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aníar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aníar or dil.ie/3645
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aníarana

(cf. 1 íar, tíar etc.) Adv. of place stressed on second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 217 and rhyming exx. infra. Also aníarana.

(a) from behind: in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis a.¤ ? Mer. Uil. 60 . occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ a.¤ anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). iter armaib . . . na laechraidi . . . uime anoir ┐ a.¤ `in front and rear', TTebe 983 . In phr. fri x a.¤ towards x from behind, behind x (indicating position rather than motion): condechaid triana chend ┐ co romarb nónbar ris a.¤ behind him, RC iii 179.12 ( LL 13994 ). cethraimthe Taige Midchuardda / bíd fri ríg aniar /teora cethramtha aile / sair co dorus dian, LL 3707 . Perh. also in: fer gill do gíal(d)naib friu a.¤ , Críth G. 586 . triar fris a.¤ ┐ anoir, BDD² 677 .

(b) from the west (very often implying position rather than motion): duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ a.¤ , Ml. 67d8 . co nn-aca in scath chuci a.¤ , LU 9058 ( FB 81 ). ro-dālsat-som etir a.¤ ┐ anair, Sc.M² 5 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar brought in (i.e. from the kitchen), Lism. L. 1296 = protulit, Lat. Lives 65 . Of the west wind: aniar (anair MS) ind odur engach, SR 72 . i n-aghaidh na gaoithe aniar, TSh. 10718 . With the idea of motion much reduced : coinnm[h]e a-níarana 's a-noir / foirne íarradha eallaigh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 218. 9 ( Ériu v 56.59 ). bean do ḟréimh Uidhir fa an-iar / ag réir chliar dar dhoiligh díol a woman . . . from the west, DDána 103.2 . inghean Con Connacht fa a-niar, 12 . fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'n-a fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail a-niar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . do fholchadar . . . / . . . / an maghsain a-noir 's a-niar (: Ghailfhian) on all sides, 33.21 . detiu . . . tair . . . aircsiu nama aniar `in the east . . . in the west', Laws i 66.21 Comm. airm itát na laith a.¤ bérait toilg trisin cath sair, TBC-LL¹ 5773 . do-bhir an ghrian fa Lach Léin / a dath féin a.¤ um nóin, IGT Decl. ex. 884 . don taoibhse aniar `to the west', TD 14.20 . In phrase fri x a.¤ west of x (of position): fri abinn a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). fri grecia a.¤ `west of Greece', Wb. 6d17 . fri iordanen anear, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . (cryptic) aninchiar (MS. aninoibiar) .i. aníar, Goid. 78 § 192 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Compds. ¤-dess from or in the south-west: aneordes, Thes. i 3. 18 note c. and p. 715 . adchíad nell a. a ndochum, RC x 72.17 . aniardess (of the wind called Favonius), Hib. Min. 40.10 . ¤-túaid from or in the north-west: a. (of the wind called Circius), Thes. ii 13.30 (BCr.). aniarthuaid (of Pessima), Hib. Min. 40.25 . don aird aniartuaidh, Ériu viii 121.28 . fri Domnach Mór aníartuaith north-west of D.M., Trip.² 2411 . re taobh Themrach aniartuaidh, ZCP xi 44 § 63 .

bélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélach or dil.ie/5609

x see Bé(o)lach .

Bé(o)lach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bé(o)lach or dil.ie/5687

adj o, ā (bél ? béoil ?) only as epithet: Bresuail . . . Bēolach (béoliach, beoiliach, v.ll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15.10 . B. Belach .i. B. béodláec[h] .i. láech béodha, ar a beódacht aderthí B. Beólach fris. Nó is bel mór bái aige, Cóir Anm. 207. Note: cuic bliadna Bresail in Beóil, LL 4200. Labhraid mac Bresail Beolaigh, Anecd. ii 35.1 . hūa Bresail Bēlaig, RC xxxvi 262 § 2. brí Bresail beólaig (belaig, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.13 .

bern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bern or dil.ie/5714

Forms: berna, beirn, berne, bearn, Bernai, bernad, berna, bearnaidh, bearna

n ā, f. also berna , d and n. a s. B. Chon Culaind, RC viii 54.20 ( LL 13397 ). d s. b.¤ , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad., v 93 § 30 , beirn, LL 17995 , g s. berne, AFM v 1636.9 . bearn f., IGT Decl. § 39. a s. Bernai, Corp. Gen. 206.17 . g s. cacha bernad , LL 8030. berna f., IGT Decl. § 4. a s. bearnaidh, Éigse xiv 98 § 29. g s. bearna, § 28 .

Gap, breach; pass, defile; hence weak position in defence or attack: dot luid i mbernai (ar berna, v.l.) ar-mo chenn-sa thou camest into the breach against me, Sc.M² 13. is b.¤ ina coṅgaib catha a breach in their battle position, CRR 57. do coimét na mbernd cumung robui ag techt aran slia[bh], ZCP vi 56.10 . annsa mbeirn = in the gap, Ez. xxii 30. aonfhear faire re seasamh gach beárnan, Keat. Poems 463. nī fhūicēb-sa an b.¤ (bern—, v.l.) sin dom c[h]onāch gan caithem, ML² 1412. bearna as mo ré `a part of my life-span', Dán Dé xvii 8 . ar bearna an bháis, DDána 30.6 . ? berna a eric, Laws ii 98.6 .i. ar in fechiumh nos gaibh, uair do rochuir ní di, 13 Comm. b.¤ na ngrás gur daingen duid refuge , IGT Decl. ex. 411.

