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agaldemathacha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agaldemathacha or dil.ie/685
Last Revised: 2019

ind appellativa do . intēr bēthōha . ł. comodes āgal demathācha, Wortk. 98, 130 (see GOI p. 23 ), Sabbadini, Studi Italiani di Filologia Classica 11 (1903) p. 168 . Cf. doac(c)aldmach.

2 anair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anair or dil.ie/3314

(cf. prep. ar). Adv. of place stressed on the second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. § 217 .

(a) from the front, before: nath .i. noaid a.¤ `it praises from the front', Auraic. 1581 . occá sirḟegad imme a.¤ ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). In phrase fri x a.¤ towards x from the front, in front of x: fria ó a.¤ in front of the ear, Corm. Y 44 . unsea riu sain a.¤ anechtair before them on the outside, MU² 562 . co n-dechaid gend trit fri fosad a edain a.¤ , IT ii2 242.16 . ro-cúmtaigset eclais . . . fri huamaid a.¤ in front of the cave, PH 6338 . Perh. also in: at-chonnarc and triar fris aníar ┐ anoir ┐ triar ara bélaib ind ḟir chétnae, BDD² 677 .

(b) In same constr. east of (see GOI § 483 ): hiliricum .i. regio inter italiam et greciam .i. fri Grecia aníar et fri etáil anáir to the east of Italy, Wb. 6b17 . bendacht for Colum Cille / co nnóebaib Alban alla .i. fri muir anair `to the east of the sea', Thes. ii 306.23 (Hy. i). fri Manistir a.¤ `east of Monasterboice', 310.32 . ra dún a.¤ , MU² 526 . a aiged frinde a.¤ fri fuined ṅgrene, PH 3320 . With other prepp.: is hé fil hi Cúil Rathin for ur na Bandae a.¤ on the eastern bank of the B.(?), Trip.² 1944 . atá cend ríghdachta na hAráipe chuicci anoir . . . ┐ in Gregc aniar `on the east . . . on the west' (of boundaries of Judaea), Maund. 65 .

(c) from the east (implying motion): ro-dālsat-som etir aníar ┐ a.¤ , Sc.M² 5 . in tan doregasu cot búaib a.¤ , TBFr. 349 . ni terno nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came from the east', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv 323 ). tar éis a techt anoir dhóib (i.e. from Scotland to Ireland), L. Chl. S. 37 . Of the east wind: na gaoithe anoir, TSh. 10711 . With the idea of motion much reduced: ic bán-shoillsiugadh a.¤ do'n la lánsoluis, MR 112.5 . fuair mise . . . mo chuid . . . d'éadálaibh ó Néill anoir from the east, TD 14.21 . Note also: anoirin a ttráigh mar thríallfuid / do shoighin Chláir . . . `from the east', SGS iv 142 § 17 .

Compds. ¤-des from the south-east: i Tír Glaiss fris anairdes, Trip.² 2410 . ¤-túaid from the north-east: 'san gháoth anosa anorttúaidh, IGT Introd. 28.z .

attrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attrab or dil.ie/4959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aittreb, atreba, -btha

o, n. vn. of ad-treba. Later aittreb, ā, f. Cf. g s. atreba, Laws iii 388.13 Comm. (leg. -btha?).

(a) In Ml. and Sg. glossing Lat. possessio, possessiuum: ní nuae ṅdo ana.¤ sin gl. non . . . uelut nouellam habet possesionem, Ml. 17b5 . cach la drécht diib is atrab alaill ní atrab . . . is inrecht dano a n-atrab nisin ref. to haec quoque inter possessiuorum species posuimus, Sg. 38b8 . is ciall ind ildatad ind atraib file inddib ref. to possessiua quidem egent adiunctione nominum ad plenam significationem, 198b3 . arrainn indatraib atrebthar and ref. to meus, etc., a19 . dondatrub, gl. possessiua uero transitiua sunt, b10 . is ecrichthe a n-atrab ┐ ní fintar cid attrebthar and conducthar nomen fris gl. infinitae possunt intellegi possessiones, 200b13 .

(b) act of taking possession of, occupying: i n-aittreb do thigi, ina folomrad, Laws i 162.24 (`squatting?' Plummer MS. notes). ? arus arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, iv 104.4 Comm. fir Hérend . . . do aitrib for tíre, MU² 931 (LU). is ann robúi i tarngaire do aitreab a chille to take possession of, Fen. 112.5 .

(c) act of inhabiting, living (in), dwelling (in) (us. with obj. gen.): ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi gl. adiacet mihi, Wb. 3d4 . bad atrab ná bad cuit tadill gl. uerbum christi habitet in uobis abundanter, 27b25 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi in order to dwell for ever . . ., Fél. Oct. 8 . cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1847 . do bithaitreb pene, LU 1405 . síraittreb flatha nimi, 2283 ( FA 34 ). boi oc aitreb innte, PH 938 . in Craeb Ruad gan curaid . . . 'ga ro-aittreib, MR 218.4 . uair nirbo maith a aitreb thoir tar eis Ḟlidaisi, Ériu viii 175.31 = a trebad, 12 . péist aitribh an fhuaruisge, O'R. Poems 205 . cin aitrib hi Sil Muredaig orra they could no longer live in S. M., Ann. Conn. 1237.2 .

Hence gramm. locative case: fer a ainmniugud . . . i fiur a aitreib, Auraic. 1518 = a aitreb, Goid. 73.14 . na bia in tregdad cen [ind] aitreib, Auraic. 1725 .

