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3 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 a or dil.ie/4
Last Revised: 2019

 

geminating particle used before numerals when predicative or substantival and not otherwise defined, see GOI 243 , 679 ; SGS v 42f. a hoen, a dó, a trí trel / a do friu conid cuicḟer, SR 741 . a deich, Fél. Oct. 9 v.l. nach sal aslénna ainech duini biit a trí ocá díunuch, Críth G. 308 . cis lir fodhla for cintaib . . . a secht, Laws iv 240.1 . a tri inda degaid cach caocait, Mon. Tall. 140.30 (§ 33) . arna hathleagad fecht for a sé i.e. seven times, CCath. 4679 . atáid a dó dheag re a n-áireamh, TSh. 1554 . cá mhéid obair . . . ann? a cethair deug, Donlevy 194.23 . a cūig dhíobh ar son esbuidhe na hegluise ┐ an sesiodh . . ., RSClára 152b . Particle omitted in: ó óen co a cóic, Auraic.² 51 § 6,3 . quae sunt unum et duo et tria, et simul sex fiunt gl. óin ... dáu a trian a trí alleth á sé, Thes. ii 31.27 .

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

 

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

aicsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicsiu or dil.ie/823

 

Forms: aicsin, ascin

n n. f. Usually aicsin. Later with g s. -ena, -ina. By metathesis ascin. Also faicsin q.v. Vn. of ad-cí.

Act of seeing: a n-a.¤ oc collud a n-hírend, LU 10561 . bá brón di suidib m'aicsin in imniud, Ml. 44c6 . connabí asse a aicsin leu, 116a1 . oc aiscin in maic, TBC-I¹ 3378 . i nemfecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 151.3 (§ 62) . diceannaib gen agu aicsen, Laws v 74.4 = cen agu aicsena, O'Curry 317 ( H 3.18, 174b ) `? chiefs to supervise them', Plummer MS. notes. eiric aicsena . . . ┐ eiric nemaicsena e. for seeing, Laws iii 178.14 Comm. dofanic ferg . . . ica n-aiscin, TBC-LL¹ 2439 . íar n-ascin oíbniussa flatha nime, LU 2134 ( FA 20 ). ni denta ingnad dom aisginsi annso, ZCP x 301.18 . adlaichda a ascin ri fraig `hero-like its aspect' (of a shield), LL 18389 . ret fhaicsin, a fholt fiar / do-chuaidh mo chiall uaim, DDána 8.10 . ba miannach a aiscena (: feda) `he was desirous to see her' Metr. Dinds. iv 326.24 . do reir na faicsiona, John vii 24 .

ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

airchra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchra or dil.ie/1759

 

Forms: -ae, urchra, orchra

O. Ir. -ae, io, n. Later f. urchra, orchra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of ara-chrin

(a) act of perishing, hence decay, decline, deterioration: cen frescsin báis na hirchri, Wb. 3a14 . inda leu som nisroissed imned na erchrae do grés a soinmigi a cloinaib . . ., Ml. 39c34 . ? deaith doerchrau hi crichaib caincailb . . . .i. do ercrasait mo súile hi cáincrichaib mo chind, ZCP iii 224 § 12 . nir bo dímdach do Dia dein / manbad airc[h]ra dia aimsir (Adam) would not have been ungrateful to God but for being made subject to death, SR 1471 . a herchra ┐ a hélúd tria phecdaib . . . ón bethaid forordai (of the soul), LU 2688 ( RC xxv 250.3 ). flaithus cen hairchra (of heaven), Anecd. iii 69.10 . naími cen ais cen ercra, LU 2470 . betha can bas . . . can ircra, Cog. 172.5 . atá erchra for cach dúil, Ériu i 68.6 . gan orchra ar síodh nó ar sonas (in Heaven), Dán Dé xxv 35 . dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra `which will never fail', RC xvi 36.6 . mo chorp do theacht slán . . . as an neimhthní ┐ as an n-urchra-sa ina bhfuil anosa, Desid. 3189 . a ndul . . . for nefní ┐ a n-ercrai, PH 4271 . See airchor (a).

