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bárach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bárach or dil.ie/5378
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: arabárach, iarnabárach, iarabarach, arabarach, arnamairech, cusarnabárach

adv (see Meid, Stud. Celt. iv 72 f. and Celtica xii 108-12 ).

(a) i mb.¤ tomorrow: imbārach .i. i mba iubar solis .i. turgbāil grēine, Corm. Y 781 . Cf. O'Mulc. 749. notmairfider immārach, SR 6496. dun chath firfidir imbárach, Imr. Brain 43.4 . i mbárach, LU 9016 ( FB 76 , H). immarach (crastina die), Lat. Lives 89.8 . imbarach no innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1865. bid inniu duit / ní ba márach, Todd Nenn. 224.10 . 'na tócbaitis saír . . . de indiu, no tuited i mbárach, Airne F. 207. an duine ad-chí aniogh i niort / ag so i márach é i n-ainriocht, Dán Dé xxv 19 . fōi lais ambārach dadaig tomorrow night, TBC-I¹ 2916. TBFr. 247. ZCP iv 176.14 .

With lá: ataim nemhḟeasach in lium fein in la amarach tomorrow, LB 40 marg. sup. a ccoinne an láoi márach, Numbers xi 18 . Somet. inflected: go lān-shoillsi an láoi amāraigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 834. timcheall an laói a maruigh, Matthw. vi 34. an laói máruigh, Joshua vii 13.

Note also: da faghadh fen amairech ina maighdin hi on the morrow (cf. b), Maund. 262.

(b) (í)ar(n)a (= prep. ar or íar + poss. pron. 3 s.) b.¤ the next day, on the morrow: romdis direchtai arabarach `on the morrow', Ml. 48d12 . uenit . . . O. . . . arrabarach, Lib. Hymn. i 46.8 . Ériu xx 164.39 . arabárach, Trip.² 147. iarnabárach, Thes. ii 329.38 (Hy. v Comm.). nocon bía luaithne de iarnabárach, Trip.² 180. arna bárach, LU 4779. isind laithiu iarnabarach (sequenti die), Lat. Lives 8.7 . PH 1250. iarabarach, Mon. Tall. 164.9 (§ 88) . arabarach, 161.16 (§ 81) . arnamairech, Maund. 262. ar na bhárach ┐ ar na bháirech cóir aráon, Bard. Synt. Tr. 18.209.21 . ar a bhārach, RSClára 13a . biit and íarum co arna bárach until the next day, TBFr. 351. cusarnabárach, LU 8764 ( FB 57 ). gan a breith có abhárach till tomorrow, RC vi 175.55 . go horbharach, AFM vi 2102.5 . See 1 búarach.

del(l)rad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. del(l)rad or dil.ie/15391

 

Forms: delraidh

n o, m. sheen, brilliance, lustre: iubar .i. dellradh, Corm. Y 605 . tanic sollsi diasneti ┐ dellrad dofhulacta co ruthnib greni fair, PH 466 . amal uan tuinde no dellrad ngrene, 2170 . robo tháidlech taithnemach in deallradh bói for E. ón brat sin, Cóir Anm. 38 . dealradh no solus escca, AFM ii 890 . o'tcondcatar dellrad (sic leg., delradh, delbradh, v.l.) na gréne, CCath. 1924 . g s. delraidh (dealbraidh, v.l.), 4848 . re méd na soillse ┐ an delraidh do bi na agaidh, BCC § 237 . co ndealradh na diadachta i ndreich . . . in chleirigh, BNnÉ 275 . Of the glare of snow: deallradh an tsneachta bhíos 'na shúilibh, TSh. 9843 . a blath ┐ a dellrad do buain don luib its bloom and freshness, ZCP iv 390 . blath ┐ d.¤ na hoghdhachta, ib. dealradh briathar, Ó Héodhusa 4 . Note also: deallradh fiadha lais the semblance of a deer, Marco P. 43 .

ibar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ibar or dil.ie/27126

 

Forms: iubar, iobar, ibhar

n o, m. Later iubar , iobar.

