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ad-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or dil.ie/433
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

adna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adna(e) or dil.ie/511

 

adj Word of doubtful status and meaning. Perh. also aidne. Taken by native glossators as meaning age(d): adna .i. ais [.i. ad-sena] quod ad senes pertinent , Corm. Y 99 . adnai ais .i. ad-sena .i. quod ad senes pertinet , O'Mulc. 27 . adhnáoi .i. áosda, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 657 (as if compd. of núa). ?adbert nad bói athair derb do / adhnaib saire, Anecd.. i 51.11 = aithnib soire, Immrama 55 § 11 . ba tu tés isan tech ar tuss . . . doroimli co a.¤ ais banrignacht uas bandtrachtaib Ulad uili, ZCP iv 154 § 17 = doroimle caidche ais banrígnacht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). commáin ria cur romermais / oirb-si a a.¤ in dinnṡenchais, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.14 , whence aidhne .i. aos mar atá aidhne na Bóramha ┐ aidhne an dinnseanchais, O'Cl. (perh. for aigne, q.v.). As n. pr. Adna mac Uthir, LL 22578 . Adna mac Uthidir . . . ollam hErenn i n-écsi, RC xxvi 8 § 1 . immar roscum Adna ogh / ni tarba gen a tintod, Auraic. 1968 .

? aignecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aignecht or dil.ie/939

 

n (aigne) profession or status of an advocate: cid fodera gan vii ngraid aignechta isan feinchas amail atait isan eclais? O'Curry 1011 ( H 3.18, 429a ) = aignesa, 344 (191b).

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aimsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimsigid or dil.ie/1156

 

v (ammus)

(a) aims at, attacks, assails: int aimsiugud aimsiges in sacart in cailech, LB 251a58 = int ammus admidethar, Thes. ii 253.15 . tidfhuabarta na nammus o n-aimsigther na fíreoin, PH 5366 (= impugnare). d'aimsig cóir na cruite `that has struck the `cóir' (tuning?) of the harp', MS. Mat. iii 215.43 = ad-amsaigh cóir na cruite, Keat. Poems 264 . is and aimsiges ┐ imgrindfes ind eclais, PH 4889 . ro aimsigh Diabul Cormac co tuc bas dochraidh do, RC xviii 382.19 . mar go n-aimsigheann an bás ar gach aon-fhód é, TSh. 7637 . tempts: da aimsich mesi he isan shaegal, YBL 150b39 . misi do aimsigh Eabha, Ériu iv 112.25 . is o na modaib sin . . . aimsiges-sum in ciniud ṅdéonna (of the devil), PH 4824 . amal amsiges ant saint croide caich, RC xlvi 234.17 .

(b) Legal sues, pleads: is ann aimsigther fri eneclainn marib, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, 679a ).

1 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithne or dil.ie/2753

 

Forms: aitheanta, aichenta, aitheantadh, aithnighi

io, n. Later f. Vn. of ad-noí. In later lang. with dental inflexion in pl. n p. aitheanta, DDána 20.4 . aichenta, SG 16.32 . g p. aitheantadh, TSh. 9691 . Note also n p. aithnighi, ZCP vi 83.22 .

