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1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

airecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airecal or dil.ie/1892

Forms: aracol

n o, [n.] (oraculum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 206 ). Also aracol. The original(?) meaning oratory (perhaps to be inferred from the derivative airiuclán) seems to appear only in nn.loc., e.g. prinnceps ind airecuil Dociaroc, AU i 296.11 . Cellach . . . princeps ind airicuil Dosenchiarocc, 340.6 . A.¤ Adhamhnain, Reeves Ad. lxiv . Daciaroc Sanctus Aracuil .i. Cell, CS 134z . See also Hog. Onom.

Chamber, private apartment: is amlaid . . . doroimsi P. in fertai .i. secht fichit traiged isind lis ┐ secht traiged fichet isin tig mór ┐ secht traiged déacc isin chúili ┐ secht traigid isind aregal, Trip.² 2807 . dochum ind arucuil, S Cano 99 . rucad ind rīg i n-a.¤ codultae ┐ rofolmaiged in tech mōr, MacCongl. 128.12 . tenecol nach traighedhdubh / airegar i nairegal, IT iii 89 § 110 . ircha .i. cuiltech no a.¤ no tech in bidh, O'Dav. 1107 . fod a airecail .i. tech a bhidh, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, 512 ). na hocairigh . . . da traigh dec fod a [n-]aracail, 324 ( H 3.18, 179a ). baí airecol amrae hi toíb thaige na lánamnae, LU 11023 . con lotar issin less. tíagait isin n-arecol n-amrae and, 11042 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, 3374 . ( SCC § 16 ). issind arucol mac n-Æda Slane, Anecd. i 3.7 ( S Cano 50 ). oentech mbec . . . .i. arocul becc deroil . . . is arocul oiged inso, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 , 4 . gach laech laa setigh . . . ina n-araglaib badēsin, Marco P. 183 . ro ionnsaighsiot an taireccal i mbaoí A., AFM v 1872.24 . fuair siumh aireccal deirrit d'A. `procured a private apartment for A.', vi 1922.5 . ruccadh iad i n-aireccal uaigneach, 19 . dorala don rīguin . . . dul a n-orecul uáignis dia fholcud, ZCP xiii 201.16 . bearthar i dTeamhraigh isteach / an rí i n-aireagal uaigneach, DDána 71.16 . a huamaib ┐ a haircelaib in tshlebi sin, Aen. 142 . asa n-uamaib ┐ asa n-aircelaib (of winds), 219 .

2 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airlann or dil.ie/2175
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: urlann, orlann, erlann

n (1 lann) Orig. o, later ā, f. urlann, orlann, erlann f., IGT Decl. § 12 . (a) end, butt-end, handle (of a weapon): an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann (of a spear), Laws iv 226.10 . Cf. aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind adarc dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . ga . . . dá dorn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ a fochair .i. a hurlann, O'Dav. 495 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 's a urlond reme butt first, LL 13969 . tummis G. irlund a gai issin n-abaind, LU 1747 . tumais a herluinn, Ériu ix 178 § 13 . cresaigthi . . . in lagin . . . ┐ benaid a hurlond fria a bais, BDD² 1234 . da gae for cach óen crand leo gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond co mbad chumma dagontais do rennaib ┐ do erlonnaib, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . béim d'erlaind in rogaí, MU² 727 . sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co cró, LU 10665 . crann a c[h]raísighi o hurlainn co a h-innsma, ML² 919 . la tabairt a[i]rlaindi a tsligi for C. `fair t'irlaind dīm', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . sleagh . . . an n-uair teilgtear a ndeōigh a hurluinne, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . cindus do-béra mé in tsleigh duit . . . in é a gráin do-béra mé roimpe nó an é a hurrlann?, Comp. CC 99 § 31 . maidhm na nUrland . . . for Gallu, RC xvii 364.12 ( = na nErland, AFM ii 808.6 ). éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe / balg ar dhearnuinn láimhe láoich, IGT Decl. ex. 591 . point, tip of a staff: teit erlund na bachla triana chois, Trip. 468.26 . do bered in file aurland . . . fors in cend ┐ ro finnad a ainm, Laws i 44.6 Comm. (a form of divination). Cf. tabraid cend na flesci filed fair, Corm. Y 323 . Of the rudder of a ship: intan tra documlaiset ┐ docorustar a lūi nō urland (aurlunn v.l.) fri tīr, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). Fig. cona nurlaind techta, Laws v 438.24 .i. . . . cach grad da daim coir maraen ris, 440.8 Comm. = o a urluth techta .i. dam bas coir inna theg, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18, 389 ab) `? a persons' retinue or attendance', Plummer MS. notes. co haurlaind a dithma end, completion(?), Laws i 102.8 = co n-aurlund, v 404.22 . Compd.: d'ordaibh . . . urlainnleathna, TSh. 1980 `with broad handles', Gloss.