(b) failure, deficiency, want: amal bid isint (leg. isind) erchru gl. quasi in defectu profecto amicorum, Ml. 30d27 . cenod fil a n-erchre `though they are wanting' (of certain verbal forms), Sg. 193b7 . tre erchrae césta `through failure of the passive', 143a3 . tre erchra indí as esse gl. per ellipsin esse, 169b2 . tre erchra, 197b9 . nocho forbia . . . / a.¤ bíid no etaig, SR 4064 . do choid erchra i nar fin fein our own wine has run out, RC xlvi 236 § 8 . ní bhia urcra ar uisci isin tiprait-si, Lism. L. 2383 . ar oman a foxail airi ┐ a erchrai (of worldly wealth), Ériu vii 172.5 . urcra lathair decay of vigour, RC v 203.z . iar n-erchrai a m-bríg, Alex. 28 . freisligi foghair no ercro erlapra, Auraic. 4724 . irchra ruisc .i. caiche, O'Curry 72 ( H 3.18, p. 46 ). eclipse (of sun, etc.): earcra gréne a medon lái ┐ earcra essca 'sa miss cétna, RC xvii 362.10 (Tig.). orchra gréine for do ghnúis, Ériu viii 134 z . Legal in phrase smacht airchrai dala fine for failure to attend court at the appointed time (`Tarifbusse des Vereitelns des Termins'), Cóic Con. 14.17 cf. ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 . smacht urcrai dala, O'Curry 2305 ( Eg. 88, 23(24)a ). in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala and, Laws iii 330.3 Comm. lán smacht urcraide dala and, O'D. 1694 (H. 5.15, 31b).

(c) In vaguer sense downfall, ruin, defeat: co tí irchre fla[tho] román `until the fall of the Romans' realm shall come', Wb. 26a5 . trom leis . . . clanna na righ . . . do dibud ┐ do erchru triasa fotha sin, LL 407b25 . iar n-urchra a charad, BB 204b32 . nách roichfeadh iomarcaigh no urchra no tochradh a dtighearna tairsibh, ML 116.8 . mar scéith chosanta ar éigion orchra, Ó Bruad. i 196.17 . tug fás ar orchradhaibh slóigh / bás C. caused an increase in the misfortunes of the host, DDána 64.29 . tuile urcra, IGT Decl. ex. 100 . grief, affliction: ná tabhair d'orchra t'aire, Measgra D. 60.29 . méid m'orchra, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

airthúasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthúasacht or dil.ie/2453

 

[ā, f.] vn. of ar-túaisi, act of keeping silent, usually in sense of remaining silent with regard to something, not demurring, not making a complaint, not obeying an order, etc. a n-erthuasacht gl. taceri, not to use them, to suppress them (of ambiguous forms), Sg. 138b8 . aurrtuasacht siu[i]l .i. firdacht ria in tan bis seoladh fuirre .i. gaende no caile, O'Curry 2309 ( Eg. 88 fo. 23b ). itā iubail inna urtuasacht .i. dechmad remaining silent about it (failure to make a complaint) has a term of ten days, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ? uirtuasacht .i. éistecht ut est airthuasacht cunnartha, H 3.18, 416 . is lugha ro lamhsat urtuasacht a breithre and less did they dare to disregard his word, CCath. 1788 v. l. (fuirech, text). ní lamhtha urthuasacht a bhreithre idir `durst not be disobeyed', AFM vi 2120.20 . With transference of meaning: is éigin aurthúasacht a brethi ind fir sin one has to abide by the decision of that man, BDD² 798 .

In Laws Comm. phr. i n-a.¤ in glosses on compds. of -túaisi: ben bís i nurtuasacht a slethe can a fograd who does not announce that she has been violated, v 274.9 (ar-a-tuaisi, text). contuaisi runata nad foeige .i. bidh a nurrthuasacht rúine in Athar neamhdha does not reveal (?), O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, fo. 44(45) ). ? in fer bis a n-urrtuasacht an aimsire (sic) itir ar medon, O'Curry 1902 (23. P. 3, 23(21)b) (con-tuaisi) = 436 (H.3.18, 286a). bera gach nurcunn contuaisi i forngaire sochar no dochar etc. .i. brethemnaighsi for gach nuasal codnach bis [i] nurthuasacht, 2397 (Eg. 88, 31(32)b). co naisneis breithre de do cach inda tuaise, Laws iii 32.33 .i. co nuasal indisin breithre dé (.i. procept) don cach bis a nurtuassa[cht] ria, 34.8 Comm.

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

1 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amm or dil.ie/3157

 

n n., later m. Perh. o-stem, the form áim, LU 7656 (`time', BDD 122 ) being for áin (óen), and in aim when a gen. of time (see exx. below).

