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áed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áed or dil.ie/613

 

Forms: aed, áeda, Áid

n [n.?] mo da n(h)ed, ZCP iii 224 § 10 (Amra Senáin). a s. aed, LU 8895 ( FB § 68 ). g s. áeda, Fianaig. 4.6 . Note d s. Áid, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.) See Vendr. Lex.

Fire: aod .i. tene is imaircide sōn cid tria delidin an anma as aod .i. dea .i. bandéa, ipsa est Uesta .i. bandea tened, Corm. Y 33 (on the connection of aed with a god of fire, see Duan. F. iii p. lxviii ). dir aod īside .i. a losgad bad dir quia fit aodh .i. tine, 473 . fí áeda .i. olc teine .i. teine neimnech, Fianaig. 4.6 . amal aed (.i. tenid [H]) tria fithicén, LU 8895 ( FB 68 ). `aedh' ┐ `tnu' teine tra, Metr. Gl. 9 § 5 . Dealbaed .i. delb aeda .i. tened no dolb aedh .i. teni doilbthi doroine, BB 251b15 . rongeilt in gāeth feib geiles / nemāed forderg fidnaige as the red fire of heaven consumes twigs, Bruchst. i 67 § 155 . cetho aodho ona mbelaib, Aisl. Tond. 100.7 = cetha tinedh, 126 § 1. ēta duit ced mogad ndaor / re dēnam aodh co nirt c[h]ruaidh. ML² 2006 . curt[h]ir ar aed īarnlestar, Ériu vii 4.4 . fér forglass for laich lilestai áed ág asa mag, LU 5326 (TBC) (rhet.) Fig. aodh go ffeile (of S. Maedóc, in a poem), BNnÉ 240 § 172 . Also expld. as eye , the pupil being regarded as the fire of the eye: aedh .i. súil, O'Cl. aodh ┐ derc ┐ cais / tri hanmann in ruisg rionnghlais, Metr. Gl. 16 § 39 . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ). mo da nhed .i. mo da suil, ZCP iii 224 § 10 . adám aed .i. adám ṡúil, Ériu i 72.17 . Frequ. as n.pr.

ar-éigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-éigi or dil.ie/4094

 

Forms: airéigid, airéigem

v (éigid, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ) cries out, laments, complains: arégi gl. mala uitii de quo queritur, Ml. 31a20 . a n-aranegi gl. uelut . . . conquerens, 18d1 . araneiget gl. qui sunt in miseris constituti . . . conquæri de Deo ac dicere . . ., 20b8 . emid aranégea gl. austera quam ob ea ipsa libere conquirendi, 95c7 . aní arruǽig gl. hoc illis pro ultione inprecatur quod supra ab illís sé passum esse conquestus est, 54b29 . ciarudreigsom namboi remcisiu dǽ gl. licet . . . procurationi diuinae excedisse sé sepe conquestus sit, 50d1 . comergid a ḟiru Herend . . . iraichlid erachlid airegid, LL 13927 . Later as simple vb. airéigid: no ereged gl. querentis, RC xvi 378.8 (Tig.). scretaid ┐ iachtaid ┐ airégid, LL 222b4 .

Vn. airéigem.

meilid, melaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. meilid, melaid or dil.ie/31769
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: melim, melid, rat-méla, rat-meliub, meilt, milt, milt, melair, mlith, bleith, meilt, melsedar, meilid, meldai, domelmais, domheilinn

v i, (rarely ā). pres. 1 s. melim, Sg. 57a2 . melid, LL 43a7 . fut. 3 s. rat-méla, TBC-LL¹ 3425 (but 1 s. rat-meliub, 6052 ). pret. 2 s. ro meilt , Hib. Min. 71.4 = ro milt , AU 650. ? 3 s. milt, ZCP viii 308.3 . Pass. pres. s. melair, LU 1760. vn. O.Ir. mlith, Mid.Ir. bleith and meilt. melsedar, Lism. L. 2822 , may be a late 3 pl. pret.

