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abras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abras or dil.ie/85

n o, m. abhras `cóir' (obhras `lochtach') m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) gesture, action: int a.¤ dungní in corp do dia gl. confessio, Ml. 138a4 . huand abrussa .i. clointa cinn són gl. hoc gestu, 127c22 . a.¤ ┐ abairt dogní int ócláech, TBFr. 49 . abhras ┐ abhairt inann iad séic .i. cleasa ainisa, O'Curry 1310 (H 3.18, 604). ba hé a.¤ ind fir teinm cnó, RC xxv 346 § 3 . ? ro raidhsiom huaghnabras, Gael. 50, 131 ( Blathm. 474 ).

(b) handiwork, yarn-spinning: a.¤ . . . mad fige . . . mad a.¤ (adbrus, aprus, v.l.) etir dí láim, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . ná derntar isin domnach . . . fuine ná maistred ná abrus `yarn-weaving', 202 § 17 . táithe abrais (obrais, abhraisi, v.ll.) (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.36 . Hence yarn, thread, material: a.¤ .i. lamt[h]orad inailte, Corm. Y 90 . Cf. abrass ebraice .i. abra-ḟes (abarḟes, MS). Abra .i. inailt . . . arindī foglennat feis lāmtoruid, O'Mulc. 5.6 . itir abrus ┐ etach, Laws ii 372. z Comm. im cloidem corthaire im abrus, i 150.7 . ro ḟig in n-a.¤ cen ḟell, LL 16470 ( RC xlvii 290.1 .) tar cend abrais, ZCP x 51.25 . a n-eiri ón echtrasin Fhailghech / ar echlachuibh d'adhbras `horseboys laden with yarn', Studies 1920, 417.43 .

Cf. abairse.

1 ad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ad or dil.ie/248

n law, custom: a.¤ .i. dliged, Corm. Y 93 . adh na techta tuinige . . . a.¤ do coislead tuinide .i. dligedh na techtand tuinidi in feraind do som, Laws iv 4.17, 21 Comm. adh n-aen bescna .i. is inann do reir bafisa gnae no aibind dligedh a techtaigthi, 18.19 , 20.19 Comm. no a.¤ deligthi dliged risinni romainn, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 (and ZCP xvi 229 ). ?manip a.¤ rosuidiged hi comdire . . . cach noad nuibe `were it not for the law (?) by which . . . has been fixed', Ériu xii 42.1 . ?adhfhlaith .i. flaith dlightheach, O'Cl.

adamaint

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamaint or dil.ie/284

n (with unlen. -m-) (based on oblique case of Lat. adamas) adamant-stone, diamond: imm crisdall imm a.¤ , Alex. 84 . an liag aidhne daideimint tug on Aifric, RC xi 321.z . ro fess a mmaith as cach aird / a mágneit a ha.¤ (of India), LL 16197 . adhamoint a n-anmanna, inann sōn ┐ diamont, Marco P. 178 . amhuil adamant . . . dorinne me h'éadan, Ezekiel iii 9 . Fig. a a.¤ ar dhúire, PH 8178 . inntinn a.¤ no croidhe cloiche, Eochairsg. 17.2 . Cf. adamas.

adamas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamas or dil.ie/286

n o, m. (Lat. adamas) adamant: mar tairrnges adhamas (an ta-, v.l.) an tiarann cuici, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.26 . mar ata ag adhamas ar in iarann, 25 . is inann an t-adhamus ┐ a[n] maghnés ` loadstone ', Maund. 139 . clocha adhamuis, 240 . adamus cloch sin dogabar a crich na hIndiat, Celtica ii 70.21 . Cf. adamaint.

admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

adrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adrac or dil.ie/532

n (cf. 3 drech): tuic ┐ cuir le ceile, ut est, sceo duine a.¤ do denam de ┐ inann rac ┐ ben ┐ rl., O'Curry 263 (H 3.18, 151). Cf. adhrac refusal, O'R. Poems adhrae .i. diultadh, O'Cl.

aicilliugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicilliugad or dil.ie/800

n (aicill(n)e) act of rendering service: mac de nimdu dicheall .i. ni du mo dithle mac de no ni du dom a.¤ mac de: is inann aicilliugud annsin ┐ anacul, O'Curry 282 ( H 3.18, p. 18 ); O'Curry 442 (p. 238a); 2110 (H 4.22 p. 78a).