(d) In concrete sense dwelling, habitation, house: abid a.¤ do dia infectso gl. in habitaculum Dei, Wb. 21c8 . donaib atrabaib saindilsib gl. reuersus ad propria, Ml. 47b14 . fuidir foxail a aithrib (sic) `who has removed his habitation', Laws v 360.14 (taken as d pl. of athair, Ir. Recht 73 ). ó aitrebaib teinntidhi an mhara `les demeures enflammées de la mer', RC xxiv 378.7 . iar ndēnam atruib, Ériu iii 138.87 ( iar nd. a naittreib, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 ). imaittreib (leg. imba attrub; immarthrub, v.l.) doib alla aniar hi Commur Tri n-Usce when they settled, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 , Ériu iii 138.6 . lucht uaislighthe th'aitreibhe, DDána 81.35 . aitreabha an ḟine Ulltaigh / tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . a aitreabh ┐ a áras, Desid. 6201 .

blén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blén or dil.ie/6122

Forms: mlén, bléne, im-blenai, mleen, blen, senblene

n ā, f. O. Ir. mlén. Also bléne [, f.], d s. im-blenai, MacCongl. 122. 14 , 22 . groin: inguina . . . uel mleen , Thes. ii 47.3 . blen gl. iunguis (leg. inguen, ed.), 43.4 . tege carnem, inginem, .i. inbleoin, Gild. Lor. 226. co tarut dam . . . a adairc in a bléin = inter inguina, Lat. Lives 97.2 . ba doirb . . a lesugad ar med satha a seng blene, YBL 177a16 = senblene, BB 257b10 . ro seidigtea na haibli tenedh im blenaib ┐ im cosaib in tshloig, 496a38 `Leisten', ZCP xxx 136.16 . Día féin a comhair a chrochtha / do thonuidh bhléin sochla seing, IGT Decl. ex. 1102. neascoid an loch bhlén = ex inguinum tumoribus, 23 K 42 , 56.5 . See 1 loch. `creek formed by a lake or large river' (O'Don. Suppl.): i mblenai Guirt Cruithnechtai, MacCongl. 122.14 . im-b. chupa `Blencup' (note), AFM iii 646.9 . See Hog. Onom.

Compds. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi. blenarda long-flanked, LL 10358 ( TBC-LL¹ 3377 ). trí céd bó blénghasda `milking cows', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.4 .

bliadain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bliadain or dil.ie/6133

Forms: blédin, -blédni, blédne, blíadhain, bliadna, ṁblíadnae

n ī, f. See GOI §§ 293 , 294 . n s. blédin, Imr. Brain 62. n pl. -blédni, ib. g pl. blédne (bliadna, v.l.), 55 . blíadhain, f., IGT Decl. § 10.

Year: annus .i. bliadain, O'Mulc. 845. hi cinn bliadna, Laws i 28.29 Comm. co cend .ix. ṁbliadan .i. nói mis fá noí (`the [native ?] year has nine months,' Contribb. 228 ), LL 319b3 . isin bliadin sin hi cuiretar salt gl. eo anno, Thes. ii 18.34 (BCr.). hi cach óenbliadin gl. annuatim, 27.38 (ibid.). ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin `a whole year' (`was `b. slán' a technical term for a year without inter- calation ?' edd.), 18.32 (ibid.). o thosuch bliadne egiptacdae, 18.38 (ibid.). co cenn ṁbliadne `till the end of the year', 36.29 (Vienna Beda). coic bliadnai deac do tórmuch for saigul Ezechiae, Ml. 43d27 . teora bliadni frithriagla gl. anni tres `three irregular years', Thes. ii 17.35 (BCr.). tri fichtea bliadne, 238.17 (Ardm.). di bliadin re mbas dáu, 18 . maccān sē ṁblíadnae déac, 308.17 (Hy. ii). .lx. bliadan robo lan do P., 313.6 . bó cona timthuch cech 'la blíadnai . . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai (bliadain, MSS.) n-aili, Críth G. 266 , 267 . áes cetheora mblíadnae ndeec, 34 . dlom cóic ar thrib cóectaib / blíadnae, Fél. Aug. 7. ina .vii.-mad blīadain . . . intan ata lāna a .vii. mblīadna dēcc, TBC-I¹ 731 . cinn bliadna at the end of a year, Sc.M² 2. bliadain on ló cu céle, IT i 129 § 17 (TE Eg.). ó'n chind bliadna c'a chéile, CRR 11. Lagin oco dēnam bliadain lāin for a full year, Fing. R. 418. airthend da blíadan do thabairt dia n-echaib two years' (supply) of grass fodder, LU 8834 ( FB 63 ). tri míle bliadan . . . / da bliadain coicat noi cét, / co gein Meic Maire . . . o thús domain, LL 15424 - 5 ( Trip. 530 § 5 ). co bliadain ṁbáin / sechtmaide uate enair, 15430 (§ 6). in chet bliadhain iar n-gabail righe d'E., IT i 118 § 2 (TE Eg.). sé mis ┐ secht ṁbliadné (: ṅglé), SR 6564. cech lathi is cech bliadain, MacCarthy 60.6 . cethri cóic bliadna (fichi bliadan, v.l.), 212.1 . co cend teora mbliadan, PH 6628. da bliadain ria cessad Crist, 218 . di bliadain cóicat for cét, 1065 . bliadna robai-sium 'na mnai `for a year', TTebe 1625 . dobhí 'na fochair ris an mbliadain sin `during that year', RC xxix 138 § 57. isin cethramadh bliadhain do flaithus Laegaire, Laws i 4.18 . mucu gu secht mbliadnu fichet `to twenty-seven years', v 220.13 . gur caitheadh an bhliadhain-sin, DDána 120.21 . fiche bhliadhuin, O'Hara 331. ar fheadh dá fhichead bliadhan (: sgol), 430 . dá chéad bliaghoin (:iarruidh), 2246 . blíadhna do sháoghail = the years of thy life, Proverbs iv 10. ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385. táim a n-acharan daingion na mbliadhanta, ZCP v 212. 310 (Midn. Court). ? fuil carpait for bliadain (one of seven special cases of `bloodshed'), Laws v 362.17 .

In phrases: aṁbliadna is lé tuidecht d'indsaigi in tṡída so this year, Acall. 7206 = a mbliadna, SG 223.24 . anuraidh . . . i mbliadhna, O'Rah. 218.x. día bliadna `on that day year', Mon. Tall. 149.16 . ticed dia bliadna co Herind im degaid mad ail di a year from today, LU 10453 (Tochmarc Emire). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna every year, LU 3222 ( SCC 1 ). Lugnassad, luaid a hada / cecha bliadna ceinmara, Hib. Min. 49.12 . gacha bliadna, Ériu iii 150 § 1.

Attrib. g s. mac bliadna a year-old child, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ); mar chuimhniughadh bliadhna `yearly commemoration', Keat. i 220.13 . seirc ṁblíadnae ( a s.), Fraech 300 .

See bisech.

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cechtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechtar or dil.ie/8437

Forms: chechtair

indecl. pron. (ceachtair (n s.), BDD² 350 . chechtair (g s.), TTebe 4518 ). With follg. gen. or de (see below). See GOI 311 .

