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2 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 án or dil.ie/3242
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 286 ff. Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 129 - 130 . I fiery, bright, glowing: saigtea ana gl. sagitas . . . ardentes, Ml. 24c3 . cosind saigit áin, 133a4 . ar licc áin tentidi, TBC-LL¹ 3384 . Appar. also in compd. derc (= derg?)-á.¤ : for licc dercain, RC xi 444.25 . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). uaim ifirn áin fiery(?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . grían á.¤ (or similar phrase) frequ. used of a person: ān grīan grīssach / goires brēoda B., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 . in grían á.¤ (of Moling), Fél. June 17 . lassar gréne áne (of St. Patrick), Mar. 17. Cf. Senac[h] á.¤ mar oebill, Gorm. Feb. 11 . Perh. also: buidne ana do ainglib shining(?), LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). áes án bright (or splendid) folk applied to otherworld people and synonymous with áes síde: aes á.¤ nó sithc[h]aire, O'Dav. 1600 . do brigh go millthighe leisan aois áin (sic) no leisna siodh-bhruighibh gach mac, BNnÉ 164.4 . Cf. poc aosáin `a fairy stroke', RC iv 178 .

In more general sense as eulogistic adj. brilliant, splendid, glorious: an .i. uasal, O'Cl. hān flaith for Temair, Ériu xvi 147.15 . dend Eoganacht áin sin, Fél. Oct. 20 . Ailill á.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 483 . a Emer á.¤ folt-buide, LU 3946 ( SCC 44 ). it āna ind ōic, TBC-I¹ 165 . ni rubaim níth n-erred n-á.¤ , LU 6230 (TBC). gillai óca ána airegda, MU² 74 . co trebur co caomar cembedha ana airccecha, O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii, 140a ). amais ana immglicca, Alex. 3 . Of a place: Emain á.¤ , LL 7515 . Ailbhe Imligh áin, Cog. 96.27 . Of water: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an n-úar, SR 41 . for in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-á.¤ , Auraic. 5353 . Very frequ. as epithet of Ireland: ōs Ēirinn āin, Bruchst. 56 § 125 . Hérend áine, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.8 , etc. Of feats, games: co clessaib ana, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . na cleasa ána iolordha, ITS xxiv 46.34 . bá há.¤ aircech aibind nobítis láith gaile . . . isin tig sin, LU 10131 . Of speech , etc. mad sulbair ┐ mad á.¤ in precept `brilliant', Wb. 8a5 . ba suī, ba ān, ba airdirc, Bruchst. 41 § 7 . ogh-briathra ána, MR 160.7 .

Appar. also swift, speedy (see O'Rahilly loc. cit. and p. 517 ): for a ndíb neachaibh ána udmalla, AFM vi 1920.18 . rogres a eochu ana athloma, TTebe 2862 . fer á.¤ athlamh, TBC-LL¹ 5324 . am tren, am an, am athlum, IT i 141.19 . confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma ┐ na casrac[h]a ana imluat[h]a, CCath. 4953 . tucadar cuir ana athluma d'aroile, CF 491 . Hence in glossaries: a.¤ .i. luath ut est airgiu ána .i. it luatha do airrechtain, O'Dav. 13 . a.¤ .i. ésgaid no luath, O'Cl. fir conoencosaibh ana (.i. luatha) (: lāna), Leb. Gab.(i) 52.1 .

Compar. is áiniu dúibsi a n-asbiursa `it is nobler for you what I say', Wb. 5a10 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47 . ? is edh doberiud bruith isna hōgaib no-gontais ann, comtar aniu iarnauārach, RC xii 94 § 123 . co nād būi i fēin Find [fer] bad áiniu ┐ bad escaidiu ō sain [im]mach `swifter', Four Songs 22.7 .

Superl. is é rí as ánem ┐ as ordnidhem . . . tánic in domun uile, BDD² 1070 . In phrase in tan ba háinem (do) x when x was at the height of his performance, at his best: intan ba hánem dó, BDD 109 . in tan tra ba h-aínium doib beith for sin luindi sin when their anger was at its fiercest, BB 437b26 . an tan ba háinemh dona Gallaibh foran abairt atrubhramor, Hugh Roe 36.11 (fo. 10a) . an tan bá h-aínemh dóibh isuidhe `when they were here making merry', AFM v 1862.17 . Compar. used as superl.: in tráth rop ániu doib oc ól when their feast was at its height, LL 14637 . intan ba haniu flaith Cuirc hi Caisiul, Anecd. iii 59.30 . in tan tra b'aine in gleo sin when that noise was at its height, Aen. 2830 . in tan tra ba h-aine ic tafann na fiadmil, 727 . in tan ba haine do o[c] cathugadh fri lucht na long, BB 419a8 .

Adv. gabait ar a ól co h-á.¤ , LL 207b15 . go hā.¤ , ZCP viii 115 § 28 . nert Erenn ni gab co han, Fen. 64.19 . ? ro gerradh . . . co roan .i. co ro-luath, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n.2 .

II As subst. glory, splendour, etc. orgin. o, n. ni ain something of splendour, Auraic. 1585 . Aimirgen indse Gáedel / ar n-ór, ar n-á.¤, ar n-óebel `our glory', Ériu iv 136.18 . As o, m. splendid person: gach á.¤ is éigeas, Keat. ii 1752 ( BB 43a 56 ).

