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1 ablach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ablach or dil.ie/69

adj o, ā (aball) having apple-trees: lis a.¤ crandcaem, Acall. 2738 v.l. Usually in Emain A.¤ , a legendary island, equated by Chotzen, Études Celt. iv 255 ff. , with Avalon; see also under Emain. i mbrugh Eamhna abhlaighe (:thairrngire), DDána 120.25 . As n. pr. mad cuablaich (mocuablaigh, v.l.) a.¤ arann /mad comuirgil / muirgel manand, IT iii 34.5 (Meyer, Meyer Prim. 16.12 ). ?romarbsat i cath abla a.¤ lugach is ler . . ., LL 204b38 . A.¤ ingen Domnaill, LL 17270 . As n loc. Ablach Owley , Hog. Onom.

1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis : a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor: gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

ailad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailad or dil.ie/961

Forms: aulad, ilad, elad, ulad, ilaidh, elaith, ulaidh, ulaid, hullta, ailaidh, elaid, ulaid, aulaid, iolaidh, ilaidh, uladha, uladh, ulltaib, ula, ila, eala, ulaidh, uladh, ultha, a.

n m. and f. Also aulad, ilad, elad, ulad. (aul, see GOI p. 52 ). a s. ilaidh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.17 ). elaith, MacCongl. 121.36 . ulaidh, Uí Maine 211raz . g s. in ulaid , Laws v 488.26 Comm. na hullta , 29 Comm. d s. ailaidh, AU i 534 . elaid, LL 19325 . ulaid, BColm. 98.4 . aulaid, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . iolaidh, AFM ii 1014.5 . n p. ilaidh, Anecd. ii 23.1 . a p. uladha, ZCP x 228.z . g p. uladh, Acall. 1499 . d p. ulltaib, SG 252.30 . ula, ila, eala (ón ulaidh, ola l. ón chéill sin) f. ( d s. ulaidh. g s. uladh. n p. ultha), IGT Decl. § 4 .

(a) tomb, sepulchre, burial-cairn: ilad in dechenboir `the tomb of the ten persons', Thes. ii 288.32 . m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9886 . co ro adhnacht i n-Ard Macha i n-ailaidh nuí, AU i 534.12 . sra (leg. fri, ed.) aulad Culduib chanmae, RC xxv 346.3 . im nemthairecc fertad do flatha .i. im nemtiachtain do denam ulaid cumdacht imin flaith, Laws i 186.16 Comm. fogebthar a ulad Fothaid A. fris anair bic. . . ┐ atá coirthe oca ulaid, LU 10990 . ni fuille rath for ullaid, Laws v 448.23 . focerd ilaidh ind im cenn Cuir[r]igh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443. 17 ). in macc fora téit in grad immusaiccichet días for aelaid (? fora elaid), Trip.² 1842 . ro h-adnaiceadh is in ulaidh mhóir fó chosaibh Ui Suanaigh, Hy Fiach. 44.y . ro hadhnaiced co honorach i niolaidh na nepscop, AFM ii 1034.4 . go háit 'na bhfuair ulaidh lán do chnámhaibh marbh, TSh. 7707 . ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT Decl. ex. 232 . ulad .i. uilli nō in t-adnacal aile, Corm. Y 1285 . fert .i. ulad cumdachta, O'Dav. 961 . elath f. `a calvary or charnel-house, a carn, a heap or pile of bones in a church-yard', P. O'C. Of oaths taken at an a.¤ (cf. reilic): nonbar co ulaid . . . co toing fo soscela aice, O'Curry 1972 (H. 4.22, p. 16). dligid doith dithach .i. for ulaid . . . luigi na heisinnraice . . . og ulaid, 2580 ( Eg. 88 fo. 49 (50)a ).