(a) each (of), both (of). With noun in g du.: fric.¤ indafersaso, Ml. 112d1 . c.¤ inda leithe sin gl. in duas partes, Sg. 25b6 . c.¤ dalino, 162b2 . c.¤ indapopul `each of the two peoples', Ml. 46b30 . an diall óch.¤ indarann gl. ex utraque parte, Sg. 74b5 . for c.¤ adaṡyllab, 220b8 . baí fer c.¤ a da thóeb, LL 19636 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 54 ).

(b) With follg. pers. pron.: marb c.¤ nathar dialailiu `dead is each of us twain to the other', Wb. 20c26 . maith la c.¤ nár a dán, Thes. ii 294.2 . c.¤ fathar, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . c.¤ nái .i. mulier et innubta , Wb. 10b11 . hic.¤ nái, Sg. 42b5 (see note). is dilmain ṅdo ch.¤ ṅhái, 215a2 . a toirsegud . . . cectarnai diaraile, Cog. 58.25 . With added poss. adj.: a ccura c.¤ nae, Hugh Roe² 188.1 .

(c) With 3 pl. pron. replaced by de (see GOI 280 ): iscosc et cuindrech forcechtarde, Wb. 19c21 . iscoitchen doc.¤ de ainm alaili gl. commoni uocabulo utrumque significatur, Ml. 14d12 . is cummae m bis menmae c.¤ de fri togais alaili, 31a23 . fogur c.¤ de aralailiu gl. alternos inter se sonos, Sg. 4a8 . óin guth fri c.¤ de gl. per haec duo tempora, 147a5 . c.¤ de, Ériu v 222.30 . BColm. 92.19 . i c.¤ de in each case, Laws i 94.23 Comm. See cechtardae.

(d) With pleonastic use of pron. and de: c.¤ n-ai a da brúad each of his two brows, IT i 310.38 . im chechtarnae dhíobh, Hugh Roe² 96.12 . lá ceachtarna aca, AFM v 1358.10 . cechtarde nadaprimleth, SR 4290 . cóeca ban cechtarde na da ban aili the fifty attendants of each of the other two women, LU 8375 ( FB 25 ). ceactar de na da mart, O'D. 1748 ( H 2.16, 937 ). is fiach . . . do ch.¤ de dibh, O'Curry 1930 (23 P 3, 25b). go ro ghon cechtar nae diobh aroile, AFM vi 2162.6 . See cechtarnae.

(e) In later lang. either (of two), one or other (of two or more) (freq. in neg. or condit. sentences): gan ceachtar ag géile (= géillead) ar aon taobh, Oss. iv 112.20 . ma fer lesach acrus c.¤ de `either of them', Laws i 146.28 Comm. c.¤ de glóir ┐ sonus nó . . . `eyther glory and happyness, or . . . ', RSClára 143a .

(f) With DI and dat. or 3 pl. of prep. (DI, OC): ní mó do rinneas aoinní / . . . / i n-aghaidh ceachtar dhíobh, Content. xvi 9 . gur gnáthach ceachtar do cheithre hainiarsmaibh . . . ag toidheacht, TSh. 5424 . c.¤ acu one or other of them, Stair Erc. 1827 . a cceachtar don dá dhoras, Desid. 3443 . an tan nach bhfuil ceachtar dhíobh díleas, Donlevy 478.27 . With DO: nó gur bás do cheachtar dhuinn, Oss. iv 140.4 .

coma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coma or dil.ie/10558

Forms: comad, comaidh, comthaighi, comthach, -aid, comaid, comaid, cumha

n orig. , f.? Later with dental inflexion (but cf. ` comad jünger coma f.' Thurneysen, ZCP xv 337 ). m., IGT Decl. § 2 . f., § 4 . g s. comaidh, Lism. L. 118 . a p. comthaighi, Caithr. CC 4 § 9 . g p. comthach, RC xvi 140.6 . Later freq. cu-. Appar. also with n s. -aid: comaid (ón choimhde) f., IGT Decl. § 10 .

General meaning gift, offer, of something given or offered in return for a favour, concession etc., hence freq. consideration, bribe, ransom; in military contexts of something offered as an alternative to battle, hence condition(s), term(s), peace-overture(s) (see RC xliv 178 ). Freq. in pl. comhadh, cennach, bríb, tairgse, dearlaice, Eg. Gl. 135 . ? si pro scientia furti inter orientem et dextera portata est is c.¤, et [in] promptum est et mox scietur , Thes. ii 237.11 . fiach gona fir chāna i comaid (leg. comai?) catha `in ausgemachter Schlacht', ZCP xv 336 § 28 . berar imarchor comai úan dó (folld. by list of things offered in exchange for truce), LU 5586 . na comadha mora `onerous conditions', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). araba na cómha (sic MS.) sin, Imr. Brain 60.19 . buith fo riaguil mo chomae (-a, MSS.), Ériu i 202 § 29 . ar na comadhaibh celcci, TBC-LL¹ 503 n. 6 . i[n] fail c.¤ gabas is he prepared to accept terms? 1771 . imm airisium ar na comai sin, 1794 . ? ferr c.¤ coimtid, LL 345c40 ( RC xlv 86 § 67 . comaid, Anecd. iii 19.13 ). a ch.¤ nīrsat gūacho, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 18 . ná diṅgnitis less no adlaic no comai no caṅgin, LL 31893 (TTr.). ? missi ac crábud 'sa comaid / tussu ic éirge ra folaid, 38367 . na gabaid comaid n-aile, PH 901 . cath tar comaidh, ML² 1416 . cumhang le cách a chomhtha `everyone will think his (?) recompenses too small', RC xlix 171.19 . an domhan . . . / ar son gur chuir fa chomhthaibh though he held the world in subjection, Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 2 . slata nach claon re comhaidh (: arodhain), DDána 102.7 `who yield to no compromise', Ir. Monthly 1928, 35 . ? cóig comha rú ag réidhioghudh `the Five Provinces' (see notes), O'Hara 135 . gé madh gearr cairde na comha, IGT Decl. ex. 108 . nach berad . . . ar c.¤ sa bith under any circumstances, Cog. 186.10 . go tucta cumha eli do `other rewards', Laws i 4. x Comm. no-char gab si c.¤ cruid / is í 'ca toga ag triathuibh bride price, Hy Fiach. 206.13 . duine eiccin da bur muindtir do tabairt do comhaidh don peísd `to propitiate that beast', BCC 196.12 . E. do fhuaslaccadh . . . d'eallach do eachaibh ┐ do comhtaibh ele `ransomed', AFM iv 854.11 . do aontuigh G. cumhaidh nó breab do ghlacadh ó Naaman, Eochairsg. 64.1 . comtha . . . tar cend an tsíodha, Hugh Roe² 128.4 . cumha = gift, Deuteronomy xvi 19 . tucad cuma ┐ tuicse dó in gach tenga, BCC 100.22 . ? lia chomha, RC xliv 162 § 92 .

comaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithech or dil.ie/10692

Forms: cuíbhtheacha, comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-, comaigthech, coimhthigheach, coimhithigheach, coimthech

(comaithe) Form v. variable. Cf. cuíbhtheacha (pl.), Trompa na bhF. 718 . See Éigse ix 163 .Also comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-. In Mid. Ir. freq. comaigthech (cf. comhaithchech, Ériu xiii 21.30 ) and, in later lang., coimhthigheach ( Oss. v 12.10 ), coimhithigheach ( Gen. xvii 12 ), coimthech ( TTebe 482 ), etc.

I Adj. o ā belonging to a neighbour; belonging to another, not one's own, not related; unusual; extraneous, foreign, alien : leth aithgin . . . dam dia cethraib fein . . . aithgin ma cethra comaithche `neighbouring cattle', Laws v 156.10 Comm. cat c.¤ sin, ┐ da madh hé cat na cuile bodein . . . a cat not belonging to the house, O'D. 2012 ( Eg. 90, 15b ). do eclais bunaidh ┐ da eclais comaithig unconnected, 1583 ( H 5.15, 7b ). da mnai fein . . . do mnai coimithigh, Laws ii 418.1 Comm. a crích comaithig, LL 8116 . na cáin do bhen as comair dhaoine gcomaighthech `strangers', Ériu v 128 § 21 . eachtrand nó ciniudha comaighthe, CCath. 5808 . do chum an chatha comhaithigh, TFrag. 106.8 . bērla comaidheach foreign language, RC xxiv 383.10 . gídh coimhighech sin aniu (of the use of the title `rí' for Ó Dubhda), Hy Fiach. 298.16 . tre briatraib . . . mna caime . . . coimithi, RC xi 320.13 . a curadaib comithi, TTebe 1547 (comidhthi, v.l.). for ferand c.¤ on land belonging to another, Fél.² xxv n. 206 . re cach coiccrich coimigthig, Hy Maine 88.9 . ní comhoightheach unhereditary, Top. Poems² 1022 . gairdiughadh comhaithach = extraneus, ITS xxix 127.26 . connsaine com[haidh]each an extra consonant (not found in n s. rí, fili), Bard. Synt. Tr. 221.7 (p. 166) . connsuine comhuidheach ar a dheireadh, mur tá so: rí ┐ mac an ríogh, IGT Introd. § 132 . Crích Muman . . . / tucsat fa cruth comhoigeach `brought . . . into strange guise', Ériu iv 222 § 40 . an chlann comuighech = alienus, Smaointe B. Chr. 4768 . mar mnaoi comhaigthigh, 1528 . o mogh (= -dh) nua comhuighech = inconsuetus, 2927 . innus nach beth briathur Dia comhuighthech oruinn foreign to us, 2312 . dul san chlaochládh choimhidheach putting on a strange appearance (of a ruined dwelling), Measgra D. 56.28 . bhudh í an chara chomhuightheach `a queer kind of friend', O'Hara 1272 . cenēl comhaigthech do thruailledh fīr-f[h]ola na rīghachta, Fl. Earls 224.9 . an chuid chomuidheach = `lo ageno', Desid. 756 . a chuid do ní choimhidheach `share of something belonging to another', Parrth. Anma 3459 . an peacadh do mhédúghadh 'na nádúir féin gan peacadh coimhitheach do thabhairt chuigi unrelated, Mac Aingil 2948 . coinfeasóir coimhitheach do thabhairt . . . do mhnáibh riaghalta . . . seach an ccoinfeasóir ngnáthach unaccustomed, 2809 . na dée comhaightheacha = deos alienos, TSh. 7046 . gach ladrann caethach `every foreign churl', O'Rah. i 8 .

In religious verse freq. of the body, perh. in sense of hostile: ná hiarr orum / do riar, a cholann chomhaidheach, Aithd. D. 61.5 . corp comhuidheach . . . / olc dobhuidheach doiriartha, 80.29 . a chalann chomhoidheach, Dán Dé xxii 21 . an chuirp chomhoidhigh, PBocht 6.30 . is mé ceangailte a cclí choimhthigh, Párl. na mB. 2010 (= chuímhthig, 4039 ). Adv. diarr se go coimthigeach bainne ┐ leanna anéineacht air, ITS xvi 142.z (`with an ill-timed request for milk').

II Subst. o, m. comhuidhech comhuithech coimhidhech coimhithech m., IGT Decl. § 23 .

(a) neighbour; person who is in comaithches and subject to its regulations: dligid cach c.¤ diarailiu tuididin usci `each neighbour', Coibnes 10 ( Laws iv 212.30 ). hi t(h)ir comaithich bes comoccus doib, Laws iv 192.10 . on do econn berar a commainib c.¤ which is given out of the joint funds of fellow tenants, v 370.4 . frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb `to the four neighbours next to him on the two sides', i 260.10 ( .i. risna cethra comithigh ad comnesa dó, 274.27 Comm. ). slan fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ingraide tire comdidan coímitheach, iv 48.13 . ardmeas comaitheach the assessment of the neighbours, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. B 506, 53d ). diambí aír no lesainm adlia .i. dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, 976 ( H 3.17, 679e ). cath etir do thuaith-siu . . . ┐ a comaithgiu = inter tuam gentem et aliam, Lat. Lives 86.11 . comaithig immorro do Maelodrān Huī Māil ┐ ba holc immorro a chomaithchess doib, Fing. R. 954 . cocartte (.i. comaithich) sin do Dessib Maige Breg, Rawl. 134a1 . Sidon cona chomaidchib, LL 16287 . cech uli glacad . . . d'a ṅdingir ar chomaigthech one who is not related, PH 7541 (`a stranger'). bó cach liss i Mumain ┐ uinge cach comaithig `house-owner', MacCongl. 57.11 . With implication of inferiority, small-holder(?): deroile do chineoil . . . uair mac comaithigh thu, TFrag. 202.10 . an tan lámhuid comhaitigh . . . eirgidh a n-aighidh saorchlann, 236.8 .