In phrr. b.¤ , berna churad, ¤míled etc. breach made or occupied by a warrior, etc.: ruc beirnd curad . . . dar cath na nAnmarcach, Cog. 188.23 . ra briss beirn míled i cath na ṅGréc, LL 32300 ( TTr. 1488 ). do bris b.¤ céit isin cath i n-urc[h]omair a aigthi `made a breach of a hundred', Fianaig. 90.30 . berna cēt, TBC-I¹ 3672. Phr. b.¤ báegail undefended or weak position in defence or attack: a ḟágbáil ar bernadaib bǽgail nó ar doirrsib aideda, Mer. Uil.² 99. ni b.¤ bægail in læch fuil and `no easy victim', Aen. 750. See gábud . Hence b.¤ position of danger, strait; fight: iar ṁbrath na mb.¤ , Rawl. 69a27 . suan ón bheirn `from fight' (Vocab.), O'Hara 2609. re ndul san mbeirn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . gap; break, flaw in general: (expl. Bernán Brigte, name of saint's bell) foceirt forru co mmebaid ass a bernn `its gap broke out of it' (i.e. a piece broke off), Trip. 114.14 . (of a drinking-horn) sēt blāith cen beirn ` ungapped ', Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 19. an bhearn do-cháidh san chloinnse `the gap thus broken in her family' (by a death), Aithd. D. 13.10 . dar bernadaib in inair sin, Acall. 5808 n . tar beirn na luirige, BB 435b46 .

Compds. trias na beilgibh bernbriste dorónadh las an ordanas broken into gaps, AFM vi 2300.2 . See berrbróc. beilge berncairrgidhe na banBhoirne, Hugh Roe 242.13 .

1 cenélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenélach or dil.ie/8602
Last Revised: 2019

n = cenél.

(a) kindred, people : clann nā cen[ē]lach `race', Cáin Ad. 12.2 . goirmaoid Eagluis uilidhe nó chatharrdha dhí ar son go bfuil sí dá gach uile chinēlach 'nation', Carswell² 58.2010 . See leth compds.

(b) With follg. gen. a kind (of), some: tuismidh ceinelach creatha intu, 23 P 10³, 3a6 . ceinelach binnis, Lia Fáil iii 118.34 . ceinelach brisdi, 122.4 . in uair tinnsgnus cinneloch luais no bailbhe ina comrad, Irish Texts v 60.10 .

(c) With prep.: da chenelach .lxx. do miluibh fo murib '72 kinds of creatures beneath the seas', TBith.² 201 § 84 .

3 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 co or dil.ie/9788
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: co, co, co n-, cu, có, go, gar, ɔrici, coni, con(n)á, connar, co-ndum-fel, conom, condidtuctis, conidtuccid, conid, condin-roirea, Condubtanicc, condibfeil, con-da-r-íccad, conda-tuárgabusa

conjunction (a use of 1 co, GOI 554 ). There are two forms, co, leniting, with abs. and deut. forms of follg. vb. ( co chutrummaigidir, Ml. 25c12 ; co du-fess, 44a9 ); and co n-, conj. part. See GOI 145 , 299 , 312 . Also cu, Ml. 89d16 , 139a14 , có, 142a1 . In later lang. go (gur), gar, Mac Aingil 4671 etc. See Blathm. 26 note . co n- freq. abbreviated ɔ in earlier lang. even where nasalizing n would not normally appear, e.g. ɔrici, Wb. 33b18 , ɔticfad, TBC-LL¹ 963 . Somet. even with con in full: con ropu, Ml. 67c9 . Cf. ɔṅdárbastar, Sg. 211a10 . See GOI 554 , TBC-LL¹ p. 1099 . Neg. of co is coni ( coní, Sg. 209b13 ), of co n- con(n)á etc. ( GOI 539 ). connar bo, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . go nach beath, DDána 74.68 . With inf. pron. ( GOI 258 ). 1 s. co-ndum-fel, Wb. 3c38 . condomarrgabad sa, 17d14 . conom thicisea except me, LU 8368 ( FB 24 ). 3 s. m. n. condidtuctis, Wb. 21c21 . conidtuccid, 11 . conid chuale, Ml. 20a2 . 1 p. condin-roirea, Wb. 29b16 . 2 p. Condubtanicc, Wb. 5c10 . condibfeil, 24c4 . 3 s. f. and 3 p. con-da-r-íccad, 4d19 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3907 ( SCC 37 ). conda tucsa, Fraech 278 . For forms with copula see 1 is (I 307.61, 310.9 , 39 , 311.44 , 312.45, 313.4, 16, 21, 49, 65, 314.22, 33, 315.11, 23, 65 , 317.76, 318.58, 319.12, 63, 75, 320.48, 83 321.3 etc.).

On usage see GOI 342 , 554 ff. (possible difference in meaning between co and co n-; co rare outside O. Ir. glosses, see Translator's Note no. 197).

1 With indic. so that, and (consecutive): co gl. quo (. . . fatetur), Ml. 130c22 . con fri fuili foichliter, Bretha 25 . con[n]á heisedar, Críth G. 176 . ɔricub-sa cucuib `so that I shall come unto you', Wb. 32a27 . ɔarrceoratar a n-arma doib gl. ut doficerat eis quod in nos torquere possint, Ml. 26d6 . is co durogabsat, 108a6 . tremi-berar . . . conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8a5 . ɔaich rann so that it is not, Sg. 212a6 . ar a coitcinne na cladh sa gu nach urasa cín dagra for a tigernaib, Laws iv 222.1 Comm. ɔruptar fadirci ind usci Ml. 40d16 . connar bo leír, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . With vb. of motion forming prep. phrase: téit co téit isa teach he goes into the house, BDD² 280 . ránic C. co mbuí hi faichchi na Bruidne came to, 507 . táncatar . . . co mbátar i ndorus etc., Sc.M² 5 . With as-beir introducing direct speech: mná . . . do gabāil chepóce . . . co n-ērbrat saying, Sc.M² 20 . atgládastar . . . B. co n-epert, LU 8235 ( FB 18 ). con-erbairt = dicens, Lat. Lives 1.4 . Freq. with copula and personal form of prep.: conid airi so that that is why, Sg. 189b2 . conid and atá otharlige a chind and that is where, RC iii 182.5 . conid and atbert c.¤ , 178.27 . conid de atá . . . whence is, 181.36 (cf. conid iarsin, y). conid de ro ainmniged . . . , Fraech 107 . Similarly: conid innisin . . . sin so that that is the story, TBC-LL¹ 1388 . co n-id di-a deoin dochoid, PH 2374 . As mere sentence-connective: robo trom tra la Moingḟind an ni sin, co n-ebairt fria macaib . . . , RC xxiv 194.25 . luid . . . co mbensom, LU 4907 (historic pres. rare in this use, GOI 331 ). luidseom . . . co tubart a láim tairrsiu, BDD² 141 . lasin donic ingabuir chuci corragaib mīr assathóib and took, RC iii 184.31 . dotaet . . . C. do tsiriud in dithruibh cetna, co riacht in tobur and he reached the spring, vi 175.28 . ro selaig C. . . . co tarat . . . co ragaib . . . co toracht, LU 8460 - 1 ( FB 31 ). Cf. loech foltfind lebar co mbeanad folt braine a da imda whose hair reached, etc., RC xxiv 184.6 . For stereotyped co cloth ní introducing rhetorics ( LU 5449 etc.) see Celtica vii 79 ff. See also viii 155-60 and Ulidia i 251-53 . See further Celtica ix 117 (as co) 118 (ar co), 133 (mod. mar is fearr go dtiocfaidh leat, etc.).

