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ad-goin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-goin or dil.ie/465

Forms: athgonaid, adrogegon

v (* ath-gon-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 548 ) Later athgonaid. lit. wounds again: adrogegon gl. repupugi, Sg. 181a7 . atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . ? buaidh indsci anaib adgonar go gú bretha, O'Curry 1606 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 5a) = buadh innsci banaib atgonar go gubrethaib, 2268 (Eg. 88 f. 20a) = buadh inngi anaib adgonar, 2273 (f. 20b). ruc C. furri . . . ┐ nira gonastarsum ní athgonad sum na díaid hí, LL 12328 (TBC). do hathghonadh eidhre Dé, Dán Dé ii 21 . gonais E. ┐ athghonais ┐ treasghonais éision, ML 140.13 . loitis Tuathal constapla na nGall dá cédḟurgamh, athghonais Taicleach é, AFM iii 234.6 .

2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

attá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attá or dil.ie/4927
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: attá, Fil, fil, faeilfit, fil, fil, atóo, attó, attóo, ató, -táu, -ttóo, -tó, atái, atái, -tái, adta, ata, at, atáa, attáa, ataa, att, -tá, -ta, -táa, -dathar, ataam, attaam, ataid, ataaith, ataaid, ataad, -taid, ataat, ataat, -tat, -taat, tathum, tathut, táithi, táthus, táthunn, taithiunn, tathuib, tás, fil, fil, feil, fel, fail, fil, file, fel, fele, feil, fail, biuu, -bíu, -bí, biith, biid, bíid, -bii, -bí, robīi, -rubi, -rubai, -ruba, bíis, biís, bis, bís, bithir, bither, -bither, -rubthar, bímmi, -biam, bimme, biit, bíit, robiat, -biat, -bíat, -rubat, bíte, -bíinn, -biinn, -bíid, -bíth, -bid, -bith, bithe, -bímmis, -bitis, -bítis, b, bíth, bíith, bíid, biid, bíd, bithom, biid, bith, biat, beo, beu, -béo, bee, b, -bee, robhe, beith, beid, bed, beth, -b, -bée, bethum-sa, rob, robe, rubé, rob, robbé, -roib, bess, bes, bethir, bether, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -bem, -robam, beithe, bethe, -beith, -beid, -robith, beit, rubet, be(i)t, -bet, -robat, bete, -beind, -beinn, -betha, nobed, nobeth, -bed, -beth, -robad, -rabad, -bethe, -bemmis, -beimmis, -bemis, -bethe, -betis, -[ro]ibtis, bia, bie, bieid, bied, -bia, -bia, -bia, -bía, bethiumm, bethib, bias, bies, beithir, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -biam, -piam, bethe, bethi, -bied, -bieid, biet, bieit, biet, -biat, -bíet, bete, beite, nombeinn, nobiad, -bíad, nobemmis, nobetis, b, -bá, bói, bái, -bói, boie, boithius, boíthi, baísu, both(a)e, botha, -both(a), bamar, bámar, -baid, bātir, -batar, batar, rob, -roba, -raba, rob, robói, rambái, robui, -robae, -robe, -rabae, romboth, rombod, -rabad, robámmar, -robammar, rubaid, -robaid, robatar, robbátar, -rabatar, -robatar, -rabtar, buith, buithi, atáu, atú, itu, it, atú, ataim, -t, -tái, -toi, taoi, -t, atá, attá, ata, at, atáthar, dáthar, atass, -das, itám, tám, ataum, ataim, atamaoit, atámaoid, atám, -taum, -dtám, atathai, atathi, atáithi, -táithi, -dathai, -taidh, itāt, atáit, ataut, táid, -táit, itat, atat, fil, -fhile, -fhuile, -fuili, -ḟoili, -ḟuile, fail, fail, fuil, -fail, -fuil, -uil, -ḟil, -ḟuil, -ḟoil, fil, fail, fail, filter, -fuiltear, fuilemm, -failmet, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, -bhḟuilti, failet, filet, fuilet, -failet, -filet, -fileat, -fuilet, -fuilid, failet, failet, fuilet, filet, bim, bím, -bím, -ruibim, -bi, bíd, bíd, -bí, -bíonn, -bind, bídh, -b, bither, -bithar, bímit, bídmaid, bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, bíth, bīd, -bíat, -bít, -bíd, bit, bít, bhínn, nobīth, robíth, bhíodh, bhíoth, bithi, -bithi, bithea, naboitis, nobīdis, beitis, bitis, bhítís, bhídís, bír, b, bīdh, bíodh, bíoth, bíom, bíthe, bídh, bidhí, bíod, ber, uér, beor, bheith, bur, -rabor, -rabhus, rabasa, bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, bé, beir, -rab(a)i, -rabha, -rabhair, -mbéis, -beis(se), -rabais, beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, beth, -b, -raib, -rab, -raibhe, rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, bess, beas, bethur, beme, bemmit, bemait, -bém, -beam, -ruibem, -rabum, bheam, rabham, bethi, rabthai, beit, -bet, -beat, -rabat, -rabut, -rabhait, -rabhaid, -rabheid, beinn, rabainn, beithi, beithe, bethe, beitheá, beith, nobith, mbeadh, -mbeath, -rabad, -bethe, -bette, rabtha, mbiadh, nobeitis, nobeidis, mbeith, bíat, biat, biad, bhead, bed, bét, bett, -biu, -bhiú, biad, -bi, bía, biae, biaidh, bía, -bía, bethair, bied, biaid, biáid, -bia, bíes, bés, bes, bess, bhias, biass, beither, beithir, bemit, bemait, -bem(ni, beimíd, -biam, -biaim(ne), -ben, bethi, beitte, bete, -bed, biait, biat, beit, beiti, beti, betit, beidid, -bīat, beidíd, beid, -bíad, no-béind, dobeind, do beinn, -beinn, bheitheá, biadh, -bied, bífad, rot-fiadh, biath, bhiadh, bethe, bheidīs, ro-bádus, bhádhus, bhí, -rabus, -rabhas, -rabadhus, bá, -raba, bádhus, -rabadhas, basa, bhádhuis, bhí, -rabadais, -rabhais, bhádhuis, -rabhadhuis, bae, bóe, baei, búi, -bae, -buí, robai, robae, robói, bí, robuidh, bí, bhói, bhaoi, -rubai, -roibe, -roibi, -roba, -raba, -raibhe, -rabha, -robha, bí, -raibi, baí, -rabha, -rabhustair, boí, bāi, būi, bae, buí, baí, boí, both, rombatha, robās, rombas, robás, -rabus, rabas, -bádus, -bás, bás, bas, -rabas, bas, bhás, bāmur, bámar, bhámair, -rabamar, robabair, -babhair, robadbair, bhábhair, -rabhuir, -rabhabhair, bādar, -bátir, badar, bádar, bídur, -rabadar, -rabhadair, baisit, -rabhsad, bátar, bátar, bheith, beitte

(ad-tá) subst. vb. is . The distinction betw. subst. vb. and copula is in the first place syntactical, and cases are found where there is no distinction of form. Cf. the type, common in ACC: boe sab he was a leader, ACC 26 . See further below, and the discussion by Bergin, Ériu xii 208 - 211 (cia taísiu, cia bé, etc.), who refers to cases like: is uera pictura ro bai sin, Thes. ii 6.32 as emphatic. See also Ériu xvi 46 , GOI 475 . For nimtha laám, Wb. 12a21 , nímptha fírion, 8d24 (copula ?) see GOI 487 . Note also the form of the pron. in (later): matait tall iat, Laws iv 86.8 Comm. , atá ar conair é, ACL iii 216.z . bí N. eices cecinit, RC xvii 175.14 is perh. a mistake. In follg. use of subst. vb. perh. due to infl. of Latin: mar nobéind athair doib = pater eram pauperum, PH 6107 . ata in innsci ordugud etc. = oratio est. . ., Auraic. 591 .

Apart from the ordinary indic. pres. all forms of subst. vb. are from a root beginning with b-. In indic. pres. the stem tá (in absol. position attá) is used in non-rel. sentences without conj. particle, after conj. particles with inf. pron. dat. and when the conj. particle consists of a preposition and rel. (s)a n-. Absolute inflexion of tá- is found in oldaas, indaas, etc. than (is), in meaning is angry, and with follg. suff. pron. The uninflected form fil (with accus.) is used after conj. particles where no dat. inf. pron. is present, in leniting rel. clauses and often in answers to questions containing subst. vb., and in archaic texts in absol. position in meaning there is . For fuller details see GOI 476 - 483 and exx. below. See also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 419 ff. , Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, 1 - 82 , Ó Máille, Ériu vi 1 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 143-44 . Forms of gaibid, do-coissin, díchsnigidir and 1 ad-cumaing also have the force of the subst. vb. in certain uses, see separate entries.

Note further that attá is usual after hóre (see Wb. 19a19 , 22d14 and compare GOI § 781 ) and occurs later after amal ( LU 7072 , Laws iii 90.18 ). Fil is somet. found in sense there is in mid. Ir.: fail crois d'ór in cach dorus, SR 361 . TBC-I¹ 2561 . Note also: fil derg it is red, Marco P. 173 .

The use of accus. after fil continues into the classical period, see IGT Introd. § 129 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 92 - 93 . A few exx. of forms other than fil with accus. occur: ni raibi deilb, TTr.² 1664 , ní raibi . . . mhnái, 370 , ní bhiadh mnaoi, Ó Bruad. ii 252.z (with assonance). Note also with inf. pron. rosṁbai inna tass, SR 5107 . ? nim tha maith . . . do chath fri firu, LU 3343 ( SCC 13 ). From the mid. Ir. period on fil takes personal endings except in 3 s., and occurs occasionally as an independent verb: faeilfit (fut. 3 pl. absol.), Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.26 . In rel. function attá is found side by side with fil from an early period: is heiside attá hi S., Trip.² 534 , a lucht atá istig, RC vii 298.131 , the form fil finally disappearing in this use.

In mid. Ir. fil occurs for earlier -tá with dat. inf. pron.: nichar fail tlacht, SR 1560 , ni-s-fil biad, PH 1310 . Also in rel. clause after prep.: bale hi fail, LU 7516 , fors fil, Imr. Brain 43 (see also Strachan, Stories fr. Táin 3rd ed. p. 1 note).

The consuet. pres. 1 s. conj. -bíu has in classical Ir. the force of a future: biad ní biú, IGT Verbs § 7 , see also TBC-LL¹ 882 , Acall. 6179 , Duan. F. i 43.4 .

Early forms (for fuller lists see Strachan loc. cit.). Indic. pres. 1 s. atóo, Wb. 12a21 . attó, 21c19 . attóo, 26d8 . ató, 26d17 . -táu, 32a10 , -ttóo, 17d24 , -tó, Ml. 92b8 . 2 s. atái, Wb. 5b27 . atái, Ml. 110d15 (sic MS, see Ériu xiv 30 ). -tái, 5b38 . 3 s. adta, Laws v 390.10 (see ZCP xxv 247 ). ata, Wb. 13c26 , at, 27a11 , atáa, 6a19 , attáa, 32a6 , ataa, 26b31 , att, 4b11 . -tá, 31c7 , -ta, 2b12 , -táa, 13a35 . Impers. -dathar (see GOI 477 - 478 ), Wb. 21c9 . 1 pl. ataam, Wb. 15a13 , attaam, 32a28 . 2 pl. ataid, Wb. 4a4 , ataaith, 20b16 , ataaid, 23c28 , ataad, 22d14 . -taid, 19d26 . 3 pl. ataat (trisyll.), Blathm. 471 . ataat, Ml. 55d11 , 37a10 . -tat, 42b10 . -taat, Sg. 71b3 .