(a) a yew, yew-wood: ind ibair báis neimnich gl. taxus, Sg. 33b11 . ibhar gl. taxus, Ir. Gl. 561. iubar .i. éo-barr .i. īarsinnī nat scara a barr friss, Corm. Y 734. co ndernui iarsin .iiii. flescca ibir ocus scrípuidh oghumm inntib, IT i 129.21 . tre oghum hi cetheōra flescae iphair, ZCP xiii 373.28 . gell ... di arggut nó uma nó ibur, Críth G. 283. ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ō cnaím elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini. Nó i.¤ ab hibernis locis .i. ō locaib imechtrachaib mundi, ut periti dicunt , O'Mulc. 700. mong ... iubair ēou-glais of a green-trunked yew-tree?, K. and H. § 13. fidhbadh inda[la] leath di, ibair ┐ daraig mora i suidiu, RC x 72.2 . Describing the Cráebrúad: erscar do dergibar and, LU 10122. ructa iarom hi tech ndarach cúachlete ┐ comla ibair aire, 1443 . is do i.¤ as ainm siniu fedaib `oldest of woods,' Auraic. 5593. airigh fedha quidem .i. dur, coll, ... ibur, gius `chieftain trees ...,' 1153 . In a comic name: Dorn Ibair hua Cipp Goband ┐ Fadb Darach hua Omna, CRR § 18. Of a house: rogníth do derg-ibur druimnech, Metr. Dinds. iv 106.63 . ar mecnaib ibair on the roots of a yew-tree, BB 299a15 . As symbol of great age: saoghal na slaiti iubhoir, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12. do thollfadh oirdne iobhair would pierce pieces of yew-wood, DDána 78 § 2.

(b) Frequent in place-names: Ibhar Cinn Chon, ScM. R § 19 . a hIbar-glind, LL 207az . abb manach Ibhair Cinn Trachta, AU ii 136.16 . Imleach Iubhair, AFM ii 1146.4 . See Onom.

(c) In plant names: iubhar beinne juniper , O'R. fructus iuniperi .i. caera an ibhuir craigi, RC ix 234.8 . Ballsamita. Gamandrie .i. iubar lena, ACL i 335 § 74. Pursibatum Timus .i. bilur Muiri .i. fraech .i. ibur lena .i. fochluc, 334 § 30. iubhar sléibhe mountain sage , P. O'C. ambrosia , O'R. iubhar talamh juniper , O'R. iubhar thalmhain rough spleenwort , P. O'C.

(d) an article made of yew-wood?: ni saig dilsi for eachaib na hibraib cu seachtmain ... .i. nocha tairiseand dilsi for na heachaibh fireanna anas ar na haigcideadhaibh iubair tra ... re teacmaisin na seacainme isin neach, no caechadbaidh (? leg. —bair) no dluighisidhe isin n-iubhar `against the occurrence of dry blemish in the horse or of rotten material or a tendency to split in the ` iubar " (Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 1863 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20a ). cinnas sin ┐ cur marbdile in t-iubar sin since that ` iubar ' is an inanimate possession, O'Curry 634 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). na huile marbdil ... is dechmad a niubail cenmotha in t-iubar , O'D. 1685 (< H 5.15, p. 29b ). See ibas.

COMPDS. ¤dabach a vat made of yew : beoir i n(d)ibhardabhchaibh, IT iii 91 § 129. ¤lestar a vessel made of yew: ┐ mo ibair-lestair ocom, Ériu iv 134.14 . ro choisricsat in biad [┐ tucait a n-éna ┐ a n-íbairlestair dá n-ionnsáighidh], Acall. 110. ¤derg red with yews: san iodhainleirg ... | n-ealaigh n-iobhairdheirg, DDána 74 § 47. ¤donn: géabhaidh Domhnall ... Éirinn n-iobhardhoinn, 105 § 36. ¤dos yew-tree: gurbho socair sadal robhaoi Suibhne isin iubardhos, BS 132.19 . ¤draignech: rī Achaid Ūir ibairdraignig bristling with yew-trees, Murphy Metrics 15 § 14. ¤sciath a shield of yew-wood: marbh ri Cermna ... in aine na nibharsciath in the play of yew-wood shields?, BB 47a18 = in áne na n-armsciath, LL 128b13 . ¤shlat: mac Céin da gcláon iobharṡlat `for whom the yew-branch bends,' TD 31 § 1.

? ingu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ingu or dil.ie/28716

 

ind tlámh dlai i.¤ d'iubhar dá promadh, O'D. 803 (< H 3.17, col. 576 ) (occurs in a list of galair bunaid, radical defects in various animals and articles). Cf. tlam (.i. do lín), dlui (.i. d'olaind) do iubar da froma, O'Curry 1103 (< H 3.18, p. 447b ).

iubaile, iubail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iubaile, iubail or dil.ie/29178

 

Forms: iubaile, iubaile, iubaile, iuail(l, iubaile, iuboile, iubaile, iubaili, hiubile, iúbili, Iubhile, iubail, iubail, iubaili, iubaili, n-iubaile, iubalaibh, iubile, iubaile

n f. (except for exx. from Bible which show masc. gen.) (Lat. iubileus). n s. an iubaile , O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). iubaile, Laws ii 196.10 . iubaile, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). RC xliii 18.11 . iuail(l, Laws iv 142.1 - 2 Comm. a s. iubaile, Laws v 314.8 . iuboile, Fianaig. 42 § 6. g s. iubaile, Laws iii 6.8 Comm. iubaili, i 280.21 Comm. na hiubile , Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iúbili, LU 4044. an Iubhile , Levit. xxv 13. d s. iubail, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). iubail, ib. iubaili, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). n p. iubaili, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). LU 3473. g p. na n-iubaile , O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). d p. iubalaibh, BB 32b29 .

