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adbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbal or dil.ie/336

 

Forms: aidbli, adbol, adbul, adhbhuil

adj o, ā, pl. aidbli, see GOI § 353 . Also spelt adbol, adbul. great, mighty, vast: ind fíróg . . . co norddan adbil (adbail, adhbhuil v. ll.) `with vast dignity', Thes. ii 326.1 (Hy. iv). it aidbli fíad scoraib / rígrad Christ . . . `they are grand', Fél. Prol. 81 . is adbul a cobair `vast is their aid', July 28 . is adbul a pian, LU 2172 ( FA § 25 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is dírim failte muintire nime, 2124 ( ib § 19 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is ingnad fria innisin sudigud inna catrach, 2074 (ib. § 15 ). adbul físi armothá .i. mor int aslingi atchondarc, LL 280a10 ( IT i 162.5 ). adhbal rea n-innisi, ZCP viii 204.26 . rí nime . . . ┐ rí adbul ifirn `mighty', Ériu iii 143 § 3 . brōen fīona fīradbail (epithet of a saint), ACL iii 219 § 1 . talam-chumscugud abdul ingnath, PH 36 . gotha aidhble enlait[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . ro-nuall . . . o shésselbi ádbuil, PH 471 . buidhni sil Adhaim adbail `the hosts of Adam's vast seed', Ériu iii 29 § 3 . na piana ai[d]bli ili `the many vast pains', § 2. na domenman áidhbli fil for P., TTr.² 240 . tri locha aidhbli ammais, Leb. Gab.(i) 64.1 . cosin mBóind m-bánadbail, LL 1025 . bretha.¤ wondrous in judgement, IT iii 57.1 . a Murias, maoin adhbhal oll, / coire an Daghdha . . ., Keat. i 210. y .

Equative: aidblithir leó bid torandchleas, BDD² 511 . fo nimib ni rabe bed mac nAine aidblithir one as powerful as the son of A., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 § 1 ( LL 311b17 ).

Compar.: nibo aidbliu leó bith óenadaig they thought it no longer than one night, LU 11049 . cid adbal in taitnem . . . is aidbliu . . . ind etrochta, 2002 ( FA § 7 ). tanic buiden aile . . . is aidblium (leg. aidbliu) tricha cet, TBC-I¹ 3168 . rucsat forra . . . lín budh aidhbhle ináit féin i.e. in greater force ALC i. 236.17 . nochar tinolad . . . riam sluag bad adbli . . . innas, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . bá haidhblit(h)i in ítu the thirst was the greater CCath. 2518 . cúis dóláis . . . fá haidhbhle inás ar imthigh air gó sin, Desid. 3420 .

Adv. ind adbol gl. ecastor, Sg. 217b5 . domol se co hadbul in t-athair nemdha, ZCP vi 288.13 .

Compds.: Frequ. in Laws Comm. to form etymological glosses on words compounded with the prefix do-(di-), this, presumably, being mistaken for the intensive prefix 2 dí-, e.g. do-ciallathar .i. adbul-dicheltir, Laws v 452.26 . For further exx. see Laws Gloss. With adjj. ¤-bocht: ba hadbulbocht, SR 7412 . ¤-línmar. Compar. sluagh . . . bad adballinmure, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . ¤-maith: mathi nach adbolmaith glossing boni non ualde, RC iv 250 § 17 . ¤-mór: an t-áonduine adhbhalmhór, RC xxix 114 § 10 . tnúth adhbhal-mhór, ML 70.30 . ar bhuidhnibh ádhbhalmhóra, Desid. 3968 . ¤-trén: fer . . . adhbultren, CCath. 327 . With subst. ¤-chúis: do badur adbal-chuisi eli ic C., MR 110.6 . With vbs. ¤-baíthigid is very foolish: adbolbaithigim gl. effutio, Sg. 56b6 . ¤-básaigid: gur adhbal basaigh Dia íatt, Leb. Gab.(i) 160. n. 11 . ¤-báthaid: gur hadbalbathadh nó basaigheadh (gl. gor diobadh), Leb. Gab.(i) 96 n.7 . ¤-scriosaid: uair . . . ro hádhbhailsccriosadh a haitt-, reabha, AFM v 1720.13 . Vn. ag adhbalsccrios Gearaltach, 1734.10 .

See aidbéil.

aicsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicsiu or dil.ie/823

 

Forms: aicsin, ascin

n n. f. Usually aicsin. Later with g s. -ena, -ina. By metathesis ascin. Also faicsin q.v. Vn. of ad-cí.