2 In special consecutive use in `which the subject of the clause is taken out of its logical position, and placed (under the government of the principal verb, though often almost absolutely) before the introductory conjunction and copula' ( PH p. 594 ). See further O'Brien Celtica ii 348 , C. O'Rahilly viii 162 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal gl. gratia Dei sum id quod sum `God's grace has caused me to be an apostle,' Wb. 13b6 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu gl. qui praedestinauit nos in adoptionem filiorum, 20d10 . dobrograd condibfeil icorp crist gl. electionem uestram, you have been called to be members of C.'s body, 24c4 . In the follg. exx. rather with explicative force: o du raidhmisiot . . . / iosa com bu thorisi that J. was etc., Blathm. 55 . domuinet sochaide, na hapstail co n-id as cech berla ro-labairset, PH 5485 . is demin cuirp na hesergi co mbat foille, 6746 . atnaigh . . . aichne fair, conar bé A., TE 12 Eg. Similarly perh.: mainba æcne lib act conda anecne gl. ne quis me putet insipientem esse, alioquin velud insipientem accipite me, Wb. 17c10 . [no] ghnathaigeth U. aingel co torraimed indí Pátraic, Trip.² 215 .

3 In quantitative contexts (to the extent) that, (so much so) that: in sí a meit friscomartatar co ndo[d]sitis huili a fide have they offended to the point of falling a fide? Wb. 5b11 . attá diṡeirc la laitnori innangrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu the Latinists are so fond of the Greeks that they imitate even their errors, Sg. 1a2 . ba hé a méit co cathaigtis co corptha na demna frisna doínib, LU 4036 ( SCC 49 ). boí tra dia fot na lamae co rroacht tar na teóra fuithairbe the arm was so long that it reached, 9069 ( FB 82 ). ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin di . . . , RC xxiv 190.7 .

4 until (with `the indicative or subjunctive according to the character of the sentence as a whole', GOI 555 and cf. 330 ). With pres. ni ib fínn combi mescc gl. non uinolentum, Wb. 28b24 . co mbí, Críth G. 83 . co ndichet till he goes, 28 . co roglea dó until he has finished, Mon. Tall. 133.16 . ní rach . . . / don Charraig . . . / taireise go rabh a-rís / damh, Aithd. D. 32.16 . Freq. with verbs of coming to, reaching in prep. phrases, see do-icc, ro-icc (cf. orta co rís in corthe, LU 3334 ), 100.36 . With pret. and perf.: con-dub-tanicc misericordia Dei , Wb. 5c10 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . co bba till it was, BDD² 12 (for co mba? corbo, D). co nderglē till I made up my mind, Sc.M² 4 . asbertatar . . . co comarsatis in dá adnacul . . . ní comroicfed . . . , Airne F. 148 . In later lang. also with fut.: gearr go mbia, DDána 26.8 . See cotá.

5 As connective marking subordination after verbs of saying and in various other contexts that (with subj., later also condit. and indic.): a n-asberid a Iudeu coni cloitis geinti tairchital Crist, 5a8 . as n-é tairrchet . . . combad adramail in macc conróbad écoscc a cheneóil fair, 6d6 . nád chumaing aranísar and coní enggnatar gníma, Sg. 209b13 . ? is écen ɔṅdárbastar, 211a10 . coní ecmi nád n-airchissa act is co arcessea (it happens) that he does spare, Wb. 5b35 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). forairngert-sa . . . co ragad méla . . . fort, TBC-LL¹ 647 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn, Aithd. D. 95.13 . do fhóbair go ndearnainn dearmad, 38.16 . tuig . . . go raibhe . . . , TSh. 22 . go dtarla . . . gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris, 59 . ó ataoi dall . . . 's gar mían leat etc., Mac Aingil 4671 . gar cōir dhuit etc. (title), 1033 . toingim-se . . . co ná fil, Ériu iv 98.10 . ní mōr go mbui ar comus dōip `they were scarcely able', Fl. Earls 88.12 . As connective particle in ar eagla go, do bhríogh go etc., see TSh. tre go bhfuighedis, Luc. Fid. 3269 .

6 In O. Ir. with subj. glossing Lat. ut, ne (final): coni gl. (timens) ne, Ml. 22d12 . gl. uti, Sg. 213a5 . ɔrop imdu de duún gl. ut abundet, Wb. 3a12 . co beit amal innahí nad tectat sétchi gl. ut sint, 10b5 . co remifoil gl. ut . . . anticipiet, Ml. 23a8 . co asagnoither gl. ut intelligatur, Sg. 180b2 . commimis less huili gl. ut et mortuorum et uiuorum dominetur, Wb. 6b21 . co ngnemmis gnímu colno gl. ut . . . uiuamus, 4a9 . co fu-crothad .i. co chon-scarad gl. ut . . . cassaret, Ml. 23b14 . có gl. quo (maior . . . prauitas appareret), 29a5 . co gl. quo . . . possint, 74c10 .

