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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

cethrar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethrar or dil.ie/8930
Last Revised: 2019

n o (cethair) four persons : la cech f[er] din cethrur-so, Ml. 2b13 . ergnaid sui siacht slicht cétrair, LU 988 (ACC). cethror . . . dá áes gráda, 2799 . gatis cethrur echu P., Trip.² 2340 . an c.¤ fuaradar bás, TTebe 956 . taisech cethrair = quadrum uir, Ir. Gl. 400 . athair trī cethrur, Thes. ii 300.7 (Hy. i) .i. .xii. patriarchae, gl. 8 . sé cethrair, Bodl. Dinds. 35 . c.¤ ar fichit do Uib Ócaín `twenty-four', RC xviii 173.8 (Tig.). an chethrair bráthar (g s.), RSClára 89b . c.¤ ridiri, Stair Erc. 989 .

As dat. of accompaniment: mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur (c.¤, v.l.), Críth G. 536 . a cethrur the four of them, Trip.² 2337 . dolluid seom imach ceathror, Anecd. i 3.16 `with three companions', SCano Gloss . cethrur airech tanic P., LL 480 . for in fer bis cethrur ag indeitbire torbaidh `with four persons', Laws i 274.1 Comm.

Of animals : ar cheathrar ainmheinte, Trompa na bhF. 2906 .

Of things : is iad an ceathrar: l m n r, FS Delorez 7.38 (of letters).

coimitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimitecht or dil.ie/10227

Forms: comaitecht, coimheadacht, comimtechta, comhuideachd, coimhdeacht, comaidiacht

ā, [f.] old Ir. comaitecht (vn. of con-éitet), early confused with coímthecht (later caoimhtheacht (Vn. of con-imthet ). da ainm don choimhideacht . . . sáil ┐ caoimhtheacht, Metr. Gl. 29 § 49 . caoimhtheacht .i. coimhidheacht, O'Cl. coimheadacht, Dhá Sg. Art. 1908 . With re-composition comimtechta (g s.), LU 2064 ( FA 14 ) (cf. coimimthecht, coimthecht). comhuideachd f., IGT Decl. § 26 (coimhideachd proscribed form); m., § 24 . Later coimhdeacht (`exceptionally . . . in TSh.', Desid. Gloss.).

(a) act of going together (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ): inna com(th)aitechta ( con-taít, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 647 ) gl. coitiones, Ml. 37c7 - 8 . comaitecht ceniuil do chenéul `congruence of gender to gender', Sg. 75a6 . hi coimthecht du gréin ┐ escu in óenrind `in the conjunction of . . .', BCr. 32a6 ( Thes. ii 16.40 ). ? robad inmuin comitecht, Ériu iii 106 § 47 .

(b) With DO act of agreeing with, favouring, conniving at, etc., in Thes. freq. translated indulgence: comitecht dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . cometect dóib gl. imbicillitates infirmorum sustinere, 24 . comaitecht don brathir enirt gl. caritas uero aedificat, 10b28 . 10c2 . cometecht dossom `to be indulgent', 10c10 . 11c4 . 20b18 . cometecht dia n-écoscaib cen chometecht dia mbésbi gl. sine offensione estote Iudeis, 11c5 . tri chomaitecht donaib ingraimthidib `through conniving at', Ml. 15b5 . 65d12 . 72b18 . cen com[ai]techt do in prandio `without sparing him', Mon. Tall. 160.9 . comaitecht dond aithesc, Alex. 1016 = comaidiacht `Rücksicht', ZCP xxx 153.20 . With FRI: di chomitecht et condarcilli fri iudeu `indulgence and connivance', Wb. 19a6 . ? caemtechta fri colaind do cetmuindtire `accompanying', Laws v 306.4 . Perh. also: ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad ` accompanying ', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . ma rufestar bas n-ethech acht dagni ar baig nó chomitecht `to shield another', Ériu vii 156.26 . In follg. the accompanying words suggest meaning concession, grant, tribute : nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill nā comaitecht don tīr-ṡin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 ( comaithecht, 18 ). do rīgh Eassa Rūaidh nī dlecht / cīos nā cāin nā comhuidecht, ZCP viii 116.20 . a tuaristla ┐ a comaideachta `escorts', Leb. Cert.² 52 .