Time, point of time: a.¤ aile a second time, LB 231a23 . ón ló ro delaig rinde . . . co ham na huaire sea, Acall. 3452 . cá ham san ló, TSh. 1174 . slechtsat tri maige, méd n-a.¤ `after many a spell', Metr. Dinds. iii 198.13 . as ann báttar . . . mun amsa a ccomhghar do Loch mic F., AFM iii 224.12 . ann amaibh eile at other times, Donlevy iv 23 . Of age: cid óc th'am-sa `though young thy age', Ériu iv 100 § 36 . right time, due season: leis commus ar marbthane / in tan tic in ta.¤ (: cland), LL 306a26 . doriacht a ham ┐ rotuisim oen ingin time of delivery, Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 432 ). do b'é a am `it was high time', PBocht 13.28 . go nár bo ham dóibh luamaireacht, ML 108.13 . a nam ┐ a nanam, 2 Timothy iv 2 . 'na a.¤ in its right time: slighe Dé d'imtheacht 'n-a ham to pursue God's way at the proper time, DDána 3.17 . do-bheir i seachmall a déanamh 'na ham in its due time, TSh. 7392 . fós ós chách do-chuaidh 'n-a am / go hág ar an uair do b'fhearr, DDána 93.27 . With qual. gen.: dessid C. i n-Emain cor bo amm scailti till it was time to disperse, TBC-LL¹ 965 . ám tuismedha, CCath. 648 . ind am éicne in time of need, Lism. L. 3273 . i nam foghelta, Laws ii 114.18 Comm. o do rodha (= do raga) aim iunta `time of laying', iii 380.4 Comm. (leg. aimser?). a.¤ treabhtha, IT iii 196 § 46 . a n-am brēithre Dē d'ēistecht, ACL iii 222.12 . mar sin dóib co ham deirid oidche, SG 56.8 . is am [d'ḟéachain], A. Ó Dálaigh xv 18 . In phrase fo-gaib (or similar vb.) a.¤ (ar) finds time, opportunity (for); gets a chance of: fuair ríghbhean am ar n-eagair found time to arrange us, DDána 48.24 . ó fríoth an t-amsa ar Oileach `having got a chance of O.' Aithd. D. 37.23 . nach faghthar ort am / cruas do chaitheamh liom that you would never have the chance of treating me harshly(?), PBocht 5.25 . mar fuair ar ṡíol Ádhaimh am when (Christ's) time to save Adam's race had come, DDána 3.22 . nach bhfághuid am air urnaigh do dheunadh, Donlevy 478.6 . Note further: am a thabhairt d'a shearbhfhóghantuighibh . . . urnaigh do dheunadh `to allow his servants time . . . ', Donlevy 478.22 .

Adverbial: nach am (not) at any time, Laws i 254.21 Comm. dáig bá snímaig cech a.¤ thair `they were distressed perpetually', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.31 . in ám-sin tra ro-thatin óc milid . . ., PH 7230 . is gach am, Dán Dé xxvi 13 . gach ré n-am alternately, TSh. 6220 . i n-a.¤ at the right time: Muire ┐ naoimh go ttíghid ionar bhfochair a n-am, Párl. na mB. 318 . an lóirghnīomh do dhénamh a n-am, Mac Aingil 3926 . seanḟocal ré rádh i n-am, Content. xxvii 9 .

Phr. a n-a.¤ , in a.¤ (aim) when: ana.¤ dollodar, Blathm. 317 . a n-am luide don chrund siúil, LU 10609 = in am, CCC 6 § 6 . in aim tra ráncatar Emain, LU 8935 ( FB 70 ). inaim robo sāithech . . . Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2221 . in am inat ṡlána secht ṁ-bliadna déc, TBC-LL¹ 1065 ( in aim, 1386 ). in gach am no tomaithead egendail forro `whensoever', CCath. 924 . in n-am bias a chorp a ngill `when he is in need', PH 7548 . sealbh na n-uile an t-am fa bhfuair, Aithd. D. 66.37 . With follg. i n-: an am inda frecrat anfolaid, Laws ii 326.11 .i. an uair, 17 Comm. in am in tochumlat when they swarm (of bees), iv 176.21 .

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

 

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth G. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth G. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi, LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taithnemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

anfolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfolad or dil.ie/3585

 

Forms: anfolta

adj (folud). Predominantly in pl. (anfolaid, anfolta). Later (in sense II) with sg. anfola as dental stem (cf. 2 fola).