(b) penitential station: a nacaldaim . . . for aulaid oc cros ind dorus lis , Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . táinic P. do tocbáil cros ┐ uladh ┐ altóiredh, Acall. 1499 . in t-ionad ro togasa / itát ilaidh is crosa, Anecd. ii 23.1 . ní dechaid D. . . . ó ulaidh gan impodh, MR 298.11 . seal amhlaidh agan ulaidh / ar shalmaibh, ar slechtanaibh (of devotional exercises of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . co hIlaidh na ttri ccros (at Clonmacnoise), AFM ii 812.10 .

Compd. ¤-lán: locan ālaind iladlān `a delightful little spot full of tombs' (of a hermit's retreat), Ériu ii 56 § 13 .

ailcne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailcne or dil.ie/975

n (1 ail) splinter of rock: alccne .i. ail bic .i. digabthach indi is ail, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74c ). cēchtsam dercca aithscenmaim a.¤ .i. cumachtaigsium a.¤ .i. scellec becc romebhaid don ailig, Corm. Y 446 . cloch . . . ┐ onn ┐ a.¤ . . . is iat sin cenela cloch, Auraic. 1088 . tuislis a.¤ lais a tūa in lis .i. onn robōi for buss an tsuirn, ZCP viii 102.y .

airecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airecal or dil.ie/1892

Forms: aracol

n o, [n.] (oraculum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 206 ). Also aracol. The original(?) meaning oratory (perhaps to be inferred from the derivative airiuclán) seems to appear only in nn.loc., e.g. prinnceps ind airecuil Dociaroc, AU i 296.11 . Cellach . . . princeps ind airicuil Dosenchiarocc, 340.6 . A.¤ Adhamhnain, Reeves Ad. lxiv . Daciaroc Sanctus Aracuil .i. Cell, CS 134z . See also Hog. Onom.

Chamber, private apartment: is amlaid . . . doroimsi P. in fertai .i. secht fichit traiged isind lis ┐ secht traiged fichet isin tig mór ┐ secht traiged déacc isin chúili ┐ secht traigid isind aregal, Trip.² 2807 . dochum ind arucuil, S Cano 99 . rucad ind rīg i n-a.¤ codultae ┐ rofolmaiged in tech mōr, MacCongl. 128.12 . tenecol nach traighedhdubh / airegar i nairegal, IT iii 89 § 110 . ircha .i. cuiltech no a.¤ no tech in bidh, O'Dav. 1107 . fod a airecail .i. tech a bhidh, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, 512 ). na hocairigh . . . da traigh dec fod a [n-]aracail, 324 ( H 3.18, 179a ). baí airecol amrae hi toíb thaige na lánamnae, LU 11023 . con lotar issin less. tíagait isin n-arecol n-amrae and, 11042 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, 3374 . ( SCC § 16 ). issind arucol mac n-Æda Slane, Anecd. i 3.7 ( S Cano 50 ). oentech mbec . . . .i. arocul becc deroil . . . is arocul oiged inso, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 , 4 . gach laech laa setigh . . . ina n-araglaib badēsin, Marco P. 183 . ro ionnsaighsiot an taireccal i mbaoí A., AFM v 1872.24 . fuair siumh aireccal deirrit d'A. `procured a private apartment for A.', vi 1922.5 . ruccadh iad i n-aireccal uaigneach, 19 . dorala don rīguin . . . dul a n-orecul uáignis dia fholcud, ZCP xiii 201.16 . bearthar i dTeamhraigh isteach / an rí i n-aireagal uaigneach, DDána 71.16 . a huamaib ┐ a haircelaib in tshlebi sin, Aen. 142 . asa n-uamaib ┐ asa n-aircelaib (of winds), 219 .

airlam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlam or dil.ie/2167

adj o, ā (*air-fo-lam). See GOI p. 497 and Vendr. Lex. urlamh .i. ésgaidh no ullamh, O'Cl.