Compds. ? ¤-bó: caeca an bó a hO. ` fine cows ', Leb. Cert. 64.1 . ¤-breó bright flame , Fél. June 2 . ¤-chainnel bright torch: da ánchaindil gascid Gaedel, TBC-LL¹ 3771 ( LL 10730 ) = anch., 3769 ( 10729 ). ? ¤-chend: doluid Eocho anchend ed, LL 375a28 (no rhyme). la hEochaid Ānchend, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ¤-ḟer: bītis āinfir (: fáilid) maille frim glorious men, Ériu ii 95 § 4 . ¤-loise: dā ānloise `splendid flames' (of heroes), TBC-I¹ 3313 . ¤-rí splendid king: Maicc Cairpri, cāine ānrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ¤-spirut: án spirut nóeb nert nime `splendid holy spirit', Thes. ii 351.2 (Hy. vi). ? ¤tengthaid clear spokesman: antengtaid ardafeith 'it is a clear spokesman who tends it' Peritia v 88 (k) . ? feithem fri hantenguidh timgair gell comgrad 'attending to the clear spokesman who summons the pledge of those of equal rank' CIH vi 2223.4 , Peritia v 104 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤ indse , 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

follnathir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. follnathir or dil.ie/23133
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: follan, follaide, follaithersu, -falnather, fallnaither, follnas, folnaibe, follnibthe, follnastar, follatar, folnaibthir, fallnabthair

(-n- orig. a sign of present tense formation, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 525 . Thurn., Bürgschaft p. 31 , suggests the verb is from a stem follan ; see follán. For the meaning implied by this cf. ZCP xi 97 cited below. It would not suit most of the instances recorded). Ipv. 2 s. follaide, Ml. 46b 18 . pres. 2 s. follaithersu, 82d5 . -falnather, Rawl. 125b12 . pres. 3 s. rel. fallnaither, 90a9 . follnas, Blathm. 554 . (Subj. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 525 ; ind. Strachan, Depon. ) p. 11 fut. 2 s. folnaibe, Rawl. 18a4 . 2 pl. follnibthe, Wb. 25b25 . perf. 3 s. inru follnastar , 13b29 . Pass. pres. pl. rel. follatar, Ml. 77b4 . fut. s. folnaibthir, LL 287a26 . Cf. fallnabthair, LL 123a1 (`may possibly be deponent, but the passage is not clear to me' Strachan, Depon. vb. p. 70 n. 3 ).

Rules, reigns, holds sway: transl. regere in Glosses. : cach flaith nad bí co firbessaib fírinne ḟollnathar, ZCP xi 87 § 42 = hi fírbescnaib . . . follnadar, LL 294b8 . (cf. ZCP xi 97 § 57 cited below). recht fallnathar for talman tuind, Tec. Corm. § 29 . = fallnaither ar t., LL 343a45 . Cathair coem Conn comfebaib fallnatar, Rawl. 124a29 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ). flaith ... follnastar for Bregmaig, LL 183b51 ( Arch. Hib. ii 71 ). dursan nach Fiacha ... fallnastar, LL 123b ( Ériu xii 200 ). ro fallnastar faidsine ... i mbreithemnus indse hErend `prophecy had governed' Laws iii 30.17 (glossed .i. rofollamnaigestair). tasfenad breithemnusa ... ┐ nach rechta ro falnasat la firu Eirenn, i 16.2 (= nech a rechta ro fallnasat, H 3.18, 358b ( O'Curry 758 ). o rofalnamar ara betha borgaib, Rawl. 125b4 . Cf. ó righ Caisil, in tan da ḟallna flaitbis ind `when it (Caiseal) is the seat of the monarchy' Leb. Cert. 28 . Trans. rules, governs: la rig fallnathar tua[i]th, Ériu xi 68x . for Ríg fallnathar gríana, ZCP vii 308.28 = Ériu vi 116 § 2 (fallatar v.l.). mo rí ... ro fallnai inn ethar ṅdermar ó rian dorian who guided the great ship (i.e. the Ark) SR 2630 . ni hoenri fallnas na secht Laichsi, Rawl. 127b18 . fo fear fallnafas Caisil, BB 268b5 = fallnastair C., Leb. Cert. 30 . flaith echtrann nudus foilnaibed, Trip. 188.22 (2217) . co rofallnaiset in leth n-airterach don domon, TTr.² 58 . coic rig trichat ro falnatar hErinn , LL 311a28 . ros-fallnatar rigi, Alex. 199 . Cf. further : apair fris, fo-bā fo-beba, do-rā do-rera ... nī flaith manifallnathar na gnīmu so (= unless he master these deeds ? fulfil these works ?) ZCP xi 97 § 57 . Cf. 87 § 49 cited above). nis filidh fallnathar fri haindre ed. ni fria fáth fuilngenn, nach fri fíor fallnathar fri banataidh mbaoith, Ériu xiii 16.33 = H 3.18, 207b .

Cf. Corbbmac fial F. falnar iath athri, Rawl. 116c37 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 , where Meyer suggests falnastar). mac rig fallnar for tuathaib ... mac rig fallnathar i mBribb, Rawl. 128a50 . for muir gáirech | gart an ruirich fallnar mílibh, | follnur magh os mbruighibh réidhibh | ríghaibh tíribh who rules with thousands the plain above territories, kings and lands (?) ZCP viii 197 § 8 . falla .i. follamhnughadh, O'Cl. probably represents some part of this verb.

1 imm-túairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm-túairc or dil.ie/27954

 

Forms: 'mus-tuaircet

v smites mutually: indic. pres. p. 3 iarsin 'mus-tuaircet , RC viii 60 n. 3 (=rothúairc cach a chéile, text). immostuaircet co clos fon indse n-uile gair na sciath ocon n-imtuargain, Ir. MSS. Ser. 182.19 . immostuarcat a ndib coícdaib, LL 276a26 .

1 inis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inis or dil.ie/28744
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: inis, insi, indsi, indse, insi, innsi, indsi, inse, índis, inse, inseo, insi, insi, indsi, inis, indsi, inse, inseda, innseadha, insi, insiu, indse, inseadha, inse, insi, innsi, indsedh, inseadh, insib, innsib, indsibh, innsibh, insedhaib, innseadhaibh, insibh, inis, nInis