7 With subj. so that, in order that. Pres. condib dídnad domsa, Wb. 1b1 . con festar cách gl. scientia, 12c38 . cona roib etarcéin, 26a14 . corbu du reir nach aili labraimme gl. nostro iuri in loquendo, non alieno seruimus imperio, Ml. 31b16 . ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dugnem, 23c6 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . coni taibrea feuchrai fírmessa foraib, 109c14 . mad he herchoiliud cétne persine in sin .i. conibbé dese and, Sg. 199b4 . ɔnábé and, 166a3 . co ti N. do bar n-eadrain `so that N. may come to separate you', RC xxiv 194.26 . tíagsa co n-ardu tenid I'll go and light a fire, BDD² 286 . cid is áil duib . . . co ndernur what do you want me to do ? PH 4414 . congain liom go leanar help me to follow, DDána 2.7 . Impf. co no pridchinn a indocbáil, Wb. 28a7 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . ɔrobad cech brathair post alium , 34a4 . conaib fir, Ml. 31d9 . confresced in popul á íc, 136d1 . co mbin cosmail fri encu, 91b7 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . oc imchosnum, comtis hé cétnarístais, Airne F. 135 . atbert in ríg, go ructha that he should be brought, PH 1329 . a bhreath don bhoct do-bhire / go nach beath ort oirbhire, DDána 74.68 .

8 With impf. subj. of copula and subst. vb. introducing a tentative or alternative explanation: combad notire rodscribad cosse gl. salutatio mea manu Pauli, up to this point it is no doubt the work of a scribe (an epistle), Wb. 27d16 . co mbad si amser sin rongabthe in salm apparently it was then . . . , Ml. 24d7 . combad ho ṡuidiu iarum pepigi gl. antiqui `pago' . . . dicebant pro `paciscor', and that, presumably, is the origin of, Sg. 181a3 . combed secunda gl. de aliquo habet locutionem, 200a1 . ɔnabeth foraithmet dǽ hi suidiu gl. id non dixit absolute etc., Ml. 22d26 . no, go na beith acht trian and dogres `or, according to others, there is never more than one-third', Laws iv 196. 12 Comm. no guna tuctha acht einní dib do gach thir, 162 note (Comm.). no comad a cáer . . . no ásad, Airne F. 55 .

9 In wishes (see Murphy Lyrics p. 255 ): conarbera dam . . . fri M. `say to M. for me', Mon. Tall. 150.7 . gurab tu ar comairge, Ériu i 122.24 . co rop é in læch . . . may he be the warrior . . . , TBC-LL¹ 1151 . go roibh linn . . . / . . . banaltra thrí dtighearna, DDána 9.1 tocht id leith gur mheala mé, 25a.25 . Perh. also: conná' musnágat may they not fear each other, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ).

10 With prec. conj. forming compound conjunctions. See 1 acht (A 21.59), 1 ara (A 372.12, 24 etc.), cen (114.78), 2 cía (170.85), cían (180.39), dáig (D 19.44), dochum (D 229.60 ), indas (I 218.42). For use with prec. neg. adv. see nícon (N 45.79, 46.4, 11).

11 After positive, compar. or super. adj. used adverbally: mar is lúaithe co tairnig, Maund. 38 § 57 . marus ferr co fetfaitis, RC xix 26 § 19 . luaithiu con-rānic Maelodrān, Fing. R. 1023 . cid lúath condránic in gilla, LL ii 8791 .

12 After ocus (generally introducing different subject): dotháet Findabair assind uisciu. & facbaid in claideb i llaim Fraech. ┐ co mben a chend den míl, LL v 33282 . dobert Cu Chulaind side da ṡaigid ┐ co topacht a chend de, iv 23220 . delbaid a richt cacha fírcharat etir ḟir ┐ mnai fos, ┐ co léiceann cach a rún ria, Acall. 5680 .

1 cóich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cóich or dil.ie/10067

Forms: cúich, coiche

pron later cúich (see GOI §§ 460 , 466 ). ? coiche, LL 1563 .

(a) whose is? With pl. ending whose are? is inderb coich inmug `whose is the slave', Sg. 209b30 . airliter cumni c.¤ comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC 25 ) `to what heir . . . belongs', ZCP xv 189 . cóichet na heich?, LU 8522 . cóig, Anecd. iii 46.16 . cúich ind nóidiu?, Ériu iv 96.11 . ni ardamair armad ch.¤ whose it was (?), LL 37040 . ni fess cúich less, cúich amless and, 37578 ( ZCP xi 84 § 32 ). cóichi and na eóin sin?, TBC-LL¹ 1327 (leg. cóichit, Wi.). ? is nath coiche cach, O'D. 1212 (H 2.15, 84a).

In ordinary senses of 2 cía. (b) who? what? coich thussu? LU 3328 ( SCC 12 ). noconḟetar cúich in cū Culaind, TBC-I¹ 65 . coich boi coich bía. LU 873 (ACC; see Ériu xii 205 ). caiche na caillecha?, Lism. L. 322.37 (`whose are'). friscomhairc cioa bo cuich en læch , RC xii 72 § 44 , cársa c.¤ thú?, Mer. Uil. 99 . cuich so againn?, RC xiv 32 § 20 . ro-ḟ[i]arfaighsid de cuith é féin, KMMisc. 315.6 (for the form cf. ZCP vi 39.31 , 90.20 , 276.5 ). cúith, IGT Introd. § 16 (7.36) . cuich nach caineand?, Magauran 624 .