(a) Of persons ready, prepared, willing, etc. (to do something ): am irlam gl. promptus sum, Wb. 1b9 . is erlam gl. paratus est, Ml. 29d11 . With gen.: irlam techte martre, Wb. 13c8 . urlamh oidhidh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . With prepp.: is irlam ind anim do thuil dée `the soul is ready to [do] God's will', Wb. 5c18 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . airlama do denum uilcc, 3d12 . ammi irlaim . . . do dul martre, 4b21 . robtar irlim do thecht martre, 7b5 . urlam do rath prompt at bestowing, LU 3398 ( SCC § 17 ). aurlam fri firecrat, 3851 ( SCC § 38 ). comtis irluma fri crábud, LB 144b34 . am erlum-sa letsu `I am ready [to go] with you', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . mata morsodethbir agutsa bidam urlum-sa lat, CCath. 3348 .

In phrase is a.¤ la is ready: ba erlam leo techt they were ready to go, BB 497a25 . urlam leis ac Luigeach Lis he is ready at Lis L., Cog. 120.19 . in tan . . . bus urlum lat docum na Trae, BB 418a51 . as errlam leam sin I am ready for that (i.e. to do it), Lism. L. 1015 . Perh. also: dáib gér orlam aimréide though they might be on the point of falling out(?), O'Gr. Cat. 354.24 .

(b) Of things ready, prepared (for use): it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . erlamae gl. opportunae (raptoribus), 110b3 . promptum est .i. is aurlam, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ). i n-óenló ra fúaprait ┐ i n-óenló rapsat irlama, MU² 150 . os aurlam if it is fully prepared (of wool), Laws ii 370.4 Comm. biad . . . isé urlamh, 202.8 Comm. im denum liacc bron .i. is i cet ceptha . . . si cet urlum . . . si lan urlum roughly finished . . . fully finished(?), i 188.23 Comm. 'na aicdib urluma finished products (of articles made from metal), z Comm. gním erlam, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.24 . cor iarfaig in ba herlam in essair, Three Hom. 120.18 . batar a n-eich urlama inimtechta occo ready for departure, CCath. 4917 . comad erlam fria thaispenad, Fél.² vi 40 . an síoth an uair do b'urlamh, DDána 48.14 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt / earlamh atá dá tabhairt, Dán Dé xiv 17

. (c) In more general sense of ready, prompt, swift, skilful: ba herlam ic tuaslucad cest, RC ii 402.1 . d'ollamh orlaumh, ZCP xii 295.29 . mná áille urrlamha, xiii 167.13 . ro seol . . . o imrum urlum urmaisnech, Aen. 208 . ecnaidh urrlamh irisech, SG 32.10 . sebhac urlamh, O'Gr. Cat. 510.11 . hi ccath erlamh Almhaine, AFM i 316.9 .

Gramm. a preceding word used to indicate gender of a follg. one: a tri urluimi indsce .i. hic h[a]ec hoc .i. ise isi ised `leading words', Auraic. 524 ( = a tri herlanna, 3026 YBL). (The form urluime, Auraic. 524 , if genuine, belongs rather to airlaime).

Equative: is erlamaidir sin `even so ready to hand', Ml. 36c21 . Compar.: armbad irlamu de don buáith, Wb. 11a7 . lōech budh urrlaime nā Frōech, ZCP xiii 167.25 .

airlimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlimm or dil.ie/2217
Last Revised: 2019

n, n. vn. of ar-ling. act of jumping forward(?). Used of a type of trespass, perh. temporary trespass, involuntary trespass . Of animals: tait airlimenda imadichet smachta; cach airlim ria coin no duine; no airlim naibil no omna, no airlim neicne cipsí, Laws iv 92.x . na herlimeanna doslia dilse, 104.6 Comm. treidib miach miter cach nethemain . . . ar airlim; bera de dartaig ar feis, ar is feis cach lige cach tarraidhe, airlim acht na deilset nach tartaidhe, acht tartaide and iar naidh[ch]e, 78.9 (= O'Dav. 694 ) .i. eric airlime orra acht na ro laigit ann, 80.9 Comm. da miach ina feis miach ina n-a.¤ `two sacks for feis trespass and one for a.', 25 Comm. oircc peata bis a lis no a faithche lingeas eirlím a ngort faithche fa di, 108.10 . cairig imorro it smachta airlime do suidib ar ni fil fesa doib, 108.5 Comm. imling in trét oenurlim, O'D. 1671 (H 5.15, p. 25b). tri meich ar tri hairleman, O'Curry 843 ( H 3.18, 384a ). Of bees: ar is do airlimennaib sin na tuilli aithgein na smacht la comaithchiu .i. airlim dia n-airister a n-érae fris 'for it is in respect of those "leaping-trespasses" that it does not entail restitution or fine among neighbours, i.e. a 'leaping-trespass' for which it comes about that they are refused in spite of him', Bechbretha 186 (b)​ . Cf. forlaim(m).