With suff. pron. tathum, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . tathut, Fél. July 24 . táithi (tathai, v.l.), Críth G. 197 . táthus, Fél. Feb. 5 . táthunn, Prol. 217. taithiunn, Thes. ii 293.19 . tathuib, Rawl. 88b51 .

For rel. s. without preverb (taas, tás) see atás, indaas, 4 ol.

The form fil, etc. As conj. form: fil, Wb. 16b9 , Ml. 92a8 , Sg. 193b7 . feil, Wb. 24c4 . Ml. 60b2 . fel, Wb. 3c38 , Ml. 27d10 . fail, 44b10-11 , Sg. 32a1 . As rel.: fil, Ml. 121c8 , file Wb. 23a5 , Ml. 51d11 , Sg. 151b7 . fel, Wb. 4c1 , fele, Ml. 93c7 . feil, Wb. 33b18 . fail, BCr. 18c4 .

Consuet. pres. 1 s. biuu, Wb. 16d8 . -bíu, 20a3 . 2 s. -bí, Ml. 135d1 . ACL iii 312 § 4 . 3 s. biith, Wb. 29a26 . biid, 4d33 . bíid, Sg. 150b4 . -bii, Wb. 28b25 , -bí, Ml. 103c3 . With ro: robīi, TBC-I¹ 1730 . -rubi, Wb. 11c17 , -rubai, Ml. 20d4 , Sg. 7b3 . -ruba, 3b28 . Rel. bíis, Wb. 13a12 . biís, 28b28 . bis, Ml. 61a33 . bís, Sg. 140b2 . Impers. bithir, Ml. 56b15 . rel. bither, 108b4 , -bither, 100c21 . -rubthar, cited GOI § 784 . OIPG 69 . 1 pl. bímmi, Ml. 15a4 . -biam, Wb. 16a8 . Rel. bimme, Wb. 12c11 . 3 pl. biit, Wb. 29a28 . bíit, Sg. 217a1 . robiat, 138a5 . -biat, Ml. 59d7 . -bíat, Sg. 148a4 . -rubat, 138a5 . Rel. bíte, Wb. 9d28 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -bíinn, Ml. 108b1 , -biinn, 58d9 . 3 s. -bíid, LU 5080 (see Ériu xvii 121 ), -bíth, Sg. 148b6 . -bid, Ml. 33a5 . -bith, Vita Br. 12 . Impers. no bithe , CCath. 3971 . 1 pl. -bímmis, cited GOI § 785 . 3 pl. -bitis, Ml. 86d6 . -bítis, Sg. 5a15 .

Ipv. 2 s. b, TBC-I¹ 2391 . 3 s. bíth, Wb. 10a8 , 25 , bíith, 8d9 , bíid, 5d33 , biid, Ml. 74d3 . bíd, Wb. 3a14 . With suff. pron. bithom, Fél. Ep. 404 n.17 . 2 pl. biid, Wb. 23c11a . bith, 22b26 . 3 pl. biat, Ml. 51d13 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. beo, Wb. 23b41 . beu, Ml. 53b8 . -béo, Fél. Prol. 273 . 2 s. bee, cited OIPG 70 and see GOI 482 . b, ZCP viii 311.z (see xxiv 122 ). -bee (perh. absol.), ZCP vii 494 (Enchir. Aug.). -bē, Fing. R. 82 . With ro: robhe (restored as ro-bé), Blathm. 92 § 9 . 3 s. beith, Ml. 108a11 . beid, Wb. 14c23 . bed, 3c10 . beth, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr. Hom.). -bǽ, Wb. 22b14 . -b, Sg. 29b14 . -bée, Wb. 12c43 . With suff. pron. bethum-sa, Fél. Ep. 384 n.14 . With ro: rob, Wb. 5d30 , robe, 18c4 , rubé, Ml. 20d4 , rob, Wb. 28a23 , robbé, Sg. 169a1 . -roib, Wb. 16c24 , Ml. 118c5 . Rel. bess, Wb. 5d14 . bes, Ml. 77d3 . Impers. bethir, Wb. 5d33 . rel. bether, Ml. 107d8 . -bether, Wb. 10a18 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 31c11 . beimmi, 19a16 . -bem, 24a10 . -robam, 26c10 . 2 pl. beithe, Wb. 18b16 . bethe, 24b13 . -beith, Ml. 46a10 . -beid, Wb. 27c9 . With ro: -robith, Wb. 26a28 . 3 pl. beit, Wb. 10b5 . rubet, 26a23 . ro be(i)t , Vita Br. 35 . -bet, Wb. 9d27 . -robat, 11d9 . Rel. bete, Wb. 10c22 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -beind, TBC-I¹ 1856 . -beinn cited GOI § 787 . 2 s. -betha, Wb. 4c24 . 3 s. nobed, Wb. 3b10 . nobeth, Ml. 27b1 . -bed, Wb. 9d1 . -beth, Ml. 88b15 . -robad, Wb. 17a13 . -rabad, 34a4 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . 1 pl. -bemmis, Wb. 9a3 . -beimmis, 29d23 . -bemis, Vita Br. 23 . 2 pl. -bethe, Wb. 9c20 . 3 pl. -betis, Sg. 138a9 . -[ro]ibtis, Wb. 28a1 .

Fut. 1 s. bia, Ml. 137b7 . 2 s. bie, cited GOI § 788 , OIPG 70 . 3 s. bieid, Wb. 4d6 . bied, 14c1 . -bia, 5d35 . -bia (disyll.), Blathm. 572 . -bia and -bía, GOI § 788 . With suff. pron. bethiumm. Ériu xiii 20.6 . bethib, ZCP viii 316.5 (see xxix 174 ). Rel. bias, Wb. 23b38 . bies, Ériu iii 102 § 32 . Impers. beithir, TBFr. 248 . -bether, MacCongl. 61.4 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 9c10 . beimmi, 21b7 . -biam, 15a1 . -piam, 30b17 . 2 pl. bethe, cited GOI § 788 . bethi, Trip.² 1589 . -bied, Wb. 9a21 . -bieid, 26d26 . 3 pl. biet (disyll.), Blathm. 472 . bieit, Wb. 4c40 . biet, 9d27 , Sg. 198b6 (also bíet, GOI § 788 ). -biat, 9c28 . -bíet, 40b14 . Rel. bete, Wb. 13c26 . beite, 4c40 .

Condit. 1 s. nombeinn, Ml. 59a22 . 3 s. nobiad, Ml. 32d5 . -bíad, Wb. 9d1 . 1 pl. nobemmis, Ml. 134b3 . 3 pl. nobetis, Ml. 100c7 .

Pret. 1 s. b, LU 9407 . 2 s. -bá, cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 , see perf. 2 s. below. 3 s. bói, Wb. 31c18 . bái, 27a16 . -bói, 17d17 , Ml. 78a4 . Rel. boie, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm.). boīe (MS. ba), Ériu xvi 46.10 (see n. 0 and Celtica vi 223 ). boíë (MS. baoí), Ériu xxvi 67, 85 . Cf. cech nóeb bói, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289 (where six sylls. required). With suff. pron. boithus, IT i 137.8 = boithius, 21 . boíthi, Sc.M² 3 . ? baísu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37.5 . Impers. *both(a)e, postulated GOI § 789 , botha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . -both(a), Vita Br. 33 . 1 pl. bamar, SR 1558 . bámar, 3286 , Imr. Brain i 48.5 . 2 pl. -baid (baïd ?), cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 . 3 pl. bātir, TBC-I¹ 217 . -batar, Ml. 55c2 . Rel. batar, Ml. 123b5 . See GOI § 789 .

Perf. 1 s. rob, Wb. 28a9 . -roba, Ml. 44c4 . -raba, TBC-I¹ 3068 . 2 s. rob, LL 14442 . 3 s. robói, Wb. 5c10 . rambái, 2c13 . robui, Ml. 93c3 . -robae, Ml. 41a5 , -robe, Wb. 18d7 , -rabae, Ml. 28d3 . Impers. romboth, Wb. 19a9 . rombod, 5b31 . -rabad, Ériu iv 146.4 . 1 pl. robámmar, Wb. 20d12 . -robammar, Ml. 105b16 . 2 pl. rubaid, Wb. 3b19 . -robaid, Ml. 46a8 . 3 pl. robatar, Wb. 24c5 . robbátar, Sg. 57b1 . -rabatar, Ml. 100c11 . -robatar, Sg. 45b1 . -rabtar, Ml. 37a16 .

Vn. buith.

Vbl. of necess. buithi.

Later forms (see also Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish, Ériu vi 1 ff. ; Mulchrone, Verbalformen der Vita Tripartita, ZCP xvi 440 ; Falconer, Verbal System of LU Táin, Ériu xvii 116 ; Strachan, Verbal System of SR, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1895, 1 - 76 ; O Daly, Verbal System of LL Táin, Ériu xiv 80 ; Mac Eoin, Verbalsystem von Togail Troi, ZCP xxviii 125 ; Sommerfelt, Le système verbal dans In Cath Catharda, RC xxxviii 41 ; Nuner, Verbal System of the Agallamh na Senórach, ZCP xxvii 272 ; PH Glossary; Lloyd, Impersonal passive forms of the Irish substantive verb, Ériu i 49 ff. ; TD Introd. lxxv ; IGT Verbs § 7 ).

Indic. pres. 1 s. atáu, Trip.² 1412 . atú, 2578 . itu, SR 1187 . it, TBC-LL¹ 434 . atú, IGT Verbs § 7 . ataim, Fier. 14 . -t, Acall. 4516 . 2 s. -tái, SR 3102 . -toi, TBC-I¹ 937 . taoi, TD 15.48 . cia doaisiu mac?, RC xxvi 30 § 128 . 3 s. -t, Trip.² 744 . atá, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. attá, Trip.² 534 , ata, SR 7708 etc., at, Acall. 429 . Impers. atáthar, TBC-LL¹ 3316 . dáthar (: máthar), IGT Verbs ex. 99 . atass, Ériu iv 114 § 17 (:as). -das (: as), IGT Verbs ex. 104 . 1 pl. itám, SR 1727 . tám, 3493 . ataum, PH 1556 . ataim, TBC-LL¹ 874 . atamaoit, TBC St. 121 . atámaoid, atám, IGT Verbs § 7 . -taum, PH 1506 . -dtám (: ár), IGT Verbs ex. 111 . 2 pl. atathai, PH 2734 . atathi, 597 . atáithi (: fáithi), IGT Verbs ex. 105 . -táithi (: sáithi), ex. 96 . -dathai, Alex. 190 . -taidh, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . 3 pl. itāt, TBC-I¹ 3132 . atáit, CCath. 1215 . ataut, PH 1064 . táid, TD 8.5 . -táit, CCath. 1701 . Rel. itat, Trip.² 882 , atat, SR 7949 . For later forms in meaning than (is) see atás, indaas, 4 ol. See also II (d) below and daas.

The form fil. 1 s. ni ḟuilim, ni ḟoilim, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. -fhile, PH 8116 . -fhuile, 3335 , -fuili, Acall. 3217 . -ḟoili, -ḟuile, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. fail, TBC-I¹ 60 , SR 353 etc. ro fail , TBC-LL¹ 263 , fuil, 3072 . -fail, Trip.² 2764 , -fuil, 872 , -uil, PH 3181 , -ḟil, Acall. 3709 . -ḟuil, -ḟoil, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. fil, Trip.² 842 , fail, SR 392 , no fail , 933 . With impers. ending: filter, MacCongl. 31.25 . -fuiltear, TD 2.42 . 1 pl. ra fuilemm , TBC-LL¹ 2971 . -failmet, SR 6320 , -ḟuilmíd, Acall. 5101 . -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. -bhḟuilti, Acall. 962 . 3 pl. failet, SR 345 . filet, 477 . fuilet, TBC-LL¹ 4739 . -failet, Trip.² 1119 . -filet, TBC-I¹ 1848 , -fileat, CCath. 1270 . -fuilet, 427 . -fuilid, TD 7.23 . Rel. failet, SR 400 . ra failet , TBC-LL¹ 5225 . fuilet, 4709 . filet, PH 435 . See also do-fil.

