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airenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airenach or dil.ie/1928

n o, [n.?] (enech? See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) forepart, forward position: aireanach .i. tosach, O'Cl. im a.¤ inn Atha Ferthain fri C. antuaith, IT ii1 175.1 . nir ḟagaibh . . . aird na oirchinn na airenach don chath gan iaraidh, CF 855 . ro tócbuid tuir . . . os a.¤ na cladh sin, CCath. 1749 . Fig. dáig ní herenach anbal / a genelach gnáth-adbal, `for his . . . pedigree is no sordid preface', Metr. Dinds. iii 340.27 . In prep. phrase i n-a.¤ in the fore-front, chief place of: triar i n-airenuch na buidni, MU² 528 . i n-airinuch, 605 . i nairenach mac n-Israel, Alex. 463 . prímṡuide do Nerain / i nairenuch (airiunach v.l.) phéne, Fél. Prol. 118 . conrotacht rígimdae . . . i n-airinuch ind rígthige, LU 8053 ( FB § 2 ). in n-airenac[h]aibh na cath, 5841 .

(b) frontage of buildings etc.: roderscaigestar a tech so . . . eter úatni ┐ airinigi, LU 8047 ( FB § 1 ). tech . . . mbrecht rungcein for a ursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 374b ). cluicine for cind cacha suainemna for ind aireanach ar bélaib in rechtaire, Anecd. i 1.12 ( SCano 11 ). Of the head and tail boards of a bed (imda): airinech do crédumu for cech imdai, TBFr. 73 . dá auraineach arggait impe fo diór, 81 . flesc argait isind airinniuch rosaiged midlissiu in taige, 82 . .xxx. traiged i n-ardai cech airinig créduma boí istig , LU 10121 . dessid forsind airiniuch na imdai i mboí Cú Ch., 3301 ( SCC § 10 ). imdui A. . . . airinig airgdidi impe ┐ steill chreduma ┐ flesc airgdide ocond airinuch, 8734 ( FB § 55 ). eoin óir forsna h-airenchaib, Ériu iv 30 § 21 .

(c) Various: airinach .i. sciath, O'Curry 1491 ( H 3.18, 666b ). airinach for argid . . ., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii, 148b) (cf. órainech s.v. 1 ór) = O'D. 711 ( H 3.17, 519 ).

(d) airinach Fian (name of alder or letter f in ogam alphabet), Auraic. 5536 .

(e) Name of a plant: spagula (leg. spergula? note) maior .i. airinneach, Med. Gl. C. 101 ( ACL i 336 ).

allastig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allastig or dil.ie/2946

(alla(e) + istig ). Somet. alla astig.

(a) Adv. inside: ba hinfeich allastigh ┐ allamuigh (of a saint), BNnÉ 328 § 59 . niamh oir fair allastigh ┐ dianechtair (of a hall), Marco P. 74 .

(b) In prep. phrase a.¤ di: a.¤ dia croicnib `inside their skins', Marco P. 148 . alla astigh do shecht múraibh na Temrach, BNnÉ 324 § 39 . teid . . . go C. allastech do Geimhis in G., ALC ii 390.12 . a.¤ do bliadain, MR 12.13 .

attá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attá or dil.ie/4927
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: attá, Fil, fil, faeilfit, fil, fil, atóo, attó, attóo, ató, -táu, -ttóo, -tó, atái, atái, -tái, adta, ata, at, atáa, attáa, ataa, att, -tá, -ta, -táa, -dathar, ataam, attaam, ataid, ataaith, ataaid, ataad, -taid, ataat, ataat, -tat, -taat, tathum, tathut, táithi, táthus, táthunn, taithiunn, tathuib, tás, fil, fil, feil, fel, fail, fil, file, fel, fele, feil, fail, biuu, -bíu, -bí, biith, biid, bíid, -bii, -bí, robīi, -rubi, -rubai, -ruba, bíis, biís, bis, bís, bithir, bither, -bither, -rubthar, bímmi, -biam, bimme, biit, bíit, robiat, -biat, -bíat, -rubat, bíte, -bíinn, -biinn, -bíid, -bíth, -bid, -bith, bithe, -bímmis, -bitis, -bítis, b, bíth, bíith, bíid, biid, bíd, bithom, biid, bith, biat, beo, beu, -béo, bee, b, -bee, robhe, beith, beid, bed, beth, -b, -bée, bethum-sa, rob, robe, rubé, rob, robbé, -roib, bess, bes, bethir, bether, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -bem, -robam, beithe, bethe, -beith, -beid, -robith, beit, rubet, be(i)t, -bet, -robat, bete, -beind, -beinn, -betha, nobed, nobeth, -bed, -beth, -robad, -rabad, -bethe, -bemmis, -beimmis, -bemis, -bethe, -betis, -[ro]ibtis, bia, bie, bieid, bied, -bia, -bia, -bia, -bía, bethiumm, bethib, bias, bies, beithir, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -biam, -piam, bethe, bethi, -bied, -bieid, biet, bieit, biet, -biat, -bíet, bete, beite, nombeinn, nobiad, -bíad, nobemmis, nobetis, b, -bá, bói, bái, -bói, boie, boithius, boíthi, baísu, both(a)e, botha, -both(a), bamar, bámar, -baid, bātir, -batar, batar, rob, -roba, -raba, rob, robói, rambái, robui, -robae, -robe, -rabae, romboth, rombod, -rabad, robámmar, -robammar, rubaid, -robaid, robatar, robbátar, -rabatar, -robatar, -rabtar, buith, buithi, atáu, atú, itu, it, atú, ataim, -t, -tái, -toi, taoi, -t, atá, attá, ata, at, atáthar, dáthar, atass, -das, itám, tám, ataum, ataim, atamaoit, atámaoid, atám, -taum, -dtám, atathai, atathi, atáithi, -táithi, -dathai, -taidh, itāt, atáit, ataut, táid, -táit, itat, atat, fil, -fhile, -fhuile, -fuili, -ḟoili, -ḟuile, fail, fail, fuil, -fail, -fuil, -uil, -ḟil, -ḟuil, -ḟoil, fil, fail, fail, filter, -fuiltear, fuilemm, -failmet, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, -bhḟuilti, failet, filet, fuilet, -failet, -filet, -fileat, -fuilet, -fuilid, failet, failet, fuilet, filet, bim, bím, -bím, -ruibim, -bi, bíd, bíd, -bí, -bíonn, -bind, bídh, -b, bither, -bithar, bímit, bídmaid, bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, bíth, bīd, -bíat, -bít, -bíd, bit, bít, bhínn, nobīth, robíth, bhíodh, bhíoth, bithi, -bithi, bithea, naboitis, nobīdis, beitis, bitis, bhítís, bhídís, bír, b, bīdh, bíodh, bíoth, bíom, bíthe, bídh, bidhí, bíod, ber, uér, beor, bheith, bur, -rabor, -rabhus, rabasa, bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, bé, beir, -rab(a)i, -rabha, -rabhair, -mbéis, -beis(se), -rabais, beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, beth, -b, -raib, -rab, -raibhe, rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, bess, beas, bethur, beme, bemmit, bemait, -bém, -beam, -ruibem, -rabum, bheam, rabham, bethi, rabthai, beit, -bet, -beat, -rabat, -rabut, -rabhait, -rabhaid, -rabheid, beinn, rabainn, beithi, beithe, bethe, beitheá, beith, nobith, mbeadh, -mbeath, -rabad, -bethe, -bette, rabtha, mbiadh, nobeitis, nobeidis, mbeith, bíat, biat, biad, bhead, bed, bét, bett, -biu, -bhiú, biad, -bi, bía, biae, biaidh, bía, -bía, bethair, bied, biaid, biáid, -bia, bíes, bés, bes, bess, bhias, biass, beither, beithir, bemit, bemait, -bem(ni, beimíd, -biam, -biaim(ne), -ben, bethi, beitte, bete, -bed, biait, biat, beit, beiti, beti, betit, beidid, -bīat, beidíd, beid, -bíad, no-béind, dobeind, do beinn, -beinn, bheitheá, biadh, -bied, bífad, rot-fiadh, biath, bhiadh, bethe, bheidīs, ro-bádus, bhádhus, bhí, -rabus, -rabhas, -rabadhus, bá, -raba, bádhus, -rabadhas, basa, bhádhuis, bhí, -rabadais, -rabhais, bhádhuis, -rabhadhuis, bae, bóe, baei, búi, -bae, -buí, robai, robae, robói, bí, robuidh, bí, bhói, bhaoi, -rubai, -roibe, -roibi, -roba, -raba, -raibhe, -rabha, -robha, bí, -raibi, baí, -rabha, -rabhustair, boí, bāi, būi, bae, buí, baí, boí, both, rombatha, robās, rombas, robás, -rabus, rabas, -bádus, -bás, bás, bas, -rabas, bas, bhás, bāmur, bámar, bhámair, -rabamar, robabair, -babhair, robadbair, bhábhair, -rabhuir, -rabhabhair, bādar, -bátir, badar, bádar, bídur, -rabadar, -rabhadair, baisit, -rabhsad, bátar, bátar, bheith, beitte

(ad-tá) subst. vb. is . The distinction betw. subst. vb. and copula is in the first place syntactical, and cases are found where there is no distinction of form. Cf. the type, common in ACC: boe sab he was a leader, ACC 26 . See further below, and the discussion by Bergin, Ériu xii 208 - 211 (cia taísiu, cia bé, etc.), who refers to cases like: is uera pictura ro bai sin, Thes. ii 6.32 as emphatic. See also Ériu xvi 46 , GOI 475 . For nimtha laám, Wb. 12a21 , nímptha fírion, 8d24 (copula ?) see GOI 487 . Note also the form of the pron. in (later): matait tall iat, Laws iv 86.8 Comm. , atá ar conair é, ACL iii 216.z . bí N. eices cecinit, RC xvii 175.14 is perh. a mistake. In follg. use of subst. vb. perh. due to infl. of Latin: mar nobéind athair doib = pater eram pauperum, PH 6107 . ata in innsci ordugud etc. = oratio est. . ., Auraic. 591 .

Apart from the ordinary indic. pres. all forms of subst. vb. are from a root beginning with b-. In indic. pres. the stem tá (in absol. position attá) is used in non-rel. sentences without conj. particle, after conj. particles with inf. pron. dat. and when the conj. particle consists of a preposition and rel. (s)a n-. Absolute inflexion of tá- is found in oldaas, indaas, etc. than (is), in meaning is angry, and with follg. suff. pron. The uninflected form fil (with accus.) is used after conj. particles where no dat. inf. pron. is present, in leniting rel. clauses and often in answers to questions containing subst. vb., and in archaic texts in absol. position in meaning there is . For fuller details see GOI 476 - 483 and exx. below. See also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 419 ff. , Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, 1 - 82 , Ó Máille, Ériu vi 1 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 143-44 . Forms of gaibid, do-coissin, díchsnigidir and 1 ad-cumaing also have the force of the subst. vb. in certain uses, see separate entries.