I Legal. Lit. bad `folud' (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 374 ). Always of improper conduct or behaviour by one party to a contract, settlement, etc. In Laws and Plummer MS notes translated disqualification , by Thurneysen schlechtes Gehaben, etc.: da ndernu in flaith indligedh marbtha res in cele is dilus do . . . imsgar res tre anfoltuib flatha i.e. if the lord commits a murder which injures the client the latter may withdraw from his relationship with him, Laws ii 274.9 Comm. tria anbfoltaibh flatha (of a lord who brings a larger retinue to the house of a tenant than he is entitled to), 232.8 Comm. imscarad imtoga . . . cen anfolta nechtar da lina i.e. a separation by mutual choice of `flaith' and `céile' without either being guilty of wrong conduct, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann i.e. a separation which the `flaith' wishes but not because of any misconduct on the part of the `céile', 385 § 50 (ib. 316 ). imscarad fri hanmolta (leg. anfolta, Ed.) aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith, 387 § 53 (ib. 324 ). imscarad fri anfolta flatha, 387 § 52 (ib. 322 ). bit dono anfolaid beca and cheana na tuillet anisin, 388 § 53 . imscarad contethgatar anfolaid cechtar da lina an am inda-frecrat anfolaid fo cutruma separation due to bad conduct on both sides, 388 § 54 (ib. 326 ). cach innurbut anfoluid every (woman ?) whom bad conduct causes to be repudiated, Laws iii 60.17 . atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain i.e. there are seven actions (repugnant to a church) by which one may nullify one's gifts (of land to a church), v 128.13 . tir aduberar do eaclais ar anmain, nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt (text) .i. . . . ni dona anfoltaib fofuaslaicet udbarta in domain uil ann aice, 430.11 Comm. na nai ngrada deidinach so . . . ni caemtheta dire . . . na hanfolta, iv 352.9 . anfoladh ┐ docerd ┐ anendge (oppd. to airilliudh ┐ indrucus ┐ endce), 344.15 . Note also: ca coma iarrái ar mac micc in rigfeinded? . . . Gan mo léicen . . . nóco tí m'anfalta fein rium till I give reason through my own deficiencies (of a betrothal), Acall. 5700 . Cf. II (c).

II General.

(a) injury, wrong, injustice (where a poss. precedes this has objective force): ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, LL 220a18 ( TTr. 216 ). is forrán fích rabar foglúais ┐ iss anfola immarcraid, 238b18 (ib. 1612 ). i n-a fích immarcraid ┐ i n-a anfolaid anfóill, 222a43 (ib. 377 ). imda ar n-anfala na tig / ic clannaib Labrada Longsich many the injuries done to us(?), 6982 . do cuimnigh a egóir ┐ a anfolaid `his wrongs and injuries', Celt. Rev. iv 14.18 . ? marb an rí . . . / d'fuillídhain is d'anḟalaigh, Acall. 1203 v.l.

Very common with verbs of avenging, pardoning, etc.: acc aithe a ndímiadha a n-anffaladh ┐ a n-aincridhe, AFM v 1614.23 . d'aithe a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, vi 2146.15 . fear aithe a anfhalta, MR 262.12 . cen a ancraide ┐ can a anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b10 ( TTr. 761 ). do ḟogail a n-anfolaid for Troiannu, LL 231b49 (`illgotten wealth', TTr. 1081 ). aicsiu cach ríg . . . d'iarraid a n-a.¤ for Troianaib, 232b41 ( 1156 ). díghēlum a[r] n-anfolta fuirri, Fianaig. 54.28 . mana ica-sa t'anfholta no t'anfiacha, MR 264.3 . nír maithset meic E. a n-anbfala do'n céd ruathar, 244.3 .

Hence (b) resentment, grievance, grudge, feud, enmity: ros cuimnigset a n-anfalaid bunaid do chlannaib N., LB 119b32 = BB 18b3 . cor-morad tra cocad ┐ anḟolta iarum i cend cloinde N., LB 119b36 = BB 18b6 . rochumnig cách a anfolaid dia cheli, TFerbe 395 . mé do mharbhadh an mhoghadh / a Dhé an adhbhar anfholadh ? `is this a ground for enmity?', Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . Perh. also: adhnoidh a fhíoch dh'anfholtoibh / críoch fhaghloidh go n-adhantair `in fits of fury', O'Hara 189 . do tabairt córach do M. ina agarthaib ┐ ina anfhaltaib to give M. satisfaction in the matter of his . . . grievances(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.26 .

