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áesmairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áesmairecht or dil.ie/654

n f. (áesmaire) old age, seniority: nocan ar aesmair- echt fodeligther ae, O'C. 732 ( H. 3.18, p. 350 ). In follg. perh. veterancy, maturity, doughtiness (cf. arsaidecht): dob ingnadh aille a cuirp ┐ a aesmuracht (aesmuire v.l.) fen, Fier. 73 (`nobleness(?)'; v.l. adds: ┐ saire a faicsina).

ainfén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfén or dil.ie/1322

n (a) ill-luck: is í orcain tuc a a.¤ dósom, BDD § 23 = isí orcain tuc Ingcél dó, BDD² 224 (see note). o ro airigh in n-anfen mór, CCath. 3771 . Cf. ainsén. (b) wonder (?): anfen .i. ingnad O'Mulc. § 107 . anfén .i. ingnadh, CIH ii 605.20 (Dúil Dromma Cetta) . ainféin (ainbfein, ainmhéid, ainbéidh, v.ll.) gach n-iongnadh, Met. Gl. 15 § 33 .

ainmeince

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmeince or dil.ie/1444

n (meince) infrequency: gnim n-ingnadh .i. ingnath ara ainmenci, Auraic. 102 . nemgnathach ara ainminci, 2381 .

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

o, gender uncertain, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Ped. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, Aisl. MC 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab. 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, FM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ?aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ?deil i na.¤ laime, O'C. 591 ( H. 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab. 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (Lg.). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

álaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaig or dil.ie/2879

Forms: ālaigh, alaig, álaig, áilche, álcho, alcha, álchaib, álad, aladh, alaig, alaigh

n f. n s. ind ālaigh (: Adhuimh), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . a s. alaig, LU 4267 . d s. álaig, Met. Dinds. ii 62.11 . n p. áilche, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . álcho, vii 268 § 5 . alcha, v 485 § 2 . d p. álchaib, Fianaig. 26.7 . Later álad o, m. in phrase a.¤ ┐ air- labra (? infl. of allud). n s. aladh, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . g s. alaig, 2.17 . alaigh (sic leg.), 72.21 .

Habit, behaviour, practice: it olc[a] álcho do chuirp, ZCP vii 268 § 5 . utmall alcha ócduine, LL 121a marg. sup. alcha bár (.i. bēsa súadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.). is di álchaib ind ḟir léith / labrad a cobraud a scéith `it is one ot the habits of the grey-head', Fianaig. 26.7 . Baetán nar brónach á.¤ , Met. Dinds. iv 340.15 . it é a n-āilche nasluinniur dūib ... nī gonat cnes, crūaidh a mbara, atgonat cride, Arch. iii 297 § 53 . cnáifed dia á.¤ (álaid alaibh falaig v.l.) óg n-ell `it would have wasted by its doings all the kine' (of a serpent). Met. Dinds. ii 62.11 . Of good habit, virtue: dech áilche ainmne the best of all virtues is patience, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ere crábaid co censai / álaig (alaib aluigh (.i. besa), aluid v.ll.), Ériu ii 65 § 10 . fer in grāid rogrādhaig Dia / dligid a ālaig nemh nūa, Arch. iii 307 § 22 . rúagh ind ālaigh virtue is blighted(?), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . Of good manners: at mathi ... fir Breg ... im gnáis im alaig im sotlotus, LU 4267 . in mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic), Ériu viii 172.20 . Freq. with airlabra: iter gaís ┐ á.¤ ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . inmain t'á.¤ is t'irlabra, LL 10892 (TBC). gnúis (= gnás § 80 v.l.), alaig, erlabra, Triads § 86 . aladh .i. bésa maith, p. 38 . do raithne a gnuis a aladh ┐ [a] erlabhra, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . Note further: alaigh .i. glicus, ut est: alaigh a cainbesa, Ériu xiii 63 § 24 . aladh .i. gliocas: tré álaigh a urlabhra, O'Cl.

Of an ingenious act: clesradh dognith forsna cairib ingnadh alaig (: lāmaib), Anecd. i 57 § 59 . séig indiu glasreng indé / ingnad alaig utmaille, LU 1328 ( Im. Brain ii 291 ).

ar-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-tá or dil.ie/4326

Forms: airbaid

v (the forms found are consistent with those given under attá). Very freq. with inf. pron. in dat. sense. Vn. airbaid?

(a) In physical sense is before, is in front of, is present: slúagad n-ímdub arubtha, LU 4665 ( TBC² 202 ). gia rasfacaib Cú gan chess / arthá (uair fil v.l. Stowe) crú ma chaladchness blood is present(?), TBC 791 . ? ba gen ┐ fáilte arbíth ar medón ar imtholtain in dá mac there was laughter and joy, TBFr. 114 (sic MS.). ? doadbadar híc nád roscribad do suidib cedacht etarrobe (et arrobe, Sarauw, see note in Thes.) scribent doiib `yet it contained a teaching to them' (i.e. there was in the epistle to the Colossians a message to the Laodiceans), Wb. 27d13 . adbul físi armothá is before my eyes, LL 208a10 . dā rīg trīchat—ardomthā `thirty-two kings there have been—it lies before me' (i.e. the author had a regnal list before him), Celtica v 214 § 9 . forba Eogain ardomtha is in my exemplar ? (? remains to be accounted for, see (e) below), Fen. 314.5 .

(b) is at the head of, excels, surpasses: lan ndire i sét arabi setaib, Laws i 274.3 Comm. Cf. arabí .i. is ferr, ut est [sét] arabi sétuib .i. sét is ferr fhir bís dona sétuibh, O'Dav. 106 . dona bo eiruchuib arabi bo eruchu, Laws ii 152.18 Comm. bo eire arabi bo eire, 21 Comm. asrenar cip dond doberar la rig no rechtaire rig arabi tuath (sic) who is fore- most in the territory, iii 240.23 . torc arabí treut `the boar that is the best of the herd', O'Dav. 701 .

