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Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fíri or
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidbrid, aidbred

v Also as simple vb. aidbrid. sues, claims to be true (fír), originally verifies, identifies, draws public attention to. Often used in the Laws to describe a preliminary to litigation, as, for example, when the owner of stolen property identifies it in the possession of another person and formally accuses him of theft: is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing . . . fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig i.e. he who sees and does not sue or levy has to pay the same fine as he who breaks the law of Sunday, Anecd. iii 22.18 . leth di neuch adhiri ┐ dotboing, 23.1 . ni dlegor iardach foraib / do chin adírther `for a crime that is alleged', Ériu xvi 183 § 37 ; 'may be substantiated' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 137 § 37 . aidbris . . . in rechtaire in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa `the steward sued for the sword', IT iii 200 § 65 . cach aidhbriudh docuisin, cach laisi (.i. oca) naidbrither is lais a tuinide, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185 ). itir in fer aidhbris ┐ in fer ro crec fris, O'D. 852 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). ait i n-aidbrither, O'Dav. 1140 . aidbrither . . . an ceile `the tenant is sued', Laws v 360.6 Comm. ad-fíre (adfiriu, v.l.) guth 'ich erhebe Anspruch auf die Stimme', Akten Linz 137 § 3 . With oc claims from: is ac gataigi . . . ro haidbriud na seoit the seds were claimed from a thief, O'D. 1653 ( H 5.15, p. 21b ). cach indraic aidbres ac indraic . . is lais intí `ga naidbrither a imdenam, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, p. 17a) = gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic . . ., O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21b ). ac urradh ro aidbred in set `the sed was claimed from a native freeman', Laws iii 242.6 Comm. in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.24 . ní fétuidh in tí dá tabuir cu n-aidbridthur occa, 248.19 Comm. cídh í an inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba .) cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither, O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a .) With FOR claims against: cach ni uile aidbrius an flaith forsin cele, Laws ii 274.23 Comm. gémadh hí Ere d'aidbredh ar na hallmarchaib even though he claimed all Ireland, Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.35 .

Vn. aidbred.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aininnraic or

adj ( indraic ) unworthy, defective . As subst.: ind aninraicci gl. indigni, Ml. 136a3 . In Laws: cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgena every defective article given through inadvertence, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 z ). og[saire] fri hinnruicc, [leth saire fria haninnraic], Laws ii 30.7 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of property: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledgement does not close is annulled, O'Curry 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'Curry 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledgement (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domestic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic , Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' AFM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recognition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, AFM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed, IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

4 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ar or

Forms: aire, air, airib, or

n o. In early texts also with g s. aire, d s. air (cf. d pl. airib: -maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 ). Perh. orig. o, n. with early adoption of s-inflection (see the remarks on dún, GOI § 280 ). m., IGT Decl. § 68 (d s. or).

(a) act of ploughing, tilling, cultivating; husbandry: a.¤ ab eo quod est aro .i. airim, Corm. Y 13 . a.¤ ab aro uel ab aruo, unde arbur .i. ar-fēr .i. ḟēr mbroga, O'Mulc. 52 . a.¤ .i. treabhadh, O'Cl. a.¤ ┐ buain, Laws ii 366.19 . dam fri ha.¤ , i 122.10 . in dam aire, ZCP xv 308 § 3 . fir suicc .i. biss oc aur, O'Curry 801 ( H 3.18, 371b ). oin eich ag a.¤ for bla `the loan of a horse to plough upon land', Laws v 278.4 . slan doibsium int a.¤ sin do denum, Laws iii 270.1 . fri ha.¤ ┐ fri trebad in talman, Fél. 88.24 . a menma i n-a.¤ ┐ i mbuain do gres, PH 3548 . co raairdis laa n-air, LL 220b29 ( TTr. 260 ). lá air n-indraic , Ériu i 220 § 14 . a lá áir, O'Curry 2145 ( Eg. 88, 3(4)a ) (a labourrent, Plummer MS notes, cf. a.¤ manach duty-work , Reeves Ad. 369 and see Ériu ix 157 - 8 ). re hūair n-air for the ploughing, ZCP viii 221.7 . Mairt a n-a.¤, Mairt hi corad sil a ngurt, RC xii 106 § 160 . sgur don ithir dh'or, IGT Decl. ex. 875 . ní léig fuacht do a.¤ ná obair do dhēanamh, Párl. na mB. 3423 . Fig. tabair ucht ar a.¤ na haithrighe to cultivate repentance, TSh. 6940 . Cf. further: go nár fágbatar . . . d'araib ná d'innmasaib ` agriculture (implements and produce)', Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.10 .

