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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. combág or


n (com + bág, cf. con-bága) act of contending with (FRI); rivalry, competition; combat, strife : oc combáig fris im sechim a gníme gl. certando, Wb. 26d17 . combāg fri Ā. trying to rival(?), Corp. Gen. 339.24 . docúatar na slúaig fo chombáig were in rivalry, Trip.² 3017 . do chathaib na combága, SR 7370 . a combāg the contention about it (a pig), Sc.M² 22e . combáig ánrad, BDD² 1060 (see Gloss.). rosla for combaig imcosnuma tosaigh, BB 428a30 . ra ḟersatar na milidi combaig n-imrama a rowing-race, LL 31046 ( TTr. 227 ). c.¤ urgaile (of a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 853 . in sluaged combaga, CRR 15 ( Magauran 2992 ). combáig tend ┐ trenḟer . . . in sluagsain a match for, LL 32160 ( TTr. 1349 ). a c.¤ i n-aghaidh C. `combat', CCath. 2272 . ar chombáigh do mhongshúl, DDána 19.7 `comparáid', Gloss. ? comergi catha i combaig in airechta, MR 146.15 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. enechrus or
Last Revised: 2019


n m. protection, guard: ro tog gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do næbuib Erenn... ┐ ro laiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta, Lism. L. 2073 . doralo do mui[n]dtir tShenain enechrus an imrama the safeguarding of the voyage fell to Senán's household (community) 2077 . g s. is marb fer enecrais [sic MS.] duit dod muintir (a man who was a protection to thee? or a friend? allusion is to death of Misenus the trumpeter, tibi corpus amici, Aen. vi 149 ). Aen. 1269 . mina bhfuil ac G.... | ní fhetar má atá ac duine | m'einechras ná mh'inmuine `kindness or yet dear love for me' SG 58.32 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarbág or


n ā, f.


(a) strife, contention, a contest; act of contending: is ed gen n-imarbága fil la firu Hérind `one put forth as a champion,' BDD² 1136. fir Erend o thraig co traig | roscaig dib a n-imarbaig, Anecd. i 13.8 . re himarbáigh n-imraba `for a contest in rowing,' TBC-LL¹ 5611. cencobeth do gasciud and acht Conall Cernach ... ba lór fri immarbaig, Ériu iv 28.21 . docuridar immarbaga móra ┐ comrama eturro, LL 123b42 . romarbait Aes ┐ Bethi oc immarbáig snáma ... beist rodosmarb, 216b7 . doronsat ... immarbaig imrama ic tiachtain dochum hErend, 12b21 . cend imarbaga hErend ` chief strife-fomenter ,' Ériu v 26.25 . imarbaid retha ┐ dibraici `a competition in running and archery,' Aen. 957. rinn iomarbhagha fear nUladh the champion, AFM v 1636.8 . i.¤ as contending on behalf of: gibé d'éigsibh lena háil | as deighshliocht Ír iomarbháidh, Content. xxviii 58 .

(b) wordy dispute, boastfulness; act of boasting: is mebol damsa ... mani fuil imorbága imar tobairt immuich, MU² 949. dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar ocna mnaib oc imarbaig eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419. ro fass ... ind imarbáid chettnae dona mnaib issin tig, FB § 29 Eg. gabais cách díb immarbaig a mmuin a celi im gabail na n-én, LU 3245. mo ríse rí nime nair | cen huabur cen immarbaig, SR 2. innisid immarbaig eter Meidb ┐ Ailill, TBC-LL¹ 103. a ingen ... | ni dam maith-se oc immarbaig, 1676 . is follus a himarbáig in dā chaillech, MacCongl. 5.2 ná dena imurbāigh i n-airecht, ZCP vi 272 § 2. do líon bruith ┐ borrfadh, uabhar ┐ iomurbhádh iad, PCT 395.