(b) (? air- + slond) marker (of gender) Sages, Saints and Storytellers 1-3 . In Auraic. of the pronouns é, í, ed (and their Latin equivalent hic, haec, hoc) used to determine the gender of following nouns (cf. also the various applications of 3 a.): aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae . . . is di arsisidar in gai, imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu-sa .i. ise isi ised: no dona deich n-urlandaib-sea etc., Auraic. 1621 ff. tri herlonda indsge .i. tri remsloind . . . .i. is se, is si, is edh, 3120 . masgal ┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir . . . nus-deochrend a tri herlanna innsge, id est hic, hec, hoc , 3026 = a tri urluimi, 524 . urland ria n-urland ┐ urland iar n-urland ┐ urland inand iter da urland nach it inanda. Urland rie n-urland quidem, iní rie se no rie sí no re séudh. Erland ier n-urland .i. in se no in si no in sedh. Urland inand iter da urlaind nach it inanda .i. in se inand fil in gach focul, ni herlond is achd (leg. achd is) reimtsuidugud: no is fri se no fri sedh. i.e. the a.¤ before an a.¤ is the noun preceding , or sed; an a.¤ after an a.¤ is the word , , or sed; an identical a.¤ between two a.¤'s which are not identical is the which is the same for every word, whether it be for or sed, for `is sed' is not an a.¤ but an `anteposition' ( ni erlond is sed, 593 (i.e. does not indicate gender?), 3114 - 3120 ). cuin is urland, cuin is indsge? . . . Is he [isi issedh: indsci emh intan itberor] nama gan araill imaille fris. Urlond eim antan dobeire fria araill, ut est is he in feur (isé, isí, ised are innsce (gender) when used absolutely but each of these is an airland when it serves to indicate or point out a follg. subst. e.g. isé in fer, isí in ben?), 3103 . Also applied to gender forms of numerals: aurlunna ilair mascul ┐ femen in so sis: se, da, thri, cet[h]ri: si, di, teora, cetheora, 1714 , cf. 1623 ff. See 3 airlann.

airscar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airscar or dil.ie/2381
Last Revised: 2019

o vn. of ar-scuiri, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 613 , see also Lochlann ii 212 .

(a) act of separating, excluding: gabsat fir Muman . . . futhaib . . . ic a ndicennad ┐ ica n-airsecar ider anes ┐ a tuaidh, RC xliii 112 § 118 (leg. a.¤ ?, RC xliv 176 ). arascuiret .i. airet saiges an airscor as far as the exclusion (of members of the fine) reaches, O'Curry 832 ( H 3.18, p. 381a ) (gloss on Laws iii 16.30) . o do gena dliged nurscair slainti espaid ┐ etarbaid ann i.e. when he has given legal warning to keep clear of danger(?), Laws iii 266.10 Comm. (cf. airscartad).

(b) Some part of a house, wall, partition(?): in aentech . . . iarna nuadhenum . . . can urscur can imdaigh ann, acht ma cuile i niarcuil don tigh, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 42 § 3 (`Zimmermannswerk'). co nderna erscor issin taig, LL 273b37 . tech . . . erscar do dergibar and, LU 10122 . a colba ┐ a n-urscair (of a house), Laws i 166.9 Comm. i noslocad in tighe fais . . . intan ro milled aileda ┐ urscar, O'Curry 642 ( H 3.18, p. 309 ). aithgin in urscair, O'Curry 643 (ib.). Perh. also: anaid a ursgur na hairechta fris co rois do, O'Curry 470 ( H 3.18, p. 246 ) `?at the railing of the court; or at the rising (separation) of the court', Plummer MS. notes.

(c) clearing, open space: rāmut .i. mo oldas rout .i. aurscor bís ann ar dūn ríg it widens in front of a king's `dún'(?), Corm. Y 1082 . aurscor ar na primroidi, O'Curry 2203 (Eg. 88, f. 8(9)c). a hudhnacht is a tuighi / a hurscar thair ac tobar, SG 112.4 ( Acall. 807 ). ? bla liathroit urscar .i. is slan . . . scor na faiche do milludug, O'Curry 2106 (H. 4.22, p. 77b).

1 aithche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithche or dil.ie/2569

n in scrioptuir sin gan a.¤ (.i. bodachamhlacht), Ériu viii 68 n.24 ; in screpol issin cendfathe, text. Cf. áithcheó(d)?

allathís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allathís or dil.ie/2953

(alla(e) + tís). Adv. down, below: fácbais ind ingen na ceirte allathīs ┐ téit chuce issin n-imdai, Mór M. 263.4 ( LL 274b10 ). In prep. phrase a.¤ di: a.¤ di-a shúil below his eye, PH 7272 .

alltar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alltar or dil.ie/2990

n o, [n.], later m. (1 al, GOI § 266 ).

(a) the next world, the hereafter (oppd. to cenntar): isind a.¤ , Fél. Prol. 283 . airmitnech issin chentur / logmar issind altur, LL 346a38 . rambía maith in chentair siu ┐ flaith ind alltair . . . tall, Ériu ii 202 § 19 . flait[h]ius ind alltair / mait[h]ius in c[h]enntair, ZCP viii 110.z . ocum imdegail ar amainsib in chentair ┐ ar phein in alltair, Ir. Gl. 140 n. 147 . co roascná a noibne d'fios an alltair died quickly, Hugh Roe 270.8 (fo. 71b) .