Note further that attá is usual after hóre (see Wb. 19a19 , 22d14 and compare GOI § 781 ) and occurs later after amal ( LU 7072 , Laws iii 90.18 ). Fil is somet. found in sense there is in mid. Ir.: fail crois d'ór in cach dorus, SR 361 . TBC-I¹ 2561 . Note also: fil derg it is red, Marco P. 173 .

The use of accus. after fil continues into the classical period, see IGT Introd. § 129 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 92 - 93 . A few exx. of forms other than fil with accus. occur: ni raibi deilb, TTr.² 1664 , ní raibi . . . mhnái, 370 , ní bhiadh mnaoi, Ó Bruad. ii 252.z (with assonance). Note also with inf. pron. rosṁbai inna tass, SR 5107 . ? nim tha maith . . . do chath fri firu, LU 3343 ( SCC 13 ). From the mid. Ir. period on fil takes personal endings except in 3 s., and occurs occasionally as an independent verb: faeilfit (fut. 3 pl. absol.), Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.26 . In rel. function attá is found side by side with fil from an early period: is heiside attá hi S., Trip.² 534 , a lucht atá istig , RC vii 298.131 , the form fil finally disappearing in this use.

In mid. Ir. fil occurs for earlier -tá with dat. inf. pron.: nichar fail tlacht, SR 1560 , ni-s-fil biad, PH 1310 . Also in rel. clause after prep.: bale hi fail, LU 7516 , fors fil, Imr. Brain 43 (see also Strachan, Stories fr. Táin 3rd ed. p. 1 note).

The consuet. pres. 1 s. conj. -bíu has in classical Ir. the force of a future: biad ní biú, IGT Verbs § 7 , see also TBC-LL¹ 882 , Acall. 6179 , Duan. F. i 43.4 .

Early forms (for fuller lists see Strachan loc. cit.). Indic. pres. 1 s. atóo, Wb. 12a21 . attó, 21c19 . attóo, 26d8 . ató, 26d17 . -táu, 32a10 , -ttóo, 17d24 , -tó, Ml. 92b8 . 2 s. atái, Wb. 5b27 . atái, Ml. 110d15 (sic MS, see Ériu xiv 30 ). -tái, 5b38 . 3 s. adta, Laws v 390.10 (see ZCP xxv 247 ). ata, Wb. 13c26 , at, 27a11 , atáa, 6a19 , attáa, 32a6 , ataa, 26b31 , att, 4b11 . -tá, 31c7 , -ta, 2b12 , -táa, 13a35 . Impers. -dathar (see GOI 477 - 478 ), Wb. 21c9 . 1 pl. ataam, Wb. 15a13 , attaam, 32a28 . 2 pl. ataid, Wb. 4a4 , ataaith, 20b16 , ataaid, 23c28 , ataad, 22d14 . -taid, 19d26 . 3 pl. ataat (trisyll.), Blathm. 471 . ataat, Ml. 55d11 , 37a10 . -tat, 42b10 . -taat, Sg. 71b3 .

With suff. pron. tathum, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . tathut, Fél. July 24 . táithi (tathai, v.l.), Críth G. 197 . táthus, Fél. Feb. 5 . táthunn, Prol. 217. taithiunn, Thes. ii 293.19 . tathuib, Rawl. 88b51 .

For rel. s. without preverb (taas, tás) see atás, indaas, 4 ol.

The form fil, etc. As conj. form: fil, Wb. 16b9 , Ml. 92a8 , Sg. 193b7 . feil, Wb. 24c4 . Ml. 60b2 . fel, Wb. 3c38 , Ml. 27d10 . fail, 44b10-11 , Sg. 32a1 . As rel.: fil, Ml. 121c8 , file Wb. 23a5 , Ml. 51d11 , Sg. 151b7 . fel, Wb. 4c1 , fele, Ml. 93c7 . feil, Wb. 33b18 . fail, BCr. 18c4 .

Consuet. pres. 1 s. biuu, Wb. 16d8 . -bíu, 20a3 . 2 s. -bí, Ml. 135d1 . ACL iii 312 § 4 . 3 s. biith, Wb. 29a26 . biid, 4d33 . bíid, Sg. 150b4 . -bii, Wb. 28b25 , -bí, Ml. 103c3 . With ro: robīi, TBC-I¹ 1730 . -rubi, Wb. 11c17 , -rubai, Ml. 20d4 , Sg. 7b3 . -ruba, 3b28 . Rel. bíis, Wb. 13a12 . biís, 28b28 . bis, Ml. 61a33 . bís, Sg. 140b2 . Impers. bithir, Ml. 56b15 . rel. bither, 108b4 , -bither, 100c21 . -rubthar, cited GOI § 784 . OIPG 69 . 1 pl. bímmi, Ml. 15a4 . -biam, Wb. 16a8 . Rel. bimme, Wb. 12c11 . 3 pl. biit, Wb. 29a28 . bíit, Sg. 217a1 . robiat, 138a5 . -biat, Ml. 59d7 . -bíat, Sg. 148a4 . -rubat, 138a5 . Rel. bíte, Wb. 9d28 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -bíinn, Ml. 108b1 , -biinn, 58d9 . 3 s. -bíid, LU 5080 (see Ériu xvii 121 ), -bíth, Sg. 148b6 . -bid, Ml. 33a5 . -bith, Vita Br. 12 . Impers. no bithe , CCath. 3971 . 1 pl. -bímmis, cited GOI § 785 . 3 pl. -bitis, Ml. 86d6 . -bítis, Sg. 5a15 .

Ipv. 2 s. b, TBC-I¹ 2391 . 3 s. bíth, Wb. 10a8 , 25 , bíith, 8d9 , bíid, 5d33 , biid, Ml. 74d3 . bíd, Wb. 3a14 . With suff. pron. bithom, Fél. Ep. 404 n.17 . 2 pl. biid, Wb. 23c11a . bith, 22b26 . 3 pl. biat, Ml. 51d13 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. beo, Wb. 23b41 . beu, Ml. 53b8 . -béo, Fél. Prol. 273 . 2 s. bee, cited OIPG 70 and see GOI 482 . b, ZCP viii 311.z (see xxiv 122 ). -bee (perh. absol.), ZCP vii 494 (Enchir. Aug.). -bē, Fing. R. 82 . With ro: robhe (restored as ro-bé), Blathm. 92 § 9 . 3 s. beith, Ml. 108a11 . beid, Wb. 14c23 . bed, 3c10 . beth, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr. Hom.). -bǽ, Wb. 22b14 . -b, Sg. 29b14 . -bée, Wb. 12c43 . With suff. pron. bethum-sa, Fél. Ep. 384 n.14 . With ro: rob, Wb. 5d30 , robe, 18c4 , rubé, Ml. 20d4 , rob, Wb. 28a23 , robbé, Sg. 169a1 . -roib, Wb. 16c24 , Ml. 118c5 . Rel. bess, Wb. 5d14 . bes, Ml. 77d3 . Impers. bethir, Wb. 5d33 . rel. bether, Ml. 107d8 . -bether, Wb. 10a18 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 31c11 . beimmi, 19a16 . -bem, 24a10 . -robam, 26c10 . 2 pl. beithe, Wb. 18b16 . bethe, 24b13 . -beith, Ml. 46a10 . -beid, Wb. 27c9 . With ro: -robith, Wb. 26a28 . 3 pl. beit, Wb. 10b5 . rubet, 26a23 . ro be(i)t , Vita Br. 35 . -bet, Wb. 9d27 . -robat, 11d9 . Rel. bete, Wb. 10c22 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -beind, TBC-I¹ 1856 . -beinn cited GOI § 787 . 2 s. -betha, Wb. 4c24 . 3 s. nobed, Wb. 3b10 . nobeth, Ml. 27b1 . -bed, Wb. 9d1 . -beth, Ml. 88b15 . -robad, Wb. 17a13 . -rabad, 34a4 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . 1 pl. -bemmis, Wb. 9a3 . -beimmis, 29d23 . -bemis, Vita Br. 23 . 2 pl. -bethe, Wb. 9c20 . 3 pl. -betis, Sg. 138a9 . -[ro]ibtis, Wb. 28a1 .

Fut. 1 s. bia, Ml. 137b7 . 2 s. bie, cited GOI § 788 , OIPG 70 . 3 s. bieid, Wb. 4d6 . bied, 14c1 . -bia, 5d35 . -bia (disyll.), Blathm. 572 . -bia and -bía, GOI § 788 . With suff. pron. bethiumm. Ériu xiii 20.6 . bethib, ZCP viii 316.5 (see xxix 174 ). Rel. bias, Wb. 23b38 . bies, Ériu iii 102 § 32 . Impers. beithir, TBFr. 248 . -bether, MacCongl. 61.4 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 9c10 . beimmi, 21b7 . -biam, 15a1 . -piam, 30b17 . 2 pl. bethe, cited GOI § 788 . bethi, Trip.² 1589 . -bied, Wb. 9a21 . -bieid, 26d26 . 3 pl. biet (disyll.), Blathm. 472 . bieit, Wb. 4c40 . biet, 9d27 , Sg. 198b6 (also bíet, GOI § 788 ). -biat, 9c28 . -bíet, 40b14 . Rel. bete, Wb. 13c26 . beite, 4c40 .

Condit. 1 s. nombeinn, Ml. 59a22 . 3 s. nobiad, Ml. 32d5 . -bíad, Wb. 9d1 . 1 pl. nobemmis, Ml. 134b3 . 3 pl. nobetis, Ml. 100c7 .

Pret. 1 s. b, LU 9407 . 2 s. -bá, cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 , see perf. 2 s. below. 3 s. bói, Wb. 31c18 . bái, 27a16 . -bói, 17d17 , Ml. 78a4 . Rel. boie, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm.). boīe (MS. ba), Ériu xvi 46.10 (see n. 0 and Celtica vi 223 ). boíë (MS. baoí), Ériu xxvi 67, 85 . Cf. cech nóeb bói, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289 (where six sylls. required). With suff. pron. boithus, IT i 137.8 = boithius, 21 . boíthi, Sc.M² 3 . ? baísu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37.5 . Impers. *both(a)e, postulated GOI § 789 , botha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . -both(a), Vita Br. 33 . 1 pl. bamar, SR 1558 . bámar, 3286 , Imr. Brain i 48.5 . 2 pl. -baid (baïd ?), cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 . 3 pl. bātir, TBC-I¹ 217 . -batar, Ml. 55c2 . Rel. batar, Ml. 123b5 . See GOI § 789 .

Perf. 1 s. rob, Wb. 28a9 . -roba, Ml. 44c4 . -raba, TBC-I¹ 3068 . 2 s. rob, LL 14442 . 3 s. robói, Wb. 5c10 . rambái, 2c13 . robui, Ml. 93c3 . -robae, Ml. 41a5 , -robe, Wb. 18d7 , -rabae, Ml. 28d3 . Impers. romboth, Wb. 19a9 . rombod, 5b31 . -rabad, Ériu iv 146.4 . 1 pl. robámmar, Wb. 20d12 . -robammar, Ml. 105b16 . 2 pl. rubaid, Wb. 3b19 . -robaid, Ml. 46a8 . 3 pl. robatar, Wb. 24c5 . robbátar, Sg. 57b1 . -rabatar, Ml. 100c11 . -robatar, Sg. 45b1 . -rabtar, Ml. 37a16 .