II As grammatical term, the comparative of the adjective: lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil, IGT Introd. 24.21 . as fearuighe mé iná thú a phearsa iomurbhádha, 33.14 . pearsa iomurbhádha an iomdhuighthi, 29.4 . ó phearsuin lóir as mó bheantur iomurbhaidh mur tá so: as lór mo ghile, ┐ as gile mé iná thú, 27.5 . an chuid don iomurbháidh nach ó phearsuin lóir tig, a n-éinshiolla bhíos, mur ta ... as sía no as mó, 15 . bráthair na hiomurbhádha (i.e. the comparative with de), 24.26 , 27.7 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. imram or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: imrud

n u, m. Later somet. imrud. IGT Decl. § 28. vn. of imm-rá.

I the act of rowing, sea-voyaging: int i.¤ isind féith `rowing in the calm,' Ml. 126a1 . navigi .i. in imruma, Lib. Hymn. i 8.19 n. dia combuch oc ind i.¤ `wearing them out at rowing,' Ml. 126a7 . léiccem ass imrum ar curaigh, Snedg. u. Mac R § 7. tairm ... tromcoblaigh ... re himarbaigh n-imraba (n-imramhadh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5611. lucht imrama `a rowing-party,' Laws iii 252.9 Comm. na longa ar a mbi imrum .i. na longa fada, v 104.3 Comm. a ethar do imrum in aigid na Bóindi, Lat. Lives 37.5 . rogab se ag imrudh na luingi re lamhaibh ... ┐ rogab cuan, RC x 191.28 . fuair curach gan frichnum imruma fair ach[t] a legan re coigidal na gaithi `a coracle which had no need of rowing,' Ériu iii 152 § 5. déntar seoladh ┐ iomramh aguinn nogo roisiom Éirinn, ITS v 166.11 . tigedhus do bheith gan mnáoi | as iomramh luinge gan láoi, BS § 36 . imramh na longrámh lámh ris | an sál lomnán do loingis, IGT Decl. ex. 1370. telgid a seolu ┐ tiagait ar imrum, Aen. 107. dorindi imrud docum tíri, Stair Erc. 1548. ochtar ré hiomramh `eight oarsmen,' Keat. ii 1329. féachtar libh an lán mara | nach é am an iomramha, DDána 27 § 9. ag cur ṡáothair mhóir orrtha féin ag iomramh, Mark vi 48. seōlta tōgaibthe sealat aca, sealat oile ag imramh, Fl. Earls 20.15 . As title of a tale of sea-wandering : Imram Brain maic Febail, Imram Curaig Máiledúin, Imram Snedgusa ocus Maic Riagla, etc.

II Transferred meaning

(a) riding: each fri hobair ┐ fri himrum cach fir dib `a horse ... for riding,' Laws v 88.12 Comm. i n-iomramh gléasta na stéad státmhar, Hackett xl 245.

(b) Various : ni ro fonaiscisiu ferann for in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad `upon the person who is moving about from place to place,' Laws iv 36.12 Comm. do mheall go Brian bhróin maighreadh | niamh failgheadh n-óir ar iomramh tossing about ?, L. Cl. A. B. 91.116 . rí dar gcobhair [don] chrann sheoil | an crann do corcradh san chígh | dá láimh ghonta ar iomramh uaidh | sluaigh biodhbhadh go tochta i dtír, Aithd. D. 63 § 35.

For the phr. bé n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) see 1 bé. For the phr. carpat ar imram one who has stock but no land, see carpat.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .


(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .


(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.


(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.


(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.


(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤ imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. muirchrech or
Last Revised: 2019