Act of seeing: a n-a.¤ oc collud a n-hírend, LU 10561 . bá brón di suidib m'aicsin in imniud, Ml. 44c6 . connabí asse a aicsin leu, 116a1 . oc aiscin in maic, TBC-I¹ 3378 . i nemfecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 151.3 (§ 62) . diceannaib gen agu aicsen, Laws v 74.4 = cen agu aicsena, O'Curry 317 ( H 3.18, 174b ) `? chiefs to supervise them', Plummer MS. notes. eiric aicsena . . . ┐ eiric nemaicsena e. for seeing, Laws iii 178.14 Comm. dofanic ferg . . . ica n-aiscin, TBC-LL¹ 2439 . íar n-ascin oíbniussa flatha nime, LU 2134 ( FA 20 ). ni denta ingnad dom aisginsi annso, ZCP x 301.18 . adlaichda a ascin ri fraig `hero-like its aspect' (of a shield), LL 18389 . ret fhaicsin, a fholt fiar / do-chuaidh mo chiall uaim, DDána 8.10 . ba miannach a aiscena (: feda) `he was desirous to see her' Metr. Dinds. iv 326.24 . do reir na faicsiona, John vii 24 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

ainbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthen or dil.ie/1183
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainbthine, ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine, anbthine, ainuthen, ainbthine, anbthena, hanfine, ainbthin, -anfhethna, anbthen, ainbthinib, ainphenaibh

n earlier ainbthine f. (anboth (see anfud), LEIA Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 59, 628 . See also feithine). Also ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine. n s. ind anbthine , LL 6889 . a s. ainuthen (ainbtine, v.l.), CCath. 3924 . g s. ainbthine, LU 8709 . anbthena, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . na hanfine , PH 4241 . n p. ainbthin, LU 2364 . -anfhethna, CCath. 1927 . ?g p. anbthen, MU² 629 . d p. ainbthinib, LU 2234 . ainphenaibh, RC xi 129.y .

(a) storm, tempest: maidm toraind tollchléthi / trethan trom ainbthine, LU 8709 ( FB 53 ). trethan .i. anfen, ut est ardainm tar tuinn trethan .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ond anbthine sein ruc Paulínus E. i lluing, Anecd. iii 75.24 . gorta ┐ ainmtine, RC xxiv 373.4 . cur roimeclaigh Persaual in ainmten imurcrach roboí forsin sruth, D IV 2, 73 rb 30 . rodáil a ainbthen uile / dar Mag nA. (of Loch Rí), Metr. Dinds. iii 458.99 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.z . commbogad ainbtini dermairi, CCath. 868 . isi conair tuc in ainfin e, 2104 . ainbhthine an aeéir, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . ainfine imarcach ┐ doinionn dermhair, Fl. Earls 8.17 . ?g p. used attributively: lorg adúathmar . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 and n. Fig. ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] `stomachs endure not a storm', BCrólige 25 (cf. anfen .i. ingnad, ut est fri fail mil moir ni fodma bronda anfen, O'Mulc. 107 ). i n-anfine n-ai as regards the storminess of the case, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 = ainfene, 34 § 38.

(b) violence, fury, rage in general: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib cana ┐ rechtge, Laws iii 24.15 . flaith leigis anbtine for a tuaith .i. . . . leigis anfethaigh ar in ceile, O'Curry 458 (H. 3.18, 243b). co rolad anbfen eturru im glenn tribthine, BB 6a37 . mor do anfene ┐ do eccoimhnert, Stair Erc. 375 . atracht . . . a ainbfine onchon, 1347 . bruth ┐ anbthine Palámid, TTr.² 1311 .

As n.pr. Ainpthini ingen Maelduin, LL 362 marg. inf.

ainfén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfén or dil.ie/1322
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (a) ill-luck: is í orcain tuc a a.¤ dósom, BDD § 23 = isí orcain tuc Ingcél dó, BDD² 224 (see note). o ro airigh in n-anfen mór, CCath. 3771 . Cf. ainsén. (b) wonder (?): anfen .i. ingnad , O'Mulc. § 107 . anfén .i. ingnadh, CIH ii 605.20 (Dúil Dromma Cetta) . ainféin (ainbfein, ainmhéid, ainbéidh, v.ll.) gach n-iongnadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 33 .

ainingnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainingnad or dil.ie/1411

 

n ( ingnad ) singularity: go mbeith lán do dhéanmhus ┐ d'ainiongnadh ann féin, Desid. 2600 = seria hombre singular, Gloss.

aislinge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aislinge or dil.ie/2497
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -iu, aislingthe, aislingthi, aisling

n perh. orig. io, see exx. of d s. -iu cited below. Later f. Occas. with intrusive -th- aislingthe (n s.), ZCP viii 217 § 10 . aislingthi (d s.), Ériu ii 204.2 v.l.. Later aisling. See Lochlann ii 213 .