(a) Act of depositing, handing over, entrusting. In Laws used of the handing over or depositing of any object of value with another person apparently either for safe keeping or on loan; also of the object so handed over, abstract and concrete applications not being distinguished. ? atait secht treaba . . . ariscuille coir urnadhma a.¤ ar cia loiscear ni tuillit aithgin seven houses in which according to correct procedure for binding contracts a pledge may not legally be deposited(?), Laws v 160.2 . secht n-a.¤ . . . na dlegat a taisic seven deposits . . . which need not be returned, 190.13 . atait secht n-a.¤ . . . dlegait a taisic . . . a.¤ laime do laim etc. seven deposits which must be restored, 196.1 . na huile a.¤ uile ro haithnighedh do duine all the deposits which have been entrusted to him (= sét, 5 Comm.), ii 304.15 Comm. trian isan a.¤ naenuaire `for taking charge of property for one hour' (during a battle), iii 218.23 Comm. cidh fodera co fuil trian ar a na.¤ seo ┐ co na fuil acht dechmadh is na aithnibh aile? 220.3 Comm. cid fodera co na fuil acht leth fiach isin a.¤ so ┐ co fuil lan fiach isin na.¤ eile? 500.13 Comm. aithni láime . . . a.¤ sula . . . a.¤ tengad, O'D. 938 - 9 ( H 3.17, 659a ). ingairi an aithni, O'Curry 240 ( H 3.18, p. 135 ). an a.¤ do dena duine d'a cheile . . . da ndechad amugha as ic do, O'Curry 302 (ib. p. 166). a slechtaib aithni . . . don tí da tugad ar oin no ar a.¤ , 2460 ( Eg. 88, fo. 37(38)c ). in cutruma . . . do ic o fir in tigi re fir na ha.¤ , O'D. 348 ( H 3.17, c. 268 ). corus aithni aracan fénechus, 938 ( H 3.17, c. 659a ). O'Dav. 692 . im oin ┐ im a.¤ ┐ im airlegad, Laws ii 280.4 Comm. sét óna no a.¤ , i 248.11 Comm.

In non-legal texts: a n-a.¤ gl. depositum, Sg. 66a26 . maraith sercc céin mardda a.¤ love remains as long as gifts (?) remain, Thes. ii xxii 1 . tri dorcha in betha: a.¤, ráthaiges, altrom `giving a thing into keeping', Triads 249 . trí a.¤ na dlegat taisec: a.¤ n-écuind ┐ ardneimid ┐ a.¤ fuirmeda, 157 . atcota aichne augra `giving in charge begets strife', RC xlv 63 § 17 ( Anecd. iii 11.13 ). aithnedh (a.¤, v.l.) tāinic ūad / ara rīsedh slān `the deposit that came from him' (i.e. the soul), Ériu iv 238 § 17 . cach n-aithni co coimdi every pledge is to be protected, ACL iii 228.73 . ba comrar aithni tuath ┐ ilcinel na h-uili Aissia it was a chest for the wealth of all the peoples and races of Asia (of a city), BB 444a32 . In cheville: dob olc an aithne, Content. xvi 70 . Of entrusting a person to another's care: dursan dam t'aithni dot aileamain . . . do mnui meblaig I am loathe to entrust you for nurturing to a treacherous woman, TTebe 2234 . do chaithfinn m'a.¤ d'Iosa I must commend myself to Christ, Dán Dé i 2 . sinn don aingeal gar n-a.¤ (i.e. Michael), DDána 99.44 .

(b) act of commanding, enforcing; command, behest: a a.¤ do cogad do dhenamh `exorting him to fight', Cog. 147 n.12 . ar a.¤ m'uachtráin at the behest of my superior, MS. Mat. 550.14 . cuiriss (viz. an pápa) a letrecha ┐ a a.¤ co n-a shēla mōr go priōir L., Fl. Earls 142.16 . ro thōcoibset na doctūiridhe de ier gcor a.¤ i n-a aghaidh against his orders(?), 144.18 . ní droch-a.¤ dhamh `it is not a bad principle of mine', Content. xviii 112 . Of enforcing payment of debt: rīg do aithne na fhīach, MacCongl. 45.25 . ? élud a.¤ athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.224 (things not allowed during an assembly). In scriptural sense commandment: ga mhéud a.¤ ann? — deich n-aithenta, Parrth. Anma 2120 . tuccad na haithnedha do Móyci, Maund. 48 . crann na ha.¤ (the forbidden tree of Paradise), Dán Dé iii 6, 13 . mar do choill Éabha an a.¤ , DDána 6.8 . cúig a.¤ na heaguilse the five precepts of the church, Mac Aingil 3104 . cuirid fa a.¤ ar enjoins on: do cuir fa a.¤ orra dul isin oilen he enjoined on them to go to the island, ZCP xi 122.17 . cor chuir Dia fa a.¤ ar C.C. rí Alpan do denamh d'Aedhan, 126.11 . a cur fa a.¤ orra gan Cormac do chur docum bais, BCC 278.23 .