(b) the land ploughed, cultivated land: hit air for your ploughed land, Laws i 162.21 . mad boui occi ┐ a.¤ da ṡesrech .x. esiden `he had a field, making a ploughland of twelve teams', Ériu v 114.2 . tarrúd úire ar airib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . a silad in air sin o fhiaclaib na nathrach, TTebe 68 . ?tarsna tri lán-air `ploughlands', Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 20 . ag buain a hair `reap its tillage', O'Gr. Cat. 442.14 . iomdha feadhbh gan a.¤ gan ura `farmless . . . widows', Ó Bruad. ii x 2 . a.¤ gan fhál `unfenced tillage-land', LBranach 651 . fál fa a.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 392.33 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. cocur or
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cogar, cagar, cogur, cogar

n (com + cor, cf. con-cuirethar). cogar, cagar m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.14) . cogur, cogar, Verbs § 43 .

(a) consultation, (secret) discussion, confabulation; act of consulting, conferring, planning : cocar .i. coimheagar, O'Cl. cocar .i. air[e]acht ut est ni bi riar iar c.¤ after consultation, O'Dav. 541 . fri breath, fri cogur, Laws i 264.7 .i. in airechta, 286.1 Comm. cen c.¤ , ii 360.18 .i. etorro fein .i. itir in lanamain, 22 Comm. 'na choraib 'na glanchocráib (eocracráib, MS.), SR 3242 . do ch.¤ chóre to discuss peace, LU 1592 . in c.¤ fil lib. is this a private conversation? Fraech 159 . ra chindsid a c.¤ ┐ a comairli, LL 32571 (TTr.). dul ína chogur gen gairm, BB 66a31 . ro bo cubaidh a cagar (of Jesus and the Baptist), ZCP viii 562 § 7 . ag cagar chniocht when he parleys, Magauran 1635 . oidhre Dé do chuaidh id chogar, Dán Dé x 25 . cogar ban `a confidant of ladies', Ó Bruad. i 54.8 . c.¤ cind (chev.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.95 . ? lepuid lethe la c.¤ , O'D. 970 (H.3.17, 679) = lethan la cocrand, O'Curry 360 ( H 3.18, 200 ). rūn nā cogar airdrīgh, ZCP vi 272 § 8 . an n-acallam . . . hi coccur secretly, PH 7002 . gan chagar openly, ZCP iii 31.37 . cómhrádh cogair, Keat. ii 6349 .

(b) In unfavourable sense conspiracy; act of plotting : cagar rocagrat-san (of betrayal by Judas), ZCP viii 206.1 . rochuala indn ingen in c.¤ hi sin, Anecd. i 3.14 ( SCano 57 ). fiadhnaise indraic . . . cen ditheach . . . cen cogar, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). a chogar that he was being plotted against, BB 18b45 . lucht chogair fhaghla mh'fhine, DDána 101.16 . ag cogar creach planning, 42.19 . d'éis chogair na Céadaoine betrayal, Aithd. D. 78.9 . 'n-a fhior cogair, 48.9 .

(c) In physical sense whisper, act of whispering, message : cogar gl. susurra (leg. -us), Ir. Gl. 145 . ? mōra cocuir, cocuir Delend, TBC-I¹ 3095 (rhet.). c.¤ daill dardraigni, IT iii 77 § 45 . topur . . . / dianid c.¤ ceól-éicse `whence rises a murmur of musical lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.40 . ba c.¤ cecha deisse he was a byword, TTr.² 1068 . Dia nír chan chogur nar thuig `word', Magauran 2710 . liom-sa a chogar ó chiort mention(?), DDána 121.33 . ón té gar chóir a chagar, Magauran 3726 `blaming', Notes. In classical verse freq. of Annunciation: cogar Dé, Aithd. D. 93.10 . cogar d'óigh an tráth tugadh, PBocht 12.25 .

In n.loc.. Múr na tri cogar (name of a wall at Tara), Dinds. 1 § 24 .

Compds. cogur cumaigh (sic) `secret confidence', Leb. Cert. 146.15 . do chogarlot `biting word', O'Hara 2776 . ? do chlaind Cham cocorluinne, Rawl. 76a48 .

1 coic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coic or

Forms: coca, coici, choic, coca

n m., g s. coca, coici (Lat. coquus). Treated as f. in ind choic (n s.), Mon. Tall. 159.23 . cook : c.¤ ōndī as cocus [.i.] cocaire, Corm. Y 241 . coca (g s. ?) .i. cocaire, O'Cl. crist do c.¤ doibh `having Christ as their cook' (of miracle of loaves and fishes), Blathm. 34 . dochum in coc[a], Mon. Tall. 147.5 . do lāim coicci basglain, ZCP iii 35.14 . cūic coici ┐ cūic banchoici, vii 300.5 . mac De ar ṅdálem ar c.¤ , LL 3780 . tri chóicait coica ngalach, Metr. Dinds. i 34.77 . fo lámu dagchoca, MacCongl. 93.18 . coimitecht foss ┐ coic(n)e `in the company of the attendants and the cooks', Ériu xix 83 § 16 . ? bid coicc indraic ilmartra, BColm. 12.8 . for coice ┐ bligre ┐ cuchtrori, Rule of Tallaght 7 .

