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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

2 fáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fáel or


Forms: faoil, fael, faelaib, Failad, Faelad

n o (earlier u? see KM, Wortk. 18 ), t, m. a wolf = faol .i. cú allaidh nó mac tíre, O'Cl. `faol,' `cuib' is `luan' ar chonuibh, a ttrí senainm, Metr. Gl., Ff. 16 .

(a) i fuissed fael allaid for ois ol cendaig, O'Curry 227 (< H 3.18, 12 ) = a fuirrecht faol allaidh for oisc ol cennaigh .i. is taithnemhach ro herga in cu allaidh for an oisc no for in caeiri maraon ┐ in cu cenda, O'Curry 2512 (< Eg. 88, 42 ). imsái chucu amal fáel fo chairib, TFerbe 743 . mar bis fael craesach, TTebe 1602 (= lupus Theb. iv 363 ). acht luch, fael ┐ sinnach ... ni bia nach n-an[man]na aurchóitech inti (sc. in Érinn), Todd Nenn. 218 . na huile ḟael ┐ allta, CCath. 4090 . mar in ḟoel ḟáglach, LB 124b10 . atchlos an faol ag labhairt do glor daonna, AFM 690 . n p. faoil na fíodhbhuidhe, Duan. F. 17.23 . tanccatar foil, CCath. 4319 . g p. donala na fael , 4170 . d p. ... aegaire, fagbus a éidi itir faelaib , MR 170.14 .

(b) a s. amail fóelaid etir cháircha, TTr.² 1433 . g s. in npr. and n.l.: (mac) Laignich Failad , Rawl. 129b42 . Conadh aire sin isberthí Laighnech Fáeladh frissium, ar is é cétna dochóidh i conrecht díbh, Cóir Anm. 215 . Cf. Cenn Faelad, npr. m.: gen. (mac) Cind Faelad , Rawl. 141b7 , etc. Ráith Faeladh, Leb. Cert. 88 = BB 271b42 .

Fig. of persons, both in complimentary sense and the reverse: Lucifer ... in faíl feochair, SR 1670 . ba fael feochair (of Balaam) 4816 . in fáel fossad (of a warrior), Metr. Dinds. i 34.86 . See also v Gl . s.v.

As adj. (?): ro art dó ba fuilech fael, LL 8b15 (= ro rath do ba f.¤ fael, BB 31a46 ). fert ... Medbi fáeli, Metr. Dinds. iv 366.2 . ó gáel fáel, 100.8 . Some of these may be exx. of a different word. As npr. (?): Fael fuirbthe mac Indellaich, Rawl. 151a19 .

Compds. With adj.: na trí arrachta ḟaolchasaoideacha yelping like wolves ML 118x . With subst.: ¤snám creeping stealthily like a wolf (?): o'tcondcatar intṡamail tulcha ... ic faelsnam tarsin faithche, CCath. 1833 . fáolṡnamh .i. fualshnamh .i. snamh ar fhual .i. ar uisge (an etymol. guess) O'Cl.

follaigid, failligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. follaigid, failligid or


Forms: faill

v g (cf. 1 follach, and faill). In O.Ir. dep.

I Neglects, omits, fails (to do): intí ... follaigedar a t[h]imnae (= qui praecepta neglexerit) Ml. 129a2a . arna follaigdis gudi ṅDae (= ne neglegant) 113d5 . In Laws, of omission, evasion: cuic seoit hi lobud cacha hathgabala ... noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther "five `seds' for neglecting [to redeem] every distress ... and there are three `seds' for every day that it is neglected [to be redeemed]" Laws i 102.7 . flaith folluighther `the chief who was neglected' [i.e. whose `céile' has evaded his obligations] ii 196.27 Comm . (Of fences:) munu folluighther ima ndenum iarna trascuirt, H 3.17, c. 287 ( O'D. 379 ) = muna follaiged a nemdenam, Laws v 270.20 Comm. má feichum folluigus `if it be the plaintiff that neglects' [ = omits to perform] ii 72.18 Comm . Cf. ro follaightar cach besa cen a imdegail neglected to shelter him O'Dav. 675 .

Of omitting to keep an appointment, seize an opportunity, meet a challenge: an inbuidh ro dailistur dam ... mad ro faillighedar in dam bodesin (i.e. if the invited guests failed to come), Laws ii 30z . i n-oenló ... ro dālsatsom ... ni ro follaiged leo-som dano, ScM. 5 (niro failliged ... leosom inní-sin, Rawl.). ní ro failliccheadh lá hUa N. an ní sin go riacht ... `O'N. neglected not this opportunity, but proceeded ...' AFM v 1576.2 . gealltor gleo d'fhein fhionnUladh | ni leo fein do faillidhedh, ZCP ii 338z .

Cf. srian ris an gcóir congéabhaidh | a triall go fóill foilléabhaidh, PBocht 19 § 13 .

Of neglecting a person: dia follaigthe cu ciana inna ṡuidiu cen ḟoglanad if he were left untended (of a child) LL 117b21 ( Irish Texts i 33 ).