(b) remote place: a nalltur roi-dhiamhair, BNnÉ 156 § 4 . glenna ┐ a.¤ ┐ inbera ind armaighi, LL 408b5 (`cliffs', TTr. 2234 ). ag cosnamh alltair Éirionn, DDána 96.29 .

anís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anís or dil.ie/3656
Last Revised: 2013

(1 ís) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) (from) below, beneath (`of locative relation to a definite object', GOI § 483 ): ra hadnad in tene anís ┐ anúas issin tech, MU² 872 . isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.9 Comm. in t-uisce síos ina ráin / in sáile aníos immasech, SG 366.22 .

The relation is usually particularized by means of a preposition, most frequently FO: tech talman foí anís, MU² 809 . comtar foderci renna nimi fon fraigid immach anis, LU 8374 ( FB 25 ) = aníos, ZCP iv 157.28 . foib anís under them, TBFr. 25 . uaim fon carraic sin anís, LB 157b57 . With other prepp.: brechtān aníss ┐ anúass dó below it and on top of it, BColm. 84.7 . in srait fil frisin crois indnis, 18.30 .

(b) With verbs of motion up from below: tāinic . . . asin usci innís, BColm. 18.1 . co tanic . . . anís, IT i 39.21 . mar éirgheas . . . aníos, TSh. 7604 . With do-beir: SenGarman dobert a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 252.1 . aca breith sis . . . aca tabairt anis when being pulled up (a boat), Laws iii 210.22 Comm. na co tuca nech díb hí a.¤ (of pulling out a tree-trunk lodged in the ground), TBC-LL¹ 752 .

(c) in phrase techt aníos, livelihood (?): crēd hé in techt aníos mur an gcédna, Celtica i 215.202 .

1 ap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ap or dil.ie/3853

Forms: abb, abbaith, apid, -apid, -apthib, ab, abbadh, abbadh, abbaidh, apaid, abb, abbaibh

n t, m. (Lat. abbas, -atis). Frequ. spelt abb. Cf. GOI 575 . a s. abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . d s. apid, Wb. 26a8 . n p. -apid, Wb. 12b17 . d p. -apthib, Wb. 19d2 . ab m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Later also with n s. abbadh, AFM i 452.7 ; abbadh , BNnÉ 50 § 36 . abbaidh, AFM i 526.18 . g s. apaid, O'Curry 2415 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)d ); Laws iii 72.13 Comm. d s. abb, PH 583 ; TSh. 3074 . d p. abbaibh, AFM iii 28.14 .

(a) head of a monastery, abbot: ab .i. ab eo quod est abbas , Corm. Y 28 ; cf. ab .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 225 ; Lec. Gl. 458 . gabsi cadessin abbaith he himself took the office of abbot, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). Esodir in t-epscop / abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . cell cen abaid, LU 615 (ACC). samud Cíaran cona n-abaid .i. Aédlug . . ., 9594 . cor manaig cen apaid, Laws i 50.z . dia flaith, dia fine, dia abaid, iii 22.7 . fo reir abbad ┐ anmcarat techta, 14.15 . tellach apu (leg. apad ?) for a mancu, v 206.6 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga do abuid, v 118.4 . cor manaigh . . . sech apa (leg. apaid ?), 356.12 . cor apa (leg. apad ?) sech manacha, 15 . dun abaid .i. dun airchindeach, 22.25 Comm. comeniclann do ┐ in ri no in t-app, 48.z Comm. eneclann apadh na cille, iii 208.13 Comm. co na dingentar appaidh do nach clerech, Anecd. ii 17.7 . no chantais cléir cainabbad, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.12 `the holy abbot's choir' (of Patrick), v p. 232 . mac ind abbad issin cill, LL 18771 . ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.20 . eidir abaidh is easbog, ZCP viii 229 § 2 . i gcoimhdeacht abbadh, Keat. iii 1328 . d'abbaidh Í, 1331 . saltair an abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 786 . tánaise abbad prior (see Binchy, Celtica iii 223 ): C. . . . tanaisi abbad C., CS 130.x . tanaiste abadh Cluana maic Nois, RC xviii 23.9 (Tig.).

In phrase a.¤ Rómae the bishop of Rome, pope: Alaxander . . . abb Rómae, Fél. Apr. 27 . Celestinus abb Rómae, Trip.² 302 . co hapaid R., 913 . cu abbaid R., 2827 . Siluester tra abb Roma, PH 362 .

(b) In extended sense of leading person, lord: ab .i. tighearna, O'Cl. gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord' (of the devil), Wb. 26a8 . fora n-apaid .i. for Díabul, LU 2436 . abb popuil, Fél. Apr. 12 . abb míle, Fél. May 24 . Of God: ar n-abb, SR 831 . a Rí na mblat is na mbreth / is tú in t-abb is tu in tóesech, LL 1991 . a.¤ archaingel, Ériu iii 106 § 46 . Uriél lim . . . / int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (of an archangel), ii 92 § 4 . ma coir a.¤ coso `if he be a just head', Laws ii 280.1 Comm. imdich cach corp a memru .i. fuadridh cach coir a.¤ , O'Dav. 1125 . Lugaid . . . is é ba aire ba h-abb, LL 18367 ( ZCP xii 379.22 ). Astiages abb cen ḟell / dar airged Ierusalem, LL 15484 . co rig nasail app druing dein, IT iii 12 § 22 . nír bo roinn abbadh aimhréidh, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 .

ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airib, airilb

n o. Orig. neut. ( ar n-Umill la gennti, AU² 813.4 , ár n-Eoganachta la Osraighi, AU² 896.6 , dia foicertar ár nGoídel by whom the slaughter of the Gaels will be proclaimed, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ). Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?).

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc.M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht, 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Metr. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry-boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', AFM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Metr. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht: an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

ar-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-reith or dil.ie/4267

Forms: arriuth, ararethi, arareith, arrethat, -aratha, -arrais, -áirsed, -arrais, -arraid, aroírachair, arroerachair, -arrass, -arrus, airrecht

v ( air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arriuth, Thes. ii 228.31 . 2 s. ararethi, Wb. 6b22 . 3 s. arareith, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 46a). 3 pl. arrethat, Ml. 56d12 . ? Indic. impf. pass. sg. -aratha, Laws ii 128.2 Comm. Subj. pres. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1282 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. -áirsed, RC xxii 402.1 . Fut. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1283 . Pret. 3 s. -arraid, Hib. Min. 70.20 . Doubtfully as depon.: aroírachair, Trip.² 727 , arroerachair, 1169 , 1179 (see GOI 432 ). Pass. sg. -arrass, LL 3828 . -arrus, Dinds. i § 14 ( RC xv 281 ).

Later somet. with f- in prot. forms.

Vn. airrecht. Cf. árrachtu.

In O. Ir. arriuth gl. adorior, Thes. ii 228.31 ( PCr. 60a6 ). arrethat gl. quare peccatores aduersus iustos arma corripiunt, Ml. 56d12 . Perh. with meaning accuses, brings to trial in: ní latt aní ararethi et ní lat in cách forsammitter, Wb. 6b22 (assails, OIPG Vocab.). ? fer arareith fer arareither, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146a).

Usually sets out for, captures, overtakes: aroírachair . . .F. . . . in n-abdaine = tenuit . . . principatum, Trip.² 727 . aire coisring iss esidhe arareith tus tuaithi who is head of the túath, O'Dav. 92 (where glossed by fóirethin). ní arraid a gabair ó D. did not get his horse from, Hib. Min. 70.20 . rogab cach ṅdiriuch . . . fo digas na Temrach síar co n-arrass and, LL 3828 . saig brot dún forsin n-echraid dús ar con n-ársimmís (dá ḟios in n-gepmaois v.l. St.) ní díb to see if we can capture any of them, TBC-LL¹ 1321 . meni arrais din chétbulli . . . ní arrais eter chaidche [ar] a amansi . . ., 1282 ( mani thetarrais issin chetforgam . . ., LU 5134 ). nim farraid gaeth, RC x 90.4 . nafairthet (nosfairset; nos fairsidh; nostarrtat; gabaid he v.ll.) 'con tiprait tall, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.83 . ? nos leici uaidib asin tig ina diaid cona harrus, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.8 . With FOR (AR): conarraid . . . comrád ḟorru he joined in their conversation, TBC-LL¹ 123 . ro arraid orto `overtook them', Cog. 148.10 . ? muna adma neach asreith (? leg. ar-reith) ar na litheachaibh it accrues to the accused(?), O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 1593 ).

ar-rócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-rócaib or dil.ie/4275

v (*air-ro-uss-gaib-?) raises, erects, sets up, hangs up: arrócbat a pupli, LU 5419 (TBC). arrócbat (ardotocbad v.l.) a ṅgaisceda issin taig sin ┐ sedait, TBFr. 84 . arrocabtha a ngascid úasaib hi fraigid, LU 7649 . arrócabar gaisced C.C. úasaib are hung up above them, MU² 918 . arrocaibh guth, Blathm. 237 . ar rochbhadh . . . fris an crannsin (of Crucifixion), 199 . Cf. asidrocaib.

as-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-luí or dil.ie/4453
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aslui, asloi, atd-lu, -elai, asluat, -elat, as-luigit, adluinn, elaind, asluad, asloa, -elammar, ciacloid, ciatloid, asloat, -élat, n-elathar, -rohéla, -erla, -ērlam, asrullat, aslóinse, -elaitís, atrullad, atluife, as-luífet, as-la, as-lōe, atlōi, at-lúi, as-lōeth, asluíd, asluiset, asruluús, -erlós, at-rulais, as-rola, as-rulla, at-rullai, atrulláe, adrullui, asrulaid, adrulaidh, -erlai, atrullaiset, -erlaiseat, atrullatar, adrullatar, -erlatar, élúd