Compd. uí. ba ar coicthigi `for cook-house building', Laws v 94.5 Comm.

1 comaithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comaithnid or

v (1 aithnid) entrusts, commits : as in laim in ro comaithne[d] in set, O'Curry 549 ( H 3.18, 268 ). fear indraic in ro comaithne[d] lam, ibid. fai[th]che in fir in ro comaitned, 548 (ibid.).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. comindraic or

adj ( indraic ) of equal worth, equally reliable , etc.: coir coirpdire c.¤ ` honest ', Laws iii 536.11 . fiadnaisi choitcend c.¤ , O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). O'D. 1580 (H 5.15, 7a). triar coitcenn c.¤ , O'Curry 2080 (H 4.22, 68). .l. cumal comhinnraic, LL 392d29 . as radh coitcheann coimhiondraic do ghlainlebhraibh . . . E., MS. Mat. 572.30 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. condircle or

Forms: -cille, -arcelle, -ercle, -aircle

n , f. (condircel). Also -cille, -arcelle, -ercle, -aircle. In O. Ir. in pejorative sense indulgence, slackness : cen chondarcilli `without connivance' gl. cum fiducia, Wb. 23a1 . gl. ut oportet me, 27c23 . condarcle ┐ adilcne `partiality', Celtica viii 66.65 ( ZCP iii 450.24 ). cen condarcilli, 79 . omaldōit cen condarcelli, 58.6 ( 448.2 ). da uinge . . . do réir coinnircle . . . da ba móra do réir in fir breithemhnais leniency (as oppd. to the strict application of the law), O'D. 828 ( H 3.17, 592 ). fiadnaise indraic . . . cen cogar cen conargle partiality(?), O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). cossaite cen condarclei unrelenting complaint (a sign of ira), ZCP iii 26.y . Later kindness, gentleness, compassion : tucc dam . . . condercli īar saint, Otia ii 99 § 36 . ní ḟūaratar condercle, ZCP iii 24.4 . lucht . . . na censa ┐ na connircle, LU 1943 (FA). a conaircli, O'Mulc. 264 . topar coindercle iarthair Eorpa (of bishop), AFM ii 956.w .

With follg. prep. FRI: di chomitecht et condarcilli fri iudeu `indulgence and connivance', Wb. 19a6 . rogab connaircli tusa fris an rigain, Grail 2605 . connaircle .i. bog. Connairchle fri fann, O'Cl.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. deorata or

adj (deorad) strange, foreign: d.¤ co ṅgaile, míl Eórapa uile (sic leg.) a valiant outlander, LL 182a49 . aoibh dhuine dh.¤ , TD 15.13 . gur tháith é féin . . . ré mnáibh d.¤ , TSh. 8360 .

Legal apparently impartial, unbiased: brethem bes deorada (.i. comthrom) im rad firinde, O'Curry 431 ( H 3.18 234a ). nech bus d.¤ im radha firinne inas F., 282 (151). ollam . . . indraic . . . bes d.¤ , 1607 ( 23 P 6, 5 a ). Cf. deorad compds.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisinnraic or

adj i (neg. of indraic ) unworthy, unrighteous: aire eisindraic `an unworthy chieftain' Laws i 54.9 (expl. by: cipe dib do-ni gait ┐ brait, 54.22 ) = a. eisindric, v 458. 22 . mad anfoltach in flaith, esinric, guach, gubreathach, ii 332 = ZCP xiv 391.4 . ni gétar [in flaith nemda] ar nach n-indraicc, ni tídnustar do nach esindraicc, PH 6908 . ní roscaithset in biad, uair roptar esindraicce, IT i 41.16 = esinnraic = indigni Todd Lect. v 69.5 . cennaige esinraice, FA 29 LU = esindricca LB. cerda ┐ goibne esinnraca, RC xiv 52.27 . do siur eisinraic [sic leg.], Fier. 236 . lán do ghráin ar ainmhianaibh eisionnraca na hóige, TSh. 8555 . Adv. in fhoirend tomlit co hesindraic glanrúin chuirp Crist unworthily PH 5301 . 5343 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáer or
Last Revised: 2013

n perhaps originally preparation, time of preparation (vn. of fo-fera, cf., fuar, 1 fúr), hence transf.