(c) crime, offence, sin: ciaptar imda a n-anfolaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.66 . ar n-a dhiochar tre n-a analtoibh féin a h-Alban, ITS v 26.26 . D. do marbadh . . . tria a anfoltaibh ┐ tria chiontaibh féin, AFM ii 1138.2 . banaltra Dē . . . m'anḟalta lē lēiccfidher my sins will be forgiven for her sake(?), ZCP xii 380.5 . gur bháidh uile ar n-anfholta `till it overwhelmed our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Note also: in da oll-broinig . . . anfalaidh, MR 222.20 .

astal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astal or dil.ie/4522
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Lat. astula, Vendr. Lex.; astella, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 199 ). Presumably chip, splinter, sliver. Taken as meaning book-mark (Vendr. Lex. and Meyer Contribb. compare AS ǽstel in this meaning, but cf. 1 lebar) in the exx. in the glossaries, but plectrum; pointer, baton (?) according to Brown, CMCS xxiv 85-86, 76 : astul .i. ab astilia .i. slisen nō gāe libuir, nō assude a dul, Corm. Y 19 = asdol ab asdula . . ., Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 . astol .i. sliseg, ut est gadais .b. an astol. astol ab asdola .i. slisen, O'Dav. 177 . a.¤ ab astilia .i. slisen, O'Mulc. 63 . a.¤ .i. gai libuir .i. assaite a dul, ut dicitur: a.¤ amra ūas duillind .i. slissiu amra, 96 . a.¤ .i. slis no ga leabhair, O'Cl. dobheir . . . in astail (inda stoil v.l.) darsan mbraghait . . . nach binniu lemsa ceol . . . inas in astoil si, BNnÉ 93 § 204 .

Cf. aistell.

béodae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béodae or dil.ie/5680

 

adj io, iā (béo)

(a) living, animate; lively, active, vigorous: do persanaib beodaib `living', Sg. 39a11 . huare ata ṅdúli beodai fordiṅgrat, 117a1 . rogresestar . . . a buidne beoda, TTebe 1537 . tri beithreaca beodha (i.e. the Sons of Uisnech), IT ii2 146.5 . do bhí sé beodha cródha críonna, Keat. Poems 775. beodha gach brathair fri aroile, AFM v 1768.4 (O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. 302 ).

(b) lucky, auspicious: ni beoda lem . . . cen choirm aran Min-Chaisc dond epscup, Irish Texts i 9 § 30. ni beoda a dula gen geiss, TFerbe 573 . ní béoda do fhechtas ` prosperous ' (Vocab.), TBFr. 356.

Compar. and superl. is a mbéo beres a n-as béodu ┐ a n-as segundo the most vigorous and most accomplished take them alive, LU 5175. bad cháined dom ḟir combad beodu a ben indá more vigorous, TBC-LL¹ 38. in t-adhbar ríg rob aille ┐ rob ḟerr ┐ robo beodha robai ar Erinn `most spirited', RC xviii 164.17 (Tig.).

As subst.: suthain cach mbeōda (mmbeoda, MS.), ACL iii 230.1 . co tiucfa [Críst] do figill brātha idir béoduibh ┐ marb aibh, ZCP vi 84.12 .

2 carr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 carr or dil.ie/8253
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) spear : c.¤ .i. gae, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 67a ) ( Corm. Y 380 ). c.¤ .i. sleagh, O'Cl. a ch.¤ ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)í, Críth G. 592 . dusleigi in cairr ina ndiaid, YBL 212a34 = Carrfiaclach, RC xiv 243.35 . a gae fodessin . . . .i. in Ch. Mailodrāin, Fing. R. 990 . ic dēcsin na cairre . . . .i. in ch.¤ Belaig Duirgen, 1008 - 9 , cf. Dinds. 14 . c.¤ da dorn, O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ).

(b) Name of part of a harp: tēta argait inda chruit, carra óir fuirri ` pegs ', Fianaig. 34.3 ` cross-tree ', Meyer Contribb. caissidir carra (carranda, v.l.) menncrott, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). ? Cf. cuir-se téad ch.¤ in do chruit, Measgra D. 7.132 = corr `additional ?' Gloss.

Of shaft of mill-wheel(?): im c.¤ in muilinn isin fothigh, Fing. R. 877 ; mill-shaft, Studies on Early Ireland 17 , but appears to be m. here and so belongs to 1 carr . Note also: dī chairr déc . . . cetri cairr, LB 120b24 - 25 (= cláir, SR 4233 - 7 ).

