Search Results

Your search returned 9 result(s).

aithinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithinne or dil.ie/2706

 

Forms: athainne, athuinne, aithinne, -adha, athinne

n io, in Mid. Ir. m. Also athainne. athuinne, aithinne (g s. and n p. id. and -adha), IGT Decl. § 2 . firebrand: athinne gl. torris, Sg. 70a19 . a.¤ gl. fax, Thes. ii 227.24 (PCr.). titio atinne, Hib. Min. 8.270 . aithenne . . . aithenna .i. fuidle na crand, Corm. Y 76 . amail arm nocht in t-a.¤ , O'Curry 1169 ( H 3.18, p. 464b ). cid be . . . ro loisce etach a cheile co naithinde no co caindill, Laws iii 202.1 Comm. bla tene tellach no aithine, 264.1 . día mbetis a dó no a trí / lasfaitis a n-athinni their firebrands would blaze up, LU 6227 ( TBC-I¹ 1731 . TBC-LL¹ 2348 ). urchur d'athainde for lasadh, Aen. 2221 . lasfad ceann an athainne, Ériu i 18.48 . d'ait[h]innib giuis, CCath. 3603 . ra comlasadar na haithindeada, TTebe 4683 . noch chaithios aithinnigh that casteth firebrands, Proverbs xxvi 18 . creach na n-aithinneadh do dhénamh (name of a famous raid), AFM ii 940.13 . Fig. atinne adhanta feirgi, CCath. 523 . secht n-athni dar Éirinn firebrands(?) (of foreign invaders), ZCP x 343.21 . In n. pr. Sprédh a.¤ ingen Mhughna M., Acall. 1285 .

enechgreiss, ainechgreiss

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enechgreiss, ainechgreiss or dil.ie/20068

 

Forms: enechgris, enechgris, enechgressa, inechgreso, ainechgres, enechgrís, enechruice, enechgrisi

n n s. enechgris, Laws v 96.6 . a s. enechgris, FB 71 . a p. enechgressa, IT i 325.29 . inechgreso, 141.27 ; 142.21 . g p. ainechgres, Thes. ii 292.10 . enechgrís, rendering enechruice in commentary ZCP xv 348.21 . g s. enechgrisi ( Laws ii 204 x ) is apparently a distinct word, a comparatively late compd. of 1 enech + grís.

(a) an attack (direct or indirect) on one's honour, an attempt to humiliate, a slander (cf. 1 enech II): cultech ndemin...rugnith ar chiunn ainechgres a storehouse...made as a defence against slanders (i.e. filled with provender so that the host need never blush at lack of refreshment for his guests, cf. enechrucce B) Thes. ii 292.10 . forellsid inn ēcis for mianuib decmuici ar daig enich Guairi do brith, ┐ rofrestuil in Cuimdiu inechgresa in rig tar a chent the poets set themselves to demand impossible boons in order to take away G.'s honour, but the Lord warded off the attacks on the king's repute ACL iii 3.11 . forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso, IT i 141.27 . dofich uar n-inechgreso huili he avenges all affronts to your honour 142.21 . 325.29 . difichim a n-enechgresa ulie, ZCP iii 236.22 . Cf. engress.

(b) the compensatory payment due for an attempt to defame, the fine for an attack on a person's honour; ⅟21 of `eneclann': teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (.i. trian ┐ in t-aenmad rann fichit), Laws v 96.6 . teora eirce... .i. eneclann ┐ dire ┐ aithgin .i. eneclann ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgris, iii 26.27 Comm. arm bes fiu a enechgris do cach aen no ina aenmad rann fichet dia enechlaind `when they amount to each one's blush-fine or the twenty-first part of his honour price' ii 256. 12 Comm. (where the transl. takes the word as enechgrís). When O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 471 defines enechgris as `a dishonour such as that of receiving stolen goods' he refers to the following: enechgris i n-innib foglad amal rogab set nach aili gatar as do thir na gaibter fort comairce no do snadug, H 3.18, 120 = enechgris a n-indaib ind foghla. is cubaidh iarom ind innalaill .i. ind érco i n-ind foghla, amail rongab: sēt nach aile gadar as do thir nat gaibe, etc. Corm. Y 533 (for: ind fogla see ZCP xvi 267 ).

fégaid, féc(h)aid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégaid, féc(h)aid or dil.ie/21449

 