ar-dáili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-dáili or dil.ie/4051
Last Revised: 2019

v ī (dáilid)

pours out, distributes: ardailfe fuil laiss cach dune fil isind lis . LU 5192 ( TBC-I¹ 713 ). ardailfe fuil cach n-áen fil isin dún, 5196 (ib. 717 ). ? bennacht for in n-irnai[g]the / . . . / maith dontī darrogathar, / maith dontī arnodāili (leg. arrodāili?), ZCP iii 33.29 (i.e. the person prayed for and the person who prays?). ? mac meschuirp mogeth ardalsus condessel (rhet.), Ériu iii 137.75 .

ballach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballach or dil.ie/5302

adj o, ā (ball) rounded; speckled, spotted, freckled: b.¤ gl. urbiculatus (recte orb-), Ir. Gl. 638. mo psaltair bh.¤ bordbrec, RC xxxvii 352 § 10. lis b.¤ breicderg, Acall. 2738. Cf. Measgra D. 56.133 . fiad b.¤ báinderg, SG 280.26 . Cf. Measgra D. 43.9 . fear b.¤ binnbhriathrach (of Diarmuid; ref. to the ball seirce?), Oss. iii 50.x . beann bh.¤ mhíolach mhongach, Measgra D. 41.12 . truailliughadh b.¤ an croicinn (defœdatio cutis maculosa), 23 K 42 , 280.16 .

pn Freq. as epithet: Muiris balloch, Hy Fiach. 82.4 . C. mB., AFM iii 584.7 .

As subst. in b.¤ gorm `the dappled grey', Celtica ii 42 § 32 .

basc(h)rann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. basc(h)rann or dil.ie/5468

n (bas + crann). IGT Decl. § 11. Lit. hand-stick (or -board if = tabula), clapper (cf. `in monasteries the wooden board which was beaten to call the community together, esp. on the death of a member, v. Ducange, tabula No.4 ,' Plummer MS. notes), wooden knocker: benaid bascrann . . . gaibem a ecnairc, or Brigit, ór itbath `she strikes a clapper', Fél. 64.22 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. bensait bascrand isin dorus (of a monastic cell), RC xiv 58.22 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `that the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116.32 . ciasa bas . . . / do bean go bras in bas-crann ?, 36 . do bhaineadur béim baschrainn frisan dorus `hand-stick' (Gloss.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 60. co cualadar beim bascraind fri dorus in lis `a blow of the knocker', CCath. 1133. go mbean bh. until he strikes the knocker, IGT Decl. ex. 474. (iron) door-knocker: lé baschrann nó lé fairchín iaroinn do bhí as an ndoras do chum a bhuailte, Desid. 408.

1 bés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bés or dil.ie/5755
Last Revised: 2013