Consuet. pres. 1 s. bim, PH 6393 . bím, -bím, IGT Verbs § 7 . ? -ruibim, SG 373.29 . 2 s. -bi, SR 2035 . bí, ní bí, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bíd, TBC-I¹ 1453 (LU). biid, SR 4537 . bíd, 4588 . -bí, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bíonn, TD 22.12 . -bind, RC xlix 37.13 . bídh, -b, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bither, PH 7441 . -bithar, Laws iv 234.2 Comm. 1 pl. bímit, Acall. 886 . bídmaid, 5481 . bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bíth, Acall. 6139 . 3 pl. bīd, TBC-I¹ 1075 (bít, LU). -bíat, TTr.² 330 . -bít, PH 4189 , -bíd, TD 5.5 . Rel. bit (= bíït), SR 7259 . bít, TBC-LL¹ 1320 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. do bhínn , TD 23.7 . 3 s. nobīth, TBC-I¹ 593 (nobíid, LU cited above). robíth, TBC-I¹ 1903 (LU). do bhíodh , TD 14.23 . do bhíoth , 26.12 . Impers. bithi, Auraic. 5286 = -bithi, RC xx 150.y (ACC Pref.). no bithea , Acall. 156 . 3 pl. naboitis, TBC-I¹ 855 LU (nobitís, Y). nobīdis, 3621 (Y). bítís, 1898 (LU). no beitis , LL 407a27 . ro bitis , PH 1957 . do bhítís , Acall. 830 . do bhídís , TD 15.18 . Rel. tri cnuasa bítís ann, Acall. 455 .

Ipv. 1 s. bír (: gním), IGT Verbs ex. 94 . 2 s. b, Parrth. Anma 3871 . 3 s. bīdh, ZCP vi 271.z . bíodh, TD 16.2 . bíoth, 17.1 . 1 pl. bíom, Dán Dé xiv 17 . 2 pl. bíthe (: -chíthe), IGT Verbs ex. 95 . bídh, ex. 109 . bidhí, Luc. Fid. 3430 . 3 pl. bíod, TD 16.19 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ber, SG 172.15 . uér, Ériu ii 92.9 . beor, v 222.46 . bheith mé, TD 8.9 . -ra bur , TBC-LL¹ 1112 . -rabor, ZCP xii 401.30 . ? -rabhus, ZCP v 523.27 = rabasa, Ériu xii 144.12 (TE). -rabar, ZCP iii 32.37 . bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bé, SR 1607 . beir, BNnÉ 288.29 . Acall. 592 . -rab(a)i, BDD² p. 80 . -rabha, Irish Texts iv 75 § 16 . -rabhair, Fing. R. p. 13 note 86 . -mbéis (: Céis), IGT Verbs ex. 100 . -beis(se) (: meise), Dán Dé xiv 20 . -rabais, Fing. R. 86 , BDD² 363 (see ZCP xxvii 75-8 ). beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. beth, TBC-I¹ 270 (beith, v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 101 . -b, TBC-I¹ 1671 . -raib, Trip.² 2753 . -rab, TBC-I¹ 1430 . -raibhe, Parrth. Anma 2616 . rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bess, TBC-I¹ 1104 (beis, Y). beas, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bethur, Laws ii 36.20 Comm. 1 pl. beme, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . bemmit, TBC-LL¹ 2137 . bemait, Acall. 5478 . -bém, CCath. 1124 . -beam (: leam), Dán Dé xii 10 . -ruibem, SR 5540 . -rabum, PH 7899 . bheam, rabham, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 1233 . rabthai, PH 1977 . 3 pl. beit, Trip.² 1653 . -bet, TBC-I¹ 1053 . -beat, Lism. L. 4702 . -rabat, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. -rabut, PH 994 . -rabhait, BNnÉ 269.4 . -rabhaid, Parrth. Anma 2836 . -rabheid, RC xxix 136 § 51 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. do beinn , do rabainn , IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. no beithi , Trip.² 2972 . no beithe , 2983 = no bethe , Trip. 252.21 . do beitheá , TD 1.44 . 3 s. no beith , Trip.² 2967 . nobith, TBC-I¹ 3543 . dá mbeadh , TD 29.6 . -mbeath, IGT Verbs ex. 97 . -rabad, RC iii 184.24 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . -bette, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.19 . rabtha, TBC-LL¹ (C) 1675 . 1 pl. dá mbiadh sinn, TD 28.25 . 3 pl. nobeitis, SR 7855 . nobeidis, TBC-I¹ 3557 . dá mbeith siad, TD 26.36 .

Fut. (see Bergin, Ériu ii 46-8 ) 1 s. bíat, TTr.² 89 . biat, PH 1244 . biad (bíatt v.l.), CCath. 5137 . bhead, Parrth. Anma 6378 . bed, ZCP vi 41.10 . bét, 69.2 . bett, BNnÉ 52 § 42 . -biu, TBC-LL¹ 882 . -bhiú, Dán Dé xiv 20 . biad, -bi, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bía, Trip.² 1593 . biae, SR 1599 . -bíai, BNnÉ 291 § 2 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . bía, -bía, IGT Verbs § 7 . bethair, ZCP ii 225.4 . 3 s. bied, LU 10362 . biaid, Trip.² 1071 . biáid, TBC-I¹ 169 (LU). biaidh, -bia, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bíes, Trip.² 2671 . bés, CCath. 300 , bes, 657 . bess, PH 4666 . bhias, TD 3.50 . do biass , L. Chl. S. 1 . Impers. beither, Acall. 5259 . beithir, ZCP x 415.11 . 1 pl. bemit, LU 9753 , PH 1501 . bemait, CCath. 1467 . -bem(ni, LU 9753 . beimíd, -biam, IGT Verbs § 7 . -biaim(ne) (: siairni), ex. 108 . ? -ben, BCC 396.19 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 3083 . beitte (: eiti) (beththi, bete v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 102 . -bed, Trip.² 1590 . 3 pl. biait, Trip.² 2665 , TBC-I¹ 2057 (beite, LU). biat, Trip.² 1288 . beit, TBC-I¹ 80 . beiti, TBC-I¹ 2078 . beti, SR 8157 . betit, SR 853 . TBC-LL¹ 246 , TTr.² 760 . beidid, ZCP x 338 § 1 . -bīat, TBC-I¹ 1132 . beidíd síad, BCC 290.12 . beid, -bíad, IGT Verbs § 7 .

Condit. 1 s. no-béind, PH 6107 . dobeind, 7489 . do beinn, -beinn, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. do bheitheá , TD 19.13 . 3 s. no biadh , CCath. 3754 . -bied, TBC-I¹ 504 . ro bífad , TBC-LL¹ 5112 . rot-fiadh, IT iii 320.4 ( Cóir Anm. 70 ). do biath (: sgiath), IGT Verbs ex. 97 . do bhiadh , TD 2.54 . Impers. no bethe , TTr.² 533 . 3 pl. do bheidīs , Parrth. Anma 5227 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ro-bádus, PH 699 . do bhádhus , TD 23.6 . do bhí mé, 5 . -rabus, Acall. 7913 . -rabhas, 1584 . -rabadhus, 356 . do bá , -raba; do bádhus , -rabadhas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do basa ( : bádusa; proscribed form), ex. 103 . 2 s. ro bhádhuis , CCath. 553 . do bhí tú, TD 28.6 . -rabadais, PH 3725. 8121 . -rabhais, Acall. 123 . do bhádhuis , -rabhadhuis, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bae, SR 7608 . bóe, 6265 . baei, BDD² 127 . búi, CCath. 95 . -bae, SR 4975 . -buí, Trip.² 1505 . robai, SR 2229 , robae, 2262 . robói, PH 2572 . ro bí , CCath. 1302 . robuidh, Ériu iii 198 § 22 . do bí , CCath. 278 . do bhói , Acall. 58 . do bhaoi (: draoi), Dán Dé xii 22 . -rubai, SR 1241 . -roibe, BDD² 498 , -roibi, 1393 . -roba, 251 . -raba, 1533 . -raibhe, TD 2.25 . -rabha, 8.36 . -robha, 1 . do bí , -raibi, do baí , -rabha, IGT Verbs § 7 . With depon. ending -rabhustair, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . Rel. boí, Trip.² 626 . bāi, TBC-I¹ 1277 . būi, 630 . ro bae , Trip.² 288 . ro buí , BDD² 287 . ro baí , 1451 . ro boí , 1517 . Impers. both, Trip.² 2264 . rombatha, Ériu ii 20 § 3 (-a added later). -rabad, iv 146.4. robās, TBC-I¹ 2147 . rombas, SR 7564 , robás, TTr.² 151 . -rabus, Trip.² 54 . rabas, Laws iv 212.22 Comm. , -bádus, MacCongl. 43.22 . -bás, 61.3 . do bás , do bas , -rabas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do bas (: as), ex. 98 . do bhás (: fhás), Dán Dé xxvi 9 . 1 pl. bāmur, TBC-I¹ 399 . do bámar , Acall. 1283 . do bhámair (: Ádhaimh), Dán Dé xv 17 . -rabamar, TBC-I¹ 2495 . 2 pl. robabair, Anecd. ii 14.9 . -babhair, Blathm. 23 (see notes ). robadbair, TBC-I¹ 2502 . do bhábhair , TD 22a.1 . -rabhuir, Acall. 114 . -rabhabhair, TD 22a.2 . 3 pl. bādar, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bátir, TTr.² 1308 . ro badar , CCath. 573 n. ro bádar , Acall. 75 . do bídur , 5942 . -rabadar, TBC-I¹ 3108 . -rabhadair, TD 26.10 . ro baisit , O'Dav. 728 . -rabhsad, TD 16.21 . Rel. bátar, Trip.² 591 . BDD² 505 . ro bátar , 543 . Vn. an bheith , IGT Verbs § 7 . Vbl. of necess. beitte, TD 28.30 .

Cf. cenmothá, íarmothá, óthá.

Used in meaning is in a large variety of contexts. Normally replaced by copula (see 1 is) in certain fixed syntactical patterns (classification, identification, etc.), and when used in these cases exceptional (see above and II below).

I Expressing existence.

(a) Used absolutely is, exists, there is, etc.: ata in coimdiu gl. Dominus in cælo sedis eius, Ml. 30b27 . nabad hed a méit nádmbǽ `let it not be only that it is not' gl. nec nominetur in uobís, Wb. 22b14 . ní fil aimsir nad mbed ref. to fuit et est semper, Ml. 17a15 . ní torménmar-ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin gl. præter spem nostram, etc., 115b1 . ni fil chumtubairt gl. indubitabilia, etc., Sg. 154b2 . ma nubed `if it existed', 31b21 . ro baoi siomh re tuisdinsiú `he existed', Blathm. 632 . as e as soithcerndomh fil, 773 . ma rombe is maith if it is, it is well, Laws iv 2.14 Comm. ni rabi uair . . . nad ro bai `there was no hour . . . that He existed not', Ériu ii 106 § 16 . a cin for athair .i. uair na bí mac, Laws iv 240.16 Comm. Columb [ro]baoi, Columb bīaas, ZCP viii 198 § 20 . tar ēis a mic . . . / nī raba acht dā aenbliadain `was alive only two years', Ériu iii 198 § 24 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be by saying there is a covenant though there is not, Laws iv 52.30 Comm. ni tha . . . ní a ngeimre in winter there is nothing, 90.1 (with petrified inf. pron. 3 s. n. in dat. sense?). ní bía terca bíd there will not be a scarcity of food, BColm. 52.5 . bid dno maith, ┐ ni bi derrscugud de `yet there is good, and nothing to surpass it', Auraic. 703 . is tré ómun bíid serc, Ériu i 195.1 . céin beti neóil im gréin ngil, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.z . i céin raibh nemh is talamh as long as . . . endure, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . bai cocad mor etarro, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . In phrase (acht) atá ní (chena) but, moreover, see 1 ní (e).

