ┐ aircetul. Nī: aensillab i sos. . . . Da sillaib i segdha, 104 - 5 § 206 , § 207 . forber cach ái dib sem [sc. grad filed] sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu ┐ remend ┐ rl., 6.4 . fer doni segdu (glossed: dan oglachuis) et occlachus, Fen. 310.18 . rann (.i. sedha), Ériu xxxii 84 (The Caldron of Poesy) . ? To this: sēgdae .i. cosmail fri sēigh é ar a fēige ┐ ar a glicus ┐ ar a gabāilchi, Corm. Y 1165 .

1 turtugud, turthugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 turtugud, turthugud or dil.ie/42546

 

n [u, m.] (cf. terthogu ?) protection, guarantee of safety, sanctuary (in particular during meals or banquets). `The right which a chief of household possessed of his house being sacred, so that it could not be entered, or his premises searched or entered upon, even in search of criminals, without special legal authorisation,' Manners and Customs i 294 . In Laws Comm. often glossed by fáes(s)am. a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (of cattle), Laws i 92.2 .i. faesam dfacbail uirri .i. crui, 98.12 Comm. hi taurgaire (sic leg. ?) .i. brisid (-ed ?) turrtaige, 164.12 Comm. a mbrisedh a turtha `for the violation of his protection,' O'Gr. Cat. 79.4. ? isedh dod mbeir o hoine iar fud co taul aine ar na tair turrthughadh (` maintenance '), Laws i 218.21 Comm. secht seoit diri airech desa, ┐ turrt[ug]ud tresi `protection for three days,' v 30.16 .i. tressi a lanfhaesam bid ┐ fonadma, 22 Comm. ri ruireac, tri rig lais; ┐ turthug[ud] tri caictigis, 50.9 . coimdiri ollum fri rig ... ┐ turtugh[ud] mis do, 56.14 . athgabail tar turtugad cach duini bes tualuing a turtugad distraint in violation of the protection of every person who is capable of giving protection, 256.31 . is gnath is turrtugad do athgabail imirgi an emigration is in most cases a protection from distraint, 260.16 , glossed turbad, 262.8 Comm. turrtugud for cill ... .i. comairce .i. ni dligthech don ri turtugad for cill na for a comarbad gen na cennaichthi do ic fris in cill. No ni dlightech don ri turtugadh for a tuaith gen dechmada ┐ primide ┐ almsana do ic fria (i.e. a king cannot oblige a church to give sanctuary without paying its dues etc. ?), O'Curry 1061 ( H 3.18, 439a ). turrugud for cill. Má do rigne in duine comairci borblachais ar in eclais no ar in cill, is diablad in neich atá do tuata itir pennait ┐ éric ann forced the church by violence to give him sanctuary (?), O'D. 1627 ( H 5.15, 16a ). ted turrad la fogail .i. ted in comairce deisim la fogail do denam do muin na comairce, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). Note the distinction in: dethbir itir turrtugh[ud] ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosam. In turrtugh[ud] .i. re ollmuithe an bidh. In turbaid .i. re a caithmhe. In faosam .i. iar na cathamh, O'Curry 2651 ( Eg. 88 fo. 55 (56)d ). turtugadh imorro .i. ré fedh urgnamha in bidh ┐ comairce in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam dana, iar fagbáil in baile, O'Curry 1386 ( H 3.18, 630a ). cisa Mumhan ... smacht ┐ biathadh ┐ t.¤ ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60.14 v.l. (turgnumh, text). t.¤ breth, Tec. Corm. 14.27 v.l. (turfhochraic, text), glossed .i. timpud, O'Curry 1299 ( H 3.18, 539b ) (2 turtugud ?).

Of ecclesiastical injunctions: tar t.¤ Émine Bhain ┐ tar a miscaid, Anecd. i 44.14 . tar turthughad nDé, ii 14.23 . tar t.¤ nDe ┐ Patraic, iii 25.14 . M. ... do mharbhadh ... tar turtughadh naomh nErenn, AFM ii 756.7 . Cf. dar tertugadh a ffileadh (sic leg.), Hugh Roe 162.17 .

See 2 turtugud.