I Delay; period of exemption (from distress): faer .i. fuirech .i. fiadnaise cen faer .i. cen fuirech no cin ḟoirithin n-uirre o neoch, O'Dav. 903 . cia deach fiadhnaise? fiadhnaise indraic infuigill cen faor cen fuilled cen ditheach cen ditcheall cen cogar cen conargle, O'Curry 1616 (< 23 Q 6, 6b ). fiach ... cen foer, cen anad, cen īmdegail, Bürgschaft § 51b . is aenmadh déc a dithim iar na ecor mana urcorathar saire no turbaidh no anta no faor no deithbire chena, O'D. 606 (< H 3.17, 455 ). ni fil saire fri dithim iar n-eagar, ata imorro turbuidhe ┐ faor ┐ faosam, O'Curry 2728 (< Eg. 88, 61 ). faer denma soiscela co .iiii. mis .i. mi cachu liubuir (.i. re doberar do da foirithin iar ndenamh soiscela aigi cend cethri mis), O'Curry 737 (< H 3.18, 353a ). athgabail fir suic .i. athgabail gabur don fir is a soc ro mebadh [leg. mebaidh] .i. isin errach, faer air, sechtmaid; faer buana, sechtmaidh distraint of the plowman i.e. distress that is taken from a man whose plowshare has broken i.e. in the spring, exemption of [allowance of time for ?] plowing, seven days; exemption of reaping, seven days Laws i 200.7 . faer denma muilinn co de mís .i. turbaid mis do iar ndenam in muilind, ae :air sechtmuin .i. iar tinnscedal trebtha, faer buanadh sechtmuin .i. iar tindscetal na buanadh. O'Curry 738 (< H 3.18, 353a ). cis-lir ar aile forna nasgthar? fir gan seilbh gan ḟaor gan aididin, Ériu xiii 31.23 . ni flaith fer fosair na faor na fuidhir na folaidh fir an sealbha .i. nocha flaith dlighthech in flaith téit a fosairluighe amuil boaire, O'D. 680 ( H 3.17, 498 ). cf. the gloss on this passage: na faer .i. lubradh, no na dena foirithin a ceile, no fuirges a fiach dia aigillne ┐ a gellad dia troscad .i. fir fuirges in ni dliges in ceile de .i. in ceilsine, O'Curry 451 ( H 3.18, 241a ). Plummer points out [Slips] that "here `lubra' does not give the meaning of `faer,' but is a genitive dependent on and explanatory of it," and `f.¤ lubra' is parallel to `f.¤ air' etc. above.

II A food-rent payable to the lord about harvest (?): f.¤ .i. ainm bid doberar do tigerna isin fogmur ut est f.¤ fuirec furnaid[e]. Nó f.¤ .i. in molt fogmuir .i. iar mbuain, O'Dav. 977 . Cf. furnaide .i. biadh n-aill itir dá notlaic .i. fair inn idnaide `the food of the waiting' 982 . ma ro metha faor .i. in molt foghmhair .i. ar buain im samhain .i. didhnagh fri de no is ainm bíd fertair i foghmar duilcin imbuana [leg. duilchinni mbuana?] gar ria samuin, O'D. 520 (< H 3.17 423 ). foer an mbiad ferthar i fogomur; fuiric biad n-aill ferthar itir di nodlaig, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18 p. 393a ). diablad faer ferrtair (.i. diablad a bid ...), Laws v 440.23 (442.10) (quoted by O'Dav. : faer .i. fuiririud .i. biadh O'Dav. 971 ). a triun faer fertair (.i. ... trian neich ro forestar do) Laws v 440.25 (442.18) .

? Compd.: ma tarcas fóergilli don filid 'if the poet was offered a pledge of stay', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 124 § 7 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. findrop or

Forms: findroip

n o, m. the small intestine (according to Meyer ZCP xiii 192 ) : g s. Muircheartach ... bis oc inghaire na mbo | isé int indraic náchas imloit | tabar sgeanach findroip do YBL 324b47 (MacLiac's first rann) = tabair sgeanach findraip dó, AFM ii 786.2 . Cf. prec.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-cí or

Forms: fordas-cid, foircither

v looks at; watches: 3 s. impf. ind. fordas-cid ... hic tabairt usci watched her while she fetched water RC xxv 35 § 10 (Rawl) = atas-ciid, 28.3 (LL). Cf. fiadnaise indruic foircis dliged, Laws iv 18.21 (with gl.: is fiadnaise indraic aca fir[ḟ]echain cona[d] dligthech, 20.26 ) = foraices d., H 3.17, 316 ( O'D. 414 ); foroicces d., H 3.18, 386a ( O'Curry 850 ). Pass. ipv. foircither .i. fírdechar, O'Dav. 881 .

Cf. ar-cí and forcsi.

1 foth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foth or
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fotha, fuith, futhu

n o, n., m. n p. fotha, fuith (cf. fudha, v.l. fugha, IGT, Decl. § 180 ?), Thurn. held : atait secht fod la Feine, Laws v 264 , to be a misreading of ... secht fodla la F., but the comm. gl. a secht no fothaigedh' suggests foth.

