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aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

1 airle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airle or dil.ie/2185

Forms: airli

, f. Also airli ( d s. for n s.?). Used as vn. of airlithir.

(a) act of advising, giving counsel; counsel, advice: ecnaid cráibthech dot airli advising thee, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do a.¤ comairli duid-siu, IT ii2 190.26 ( do thabuirt comuirli duit-si, v.l.). cate for n-arle?, MU² 969 . tāthut a.¤ lim-sa fris, Sc.M² 3 . tathut a.¤ limsa de, LU 9668 . cade do airlisiu immi , 9750 . ni fo airmirt ind a.¤ , YBL 136b12 . is hī mo a.¤ dūib . . ., ACL iii 3.27 . cen a a.¤ dam without his being advised by me, Lism. L. 184 . ba hí a.¤ ro cinnsiot, AFM vi 2060.1 . measam airli iargāis wisdom after the event is the most useless kind of advice(?), ACL iii 230.152 . ar it ferr airli oldās a.¤ for the counsels of many are better than the advice of one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . Liag ropo lán d'arlib, LL 205bz . airle .i. comhairle, O'Cl.

(b) act of deliberating, considering, taking counsel: a mbath . . . ac arle ind rig `while they held counsel about a king', Ériu vi 134.32 . bátar a chéli oc airli a n-airle immuich their enemies were considering their plan outside, MU² 977 . ro tinoilet in uile rigraid . . . do denum a n-a.¤ a naenbaile, BB 426a22 .

(c) handling, management, treatment: arna érbarthar o chretsit nintá airli armban gl. subditas uiris suis `we have not the management(?) of our wives', Wb. 31c7 . issed as doirbem de uerbo airli sechmadachti foirbthi gl. cuius difficillime est tractatio `the treatment(?) of the perfect preterite', Sg. 168a1 . dligid rimæ oc airli kal—`the law of calculating in settling(?) the kalends', 181a8 . issí ar [n]daga.¤ (sic leg.) gl. contenti sumus, we are well provided for, Wb. 29b17 . ba móu epert in cach ré / a.¤ Dé fri hErind [n-]ūaig, Hail Brigit 2 . forbond dodomanic as dom moo áirli as dom moo cumachtu, LU 10012 = ZCP xviii 197 (`welche gewaltiger ist als meine Handlungs-fähigkeit').

airslocud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airslocud or dil.ie/2404

Forms: airsolcud

u, m. Vn. of ar-oslaici. Also airsolcud (earliest form). act of opening: rosecsat cen ersolcud, Ml. 46a22 . di ersolcud a ngena, 55a18 . dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . ersolgud, Sg. 107a3 . réil ærsoilcthe beoil `manifest in the opening of the mouth', 14a16 . oslaicid a dorsaire. cia condnaig in n-urslucud, LL 12908 . aurslucud les, ACL iii 296 § 40 . idata aurslaicthi a ech . . . éssi astuda a ech switches for urging his horses on(?) (but perh. part., see airslaicthe), LU 6397 (TBC). ar do gheinemhain ūaithe cen erslocadh inne `opening of the womb', Otia ii 98 § 34 . fri erslocud chelle ┐ intliuchta caich, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . eochair erslaicthi in fhlatha nemda (of St. Peter), YBL 166b23 . In concrete sense opening in a cloak: delg n-iarind i n-auroslucud cacha cochaill, BDD² 1365 . ina n-urslocud a mbrat, 1149 . coichline ettech immi co n-aurslocud ara dib n-ullennaib, LU 9277 .

amdabach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amdabach or dil.ie/3116

n (dabach) = damdabach. ` vat containing an aam, large vat, an enclosing shelter ', Sc.M² Gloss . Exx. available only in sense (b) of damdabach: do-rated . . . damdabach (amdabaig, v.l.) dona boccótib immi , Sc.M² 17 . a.¤ scíath, LU 5338 (TBC). fon amdabaid scīath, TBC-I¹ 2898 . daratsatar . . . amdabaig n-imdlúith di sciathaib ara scáth, LL 238a15 ( TTr. 1569 ). droṅga ┐ amdabcha na colg ṅdét ┐ na sciath, 236b8 (ib. 1449 ). ria n-amdabchaibh sciath for tul-dromunnaib laecrad, BB 411a35 . ro iadsat a.¤ sciath fa D., MR 142.3 .