(c) act of accompanying, escorting, protecting: potestates a ccaoimhthecht, Blathm. 74 . do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco `thy being associated in it', Sg. 2a7 . do gudiu choemthechta doib, Vita Br. 40 . ara choímthecht a taig, Críth G. 585 . coemtecht ┐ seilcecht (of accompanying a person in a crime?), Laws iii 92.9 . smachta tairgilli cach raithi itir samradh ┐ eturscarad ┐ caomtacht, iv 78.2 (`In technical sense of a system of dividing the year, parts of one season being taken off (etarscarad), and added to (cáemthecht) another season', Plummer MS. notes). condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad till you can be escorted by some of the U. warriors, LU 4863 (TBC). a comaitecht ┐ a mbíathath ┐ a nem-guin, LMU² 163 . coimhdecht nó amhsainecht, RC xxix 112 § 8 . ? mor in mian don choimideacht / do niad gilli na leathbrág, Magauran 789 .

Attrib. g s accompanying, attendant : a aingel comaidechta guardian angel, BColm. 104.14 . do ainglib coimthechta, LU 1994 ( FA 6 ). aingel a comaitechta, 1967 ( 3 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, Laws i 282.8 Comm. amus comhuidechta, ii 24.28 . céili coímthechta[e], Críth G. 406 . ca mét cornn comaitechta atá ac F.? serving-goblets(?), Acall. 5501 . cumal coimidechta maid-in-waiting, ZCP vi 27.14 . ro bái d'iomat a cheithern ┐ a dhamh coimhittechta, ZCP x 16.27 . .vi. dorais chóemtechta protective doors, LU 2081 ( FA 15 ). 'na flichidheacht coimdechta, O'Gr. Cat. 249.9 . is ina hetan bis di in satan coimidechta (opposite of aingel c.¤ ?), YBL 138b5 . Cf. drochad . . . comimtheachta `easily crossed', TTebe 3533 .

In vn. constr.: ni chaemnactar eich . . . in damrad do chomaitecht keep up with, LL 8702 (TBC). oca chomaitecht do airic menman `comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE). mar do bhíadh Íosa ┐ Muire . . . ga choimhideachd, Parrth. Anma 695 .

V. freq. in phr. i c.¤ with follg. gen. accompanying : i coimthecht dagdóine gl. comes perigrinationis nostrae, Wb. 16d2 . hí coimtecht inna árcae, Ml. 82d1 . 33b13 . it chóimthecht, 208b5 . i cóimthecht I., Fél. Dec. 20 . senoir it c.¤ `in thy company', Mon. Tall. 151.4 . i Coimded coimthecht, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.6 . hi comaitecht a slóig, LU 8155 ( FB 11 ). i c.¤ seoit cethramda in the case of, Laws iii 230.10 Comm. gan chin 'na choimeitteacht sinless, ZCP viii 206.2 . a comaidhecht an claidhim as well as the sword, RC x 185.20 . teacht a coimhdecht mná to have intercourse with a woman, RC xxix 132 § 43 . fir ina caeimthecht (of woman), Maund. 135 .

With follg. prep. óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 (a kind of vassal service, p. 107). comaitecht re hairdrígh, ZCP viii 116.8 . a hainm i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, Ériu xiii 39.24 . lotar do chomaideacht lais, xvi 84.90 . do choimidacht ort to dance attendance on you, CF² 773 .

In pl. in concr. sense attendants, companions, escort : do caemtechtaib `by attendants', Laws iii 510.1 . coimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib C., TBC-LL¹ 880 .

In n. loc. for Druim Cáemtechta, LU 4605 (TBC). dar Mona[i]d Cöemtechta, Otia iii 48 § 5 .

comaitchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaitchid or dil.ie/10684
Last Revised: 2013

v (see coimitecht) goes with, accompanies in etymol. glosses on in-aitet and con-imthet : fer inetet (sic leg.) .i. fer ineitces (sic leg.) no comaitches saithe na bi leis, Laws iv 190.17 Comm. coemthecht cin therbud .i. comaitcither a cin for intí í roibe coímitecht, O'Dav. 1517 . conimtheit raith bothaid do bothach .i. comaitcitar no comeitcitar cinta in daerbothaigh seo forsin mbothach aile, O'Curry 1882 ( 23 P 3, 21 ). in báes nó in gáes comaitche? 'is it folly or wisdom which you go with?' Ériu lviii 8 § 1 .