v (* ess-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ). Later also with petrified inf. pron. at(ad-)-luí (or early confusion of ad- and as- Ériu xxxv 110 n. 65 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. aslui, Thes. ii 21.36 . asloi, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). adlai, IT ii2 197.17 . atd-lu, MU² 1028 . -elai, Laws i 118.6 . 3 pl. asluat, Ml. 44a17 . -elat, Laws iv 190.12 . ? as-luigit, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adluinn (adluinid text) (no elaind v.l.), Imr. Brain ii 292. 35 . 3 s. asluad, Ml. 54c21 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. asloa, O'Curry 60 (H 3.18, 21b). 1 pl. -elammar, LU 1161 (ACC). 2 pl. ciacloid (leg. ciatloid, note), Wb. 26a2 . 3 pl. asloat, Anecd. iii 24. 15 . -élat, Ériu i 219 § 9 . ? Pass. sg. co n-elathar (-arlathar, -aicillther v.l.), MU² 560 and Gloss. With ro: 3 s. -rohéla, Wb. 30a10 . -erla, Laws iv 240.3 . 1 pl. -ērlam, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.9 ). 3 pl. asrullat, Laws iv 240.6 . Subj. impf. 1 s. aslóinse, Ml. 59a1 . 3 pl. -elaitís, LU 5734 . With ro 3 s. atrullad, Alex. 608 .

Fut. 3 s. atluife, ZCP x 344.2 . 3 pl. as-luífet, BDD² 1158 .

Pret. 3 s. as-la, BDD² 1510 . as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . atlōi, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.15 ). at-lúi, LL 247b25 . as-lōeth, ZCP viii 314.7 . asluíd, BB 25b8 . 3 pl. asluiset, Laws i 64.3 . Perf. 1 s. asruluús, Wb. 17d16 . -erlós, Fing. R. 116 . 2 s. at-rulais, Sc.M² 9 . 3 s. as-rola, Fél. Apr. 3 . as-rulla. Laws iv 240.3. at-rullai, Fing. R. 535 . atrulláe, LU 4376 . adrullui, IT i 144.4 . asrulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . adrulaidh (: churaigh), Anecd. i 62 § 103 . -erlai, SR 5349 . 3 pl. atrullaiset (atruluiset v.l.), Airne F. 186 . -erlaiseat, AFM i 556.4 . atrullatar, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). adrullatar, BB 255b20 . -erlatar, SR 4471 .

Later as simple vb. élaid q.v.

Vn. élúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) escapes (in physical sense): ni erla nech dib acht aenfher, LB 129a5 . co ro gonad fadeín ┐ co n-erlai iar n-a guin, LL 275a24 . ? asrulaed fo ííí ┐ ro giall Ériu do fo tri he escaped(?), YBL 418b4 = ar aslaesead co fothri . . ., 140a46 . co nerla ina longaibh iar nár a mhuintire, AFM ii 682.6 . In more general sense escapes, absconds, goes off, decamps: lotar (asluat v.l.) anair . . . co hA., Metr. Dinds. iii 442.37 . atlai . . . F. for teicheadh rias na mnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.20 . nech . . . oca coimet arna ra elat (of bees swarming), Laws iv 174.27 Comm. saithi beach matrollae, ii 420.10 Comm. ag iarraidh bó atrulla (do éló uaidh v.l.) do bhreith laigh, BNnÉ 16.y . gur 'trulla la M. `until she eloped', Todd Nenn. 178.4 .

With o, A(S) or DE (of the person or place escaped from): atrula int-ossar uad, SR 5317 . adlaoi uadhaib Asgall, AFM ii 1176.16 . atdluí Crumthand . . . ass, LU 1527 . nocha n-érlai asin cathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 158 . aen duna tesbadachaib atrulladar a Temraig, BB 408b23 . atluí morfesser díb do Cruachnaib Aí, LU 1584 . ? ni n-érlá acht atrullai di rennaib gai, LL 224b49 . With AR: is amne asruluús airi gl. síc effugi manus eius (of St. Paul's escape), Wb. 17d16 . atlui iarom fair co ndechaid issin n-áith do thirad, Irish Texts i 35.3 . as-luífet airib húaire is a sídaib doib, BDD² 1158 . in ērla . . . mo mac-sa foraib? ZCP xiii 178.32 . asloíset Lagin ar Chormac, LL 4908 .

(b) absconds, evades (a legal liability, etc.). Used absolutely: nach deoraidh ... cintach aslai, Laws iv 242.15 . ma nerla mas rulla teit for innile, 240.3 i.e. if a guilty person absconds his chattels become liable. ma atloat gaibter a sesci, ii 120.10 Comm. eisce .i. bith fri hais ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 . With IMM (of that in respect of which absconding or evasion has taken place): is ima log nenech atrulla in flaith, O'D. 263 (H 3.17, 211). dia nel[a] impu, Laws ii 194.8 Comm. With prep.A: ben aslui a cain lanamna, Laws iv 184.16 . at-rulláe-side a giallai (an giallacus v.l.), ZCP xxvii 28.9 . co n-erlai a rrecht ind rig dodrigne (of Lucifer), Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With AR: raith ar mug aslui ar a flaith, Laws v 224.4 . athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, athgabail fuidir aslai ar a flaith, 260.18 .