(b) stranger, alien, foreigner, outsider : cethri cinnu c.¤ , LL 8230 ( TBC-LL¹ 787 ). coimighthi no amhuis, Ériu viii 121.12 . comaightech gl. alienigena, Ir. Gl. 314 . o chomichib (contrasted with o na comarsannaib), PH 7574 . fer tigi n-aideag cotchind do cliaraib ┐ do comaigtib, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . caomhthach gach chomhuidhigh, DDána 70.21 (`friend of every stranger guest', Ir. Monthly, 1920, 652 ). ' com facbail aonur itir comaighechaibh, Grail 736 . cossin ceth[r]or comothech assin cetharaird `the four strangers', Misc. Arch. Soc. 136.4 . go dtobhaighthir do thamall / ar chomhaighthibh cumann `that love may be got for a time (even) from foes', PBocht 4.20 . coimhidhigh chláir groighigh Grég, IGT Decl. ex. 832 . ar comhaithechaibh = strangers, RSClára 127a .

con-certa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-certa or dil.ie/12015

Forms: coicertaid, -aigid, conaicertus, conacertussa, coicert, comchertugad, cocerti

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 485 ). Later coicertaid, -aigid. Cf. amhail ro chumacertaighis na nethe sin, Ériu xiii 46.3 .

(a) emends (text); corrects (person): conaicert som intintud septien, Ml. 2a6 . conaicertus gl. emendaui, 2a13 . conacertussa gl. emendaueram, 2a1 . in slúag conidn-aicert / in lebrán, Fél. Ep. 105 . dot mhac cecot certa `though you may correct him', Blathm. 233 . coicertu[i]s in dīne ndīan ( John viii 3 ff. ), ZCP x 47.5 .

(b) In general legal sense of adjudicates, gives a decision, awards : a concertat gl. inter se motus conferentes `when they decide', Ml. 129c11 . con-aicert iar bfíorfásaighibh, Ériu xiii 30.12 . con-certfa cæn-recht for iathu B. will promulgate a just law, xvi 83.62 . concertfa fír foraib, LU 8486 `he will adjudge ye truly', Henderson, FB 33 . nochotacertmaim (leg. nó cota-certaim(?), Ed.) `or I decide her case [thus]', Ériu xvi 37.18 . setaib son (leg. fon) ænchoir concerta fenechus fir `on equally just paths Irish Law adjusts the right(?)', BCrólige 66 . Fán na Carpat concerta / etorro is na Cláen-Ferta `marks the limits', Metr. Dinds. i 16.39 . ba se concertaidh (leg. -igh) ar ndrong `ruled', AFM ii 586.20 .

With DO: con-certsat maithi M. dōib .i. Caisel do Ḟ. . . . awarded , Corp. Gen. 207.15 . in fer / concerta do chách who makes decisions, LU 8476 ( FB 33 ). as cuma condocerto / dontí atcechra scéo námho adjudicates impartially, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 25 . coigertuighim nó brethuighim sealbh an tíre . . . daoibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n. 5 .

With breth etc.: concertaim bretha Ulad I pronounce on (correct?) the judgments of the Ulaid, LU 10630 = conceirdim, ZCP v 503.12 . concertaim breithemnacht bais `I pronounce', Laws i 12.24 . ? con-coicertar a mor-breatha isin indsi seo co forceann in betha, Ériu xvi 83.63 . go ro coicceartaidh D. an mbreith noirrdheirc, AFM i 194.2 .

Vn. coicert, comchertugad. Vbl. of necess. cocerti.

cosmail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosmail or dil.ie/12604

Forms: -muil, cusmail, comhsamhuil, cosmhail, casmuil, -lius

(com + samail). Earlier -muil (see GOI 107 ). Later also ca-. cusmail, ZCP vi 34.8 . comhsamhuil, Oss. v 52.4 . c.¤ .i. co-samail .i. comsamail, Corm. Y 250 .

I As adj. i

(a) like, similar : c.¤ gl. paris, Sg. 12b5 . gnímu cosmaili, Ml. 93d14 . it cosmaili `they are alike', Sg. 59a17 . etir da ṅainmm cosmaili, 28a7 . Wb. 32d14 . Ml. 126b15 . c.¤ leiss cacha orr im cara fá æscare gl. parricida, Sg. 12b7 . sina saeba . . ./ flaithe claena cosmaile `similarly', Ériu xviii 64 § 31 . bás c.¤ a like death, PH 1865 . similis uindicatio (sic leg.) inneachadh cosmhail, Cóir Anm. 110 . it é comaesa . . . cosmaili, BDD² 680 . ? fer . . . / dober in c.¤ cach leirg, TBC-I¹ 71 = dobeir hi ghcosmuil, ZCP ix 123.13 .

With FRI: bat chosmuli frinni gl. sicut et nos, Wb. 17c5 . cosmil frignímu angil, 32c7 . banchossmaili friartuissech, 33b20 . So passim in O. Ir. glosses. c.¤ . . . fri druimne ṅdoíle, Fraech 18 . Cf. aiciditi cosmaili contra accidentia nominis , Sg. 187b5 . Note also: is cosmuil rib calmacht do denum, Aen. 2454 . With DO: ciall ch.¤ dund salm so `similar to', Ml. 110d6 . is c.¤ disin dano asrobrad donaib ídlaib . . . infirmitates `similarly then infirmitates was applied . . .', 37b24 (or adv. ?). fri praenomen c.¤ do, Sg. 28a15 . cosmuil dúibsi andedeso, Wb. 12d1 . nert c.¤ don tenid, LU 2501 . nech is casmail dó, LB 191b46 . molt no ni bes c.¤ do, Laws i 122.7 Comm.

With OCUS: is c.¤ són dano ┐ intan . . . , Sg. 11a1 . is c.¤ aní fuandrogab infaith ┐ fuanrogab Crist, Ml. 50a10 . is c.¤ inmolad so . . . ┐ inmolad rongab in popul, 82d11 . ní casmail ┐ cealg mná, IGT Decl. ex. 389 . cosmhuil sin is mar deire `so too you say', Content. vi 117 .