A word of doubtful meaning, freq. in legal tracts; expld. by O'Don. ` claim, right, title, property'; `title, claim', Plummer ; by Thurneysen ZCP xiii 301 - 303 as that which can represent or be substituted for something else owing to similarity of nature or behaviour ; he assigns to it the a p. futhu in Cambr. 37b (see futhu and cf. O'Bruadair cited s.v. foich). a thing which someone else has a claim on, which has been promised to someone else, or is forfeit to someone else ( Ériu lvi 78n ); token, sign (?). The word is glossed by O'Dav. as follows (a) f.¤ .i. dliged nó gnimrad ut est ataat .iiii. anmann dona macaib so ... bid a f.¤ maicne dobertais anmann doib .i. ... o gnimrad nó o dligid maicne, O'Dav. 908 . (b) f.¤ no fod .i. amail, ut est ... for finntedha foth ... ; Ocus ... : fodh macaib sceo i ngenaibh, 878 . (c) f.¤ .i. demin, ut est ar ní aidbriudh for f.¤ forlengar for dilsi, 941 = for fot forlengar, Ériu xiii 54 ( H 3.18 p. 61a , faint dot over -t). Cf. follg. exx. mas indraic ┐ esinnraic dorala iman sēt cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar ... is cedfaidh gach uair do bheith foth ninais no foth creca co remdilsi ag in innraic, coma hi in esinnraic do dena imdenam, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). mas da innraic no da esinnraic dorala um an sēt is lais in tí oga tarrus é a imdenam cidh bé foth bus ail les d'imairt air, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). masa cend co memur, no eclaisdacda co tuata, no innraic co hesinnraic is leosidhe imdenam in gach foth da dtig eliugh uile ┐ i fotha comarda ┐ leitharda ... acht cenmotha da fotha .i. foth creca, go remdilsi, no fo n-inais con esinnraic ┐ fo creca nama og an innraic, is a dhenam don esinnraic conadh foth creca go remdilsi, no gonadh foth ninais di é, ┐ a dhenam don innraic conadh foth creca cin remdilsi di é ..., O'Curry 2152 (= O'D. 1641 - 2 ). duine ... roba lis imdénam a seoit do rer in fuid ro imir air, O'D. 1641 ( H 5.15, 19a ). masa ... cend co memur is leoside imdénam in cach foth a mbia éliugud dóib, ┐ in cach foth uili cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither cen mothat da foth foth creca co remdilsi no foth ninais oc in esinraic ┐ fo creca namā con indraic ..., O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a = O'Curry 2151 - 2 ). is iat na fuith ( fotha, O'Curry 2152 ) comarda .i. foth n inais aca mar aen, no foth creca co remdilsi ; is iat na fuith (fotha O'C.) lethárda foth n inais con dara de ┐ foth comarda [leg. creca, as in O'Curry 2150 ] co rémdilsi no cen remdilsi con tí eili, no foth creca co rémdilsi no foth creca namá con tí eili ib. O'D. 1642 . set aidbreda aithfégthar sund iter da feichemain a n-urlaim coitchind, ┐ nechtar de don dá fechemain ro fuaitgestar ón urlaim cen airech ón, ┐ is don fir ḟuil aca n-aidbriud rainic a imdénam do rer a fuid, ┐ nocha do féin is aichnid é, acht da bligne no dá buachaill, O'D. 1651 ( H 5.15, 21a ). duine lasi mbia fod (mas indraic ┐ esindraic dorala umun sét. cid im indraic aidbres cid aca aidbrither, is le imdénum cipé foth is áil di de. Más da indraic no da esindraic dorala umun sét, is leis in tí ca tarrus cipé foth bus áil de), O'D. 1653 - 4 ( H 5.15, 22a ). gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic, ┐ is foth n-inais [foth n-ínfais, 23 Q 6, 42 ] imrid a ndís, is lais in innraic imdhenamh go fior testa ina diagh, ach muna tairge an antest oga n-aidhbrither fíor Dé, ┐ dia tairge ní bfuil fíor is taire nas in fior tairge (.i. d'imdenam), O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21ab ) = 23 Q 6, 4a ( O'Curry 1601 ). atait tri fotha la Feine doberat tuinidhe ┐ dilsi do neoch, .f. n-inais ┐ .f. n-imna ┐ .f. reimdilsi .i. aní fothaighter do dilsi roime riam, H 3.18, p. 208b = O'Curry 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21ba ). See also s.v. inás. ? atait secht fod la Feine nadcon toibget athgabail `seven rights' Laws v 264.11 (see fod). elguin ┐ toiscid, anfis ┐ eitge, acht in eitge iffod fodhal son rop toiscidh roba elguin, i 262 ; expld. by Thurn. loc. cit. `except the eitge which represents, i.e. comprises, the divisions' (i.e. the classes of `eitge,' see Laws iii 88 ).

Cf. na Dessi Muman mor cath ... | Oengus Eogan acher bruth | Rus in Fothad cona foth (: cloth), Rawl. 84a33 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. gellaid or
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gellad, gellamain

v Cf. gillim, LB 214a66 ( MacCongl. 21.6 ).