I In general sense grinds, crushes:

(a) of grain, etc.: melim, gl. molo, Sg. 57a2 . in gran meiles in muilend, Hib. Min. 71.7 = AU 650 ; RC xvii 191 (meles). amal meles muilend braich, FB 52. rat-melestar mar miles mulend muadbraich, TBC-LL¹ 3789 , cf. 6052 . dilse mine melar ditmairc, Laws iv 314.14 . melair blethe the meal is ground, Metr. Dinds. iii 96. glac na clocha muilinn ┐ meil min, Isaiah xlvii 2. With transference of obj.: nach bró belar [melair, meltair v.l.] i ndomnach . . . leth n-unga argait for fer noda-mela [nodos-meil v.l.], Ériu ii 204 § 23 . melfead-sa brōin dom lāim fen ag an altoir, Aen. 867 (a misunderstanding of ipsa molā manibusque piis altaria iuxta, Aeneid iv 517 ). (Fig.) an mheabhair . . . nach meileann acht míorath, TSh. 6514.

(b) of weapons, grinds, sharpens: meilid fæbra!, TBC-I¹ 3445 (2 pl. imp.). bai ben and fri bleth arm . . . is i rus-meil gai Ruadain, RC xii 94 § 124. nertlia . . . fria meltís renda ┐ fæbra, MacCongl. 47.17 . ná melta riss . . . acht gaí that only spears should be whetted against it, Metr. Dinds. iv 38 (see note).

(c) of crushing, bruising, a person, cf. TBC-LL¹ 3789 quoted above and 6052 . ro mel ┐ ro cumail C. itir a lamhaibh é, 2247 (St.). ros-mealt ┐ ras-comail, RC xiv 265 § 59. Hence overcomes, destroys: nā rum-meile iarann (a prayer), ZCP x 347 § 25 . immarmus Adáim . . . ro melt maccu na saerchlann, Metr. Dinds. iv 244. ? Saxain mna co ndreamna meldai buar im Temhrai, ZCP x 343.20 (3 pl. pres. rel.)?).

II Used for do-meil:

(a) uses, consumes; esp. of food . dús in ḟuigbithea dún ni no mhelmais anything for us to eat, MacCarthy 62 = domelmais, SR 1564. cornaire, bonnaire . . . ro meltís midmír used to consume the broken bits, Metr. Dinds. i 26. biror ┐ uisce . . . is edh no meiltis, RC xxvi 372.16 . ubla ┐ toirthi . . . no melit, Marco P. 10. ani no geleth no meleth itir feur ┐ uisce (of a cow), Anecd. i 59 (= would utterly consume?). Of clothes: no meilinn léne mbithnúi I used to wear, Otia i 122 § 2 = domheilinn, Ériu vii 240. Of time: co ro melaiter na teora dechmaide until . . . expire, H 3.18 p. 386a-b ( O'Curry 851 ). In wider sense uses, enjoys, has the benefit of: bid la Connachta a slat, | brait cid Mumnig nos-melat though Munstermen enjoy the spoil, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. an tir . . . is tusa nos-melfa, Lism. L. 2268. in ní 'mo ndernais, ní tú ros-mēla, Cog. 92.8 . Freq. in later lang. in optative sent.: a mhic gur mhela t'arma mayst thou [live to ] use thy arms, O'Gr. Cat. 376.4. gur mheala an t-arm-sa, a Éamuinn, TD 19.1 ; cf. IGT Dec. ex. 977. go meala tú an chulaith sin, Maguires of F. § 34. gur mheala an dún, a Dhomhnuill, Gofraidh Fionn vi 59 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). ro meala mo mhallacht may he have my curse! IT iii 101 § 171. Cf. also: slegha sealga . . . ionmhuin láim laoigh ros-meile that can use them (?), Duan. F. i 16.26 .

(b) with transference of subj., serves, is of use to? geibh luirigh rot-meala win a corslet to serve thee (?), Acall. 1037. rot-mela sleg th'athar, 4924 .

III With abstr. obj. and FOR of pers. wreaks, inflicts (on); cf. for transition: a muilinn . . . ni bo chomailt far serbainn | [a] ro milt for uibh Cerbhaill it was not the grinding of oats thou didst grind on C.'s descendants, AU 650. nicon-mela in fer-sa a baraind for Ultu shall not wreak his wrath, TBC-I¹ 3596. milt a crūas for comaithchu 'its hardness ground onto its neighbours', Aided Echach 96 §4(c) . arna mela doisi for doíni a digi druis .i. arna himri se meiracht a dighi for na daoine `that the lust of his drink may not inflict madness (?) on men', O'Dav. 163. With obj. omitted: amal melis milchu for mhil as a greyhound falls on a hare (?), Lism. L. 2822 (rhet.).