Vision, dream: imbed na.¤ ón adchondairc som, Tur. 127 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . aislinge .i. lingid as, Corm. Y 82 . rotogaeth t'aislingge, SR 3120 . atchí aislingi coildnidi, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . isind aislingiu (not rhyming), Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 74 ). danarfaid in nóeb i n-aslingiu (aislingthi, aislingiu, v.l.) dont ṡaccart `the saint revealed it in a vision to the priest', Ériu ii 204.2 . ba hi in a.¤ (aislingti, aislingeiu v.l.), 3 . atcess d'Eoin in aslingthi n-adamrai . . . .i. apocolipsis na rún, 200.6 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind fir, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). doreilic seirc . . . do Fothaid i n-aislingeo (: gó), Metr. Dinds. iv 120.19 . risna fuathaib ┐ risna haslingib (aislingtib v.l. St.) facessa dóib (of a disturbed night), TBC-LL¹ 5009 . a.¤ domarfás, MacCongl. 65.z . dia m-beraind for aislingi fer talman, ní beraind for th'aislingise, 67.4 . fobrais . . . a aislingi, 7 . atci fís ┐ aislinthi ingnad , MR 8.2 . an a.¤ do-chonnairc A., TSh. 5368 . suan oidhche na ha.¤ , TD 39.2 . ní ḟaca ní oile d'aisling / acht lí an toighe, 11.6 . bréag as ainm don aisling (: fairsing) úd, DDána 3.32 . caidhe agaibh acht aislinn (: sinn), 22.11 . uathmhar orghránna an aisling (: mbinn), Measgra D. 50.40 . truagh an aislinge 'a pitiful sight' Éigse xxxvii 97 § 4 . Attrib. g s. aislingte imaginary , BNnÉ 106 § 20 . As n.pr. Uath Urud is Aslinge, LU 10552 . In titles of tales: A.¤ meic Conglinne, A.¤ Óenguso, Aisling Tundail, etc.

álaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaig or dil.ie/2879

 

Forms: ālaigh, alaig, álaig, áilche, álcho, alcha, álchaib, álad, aladh, alaig, alaigh

n f. n s. ind ālaigh (: Adhuimh), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . a s. alaig, LU 4267 . d s. álaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . n p. áilche, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . álcho, vii 268 § 5 . alcha, v 485 § 2 . d p. álchaib, Fianaig. 26.7 . Later álad o, m. in phrase a.¤ ┐ airlabra (? infl. of allud). n s. aladh, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . g s. alaig, 2.17 . alaigh (sic leg.), 72.21 .

Habit, behaviour, practice: it olc[a] álcho do chuirp, ZCP vii 268 § 5 . utmall alcha ócduine, LL 121a marg. sup. alcha bár (.i. bēsa súadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.). is di álchaib ind ḟir léith / labrad a cobraud a scéith `it is one ot the habits of the grey-head', Fianaig. 26.7 . Baetán nar brónach á.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 340.15 . it é a n-āilche nasluinniur dūib ... nī gonat cnes, crūaidh a mbara, atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . cnáifed dia á.¤ (álaid alaibh falaig v.l.) óg n-ell `it would have wasted by its doings all the kine' (of a serpent). Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . Of good habit, virtue: dech áilche ainmne the best of all virtues is patience, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ere crábaid co censai / álaig (alaib aluigh (.i. besa), aluid v.ll.), Ériu ii 65 § 10 . fer in grāid rogrādhaig Dia / dligid a ālaig nemh nūa, ACL iii 307 § 22 . rúagh ind ālaigh virtue is blighted(?), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . Of good manners: at mathi ... fir Breg ... im gnáis im alaig im sotlotus, LU 4267 . in mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic), Ériu viii 172.20 . Freq. with airlabra: iter gaís ┐ á.¤ ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . inmain t'á.¤ is t'irlabra, LL 10892 (TBC). gnúis (= gnás § 80 v.l.), alaig, erlabra, Triads § 86 . aladh .i. bésa maith, p. 38 . do raithne a gnuis a aladh ┐ [a] erlabhra, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . Note further: alaigh .i. glicus, ut est: alaigh a cainbesa, Ériu xiii 63 § 24 . aladh .i. gliocas: tré álaigh a urlabhra, O'Cl.