Vn. buith.

Vbl. of necess. buithi.

Later forms (see also Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish, Ériu vi 1 ff. ; Mulchrone, Verbalformen der Vita Tripartita, ZCP xvi 440 ; Falconer, Verbal System of LU Táin, Ériu xvii 116 ; Strachan, Verbal System of SR, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1895, 1 - 76 ; O Daly, Verbal System of LL Táin, Ériu xiv 80 ; Mac Eoin, Verbalsystem von Togail Troi, ZCP xxviii 125 ; Sommerfelt, Le système verbal dans In Cath Catharda, RC xxxviii 41 ; Nuner, Verbal System of the Agallamh na Senórach, ZCP xxvii 272 ; PH Glossary; Lloyd, Impersonal passive forms of the Irish substantive verb, Ériu i 49 ff. ; TD Introd. lxxv ; IGT Verbs § 7 ).

Indic. pres. 1 s. atáu, Trip.² 1412 . atú, 2578 . itu, SR 1187 . it, TBC-LL¹ 434 . atú, IGT Verbs § 7 . ataim, Fier. 14 . -t, Acall. 4516 . 2 s. -tái, SR 3102 . -toi, TBC-I¹ 937 . taoi, TD 15.48 . cia doaisiu mac?, RC xxvi 30 § 128 . 3 s. -t, Trip.² 744 . atá, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. attá, Trip.² 534 , ata, SR 7708 etc., at, Acall. 429 . Impers. atáthar, TBC-LL¹ 3316 . dáthar (: máthar), IGT Verbs ex. 99 . atass, Ériu iv 114 § 17 (:as). -das (: as), IGT Verbs ex. 104 . 1 pl. itám, SR 1727 . tám, 3493 . ataum, PH 1556 . ataim, TBC-LL¹ 874 . atamaoit, TBC St. 121 . atámaoid, atám, IGT Verbs § 7 . -taum, PH 1506 . -dtám (: ár), IGT Verbs ex. 111 . 2 pl. atathai, PH 2734 . atathi, 597 . atáithi (: fáithi), IGT Verbs ex. 105 . -táithi (: sáithi), ex. 96 . -dathai, Alex. 190 . -taidh, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . 3 pl. itāt, TBC-I¹ 3132 . atáit, CCath. 1215 . ataut, PH 1064 . táid, TD 8.5 . -táit, CCath. 1701 . Rel. itat, Trip.² 882 , atat, SR 7949 . For later forms in meaning than (is) see atás, indaas, 4 ol. See also II (d) below and daas.

The form fil. 1 s. ni ḟuilim, ni ḟoilim, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. -fhile, PH 8116 . -fhuile, 3335 , -fuili, Acall. 3217 . -ḟoili, -ḟuile, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. fail, TBC-I¹ 60 , SR 353 etc. ro fail , TBC-LL¹ 263 , fuil, 3072 . -fail, Trip.² 2764 , -fuil, 872 , -uil, PH 3181 , -ḟil, Acall. 3709 . -ḟuil, -ḟoil, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. fil, Trip.² 842 , fail, SR 392 , no fail , 933 . With impers. ending: filter, MacCongl. 31.25 . -fuiltear, TD 2.42 . 1 pl. ra fuilemm , TBC-LL¹ 2971 . -failmet, SR 6320 , -ḟuilmíd, Acall. 5101 . -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. -bhḟuilti, Acall. 962 . 3 pl. failet, SR 345 . filet, 477 . fuilet, TBC-LL¹ 4739 . -failet, Trip.² 1119 . -filet, TBC-I¹ 1848 , -fileat, CCath. 1270 . -fuilet, 427 . -fuilid, TD 7.23 . Rel. failet, SR 400 . ra failet , TBC-LL¹ 5225 . fuilet, 4709 . filet, PH 435 . See also do-fil.

Consuet. pres. 1 s. bim, PH 6393 . bím, -bím, IGT Verbs § 7 . ? -ruibim, SG 373.29 . 2 s. -bi, SR 2035 . bí, ní bí, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bíd, TBC-I¹ 1453 (LU). biid, SR 4537 . bíd, 4588 . -bí, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bíonn, TD 22.12 . -bind, RC xlix 37.13 . bídh, -b, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bither, PH 7441 . -bithar, Laws iv 234.2 Comm. 1 pl. bímit, Acall. 886 . bídmaid, 5481 . bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bíth, Acall. 6139 . 3 pl. bīd, TBC-I¹ 1075 (bít, LU). -bíat, TTr.² 330 . -bít, PH 4189 , -bíd, TD 5.5 . Rel. bit (= bíït), SR 7259 . bít, TBC-LL¹ 1320 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. do bhínn , TD 23.7 . 3 s. nobīth, TBC-I¹ 593 (nobíid, LU cited above). robíth, TBC-I¹ 1903 (LU). do bhíodh , TD 14.23 . do bhíoth , 26.12 . Impers. bithi, Auraic. 5286 = -bithi, RC xx 150.y (ACC Pref.). no bithea , Acall. 156 . 3 pl. naboitis, TBC-I¹ 855 LU (nobitís, Y). nobīdis, 3621 (Y). bítís, 1898 (LU). no beitis , LL 407a27 . ro bitis , PH 1957 . do bhítís , Acall. 830 . do bhídís , TD 15.18 . Rel. tri cnuasa bítís ann, Acall. 455 .

Ipv. 1 s. bír (: gním), IGT Verbs ex. 94 . 2 s. b, Parrth. Anma 3871 . 3 s. bīdh, ZCP vi 271.z . bíodh, TD 16.2 . bíoth, 17.1 . 1 pl. bíom, Dán Dé xiv 17 . 2 pl. bíthe (: -chíthe), IGT Verbs ex. 95 . bídh, ex. 109 . bidhí, Luc. Fid. 3430 . 3 pl. bíod, TD 16.19 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ber, SG 172.15 . uér, Ériu ii 92.9 . beor, v 222.46 . bheith mé, TD 8.9 . -ra bur , TBC-LL¹ 1112 . -rabor, ZCP xii 401.30 . ? -rabhus, ZCP v 523.27 = rabasa, Ériu xii 144.12 (TE). -rabar, ZCP iii 32.37 . bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bé, SR 1607 . beir, BNnÉ 288.29 . Acall. 592 . -rab(a)i, BDD² p. 80 . -rabha, Irish Texts iv 75 § 16 . -rabhair, Fing. R. p. 13 note 86 . -mbéis (: Céis), IGT Verbs ex. 100 . -beis(se) (: meise), Dán Dé xiv 20 . -rabais, Fing. R. 86 , BDD² 363 (see ZCP xxvii 75-8 ). beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. beth, TBC-I¹ 270 (beith, v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 101 . -b, TBC-I¹ 1671 . -raib, Trip.² 2753 . -rab, TBC-I¹ 1430 . -raibhe, Parrth. Anma 2616 . rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bess, TBC-I¹ 1104 (beis, Y). beas, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bethur, Laws ii 36.20 Comm. 1 pl. beme, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . bemmit, TBC-LL¹ 2137 . bemait, Acall. 5478 . -bém, CCath. 1124 . -beam (: leam), Dán Dé xii 10 . -ruibem, SR 5540 . -rabum, PH 7899 . bheam, rabham, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 1233 . rabthai, PH 1977 . 3 pl. beit, Trip.² 1653 . -bet, TBC-I¹ 1053 . -beat, Lism. L. 4702 . -rabat, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. -rabut, PH 994 . -rabhait, BNnÉ 269.4 . -rabhaid, Parrth. Anma 2836 . -rabheid, RC xxix 136 § 51 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. do beinn , do rabainn , IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. no beithi , Trip.² 2972 . no beithe , 2983 = no bethe , Trip. 252.21 . do beitheá , TD 1.44 . 3 s. no beith , Trip.² 2967 . nobith, TBC-I¹ 3543 . dá mbeadh , TD 29.6 . -mbeath, IGT Verbs ex. 97 . -rabad, RC iii 184.24 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . -bette, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.19 . rabtha, TBC-LL¹ (C) 1675 . 1 pl. dá mbiadh sinn, TD 28.25 . 3 pl. nobeitis, SR 7855 . nobeidis, TBC-I¹ 3557 . dá mbeith siad, TD 26.36 .

Fut. (see Bergin, Ériu ii 46-8 ) 1 s. bíat, TTr.² 89 . biat, PH 1244 . biad (bíatt v.l.), CCath. 5137 . bhead, Parrth. Anma 6378 . bed, ZCP vi 41.10 . bét, 69.2 . bett, BNnÉ 52 § 42 . -biu, TBC-LL¹ 882 . -bhiú, Dán Dé xiv 20 . biad, -bi, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bía, Trip.² 1593 . biae, SR 1599 . -bíai, BNnÉ 291 § 2 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . bía, -bía, IGT Verbs § 7 . bethair, ZCP ii 225.4 . 3 s. bied, LU 10362 . biaid, Trip.² 1071 . biáid, TBC-I¹ 169 (LU). biaidh, -bia, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bíes, Trip.² 2671 . bés, CCath. 300 , bes, 657 . bess, PH 4666 . bhias, TD 3.50 . do biass , L. Chl. S. 1 . Impers. beither, Acall. 5259 . beithir, ZCP x 415.11 . 1 pl. bemit, LU 9753 , PH 1501 . bemait, CCath. 1467 . -bem(ni, LU 9753 . beimíd, -biam, IGT Verbs § 7 . -biaim(ne) (: siairni), ex. 108 . ? -ben, BCC 396.19 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 3083 . beitte (: eiti) (beththi, bete v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 102 . -bed, Trip.² 1590 . 3 pl. biait, Trip.² 2665 , TBC-I¹ 2057 (beite, LU). biat, Trip.² 1288 . beit, TBC-I¹ 80 . beiti, TBC-I¹ 2078 . beti, SR 8157 . betit, SR 853 . TBC-LL¹ 246 , TTr.² 760 . beidid, ZCP x 338 § 1 . -bīat, TBC-I¹ 1132 . beidíd síad, BCC 290.12 . beid, -bíad, IGT Verbs § 7 .