n ī, f. In Mid and Mod. Ir. freq. inflected in pl. as dental stem. n s. inis, Corm. Y 744. Imr. Brain § 4. LL 13a31 . insi, Anecd. i 1.4 . Laws i 16.12 LL 13a20 . indsi, Anecd. i 1.7 . indse , Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . a s. insi, Imr. Brain § 61 . LU 3358. innsi, Lat. Lives 107.8 . indsi, Laws i 78.12 . Anecd. i 1.7 . inse, Thes. ii 299.7 ( Hy. I pref. ). LL 181a38 . índis, LL 395a31 . g s. inse, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). Imr. Brain § 61. Fél. July 7 . inseo, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). indse , LU 3356. insi, Trip.² 2427. LU 9150. d s. insi, SR 4008. LU 3379. indsi, Anecd. i 1.6 . SR 4009. Laws i 12.z Comm. inis, Anecd. i 1.3 . Fél. Aug. 8. Laws i 16.6 (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. p. 22 ). Acall. 6558. n p. indsi, IT i 190.31 . inse, Todd Lect. vi 2.13 . inseda, Cog. 140.3 . innseadha, AFM i 564.6 . a p. insi, Ml. 89d18 . Trip.² 2424 ( insiu , v.l.). indse , Alex. 884. inseadha, Keat. i 200.59 . g p. inse, Ml. 89d18 . Imr. Brain § 25. insi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 7 . innsi, AU i 512.x . indsedh, i 490.13 . inseadh, TD 20 § 49. d p. for insib , Thes. ii 299.15 . innsib, 312.1 ( Hy. II ). indsibh, SR 3396. innsibh, Aithd. D. 29 § 18. insedhaib, SG 64.x . innseadhaibh, Dán Dé xxviii 39. insibh, AFM iii 326.x . n du. di inis , ZCP i 420 § 183. See IGT Decl. § 150.11 and KZ xxviii 146 § 3.

an island (very common in place names, see Hog. Onom., Indexes to FM., AU, etc.). i.¤ ab insula , Corm. Y 744. inis .i. nesos graece, insola interpretatur , O'Mulc. 734. cen muir dia etarscarad fo chosmailius n-inse, Ml. 89d18 . lasinn uile talmuin ón file im na insi imacuairdd, ib. dul for insib mara immach, Thes. ii 299.15 . muchatócc inse fáil augustín inseo bicae, 241.18 . immeraad in n-i.¤ immecúairt, Imr. Brain § 61. Manandān mac Lir, cendaighe amra robūi a nI.¤ Manann, Corm. Y 896. Máel-rúain ... grían án inse Góidel, Fél. July 7 . maicc Nessáin ónd i.¤ , Fél. March 15. corogab tir ... | i n-insi Deprofane, SR 4008. i n-insib i mmedón in mara tened, LU 2193. ingen ríg Insi Fer Falga, 9150 . la tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . muirinis mara ina beir ceathra (one of the places into which distress is not taken), iv 6.10 . Siuchraidh mac Loduir iarla Innsi orcc of the Orkney Islands, AU i 532.10 . a n-indsib Orcc ┐ Catt 'Orkneys and Shetlands' Celtica xiii 4 , Peritia xii 315 n. 85 . Ragnall mac Gothraidh, rí na n-innsi `Lord of the Isles' (i.e. of the Hebrides), 512.x , Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 . rí Innsi Gall, AU 989.4 . a hInnsib Gall, CMT² 38 § 51 . tri longa do longaibh Gall na n-Innsi do shlat do Ulltaibh, ii 58.17 . inghion Rígh innsi Fionnghall, Caithr. CC 24 . a hinsib Mod muirech `sea-girt islands of Mod' (i.e. the islands in Clew Bay), Metr. Dinds. iii 408.5 . as na hindsib .i. a Créit, a Cicir, a Sicil, a Corsic, PH 5388. atat di i.¤ a fudomhuin in mara sin, ZCP i 420 § 183. Cathal ... do mharbadh la Cénel Eogain na hInnsi (i.e. of Inishowen), ALC i 70.10 . an bhréiginsi lér fhaoi Art (of Ireland), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . dá ghimhis don ghoirmṠinainnsi | uman n-i.¤ adhmholaimsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1395. for insedhibh uisccidhe no for olénibh mara, Hugh Roe 178.14 . As nom. loc. Ennis, co. Clare: dá bhrághaid uaim i nInis , DDána 77 § 1. mainistir Inse i ttuadhmhumhain, AFM iii 326.6 .

an island (often artificial) used as a storehouse or fort: 'na duinib trénaib daingnib | inna indsib eradblib, SR 3396. daroclasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini ┐ a ndingnada, BB 500b35 . ni chumdaigem mura na paláti na tegdaise rígda na indse for uscib, Alex. 884. ro daingnit leis ... dúin ocus daingni ocus inseda, Cog. 140.3 . M. ... do indradh Condacht ┐ do thoghail a híndseadh `M. harried Connaught and destroyed its (artificial) islands,' RC xvii 344.13 .

In many poetic names of Ireland , e.g. rannsadar a maic ... | i.¤ n-Airt, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.46 . i.¤ Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn | do ṡlonn sí trí hanma sin, IGT Decl. ex. 1152. mór antrom inse Banbha, Keat. Poems 981. i.¤ Bhreagh, TD 1 § 2. i.¤ Ealga, eadhon, oiléan uasal, Keat. i 98.23 . go hi.¤ aoibhinn Ealga, Keat. Poems 10. Gnia ... cenn crabhaidh insi hEmhir, AFM i 514.20 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh | a héineing d'I.¤ Ḟuinidh `they rule Ireland without reproach, from one corner to the western land,' TD 10 § 11. cid mesc lib coirm inse Fáil, IT i 133.1 . is ferr d'andrib Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.45 . an seachtmhadh hainm (i.e. of Ireland), I.¤ Fáil, Keat. i 100.52 . fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405. ar fhud Innse Laoghaire, DDána 77 § 8. an ceud ainm tugadh ar Éirinn, I.¤ na bhfiodhbhadh, eadhon, oiléan na gcoillteadh, Keat. i 96.11 . an t-ochtmhadh hainm, Muicinis, 100.66 .