Of an ingenious act: clesradh dognith forsna cairib ingnadh alaig (: lāmaib), Anecd. i 57 § 59 . séig indiu glasreng indé / ingnad alaig utmaille, LU 1328 ( Imr. Brain ii 291 ).

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

 

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad , Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

an-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. an- or dil.ie/3240
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: an-, am-, in-, im-, an-, in-, an-, é-, an-, am-, an-, am-, an-, am-, am-, am-, an-, an(n)-, an-, n-

neg. pref. (IE vocalic *n-), appearing as an-, am-, in-, im-(?), é- before different initials. See GOI § 869 ff. , Dillon, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, 94 ff. Even in O. Ir. the original phonetic distribution has been disturbed by analogical formations, e.g. an- for in- before d, g (andach, anglan); an- for é- before c in nouns (aincél, aincride); both an- and am- before vowels (anecne, amulach). This becomes more widespread in later lang., where in addition to regular formations of the type éccóir, étrócar we find the unphonetic édaingen, édána, édlúith, édóchas, édóig, édomain, éiderb, éidrímtha (with extension of -d-), éigrinn, éscus (scís), étriad (anríad, v.l.): énirt occurs in Wb. The form in-, regular before d-, g- (indles, with recomposition indíles, ingnad, also ingnáth) appears later in inḟebda, inḟoltach (= anfoltach), inísel, inmall, inmálla, innáire, intinne (teinne), inúath; note extension of -d- in ind(ḟ)úar, while imbil is a possible ex. of im- before b- (see GOI p. 543 ).

The forms an- and am- eventually become for all intents and purposes interchangeable in meaning (a), and many doublets arise (aindeóin, aimdeóin; anglan, amglan). But there are no exx. of an- before p- nor of am- before m-, s-, and t- (before i- only in amaires, before p- only in amprom, where prom is a loanword). Acc. to GOI p. 104 the neutral quality of the nasal seems to have been preserved before palatal vowels in the early language (note also amraid, anbal, etc.). The later tendency is for m and n to be palatalized before front vowels and palatal consonants. Cf. ainfírinne, Wb. 2a17 . The form am- presumably lenited l, r, n. In the case of initial b- the group -mb- later becomes -m(m)- (aimbrit aimrid). In its later extension am- lenites all other consonants before which it occurs. The original mutation after an- in the case of f, g(?), c was nasalization (anbal, anglan, aincride). In the later language an- lenites b c f g m (cf. aincreitem later ainchreitem, etc.); t apparently remains unchanged (ainteist aintenn); an- before d gives an(n)-, this combination falling together with original an- before n- (aindeoin, -nn-; aindíaraid, -nn-; ainnert). In old compds. a long vowel in the second element is shortened (anbal, amraid with subsequent recomposition ainfíal, aimréid) (cf. indles, ingnad above).

In frequent composition with nouns and adjj., and rarely with vbs. (ainlenaid, anadnaid, anaibsigid).

Though a few forms like aineóil strange occur fairly frequently these seem to be g s. of the nouns rather than adjj. of the type sochineóil etc. However, énirt is no doubt correctly given as adj. i-stem. The same may apply to the later aimnirt. See also aindeis, aindíles (see aindíles), ainféich, ainéitid.

(a) not, non-, un- (aimecna, aimles, ainbthen, aincreitem, aindebaid, aindeóin, aindíbad, aindliged, aineól, ainféile, ainfis, ainteist, am(a)ires; aimbil, aimdis, aimglicc, ainfesach, 2 anglan, amraid etc. For exx. with é-, in- see Fasc. E, I).

(b) The (later?) meaning bad, undesirable, unsuitable (with nouns) is found e.g. in ainben, ainbreith, aindía, aindíl, anduine, ainécht, 1 ainfine, anflaith, anfolad, aingním, ainimme, ainmían, 1 ainrecht, ainríad, ainricht, ainríge, aintír, anchruth, antocad. Words with a(i)m- in this sense are less frequent (aimbés, aimbéscna, aimles(?), aimricht; the adj. ainíarmartach is derived from a noun.