2 ailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ailt or dil.ie/1074

n (cf. altan) edge, blade; edged weapon(?): a.¤ .i. faebar, Lec. Gl. 305 . gerithir a gae ri a.¤ , LL 6391 . As an object used in swearing an oath: is inann a.¤ ┐ minn, amail adeir . . . toingthi fo a.¤ neimhe .i. fona minnaib is aith amail altain, O'Dav. 160 . ar altaib (arfelltaib v.l.) ar neimib / ardonceltair cuirer, ZCP x 346 § 2 . ?Fig. dó co roeirned dia a.¤ / na huile cesta atchondairc by his keenness, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.147 . Perh. also: Mac Leinin an gai géir gloin / Molaga fá dheoigh mar a.¤ `like a hero', ZCP x 28.6 .

Compd. ¤-berach: soighead . . . ailtbhearach `razor-edged', TD 16.66 .

airchoimted

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchoimted or dil.ie/1736
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchoitmed

vn. of ar-coimtimm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 . Later also airchoitmed. act of excusing, excuse: ni tellfea doib irchoimted in hora iudicii , Wb. 26a23 . inn erchoimded gl. apologiam, Tur. 82 . ní damdatar erchoimded they suffered (i.e. would take) no excuse, Trip.² 2383 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so? co tardad neach [cach] urcomded de, Laws i 236.10 . d'erchuitmed a chinad le[s]-sium = quasi excusationem habeat, PH 5165 . robói . . . oc erchoitmiud (erchoitmedmiud, MS.) na tánaic . . . ar ro boi a tromgalar, TTr.² 809 . Erchoitmed ingine Gulidi, title of a story, Hib. Min. p. 65 . ier ttabairt a choipsen go huilidhi gan urchuidmedh fon doman, Fl. Earls 154.22 . As comic n.pr.: frisrogart Aurchuitmhe (Aurchoimned v.l.) mac Sodethbir . . . co n-erbuirt sidhe ac urchuitmhe (aurcomdet, aurchuidbeth v.ll.) assa leith, Anecd. ii 68.2 . ? ag urchuitmhe (oc aurchoim, oca hurcoim v.l.) ar Themraig, 53.z. urchuidmheadh .i. diúltadh no leithsgéal, O'Cl. Cf. auráin .i. aurcomndeth, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 75a ). tícht co P. do erchoitmed fris to make excuses for him to P., Trip.² 2173 . ba h-irchuitbed fri foigdech 'making excuses to a beggar', MacCongl.² 27.854 = aerchuidmeadh fri foigeach, BB 66b37 = airchisecht fri f., Triads 83 . bai . . . B. . . . ic erchoitmhedh frisna cléirchibh expostulating with, Lism. L. p. 224 n. 2 . ? aurcoimde . . . im biadh, ┐ cidh adhaltras no techt for coibdelaigh do cach aon chena is inann ┐ in teisinnracas mbreithre, O'Curry 1947 ( 23 Q 6, 50 b ). cethardha foloing imarbas . . . slatratu ┐ urcoimded, Laws iii 92.12 . ? cedfaidh cach nurcoimdedh uadha som, iv 356. 18, 21 .