(a) pledges oneself, vows, promises: with DO of person to whom promise is made: ce gellaid ... ni comalland, Laws v 124.14 Comm. is iat-sede na comallat o gním in maith gellait o bélaib those are they that do not fulfil by deed the good which they promise with their lips, RC iv 250 § 15 . Cf. ii 388 § 13 . ni geallaim-si a n-ioc so I do not promise to heal them, TBC-LL¹ p. 619, n. 5 (St.). an ro gellad damsa ... tucthar dam, LU 10899 . `isim egen tra' ol Fer Baeth `darindgult' (gl. .i. ro gellus), 6019 . rogell Patraic ... do Shenpatraic, Lib. Hymn. 103.66 n . ra gellaisiu teiched remumsa, TBC-LL¹ 6060 ; 3026 . ní fil ní nad gellfad dar cend a enig, 817 . ni ragam do Ierusalem cia rogellsamm dula ind, Hom. Leg. 72.z . ro gell Irūath ... nāch bīad a dīn for talmain Herod vowed ..., ZCP viii 114 § 17 . gillim fiad nduilemain I vow before the Creator, MacCongl. 21.6 . rogheall ó Bhoirintt go Luimneach do lot he vowed he would destroy from ..., AFM v 1746.4 . Foll. by FRI (RE) of person: ro-gelltá friu in ní-sin, PH 897 . is fiach o gelltar ri (v.l. do) nech a promise made to a person is a debt incurred, Ériu ix 48 § 25 . TTebe 684 . Passing into sense foretells: dingna Eirenn ... a mbeith i fás is a fán | is edh sin ro geall Ruadhán, SG 70.42 . atchiu nél glas gellus brón, 230.27 . amail rusgellsad draidi ... doib, RC xiii 222.23 . faitsine geallus maith duit, xliii 102 § 105 . Ériu iii 168 § 24 . do gheall Críosd ... go ndinginte a dhiúltadh-san, Dán Dé xx § 6 ; xv § 18 .

(b) pledges: dligit nad ngellai oenach forru (of relations of king to his `tuath'), Laws iv 332.14 [`it is their right that he do not pledge them to hold an assembly,' Mac Neill]. gillfit di comad e ara baruch asidrula cini eta saidbre (leg. gillfid ?) he shall give a pledge, Laws i 120.27 Comm. Is í rogell Coinculainn o[i]dchchi samna dia saighid, Dinds. 53 (RC xv and ZCP ix 198 , BB = rodál, LL). rí fían ... rangell `held him in pledge,' Metr. Dinds. iii 250.119 . ? ni gelliub-sa acht fri indraic I shall not accept a pledge (?) except from a proper person,' Laws ii 122.15 Comm. Fig. wagers: `Ro gellsom,' ol Mongán, `ocus in fili ucut im aidid Fothaid' the poet and I have made a wager (lit. exacted pledges from each other) regarding ..., Imr. Brain i 47.21 ( LU 10979 ).

(c) gives in pledge: colpach gelluid gach n-oidhchi (of a hostage-surety), Laws ii 132.4 Comm. nech nad gella di troscud .i. nech na tabair gell do scuir troisc[th]e (sic leg. WS) he who does not give pledges [to settle] after fasting, i 114.15 Comm. Cf. O'D. 539 ( H 3.17, c.433 ). gellta dib la Coirpre pledges were given for them by C., Laws i 64.6 . C. rogell in athgabhail C. gave pledges for the distraint, 66.25 Comm.

(d) testifies: is andsin rodgella marbh for bíu, IT iii 201.15 . cidphe gellus dít ... im anmaim icom adrad gellfassa de fiad ili whoever testifies of thee ... I will bear witness of him, Trip. 140.19 = ZCP x 41.21 .

(e) ? ní rogelta (= in rogellta; nirbo gelta v.ll.) a guide , Metr. Dinds. iii 298.16 .

Vn. gellad, u m. pledging, promising; a pledge, a promise: a gellad do scaradh fri gach caingin indligthig, Laws v 124.13 gl. na comaillfed a gellad fri Dia, PH 3056 . leis an ngealladh gealltar leis, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 . na fir nar ob gealladh, Content. xxviii 64 . tar ghealladh against your promise, v 183 . g s. lanad gellta a full pledge, Laws v 416.21 gl. comad uidi anta uidi (a) gellta so that its period of stay is its period of pledging, i 176.30 Comm. i n-āge a gellta at the time it was promised, BColm. 92.3 . dol tar bharr a gheallta, TSh. 3672 . pl. fátsine ┐ gellta in choimded frínd, PH 2546 . tréna ngealltaibh dhamh, Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . Also gellamain, q.v. infra.

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .


(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbe or

Forms: imbe, íme, imbi, himi, ime, ime, imbib, himeda, imeada, imeduib

vn. of imm-fen. io, n. later f. n s. á n-imbe , Ml. 102a13 . ín íme , Laws iv 140.z. Comm. g s. imbi, Críth G. 247. na himi , Laws i 216.14 Comm. d s. ime, v 462.28 Comm. n p. ime, iv 72.4 . d p. imbib, Ml. 110b2 . Also with dental inflexion : n p. na himeda , O'D. 1569 ( H 5.15, p. 4 b ). a p. imeada, O'D. 2263 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 22d ). d p. imeduib, Laws v 270.20 Comm.