am(a)ires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. am(a)ires or dil.ie/3067
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amaras, aibres, amharas, -aires, -(a)is

n ā, f. (1 ires(s)). Later m. ( LL 284b7 ). Also amaras, and in mod. lang. amhras, aimhreas (see GOI p. 104 and BBCS xxv 392 ). Note also aibres, Auraic. 61 . amharas, -aires m. (g s. -(a)is), IGT Decl. § 53 . See Éigse viii 147 - 149 .

(a) In O. Ir. lack of faith in theological sense (normally translated `unfaith' in Thes.). In later relig. contexts the same, religious doubt, etc.: arna tarta amiris . . . dond lobur hiressach `lest he bring unfaith . . . to the weak believer', Wb. 11b18 . tre amhiris, 28c13 . tre amairis, 33b5 . tóiniud niressach in amiriss, 26a5 . o hiris in amiriss gl. subuertunt, 31b16 . ho amiris gl. defedentia, 2c29 . fíal amirisse `a veil of unbelief', 15a29 . todlugud inna feulae conamairis nandatiberad dia doib gl. poscere defidendo, not believing that God would give it to them, Ml. 97d10 , 13 . a.¤ rod ngab (i.e. when asked to perform a miracle), Trip.² 2327 . crecht na haimirse bói hi menmain Tomáis, PH 6734 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, de indarba Iuda in hamiris, Hib. Min. 10.325 . ind eire[te]acht ┐ ind aibres (a.¤, v.l.) dorigni neach i n-aigidh na firindi diadha, Auraic. 61 = an aimiris, 2349 . ecna cen amaros, Acall. 3720 . na dénaidh amurus ar Día a dáeine, RC xxiv 377.8 . beag nach usa an t-amharas, Dán Dé xiv 19 .

(b) Hence lack of belief in (a person), suspicion: ma dia rucar amarus fair if he be suspected, Laws v 158.29 Comm. = ruga[dh] aimiras air gurab tre comraite dogne, O'Curry 1771 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a_b ). da ructha aimerus orra, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, c. 443). ionnus nach biadh amhras cáirdeasa nó míocháirdeasa . . . isan scríbhinn (= neque suspitio gratiae sit neque simultatis), Keat. i 56.11 . croidhe ar nách cóir amharus, TD 17.52 . Perh. also: ná déntar orm amorus `let there be no mistrust of Me', Ériu iv 116 § 27 .

(c) In general sense of doubt, disbelief, incredulity: ferr astud amaires, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 15 = ferr astad aimirse, RC xlv 86 = aimiris, Anecd. iii 19.20 . ? dligid etche aimiris, BB 64e33 = d. ēitge amsir, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 17 ( Anecd. iii 14.24 , RC xlv 71 ). ? dilgud bemi ecnaid ar Dia ┐ amarus ar duilib, YBL 84b7 . urchur n-amarais a shot in the dark (by a blind man), CCath. 2189 . cúis amhruis a matter of doubt, Donlevy 318.17 . ? mar ḟer bfíadhaigh mé a Muiris / is é ag íarraidh amhuiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1350 .