n f. (muir + crech?) a word of doubtful meaning; in follg. exx. seems used to denote a certain distance (on the sea). doronsat maic Miled immarbáig imrama . . . corruc díb Ír . . . murchrech do cach luing, LL 12b23 = muirrdrecht, BB 39b2 = co rug Ír . . . muirchreach (tonn) da ceach luing `advanced a wave before every ship', Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.26 .; cf. co rucustar Ir . . . murcet do gach luing; mur imat ┐ cet .i. tonn, H 3.18 p. 75 ( O'Curry 125 ). regait ind óic diar n-inchaib-ne murcreich, Anecd. i 5.6 . oc cloistin fúama in churaig frisin tír . . . séitig húad cona anáil co-ndeachaid murchreich for muir 'hearing the sound of the curach against the land, he ... blew out his breath so that it (the curach) went a muirchrech on the sea', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . [a] cor i nnoí oin[ṡ]luaisti for murchreth [murcrec v.l.] hi fairrge, Cáin Ad. § 45 (punishment inflicted on a woman guilty of certain crimes); at the distance of a`muirchrech' out at sea? See Ériu xi 98 where the passage is quoted with a gloss which seems to mean that a `muirchreth' was the distance from land at which a white shield on the shore was still visible. muirchreach .i. tonn, O'Cl. Cf. the expression: noí tonna `nine waves' to denote a distance from the shore.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nert or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: nnert, neirt, nirt, neurt, niurt, neurt, neort, ni(o)rt, nert, nerta, nerta, a (i n-, ó), nirt, nerta, neirtbhríga, nertmaenig, nertmaoinigh

n o, n. and m. n s. (with art.) a nnert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 . nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 . na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 . a s. na nert n-aile, Ml. 29d5 . g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ). Mid.Ir. generally nirt. d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass. niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir. neurt, neort, ni(o)rt. n p. inna nert , Ml. 108c14 . nerta, 73c2 . a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 . nerta, Ml. 85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).

Strength, might, power, in physical and moral sense. Freq. renders virtus in Glosses; also robur, Ml. 22d2 , firmitas, 48c15 , vires, 73c2 (in pl.), cf. Sg. 105a1 . nert quasi uirt a virtute , Corm. Y 976. uis nert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power: nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 . hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . nert Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta, Anecd. ii 54.10 = a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 . focicher don nirt i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 . dochuadar i neart i nÉirinn (of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral sense: is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14 (defining `perfecta virtus'). ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i. raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 , cf. PH 4674 (do nirt for nert). coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert cennsa, etc., ZCP iii 451.18 . nert (one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc. Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ). neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8 (one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat. fortitudo). Of sway or dominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert (= he reigned for nine years), LL 129a19 . cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of physical strength: nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 . ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ). da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong enough) to be afoot, TBC-LL¹ 5775 , cf. 5868 . dia mbend-sea for mo nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1856. i neart slainte [sic leg.] in sound health (oppd. to: fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 , cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

Power, ability (to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun [= gan] techt lium (= you must perforce come with me), ZCP vi 48.12 . ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he was not empowered to give it up, Marco P. 169. Power, control (over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it, Ériu v 132.1 .

In various phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR 3215 . cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd (sic leg.), Cog. 122.14 . ba nert leis a menma his courage was high, TBC-LL¹ 2496 . ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious compar. (cf. 5 de): ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was raised by the tidings, SCC 20 ( LU 3435 ).

gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm, PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 . do gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989. do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. F. i 86.30 . (with obj. gen.) seizes the power of, subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20 (a. 1288 ). dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii 983 , cf. 1776 .

a (i n-, ó) niurt (with gen.) by strength of, by dint of: ni ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 . faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117. i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 . docuadur ... a nirt a n-imrama , CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii 180.17 . lotar ass fo nert a mbagh 'they went away with all their might', RC ix 466 (ICM) . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?), RC x 54.2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). teichis ... a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM) .

Transf. import, significance, etc.: nert comaccomail the force of a conjunction, Sg. 222b9 . nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the force of a nominative, 215a9 . caite deochair eter a cumang ┐ a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).

Rarely in concrete sense a force, troops: co tanic nert Ulad fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 . gur thinoil ... sluagneart Saxon, MR 110.10 . Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL 108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').

g s. as attrib.: rigi nirt a strong kingdom (?), IT i 124.12 . Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 . is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo-som which prevailed with them, TBC-LL¹ 2908 , cf. 4574 , 4598 . Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc a hostile incursion, AFM iv 718.10 . corbat nirt i fus `mighty in this world', PRIA iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ). do denam imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.