Forms: -g-, f-, féig-, féig, fegar, fegar, fégaid, nofhégha

v also with unlenited -g-, and d- may replace f-, see IGT, Verbs § 93 . 3 pl. pret. do fiachadar, Lib. Flav. i 32va 12 . The stem féig- also occurs (cf. féig, SR 6122 . LU 4123 ). The relation of these forms to O. Ir. do-éccai is obscure. Perhaps there was an O.-Ir. fégaid scrutinizes (cf. féig `keen' ?) which became confused with do-écci. Cf. comfechinn (gl. ut contuerer) Ml. 113b9 . In: nad cuicsedar .i. nad fegar `that it be not taxed or examined ' (gl. uult ... non ... taxari) 0 36a38, the form is apparently pass. pres. ind. of a primary verb. One would expect the subj. Cf. fegar fri ndirie, ZCP xii 402.12 . coic conara fugill fegaiter (v.l. aithfegar) and `die fünf Urteilswege [sind es] die da gemustert (spezifiziert) werden' Cóic Con. § 1 (Thurn. ib. p. 61 , compares the gloss just cited, and continues "das Verb feg- später fēg- bedeutet `mustern, genau betracten, nach sein Qualitäten bestimmen, herausheben'. In den Rechtstexten wird meist das Kompositum aith-feg-, wohl in Anlehnung an das lat. re-censere, gebraucht"). In: co ro fhegur a miad coir for cach (no corresp. clause in the Latin) PH 3962 the meaning may be perceive . See further Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 .

I In older lit. generally trans.

(a) looks at, observes, scans , generally implying close attention: fégsu, a L., aní atchiusa, LU 3885 ( SCC 39 ). no fegad eat fo innib a n-uilc, LU 1004 ( ACC 95 Comm. ). fegaitsi i ndignet see what they will do LU 188 . sillis fair ┐ ḟeghaidh a ghnúis, Lat. Lives 103 . roḟegadh gnúis a aidi amail ruithen grene ib. = Lism. L. 3401 (perhaps intrans., the corresp. Lat. is: facies ... quasi globus solis semper videbatur). fégad cech aen ... ná rob dall ... hé = uideat ne sit caecus PH 4665 . tincais A. furri .i. nos-fegand, TBC-LL¹ 780 . tincais fair ... is inund ón ┐ n o fégand, 2128 . fega latt dam in fuil seo examine this wound for me 4311 (fech lat St). fechais F. in fuil, 4312 . fursainter caindeald dūn co fēgum in uisci, RC vi 175.44 . fégfaid in coimdid gnúis do gnúis, PH 4675 . rot-fég (= rod-f.) co fethmech, 1133 . na doíne ... nosfégat fen co fuirechair who observe (examine) themselves 6855 . dā fēgainn mē as mo medōn (: gēbainn) if I regarded myself from within ACL iii 239z . co rofegdais leo ... | in mór immed a chathrach (of spies) SR 4658 . huair rofegsatar in tír, 4669 . O rofeg Noe ar cach leth | in tir, Rawl. 76a37 . Dia fein rom-fēgustar, ZCP viii 214.18 . Fég a dó do M. `Behold two years reigned by M.' Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 8 ( LL 181b26 ). Cf. na coíc ḟonna féig (: scéith), LL 148a19 ( KMMisc. 268 § 36 ). Searches ; examines, studies: feg .i. tuir, ut est fegh Bretha Neimed search O'Dav. 831 . atá loch usci and, fegtar ┐ claiter, LU 177 . fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feig examined Laws i 32.30 . fechthur a cana let their laws be examined i 62.17 . o rofhegh in faidh in nemh, Lism. L. 813 . for cubhas caich léghfas leir | ocus fegfas senadh sir, ZCP vi 268.19 . féach leat Leabhar na hUidhre look at Content. vi 8 . an nēmhann ... dhá bféchtar dhí an fonn na bhfoil if the soil in which it is be searched for it Ó Héodhusa 3.12 .

(b) With abstr. obj. considers, pays heed to, takes into account: a bráthriu, fegaid for ṅglóir (: dēnaid) have regard to your honour SR 3113 . feg lat uaisle na glore !, PH 4102 . feich latt cindus is coir ... 609 (? Cf. 1 fethid). in popul gentlide nár fhég fírinne forcetail, 4593 . fégthar tech Finn ... nach mairionn de | ursa no cleith, Duan. F. i 25.27 . feib na ree fega latt, ACL iii 314 § 23 . féagha a bhfuighe ... d'olc `think of the harm thou shalt suffer' Dán Dé xxxi 40 . féagh féin créd í an chomhairle as fearr lat ..., Desid. 592 . fechaidh bur crodhacht gnáith d'fuaslugud bur companach call to mind Fier. 69 . nír ḟég geiss nó gliaid he heeded not Ériu vii 223.4 . níor ḟéach Brian ceart fán ríghe | acht a buain da flaith fíre, Content. vi 181 . madia feghthar fírinne, ZCP iv 237.20 = Leb. Cert. 236 . féach ar liath dom folt!, Keat. Poems 953 .