The masc. iubile, Levit. xxv passim , may be a secondary formation from the Engl. jubilee.

I jubilee (in Jewish sense, cf. Levit. xxv ), a period of privilege and dispensation: fo intamail na hiubile bicce Ebreorum gl. sē blíadnai, Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iubail forsint soegul, gl. (Fernae fortren) eobail, Fél.² xxv gl. 198 . conná laimtheá guin duni i nHérind fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadan, LU 4044. is andsin nocinte iubail acco .i. cain na secht mbliadan on feis Temrach co' raile, IT iii 198 § 55 and p. 227 n. a n-inair ... iubaili ilgresacha, CF 249 (cf. dillat n-óenaig, LU 6553 ). nāch cūala in n-iuboile n-airc | da bfūair Iugaine nūall n-uilc `the dispensation of hardship,' Fianaig. 42 § 6. is airim cúmsanta do-gres in árim coecdach, amal is follus sin a desmberecht iúbaile in coecat bliadna, i mbíd cúmsanad do cach co sollonda ic aes rechta, PH 5546. agus náomhochuidh tú an caogadmhadh blíadhan agus fuáigeortháoi sáoirse ar feadh na críche uile, don uile áitreabhach innte: biáidh na Iubile agaib ..., Levit. xxv 10. a mblíadhuin an Iubhile so fillfidhe gach áonduine aguibh dá sheilbh féin, Levit. xxv 13.

II As a law-term, `a fixed period of exemption, privilege, prescription, etc., fixed by law, custom or mutual agreement ' (Plummer MS. Notes): cred is bun ┐ inde ┐ airbeart don focal is iubail. Isedh is bun do dilmainetaid do rada ris .i. dilmain in re ara dilmain gen agra ann o sin. Isedh is airbeart don iubail on ní is ubiliam .i. dilmain. Inann ┐ lipertas .i. saire .i. in re ara saer cen agra o fir adgair, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 305 - 6 ) = O'Curry 1430 ( H 3.18 p. 641a ). isedh is inde dó (i.e. do iubaili) .i. áe atbaill do radha ris a lawsuit that dies ?, O'Curry 1430 (< H 3.18, p. 641a ). attat rudrud mair ┐ bic la Fene amail file iubuile beicce ┐ moiri, O'Curry 20 (< H 3.18 p. 9a ). cislir i.¤ do cuisin. Nī. a cethair. Cindus sin ┐ co fuilit .u. iubaili annsa corp. Is amlaid tuicim sin. Co fuilit da iubaili dibsin .i. iubaile mor-cethra (┐) sceo duine in eniubaili .i. iubail na mna doiri, ┐ na mbó, mar ata .ix. misa do boin sceo duine daer, O'Curry 633 ( < ib. p. 306 ). corus i.¤ , O'Curry 993 (< ib. p. 425b ).

(a)