con-éitet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-éitet or dil.ie/12097

Forms: coimitecht, comitechtai

v (* com-en-tét-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ). goes with, accompanies (with accus., perh. with infl. of con-imthet ). More freq. in transfd. sense agrees with, yields to, indulges, connives at, spares, allows (with DO). Indic. pres. cotetet deman co-roenastar a devil accompanies it till it has been washed (of garment), Ériu ii 222.20 (see n. p. 226) = cotaot (cotetet, v.l.), Mon. Tall. 67 (154.z) . conēted a māthair fria deol . . . quasi cum lacte ambulans (of suckling pig), Corm. Y 306 . co neitet raith bothaig, O'D. 1667 (H 5.15, 24b) = conim-theit raith bothaid do bothach .i. . . . comeitcitar cinta in daerbothaigh seo forsin mbothach aile, O'Curry 1882 (23 P 3, 21 (23)c). nialind inball nádchometig don chorp which is not in harmony with the body, Wb. 22a13 (with -tíag-, see GOI 377 ). conétet som iarum do ṡuidiu (of pron. ipse), Sg. 197b17 . isdí conétet ind rann bís hitossuch gl. ea pars valere, quae in fine fit, 203a22 . adsentitur incertis, (.i. conetet .i. credit ), ZCP vii 482.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). conetet nāt fūacair, iii 454.10 `he who does not denounce indulges', Celtica viii 75 . bennacht . . . Coimdhedh . . . fri cāch fodognī ┐ conetet [dó] submits to Him, ZCP iv 242.25 = conecet, Ériu iii 4.12 . hore conéitgid doib `because ye indulge them' gl. secundum desideria erroris, Wb. 22a26 (see GOI 474 ). nosfreccrat na slóig slana / doib conhettgat hilgrada accompany (in singing), SR 710 . dia comaitget na hóga do ronsat na hechta (as subj.), O'D. 773 ( H 3.17, 554 ). Ipv. nach n-astad in cretmech et na coméitget dó gl. infidilis . . . discedat, Wb. 10a7 .

Subj. and fut. ( GOI 407 ). má chotuméitís ní chrínfa do delb if you come with me, LU 10007 . mani coméitis do conalobri gl. non secundum caritatem ambulas, Wb. 6c6 . do Chríst acht con-étis `if only thou wilt resort to Christ', Fél. July 16 ( O'Dav. 451 ). conetis (leg. ní cometis, Ed.) dóib, Mon. Tall. § 78 (160.13) . bad sissi coneit don [. . .] gl. ne ponatis offendiculam fratri, Wb. 6c1 . arnáp hé-som con-éit dét-so `who is indulgent to thee', 7 . cách conéit doib gl. in errorem mittentes `every one who shall connive at them', 30c27 . ma chonet .xx. aithche pendite = si consentit, Ériu vii 146.12 . mani cometsam dear tolaib `if we do not indulge our desires', Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.). acht ni cometestar dond accobar `provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 63 (152.7) . co n-etset (leg. -d) a cin a ciniud that their liability might accompany their kindred, O'Dav. 809 . atgegmais . . . mad iar menmannrad conetsimis we should prefer to submit willingly(?). IT ii2 228.4 (connetsimis, v.l.). dús imbed do Duaid coneitsitis fa dia naimtib gl. partium merita ponderantes, Ml. 87c4 .

Pret. and perf. brat lanamnæ . . . cotreicigur (cotretiguir, v.l.) demmun a demon has accompanied it, Mon. Tall. 67 (155.22) = cotretiguir, Ériu ii 224.4 (see 222.20 cited above). ? collais cáin con retegair / do Dungalach dían, Trip.² 2535 . forsan ccách conetestair `that she was acquainted with' (lit. accompanied), Hugh Roe² 38.15 .