2 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lúath or dil.ie/50373
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (1 lúath) swiftness, speed : luath ar exibh indse Cuind | as gach aird d'fhis Í Dhomhnuill the poets of Ireland hasten towards O'D., Irish Texts ii 90 § 30 . luath ar an gcioth mheasdar mall the shower is early which is expected late (?), DDána 73.7 .

ruidles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruidles or dil.ie/35732

 

adj. and subst. (< ro-díles) `that which is specially belonging to (someone)', the peculiar property, right or characteristic (of a pers. or thing); generally used as pred. with cop. ruidleas .i. ro-dileas, Lec. Gl. 185 . is ruidles do rangabáil immognom fri ainsid construction with an accusative is a peculiarity of the participle , Sg. 188b1 . Of property: inad as ruidles do ríg `a king's demesne', Metr. Dinds. iii 168 . maith indse itáid . . . mochin rígu dian' ruidless, iv 92 . ruidleas díb in tír gá dathai cosnam the land you are defending is your own , Alex. 190 = is toich daib in ferann, BB ( IT ii 97 ). insin ccrich diarbo ruidhles na bú which owned the cattle , Hugh Roe 48.18 (f. 13b) . na ccéiledh nDé diar bhó ruidhles í (of a monastery), AFM vi 2250.17 . Of payments, rewards, etc. = fully conveyed; almsan . . . is r.¤ , ZCP xiii 20.16 . duais ḟiled is r.¤ , ib. 19 . ( Bürgschaft 7 ). As attrib.: a roim ruidles fein their own special burial-place , Fél. 214 . do setuib ruidilsi na man, Laws ii 298.4 Comm. Compar. ruidilsi do rig tuaithi primrot ina forrot `the principal road is more the peculiar property of the king . . . than the by-road', Laws iii 308.15 Comm. ni ruidhilsi dō in trian o n-ainmnigther nādat na da trian, etc., Auraic. 935 . Oft. as subst.: in tan na bid rígi nÉrend o[c] claind Chobthaig . . . ba cóiced Connacht a ruidles (.i. a flesc láma), LU 4083 . in tan nad gaoat rige i rruidless, Rawl. 149b37 ; cf. leighes aga fuil . . . do ruidlis comfurtacht na feithi whose special function it is to soothe the nerves , Rosa Angl. 256.6 . ruidlesa tuaithe, ZCP xiii 19.26 ( H 3.18 p. 19a ). fer fodgaib frith mbech . . . is diles do-suidiu, ar is oen-ruidles la Feine `it is one of the innate rights', Laws iv 194 x . écht i fail rīg a ruidles, MR 250.1 (i.e. a valiant deed wrought in presence of a king is ascribed to him, not to the doer). Folld. by defining gen.: ruidles athghabala na daoine so `liable to be taken in distress', Laws i 106.33 Comm. conid rudhilis dúdhchusa do Ibh Caomhain `hereditary patrimony', Hy Fiach. 158 . Of a prerogative: ruidles doib-sidhe Fir Bolg do ghairm diobh to them the name F.B. properly belongs , Leb. Gab.(i) i 118.19 . tosach ag dul i dtír námhad, . . . is ní do ruidhleas Dál gCais, Keat. iii 2996 (poem). Of metrical forms, etc. specially prescribed for the various classes of poets: tigernbard . . . is duan ┐ forduan a ruidles, IT iii 22 § 67 . tri ruidleas ollaman, ailghes, ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, Rawl. B 506 f. 33b2 ( O'D. 2319 ). tri ruighlis ollamhan, H 2.15A p. 79b ( O'D. 1196 ). Of grammatical forms: fidh . . . ruidhles do fhedhaib aireghdhaibh, diles do forfhedhaib; coitchend immorro do thaebomnaib, Auraic. 764 (i.e. the term fidh `letter' in its strict sense applies only to the principal vowels, in a wider sense to diphthongs also, but is loosely used of consonants). (Of gender) dilius a tapairt for gach [n-insce] n-aiccenta iter fer-innsgi ┐ ban-innsgi. Ruidlius a tapairt for gach fer-insge aiccenta nama, 3034 (indsce `gender' in its strictest sense is used only of natural masc. gender or male sex). (Of measure in poetry) ruidhleas do filideacht . . . diles do bairdni, 756 (strict syllabic metre belongs to the poetry of the fili, that of the `bard' being measured by the ear and by `cóir anála').

? rersat re ruidles | la Pharo fechta (.i. do reimnighedar co roidilios isin aimsir a mbatar la P.) `very faithful', Leb. Gab.(i) i 278 = ré ruidlis, LL 14b28 ; ré rudlís, BB 42a41 . ruidhleas .i. roi-dhíleas, O'Cl. (etymol. gloss).

sníïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sníïd or dil.ie/38166
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sním

v IGT Verbs § 37 . Hamp suggests that (b) and (c) are from a different root to (a), BBCS xxv 296 .

(a) twists, binds, ties : tópacht . . . cét-bunni darach . . . ┐ ro sniastar . . . ┐ doringni id de twisted it and made a band of it, TBC-LL¹ 564 . inní sníes trena brat .i. a dealg that which he twists through his mantle, O'Dav. 315 . Cf. fa shelgaibh im cíchibh Cúalann | sníthir delgain gúaland ngeal, IGT Decl. ex. 302 . ind lochta . . . | sníset Ossín fon tiprait who bound O., Metr. Dinds. iii 252.136 v.l. (fúaigset, text). Of the wrenching of weapons in battle: rosníid (ro-snigid, MS.) a slegha re sirthuargain, Ériu viii 34.y . do sníetar na slegha ris na sír-sháitaib, Celt. Rev. iii 202.z . ro sníit a slegha da semannaib, Manners and Customs ii 241 . Cf. sní shlait, no do shníeas shlait, IGT Introd. 20.1 . Metaph. of a person (cf. (c) infra): slat nach sní tréinfhine Tháil, Ériu ix 165 § 21 . ? mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg sreth sniit `they twist (spin, i.e. extend) a line of hosts' (Notes), MU² 443 (perh. to (b)). is `ós neoch' rosníad ar tech | conid deseo bías Uisnech (do gniad, etc., v.l.) `our house was built', Metr. Dinds. ii 44.43 . Note also: céile deabhtha i ndiaidh do ghona | gerr go sníthe snáithe a ré his thread of life would soon be spun, L. Cl. A. B. 199.78 (cf. CCath. 4180 cited s.v. sním I (a)).