In periphrasis when emphasis on some element other than the verb is required: bieid nach dréct diib hícfider, Wb. 4d6 . bieid bes ferr de, 32a13 . do budh cusmail rit co robuis uair ecin, ┐ co n[d]ingenta rét feramail `that thou wert once such an one that thou couldst . . .', ZCP vi 87.13 . ba-sa tan / nī folabrainn ilach gamh, Ériu ii 95 § 3 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud, Ériu xvii 68 § 9 ( Laws iv 210 ). Note further: atāit teora brīathra / ata lōgmaire for nim, ZCP vii 312 § 25 .

With words expressing time: bieid aimser nad creitfider, Wb. 28c14 . aidchi robuī `one night', Ériu ii 222.25 . fecht robai `once', Mon. Tall. 147.2 (§ 52) . biaidh uair 's . . . a time will come when, Dán Dé vii 31 .

Introducing a statement: cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though it be that he assume, Críth G. 67 . dá mbeith fós go mbiadh an Fhraingc comh líonmhar ┐ adeir seisean `granted that', Keat. ii 933 . má tá go seachnoid síol Éibhir . . ., TD 29.7 . ci(d), gi(d) bé whatever, whoever (see Ériu xii 210 ): ria flaithaib, .i. rias na flaithib, cibe flaithe iat `whatever chieftains they be', Laws iv 154.17 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt, Dán Dé xiv 17 . cidh bé do bhean díbh an dúthaigh, DDána 26.1 . bíd (ipv. 3 s.) co n- although: admhuim . . . mo pheactha . . . bīodh gomadh é mo mhīan a bhfolach though I should wish to hide them, Parrth. Anma 4625 . bīodh nach gcaoifithea go spesialta fá gach peacadh though you might not weep specially for each sin, Mac Aingil 235 . bíth gur gheallas . . . though I promised, Ó Bruad. ii 212 § xiv . In constr. manibed x ní bíad y were it not for x y would not be, see má II (b).

(b) The subst. vb. is usual with predicates consisting of adverbial phrases of all kinds (prep. and noun, adjj. and nouns used adverbially, etc.) and thus enters into a large and varied corpus of idioms. A select list follows. Reference should in all cases also be made to the nouns, adjj., adverbs and prepositions concerned.

With CO: atáthar sund chucut your adversary is approaching, LL 10300 ( TBC-LL¹ 3316 ).

With CO N-: atúsa com thegluch there is myself and my household troop, TBC-LL¹ 437 .

With DI: im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss `about a business that arose between the monastery of Tallaght and him', Mon. Tall. 157.7 (§ 72) . masu de chlaind Echdach aird / atāi, ZCP xi 108 § 1 . ní bia debaid . . . de, Ériu iv 108 § 69 . Of materials: an crann dobí na sesam ... dobí sé do cepresus was a (lit. of) cupressus, Maund. 9 . In phrase a.¤ di such is: roboi du meit a pecthae `so great were their sins', Ml. 98c6 . má beth tra do hūaite ind āessa gráid `if the ordained folk be too few', Ériu i 220 § 13 .

With DO: biid do anmmaim cathrach `(Samnis) is as the name of the city', Sg. 104b5 . nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad inchoisget `there were not words (enough) to signify . . .', 45b1 . manusbeth tenga dia relad `if (the sun) had a tongue', Ériu ii 126 § 81 . ata eric a fogla do dul a ruradh o duine, Laws iv 50.5 Comm. Expressing possession, etc.: con roib core dúib fri cách so that you may be at peace with all men, Wb. 26b30 . in fochricc file do i nnim, 29b29 . cach ngrád asid n-ísliu bíid dó i céilsini, Críth G. 374 . robi timna in ríg don Comdhe, RC xviii 182.5 . nico mbái dó acht bás there was nothing for him but death, Vita Br. 32 . fecht robúi damsae domchaomnacuir `once it happened to me', Mon. Tall. 144.7 (§ 45) . atá damhsa ris an dáimh / gan ísliughadh neith dá gcáil it is my duty in regard to the sages not to belittle . . ., Content. xiv 8 .

With FOR (later AR): as ṅdath glas roboi forsind sl[é]ib the mountain was green, Ml. 84d4 . cech dath is maith ré neach bid forro, RC vi 183.9 . cēin beó ar in mbith mbuide, Ériu ii 92.16 . nocha cuinnghim bethaid mbí / ōtú ar sīth mo Rīgh amuigh since I am outside the palace of my king(?), ZCP vii 301 § 10 . scríbend menmman .i. robbói for a inndṡliucht-som `it had been in his mind', Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent, Ériu vi 115 § 6 . a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though I greatly desire to do so, Dán Dé xix 6 .

With FRI: nobiad fri femen `it would be (used) with the feminine', Sg. 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them', 215a5 . ni humhal robabair rim cen erghe rónn you were not submissive to me, Anecd. ii 14.9 . ba [mait]h ro mboth friu they were well treated, TBFr. 145 . is throit ra bass risin fer út that man was quickly dispatched, TBC-LL¹ 2986 ( LL 10035 ).

With I: is hi tuaisciurt slebe sióin ata in chathir, Ml. 67d8 . ataam ar ndiis i cuimriug, Wb. 32a28 . is and . . . bieid finis, 13b29 . is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri, Ml. 137b7 . nach dú i mbí isnaib salmaib iustitia, 109a2 . bēti a scēla illāidib, ZCP iii 37.32 . dēna torba airm i mbī, vii 311 § 9 . ro-bas i lurg an madma la clannaibh Néill the Clanna N. pursued the rout, xiv 234.16 . adh bes fiu da trian na samuisce atá isín focreic, issed ata isin fogail doníther ris na ferandaib cétna i fuacht an geimridh `a calf which is worth two thirds of the `samhaisc'-heifer which is paid for the rent, it is it that is paid for the trespass', Laws iv 92.16 Comm. cínta do niad na cethra . . . leth a mbia ina nairlim isedh bias ina tairsci `half of that fine which lies for their `airlim'-trespass . . .', 74.8 Comm. cod a midídar ruire trachta ┐ raite? Nin; co rabadar ocht nurcora dec and do fhleascach, 138.4 Comm. ní bhíadh na ghoin é d'oighedh / toil Dé muna deónaighedh His wound would not be enough to cause His death, IGT Decl. ex. 378 . Common in form with suff. pron. 3 s. n. ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre if there be anyone, etc., Wb. 13a4 . ar atá brithem and cenut-su `a judge is there apart from thee', 6b25 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul, Sg. 10a1 . attaad teora bliadna and. Niconcomracamar díoblíonaib `it is three years since we two had intercourse', Mon. Tall. 134.26 (§ 21) . For phr. cid fil and trá see trá. In idiom tá sé i n-a fhear he is a man (see Dillon, ZCP xvii 307 ff. ): is amlaid . . . atá in rigsudi sin inna chathaír chumtachta, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). cidead bes ina bibdaid `even though he be a caitiff', Ériu v 22.20 . gu raibhe 'na cholum ghel, Acall. 1080 . ce raib se i n-a fhír, PH 7324 . do bí 'n-a mnaí grádaig ac Find, Acall. 2018 . do rígh gion go rabhthá id mhac, DDána 91.15 . Note also: tuc . . . aithne gurbh e righ Eirenn do bí ann that it was in fact the king, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 .

With IMM: ni baitir, ni loisctir cein beit immo `he is not drowned or burnt as long as they are on him', RC vi 183.8 .

With LA: gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach if we are not on God's side, Dán Dé x 27 . Expressing possession and related ideas: is lib atá a rogu, Wb. 9a23 . is derb lium attá latsu gl. certus sum autem quod et in té, 29d14 . ainmm ninchoisc cenéuil issed file la laitnóri, Sg. 30b8 . is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ. sin, 9b10 . ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter,' Mon. Tall. 151.13 (§ 62) . is dé atá lem, fobíth, etc. this is why I think so (of an assertion), TTr.² 343 . itá a rīgan la cach ríg sund, TBC-I¹ 190 . fail leis secht nimi, SR 629 . ar ní ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 14150 .

With ó: báoi alaile anchoire antuaid o sláne `there was a certain anchorite from Slane in the North', Mon. Tall. 159.8 (§ 77) . cech lennánacht fil isin domvn is úadhi atá originates with her, TTr.² 370 . Bressal Ó Tressaig ō' tāit / Hī Tressaig `. . . from whom are sprung', Ériu ii 50 § 7 . ni fil[et] o neoch ┐ ni filter uaidibh `they are not derived from anything, and nothing is derived from them', Auraic. 1507 .

With OC: ar notéighed dīa sathairn init co mbídh oc Cnocc Droma Coblai, ZCP viii 106.29 = Trip.² 2858 . ma no bith . . . mo c[h]laideb acom if I had my sword, TBC-I¹ 3543 . co rabat aidmi oc cech altōir . . ., Ériu i 219 § 9 . in ti ac na biat ba, Laws iv 36.10 Comm. in fhil biad ocaib sund? PH 6709 . ná raibh agad ar n-éra `refuse me not', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . In impers. constr. cindas atathar occat? how are affairs with thee? RC xxvi 368.9 . a.¤ y oc x x has the power to do y: ní bhía . . . ag boigṡín / mo chor tar creich Phádraigín, Ériu ix 163 § 7 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: céin bett abus `while they are here below', BColm. 98.28 . ní rubai nach cruth ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . ataat ám in chrut sin, 140b1 . hóre nád robe Tit ar mo chiunn, Wb. 14d29 . na muindtire bís id choimidecht `of the monks that live with thee', Mon. Tall. 128.8 (§ 3) . dá rabh mé ar éanmhagh is í, Dán Dé ix 12 . is bether go hīsiul de, ZCP x 51.6 . bidh co mín michuir ret c[h]airdibh, vi 272 § 3 . is samlaid insin robói a flaithemnacht indibsi, Ml. 18a8 . nī hamlaid beitid na nāimh . . ., ZCP xiii 9.26 . dobadus co subhach rompa, KMMisc. 319.27 . léig mar atāit tall, ZCP viii 202.4 . trath atusa sund, TBC-LL¹ 2379 . ionmhuin uan nar fhás ó mhnaoi / do bhás go truagh ar a thí, Dán Dé xxvi 9 . Note also: dá mbem a-moigh `if we win forth', Ériu ix 162 § 2 . With interrogatives: ceth leth atā E., TBC-I¹ 376 . can ata? whence is it? Hib. Min. 8.270 . cāit atā do t[h]igerna?, TBC-I¹ 789 . ciatā inso?, ZCP viii 311.13 . a Findtain, arse, ┐ Éri cía gabad ca rabad inde? `where have things been therein?' Ériu iv 146 § 23 .