(c) As indef.: gidh cuich ┐ gidh cuin whoever and whenever, IGT Metr. Faults§ 24 . coch be a sruithe `however aged they may be', Mon. Tall. 152.31 . cidh cuich uaibh hé whichever of you it may be, SG 25.5 . gé cúich dámadh aithnidh uaibh, Celtica ii 157 § 5 .

conairg(eba)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. conairg(eba) or dil.ie/11977

v ní cách conairg na eóin beóa do gabáil `not everyone can catch the living birds', TBC-LL² 1164 (see note). is missi conairgeba bás . . . forro, LL 11079 ( TBC-LL¹ 4271 ) printed conáirgeba `I shall inflict death on them', TBC-LL² 3638 (see note) = co n-imersa, TBC St. 3564 . comlann ┐ comrag re læch ar do chenn is misi con-airgebha I shall be responsible for, ZCP viii 550. 23 = missi ragas dit raith for áth, LL 9139 ( TBC-LL¹ 1835 ). ? Cf. Aillind árd co n-urghebha `he will inhabit'. Leb. Cert. 202.3 (airdgéba `he will seize', co n-ardgeba, v.l., Leb. Cert.² 166.5 ). Cf. ar-gaib, con-gaib, 5 con-.

cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum, 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad, SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

dáistir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáistir or dil.ie/14316
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dásthir, ndaister, ndaised, rodásed, rodassied, radássed, ndáste, dastar, dastai

v i, only in the 3 sg. pass. (ZCP x 453).

A with slender -st-: pr. ind. dásthir, TTr.² 1432 . imma ndaister , Ml. 50 d 2 .—pret. (perf.) ind. co ndaised , Dinds. 102 . rodásed, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . LL 258 a 11 . TFerbe 413 . Dinds. 144 . TTr.² 1432 , 1463 , 1609 . rodassied, LL 257 a 22 . radássed TTr. 1705 , 1750 .—pret. subj. co ndáste , LL 169 a 58 .

B with broad -st-: pr. ind. dastar, Three Hom. 8. 23 . pret. subj. amal dastai , Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 .

I With imm in the phrase dáistir imbi he becomes mad, furious , synonymous with dechraidir imbi.

(a) of persons: nech lasna bí ciall ┐ imma ndaister ishé asber nád fil dleged remdeicsen Dæ dia dúlib, Ml. 50 d 2 . rodased immi iarsin ┐ ronimmir for sluag na Fomórach, TFerbe 413 . rodassied immi, LL 257 a 22 . rodásed immisium ┐ dorochair cóic læch lais, ib. 258 a 11 . rachomaicsigsetar na catha dá céile cora dassed impu diblínaib, TTr. 1705 . ó raarig Hector a guin ┐ a athchumma radassed immi. raḟúapair fan sluag amal tarb ṅdasachtach, ib. 1750 . dásthir (sic) imbi iarum ┐ rodnimbeir forru amal foelaid etir cháircha, TTr.² 1432 . rodásed iarsin im Achil ┐ roimbir forsna sluagu a bruth, ib. 1609 . is bec ná rodásedh ┐ ná rodechrad impu, ib. 1344 . rodásed imna Mirmedóndaib. is bec na romid an talam la fichud na feirge bái na mbruinnib, ib. 1463 .

(b) of animals; of a horse : rodased imna heocho, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . of a pig : taraill a bolad mucca Cathair co ndaised impu, Dinds. 102 . ciped áird día mbeth in gæth taris (sc. in daire) ropad maidm cridi do muccaib Hérenn a bólud co ndaste impu oc saigid in daire, LL 169 a 2 f.b.

II Abs. without imm: atagladastar gilldae écuisc amal dastai ina ndíaid den tír called after them from the shore as if he were mad Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 . coro dianaigh a eocho coro daised ┐ coro dergenset a aided (= coro dáised impu), Dinds. 144 .

Obs. Cf. dásacht, dásachtaigthir, etc.

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

dálaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dálaid or dil.ie/14357
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáilid, -dáilit, dailfid, -dáiltis, rodáil, -dáilestar, dáilid, dálann, dálus, dáltait, -dáilit, -dáiltis, dálfaid, dáilfid, rodálus, radálusa, radál[a]is, dálais, rodál, rodáil, dalastar, -dáilestar, dáulta, rodálait, dál, dálad

v ā (2 dál). Usually with broad l ; the following exx. show slender l (under influence of dáilid): dáilid, Ériu i 226. 34 . -dáilit, Anecd. ii 8. 14 . dailfid, RC xiv 60. 25 . -dáiltis, LL 200 b 20 . rodáil, Lism. L. 4237 . -dáilestar, LL 195 b 2 .—pres. ind. 3 sg. dáilid, frisna dálann , rel. dálus. 3 pl. dáltait, (see below and ACL iii 303 § 12 , Metr. Dinds. iii 90.21 , iv 130.101 , Reeves Ad. 266), -dáilit. imperf. 3 pl. -dáiltis. fut. 3 sg. dálfaid, dáilfid. pret. & perf. 1 sg. rodálus, ní radálusa . 2 sg. in radál[a]is . 3 sg. dálais ; rodál, rodáil ; dalastar, -dáilestar. PASS. pret. 3 sg. dáulta, Celtica xxi 418 . pl. rodálait. VN. dál, dálad.

I Trans. summons to a tryst . With co : ben dalus fer cuice a muine amuich no ligi astig, Laws v 274. 22 . Cf. in linn bío assae uar coblige laut ? ní ruddálus em ol in phen, RC xii 60. 21 . an inbuidh rodailistur dam na tánic fe forus eile dia saigid, Laws ii 30. 30 . dálfaid in ben a ssétchi chucund the woman will send her companion to tryst with us RC xiii 381. 1 . sochaide rodál...co lár Luimnig, LL 155 a 31 . in radális nech innocht itiaid don dún sa ? ní radálius omm...ni ba cuman do in mac bec dalastar (rogeall, Stowe) na diaid, TBC-LL¹ 1001 . issí rodál Coinculaind fora cendsi, LL 169 b 44 . dálais in ben na Félestíne cusin tech i mbói Samson, LB 127 b 24 . i noenló rodálaitseom (v.l. rodāilestar) etir anair ┐ aniar, ScM. 5 . dochta do neoch dálas (dáles , Meyer) dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . co tech Eircc rodálait a ngéill, Otia ii 87 . coro dáilset cóir coinde ag Ros na Rígh, MS. Mat. 472 . METAPH. Fionn mac Cuṁaill...rodháil meisi sa cartha, ITS vii 86. 9 .

II Intr. makes a tryst, assignation with (fri (later la), co).

