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bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea: thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

caimmse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caimmse or dil.ie/7778

 

n f. (Lat. camisia) shirt : nomen uestis c.¤ , Sg. 23b4 . caimsi i.e. a caimsie .i. lēine, Corm. Y 235 . c.¤ .i. ainmm lénead .i. a camisia banléni, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10.30 . caimsi léine, Metr. Gl. 15 § 35 . caimse .i. léine, O'Cl. cáimsi imbi ┐ brat gelderg, BDD 114 . nói camsi fogarti impu, 116. ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léna beca no nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 (mbanciumsa, mbancimsa, v.ll.).

2 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lín or dil.ie/30234
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lined

n o, n. (Lat. linum ?). Note also g s. lined, LB 129a5 . m., IGT Decl. § 96.

I linen, cloth, thread : bar ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib l.¤ lanchatut indi, TBC-LL¹ 3572 . línanarta l.¤ lángela, 5045 . lin a linio (leg. lino), Corm. Y 822 , with which compare: in-étgud, ephud lineo (:gleo), SR 6206 = efud lined, LB 129a5 . co caslaib l.¤ gil impu, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). cassal l.¤ gil, Ériu ii 204.6 . cuicel lin, Laws i 152.16 Comm . ro héted . . . ó etach l.¤ gil he, PH 470 . ross is ael is lin lanchuir `flax thread of full twist' (materials of Nimrod's Tower), Auraic. 297 . cubat do lénid l.¤ / im chorpán cach duine díb, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 . do ghabhdar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabharliontaibh (-t[h]eduib, ML² 684 ) `long flaxen ropes', ML 46.24 . ceand l.¤ end of flaxen rope (?), IGT Decl. ex. 510 . cuirfidh an sagart a chualaidh l.¤ uime, Levit. vi 10.

II Of the crop flax, plant of flax : cuscuta .i. in claman lin dodder, ACL i 328 § 81 . a scuapaib lin, Laws ii 372.17 . flesc lin .i. da flescther in lin, i 152.15 Comm . an tan loisgthear an líon lais, TSh. 419 . do búaileadh an líon ┐ an eórna, Exodus ix 31 . do fholuigh íad lé loirgnibh l.¤ , Joshua ii 6. See also barrach.

Of other plants, see Hog. Luibhl.

III

(a) fishing-net: l.¤ gl. rete, Sg. 46b2 . cenelae lin gl. cassis, 24b2 . mocol l.¤ gl. subtel, PCr. 28b , Sg. 63a12 . lína gl. retia, Ml. 39d17 . l.¤ uiscí gl. rete, Ir. Gl. 863 . im corus l.¤ , Laws i 122.15 . aen-tarraing in lin, v 484.10 Comm . a llos a l.¤ is a craind, LU 3071 ( SG 236.9 ). poni na lína isin usci, ┐ fogebthai bratan indib, Irish Texts i 17.7 . tar mocoll ind l.¤ , RC x 60.13 . lína lána ó uscib, LL 215a28 . oc telach a llin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405.33 ( Dinds. 104 ). l.¤ éisc, RC xiv 44.13 . gan soc[h]ar o linn ag líon, Rel. Celt. ii 238.27 . is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid l.¤ gabala `a net of catching', O'Dav. 975 . i líon tarraing 'into the dragnet', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . líon breac 'trout-net', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . a líon breacraidh 'their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 . l.¤ gabala eisc, Rosa Angl. 78.4 . fear l.¤ fisherman, O'Hara 2650.

(b) hunting-net: glenaid luch inna línsam (of cat), Thes. ii 293.20 . lína fíadaigh, Acall. 4424 . do chóirig a línta, 4428 . .l. lín fri haige altai, SCano 9 .

Of spider's web: líon an damháin ealluidh, Mac Aingil 2146 . coimtiugh re l.¤ an damain allaid, Rosa Angl. 78.6 .

(c) In fig. uses: is hed isin a llínn ingaib diabul peccatores gl. in laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . lin mbretheman .i. faill ┐ elgnais, O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). do-gabais al-l.¤ diabuil . . . he, PH 7708 . is l.¤ do ḟastad (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.10 . am lion tarla an file féin, IGT Decl. ex. 1151 . an líon tarraing i dtá sinn (of sin) drag-net, DDána 57.3 (= IGT Decl. ex. 367 ). ata an conach ina ghaisti ┐ ina lin ac an Diabhal a timchill luchta in chonaic fein, ITS xxix 147.15 . do chuir líon ngráidh ar ghabhlaibh `love-net' (Notes), Butler Poems 1989 . iomdha líon do hinnleadh uirre, DDána 32.20 .

Of relationship of Christ and saints: gabhtar leis i n-a líon sealga / San Clára fa gloine gníomh, PBocht 1 . ll.¤ ní fríoth ar feadh an domain / id chorp ionnraic óghamhail / nó gur hinnleadh a líon lais / a dhíol d'innbhear it éagmhais (of Mary), DDána 6.40 . leathan a líon, PBocht 2.11 .

In sense of protecting net : fillidh umam líon gach laoi, Dán Dé ix 12 . Of gospel: conostuicce tre l.¤ intṡoscelai dochum púirt bethad, Trip. 28.6 .

Compds. With nouns: ¤anart linen cloth : l. altóra, SG 38.21 . hi linannart brond Maire (of Christ), Thes. ii 252.10 . imsciṅg linanairt gil, TFerbe 407 . tabair dam in l. imu-m chend, PH 1871 . ¤barr linen headdress, veil : línbarr .i. caille gela, O'Dav. 1149 . ¤brat linen cloth : na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5972 . gor bo lion-brat ledarach . . . ceinn-berti . . . gacha curad `a piece of linen', MR 266.25 . cach teg ar arabi tuigi . . . atrochair na linbrattaib dermáraib de `in immense flakes', MU 26.10 ( MU² 498 ). ? ¤chor see linchor, lingar. ¤étach linen, linen cloth : imarcraid línédaig 'ma cennuib ┐ 'ma muinelaib (of turbans), Maund. 49 . lé línédach mín ó nÉgipt, Proverbs vii 16 . Linéudach Ueronica, Parrth. Anma 5582. ¤ḟolt: lín-folt (lindfolt, LU) find forordae fair `flaxen hair', BDD 75 . ¤ḟuathróc linen apron : gabais . . . línfhuathróicc tís imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . ¤gort flax-field (as humorous n.pr.): Lene ingen Linghuirt, Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤phaitt fig. of cow's udder: ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, Dinds. 46 . linpaite 'na ngablaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 220.45 . ¤scóit (see scót) linen cloth, sheet: do cheangail do linscoid gil ┐ da adnaic he, YBL 145b51 = PH 2916 . da thaisbean damsa in linscoit do chuiris mo cholaind (of shroud of Christ), YBL 148b7 . atnagur línscóiti bá chend Cathail `linen sheets', MacCongl. 103.15 . ba baine linscoit lenead arna langlanad `as white as the linen of a smock', TTebe 480 . línsgoit a léned, Acall. 3710 v.l. Cf. ba baine ┐ linsccoidh láinnithe (líonsgoth lainfighthi v.l.), Ériu iv 50.14 .

With adjj.: ¤glan white as linen : leathanucht líonghlan, Hackett xxxix 253 . ¤gortach pertaining to a flax-field. As sobriquet: Lene ingen Lingortaig, Anecd. ii 56. 2 n. .