Vn. coimitecht. Vbl. of necess. comitechtai.

con-imthet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-imthet or dil.ie/12192

Forms: coímthecht

v (*com-imb-tiag-, -tét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ) accompanies : a conimtéised (recte -th-, Ed.) gl. means, Ml. 42c31 . cot-nimthæ . . . a charitás innonn `will accompany him', Wb. 12c4 . cotomimthegat lūirecha, ZCP vi 258.5 . brat berar do aés setrenil, cotnimt[h]ét demon `a demon accompanies it', Ériu ii 224.5 (see con-éitet). conamteit (cotnimtét v.l.) demmun, Mon. Tall. 155.24 . fer tairdelba ┐ con-imt[h]et (sic leg.) ┐ do com[th]et `accompanies and escorts' (of a `sellach'), Laws i 240.x . ? ni cuma conimtiagait ┐ etarscarat `the parts added and substracted are not the same', iv 78.2 . ? ni caemtheta dire di thechta na di thir, 352.8 Comm. ? cotīthut gl. comeo, ZCP xxi 281.26 (see p. 284).

Vn. coímthecht (see coimitecht).

? for-imrig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? for-imrig or dil.ie/23705

v (cf. ad-rig, fo-rig) binds or contracts mutually (?) : forreghtar, forimregthar, ZCP iii 237 § 27 . But cf. for-imthét .

forimthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forimthecht or dil.ie/23706

n ā, f. vn. of for-imthét . Walking about ; going on one's way, proceeding: f.¤ coss, Tec. Corm. § 2.25 . da chumoil dí chos ar formteacht two cumals for the legs because of (their support in) walking Laws iv 362.3 . cin coisi, di bemium no forimtecht mignima `crime of foot, by kicking, or moving to evil deeds', Laws i 238.12 . forimtecht digla do greise `setting out to avenge an aggression' 296.18 . nima-lotar ... fir Midhe fri f.¤ (i.e. on a foray) AU i 529 n. 10 = AFM ii 768 (`to over-run').

? for-imthét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? for-imthét or dil.ie/23707

v goes about or around ; (trans.) calls on, solicits, canvases (= Lat. ambire ?) ni : togramar [?] nach losc ... ni foirmtéit nach anbobracht (physically unfit persons are not to be called to arms) H 3.17, c. 438.3 ( O'D. 554 ). Cf. for-imrig.

1 id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 id or dil.ie/27166

Forms: idh, id, id, id, edha, eda, idi, hidi, ige, hidhe, idai, n-idi, idhe, hidhe, idheadh, n-egh, n-edh, id, idh

n i, m. , later f. (see Bidrag 45.10 ) n s. in idh , O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ). id iarnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 1229. int id , TBC-I¹ 262. ind id , 259 . g s. edha, Laws v 188 n. 3 . inn eda , TBC-LL¹ 565. ind idi (St. na hidi ), TBC-LL¹ 580. ige, KMMisc. 168 § 8. na hidhe , Keat. ii 3660. n p. ? na idai , ZCP viii 103.y . a n-idi , TBC-LL¹ 3825. idhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1295. a p. na hidhe , RC xix 272 § 195. g p. idheadh, DDána 106 § 36. go n-ilmhét n-egh , Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . na n-edh , 226.3 . n du. in da id , Laws v 484.18 Comm. See idh, IGT Decl. § 14.8 .

(a) a hoop-shaped object, a withe (bound around some object): tópacht ... cétbunni darach ... ┐ doringni i.¤ de ... ┐ tuc in n-i.¤ im chael in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 563 - 5 . cid frisifarcbad int i.¤ , TBC-I¹ 262. in n-ogum bōi isinn ith, 252 . gabsat oc fegad ind idi barbarda, TBC-LL¹ 580. in da i.¤ ┐ in leithri `the two withes,' Laws v 484.18 Comm. (gl.: bir-crand treige n-urcomail, 482.28 ). Of the withe put round an anvil when distraining on a smith: darin n-i.¤ im indeoin, O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ), cf. gat im indeoin, Laws ii 118.22 Comm. idh lúptha um cengal céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959.

(b) a fetter, a chain, a spancel: an idh im cois in crochaire, Laws v 188.23 Comm. um dunta edha im cois in cimeda, ib. n. 3 . risin i.¤ luim, risin slabrad, i 106.20 Comm. firend .i. id bis im c[h]olpa niad, Corm. Y 586. i.¤ iarnaidi na thimchiull ┐ i.¤ niachais éside, TBC-LL¹ 1229. slabrad imo braigid ┐ i.¤ tre na slabraidi tria coirthi toll, BB 134b41 . i slabhradh nó i n-idh iaruinn, TD 9 § 24. gan bheith san idh ní háil liom `my wish is to be in bonds,' Dán Dé ix 2. idh geimhle cháigh do choimhdhe `the chain of the world's salvation,' Aithd. D. 64 § 32. idh cháol chimidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330. na hidhe iaruinn dobhí asan droichid `the chains of iron,' RC xix 272 § 195. idh do cheir fa eitibh eóin, Rel. Celt. ii 228.32 . Of horses: ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail (here id by itself seems=id fata, see below), TBC-LL¹ 3825. ? i.¤ ara ḟastas cech ech | a ellma as dech do cech rath, Ériu ix 47 § 18. ? cuma leis [in] eich na idai immbi [┐ in] c[h]onair forsa tēit (? sic leg.), ZCP viii 103.y .