2 os

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 os or dil.ie/34045

 

Forms: as, es, is, oté, at, ité, ós, ot, osé, osme, osme, osmese, ostú, ostu, esé, asé, asé, hóssi, osní

ind folld. by disjunctive form of pers. pron. (os mé, os tú, os é, os ní); in O.Ir. the forms as ( Wb. 8a20 ), es ( 22b6 ), is (cithisse = cid ise, 22a7 a prima manu; 26b5 , 33a7 ) also occur. With 3 pl. pron. O.Ir. uses oté ( Sg. 77a8 ), ot he ( Ml. 130a3 ); Mid.Ir. at, LL 72b44 ( TBC-LL¹ 1944 ), ité, 248a17 ; later os iat.

Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 275 conjectures in os a contraction of ocus and (a view supported by similar use of ocus); so also Thurn. ZCP xvi 265 ; Vendryes Gram. 285 an adv. containing perh. a form of the cop.; for another theory see ZCP xiv 311 fg . In O.Ir. always ŏs ( hóssi, Ml. 51c28 , is prob. a mistake); in later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. ós, prob. through influence of ós= ó+cop. The meaning and would suit in most cases; the O.Ir. pl. form ot might be explained as due to confusion with the copula.

Used in Glosses (1) to identify some word (subst., adj., rel. pron.) with a noun or pers. pron. previously mentioned in the sentence (freq. glosses the pron. ipse; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 153 § 490 ); (2) to give an additional or explanatory detail about some person or persons already mentioned in the sent. (general use in Mid. and Mod.Ir., cf. the Anglo-Irish idiom: `Are you angry with me and I telling you the truth?'). The form osé is used referring to a neuter (see SP iii 6 quoted below). With 1 s. pron.: cid dugén-sa osme (gl. quid iustus faciet, id est ego?), Ml. 30b9 . osme marb (gl. num quae vivens neglexi potero mortuus [exsolvere]?), 49c6 . osme frithortae (offensus [non arguam]), 59a5 . osme, gl. ipse, 68c16 ; cf. 92b7 (gl. securus), 118a6 (ultor), 119b4 (homo), where the gloss in all cases shows that the word refers to the speaker. dobertis cech n-olc form osmese oc taircitul cech maith doib-som, 54c30 . Used in contrast to a preceding pron. of different pers.: faelid sem . . . os me chene am faelid he is joyous . . . I too am joyous, SP ii 6 , cf. 4 ( Thes. ii 293 ). 2 s. ostú (gl. tute), Sg. 201b20 ; (tutemet), ib. 21 ; (ipse), Ml. 43a18 , cf. 47b12 , 57c10 . ostu (gl. prosecutor referring to 2 s. pron. in sent.), 92a2 ; (gl. qui 2 s.), 141b1 . 3 s. m. na gatad Dia n-airi esé á deo, Wb. 22b6 (gl. qui furabatur iam non furetur; = let not [the Devil] steal God from him, now that he is a Deo; esé refers to pron. con- tained in airi). asé in heremia uel in libro hoc, 8a20 (gl. quemadmodum scriptum est, Qui . . . glorietur; asé refers to the quotation). os háe, Ml. 69c4 (gl. amicus, connected with subj. of preceding sent.); cf. 122b14 ; 123a12 , b4 . (with neut. subst.) tech . . . ose cen udnucht n-imbi and it without a fence around it, SP iii 6 ( Thes. ii 294 ). tráth romboí and ossé aithbriste, FB 87. cuislendach ro boí ind-deisciurt L. os hé anchore, Mon. Tall. 10. coínso chorcorda lais os é amulach, BDD 75 (refers to lais). dia mbe inna enncai . . . os he cona lanamnas coir if he be blameless . . . , being in lawful wedlock, Laws iv 308.7 . bo héiccen do Mh. maighean an iomairicc do iom- ghabháil ó sé tretholl he being pierced through, Hugh Roe 226.18 (f. 60b) . 3 s. f. hóssi insin sonartae nime (gl. vel ipsa firmitas elementi), Ml. 51c28 . ba mór a mélacht lea techt cosin fer . . . os sí alacht, IT i 139.13 ( LU 10609 ). cend mucce . . . os sí oc sírégim, BDD 140. caillech dhochraidh . . . osí cael corr, CCath. 4022. 1 pl. osní credentes in Christo , Wb. 19a15 (gl. inventi sumus et ipsi [peccatores]). osní ili, Ml. 43a6 (gl. multi referring to 1 pl. pron.). is nini firiónaib, Wb. 33a7 (quae domus sumus nos), cf. 26b5 . 3 pl. (a) delb anmandae foraib ot he marbdai a living form on them and they dead, Ml. 130a3 . tri noí bera culind até fuachda, TBC-LL¹ 1944. dobert . . . dí bae déc dó . . . ité finda óiderga, LL 248a17 ( TBFr. 136 ). (b) caecoit sgiath gu mbilib oir ossiat budein d'arcut the shields themselves being of silver, ZCP iv 33.4 . soait ina ffrit[h]ing ós iat beóghonta, AFM vi 1982.9 .