Condit. 1 s. no-béind, PH 6107 . dobeind, 7489 . do beinn, -beinn, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. do bheitheá , TD 19.13 . 3 s. no biadh , CCath. 3754 . -bied, TBC-I¹ 504 . ro bífad , TBC-LL¹ 5112 . rot-fiadh, IT iii 320.4 ( Cóir Anm. 70 ). do biath (: sgiath), IGT Verbs ex. 97 . do bhiadh , TD 2.54 . Impers. no bethe , TTr.² 533 . 3 pl. do bheidīs , Parrth. Anma 5227 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ro-bádus, PH 699 . do bhádhus , TD 23.6 . do bhí mé, 5 . -rabus, Acall. 7913 . -rabhas, 1584 . -rabadhus, 356 . do bá , -raba; do bádhus , -rabadhas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do basa ( : bádusa; proscribed form), ex. 103 . 2 s. ro bhádhuis , CCath. 553 . do bhí tú, TD 28.6 . -rabadais, PH 3725. 8121 . -rabhais, Acall. 123 . do bhádhuis , -rabhadhuis, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bae, SR 7608 . bóe, 6265 . baei, BDD² 127 . búi, CCath. 95 . -bae, SR 4975 . -buí, Trip.² 1505 . robai, SR 2229 , robae, 2262 . robói, PH 2572 . ro bí , CCath. 1302 . robuidh, Ériu iii 198 § 22 . do bí , CCath. 278 . do bhói , Acall. 58 . do bhaoi (: draoi), Dán Dé xii 22 . -rubai, SR 1241 . -roibe, BDD² 498 , -roibi, 1393 . -roba, 251 . -raba, 1533 . -raibhe, TD 2.25 . -rabha, 8.36 . -robha, 1 . do bí , -raibi, do baí , -rabha, IGT Verbs § 7 . With depon. ending -rabhustair, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . Rel. boí, Trip.² 626 . bāi, TBC-I¹ 1277 . būi, 630 . ro bae , Trip.² 288 . ro buí , BDD² 287 . ro baí , 1451 . ro boí , 1517 . Impers. both, Trip.² 2264 . rombatha, Ériu ii 20 § 3 (-a added later). -rabad, iv 146.4. robās, TBC-I¹ 2147 . rombas, SR 7564 , robás, TTr.² 151 . -rabus, Trip.² 54 . rabas, Laws iv 212.22 Comm. , -bádus, MacCongl. 43.22 . -bás, 61.3 . do bás , do bas , -rabas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do bas (: as), ex. 98 . do bhás (: fhás), Dán Dé xxvi 9 . 1 pl. bāmur, TBC-I¹ 399 . do bámar , Acall. 1283 . do bhámair (: Ádhaimh), Dán Dé xv 17 . -rabamar, TBC-I¹ 2495 . 2 pl. robabair, Anecd. ii 14.9 . -babhair, Blathm. 23 (see notes ). robadbair, TBC-I¹ 2502 . do bhábhair , TD 22a.1 . -rabhuir, Acall. 114 . -rabhabhair, TD 22a.2 . 3 pl. bādar, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bátir, TTr.² 1308 . ro badar , CCath. 573 n. ro bádar , Acall. 75 . do bídur , 5942 . -rabadar, TBC-I¹ 3108 . -rabhadair, TD 26.10 . ro baisit , O'Dav. 728 . -rabhsad, TD 16.21 . Rel. bátar, Trip.² 591 . BDD² 505 . ro bátar , 543 . Vn. an bheith , IGT Verbs § 7 . Vbl. of necess. beitte, TD 28.30 .

Cf. cenmothá, íarmothá, óthá.

Used in meaning is in a large variety of contexts. Normally replaced by copula (see 1 is) in certain fixed syntactical patterns (classification, identification, etc.), and when used in these cases exceptional (see above and II below).

I Expressing existence.

(a) Used absolutely is, exists, there is, etc.: ata in coimdiu gl. Dominus in cælo sedis eius, Ml. 30b27 . nabad hed a méit nádmbǽ `let it not be only that it is not' gl. nec nominetur in uobís, Wb. 22b14 . ní fil aimsir nad mbed ref. to fuit et est semper, Ml. 17a15 . ní torménmar-ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin gl. præter spem nostram, etc., 115b1 . ni fil chumtubairt gl. indubitabilia, etc., Sg. 154b2 . ma nubed `if it existed', 31b21 . ro baoi siomh re tuisdinsiú `he existed', Blathm. 632 . as e as soithcerndomh fil, 773 . ma rombe is maith if it is, it is well, Laws iv 2.14 Comm. ni rabi uair . . . nad ro bai `there was no hour . . . that He existed not', Ériu ii 106 § 16 . a cin for athair .i. uair na bí mac, Laws iv 240.16 Comm. Columb [ro]baoi, Columb bīaas, ZCP viii 198 § 20 . tar ēis a mic . . . / nī raba acht dā aenbliadain `was alive only two years', Ériu iii 198 § 24 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be by saying there is a covenant though there is not, Laws iv 52.30 Comm. ni tha . . . ní a ngeimre in winter there is nothing, 90.1 (with petrified inf. pron. 3 s. n. in dat. sense?). ní bía terca bíd there will not be a scarcity of food, BColm. 52.5 . bid dno maith, ┐ ni bi derrscugud de `yet there is good, and nothing to surpass it', Auraic. 703 . is tré ómun bíid serc, Ériu i 195.1 . céin beti neóil im gréin ngil, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.z . i céin raibh nemh is talamh as long as . . . endure, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . bai cocad mor etarro, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . In phrase (acht) atá ní (chena) but, moreover, see 1 ní (e).

In periphrasis when emphasis on some element other than the verb is required: bieid nach dréct diib hícfider, Wb. 4d6 . bieid bes ferr de, 32a13 . do budh cusmail rit co robuis uair ecin, ┐ co n[d]ingenta rét feramail `that thou wert once such an one that thou couldst . . .', ZCP vi 87.13 . ba-sa tan / nī folabrainn ilach gamh, Ériu ii 95 § 3 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud, Ériu xvii 68 § 9 ( Laws iv 210 ). Note further: atāit teora brīathra / ata lōgmaire for nim, ZCP vii 312 § 25 .

With words expressing time: bieid aimser nad creitfider, Wb. 28c14 . aidchi robuī `one night', Ériu ii 222.25 . fecht robai `once', Mon. Tall. 147.2 (§ 52) . biaidh uair 's . . . a time will come when, Dán Dé vii 31 .

Introducing a statement: cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though it be that he assume, Críth G. 67 . dá mbeith fós go mbiadh an Fhraingc comh líonmhar ┐ adeir seisean `granted that', Keat. ii 933 . má tá go seachnoid síol Éibhir . . ., TD 29.7 . ci(d), gi(d) bé whatever, whoever (see Ériu xii 210 ): ria flaithaib, .i. rias na flaithib, cibe flaithe iat `whatever chieftains they be', Laws iv 154.17 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt, Dán Dé xiv 17 . cidh bé do bhean díbh an dúthaigh, DDána 26.1 . bíd (ipv. 3 s.) co n- although: admhuim . . . mo pheactha . . . bīodh gomadh é mo mhīan a bhfolach though I should wish to hide them, Parrth. Anma 4625 . bīodh nach gcaoifithea go spesialta fá gach peacadh though you might not weep specially for each sin, Mac Aingil 235 . bíth gur gheallas . . . though I promised, Ó Bruad. ii 212 § xiv . In constr. manibed x ní bíad y were it not for x y would not be, see má II (b).

(b) The subst. vb. is usual with predicates consisting of adverbial phrases of all kinds (prep. and noun, adjj. and nouns used adverbially, etc.) and thus enters into a large and varied corpus of idioms. A select list follows. Reference should in all cases also be made to the nouns, adjj., adverbs and prepositions concerned.

With CO: atáthar sund chucut your adversary is approaching, LL 10300 ( TBC-LL¹ 3316 ).

With CO N-: atúsa com thegluch there is myself and my household troop, TBC-LL¹ 437 .

With DI: im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss `about a business that arose between the monastery of Tallaght and him', Mon. Tall. 157.7 (§ 72) . masu de chlaind Echdach aird / atāi, ZCP xi 108 § 1 . ní bia debaid . . . de, Ériu iv 108 § 69 . Of materials: an crann dobí na sesam ... dobí sé do cepresus was a (lit. of) cupressus, Maund. 9 . In phrase a.¤ di such is: roboi du meit a pecthae `so great were their sins', Ml. 98c6 . má beth tra do hūaite ind āessa gráid `if the ordained folk be too few', Ériu i 220 § 13 .

With DO: biid do anmmaim cathrach `(Samnis) is as the name of the city', Sg. 104b5 . nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad inchoisget `there were not words (enough) to signify . . .', 45b1 . manusbeth tenga dia relad `if (the sun) had a tongue', Ériu ii 126 § 81 . ata eric a fogla do dul a ruradh o duine, Laws iv 50.5 Comm. Expressing possession, etc.: con roib core dúib fri cách so that you may be at peace with all men, Wb. 26b30 . in fochricc file do i nnim, 29b29 . cach ngrád asid n-ísliu bíid dó i céilsini, Críth G. 374 . robi timna in ríg don Comdhe, RC xviii 182.5 . nico mbái dó acht bás there was nothing for him but death, Vita Br. 32 . fecht robúi damsae domchaomnacuir `once it happened to me', Mon. Tall. 144.7 (§ 45) . atá damhsa ris an dáimh / gan ísliughadh neith dá gcáil it is my duty in regard to the sages not to belittle . . ., Content. xiv 8 .

With FOR (later AR): as ṅdath glas roboi forsind sl[é]ib the mountain was green, Ml. 84d4 . cech dath is maith ré neach bid forro, RC vi 183.9 . cēin beó ar in mbith mbuide, Ériu ii 92.16 . nocha cuinnghim bethaid mbí / ōtú ar sīth mo Rīgh amuigh since I am outside the palace of my king(?), ZCP vii 301 § 10 . scríbend menmman .i. robbói for a inndṡliucht-som `it had been in his mind', Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent, Ériu vi 115 § 6 . a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though I greatly desire to do so, Dán Dé xix 6 .

With FRI: nobiad fri femen `it would be (used) with the feminine', Sg. 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them', 215a5 . ni humhal robabair rim cen erghe rónn you were not submissive to me, Anecd. ii 14.9 . ba [mait]h ro mboth friu they were well treated, TBFr. 145 . is throit ra bass risin fer út that man was quickly dispatched, TBC-LL¹ 2986 ( LL 10035 ).

With I: is hi tuaisciurt slebe sióin ata in chathir, Ml. 67d8 . ataam ar ndiis i cuimriug, Wb. 32a28 . is and . . . bieid finis, 13b29 . is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri, Ml. 137b7 . nach dú i mbí isnaib salmaib iustitia, 109a2 . bēti a scēla illāidib, ZCP iii 37.32 . dēna torba airm i mbī, vii 311 § 9 . ro-bas i lurg an madma la clannaibh Néill the Clanna N. pursued the rout, xiv 234.16 . adh bes fiu da trian na samuisce atá isín focreic, issed ata isin fogail doníther ris na ferandaib cétna i fuacht an geimridh `a calf which is worth two thirds of the `samhaisc'-heifer which is paid for the rent, it is it that is paid for the trespass', Laws iv 92.16 Comm. cínta do niad na cethra . . . leth a mbia ina nairlim isedh bias ina tairsci `half of that fine which lies for their `airlim'-trespass . . .', 74.8 Comm. cod a midídar ruire trachta ┐ raite? Nin; co rabadar ocht nurcora dec and do fhleascach, 138.4 Comm. ní bhíadh na ghoin é d'oighedh / toil Dé muna deónaighedh His wound would not be enough to cause His death, IGT Decl. ex. 378 . Common in form with suff. pron. 3 s. n. ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre if there be anyone, etc., Wb. 13a4 . ar atá brithem and cenut-su `a judge is there apart from thee', 6b25 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul, Sg. 10a1 . attaad teora bliadna and. Niconcomracamar díoblíonaib `it is three years since we two had intercourse', Mon. Tall. 134.26 (§ 21) . For phr. cid fil and trá see trá. In idiom tá sé i n-a fhear he is a man (see Dillon, ZCP xvii 307 ff. ): is amlaid . . . atá in rigsudi sin inna chathaír chumtachta, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). cidead bes ina bibdaid `even though he be a caitiff', Ériu v 22.20 . gu raibhe 'na cholum ghel, Acall. 1080 . ce raib se i n-a fhír, PH 7324 . do bí 'n-a mnaí grádaig ac Find, Acall. 2018 . do rígh gion go rabhthá id mhac, DDána 91.15 . Note also: tuc . . . aithne gurbh e righ Eirenn do bí ann that it was in fact the king, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 .