id erchomail a spancel, a shackle between the forefeet: atnaig F. id n-erchomail tria a di pherid, LU 5697. asso ... i[n]d i.¤ n-irchomail duit i nduais t'airchetail, Anecd. i 8.14 . idh urchumail gl. trica, Ir. Gl. 279. i.¤ ercomail. quia eq[u]us in eo it .i. imthét , O'Mulc. 702. buiseom oc snim irchomail fo Grip .i. gabar Diarmada. Beir lat indn idh sea, Anecd. i 8.13 .

id fata the long spancel (i.e. hindfoot to forefoot) (Plummer MS. notes): i.¤ [ḟ]ata (sic leg.) (v.l. idh fata) aurslaicthi a ech, TBC-LL¹ 2539.

(c) a collar: a n-aimsir Ḟearadhaigh robói an idh Mhorainn, Cóir Anm. § 107. cosmhail barr a ghlaice gile | ré tarr slaite ige úaid `the thick part of the hoop of a torque (?),' KMMisc. 168 § 8. ar dhealgain a ghúalann gile | deargaidh búabhall idhe (v.l. ighe) óir a golden trumpet-shaped torque, IGT Decl. ex. 306. an iodh Morainn; agus do ba do bhuadhaibh na hidhe-se cibé do chuirfeadh fá na bhrághaid í ..., Keat. ii 3659 - 60 . ? To this: focheirded i.¤ n-óir immi, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.22 .

(d) a ring: do lámh gan idh órdaighthe | is céad fáinne fád bhráighid, Dánta Gr. 13.15 . iodh óir ... an tan do bhiadh a mhac chomh arrachta is go líonfadh a mhéar an iodh, Keat. ii 3382.

ringlet, curl: ciabh ... go n-ilmhét n-egh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . folt i n-a óir-idhibh air, DDána 67 § 27. ar gach n-iodh d'idhibh a chúil, Studies 1941, 125 § 36 .

? To this: idh .i. foilghi no cumdach, Ériu xiii 80 § 277.

imm-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-tét or dil.ie/27940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immthigid, imatīagsa, imthigi, imthéit, n-imthet, imme[t]ét, himthíagar, imtiagam, imthiagat, immetiagat, imthegind, imteged, immátheged, imtiagmais, imtheigmís, immathegtís, imthigid, imté, immath, n-imthiasam, imthesid, imrega, imrega, imregat, imluid, imlodmar, immelotar, amluidset, imruláith, immruldatar, im-rul[l]atar, imrulatdar, imrulaiseat, immandeochatar, immthigid, im(i)gid, imighter, imdhigmet-ne, imighsi, imdhedh, imdigem, imthigmit, imthiger, imeochad, n-imtheochad, imthigfe-su, nimeochuir, non-imtigfe, imeochaidh, imdeogus, no-imdigfed, imeochad, imtighis, imighis, ro-imdig, d'imgimair, ro-imdichset, ro-imthigset, ro-imthigsetar, imthighedar