(a) the act of fencing or hedging: ria ré imbi before fencing time, Críth G. 247. is ima ime ocus ima gort-glanad ro gabadh in athgabail `it was for fencing and weeding it the distress was taken,' Laws i 134.15 Comm. do-gnít na braithre a lá n-air, a la [m]buana, a la n-ime, O'Curry 379 ( H 3.18, p. 214b ). bern ... no bid cach ica gressacht imma immi `urging him to close it,' RC viii 54.21 .

(b) fence, hedge: á n-imbe bís immun fini ón, Ml. 102a13 . hua imbib gl. sepibus, 110b2 . tuinech torachta rosrig | im thalmain contib (facs. seems to read condib) immib he bound a circular fold round the earth with two divisions, SR 192. imbe n-indraic a satisfactory hedge, Laws iv 118.28 Comm. co[r] clandad leo ín íme fa trí, 140.z Comm. in athgabail gabur im nemdenam na himi bis itir na gurta arba ocus na faithchi feoir, i 216.14 Comm. ceithre ime do cuisin: clais, cora, duirime, felmad, iv 72.4 . imeda urcradacha ... garad ┐ galam ┐ log, O'D. 1569 ( H 5.15, p. 4 col. 2 ). trí dubthrebtha : tuga co fúatchai, imme co forṅgaire, tírad co n-aurgorad `putting up a fence with a proclamation of trespass,' Triads 140. ba cathir cen immi (of Troy after Hector's death), TTr.² 1209. feth .i. ime, ut est fobith is cach cond ar econn feth `every person sui iuris is a fence for the witless,' O'Dav. 827.

(c) a weir, dam: ime do denam ar cinn eisc na flatha, O'Dav. 60. im aire fri sruth .i. ime ar cind in srotha, Laws i 204.25 Comm. mor imme mor for Sinaind, Rawl. B 503, fo. 19f. (Plummer MS notes).

(d) In the Laws as a gloss to 1 fál in the sense of a legal bar or barrier: fal fine .i. in n-ime doni in fer fine ica[s] a cinta, Laws v 500.18 Comm. fal fir crenas .i. in ime do-ni in fear cennaiges in ferund ar log mbec, 502.24 Comm.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthecht or
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imdheacht

n ā, f. vn. of imm-tét. (imtheacht imdheacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 ).

(a) in intrans. sense the act of going about, journeying, proceeding, going: do i.¤ foirib, a doirsea `to pass over you, ye doors,' Ml. 46a14 . snimach saethrach, bec a nert | a oenur ic sírimthecht, SR 3748. fecht do Patraic oc i.¤ i mmaigib Maicc Ercae, Trip.² 1404 . ri gaibis cu oc i.¤ aenar `setting off alone,' Laws v 172.18 . ro-batar oc imdecht i n-Ierusalem `going about in J.', PH 3675. oc imdecht imalle re chommilethaib `marching with his comrades,' RC ii 388.7 . ag i.¤ LE going away with, making off with: ag imdhecht leis na crechuibh making off with the spoils, Rel. Celt. ii 196.23 . ag i.¤ FOR (AR) happening to: cred ba ciall dona hairghenaibh sin do condcatar fen oc imtecht air `happening to him,' BCC 404.8 .

(b) In trans. sense, traversing: fofúair ann fer ... | ic i.¤ a chonaire, SR 3092. atconnarc gillu glána | oc i.¤ ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768. fecht do Moling ic i.¤ Luachra Degad, Fél. 150 § 17. do condaic dreimire o talmain co nemh ┐ é ga imtecht `and he departing thereby,' BCC 418.27 . da luing bhíos ag imtheacht an mhara, TSh. 103. fer do grís an t-áth gá i.¤ `a man who has heated the ford by his passage,' Studies 1920, 418.71 .

(c) evading, transgressing: oc mīdēnam .i. ic i.¤ cāna domnaig `bei der Umgehung des Sonntagsgesetzes,' ZCP xv 327 § 19. ōenfiadu indraic at-chí diis no triar ic imtecht cāna domnaig, ib.