n (Cf. Hiberno-Latin bes(s)us Latin Letters in Early Christian Ireland xii 207 ). u, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) habit, custom, usual procedure, practice; manner, way: ni fil linn in béesso gl. consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 . iudide ó béssaib, 10d35 . ithæ inso bésse inna fedb `these are the manners of the widows', 29a3 . ishé didiu a mb.¤ adi intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile gl. more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 . ón bes dóindu gl. homano more, 51d25 . iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 . bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497. modh (ón bh.¤), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) . b.¤ modh o eincheill araen (v.ll.), ib. n. 7 . cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona aicned foleith (of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da, DDána 114.30 . b.¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl. ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai ánd `it is customary', Ml. 26c6 . isse a bees . . . fogeir a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc., Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.). is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg., note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 . isé b.¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged, Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). With DO: is bées . . . donaib dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 . is b.¤ tra dosom anisiu, 22c10 . is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . is b.¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to drive, LU 5093 ( TBC-I¹ 607 ). is béas don bhláth machuire the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . With LA and OC: is b.¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 . is bǽs linni epert gl. nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 . ar ba bes la suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 . ba b.¤ oc Rómanachaib, etc., PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn, DDána 69.25 .

In prep. phrases: (ó) b.¤ , (ó) bésaib: trebait isin cathraig . . . o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of . . ., Anecd. iii 69.25 . Cf. bés (cen bes, v.l.) mora, Lament 88 § 1 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `white raiment after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 . See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b.¤ : fo b.¤ srotha luaith `in the manner of a swift stream', Wb. 32c16 .

(b) In more specialized sense (particularly in pl.) moral(s), good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 . cid maith a b.¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 . riaglóir . . . / conoathar b.¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 . asbera frib coteeet mo béssise gl. uias meas, 9a17 . bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 . inna mbéso (`rather bése,' note) sainemlae gl. morum, Ml. 30d15 . ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 . cen buaidred ar do béssaib `no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do bhéasa ód óige = thy manner, Jeremiah xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .

(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-) rent (glossed biad uais, Laws ii 222.14 Comm.), tribute, etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 , Críth G. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ): sudiges bēs foruib nō cacht (etymol. of forbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha besa of every annual rendering of tribute (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341 § 3a . ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b.¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera folud a thige . . . co mbí b.¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 80 , 83 . do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa doib `to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v. tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib `rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . See airchenda

Note also: b.¤ gl. idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 . dun b.¤ ebraidiu gl. Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 . anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai cosecarthi gl. ritibus sacris, 100c16 .

Compds. bésgnethid gl. morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 . trisin ṁbæstindrim gl. per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

braichles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braichles or dil.ie/6493

n f. (braich) mash, wort (of (brewing-) malt): , lot[h]ar i mbī brachles, Corm. Y 849. focul for braichlis (sic leg.) riasiu do-cae for descthu a test for the mash before it is fermented ( ZCP xiv 348 , see xv 259), Laws ii 242.12 . nua corma .i. braitlis, Triads 145 n. do bunad cech beoiri ┐ cecha braithlisi, Acall. 4603 v.l. lear do braichlis blāithlendai a sea of the wort of smooth ale, MacCongl. 37.27 . bristear na luibhe so, ┐ bearbhthar ar braithlis mhaith, 23 K 42 , 406.20 .