(c) tries, proves, tests: an drong as mionca ro fécchadh ┐ rofromhadh, AFM v 1736.17 . go roḟéchsat ... cruas a ccloidhemh ┐ troma a ttuagh ar chloignibh a cceleadh comhlainn, AFM v 1646.7 . cf. no go bhféachaim oruibh ... mo neart, Oss. vi 116.15 = go fechoinn, etc. Duan. F. 78 . do tugadh an léine chuca ... ┐ d'ḟéach E. uime í tried it on Síoghra Dubh § 13 ( GJ 1909, 160 ). f.¤ é le (nech) tries conclusions with (late idiom): feuchfad leat é a nuairsi; dh'fonn na firinne dh'fagháil amach, Luc. Fid. 274.15 . feuchfad fōs leat ē, 278.10 . feuch leam é, 303z ; féuch linn é, 344.13 . f.¤ ... fri compares ... with: dá bhféachtar an t-áireamhso ris na seacht mbliadhnaibh déag ... is follus ... `if this number be taken in connexion with' ... (compared with ?) Keat. ii 463 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense looks, glances, gazes, keeps a look-out , absol. or with prep. FOR (AR) : fég, a L., dar th'eis look behind thee ! LU 3887 ( SCC 39 ). fegaid, fomnaid ! Ériu iii 143 § 1 . féach id dhiaidh look behind thee TD 38.7 . TSh. 475 . fegaid lib conid mor dliges a honoir, PH 5593 . dercais ┐ fégais C. dar a aiss, CRR 38 . fegait tria tholl na comla confhacatar in dias, Lism. L. 1975 . nír féghusdair ara ais riamh, ZCP viii 552x = ni ró ḟég, etc. TBC-LL¹ 1904 . feg latt for iffern ` beware of ' PH 798 . fegais C. forru, CRR 46 . mairg ḟéagas ar Inis C., TD 11.1 . go raibe an uiredsa do coimet ag C. ara ōghacht nar ḟech ar mnai ... riam, BCC § 411 . an tí fhéachfas ar mhnaoi réna sanntughadh, TSh. 7266 . créad nach féachann tu ar an druing do-ní milleadh? (= quare non respicis) 9514 .

(b) fégaid do looks to, heeds, has regard to, takes into account: ba don riaguil nofhégha (2 s.) Ériu ii 228.8 . ní fhéachann [an bás] do dhuine ... seach aroile is no respecter of persons TSh. 766 . étach lennmaisech ... do na fech logh no cendach ar a ingnaithchi, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 2 = narb ētir luach ... do mhes dó, 137 . mana fechainn d'onoir dom athair had I not regard for the honour due to my father Fier. 120 . do bheanfainn do cheann diot ... muna bfechainn dot ainbfios, Duan. F. ii 250 . do fhéch sibh don chrích-si `thou hast cared for' Studies 1921, 75 . nir fech C. don tuili acht docuaidh tríthe, BCC § 73 . neach ... nar fhéag (: séad) d'antoil na colna, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 12 . ní ḟéachfaid dot ór dána `will not heed' Content. vii 11 . F.¤ RE (LE) : féachfa mé re Mag Uidhir | mo rí G an ngéabhadh lam `I shall look to M. to see if my king ... will accept me' TD 12.3 . ionadh ... da nderna ... dam le neach oile ni feghadh [leg. —abh], ZCP ii 348 . Vn. fégad (fégain, féchain, etc.), q.v.