(i) The period of exemption following a certain testing period after the sale of any `sét' (article, animal or slave), sold in good faith without either party knowing of any radical defect (galar bunaid) or hidden blemish (ainim inchleithe). If the defect or blemish did not appear until after the testing period (i.e. during the `iubaile') the seller could not be sued. If, however, the seller knew of such defect or blemish at the time of the sale, its discovery at any time after the sale legalised the return of the `sét' and the repayment of the money (with or without further penalties), that is to say, in such a case there was no `iubaile.' Apparently as well as the testing period, an extra period of 10 days (dechmad na aititen) was sometimes allowed (during which the blemish could be brought to the notice of the seller (?)). The testing period in female slaves and animals seems, sometimes at least, to have corresponded to the period of gestation and O'Don. takes it to mean "period of gestation' but is probably wrong in this. iubaile or ré n-iubaile (ré na hiubaile) are used indifferently. ca trath nach fuil re niubaili do riagailt risin set ... acht a athchur uile ... An uair is fis oc in ti o rucad in set galar buna no ainim inclethe do beith ann, ┐ anfis ac in ti ruc, O'Curry 641 (< H 3.18, p. 309 ). ní fuil i.¤ for ainimh imcleith (sic) iartain co dechmaidh iar fis na hainme, O'D. 804 (< H 3.18 col. 576 ). mas re re imorro na iubaili tanic ris in set in galar bunaidh is fastaigthi fair do gres cidh iar re na hi.¤ no co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 261 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). re galur bunaidh ┐ re hainim incleithe aithfégtar i.¤ do grés, O'D. 805 (< H 3.17, col. 576 ). mana ro hairige in galur bunaidh i n-aimsir in cunnartha ┐ ro hairighe iartain cidhbe dib is nesa in dechmaidh no i.¤ in seoit gurab e sin is fastaighe air, ib. (< ib., col. 577 ). cidh fada bes in anfis ni fastaithi fair cidh iar re na hiubaili co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 262 - 3 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). ben dia faghabar iubail (? of a female slave), O'Curry 1994 (< H 4.22, p. 27 ) = ben dia faghur iubuile, O'D. 20 (< H 3.17, c. 19 ). ni fuil i.¤ for ainim inchleithe iartain co decmuid iar fis na hainme `there is no proper period for a concealed defect afterwards till ten days after knowledge had of the defect,' Laws iii 6.3 Comm. atá sechtmain for mis for bliadhain don iubar, ┐ iar ndenam aicce de aithfeghar re n-i.¤ ris (i.e. in the case of an article made of yew-wood, the testing period is 1 year, 1 month and 1 week), O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). ni íadat iubaili for étechtu ail `let not legal periods close upon an unlawful blemish,' SCC 274 ( LU 3473 ).

(ii) ? By transf. the testing period itself: iubaili in lachta iar niubaili na colla. Cred hi .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla re rad .i. cid isin log dedenach don iubaili beires in bo in laeg, ┐ noch ar aitin lochta fuirre in la sin in chunnrad, no co roibi re ré .iiii. nuair fichit iar na fis in aitin, ┐ si sin .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla gan amaras, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). ocus coma hi iubail na n-i.¤ .i. i.¤ in lachta iar n-eg na colla, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ). masa indlaegh rugadh amach hi ┐ ise indlaegus ata indte farrlaegh ... mas amaigh ag an fir amaig tarrla é nocho nduil nach ni and gemadh re re n-i.¤ ro fartraigedh he that it was made manifest (of a cow sold while in calf), O'Curry 690 (< H 3.18 p. 334 ). masa fis ag in tí rucustar cidh fis cidh ainfis ag in tí o rucadh, nocha nuil re n-i.¤ do riaghuil ris, O'D. 802 (< H 3.17, col. 575 ). nocha bi smacht ro airde gotha no ro isle gotha dona feichemnaib na orra iar cindiud a fiach don breitheam cumad i.¤ sin fri hagra na smacht, O'Curry 1871 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20d ). cidh galur bunadh, cid galur cundtaburtach, cidh difoichidh dē tí friu ré ré n-í.¤, a n-aithgina beos d'aisic on athair don aiti transltd. `within the proper period of the fosterage' (of animals supplied by father to fosterfather), Laws ii 162.10 Comm. cidh be aighaigh, gnath no ingnath, beirus iat iar re n-i.¤, munu mairit budein iar n-ais diailtri, seoit a comaicinta on aite don athair, 170.17 Comm. iubail chon tri chaicis, acht ata chu and is dia leithbliadain do tuit, .i. is amhlaid seo tocaithis in chu in lethbliadain adeir da mi uil do cach said a choitcindi iar niubail riud sin cona .x. laithi .i. dechmaid ┐ da mi sin ┐ fot cethri chrich ro boi in bidbad on fir aca roibi in chu ┐ cuicthe re iarrata cacha crichi dib sin, cona fichthi, ┐ na .x. laithi o chianaib riu sin cona mí trichtach ind a mi o chianaib riu sin cona tri mi aicenta, ┐ .ui. mi thsaerda thic dib sin ┐ si sin in leith bliadain ro caith in cu and ┐ leith bliadain thsaerda sin, O'Curry 238 (< H 3.18, p. 132 ).

(b) i.¤ ¤ achtaighthe a `iubaile' -period fixed by mutual agreement: créd is i.¤ achtaigi ann, no in fuil fis no trebaire do riaghail risin i.¤ achtaighi. Ata chena mar adeir in leabar. Ni fil dithim fors na setaib si ni is nessa nacha siriu acht ma do coeset for coraibh bél .i. ma dia tisat for trebaire co cor o belaib im achtugudh a ndilmain. Massedh tuic as sin co ndligther trebaire do beith annsa n-i.¤ achtaighi, O'Curry 1432 (> H 3.18, p. 641b = O'Curry 634 (> H 3.18, p. 306 ). ca trath nach fastann a i.¤ achtaigi én réd don cunnradh. Issedh so in tráth doronsat na meamair cunnradh a n-ecmais a cenn tecait na cinn fai, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ).