(c) As intensive prefix great, very (see Dillon ad loc. cit.). Though this meaning becomes common only in the later language there are some early formations; inglan is found in SR, ind(ḟ)úar, innáire in LL, ingarg in Todd Nenn., though inḟebda, iníchtar etc. are late. The form. a(i)m- is not found with this meaning (aimlesc is for aidlesc), in which a(i)n- has the widest extension and is still current in the spoken language. The follg. are early exx.: anfann (usual from the mid. Ir. period on), 2 aingel (Corm. Y), ainéitig (LL), ainecla (CCath.). The follg. are later: anbrath, ainching, andána, aindíchell, aindíummus, andóchas, ainfergach, ainnert, aintreise. With late byform ana- cf. anbroic, anbroit etc. Some forms are of doubtful origin. Cf. an-, am-, dīultadaig gāidilge, amail rongab . . . nert ┐ amnert, Corm. Y 23 . is inund in t-am fil ann ┐ mors nó . . . nem (etym. explanation of amrad), ACC § 140 ( RC xx 414 ). am .i. aigheadh, H 3.18, 416b23 . amh .i. olc, O'Cl. amh .i. diultadh, ib. Emain .i. amhaon; amh, aga dhiultadh nach aon rug Macha . . . acht dias, Keat. ii 2426 . ? and .i. deliugadh nó dethbir, Ériu xiii 81 § 291 .

1 anaithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaithne or dil.ie/3328

 

adj (2 aithne) = anaithnid: turcharthach . . . iongantach a.¤ ` strange ', RC xxix 136 § 53 . ingnad a.¤ , Grail 14 . na scel n-uathmar n-anaithni, BB 257b50 . nac fuair bas tria gallraib anaichnib, Mer. Uil. 86 . tir fir a.¤ ` unknown ', Laws v 240.19 Comm. = anaithgniuth, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 382b ). See anaithnid. clár findlergadh a aighthi / d'imdergadh rob a.¤ 'twould be a strange thing, IGT Decl. ex. 235 .

anaithnid, anaichnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaithnid, anaichnid or dil.ie/3331

 

Forms: anaichenta, anaichinta, anaichinti, anaitinte

adj i (2 aithne). Pl. anaichenta, CCath. 3836 . anaichinta, 6105 . anaichinti, 826 . anaitinte, Marco P. 25 . unknown, strange, unfamiliar, unheard of: anaithnidh, doḟaisneis `unspeakable', Eg. Gl. 52 . anaithnidh .i. droch aithneach ┐ fós duine ar nach bí aithne, O'Cl. Of persons: fer anmin mór úathmar anaichnid in t-Ingcél `uncouth', BDD 44 . triar n-úathmar n-anachnid i n-airinuch na buidni, MU² 604 . cosin soerslúag n-anaichne[i]d (: treib), SR 4750 . óic anaichnid, LU 10158 . fri cech n-oen eter aichnid ┐ anaichnid, LL 217b25 ( TTr. 51 ). drong d'Albanchoibh anaiteanta, AFM v 1788.19 . risna dainib . . . anaichindti, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . cét-riastarda im Choinculaind co n-derna úathbásach . . . n-ingantach n-anachnid de (anaithnidh, St.) unrecognizable , TBC-LL¹ 2590 . tir fir anaithnig, Laws v 238.21 = anaithne, 240.19 Comm. (see 1 anaithne). Of a place: indsaigid in tire anaichnid, TTebe 248 . do sirt[h]ain . . . na crich n-ectrann n-anaichnidh, CCath. 3856 . nogo rainic indsi ālaind anaithnigh, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . is na hiathaib anaithintaib, Grail 3692 . tar in muir n-uair n-a.¤ , SG 344.5 . Various: do dhelbaib en . . . n-anaichentae n-ingantach, CCath. 4707 . erge con anaithnig strange dog(?), Laws iii 416.6 Comm. torothair ingnathcha anachinti, LL 219b41 ( TTr. 197 ). mormor d'ingantaib anaithnigh, Grail 4031 . ar intech nanaichnid against an unknown way, LU 1181 . renna anaichinta, CCath. 826 . galar anaichnigh, RC xvii 386.1 (Tig.). fuaradar bás a.¤ , SG 210.10 . aidedha ecnecha anaichinta, CCath. 6105 . re h-imad . . . finnfaid . . . fhadbscailti an-aichnid, MR 240.3 . clú an áir anaithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 835 . amus anaithchnidh do thabhairt for comharba Ailbhe `unusual', AFM ii 1016.16 . allgotha adhuathmara an ordanáis anaithnidh foreign, v 1734.1 . fa gníomh uathmar anaichnid, Ériu i 32.248 .