In early mod. texts the particle os is often omitted before pronouns of 3d pers., sé, sí, síat being used alone: bean uassal . . . sí 'na sessomh, Fl. Earls 48.18 , cf. 26.27 . a leith ina gcatoilcip, araill ina n-eiritchibh, siad . . . coimhchengailte re aroile, 92.13 .

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena, Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤amrae: do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .

séime

Cite this: eDIL s.v. séime or dil.ie/36916

 

n , f. (séim)

(a) thinness, meagreness : sémi gl. tenuitatem (uirium suarum), Ml. 53b28 . ar mu sémise ┐ mu mindchecht isnaib fochaidib gl. pro ipsa mei adtenuatione, 22d1 . co n-aicthea soilsi grēne . . . tre lāmaib Grigair . . . ar a ṡēme, ZCP xii 372.29 .

(b) of a substance, thinness, insubstantiality, tenuousness: i sémi ┐ i fáelli ind folaid nemtrualnidi, LU 2589 (H). dethaidhi ┐ ceo nach fedtar dfaicsin tre na seimhe acht mocrac no tratnona `which owing to their thinness, are invisible except in the morning and evening', Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.6 . Of food, meagreness, lightness: an diet téid isin cheim uachtarach don tṡéimhe (ad extremum tenuitatis), 23 K 42, 4.7 .

(c) mildness, kindness (?): mochensa seimhe an tí ó ttucadh an aiscidh sin, ITS v 18.1 . ? To this: sluagh go séimhe, DDána 111.31 .

sochrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sochrach or dil.ie/38253

 

adj o, ā (sochar)

(a) profitable, advantageous : gurab s.¤ dona fíréanchaibh bheith adhnaicthe i gceall-úiribh coisreacdha, TSh. 5792 . gur dheónuigh [Críost] a shacraiminte socharacha féin do theacht . . . chuca, Eochairsg. 100.38 . an inghillt sh.¤ ó bfagadh an bhó an lacht líonmhar, BNnÉ 158.4 . Adv.: gurab somholta staid bheatha an dá chinéal daoine . . . an tan chuirid go s.¤ é, TSh. 10121 .

(b) honourable, noble : rígh s.¤ saoir-chinealach, Atlantis iv 158.2 . ba sh.¤ ó bhésaibh i = ipsa moribus honesta erat, SG 4.31 . Senberech séim s.¤ , Gorm. June 10 . Odhran, Segin soc[h]rach | nar' tochrach fri truagaib, Sept. 10 .

1 teine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teine or dil.ie/40385
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tain, tainid, tened, tein, tened, tened, teinidh, teined, tene, tene, tened, te(i)n, ten, tein, ten, thein, ten, ttin, tein, ten, tein, teinid, tenid, tine, teine, teni, te(i)ne, tene, theinid, thene, —thenti, tenta, teintiu, tinnti, tented, dteinteadh, tennte, téndtib, tentib, teintibh, tene

n t, m., later also f. Also tain in some old exx.: in tainid , Ml. 96c11 . tened: claideb, LU 9356 . tein: rom-ain (sic leg.), ACL iii 6.17 (see KZ lix 4 ff. Études Celt. iii 78 . KZ xxix 379 ). Masc. in a few early exx. only: g s. in tened , Ml. 76b7 . 146a2 - 3 . BDD² 1372 ( na tened , 1222 ). in teinidh , AU i 240.5 . in teined , Ériu iii 140.187 . ii 134.7 , 15 . uiblech tened trichemrúaid, LU 8663 . ? tene ... cuici, Mon. Tall., 136.15 . But tene shoinmech, Corm. 6 Belltaine. na tened , PH 7732 , and so regularly in Mod. Ir. See also IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) .

