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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

ad-ágathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ágathar or dil.ie/255

Forms: -ágathar, ágaid(ir), ad-n-agur, atágur, -agur, ad-agadar, ad-ágethar, adnaigethar, -ágathar, -agether, -agedar, ad-n-aigther, atagamar, -agammar, -agetar, -áigder, águr, áigde, aig-siu, -águmar, -hágam, agatar, ad-againse, ataighin, ar-don-aigtis, atnaicter, -ágara, -áigther, -agither, -aigither, -agathar, ad-āgind, cia dágind, -āghedh, áigthe, aghus, aghais, -ndaigset, -ndáigsind, -agsind, no-aghsainn, munadágsad, adaichfer, adaichfedar, adāigfedur, -aichfetar, -áigfimis, ad-agastar, adaigestar, atrágestar, adraigsemar, adraichsetar, adraigsetar, -aigsetar, ataigh, -áigh, ataigsem, atraigset, aghsatt, áigthiu, áigsiu

v prototonic -ágathar. See GOI §§ 543, 553 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 454 . Later as simple vb. ágaid(ir). Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-n-agur sa, Ml. 74d4 . atágur, LU 6154 (TBC). -ágor, Thes. ii 290.5 . -agur, LU 3305 . 3 s. ad-agadar (rel.), Ml. 53c14 . ad-ágethar, BDD² 691 . adnaigethar (atanaaigthar v.l.), IT i 68.9 -ágathar, Wb. 1a3 . -agether, Ml. 129a2 . -agedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 . Pass. ad-n-aigther, Ml. 27c1 . 1 pl. atagamar, LU 3792 ( SCC 36 ). -agammar, LL 308b40 . 3 pl. -agetar, Ml. 39b14 . Pass. -áigder, Thes. ii 294.15 (or 2 s. act.?). Ipv. 1 s. águr, Ériu i 68 § 6 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 219 ). 2 s. áigde, ib. aig-siu, 70.3 . 1 pl. -águmar, LL 308b17 . -hágam, 308b38 . 3 pl. agatar, Ml. 51d11 . Indic. impf. 1 s. ad-againse, Ml. 63d11 . ataighin, Imr. Brain ii 292.8 (see Celtica v 139 ). 3 pl. ar-don-aigtis, Ériu iii 138.83 . Subj. pres. 2 s. atnaicter, Gael. 50, 139 (= ad-n-áichther, Blathm. 892) . -ágara, LU 3891 ( SCC 40 ). -áigther, 3306 ( 11 ). -agither, 5265 ( TBC-I¹ 789 ). -aigither, IT iii 241.212 . 3 s. -agathar, Ml. 66a2 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ad-āgind, ACL iii 295 § 17 . cia dágind, Imr. Brain i 288.7 . 3 s. -āghedh, ZCP xii 296.28 . Pass. ardott áigthe , LU 5656 (TBC). (cf. áigthi ) With s-subj. ?Pres. 2 s. aghus ([ag]ais, aghais, v.l.), ZCP iii 448.7 . 3 pl. -ndaigset, RC xii 422 § 4 . Impf. 1 s. -ndáigsind, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). -agsind, Imr. Brain ii 288.8 . no-aghsainn, BS 74.8 (§ 40) . 3 s. munadágsad, ZCP vii 312.2 . Fut. 1 s. adaichfer, Ml. 68c17 . 3 s. (rel.). adaichfedar, Ml. 46c20 . adāigfedur, ZCP iii 449.6 . 3 pl. -aichfetar, Ml. 80b13 . Condit. 1 pl. -áigfimis, BDD² 506 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ad-agastar, LU 817 . adaigestar, Dinds. 43 (RC xv 434). atrágestar, LL 13587 . 1 pl. adraigsemar, LL 13899 . 3 pl. adraichsetar, Ml. 80d4 . adraigsetar, 124b6 . -aigsetar, 35c4 . Without depon. ending 3 s. ataigh, RC xxvii 300.4 . -áigh, .2. 1 pl. ataigsem, Moling 68 . 3 pl. atraigset, LL 16033 . ro aghsatt , BNnÉ 36.21 .

Vn. áigthiu. Later áigsiu. See áigthech, áigthi .