With IMM: ni baitir, ni loisctir cein beit immo `he is not drowned or burnt as long as they are on him', RC vi 183.8 .

With LA: gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach if we are not on God's side, Dán Dé x 27 . Expressing possession and related ideas: is lib atá a rogu, Wb. 9a23 . is derb lium attá latsu gl. certus sum autem quod et in té, 29d14 . ainmm ninchoisc cenéuil issed file la laitnóri, Sg. 30b8 . is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ. sin, 9b10 . ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter,' Mon. Tall. 151.13 (§ 62) . is dé atá lem, fobíth, etc. this is why I think so (of an assertion), TTr.² 343 . itá a rīgan la cach ríg sund, TBC-I¹ 190 . fail leis secht nimi, SR 629 . ar ní ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 14150 .

With ó: báoi alaile anchoire antuaid o sláne `there was a certain anchorite from Slane in the North', Mon. Tall. 159.8 (§ 77) . cech lennánacht fil isin domvn is úadhi atá originates with her, TTr.² 370 . Bressal Ó Tressaig ō' tāit / Hī Tressaig `. . . from whom are sprung', Ériu ii 50 § 7 . ni fil[et] o neoch ┐ ni filter uaidibh `they are not derived from anything, and nothing is derived from them', Auraic. 1507 .

With OC: ar notéighed dīa sathairn init co mbídh oc Cnocc Droma Coblai, ZCP viii 106.29 = Trip.² 2858 . ma no bith . . . mo c[h]laideb acom if I had my sword, TBC-I¹ 3543 . co rabat aidmi oc cech altōir . . ., Ériu i 219 § 9 . in ti ac na biat ba, Laws iv 36.10 Comm. in fhil biad ocaib sund? PH 6709 . ná raibh agad ar n-éra `refuse me not', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . In impers. constr. cindas atathar occat? how are affairs with thee? RC xxvi 368.9 . a.¤ y oc x x has the power to do y: ní bhía . . . ag boigṡín / mo chor tar creich Phádraigín, Ériu ix 163 § 7 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: céin bett abus `while they are here below', BColm. 98.28 . ní rubai nach cruth ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . ataat ám in chrut sin, 140b1 . hóre nád robe Tit ar mo chiunn, Wb. 14d29 . na muindtire bís id choimidecht `of the monks that live with thee', Mon. Tall. 128.8 (§ 3) . dá rabh mé ar éanmhagh is í, Dán Dé ix 12 . is bether go hīsiul de, ZCP x 51.6 . bidh co mín michuir ret c[h]airdibh, vi 272 § 3 . is samlaid insin robói a flaithemnacht indibsi, Ml. 18a8 . nī hamlaid beitid na nāimh . . ., ZCP xiii 9.26 . dobadus co subhach rompa, KMMisc. 319.27 . léig mar atāit tall, ZCP viii 202.4 . trath atusa sund, TBC-LL¹ 2379 . ionmhuin uan nar fhás ó mhnaoi / do bhás go truagh ar a thí, Dán Dé xxvi 9 . Note also: dá mbem a-moigh `if we win forth', Ériu ix 162 § 2 . With interrogatives: ceth leth atā E., TBC-I¹ 376 . can ata? whence is it? Hib. Min. 8.270 . cāit atā do t[h]igerna?, TBC-I¹ 789 . ciatā inso?, ZCP viii 311.13 . a Findtain, arse, ┐ Éri cía gabad ca rabad inde? `where have things been therein?' Ériu iv 146 § 23 .

(c) Used with inf. and suff. pron. to express possession. With inf. pron.: rosmbia a lóg `they shall have payment for it', Wb. 5d35 . ind indocbál no-b-tá in futuro, 14c16 . ro-n-da-biad cech maith, Ml. 33b13 . rombia-sa la dia . . . a day will come for me when, Vita Br. 12 . roborbē (roburbe v.l.) which is yours, Cáin Ad. 27 . nīmthat asnai I have no ribs, TBC-I¹ 2871 . gell cóic sét di neoch rodmbí `of whatever he has', Críth G. 283 and n. uair nach tá tír dia fhulung fri re napuidh because he has no land to support him (?), Laws iv 30.19 Comm. rom be nem may I have heaven, Snedg. u. Mac R 14 § 76 . Femen intan rombai rí . . . when it had a king, RC xvii 148.19 . cia luag nomtha?, SR 1165 . rombí lethbairgen, Anecd. i 73 § 211 . atbert Cathair nimthasa ní dhuit I have nothing to give you, LL 386b22 . Note also: nintha do imtecht liumm `I have (lit. we have) no news', RC xiii 222.20 . With cumang (or similar word) and prep. DO has the power to: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 . ní-s-ta som . . . cumang domm orcuin-se, 60d3 . nísmbói didiu do chumacc a mmbo do imain they hadn't the strength to, Vita Br. 24 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech cumang rotbé (rodbe, rotbia, v.ll.) dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204 § 22 . nícom thása cumang dia tabair[t], TBFr. 302 . apraind nachimbai-si nert do theacht cucu alas that I had not strength . . ., TBC-I¹ 3439 . Used independently is able: nīmt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin / nech doní do maith `I cannot tell a tithe of all the good he does', BColm. 70.6 . nimta-sa sin . . . uair da caithius mo dan re sciathaib Ulad I cannot do that . . ., Ériu v 72.8 . Note also: ango dano for Ingcél adfía basa lecht bas briscium `peradventure I shall be the frailest corpse', BDD 102h ( RC xxii 211 ) = at-mbia basa lecht bas brisceam, BDD² 716 (leg. ro-t-bia?).

With suffixed pron. taithiunn . . . / ni fris tarddam ar n-áthius `we have . . . something to which to apply our acuteness', Thes. ii 293.19 . táithi caire umai he has a bronze cauldron, Críth G. 197 . tathum rūn, TBC-I¹ 848 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa dano ye will enjoy freedom with me, ZCP viii 316.5 . tathat lim logh do áes, logh do sinnsire thou hast with me = I accord thee, xii 365.13 . baíthium anfud mílach mend, LU 3018 . tathuib comram, Rawl. 88b51 . tathum o día praind, Anecd. i 64 § 120 . tāthud ochtar la suidiu / airm hi fail a crōlighe `thou wilt find eight men . . .', Fianaig. 12 § 16 . tathai eolus maith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . tatos subhae `they have happiness', Blathm. 82 . Pleonastically: tathai erouidh . . . bithbron `Herod . . . has eternal sorrow', 83 .

(d) In nasalising rel. clauses to denote has something the matter, is ailing: ced das in ben maith? `what ails the good woman?', Thes. ii 329.48 . cidh tás do sūil, a clērich? what is the matter with your eye? RC xxvii 280 § 35 . Oengus mac in Dagdai hisiurcc di bliadan. Cid tas or Bodb, RC iii 345.9 . ra[fh]etur sa . . . an daas ind ingen what is wrong with the girl, Vita Br. 5 . ni fetarsa cid no-tó I do not know what is the matter with me, ZCP viii 176.5 . cid no-taí? Sc.M² 3 . roḟetarsa a n-attath[a]i. Ni taam ni or Cano, Anecd. i 9.25 ( SCano 293 ). cid tāthaí, a maccu? . . . oc imresain atām . . ., Ériu viii 157.16 . ni confetatarsin cid rombui hissennath, RC iii 344.10 . dia ḟis cid robái (rombui, v.l.) grían to find out what was the matter with the sun, Ériu iv 140.13 .

With prep. DO feels (inimically) towards, is angry with, worries: propter incredulitatem fracti sunt .i. cani airi .i. badochu lem són is [hed] romboth doib that is the fault found with them, Wb. 5b31 . cren dímsa m'ingin . . . Cid dathir di? . . . Is dichmarcach what cause of annoyance has she given? Vita Br. 13 . fiarfaig Conchobar scēla dō. —Cidh tāi di ṡodain? ol Bricriu why do you bother with it? ZCP v 502.15 . cadai-siu duind?, TTebe 424 . In good sense treats in a special manner: ca tāthar dúin do domnach des / sech gach laithi lāndiles? `why do we hold Sunday above . . .?' Ériu iii 143 § 7 . With added prep.: cidh 'ma bfuile dam? ZCP x 10.11 . ná bí réd chathrachaibh dhúinn `talk not to us of your forts', Content. vi 31 . See further s.v. daas. Frequ. in class. verse in phrase gá dtá, dás (acht) what is the use? in short. Either gá dtá or gá tá may be used to suit alliteration, see Ir. Syll. Poetry 86 . fogus orchra don éigsi / gá ttás cur ré coiméidsi `how can she be saved?' Studies 1923, 421 § 1 . gá dás luadh imdheachta an ḟir? `what need to recount', TD 13.40 . gá dás mé dá mīrbuile / acht sé d'fás ó ÓghMuire, IGT Decl. ex. 200 . gá dtám? —acht torchuir bu dheas in short, TD 3.10 . With follg. prep.: gá dtám ris . . . / acht meise féin foidhidneach, TD 3.41 . ga dtú ris, a rí L.? / ort chuirim mo chomuirghe, 30.12 . ní bhiú ris acht, Dán Dé vi 31 . ní fhuilim dó, xi 30 .

(e) With words indicating number, quantity in sense of accompanied by, having: bí[i]th a th[a]urchreicc cóic ṡétaib, Críth G. 71 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig il-Lifiu, BDD 12 (a cethror cairpdech, v.l.). itó-sa lín do gona, TBC-LL¹ 434 . denam d'ḟiadach na muice in lín Feinde atámait, Acall. 2223 . atáthaoi líon a n-ithte, Keat. iii 4439 . atú-sa caegait fer, MR 248.17 . Later: bed-sa ┐ mili ridiri maraen rium ad diaig, ZCP vi 41.9 .

II Expressing state, condition, kind, etc. with pred. consisting of noun, pron. or adj. (usage more usual with copula, see introd. section above).

(a) With noun pred.: boe sab suithe cech dind, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). boe saegul sneid, 24 . boe dind oc libur leigdocht, 27 . biait betha airchind they will be chieftains of the world, Rawl. 125b9 . With subj. standing between the vb. and pred.: atá dia atach ṅ-dún-ni ais dethrebo God is a refuge to us the people of the two tribes, Ml. 66d1 . bói Fíachnae Lurga athair Mongáin, Imr. Brain 42.1 . Cf. Sg. 20b3 .