(c) Used with inf. and suff. pron. to express possession. With inf. pron.: rosmbia a lóg `they shall have payment for it', Wb. 5d35 . ind indocbál no-b-tá in futuro, 14c16 . ro-n-da-biad cech maith, Ml. 33b13 . rombia-sa la dia . . . a day will come for me when, Vita Br. 12 . roborbē (roburbe v.l.) which is yours, Cáin Ad. 27 . nīmthat asnai I have no ribs, TBC-I¹ 2871 . gell cóic sét di neoch rodmbí `of whatever he has', Críth G. 283 and n. uair nach tá tír dia fhulung fri re napuidh because he has no land to support him (?), Laws iv 30.19 Comm. rom be nem may I have heaven, Snedg. u. Mac R 14 § 76 . Femen intan rombai rí . . . when it had a king, RC xvii 148.19 . cia luag nomtha?, SR 1165 . rombí lethbairgen, Anecd. i 73 § 211 . atbert Cathair nimthasa ní dhuit I have nothing to give you, LL 386b22 . Note also: nintha do imtecht liumm `I have (lit. we have) no news', RC xiii 222.20 . With cumang (or similar word) and prep. DO has the power to: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 . ní-s-ta som . . . cumang domm orcuin-se, 60d3 . nísmbói didiu do chumacc a mmbo do imain they hadn't the strength to, Vita Br. 24 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech cumang rotbé (rodbe, rotbia, v.ll.) dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204 § 22 . nícom thása cumang dia tabair[t], TBFr. 302 . apraind nachimbai-si nert do theacht cucu alas that I had not strength . . ., TBC-I¹ 3439 . Used independently is able: nīmt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin / nech doní do maith `I cannot tell a tithe of all the good he does', BColm. 70.6 . nimta-sa sin . . . uair da caithius mo dan re sciathaib Ulad I cannot do that . . ., Ériu v 72.8 . Note also: ango dano for Ingcél adfía basa lecht bas briscium `peradventure I shall be the frailest corpse', BDD 102h ( RC xxii 211 ) = at-mbia basa lecht bas brisceam, BDD² 716 (leg. ro-t-bia?).

With suffixed pron. taithiunn . . . / ni fris tarddam ar n-áthius `we have . . . something to which to apply our acuteness', Thes. ii 293.19 . táithi caire umai he has a bronze cauldron, Críth G. 197 . tathum rūn, TBC-I¹ 848 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa dano ye will enjoy freedom with me, ZCP viii 316.5 . tathat lim logh do áes, logh do sinnsire thou hast with me = I accord thee, xii 365.13 . baíthium anfud mílach mend, LU 3018 . tathuib comram, Rawl. 88b51 . tathum o día praind, Anecd. i 64 § 120 . tāthud ochtar la suidiu / airm hi fail a crōlighe `thou wilt find eight men . . .', Fianaig. 12 § 16 . tathai eolus maith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . tatos subhae `they have happiness', Blathm. 82 . Pleonastically: tathai erouidh . . . bithbron `Herod . . . has eternal sorrow', 83 .

(d) In nasalising rel. clauses to denote has something the matter, is ailing: ced das in ben maith? `what ails the good woman?', Thes. ii 329.48 . cidh tás do sūil, a clērich? what is the matter with your eye? RC xxvii 280 § 35 . Oengus mac in Dagdai hisiurcc di bliadan. Cid tas or Bodb, RC iii 345.9 . ra[fh]etur sa . . . an daas ind ingen what is wrong with the girl, Vita Br. 5 . ni fetarsa cid no-tó I do not know what is the matter with me, ZCP viii 176.5 . cid no-taí? Sc.M² 3 . roḟetarsa a n-attath[a]i. Ni taam ni or Cano, Anecd. i 9.25 ( SCano 293 ). cid tāthaí, a maccu? . . . oc imresain atām . . ., Ériu viii 157.16 . ni confetatarsin cid rombui hissennath, RC iii 344.10 . dia ḟis cid robái (rombui, v.l.) grían to find out what was the matter with the sun, Ériu iv 140.13 .

With prep. DO feels (inimically) towards, is angry with, worries: propter incredulitatem fracti sunt .i. cani airi .i. badochu lem són is [hed] romboth doib that is the fault found with them, Wb. 5b31 . cren dímsa m'ingin . . . Cid dathir di? . . . Is dichmarcach what cause of annoyance has she given? Vita Br. 13 . fiarfaig Conchobar scēla dō. —Cidh tāi di ṡodain? ol Bricriu why do you bother with it? ZCP v 502.15 . cadai-siu duind?, TTebe 424 . In good sense treats in a special manner: ca tāthar dúin do domnach des / sech gach laithi lāndiles? `why do we hold Sunday above . . .?' Ériu iii 143 § 7 . With added prep.: cidh 'ma bfuile dam? ZCP x 10.11 . ná bí réd chathrachaibh dhúinn `talk not to us of your forts', Content. vi 31 . See further s.v. daas. Frequ. in class. verse in phrase gá dtá, dás (acht) what is the use? in short. Either gá dtá or gá tá may be used to suit alliteration, see Ir. Syll. Poetry 86 . fogus orchra don éigsi / gá ttás cur ré coiméidsi `how can she be saved?' Studies 1923, 421 § 1 . gá dás luadh imdheachta an ḟir? `what need to recount', TD 13.40 . gá dás mé dá mīrbuile / acht sé d'fás ó ÓghMuire, IGT Decl. ex. 200 . gá dtám? —acht torchuir bu dheas in short, TD 3.10 . With follg. prep.: gá dtám ris . . . / acht meise féin foidhidneach, TD 3.41 . ga dtú ris, a rí L.? / ort chuirim mo chomuirghe, 30.12 . ní bhiú ris acht, Dán Dé vi 31 . ní fhuilim dó, xi 30 .

(e) With words indicating number, quantity in sense of accompanied by, having: bí[i]th a th[a]urchreicc cóic ṡétaib, Críth G. 71 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig il-Lifiu, BDD 12 (a cethror cairpdech, v.l.). itó-sa lín do gona, TBC-LL¹ 434 . denam d'ḟiadach na muice in lín Feinde atámait, Acall. 2223 . atáthaoi líon a n-ithte, Keat. iii 4439 . atú-sa caegait fer, MR 248.17 . Later: bed-sa ┐ mili ridiri maraen rium ad diaig, ZCP vi 41.9 .

II Expressing state, condition, kind, etc. with pred. consisting of noun, pron. or adj. (usage more usual with copula, see introd. section above).

(a) With noun pred.: boe sab suithe cech dind, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). boe saegul sneid, 24 . boe dind oc libur leigdocht, 27 . biait betha airchind they will be chieftains of the world, Rawl. 125b9 . With subj. standing between the vb. and pred.: atá dia atach ṅ-dún-ni ais dethrebo God is a refuge to us the people of the two tribes, Ml. 66d1 . bói Fíachnae Lurga athair Mongáin, Imr. Brain 42.1 . Cf. Sg. 20b3 .

(b) With adj. pred.: boe seim sáth, ACC 25 . biat slana, SR 4167 (copula?). feib atam nocht, 1347 (copula?). bía slan, LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). Cf. habe . . . (.i. sana sis .i. slán bee), Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ). dlegar doibsium na be lobtaigh cor ( ar dlegar doibsium na bed lobthaig cor, O'Dav. 1191 ) (Atk. in Glossary emends to be[t]), Laws iv 54.10. atámait ainmfesach, RC xxiv 371.7 . bítíss meth (leg. methi, ed.) occ tinntúd, IT iii 235.z . co filim garbliath i rricht, LU 1272 . ro boísium imnedach i tossuch a bethad, LL 7305 . ro-bádus-[s]a dronnach, PH 2788 . céin beorsa beó as long as I am alive, Ériu v 222.46 . is follus co fuilti eaclach, Fier. 69 . maith dīghōltar ant andlocht / bethar taoblom tarrnocht trūagh folk will be, ZCP xii 395.23 . With subj. betw. vb. and pred.: is trissa ndede sin biid duine slán et fírian, Wb. 4d33 . amal mbís tegdís fás [amm]edón ┐ scópthe gl. sicut domus uacans et scopata, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.23 ). arrobói a rígthech lán de rígaib, Imr. Brain 1 . amal no beithi féin béo and, Trip.² 2972 . co mbatar na hádnaicti óbéla, PH 676 . bis an puls tonnmur lethan, Rosa Angl. 272.8 . oir dobi se crodha do laim ┐ mor do mét, Fier. 2 .

(c) With part. as pred. Immediately follg. vb. (see GOI 475-6 ; OIPG 147 ): amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tanquam morti destinatos, Wb. 9a3 . biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg `be ye opened before your king' (of doors), Ml. 46a7 . co rabais (rabhdais, v.l.) marbtha mudaigthi, TTebe 854 . With subj. standing between vb. and pred.: ataat mesai Dǽ nephchomtetarrachti the judgements of God are incomprehensible, Ml. 55d11 . céin nombetis inna saigtea tuidmithi inna feuil `as long as the arrows were fixed in his flesh', Ml. 58a9 . órobatar ind liss dúntai, Imr. Brain 1 . co ra-bi in uli demnaigecht fomamaigthi dó, PH 2796 .

(d) In sentences where the vb. stands in a nasalising rel. clause and refers to a pred. expressed in the principal clause: is faittech rond-boi som, Ml. 21d4 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, 56c22 . fer . . . nadip romar bed a sommæ a man . . . whose wealth should not be too great, Thes. ii 241.9 . is-gáibthech atátur i-sin-magh sin, RC xxiv 378.12 . is trog robas isin chotlad sin, Ériu v 34.z . ní cás duid madh diomdhach raibh / grása Dé . . ., Dán Dé xix 22 . [is] slán do bhaoi an brat-sain, xii 22 .

(e) In the type of sentence where the description constitutes an independent sentence with copula: ego sum uermis et non homo .i. atāim-si conad cruim mē ┐ nāch duine, Corm. Y 211 . ro boi Victor co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic, ACL iii 10 § 8 = Trip.² 217 . unus non est . . . .i. nochon fhil int aen co mbad airim, acht ata conidh fotha airim, Auraic. 689 . dom dóigh . . . robadhuis uair ecin ┐ roba díl anora tú `it seems to me . . . that there was once a time when thou wert worthy of honour', ZCP vi 99.5 .

2 damnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 damnad or dil.ie/14524
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: domnad

domnad (rhyming with fognam) u, m. vn. of 2 damnaid.

I A fastening, binding . This meaning is not sufficiently supported. damnad .i. ceangal, O'Cl. daṁnadh a band or tie O'Br. quia naues negotiatorum aut expectant aut suscipiunt (.i. dia nndamnad són) aut dimittant (.i. nondascorat), Ml. 140 b 11 . udmad .i. ud ┐ damnad .i. crand ar lias, Corm. Tr. 164. 9 . Thr. Ir. Gl. 45. 18 .