(b) contends, struggles, strives after: snisiot .i. dorighnead(h)ar cosnamh, no cathughadh, O'Cl. ? cen sním, cen saethar sníid, SR 8378 . crābud ar bith nī baethar, | maith in sāethar dia sníthar good the labour if one strives (?), ZCP vi 264 § 3 . gnísit cath ciana . . . | snisit fri fíana ferdroṅg, SR 6514 . o ssniastar side in flaith a comarbus a hathar when she sought the succession to the sovereignty, ACL iii 325.19 . Muredach Snithi .i. ro-shní rígi h-Erend dó féin sought to gain (?), LL 313b44 . snísit (sic leg.) im tuinithi thend | indse airegda hÉrend `they strove for the mighty possession of . . . Ireland', Ériu iv 136.23 . hÉre conuaill . . . | sniset sluaigh for a senmoigh, Leb. Gab.(i) 154.13 , glossed: do bator sluaigh ag iomcosnadh ┐ ag coimsinedh re aroile. ar cach n-omgním gníset so | sníset a comlín chucco `inflicted the like number upon them', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.48 .

(c) grieves, troubles, vexes: rodasní `he caused them grief', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.39 . iii 282.81 . snithter neart cineoil Conaill `the power of C. C. will be cut off' (is damaged?), Fen. 244.z . nach taighlim na trí ceardcha | do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta `wears away (has worn ?) the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra, | do shní, a Aodh, ar n-aigeanta, Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . ro shní mh'aithne is mh'urlabhra, Dánta Gr. 28.28 . cúis ar sgarthana is sí soin; | ro-m-shní `it has grieved me', KMMisc. 242 § 3 . laochbhás mo Dhé an sás rom sní, Aithd. D. 58.24 .

Meaning doubtful in: sníset co cóir a cainti, | rochisset ar morḟailti (of Joseph's brothers on rediscovering him), SR 3639 `mingled their lamentations', Metr. Dinds. v 296 , `wind up, finish', Plummer MS. notes. ? atubairt nara mó a mebol dó-som cid fair ra sniestar andás do lín in choblaig uli, LL 223b37 ( TTr. 480 ). Acc. to Met. Dinds. Corr. for sínid in: sniid uan ra bagh reimmas, Metr. Dinds. iii 90.24 v.l. `be gone from us', 552 . a Collomair . . . | rosní in sráb sen-grennach `from C. . . . the hoary-bristled drove wrought havoc', 404.12 . Perh. also in: Sen-Garman 'sa mac co mbail | sníset fri fat hi fogail (sinata fad, v.l.) `harassed and plundered far and wide', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.30 .

Vn. sním.

termonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. termonn or dil.ie/40562

 

Forms: tarman, tearmann, termondd, tarmain

n o, m. (Lat. terminus). Also tarman in Met. Dinds. and Mod. Ir. (exx. infra). tearmann o, m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.x) . Cf. § 104. termondd .i. tirma a māine cin a fliuchad imuich, Corm. Y 1261.

(a) the lands of a church or monastic settlement within which rights of sanctuary prevailed (of wider extent than the faithche, see this wd.). Cf. termonlandes ... terrae ad ecclesiam pertinentes, ... puta a praediis laicorum, Du Cange . secht maigne na fechar re la Feine: neimed co n-a termand, Laws v 302.x .i. neimidh na cille tall, co n-a termunn amuigh .i. maigen dighonadh, 304.3 Comm. techtaid cach dire a seóit gatar a termann nemith, H 3.18, 382a ( O'Curry 835 ). set ... mad he ro huicthar a termann na eclasa fri faiche dimuigh, ib. ( O'Curry 836 ). do cech eclais ... leithdíre dī ina termund sechtar faithchi, Cáin Ad. 36 . i termand Indse Cathaig, Fél.² xxxix 33 . cidh a faithche, ci[d] a t.¤ , Laws v 126.y Comm. nirbo therman robái threll (: Cerman) ` precinct ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 88.3 . tré sárúghadh tearmaind Tamhlachta M., AFM i 416.x . termand Cluana maic Nois do argain do G. ... co ruc il chéta bo as `glebe-land,' RC xvii 363.7 . ro creachadh ... arbar ┐ foirgneamh eitir thuaith ┐ thearmann uile, AFM v 1682.11 . Note also: re méd cádhuis ... Tighernaigh ┐ a thermainn a cClúain Eóuis ` hermitage ,' Ériu v 74.19 . do thearmann gan íobairt cliar ` chapel ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 59.59 .

(b) sanctuary, refuge, safe place in general: cíambad termond Tailtiu ar thrét `a sanctuary for the flock,' Metr. Dinds. iv 158.157 . do saidid termond co teit amudh `it was through the search for a safe spot that it was lost,' Laws v 192.21 Comm. ni ba termann duit-si sin, a Nuada (N. had fled to an island), ZCP xiii 219.6 . go ndechatar do chaithem a dtermainn ... [go] Mag ... nEo sought refuge in M. nE., Caithr. Thoirdh. 35.19 . a gclú 's a dtaisce 's a dtarmainn díona `their sanctuary of protection,' ITS iii 202.86 .

(c) In abstr. sense sanctuary, refuge, protection, safeguard: ni tart termann do Themraig, Metr. Dinds. i 26.188 . cetharda dlegar do fhlaith | ... | ...termann cell, Ériu ix 47 § 17 . ni tabratis termond do dhuine for domhan, RC xxvii 268.15 . fa croch ... thú dar dtearmann | ó chrú ochta ... Dé, DDána 41.42 . co tarait t.¤ doibh `and spared the inhabitants,' AU ii 74.10 . tuccsad ... comairche cotchend ┐ t.¤ tarise do Ch., Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . cia ... fuair termann ar thiugh-ba, MR 172.2 . do bendaig sé an t-inad sin ┐ do fagaib se t.¤ aice `the right of sanctuary,' BCC 126.3 . ar ar bhronnadar do tearmannaibh d'ollamhnaibh Éireann immunity (?), Keat. i 4.32 . Cf. 70.60 . 72.90 . do mharbh seisean an duine ... i n-aghaidh dhlighidh ┐ tearmainn na feise, iii 1378 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, TSh. 7654 . tearmonn slógh `defence of hosts' (of a chief), ITS iii 188.7 . In this sense as attrib. g s.: secht maige tarmain cen tech (: Charmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 24.303 . ar dteagh tearmoinn (of a person), TD 34.34 . go cathrachaibh an tearmainn the cities of refuge, TSh. 10222.