(b) With adj. pred.: boe seim sáth, ACC 25 . biat slana, SR 4167 (copula?). feib atam nocht, 1347 (copula?). bía slan, LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). Cf. habe . . . (.i. sana sis .i. slán bee), Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ). dlegar doibsium na be lobtaigh cor ( ar dlegar doibsium na bed lobthaig cor, O'Dav. 1191 ) (Atk. in Glossary emends to be[t]), Laws iv 54.10. atámait ainmfesach, RC xxiv 371.7 . bítíss meth (leg. methi, ed.) occ tinntúd, IT iii 235.z . co filim garbliath i rricht, LU 1272 . ro boísium imnedach i tossuch a bethad, LL 7305 . ro-bádus-[s]a dronnach, PH 2788 . céin beorsa beó as long as I am alive, Ériu v 222.46 . is follus co fuilti eaclach, Fier. 69 . maith dīghōltar ant andlocht / bethar taoblom tarrnocht trūagh folk will be, ZCP xii 395.23 . With subj. betw. vb. and pred.: is trissa ndede sin biid duine slán et fírian, Wb. 4d33 . amal mbís tegdís fás [amm]edón ┐ scópthe gl. sicut domus uacans et scopata, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.23 ). arrobói a rígthech lán de rígaib, Imr. Brain 1 . amal no beithi féin béo and, Trip.² 2972 . co mbatar na hádnaicti óbéla, PH 676 . bis an puls tonnmur lethan, Rosa Angl. 272.8 . oir dobi se crodha do laim ┐ mor do mét, Fier. 2 .

(c) With part. as pred. Immediately follg. vb. (see GOI 475-6 ; OIPG 147 ): amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tanquam morti destinatos, Wb. 9a3 . biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg `be ye opened before your king' (of doors), Ml. 46a7 . co rabais (rabhdais, v.l.) marbtha mudaigthi, TTebe 854 . With subj. standing between vb. and pred.: ataat mesai Dǽ nephchomtetarrachti the judgements of God are incomprehensible, Ml. 55d11 . céin nombetis inna saigtea tuidmithi inna feuil `as long as the arrows were fixed in his flesh', Ml. 58a9 . órobatar ind liss dúntai, Imr. Brain 1 . co ra-bi in uli demnaigecht fomamaigthi dó, PH 2796 .

(d) In sentences where the vb. stands in a nasalising rel. clause and refers to a pred. expressed in the principal clause: is faittech rond-boi som, Ml. 21d4 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, 56c22 . fer . . . nadip romar bed a sommæ a man . . . whose wealth should not be too great, Thes. ii 241.9 . is-gáibthech atátur i-sin-magh sin, RC xxiv 378.12 . is trog robas isin chotlad sin, Ériu v 34.z . ní cás duid madh diomdhach raibh / grása Dé . . ., Dán Dé xix 22 . [is] slán do bhaoi an brat-sain, xii 22 .

(e) In the type of sentence where the description constitutes an independent sentence with copula: ego sum uermis et non homo .i. atāim-si conad cruim mē ┐ nāch duine, Corm. Y 211 . ro boi Victor co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic, ACL iii 10 § 8 = Trip.² 217 . unus non est . . . .i. nochon fhil int aen co mbad airim, acht ata conidh fotha airim, Auraic. 689 . dom dóigh . . . robadhuis uair ecin ┐ roba díl anora tú `it seems to me . . . that there was once a time when thou wert worthy of honour', ZCP vi 99.5 .

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

béillic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béillic or dil.ie/5561

n (bél + lecc) stone covering or closing an aperture, flagstone, tombstone: a croisfighill ar belleic in tempaill, ZCP vi 96.29 . airgther libh na éric úaimh / do úair sib ga b.¤ béim, IGT Decl. ex. 336. beid im dhiaig amuich 's istig / go leanfad iad fán mb.¤ (b.¤ `a (big) flagstone, tombstone', Gloss.), Measgra D. 64.76 .

caindelbrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindelbrae or dil.ie/7803

Forms: coindealbra

n (Lat. candelabrum). coindealbra m., IGT Decl. § 2 . candle-stick, cresset(?), candelabrum: drochta, caindelbra[e], scena buana aíne . . . caindel for caindelbrai (cainilbrath MS) (furnishings of the house of a `mruigfer'), Críth G. 177 . caindelbrai quasi caindel fuirre [nō] candelabrum , Corm. Y 279 . caindelbra .i. de[i]l direch for a mbi in breo taithneamach i tigh cach duine, O'Dav. 535 . ar-sesatar drū[i]th . . . eter in di chondelbrai (et— dan dib condelbrae, MS), Ériu xix 83 § 12 . im ch.¤ tige caich, Laws i 126.5 . caindelbrai gelbdai, SR 4367 . secht ṁbenna . . . / forsin chaindelbrau cruanderg, 4342 . trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, Celtica iv 32.450 . in dabach coic cubait in caindelbrai istig , LL 3695 . coema caindebrai (sic) créda, 3580 ( cáema caindelbra, Metr. Dinds. i 32.60 ). deich caindelbra d'or ergna, Rawl. 79a38 . co n-acca in cainnealbra . . . in cainneal . . . fora cainnelbra, Lism. L. 2001 . ise seo esimolair caindleorabrobha (sic) Moise, Laud 610, 32v (cited from Plummer MS notes). isin ch.¤ sheacht-delbach (sic MS), PH 5528 . coinnealbhrudh . . . lán do choinnlibh ar lasadh, Desid. 3065 . is don cloich so do ro ronadh . . . coinnealbrath, Celtica ii 80.356 . céir ag cur connealbra a críaidh. IGT Decl. ex. 99 . méra corra an choinnealbhra, ex. 131 . In n. loc. C.¤ in bantrachta, Acall. 5545 .

comṡuide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡuide or dil.ie/11792

n (2 suide) act of sitting together, hence parity, equality: fri dia n-athir inna chomsuidiu gl. consesionis nomine, Ml. 127d13 . comsuide do Dabid frisin comorba, Fél. 54.24 (see Corrigenda p. 470). ni fil asberad istig / bud comsuide domisig, Anecd. i 14.23 `who could approach me as an equal(?)', SCano 492 n.

Note also: conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 (TBC) `he collapsed', Stories fr. Táin Gloss. 93 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

2 góla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 góla or dil.ie/26350
Last Revised: 2019

n , f. ? (a) a pit, a prison: gola .i. cuithe, ut est fuidir crui ┐ gola .i. o cuithi donesairg, ┐ dom doigh is e sin in prisun, O'Dav. 1052 . na fuidir craī ┐ gōla 'semi-freemen saved from slaying, and those saved from a pit', CB 130 § 9 gl.1 . na manaigh nūna ┐ gōla ┐ gabla, CB 130 § 9 gl.3 . fuidir chrui, fuidir gola, Ir. Recht 65 § 7 ( Laws v 360.16 ). gelltar gola, iv 246.13 (gl. .i. gelltar de é on ghola, on cuithe, ib. 18 Comm. ). nach duine fuaslaicther o chru no o gola no o gabail, O'D. 2292 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 27c ). trí guala doná fess fudomain: gúala flatha, gúala ecalse, guala nemid filed, Triads 255 ; `drei Gruben deren Tiefe man nicht kennt,' Ir. Recht 76, n. 2 . docer Mulcha ... isin gúala, LU 5318 = TBC-I¹ 841.

(b) Of a drinking vessel : die mbatar 'diu Ulaid ... and-Emoin Machie ic ol ind iarngualai. Ced mbrothai noteged ind di lionn cechi nonai. Ba siside ol ngolai. Iside nofurad Ultu ulie ind-oensisd, 'a hundred measures of drink used to go into it every evening. That was the 'measure of an abyss'. It used to satisfy all the Ulstermen in a single sitting' ZCP iii 230 § 4 , The Iron-House in Ireland 9 . an dobach credumu ... Is hi no-to-ferud huili in tan no m-bitis ind aenraen ... no a turcomrac. Is de ata ól n-gualu la hUlltuib ocus Loch n-gualu, IT iii.2 552.65 . is andsin dana ro sudiged dabach umai ... diarba chomainm Ol gualai, 476.195 . ro fuc dana leis in dabaig umai ... ocus is ria atberthea ól ṅ-guala la Ultu, fobíth is teni guail no bíd i n-Emain istig i n-ibthea hí, ┐ is uad ro ainmniged Loch Guala umai i n-Daminis ... ar is fói atá indiu i n-diamraib, 516.747 . See also Cóir Anm. ii § 164 . Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, Ériu iv 30.24 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

indláegus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indláegus or dil.ie/28458

n o, m. (indláeg)

(a) state of being in-calf: ma ra bai duine fa inleghus da cheili (i.e. if in selling a cow he pledged himself that she was in calf) , .. ní [f]rith in t-inleghus inti iartoin, O'D. 2385 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 47b ). bu hartradhach a hinnlaegus uirre her being in calf was evident, O'Curry 654 (< H 3.18, p. 318 ). in inbaid dairther in bo re na breith amach, ocus bithar fo raith a hinnlaeghais ┐ a imtairic amaich, is a lomad don ti ros fuc leis amach hi, nach tarrla laegh beo na marb do breith occa, O'Curry 651 (< H 3.18, p. 315 ).

(b) What results from a cow's being in-calf, i.e. the offspring or produce of cattle, and sometimes also the milk: roinnter in tinnlaegus ar do itir in fer istig ┐ in fer amuig, .i. ni icann acht leithfiach in lachta ┐ in laig in fer ro gell e risin feicheman rer gellad, O'Curry 649 (< H 3.18, p. 312 ). beinneochuidh sé ... ionnláoghas do bhó agus tréda do cháorach, Deuteronomy vii 13. ionlaoghas `Increase of young Cattel,' Eg. Gl. 391. coire mór na bhfíon-gcaor bhfiuchta | faoi ionlaoghas bó Uí Mheachair, Tribes of Irel. 84.10 . ionlaoghas ` increase ,' O'R.

istech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. istech or dil.ie/29129

adv. (contracted form of isa tech into the house, opp. to immach into the plain) in, into (used after vbb. of motion, expressed or understood, and verbs of similar purport. In the earliest exx. the literal meaning is retained. Later it is clearly forgotten, see Fl. Earls 8.6 . Keat. ii 1021 , infra): Cothraige do thiachtain isteach i roibe, ACL iii 10.16 . co n-accatar Conall Cernach is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . masa codhnach ruc in lenamh ar a muin i.¤ , Laws i 178.12 Comm. .i. istech, glossing crecce in: con nachat meise recce na crecce sech a mna they cannot sell or buy, Laws v 518.3 (recce is glossed .i. imach). dochúaid Ianothán i.¤ , SR 6129.