Fears, dreads, stands in awe of: intí adagadar in Coimdid `he who fears the Lord', Ml. 53c14 . nísnagathar bonum opus ` bonum opus fears them not', Wb. 6a7 . atotágathar dia mbrath / Ailill Aie lía slúagad he fears thee, LU 4707 . ticfa intí tagammar (adaghar v.l. St.) de, TBC-LL¹ 506 . nimmain Andind cia dágind / mád hé Béoin nísnagsind A. will not save me though I fear him, Imr. Brain ii 288.7 . manataigter ind gille `if the servant be not in awe of thee', Mon. Tall. 142.3 . ar cach n-olc itágursa bágursa mac nOengusa, LL 308b24 . aigthi in Coimdid ┐ not aigthife cách, Three Hom. 76.11 . ni agat (.i. ni agatar) monud . . . no gorud frichis ruaid (.i. i llo bratha), LL 364 marg. sup. ataigsetar . . . aní adchonncatar, Immrama 31.179 . bidh ann grisadh co rot-āigther, ACL iii 295 § 26 . aigit (agit v.l.) .i. immeclaigit, Lib. Hymn. i 110 gl. l . aghaim .i. eaglaighim, O'Cl.

Folld. by vn. phrase: adraichsetar digail du thabairt forru, Ml. 80d4 . agur águr iar céin chéin / bith i péin phéin, LU 420 (ACC). atraigsetar (ba heaccal leo, v.l.) C. d'imbirt báis . . . forro, TBC-LL¹ 4276 . atagur . . . urchra forsin caille, Anecd. i 11.27 . ataighin eona uile dom arccuin, Imr. Brain ii 292 § 13 `I used to fear that all the birds would slay me', Celtica v 140 . Folld. by finite clause: air adraigsetar nondabértais iterum in captiuitatem , Ml. 124b6 . atagur min (leg. nin?) tucait (as baoghal lem nach tiubhraid, v.l.) I fear they will not give it, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

See ad-ais, agar.

ad-eirrig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-eirrig or dil.ie/426
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aitherrach, aithirge

v (* ath-ar-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ).

(a) repeats, reiterates: aderrigsom forsanimchomarc fodí repeats the question twice, Ml. 46a21 . aderriussa gl. adieciam super omnem laudem tuam, 89b3 . atherracht ind co fo trí he repeated it thrice, Laud 610, 117b . nir aitherracht béim do bun chraind díb acht óenbéim co claidiub, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). Cf. nir aitheraig beim riam do neoch acht oen beim, Cog. 188.26 . roaitherechtha uili limsa they were all re-made by me, Ériu iv 134.16 . quicquid iteratur . . . .i. gach ni athairrigthir, Auraic. 729 = cach ni athraigther, 3485 . Perhaps also in the following: dian ceis imitecht adreis riarra fri ollam nairidhi, O'Curry 1606 (23 Q 6, 5 a) = O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). adreis .i. aiterrach, ut est Madnai do tes adres anai adgnai in cach oen bliadain adres .i. aitherrach in aithne, O'Dav. 120 . mad eirr (leg. ma ad-eirr?) ind aithgin iar tres cinud . . . .i. madia naitrigh no madia nairghe cin do denumh. Laws ii 188.9, 11 Comm. = dia naithrighe, O'Curry 2369 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)d ). Cf. ZCP iv 348 . ? olliarraid a derigar altrum darese araile, Laws ii 176.1 . With prep. I N- in sense of relapsing into sin (possibly in this idiom *ath-ess-reg-): ma atheirr ind = si iteraverit, Ériu vii 146.5 . inge nād n-aithersed inn but that he should not relapse into it, ZCP x 47.10 . cenibad in olc naill naithirsed unless he should fall into some other sin(?), Laws i 10.6 . Cf. aithéirgid.

(b) changes. In O. Ir. glosses in sense of changes for the better, emends, improves: aithirgid bésu diandaithirsid ón isindeseircc . . . rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . dúus indaithirset `if perchance they may repent it', 30b30 (see note). intí adeirrig treprecept do `he whom he brings to repentance', 22c2 (`der sich bekehrt', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ). atanneirrig gl. qui nos . . . emendat, Ml. 114d10 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur, 30d11 . arna aithirrestar gl. ne . . . emendetur, 32d13 . Cf. no-s-atherraig as a ulc, PH 5583 . mani aithir `if he does not amend', Ériu vii 162.17 . Hence changes, alters in general: ni aithergem na duile, Alex. 884 . ro hathirged a pell fo B. `was readjusted', Cog. 198.22 . nír aithearraigh aigneadh, IGT Verbs ex. 831 . créud far haithearraigheadh . . . saoire an tSathrainn ar an nDomhnach?, Parrth. Anma 2664 .

Vn. aitherrach. aithirge.

See 1 aithrigid, aithirgigid(ir), athairgtar and IGT Verbs § 84 , §106 .

ad-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or dil.ie/433
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .

ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adf, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuadamar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (* ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 . GOI p. 520 . See also in(d)-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SCC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn), LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedg. u. Mac R 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adf, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC-LL¹ 1764 (or fut.?); Metr. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Imr. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürgschaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ? atcoad, LU 3323 ( SCC § 11 ). ? atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC-I¹ 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Imr. Brain 52 . adfí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SCC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see GOI 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC-LL¹ 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC-I¹ 331 . adféta, TBC-LL¹ 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuadamar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC-I¹ 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC-LL¹ 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 ( dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC-LL¹ 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Imr. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim, SR 1785 . ? in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt-chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus-beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC-I¹ 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 ( doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchonnairc, LU 3332 ( SCC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

ad-fíri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fíri or dil.ie/441
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidbrid, aidbred

v Also as simple vb. aidbrid. sues, claims to be true (fír), originally verifies, identifies, draws public attention to. Often used in the Laws to describe a preliminary to litigation, as, for example, when the owner of stolen property identifies it in the possession of another person and formally accuses him of theft: is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing . . . fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig i.e. he who sees and does not sue or levy has to pay the same fine as he who breaks the law of Sunday, Anecd. iii 22.18 . leth di neuch adhiri ┐ dotboing, 23.1 . ni dlegor iardach foraib / do chin adírther `for a crime that is alleged', Ériu xvi 183 § 37 ; 'may be substantiated' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 137 § 37 . aidbris . . . in rechtaire in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa `the steward sued for the sword', IT iii 200 § 65 . cach aidhbriudh docuisin, cach laisi (.i. oca) naidbrither is lais a tuinide, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185 ). itir in fer aidhbris ┐ in fer ro crec fris, O'D. 852 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). ait i n-aidbrither, O'Dav. 1140 . aidbrither . . . an ceile `the tenant is sued', Laws v 360.6 Comm. ad-fíre (adfiriu, v.l.) guth 'ich erhebe Anspruch auf die Stimme', Akten Linz 137 § 3 . With oc claims from: is ac gataigi . . . ro haidbriud na seoit the seds were claimed from a thief, O'D. 1653 ( H 5.15, p. 21b ). cach indraic aidbres ac indraic . . is lais intí `ga naidbrither a imdenam, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, p. 17a) = gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic . . ., O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21b ). ac urradh ro aidbred in set `the sed was claimed from a native freeman', Laws iii 242.6 Comm. in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.24 . ní fétuidh in tí dá tabuir cu n-aidbridthur occa, 248.19 Comm. cídh í an inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba .) cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither, O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a .) With FOR claims against: cach ni uile aidbrius an flaith forsin cele, Laws ii 274.23 Comm. gémadh hí Ere d'aidbredh ar na hallmarchaib even though he claimed all Ireland, Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.35 .

Vn. aidbred.

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

1 adraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adraid or dil.ie/537

Forms: ad-or, -adraimse, adras, -adrat, adorthar, adordais, adram, adrat, adhar, -roadrae, -adraither, adrorad, adrodar, -radrāb, ad-n-orfa, -adrafa, -aderthar, [a]draibther, atror, adrorsat, roaidraiset

v (Lat. adorare, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 450 . GOI p. 576 . Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 311-4 . Marstrander, Lochlann ii 205 .). In O. Ir. generally as a compd. vb. ad-or, with short ŏ, but sometimes also as a simplex. Indic. pres. 1 s. -adraimse, Ml. 132c1 . ? Cf. atnora .i. adhrad, O'Dav. 10 (cf. 1612 ) = ecnaidh cach adnora ughdair aon reir, O'Curry 1606 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) = ada nora, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ) rel. 3 s. adras, Wb. 9c33 . 3 pl. -adrat, Ériu iii 98 § 18 . Pass. sg. adorthar, Fél. Nov. 23 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adordais, Ml. 36d16 . Ipv. 1 pl. adram, SR 1585 . 3 pl. adrat, Wb. 6d7 . Subj. pres. 1 s. condar adhar , Gael. 50 , 123 ( Blathm. 56 ). 2 s. -roadrae, Trip.² 457 . Pass. sg. -adraither, Rawl. 125b23 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrorad (sic leg. Ped. adrodar, MS), Ml. 14b4 . Fut. 1 s. -radrāb (: dán), Ériu xvi 164 § 36 . 3 s. ad-n-orfa, Ml. 81d6 . -adrafa, Rawl. 125b22 . Pass. -aderthar (adrabthar, [a]draibther v.l.), RC xxvi 38.3 . pret. 3 s. atror, Ml. 69d3 . 3 pl. adrorsat, Wb. 1b19 . roaidraiset, Trip.² 1016 . Vn. 1 adrad. IGT Vbs. § 45 .