1 amsach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amsach or dil.ie/3219

adj o, ā (amsae) hired out as a mercenary, on military service: alaile ócláech a.¤ , LU 1672 . As subst. o, [m.] = amus: Cathal . . . riga.¤ Erend the leading mercenary of I., Cog. 82.12 . amsaig Conchobhair immi , IT i 75.20 (LMU). inneoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib ┐ d'amsachaib, LL 241b30 ( TTr. 1853 ). Aed . . . na n-abasach (a.¤ v.l.), Acall. 3643 . mór n-a.¤ cóem, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . amsaig ┐ anraid Alban, MR 48.15 . tigerna a.¤ Erend, Cog. 168.23 . gan do shluagh aige acht amhsuidh ┐ giollanraidh, Keat. iii 1107 .

2 ané

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ané or dil.ie/3532
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aná

(? amné, Ériu lxiv 209 ) asseverative particle stressed on second syll., see rhyming exx. below. Not found initially. As a rule serves to emphasize prec. word. Also aná. thus, therefore, so, then: ┐ a.¤ is doigh co ndeochatár drem aile fora slicht, LU 4051 . ┐ a.¤ ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 (TBC). Fer Baeth a.¤ dotháet ar mo chend-sa, 6010 (TBC). is maith a.¤ in laa, 5057 (TBC). ciataim a.¤ ar loṅgais, TBC-LL¹ 874 . cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile a.¤ , 120 . an fuil a nech a.¤ ar an ath so aniugh?, ZCP x 308.9 . ar in grád ni chél a.¤ / dorat d'ingin Breg Éile, LL 7042 . senchas na tulchasa ana / re nabar co cert Cnucha, ZCP xi 41 § 7 . Loch Gili on dail sin ana (: Romra), Metr. Dinds. iv 12.25 . amein a.¤ fota co tanac, LL 278b15 . cid a.¤ or C. meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram chucum? what then? can it be that? Sc.M² § 12 . cid a.¤ cen chumachta lim-sa or ind rígan, LL 282b18 . cid a.¤ or D. in mac cleirig oc imtheacht isin domnuch?, YBL 119a13 . ni loitfider in bean . . . asin a.¤ , 138b2 . cuirfet hí tara hais ana / is cuirfe Colmán Eala, BNnÉ 181 § 38 . With advv. of direction: dia tudchaid aníar a.¤ (amne v.l.) / os chethaib fían forngaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 216.7 . dursan dam, a meic mu Dhe, | gach dāmh thainig sunn ane​, Tromd. Guaire 363 . Cf. anallana, aníarana, anúasana, thúasana, sísana, anau etc. (s.v. anall, etc.).