3 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airlann or dil.ie/2176
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airlannacha

n But see Sages, Saints and Storytellers 3 . Orig. o, later ā, f. Pl. also airlannacha. Perh. same word as 2 a. correspondence, analogy, parallel: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? a [a]urlunn grád n-ecalsa; ar na(ch) grád bís i n-eclais is coir cia beith a [a]urlann i túaith there should be a corresponding rank among lay people, Críth G. 6 (see note). In follg. late exx. seems to refer to a gloss or explanation or different version of a passage in a legal text. Sometimes replaced by `ceist' or `in bec sin': rosia co fichit sed sair cumail .i. forgu cumaile cumal airgit. ise tuicsin na hurlainde sin that gloss is to be understood as follows, O'Curry 578 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cindus do cuirfi an urlann sin re cheile? issedh is cur le ceile don nurlaind sin .i. in moghifit adubairt is inann rena rad ard ┐ is inann ard ┐ urdraic how is that explanation to be construed? 579 (ib.). is roinn ar do adeir in urrland sin do denam ar in fogail, 612 (ib. 298). cinnus tuicter in urlainn sin. issedh is tuicsin disin, 282 (ib. 151). cad is tuicsin don urlainn sin no cad is machnugud di. issedh is etergnugad don ceist sin, 283 (ib.). Cf. cad is etergnu don bec sin, ib. tuiceadh an ti leathfas an urlainn, 962 (ib. 415 ) (closing words of an explanation). tuic in bec sin, ib. mar adeir an urlainn bec maith (citing an explanation), 1443 (ib. 644b) (perh. name of a tract, Plummer MS. notes). cuir le cheile an urlann coitcenn sin ┐ cad é fuba ┐ forrubaiter re radha, 1966 (H. 4.22, 13) = 623 ( H 3.18, 301 ) `? the common element in the things compared i.e. the syllable ba', Plummer MS. notes). Cf. the gramm. meaning of 2 airlann. antechta so ┐ cuir fein urlannacha arin corp madh bhinn gnoithe agad ris ┐ iarr tuilledh ┐ dogebhair (marg. note), O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, c. 542 ). atá Cain Adamnain agam . . . ┐ a muinigin go ffaicfeinn Flann mac Cairpri . . . da fechain an ccuirfed urlannacha ar na neithib cruaide benus le breithemnus filet innte, Brussels 4190 f. 46 v (scribal note, cited from Plummer MS. notes). edir chorpaibh ┐ urlannaibh `texts and accompaniments (i.e. preface, glosses and epilogue)', Gorm. 2.4 .

2 ál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ál or dil.ie/2856

adj. of rare occurrence outside glossaries, which explain it as timid, fearful, afflicted: al .i. eccail nó tlaith, ut est al cach hongtha .i. is tlaith intí dia tabair olc .i. ecail nó ocal gach athguinech no gach benta, O'Dav. 116 . á.¤ cech angtha, Tec. Corm. § 13.23 . al gach ongtha .i. eagal gach athghonta, O'Cl. āl cach n-ai[n]gid, ACL iii 228.84 . āl cach n-imoman, 229.129 . Adv. da mbett rim co há.¤ (: dál) (oppd. to co tenn), Misc. Hag. Hib. 33.16 . Subst. is inann ferc ┐ al doib sin, ZCP xviii 264.17 (translating Lanfranc's drede, p. 282).

ana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ana or dil.ie/3245
Last Revised: 2019

n a.¤ .i. fogail, óir is inann a greig ┐ fogail againne, O'Curry 970 (H 3.18, 416).

1 apad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apad or dil.ie/3859
Last Revised: 2019