II A subduing, breaking (of a horse, an ox). cungnum oc indill each cia rí oca ndaṁnad cia rí oca tocamlad, Laws v 490. 1 . rothaiselb dó cech míl beo...déna frit ḟognam...a ndomnad a ndegdomnad, SR 1932 . for dí ocbáe cen domnad, ib. 5426 (= for dá nócbuaib eddamna, LB 128 a ). Fir domnann .i. fir damnánn .i. don damnadh ┐ don dáire tucad orro la Gregu ro hainmniged F. d. díbh, Cóir Anm. 225 . METAPH. domnad insce 'the mastering of language' Ériu xxxii 68.67 . domnath .i. munadh ł traothad, ut est inocbail duir domnath indsci .i. munid do cach innsci ndligtighi, ł dī træthaid indsci dligtighi (? leg. indligtighi), CIH iv 1489.28 , Ériu xxxii 89 . failet fri damnad Diabuil, SR 927 . do thraothad ┐ damnad na tole ┐ ind accobor to crush and subdue the desire Mon. Tall. 161. 23 . ité indso freptha in étraidh collnaide .i. damnath craois proind mesraigthe, ZCP iii 25. 27 .

do-coissin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-coissin or dil.ie/17432
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: di-coissin, dochuisneat

also di-coissin. See GOI § 782 . Impers. vb. used in rel. construction as vb. of existence there is, there are . In Laws glossed by dígsigidir and tairissidir: as la dia cech rann neirt duchoissin that there is, Ml. 108c14 . arnab uilib cumactib dichoissin i nim et talam, Wb. 21a13 . cach genitiu dochoisin every genitive that there is, Sg. 209b29 . is forcitul donaibh uiliph duiniph in domain dochoisin ann, Hib. Min. 95 . cis lir baird docuissin how many bards are there?, IT iii 5 . cis lir innsci dochuisin la Feni? how many genders are there in Irish?, Auraic. 520 . in t-uili gne feminda dachuisin dar beolo duini, 1910 . it cetheora eirca docuisin di seota there are four `eric' fines, Laws i 258.25 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine?, ii 344.1 .i. discnaithir no tairister, 356.13 Comm. cis lir chuir dochuisin? how many kinds of contract are there?, iii 4.5 . do thustin nime ┐ talman cosnaib hī docuissin indib, Ériu ii 102 § 11 . gach míl dochuisin fó greín, iv 236 § 11 . rom-shoérae, a Íssu . . . ar cech ulc dochuissin, Fél. Ep. 443 . gach diamair dhana . . . ┐ gach leire leighis docuisin as ó Th. De D. atá a bunadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 172.11 .

With inf. pron. expressing virtual subj.: amal doncoisin as we are, Wb. 17b10 . at úara dotachuisin | ar bru tobair ghlais it is cold they are, BS 88.1 . pass. feb do-da-cuisnither as they happen to be, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ).

In non-rel. construction: dichussin cetheorai deisi do flaithib there are four `deis' rights of chiefs, Laws iv 320.14 ( Críth G. 321 ). With 3 pl. ending: secht n-eatargaire dochuisneat there are seven inflexions, Auraic. 639 . ite teora fuirbhthe dochuisnet .i. arnin ┐ dinin disail ┐ forsail there are three accents, 1545 .

See díchsnigidir.

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci , ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

1 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúil or dil.ie/19089

Forms: dúlo, dulo, dolo, dūla, dúil, dúil, dúli, duli, dúili, dúile, duli, ndúle, ndule, dúile, dulae, [n]dulae, ndúla, nduli, ndúl, dulib, dúile, dúile, dúile, d.

n i, f. g s. cacha dúlo , Wb. 13b28 ; Sg. 76b8 . cech dulo , Ml. 85b16 . inna dolo , Ml. 42b12 . cech dūla , SR 8218 . d s. dúil, Ml. 85b11 . n du. di dúil , Sg. 3b8 . n p. dúli, Sg. 117a1 . duli, Ml. 42c2 , 51d13 . 120c7 , 145c8 . dúili, SR 7763 , 7997 . dúile, 1500 , 7760 . a p. for duli , Ml. 127d12 . g p. inna ndúle , Ml. 42d16 . inna ndule , 42b18 , 51d18 , etc.; Sg. 3b7 , 66a2 ; SR 22 . dúile, Wb. 5c16 . a dulae , Ml. 120d5 . inna [n]dulae , Corm. Y 751 . na ndúla , Hy. i 53 ; SR 8362 . na nduli , 1143 . Later na ndúl . d p. dulib, Ml. 20b2 , 10c5 , etc. In later lang. n s. also dúile, Gen. vii 4 ; Levit. xi 46 (1826). IGT Decl. § 43 .

In general sense element, being, creature, thing: gl. elementum, Ml. 42c2 , 85b16 , 120c7 , Sg. 3b7 , 8 ; gl. res ( thing in general), Ml. 55d22 , 87b21 , 145c4 , Sg. 66a2 ; gl. creatura, Ml. 25a1 , 42b11 , 18 , 145c3 . In Bible of 1685 dúile = στοιχεῖα. 2 Peter iii 10 . In ed. of 1826 dúile beo replaces substaint b., Gen. vii 4 , créatúir b., Levit. ix 46 of earlier ed.

(a) Hence of created things in general, including not only material objects and living beings, but invisible and spiritual essences; in pl. often = Creation, the created universe: is tōissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech d.¤ , Ml. 85b11 . is amlaid dorigni Dia na duili (introducing a threefold division into angels, brute animals and fruits of the earth, and men), Lec. 338a17 . in cēd duil rocruthaigheastar Dia d'á duilib . . . aingel a ainm, MR 92 . rí rogni cach nduil fo leith, | aicseid ┐ nemaicseid, SR 329 . ri co n-áibe os cech noebd.¤ , 7422 . nach hé Adam . . . óssar na ndúle n-uile, 1832 . as me tosach na n-uile dul (= ego sum alpha), BNnÉ 23 . in Coimdhiu cend cach dula, Ériu iii 143 . Dia . . . athair na n-uili dula, BB 331a45 . for fóesam ríg na ndúla, Hy. i 55 . in Comdiu na ndúla, FA § 1 LU; BColm. 104.25 . marcach na ndúl (of Deity), ACL iii 235 . rocreiteus . . . do rig na n-uili cona dúilib, Imr. Brain ii 293 . is recht úabuir i mbith ché | cretem dúle, dermat nDé to believe in the creatures, Imr. Brain § 47 . ria ndúilib, ria n-aimseraib before Creation, before Time began, SR 10 . ac sírinnisin na n-adhamra dorōine Dia ria na duile, RC xxiv 379 . i ndomnach athnuigfither in uli dúl, Ériu ii 200 . tánic crith mór forsna dúli, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . crith for dhúiliph, ZCP viii 196 . tresngata na huile dúile suas coricci riched traverses all the elements (cf. (b) infra), Mon. Tall. 162 . inna ndule n-airechdae són .i. cælum et terra , Ml. 87b21 . dofornitis . . . delba na ndula adortais and, uerbi gracia figura solis (of the heathen), Corm. Y 752 . dobretha ratha nime ┐ talman ┐ gréne ┐ esca ┐ na n-uli dul aicsi[di] ┐ neamaicsidi, Lec. 355a14 . ratha na n-uile dúl aicsige ┐ nem-aicsige, MR 2 . co tartsat ráth frisna n-uile ndúl, RC xiii 36 ( LL 294b40 ). Cf. Keat. ii 3797 . conad airi tucsad na duile dāil bāis do Laegaire mac Neill . . . .i. talam da slugad ┐ grian da loscad . . ., Lec. 603a10 . co mbít na duilé (sic) ic cathughudh eatorrae, TBC-LL¹ 5485 (St.). dúli beodai living creatures, Sg. 117a1 . sruithiu dúilib duine wisest of creatures is man, LL 282b4 ( GJ iv 216 ). don d.¤ dhaonna the human race, TSh. 4047 . dúile balbha inarticulate (inanimate) creatures, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378 . caeine na ndúl ndíthchéilligh, ib. na dúile díchéillidhe ┐ na hainmhinnte allta, TSh. 2440 . rofreagradar na duili uachtaracha a comdāil an chatha leo `beings of the upper regions', CF 734 . ní aithergem na duile acht noslecam amail fosracaib Dia, Alex. 884 = na duili, Anecd. v 4 .

Of living beings more especially: berid aicned ēn-bethae di cach duil derb takes a nature lasting for one life from each established (kind of) creatures (i.e. reincarnates successively in different forms?), Corm. Y 1224 . d.¤ sin as saothrach betha (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461 . Used of human beings especially: Eba cet-mathair na n-uile dula, Lec. 66b2 . cōica cubat tigi a m-mūir, | annsa a thogail do nach d.¤ it would be hard for anyone to overthrow it, ZCP iii 19 . ni tarla mūrclach a múir | dar d.¤ mar Dúnchad the dyke of its earthen rampart was never closed over a being (man) like D., AFM 987 = dar tuil, ZCP iii 36 , cf. Bruchst. § 146 . ? Dergmosach duil fa gile, LL 394.7 . ni boi isin doman duil bud choemiu . . . oldás in ingen sin, LB 127b19 . ind nóebduil (of S. Brigit), Hy. v 41 . as meisi d.¤ as anshádhaile . . . dogheibh a betha isin domun the most . . . creature that lives, BS 132 . d.¤ do chleachtadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon one who was wont, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . in fomór ferrda . . ., in d.¤ diablaide dodelba (of a man), SG 259 . d.¤ . . . as mó gráin don druing daonda, 260 . do dhíthaigh dá deadh-colg duili ba dreachālaind, CF 750 . Of lower creation as oppd. to human: ni do dóinib, ni do dulib, Wb. 18c5 . is hē i samail iter duilib .i. colam iter ēnaib ┐ fineaman iter feadaib (of S. Brigit), Lec. 335d6 . dā mbeith dluid lasta for duilib o dainib if human beings had any means of setting the world ablaze (?), BB 431b15 .

(b) element, esp. one of the four elements common in later and scientific texts: as inann elementum ┐ d.¤, óir mar atá an fhír-dhúil aenda innti féin . . . (i.e. an element admits of no decomposition into simpler substances), O'Gr. Cat. 243 . is amlaid itait na cethri duili in cach duine, Lec. 338a36 . na ceithre dúile dá ndéantar an corp, TSh. 589 . elementa . . . .i. na duile, aer, tene, uisge, talamh, 24 P 22, 33.1 . na ceithre lenna ┐ na ceithre duile the four humours and the four elements, 23 P 10, 27a26 . ōn chethar-duil comaentaigus risna ceithre lennaib, 23 F 19, 3va59 . an duil tesaide the element of heat or fire, 27vb28 . Hence cethardúil the four elements, the fourfold universe: in fir-Dia . . . rocruthaigh in ceturduil, BB 241a33 . See cethair. By extension, element, particle: nach fuil dūil dom' dhuilibh nach tuitfeadh ō chēile, CF 957 .

(c) thing in widest sense: ainmnigud inna dulo, Sg. 76b7 . fri slond dúlo to signify a thing, 8 . dv́li ecsamli gl. diversa, 211a14 . cuin immairigh eter in innsci ┐ in duil dia n-innisin when is there agreement between the gender and the thing spoken of? Auraic. 526 . In Laws of a head (of cattle), item, article (in an enumeration): dá trian diri dula urraid d'urradh ina duil two-thirds of the `dire'-fine for the native freeman's beast is paid to the native freeman for his beast, Laws iii 126 ; cf. iv 44 , v 446 , 514 , 520 . dechmad cacha dula a duilcine the tenth part of every article is the price for manufacturing it, i 132 Comm. , cf. v 98 , 214 . Cf. d.¤ any piece of work , O'Don. Suppl. Hence in etymol. gloss.: duilgine .i. in d.¤ chinntech, Laws v 266 Comm. 98 Comm. Perh. also: eneclann ┐ dire, na dula ┐ cana .i. smacht cana, O'Curry 2572 ( Eg. 88, 48a ). smacht .i. dire na dula, 2573 (48b). má ta dicelt is dula feola ┐ (en)eneclann uad, 2324 (25a).

See dúla.

etargaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etargaire or dil.ie/20698

n io, n.