annland

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annland or dil.ie/3718

n o, m. (We. enllyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 115 . See also Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, p. 103 ). condiment, savoury, relish accompanying another food, such as butter with bread etc. Frequ. used in association with tarsand but distinction not clear. For suggestions as to the difference see BCrólige 25 n. , ZCP xiv 362 § 20 . gafand .i. sann .i. nomen sasta .i. anland tarsand, O'Mulc. 612 . anland de saill na him `condiment of bacon or butter', Mon. Tall. 144.10 (§ 45) . da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach bargine toimsi cona nannlund di ass cen chroith `with their condiment of skim-milk', Ériu xix 66 § 28 . aran . . . ni bi imthormach de . . . acht do dhig ┐ andland, Rule of Tallaght 64 § 3 . braissech dino ni dígband in aran . . . daig is andlann side leo-sam .i. ass fuirri ┐ ni himm, § 4. boim . . . do bairgin eorna . . . ┐ da mecon do murrathaig do anlann fair, Fél. 88.27 . liach immi a n-anlond, LL 206a8 . anlonn trí cét bargen, BColm. 60.17 . bairgen . . . cona handlonn, Laws i 106.3 .i. do im no do loim. 28 Comm. atat iii tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa .i. annla[i]nn, BCrólige 25 (= Triads 184 ). atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn `who are entitled to relishes', 26 . gan greim do annlann . . . gan mír nannlainn, Mart. Don. 224.15 , 19 . ocht nándlaind cacha bairgine ┐ ocht torsnu fria cach nandland, MacCongl. 99.7 . gan feoil, gan a.¤ , BNnÉ 233 § 149 . terce arbha ┐ annloinn, AFM ii 884.13 . dá lón . . . / d'fhios an aonaigh anaithnidh / an abhlonn . . . / 's a hannlonn d'ḟuil an ḟíréin, DDána 20.3 . Fig. seacht ngarbhchailleacha go n-a n-annlann síodhbhraidhe góstaidhe with their accompaniment of spectres, O'Rah. 296.26 .

aradnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradnacht or dil.ie/3940

n (aradu) charioteership: Lóeg . . . i n-a farradnacht ┐ Cu Chulaind i n-a erredacht, LU 9287 = ina aradacht , Anecd. iii 51.14 . rogab a fíanerred aradnachta immi , LU 6384 (TBC). bátár téora búada aradnachta forin n-araid, 6407 (ib.).

Cf. araidecht.

araít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. araít or dil.ie/3956

n f. covering, cloak, mantle: arit odor immi , LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). áráit . . . uimbe . . . eitig fri hairechtus aithe aenbroit na hároiti sin, IT i 271.y ( FB 37 Eg.). aráidi gorma ┐ breaca, TBC-LL¹ 5473 . araid gormcorcra ime, 5476 . araid odhur ghlas imbe guna lan do chongaib ┐ do chnamaib, RC xliii 78.8 . a ḟir uird na harāide (: Samāire) / mairg is meraige a dāna, ZCP x 44. 27 . .l. coire n-umai ┐ .l. araid merach, Anecd. i 12.11 (see SCano 376 n. ). araoid cover, carpet, toilet, table-cloth , P. O'C.

armgrith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. armgrith or dil.ie/50042
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. (arm + 1 grith) clashing of arms; clashing: foceird armgrith mór arrígthech la sodain, ocus rocrithnaigset ind láith gaile, LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). fochertar armgrith mór leó, TBC-I² 589 = fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . collotar i n-armgrith bha rennaib a sleg ┐ a faebor 'so dass sie in Waffenaufruhr geriethen unter die Spitzen ihrer Speere und ihrer Waffen', TBC-LL¹ 5004 . fochartatar grith (focerd airmgrith, v.l.) immi, co mbátar for lár in tige, BDD 109 . armgrith na n-arm ┐ na n-airechra ica n-imlúad, LL 236a20 ( TTr. 1422 ).

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

bocóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocóit or dil.ie/6260

n f. (Lat. bucca or buca, Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 117) boss of a shield; freq. also of the shield itself: bocóide (sic leg.) .i. boill écsamhla bhios ar sgiathaibh, O'Cl. boccoit breac, AFM ii 596.10 . scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma [fair], TBC St. 4482. briscbruar dano ┐ beimnech na mbocóti, TTr.² 936 . do thaidlig na cloidem . . . ┐ na sciath . . . ┐ na mboccóited mbrecc, Alex. 16. sonn . . . do roignib sgiath . . . ┐ do bocōidib dealb-nūidhe dath-imdha, ML² 1706. bocóid .i. sgíath, ut est: teóra dubhbocoíde uastibh, Ériu xiii 65 § 54 . ( = BDD² 749 ). do-ratad . . . damdabach dona boccótib immi im[m]a c[h]ūairt, Sc.M² 17. dergbocoit co rindud ┐ co mílu óir . . . fair `red shield', IT iii 186.4 . saidhis S. an sleigh tar brollach na bocoidi `through the boss of the buckler', Caithr. CC 16. i foc[h]lithar a starga ┐ a mbocoiti, CCath. 5818. Also spot, mark, etc.: co fhacca béstín . . . co mboccótib gela, PH 7202. étach taitnemach imbe, ┐ boccóti corccra ann, 1969 . fuil tairb do cuimilt do'n aghaid ar a mbí brice ┐ bocóide ┐ glanaid í `to a face affected with freckledness', O'Gr. Cat. 191.30.

bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

1 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brecc or dil.ie/6620
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā speckled, spotted; variegated; patterned, ornamented: aladh .i. breac, O'Cl. cuirither iasg ṁb. mbedg (MS), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 and 48 n. 4h . ernail dhatha . . . etir brec ┐ dond ┐ alad ┐ rúad, TTr.² 881. tri datha na hec[se] . . . b.¤ ┐ fochanar, Auraic. 5249 speckled (raiment), see Thurn. ZCP xvii 291.16 . i fil ilmíli mbrec mban of women (in) variegated (dress), Imr. Brain 19. cochléne breccai plaid (?) capes, BDD² 1204. cet d'étach gach dadha bricc, IT i 125.15 ( TE Eg. 10 ). bróca brecca bernacha, Todd Lect. vi 60 § 80. écne b.¤ , Imr. Brain 54. ní sladar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg (rhet.), LU 8651. nathir bémnech b.¤ `speckled snake', Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy.v). graig ngabor nglas, brec a mong, LU 3692 ( SCC 33.19 ). daim breca brindled (?) oxen, Trip. 176.15 . na heich breca dappled , Celtica ii 42.32 . a chuilim bhric tig ón Spáin `pied dove', KMMisc. 50.2 . ro brecad do semannaib findruine conid brec (sc. a shield named Briccriu), BDD² 976. ba b.¤ do imdornchoraib na claideb n-orduirn `speckled with the hilts of the gold-hilted swords', Ériu iv 26.26 . go frithathartaib óir bricc friu anechtair with rack-clasps (?) of patterned (?) gold (of scabbards), LL 11193 (TBC). bruiden brec bélfhairsiuṅg, MU² 203. d'aebind bricc of speckled ebony, Alex. 593. mo lebrán brec `with chequered page', SG 56.32 . na Banba bricce `of many-coloured B.', Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 1. ós Bōin[d] bricc ` sparkling ', 92 § 3 . sduadh bhreac dhealbhach um an ndún, DDána 119.17 . san gcrann mbrioc (: riot) on the stained (?) Cross, Aithd. D. 86.11 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 4 ). gur bhó breac ó corpaibh daoíne an tulach, AFM v 1784.23 . cardo benedicta .i. an fuafannan breac `speckled thistle' (Gloss.), ACL i 326.36 . adhbhar gotha dod ghruaidh bhric 'a cause of reproach to your freckled cheek', Giolla Brighde 108 § 3 ​​. See galar.

As subst. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec specks (?), O'Mulc. 42. adberar an Bhrec fría, ó comhmbrecadh taisedh na naomh ┐ na naomh-ogh a n-áoinfeacht . . . innte (a reliquary), BNnÉ 266 § 232 . ? rop ecem secc da selbaib / in b.¤ asin b.¤ Temraig, LL 376a46 . brec mor `great dotting' (a form of Ogham alphabet), Auraic. 6010. rand[aigecht] bec mor andso ocna filedhaibh . . . carrdechnaid vero acna druthaibh . . . ┐ is edh on a b.¤ that is its diversified form (?), IT iii 86 § 86. Cf. § 85.

As epithet in n. pr.: féil Chóemáin Bricc, Fél. Sept. 14. ? innisios fer brec nach beo, SG 362.7 . Appar. n. pr. m.: co B., TBC-LL² 4074 .