II Sets aside, bars (?): imsai ... cach righi on gabhail co setchi mina fallaigh fal fingaili ... no diultad baisti every kingship turns (alternates ?) from one branch to the other unless there is a bar of kin-murder or apostacy Leb. Cert. 110 (= BB 273a13 ).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbrecht or


n (1 recht ?) : conidh de imsaí cach flaithis ... on gabhail co setchi, mina fallaigh fal fingaili [nō] f.¤ for naebhu nó diúltad baisti ` oppressing of saints' Leb. Cert. 110.17 . Cf. foirb ?


Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-sói or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: immesoisiu, imsāi, imsoi, im-suí, imsoidi, immesoither, imsoat, imdasuat, imsoadh, imsaitis, nimparrá, nachnimparrae, nimpád, impob, imsoifitis, imid-rae, impo, imorroiset, impaithi, impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid, impaíd, impaigid, impoidid, impos, impas, impoghas, impoit, impait, impabas, impóbas, impaifes, impóidhfidher, iompábhainn, n-impoighidis, n-impádhbaidis, impáis, iompoidis, impáidis, impodais, impaidh, impaiseat, ro-impóset, impaidhseat, impátar, impoatar, imsāi, ro-impod

v indic. pres. s. 2 rel. immesoisiu gl. conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . s. 3 imsāi , TBC-I¹ 581. imsoi, LU 8880. im-suí, BDD² 140. With suffix. pron. imsoidi, SR 2121. pass. rel. immesoither, Ml. 61a26 . `p. 3 imsoat, SR 1013. imdasuat, BDD² 143. impf. s 3 imsoadh, RC ix 470.9 . p. 3 imsaitis, SR 1125. subj. pres. s 1 with ro : co nimparrá , TBC-I¹ 24 (an analogical formation, see Ériu viii 126 ). nachnimparrae, Corm. Y 756. subj. past s. 3 connach nimpád , Ml. 122a14 . fut. s. 1 ní impob , ZCP i 134.23 . sec. fut. pass. pl. imsoifitis, Ériu ii 142 § 157. pret. and perf. s. 3 imid-rae, BDD² 501. nochor impo , Ir. MSS. Ser. 178.12 . p. 3 imorroiset, AU i 434.14 .

Verb. necess.: bed impaithi gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 .

Later impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid : indic. pres. s. 1 impáim-si, ITS Sub. xxvi 84 § 12 . s. 3 impaíd, LU 2114. impaigid, Laws iv 56.18 Comm. impoidid, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . rel. impos, Laws v 268.25 Comm. impas, 438.1 Comm. impoghas, Stair Erc., 1927 . p. 3 impoit, Laws v 132.15 Comm. impait, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. fut. s. 3 rel. impabas, Fél. 76.10 . impóbas, BColm. 66.5 . impaifes, TTr.² 979. pass. impóidhfidher, BNnÉ 123 § 73. sec. fut. s. 3 nach iompábhainn , Aithd. D. 14 § 10. p. 3 go n-impoighidis , Donlevy 90.6 . pass. co n-impádhbaidis , Maund. § 55. pret. s. 3 impáis, TBC-LL¹ 201. iompoidis, 1435 v.l. impáidis, BNnÉ 236 § 160. impodais, IT ii2 131.244 . ro impaidh , Stair Erc. 1713. p. 3 impaiseat, D IV 2, 63rb30 . ro-impóset, PH 3770. ro impaidhseat , AFM ii 1068.12 . ra impátar , TBC-LL¹ 6064. impoatar, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.).

I trans. turns round, moves, drives: in dæni immesoither dærgud `the swiftness wherewith a bed is turned,' Ml. 61a26 . imsāi (imsói, LU) int ara ... a carpat fōsom, TBC-I¹ 581. gibe impabas hí fo trí, Fél. 76.10 . imsoe (v.l. dointái) reme na sluagu a Modha, TBC-LL¹ 2815. (sóebchore) impaíd immá cuaird anmand inna pecthach, LU 2114 (FA). imsuíthear in chomlai fri cech ndorus día mbí in gaeth, BDD² 283. roimpai in lestar iarsin ┐ dorochair ass in neim he turned over the vessel, Lat. Lives 9.6 . na himpam in curach acht bíd a erais reme, RC x 52.11 . impáidis a bachla ... fo tri túaith[bél] ina ttimceall, BNnÉ 236 § 160. d'fhéachuin graifne each n-áluinn | leath m'aighthe ní iompábhainn, ITS xl 232.23 . d'impó Cú Ch. a aiged arís ar Emhain, Comp. CC 97.4 . ro-impóset a n-aigthi fri nem, PH 3770. iompaigh chuige an [giall] oile, Matthew v 39. iompa thort `turn over [the page],' O'Gr. Cat. 631 n. 1 . Fig. changes: umsai .i. impaigheadh cach menmain, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23(21)d ).

II In intrans. or semi-reflexive sense with and without infix. pron.