There is also a short d s. te(i)n: ho ten , Ml. 31d4 . assin tein , Thes. ii 318.4 . asin ten , Lib. Hymn. 102.4 . ó thein co fraig, BDD² 313 ( then, 325 ). a ten , BColm. 58.8 . i ttin , AFM i 172.y . Also occas. in n a s. cen tein , SR 1475 . rígh loiscfes ten , RC xvii 133.11 . ó Thaltin i tócab tein , Metr. Dinds. iii 50.31 . n s. also teinid, Trip.² 646 . tenid, Mon. Tall. 157.10 . g s. tine, Aen. 144 . teine, TSh. 1999 . cabair an teni `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 240 . a d s. te(i)ne, SR 314 . Laws v 298.11 . CCath. 3721 . DDána 58.2 . TSh. 391 . san tene `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 241 . a du. dā theinid , ML² 1140 . n du. dá thene , Corm. 6 Belltaine. n p. —thenti, IT i 190.30 (LB). teinnte, PH 6324 . tenta, TTebe 4272 . a p. teintiu, BDD² 1433 . tinnti, TTebe 3876 . g p. tented, 2252 . Aen. 270 . dteinteadh, TSh. 5608 . tennte, Todd Lect. vi 36.4 . d p. téndtib, Corm. 6 Belltaine. tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . teintibh, TSh. 8230.

I

(a) fire: tene, Ml. 38d 15 - 16 . tene ... du ebirt du gnúis dáe `in calling the face of God fire,' 40c6 . huan tenid, 104b5 . áne thened, Thes. ii 355.18 . nín loiscfed tene, SR 1505 . is hé tene na súla, in mac imlesen, SCC 17 ( IT i 210 ). oc béim tened, BDD² 480 . oc atúd tened, 488 . ? Cf. teinnei beim, Ériu ii 4 n. 67 . fó cach tan tene `fire is good at any time,' Tec. Corm. 16.99 . do delbais in taebsa (sic leg.) ... | do thalmain 'sdo theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . a deathach dē do bithgrēs | gan tinidh and (a miracle), ZCP v 24 § 15 . an drúis is t.¤ fa talmhain, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . ag fulang na t.¤ ifreanda, TSh. 1999 . gur ghabh in tempoll in t.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 11.12 . do chuir tine san tigh barr, 24 . tré theinidh on fire , SG 5.26 . luaidhe gach mhúir ... tré ghoirmtheinidh, Aithd. D. 4.4 . dartaid i crann nairidi do thein for burning a rear lintel (?), Laws iv 312.y Comm. beantar teinte a taobhaibh cloch `sparks are struck,' Content. viii 12 . In proverbial expressions: ba haigedh go tenid cor fri sluag na Fomoire isin lō sin (of a dangerous undertaking), RC xii 96.18 . ba luamaireacht idir dhá theinidh don áird-rígh a theasargain, ML 80.y . Of feelings, passions: do-loiscset do thenid na drúissi tempul Dia, PH 7429 . éin-spréidh do theine na hantoile, TSh. 391 . Note also: mían mná Tethrach a tenid, LU p. 124 n. a . Droncherdach co teinm a t.¤ (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.8 .

(b) a fire, fireplace, hearth: lar .i. tene, Thes. ii 232.11 . loiscis in garmain ... | for tein, 346.1 . icon tenid, Corm. 35.5 . cen tenid, SR 1891 . bla tene tellach no aithine, Laws iii 264.1 . t.¤ bithbeó (requisite of mruigfher), Manners and Customs iii 486.4 . etir tenid ┐ fraig, Thes. ii 293.3 . ar sin brunnid breo di thein, LL 145a40 . Midhi ... ro fada teinid fri clandaib Nemid ... conid on tenid sin roadnad gach primtene i nErinn, BB 356b4 . t.¤ ar n-a fadágh fearg Dé, DDána 58.1 . ? nacha concloth ní Fergus cluinte co teintib bláthaib, LU 6632 . ? bid mé in tere mór | is ma thene ram thaéb (gl. .i. Lonan), 9906 . teinnte (of volcanic fires), Stair Erc. 1771 , 1798 . nír léiccsiot ... t.¤ do shaighidh champa an Iustis ` fuel ,' AFM vi 2280.20 . Hence frequently hearth, home, habitation: i log do airgsean co feis, co nadogh, co tein co naitreib, Laws iv 20.2 . ro hinred Mumain ... gu na rabi teag na teni o Lui fodes, Cog. 30.8 . bidh hé in treas tine, nach tím, | bhias fá dheireadh i n-Erind ` i.e. the last inhabited place but two' (of a castle), Leb. Cert. 228.y and note. Metaph. of persons: teinid toídlech co ngrís goirthe (of Patrick), Trip.² 646 . in teni laigtheach (of a tribe), Cog. 54.3 .