Compds. With nouns. Símón Brecc ... brecc-ainech ro bhoí .i. aiged bhrec lais on ardbhruth 'he was mottled-faced, i.e. he had a mottled face from the intense heat (anger ? fever?)'​, Cóir Anm.² ii 26 § 87 ​​​. breccbardne (name of a metre), IT iii 43 § 54 , Murphy Metrics 64 § 59 (see p. 84). brig bladmar, bruthmar, breccbárc, SR 2642. in Bhreac-bhárc .i. lung Fhinn mheic Cumhaill, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xvi 1046 . breac-bhriathra . . . / glac íad `verses ?' (to a patroness), O'R. Poems 3339 and Gloss. bairghean, breac-cháca (breach cháca, MS.) beg éattrom `a loaf or little light Ceak', Eg. Gl. 8. Cf. bairghean breac ` barnbrack ' (`barm-'), Dinneen . do butainte brecdatha .i. co ndathaibh éccsamhla, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.13 . meic Blait breacduirn, Acall. 2355. dá breclamainn `speckled gauntlets', CCath. 4675. delg óir . . . / i n-óe cecha breclenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33.27 ). co rainig . . . in breacmacraid (brecmac rig, v.l.) thiri Armenia the motley youth, RC xx 430.3 . breic-mhias an mheasraidh, TSh. 905. ós breac-mhoigh Éireann, Content. xxx 21. .x. mbrait mbreccphupaill .i. pupaill cacha datha, Ériu ii 4.17 . breacṡolas `the morning or evening twilight ', P. O'C. robrāth na breictheinedh blazing fire, ZCP viii 211.28 . fleadh bhreacthruaille beann `ornamented sides of goblets', Magauran 421 .

With adjj. brecc-aladh piebald , RC xlvi 230.25 . meic borrthoraid brec-bāin, MacCongl. 33.14 . os Banba brecbuic, MacCarthy 184.10 . panathir breccborr huge spotted panther, Rawl. 78a19 . di sciathaib . . .bána breccbudi ` yellow-spotted ', TTr. 1403. geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuir mbláith, KMMisc. 170 § 12. lis ballach breicderg, Acall. 2738. Brec-derg (name of a drinking-horn), 157 . da sheir birrdha brecduba, RC xiii 5.10 . a barr bre[c]glas, Hail Brigit 20 . dá ech . . . brecglassa, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). gusan mbrúgh mbraenach mbrecṡolus ` light-bespeckled ', Ériu iii 162 § 16. ra beind breccsholais búabaill, MU² 230.

With adjj. formed from nouns. mergeda . . . a . . . breacamlacha `variegated (and) emblematic', Marco P. 61. medon fethech brecbaindech `spotted with pustules', RC xxiv 196 § 11. la fichit brandub brecboirdnech, LL 7285. brat breicbreidech, RC xxi 398 § 33. da n-ocht ṁbliadan brecbuidnech varied and crowded years, LL 14958. o earradhaibh breac-dathacha a banntrachta, ML 38.22 . amail buinne . . . mbreachlasrach with motley flashes, CF 774. brat breclígda immi `of varied hues' (Gloss.), BDD² 1165. gus an mbuinde . . . mbreclinnteach mBuada, MR 104.8 (2 brecc ?). sluagh . . . breacmeirgeach with many-coloured standards, MR 214.y . bloiscbem brecthentech, Lec. 171 ra 26 (brēicthinntech, ZCP viii § 38).

? cumasc slaite breaclíte ┐ lethrannaigechta moire, BB 291a34 = cumasc slaiti brecht, etc., IT iii 84 § 71.

In nn. loc. in compds. see Hog. Onom.

1 bres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bres or dil.ie/6736
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f.