Adores, worships . Folld. by accus.: adrat Dia, Wb. 6d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu, Ml. 36d16 . tūatha adortais síde / ní creitset in fírdeacht, Thes. ii 317.4 (Hy. ii). it hé side ro aidraiset in n-ídal, Trip.² 1016 . si dea tened adraim-se, 584 . ro ráidseom na aidérad clocha ná crunnu acht no adérad intí dosroni, LU 4046 . cia dosruirmend nis adrand, LL 1257 . adraid ainm ind Ríg, 1258 . bid sochaidi do rígaib . . . aidheorus he, Lat. Lives 101.11 . no-adraddis airm ó dáinib isin ré-sin, RC xii 106 § 162 . tearc . . . ní ar talmhain nar adhair é, DDána 17.10 .

Also with prep. DI. In this use prob. influenced by 2 adraid, q.v. In mid. Ir. the two verbs overlap considerably in meaning (see also LEIA s.v. adr- ): in duine adras don dédiu sin `the man that worships these two things', Wb. 9c33 (2 adraid?). dothung mo deo da n-adraim, TBC-LL¹ 143 . don Dia dian-adrann Abrám, SR 3308 . trí nert ind Ríg dia n-adrad, LL 537 co ru-édrur dot deeb-siu, PH 1346 . nī adra do hīdlachtaib, ACL iii 312 § 3 . iodhbartha do dhéanamh don airddia da n-adhradaois, Keat. ii 3827 . is fāid gūach in t-Iosa dia n-adharthai, Marco P. 8 . roadhair do Macametus, 18 .

ad-roilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-roilli or dil.ie/558

Forms: ad-roilliu, as-roilli, -airilli, ad-roilli, as-roilli, atroilli, attroilli, asidroilli, isatroilli, -áirilli, as-roillet, assidroillet, ad-rollat, -airillet, adidroillither, -airiller, -airle, as-roillea, as-roillem, roairlem, rosairillem, -airillid, atroillet, -arillet, -airillet, as-rollfe, ataroillife, araillfa, adidroillifet, as-roilli, asndaroilli, asroairli, asroilli, asindroillissem, -arilsem, -arilsid, adroilliset, atroillisset, assidroillisset, adidroillisset, asidroilliset, assidroilliset, -arillset, -arilset, -áirillset, -airilset, as-roilled, airillte, airílte, airilti, airilte, airílti, airiltib, airillti, áirilliud, áiriltiu, atroillid

v (* ad-ro-slí-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 630 ). On substitution of as- for ad- in pretonic position, see GOI p. 496 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-roilliu, Ml. 75a11 . 2 s. as-roilli, 130b8 . -airilli, 55d13 . 3 s. ad-roilli, 61a20 . as-roilli, atroilli, 51d12 . attroilli, Wb. 2d13 . In rel. position with inf. pron. asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ; isatroilli, O'Curry 2255 (Eg. 88, 18(19)d). -áirilli, Ml. 84c13 . 3 pl. as-roillet, 40a4 . assidroillet, 54d6 . ? ad-rollat, LU 8954 . -airillet, Ml. 40c12 . Pass. sg. adidroillither, Rawl. 125b32 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -airiller, LB 191b13 . 2 s. ? -airle, Fél. 154.17 . 3 s. as-roillea, Ml. 107b6 . 1 pl. as-roillem, Thes. ii 349.6 (Hy. v). ad-roillem, SR 8385 . roairlem, Ériu ii 144 § 162 . rosairillem, Three Hom. 46 . 2 pl. -airillid, Ml. 115b9 . 3 pl. atroillet, -arillet, Wb. 31c23 . -airillet, Ml. 90c2 . Fut. 2 s. as-rollfe, Sg. 66b19 . 3 s. ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ? araillfa, Laws ii 98. 28 Comm. 3 pl. adidroillifet, Ml. 61a20 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. as-roilli, Ml. 111b28 . asndaroilli, 124d7 . asroairli (.i. asroilli ), RC xxi 382.8 . 1 pl. asindroillissem, Ml. 119d8 . -arilsem, Wb. 20d14 . 2 pl. -arilsid, 21a17 . 3 pl. adroilliset, 4c35 . atroillisset, c15 ; Ml. 46d9 . assidroillisset, adidroillisset, 61b17 . asidroilliset, 77a15 . assidroilliset, Wb. 17a9 . -arillset, 4c39 . -arilset, 4d10 . -áirillset, Ml. 114c9 . -airilset, 54d9 . Pass. sg. as-roilled, Ml. 122b13 . Part. airillte, Ml. 61a20 . airílte, 122b13 . airilti (gl. debitam), 56c6 ; airilte, 113b3 . ind airílti (gl. meriti), 61b17 . airiltib (gl. meritis), a19 . Part. of necess. airillti, Ml. 22d22 . Vn. áirilliud, áiriltiu. Later as simple vb. atroillid and áiriltnigid, q.v.