(c) is in store for, impends: hóre aruntáa uili techt ar cenn Crist do mess fornn, Wb. 25d25 . arabitis gl. quae instabant, Ml. 43d15 . doadbanar dō annī aradmbí, Corm. Y 756 . ardotraib bennacht cobrath, Rawl. 161a50 . ōen aratha `one thing awaits', Cáin Ad. 21 . níbu shirsan duit . . . aní ardottá; ardottá mór n-imnid, TBFr. 371 . arottá so ollgábad, Comp. Con C. 57 § 79 (but see Celtica xxi 202 ). arubta amser bas trom, ZCP viii 315.8 . bid trom dīgal aratha / in slān fallach nād ruicc heavy will be the punishment in store for the laggard who arrives not, vii 310 § 5 . arumthá echtre dia tig, Im. Brain 49 . cid arunta? what is before us? ZCP viii 312.28 . is mōr ar[a]thā (arathá v.l.) / thoitimm la echtranda many are doomed to fall, ZCP xiii 379.6 . is tuilled péine ros ta and, IT i 181.21 (leg. arosta, Vendryes, RC xxxiv 451 ). andsa piana ardom-thaat, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni theseba do slondu[d]-su don tīr-se: issed ōn aratā, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 80 ). gébas Ailech armothá i rré ar bia `in the time to come', Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34 . asbert iarom Scathach . . . aní aridboí dia forciund S. told him what destiny was in store for him, LU 10347 . rofitir ní aridmbái he knew what was in store for him, ZCP iii 44 § 22 . meth a gníma itir ní do dicet ┐ ni arabi for nech ar id serba, etc., O'Don. 975 ( H. 3.17, 679 d). olc sén uare ar dotbí, Mór M. 267 § 11 .

(d) With DE results from: cech rí nad choisc a maccu / issed arbí de taccu, LL 19141 . rofitir inní arbíad de, Trip.² 539 .

(e) remains over: ished inso arathá gl. reliquum est, Wb. 10b3 . ished arthá inso búaid et indocbál domsa gl. in reliquo possita est mihi corona iustitiae, 30d13 . artáa gl. (o mihi sola mei) súper (Astyanactis imago), Sg. 215b4 . restat .i. arta, Thes. ii 44.4 . a lleth n-aile arata the other half which remains, Lib. Hymn. 32.16 . is and gébthair aní arathá the remainder, Trip.² 2892 . sescach Illaind aratha / Eas nGabra ni imrega I.'s stock, which survive (him?), will not, etc., Anecd. i 13.11 ( SCano 423 ). a mbec arathá din dom saegulsa `though little of my life remains to me', RC iii 179.9 ( LL 13991 ). is miach di cach(a) mis ara-bi co ceand mbliadna for every month that remains, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 56 § 28 .

(f) In follg. ar-tá with inf. pron. is perh. to be translated has, is wearing, etc.: ardomthā cugat cōeca scīath bana, ZCP xiii 175.20 . dornasc d'ór aromthá, LU 3977 ( SC 45 ). is si caindell ardustá, 3688 (ib. 33 ). ní fess adbar (sic leg. , Corr.) ardosfail what they are made of (the material they have?), Met. Dinds. iii 130.40 . in tṡlabrad gel ardusbái (sic leg., Corr.), 122.44 . ingnadh adbul asromtha (sic) / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba, Ériu ii 95 § 2 .

See arafia.

1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106 . 1 Comm. iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, BR² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver- smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e. Cú Chulaind), 3573 ( SC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ cír- maire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena, Laws v 90.20 (cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne, Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do- ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Tim. iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Rom. ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl! Dánta Gr.² 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamh- ain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Met. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), St. Ercuil 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellish- ment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See 1 commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidh- eachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth Gabl. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

1 coibche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coibche or dil.ie/9985

Forms: coibthi, caibthi, coibde, caibde

n f. (1 cobach, Bürgschaft 44 ). coibthi caibthi coibde caibde f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) bride-price (paid to father of bride or to bride (cf. ZCP xvi 218 n.4 ) or divided between them): cach athair a cétchoibchi, ZCP xvii 49 § 17 ( Arch. iii 226.18 ). coibce techte for cedmuindtir comcineoil, Laws v 284.z . mad c.¤ fri bein do-rata . . . is dilis don c[h]et- muintir in c[h]., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . leth-eneclann in airec dessen (leg. airech dēssa) in (leg. im?) c.¤ a inghine, 123 n. 2 . forcraid c.¤ fri eachlaid, Laws iv 56.x . fer do beir c.¤ mor fri baidsig, z . ben . . . taircius i fein ar coibhche ingnadh no doiligh .i. tolc di tetaibh timpán, O'D. 379 ( H. 3. 17, 288 ). slabhra is ainm do bócethraib . . . c.¤ is ainm di étaighoib, H 3.18, 6 marg. inf. c.¤ congeire ngnúsa marriage- gift, O'Dav. 1163 . O'Mulc. 180 . is mé ra chunnig in coibchi n-ingnaid . . . .i. fer cen néoit . . . (spoken by Medb), Táin 27 (cf. n.). ní tuc tindscra no coipche dhi, TBC St. 4209 . ro tṡirestair coibchi ar . . . Ḟind .i. leth . . . n-etála do thabhairt di, Acall. 2772 . is í cobchi do iar[r] sī fair, léim an aill-si, Feis TC 175 . fúair ót abhra choibhthi gclúimh / le toirrchi úir Bhanbha Bríain, IGT Decl. ex 1265 . grádh na coibhche mheallas mná, Aithd. D. 28.2 . bean choibhche prostitute , DDána 10.37 (so Gloss.). Later a dowry, which the father gives with his daughter at the time of the marriage or promises to pay subsequently. Finally a simple dowry given by the father of the bride, to be the wife's property within the marriage. See Ériu xlix 25 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 79-80 .

(b) bargain, contract; payment in general (original sense, that in (a) being specialization, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 ): coibchi .i. cendach . . . ut dicitur Tulach na c.¤ i n-Aonach Tailten, Corm. Y 385 . O'Cl. ata fo choibchi chaire / cen toirthi, cen tarbaige (of Cain) vengeance(?), SR 2007 . is astaigthe coibce in da gaoth the bargain of two rational persons is valid, O'D. 800 ( H. 3. 17, 573 ) .i. is astaithe an comoighe cuir ┐ cunnartha, O'C. 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ) = 2400 ( Eg. 88, 31b ). is dithir cach [fer(?)] loighi iar fuaslucadh a c.¤ aire after mortgage is paid off, 2486 ( Eg. 88, 39(40)c ) = Ériu xiii 29.4 . ní ṡaidh saoithedh . . . for a coibhche cirt lawful bargain, 32.4 cited s.v. coibchi .i. cunnradh, O'Dav. 565 . i ngalar . . . / . . . / céin baí a caibche chuca `as long as the union . . . lasted', Met. Dinds. iv 212.28 . cor ┐ coibchi, Táin 40 . nī c.¤ tuislid rosgab `dispensation of misfortune', Ériu vi 122 § 14 . fáisdine do chionn coibhche `for sake of pay', ML 120.29 . cach coibchi a certugud `to every transaction its settling', ZCP xvii 52 § 33 . (cf. Anecd. iii 14.17 ). coraigecht cen coibchi, Arch. iii 241 § 9 . c.¤ an ghrāidh `the reward of love' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 3940 . ní thiubhra coibhthe = hire, Ezek. xvi 41 . Cf. Eg. Gl. 189 . aon laoidh iarras ar chách coibhche, Ó Bruad. iii 206.13 . tugasa dho í ar coibhthe, . . . ar a fāghail slán `upon certain conditions', Oss. ii 160.10 . As vn. oc c.¤ bíid ar arget buying, Laud 610, 97a cited Meyer Contribb.

comrád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comrád or dil.ie/11630

Forms: cobrad, -áid, comraid, comrada, comrái(d)te, comrádh, comráth

n (rád) ? cobrad, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 6 . g s. -áid. Note also a s. comraid (: comdail), SR 4374 . Pl. comrada, TTebe 718 , SR 8310 , in later lang. comrái(d)te. comrádh comráth m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.12) . Verbs § 83 .