With accus. bésse inna fedb asluat hiris `who evade the faith', Wb. 29a3 . slógad tar crích fri túa[i]th asidluí, Críth G. 513 . atumluifessa .cxx. annis . . . ┐ do athcuirfe cucum it will depart from me (i.e. the church will be alienated from me) . . . and will revert to me, Trip.² 1842 . athgabail . . . feicheman aslui dligid, Laws i 214.22 . fer aslui flaith `a man who evades [his obligations to] lord', BCrólige 16 . ma as-loa cobach (.i. feichem) tra conna acmai naidm da saigid fair, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . ben no fer aslui gairi a mathar, Laws iv 184.16 . With figura etymol. ba hēlud as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . corup elod aslui inti imma cuirither in t-eisce, O'D. 873 (H 3. 17, c. 624).

In phrase a.¤ sáeth(u) dies(?): slúag E. . . . / asrola sáeth (asaeth v.l.) sétaib, Fél. Apr. 3 .i. ro éla asna saethaib, Fél.² lxxi . asrala ri sacart saethu .i. ro la as ri na sacart a sáethu .i. i n-amsir a etsecta, LU 710 ( ACC 38 ). i n-ucht fiadat . . . asrola samthand saethu, LL 365 marg. sup.

Athain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Athain or dil.ie/4623
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., hAthaine, hAithine

nloc f. Athens : Athain aird, ÄID i 30.47 . in a.¤ , TTebe 1590 . g s. na hAthaine , 4850 . na hAithine , 4899 . d s. doringned Argo issin Athain, LL 30961 . Tesius ... ba rí i nAthain, LL 31509 .

at-roí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-roí or dil.ie/4919

v expld. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 636 as from *ess-ro-so- with inf. pron. failed (to do or get someth.). `Orig. the person who failed was the object, what he failed to achieve was the subject; e.g. a-t-roi a n-guin "their killing turned him away'' "he failed to kill them'' ( Hib. Min. 70.10 )', Lewis and Ped. 398 . Usage however fluctuates somewhat in the exx., and it is not certain that the verb contains the root *so- or that it is connected with éraid (see as-ren, éraid, as-soí). rabāi . . . orci i seilb charat Cairpri . . . atrōe Coirpri ūad C. could not get it (the dog) from him, Corm. Y 883 . tíagait úad íarum. ata-roí a n-astod they could not stop them, BDD² 308 (`das Festhalten wendete sie ab, sie konnten nicht zurückgehalten werden', Ped. loc. cit.). at-roaside díchleith n-aire ┐ do-beir lán a chúaich de usci as it could not be concealed from him (a well), BDD² 1468 = atroasidé a dícleth, LU 7937 . ad-raī a nguin la toescad in muilinn, Fing. R. 879 (see above).

In follg. application of inf. pron. less clear: tuirsech mo menma. Addro luamain ┐ addagin eónu aili I could not fly, Imr. Brain ii 292.31 (see Celtica v 139 ). doluid críne form assennath ┐ addró imthecht (forémed, v.l.) I was unable to walk, 287.30 .

With subj. indicated by verbal ending: atrōiset Luiguir co ndesetar impi, Otia ii 87 § 8 = adraiset Ligur, BB 135a18 they were unable to cross the Loire. With various pass. endings: ? aradroagas a thedachtsom isin chath had been prevented, TBC-I¹ 3619 . forémdes . . . o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter the house, LL 270a12 (atroas v.l., ZCP iii 7 § 24 ). at-rós a thairmesc he could not be prevented, Fing. R. 14 . at-roas techt ar in orggain they were unable, 397 . na conétat comaitecht (attaroet comhaidecht v.l.), RC xxi 376.9 . attroithe a rrím they could not be counted, LL 290a18 ( RC xiii 448.x ). Without inf. pron.: gegnaitsom banb bec díb, asrous iarom a brith día doud they were unable to bring it to be roasted, LU 1742 .

The follg. are unclear: romgobsa mo gesa ule anocht, ol C., hua ro-essa indarboe in tríar sin, BDD² 340 `those three have escaped banishment', ib. n. Fiachra Cassán febda in rí / da biach bar baill broé atróe (: broe), LL 6075 . ? atroroi cat comartan (rhet.), ZCP xii 402.y . ataforroi cath comortai. arotrai, 403.9 . Perh. also: atroebaid Gaidel co mbúaid / dula dó i ndegaid int slúaig / uair ba faith, fri glea scél / uamun Déa mac n-Israhél, SR 3997 = foremdes uad dul in ndegaid mac nIsrahel uair rosgab ecla he resan dia diar adairset, LB 118b52 . Strachan, VSR Index, suggests tentatively that here uaman may be subj., but this seems more likely to be dula.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

blog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blog or dil.ie/6165

Forms: blag, blad, blogh, bladh

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 165. Also blag, blad. blogh bladh (ón roind), IGT Decl. § 39.16 .