Deserves, is entitled to: ní arilset geinti a fírianugud `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified', Wb. 4d10 . don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud i.e. it gets its name from the silver given as tax to the Fomorians, Corm. Y 304 . cren dímsa m'ingin dochum fognuma duit, ar atrolleset a (m)besa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 `for her manners have deserved it', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 124 . do neoch atroille iffernd díb, LU 1404 . duilgine cac aesa danu adroille duilgine who deserves remuneration, Laws v 264.15 . la biathad ninnraic adroille in gradh, Ériu xii 18 § 21 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14 .y ( .i. ro hairelltnigedh do dlestin do cintuch, 16.3 Comm. ). diablad fiach nech atroille[d], 98.15 ( adruillter, O'Curry 2721 (Eg. 88, 61 (62)b). cunic in cintuch cin a tabuirt a bfiachuibh . . . acht araillfa dono, Laws ii 98.28 `if only he be entitled to do so', Plummer MS. notes. ?nis nellne a baes .i. nís airle ni dia baís that he does not incur anything by his folly, iii 56.14 Comm. mairg immorro asroairli (as-roilli v.l.) assa churp fessin in falti sin diabuil, RC xxi 382.8 . gach aon . . . atruilles . . . bāss d'f[h]aghāil, Fl. Earls 70.26 . co ro airiller rochtain parrthais, LB 191b13 . fodail na pían cosind lín ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ni farcbad nech cen dire . . . act inti adroille olc asa besaibh, Ériu xii 44 § 56 . adroillem adaittrebam / oentaid aingel cech tratha, SR 8385 . amhail asad-roillfea gach buasach bíaidh, Ériu xiii 22.30 (= asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ).

2 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áe or dil.ie/605

n (a) law-suit, litigation: ima ae .i. ima caingin, Laws i 82.5 Comm. aí cuis no caingen, Eg. Gl. 666 ; O'Cl. ae .i. dliged, Laws v 14.3 Comm. ; Stowe Gl. 18 . cid indiu améind re cech nae .i. ae caingen isin tsengaedeilg .i. caingen na nemed re cech nae, LB 238(c)b54 . aigne .i. fer aiges ái, Corm. Y 74 . inti aigas in ae, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, c. 36 ). is dilmain do cach aighne ciped adbar do-bera do cumtach a aie, ZCP xii 364.9 . fírchetal n-ai .i. noís ar ní beredh [acht] bretha fíra, Cóir Anm. 233 . airbert aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). cis lir meic alaither gan aoi gan iarraidh?, Ériu xiii 31.26 ( O'Dav. 42 ). is se so cin imur gabhadh ai, Laws i 302.29 Comm. ni tuitet smachta ai, ii 126.22 . diamba brethem ni bera ae nad urscartai. arabeir corus nae, ai flatha etc. .i. ni ro brethemnaighsiu um an caingin, O'Curry 2203 (Eg. 88 f. 8(9)c). tri ái nad eplet faill: ái dochuind ┐ dochraite ┐ anfis, Triads 153 . ái fossad, 174 . bered firbretha / bíathad cech n-aí / uaged cach síd, Tec. Corm. § 1.39 . ái útmaille, § 25.5 . measam ai udmailli, ACL iii 230.151 . nipsa hái (aei, v.l.) cin imditin (cen diten, v.l.) nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 . dirgiatadh gacha haoi ┐ cecha caingne, AFM i 116.6 . In title of legal tract: i nAi Cermna, Cóic Con. 25.6 . i nAe C., 61.11 .

(b) fault(?): ae .i. aithgin ut est, cin ┐ dibaid, æ ┐ eiric, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, p. 67c). as cethardae fris gaibther aithgabail; cin ┐ gnim, ai ┐ eiraic, Laws i 258.10 . Adam fein cen ae cen locht, SR 1303 .

See 3 aí.

1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum, 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill, Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n-oí, BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi, xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

aiccecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccecht or dil.ie/754

Forms: aiccept, aiceacht

n m. (Lat. accepta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 236 , acceptum, Vendr. Lex.). Also aiccept. aiceacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . Later also f.: gurab í an aiceacht, Eochairsg. 4.y . ba hisin aicept, Hugh Roe 124.7 (fo. 33a ). With lenited -c- aicheapt, Desid. 4839 (cf. aithchecht). Later cecht q.v. Lesson, instruction, precept: lectio .i. aicecht, Ir. Gl. 868 . aiccicht .i. icht a n-aice ar is i n-ace bīs an deiscipal acind aiti, Corm. Y 88 . Cf. O'Mulc. 12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai ainm aicepta bēlri, 125 . dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna i ncech raind (of studying verse), IT iii 31.10 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . tech n-aiccepta, Mer. Uil. 143 . co ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. 12.14 . staruidhe .i. fear ag a mbí triocha d'aiceachtaibh naomhtha ina fhoghloim, MS. Mat. 494.30 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 109 . an aiceacht d'fhág Sé aice precept, Eochairsg. 4.y . In phrases: do-gní a.¤ do gives instruction to: dorinne-sium aiccept dóib-sim, Mer. Uil. 127 . do dēnum accechta dī, BColm. 18.16 . do-gní a.¤ learns lessons: dognidh tri haicechta gach láe la Barrai, BNnÉ 16.11 . occ denamh in aicipta, Lism. L. 4152 . do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . do-beir a.¤ do gives a prescription, precept to: truagh nach tabhair . . . aiceacht an Daghdha dhamh / d' aithteacht a anma i nEoghan a pity you do not give me the Dagda's prescription to revive Eoghan's life, DDána 65.35 . do theagasg an phobail ┐ dá thabhairt mar aiceacht dóibh . . ., TSh. 151 . ro gab ferg an senoir . . . ┐ tucc aicept mór dó he gave him a serious reprimand, BCC 170.17 . do bi C. ag tabhairt aicepta do C.C. trias an cath sin do cuiredh trid, 186.y.

Cf. airaiccecht.

2 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aicde or dil.ie/770
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aice, oigi, oigdhe

n Also aice. f. oigi, oigdhe (if same word) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Prob. same word as 1 aicde.

(a) material, substance: sruithium a.¤ .i. feirius, Anecd. iii 44.3 . sruithem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dlūthaib dlūmaicdib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . sug na srona robo i aicdhe ina tinne oir `the mucus which had become the material of the golden chain', RC xii 344 § 38 . suifid a.¤ i n-órdathu, xxvi 48 § 257 . tre-fot .i. tri foide meini (menn, MS.) dibertae as cach tir dib co ndenta oena.¤ dib tre druidecht, Corm. Y 1265 . da aic[dhi]i sechtmogat eter ael ┐ bitumain, etc. `building materials', Auraic. 266 . aigdi, 2580 . ni frith . . . oenchrand . . . na hoicdhe bud chúibde do chumm in tempuil, LB 222a19 . cia du tarclamtais a trelmu ┐ a naicdida tools and materials, ZCP iii 7.13 . aicdi in duine ac[a] denum (of the foetus forming in the womb), O'Curry 557 (H. 3.18 p. 275a).

(b) structure, building, manufactured article: a.¤ .i. ecdoe graece, aedificium latine, .i. cumtach, Corm. Y 84 . aicdhe .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-admat no cech n-a.¤ bes áil dó, LU 2602 . nách n-a.¤ do dénam . . . do adbar, 2728 . adram in coimdid / cusnab aicdib amraib, IT iii 43 § 54 . cluined mo glanitgi / coimde na ndron a.¤ (aigde MS.), ACL iii 220 § 6 . ro rádi P. nád mbíad a.¤ dognethi di fiuth na cailli sin that nothing could be made from, Trip.² 2283 . amal ní confil ní arachoat a nargat nglan acht á techt in aicdi, Ml. 31d10 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa, folongar lethḟolug a míad cháich asa a.¤ dogní, Críth G. 486 . batar gobaind Chonchobar oc denam aiccde don rig, IT ii1 178.122 . teora primaig[d]i Erenn . . . barr Breoin . . . fi[d]chell Crimt[h]ain . . . ┐ mind Laegaire, Anecd. ii 3 § 5 . techta fuillema gill a.¤ airgit, Laws v 396.8 . in tuma ina cloithib ar cuicthi na tanalaig ar treisi na aicdib urluma ar aine finished products, i 188.36 Comm. cid ina tanailgib, cid na aic[d]e urrlaim, iii 204.1 Comm. aisic in ethair co na ramadaib ┐ cona aicdib urrlama fittings, 212.9 Comm. in goba acht mo (= má) do rigni in oigdi do gach coimaitech, v 14.y Comm. in soer . . . do rinne in aice . . . dfiur na hoige, ii 36.5 Comm. in bendachadh na haicdi, i 132.26 Comm. a tri ranntar an aice .i. trian d'adhbar ┐ trian do biúdh ┐ frichnam in fir lais i ndentar the cost of an a. is made up of three things, a third for materials, a third for sustenance and a third for the work of the man by whom it is made, O'Curry 2083 (H. 4.22, 70a). na uli aicdi ica recar a les fiallach borbfrithgnama, O'D. 937 ( H 3.17, c. 658 d). ro-fitir intí ro rec in n-aicdi ┐ ni fitir intī ros-cennaig, ZCP xv 307 § 2 . trí ná dlegat turbaidi: athchor maic, aicdi cherdai, gíallaigecht, Triads 156 . mac cerdai no fir fo gní nach aicdi éicin di ór, MR 78.19 . Various applications: bid hé corp ar n-a.¤ / admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 (of the structure of the Martyrology). radharc ar aicce an fheallsaimh (ar aittibh feallsamh MS.) / fhuair an t-am fa céidleanbhsain the work of the philosopher, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 113 . ba coemi esium a oenur inat doine in t-shaegail . . . cid oen a.¤ amra dognithea dib (of Christ), LB 148b32 . Coiri da Ruad in roglas / a.¤ sruthaidi senbras (of a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.y .