In pl. generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in imitation of Lat. vires): in tan aracrínat a nerta (gl. defectu virium), Ml. 73c2 . traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU 8894 ). tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 . ro tarrngid ... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 . inis na neart, Keat. Poems 1157.

nerta (= Lat. virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy), SR 693 , PH 6249.


(a) with subst. in adjectival sense strong, mighty: ¤bág: co nertbáig `with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤bla `mighty fame', Metr. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤blad id., Acall. 1264 (-bhladh). ¤bríg, LL 27a9 . fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74 [sic leg.]. a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤brised: ag neart-brisiud `routing', MR 156.14 . ¤chlann: Colum cádh nert-chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤chomairle, Alex. 574. ¤c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of Christ). ¤gabál: neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤gal: le neartghoil céimeann `prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx 21 . TSh. 2126. ¤Goídel: do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL 4a46 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 220.8 . ¤lia f. a large stone used as a missile, etc. by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega ... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, MacCongl. 47.16 . TBC-LL¹ 5527 St. gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC-LL¹ 1569 = liic mair, TBC-I¹ 889. ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ). Fig. of persons: nertlia gaíse, SCC 38 ( LU 3849 ). n. fergi, TFerbe 312 . ¤maín ( ¤maen): fúair núachar co nertmaín with great treasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤saegal: do nert-saegul, TBC-I¹ 1817 (ret.). ? ¤sluag: re nertmairi nirt sluaig [? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense: ¤adbal, see Fen. 328.18 . ¤brethach: la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤buan, see ML 82.24 . ¤calma, MR 296.20 . ¤cráibtech: toghairm an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤chrechach, Fen. 318.14 . ¤cubrach: inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤giallach: ós chlaind Nemid nertgiallaig `seizer of hostages', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤maínech: mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 = nertmaenig `des Kraftreichen', ZCP xiii 154 , nertmaoinigh `of mighty wealth', Leb. Gab.(i) i 210.7 ; cf. nertmaín above. ¤menmnach: comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 , cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 , 1212 ).

sceolang, sciulang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sceolang, sciulang or


adj = sceola, q.v.: sciulang .i. éláidhtheach .i. duine téid as cath ar élúdh, O'Cl. docuadur . . . sceólanga uatha[ti] do Masilecdhaibh a nirt a n-imrama , CCath. 2225 (sceolanna, v.l.). cenmot[h]a . . . sceolanna terca, 5507 . scceolanga terca, AFM i 332.10 = paucis nuntiis remanentibus, RC xvii 241.10 (Tig.). sceolunga ┐ lucht eludha, AFM ii 1150.22 . cona terna sgeolanga uatha gan marbhadh, iii 78.2 . térnatar sceolanga uaithe dfearaibh Midhe, vi 1950.z . soaitt . . . ina sgeolangaibh sgáoilte sgaindrithe, Hugh Roe 74.1 (19b) . ni terna nach sciulang as, Leb. Gab.(i) 52.9 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. scís or


Forms: scís, scísa, scíse, scís, sgís, sgís

n o and u, m. and ā, f. (scíth) g s. scís, scísa, scíse. scís ( sgís grís caol aráon, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.5) . sgís (= sgíos) m., § 38 (87.18) .


(a) fatigue, tiredness : ní ticed s.¤ mo chnamai, Ml. 41d9 . gairsiu condristais a sciss before they became tired (?), IT i 158.4 . ? mess for crannaib | craob do scis | scis do áss | saith do mac, ZCP xii 406.14 . ná bíad mo s.¤ fris that I would not grow tired of him, ACL iii 304 § 2 . ar do dhearc bhós ná bíoth sgís, SGS iv 142 § 23 . buidhean laoch ar nar loigh sgís, Aithd. D. 27.11 . dá mholadh ná sguir le sgís, A. Ó Dálaigh v 5 . spontaneae lassitudines . . . .i. na sgísi toileamhla, 23 K 42, 13.19 . do mhēt na scīssi, Fl. Earls 12.16 .