I An intervening, interfering (between two persons), a separating (two combatants) : eadarghaire .i. dealughadh separating O'Cl. trí fuidb dotcadaig : ráthaiges, etargaire, fiadnaise mediation Triads 135 . doberar béimm n-etargaire ina chinn `the blow of mediation is dealt on his head' (i.e. the mediator gets a knock for his pains) ib. fuil etargaire bloodshed due to interference 154 . dligid ugra etargaire, Anecd. iii 13.22 = LL 345d10 . fognithea etargaire eturru, TBC-LL¹ 4578.5133 . atbert C. na romarbta Cu ┐ ni tharthus a edargaire co romarbaid simul, BB 350a27 ( Petrie's Tara 139 ) = RC xv 281 z . ní rabi...fer nolamad a n-etargaire who would dare to interpose between them FB 15 . is mebol duit cen etargaire na deisi-se, LL 120b39 . darónais a n-etargaire thou hast separated them 120b42 . Ua C. ┐ Fir na C. do theacht do gabhail tighe ar mhacaibh M.; ro marbhadh cellóir...etorra occa n-ettargoire, AFM iii 178.3 . do érigh F....da n-eadargaire ar a cele, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 4 (St). T. mac A....do mharbhadh...i n-eadairghaire i longport F. `during his interference (to quell a quarrel)' AFM iii 274.2 . Cf. v 1680.6 . ni tria ṡainṡerc roscarsat acht uamhan aroile dia n-etarghaire dread of one another separated them, Hugh Roe 148.10 (f. 39b) . fri fer n-etargaire `the person who interferes' Laws iii 238.2 Comm. ben la fer, ni dleghar gan etarghaire etarru, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30.7 .

II As gram. t., separating, distinguishing by means of inflection, inflection itself (of gender, person and comparison) as a means of distinction: secht n-eatargaire dochuisneat .i. a ngrad condeilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid...etargoire n-inchoisc hi persaind: unnse (.i. in fer) unnsi (.i. in ben) onnar (.i. i [= a] nem): etargoire in inchoisc persainni, me faden, tu faden, etc. ...etargaire persainni i ngnim: darignius, darignis, etc. ...etargaire persainni i cessadh: rom-char-sa, rot-char su, etc. [nom-cartar-sa, not-carthar-si Auraic. 3356 ] ...etargaire derscaigthi i nderscugud .i. maith ┐ ferr ┐ ferrsom...etargaire mete i mmetugud: mor ┐ moo ┐ moosom; etargaire lughaigthi i l-lugh[ug]udh: bec ┐ lugum [sic] ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 639 - 659 . 3261 . 682 . 3298 . is e in fear ┐ rl. is etargaire eter fhemen ┐ mascul insin; no is etargaire intan deifriche fri neach n-aili co n-anmaim a athar senrud. innsci in tan asberar is e nama gen eraill maille fris, 586 . fid ┐ deach rem ┐ forbaid alt ┐ insci ┐ etargaire, BB 296b32 (= IT iii 6 n 34 ). Auraic. 5066 . in cenel no in gne in etargoiri?, 894 . See ZCP xvii 283 - 284 .

folabra(d)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folabra(d) or dil.ie/23044

Forms: folabrad, folabrad, folabrad

n m. talking or conversing in an undertone, whispering; talking at the same time as someone else: folabra gúach `false grumbling ' (whispering slanders? A sign of folly) Tec. Corm. § 14.7 = folabrad, LL 344b25 . folabrad n-insci (a sign of `droch-tacrae') 345e15 (= folabra, Tec. Corm. § 22.9 , folabrad v.l.). defined by O'Cl.: folabhra n-innsci .i. duine ag labhairt an fad do bheith duine eile ag tagra talking while another is pleading. cen falabra, ACL iii 319 § 81 = folabrad, LB 261b3 (rules for behaviour during mass). atcota flaith f.¤ , Anecd. iii 12 (= labrai, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 13.13 ). allobhair .i. folabra, O'Dav. 144 . folabhra .i. labhairt mhaith, O'Cl. (an etym.gl.).

Cf. Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 cited under 1 fola.

forinnsce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forinnsce or dil.ie/23711

Forms: for-innsci

n , f. for-innsci superior gender gl. on fer-innsce, Auraic. 575 .

immaircide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immaircide or dil.ie/27675
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: immaircidib, nephimmaircide, immaircidiu, immaircidid

adj io, iā suitable, fitting, appropriate, becoming: iustum est .i. is i.¤ , Ml. 127c5 . oportuno .i. immaircidi, 81b6 . is i.¤ frisin ceill, 27d22 . robu i.¤ lialailiu, 14a4 . hore is do crist et dond eclis is i.¤ , Wb. 22c17 . cia airm indid i.¤ do epert amén, 12d18 . is i.¤ cerubé subiunctiuus pro imperatiuo, Sg. 163b6 . seircc immircidi do dia gl. caritatem, Wb. 12b26 . hond forcitul immaircidiu gl. conuenienti testimonio, Ml. 35b12 . immaircidib gl. conuenientibus [uerbis], 34a14 . nephimmaircide gl. inconueniens, 17b6 . Compar. ba immaircidiu frisinn intliucht, 27b9 . Adv. ind immaircidid gl. bene, 66d3 . ind immaircidid (MS. immaircidib) gl. oportunae, 75b10 .

immaircidhi cidh isin caecatmadh lucc no beith in psalm, Hib. Min. 203. fólamastar cathraig do chongbail and ol pa immaircede leis `it seemed to him convenient,' Trip.² 1956. imarchide andíol dichoid de muldach muire ... cethe cathbarr nogabtha forsind cetul `it is fitting that the song (?) which came from the head of the Virgin Mary ... should be set ...,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . is ed is imarcidi laiseom den scribul sin `he considers it proper in regard to that groat,' 143.12 . ialla órda no bítis fria groigib na n-elefint ... in tan ba himarcaide, Alex. 623. as í sutt do fpian imairgide-siu, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. tuirem na mbīad n-imda n-imorcide n-ēcsamail, MacCongl. 71.3 . ni imaircidi eturru intan feadair innsci for a n-aill .i. ferinsci for baninnsci, Auraic. 528. gur bo hadha ┐ gur bho hiomairgdhe doibh dul do dhíoghail a mbrathar, Leb. Gab.(i) 246.5 . comhairlighit gur vo himairgidhe dōip a lēigen gach ndīreach gusin fFrainc, Fl. Earls 10.19 . gur bhó hiomairccidhe dhó gé no dhiccsedh fó sídh `that it was meet for him to come,' AFM vi 2334.6 . ba himairgide ┐ ba himchubaid dosom sin, Fen. 164.15 . of a size to fit: ní raibe diib diamad imairgide (of a ring), RC xii 72 § 42. ba himaircithe go tallfad lanomain ina lige foro laur (of a ladle), 86.6 .

indligthige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indligthige or dil.ie/28477

n , f. (indligthech) illegality, lawlessness: muinid dó cach innsci ndlightighi. Nó didu traethaid indsci indlightighi `he abates speech of illegality,' O'Dav. 635. no is freacrad do nemhdeittin do ar a indlighthighe `by reason of his illegality,' Laws v 268.9 Comm.

inscaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inscaith or dil.ie/28885

Forms: nindscaith, innscaith

n g s. or g p. (? scath .i. innsci , Corm. Y 859 ) : ro ordaig Dia ... Íesáu mac Nuin ... i tigernus phopuil israhel fri corugud a cest ┐ a caingen ┐ fri hirlathar a nindscaith ┐ a nimdechta, LB 123b28 = innscaith, YBL 294b21 .

insce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. insce or dil.ie/28887
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: insce, innsce, indsce, innsce, indscne, innsgne, ro-indscedaib, innscida

n , f. (derivative of sech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 814 Anm.). In O.Ir. glosses always written insce, except innsce, Sg. 25b2 . Later freq. indsce, innsce. A form indscne, innsgne became common in Mid. and Mod. Ir. Two instances occur of the word declined as a dental stem, but as both are in etymological glosses, the forms are very prob. spurious : d p. ro-indscedaib (gl. roscadaib), Laws v 10.x Comm. a p. na righ innscida gl. na rig scotha, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23 ).

I a saying, speech, statement, word (in sense the word (of God, etc.) ; a language: insci .i. luighi, ut est feraidh insci di he makes a statement to her (there is no evidence that insce ever meant oath), O'Dav. 1112. miscath .i. mí-innsci. scath .i. innsci, amail atá Dūil Roscadach, Corm. Y 859. adciam isnaib inscib seo (?) ... ind aecni `we see in these words of the sage,' Thes. ii 246.24 (Cam.). i.¤ inso asber ar féda Ísu fri cach n-óen din chenélu dóine are n-indarbe a dualchi óod, 244.21 (Cam.). isind insci so gl. in hoc uerbo, Wb. 6a26 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid `that he adheres to the previous utterance,' 5c16 . ind interiecht nad rann i.¤ la grecu `a part of speech,' Sg. 26b6 . do láni chétbutho inna huilae i.¤ `of the whole discourse', 25b7 . in aellug i.¤ biid dictio ` dictio is wont to be in connected speech,' 25a2 . ní ruthórbasa is in n-i.¤ sea friscissen indiut ... `I arrived not at this expression of hope in Thee,' Ml. 44b29 . air thuccai cach chenel hí coitchennas a n-insci sidi `for each nation in common understands their speech,' 42c8 . i.¤ dé is mou ade didiu indaas i.¤ duini, 35c31 . in fer midboth aile conoí insci who preserves statement, Críth G. 39. tecmaltar a i.¤ dó hi teora bríathra co dé treise, 40 . adgadur nech ria túaith trebair arfochlim a n-i.¤ cocertaim bretha Ulad uli, LU 10287. cetharda ar a n-abar anruth ris .i. ar aine a fhoircedail, ar amuinnsi ngaisi, ar shulbairi a indsci, ar imad a eoluis, Laws v 28.13 Comm. noco fetar indsci in aen fir do roind `the person of the one man cannot be divided,' (? recte the statement ...), iii 134.12 Comm. innsci do cach iar na miad `speech to be allowed to each, according to his dignity,' i 18.y Comm. iarna cantain dó tri ocht rannaibh na hindscne, ┐ issiad so iad. Nomen, pronomen, uerbum ..., O'Curry 1184 (< H 3.18, p. 470a ). nach arlegais isin tṡoscela ... innsce Crist, in tan atbert `qui se exaltat ...,' PH 661. deimin lim-sa indsci asbeir-si, | brēithir glēsi, ACL iii 296 § 34. búaidh náithis ┐ ninnsgne ┐ nurlabhra, Ériu v 100.11 . ni hinnscin (? leg. hinnscni) aird-rig duit-si sin do radha, MR 284.20 . bat firen firbrethach cen forbrisiu n-indsciu etir tethrai tren ┐ trug, Ériu viii 173.22 . insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne, Auraic. 571. a hi.¤ mod `narration mode,' 1949 . (Cf. iss e immorro a hinnsemod (sic leg., for insce-mod ?) .i. a hinnisin (sic leg.) o mud inunn narrating it in the same mode, RC xx 144.20 (ACC)). Of common speech: eirgid deathuigi fuara isna rannaib uachtaracha ┐ gairter 'coruiles' dib asin innsgi coitcinn, Irish Texts v 24.21 = à vulgo. mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda, Irish Texts v 14.17 . imscothud n-insci `stripping speech' glossed .i. [is] séim scoithes a indsci cona bít faidb furri, xxvi 22 § 64 and n. 0 is hé cetḟer roraid insci isin dáil, TTr.² 313. innsgne bhinn do bheoil chorcra, DDána 67 § 42. soerlabhraidh soingthe (=soithnge) co mbuaidh n-innsgni `with the gift of elocution,' AFM vi 1960.3 . i n-insgne an fhir chíordhuibh `by the talk of the jet-black churl,' Ó Bruad. ii 14.y .