In various idioms with verbs and prepp.: as eadh budh amhurus lium this is what I should feel dubious about, Prolegomena 44 § 11 . adbar rig Ulad cin amurus dia marad (of a prince), Ann. Conn. 1392.3 . mé gach éanlá i n-amharas, Dán Dé v 4 . cuiridh Íosa . . . a airdhe . . . san té thoghas / nach leicfe é i n-amhoras, Aithd. D. 37.3 . is an amhras i dtéid sibh / ar bhreith Aimhirgin . . . `the mistake you make as to the judgement of A.', Content. vi 8 . téid an t-éadtrócaireach i n-amharas ar Dhia, TSh. 1909 . gach ní ar a mbi amhfhoras aca everything they are doubtful about, MS. Mat. 576.26 . air mbeith dhúinn a n-amhras na fírinne `any thing we . . . even doubt to be false', Donlevy 72.12 . d'egla go gcuirfidhe amharas 'na bhás that his death should be doubted, Parrth. Anma 1524 . ní fhoil amharus agam gurab iad do ní . . ., Mac Aingil 2083 . 'gá bhfuil fáth amharais air / um ráth . . . gCobhthaigh `who has any reason to doubt his claim to C.'s castle', TD 17.58 . ? er .i. fīr ut est dilla er amiris, O'Mulc. 479 .

1 anacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anacra or dil.ie/3261

 

n (acrae)

(a) non-suing, impossibility of suing: anagraitto rig, Laws iv 340.19 = a.¤ do ríg kings cannot be sued (`Nicht-Klagbarkeit'), ZCP xvi 203.1 .

(b) bad suing, unjust suing: mo dháil dá ndaghadmha sibh / ní dáil anagra a haithghin `service like it is worth pleading for', Content. xxix 1 . breth úaibh isan anagra / do-úair nech gu neamogla, IGT Decl. ex. 1202 . uair ni hanagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, MR 160.11 .

arsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsaid or dil.ie/4287

 

Forms: arrsaid, ársaid, airsid, airseda, airsid, airsidi, airsida, airsigha, arsighe, ársaide, airsed, áirsidh, -edh, -idh, -idhe, -idhedh, -edh

adj i. Also arrsaid, ársaid, airsid.

I Old, ancient, aged: ni sin chomairbirt arsid gl. non in uetustate literae, Wb. 3c17 . innar rith arsidni gl. in nostro uetere curriculo, Sg. 108b3 . arsaidh sin a eoúin Accla thou art old o bird of Achill, Anecd. i 24 § 1 . Cf. O'R. Poems s.v. arsaighim . at arrsaig sin samlaid so thou art venerable, Ériu iv 134.21 . tricha cet airech n-a.¤ , LL 19532 . roslen . . . cosin nómad nó n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 130.88 . 'ar mbeith dho isan aois ársa[id], SG 16.13 . óg a aois arsaidh a fhos, O'Hara 3483 . ag malairt ban ┐ fer, óg ┐ arrsaidh, Stair Erc. 2380 . ughdar ársuigh `ancient author', Donlevy 400.6 . atáid dá Scotia ann, a haon díobh atá ársaidh . . . an dara . . . atá nua, Keat. ii 5894 . in t-eideth arrsaid, ZCP vi 88.29 . fa Mhúr n-arsaidh n-Úghoine, DDána 92.6 . combrudh arrsaidh `of long standing' (cause of rheumatism), Rosa Angl. 326.21 . fín g[lan], laidir, arrsaidh, 50.15 . Baidhbh . . . ag sléachtain dá arm arsaidh `well-tried', RC xlix 169 § 9 . co n-arm ágmar a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 152.14 .

Compar. ua hairside, TTebe 1471 . do dhaoinibh is ársuighe ioná iad, Donlevy vi 4 .

II Subst. m. g s. airseda, TTebe 3294 . airsid, 2873 . n p. airsidi, TTebe 1493 . airsida, 4443 . airsigha, RC xi 319.y . arsighe, LL 405a7 . g p. ársaide, ML 64.25 . airsed, TTebe 4507 . áirsidh m. (g s. -edh, -idh. n p. -idhe. g p. -idhedh, -edh), IGT Decl. § 52 .