(a) with fri. is díles do fir frissi ndala...is slán don fir frisna dalann, Laws v 274. 17 . slán dogrés dontí risir dailestar, ib. 24 . rí frisi ndalat in tṡluaig, SR 7161 . ní fritsa rodálusa itir, IT i 127. 4 , 19 . intí ris rodhálusae sunn ní ar baes rodálussae fris, ib. l. 4 , 20 . in suide selgga frisṅdáiltis daim, LL 200 b 20 . ní rud-dálus ... tic frisna dáulta '(someone) comes with whom a tryst was not made', Celtica xxi 418f. co Teach nDuind frisndáilit mairb, Anecd. ii 8. 14 . lim do deoin Dé dáltait (sic leg.), Ériu i 226. 26 (v.l. dáilid). rodal som fria aidchi Samna, ib. ii 22 .

(b) with co. rodáil Cluain aniu cucamsa, Lism. L. 4237 . cuce seo rodálus, Bor. 126 .

ABS. ba sísin tra adaig rodálsat na Trí Glaiss...do orgain inna cathrach, FB 83 . nír dáilestar, LL 195 b 21 . in rodál nech dit muintir itiaid innocht ? ní rodál do neoch rofácbus i nEmain, RC xiv 414. 27 . in gilla bec radál (rogell, Stowe) im diaid ... dorochair lasṁ coin, TBC-LL¹ 1030 . dáig ni ba cuman dó in mac bec dalastar (rogeall, Stowe) na diaid, ib. 1002 . is mochergech in læch radáil nár ṅdáil, ib. 3296 . assembles : in fot ara fuireṁa thaigidh dailfid in slogh uime da gach leith, RC xiv 60. 25 .—Fig. Etym. dál rodálus ba mór in báes, LL 38 a 5 .

III Arranges, contrives, manages . ABS. ní ba meth nenigh tucht ara ndalfar-so (dailiub-sa YBL) the way I will manage it ZCP iv 39. 15 (TBFr.).

dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg, Wb. 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurn. Hdb. 227 suggests). deich, Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Ml. 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. — dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . ACL i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr, H 3.18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures Dinds. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to Mon. Tall. 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire, FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Ml. 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn, TBC-LL¹ 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb, TBC-LL¹ 1675 Y.— ise læch is dech di ócaib domain, SCC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile, FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech, LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Ml. 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib, FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra, CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais, FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu, FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind, TBC-LL¹ 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, ACL iii 3. 13 . TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg rochreitset hi Críst, Wb. 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, TFerbe 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon, BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb. 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas, LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn, TBC-LL¹ 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn, AFM ii 1156. 12 .— tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side, YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Senchus Már, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).— Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich morochich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).— is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter, LL 293 b 18 . Cf. dechmó-fuirmhe fionnsrotha 'bestens sollst du klare Ströme verbreiten', Akten Linz 136 § 1 ( Ériu xiii 35.23 ) The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair, LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais, LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich AFM i 260. 4 . See GOI § 384 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 .

díbdathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbdathach or dil.ie/16008

adj o, ā. (díbdud) extinct: ní raib clann na cen[ē]lach | rub derechtach dībdathach ` childless ', Cáin Ad. 21 .

ecla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ecla or dil.ie/19578

n , f. (ecal) fear, dread , used absolutely, or with obj. gen., also ré n- or di of obj. feared: paiss Eutaic cen eclai, Fél. May 30 . Ep. 247. co mmórchléir cen ecli, Nov. 4 . conbad ecla nó uamun doberad fair can a rád CRR § 20 = LL 174a48 . tanic ecla na hingrema sin dochum in abbad, PH 565 . ro chrochsat in colaind sin cen oman cen ecla forru ind, 166 . bamar-ni for a ecla frightened thereat 2967 . eccla ifirn, ACL iii 216 . comad lugaiti ecla...na fer coimithech sin orro, TTebe 721 (= Celt. Rev. viii 8 ). 4745 . dorochair aduath mor ┐ ecla dermair forsna huli anchretmechu, PH 2163 . ní chuirfe áonduine eagla ort none shall make thee afraid Job xi 19 . atá e.¤ orm I fear: dia mbeth ecla na crochi formsa, PH 2383 . a bfuil orm d'egla dhosan all the fear I feel on his account O'Gr. Cat. 453.17 . ná bíodh a n-eagla oraibh fear them not Matthew x 26 . eagla nó omhan an bháis do bheith ort, TSh. 164 . as mor eacla in bailisi fearfulness Abbott- Abbott-Gwynn 214.9 . With oc of subj.: atá eagla agam' chroidhe ré trí neithibh, TSh. 1041 .

Freq. as subj. of gaibid with acc. pers.: rom gab ecla dom onóir I feared for my honor IT i 219 = LU 48a31 . rogab ecla ┐ omun mor iat, PH 2904 . TTebe 1591 . 1899 . ros gab grain ┐ eclai iat, PH 975 . With ré n- of obj.: gabaid ecla Égiás resin popul Aegeas grew afraid of the people PH 2462 . 532 . ar med na heagla rosgab risin trenfhobairt, TTebe 4129 . do ghabh eagla ré gConall é, Keat. ii 3214 . With fri: rosgab gráin ocus ecla frisin tech n-óbéla, MacCongl. 15.5 . With di: is cōir ecla de it is meet to fear him TBC-I¹ 2365 = as cōir eagla do comrag Fir Dh., ZCP x 280.31 . ar e.¤ , d'e.¤ , re (le) he.¤ for fear (of); (with obj. gen.) lest (with vb.): cromfait a cinnu ar m'ecla ┐ ar m'uamain TBC-LL¹ 1345 . co n-ebailt cét lǽch ar gráin ┐ ar ecla ┐ ar úamun Con Culaind, 1608 . PH 62 . TSh. 1151 . ar eagla Ioif da loscad `for fear that Jove might burn them' TTebe 4293 . re heagla Ampioin for fear of A. 4003 . re hecla uilc daibsi, 1357 .do-ghén d'eagla na neamhthuigseanach... míniughadh céille ar an rádh sa I will explain this saying in anticipation of readers who do not understand IGT, Introd. § 96 . d'eagla gomadh domblasda, Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 § 15 . d'eagla go bhfásfadh a uaill lest his pride should increase TSh. 478 .