Act of conversing, talking; dialogue; speech, utterance, saying : comrad clocán bind, LU 9845 . guidem frisin- morchomdid / in cech húair ar comráda to speak to us(?), SR 8310 . c.¤ chind cherchailli pillow-talk , Táin 3 . 278 (title). ba c.¤ cach dessi ┐ cach thrír díb they chatted in groups of two and three, CRR 13 . cach coirmthigi a chomrād, Arch. iii 226.22 . ? cor ar comrād fri Canōin `intentness on(?) con- versing with the Canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . gáini (leg. gainne) a comráid, MU² 717 . gan c[h]omrād Dē converse with God, Arch. iii 234.14 `not praising God', Aithd. D. 61.6 . i comrād `talking together', BColm. 90.25 . tre comradh L. because of L.'s words, St. Ercuil 885 . é ré cách ag comráth (: thráth), IGT Decl. ex. 396 . Verbs ex. 822 . cuirim i gcomhrádh I mention (specifically ?), DDána 32.13 . an tí choimhéadfas mo chomhrádh-sa = sermonem meum, TSh. 2854 . Transf.: fóir mé le comhrádh do chuirp, Dánta Gr. 30.43 . Phr. cóir comráid (see cóir 8): ō rāinic ar chóir chomrāidh opportunity of speech, Anecd. i 25 § 7 . ro gab coir comraid frisin ngilla `fit converse', CCath. 4060 . toigeacht a gcōir chomhrāidh re aroile (of ships) `within speaking distance', Fl. Earls 12.1 . Cf. tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 .

Pl. is ingnadh lium do comraite sayings, Fier. 160 . ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib confidences, Mer. Uil.² 254 . comhraite umhla millsi. Smaointe B.Chr. 2529 . an bladuire léna chómhráidhtibh fallsa, Párl. na mB. 1518 .

credba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. credba or dil.ie/12819

n (cf. credbaid): asnēdfit . . . indrud mo c.¤ `what . . . shrivels me up', Aisl. MC 93.25 (see ZCP vii 399 ). ? ingnadh adbul asromtha / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba (leg. cre- ?), Ériu ii 95 § 2 . creadhbh .i. creapall no ceangal, P. O'C.

decmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decmaing or dil.ie/14958

Forms: dĕggṁaing, decming, degming, decmaing, deacmaing, -gg, decmaic, decmaic, decmuic, decmuici, deacmaicc, deacmaic, deachṁaing, decmuccu, decmaicci

i, i.e. dĕggṁaing, adj. A -ng: decming, Wb 14 b 4 . 17 c 7 . 21 a 13 . degming, 13 d 20 .—decmaing, LL 125 b 1 f.b. 251 a 30 . 277 a 36 . Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. Cog. 122. 10 (14th-century MS). O'Dav. 184 , 655 . TBF 150. 24 . deacmaing, Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 v.l. and late lexicographers (O'Cl., Lhuyd, P. O'C. , &c.). B -gg. Though not found in the Glosses, decmaic, as proved by Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 , existed as early as the late 8th century (cf. Oir. cumacc). As the consonant-groups prevent the syncope of the second syllable, -gg has arisen by analogy. decmaic: Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 (= O'Dav. 184 , 655 . H 3.18, 541 ). O'Dav. 688 (old quotation). Laws iv 382. 3 f.b. (main text); v 276. 1 Comm. FM A.D. 1516 . O'Mulc. 331 . decmuic, Fél. l.c. (v.l.). d s. Laws v 272. 9 (main text). d p. decmuici, Eg. 1782, 87 b . deacmaicc, O'D. Suppl. deacmaic FM i 56. 11 . O'Cl. O'R. As to O'R.'s deachṁaing, v. dechmaing supra.—INFLEX. All forms given above, where not otherwise marked, are in the n s.—COMP. decmuccu, decmaicci BDD § 87 .

Latest instances noted: LL 34 b 1 f.b. , poem ascribed to Cuan Hua Lothcháin (†1024), and Cog. 122. 10 (11th- century composition). The word went out of use during the 11th century, and words like deccair, doccair, &c., took its place. Its occurrence in the FM is of no consequence.

ORIGIN: From †di-ecmaing, i.e. privative di- + ecmang, vn. of adcumaing `it happens, takes place,' the o-stem passing into an i-stem in composition, cf. deccair, dethbir, deolaid, diarim, Diarmait, and especially the synonymous di-ing.

SENSES: A Definitions given by Ir. lexicographers:

(a) decmaic .i. ingnad ut est dobur cach decmuic .i. is dorcha gach ní is ingnad leis féin, O'Dav. 688 . deac- maing .i. iongnadh, O'Cl., Lhuyd. a wonder or surprise P. O'C. decmaic .i. is ingnadh nó is égen, gl. ad FM v 1336. 17 (O'Curry Transcr.).

(b) ding .i. decmaic, O'Mulc. 331 (YBL). H 3. 18, 68 . As O'Mulc.'s Glossary is to a great extent based on Old- and early Mid.-Ir. vocabularies, the occurrence of d. in it is not against the statement made above as to the time when d.¤ became obsolete.

(c) decmaic .i. doilig, docamlach: dobur cach decmuic... is amail ní dorcha (i.e. dobur) gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaic .i. docaṁlach nó doilidh, O'Cl. Ir. MS ii 292 . O'Don. Suppl. (O'Rody).

(d) deacmaing .i. neaṁchumasach incapable, incapacitated P. O'C. , O'R.

(e) decmaic .i. síst a while, opp. dogrés, O'Dav. 655 , ib. 184 . Opp. dognáth, H 3. 18, 541 (O'Curry's Transcr.).

B Meanings drawn from literature.