Aged person, patriarch, veteran: riagol arside gl. agnotorum, Sg. 178a2 . áinsid . . . cetni diil la arsidi, 91b4 . la arsaidi, 75b2 . la dligeda arside of the ancients, 207a2 . iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients', 57b1 . senchas iar n-arsathaib, LU 481 . gan dul óig uadh ná arsaidh, Dán Dé xvii 25 . dá mbuaile teasbach grinn áirsiodh uallach . . . `if some eccentric fit should seize upon a bully', Ó Bruad. ii 22.2 . As general laudatory term warrior, hero, champion: airsid Eorpa (of a chief), Bruchst. i 13 § 23 . ársid imdegla Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 1668 . cauraid ┐ arsidi catha, Ériu iv 24 § 11 . a n-ársídhe urgaile, TTr.² 1079 . nert loech ┐ áirsed, LB 129b42 . int arsich engnuma Accíon, TTebe 2905 . rug tóir trom . . . ar an áirsidh, AFM v 1756.1 . arsaidh cródha brave champion, DDána 102.11 . lán d'airsidhibh iorghaile, Butler Poems 776 .

Cf. forsaid.

? athchomair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? athchomair or dil.ie/4712

 

n fri og nathcomair .i. ar na tinntar itir isan (= asin ?) dilsi a mbi, O'Curry 484 (H 3.18, 251).

1 bile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bile or dil.ie/5885

 

Forms: Bili

n io

(a) (large) tree; tree-trunk (?): b.¤ ` mast or tree ', P. O'C. fo b.¤ = sub arbore, Lat. Lives 30.12 . b.¤ n-orda, ZCP xx 219 § 6 . óen na primbili bís for faidchi primdúni one of the chief trees, LL 9122 (TBC). re hén ic ergi ós carr b.¤ , MR 300.11 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh, Ériu v 54.23 . tuitfit caora in bh.¤ bharrghlain (of the Yew of the Saints), SG 24.27 . b.¤ díghainn doislethan, SG 68.28 . gaithi burbi . . . ic brissiud barr ┐ biled, LL 32194 ( TTr. 1383 ). b.¤ feada `ancient tree' (as landmark), Laws iv 142.19 Comm. is bilida itad isan fhaicthi sea, 196.3 Comm. i bParrthas na mbileadh dtoirtheach, DDána 31.7 . b.¤ do thabhairt ar an gcrann mhór bhíos ar an mágh, Eochairsg. 8.34 . da chenel .lxx. do ceolaib concanad a b.¤ ┐ a blaith `its leaves' (perh. tree i.e. trunk and branches, as opposed to foliage and blossoms, but cf. bileóc), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . 'na bili trī ngablān ngeal (of the Trinity), ACL iii 242 § 13. (of Temair) ba dind n-ordnide . . . / ba borg-b.¤ `a castle like a trunk', Metr. Dinds. i 28.14 . (to the Cross) a bh. suairc dosghlan dlúith, DDána 2.11 . b.¤ barr-úr na beatha, TSh. 588. (of a family tree) as tú fréamha is bláth an bh.¤ `thou art the roots and flower of the tree', SGS iv 60 § 1.

Esp. ancient and venerated tree (see V.SS.Hib. clii-clv and O'Don. Suppl. s.v. bile): Eó Rossa. ┐ Eó Mugna ┐ Bili Da Thi ┐ Craeb Uisnig ┐ Bili Tortan. coic crand sin, LL 27646 ( Dinds. 160 ). unnius im Craeb Belaig Da Thi . . . in filid . . . . . . ┐ is uad ainmnigther Fir B., 27685 . Bili Tortan . . . ┐ Bili hUissnig, Ériu iv 150 § 29. (of the three famous trees of Ireland) ba hinmain na biledha / le claind comramaigh caem-C., ZCP v 22 § 4. ag bualadh b.¤ Themhrach, SG 68.38 . B. Aonaigh Maighe hAdhar, AFM ii 714.3 . co rothescsat a biledha (i.e. inauguration trees), AU ii 84.21 . B. Nathaben i tirib Ebrae (from its branches the shaft of the Cross was made), Ériu ii 118 § 53. fo bun in bili būadha magical tree (?), sacred tree (?), ZCP v 22 § 7. ar barr in b.¤ buada, MR 234.12 . na tri fiaich . . . cor'turrnsatar in ṁb. ṁbúada do bói ar in faichthe, Acall. 7059.