(c) Of other fixed periods: ni induth nech di araile iarmotha secht mbliadna. Ar is i.¤ aititen sairi in sain `denn dieses ist das Erlassjahr, wofür (Zins-)Freiheit zugestanden ist (?),' ZCP xv 240 § 3 (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant, see p. 243 ). cid beo-elod cid marb-elod, o tair leis a roinn, is i.¤ aon uair e `whether it be `live-absconding' or `dead-absconding,' if he has finished the division, it is iubaile of one hour,' Laws v 508.4 Comm. (i.e. after a tenant has a bsconded and the land held by him is re-divided by the chief, one hour represents the iubaile in this case, and after that the division may not be retracted). uair is i.¤ aenuaire hí `weil es (nur) für die eine Stunde Gültigkeit hat,' Cóic Con. H § 38.

(d) In the case of a wounding, the testing period which is appointed after the healing to allow for the possible breaking out afresh of the wound: o tairgeba in leiges, is ann atá ré n-i.¤ do riagailt ris, Laws iii 348.6 Comm. ma thangatar na cneda ris re re n-iubaille `if the wounds broke out afresh during the testing-time,' 532.24 Comm. (in this case sick-maintenance must be continued). mas iar re n-i.¤, islan, 534.14 Comm. mas tre fuirired drochleigis co fis do liaig, noca nuil re n-i.¤ d'athfegad ris acht a ic do liaig do gres `there is no testing time to be taken into consideration,' ib. 8 Comm.

III (positive) prescription: sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, iudail (leg. iubail, Ed.) na tren-lide nert `... are not alienated by ... prescription ....' Laws v 496.4 , 13 . berar iubail a comdiden tri comarbaib cengar `it gives prescription of acknowledgment,' iv 378.14 Comm. (note: `it forms a period of prescription if the lordship has continued in the same family for three generations or successions'). atait secht rudarta la Feine conoiscet i.¤ a mbesaib a n-airillten `seven prescriptions which transfer perpetual right,' v 314.8 (i.e. which remove or set aside all time-limits). ni astaid iubail indligead `prescription does not legalise illegality' (Plummer MS. Notes), O'Curry 1745 (< 23 Q 6, p. 32 ), glossed: .i. nocho dilmainigter huad ar apo ecne, no ni astand ni ar nech ind ecen. ni dhene sealbh sarugad ┐ ni toircenn iubail inndliged `la fortune n'autorise pas à commettre l'injustice et l'illégalité ne saurait donner lieu à une prescription,' RC xliii 18.11 . cid clannas aile? Noil ocus iuail. Caíde iuaill? Aile in ime fa tri cen sena `what settles the stake? An oath and prescription. What is prescription? The sticking of the fence thrice without denial,' Laws iv 142. 1 - 2 Comm. ? To this: (of a child whose services were promised while he was yet in his mother's womb) `bid leam in ceile sin,' or in flaith; ni iubail ar in mac .i. gu ra torba do neoch a foghnum `the son is not manumitted (?),' v 218.24 Comm.

1 iubar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 iubar or dil.ie/29180

 

x see ibar.

? 2 iubar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 iubar or dil.ie/29181

 

Forms: iubail, iubail

n the name of a disease ?: iubail (MS. iub- ? leg. iubar ) .i. galar, O'Curry 1477 (< H 3.18, p. 654 ) (but Plummer, MS. Notes, retaining iubail explains this as: `the period within which a disease in a purchased animal may declare itself') tinne .i. iubar bādos (bais, v.l.) .i. tenn-ēo .i. ēo tinnes teinm in c[h]ride co mbī marb de a n-anmandae, Corm. Y 1203.

? 3 iubar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 iubar or dil.ie/29182

 

n brilliancy, brightness ? appearance ? : fāir .i. turgbāil na gréine i matain, ab eo quod est iubar .i. dellradh, Corm. Y 605. imbārach .i. i mba iubar solis .i. turgbāil grēine, 781 . ? To this: ? aillaemaes .i. iobhur, O'Curry 971 (< H 3.18, p. 416 ). (? Cf. aill mai (sic) for Coinculainn .i. foillsige duinne, O'Curry 1387 (< H 3.18, p. 630a ).