In general sense: do thabhairt araill dona tirib báttar ina n-acchaidh isteach `to bring over to their cause,' AFM vi 2076.18 . tiaghaid asteach ar bord loinge, Fl. Earls 8.6 . go dtáinig Brutus ... isteach orra `invaded them,' Keat. ii 1021. ionnus go dtiocfadh féin isteach 'na fhlaitheas air, TSh. 995. táinig an peacadh isteach san domhan, 2411 . iar ndol isteach i dteagh dhó, 9840 . In reference to Heaven (cf. istig ): siur do imthigh an t-iul glan | nar ghabh iul timchil as teagh `who took the clear path and no round-about one,' PBocht 13 § 7.

do-icc istech comes to pass, comes to an end: muna thí an tairngire isteach, DDána 97 § 31. mo ré go dtí is-teagh, PBocht 5 § 50. an dtiocfa is-teach ar thairngir ... naomh fíréanghlan, Measgra D. 54.85 . Cf. ní lot cell ní hintinn uilc | do gherr laithe in óig orduirc | acht a la i.¤ ar dtoigheacht, O'Gr. Cat. 381.8.

do-bheir isteach passes, spends: an drong do-bheir a naomh-uidhe isteach fá chuing riaghalta those who pass their holy career, TSh. 8657. dá fhichid lá isteach go dtug, DDána 6 § 19.

téit istech ar attacks: tug amus ar a chorrán ... agas do-chuaidh asteach ar Thomás, Gadelica i 127. 564 (PCT). ba deacair teacht asteach i gcéill air to contend with him in wisdom?, Ó Bruad. i 52.16 .

cuirid istech air opposes: seachain bheith aig cur asteach air uachtaránaibh, De Imit. 38.9 .

istig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. istig or dil.ie/29131

Forms: istig

adv. (lit. in the house, opp. to immaig in the plain) in (early exx. have the literal meaning): diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `if he be present in the house at the death,' Mon. Tall. 153.9 . regaid fer dar fer is' taig-seo innocht, ScM. § 15.19 . ro boí drochcostud is' taig, § 17.4 . gabais cách a ṡuidi is tig, BDD² 525. nochon erracht nech ar a c[h]inn istaig, Lat. Lives 8.11 . atraracht in slúag istaig, SR 6077.

In general sense: mé, a Dhé, istoigh agus tusa; | a Dhé an usa amoigh meise ?, DDána 24 § 23. cionnus libh dá mbeath dom brath | neach istigh ar mo theaghlach, Dán Dé i 12. fiabrus ... morgus don taib asdig do na soithigib amail ataid na h-airteri, RC xlix 7.6 . bí a choguas da chreim don taoibh istigh, TSh. 4088. Of heaven: bí mar dheirbhshiair dhúin-ne istigh (to Our Lady), DDána 62 § 14.

Of time, leth istig di within: leith aistig don aimsir sin, IT ii2 149.701 . fá bhfuaduigheann Dia na daoine óga leis leath astoigh dá n-aois, TSh. 5525.

1 lésach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lésach or dil.ie/29999

adj o, ā (2 lés) inflamed(?); blistered(?): an trath is arrsaid an brisid, ┐ bis bel na cneidi let istig lesach, cruaidh, Rosa Angl. 240.z .

soithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soithech or dil.ie/38397
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: soitheach, soidheach, soithigh, soithighi

n soitheach, soidheach m. g s. soithigh, n p. soithighi, IGT Decl. § 55 .

(a) vessel, container (for liquids, etc.): án .i. sithal nó s.¤ asa n-ebhar uisc, O'Dav. 119 . copáin ┐ cuirn ┐ araile soithige (soidhthige, MS.) examla d'or, Aisl. Tond. 117.14 . soithige don lemnacht, CF p. 73 n. 11 (= lestair, text). do bo nair le C.c. . . . gan soithighe aige asa tibrad se an fin, BCC 81 . beiridh ní d'uiscce an topair libh i nbhar soidhtighibh, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . an cheaddabhach uisge fhuair | . . . | do bhí an soidheach thall go te, DDána 88.15 . tug lán soithig leis díob (i.e. of berries), SG 9.2 . miasa ┐ soithigi `bowls', Marco P. 14 . soidhech do clāraib comdluthta do chengal do reifedhaibh ┐ fhonnsaidibh `cage', 65 . an dtig an choinneall do chum a cora fá bhéul tsoighthigh, Mark iv 21 . ní choinnigheann an soitheach acht a lán, Ir. Prov. 347 . co facatar in soidhech naomhtha ac toigecht tar dorus an dunaidh the Holy Grail, D IV 2, 41rb17 . Folld. by a defining gen.: soitec folamh gloine a glass vessel, Ir. Astr. Tr. 148.7 . turibulus .i. saithech na tuise, Ir. Gl. 1134 . beir air an soitheach taoisgthe baling-scoop, MacCongl. 132.34 . cuir iad a s.¤ tomhais, Irish Texts v 6.17 . Fig. source : tír í do dháil gach deighioth | d'einioch cáigh is sí is soidheach (: oineach) a fount for the hospitality of all others (of a country), TD 10.1 .

(b) blood vessel: is ed is fiabrus continoideach ann .i. fiabrus noch morgus don taib asdig do na soithigib amail ataid na h-airteri ┐ na cuislenna, RC xlix 7.6 . o fuil morgaigthi let istig dona soighthibh 'from corrupt blood within the vessels', Rosa Angl. 18.2 . the amniotic sac (?): imarcraid tacmaic isin soighteach i mbi in laogh, CIH iii 1002.30, cf. ii 678.27 .

(c) the body : nā mellad sind | in s.¤ ēdlūith omall-sa, ACL iii 234 § 3 . an soitheach criadh an duine, TSh. 321 . teacht i mbroinn óighe d'Íosa | dar chuir tré oineach uime | an soidheach fhuil umuinne, Dán Dé xx 2 .

(d) Of persons: bid sothech fonāmait ┐ gāire fer t'inaid, BColm. 34.16 . s.¤ dingbala d'airdrighi n-Erenn he was a fitting vessel for the highkingship of Ireland, AU ii 472.19 . Pól apstal do bi 'n-a soightech toghta ag Crist vas electionis , BCC 238 . soidheach lán d'eccna an t-epscop sin, AFM v 1800.7 . brathair minur do bi ina soigech togaidi glan o gnim, Ann. Conn. 1244.11 . narbat soithiuch senáruscc (of a poet), ZCP iv 238 § 5 . narbadh sotheach dia saerad not fit to be ennobled, BNnÉ p. 11 n. 8 . ca soitheach fithir is fó? .i. ca hadbhur oide is ferr? (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 7 .

(e) vessel, boat : in ténsoichech imlochtaidh ferry-boat, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.18 .

(f) ? Of a burial-place : Carn Fraoich, soitheach na saorchlann, Celtica ii 157 § 1 .

tech, teg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tech, teg or dil.ie/40265
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t., t., t., rigteg, fleteg, tigh, tech, teag, teagh, thige, tige, taige, taigae, taigi, toighe, tigid, tig, tich, teigh, teach, taig, toigh, thaich, thech, tige, tighe, tighthi, taighi, tigi, thige, taige, tighe, tigead, tigheadh, thigib, tighthibh, tighe

n s, n. Later m., IGT Introd. 17.y , cf. Decl. § 164 . n s. a t.¤ , Wb. 33a2 . t.¤ ndagfir, Thes. ii 292.18 . in t.¤ , Sc.M² 6.8 . rigteg, Wb. 23b8 (a prima manu). fleteg, 11d16 . tigh, Ériu iii 164.8 . a s. tech, Thes. ii 292.19 , 340.5 . teag, ACL iii 237 § 17 . teagh, Keat. iii 2839 . g s. thige, Fél. Ep. 94 . tige, SR 3900 . Also taige (analogy of maige, Thurn. Hdb. § 338 ) : ind idaltaigae , Sg. 66a19 . in taigi , BDD² 370 . toighe, TSh. 1956 . tigid, Mon. Tall. 155.7 ( tigi, 9 ). d s. tig, Ml. 57c7 . 120d2 . SR 2930 . BDD² 525 . tich, Mon. Tall. 162.29 . LL 133a24 . teigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 197 . In Mod. Ir. also teach (by confusion with a s.), Keat. ii 4689 . Content. xxviii 12 . taig, Wb. 9b23 . 23b9 . 33a6 . Thes. ii 336.1 . SR 3517 . toigh, TD 1.46 . thaich, LL 133a28 . a du. dá thech , SR 1953 . n a p. tige, IT i 74.6 ,7. tighe, TD 26.49 . tighthi, Fl. Earls 66.2 . taighi, AU i 408.z . g p. tigi, LU 8763 . na rígthige , 9104 . taige, TTr.² 1868 . tighe, CCath. 3590 . tigead, TTebe 2028 . tigheadh, Aithd. D. 38.29 . d p. thigib, LU 8049 . tighthibh, Fl. Earls 174.31 .

I house, dwelling: t.¤ ab eo quod est tectum , Corm. 41 . t.¤ inna fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . is t.¤ ndagfir, 292.18 . ni bíat in-oentaig fri fes, SR 1951 . t.¤ sruithi `household of saintly men,' Mon. Tall. 136.23 . de gíus dogníth a t.¤ , TBFr. 76 . i tig fó dúnud a closed house, TBC-LL¹ 614 . i tech for leith, ACL iii 10.23 . Ardmacha do loscadh tígib templaib, RC xviii 270.19 . in ti dana t.¤ in rot `who has no habitation but the road,' Laws i 128.x Comm. ar dtógbháil toighe, TD 8.4 . teagh caithimh gach fhir othair `the house which cares for all sufferers' (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.22 . i mBeinn Éadair do ghabh teach `made his dwelling,' Content. xxviii 10 . do chuaidh fa thigh air `entered the house upon him,' Rel. Celt. ii 164.21 . adubhairt ... go lingfeadh an teagh isteach `would rush into the house,' Keat. iii 2839.

do-icc, téit etc. i t.¤ makes submission to: Mac Mec Carrthaigh do taidhecht a t.¤ Tairrdelbaigh ... rig Erenn, RC xviii 43.4 . do mhaith an Coimdhe cion Adhaimh | usaide dhaoibh dul 'na theach, Dán Dé iii 2 . do baí Ruaidri ... ina th.¤ had submitted to him, AFM iii 86.10 . do chuir teachta ... d'a thabhairt dh'a thoigh no d'fhógra catha air to get his submission or to challenge him to battle, ML 14.3 .

II

(a) Attrib. g s.: aithech tighe .i. fer tighe householder , O'Dav. 98. Cf. Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . is maith fer in taige i tám host, master of the house, TBC-LL¹ 117 . fear an tighe, TD 12.8 . bennacht ... fora techt muige ┐ taigi ... household possessions, Ériu iii 4.11 . Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 . intreb tige `household furniture,' Laws v 390.x . lucht toighe household , TD 20.54 . tigerna in toigi, Ériu iv 112 § 5.