(d) a wandering, a course, journey, departure: bad sochrud ar n-i.¤ `let our going be decent,' Wb. 6a30 . fri imthect `for marching,' 12c46 . i.¤ slebe `wandering on the mountain,' Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). is i.¤ doib ┐ a coibche leo `they go away (i.e. leave their husbands),' Laws v 202.z Comm. ra iarfacht ... cid dobretha i.¤ fair ┐ cid ma tanic `what had caused his journey,' TBC-LL¹ 101. imtheacht samuisci tre cheo `the wandering of a heifer ...,' 4478 . aes n-imthechta no tastil sliged travellers , 148 . gebid ... a ḟiallgud ...n-imthechta immi he puts on his travelling clothes, 967 . t'i.¤ seochainni co se | ní acend acht sídaige, LU 3991. imdecht do neoch tar crích a tíre sechtar `journeying by anyone,' Ériu ii 202.2 . sé hernaile saorus fer n-imtechta ar tighradus na n-innile passer-by , O'D. 888 (< H 3.17, col. 637 ). na tairmiscid ... mo shet ┐ m'imtecht, PH 1897. do gabh Eōgan lāmh ar imt[h]echt assin innsi, ML² 454. teccaim gaeth rothren anaghaidh a himtechta against its course (of a ship), CCath. 4614. an úair thug Día ormsa imtheacht romham ó thigh m'athar, Gen. xx 13. is é modh ar a bhféadfaim-ne ... imtheacht san slighidh chóir, TSh. 10555. comharrtha ... ag nach bhfuil imeacht ona naduir fein departure (i.e. deviation) from its own nature, Luc. Fid. 239.5 . luidh reimhe ina uidhedhaibh imtheachta `he proceeded by regular marches,' AFM v 1740.12 . Imteact diall isin ceapaigh (name of a metre), IT iii 100 § 178. Imtheacht na Tromdhaimhe (name of a tale), Tromd. Guaire vii 23.

Used as obj. of certain vbs. gaibid i.¤ departs: rogab hi.¤ she departed, SR 1898. do-gní i.¤ : dena immdecht ` be off ,' PH 423. dénaidhsi i.¤ ... do dhénamh bhar bhfoghluma ar fedh an domhain, Comp. CC 72.25 . léicid i.¤ do frees, dismisses: do leicc imthecht do Gallaib Laigen `he dismissed the Leinster Galls,' Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. léig imtheacht don fhuaráinsin ` set free ,' Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . téit i.¤: tiagait ass iaram imdechtai imciana coriachtutar in dithreb, LB 119b51 . tríallaid i.¤ : triallais imdiucht isin gaimred he attempted to set out, Ériu vii 197.19 .

(e) (esp. in pl.) adventures, exploits, doings, experience; news, tidings: ni fetar-sa mo imthechta `I know not my goings,' Wb. 28c10 . nintha do i.¤ liumm, RC xiii 222.20 . ro innis a imthechta do Béoan, LU 2968. adfíadat iarom a n-imtechta ┐ a scéla do Choncobur, LU 8937. acht co marat m'airscéla ┐ m'imthechta dimm esi, TBC-LL¹ 1113. indistir dūn nī do imtheachtaib ┐ do airscēlaib in c[h]eneúil, TBC-I¹ 329. ni fulngat ... tódernuma na piana na imtechta fo bith ar ni bit cinaid foraib (of the transmigration of souls), Alex. 842. adfet dóib imthechta in rig, Laws i 72.24 Comm. ara n-indissed di diúiti a imthechta `that he should tell her the simple truth of his adventures,' Imr. Brain 56.8 . ro-íarfaig Finnén de imthechta Hérenn .i. aní forcoemnacair inti ó amsir Partholóin, ii 286.6 . an sgéal léaghthar i n-imtheachtaibh Shéarlais Mhóir, TSh. 5205. ro gab a herrad imtechtæ ┐ ammaitechta impi (of magic feats), CCath. 4116.

(f) departure by death, decease: intan rocloither imtecht daini `when thou hearest of a man's decease,' Mon. Tall. 136.15 . tug an imtheacht tinnteach is tóirneach, Keat. Poems 144.

(g) pace, walk, going on foot, power of walking: bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, LU 8255. roluath laissin caillig a i.¤ sum, Fél. 150 § 17. nir ḟet marcachus na himdecht do dénam she could neither ride nor walk, Todd Lect. vi 40.11 . do-rat Isu ... imtecht do na baccachaib, PH 4533. cos cín ímteacht iar fuined, ZCP xiii 278.12 .

(h) extent, scope: do réir imtheachta nó réime aitheantadh Dé, Donlevy 320.18 .

(i) Folld. by prep. AR imitation ?: do ní Eoin imtheacht mar sain | ar inntleacht an Eoin iodhain `Eoin doth strive to imitate the character,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xix .

(j) of sexual intercourse: rē mnaoi ar a raibhe imthecht aige 'a woman with whom he had intercourse' Celtica i 216.246 . imtheacht ar mhnaoi, Plunkett s.v. coitus , Celtica i 235 . go raibhe deamhan do ghnáth ag imtheachd ar mháthair Lúitéir, Desid. 3805 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlobrae or

n , f. (indloba(i)r) sickness, weakness, disease: ni diupair indraic inlobra .i. ni diubarthar in t-indraic um a thir cia beth a sirg no ndiupairt, O'Curry 1745 (< 23 Q 6, p. 32 ) (i.e. a man who has been cheated of his land is not barred from seeking to recover it by the sickness of the man who has cheated him). don galur dond innlobrai, SR 7376. bói a n-indlubra galair, Three Hom. 58.22 . ní raibi énirti na indlobra fair, RC x 78.8 .

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