(a) turns round, revolves, rotates:

(i) with infix. pron. : connach nimpád `so that he could not turn himself,' Ml. 122a14 . bithir og a foraire ar nachn-imparrae ┐ nach toirmescae neach so that he may not turn round, Corm. Y 756. imasai ar tuaithbel fo thri fair he revolves, Ériu v 122.2 . manid talam imid-rae `unless it is the earth which has turned round,' BDD² 501 (but LU has immid-róe .i. ro-bris, RC xxii 54 § 56 ). immesoid (?) macuairt in grianbruth etracht sin, Ériu ii 100 § 6. immesoi Ruadán ... ┐ geogoin Goibninn, RC xii 94.25 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : immesoisiu gl. [quae nullo labore] conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . imsoi deisell ocus do-thoet ina frithlurg, Trip.² 411. (firmimint) immon talmain ... | imsoi on trath co araile, SR 284. cloc bec bis for cinn in muil | uirri impas in mol, Laws i 140.19 Comm. imsoi cusna húathaib ┐ nos cerband; LU 8880 (FB). imsoadh ina crocend, RC ix 470.9 . imsái cách díb dochum a chéli attacks , IT iii 510.673 . im iomdhaidh nach iompábhainn, Aithd. D. 14.10 .

(iii) With suffix. pron. : imsoidi Eua iarsain | do descain anman Adaim, SR 2121.

(b) turns about, goes, returns:

(i) with infix. pron. : immasói in Mac n-Óc for slict Fuamnaige, IT i 132.14 . doluid Patricc ... or muir immesoí de sut sind tracht, Trip.² 903. dorairngired dó Findabair do t[h]abairt dō ┐ immásōi úadib iarsudiu, TBC-I¹ 1478. timnaiss cauch dib celiubrad di alaili ┐ imdisoat go Alpi they go to A., ZCP iii 247.20 . ima-saí a charpat ┐ a arai co mbaí oc Áth Cliath, BDD² 135. gaibid ... a gaisced ┐ imasai isin chath, TBC-LL¹ p. 863 n. 3 . imdasoad immach iarsin `she used to return out after that,' RC viii 150.16 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : imsaí ina ndegaidh comdar scítha ind eich, BDD² 137. imsoi as Fergus ar sligi cet loech, TBC-LL¹ p. 872 n. 4 . imsóiset rempu i Sliab Fúait, 1315 . imsaitis for deis | ... | cach dib día adbai co glan, SR 1125. impais co hEspoc Eirc `reversus est ad Ercum,' Lat. Lives 107.4 . cu raimpaset na daim otha sin cusan inad a mbui B., 79.7 . doairig Naeisi sin ┐ impodais ara cenn, AU i 434.14 . imsoi ... con luid for (leg. fon ?) Loch Rudraide, Laws i 74.3 Comm. ag imsoi dia eol .i. agh impos conicce in baile as a tuccad hi `a cow which returns by its knowledge,' v 268.18 , .25 Comm. ma do chuaid i n-ailithre ┐ ro impo esti aris, 124.10 Comm. imsáe reme docum na hEtáile, CCath. 385. impobsa co fesar imthusa in ridiri, D IV 2, 67ra27 . do chuir techta dochum Meic Diarmata ... ┐ impait-sin isin tir lasna techtaib sin, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. imsaoi Niall cona Ghallaibh ... dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2226.1 . ro impogh Ercuil for culu ... don cathraigh, Stair Erc. 1356. impuide duinn a fritheing na conuire we must turn back ?, ZCP vi 292.z .

Fig.: achtaigim ... co na himpatur hí for culud d'fine erluma `I decree ... that it be not returned' (of an abbacy), Laws iii 78.8 Comm. acht iompam don sgeol ro thionsgnamar, TFrag. 230.14 . rogeall ... nach impobad isna peccadhaibh cedna doridhisi, D IV 2, 70va20 . immpa co lluath co Dia, PH 236. d'impó sén ┐ soladh uain don toisc so, Comp. CC 99.4 . iompóigh ód fheirg bhuirb, Exodus xxxii 12.

III converts, changes:

(a) trans. bed impaithi .i. a doiri hi soiri gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 . conidnimpaith bron no [ḟ]āilte, Anecd. v 24.14 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbrōn imidhsūi (.i. impōs é), ib. 16 . imsoifitis iffirn i ligbotha ┐ i taitnemh richidh `they would be turned into radiances and into the lustre of heaven,' Ériu ii 142 § 157. mara nderna ar Tigerna a cétmírbuil an uair do impádh sé an t-uisci a fín, Maund. § 105. cionnas iompoighthear an tarán agus an fíon a bhfuil agus a bhfeoil Chríosd ?, Donlevy 242.z .

(b) intrans. changes, becomes: impoidid se a naduir na talman `it adopts (lit. changes into ) the nature of the earth,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . tipra ... imshoi ildatha fri haimsir cach en-laithi `a well ... which turns to many colours,' Ériu ii 112 § 36.

(c) in theological sense converts:

(i) intrans. do-chí an sciúrsa do-chí an cló | sí don iúlsa nír impó, IGT Decl. ex. 53. adúbradur ... co n-impádhbaidis morán do Serrisdinechaib ... do cum creidmi tritt an mirbuil sin `many Saracens ... should be turned to belief,' Maund. § 55. amhuil do ghuidheas an eagluis ortha ... ionnas go niompóighidís, Donlevy 90.6 .

(ii) trans. do iompō sē na Lumbardaig ... a ccreidium chomhlāin na heclaisi, ZCP xiii 184.2 . gurbh e Eōin do impo iat ō arrait ┐ ō ṡechrān, ib. 14 . pass. ? ro-impod sochaide do Romanchaib fo eris ┐ cretim, PH 287.