iubhladha, iúbhladha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iubhladha, iúbhladha or dil.ie/29184
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj bright (?): do folchadh íad do scóraidibh sgiamhghlana ┐ d’anairtibh iúbhladha , ZCP xxxiii 130 § 3 . ? iubhlaidhe 'joyous, merry, pleasant' Dinneen . ? Cf. ? 3 iubar .

lénae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lénae or dil.ie/29894

 

n io As fem. docum na léna, RC vi 176.60 ( issind lenu biucc, n. l. 62 ). meadowland (from context usu. or always along river-bank or swamp): iter fid ┐ mag ┐ lenu, Thes. ii 239.16 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni `by the south of the meadow', 238.10 (n. loc.?). i táeb ind lénai, Mór M. 11. luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . docum na léna boi i mbord na habund, RC vi 176.4 . sáidid . . . C. a bachaill isin lēna na Carrcci, BColm. 52.12 . Achad Muine . . . cona lénu ┐ cona mónaí .i. corrice in lathaig riss anes, Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.14 . riasc nó léana nó béal átha, Keat. Poems 446 . ag inghilt ar léana, Gen. xli 18 . air léana níl feór, Hard. ii 20.6 .

corr l.¤ heron: soeteir hi corraib lena, RC xx 40.14 ( ACC Introd.). do-connairc sí an chorr léna ┐ a dhá hén, CF² 1401 . cnó l.¤ : uirgola fraghinaria .i. lus na cno lena .i. culuran, ACL i 334 § 36. ballsamita. gamandrie .i. iubar lena `meadow-yew', 335 § 74 . an bunnán léana `bittern', Zeph. ii 14.

For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.vv. léna , mag .

Also perh.: slat lena ni laoch ro lamh, LL 394.16 = léana, 23 G 8, 39.32 .

1 sen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sen or dil.ie/37090
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sean

adj o, ā old, ancient, long-standing : is airei caruim fer sean, ZCP xiii 266 § 12 . aidche samna co sós s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 280.61 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana, ML² 1975 . rachat gidh am s.¤ , Irish Texts iv 86.52 . cid sean, ZCP viii 113.33 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . crich Erne na n-iubar s.¤ , Irish Texts ii 54.36 . tulach géiggeal na ngort sean, TD 4.17 . iath . . . na gclár sean, Content. xxv 3 . long (of life): do gheubha sí saoghal s.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 213.67 . dia ndénae-su a n-uile-se, ainfe co mba s.¤ `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . Maelsechlainn slemna rop s.¤ | for trebchlaind Temra is Talten, LL 133a45 . rop s.¤ in flaith . . . | tairnec i nAiliuch oebind `long live the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.157 . Of a weapon in long use, proven: Sil cColla na ccolg s.¤ , TD 8.41 . A. na narm s.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 224.18 .

Compar. is siniu in fer . . . quam mulier , Wb. 28b16 . ce méit asinu aís quam abracham `how much older in age he was', 34a5 . intí asiniu .i. isáu, 4c14 . úair ba siniu oldás C., LU 9080 ( FB 83 ). airmitiu d'Adam . . . | ar im siniu, ni thibér, SR 842 . siniu sencuimne co buiresc in betha, O'Dav. 308 . ní sine . . . a chach he, PH 1970 . robo sine arai n-aisi, CCath. 931 . an chuid is sine ┐ is óige don fhéar, TSh. 2645 .

Superl. cethrur gelda . . . | . . . | sinium saegul os cach maig | batar 'sind aimsir toisig, SR 2251 . mású ar aís m'athar as sinem and Éndae Cromm, Trip.² 1485 . issē ba sinem dīb, BColm. 8.1 . sioneim fedha iobair, Auraic. 4300 .