(b) freq. with prepp.: molfaider cen s.¤ , LU 2761 . caland fa scīs, ACL iii 237 § 26 . ag so . . . | i sgís god mhaithmhighe mogh `overcome by Thy indulgence', Aithd. D. 51.3 . is íar s.¤ fom-ruirmius `after fatigue I have laid me down', Fél. Ep. 38 . is iad na codalta dethbiri .i. codlad cedtorrach ┐ codlad iar sgis . . . the sleep of exhaustion, O'Curry 1037 ( H 3.18, 434b ). ? ar is diairle iar n-a s.¤ mo s.¤ , LL 119a27 .

(c) with qual. gen.: iar s.¤ astair ┐ imthechta, AFM vi 1900.8 . nit-recfider . . . ar scis do biata on account of the trouble of feeding you, Anecd. i 7.18 . sgís an chatha, IGT Decl. ex. 696 . in aquil so rothuit ar scis eteagaili when exhausted by flying, TTebe 1241 . íar scis imgona, LU 1611 . la s.¤ ind imrama , TTr.² 864 . fer teite di rot ar scis imtechta exhausted by travelling, Laws iii 448.25 Comm . D. . . . arna raibe s.¤ cos . . . na s.¤ maigi na taighi riam, Acall. 6584 . iar s.¤ óenaig ┐ cluchi, LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). g s. as attrib.: fodeōidh dom-rūachtais a-rīs | iar cūartaib sgīs after wearisome journeys, ZCP vi 266 § 6 .

(d) cuirid a s.¤ de rests, refreshes oneself: do chor a scísi ┐ do chumsanad, Trip.² 376 . go ro chuir scis ┐ athtoirse a sloighidh imchein de, AFM iv 1096.5 . ag cur a sgíse dhíobh, Atlantis iv 202.13 . With léicid: co roliget a scis dib, Aen. 1952 . mar do leig sgís `when he had refreshed himself', PBocht 10.42 . do léiccen a sccísi, AFM vi 1922.13 . Cf. nō co ndechaid a sgīs ┐ a merten dībh, ML² 453 .

(e) in chevilles (cf. III infra): scél cen s.¤ , Thes. ii 293.18 . imsói dia thig iar s.¤ nglé, Metr. Dinds. iii 158.9 . dia do sgís, L. Cl. A. B. 84.62 . lór do sgís, Studies 1924, 85 § 2 . budh tuar sgís, TD 25.43 .

II In transferred meaning rest, repose, cessation : sgís na siobhal ag slógh Breagh, | sról i n-ionadh a n-éideadh, L. Cl. A. B. 170.135 . uain sgíosa ní lamhthair liom `I dare not rest awhile', Aithd. D. 51.13 . don chaoi nar chian sgís `unceasing tears', PBocht 24.11 . do rónsat began scísa(d) ┐ comnaidhe annsin, ALC ii 414.1 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse of the bands that never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 . Of a hospitable chief: sgís na n-aoidheadh, L. Cl. A. B. 147.39 .

III Of mental rather than physical fatigue, sorrow, grief, distaste , etc.: miscais . . . mō a scīs neich oc a dēicsin, Corm. Y 940 . firfid cath Cūile Cóiláin sciss hi tōeb Cithamra will pour down sorrow (?), ZCP xiii 382.3 = scith, iii 466.5 . rabert a osnad scísi bar aird gave a loud sigh of grief, TBC-LL¹ 2935 . nir-ba din ar scis do `it was no protection for him against disaster', TTebe 3292 . iarsin tiocfaid arís | na Cuirc ar mbeith treall fa sgis, Irish Texts iv 96 § 12 . maircc ar ccuirfem ar sgís displeasure (?), 87 § 3 . ní dúin nach damhna sgíse, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 48 . ní hadhbhar sgís an sgaradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1028 . sgíos mun ndeachmhaidh ná déanam let us not grudge the tithe, Dán Dé xxv 7 . do mhear a sgís re seal sinn grief for them has bemused us, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.11 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. sess or


Forms: sess, seasa, sessa, sessu, seasa, sess, sessaib, seas

n m.(? ON sess, see Bidrag, p. 44 . ? Vn. of saidid). n s. in sess , Metr. Dinds. iii 212.43 . g s. seasa, n p. sessa, MacCongl. 37.21 . a p. sessu, SR 5163 . g p. seasa, Laws v 474.10 . sess, SR 1513 . d p. sessaib, 89 . seas m., IGT Decl. § 95 (127.23) .