IV revokes, annuls, abrogates, reverses (a contract, etc.; generally glosses do-intaí) : do innthai flaith ocus fine .i. uair impaigid in flaith ocus in eclais ocus in fine cach cunnrad, iv 56.8 Comm. cuir nach tindtai in t-athair um a mac .i. nocha n-imponn in t-athair um a mac iatt `the father does not reverse them as regards the son,' Laws v 286.9 Comm. atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar .i. impas mac in athar bi im a athair, 438.1 Comm. do intaiter in chair sin .i. impothar in cor sin, 384.4 .12 Comm. as na tindtaigtear .i. as na himpaither ar cul he, 500.17 Comm. ? To this : suith na hathgabala .i. impait na athgabala in ni hisin im a hanad i laim cintaig, Laws i 98.21 Comm.

V With prepositions.

(a) with FOR, AR turns against, revolts against: imda-suat fair co ngaíb `they turn upon him with spears,' BDD § 13. antí díb so impóbas oram-sae, BColm. 66.5 . ro impá form Finnachta | ní bad airdide a fhine, SG 388.37 . as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.). galar do gabail Muirchertaig ... cor' imposat fir Erenn air, 33.15 . cebe minca ro impodh in toici ríamh ar in Róimh, CCath. 512. do impa for a thigerna `he rebelled against his liege-lord,' Marco P. § 64. cid iat ard-maithe Erenn uile do impobadh ar h-ua n-Ainmirech, MR 148.10 . in tan impoghas in sen orum `when fortune turns against me,' Stair Erc. 1927.

(b) with FO attacks, turns upon: imsói fóithib ... ┐ marbthus iat a cethri firu déac, TBC-I¹ 1681. immsóe in Dond Cualngi fa mnáib ... tíri Cualngi, TBC-LL¹ 6201. imma-sái Conchobar iarsin fo slúag Geirg sechnón in dunaid, IT iii 480.245 . imsói fothu, feochar ngal, | Cú na cath is na comram, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . imasai-sium fuithibh-sium ocus trascraid morfesir dib, RC v 199 § 10. dobert a moghadhu ... leis ┐ imsae futhu, CCath. 2445.

(c) with FRI turns against, attacks: is and-sin imsóe Cuchulaind friu ┐ ra gab bar a slaide ... co ros cuir úad na n-ágib minta, TBC-LL¹ 2977. imsoe Cuchulaind friu-som ┐ eiscis a da cend déc díb, 2911 . imsoítis a claidib fríu in tan dognítis gúchomram `their swords used to turn against them when they would make a false contest,' SCC² § 2 (= LU 3235 ). impais in anim fris-in corp ┐ ercid a ferg fria, PH 8219. frit fein impaifes sin ule, TTr.² 979. roimpo a sen ... ris na Gallaib `their good luck turned against the foreigners,' Cog. 116.2 . roimpaised a eich ris fochetoir da ithi `his horses turned upon him forthwith to eat him,' TTebe 2382 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. indell or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: indel, indell, indell

n o, m. vn. of in-lá. Orig. indel.

(a) an arrangement, agreement, adjustment, contract: indeall no achtugud `adjustment or stipulating,' O'Dav. 1113. dligthur a fastad, amuil inn-lathur inniull ... `wie es eingegangen wird' (of contracts which were illegal or inadvisable but are later acknowledged by the fine), ZCP xiv 374 § 36. cach cor, cach i.¤ `jeder Vertrag, jedes `Eingehen' (Abmachung),' 376 § 39 . cach indell .i. lanumnuis every contract i.e. of marriage, Laws ii 290.z Comm. is dilis iarum, dia-n-[e]acraither inniull `wenn es mit einem Verfahren hineingebracht wird,' ZCP xiv 379 § 43. rucus coscrad comair iarna indiul `die schon eingegangene Vereinigung zum Pflügen kann aufgelöst werden' (one of the Gúbretha Caratniad), xv 308 § 3 . cin ni tardaidter a logh, ar indeall a ndilse `although their value has not been given on the arrangement for their alienation,' Laws v 426.3 .

(b) arrangement, preparation, lay out, gear, equipment (for sleeping, for a journey, of a house, etc.) : ranic a tech mbic cumang ndub ndorchai sech ni raibe tene nó indel no derghau[d] ann `neither fire nor furniture nor bed,' RC xii 70 § 39. ata murindell lim ┐ focichertar deit-siu ┐ rot-bia in curach equipment for a sea voyage ?, IT ii1 178.136 (O'Curry, MSS. Mat. tr. `sea-charm'). an t-inneall imtheachta `travelling array,' Atlantis iv 206.30 . ase inneal do chuiredar ortha coslomnocht ┐ an leinte a ngobhal gach aon aca, Rel. Celt. ii 200.12 . do amhairc in tor ... ┐ do in[n]is innioll in tuir uile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1029. ni hurusa a rīm indiull (? leg. indeb, Ed.) na cathrach sin, Marco P. § 70. an leabaidh nó an t-inneall suain sleeping arrangement, TSh. 4168. inneall ┐ iostas an áruis ... sin, 6654 . téid easbog T. ... go n-inneall easbuig ┐ go bhfuirinn do chléir 'na fhochair ` retinue ,' 9755 .