(c) literary composition, poem (see also oige): feirrde an aigdhe (oige v.l.) a cur i ndlús, Content. v 48 . n-a oigdhe d'uaim, DDána 38.13 . a fighe d'oige iomshláin (of a `marbhna'), 118.17 . gach oige dar innigh mé, Content. ii 212 n.4 . oige dána ib. snáith th'oige, ib. do bhí . . . / . . . / geall gach oide 'gá ucht ṡlim / a hucht a oige n-inghill, DDána 73.33 .

Compd.: ar gcall a n-oigeaghaoil / gan rann dá oigealaoidh `after losing their poetic lover . . . they got no stanza of his artistic work', Aithd. D. 19.8 .

Note also a.¤ menman .i. doréir menman cáich nom molaim, RC xxvi 24 § 82 . O'Cl. Cf. aiced.

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

aidbsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbsiu or dil.ie/853

Forms: aidbsen, , aidbsena, aidbsina

n n, f. g s. aidbsen , aidbsena, aidbsina. Vn. of ad-fét.

(a) Precise meaning doubtful in follg. Perh. relating, reciting, setting forth (see also s.v. aidbse): ecis aidbsin .i. fili comgan bhís la righ, O'Curry 473 (H 3.18, 248). cia céda dar haisnédhedh tre uadh n-aidhbhsion?, Ériu xiii 38.24 . ar dlighidh in arduibh aidhbsion aireachaibh, 39.20 . cingidh adesa dlighidh fria dechmhaidh fria harda aidhbhsiona, 23 . In phr. tús n-aidbsen(a) of a privilege of the flaith geilfine: is é ní dliges inti dlegur d'airitniugud isin flaithes ngelfine .i. in cumal tsenorba ┐ tus n-aibsin ┐ tus n-urlabra the right to expound his views first(?), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 (`den Vortritt bei der Anzeige(?)') ( Laws ii 280.26 ) = tus n-aibsena, 16 § 3 n.8 . Note also: tathat lium dais logh sinnsir tus naidbsina, tus nurlabra, Laws iv 372.13 Comm. = tus naidhbdhen, ZCP xii 365.14 (see aidbden).

(b) showiness, ostentation, pride (see taidbsiu): d'éis bhainnse d'óigh d'ullmhughadh / ní cóir aidhbhse ar anmhuirear one should not be surprised at an excessive number, Aithd. D. 60.7 . atá d'aidhbhse ar Fhionn-ghualainn `F.'s splendour is so great', 18.20 . méad bhar n-aidhbhse is aithne dhamh / ar leith Mogha . . . `I see how excessive is your pride in L.M.', Content. iv 50 . aidhbhsin .i. taidhbsin, O'Cl.

aidliccen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidliccen or dil.ie/891

adj [o, ā?] (cf. adlaic) needy, poor . As subst. n : amal aidlicen gl. egens, Ml. 36c12 . sech níta aidlicen `for I am not in need', 70b7 . ardon-bath ba ar n-airchenn adlicen (adilcen, adilg, adilgen, adailgean, aidilgen, aidilcen v.ll.) . . . intí bá airchenn fri airchisecht ar n-adlice atbath `our chieftain of the needy', ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). friseillget troigh ┐ aidheilgen, Laws iv 350.25 .

3 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ail or dil.ie/956

n something pointed, weapon(?) (perh. same word as 1 ail Less likely to be an inference from rinnal (cf. rind-, bíail below. See Vendr. Lex.): Rinnal .i. rendail .i. a.¤ reanna, ar is leis rotinnscanadh rinn for arm ar tús, Cóir Anm. 268 . biail .i. bith-ail .i. bifōebar, Corm. Y 126 . bith .i. sir, a.¤ .i. faebhur, ib. note 8 . a.¤ .i. arm, O'Cl. intí nach tibra a a.¤ ┐ a urraind (leg. urlaind) air siut nóco torchair lib hé, Acall. 6040 . Cheville: co nidnaib a.¤ , SR 2827 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