(a) fragment, piece, bit: b.¤ dergthened (rhetoric), LU 8683 ( FB 52 ). boíseom oc ithi blogi do thanaig. . . . Dobeir in ṁbloig isin tabaill, LL 14429 , 30 . cindus rombatur int psailm hi tosugh . . . i mblogaibh `in fragments', Hib. Min. 7.3 . blagh don telcomu `a fragment of that cask', Lism. L. 4409. lestar . . . cu torchair ┐ co nderna(d) bloga de (= confractum est), Lat. Lives 73 § 67. do bert builli di co cloidim co nderna di bloig (sic leg.) di made two pieces of her, Laws i 74.2 Comm. co ro-scáil a ṅdíb blogu (of an enchanted animal), PH 1180. a sciath ina blodhuibh brisdi fura thaebh, ZCP vi 44.21 . domarb se seiser dib le bloidh bic do crann sleghi, 280.30 . cóir damh go bhfionnam an bhfuil / blagh ionnam do na harmuibh, DDána 5.5 . blagh (blodh, v.l.) dá héill le a (let, v.l.) ferchoinsin a piece of . . . leash, IGT Decl. ex. 419. an bloghúd don bhairghin, ex. 923 . go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi (of a wrecked ship), TSh. 735. blogo egae (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 4. brisfighthear a mblodhuibh sibh = shall be broken in pieces, Isaiah viii 9. le dteilgthear . . . gach blodh d'armaibh innilte na hurchóide piece (separate weapon ?), Eochairsg. 47.3 . Fig. of a saint: b.¤ dond liic lógmair, Fél. Oct. 5.

(b) part, portion: bladh .i. rann no cuid do ní, O'Cl. co n-derna v blogai de (viz. of bacon), IT i 41.20 . brisedh do thabhairt annsin for blaidh da sluagh, AFM iii 384.5 . mar bhloigh don Bhórumha `share', Aithd. D. 4.8 . a chor ina chalaind féin / blodh do phéin an anaim úaib, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . inniss dúinni . . . blogh (bladh, v.l.) ale dott imthechtaib another bit of your adventure, Anecd. i 29.14 . blagh . . . dá bhoirb-éachtaibh, TSh. 1168. Of land, territory, terrain etc.: cot ngab rígi blogi do Ultaib .i. Mag Murthemni, IT ii2 215.26 . bladh d'feronn, BNnÉ 284 § 271 . dar cenn bloighi bicce don doman, CCath. 553. aga raibhe bladh mór don tír `a large portion of the territory', AFM vi 2006.5 . imon mbloidh mbicc tíre i mboí, 2260.15 . Coire Bhreacán blagh dar gconair `part of our path', SGS iv 62 § 8. Of time: iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116.4 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . o caictigis do gemrid co blaig don errach `from . . . the first fortnight in Winter into the Spring', Ann. Conn. 1339.4 . tar bloigh dá n-aois, DDána 42.9 . do ghabhadar . . . ríoghacht Éireann bladh do bhliadhain `part of a year', Keat. ii 1823.

A part of a number of people, animals, etc.: fagbhus blogh día naomaibh ag cantain oifice Dé ann, BNnÉ 187 § 27 . ar cenn na blodhe eile . . . don Gamanraige `the rest of the G.', Ériu viii 138.5 . blogh d'aes na criche sin, Marco P. 165. a mbloigh dia mbarcuibh `some of the ships', 150 . blad da n-echaib maithi, Ann. Conn. 1288.5 . blogh dib darab ainm acuta ┐ blod d[ara]b ainm croinica ` group' (of diseases), RC xlix 55.22 , 23 .

In literary contexts: (explaining esse feda ` essence . . . of letter ') in b.¤ aoir tebide gebhes in fid i n-elluch focail `the fragment of cut off air' (of a vowel), Auraic. 897. is blod do q quidim u, 2838 . in blad sin issin sceol that passage , BB 428b45 . conidh bladh do bhethaid Mhaodhocc conuicce sin, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . blag bec de, TBC-I¹ 800. tirūarsi ┐ blogha beca dhī (viz. of the Táin), ACL iii 4.24 .

Compds. blod beim bailc `smashing onset', Cog. 172.29 . blo[g]bemnech na scíath ┐ na bocote, TFerbe 331 . iar ná bhlaidhrébadh lá gonna mór `greatly battered', AFM vi 2328. 3 .