Compd. With noun: facbad Art oll a oenur / arse in Cond ar carrbaegul, LL 18010 ` spear-fight ', Meyer Contribb. Add. See 1 corr.

Cásc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Cásc or dil.ie/8309

 

Forms: cásca, cáisc, cáisc, cāisc

pn g s. cásca (Lat. pascha). `Like Lat. pascha treated partly as neut. pl., partly as fem. sg.', GOI 570 . n s. later also cáisc. cáisc f., IGT Decl. § 97 (acht a réim ag anamuin innte, v.l.).

Pasch, Easter, paschal feast : ínnaudbirt .i. in cáisc gl. phase (a s.), Thes. ii 26.40 . cāisc quasi paisc a pasca .i. ōn c[h]áisc, Corm. Y 266 . Of Jewish or O.T. Pasch : coimétaid in cáisc do rithálim `keep the service . . . of the Passover', Celtica iv 38.557 . cáisc na fetarlaicce . . . cáisc inda nufhiadnaise, PH 5173 . o chelebrad na Casc tosige in Rámessi, 5419 . Of paschal lamb: co ro-thormala in cháisc .i. in n-uan cáscdai, PH 5080 . Of N.T. Pasch or Easter : i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 . isind chaisc, Mon. Tall. 132.16 . cen choirm fo chaisc, Vita Br. 23 . inbuith na Casc, 23 . in Casc do ceilebra[d], Trip.² 430 . iar ttichtain . . . na cásccae, BNnÉ 61 § 83 . Attrib. gen. errid c.¤ `Easter raiment', Leb. Cert.² 2075 . ro ben in tenid chascae, Trip.² 436 . bairgen casc no notlac, Laws i 106.27 Comm. a thech Casca do thuitim (house connected with a church in which king resided at Easter, see note), AU ii 110.9 . teit . . . do churp na c.¤ arabarach receives Easter communion. LB 10a5 .

In phrases. Of Easter Day: as-reracht . . . / dia Cascc Easter Sunday , Blathm. 177 . i llaithiu na casg, 214 . Domhnach Cāscc ` Easterday ', RSClára 9a . caisc mōr ` Easter ', Ériu i 44.10 . itir da Caisc no itir da Nodlaicc i.e. Easter and Low Sunday, Laws v 258.16 . ata .vii. laa eter di Cháisc, Vita Br. 27 . So also: o Chaisc Móir co Min-Cháisc, 23 . no ceilébrad in Cáisc móir, ┐ . . . in minCáisc, Trip.² 1174 . ar maduin Chásg Easter morning, IGT Decl. ex. 1775 . día luáin cāsca mōire Easter Monday , BColm. 26.w . dia Sathairn .i. oidhche chásga, Ériu i 92 § 42 . co satarn c.¤ , LU 2771 . dia haoine cáscca Good Friday , Cog. 210.10 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg harrowing of hell , IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . breith creiche na Cásga, DDána 14.14 .

Extended applications: Feis Temrach arin Samhuin, ar ba hiside caisc na ngenti, IT iii 198.24 . LU 4211 . nach dernadh . . . caisc na festa is mo na in la aniugh (of Ascension Day), Smaointe B. Chr. 5987 . ? creach na bhféadhbh is cáisc a gclainne (of death of a benefactor), Ó Bruad. ii 190.12 . dligim caiscc go comhramach / ó gach táoisech Easter dues , Misc. Hag. Hib. 114.5 .

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

cechtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechtar or dil.ie/8437

 

Forms: chechtair

indecl. pron. (ceachtair (n s.), BDD² 350 . chechtair (g s.), TTebe 4518 ). With follg. gen. or de (see below). See GOI 311 .

(a) each (of), both (of). With noun in g du.: fric.¤ indafersaso, Ml. 112d1 . c.¤ inda leithe sin gl. in duas partes, Sg. 25b6 . c.¤ dalino, 162b2 . c.¤ indapopul `each of the two peoples', Ml. 46b30 . an diall óch.¤ indarann gl. ex utraque parte, Sg. 74b5 . for c.¤ adaṡyllab, 220b8 . baí fer c.¤ a da thóeb, LL 19636 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 54 ).

(b) With follg. pers. pron.: marb c.¤ nathar dialailiu `dead is each of us twain to the other', Wb. 20c26 . maith la c.¤ nár a dán, Thes. ii 294.2 . c.¤ fathar, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . c.¤ nái .i. mulier et innubta , Wb. 10b11 . hic.¤ nái, Sg. 42b5 (see note). is dilmain ṅdo ch.¤ ṅhái, 215a2 . a toirsegud . . . cectarnai diaraile, Cog. 58.25 . With added poss. adj.: a ccura c.¤ nae, Hugh Roe² 188.1 .