(b) likely, probable (cf. iscosmil nade isamlid gl. et non, sicut blasfemamur, et sicut aiunt quidam nos dicere, etc., Wb. 2a11 ). c.¤ mo bith, Fing. R. 977 . bá c.¤ . . . ri Íunaind it seemed to J., TTr.² 359 . an tē as cosmhail dár gcobhair the one who is (most) likely to help me, DDána 11.2 is c.¤ an croidhe tinn / a ngoire an osnaidh ísill, IGT Decl. ex. 399 . sgéal nar chosmhail do chreidiomh, Aithd. D. 32.14 . cosmhail . . . / nach fuair tú . . . , Content. xxiv 21 . ni cosmhail go madh inchreidte . . . ar thuit, ML 28.y .

(c) fitting, proper, becoming: sāethor coimsi, fīt cosmuil, ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ba c.¤ ba cuibsech, xi 96 § 55 . nír chosmhail a chur a suim / síneadh cinn do Choin Chuluinn `it were unreasonable', Bard. P. 14. 5 . gan ród gcosmhail, Dán Dé vi 1 . ní dáil chosmhail nach cás leat . . . you do wrong not to be concerned that . . . , DDána 1.1 . condramh cosmhail `honest pact', O'Hara 1928 . erchra in ḟir cubaidh cosmuil, ZCP vi 265 § 20 . gomadh casmhuil duit / gan aon-aithis do thabhairt, Content. xiii 4 . toradh antsaothairsin dothiodhlucadh dona tighearnaibh . . . rera cosmhula an saotharsin = who agreed with their work, Carswell 2.10 .

Compar. and superl. innahí ata chosmailiu gl. uerisimiliora, Ml. 16b1 . cosmailiu asa chosmailiu hé fri claind nIsraél he resembled more and more, Celtica iv 22.265 . a serg cia ren cosmuile, IGT Abstr. Nouns ex. 1023 . ós rú as casmaile cumann as they are the most promising object of (my) affection, O'Gr. Cat. 392.23 . Adv. co c.¤ , Laws iv 22.11 Comm.

II As subst. cosmhail, casmuil f., IGT Decl. § 13 (66.13) . likeness, similarity : is c.¤ indí imma-immgaib `it is a likeness of one who avoids', Sg. 59a13 leg. cosmaile or -lius, Edd. fon æn c.¤ coir `according to the same proper analogy', BCrólige 62 . do bhí i n-osnaidh E.B. / cosmhail ceoil na coluime. PBocht 11.11 . ag buing casnuidh dom chroidhe / mur chasmhuil chroinn chasnuidhe after the manner of, IGT Decl. ex. 450 = fa chasmail, 612 . gan chasmhail peerless, Aithd. D. 11.29 . ┐ a cosmaile and the like, O'Gr. Cat. 215.22 . ? ferr in c.¤ caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 .

Compds.: cosmailainmmnechthecha gl. [h]omonima, Sg. 29a9 . 106b6 . cosmailoircnid inter athiroircnid no tuistidoircnid gl. parricida (pari-cida), 12b6 .

crannchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crannchor or dil.ie/12760

Forms: innacrannchur

n (crann + cor) lot(s), casting of lots: rollaad crannchur foir lots were cast in the matter, Ml. 29c1 . innacrannchur gl. sortes, 37d15 . fo cres crandcor . . . / cia do bera anaemhfhodbh lots were cast (for Christ's garment), Blathm. 54 . co rolaset chrandchor inter se im techt sis, Thes. ii 328.42 . conid c.¤ roscoraig (Josh. xiv), SR 5127 . focres crandchor forro dús . . . , LU 6880 = fo-creasa, BDD² 425 . ? buidni balcthruim crandchuir, LU 10882 (rhet.). foscichret i c.¤ iarum they will put it to the lot, RC xiii 444 § 24 . cranncur Seanchai, IT iii 191 § 18 . Seancran[n] Sin .i. crandcur sin meic Aigi, 192 § 22 . gan credium do chranchuraib, PH 7316 . c.¤ fa a n-aos ealadhna, Bard. P. 54.5 . fuair . . . cuid chrandchoir `a portion fixed by lot', O'Hara 1726 (cf. legal use below). ? a crich cranncar as a result of lots, ZCP x 304.33 . is dó rainic a[n] cranncar the lot fell upon him, BNnÉ 304 § 18 . i cirt crandchuir, PH 3318 . ar egla . . . crannchair in chatha sin outcome , Caithr. Thoirdh. 133.38 . táinic an treas crannchar amach ar chloinn Sh., Joshua xix 10 .

Freq. in Laws Comm. (once in text of Gúbretha Caratniad) of adjudicating by lot (presum. where other legal criteria were absent or ineffective): rogha in crannchu[i]r . . . is amlaidh do nither in crandchur: tri craind do chur ind etc., Laws iii 336.9 - 10 Comm. ? cundoil naidhm crannchuir, Ériu xiii 34.16 . rucus tuus do chomarbu cen ch.¤ that the heir has the first choice (of land) without casting of lots, ZCP xv 316 § 10 (Caratnia, see 317). crannchuir do denam doib uime cib e diobh da-ria rogha (the brother) cast lots as to who shall have the choice, Cóic Con. 42 § 65 (see ZCP xvi 217 ). indeircech cach morcuitech a cranntach cach cutruma .i. . . . is crannchur eturra, O'D. 2002 ( Eg. 90, 12a ) (of equal claims on a `sét') = ranntach, O'Curry 1653 ( 23 Q 6, 21b ) = crandtach, 730 ( H 3.18, 349 ), cf. Laws iii 462.20 Comm. ni bia(s) crandchur, uair a crandtacc cach cutruma, O'D. 2423 ( Rawl. B 506, 55b ) (in a case of theft). crannchur fira Dé do chur eturru (do.), O'Curry 1650 ( 23 Q 6, 21 a ). is cranncur eturrudh cu festar in mil dibh do rinne in foguil, Laws ii 6.2 8 Comm. iii 66.14 Comm. crannchur coseccartha du (cu)chur ar muinntir in bidbadh, O'D. 2395 ( Rawl. B 506, 49b ). nocon eigen di crandchur `it is not obliged to draw lots', Coibnes 1 gl . 7 on déolaid (i.e. the owner of the land where water originates is entitled to `every first day' at the mill). ? techt do chrannchur nach ar ealguin, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ).