(a) the bench of a boat, the thwart : sess ethar, quasi sos ind fir imramæ , Corm. Y 1186 . noe co lin seasa, Laws v 474.10 glossed .i. co n-imat sesa indti, 476.9 Comm . co lin sesa .i. ó aen sess immach, O'D. 975 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). ic sudigud a seolchrand ┐ ic sámugud a s.¤ `setting its thwarts', TTr. 138 . cutaim na ses ┐ breisim na fern síuil, TTr.² 868 . desidar . . . ar sesaibh na long, CCath. 1931 . ethar bec . . . cona shessaib grotha, MacCongl. 85.11 . luidh Patraicc . . . for sesaibh na luingi, BNnÉ 6 § 17 . roshuid N. ar ses mōr medōnach na luingi, ZCP xiii 241.16 . is tuirsech āmh sin[n] . . . o luigi inar longaib ┐ ar cennaib na ses, 236.14 . Used of the boat itself: dirgset in seól, sóeb in sess, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.43 . a bench of rowers, the number of rowers to a bench : mad fecht imorro for imram vii. vii. sese uaidib `if it is for rowing twice seven benches of them', Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 312.12 . onad fecht imorro for imram da secht seis (leg. sess) cacha fichit taigi dibh, 313.8 . `the board thrown out from the gunwale of a boat to the strand', Ir. Gl. p. 155 . dobert Goll band feramail fora churach comma rossed dar nói sessaib i tír tírim, RC xiv 408 § 18 . tiagait . . . a tir isin n-inis for claraibh ┐ sesaibh a long, Marco P. 149 . itcondairc araile duine for seas medóin na lungu the centre bench, D IV 2, 74rb32 . seas gléimheadhóin na nGaoidhel, L. Cl. A. B. 173.36 .

(b) a beam : sessa sena senchrothi | . . . | foloingtís in tech `fine beams of mellow cream . . . kept up the house', MacCongl. 37.21 .

Fig. a key position : beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 .

a battle-rank : cid Lucifur, linib s.¤ | ni choemnacair ar n-amless, SR 1513 . anais . . . | i tīr Alban almaib ses (: gres(s)), ZCP xii 378.24 . a row, rank : ri dosnarbair iar sessaib | in thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 89 . fo gaessaib glessib cen chlith | iar sessib, iar suidigthib, 84 . secht primthuatha Cannáin cain | fallain cona fortuathaib | eter sessu na sluag soimm | dorigni hÉssu in nglé-roinn (Corr.), 5163 . support, champion : a sheas urláir iorghoile, DDána 102.46 .

óenshess, cóicshess a boat of one, of five benches : nocho ternoi ass acht oenshes nama, Ériu ii 112 § 34 . in dá cóicsess, LU 7221 . See also treṡess.

Compds. ¤chert: a sgūdada slemna seis-c[h]erta socairt[h]rēna with straight thwarts, ML² 651 . ¤gal: s. na n-ethar cá n-imram the creaking noise made by the rowing benches, TTr. 1418 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. sessbéimm or


n (sess+béimm) an oarstroke, the distance of an oar-stroke : co cuala C. fogur ┐ sesbéimm inna lungae, Trip.² 968 . [corbensom] na sesbēmend | dar muncind in murtráchta, MacCongl. 37.2 . tondguir na seisbeimaend, TTr.² 901 . la mét ind imrama ┐ na sesbemend nó-bentáis na mílid forsna rama icond imram, 870 . cethri slessa aicce i mboí [dá] sesbeim in churaig fri cech slis co mbátár ocht sesbéimend don churuch a timchell uli, LU 1924 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. sním or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: -a

[u, m.] vn. of sníïd. Cf. don rat fri snim saethraich séis, SR 1319 , where, however, the adj. may qualify séis. m., g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . Verbs § 37 .