As subst. o, n. and (of persons) m. sean m., IGT Decl. § 65 . that which is old: tucad s.¤ cacha lenna duind ┐ nua gacha bíd, Acall. 5061 . do-súa in fer go colba Crúachna | s.¤ corma is núa lúachra leis, IGT Decl. ex. 685 . Most frequently of an old person : s.¤ gl. senex, Sg. 49b6 . is alind s.¤ sobrich, Wb. 31b35 . ni théid óc ann ré sén (siun, v.l.), TE 48.26 . bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, LU 3491 ( SCC 26 ). ní aisnébet sin ná seanchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . airdri domain . . . as giliu grianuibh as noibiu cach s.¤ , Ériu ii 98.5 (cf. is sanct cach s.¤ , Éigse ii 184 § 1 ). a ḟir fadlas sós na s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 270.1 . mar samlait sin, 274.55 . atchuala ra senaib sund | ferr molad na cech mod, LL 306b24 . comcuimne da tsean .i. in da eolach, .i. cinnus do bearar in cuimne ón tsin don tsin eile, Laws i 36.15 Comm . isedh innisit na sin, 154.22 Comm . sin ┐ sacairt ┐ oirchindig in popuil, PH 2956 . fáid cach s.¤ | sean cach ecnaid, ACL iii 228.81 . dligidh sean sogaire, RC xlv 34.21 . marbhuit a sin ┐ doniat gialla da n-ócaib, Marco P. 10 . an súntach bar sin nō in urlam bar n-óig doc[h]um in c[h]atha, ML² 1487 . an sean ní fhidir ná an t-óg | ceadh as fhód idir don éag, Studies 1933, 140 § 15 . feirrde dhuit nach sibh an sean, | cuid an tsin ag an tsóiser, L. Cl. A. B. 60.27 . doiligh oighidh gach ḟir óig | na sin d'oighidh ní hurchóid, IGT Decl. ex. 1490 . co na roibi d'óg na do shin andsin, TTebe 1137 . In phr. eter ṡen(u) ┐ óc(u) both old and young, all: itir ṡenu ┐ ócu, Tec. Corm. § 29.3 . eter shean ┐ ócc, PH 4292 . eter ócc ┐ shen, Irish Texts iv 86.50 . offrála . . . | . . . | dlighitt eter s.¤ is ócc | d'fior ionaid miadhach Maodhócc, BNnÉ 258 § 218 .

an ancestor : ba handsin dorala chuice Lóchine Lond s.¤ Hua Lonáin, RC xiii 60 § 55 . Cairthenn macc Blait s.¤ clainne Tairrdealbhuigh, Lism. L. 497 . Lōegaire Lorc, s.¤ Laigen ┐ Osraigi, ZCP viii 292.4 . Eochaid tirmcharna s.¤ síl Muiredaig, SG ii 471.6 . is eisen s.¤ Fher mBolg, RC xvi 80 § 128 . cró a shean mur Eunna Aighneach | do-bhéra asteagh go tuillmheach, L. Cl. A. B. 72.21 . crann corcra slánuighthe ar sean, DDána 54.25 . a bhfuarais d'ulc ag troid fá iath do shean, Hackett xiv 5 . tír a sean d'ḟagháil ón ḟior, TD 13.22 . go leanfadaois sompladha a sean ┐ a sinnsear, TSh. 5335 .

Of time antiquity; old age: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc, Wb. 4b29 . dobi se co s.¤ `it endured to old age', Metr. Dinds. iii 356.15 .

Compds. (sometimes merely intensive or for alliteration).