(a) fight, blow; effort: mílid . . . / ciabdar bailc a mbressa, Fél.² Prol. 74 (cebtar bailce bressa, v.l.) = O'Dav. 255. flathi fiann / fais a nduine dían a mbress, LL 7465 ( ZCP xi 110 § 31 ). ? mes breas cleas teass treass tuirenn, IT iii 87 § 92. norannad bledmila in mara immi do bressaib na ruadrama with the blows of the . . . oars, RC xiv 402 § 9. baí bresse (feat of Cú Ch.), LU 9290. a Brí co mbreis `cause of combat', Metr. Dinds. iv 228.26 . Note also: cu toracht Griss na gresse / o Boind na banbreisse, LL 21025 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 138.6 ). Of labour in childbirth: tancatar bressa brighi ┐ ella da hindsaighid, ┐ rucustar gein meic ann, Acall. 543. tangadar bréasa brighe ┐ alla idhan d'ionnsaighe na hinghine `great efforts and mighty birth-pangs', RC xiv 28 § 5 , Ériu v 80.28 .

(b) uproar, din: breas .i. gach greadhan no gach glór, O'Cl. mar'tchuala Míchol in ṁbreis, SR 5969. bid b.¤ bréci, cid bras `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 .

(c) Metaph. of a hero, chief (or subst. use of 2 bres ?): breas .i. rí. breas tocha .i. as é rí as annsa leam é, O'Cl. Bressal Bregom, / bress īath (fight (i.e. fighter) of lands, Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 19. bress (bress .i. ualglorach, breis . . . .i. bru, v.ll.) Elggae, aue Luirc the champion of Ireland (Meyer), ii 15.10 .? Cf. b.¤ .i. do bruinded, O'Mulc. 188 = breiss .i. dibruindedh, H 3.18, 64c25 . in b.¤ bethrach in brēo bāgach, RC xxxvi 262 § 3 = LL 6451. Braon, b.¤ Laighen lonnghalach `B., the . . . chief of Leinster', AFM ii 656.13 . in bress nar' bu báeth the mighty one (sc. the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 § 63. in b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . 'mon mbress, 370.53 .

(d) beauty, worth: cearbúncail a m-bídh breas ann, Hard. i 282.9 . andsin robáided in breiss (of a lady), Metr. Dinds. iii 290.9 . In cheville: ni baoth in breas, Hard. ii 372.3 .

Compds. With subst. and vnn.: in toirneach . . . ┐ in breisbēmnech din, TBC-I¹ 3126. breisbeimnech ┐ fúaim na .u. rann . . . ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 (cf. TBith.² 210 § 92 ). do chualadar breasmaidm ic a loscudh . . . imon tech `crash', RC xxiii 422 § 40. tucc bresmaidm forro `utterly routed them', Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . na slebti cendmora cairrgecha ac brisiud ┐ ac breasmandugud (bresmaidm, v.l.) risna buindeadaib `breaking and crashing', TTebe 292 .

With adjj. and adjj. derived from nouns: I. bresḟota (bresata, MS.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) ( IT iii 38 § 26 ). tre chomtroit na ngaeth ngarb . . . mbresmadmannach `of the . . . winds crashing', TTebe 274 .

With vb. bresminigedar gl. frangari, Ml. 108d6 .

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

clárad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clárad or dil.ie/9380
Last Revised: 2019

n (clár) o, m.

(a) boards, planking, woodwork; wooden floor(?) (there may be some confusion with 2 clárach. Cf. follg. ex. with CCath. 1814 above ): a condud no a clarad no a caelach, H 3.18, 401.1 . ba do ḟidrudh Sechim a c.¤ , Celtica iv 30.412 . fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass floor(?), IT iii 195 § 36 . sailge ┐ cláradu ┐ dromclai ┐ ochtaige na ngríanán ┐ na taige cláraidh, TTr.² 1867 - 8 . do clarud na long `planking', CCath. 2793 .

Attrib. g s. teg íarnaidi ┐ dá thech cláraid immi , MU² 808.861 . ind eglais clāraid .i. clāir d'aislib sentorc secht mbliadan, MacCongl. 123.26 . i crandócaib comdaingni claraid wooden platforms, TTebe 1952 , 4243 .

(b) Extended uses: wooden palisading(?): c.¤ im búaib bendcrudi, LU 10366 (rhet.).

wooden building (?): assa imdae in chlaraith, IT ii1 173.14 .

By transference, metal plating : cenn co clāradh ōir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad, Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi , 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

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