Transf., of obj. about which fear is felt: ar n-egla...in té robud thescad dhún `our fear is for him who [if cut off] would to us be a mutilation' O'Gr. Cat. 449.6 . Cf. is imdha eccla ar mh'anmain...m'eccla co ria sech demnaib | ...co Dia, ACL iii 216 . In: biat ecla ria Cass, PRIA iii 550 § 30 = LL 147a36 , it may be pl. of ecal, q.v.

écmais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écmais or dil.ie/19601
Last Revised: 2013

n i (later also with prothetic f-)

I Absence: éagmais Chríost = absentia Christi TSh. 6387 . easbaidh nó éagmais na fíréandachta, 3319 . cáid cech n-écmais omne ignotum pro mirabili SCC 43 . Cf. laogh is oirdhearc éagmais whose absence is noted (?) or whose repute (i.e. knowledge by hearsay) is wonderful (?) Hackett xlix 1 .

g s. as attrib. absent: fáitti tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib écmaissi, CRR §§ 7.8 . 11.12 .

i n-é.¤ (1) absolutely: a fiadnaise...i n-ecmais in the presence (of the owner, etc. )...in his absence Laws iii 212.6 ; 278.14 Comm. a n-aididh a fer ocus a n-ecmais, ii 378. 18 ; 27 Comm.

(2) with gen. or poss.

(a) in the absence of: a n-écmais na mná = uxore absente Lat. Lives 79.1 . ina hecmais in her absence IT i 40.21 . TBC-LL¹ 817.835 . TBC-I¹ 2492 . i n-ecmais a tigerna in his master's absence Laws iii 230.19 ii 290.23 Comm. (= ZCP xiv 376 ). CCath. 2214 . bheith i bhféagmhais a chéile separated Dánta Gr. 95.4 .

(b) separated from, out of the company of: nā bít it écmais t'ḟian let not thy band be away from thee LL 297b11 = SG 365.11 . nach raibhe énuair do ló 'na hécmais, Anecd. i 79.11 . Ériu i 96.31 . ag anmain 'na éagmhais, Dán Dé vi 29 . Of place: nach mou na di trath atú ina hécmais away from it (the city) PH 1060 . Anecd. i 79.7 . ní bheitheá acht aonbhliadhain a bhféagmhais Eireann ML 36.11 . a n-oilethre a bfhecmais mo tíri, BCC § 67 . § 128 . TSh. 6041 . Similarly: bātar fri rē secht lā a n-ēcmais a corp (of temporarily disembodied spirits), ACL iii 225.1 . is fada ata Fer D. a n-egmais in comlaind ZCP x 304.11 .

(c) of things, without, deprived of, lacking (with gen. of obj.): ní dlíg læch a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a arm, TBC-I¹ 1671 . TBC-LL¹ 4094 . a cuirp i n-écmais a cend without heads 702 . 689 . a n-ecmais ceille codnaid `without the sense of a grown man' (of a minor) Laws v 510.22 Comm. a n-egmais mu cuind ┐ mo ceille do geallus[s]a he I was wanting my sense when I promised it ZCP x 303.23 . Aen. 902 . i n-ecmais ecnai without wisdom PH 6861 . is maith mor in almsa i n-écmais na háine eleemosyna sine ieiunio bonum est 4971 . is marb in corp indecmais in anma, 8384 . badar imda maic rig...a n-egmais a n-anma (i.e. dead, slain) RC xxiv 50 § 10 . ata (an firmamint) a n-egmuis gach uili cāil da cāilib na cethardūla without any of the properties ITS xiv 60.15 . ba dóig la C.i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa, ba hí Medb bói and C. thought, in the absence of knowledge [information], that it was M. TBC-LL¹ 1561 . 2845 . 4444 (a formula, not in St). a bfegmuis t'eoluis thanagsa without thy guidance RC xxix 116.4 . Prov. phr.: boegal i n-ecmais omain, PH 3010 .

(d) lacking to (with gen. of pers. or thing deprived; in a few of the exx. cited it would be possible to take 'na é. as a stereotyped phr., absent , but this explanation is not well supported): is amlaid atracht F ... | ┐ a ech féin na láim | slán uile etir chend iss choiss | bái cach anim 'na écmais, LL 207a47 = RC vii 302 and Duan. F. i p. 30 . biaid do mind rig at egmais araen red chend, TTebe 854 . imleagan oireachais Eireann um ḟeagmais, ML 106.1 . an chundae uile do bheith 'na bhféagmhais, Maguires of F. § 90 . gach ferann da mbaoi ina n-eccmais re fedh a n-aimhreitigh all the lands which had been alienated AFM iv 868.23 . Laws iv 290.12 Comm. Maund. 130 . leth a cinn ina fegmuis, ZCP vi 53.12 . a lethbrócc ime ┐ a lethbrog eli na fecmais, BCC § 282 .

(e) apart from, i.e. other than; except; not including, besides, as well as: damad ac neoch dib i n-ecmais a chéile robeith `if it belonged to one of them independently of the other' Laws iii 126.14 Comm. budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea of another man than thou IGT, Decl. ex. 1056 . as imdha...adba aili ocon Coimdhi a n-ecmais na hindsi-seo, Lism. L. 3703. BNnÉ 234 § 153 . ba haoibhne leis oirisiumh...ann inás ingach ionadh a nErinn ina égmuis, ITS xii 36.17 . except: na plaineid uili a n-egmuis an rē except the moon ITS xiv 86.28 ; 126.2 . nach tainic...a fecmais daendachta Crist, duine bud ferr inā é, BCC § 216 . § 241 . i n-é.¤ co except that; for all that: atait siad fein neamhcumusca a n-egmais co n-abartar a mbeth cumasca even though ITS xiv 14.14 . secht cenela fichet i n-ecmais a fochenel besides their sub-tribes Rawl. 77b3 . Duan. F. i p. 16.23 . Ériu i 80.21 . AFM iii 424.4 . ma ta tech aile aice a n-ecmais in dūin sin Laws v 170.7 Comm. ITS xiv 98.8 . Keat. iii 1039 . deismirecht ar na huile dainib 'na egmuis `for all people besides himself' Laws v 214.22 Comm. nach iad Dál Riada amháin...acht dronga oile 'na n-éagmais, Keat. ii 5912 .