(a) with nouns: ¤áes: seníum .i. senáis, Ir. Gl. 735 . ¤argat old money : s. fil agot . . . Cidh doghni s. de? I n-aimsir Deic . . . dorignedh, Fél. 184.7 . ¤ben an old woman : sein-bhean na ríogh, Ráth Cruachan, DDána 92.19 . ¤breth an old judgement, a precedent : cia ro bai i sein breithaib, Laws iv 98.13 Comm . ¤chell senior church (?) Stud. Hib. xxxiv 48-50 : Senella Cella Dumiche 'Senchell Dumiche', The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 140 § 23 . dochóid Pátraic do Thopur Mucno ┐ ró insaig (ró insuidig, v.l.) Senchill = fecit Cell[am Se]nes, Trip. 1249 . o cleirc[h]ibh na sein-cheall, Rule of Tallaght 20 (Teagasg Maoil Ruain) . ¤chenél old, original people : cethir chenel (.i. sencinela) fichet batar isin tir, ACL iii 22.26 . ¤chin an old-standing offence : s., uair damad nua cin ro ba sechtmaidh, Laws i 200.9 . an dream dá leanann sal na sein-chion, TSh. 5247 . ¤chomairbert: inna senchomerbertae biuth pecthaige `of the sinful old way of life', Ml. 65d4 . ¤chomrorcon an old error : roásaiset drissi inna senchomrorcan tar sodin, 2a6 . ¤chríonacht prudence : ag saothrughadh na saidhbhreas tré shein-chríonnacht shaoghalta, TSh. 9474 . ¤chrith: mo lám ar sionachrith, othar me faon-lag `tremulous as with eld', O'Rah. xiv 58 . ¤fhairrge: ag siubhal na senḟairge, Ériu v 184.392 . ag silledh na senfhairrgi, Stair Erc. 1405 . ¤fher an old man : epscoip Cille Tidil | na sinḟir co sárgrind, Gorm. Nov. 1 . ¤fhala an old grievance : a sean fholta ┐ a nua fholta, AFM iv 1176.6 . ferr senfīacha senfala `better old debts than old grudges', RC xlv 21.11 . ¤gabair old (i.e. proven) horse: gabtar ar sengabra latt ┐ indliter ar sencharpait, CRR 15 . ¤gaill old English (i.e. Anglo-Normans): ar neach do shliocht Gaoidhil Ghlais | . . . | ná ar Sheanghallaibh fóid na bhFionn, Studies 1919, 440 § 11 . ¤goídelg: ealg ainm do mhuic isin tṡen-gáidhilg, Cóir Anm. 243 . cua ainm na claine isin t-sengaidilc, TBC-LL¹ p. 495 n. 1 . ¤gom old vexation : coro bhethaidhsiot beóghrís a sengomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . ro chuimhnigh cách díobh a seangoimh ┐ a nua-fhola dia roile, AFM iv 1204.20 . ¤laech a veteran : a senlaíach, BDD² 1517 . na senóraig ┐ na senlaich, CRR 15 . ní mó iná trian a scél innisit na senlaeich út, Acall. 298 . ¤lebar an ancient book, Scripture : sen lebár sin, Laws i 240.13 Comm . i n-ar sennlebraib, LB 137b16 . litir in sen libair, más inann ní fogabar ann ┐ isin maclebar the original MS. (as opposed to the copy), O'D. 1581 ( H 5.15, p. 7a ). do fhéagh sinn i seinleabhraibh, Aithd. D. 44.17 . an gcluin sionn an seinleabhar `do I pay heed to Scripture?', PBocht 19.18 . ¤les old or ordinary fort of residence: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.13 Comm . ¤muinter original people : Senach . . . do ṡenmhuinntir Find meic Chumaill, Acall. 969 . ¤pheccad old, inverterate sin : an dream bhíos dall ó shein-pheacadh na leisge, TSh. 9359 . a thaiscid sen-pheccaid (of the body), PH 8226 . ¤rád a proverb : seanráite Sholaimh `the book of Proverbs', Proverbs i 1 . ¤ridire an experienced knight : gur ferr na senridirdha isin cath naid na ridirdha oga, Fier. 10 . Sir Uuilliem Stanlui, s. saigdiūirthe Saxanach, Fl. Earls 52. z . ¤rúa an old person : mac Senbath s., LU 1253 . Cámha gan mac is gan húa | dorála conadh s., Acall. 46 . s.¤ṡaille matured bacon MacCongl.² 192 ; old hard-cure Peritia xv 320 n. 54 : for thócht sen-s[h]aille, MacCongl.² 100 . ¤scél ancient legend : ni maith senóir gan seinsceoil, Acall. 1385 . nach doilig sin ge senscel, Irish Texts ii 28.25 . ¤scélaige reciter of old tales : Suanach . . . senscélaidi Find, Acall. 5297 . ¤scríbend original document : senscriband deóda, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . amal frith i seinscribheannuibh na petarlaici, Lism. L. 3672 . ¤ṡlicht an old family : do bhí sí ag seinṡliocht Cholla, TD 24.38 . do ug a huan síoth dá seinshliocht, PBocht 4.19 . ¤ṡruith: oc comrac fri senṡruthe, LU 1292 . na sen sruithe ro-batar rompa-som, PH 256 . ¤tintúd early translation : lasna sen-tintuda (recte -tintudu, Edd.), Ml. 107a3 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brisc. As subst.: senbriscai salcai móra impi `old faded things upon her', Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 320.1 ). ¤buide yellow from age : a c[h]naim senbuidi (of an old tooth), Trip.² 1625 . ¤ché: buidhne an bheatha ṡeinché, DDána 46.43 . ¤chiathaidi?: rabenastar a seicheda sen-tascidi s. dí, TTr. 966 ( LL 230a38 ). ¤fhoclach proverbial : in snáithi . . senfoclach ro fagbadar na hugdair a slechtaib a senbhriathra, MR 158.10 . ¤fhaltanach: so mar nid na trí naimhde sean-fhaltanacha-so `the three inverterate enemies', Donlevy xx 1 . ¤garb: susta senta sengarbha, Lism. L. 3653 . re táebh gacha seiche sengairbhi, Comp. CC 98.10 . ¤lethan: dá shleig shéta shenlethna, SG 260.16 . ¤óc ever young, or perh., both old and young (dvandva compd.): s. (epithet of the Deity), ZCP iv 243.32 . ¤ṡaeglach: a ṡeanṡaoghlach áith ḟionnḟuar `seasoned' (of a weapon), TD 33.10 . ¤tascide: rabenastar a seicheda sentascidi senchiathaidi dí, TTr. 966 `old-hoarded, long since laid by,' ibid. Gl.

For other compds. with sen see separate articles.