(c) lightning: in tainid ┐ in torainn `the lightnings and the thunders,' Ml. 96c11 . Mac Dē rom-ain (sic leg.) | ... | ar toruinn, ar tein, ACL iii 6.17 . teinte eisriata an aeióir, TD 4.23 .

II Attrib. g s. as adj. pertaining to fire, fiery, blazing: iar n-ár thened tar cech mag, ZCP xiii 374.15 . bandea tened gl. Vesta, Sg. 53a14 , 15 . aedh .i. tene ... .i. bandee (tened) quod ipsa est Vesta .i. bandee thenead, Corm. 2 . la bledh-mhaidm be tenedh ` lightning ,' ZCP xvii 154.4 . caor teinegh `a ball of fire' (from heaven), BNnÉ 111.4 . i carpat dian dergthened, SR 7136 . ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, 902 . aingel Dé ... | cona chlaidiub derg tened, 4796 . cluí thened fiery nails, LU 2188 ( FA 27 ). assin dabaig thened, Fél. Ep. 540 . tairmchell dáil tenid leó, LU 8217 (FB) =tened, Eg. ( IT i 259.z ). tuccad in dún fo dluim ... dergtened, Cog. 80.2 . 'na dragún taidhbhseach theiniodh, TD 1.35 . frāech tened ar tengthaib fiery rage (?), ACL iii 241 § 13 . in gilla tened, SG 245.9 . na tonna ... | 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 , see 1 morc. muir tened, LU 2173 ( FA 25 ). múr tened, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . rop ném thened tír Húa Néill immi `a sky of fire ' (note), BDD² 240 . See ném. di phlágaib tened, Thes. ii 256.11 . pian ... tened, PH 6398 . for richessaib ro-thened (of hell), LU 2416 . saegnen tened thunderbolt , TTebe 2092 . a lama i cuibrech o shlabradu tened, PH 2107 . sruth tened, LU 2236 ( FA 30 ). rodasaer is't[sh]urnn tened, SR 7392 . i dtoig theined a burning house, O'Gr. Cat. 400.13. See tech. dia rostarmchell ... | tob tened, SR 7388 . See top. tor teneadh tricheimruaidhi `a tower of red-rushing fire,' CCath. 943 . co n-dracaib, co trillsib tened foraib, IT i 191.11 . uiblech tened fiery sparks, LU 8663 ( FB 49 ).