I †di-ecmaing, orig. that is not likely to be, to happen or come true, i.e. unlikely, improbable, impossible, strange . Only in this sense in the Glosses, translating Lat. mirus. Paulus apostolus ... et Timotheus frater .i. ... bráthir i nhiris. nípu decming cid i colinn, Wb 14 b 4 . corruptibile hoc induere incorruptionem .i. is uisse intoichther a ndrúail- nithe so hón nebdrúailnithiu. níbu degming donetad som a chorp fadessin issuidiu, ib. 13 d 20 . níbo decming rombed imthanad hi suidib (sc. isnaib grádaib nemdib), 21 a 13 . et non mirum ipse enim Satanas transfigurat se in angelum, gl. ní decming transfiguratio in apostolos , 17 c 7 .— fidh cain cin mecna mes ina dos decmaic .i. is decmaic mes do beith ar dos mana fuil freṁ aigi, Laws iv 382 3 f.b. (main text). decmaic le techt cuice she thinks it unlikely or impossible, ib. v 272. 9 . la bethaid a anmae la Críst...a beith slán ní decmaic with the life of his soul by Crist he is sure to be saved Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 , quoted twice in O'Dav. : .i. ní decmaing bias sláinte dó acht dogrés (v.l. dognáth, H 3. 18, 541 ), Fél. Oeng. Ep. 184 ; cf. ib. 655 . ó doléicter immasech cranna fianna for cach leth. nípo decmaic (-ait, facs.) casal cró for crand a duirnd Diarmató LU 117 a 17 = LL 277 a 36 (d.-aing).—Here also the quotation: decmaic (.i. ingna) fer cen enech, O'Dav. 655 .

II Unlikely to be done, impossible or hard to do; im- possible, difficult . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from I. —

(a) adj. nochon robai ní ba decmaic (-ach, MS) do dénam, Ériu ii 106.6 . becc nachimrala uathbás oc imcaissiu in trír sin. ní fail ní bas decmaicci BDD § 87 (p. 75. 14). is tacair duit ni ḟorbara anfót do rád. is decmaing ón ol seseom LL 125 b 1 f.b. is aire condegar chucut úair is decmaing because it is impossible, ib. 251 a 30 . TBF 150. 24 . ropo ní do dáil decming (: clainn), Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. cid decmaing déntar bar síd, Cog. 122. 10 . deacmaicc freasdol a ḟéile: ge ueith Éire dá thinnreaṁ, O'D. Suppl. (S. O'Mulconry).—Occasionally = scarcely : as decmaic má robái isin aimsir sin caislén dobadh crúaidhe cosnaṁ there was scarcely FM v 1336. 17 (cf. A a supra). ba deacmaic don connall a ioth diomḟulang ina flaith the stalk could scarcely sustain its corn, ib. i 56. 11 . forellsid inn écis for mianuib decmuici ar dáig enich Gúairi do brith, 'desires that are difficult to fulfil' Eg. 1782 87 b = Arch. iii 3.10 , ZCP x 381 .

(b) subst. something not likely to happen, something impossible or hard to do, an impossibility : dobur .i. dorcha nó doilig ut est: dobur cach decmuic .i. is amail ní dorcha gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . ben dofairged (sic leg.) ar decmuic (.i. ar choibchi ingnath nó doilig .i. lán duirn do deargnadaib, &c., Comm. 276. 4 ), Laws v 272. 9 , quoted by O'Dav. 655 . condat é tri decmainge in domain .i. tír aca mbí flaith do dílsi &c. , Laws v 426. 3 .

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, toch- radar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-dar- raile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rotho- chuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom- tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(*to-cuir-, Ped. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the develop- ment of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See Thurn. Gramm. § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Met. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'C. 1999 ( H. 4. 22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth Gabl. 418 . -tochra, O'Don. 739 ( H. 3.17 ( H. 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, Aisl. MC 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Met. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . toch- radar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Ped. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Im. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , Aisl. MC 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat TBC 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), BV 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, Buile S. 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-dar- raile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab. 234 . rotho- chuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom- tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Ped. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tund. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab. 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC² 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheach glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC² 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Im. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Met. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóel- Chuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC² 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SC § 38 ). docho- rastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC² 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene secht- maine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death- tales 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Fled Bricrenn ocus Loinges Mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC² 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuire- thar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Met. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . con- darraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., Bcr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither- si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death- tales 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC² 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, Buile S. 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Prov. xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab. 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Im. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, Aisl. MC 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., FM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Im. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, FM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., Buile S. 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., Buile S. 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC² 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC² 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, Buile S. 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC 5707 . tárla bean air, Prov. vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Ps. lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, FM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab. 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, FM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib? Arch. iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC² 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). con- darala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be pre- paring for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, Buile S. 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Im. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, Arch. iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), Arch. iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, Buile S. 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Virg. Aen. xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab. 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

folmaigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folmaigecht or dil.ie/23143

n ā,f. void, emptiness: a bfholmhuigheacht an chinn cavity 23 K 42, 115.6 . a folmuigecht na leisi ┐ in cnamha uachtaruigh, Ros. Angl. 318.12 . tochlughadh an ghaile ag mothughadh a fholmuigeachta emptiness 23 K 42, 305.12 . lightness, vanity: dánacht na folmaigechta (sic leg.), Instructio 138.18 . is ingnadh in ḟolmuidecht so fum YBL 317b (late note on a blank space).

gell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gell or dil.ie/25584

Forms: ngell, gell, gell

n o,n., later m. IGT Decl. § 65 , as a regular o-stem `when not a verbal noun'; § 95 when used as a vn. n s. a ngell , Ml. 27a6 . gell n-uathbais (sic leg.), Laws iv 268.25 . n p. inna gell , Ml. 58d8 .