In predic. use unknown: Cnú deróil a ainm in ḟir / a n-Eirinn nír' anaithnidh, Acall. 632 ( SG 108.8 ). cear b'ingnad ciar b'anaichnid, LL 375b17 . is a.¤ do is unknown to: is anaichnidh do muintir Cesair . . . teiched, CCath. 3563 . drem dīb dan anaithnigh, drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216.7 . cus-in popul ṅgentlide ro-pa anaichnid do Dia anallana céin ro-bui ic adrad idal whom God did not recognize, PH 5287 .

As subst.: ro b'urusa d'á h-aithnidh ┐ d'á hanaithnidh Ere d'imluadh, MR 102.14 . In name of a type of metre: druimní suithe annso ┐ atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, IT iii 96 § 150 . is e so in tanaichnídh dona druimnibh suithibh, § 151. incípít dona hanaichintibh, 95 § 148 .

? attócbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? attócbáil or dil.ie/4947

 

n (tócbáil): robadar sil Adaim a ndorchadai ┐ a n-ingnad ┐ a n-athtogbail, YBL 86a44 . Cf. Ériu ii 140 § 147 .

beus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beus or dil.ie/5807

 

Forms: beos, beós, bós, fós, beos, beós, béus, bhius, bós, bhós

part also beos. Later beós, bós, fós (see fós). Disyll., Lament 13 , as monosyll., SR 5046. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 , 457 . b.¤ in Ml. ( beous, Ml. 77b2 ), beos in Wb., Sg. 201b15 . b.¤ , LU 3395 , beós, 3740 . béus, LL 12521. bhius, TBC-LL¹ 6014. bós, Mon. Tall. 158.32 . bhós allit. with bhás, DDána 34.26 ( fós . . . fúthaibh, 26. 2 ).

(a) still, yet: b.¤ gl. usque (adhúc), Ml. 63a5 . do-b-tromma a n-accobor collnide beos gl. adhuc, Wb. 8c8 . beos gl. adhuc, 14c1 . atbiur beos `I say it still', 9b20 . béus = adhuc, Lat. Lives 52 § 44. ind hí lanamnas atái béus? `art thou still in the married state?' Mon. Tall. 134.25 . baí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 ( FB 78 ). bá ógṡlan b.¤ it was still whole, 10022 . cundat marthanaig béos still in existence (pillar-stones), MU² 310 (LL). co se b.¤ as yet, LU 5087 (TBC). With neg. ni thucat beos ruín ind rechto `they do not yet understand the mystery of the Law', Wb. 15a34 . ni rochumscigther són beos `it can never be moved', 30b15 . nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, LU 4996 ( TBC-I¹ 508 ).

(b) further; moreover, again; besides, also, in addition: do irgairiu na sainte beos `also to forbid greed', Wb. 12d32 . epert do Duaid b.¤ dombera Dia fortacht dond fiur firíen gl. etiam, Ml. 57c4 . ar cech lau b.¤ gl. (eorum)que, 75d1 . debe tintuda inso b.¤ `this too is a difference of rendering', 65c8 . forberad mu chland b.¤ `further', 88a10 . du adamrugud flatha solman ón b.¤ `to glorify the rule of Solomon again', 90a5 . cid fó cid for beous beme whether we sink moreover or swim, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . dligid bēus (beos, bheós v.ll) cach dothge miscais, ZCP xi 84 § 34g . sruth tentide beos and andside, LU 2112 ( FA 18 ). dambad étaid in fer ca mbeind, nibad chomdas béus that too would not be fitting, TBC-LL¹ 41 ( LL 7586 ). co tarla anfud mór doib b.¤ isin bale cétna `again', Thes. ii 329.6 . lotar ond indsi sin for culu forsin n-ocian beos, RC x 60.5 ( LU 1922 ). dorad beous ár for choblach `also', xvii 419.23 . co ro móti bus ingnad lib beos `that ye may be yet more astonished', PH 3746. bheós = also, RSClára 42a .

With verbs expresses sense of continues, keeps on with the action of the verb: tecmallid dia domnich beos continue to collect on Sunday, Wb. 14a1 . á tinnacul a llaim hi llaim b.¤ that they should be passed on from hand to hand, Ml. 96d6 . aithrus ind anmcharat dia bliadna b.¤ `to consult his confessor once a year regularly', Mon. Tall. 144.2 tictis drecht díb b.¤ `kept coming' (Faraday), LU 5900 ( TBC-I¹ 1432 ). in comram do thairisem b.¤ (beos, v.l., R11), Sc.M² 11. do-das-athiged C. béos (MS.) C. continued to attend on them, MU² 922 (LU). tairissid beos `wait a while', PH 1415.