In ref. to a period of time: ar an satharn a n-eugmais an chorgais a Saturday outside Lent Rule of Tallaght § 72 = echdar corgus, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

(f) outside, adjoining: o ná fuairsiot i fféccmais an bhaile iatt, AFM vi 1966.9 . deich mile persa...ag a ttabairt suass a ngioll ar in tig sin a ffegmuis na heguilsi ┐ innte ier n-i[n]mhedhon in that house apart from the church and in the interior of the church Fl. Earls 180.8 .

II Affectionate remembrance, longing, affection, love (?); this meaning may have arisen from the associations of écmais = absence, e.g. grád écmaise: dom shíorrún Raemonn ...tabhair cuimhniughadh géar éaghmaise is annsachta, Hackett xxxv 3 (cf. TSh. 8612 ). a pháirt damh ní áirmhim ná a aoibhe, | a éagmais ghnáith 's a ghrádh 's a dhíoghrais, ib. xxxix 19 .

fíanlach, fiallach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanlach, fiallach or dil.ie/21955
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fíanláech, fiallach, fiallaig, fianlaighi, fíanláech

n o, s, m. (fian + sluag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ). Also fíanláech (cf. óclach, —lách , —láech). n s. in fiallach n-isin BDD 56 Eg. d s. fiallaig, TBC-LL¹ 4007 . n p. fianlaighi, AU 817 .

(a) a fian-band ; a band or troop of warriors: (1 ) fiallach .i. fian laoch no foireann laoch, O'Cl. in fíanlach aile the other champions LU 9169 ( FB 90 ). bá inmain in fianlag BDD 56 . ba he fiallach seng subach (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10 § 11 . toghal innsi L. for fianlach mār di maccaib bāis Luigne, AU 846 = AFM i 474.1 . da innisin dún tuarascbail ... a curad ... ┐ a fíallach feraind, TBC-LL¹ 5148 . leth fiallaig half a troop RC xiii 454.16 . f.¤ na toghla the attacking party Leb. Gab.(i) i 82 .

(b) later used in wider sense of a number or set of persons connected in some way or merely present together, commonly with pl. vb. : fíallach bátár úallchu .i. secht maic Ailella, BDD 42 . eocho in ḟiallaig sin (of four people) TBC-LL¹ 683 . co doruachtatar in fiallach aile cucai (= all the others), Thes. ii 328.44 = IT i 39 . don ḟialluch bite for a lar to those within Marco P. 49 . curpu ind fienlaig marbt[h]a of the slain CCath. 3585 . nuall an ḟiallaigh imneadhaigh (sinners on Judgment day), Ir. Monthly 1927, 263 . cid forbann le fiallach though some deem it excessive MR 240.15 . in fiallach fil oc gabail ime `the party who were suing him' Laws ii 256.19 Comm. crech fiallach [leg. —aig ?] bescna `plundered from people ... who have a `bescna' compact' iii 368.9 Comm . (cf. f. cāna, O'Dav. 1002 ). Oft. with qualifying gen. (like aes, lucht) : fiallach comair ... no fiallach an umaloiti `a co-ploughing, ... a good-will party ; Laws v 138.7 . fiallach ícci ┐ legis physicians TBC-LL¹ 3587 . imomhain for ainnribh ┐ for iallach n-ēadrum 'great fear for women and delicate people', BDC 248.394 . f. foraire watchmen 5091 . fiallach cíuil ┐ airfitid minstrels LL 109b11 . is o cheol atá nemhte[n]chus don fiallach airfitid, O'Mulc. 830d . cusin bhfialluch ngaiscid bui 'na mbroinn `with the armed men therein' Marco P. 114 . (2 ) inmain fianloech formnai gil, YBL 127b47 ( W.S. Festschr. 5 ) (alliteration not regular in this poem, but seems intended here). Cf. fianlaech mór, LL 333a47 (= f. mora, ZCP viii 319.1 . Rawl. 142b19 ). Probably fían láech, LU 6136 should be read fíanláech, with TBC-I¹ 1649 .

gleóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleóir or dil.ie/26055
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gleór, lethglóir

adj I i. (n s. also gleór o, ā) clear, luminous, bright : trésin súil ngleoír boí ina chinn, Cóir Anm. § 252 . triana gnim ṅgleóir ṅglé glan, SR 7402 . arnidat gleóir glethig gle | ar ṁbéoil ethcich elnide, 1611 . mor cet ceol calad cen cleith | gleor canar do rig richid, 1028 . canait cen bet co gleor gle, 623 . gleoir co rath (cheville), 7191 . (?) læch bruasach bélmar ... is hé lethgleóir leithinchind, TBC-LL¹ 5399 = lethglóir, TBC-I¹ 3302 . leithgléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire, O'Cl.

Compds. ¤dath : g s. taitnem ... na [n]glasluirech ngleordat[h]a bright-hued , CCath. 5447 . ¤dellrad radiance : re gleordealradh na greini, 4986 . ¤derc bright-eyed (?) : ba gleorderc in Solchenn, ZCP viii 305.35 ; 'luminously red' Ériu xxii 78 . ¤gemm a sparklìng. gem : gleorgemai beccai di charrmogul, BDD 1.

II subst. brightness : bus .i. gleor nó glaine, O'Dav. 202. As alleg. npr m. Gleóir mac Glainide, Ériu iv 158.22 .

1 lach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lach or dil.ie/29260

x see 1 loch.

?2 lach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ?2 lach or dil.ie/29261

ind curchuslach no gilcach gl. haec arundo, Ir. Gl. 933. Read perh. curchus lachán. Cf. lachán `reed', Hog. Luibhl.

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