With defining gen. of trees of difft. genera: bili cuill hazel tree, Lism. L. 2387. bili giuis, Aen. 173.

(b) Transfd. scion, hero: na se bh.¤ , LL 394.10 . bíth in find-b.¤ `noble warrior', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . Mael-Sechlainn . . . / bili Banba, barr Gaedhel `prop of B.', MacCarthy 424.14 . brass b.¤ , Auraic. 5158. ō b.¤ lāomdha Lemhna `hero', Ériu ix 177 § 6. (of Christ) a b.¤ an betha, Hib. Min. 43.10 . a bhean cheinnbhileadh Chrúachan `chief scions' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2700. ar mbuili (: uile), SR 150. in b.¤ buada bisig, SG 388.7 . righ Connacht . . . / ni b.¤ cen bithbuada, BB 268a2 . As n.pr. m. Bili, Corp. Gen. 199 note 6.

In nn. loc.: B. Methes, Corp. Gen. 89.26 . Fothairt B., 82.25 . Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10. sech bun Baile in B., LL 10307. ? tar firu bile, BColm. 30.21 .

2 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bir or dil.ie/5934

 

Forms: beru, B

n n p. na beru-sa, Éigse i 86.3 . Mainly in glossaries and B. na f. and expld. as water; spring, well, stream: b.¤ .i. uisce . . . biror ┐ inbir ┐ tobur, Corm. Y 158. Berba .i. ber nó b.¤ ┐ ba . . . usce balb, Dinds. 13. `bior' ainm da gach uiscce, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . `bior' ┐ `an' is `dobhar' / trí hanmann uisge in domhuin, Metr. Gl. 12 § 15. as ionann bior ┐ uisge, O'Cl. dobur usce . . . nó b.¤ uisge isan bretnais, O'Dav. 745. uth bó bruithi do bior `boiled in water', MR 124.9 . fri do biur bus nairne, O'Dav. 202. b.¤ tipra nō srut[h], Corm. Y 121 s.v. biror. b.¤ tiobra, Metr. Gl. 21 § 70 , O'Cl. B. na f.: sēim nar bach na beru-sa (glossed .i. na huiscidi) mo c[h]odul (glossed .i. mo lethar) `these waters almost broke my shoes', Éigse i 86.3 .

pn As name of river: B, LL 11048 ( TBC-LL¹ 4226 ).

Compds. biorbhogha `a Rain Bow', Eg. Gl. 733. biorbuafan `water-snake', 732 . biordoras `a sluce or floudgate', 709 . .ix. ṁbunnsacha birgaissi ina laim `nine . . . osier-rods' ( SG ii 200 ), Acall. 3798 (or fr. 1 bir + gas ?).

2 bran

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bran or dil.ie/6538

 

n (Engl. or Rom. loanword) bran, chaff : cantubrum (in top margin: furfur tritici) .i. in b.¤ , RC ix 229 § 23a . cantab- rum .i. b.¤ cruithnechta, ACL i 329 § 104. do na corpuip re nderur furfures .i. cuirp mar b.¤ cruithneachta, 23 K 42, 177.21 . cuirp bios isan fual . . . mar b.¤ tri neithe = furfurea, 24 P 22, 81.1 . clister . . . ara mberbtur . . . b.¤ , Rosa Angl. 36.1 . (na cuirp) mar brán, 76.14 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

caínḟúairrige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caínḟúairrige or dil.ie/7830

 

Forms: -barraige

n , f. (caínḟúairrech). Also -barraige. clemency, kindness : iar trócoiri ┐ chainuaraige, Trip.² 3107 . ar chaenfuarraige ┐ ar déircc, PH 5809 . ar chaen-[fh]uaraige, 5808 . a chendsa ┐ a cáenbharraighe, BNnÉ 19.34 . do foillsiugud a cain uaireige ┐ a cainduthrachta gl. obsequium, Rawl. B 512, 68b cited Plummer MS notes. Of music sweetness: do bhí an oired sin do chaenbharraighe isan gceol sin, SG 7.34 .

cepp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cepp or dil.ie/8719
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cip

n o, [m.] (Lat. cippus) n pl. cip.