o, n. Vn. of ad-boind. act of proclaiming, giving notice . In Laws used of the period of notice given before the process of athgabál is begun: [d]o airlither anta for athgabala ┐ da napa[d] do cuisin do cach athgabail . . . a.¤ cuicthe do fechemuin ┐ a.¤ dechmaide do feine, Laws i 262.20 . cintach cach fine iar n-elodh iar n-apa iar n-urfogra, 264.14 . robui in athgabail cen anad cen apadh cen dithim, 80.7 Comm. nocha ninnruighi é . . . a gabail athgabala . . . muna roibe fath is deach aice in gach sofis anta ┐ apuid, ii 88.16 Comm. a.¤ naile o mhnaoi ┐ tesus is tir a foircend na haoile ┐ anadh se la notice of two days is given by a woman and she goes into the land at the end of two days, iv 22.16 Comm. abad teora dechmadh do tabairt iman ferann; abad cach lae do tabairt ime re re na cétdechmaidhe, 2.18 Comm. muna fuil forus aice etir, nocha nfuil re do acht apud raite air i.e. if he has no land of his own he is given the notice of common land, ii 90.9 Comm. iar naimsir apaid . . . uair inann a.¤ ┐ urḟoccra sunn, O'Curry 1444 (H 3.18, 645a). cin a.¤ .i. focedoir; cin forfogra .i. iardain, 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ). a.¤ ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . ? Matudán miad / a.¤ mál ial (a.¤ adbal ial v.l.) / cotgaib cach riad / roimdidi, IT iii 57 § 109 . Note also: adhbo .i. abach .i. earfhuagra, O'Cl.

See also dían-apad.

1 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 árach or dil.ie/3926

Forms: arag, airge

n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 (see GOI § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 .

(a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow] performs the tying', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21 Comm. airge con anaithne, O'Curry 2510 ( Eg. 88 41b ) = erge con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach, Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii 99.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig leash , see loman and cf. cona.¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC-LL¹ 1003 .

(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach: arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with proper pledges (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 17 § 4 . issed coir cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of a good surety who would not evade', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking their bond', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety to abide by the decision', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach geall iar narach, O'Curry 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a ná.¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond', Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a.¤ in geilfine, O'D. 740 (H 3.17, c. 538).

In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you, LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á.¤ / dáig nim láech gan lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC-LL¹ 3044 . tan nad rabe naidm nó á.¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma, LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.3 . gan urradha gan á.¤ , AFM vi 1988.16 . ro naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á.¤ / [. . .] na n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 . fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á.¤ orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii 154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC-LL¹ 3163 . táirthis baéth n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see maeth).

(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . . á.¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig. 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á.¤ ort seeks an opportunity against thee, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a.¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 . mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á.¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to reform him(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á.¤ na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise humility(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á.¤ for (ar): ní faghthar, ní fríoth, á.¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was found to attack them under Art, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á.¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann, Keat. iii 2911 . á.¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 . nir gabadh á.¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .

Note further: in uair na raibhe á.¤ acut fén ort `when you had no power over yourself', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á.¤ , O'R. Poems 1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á.¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh. 528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh plan, BB 417a16 .

See also árad.

3 art

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 art or dil.ie/4323
Last Revised: 2013

n (Gr. ἄρτος Akten Bonn 125-26 ) explained in glossaries as god: a.¤ .i. dīa, unde dicitur Eochaid Find Fūath n-Airt .i. fūath dēa fair ar a chāime, Corm. Y 26 . domemaid A.¤ uasal .i. dīa ūasal, ib. is inann a.¤deus (.i. día), Cóir Anm. 167 . a.¤ .i. potens, ut dicitur domemaid a.¤ uasal .i. deus , O'Mulc. 55 . Cf. 4 art, 1 ard (f). altaigis buide dia Art antī Angal, ZCP viii 103.8 = a.¤ a buidi do dia anti A., Ériu ii 186.y . cartōit im Art (.i. Dia), ZCP v 486 § 8 (B. na f.).

athardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athardacht or dil.ie/4649

n (artharda) patrimony: banntigerna budh mó inme ┐ atharrdhacht na tusa d'faghail, ZCP vi 81.33 . ionann athardhacht aithreadh, TD 26.44 . o mhalairt a athardhacht[a], Deuteronomy xviii 8 . as inann nadúir do'n duine ┐ do'n aingel ┐ o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in a.¤ ó'n aingel `severed himself from the angel', PH 7434 .