(c) With 3 pl. pron. replaced by de (see GOI 280 ): iscosc et cuindrech forcechtarde, Wb. 19c21 . iscoitchen doc.¤ de ainm alaili gl. commoni uocabulo utrumque significatur, Ml. 14d12 . is cummae m bis menmae c.¤ de fri togais alaili, 31a23 . fogur c.¤ de aralailiu gl. alternos inter se sonos, Sg. 4a8 . óin guth fri c.¤ de gl. per haec duo tempora, 147a5 . c.¤ de, Ériu v 222.30 . BColm. 92.19 . i c.¤ de in each case, Laws i 94.23 Comm. See cechtardae.

(d) With pleonastic use of pron. and de: c.¤ n-ai a da brúad each of his two brows, IT i 310.38 . im chechtarnae dhíobh, Hugh Roe² 96.12 . lá ceachtarna aca, AFM v 1358.10 . cechtarde nadaprimleth, SR 4290 . cóeca ban cechtarde na da ban aili the fifty attendants of each of the other two women, LU 8375 ( FB 25 ). ceactar de na da mart, O'D. 1748 ( H 2.16, 937 ). is fiach . . . do ch.¤ de dibh, O'Curry 1930 (23 P 3, 25b). go ro ghon cechtar nae diobh aroile, AFM vi 2162.6 . See cechtarnae.

(e) In later lang. either (of two), one or other (of two or more) (freq. in neg. or condit. sentences): gan ceachtar ag géile (= géillead) ar aon taobh, Oss. iv 112.20 . ma fer lesach acrus c.¤ de `either of them', Laws i 146.28 Comm. c.¤ de glóir ┐ sonus nó . . . `eyther glory and happyness, or . . . ', RSClára 143a .

(f) With DI and dat. or 3 pl. of prep. (DI, OC): ní mó do rinneas aoinní / . . . / i n-aghaidh ceachtar dhíobh, Content. xvi 9 . gur gnáthach ceachtar do cheithre hainiarsmaibh . . . ag toidheacht, TSh. 5424 . c.¤ acu one or other of them, Stair Erc. 1827 . a cceachtar don dá dhoras, Desid. 3443 . an tan nach bhfuil ceachtar dhíobh díleas, Donlevy 478.27 . With DO: nó gur bás do cheachtar dhuinn, Oss. iv 140.4 .

1 cinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cinnid or dil.ie/9148

 

Forms: cinniud, cinnte

v (cenn)

(a) defines, fixes, settles : sech is no cinned aimsir són `that it should determine time' gl. fini, Ml. 17d4 . ní cinni aimsir donec hi sunt gl. non est finis indicium, 128a4 . 8 . cinness gl. diffinit, Sg. 137b3 . ní cinnet gl. nec finiunt, 147a9 . manud chinni gl. si . . . finit, 197a12 . deg cinte persana `because they define', 13 . ro cinnius gl. definiui, 18 . -cinnet, 15 , 16 . cinnit ┐ dofoirṅdet dechrogod inna persine fri alaili, 202a5 . airet no chindfed Dia a bethu his allotted span, LL 274a25 . tria gním in choicḟir roscind / atát óic-ḟir 'ca n-immrimm `who fixed them' (of the Five Roads of Ireland), Metr. Dinds. iii 280.55 . aran doenacht ro chinis (chinnis v.l.) a noentaig persainne frit diadacht which you decided to assume(?), Ir. Lit. 20.13 `which grew in unity of person', Ed. cia cinn . . . / saegul sein cech duini bí?, SR 7883 (sein metri gratia, :ṅgein).

With óige etc. in religious contexts pledges, consecrates: rochinn a hoighe do Dhia, BNnÉ 104.z . rochindes-[s]a m'ōighe din Coimde, ACL iii 309. 12 - 13 . ros cind manchine an meic go brath do Bherach, BNnÉ 40.34 . Note also: cindnim (cinnem v.l.) . . . a comshnaidm na desi sin daibsi `I pledge . . . the troth of those twain with you', TTebe 664 . dar chinn m[e]isi mo mheanmain `for whom I have reserved my love' (Gloss.), Celtica iv 119 § 31 .