(a) a pledge, a surety . In Laws specifically of the pledge of some valuable personal belonging, given as earnest of payment from debtor to creditor who fasts on him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 266 - 7 . gl. pignus, Ml. 23d16 . inna gell (gl. pignera), 58d8 . [do]rrat gell, Wb. 14c38 . gell glaine, Fél.² July 6 . tairr lind di ghiull di inchaib Connacht as a pledge of the honour of C., TBC² 1243 . ruc in claideb dam do giull dom anmain as a pledge for (i.e. for the sake of) my life, LL 251a23 ( TBF² 299 ). rugsat braighde fomda leo i ngill re cíos as security for ..., TFrag. 158.1 . cislir ata corai do righ do giull for a tuatha? A tri ... g.¤ sloghad, g.¤ rechtge, g.¤ cairddi `How many things is it proper for a king to bind by pledge on his "tuatha"?', Laws iv 332.20 ; 334.7 . fer gill a pledged man, 338.10 . eneclund a marbadh a gill, i 76.16 Comm. atait secht ngealla la Feine, v 186.1 . gill easbaidh idle pledges, 13 Comm. an geall dobera duine re fiachaib, O'C. 303 ( H.3.18, 166 ). ni gabar raith do raith ... no geall do gill, O'D 711 ( H.3.17, c.519 ). gell do bas a pledge to death, Laws v 220.13 . gl. .i. gell de um a fuaslucad o bas ... .i. is he rath tuc do, a fuaslucadh o bas .i. o croich, 30 - 32 . Cf. 206.19 . iii 10.22 ; 66.20 ; and for explanation of phrase, see Thurn. ZCP xv 323 . tucadh Dorn ... i ngell re cin a mic, Laws i 70.21 . na druinge bhíos i ngioll ré díol na bhfiach bhíos orra, TSh. 4452 . See 5001 . muire icna bít géill ingill | isé in lind i coire toll `the king who has not hostages in keeping, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . do bhadar Gaoidhil 'na gioll, Irish Texts i i 105.1 . rogab ... ríghe nÉrenn ... ┐ fuair a ngelli iarum took pledges from them, ZCP xiii 196.12 . geall caeca mogadh tar muir | atá d'ór ana borduibh (`the ransom of' ... O'Gr.), Acall. 1992 . na seacht laigh le raibhe C. ... i ngioll `under bond,' BNnÉ 115.4 . biaid t'animm in-a gill `responsible for it,' PH 7451 . Cf. 7391 . ní taobhtha rú a ngáol i ngioll `as a prisoner,' Ériu ix 167 § 36 . tá sé a n-ifreann a ngeall `in bondage,' Oss. iv 10.15 . A bhean ... | do bhí agam riamh i ngioll who wert ever pledged to me, Dánta Gr. xxx 6 . taoíseach ... nach bíodh file fana laimh | ar gheall Ch. mhic R. pledged for by C. Duan. Finn ii 282 § 120 . do ghabhail gill creche, FM iii 572.16 . braighe gill `a hostage for ransom,' v 1788.26 . an budh geall re hoireachus damhsa sibh? `... a pledge for supremacy ...,' ML 106.11 . a gcosnamh gill (epithet of Mac Sweeney) `the defender of their pledge,' TD 25.38 . beantar dhíom i bhfiachoibh cáigh | dá gheall nó trí, 22.10 ; 13.19 . go léine ghiorr nár gheall buinn ... `not worth (lit. not security for) a groat,' 44.10 . glac geall uadh, Prov. xx 16 . In leg. documents used of a pledge or mortgage deposited; a return for the use of lands. See Trans. RIA xv 15 seq . (Ant.); PRIA vii 248 ; TD ii 262 . fearonn a ngioll mortgaged land, Misc. Ir. Arch. Soc. i 190.12 . thug sé geall air in dá fhearaonn so he gave a mortgage on ..., O'Gr. Cat. 155.10. Passing into sense of promise: fa mor ngill `it was a great promise,' BNnÉ 283.1 . aird-gella, TBC 2385 . As quasi vn.: A-tú (atá MS) riamh ... ag geall d'Iosa 'ma éan-duain ... a gheall dhó is gan a dhéanamh `I am ever promising Jesus a poem,' Dán Dé xxv 2 . cith a ló gríanach gá gheall, IGT Decl. ex. 1662.

(b) a stake, a wager: `An imérum fichell?' ol Midir, `Ní imérum,' ol Eochaid `acht do ghill,' ZCP v 526.6 . In n-imberam fidchill, for Midir. Cid gell bias and ... Gell adcobra cechtar dá lína the stake which either of the two parties desires, LU 10834 . muna imre fi[th]chill rum-sa (ar) geall- taibh, Ériu iii 162 § 15 . ag cur geill as ar gconaibh betting on our hounds, Oss. vi 140.18 . ní faigter gille ag geall tresa to challenge combat, O'Gr. Cat. 472.22. Fig. palm, supremacy, excellence, prize: gell ar dénam cá dreich nduind the palm for shapeliness to ..., Hy Fiachr. 294.9 . geall ón rós ag grís a ghrúadh the glow of his cheek excels the rose, Rel. Celt. ii 303.5 . nir tarraidh in talamh te | cú ga mbiadh geall Gaillfheithe, Duan. Finn i 15.16 . geall Eireann ag Ullta- chaibh, Content. xxx 30 . g s. used attrib. praiseworthy a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill, Studies 1920, 2 § 8 . gréas ngill `of worthy poems,' DDána 73 § 43 . berid g.¤ (foll. by prep. ar, ó of pers. or by gen.) carries off the palm from: Gobán sáor ... | rucc geall ar gach náon ... | saor an tsaogail, BNnÉ 241 § 179 . ní rug ... geall calmachta ó Chonchubhar, Misc. Celt. Soc. 372.12 . nach lór do bhreith ghill Ghaeidhil, 146.7 . beire geall gach ḟir dá aimhdheóin, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . an té berus gell gaisgidh ... na cruinne, ZCP vi 29.8 . Cf. 289.28 . Cia do bhéaradh geall Cormaic `who could surpass C.?' Content. xv 50 . xviii 97 . TD 28.29 . fogeib (do-alla, benaid) g.¤ in same sense: ní bentair geall dealbha dít, IGT Decl. ex. 264 . geall gach oide ... mar fuair A., DDána 73 § 40 . A. Ó Dálaigh lii 12. TD 20.29 . rithid uile ... gidh eadh, is aoin-fhear do-gheibh an geall, TSh. 10276 . uaisleacht ... ní thall soin dá ghníomhaibh geall `cannot match his valour,' DDána 91 § 13 . drong bheanus geall do Ghuaire, TD 34.2 . cuirid g.¤ re challenges: do chuir geall ... fa dhán re hadhbhar eile `he challenged another notice about a poem,' DDána 90 § 16.

(c) the equal, the equivalent , a development of (a) and (b): fri geld bais at the point of death, Mon. Tall. § 48 . ba gell do anmain it was a question of her life, ZCP xv 322.5 . Cf. mina be gell de anmannaib `unless lives are in danger,' Rule of Céli Dé 66 § 8 ( LB 9b34 ). ingnadh gill gnái a fledóil | 's in Trái ... `a marvellous identity,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.8. Usu. foll. by re (la): má atá do thal leam ... | budh geall damh re haithní é it were to me equivalent to a command, Studies 1919, 73 § 6 . geall re hoighidh an eachtra, ib. 255 § 1 . gell re bás a mbetha ghnáth, O'Gr. Cat. 472.2 . beag nár gheall re flaith an file, TD 25.15 . TSh. Gl.