indell do chur ar to prepare: nach foláir dhuit inneall do chor ort féin, ré haistear aireach do dhéanamh go neamh, TSh. 6945. cionnus chuirfeam inneall orainn féin ré hucht na nguasacht réamhráitte, 6887 . i n-indell set, ready : sleg i nn-indell lasin lóech 'the warrior had a spear ready' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 55 § 15 .

ar indell as, i n-indell as fitted to, projecting from: íarna tescad dona claidbínib ┐ dona gáib robatar for innell asa lúrigh feisin ┐ a lúirechaib a echraide `that were fitted out of his own hauberk ...,' TTr.² 1166. is aire atberthai serrea (sic) de .i. ona serraib iarrnaidi bitis a n-indill as (of the carpat serrda), IT ii2 10 n. 2 .

Especially of battle array, marshalling or equipment: co mberadh gach lorg fri araile dib ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a ┐ ina n-innell āigh (sic leg.), CCath. 4980. coirgis gáe ┐ slegha na sluag ar indill āigh (sic leg.), RC xxiii 422 § 38. d'fisrugad bar n-innill `to ascertain your battle array,' MR 176.22 . óglách dob iongnadh inneall, TD 20 § 20. cuirid an dá shluagh inneall catha orra féin, Keat. ii 5598. do chótar cenél cconaill as a nindeall lá a dhéine ┐ lá a dhioghaire ro chingset `with such violence and vehemence that they went out of array,' AFM v 1358.1 . munbadh dluithe ┐ daingne a n-innill ┐ a n-ordaighthe, 1646.19 .

(c) circumstances, condition, manner, guise: fada do las ar lár m'anman | inneall t'aighthe as ionmhuin linn (to the Holy Cross), DDána 41 § 48. is nua nemnech na slegha sin mas iad i.¤ bar n-arm uile `if the weapons of all of you resemble them,' Ériu viii 22.24 . ar sin ní fheadar th'inneall after that I know not what your circumstances will be, DDána 50 § 21. da dtugtha a hinneall dot aoidh if you were to take notice of its condition, 54 § 16. ionnus gur sháimh leis an gceithearnach an t-inneall ar a raibhe féin `the state of things,' TSh. 3721. dar leis an uisseōicc mōna | ... as sí féin ar imell raith | as ferr innell don ēnlaith, ZCP viii 219 § 11. créd fá ndealbhthar ... na haingil ac inneall n-ógánaigh go sgiathánaibh, Ó Héodhusa 145.3. inghean ro b'iongnadh inneall, Dánta Gr. 28.10 . bídh i ngalar neach is slán | ... bídh i n-innill neach is trú `good trim,' Dánfhocail § 242.

(d) contrivance, device: innell infolgidi aga for [a cind-som] `a concealed apparatus,' CCath. 2655. gan i.¤ uilc ecin and `contrivance for evil' (of the wooden horse), Aen. 435. glese .i. glesa .i. indle no arma, Todd Nenn. 230 n. dobersa ... indnell furig ecin arna slogaib `I shall employ some device to delay the hosts,' TTebe 1739 . fuair Aimpiaraus a oighidh triana indeoil Apaill `Amphiaraus met his fate through Apollo's devices,' 3650 . fo-cheird Cú Chulainn indell 'Cú Chulainn employed a trick' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 55 § 15 . atá murindell lim ┐ fo-cichertar deit-siu 'I have an ocean device and you will use it' 56 § 21 .

Hence snare; metaph. plot, treachery: tria indle ocus chelga Conchobair, IT i 73.15 . isna hintledaib (.i. isna hindlib) `in the snares,' ACL iii 16.6 . ialla ēn ... a gaisdib ┐ līnaib ┐ indellaib, BB 499b14 . do shíneadar líon ré taobh na slígheadh, do chuireadar innle am choinne, Psalms cxl 5. do milleadh ... le hinneallaibh cealg is cruaidh-chlis, ERuadh 514 . ? To this: creidim sa Sbiorad naomh neamhdha | do-ní inneall don iúl chlaon, DDána 15 § 14. By extension, a question: innell int imcomurc ┐ tinnell int eirniud `indell the question and tinnell the solution,' Auraic. 1247.

(e) act of adjusting, fixing, harnessing, yoking: masa duine aile ro chuiristar in duine d'i.¤ a airnil `to set his trap,' Laws iii 456.7 Comm. tidnacul cluaisi diaraili .i. do ae do innell i cul i coméd dia cele ac a roibi in gle fis to arrange your law-case, O'Curry 764 (< H 3.18, p. 360 ). lucht innill na sás, PH 7738. an chúis do cuireadh 'na leith | ... do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill he doubted whether he could settle it, DDána 63 § 14. it connairc Laogh ag i.¤ an gae builg, TBC-LL¹ 3909. na heich do gabáil ┐ in carpat do chórugud ┐ a ilchlesa d'innill, Comp. CC 92.3 . iad féin d'ollmhughadh ┐ d'inneall ... ré hucht ionnsaighthe, TSh. 2652. do-ní inchinn Mheisceadhra d'inneall 'na chranntabhaill ré C. do mharbhadh, Keat. ii 3128. do-ní an domhan dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost, TSh. 7061. an dream mheasas a fhios do bheith aca an mbí an t-othar marbh, do-níd cleite d'inneall ar chomhair a bheóil ┐ a shrón, 1894 . ? To this: inneal .i. friothaileamh, O'Cl. ? na foreilgi (nad forelgi, v.l.) indel gl. (ile renna) neime, IT iii 35 § 16.