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib , Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

2 inbe ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 inbe ? or dil.ie/28238

 

vn. of ind-ben-. a notch: beara lan dire do cheathra gach neimig gen ni fuireastar ina n-oaib no ina n-adharcaib innib .i. ... cen cu hairgitear indbe ina n-adharcaib na tuill ina cluasaib .i. cin gu roib comarthadha orro, O'Curry 1906 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23 (21)c ). crand tarsna tarsin tech ┐ secht n-inbhi and ┐ cūic būairghi in cach inbhi, ZCP vii 300.10 . saincenel claidibh ┐ in līn inbi no bidh ann is é līn biadh no berte (gloss on coire), Ériu ii 3 n. 31 .

inbuilg ? :

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inbuilg ? : or dil.ie/28257

 

n doellar (dosellar, v.l.) fo inmuilg (inbuilg, inmuilc, v.ll.) .i. no fegad iat fo innib a n-uilc `who turned aside while under instruction ,' RC xx 272 § 95 (ACC) ( ł ba gabail ella dond uasul na cloenchliara combo maith no immuilged cretim forru, LU 1006 , Comm. on above) (`fo inmuilg implies that Columba milked instruction into the perverse clerics,' Stokes). Cf. tinmlegon.

inmuilg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmuilg or dil.ie/28788

 

n d s. `instruction (lit. milking into)' ? : doellar fo inmuilg (inbuilg, inmuilc, v.ll.) .i. no fegad iat fo innib a n-uilc `who turned aside (while) under instruction,' RC xx 272.8 (ACC) = do-ellar fó inbuilg .i. do-s-bered do ṡalund ; no no-s-bliged .i. no-chendsaiged, Lib. Hymn. i 177.502 . Cf. ic inblegon creitmi, RC xx 272.6 (ACC).

1 inne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inne or dil.ie/28806
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: t-inne, innedha, indida, innidhe, innighe, innedh, n-indid

n , f. (but : in t-inne , Ir. Gl. 1013 ). (< prep. i, Celtica xv 18 ) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. d- endings also occur : n p. innedha, CCath. 4142. indida, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . a p. a innidhe , Exodus xxix 17. a innighe , 2 Samuel xx 10. g p. a n-innedh , Aisl. Tond. 104.24 . na n-indid , Irish Texts iii 49.x . See IGT Decl. § 180. ? Orig. meaning the inmost part of anything, the middle, the essence, the content:

I Figurative sense.

(a) quality, real value ; manner, kind, nature: alind á óiph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a i.¤ poisonous its quality (of the doctrine of Pelagius), Wb. 7c1 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordingrat `it is in accordance with that the names are given (namely) in accordance with the qualities that they signify,' Ml. 37a14 . is i.¤ so inna ermiten `such is the honour' gl. qualem, 67c7 . i.¤ olc `the evil quality' gl. qualitas, 71b4 . eregem ind inni se `such a complaint,' 90c8 . torand folaid ┐ i.¤ `a signification of substance and quality,' Sg. 26b12 . i.¤ ind ḟebtad ł ind ḟolaid, 28a1 . do lanad ┐ ḟoilsiguth i.¤ indib gl. ad mani-festandam eorrum qualitatem, 28b18 . quantus .i. is heidméit ... qualis inna i.¤ so `qualis of this quality,' 30a14 . ní ed a mét foilsigther ind i.¤ robói hi pyrr not only is the quality which was in Pyrrhus demonstrated, 211a10 . Garb Glinni olc a ḟuáth is a inni, RC xiv 422.1 . in long d'ór is án i.¤ whose quality is splendid ?, LL 307b41 . meid ┐ inni ┐ inchosc `quantity, quality, and meaning,' Auraic. 673. bonus et malus is i in indi : magnus et minus is i in meid, 674 . a hi.¤ a cuit isin seoit from the true value of his share ... ?, Laws iii 360.12 Comm. tir ara ningealtar [log] .i. ferand ara r-gelladh log a hinde `land for which its real price was promised' (etym. gl. on ingeltar), v 430.5 and 15 Comm. in gell a hindi leth n-uinge `a pledge of the intrinsic value of half an ounce' (etym. gl. on ingille), 416.19 Comm. mided .i. meisemnaiged cach a hi.¤ in ni is coir do gabail isin rath let everyone judge from his own quality ? (or in his own mind ?). ii 254.28 Comm. tir a mbí i.¤ doimne, cuirrig ┐ seiscenn, O'Dav. 140. nach saobhthuir i.¤ an aeeóir `that the nature of the air be not perverted,' Studies 1921, 74 § 4 . ? fer brón fort íer techta inde (glossed : .i. more) lámnado, LU 10887 (rhetoric, = ... ier techta in delmnad, Ériu xii 182 § 12 ). a hinne used adverbially properly, naturally, by reason of or according to its nature or quality: cell con-a hincrod .i. cell cusin crod bis innte a hi.¤ , Laws v 222.14 Comm. co na nindteach .i. cusaní is toich no is duthaig bis orro a hinde, iv 152.13 Comm. ise ní ro meisemnaiged a hinde doib `the thing that was estimated originally for them,' 34.21 Comm.