(d) Meaning doubtful: bai ind arc for cuclaigi gell | 'coa tabairt di Hierusalem, SR 6673.

(e) In prep. phrases: do g.¤ ar for the sake of: do gheall ar ghlóir dhíomhaín, Content. ix. 24 . i n¤ in need of: depending on: étach d'á rabi 'na gill, PH 7550 . do bhí Magh Tuireadh ... i ngeall mhic Céin, Measgra Dánta 54.70 . ┐ gan í i ngeall nó i n-éigean a furtachta, TSh. 4835 ; 4861 ; 5084 . i ng.¤ (ngioll) ar: by means of, on account of, in exchange for, pledged to: i ngeall (sic v.l.) ar a fhoghluim fuair Niul ... gach innmhe, Keat. i 92.6 . i ngeall ar onóir shaoghalta, TSh. 619 . ib. 2023 ; 10084 . i ngioll ar Dhia for the sake of God, Measgra Dánta 52.61 . a ngioll ar in tig sin `depending on that house,' Fl. Earls 180.7 . muna ghlacdaois uatha e a ngioll ar bheith ag guidhe orra, Rule of Tall. § 30 . gibé ler ab fuath an dream | atáimse i ngeall ortha riamh, I am devoted to them ever, Dánta Grádha ix 8 (ed. 1916). Cf. xiv 18 . i ng.¤ re: in pledge for, in lieu of, as the equivalent of; depending on; on account of: is meinic ... bheannaid a anam as i ngioll ris an gcúntas, TSh. 3654 . Cf. 4377 . ó tá síoth a ngioll re gleó, IGT Decl. ex. 1493 . fada linn gu lá na graifne | a ngill atá ar raithne ris, ex. 1392 . Mac Mhoire ... i ngeall ré pháis oile ... as it were a second passion, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 2 . do chrú léd ghrásaibh i ngioll thy kins- folk depending on thy grace, xlvii 10 . Cf. Dán Dé iii 31 . a ngeall re meidhir na gcon | ... atá Fionn ... air láimh `because of the amusement ...,' Oss. iv 12.25 . mar gh.¤ air in return for, on account of: rug claoinbhreath mar gheall ar chumaoin fuair, TSh. 6788 . Cf. 3604 .

2 grinde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 grinde or dil.ie/26656

n io,m.

I a faggot, a bundle: fasciculum id est ere vel grinne, Reg. 105a11 ( Thes. i 2.16 ). fascud a faisce, ōn grinde, Corm. Y 623 . fascud a fasce .i. ō grinniu, O'Mulc. 496 . Tarclam Ainge grinne nglan | ... cach crand ... | isin grinne buc barr-úr, Met. Dinds. ii 58.5 , 8 . Of some part of a chariot: rosuidiged in carpat sin for dá n-echaib ... fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, TBC² 1974 ; 2334 ; 2557 . ? aill is grinne fidlo find, ZCP xi 110.30 . dimin. a pl. amal na grinnenu .i. bite im chrechtu (gl. on fasceolas), Ml. 144c5 .

II a crowd, a company, a troop of soldiers: ingnadh leisin ngrinne ngorm `a marvel to the swarthy host,' Ériu iv 114 § 15 . barclan do ṡlógaib ┐ do grinnib ocus do leigion- aibh, CCath. 4965 . tri catha Gaeidilech ┐ grinde Gall do indrudh Con[n]acht, RC xviii 57.17 . armdattus grinni Gaedel `the armed-fighting men of the G.,' Ériu viii 69.52 . doriṅgni cruadchippi grinni bec di she became (as it were) a small hard phalanx (?), IT iii2 514.724 . bheith a ngrinne ghlan, | is gille óga it fharradh `to be in a choice company,' Buile Ṡ. 58.11 . grinne a congregatione , O'Mulc. 662 . Acher ... Dondobur dōel, Gabrōn, grinne for Findubair a company [of 3 brothers] over F., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 2 . Grinne fairne F rainc, Frig, ib. i 31 § 48 . grindi sengan a swarm of ants, Anecd. i 53 § 20.

infechtain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. infechtain or dil.ie/28579

Forms: inbechtain, inuechtain, in- becht, anbecht

adv. Also : inbechtain, CCath. 4561 , IT iii 236.35 . inuechtain, CCath. 6069. ZCP xvii 230.30 . in- becht, CCath. 2332. anbecht, RC xviii 11.4 (Tig.).

scarcely, hardly: Preceded by copula expressed or under- stood.

I

(a) Folld. by vb. in dependent clause : as in- fechtain berus a marcach i ttír, Anecd. ii 15.20 . is inuech- tain ro fogluais a beolu ... intan ro línsat dorcata an bais a rusca, CCath. 6069. conidh is infechtain no fetaitís roisc dhoíne a décain ara háille, TTr.² 371. conid is inḟechtain farétfa nech imtecht for maighibh na Trói ri himmad na cúala cnám, 543 . lingid ... i n-aeoir firmámint conid inuech- tain ba léir doib he, ZCP xvii 230.30 .

(b) Folld. by má and dependent clause : infechtain .i. ingnadh nó is ar éigin, ut est infechtain ma ro siachtadar a mhuca leis ar a tróighi, IT iii 276 § 2. is infechtain má ro boí hi colaind nech bed chomalaind dó, LU 1666. is infechtain ... masa dir damsa `hardly is it right for me,' CCath. 982. infechtain ma ro-an- sam re himaine na feolai he scarcely waited ..., RC xiii 6.21 . conidh anbecht ma doḟacsat mil na duine, xviii 11.4 (Tig.). as infechtain ma conrangatar ur na habha an tan roleab- laing caiptin Martin for a eoch, Hugh Roe 102.3 . The repetition of the copula in exx. above from TTr.2 suggests that `is infechtain' was tending to become a petrified phrase.

II Folld. by vn. implies possibility : cor bho hinfeachtain dia n-aitheantaib (sic leg.) a n-etargna i.e. there was scarcely a recognising of them by their acquaintances, Hugh Roe 166.6 . comba hinfeachtain a fegad ara taitnemaichi, YBL 155b34 .