(d) Various: a fil eter Corccaig ┐ a termund ` boundary ,' MacCongl. 41.25 . go termannuibh na cruinne talmhuidhe, Luc. Fid. 381.9 . ? degraínd | ┐ buaidh tearmaind gan toigraim, IT iii 76.11 . F. tenn t.¤ | ... fri digla, Gorm. Aug. 9 . mun bhfuil fé ad tarmainn taca don diuice ris `unless in this as guarantee thou hast the duke's support,' Ó Bruad. i 206 . In n.pr.: Seaan an Termuinn, AU iii 568.5 . Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

tuinide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuinide or dil.ie/42353

 

Forms: tuinidhe, tuinidhiu, tuinigthe, tuinide, tuinigthe, tuinighthe, dtuinnighibh, tuinide, tuinidh[e]

n f. in: ó fir na tuinidhe (or g p. ?), O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). But d s. tuinidhiu, ZCP xii 364.30 (?). ? O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). vn. of *do-neith (see tuinither). The form tuinigthe, usual in Mod. Ir., seems to be a development from tuinide. There is no distinction of meaning between the two except that tuinigthe does not occur in the meaning under I (a), where the exx. are mostly old. The form tuinighthe seems pl. at AFM v 1782.12 , and note a dtuinnighibh , ITS xxiv 118.22 . gur ob tenna ... tuinide bar tren-fear, MR 126.5 .

I As subst.

(a) possession, ownership. In some exx. perh. usucapion, owner's rights acquired by long possession or tenancy (see Thurn. ZCP xv 347 , IT iii 228 , Laws Crit. 42 ): tuinidhe .i. sealbh. fir torachda tuinidhe .i, an lucht frith na gcomhnaidhe as léo sealbh ó cheart, O'Cl., see LL infra. im t.¤ raitig, Laws i 122.15 . t.¤ raitaig a triun sealba, iv 28.1 . Cf. im tuinid raitig .i. fer do teit anechtair co fine, gaibith athgabail ar a fine .i. gaibthius do rod con saigh cuid cuca i sseilb `permanent establishment of a vagrant in the fine (?),' Plummer MS. notes, O'Curry 791 ( H 3.18, 369a ). aitheam gaibeas tuinighe mad on teallach medonach, Laws iv 2.3 .i. luaithíu gabus nech tuinidi in fearaind, 11 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 126. adh na techta tuinige ... ad do coislead tuinidhe, Laws iv 4.18 , 19 . cem bes a t.¤ , v 210.3 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir `den (dauernden) Besitz,' ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dearbthar tuinde do cetchor .i. dearbthar tuinighe in fearainn ..., O'Curry 1894 ( 23 P 3 fo. 22c ). forruimther tuinidhe la cétchor, O'Dav. 824. cach aidbriudh do cuisin cach laisi naidbrithter is lais a t.¤ (.i. a airisam), O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, 185a ). do fastad tuinidhe ... is fír lim in ferann don ti escartar ina t.¤ , O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). um inní for a roibhe a tuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 6 ). dligid toreic t.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.25 (see tairecc, tárrachtain). fir toracta t.¤ .i. na fir fúarabair na taoi-aireg, .i. na ccomnaidhe, as leó o cert an tsealb, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.3 and gloss. concertaim tuinidi | tire toracda .i. ... sealbh an tíre a bfuarabair iat na ccomnuide, 254.8 and gloss. fir torachta tuinnidé dar nói tonna móra men who arrived and took possession (?), LL 13a41 = fír tharrachta tuinidhi, BB 40a53 . Cf. O'Cl. supra. conternam tunide tíre tarrechmar, LL 13a43 . treise triath tuinithe, SG 251.26 . trí ríg ... | ... | sínset im tuinithi thend | indse ... hÉrend `strove for the mighty possession,' Ériu iv 136.23 . aspert ... conid les fein tuinithi in chlaidib that the sword belonged to him, IT iii 200 § 65 . rucsat fón innassain trethan trén timsaigthech i cend maigi ... na Frígia do thunidi thimsaigthech ar in Troi `to take collective possession of Troy,' TTr. 1678 . da ttegmhadh Cúchulainn agus Fionn i ttuinidhe dhúdhchuis edir na tuathaibh da n-ainmnighionn an duain iad hereditary possession, Geneal. Tracts 85.12 . In name of a story: mad ferr lat toghla .i. ... Tuinighe Tighe Buirich, Anecd. ii 45.16 .

(b) fixed position, station: co naccassa ... isin tunidi-sin they were seen in this position (i.e. fixed to the ground by stone pillars driven through garments or body), TBC-I¹ 1413 . búi issin tunide sin co tráth teirt árnabárach `remained thus without moving,' RC xiii 452.18 . mo tuaru mo t.¤ | robu inmuin cacht, Ériu i 138.15 = mo thūara lam th.¤ `my food with my station,' ii 56 § 7 . ? atrachtatar tri thapad a thunidi a tairismi, TTr. 1504 . lucht cogair ... | agaibh tarla i dtuinidhe firmly established, DDána 101.16 . cor' chuirset assa t.¤ in tromchloch, Acall. 2811 . gosan tuinithe ttairismech i mbatar a ttreoin ┐ a ttoisigh `the secure position,' Hugh Roe 166.17 . See etartuinide. a n-ucht inn imbualta ┐ a tuinigti an catha battlefield (?), CCath. 4866 . gur chriothnaigheadur ... dia ttreóir ┐ dia ttuinighthe, Cath MT 985 . tuinighthe bearna baoghuil (of a person), LBranach 5305 . stialladh tuinithe tuinne na féarghnúise `rent is the covering surface of earth's grassy countenance,' Ó Bruad. ii 4.2 . ? toing do dia, benai foria aurlithe do chuise hi nglas do bragat hi slabraith co tumidiu (leg. tuinidiu ?) chip no carcrae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ).