Used absolutely as adv. of manner (see GOI § 876 ) : i.¤ ropridched dúib `as has been preached to you,' Wb. 25a40 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul such as they were before gl. talia, Ml. 62b2 . cia inni soas `how he turns' gl. qualiter auersatur, 123d8 .

(b) meaning, sense, signification: ara tucca cách a canas condib réil less ind i.¤ bess and, Wb. 27b27 . ce torbe dúibsi in fogur sin mani fessid inni bess fon fogursin `the sense which is under that sound,' 12d5 . issí i.¤ fil is indi as fluit, consumitur, Ml. 83b1 . is inunn chiall is indi as scit ┐ as nóuit is in dib desmrechtaibso .i. procurat issí i.¤ fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . ind i.¤ bís indib riam gl. significatio, Sg. 4b4 . huare nád forcmat inn inni saindilis inna ndelb the special meaning of the forms, 50a6 . is follus inna n-inni som i.¤ inna n-anmmann húataat, 59a11 . brath inn[e] cach brethi, Laws i 22.5 Comm. bunad ocus inde ocus airbert ... don focul origin, meaning and use ..., 30.y Comm. a inde .i. a indaithmech its meaning i.e. its analysis, Lec. Gl. 169. dorrime S. ... inni n-ali nand .i. beatus quasi vivatus `S. gives another sense,' Hib. Min. 434. tucad in t-ainm iarsin n-inde thoirnes for in sollamain-si according to the meaning it denotes ?, PH 6934. seachta ... seacht n-ae a hinni `heptad ... seven sciences is the meaning of it,' Auraic. 742.

II Concrete sense.

(a) middle, centre, inmost part (very freq. in etym. glosses) : inde a hinde .i. as a lár, O'Don. Suppl. (< H 3. 18 ). inchind .i. i n-inde cind bīs, Corm. Y 760. inchind .i. indi in chind, O'Mulc. 732. innéoin .i. inne an eana .i. meadhón an uisge, O'Cl. ni diubair indraic inlobra .i. ... innraic bis a n-inde labra in the middle of illness, O'Curry 2469 (< Eg. 88, fo. 38 (39)a ). in ni bis a nind (leg. ninde) a treibe (gl. on intreb furniture), Laws ii 358.10 Comm. no lin[a]d indara lestar a hur in tsrotha, araile asa medon, RC xxv 35.25 , to `medon' corresponds hinde in tsrotha, 30 . iad i n-i.¤ aigianta eisinnill an áruis ... sin in the deep insecure centre, TSh. 6690. cuiridh an teas a teitead a n-i.¤ na talman astech `into the interior of the earth,' ITS xiv 38.11 . secht n-indsguithe .i. atait secht scuiche a hinde `there are seven internal departures,' Laws v 296.21 Comm.

? To this the following exx. : duine ro gaid set ┐ roe no (leg. ro elo) amach-asin crích ... ní légur a hi.¤ in ferainn é go foircenn na riaghla, O'D. 696 (< H 3.17, c. 509 ). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi ... ina thir transltd. `grazing on a farm i.e. they graze the top (of the grass) in the land,' Laws iv 48.18 Comm. co dílinn do ladh a hindibh aeoir `from the inside of the air,' Leb. Gab.(i) 92 n. 6 . a sil a innibh an aieoir, DDána 110 § 48. failet ann linni lethna | ailli a n-inni a noebtrethna, SR 494. inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais the inner part of the spear in its socket ?, O'Mulc. 769. cāin inbir .i. ... riaghail inneich bis in inde bera na corad, Laws iv 212.12 Comm.

(b) mind, heart: ni ḟuil th'aídh na th'i.¤ hi ccradh `thy care and thy thoughts are not on wealth,' Cog. 64.29 . ca rūn atā fat i.¤ ?, ZCP xiii 170.16 . as mairg dobheir taobh re mnáibh ... cidh bed bhes ina n-i.¤ `whatever be in their minds,' BS 112.7 . amail aimsiges int aintcrist indi cāich, ZCP xii 368.18 . mar bhíos Críost san ghille ghlan | gan díosc na i.¤ iodhan in his pure heart, Arch. Hib. i 99 xvii .