In reference to horses, act of harnessing, yoking: cungnum oc indill each, Laws v 490.1 . na heich do gabáil ┐ in carpat do indeall, Comp. CC 91.8 . in carpat serda ... in coemnacar a innell, TBC-LL¹ 2522.

Hence a bond, tie, fastening ? : innel .i. ceangal, Stowe Gl. 442. indeall .i. ceangal, Lec. Gl. 118. inneal .i. ceangal, no cuimreach `a bond,' O'Cl. demon damair indel .i. rodamair a indlead di.¤ no indled .i. cengul no cuimrech, Fél.² Feb. 16 n. demon damair indel (: imbel) `a devil that suffered yoking,' (glossed: indel .i. ro damair a intlediu). Vel indel .i. a chengul `he endured his snares,' Fél. 74.35 . inneal restraint, O'R. ? To this: indel .i. all n-ind, ut est in capite equorum , O'Mulc. 741. assai coni indeoil (? leg. co n-indeol) do credumo impuib `shoes with clasps ...,' Manners and Customs iii 157. Plummer, MS. notes, suggests con immiul.

(f) exercise (of skill, etc.), means: abairt .i. innell, O'Curry 969 (< H 3.18, p. 416 ). icais an gillai tre inndeld a eladon, RC xii 68 § 34. den indel cétnae, ib. focheird Cuchulaind indell ina hagaid na sleigi, imsai in t[s]leig fris makes a move ?, IT ii1 177.100 .

(g) act of contriving ? : dobidg amac[h] iar n-indiuld an misceoil, RC xiii 222.41 = iar n-indill ..., MS. Mat. 473.34 .

(h) Gen. used attributively, prepared, well-equipped, capable, reliable ? : bīdh go hairech innill urnaightheach `let him be careful prepared and prayerful,' Fl. Earls 156.20 . do chonnairc ... síoth-mharcach innill eich dhuibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 7. ar siúr innill aobhdhai-ne `my faithful comely sister' (of the Blessed Virgin), xxxi 10 . do ghabh do ghleódh a hanaim | tré mhagh dtadhaill eól indill, IGT Decl. ex. 1733 (but v.l. inill).

(i) Used absolutely in adv. sense: do-sn-iced uili dogrés i.¤ sin (? leg. in indell sin) in that manner , LL 126a19 .

ar indell, i n-i.¤ as, in the manner: táinig a hEamhain innsigh | slóigh eile ar an innillsin, Aithd. D. 16 § 29. gurob aran inneall sin do chaith an caomh-naomh a betha, BNnÉ 236.3 . gluaississ issin innioll chētna gusin pālāss, Fl. Earls 174.5 .

Compds. ¤chró in the phrase indell-chró bodba marshalled fence of battle ? : atconncadar [a] naimdi ina n-innellcrobodhba (sic leg. with C) [d]o gach leith umpu, CCath. 2753. Applied fig. to Cú Chulainn: in caur ┐ in cathmílid ┐ in t-indellchró (sic leg., Corr.) bodba fer talman Cu Chulaind mac Sualtaim, LU 6409. ¤chróda of cruel appearance ? : samalta ré foscad fidbaidi firairdi anellchroda comdorcha, TTebe 4862 . ¤dírech quite straight, exact: batar gerrgela indildírgi na dé lurgain her two shins were ... rule-straight, BDD² 30. tuc urchor indilldírech ar in muic, Fianaig. 66.10 . "tabhur mh'agaidh risin cnoc" ar M.R.; ocus tugadh on co hinilldireac, RC xliii 76 § 77. in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib he whose cast was the truest, Acall. 7394. gur ro haimsedh go hindill díreach eisidhe do phluicmheall peleir ina oxaill, Hugh Roe 144.1 . ¤gloin: meic Feradhaig indeall-gloin `of the bright equipment,' BNnÉ 281.12 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. marc or
Last Revised: 2013


n o, m., (cf. W. march `horse') a horse (more poetic word than ech). m.¤ .i. each, Corm. Y 851. O'Mulc. 816. O'Cl. m.¤ .i. ech no lāir, O'Dav. 1217. mairc cona cairpthib, Fianaig. 6.7 , cf. Cóir Anm. 220. dá trichait marc (.i. ech), LU 9951. Mide magen na m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 42 , cf. MR 138.5 . i modhaib m.¤ . . . .i. o gnimrad a n-ech, O'Dav. 303 , cf. Laws iv 2.2 . raluidin[n]-se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds, Ériu i 72 § 3. screpall for gach cathraigh . . . ┐ marcc for an righ (an assessment), BNnÉ 247 § 200. A mare: eich .i. firenna ┐ mairc .i. na lathracha, H 3.18 p. 639b ( O'Curry 1424 ), cf. eich mairc muca, Laws i 268.20 . Hence as ā, f. in B. na f.: menn mairce (.i. searrach eich) a colt , ZCP xii 360.22 . gabsat dí marc hi n-athgabhail, ZCP vii 305.14 (= dí mairc?).