Freq. in Laws Comm. of fixing tribute, penalty etc.: smacht urdalta . . . ro cindsett na hudair, v 312.x . ni cinnter a agae `its time . . . is not determined', 368.16 . dentadha . . . arnar cind ugdair cinnedh denmha, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 11 . So also: cinnid cāin domnaig . . . / ar na fāthaib sin `ordain the law of Sunday', Ériu iii 144 § 22 . ro-chindset . . . cach dliged bias do rīg Caisil, Corp. Gen. 207.16 . Of friendship, an agreement: ro chindset . . . a caratrad, LL 32045 ( TTr. 1232 ). ro-chinnset a cotach cáid, SR 5937 .

(b) completes, finishes : ro chind trī chōicc cert-bliadan `completed', Ériu xvii 48 § 48 . a Chríst, rochind mo cháemchorp `that didst fashion', Metr. Dinds. iv 18.22 . missi f[éin] . . . ro cinnius mo [be]thaidh `I have ended my life', CCath. 2724 . c.¤ cath brings battle to successful conclusion: im ferr-sa uair cinnim cath / inda ind ócbad amulchach (`range the ranks'), Metr. Dinds. iv 358.y . feib ro cind-si a chatha `had settled its battles', 408.18 . Cf. cinnset cian coccadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 280.1 .

(c) decides (on a course of action), makes a decision: cinnfidh, órduighidh, Eg. Gl. 117 . amail rocinn semh (leg. rocinnsem) . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29.32 . rochomailled, rochinned, Ériu iv 106.16 . With vn.: iss ed ro chinset a adnacol issin Bruig (of Cormac mac Airt), LU 4063 . rochinnistar na doíne do huilidilgenn (the Flood), Rawl. 70a7 . ro chind dul i n-ailithri, Laws v 124.4 Comm. rocindead leo mo marbad-sa, TTebe 2052 . With co n- and subordinate clause: do c[h]innsat curaidh Clīu Máil / . . . co claoidhfidīs talmain truim, ML² 1284 . ro cind ana menmain conid hé Sir Galafas, Grail 109 . ? Cf. ra cindaighe . . . go mad iad ra gebhadh righe Connacht, TFrag. 106.1 .

With comairle: docinnedh comairle cidh dogēndis fris they decided what they should do with him, ZCP viii 560.34 . 'sí comairle ro-chinnset, xi 57 § 8 . ro cinneastair (? leg. cinnseatar, n.) uile éncomuirli, CF² 21 . ó ro chinnset foran ccomhairle hisin, Hugh Roe² 150.7 . is í comairle ar ar cinnettar, CS 304.5 . With other nouns: cech laithi luain ro cinded / aideda erred, IT iii 16 § 38 . coro chinne a dáil, LL 18638 . do chéin rochind a gnim cain, SR 1343 . can bréig cinnset gach astar / dá naom déc ro taghastar, SG 25.18 .

With follg. prepp. c.¤ do x decides for x: cindimm díb . . . glónshnáthi . . . do dénum, PH 7856 . an bhean dar chinn an rí rath (of Mary Magdalen), DDána 69.10 . gach ní cindess dīa do nech, ZCP vii 302.y . ? Cf. cinnes .i. darlinges ut est adhbul fisi armotha darcinnius co dian mo cuib `I let loose', O'Dav. 562 = darchinnius co dían mo chuib, IT i 162.5 . In (perf.) pass. is destined for: is ed rocindead dun, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 94 ). ? dibh cinnter ced semann, Ériu xiii 28.10 . Mac Con mar dho cinnedh do / ba heagal leo a thocht tarrsto, Magauran 3160 . an tí do cinneadh dar gcabhair (of Christ), DDána 41.29 . Note also: do cinneadh chumh aidhmhillte `are appointed to destruction', Proverbs xxxi 8 . c.¤ for (ar) decides on: as truagh an gniomh ar ar chindeabhoir (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), ZCP x 284.x . is í cealg ar ar chinnsead, DDána 86.27 . With prep. ref. to subj. of vb.: ro chinnsiomh occa ina menmain gan frithbert etc. `he determined in his mind', Hugh Roe² 234.29 . do chinnes agam fén . . . a ndaingniughadh, RSClára 54.11 .

(d) In chevilles: seisear Cruithneach, ro chind Día / tangadar as in Traígía, BB 43b4 . ord ro chinnius, LL 16105 ( Todd Nenn. 252.232 ). suairc ro chind, LL 376b32 . ceart rochinn, Keat. i 148.26 .

Vn. cinniud. Part. cinnte.

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

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