(c) yet, nevertheless, in spite of that: is fo chétbuid alanaile beos inso this, however (?), is according to the opinion of others, Sg. 201b15 . ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midbotha (?) beos his oath is still that of a f. m., Críth G. 70. ro-cechlastai a toitim in tan labras beóus it (viz. a needle) would be heard falling even when he is speaking (?), BDD² 793. rotmuirbiu[b]- sa beos I shall kill you all the same, Ériu v 72.12 .

breccaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breccaid or dil.ie/6624

 

Forms: breccad

v (brecc) speckles, makes chequered; variegates: buide / breactoir ile, IT iii 25 § 9 (batar ili, breccatar nili, v.ll). o ro breca bróenán cró / léni nde[n]dguirm nDíarmató `has bespattered', ZCP iii 214.11 . breccfus ár im Cnāmchailli, xii 237 § 58. loa snectai breccait a mmag snow-flakes that shower the ground, LL 14122. a Bruig, breccas graig `studded with horses', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.2 . D. ureacas graidh, Anecd. ii 69.12 . otha Banna brecthait géill `which hostages adorn', RC xx 52.29 . hūi B. brecctais rinne who spattered spear-points (with blood), ZCP viii 119 § 35. for mag mB. breccda bairdd that bards adorn, IT iii 17 § 42. rotbrecai (dogabais, rogabais, v.ll) cach n-ingnad n-án `hath adorned thee', Metr. Dinds. ii 10.5 . muir Torrían amal ro breccad do loṅgaib ┐ lestraib, LL 31958 ( TTr. 1144 ). scíath cróderg ro brecad do ṡemandaib that was studded with, BDD² 967. breacaid na bearta le dathaibh gan díth scéimhe `they paint their deeds', Ó Bruad. iii 18.9 .

Vn. breccad.

brónach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brónach or dil.ie/6966

 

Forms: bronchu

adj o, ā (brón)

(a) sad, sorrowful; grievous. Almost always used predicatively. With neg. copula very frequ. in litotes: ni b.¤ donintarrái gl. refectus est spiritus eius, Wb. 16b18 . is bronach a bethu amal sodin, ref. to grauis illi uita tristisque (25), Ml. 30d24 . ní bu brōnach int oscur, Thes. ii 334.2 (Hy. v). nibdir brónaig they will rejoice, Fél.² Prol. 188. is ingnad mad b.¤ frimsa I'll be surprised if he is not glad to see me (fails to welcome me), BDD² 277. bá b.¤ trá M. de sin .i. a bith cen mac, LU 4241. i n-iffur[n]d at brónaig, 9462 . it brónaich a teglach oca chlúais, BDD² 1122. bróncha fíanna injured (?), LU 7444 (BDD). nárbat b.su araí sin do not be sorrowful because of that, FDG² 487. do toraind bronaig Brenai from the mournful confines of B., Lec. 16rb19 = AFM i 246.9 . bineach b.¤ . . . beagcroidheach, TSh. 6625.

Compar. bronchu gl. tristiora, Ml. 86d7 . Adv. beith co bronach, Mór M. 268 § 6. co brōnach bit[h]-ims[h]nīmach, ML² 880.

(b) As subst.: donaib bronchaib gl. tristibus, Ml. 118a8 . trí brónaig choirmthige: fer dogní fleid etc. `sorrowful ones', Triads 94 .

As n. pr. m.: feil Búide ma[i]cc Bronaich, Fél. Dec. 7 v.l.

célech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. célech or dil.ie/8553

 

adj (céile? cíall?): ingnad in gnim / don mac cen lín cen choin celig / ar luas a choss / tarrachtain oss isna slebib, LL 23723 `without obedient hound', Arch. Hib. ii 75 . See céillech.