1 boc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 boc or dil.ie/6217
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā (see GOI § 150 ). soft, gentle, tender: b.¤ gl. tenor (leg. tener, ed.), Ir. Gl. 1094. righti boga blaithghelai, TE 4 (Eg.). cóica ar cét bó mbocc (: -chnocc) `tender kine', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.5 . dod ghnúis bhuig (to Mary), Aithd. D. 97.16 . an bhaintreabhach bhog, Keat. Poems 1145. issin grinne buc barr-úr `soft' (of a bundle of wood), Metr. Dinds. ii 58.8 . na neithi maotha no boga (of foods), Reg. San. 28.27 . an oireamhuin d'aois bhoig, mhaoith na leanabh `to the tender age', Donlevy vi 3. Of sound: guth blasda bind b.¤ , BB 427a32 . as bind bocc síthamail tḟet (to a blackbird), LB 36 marg. sup. ( Bruchst. 66 § 151 ). a fhile bhuig, Oss. iv 8.27 . do-ghénsa marbhna mbláith mbuig, IGT Decl. ex. 152. (Of water, juice) tepid: fotrachad uisgi te, no buig, Rosa Angl. 58.23 . sug athar talman is e bog `warm', 158.10 .Of weather moist, `soft' : feadh sróllBhanbha na síon mbog `soft-weathered Banbha', Aithd. D. 34.10 . Of landscape, etc. marshy, boggy; soft, gentle: d'fhéinidh Bhóinne buige, Magauran 3553 . fri ráith mbuig mBrénainn (`fertile'), SG 65.5 . do dhénair bog é re ceathaibh, Psalms lxv 10. do chuin (= choin) chaomhanta an chláir bhuig `gentle', Ó Bruad. iii 202.10 . Of persons etc. generous: rath bog, MR 40.12 . ón lósa oighidh Bhriain bhuig `generous', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170.3 . is ē mac na mbronnad mbog (of a prince), ZCP viii 228 § 21. bog fine Bréanainn im buaibh `lavish with', Magauran 153 . uair robsat boga . . . a brughadha, MR 102.21 . easy, lacking in severity: a riaghail ní bud róbhog (of a saint), SG 18.35 . i bpianuibh nach peannuid bhog, Aithd. D. 78.19 . beir-si oraind-ni breith mbuic (`a light judgment', Aithd. D. 70.30 ), ACL iii 243 § 30. (Of verse in an uncomplimentary sense) dán bog `free and easy verse', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 . rabhán gnáth briathra boga / nach beg a mbeith comfhoda `soft vocables' (i.e. with unstrict or faulty rime), O'Gr. Cat. 392.14. i ndán bhog `in a vulgar poem', Content. xxv 5. weak, foolish: a senchas cen baethrún ṁb.¤ , LL 26422. ní haigneadh bog, Aithd. D. 75.10 . In expressions of time easy, untroubled: secht. mbliadna bocca blaiti beoltoirteca, BB 238a45 (Scél SR). ri bliadain mbuic `for an easy year', Metr. Dinds. iii 310. 11 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) boc (boctha) voiceless plosive: do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh , IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog , § 55 .

Equat. boigithir fri boigsibind for lār aba, TBC-I¹ 2367. Compar. nís buigi gl. mollior, Ir. Gl. 1119. bá buige a fhocail ná ola = softer than oil, Psalms 1v 21 . ca maith as buga bronntar, Hy Fiach. 296.2 . As superl. ní hann as bhuga (: dtuga) an bhreath, DDána 3.34 . drem as buga buan bhronnadh, Hy Fiach. 224.10 .

In n.loc. mag mbogc, BB 399b5 = Mag mBolg, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

Compds. With nouns: cona mbrotharcertib bocbrechtāin, `soft custard' (s. curds ?), MacCongl. 91.9 . bogfhuil Bríain generous blood, O'R. Poems 2377. a bhoglaomscaire re brugadaib `indulgent liberality', Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.27 . bocmaerdachd banamail ina glór `gentle dignity' (Gloss.), BDD² 39. re bogmalldacht a banchuire `mild bashfulness', MR 102.19 . See boicṡimin. ag bruithion ná ag boigṡín `wet weather', Ériu ix 163 § 7. ni boi tra arm la Hiruath . . . acht boc-shlaitt moir a big pliant switch, PH 850. a bocc-thairisem in chrais O feeble resistance to gluttony, YBL 162b30 . boigtheith = luke-warm , Rev. iii 16 (1810) . na bocctonna the yielding waves, BB 240b39 .

With adjj.: folt . . . fororda 'sé buidi boccálaind soft and beautiful, Acall. 381. bliadain do Lorcan na lloṅg / diamair is bocban a band, LL 4333. bogchroidhtheach = tender-hearted , 2 Chron. xiii 7. bog-chroidheach, sochróidheach, Eg. Gl. 77. gan do cheimniughadh do bheith eadtrom na bogcuisech (= levis, mollis . . .), ITS xxix 138.31 . See bocaes, bocaised, bocás, bocásach. bocdālach ratha in rī rēidh, ZCP viii 228 § 22. co C. meann mbocḟoclach of weak speech (?), Anecd. i 33 § 63. ionnlach na mbalg mboig-ghéar bhfis, Content. xxv 13. gabor bocglas light-grey horse, TBFr. 28. tre san mBanba mboigimlig B. of the marshy bottomlands, Manners and Customs iii 273 note . bean bhogamh (-omh) dá déinimh dhí (of Éire), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 6 . Cf. a Bhanba bhog-omh tender and bleeding . . . B., Keat. Poems 1349. brat . . . bruachbrisdi bogsnaithech uimpi made of poor thread, RC xxi 396.9 .

With vb. and vn. roboccbertaich in sleig rindger (= librabat, Theb. vii 676 ) `shook and brandisched', TTebe 2848 . tug se bogbertugudh air a medhon a iarnaigh shook himself slightly (of miraculous falling-off of fetters), ZCP vi 287.9 (see bocad).

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