v Mid. Ir. immthigid i. indic. pres. s. 1 rel. imatīagsa, TBC-I¹ 659. s. 2 imthigi, LU 3541. s. 3 imthéit, 3831 . nád n-imthet , Críth G. 536. rel. imme[t]ét, Ml. 45c9 . pass. ní himthíagar , Ériu ii 208 § 28. p. 1 imtiagam, Wb. 6a30 . p. 3 imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 426. rel. immetiagat, Ml. 45c9 . impf. s. 1 imthegind, SR 1337. s. 3 imteged, Laws i 72.11 Comm. rel. immátheged, LU 9309. p. 1 imtiagmais, TBC-I¹ 2657. imtheigmís, TBC-LL¹ 3540. p. 3 rel. immathegtís, LL 290a11 . ipv. p. 2 imthigid, IT i 75.2 . subj. pres. s. 3 imté, Tec. Corm. § 33.12 . rel. immath, Ériu ii 208 § 29. p. 1 dia n-imthiasam , Ml. 46c20 . p. 2 ni imthesid , Wb. 22c4 . fut. s. 2 imrega, Trip.² 1277. s. 3 imrega, Anecd. i 13.11 . p. 3 imregat, TBC-I¹ 79. pret. s. 3 imluid, Imr. Brain § 2. p. 1 imlodmar, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . p. 3 rel. immelotar, Thes. ii 242.15 . amluidset, RC xv 294.4 . With ro : s. 3 imruláith, LU 8575 (FB). imrulaid, SR 7605. p. 3 nicon immruldatar , Thes. i 488.27 im-rul[l]atar, Sc.M² § 6. imrulatdar (sic leg.), SR 3441. imrulaiseat, CCath. 2653. immandeochatar, LU 9246.

As simple vb. immthigid, later reduced to im(i)gid : indic. pres. pass. pl. imighter, Ériu iii 164 § 20. p. 1 imdhigmet-ne, PH 6810. ipv. s. 2 imighsi, Ériu iii 170 § 20. s. 3 imdhedh, Mac Aingil 465.14 . p. 1 imdigem, PH 3072. imthigmit, Mer. Uil. 204. subj. pres. s 1 imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . fut. s. 1 imeochad, RC xix 36.12 . co n-imtheochad , SG 85.25 . s. 2 imthigfe-su, PH 4845. a nimeochuir , O'Gr. Cat. 312.z . s. 3 non-imtigfe, RC xxvii 302.5 . ní imeochaidh , Donlevy xxi 16 . rel. imdeogus, Acall. 5461. sec. fut. s. 3 no-imdigfed, Aisl. Tond. 93.17 . do imeochad , Maund. § 198. pret. s. 3 imtighis, Ériu iii 164 § 18. imighis, 156.3 . ro-imdig, PH 1641. p. 1 d'imgimair, JRSAI ii 360.9 . p. 3 ro-imdichset, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . ro-imthigset, Sc.M² R § 6 . ro-imthigsetar, IT i 73.11 . ro imthighedar , ML² 1929.

I intrans.

(a) goes around, goes about, travels, sets forth, comes, goes (in general sense) : hore is fri de imtiagam `since it is by day that we travel,' Wb. 6a30 . is samlaid insin imme[t]ét leusom int ais lósc `it is thus the blind walk with them,' Ml. 45c9 . ité immelotar immuaneclis fu thrí, Thes. ii 242.15 . atáa mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur, Críth G. 536. fer imthéit co n-eri `a man who travels with a load,' Ériu ii 204.15 . nech ... immetet ann frí less n-oli one ... who goes about for the advantage of another, Anecd. iii 23.9 . is amlaid imthēged Medb ┐ leth int slōig impe, TBC-I¹ 862. is ē tricius ┐ āttius imoroget, dāig is chucaind imthigit, 2554 . ri secht nimi ... imrulaid etronn ... fri ré tri bliadan trichat, SR 7735. tucht imruláith in Líath Macha ... fón charput dar fot chóicid Concobair, LU 8575 (FB). in t-sligi mór sa imthéit sechond gia leth imthéit which goes by us, TBC-LL¹ 1143. ocus grian gel cid imthet ?, SR 7916. ni caraim in uisci n-duabais | imteit (leg. imeteit) seoch toebh m'arais, AU i 352.2 . na-ṅgeib-sium eill nári cu n-imthig athach leo, MU² 672. imteged leo fo muirib he used to travel about with them under the sea, Laws i 72.11 Comm. imthesidsi isin matain i mbarach dia saigid, LU 5963. imrulatdar, garbaib gelt | iar tirib amraib Egept they set forth through the wonderful lands of Egypt, SR 3441. imrulaidhset meic Miledh do gabail in Inbear Slaine, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.12 . tabair ascaid m-bicc dam rēsiú imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . im-rulaid remi Cú Chulainn i tremdírgi na sliged, MU² 53. do imgedh roime as a haitle `then he proceeded on his way,' Celt. Rev. iv 18.10 . imthigfe-su for nathrachaib thou wilt walk on, PH 4845. imluid Rúadh dar luing amach `R. went out over the ship's side,' RC xv 294.5 . is e ro-imdig cosaib tirmaib darsin muir, PH 1641. is minicc ro imged se ar muin an luicc, Stair Erc. 1979. ro imigset inn aidchi sin co matin `they marched that night until morning,' Cog. 78.10 . tar ceann go n-imgheann léna ghoin ar fud an fhásaigh, TSh. 2517.