In special sense, indictment, ban: coinnealbháthadh, nó i.¤ na hEagluise, Eochairsg. 121.33 .

II gender: toth .i. gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. cis lir innsci docuisin la Feni ... a tri .i. ferinnsci ┐ baninnsci ┐ demhinsce lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen ┐ neodar lasin Laitnèoir, Auraic. 520 - 1 . seachta frisa toimsiter Gaedhelg .i. fid ┐ deach, reim ┐ forba[i]dh, alt ┐ indsci ┐ etargoiri `seven things according to which Gaelic is measured ...,' 740 . mad iar n-urd choir na ndula, immorro, ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dofuisium ┐ o tuisimar `for what generates or for what is generated from,' 565 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : ... an sáoi maith, cóir ; an tsháoi mhaith, lochdach, IGT Introd. § 21.1 and 6 . don fhocal déigheanach don chomhfhocal téid a cheannus ┐ a cheart [┐] a innsgne, ┐ do-ní sé baininnsgne don fheirinnsgne ┐ feirinnsgne don bhaininnsgne (i.e. the gender etc. of a compound word depends on the last part of the compound), § 136.2 - 3 . aithni aibghitre, aithne innsgne, aithne aisde `knowledge of the alphabet, of gender, of metre' (necessary branches of knowledge), § 3.3 .

III a pronoun: na hinnsgne cédus : mé ┐ tú, sé ┐ sí, ..., IGT Introd. § 97.1 . ó innsgne .sinn. from the pronoun `sinn,' § 7.2 . aithne ... ar ceithre sunnarthuibh na Gáoidhilgi ┐ ar a seacht n-innsgnibh, § 2.5 . ní ┐ nocha, ionann as cóir lomadh ┐ séimhiughadh na ndíaigh ar innsgne ┐ ar neimhinnsgne (i.e. in regard to non-lenition and lenition they have the same effect on verbal forms that contain a personal element as on those that do not, e.g. passive forms), § 19.2 . cóir an sunnradh innsgne le barr no gan bharr, mur tá m'fhear no m'fhearsa, t'fhear no t'fhearsa the definition by pronoun is correct with or without an enclitic, § 15.20 . do-chuala, do-chualadhas .... In aimser sin mar sin, [acht do-clos ó neimhinnscne], IGT Verbs § 3.28 .

2 lir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lir or dil.ie/30305

ind in phrase cis l.¤ foll. by n pl. how many? cis l.¤ baird docuissin `how many bards are there?' (lit. `what as regards number are the bards that are', Bergin Ériu xiv 140.15 ), IT iii 5.4 . cis l.¤ fodlai how many sections, Críth G. 5 , 445 . cis l.¤ fuillecta, 316 . cis l.¤ slóga[i]d, 509 . cis l.¤ rocachain cech fer, Hib. Min. 4.110 . cis l.¤ innsci dochuisin la Feni? `how many genders are there?' Auraic. 520 . cis l.¤ . . . .i. cia lin, Laws i 230.8 Comm . Exceptionally cit l.¤ , IT iii 6.20 . See 1 cía.

miscad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. miscad or dil.ie/32349
Last Revised: 2019

n f. a curse, malediction, esp. of comminatory utterances of saints; perhaps compd. of mí- and scoth `words, speech', as suggested by Corm. Y 859 : miscath .i. mí-innsci. Scath .i. innsci ; folld. by O'Cl. : mioscaith .i. mi-innsci no drochinnsce (cf. roscad). miscaid .i. mallacht ut est miscaid fri ceird cainti, O'Dav. 1211. miscath .i. mallacht, Lec. Gl. 310. aincis is mioscaith . . . dha ṡenainm na mallachta, Forus Foc. 29. trí[s]t ┐ m.¤ Patraic . . . for cech flaith, Ériu i 219.5 . nach miscath doratad . . . for cech n-oen conascar regt nDe, Anecd. iii 25. fó míscaid bretheman brátha, FA 34. fagcbaim . . . miscid . . . for Coisemnach, BColm. 78.6 . eirgg dot tig ┐ beir miscaid a curse with you! LL 272a30 = RC xiii 381.7 . tre misgaith naomh-Ruadhain, BNnÉ 323 n. 9 . do chedhaigh . . . a misccaith ┐ a mallacht d'inis Éiremhóin, AFM vi 2294.26 .

3 scoth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 scoth or dil.ie/36592
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 250 , LEIA S-51 ) word, saying, speech : miscath .i. mí-innsci. scath .i. innsci, amail atá Dūil Roscadach, Corm. Y 859 . See miscad. roscad .i. ro-indsciged .i. dodeochaidh inn-ord n-indsci; scath .i. indsce, 1095 . ros eolus ┐ sgoth indsgi, Auraic. 2685 . uair s.¤ briathar ┐ s.¤ innsce isinn Gaidelg, Anecd. ii 47 - 8 . s.¤ .i. innsce, O'Cl. So also Lec. Gl. 272 . ? a airbert .i. eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] s.¤ is in focal, Laws iii 90.16 Comm . aurdairc a s.¤ .i. maith a briathar, O'Dav. 41 . fal scothe sinnath `king of speech is satire', 846 . s.¤ .i. eipir[t] no cinn, ut est s.¤ na bí do drochduine drecht, 1423 = s.¤ nad bi droch duine drechd, O'D. 2195 ( Nero A 7, 135a ). mana ro feghait na rig scotha, no mana fhir scru(a)dait na righ innscida judgments (?), O'Curry 1907 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)d ). sgoth fhlatha, sgoth fhileadh, Ériu xiii 17.12 cen scath dofarce cuitbuid, Auraic. 1935 . In B. na f.: rún mo sgoth .i. rūn mo brīathar, ZCP v 485 § 1 . beir sgath .i. beir beannacht, 489 § 13 . scath .i. beannacht, Lec. Gl. M 280 . In pseudonym: Scothindsci mac Genna maic Cuitbiudha, Anecd. ii 57.1 .

tomus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tomus or dil.ie/41377

Forms: toimseo, toimsi, toimsiu, toimsi

n u(later o, see GOI § 309 ), m. g s. in toimseo , Ml. 20a21 . toimsi, Laws ii 250.23 . a pl. toimsiu, Anecd. v 27.z

(a) act of weighing, measuring; considering: crand lethanchend bís oc t.¤ aenpinginde tomais, Corm. 35.z . a th.¤ co glé, SR 2707 . ungi co leith issed boí and íarna th.¤ , LU 1933 . co mbad erlaimite t.¤ in argait, PH 4513 . na feasa do th.¤ , ACL iii 240 § 3 . ní biad mac Dechtere i fos | co fagbad drui dia thomos `to discover it,' LU 3551 ( SCC 29 ). fada is beithe ar tí a thomhais `considering it,' Dán Dé iv 1 . gāir choīcat chruittire cōir ... isin tich īarna th.¤ , ZCP viii 272 § 64 . eol dam senchas na sruithe ... o fil cech tráith na th.¤ | in gairm gnáth, Metr. Dinds. iv 82.35 . ná sir forus nach foighi | ag tomhus bloidhi ḟir Eini, IGT Decl. ex. 1127 . dá dtomhas féin riú féin, 2 Cor. x 12.

Metaphorically: co raibe comfad cuirp ... ar na thomhas hi tulmaing na talman, MR 260.4 . adcunnaic bean luathmor ... a mullach an morsleibe ac t.¤ an tromcnuicc sin go tairbeach da troithibh meruibh traversing , Lib. Flav. ii 6a14 .

(b) measure, quantity, amount. General: in toimseo .i. inna ermiten feid, Ml. 35c23 . indaas ar tomusnai .i. in ti in chumachtai fil linni is laigiu són indaas chumachta. doinachtae crist, 26b6 . do aentaigset mathe fer n-Eirenn t.¤ nae anal ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. no ordaigfidh cach ní ... itir creich ┐ cunnrad ┐ toimsi techta, BB 433a40 . ri ro choimsig na grada | co toimsib cech degdana, SR 678 . sé comartha dec drochthacrai .i. ... t.¤ fri arddu, LL 345e14 . mes .i. ó ṡúil ┐ t.¤ ó laim. No mes .i. enneclainne ┐ t.¤ .i. tochusa, O'Dav. 1244. mó do thomhus triochad chéad `greater is it in number of cantreds,' Content. v 34 . grádh ar nach téid tomhas, PBocht 4.7 . cen t.¤ immeasurable: a thrīath gan tomhus, ZCP x 348 § 14 . ifreann gan tomhas, TSh. 6444 . caire (.i. brethemh) re tomeas (.i. breth .i. bretha), ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). ? seinistir fri toimsi dein, SR 2469.

Of weight: in morth.¤ gl. pondus, Ml. 33c17 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim gl. ponderis, 20a21 . a grāinib gach tomas, Corm. Y 975 . mane techel ┐ faires .i. umir ┐ tomhus ┐ foghail, BB 31b44 . go gcuireann i meidh an bhreitheamhais i n-aimsir an bháis iad ┐ nach faghann an tomhas cóir ionnta, TSh. 3645 . .u. tomais ... d'or ... ┐ .xii. ungi in gach t.¤ dib sin, CCath. 1525 v.l.

Of dimension: hon t.¤ chumscaightiu gl. admota dimensione, Ml. 37d13 . cestnuighthir do th.¤ ┐ do figuir ... na haircce, Rawl. 70a14 . ordluch lutun on fir do ní in t.¤ o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm. do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ocus toimsiu, 246.9 . as e sin t.¤ timcill o cercall an uisce ┐ na talman, Ir. Astr. Tr. 134.14 . caint.¤ cen immfordol, SR 4234 . 'ma cuaird focheird a toimsi | iar sreith suairc fri sirsoillsi, 169 . secht cét traiged a thomoss, LL 28b12 . t.¤ tighe mec ind Ócc ... mō secht traigid, mō secht cēt, ZCP viii 108.11 . toighéabhaidh toimhse na múr, DDána 93.36 .

(c) g s. as adj. measured, measuring: mer do laim fir toimsi techta, Laws ii 250.23 . ceithri imglaici laime toimsi techta, 254.9 . do bherad an miach tomhais bai ann forsan faithche, BNnÉ 9.19 . is fiche traigedh tomhais a leithet, SG 112.2 . ag cor shlaite tomais na huaighi fría, Leb. Gab.(i) i 58 n. 10 . slat tomhais na trócuire, DDána 54.27 . cloch rígthomais `a standard weight,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.5 . fo mám tomais, see 1 mám.

(d) In phr. fo th.¤ towards, seeking: na tainic fo th.¤ duine urrdalta, Laws iii 404 20 Comm. in tan tainic fo t.¤ tuaithi airithi hi, iii 424.16 Comm. manib fo t.¤ flatha urdalta tainic acht re cendaigecht, O'D. 1605 ( H 5.15, 11b ). cibe tuamas fo tangatar na dama ... mas fo th.¤ in fir tancatar, O'D. 2253 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 19c ). Cf. ba thómos a thigi tháncabair ` for the sake of ,' MU² 855.

(e) metre, poetry: t.¤ .i. mensura laisin Laitneoir ... caitet a gnee ... t.¤ filideachta ┐ t.¤ bairdni ┐ t.¤ prosta, Auraic. 750 - 5 . aenfidh fregras in t, do dhibh taebomnaibh, 1382 . caide t.¤ cach hae a illabaibh, IT iii 24 § 6 . fo tobur tomsi, Anecd. v 27z .

(f) riddle, guess: ní thiocfa ... gan tomhus do thuigse | tar doras an dúnaidhse, DDána 58.16 . do b'é bun na dtri tomhus | sí do chur ó chomhshonus, 17 . cuirfe mé tomhus annois oruibh, Judg. xiv 12.