Cf. inbheachtain .i. contabhairt, P. O'C. inbheacht `danger,' inbheachtain ` danger ,' O'R.

ingnad, ingnáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingnad, ingnáth or dil.ie/28675

Forms: d'ingnud, ingnuth, inganta, n-ingnad, ingantaib, ingnam, ingnáth, iongna(dh)

adj o, ā (4 in- + gnáth). d s. d'ingnud, SR 336. ingnuth, Im. Brain § 2. n p. inganta, LU 1970. g p. n-ingnad, ZCP v 496 § 3. d p. ingantaib, BDD² 455. The form ingnam occurs three times : ca hingnamh cin agam féin, IT ii2 116.29 . nírb ingnam ríghi ṅhĒrenn ... do beith ag Finn, Fianaig. 86.10 . is ingnamh ní dfághail, Hard. ii 290. n.b. The form ingnáth (: cách, LU 3718 ), a later re-formation from gnáth, is frequently used in contrast with gnáth and sometimes independently.

I strange, wonderful, remarkable, unusual, unfamiliar: is i.¤ linn a n-adciam `we marvel at ...,' Ml. 16c5 . ba i.¤ lium, Thes. ii 291 § 1 ( Ml. Poems i ). nīrb i.¤ | i tig Chrundmāil ... | salann for arān cen imm, Bruchst. i § 75 . in ben a tírib ingnath (ingnaut, v.l.), Im. Brain § 1. in mnái i n-étuch ingnuth, § 2. dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib ingantaib `with wondrous waters,' BDD² 455. is i.¤ mad brónach frimsa innocht, 277 . gach maith ... etir biad ocus cuimtig ocus eccuimdig, etir gnath ocus ingnath, IT i 137.28 . ba hi.¤ sin i nduine nár lég littri no légend ina óitid, Lat. Lives 100.13 . ní hi.¤ limm cid marb `nec mirum ...,' 13.2 . bale ingnad cíar bo gnád `wonderful though not unknown,' SC² 477 ( LU 3667 ). airechta écsamla inganta and, LU 1970. is adbul ... ┐ is i.¤ fria innisin sudigud inna catrach, 2074 . is me ra chunnig in coibchi n-ingnaid na ra chunnig ben riam remom, TBC 30. fér (read fer) écosca ingnaid of strange appearance, RC xiii 442 § 18. o comla nad bud i.¤ a coibeis do beith for ain, Laws i 140.26 Comm. cidh be aighaigh, gnath no ingnath `whatever death, usual or unusual,' ii 170.17 Comm. i.¤ an clu ata oruibh-si, CF 452. ciarb i.¤ la Sen-Garmain un- known to, Met. Dinds. iii 246.56 . gnim n-i.¤ n-indligtheach ... .i. ingnath ara ainmenci, Auraic. 101. a tírib ingnadu, a tirib gnath, ZCP ii 315.2 . is ingnáth lium ce hiat na sluaigh ud, vi 77.33 . guth na n-én n-ingnad, v 496 § 3 . ingnadh mh' aisling a nEamhuin `wondrous my vision,' O'Gr. Cat. 334.28. én ┐ etaidi ingnathae na hAffraici, CCath. 3206. i.¤ bearar in slúaiged `strangely is the hosting carried,' Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ga srotha innalta as ḟearr | locha inganta Éireann, IGT Decl. ex. 2065. sgél iongnadh, ib. § 178. do bhreith iongnáith éagcosmhail, Content. v 28. atcluin cach, etir inggnath ┐ gnath `both common and uncommon,' FM i 478.11 . is iongnadh an dáil dóibh, nach tuigid ..., TSh. 109. gurab álainn oireaghdha bhíos anam an fhíréin, ní nach iongnadh `which is not to be wondered at,' 1328 . nach iongnadh anois nach bhfuilmid cumasach air aoin-ní smuaineadh uain féin, Donlevy 210.z . ? To this : moltai nui ingainti nad rocheta riam `new unmade praises' (gl. inusitata carmina), Ml. 115b4 . Compar. and superl. is inganto ... a mbeó, LU 5164. ní hinginta a tabuirt isin mbec iná gabail isin mór, Laws i 270.18 Comm. conad iat tri neichi is inganta, v 426.9 Comm. mirbuil bud mo na bud ingantu inas, PH 33. in sét ... is ingantu fūair Find, Fianaig. 50 § 25. atá toirrcheas uasal álainn | is ionganta 'mar iadh brú, Aithd.D. 70 § 12. Equat. nī dechaid ... | marbān badid n-ingnathar, Bruchst. § 102.

II Freq. used as a subst. o,n., later o, m. IGT Decl. § 49.6 . Mod. Ir. iongna(dh).

(a) a wonder, a marvel, a miracle ; (of a person) a stranger (as opposed to gnáth an acquaintance) : cid armad machdad anísin ol atá lee dano an ingnad so `since it has this marvel,' Sg. 167a4 . in rí ... | doarfaid dún cach n-i.¤ , SR 326. déca cach i.¤ ar n-úair, LU 3605. dia hordaib écsamlaib ┐ dia ingantaib, 2076 . do-rala i.¤ mor mirbolldai and, PH 143. inganta Eirend uili | eter tráigh ocus tuili, Arch. ii 145.26 . co n-umle, co n-āilgena | fri hingnad, fri gnādh towards stranger and acquaintance, iii 320 § 94 . medrait gnáith ┐ ingnaith, ZCP xi 83 § 26. in t-ochtmad i.¤, fochlaid fil i tír Guent, Todd Nenn. 116.7 . beg in t-iongna buadh gá buidh- nib, O'Gr. Cat. 507.6. go bhfaicinn a míola mára | mó gach n-iongnadh, Measgra D. 42.20 . ma théid fear d'íarr- aidh iongnuidh (: Toirrdhiolbhuigh), IGT Decl. ex. 1298. go ttiocfa an comhartha nó an t-iongnadh a gcrích, Deut. xiii 2. Folld. by clause introduced by cia, cé : cia hingnad imorro ro-boi and iar fhír, cia no-dechsad hi curp ..., PH 6749. machdath ┐ ingnad lim-sa ... cia no thescfad ..., TBC 743. neimhiongnadh gin go ndeach dhíom | mo thoirse ..., Aithd.D. 23 § 18. Folld. also by vn. : cá hingnad ét ┐ ferg do dúscad air-sium ?, PH 7725.

cuirid i n-i.¤ wonders at: ná cuir i n-iongnadh ... | a bheith ós chách i gceannus, Content. vi 18. i n-iongnadh ní curtha dhúinn ... we should not wonder at, 15 . ní cóir a gcur i n-iongna | breatha ... an Tighiorna `we must not wonder at ...,' A. Ó Dálaigh lii 37. agá chor i n-iongnadh créad as a gcuireadh Dia an cor so nó an cor oile dhíobh, TSh. 5304. cuirid i n-i.¤ ar wonders at ... in: níor chuir mé i n-iongna oruibh ... gan bheith I did not wonder at your not being ..., Aithd.D. 41 § 5. baoi do dhuthracht im dhál- aibh Erenn do iomchoimeud ag na senchaidhibh nár chuirthe i n-iongnadh orra fios da fhoirlethne dhá ffuigfidís, Geneal. Tracts i 14.2 .

ina i.¤ ar to be wondered at by (or in) : dá mbiadh in a iongnadh ar aon duine cionnus b'fhéidir a rádh gur Dia gach Pearsa dhíobh if anyone should wonder ..., Eochairsg. 38.11 . ráth na ríogh dha thoil go dtiobhradh | ná bíodh soin 'na iongnadh air let no one be surprised that he should ..., L.Cl.A.Buidhe, 237.8 .