I Act of twisting, bending, shaping .

(a) act of spinning : iar na thoirithniugad di o laim da snim `in spinning', Laws ii 372.19 Comm . fertas snīmae a distaff, O'Mulc. 524 . sním casil, Mart. Tall. 104.21 = ic figi chasil, Mart. Tall. 19 . augtair . . . na elathan . . . ic s.¤ a seólbratt weaving (?), LL 219a5 ( TTr. 138 ). bean ag snim an tsnaithi, TTebe 1322 . é ag sníomh choigíle, TSh. 5482 . cuiridh sí a lámha air an maide sníomha `spindle', Proverbs xxxi 19 . In humorous Tap ingen tSnima, Anecd. ii 56.3 . Fig.: na tri Parci ifernaide bite icc snim saeguil gac[h] aen duinne isin domun, CCath. 4180 .

(b) Of shaping withes, sticks, etc. (usually in proverbs): fer og snim ghaid, IT iii 36 n. 7 . ní fhulaing seanshlat a snímh an old rod cannot be bent, IGT Decl. ex. 656 . áiseach slat ó a sníomh `pliable is a sapling by being twisted', PBocht 5.55 . Cf. slat doishníomha an duine man is an unbending rod (i.e. intractable, unrepentant), IGT Decl. ex. 1699 . Perh. n. loc. in: re snim slat, BB 23a4 .

(c) Various applications. Of filigree work in gold: bretnas banbras . . . | d'arged amra | cona ecor dé ór fo shnim | gním as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir | an fedh do chóidh ó chígh cuain the working of golden necklets (?), Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . coro lád snim tenn . . . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe so that the top of the wood was twisted tightly together, CCath. 668 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine . . . slat gan sníomh `a yard untwisted', ML 48.18 . ag sníomh tairngeadh `driving . . . nails' (i.e. in horseshoes), TD 6.9 (see Notes). a folt hi snim dar a aiss his hair plaited behind, Rawl. 81a45 ( Otia ii 87 ). fri s.¤ snúad in blending of colours, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.19 . Cf. sniomhsnúa .i. snamh srothann, O'Cl. ní fann in feidm ríog | sníom im gach crann cruaid to twist round every tree (of woodbine), SG 245.17 . Of poems: iomdha drécht . . . | da shníomh le mac súadh, L. Cl. A. B. 249.11 . ag sniomh a glac wringing his hands, 23 G 24, 391.23 . dóid-chleatha . . . is tréithe sníomh hands . . . most gently moulded, Keat. Poems 102 . ar bruach an t-srotha ro bhá ag sníomh tre lár an t-sléibhe which wound its way, Oss. iii 96.26 .

(d) In bardic verse freq. in sense of twisting or wrenching (perh. twirling or brandishing) weapons, hence fighting, doing battle: ar sníomh a airm d'fheirg Murchaidh | maidhm san leirg ar Lochlannchaibh when M.'s anger made him ply his weapons, DDána 85.25 . le sníomh goirmreann, 110.10 . sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh `the labour of thy sword hilt', TD 10.29 . días fa sénamla ag snim crann (of two chiefs), Irish Texts ii 32 § 10 . go sníomh dornchar, go dáil crann, L. Cl. A. B. 239.66 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a shleighi isí ar na s.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1084 (or to (b) ?). nī raibhe ag rīg . . . | muinnter mar muintir mo rīg | Taidg ūi Cheallaigh re snīomh slegh, ZCP viii 224 § 35 .

II Trouble, care, grief, anxiety .