1 bas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bas or dil.ie/5442

Forms: bos, bos, bas, bass, bassa, bosi, -seng

n ā, f. Also bos. bos bas, IGT Decl. § 39. See ZCP xviii 111.

(a) palm of the hand : bass `palma', Ir. Gl. 94. na bassa gl. palmas, Gild. Lor. 58. ní bí acht oen díb for a bais (of a juggling feat), BDD² 1168. benaid a hurlond fria bais co ba trí (of feat with lance), 1234 . éicnech ra imluaid a bais / ar a ḟindgruaid Enechglais, LL 7126. rosṁbī Brigit fria boiss (bois, v.l.) `against her palm', Thes. ii 346.5 (Hy.v). isat bána do bassa, TFerbe 711 . etrocht b.¤ fo beind mbuabaild bright the hand about a drinking-horn, IT iii 19 § 54. oc ool usci da bois builid, SR 1893. do bhárr a bhoise no imaineadh cach aeghaire feis cacha fidbaidi `with the palms of his hand', MR 100.18 . ro-s-buailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib a gnuis, PH 117. dearg an bh.¤ gidh bé ar a geall `red His hand', Dán Dé ix 16 . a-tá 'gan chol b.¤ rem béal `sin raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . as a basuibh bairr-gheala, Ériu iv 112.26 . gur buail b.¤ Críst in comlaid, 116.22 . ruc leis e ar bharr baisi he took him by the hand, 56.22 . dá ngabha mo bhais, Aithd. D. 40.10 . le bárr méir baise, Hackett xx 22 . daringni rethrean rebach bossi di (sc. of the spear of Saturn), LL 31778 ( TTr. 967 ). In name of a metre: debide baisi fri toin, IT iii 18 § 49 , bosi, 46 § 71 .

With prep. I in possession, control : an tir na bhais gé do beadh `in his hand [possession],' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.17 .

In phrase b.¤ do thabhairt fá to reject : b.¤ do thabhairt fá bhréagánaibh an tsaoghail, TSh. 6984.

As object with vbs. of beating, striking, expressing grief or other emotion: adsoirg a bossa la sodain he beats his hands (of Bricriu on seeing his ruined house), LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). robuailsetar basa leo `they smote their palms', TTebe 2253 . rontuaircc a uassv ( = bhassu), Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2. tug . . . / treas fan uaigh ar bualadh bos, Rel. Celt. ii 234.40 .

Of capacity: co tuca nech dib . . . bais gráin do `a handful of grain', Laws iii 382.7 Comm. bass dina fertsib immon creitt `a handful ', TBC-LL² 4819 . Of hoofs, claws, etc. of animals and birds: b.¤ ind Ḟind `the White Bull's hoof', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.17 . co ruildetar a mbossa ┐ a n-eti dind usciu (of birds), LU 3265 ( SCC 6 ). cét mb.¤ for cach laim ┐ cét ningen for cach bais (of an infernal monster), RC iv 252.27 . nosnáitis muir dia mbossa ( = mbassaib, ed.) `they (i.e. ravens) paddled the sea with their feet', Metr. Dinds. iii 258.2 . eoin bas ndearg, Aithd. D. 9.9 .

(b) Extended applications: ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a boige is a small vessel with a handle', O'Dav. 201. do basaibh na ruádhrámha blades, CCath. 1934. do bhais fidraidh corcra cruind `with . . . wooden oar-blade', Magauran 1284 .