(b) goes away, departs: `ab eo,' didiu, `úad' immthíag, Hib. Min. 36.z . ro-imdichset co ndimdo et tuirrsi, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . dá n-anuind do-chuadus d'ég ┐ dá n-imthiger táinic mo sáegal, Comp. CC 96.25 . ma do imid nírab soraid dō in raga rug, CCellaig 114. imidh uaim go foill, BNnÉ 210 n. 1 . imdhedh go tigh na bpian let him depart, Mac Aingil 465.14 . imgem sul éirgius lucht in baile, SG 243.16 . imthigid ass ... uair moni digsid ass innocht no-bor-mairfither imbárach, IT i 75.2 . do ceilebair doib ┐ roimígh uatha, RC x 183.11 . roimtigsed a n-élod a n-urtosach na haidchi, TTebe 4613 . imthighidh, a dhream mhalluighthe, san teinidh shíordhaidhe ite maledicti, TSh. 6558. na grása luaimneacha do thigeas agus imthigheas `the transitory graces which come and go,' Donlevy 208.20 . Fig. passes away, is lost: mairidh an litir ┐ imghídhidh an chuimhne, ML 182.16 .

(c) Fig. proceeds, walks (of manner of life) : dia n-imthiasam iar timnaib ind rechto, Ml. 46c20 . ni imthesid cen imdéicsin `ye shall not walk without circumspection,' Wb. 22c4 . in tíí ... nach fégann ... sét na sualach. ┐ nách immthigend dia reirr-sin, PH 4668. co n-imthiget i toil Dé, 7119 . in popul ... nach imthiged iarsin etargnu spirutalla, 4595 .

(d) imm-tét ... for (ar) befalls, happens: cech eigen catha ... imdeogus ortsa, Acall. 5461 v.l. día cabuir ó cach decair do imeochad orra, Maund. § 198. cred do imdigh ar a mhnai no ar a cloind, BCC 266.28 . in dímiadh sin ro imdig for a rig, MR 30.2 . do tuic an righan ... gur imidh fordol eigin druidhechta fuirri, Stair Erc. 65. is cosmhuil ribh-se ... | gur imthigh ní éigin ort, Dánta Gr. 11.11 . an gcuala Alba ... | ar imthigh air fan abhluinn, Aithd. D. 53. 9 . Used absol. : do imdigh gach ní da ndubairt C.C., BCC 268.38 . in domnach imrulaid in esergi choimdeta, LB 203b27 .

(e) imm-tét ... fri has to do with, deals with: chum nach n-imtheochadh re mion-chonntas móimintidhe do-ghní sí úsáid don mbliadhain do orduigh Julius Caesar `that she might not have to deal with (lit. in order not to go with) the minute reckoning of moments ...,' Corp. Astron. 8.27 . gibé ris (i.e. the world) gach aimsir imgheas, Hackett xlii 123.

(f) Metaph. usages

(i) changes, varies: imtiagad breatha ilbruige, glossed : at saine bretha forsna bruigi, Laws v 466.15 , 470.3 Comm. ar imtiagait breth (? leg. bretha) aimsera .i. is eimh teit an brethemhnus fo aimsir cana no cairde, O'Curry 1615 (< 23 Q 6, p. 6a-b ).

(ii) is lost, is done for: muna fóire Semus gu luath d'imgimair `we are lost,' JRSAI ii 360.9 . mas e Dia adeir ... cait a n-abair é ? murab é acht duine, do imigh tu you have lost your case, you are done for, Luc. Fid. 323.3 .

(iii) dies: d'imthigh Maghnus Prióir Atha Luain gan lorg `died without issue,' Hy Maine 166.24 . Also with acc. bás (see sect. II infra.) : cia sa hoiged ┐ bás as deach a n-immtheid rig, Alex. 56. Cf. sul n-imghead d'éag, Hackett xliv 34.