(a) sniomh .i. tuirsi, O'Cl. s.¤ gl. cura, Ml. 89b7 . nísé snim fil forn `this is not what distresses us', Trip. 10.15 ( Trip.² 117 ). s.¤ lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . farith asin tsh.¤-sa | in pauperán, Ep. 407 . ar med a shnima, Sc.M² 3 (R) . hi sir-galur ┐ hi sírshnim, IT i 121.18 ( TE 7 Eg.). dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236.1 . saire cen sáethar cen sh.¤ , LU 2470 . ba s.¤ fri sáethar in sel it was a time of grievous labour, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.7 . comad lugaiti snim na saersluag re saethar ind imrama might be the less distressed by the labour of rowing, TTebe 1947 . cidh mor saet[h]or sin dano as dingmala do degmhnai mar tusa a snim do tabairt fris to devote her care to it, CCath. 4058 . is fair boi s.¤ lá dethitiu na n-uli n-eclaise, PH 1663 . turcbhaid | in s.¤ nítha `die Sorge um den Kampf', TBC-LL¹ 5796 . snim ┐ sirimradud an chatha . . . ar a menmain, TTebe 4329 . sníom cogaidh nó ceilge anxiety at the thought of war or treachery, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 7 . atbath cen nach snimh, Lism. L. 3689 . fer . . . | ar nach gcuirenn snīom slap[h]raid a man untrammelled by care, ML² 820 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne | nach sníomh dot éis oruinne `without bringing anguish upon me', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . sníomh intinne, L. Cl. A. B. 211.14 . a Chaitir fhíona . . . | nar mhór sníomha san saoghal `who didst care so little for', PBocht 14.30 .

(b) In phrases with verbs: don rat fri snim has brought us into sorrow, SR 1319 . na tabrad a snímh sibsi sin `let not that trouble you', RC xiv 54.18 . na tabrad t'aicned i s.¤ , YBL 314a25 . nat-cuired i snim ni bus mó, Fél. 56.8 . nior chuir sinn i sníomh go se | th'éara-sa, Dán Dé xxv 14 . ní sin . . . | . . . romla a snim which has grieved me, Irish Texts i 60.44 . na dena snim don melladh tugadh fort, Aen. 1189 . 'ar cur shnima in catha dibh `having put from them the anxiety of battle', CCath. 2259 . fer ro lá sníomh . . . an tsaoghail de, AFM vi 2220.2 . ba s.¤ ri cuane Chnuic Breg | éc ríg T., MacCarthy 190 § 3 . bid s.¤ leisna dáini do fhulaṅg-su, Ériu iv 142 § 19 . sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac `I lament thy son', Dán Dé xxvi 37 .

(c) As vn. caitte don tí da dtiocfa | a sníomh le srían n-oirbhiorta it must be subdued with the bridle of action (prosperity compared to a steed), L. Cl. A. B. 172.10 . sniom a neinigh ni hiongnadh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.12 . fuidheall áir . . . | 'gá sníomh ó chróluighe a gcneadh tortured by their wounds, Measgra D. 54.7 . atáid croidhe sonn gá sníomh | le trom n-oire gach airdríogh `straining', Studies 1921, 75 § 12 . teisd mar sin ag sníomh oram, expld. by Ed. as: ag breith greama orm impressing itself on me (?), DDána 85.11 . gin go mbé an saoghal da sníomh though the world is untroubled, L. Cl. A. B. 211.11 . 'san saoghal dár sníomh `while the world afflicts me', PBocht 5.51 .

Compds. ? dála sníomholla (second element oll? olann?), DDána 83.8 . ¤thoirse: claochládh sníomhthoirsi relieving of anxious sorrow, L. Cl. A. B. 149.106 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. treisset or


n (1 treise) strength, might: ri t.¤ inn imrama , TTr. 199 . t.¤ a threnfher, 759 . raétlá a treiset assa thrénlámaib, 2056 .

7 úath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 úath or


Forms: urtha

n in names of tales: catha ┐ uatha ┐ imrama , LL 189b53 . MS. Mat. 283 . PRIA i (1879) 222 (the versions of this list in Edinb., Adv. Lib. vii , ZCP xiv 1 , and Laws i 46 have instead: urtha ). uatha immurgu inso ... u.¤ Belaig Con Glais, U.¤ Uama Cruachan, LL 189c23 . u.¤ Beinne Etair, 189c27 . RC xi 129 = 1 úath, The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 94-97 .