Compds. marc[c]ír (gl. strigilis) a horse-comb , Thes. ii 226.37 ( PCr. 30b ). marcbāgh a horse-race , Laws v 488.11 Comm. ¤ḟoich: marccoichi (leg. marc-ḟoichi) gl. crabrones, sc(r)abrones 'horse-flies' Études Celt. xxii 210 § 3 , 213 . ¤muilenn .i. muilenn imsai [sic MS.] ech, O'Mulc. 817 ; 'horse-mill' Studies on Early Ireland 18 . See also marcṡluag.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. muilend or


Forms: muiliunn, mulenn, muilund, muille, muillend, muilne, muilend, moileand, moilenn, muillibh

n o, m., (Lat. molīna) d s. don muiliunn . . . isin mulenn , Goid. 101.11 , 16 ( Lib. Hymn. 11a ). muilund, Laws i 162.23 . Mid.Ir. n p. muille (ll<ln), hence occasionally n s. muillend; n p. muilne, Content. vi 71 (late form), in Mod.Ir. also muilte: Bóthar na Muilte, Ériu i 101.9 (poem attrib. to Mac Giolla Chaoimh, 11th cent.). muilend moileand, IGT Dec. § 53. moilenn, ib. ex. 1343 . d p. muillibh, ex. 1344 (but muillnibh, Introd. § 123 ).

A mill (usually one for grinding corn, worked by a stream). mulenn, gl. pistrinum, Sg. 49b15 . muilleand (pistrinum), Ir. Gl. 711. muilind (molendinum), 701 . muilend .i. mol ┐ ond . . . nó mol-onn .i. mó a ail .i. mo a clocha quam cloc[h] brōn. Muilind .i. mel ┐ linn, ar is for lind meless, Corm. Y 874 ; from which it would appear that the main parts of the m.¤ were the shaft and grinding-stones, that it was larger than the `bró' or hand-quern, and that it was worked by water. amal meles muilend .x. forcél braich, LU 8699 ( FB 52 ), cf. TBC-LL¹ 3790 , 6052 . mulend már grainne, LU 1756 ( RC ix 482.16 ). ainm in mulind, 1764 . isin muilind, 1760 . cloch mulind, 2443 ( RC iv 254 § 21 ). mol mulind, BDD 85. bleith mulind, CRR 25. ac tóraind inaid mullind, RC xiii 112 § 115. ro mallach [Pátraic] glaisi in mennatta sin . . . asbert . . . na beitís muilli foraib co brath, Trip. 210.4 . esdad mochbro itir muilli, IT iii 101 § 181. ro loiscsem bar n-átha . . . ro millsem bar muille, SG 247.37 . do loisg átha ┐ muile, Celt. Rev. i 226.2 . atha ocus muillidh Érenn, Acall. 7373. linfaidh muilidiu [muilli v.l.], ZCP ix 453. 2 . tri muilti arbha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 19.13 ( Anal. Hib. 3 ). do mheiledís a muiltibh é, Numbers xi 8. marcmuilenn .i. muilenn imsai [sic MS.] ech, O'Mulc. 817.

Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. tárrachtain or


Forms: —á—, —á—, tháirtheachtana, tarrachtana, tairrecht, toirrecht, tairecht, tarriucht, tairrecht, tarrachta, torachtain, tarachtuin, tárachtain, táirrechtuin, tárthachtain, táirthechtain, tárrachtain, toirreacht, —a

Mid. and Mod. Ir. vn. based prob. on several verbs. The long —á— is somet. fixed by rhyme, etc. in syll. verse (∴ dhílleachtaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1325 . tháirtheachtana : áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 ), but in older MSS. it is only exceptionally marked long ( Sc.M² 14.31 ). Perh. <*to-air-reth- (so Sc.M² Gloss. s.v. do-airret ), but the form with long —á—, if old, may be due to a compd. *to-ad-reth. The form may further have been influenced by torachtain, vn. of do-roich (ro-saig), with which it agrees to some extent in sense. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 - 11 , and II infra. g s. tháirtheachtana, DDána 89.8 . ? tarrachtana, Eg. 88 fo. 16 (17)b ( O'Curry 2221 ). The form tairrecht, toirrecht (: búachailleacht, IGT Decl. ex. 842 , cf. 845 ), which is similar in meaning, may be due to contamination : tairecht, AU i 428.1 (= tarrachtain, AFM ii 584.3 ). tarriucht, AU i 542.9 . tairrecht, 546.16 . ? g s. i setaib (sic leg.) a tarrachta , ZCP xv 318.3 . torachtain tarachtuin, ... tárachtain táirrechtuin tárthachtain táirthechtain tárrachtain, IGT Decl. § 148 . toirreacht (g s. —a), m., § 24 .

I In the ordinary meanings of the verb do-airret.