(b) wonder, astonishment: ro gab ingnad in dóirseoir acá faicsin, SG 240.7 . ná bíodh oraibh a n-omhan ná a n-iongnadh, Keat. Poems 814.

Dimin. as npr. m. Ingnadan, ferleighinn Cluana hEraird, FM ii 938.2 .

muirlan?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muirlan? or dil.ie/32793

n m. (compd. of muir?) co fuair . . . turchairthi ingnadh isin trāigh . . . .i. m.¤ glas cruind mor ┐ gan doras fair, R.I.A. D IV 2, 50va43 .

1 ná, na

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ná, na or dil.ie/32899

Forms: na, na, ná, nach

adv. of negation used with imperative and perfec- tive subj. (in Mid.Ir. also with simple subj.) to express pro- hibition. In O.Ir. generally written na; Mid.Ir. na, ná; mod. ná. Prefixes h to a follg. vowel. With an inf. pron. 2 nach is used.

(a) with imper.: na ba thoirsech, gl. noli erubescere, Wb. 29d19 . na bad mebul lat, ib. 18 . na cuinged a thoil fessin, 11b18 . na anam di dénum maith let us not desist, 20c14 . ná bat nacha arm aili let it not be any other arms, 22d14 . na imresnad let him not gainsay, Ml. 139a12 . ná teig dochum nAdaim, SR 1152. na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, 4843 . na briss lugi, TBC 3507. ná buail do choin, Acall. 582. na hadair dee bréci, PH 7310. napadh ingnadh lib-si sin, CCath. 5145. nammongonad d'Ultaib, IT i 73.7 (= na immangonad impers.).

Exceptionally with inf. pron. obj.: nat-saebthar be not deceived, PH 1794.

(b) with subj., freq. with ro: na badat lond-su be not angry, TBC 1106. nárbat buainscélach, Acall. 596. nársat ingnech, 598 . ná ro tréice do ruire, 592 . nar-bar dúrcridig, SR 4842 (2 pl. cop.).

opar, (opair)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opar, (opair) or dil.ie/33907

Forms: opar, obar, opair, oiprib, obair, oibre, obra, obar

n ā,f. (Lat. opera) n s. opar ( LU 4351 ); obar con- tinues in use beside opair (obair) throughout Mid.Ir. period. d p. oiprib, Wb. 9d19 (a prima manu). obair (g s. oibre, obra), IGT Dec. § 42.16 . obar, § 56 . In Mid.Ir. generally treated as guttural stem in pl.

(a) work, activity, employment, occupation in wide sense: opar ab operacione , Corm. Y 1012 = opair, Corm. p. 33. arna epíltis oc opair semper working, Ml. 121d16 . ni hopair niad náre diffidence is no business of a champion, TBC 3275. togaes denma opre proper folk for work (i.e. fighting), 5238 = degh-aos denma oibre, St. ro bai a n-obair ┐ a feidm ic a fulang (= they were sustained by their activity, of soldiers in battle), CCath. 5911. oc admilliud na hoipre frustrating the work (a siege), Met. Dinds. ii 4.28 . an tí ler obair bhar mbasuccadh whose endeavour it was to kill you, BNnÉ 73 § 130 . deilbh oige ní hobair dhuit `the making of poetry is not a thing for you!' Content. xxii 29. obair fhaoilte `an act of thanksgiving' (?), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 18. Esp. menial work, toil, labour : mugsaine ┐ daer-opair, TBC 1760. fer oibre a work- man, Laws v 280.12 Comm. praind fir opra, O'Mulc. 16. lucht na hoibre, ML 2.18 . an tí ag nach biodh leighionn dobheirdís obair dho . . . .i. opus manuum , Rule of Tall. 32 § 54 . obair don daoirseach (= opus servo), TSh. 1874. an seachtmhadh lá . . . ní dhéana tú obair ar bith ann, Exod. xx 10 .

Of a laborious or difficult undertaking: in ochtar is calma . . . a n-opar 'com tharraing esti `the eight strongest men . . . had hard work to pull me out', Aisl. MC 93.4 . In the phrase (is) opair hardly, scarcely : ferais snechta mór dóibh gurbh obair doibh a n-airm do chongbáil 'so that they could scarcely hold their weapons' Cóir A.2 ii 21 , Celtica xiii 122 . obar . . . | breith na bpobal i bparrthus Dán Dé xviii 30 ; 'His people can scarcely gain entrance to Paradise' Celtica xiii 122 . duine . . . don fhuil-se Ádhaimh . . . mar Mhoire is obair gur fhás A. Ó Dálaigh xii 5 ; 'scarcely one like Mary arose from among those who descended from Adam ' Celtica xiii 122 .

In loose sense of doings, goings on, etc.: is ait an obair-se ar Thadhg this is a queer thing for T. to be doing, Content. xxv 1 . féach féin an obair-si, a Áodh . . . san uair-se tharla ar Thomás, Dánta Grádha 41.1 (ed. 1926) = Ériu ix 2 (= see for yourself what T. is up to now! making love to your wife).

In pl. works, deeds : din dib oiprib (gl. nolite fraudare invicem, 1 Cor. vii 5 ), Wb. 9d19 (leg. frudare inuicem, Ogma 236 ). (of the two works, i.e. reciprocal activity, coition, see Ped. ii 469 ). deth-oibrecha (leg. degh-) good works, ZCP vi 90.10 . oibreacha na trócaire, TSh. 1830. idir oibrea- chaibh Phádraic . . . scríobh sé Historia Hiberniae, Keat. i 152.81 .

(b) in concrete sense a piece of workmanship (late use; often of buildings). obair lín net-work, 1 Kings vii 20. d'obair ṡnáithede needlework, Exod. xxviii 39. doronsat obair ingnadh . . . .i. caislén crainn, Expug. Hib. § 13. obair croinn ┐ cloiche (i.e. a building), FM vi 2270.2 . go ffuil in caislen sin . . . ar oibreachoip lan-daingne na cristaigeachta `one of the greatest fortresses', Fl. Earls 66.29 .

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