(c) Usually in pl., the bowels, entrails, intestines: talias gl. na hinneda `the bowels,' Gild. Lor. 93. erga mea viscera gl. illeth rem indib, ib. 148 . cum medullis gl. cusna hindib, 227 . isnaib innib `in the inward parts' gl. in osibus, Ml. 28a7 . int i.¤ iachtarach gl. líén `the lower gut,' Ir. Gl. 1013. in mil bis i ninde uithir the beast which is in the bowel of the sick man, Laws ii 12.22 . ris in ngen inasas a hi.¤ in athar, in ingean, 346.4 Comm. ina sinib no na indib, transltd. `in her udder' (of a cow), iii 228.10 Comm. comba leir a i.¤ et a inathar tar a bhél, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . contarlaic a mbúi do innib ina medón corrabi for fortchi in charpait, LL 121a2 . coná raibhe acht a cris ... catha ic congbail a i.¤ ocus a inathair ar n-íchtar, MR 300.5 . ro-m-piantar tria m'índib, PH 802. ni testa fuirri innedha na linche the entrails of lynxes (of a witch), CCath. 4142 . nighfe tú a innidhe thou shall wash its entrails, Exodus xxix 17. indida na n-ainmindti, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . sa gaile no isna hindib, RC xlix 14.11 . gur marbh flux inneadh drong dibh `that a flux of the bowels slew some of them,' ITS xix 112.23 . eslainti in gaili ... ┐ eslainti na n-indid mar ata gaothmuirecht ┐ colica, Irish Texts iii 49.x . an té thiocfus amach as t'innibh féin bhus oighre ort, Gen. xv 4. m'i.¤ ro shúig `my vitals he sucked' (a mother of her child), Todd Lect. vi 82.11 . in tan ro-genair ... on óig cen eroslucad n-i.¤ without opening of the womb, PH 6752. i n-innibh ar mbancéile i n-ám tuismedha, CCath. 647. Fig.: cuiridh iomuibh ... innighe trocaire the bowels of mercy, Coloss. iii 12.

By an extension of meaning, dung: indebar .i. áilech, ut est tech i mbí indebar .i. tech i mbí inde in buair .i. tech salach semdellach, O'Dav. 1127 = Laws v 166.18 Comm.

olṡuide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olṡuide or dil.ie/33823

 

Forms: olṡodain, olsude

pron. m. and f., olṡodain n., used in O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. as a rel. pron. to introduce a somewhat independent rel. clause, esp. one containing something either opposed to or explanatory of the preceding statement (often = Lat. quippe qui). In Glosses both compds. are confined to Ml. and Sg. and acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 216 are artificial forms. (m. and f.) atarimet . . . la ranna insce ol ṡuide as rann insce la laitnori reckon it (the interjection) with the parts of speech, because it is a part of speech with Latin grammarians, Sg. 26b6 . is cosnaidhi tra in flaith nime ol suidhe is ecsamail frisin flaith doenna inasmuch as it is unlike, Ériu iii 6.12 = ol suidhi, ZCP iv 243.20 . eipistil int Slánicceda . . . olsuide ro scríb a láim fessin which His own hand wrote, Ériu ii 192 § 1 (olsuidiu v.l.; olsude, LB 202b2 ). As adj. pron.: olsuide ndath, gl. quem colorem, Ml. 76a10 .

(neut.) olṡodain (often with a preceding clause or statement as antecedent = Lat. id quod): ol sodain oín, gl. quod solum, Sg. 41b1 . ol ṡodain as sainreth do neutur, gl. accusativum nominativo similem ponens, 65a12 (= `id quod neutri generis proprium est'); cf. 213a2 . olṡodin as asu which is easy (gl. nisi sint a disyllabis composita), 187a3 . diambe articol . . . and. olsodin immurgu nad recar les which, however, is not necessary, 198b6 . asberat as nDia cloine macc, olsodin as gó doib which is a lie on their part, Ml. 21c11 . orcain Cille C. o Gallaibh . . . olsodhain na pu menic a thing that did not often happen, AU 938 . dixit .i. . . . olsodin nad choir ani-sin but that is not right, Ml. 127d14 (here olṡ. appears in intermediate stage betw. rel. pron. and conj., the follg. clause having a new subject). is airi nad gaibtir leu [tituil] fo uhith nach airnaigthi fil innib. Olsodain nad maith fri Cirine ciasperthar wherefore it does not seem good to Jerome to say them, Hib. Min. 7.235 (= quamobrem).

See 2 ol.