3 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 de or dil.ie/14789

Forms: de, de

pron ( dé, SCC § 8 , § 33 . FB § 73 . LU 44 a 15 . Laws i 294. 29 ) of the two, in connection with interrogative and dual pronouns; in Mid.-Ir. gradually replaced by díb. Identical with the preposition (opp. Stokes Bezz. Beitr. ix 89 ); as the dat. dual never differs from the d pl., de probably includes no suffixed pronoun. cia de: coartor autem e duobus .i. ciade dogega which of them (the two) I shall choose Wb. 23 b 33 . nochan fes cia de dodellui araill .i. nochan fes cia díb asa helodh leiges ria chéile, O'Dav. s.v. dellui . cia de is mó...aer nó in talam, SR 7925 . cechtarde, cechtar de, later cechtarda each of the two, either of the two, both . cach la sel dún for imrádud Dé in sel aile for precept. ar seirc Dæ dogniam cechtarde, Wb. 15 d 9 . cosc for cechtarde, ib. 19 c 21 . briathra áildi la cechtar de fri alaile ┐ menmae togáise calleic la cechtar de, Ml. 31 a 24 . in alterutroque .i. la cechtar de, ib. 31 b 3 b . mutuo fallantur et fallant .i. cechtar de alaile, ib. 31 b 4 . hi cechtar de, 39 b 2 . huare rombí cechtar de sech alaill, Sg. 29 b 18 . cosmilius fri cechtar de, ib. 188 b 5 . cechtar dé, LU 44 a 15 . oc cechtar de, Laws i 44. 12 . i cechtar de in each case ib. 94. 23 . for cechtar de, 116. 7 ; 146. 5 f.b. (either of the two). slán a cechtur de safe from both, ib. ii 60. 21 . do cechtair (sic) de, ib. 164. 21 . c. de, TTr.² 499 , &c.—de in enclisis gradually lost its force as an independent word, until about the middle of the 9th century it was confused with the adjective suffix -de and inflected as a stem in -io, d becoming broad after the preceding r. For cechtar de cechtar díb or cechtardae díb now became more usual. utrumque luminare .i. in lésbaire cechtar dae se .i. sol ┐ luna each of these two luminaries, both these l. Ml. 121 c 23 . utraque: ithe inso inna cechtardai these are the two (things) ib. 122 c 9 (n pl. n.; the corresponding sing. PH 7974 : ó dogéna Dia in cechtarda sin). alternos inter se sonos uidentur confundere .i. fogur cechtar de ar alaliu, Sg. 4 a 8 . ithé sidi nad techtat innairdegnúsigud cechtar de that do not possess either signification ib. 77 a 6 . araill dona longaibh cechtardhaibh some of the ships on each side CCath. 1967 . in eclais cechtarda, PH p. 574 (of the two churches, the earthly and heavenly). Followed by gen.: sé sgripuill cechtarde in dá oidche for each of the two nights Laws ii 134. 1 . Ísu do ṡuide for cechtarde na dá ech, PH 4458 . —cechtardæ díb: trian ó cechtur de dibsium a third from each of these Laws ii 144. 23 . ulcha fota for cechtarde díb, PH 3094 . dá cét con ac cechtar de díb, Acall. 2636 . ib. 6906 .—nechtarde, nechtar de, later nechtarda either of the two, after negation neither : ni rubi nechtar de cen alaill neither of them can be without the other Wb. 11 c 17 . ní lour less nechtar de mani bet a ndiis, Ml. 35 d 24 . nechtarde, Sg. 37 b 19 . nechtar de, 173 b 6 . nechtar dæ, Ml. 42 b 2 . Followed by a ndiis, ib. 14 c 4 . nechtardae díb: nechtarde díb, Laws ii 406.26 Comm. , corresponding to the nechtar nae in the main text. muna fuil nechtar de díb and, ib. iii 210. 17 . munob dána (sic leg.) re nechtarde díb, ib. v 328. 2 f.b. nechtar de díb, TBC-LL¹ 3720 . —nech de: aire nislaimed nech de: acht Nechtain sa deogbaire, LL 191 b 34 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 30. 49 ); seems = nech díb (Gwynn).—indala de (indara de)...alaile (araile, a chéile) one of the two...the other, corresponding to the indala nái of the Glosses. ma tá ceann in dara de ag tiachtuin fui (sc. in cunnrud) if the chief of one party is for impugning it Laws ii 292. 8 f.b. dliged tabartha dilsis in ara de ┐ dliged fríthe dilsidis araile, ib. v 336. 5 f.b. indara de...a chéli (not voc.), TTr.² 1767 . Laws ii 342. 17 .

dé-chathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chathach or dil.ie/14879

adj o-ā: perduellium, gl. inna ndechathach (v.l. dechath LB) .i. inter se inuicem semper. .ł. cath contra deum et homines .i. quasi duobus bellis bellatorum , &c. Goid. 69. 6 . Lib. Hymn. i 73 . —A cpd. of dé- (v. ) and cathach.

? doindarbethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? doindarbethach or dil.ie/17886
Last Revised: 2013

ind appellativa .do. inter bethoha .l. commodes agal demathacha, Wortk. 98 , emended by Thurn. to: doindarbethacha no co mbatis agaldemathacha, 'hinzutreibende' see ib. 130 § 98 (ad-pello = do-ind-ar-ben-).

doinmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doinmech or dil.ie/17910

Forms: doinmig, doinmecha, doinmecha

adj o,ā. On form and derivation see 1 soinmech. Cf. doinnme. unprosperous; adverse; wretched; indigent: doinmig gl. adversae rei, Ml. 39d6 . d.¤ cach daidbir, ACL iii 229.121 . dūinne nā rob d.¤ | rob soinmech rob soraid may it not be unlucky for us, 221.16 . ac taircetul tromgaire ndoinmeach in morcatha, CCath. 4383 . ba d.¤ dó a betha, MacCongl. 9.9 . comaittreb salach d.¤ , PH 4331 .