II With acc.

(a) circumambulates, travels on, traverses: flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `along the way they go,' Ml. 45c9 . nicon immruldatar cosa doine riam lar srotha iordanein, Thes. i 488.27 (Tur.). bid latt cech ní imrega everything which thou shalt traverse shall be thine, Trip.² 1277. nach ní immathegtís co cend .uii. mbliadan ní ássad arbur ... trít, RC xiii 448 § 36. atcondarccaissiu ... indus imatíagsa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659. atát gillai dún is' taig imrul[l]atar in cocrích, Sc.M² § 6. cid menic imthigi in síd, LU 3541. ro-imthig an loch cen eathar, BColm. 102.14 . mar ḟandaill imtheít muir, TBC-LL¹ 1301. ba he med na seicce co n-im[th]ighdis daíne ┐ índile locha Erenn uile, RC xviii 181.18 . gach duine do imeóchad an cuan sin, ZCP xi 116.3 . ro imgedur ilimud do marannaibh garbha, Stair Erc. 1524.

(b) goes about in the sense of encloses: do forgeis dó aní imaragha a charbat do neoch bu mellach lais do Laighnibh, Anecd. i 44.24 . in mét ferainn imteitt srut[h] Tibir, CCath. 3471. issin ross imtheit Boind, CRR 38.14 . includes: ar ecnairc ind uli sceptra immidechaid da (=do) shoscela, Ir. Lit. p. 43 n. 20 . See also under imm-ticc.

(c) goes round protectingly, guards: baei cú occa no-imthiged Laigniu uili, Sc.M² § 1 R . roboí tan ... ba messe immátheged, LU 9309. nech ... imdoraegae caill ┐ mag remib ... ind agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.10 . a thuir imthéit Gaedel gnáth `o tower that ever guarded the Gael,' Metr. Dinds. iii 100.2 . cotomimthegat lūirecha uile leasa uadh, ZCP vi 258.5 .

sílad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sílad or dil.ie/37505

u m. vn. of 1 sílaid.

(a) act of sowing : atáa mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . mí sílta(i), Críth G. 538 . a silad in air sin o fhiaclaib na nathrach, roeirgetar fir fon armghaisced `from the sowing of that tilth with the serpent's teeth men arose under arms', TTebe 68 . ? To this: go rug lámh Ghearuilt ar ghal | fá Chlár seanAirt an síoladh, LBranach 7201 .

(b) act of generating, propagating, breeding : [mac] fri silad, fri sírtuistin, SR 2818 . cethracha bliadan . . . | co ragaib in Seth s.¤ , 2016 . da ṡilad, Laws v 404.25 Comm . (of pigs) (gloss on thorbu in: ni lugu do foglaib fofechat olldas di thorbu dogniat, 22 ). dedhe da cech cenel anmann indlighthech . . . fo daigh siolta uatha, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.16 . dob ail le Dia darinne iat brig silta da beth innta `the power of propagation', Ir. Astr. Tr. 156.15 . sílad clann, an ogam kenning for the letter `u': siladh clann, ur les-[s]ium sin, ar is i uir in talman dogni silad na clann cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5652 - 3 .

Fig. (c) act of disseminating, spreading : na digsed do silad chreitme co Temraig, Thes. ii 354.8 (Patrick's Hy. pref.). hic silad creitme, Trip.² 413 . do s.¤ brethre De hi clúasaib cach duine, LU 9638 . tri hanmand . . . | do ṡ.¤ topuir Temrach `to make known', Metr. Dinds. i 22.128 . is scél fír fri s.¤ sin, iv 190.51 . níor mhisde an ḟírinne riamh | . . . | beag bhfoirne dá síoladh soin, Content. xviii 13 . deighreacht ré linn dá ṡíola[dh] (sic leg.), xv 47 . seanchus filidheacht coimhgne | is rígh d'uaislibh na foirne | áirimhthear dá síoladh sin `it is kings . . . that are told of as spreading history . . .', iii 19 . saoibh-eólas do shíoladh lé briathraibh míne mailíseacha, TSh. 8979 . lucht síolta . . . na suibhisgéal, 7458 .

(d) act of arising, springing (from): mar chrann i ndeireadh aoise | . . . uaimse gach olc ag síoladh, Measgra D. 76.31 (= A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 9 ).