III With foll. attrib. gen. etc. of particular types of fire: is dea longais tene n-aonbēime, ZCP viii 102.7 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh, Anecd. ii 52.1 . Cf. Ériu ii 186.6 and oc béim teined supra. t.¤ aeil lime-kiln: tene-aeil i faeil (=fuil) sesca traighedh ar cach leth, AU ii 144.1 and note= AFM ii 1076.9 . sgela na teinedh áoil, ZCP x 16.7 . tene bratha ` fire of Doomsday ,' Mon. Tall. 129.36 . attáit tenti carthind fires of mountain ash, Ériu iii 140.187 . tuc aichne for in t.¤ caismberta ` signal-fire ,' CCath. 3721 . tinnte cnámh is ráfladh is ragairne bonfires , ZCP v 212.278 (Midn. Court). t.¤ chresa flint and tinder (? lit. fire carried in the girdle, fire obtained by circular friction, see Desid. Gloss.): teiní creasa gl. igniferrium, Ir. Gl. 720 . t.¤ chreasa `a circle (sic leg.) fire,' Eg. Gl. 651 . teine-chreasa cloch ┐ spongc dochum teineadh do bhuain, Desid. 268 . teanlamh .i. tene láimhe .i. t.¤ chreasa, O'Cl. Also metaph. in phrase t.¤ fri (i) cris fire in the girdle of great (? sudden) fear, anger, etc.: biat ecla ria Cass | amal tein fri criss, PRIA iii 550 § 30 (= LL 147a35 ). t.¤ i gcrios (`flash from flint,' `i.e. unstable resolution,' note), Dán Dé xxxi 19 . Cf. gurbo tene a cris ┐ a craidi do Chonn sin, ┐ gurbo comfhadōd fīcha ..., ML² 1124 `it was a fire in the girdle,' ML 81 . t.¤ Dia erysipelas, ignis sacer: a naigid na tinedh Dia .i. na nescoidi re nabur ericipila `ignum sacrum,' Rosa Angl. 214.6 . efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, ACL i 337.133 . t.¤ fhiadh or dhiadh ` wild fire or wild scab ,' P. O'C. t.¤ do aitt, diaitt, diad (di áitt) etc. lightning (?); destructive fire (?), Celtica iii 265-67 : Ard Macha do loscud do thenid d’áit, AI 172 (s.a. 996.4) . Luimnech do loscud do thenid d’áit, 252 (s.a. 1096.8) . Caisiol do losccadh do th.¤ do aitt, AFM ii 984.6 . Cealldara do uile losccadh do thene deaith, 792.13 . tene diait, AU i 502.15 . do theinidh diaitt, 544.1 . t.¤ dhiadh an toirn teinntidhe sin, TSh. 6700 . a-táid ar tí bhar dtiomchail | ... | mar thiomchall na teineadh diagh | a-deireadh fhionn-chlann Uilliam (`the circle of smoking fire'), Aithd. D. 39.13 . co tainig t.¤ Dé do nim, Todd Nenn. 82.10 . ? To this: tene dia nó oirclech gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . See 1 dé. tene feth .i. focol co n-imdergad ` fire of speech ,' (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.4 . t.¤ geláin lightning: trethan tarbech ... amail tenid ṅgeláin, TTr. 602 . tene gelan ┐ gaeth isin bliadain sin, RC xviii 27.4 . Cf. tene geallain `blazing fire' (requisite of a fer forais), Manners and Customs i 318 n. doronni tenid n-idbarta a sacrificial fire, TTebe 1931 . t.¤ iffirn hellfire: do suthine tine iffirn, Aen. 144 . do-rat aingel Dé ... tenid námut ... for Asardu, PH 8415 . t.¤ di nim lightning: ind lamhcomairt hi feil Michel dia nepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.3 and note. t.¤ raitte `a fire of bracken,' BNnÉ 81.33 . roaslaigh Deman fair in tene senta ... do bhadudh `the hallowed fire,' Lism. L. 4425 . sraibtine do nim .i. sraib tine no sruaim tine ... .i. in tine saidhnain, Laws v 192.13 Comm. t.¤ shinnaig phosphorescence on decayed wood; will o' the wisp (fox fire): lán mo chlera-sa do theinid sinnaig `rotten wood,' Hib. Min. 77.5 . cid fodera sund cose | soillsi 'sin crund is brenche .i. dia roéirig Críst asa adnocul, ised rochét: saltair for crann crín, ut est tene shinnaig, Eg. 1782, 53b2 cited Hib. Min. 80 n. 3 . as tine shindaig sechtair (of one deceitfully fair), ZCP vi 267 § 6.

Compds. ¤chenn fiery head: in dā crithmhīl dēc cosnaib tenedcennuibh uasdaib, Ériu ii 110.10 . ¤chlár (ship's) galley (?): ar teineclar na luinge, Stair Erc. 929 . ¤chuairt fiery circuit: roth escai ┐ tenedchúairt gréne, Ériu ii 116.9 . ¤folt: alius de illis rufus nó tenefolt (? sic leg.) redhaired (?), Thes. ii 236.11 . ¤grís: teineghrís gráidh, Content. xxix 4 . ? ¤gleir: tengleir fria tollscud, ACL iii 294 § 6 . ¤muir fiery sea: cuairt insin frisi ngaire tenedmhuir, Ériu ii 122.y . ¤rend fiery star: da nem ... assa toidet tenedrind, Ériu ii 110.4 . ¤shliab fiery mountain: toaitne ... a tenedhshliab, Ériu ii 124 § 75 . Cf. Ériu xiii 184ff.

3 úan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 úan or dil.ie/42752

 

n act of lending, a loan : ind huán menman hisin .i. in digail hisin (gl. ipsa animaduersio), Ml. 28d12 . See 2 ón.