As subst. in pl. glossing adversa: amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu doregat . . . soinmecha dún triar ndegnimu, Ml. 111c14 . mo doinmecha sa gl. mea aduersa, 60a8 . hitar na doinmecha gl. inter adversa, 38a12 . doinmecha gl. adversa, 32b8 . honai[b] doinmechaib gl. adversis, 34c1 . Note also: etir na doinmecha gl. inter diversa, Ml. 19d20 , where possibly the scribe took diversa as = adversa.

dris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dris or dil.ie/18719

Forms: dres, dris, driss

n i, f. In later lang. also dres, ā, f. dris f., IGT Decl. § 42 . bramble, briar, thorn-bush: driss gl. vepres, Sg. 47a8 , 70b1 . d.¤ gl. rubus, 65a10 . d.¤ gl. dumus (tomús, MS.), Ir. Gl. 587 . d.¤ .i. der-uis .i. derōil ┐ uis, Corm. Y 475 . Classed among the losa feada (`bramble trees'), Laws iv 148.1 . narab tene dhuit in d.¤ , Mélusine iv 298.39 . crom feda déin d.¤ , SG 245.30 . drisiuc .i. inti is d.¤ ar letarthaighi, O'Dav. 724 . dreas deilgne `a prickling brier', Ezekiel xxviii 24 . oc losgud drisi, Ériu ii 229 § 1 . luaith drisi uire, 24 B 3, 91.27 . a náit na dreise tiocfaidh an crann mirtail aníos, Isaiah lv 13 . do theigéamhadh i nd.¤ , TSh. 10421 . drisi inna senchomrorcan, Ml. 2a6 . draigin drisi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. drisi is truim is traghnadha | a n-oighridha co bráth, Laud 615, 199 . droigni is drisi rom-c[h]oirb, BS 108 § 54 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, 48 § 32 . a duille, a dreasa, a dercoinn, 110 § 54. dresa dilgnecha lán do smēraib, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . clandaigfead in talam dit spine ┐ drise delglecha, Lec. 530b8 . fásfuidh aníos drise ┐ dosáin, Isaiah v 6 . muine dresa a bramble brake, Lism. L. 2607 . motharmhuine móirdreasa a dense thicket of great briar(s), BS 24.1 . maethain drissi, 23 Q 5, 48.16 . maetan dresa, 24 B 3, 98.30 . ac réidiugad dres ┐ draighen, SG 35.42 . co facadur drisi imdha ┐ muinedha na hinnsi lán do smeraibh, KMMisc. 317.8 . minic mé a lāim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352.29 . do thuit cuid oile don tsíol idir na dreasaibh (= inter spinas), TSh. 10471 . ata brig disgailtech isna smeraib fasus ar na drisibh, 23 O 23, 30a3 .

Compd. na dairge mur drestorthaibh acorns (as plentiful) as blackberries, ZCP ii 349.12 .

Drost, Drust

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Drost, Drust or dil.ie/18822

n.pr. m. of Pictish kings: Drost f. Consatin, Todd Nenn. 166.2 . Drust mac Erb Rex Pictorum obiit , CS 24 n. tri catha for Drust righ Alban, TFrag. 54 . mors Drosto mic Domnaill, 104 . expulsio Drosto de regno , AU 671 . mors Drosto filii Domnaill, 677 . bellum inter Oengus et Drust regem Pictorum , 728 . expulsio Drost de regno Pictorum , Reeves Ad. 376 . Simul filius Druist, AU 724 . Note also: Dustric inghen Truist righ Bretan tuaisceirt, Todd Nenn. 290 . See Drest.

ennac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ennac or dil.ie/20119

Forms: ennach, ennac, enngaib, ennaic, annaic, n-enac, endga, endacc, ennaigh, eannaga, eannag, eannoc, ennac, enngu

adj o-ā (< Lat. innoc(u)us or innoce(n)s, RC v 492 . Ascoli , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ) In late texts sometimes ennach.

(a) innocent, sinless, harmless, guiltless: ennac ab innocente , O'Mulc. 399 . eannach .i. glan o pheacadh, O'Cl. dun ennac (gl. innocenti) Ml. 41b2 . do maccaib enngaib , Thes. ii 255.10 (St. Missal). nech gonus...macclerech no mac endacc, Cáin Ad. 35 . ind ennaic (gl. innocentes) Ml. 46d13 . ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som .i. noidenacht (salui innocentes) 76a6 . cit maicc ennaig, Cáin Ad. 43 . maic annaic , 40 . cosmail fri encu (gl. similis innocentibus) Ml. 91b7 . for clerchu ┐ banscala ┐ maccu encu, Cáin Ad. 34 . inna n-ennac (gl. innocent[i]um) Ml. 59a3 . 100a9 (gl. insont[i]um). inna n-enac , 32a13 . ro saerait na maccu endga o bas (a p. for n p.) PH 412 . is dímáin tóimnit a mbeith endga = incassum se innocentes putant 6124 . tret na n-uan n-endacc, MacCarthy 44.8 . Ériu ii 200.22 . ba hennac, ba firén PH 3304 . anim ennac firen, FA 19 (LU; ennach LB, cited P. O'C. s. eannach ). faith humal ennac óg, SR 5379 . cendais eter fhergaib, endac eter inntledaib = inter insidias innocens PH 5925 . ro impa...cusin creidim cristaide ┐ ba hannacc osin amach he, D IV 2, 44[42]vb 34 . an úir endacc (eannuidh ennaigh , vl.)the pure clay (of the bed of a spring set apart for a saint) BNnÉ 220.35 . v p. a uile naoimh-eannaga Holy Innocents Parrth. Anma 298.1 . fuil eannag innocent blood (of slain clerics) TFrag. 126 . Contrasted with cintach: in cintach...in t-ennac, ZCP xi 65. 4 . non iadad ume...mad guach. nisniadh[ad] ime dia mbad ennac (of an accused person) IT iii 190.17 . eannoc 190.9 . ennac (annach v.l.) 190.29 . dóerad bidbadu, sóerad enngu , Tec. Corm. § 2.14 .

(b) immune, exempt (?): rendering Lat. immunis: ennac nó dianim (gl. [periculi] immunem) Ml. 112a7 . in n-ennac .i. sechis in firian (gl. [mundum se ab illorum meritis et ideo] immonem [suppliciorum]) Ml. 76c3 , where the gloss may really refer to mundum, although that is glossed separately (glan). Cf. na mila ennca (sic leg.) [animals immune from seizure] (?) Laws i 146.18 Comm. (see ZCP iv 355 ). dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud eannucc im na dethbirsi `innocent with respect to these necessities' (exempt ?) ii 62. 8 Comm. cunud ennuc gach dethbir, 62.10 Comm.

1 etar~, eter~, etr~

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 etar~, eter~, etr~ or dil.ie/20658
Last Revised: 2019

prefix etymologically related to the the preverb eter-, etar- and the preposition eter, etir ( GOI § 835 ). In formations with nouns and adjectives, the basic meaning is inter-, between ; for examples see the individual entries.

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