1 clú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clú or dil.ie/9616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -úa, clu, cluaa, clua, cl, Gelchlu

n ? Orig. n. but segde ch.¤ , Thes. ii 292.20 seems to indicate early fem. gender. c.¤ n-ingnad , SR 3326 . Cf. c.¤ gle, 3327 . m. and f., IGT Decl. §§ 108.98 (n pl. -úa). g s. clu, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25(b) (clóe, v.l.). cluaa, ZCP viii 198 § 19 . clua, TTr.² 760 . CCath. 4373 . cl, 1753 . See Études Celt. ix 139 - 40 . good repute, reputation, fame, good name; rumour; sound(?): clū a nomine Clío .i. fama , Corm. Y 351 . hóre is irdircc far clúu, Wb. 7c3 . c.¤ gl. rumor, Sg. 46b1 . ho roson clu ina Brigte setno Tetba, Vita Br. 33 . as bert ba hendac ar clu / a fuil ind fhireoin iosu `innocent in repute', Blathm. 285 . Rí nime . . . / asa ch.¤ nád célam, Fél. Ep. 86 . fo clu ┐ airrdercus na luingsi ut, Laws i 20.34 Comm. ferr clū gnīmrad, Anecd. iii 18.14 . gaid Adam doib `ar for clu / anaid frim, a noebaingliu' for your fame's sake, SR 1421 . c.¤ clothach, Ériu xiii 40.20 . c.¤ mo thengadh torbha do da clúais sound(?), 35.29 . is tu ro delig do ḟeraib / c.¤ enig do Gaedelaib, LL 20807 . fo c.¤ araili fir craibdhigh bai ann .i. Iarlaithe (audiens famam sanctitatis S. Iarlaithe), Lat. Lives 105.y . for c.¤ ┐ for errdarcus Poimp, CCath. 374 . in clu digair dianscelach ac scailiud scel na nGrec `rumour', TTebe 1605 . oc buain a ch.¤ do nech aile good name, PH 7692 . c.¤ .i. urdairc, ut est clu conmider ar(?) a cil, O'Dav. 466 . ritire ba mo nos ┐ clu, Ann. Conn. 1306.8 . da mbeth si torrach gan fher do-ghebadh si mi-clu (infamia), Smaointe B. Chr. 474 . fearr d'ḟior a ch.¤ 'na ch.¤ mhaith / iná a chrú ós chrú gach neich, DDána 91.3 . a craobh ghlan gan ch.¤ ceilge, Magauran 2566 . for gach naon ara ccluinedh ainm nó alladh no c.¤ láimhe `repute for skill', Hugh Roe² 104.5 . an ch.¤ shaoghalta, TSh. 4042 . Attrib. g s. dorn clūë `ein Ruhmesfaust', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25(b) . ? inbhear c.¤ ar nar fhás oighreadh, Aithd. D. 85.3 .

Freq. in chevilles: caraimse fos ferr cach c.¤ / oc mo lebran leir ingnu, Thes. ii 293.16 . an a clu, Laws i 68.13 Comm. ni daer clu, Ériu xvii 74 § 5 . c.¤ cass, SR 7663 . clu gan goid `no stolen fame', Hugh Roe² 210.7 .

In phr. cuirid c.¤ spreads the fame : co cuirfedh a ch.¤ fon domhun, Stair Erc. 110 . cur a c.¤ rug do roghain / pailm chubhra chlann gConchobhair chose to spread her fame (by generosity to poets), DDána 102.48 . naoi nuimhir ag car do ch.¤ `praising thee', A. Ó Dálaigh xii 9 . Cf. le a car i gc.¤ to make it famous, DDána 103.9 .

In n. pr. Gelchlu, Gorm. Nov. 16 .

? cochnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cochnid or dil.ie/9907

 

n techt an c.¤ tri ingnad , LL 371a14 .

comríar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comríar or dil.ie/11671
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. Later also m. ( do choimhriar, BNnÉ 272.18 . 'ca chomriar, CCellaig² 26.833 ) (ríar) submission, control, attendance, etc.: tiagat a comréir cuice, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, 439 ) ` subordination ', O'Don. Suppl. fo cataigh rig lais imbi i comriar, O'Curry 276 ( H 3.18, 151 ). cach comagra for comrér subject to the same stipulations(?), O'D. 630 ( H 3.17, 469 ). a comriaruibh iar ndia ┐ duine, 2213 (Nero A vii, 147a). a comdirib, a comriaraib . . . .i. um a neneclannaib, O'Curry 1907 (23 P 3, 23(21d). riched reil / cona chrichaib diacomréir submitting to its rule, SR 339 . i n-Óe Chúalann fo chomréir `under like rule', Metr. Dinds. iii 116.90 . tug siad co[i]mhrēir ar chealgadh submission, Celtica iv 109 § 7 . i gcoimhréir na gcliar attending to the wants of, Magauran 1406 . As quasi-vn., submitting to: mo cealla do choimhriar (: riamh) `submitted to my churches', BNnÉ 272.18 . nírb ingnad cách 'ca chomriar, CCellaig² 26.833 .

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