(b) With qual. adj. or gen. indicating general characteristics, building materials, etc.: teach crannghaile wooden house, AFM v 1398.z . t.¤ ndarach an oak house, LU 1442 (MU). annsa tigh dorcha `in the grave,' BNnÉ 43.15 . Also metaph. a state of darkness, ignorance: ba buith i tigh dhorcha do shil Adhuimh ... co tainic a scel-sa do nim, Ériu ii 98.9 . t.¤ fíthe a wicker-work house: teach fichi forche, BDD² 80 . i t.¤ fithe forchai, Ériu xi 44.25 (cf. 157 ). teg iarnaidi ┐ dá th.¤ cláraid ... ┐ teg talman, MU² 808 . in deoraidh ... muna raib secht tigi ingabala leis `habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. teach óir a golden palace, DDána 29.38 . t.¤ teined a burning house: rí Uladh ... do losccad a ttigh tinedh la fearaibh Midhe, CS 290.11 . aghaidh ar teagh dteineadh (of a foolhardy undertaking), TD 18.33 . gan toighthe trénfhedha, ZCP viii 201 § 12.

(c) With qual. adj. or gen. of houses adapted to various purposes: t.¤ n-abbad abbots' house: teach nabadh mór Arda Macha, AFM ii 1002.3 . t.¤ n-arm armoury: isin tig arm, ACL iii 8 § 5 . t.¤ mbecc privy: tuighe tíghe bhig, ┐ an tigh beag féin do ghlanadh, J JRSAI ii 344.8 . t.¤ cille church: fáistighe ceall `ruined buildings of churches,' TD 1.54 . t.¤ coitchenn common house (in a monastery) : for lebeunn in tige coittcenn, MacCarthy 16.3 . t.¤ colam dovecote: moilenn is-teagh corr colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . t.¤ cúirte courthouse: i tig na cuirti, PH 2628 . teagh cúirte choisgeas eissíodh, Aithd. D. 67.1 . t.¤ forcetail lecture-room: ina theach foirceudail, Rule of Tallaght 52.18 . t.¤ fothraicthe bath-house: na tige fothraicthi, Alex. 594 . t.¤ ngabann smithy: feidhm teanchaire i dtigh gabhonn, TD 19.16 . na th.¤ ngaeisi `demeure d'étude,' RC xliii 12.27 . t.¤ ngalair infirmary: a tigh ghalair na manach, ALC i 224.8 . t.¤ na ngiall house of the hostages (at Tara, etc.) : god thogra do Thoigh na nGiall ( = Tara ), Aithd. D. 5.12 . i dtigh na ngiall, TD 10.42 . t.¤ n-imacallmae meeting-house, reception-house: téit ... i t.¤ nimacallma fria muintir, Trip. 60.4 . issa t.¤ [n-]immacallamae, TBFr. 148 . t.¤ n-inchleithe privy (?) : isin teach n-inclethi, RC xxiii 418.7 , see Gloss. t.¤ lenda drinking-hall: a taig leanda A., Alex. 535 . t.¤ leptha dormitory: ana t.¤ leptha, TTebe 4200 . neamh ... teagh leaptha ag an Dúileamh dhamh, Dán Dé xxiii 23 . Cf. cotailtech. t.¤ lige dormitory: ina tigh lighi, Anecd. ii 42.17 . t.¤ méirdrech brothel: prostibulum. t.¤ na merdreach, Ir. Gl. 713 . t.¤ midchuarda banqueting-hall (see midchuairt and Heldensage 93 n. , ZCP xv 352 ) : sudigud Tige Midchúarda (at Tara), LU 8050. 8229 (at Emain Macha). slithi mnā oēntama i tig midchuarda, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . t.¤ mór principal building; palace: in tan bá urlam la B. dénam a thige máir ┐ a gríanán, LU 8069 . secht traigid fichet isin tig mór (in a monastic settlement), Trip. 236.21 . a ttigh mōr na hAlmaine, Feis Tighe Chonáin 847 . t.¤ na nouici `the house of the novices,' ALC i 224.16 . t.¤ n-oíged guest-house (lay and ecclesiastical. See V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. , cxviii n. ): a teg noigedsin in spirito (of the body), Wb. 4a7 . for merugud tigi aíged, BDD² 260 . aircinnech tige aiged Cluana mecc Nois, CS 310.10 . teagh aoidheadh Uachdar Lámhann (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.21 . t.¤ n-óil, n-óla drinking-hall, banqueting-house: hi t.¤ n-óil, LU 8825 . a t.¤ n-óla, Acall. 1636 . a Thighearna ar dtighe óil (of Heaven), Studies 1934, 433 § 1 . t.¤ ósta inn, hostelry: a tegh osda, Aisl. Tond. 101.17 . dogabadur tegh osta in aidchi-sin, ZCP vi 29.1 . t.¤ n-othar infirmary: teach othuir an airdríogh, Aithd. D. 3.17 . t.¤ péne penitentiary (in a monastery) : a teg pendi, Mon. Tall. 153.29 . t.¤ rígdae palace (cf. rígthech) : in t.¤ rigdai, PH 845 . i tighibh ruin, RC xliii 8.15 . t.¤ sásaid refectory: de refectorio .i. don tigh shásaidh (sic leg.), ITS xxix 201.27 . Cf. proindtech. t.¤ (na) sét treasury, a place where valuables are kept: scrinire nó fer tige saét, Wb. 7c9 . go tigh na séd, Manners and Customs ii 118 n. 83 . ar dteach séad (of a chief), TD 25.7 . t.¤ screptra library (of a monastic settlement) : Ard Macha do loscadh ... cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra namā, RC xvii 358.26 . an teac screabtra, CS 260.2 . Cf. is direch a mbesaib ┐ hi títhib na screptra et nigri et albi , Corm. 22.1 (a church compared to a chessboard, see 2 tí). i tigh scrutain ghaeisi, RC xliii 8.12 . t.¤ sinnser ancestral home: ni tarcuisne ar teach sinnsior | do bheir d'Énrí a aithdeilbhsion, L. Cl. A. B. 184.125 . t.¤ sorn oven-house: for an teach surn soin (of hell), Aisl. Tond. 102.14 . t.¤ talman underground chamber, vault, dungeon: is t.¤ talman, SR 3196 . airg ┐ airdlestair ┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . do chuir a ttig talmhan é (a seomra fo íadhadh, v.l.), CF Eg. 251 . t.¤ termainn a house of refuge: ar dteagh tearmoinn `our house of safeguard,' TD 34.34 . t.¤ tinnabraid : do theagh tionnabhraidh `chamber of slumber,' TD 24.29 . i dtigh na togha `in the house of election,' 25.32 . t.¤ trota blockhouse : na tighe trota, CCath. 3590 . go nernai tegh trot do tempul 'made a blockhouse of the church', AI 330 (s.a 1203.2) . t.¤ túir farmhouse (?) : mar ba clach aoil gach teagh túir, DDána 119.12 . See Ériu vii 26 . t.¤ n-urnaigthe oratory : teg n-amra n-aurnaighthi, SR 7672 . goirfither t.¤ na hurnaigthe dom th.¤-sa, PH 7572.

III In extended meanings.

(a) dorōnadh tech la Guairi do Senchān ota Durlus nGuaire co Cluain Ferta Brēnaind ┐ Senchan i medōn in tighi sin co nā rīsadh gemlōichet hē na gaeth na fleochud an enclosed passage , ACL iii 4.25 .

(b) Of churches : ? lenfetar indatailcend techt | taige (.i. eacailsi) tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . eclesia ... t.¤ ríg nime, O'Mulc. 182 . as tigh na heagluise `from the communion of the faithful,' Donlevy 142.19 .

(c) Of heaven : nochar bhean de dul 'n-a theach, DDána 59.16 . guais liom ... do theach d'iadhadh oram I dread lest ... Thy house should be closed against me, Dán Dé viii 9 . Also with qualifying adjj. etc. : 'mo mh'inad 'na findtig `in His white mansion,' Gorm. Mar. 19 . nemth.¤ , SR 573 . 2744 . meic Nechtain in núathaig, Gorm. June 17 . núathaig .i. teach nua nimhe, O'Cl. t.¤ nebmarbtath, Wb. 15c13 . ar an teach thall, DDána 6.17 . dá thigh thoghurma `house of summons,' Studies 1932, 141 § 11 . i dteagh na trócuire `the House of Mercy,' 1933, 310 § 30 . so toigh thuas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 .

(d) t.¤ ifirnn hell : tuarasgbháil tighe Ifeirnn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . TSh. 6176 . Cf. beag cás toighe acht an teach-sain, Dánfhocail 122.

(e) na seacht dtighe `the Seven Mansions ' ( i.e. heaven), Aithd. D. 56.20 . Saor do dhealbh na trí tighe (? heaven, earth and hell), 56.6 . gá rí do b'fhearr trí toighe (heaven, the world, Mary's womb), DDána 61.13 .

(f) family, line (cf. Engl. house) : cineadha uaisle tighe Linox, Keat. ii 5987 . ar mhórán dá dtighthibh onóracha, TSh. 5358 . Cf. fa fhortacht do thígi to help (the people of) your house, Gilbert Facs., IV i plate xiv a 5 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a)(i) taig inside : immaig no taig, SR 4063 . a chos amuig ┐ aroli i taig, PH 1406 . ittigh no amuigh, BNnÉ 265.z . gan comrac atigh nō amuich `fighting neither at home nor abroad,' Ériu iii 145 § 25 . Cf. ara choímthecht a taig immach di maig i t.¤ , Críth G. 585 . See also istech, istig .

(b) With vbs. of motion do thig home : tudecht dia tich `to go home,' Mon. Tall. 162.29 . doristís ... dia taigh cind .x. m-bliadan, TTr.² 693 . a thecht slán da thoigh, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . ? Cf. náir an sgealsa [ag] tiacht do[t] tigh (? sic leg.), Rel. Celt. ii 293.6 .

(c) 'ga thig, 'ga tigib at home : tall bis ... in fecht deighinach, oca tigh imurro in fecht tuisech `within the[defendant's] territory ... at home,' Laws iv 12.11 Comm. a līonmaire thuaid ga toigh, ZCP viii 116 § 6 . dá bhfaghdaois uatha ga dtoigh | síoth ó ṡíol T. `for their own land,' Content. xv 29 . F. is Ch. is T. co taigib, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23.

(d) ó thaig from home : dochúatar iar sain ó taig, Ériu iv 98 § 28 a . ge deach rí conaill a ccēin | ... | ni hēiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tūarastoil, ZCP viii 116 § 10.

(e) ó thigh go tigh ` from door to door ,' Studies 1927, 88 § 20 . gan dul ... ó thigh go tigh, Donlevy 350.12 .

(f) i n-óintig la dwelling with, together with : as nádúir do na grasuibh gan fulang a n-éintigh le pecadh marbhtha divine grace cannot coexist with mortal sin, Mac Aingil 381.4 . See also under oentu.

Compd. ¤elba household : budh tuar doimheanma dá thighealbha, Studies 1932, 434 § 9 (but perh. compd. of tiug).

Frequ. in placenames. T.¤ Duind, Acall. 662 . T.¤ Moling, 2680 . See Hog. Onom. Also in kennings for Ireland and its provinces : a Tigh Dá Thí, DDána 91.36 . ar Mhur Dá Thí Teach Lughaidh, 107.8 . a ghéag cláirThighe Chruachan, TD 3.39 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, 9.3 . a bheithir ó aolToigh Airt, 19.9 .