(a) overtaking, coming on, pursuing : soais Cairpri ... co tarachtain Meic Con, Anecd. ii 79.19 . bar tarrachtain uli oc denam ... merli, LB 116b21 . Cf. far ṅgabail uili ic meirle, SR 3568 . imsai-sium ... dia tarrachtain ... ┐ o nach tarraigh air, Aen. 181 . difoiche de da tarrachtuin `overtaken by an act of God,' Laws ii 8.9 Comm. gan tograim ocus gan tárrach[t]ain, MR 234.23 . a tairriucht creiche `in pursuit of prey,' AU i 542.9 .

(b) reaching, arriving at : do tarrachtain do leth ón muir do toghail na cathrach, CCath. 1908 . fōd for ro delbad mo leacht | isam ēcean a thaireacht `I must needs approach it,' Éigse ii 109 § 6 . meise is m'óige re holcaibh | móide an treise ar dtarochtain, DDána 11.4 . cin duabais eicin dia tarrachtain without being overcome by despondency, D IV 2, 57d4 . ciall in raind ... dursan dam a tarrachtain inní da tá that it should have come about, Acall. 3268 . do tairechtain tosaich to get to the front, TTebe 2355 . ? Here also (or to (c) ?) : ar cuit do t.¤ dún i n-erlaime, Sc.M² 14.31 (thairiuc, v.l.). Cf. sen corma dia tairechtain, YBL 126a7 . ? Of a well-directed shot : fria ré docuire urchar uait ... is den tairecht sin tra asberar taurthait no turachur, Corm. 43 = turacht, Corm. Y 1229.

(c) getting, obtaining, finding (in TBC in bad sense getting at, obtaining by a trick) : co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg fri tarrachtain drēchta díb dia n-airlech, TBC-I¹ 1462 . máeth n-áraig do tharrachtain do Meidb fair im chomlond, TBC-LL¹ 3236 . co tarachtain eniclainni doib acu, Laws v 86.12 Comm. gan díl a shainti do tarrachtain d'á trén-feraib, MR 250.19 . In Laws of the legal or illegal obtaining of fine or compensation : hi setaib (sic leg.) a tarrachta `aus den Wegen, worauf sie erlangt werden kann,' ZCP xv 318.3 =secht treaba la Feine adbaill a ndire a setaib i tarrachtain .i. iar na conuirib i tarrtaidhir iat co indl[igthech] according to the way it was obtained (?), Laws v 162.18 , 23 (text and Comm.). But cf. cenmotha seotu a tarruchtuin `except `seds' for immediate seizure,' ii 110.16 . Also in Laws of the finding of a guilty person or animal, evidence, etc. : cen tarrachtain colla `when the body has not been found,' iii 98.20 Comm. feis ┐ airlimanda co tarachtain iar maidin `feis-trespass and leaping over fences, so that they are caught in the morning,' iv 72.10 Comm. co tarrachtain fir laime `until the person actually in fault is found,' iii 230.4 (but: co tarrachtain aithgina dfir laime, 244.12 ). is anbal gach aon ar tuine tarrachtain .i. ar is anfial do gach aon tarraighter ina tuinid go inndligtech, iv 382.17 Comm. Cf. tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrachtain, ZCP xii 364.30 . ? ni impaidhter talam tar tartachtnaib .i. nocho nimpaidther in ferann on tí oca tarus é oca tomailt, H 3.18, 229b ( O'Curry 418 ). Cf. iar na tartachtain, Eg. 88, fo. 55 (56)d ( O'Curry 2649 ).

(d) seizing, grasping : sínes in Masilecdha an laim clé do tarrachtain na laime tescdha, CCath. 2062 . corbo mithig dó in claidem do tarrachtain, D IV 2, 43d38 .

II In senses possibly due to the influence of other verbs, but which can also be explained as developments of those in I.

(a) avenging (? infl. of compds. of 2 fích) : tarrachtain .i. dioghail, O'Cl. fri tarrachtain na macraide forro to avenge the boys on him, TBC-I¹ 1992 . ainech Ulad do tharrachtain (diogail, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 4596 . ac tarrochtain forro in gnīma do-righensat, ZCP xi 65.10 . atō mar chimid i cip | do tarrachtain imid n-uilc to punish (?), vi 263.12 .

(b) saving, rescuing (? cf. fo-reith etc.) : do tarrachtain in droichit cen díscailedh `to seize the bridge and save it from destruction,' CCath. 1271 . dochuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for Thee to save me (?), DDána 11.23 . fád Dá Thí ... | a-tád ar tí a tháirtheachtana, 89.8 . roleic in ainmide n-galair cen tarrachtain, ZCP iv 390.5 . Eóin Bruinde bídh dom thoirreacht, IGT Decl. ex. 842 . anacal ┐ tairrtheachtain, Fl. Earls 58.11 .

(c) Various : do tharrachtain gona duine to compass the slaying of a man, RC xiv 242.28 . ag t.¤ aimlesa (sic leg.) De dogres (of two sinful persons), BNnÉ 321.33 . iar scís .i. iar tairachtain in feliri after the completion of, Fél.² ccvii gl. 38 . im thairiuc ... .i. im tairechtain na fiadnaise, Laws i 138.21 Comm. biadh do thairechtain don flaith `food is to be supplied by him to the chief,' ii 244.7 Comm. ? Cf. is la tir fris a suiditer dlegár ... a mbiadhad, a tairechtaib, i 128.16 Comm. See tairecc.