Frequ. with follg. gs. talman: saithis a sgiath a tuinighthi in talman into the firm grip of the earth (?), Ériu viii 20.28 . cártha ... cloiche sáidhte a dtuinnighibh na talmhan `imbedded in the earth,' ITS xxiv 118.22 . Note also: a slegha saidhti trena corpaibh, co ngabtais in talam-t.¤ trempo `were taking hold of the site of the earth,' CCath. 6138 . gur ob tenna ... t.¤ bar tren-fear re tenntaib trom-thalman, MR 126.5 . Perh. rock (=that which is firmly embedded ?) in: fria licuibh ┐ tuinidib in talman, Marco P. 58 . gabsait do lorcuibh ┐ tuinidhibh in talman forro `with cudgels and rocks of the earth,' 148 (cf. cloch th.¤ under II). na carrthadha ... cloch ┐ tuinightheach na talmhan, Cath MT 158 . Note also: cuasa crann na carracc, ná tuinigthe talmhan `in subterranean caverns,' AFM v 1782.12 . And cf. do rinneabhairsi tuinidhe bhithbhineach dhe ( σπήλαιον), Mark xi 17 = tuinuighthe ghaduidhthe, Luke xix 46 . tuinidh[e] `a den ,' Eg. Gl. 318.

? gur chuir trom-ármhach ar na tuingibh (tuinnighthibh, v.l.) do'n tres-ghleo sin `inflicted heavy slaughter on the strong men,' CRR² 96.7 . is miochair a chumann re tuinnighthe an taoibh a dtá `the people who dwell where he lives,' Ó Bruad. i 124.12 .

Gramm. dallbach trentuinidi ┐ dalḃach beccthuinidhe ┐ dallbach cen tuinidi (subdivisions of airchetal aíre), BB 299a31 . soil cédus, rí na cconnsuineadh | trí tuinighthi bhoga iar sin (the consonants c, p and t ?), IGT Introd. 9.23 .

II As adj. (attrib. g s. ?) firm, fixed, immovable: risin tuirid taebalaind tuinidi nobid ar lar na heclaisi, YBL 68a3 . do thuathaib tunidi Troianna, TTr. 973 . Commonly of stones, etc.: clacha toinighthe an talmhon (: roibheithre. Of Síol gColla), TD 9.4 . ag tuargain na Cloiche Barraighe ┐ na g-cloch dtuinighthe do bhádar láimh ria `fixed stones,' ML 32.27 . co n-tógluaiseadh cairrgi troma tuinidi an talman, TTebe 874 . for tealccadh táithleac ttuinigthe `massy flags,' AFM vi 1982.2 . Various applications: tar clár dtoinighthe an talmhan (: doighirthe), TD 7.37 . táin trom-thuinighthe, DDána 89.7 . béasgnadha tuinighthe Taidhg `the unshakeable words of T.', Content. xxii 20 . cona n-inneoin-traigthibh tanaidib tuinighthi fothu `immoveable,' CCath. 5274 . tuirthi ... t.¤ `immoveable pillars,' MR 150.3 . tamhan ... tuinighthi (of Adam as the trunk of a genealogical tree), 98.14 . ag búaladh a ccolg tuinidhe ... ar chorpaibh ` firmly-hilted (?)' (Gloss.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1844.

1 úir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úir or dil.ie/43032

 

Forms: úir, úr, úir, fú, úir, úi, úir, úra, húraib, uir

n f. and m. n s. (a) ind úir , LU 4942 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . (b) úr (ó dhá chēill) m., IGT, Decl. § 96 (g s. úir). PBocht 27.29 . fú, O'Dav. 866 ( Ériu xiii 24 ). v s. a úir , Studies 1922, 585 § 7 . a d s. úi, Wb. 13d3 . LU 4734 . LL 4b37 . IGT, Decl. ex. 1735 , ex. 1754 . g s. úir, Fél. Prol. 128 . Matthew xiii 5 . n p. úra, SG 33.7 . d p. húraib, ZCP viii 313.27 . See also exx. below.

Mould, earth, clay, soil : n s. in uir (gl. humus), Ir. Gl. 578 . ūr. i. trēide fordingair : ūr cētamus .i. talam, Corm. Y 1270 . mūr .i. mō a úr .i. a talam, 910 . ur .i. talum, O'Dav. 1611 . cf. tathbongar fúr, fuinter arbhar, Ériu xiii 24.11 ( fúr .i. talam, ut est tathbongar fúr, O'Dav. 866 ) donní is tellus ur, talam, Laws i 66.5 . oir robi foirbrethach fur .i. nocha gnath gu ngabann se talam gurab forbartach uir ime .i. co ro foirbrister a uir a nuir aile, O'Curry 2237 (< Eg. 88 f. 17 (18)b ). uir mín `fine clay,' Laws iv 86.21 Comm. conidnacca issin chlud ┐ ro boí ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, LU 4942 . doberar uir ┐ grian ┐ clocha forsin monai, 10815 (= Ériu xii 178 ). dorat cul fri clotha | cen bes uir im clacha, BB 299a24 (leg. úr ?). siladh clann, ur lesium sin, ar is i uir in talman dogni silad na clann cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5652 . ceann riamh dár bh'aoinpheall an úr, PBocht 27.29 . a d s. doire a cummisc ar úir (gl. seminatur in ignobilitate), Wb. 13d3 . lelgatár ... da ech Con C. in n-úir co rrici na clocha, LU 4734 . fogeltat ... fér co húir TBC-LL¹ 551 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund sōn ┐ focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1491 . fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu, 6145 . cuid dá chlúimh ó eón do an | ar reódh re húir mur ḟuasgladh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1469 . cotomélani in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). cf. coto-mélat ar múr ┐ grían, LU 5558 . na cotlad nococomraiced a thoeb fri húir noicht, Three Hom. 122.21 (= ria húir nocht, Lism. L. 1093 ). for úir luimm ┐ cloch fó chind, Trip. 484.12 . lán in dela de úir, LL 30c39 (= lán na telach di úir, Dinds. 1 § 31 ). fuarutar folliuchta beca isin uir ic dorus ... na huama, PH 6330 . úr dind húir a Themis, ZCP viii 313.29 . ní biaidh ith i n-úir ... don bás hísin, ZCP viii 111.24 . fa úir na huaighe, Ir. Monthly 1922, 156 § 34 ( DDána p. 127 ). ní ḟás luibh a húir fan orluinn, TD 11.11 . g s. ó luid i lloc n-úire `into a place of mould' (i.e. the grave), Fél. Prol. 128 . míl úre worms , ib. Ep. 219 . a techt i nhúire adba `that they should go into the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10 § 8 . cf. adbae othna ... .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 . a mbreith a ndúrthech n-úre, Ir. Review 1912, 248 ( Lec. [347b ]). brat fuar is adhbhadh úire, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 . ó do claidhedh cladh úire ar Ceithern, TBC-LL¹ 4463 (St). tardúth úire for sleibe garba combtar maige fo scothaib, LL 6b18 . dorn úire `a handful of clay' Metr. Dinds. iv 86 . tucsat fo tuinn uill uire | co nduire a ndruim fri daeine, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . im diubu nuire `for digging a churchyard,' Laws i 202.1 . a bhḟearann chlochach mar nach raibhe mórán uíre aige, Matthew xiii 5 . In plant-name : leo úire mezereon, spurge : see ACL i 342 . Hogan Luibhl. 115 . cf. fil dún ó thossuch dúle | cen áiss, cen foirbthe n-úre, Imr. Brain § 44 . n p. itt ē side húra dolēicthe hi Temair, ZCP viii 313.28 . a p. is aire tucsan na taisi ┐ na húra sin illé, SG 33.7 . Rí ro delb ... hura co derb im thalmain, SR 38 (= uir in talman, Laws i 26.25 Comm. ). d p. dollotar ... co nhúraibh cathrach Themis leó, ZCP viii 313.27 .