(c) As measure of length or breadth: ceithri orlaighi i mbais, teora basa i troighid, Laws iii 334.20 Comm. (see ZCP xiv 358 ). tinne laime .i. b.¤ a tiget a tinne, ii 252.8 Comm. is inann in fiche dorn so ┐ in tricha b.¤ tall i mbrethuib neimhe, 23 Comm. trí bassa téchtai: bass etir a assa ┐ a ochrai, bass etir a ó ┐ a berrad, bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún `three lawful handbreadths', Triads 222 . ba cáilithir b.¤ (= unius palmae mensura), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compds. With adjj. ¤gel having white hands: Ainnli baisgel, IT ii2 137.13 . ¤lebar: slat bhoisleabhar ón mBóinn mir (of Maguire), DDána 75.42 . ¤lethan (of a horse) having broad hoofs: gabur . . . b.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). -seng having slender hands: síodhaidhe boisseang (of Maguire), DDána 70.10 . With subst. and vn. ¤béimnech beating of hands (to show emotion): nuall . . . ┐ basbemnech ┐ ecaine, LB 154b35 . ¤orguin act of beating the hands: dogní in bosórguin se oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, LU 6927 (BDD). See basc(h)rann, basgaire.

2 bí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bí or dil.ie/5810
Last Revised: 2013

n f. Usually inflected as t-stem; see Études Celt. xxvii 184 . Name of some part(s) of a door or entrance: fo dí b.¤ ind rígthaigi, LU 8187 ( FB 13 ; `sous les deux montants du seuil de la maison royale´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 ). for foradaib bith insin óenuch `entrance' (?), ZCP iii 216 § 31. In phr. crann mbí(th) `threshold´ Misc. Ascoli 386 : fó dé b.¤ in righthighe inann sin ┐ in fordorus ┐ in tairrsech (lintel and threshold), uair is iat sin in da chrann tar a téd na b. amuich ┐ amach, is aire sin atberar crainn b.¤ friu uair adeir is in bretha nemhe, itir crand mbi ┐ in chainnell, O'Curry 1322 (H.3.18, 608a). áile tech miodhchuarta . . . garbh n-eochrach a chrann [mbi], Ériu xiii 40.14 , Misc. Hib. 23. 16 ( IT iii 51 § 94 ). Cf. bi .i. tairsich . . . garb n-ochrach a crand mbith blaith bith coire .i. in crann his fo mbeo .i. in tairsech . . . dul dibec itir b.¤ ┐ cainneall, O'Dav. 233. i ndorus in daurthige connice in crand mbith, LB 277a54 . In biological sense (?): in am luide don chrunn síuil bruitis bí a croith innallaile, combu ógslán `au moment où elle alla sur le chevalet d’accouchement, elle cousit les sueils de sa vulve l’un contre l’autre, si bien qu’elle fut vierge´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 .

boicmell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boicmell or dil.ie/6292

n [o, m.] (1 or 2 boc + mell) name of a kind of fool: ni bi raith friut . . . b.¤ (.i. fo a mbit na mill buic fo bragaid, n. 10, ref. to goitres ? Plummer MS. notes) . . . ┐ inann in bobre ┐ in buicmeall ┐ in meallach suirig . . . ┐ in druth go rath `let not be surety for you . . . a `b.¤'', Ériu xi 73 § 7. Cf. bocmeall .i. fo mbit na mill buicc braghad no is boc ar merdacht mella congna `(one) under whom are the soft lumps of the neck. Or he is a he-goat for madness (who has) the lumps of horn', O'Dav. 318. in bocmbell, one of twelve names given to the `drúth' and one of six given to the `d[r]uth co rath,' Ériu xi 80 § 7. in druth co sundradach . . . ┐ mellach suirig ┐ b. ainm aile do, 81.5 ( Laws v 144.3 wrongly as n.pr.). ni chlunim gáir echlach, nó boccmell slúaig, nó tarcon turusa inti ` hubbub (?),' RC xiv 416 § 33 , where, however, b.¤ may be g p. depending on gáir.

buic(n)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buic(n)e or dil.ie/7343

n (cf. buicell) expld. as fool, halfwit: ni bi raith fruit . . . buice (.i. an ceo do buaic .i. in fer leth cuinn) . . . inann in buicne ┐ in caoptha . . . ┐ in fer leth cuinn `let not be surety for you . . . a `b.¤'', Ériu xi 73 § 7. ni ba raith friot . . . buicne, xiii 29.10 . See boicmell.

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