1 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailid or dil.ie/1016
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oilid, -ail, ailes, ailit, -alad, ailde, -alar, -aile, rod-alad, no-n-almais, -ebla, -eabla, -eblae, -ai, -ebela, -eblaba, ebeltar, ailebthair, ailf-, -ebelad, -ebalta, ebelta, ron-ailt-siu, romm-alt sa, alta, rodotaltammar, rosn-altadar, alta, alte, altae, ebail, eblatar, eblad, altai, altram, ailemain, oilemuin

v also oilid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -ail, Wb. 5b28 . rel. ailes, Laws ii 184.15 . 3 pl. ailit, Laws v 198.8 Comm. -alad, Marco P. 183 rel. ailde, 202.2 . Pass. sg. -alar, ZCP xiv 347.z . Subj. pres. 3 s. -aile, Laws ii 178.2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. rel. rod-alad, Blathm. 100 § 32 . 1 pl. no-n-almais, Ml. 104d0 . Fut. stem -ebla ( GOI § 649 ; see further Hull, ZCP xxix 173-4). 3 s. -eabla, Laws v 200.20 and n.4 . -eblae, -ai, IT i 141.18 . -ebela, LU 10627 . -eblaba, ZCP v 503.19 . Pass. sg. ebeltar ( ébéltair, LU 5026 ), TBC-I¹ 537 . Later ailebthair, IT i 71.6 . Also ailf-, exx. below. Condit. 3 s. -ebelad, LU 10614 . Pass. sg. -ebalta, BB 397a16 = ebelta, Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 154 ). Pret. and perf. 2 s. ron-ailt-siu, Blathm. 722 . 3 s. romm-alt sa, Ml. 45c3 . alta-si dano na dá mac 'she reared the two sons', Sex Aet. 87 § 51 (pass. for active). 1 pl. rodotaltammar, ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 pl. rosn-altadar, BDD² 106 . Pass. sg. alta, TBC-I¹ 366 . alte, ZCP viii 311.17 . rel. altae, LU 10602 . With infl. of fut. stem 3 s. rom ebail , LU 10285 . 3 pl. rott eblatar , LU 10284 . Pass. sg. rom eblad , 10278 . Later with s-pret., exx. infra. Cf. roaltsat, O'Curry 127 ( H 3.18, 76 ).

Part. ailte (q.v.), O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20 -1). Pl. altai, Ml. 121c10 .

Vn. altram, later ailemain, oilemuin. IGT Verbs § 73 .

Nourishes, rears, fosters: sund rom altsa . . . atrebom sund, LU 4400 . rom ebail Sencha sobérlaid conidam trén, 10285 . is messe nod n-ailfea, 10627 . ro mbaist ┐ ro n-ail ┐ ro forcan, 256 . ? cia dé delbas faebru. a ndind ailsiu (.i. a ndind itú). cáinté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1569 = cia dia dealbus faebra andiond. indiond ailes cainte, Leb. Gab.(i) 266.4 . ní halar o marbcru, Laws i 140.30 Comm. don re ronailestar, ii 186.4 Comm. ma ro ail co aes diailtri . . . manar oil, iii 504.11 Comm. nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec they fed her on . . ., Ériu iii 138.2 . dlomais . . . a muime fri F. ┐ adbert nad ebalta lee he for lacht, BB 397a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). berthair lim-sa ind ingen . . . ┐ ailebthair (ailibthar, ailfithir v.l.) dom réir fein, IT i 71.6 (L. mac nU.). a incaib caich nodeail, BCrólige 7 . is dilus uaithe di eagluis notnail, Laws iii 70.24 Comm. is mé ro-ailisiu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.25 . ro lesaiges ┐ ro-s-ailius intí N. co lathí a bais, PH 1529 . Gailéoin roalsat Labraid for a loinges, Dinds. 9 (RC xv 299). is mairg ailter cen riagail, ACL iii 215 § 3 . a foghluim óirdhirc a n-oiltí Francuigh, Mac Aingil 6292 . mad ingena nos-berat non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, Marco P. 183 . an chíoch ar ar oil an ógh / oidhre Dé, Dán Dé xvii 29 . 'na iomdhaidh rod-aileasdar, i 9 . ní ro oil in t-áirdrí in esláinte sin did not nurse (i.e. pay attention to) that illness, Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.10 . Note also: in e a macc oilfaigther na huile si filium eius nutrierunt multi, Trip.² p. 61 n. 1120-23 . Of rearing animals: is hé ro-alt muicc Meic Dathó, Sc.M² 23 . ebeltar cuilēn din chūain cétna leamsa duit, TBC-I¹ 537 . aidhid frisi-n-alar (of a calf), ZCP xiv 347.z . cuilen con ro h-ailed lais, MR 8.2 .

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