Special and figurative uses : úir cheiníl kindly soil : giodh ar deighshíl Duin (MS Dun, et sic leg.) na nGall | ni húir cheinil sa gcongbhand, Irish Texts ii 105.15 (cf. cré cheiníl, e.g., IGT, Decl. ex. 1600 ).

Followed by defining gen. (of place) : tar uir nAi, O'Dav. 102 . in t-áenmacc rig is fearr tāruill úir Érenn riam, ZCP viii 111.12 . gan tadhall ar úir nÉirionn, TD 36.10 . mar tṡaltraim ar úr Indse | acmhainn mo ṡúl ṡilimse, IGT, Decl. 1735 . faithche ... an dúin ..., | úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í, TD 11.10 . Ground : lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir `floor,' Marco P. 85 . This seems the original meaning in : techt le nimh tnúith dom thinnmhe | fá úir libh ní leigfimne, 23 L 17, 150a § 11 (`unpunished' Content. p. 104 n.3 ). Cf. fo lár i dteannta póite ag ól na gcuach go húr draining to the bottom (?), Hackett xxxvii 2 . Here perh. : dobér-sa tré Dia na ndúl ainim it' eachaibh co húr, SG 26.35 , but cf. 2 úr.

Freq. of the grave (with i n-, or fo ; téit i n-, fo, do) : daine i n-úir, TBC-LL¹ 5641 (St). co fárcbad ... | hÍr in n-úir ... Sceillic, Ériu iv 138.2 . do bhí ós chách is é i n-úir (i.e. Christ), DDána 38.25 . do luigh san úir is do iompó, 20.40 . iar mbás do éirigh ón úir, 38.3 . an triath-ḟlaith i n-úir, Keat. Poems 512 . glúin as uaisle don ḟeadhain | uaim-se fa úir Oirbhealaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 46 . do-beir i n-úir brings into the grave, kills : Uargháoth do rad slóigh a n-úir, Duan. F. i 52.51 . With téit, etc.: Ladru ... isé cetna marb dochoid fo úir Herenn, LL 4b37 . isé cetna epscop dochoid fó úir nErend, Trip. 242.18 . is and luid i n-úir in rí | i n-amsir duir Darcelli, 532.20 . atágur dul i n-úir n-úair, Ériu i 68.7 . seabhac na seabhac ... | do dhul i n-úir i dtúis na hóige, O'Rah. xv 16 . a dhul don úir, is dubhach na scéalta, xiv 34 . dochuaid Hiruath in n-uir ┐ a n-ifrind, YBL 137a32 (= etir ūir ┐ ifrinn, ZCP iii 227.11 ). tá gliadar is siansa na n-éan go ciúin | ó thriallais a Dhiarmaid Uí Laoghaire i n-úir, O'Rah. xxii 216 . See also under g s. above.

ó doradadh úir tar Aedh since A. was buried , ACL iii 304 iii § 7 . uir aniuil tarut hi forcend do sheta `foreign mould over thee at the end of thy way' (i.e. after thy death), LB Fél. p. clxxxv 6 . nach óen tarsa raga úir (v.l. hur) inna hinnsi hitá nicon aidlefa a ainm pé[i]n n-iffirn, who shall be buried there , Ériu ii 202 § 20 .

oil úir : iomdha leacht ... iomdha o.u. san eingse `monument' Ir. Monthly 1921, 327 § 2 ( DDána p. 302 ). See 3 oil.

Fig. stock, nature : is tú an chraobh do ḟás dar n-úir, DDána 19.15 . a chroinn 's a ḟréamh a húir Éabha O tree whose roots are from Eve's stock , DDána 43.11 . a río-luibh d'úir na n-aingeal (to Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 20 .

The material of the human body, hence a creature, a human being : níor ghein úr eile mar í (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . Cf. : a úir bhríoghmhar bhuadha `O mighty soil of virtue,' Studies 1922, 585.7 . a úir is airde ná neamh | a bhean rúin Ríogh na n-aingeal `creature of clay,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 376 § 38 ( DDána p. 260 ). Cf. daonnacht Mic Dé bhí is cnáimh dár gcnáimh | a chré is í ar n-úir, PBocht 2.2 . úir gan taradh cré mo chalann, TSh. 3314 (quot.).