(a) tree-stump, log, block : dobert buille don c[h]ip bói isin étach (i.e. as dummy body), Corm. Y 690 (p. 57.19) . c.¤ ina láim chlí i rraibe ere .xx. cuinge do damaib, LU 9189 ( FB 91 ). cep ferna, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 10 . ar ceapaib ┐ ar coirthib in talman, ZCP viii 553.22 . for bennaib sleg ┐ c.¤ ┐ cuaille in baile, LB 156b19 . do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib ┐ di ḟuatnib talman, LL 12811 . cep gl. cepus [cippus?], Ir. Gl. 480 . adaich . . . a braghaid tar in cep chopping-block , RC xiii 30.10 . ceap críonchonnaidh, DDána 50.21 . do shín a muinél . . . co humhal . . . ar cep no ar clar (= truncus), Smaointe B. Chr. 1994 . amharc daill idir cheapaibh (rith daill . . . , amharc daill ideir cranuibh, v.ll.), Dánfhocail 68 (prov. for a useless proceeding). ní dhéan adhradh don cheap do róine mo cheard féin, Keat. ii 5395 . cip thuislighthe stumbling blocks, Jeremiah vi 21 . By extension: olc do dhíol isan chiop chriadh `earthly stock' (of the body), Aithd. D. 62.16 . an ceap nach bia binn go bráth (disparagingly of a harp), Measgra D. 7.96 . fán gceap oireas don chonntaois shoe-maker's last, Ó Bruad. i 136 xiv . Cf. ceap mo dhuaine, ii 86.x (`burden of my poem').

(b) anvil-block : mad si a indeoin do cuaidh as in cip, O'Curry 926 ( H 3.18, 406 ). in indeoin cona cip, RC xxiv 194 § 6 . Prov. of taking up permanent residence: c.¤ i clandta do indeuin, Mon. Tall. 134.7 (§ 19) . t'indéin do béimim i c.¤ / buith i foss co bás `a striking of thy anvil into the block', Ériu iii 108 § 53 (cep, cip, v.ll.).

(c) stocks (for confinement), pillory, log to which a snare or trap was attached: i cip gl. in ligno (Acts xvi 24), Thes. i 497.27 (Ardm.). in ceap ┐ in cuithe ┐ in slabradh co pein . . . sarcomrac cip no cuithe, O'Curry 2384 ( Eg. 88, 30 (31)a ). gebend carcar c.¤ , LL 18642 . mar chimid i cip, ZCP vi 263.12 . i carcair ┐ c.¤ dar a chosa, PH 1170 . chum smachtuighthe an chip, Proverbs vii 22 .

(d) genealogical stock; ancestor: D. . . . is ceap do shíol gCeallaigh uile, Hy Maine 165.16 . ceap Í Domhnaill Dhúin na nGall, DDána 93.24 . do chrú na gceap i gCaisiol, Ó Bruad. ii 202 lxviii .

In comic name: Dorn Ibair hua Cipp Goband, CRR 18 . In n. loc. maidm Atha-in-Chip, AU ii 342.13 .

In sense of cippe q.v.: cep mór brathar a large body of friars, AU iii 524.12 . a chip catha, Duan. F. ii 312 § 51 . ? cnoi . . . daberar lan coid dib i monaid, gu n[d]enand ceap dib and `a stock(?)', Laws v 408.19 Comm.

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

 

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai, Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

 

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

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