1 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brecc or dil.ie/6620
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā speckled, spotted; variegated; patterned, ornamented: aladh .i. breac, O'Cl. cuirither iasg ṁb. mbedg (MS), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 and 48 n. 4h . ernail dhatha . . . etir brec ┐ dond ┐ alad ┐ rúad, TTr.² 881. tri datha na hec[se] . . . b.¤ ┐ fochanar, Auraic. 5249 speckled (raiment), see Thurn. ZCP xvii 291.16 . i fil ilmíli mbrec mban of women (in) variegated (dress), Imr. Brain 19. cochléne breccai plaid (?) capes, BDD² 1204. cet d'étach gach dadha bricc, IT i 125.15 ( TE Eg. 10 ). bróca brecca bernacha, Todd Lect. vi 60 § 80. écne b.¤ , Imr. Brain 54. ní sladar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg (rhet.), LU 8651. nathir bémnech b.¤ `speckled snake', Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy.v). graig ngabor nglas, brec a mong, LU 3692 ( SCC 33.19 ). daim breca brindled (?) oxen, Trip. 176.15 . na heich breca dappled , Celtica ii 42.32 . a chuilim bhric tig ón Spáin `pied dove', KMMisc. 50.2 . ro brecad do semannaib findruine conid brec (sc. a shield named Briccriu), BDD² 976. ba b.¤ do imdornchoraib na claideb n-orduirn `speckled with the hilts of the gold-hilted swords', Ériu iv 26.26 . go frithathartaib óir bricc friu anechtair with rack-clasps (?) of patterned (?) gold (of scabbards), LL 11193 (TBC). bruiden brec bélfhairsiuṅg, MU² 203. d'aebind bricc of speckled ebony, Alex. 593. mo lebrán brec `with chequered page', SG 56.32 . na Banba bricce `of many-coloured B.', Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 1. ós Bōin[d] bricc ` sparkling ', 92 § 3 . sduadh bhreac dhealbhach um an ndún, DDána 119.17 . san gcrann mbrioc (: riot) on the stained (?) Cross, Aithd. D. 86.11 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 4 ). gur bhó breac ó corpaibh daoíne an tulach, AFM v 1784.23 . cardo benedicta .i. an fuafannan breac `speckled thistle' (Gloss.), ACL i 326.36 . adhbhar gotha dod ghruaidh bhric 'a cause of reproach to your freckled cheek', Giolla Brighde 108 § 3 ​​. See galar.

As subst. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec specks (?), O'Mulc. 42. adberar an Bhrec fría, ó comhmbrecadh taisedh na naomh ┐ na naomh-ogh a n-áoinfeacht . . . innte (a reliquary), BNnÉ 266 § 232 . ? rop ecem secc da selbaib / in b.¤ asin b.¤ Temraig, LL 376a46 . brec mor `great dotting' (a form of Ogham alphabet), Auraic. 6010. rand[aigecht] bec mor andso ocna filedhaibh . . . carrdechnaid vero acna druthaibh . . . ┐ is edh on a b.¤ that is its diversified form (?), IT iii 86 § 86. Cf. § 85.

As epithet in n. pr.: féil Chóemáin Bricc, Fél. Sept. 14. ? innisios fer brec nach beo, SG 362.7 . Appar. n. pr. m.: co B., TBC-LL² 4074 .

Compds. With nouns. Símón Brecc ... brecc-ainech ro bhoí .i. aiged bhrec lais on ardbhruth 'he was mottled-faced, i.e. he had a mottled face from the intense heat (anger ? fever?)'​, Cóir Anm.² ii 26 § 87 ​​​. breccbardne (name of a metre), IT iii 43 § 54 , Murphy Metrics 64 § 59 (see p. 84). brig bladmar, bruthmar, breccbárc, SR 2642. in Bhreac-bhárc .i. lung Fhinn mheic Cumhaill, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xvi 1046 . breac-bhriathra . . . / glac íad `verses ?' (to a patroness), O'R. Poems 3339 and Gloss. bairghean, breac-cháca (breach cháca, MS.) beg éattrom `a loaf or little light Ceak', Eg. Gl. 8. Cf. bairghean breac ` barnbrack ' (`barm-'), Dinneen . do butainte brecdatha .i. co ndathaibh éccsamhla, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.13 . meic Blait breacduirn, Acall. 2355. dá breclamainn `speckled gauntlets', CCath. 4675. delg óir . . . / i n-óe cecha breclenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33.27 ). co rainig . . . in breacmacraid (brecmac rig, v.l.) thiri Armenia the motley youth, RC xx 430.3 . breic-mhias an mheasraidh, TSh. 905. ós breac-mhoigh Éireann, Content. xxx 21. .x. mbrait mbreccphupaill .i. pupaill cacha datha, Ériu ii 4.17 . breacṡolas `the morning or evening twilight ', P. O'C. robrāth na breictheinedh blazing fire, ZCP viii 211.28 . fleadh bhreacthruaille beann `ornamented sides of goblets', Magauran 421 .

With adjj. brecc-aladh piebald , RC xlvi 230.25 . meic borrthoraid brec-bāin, MacCongl. 33.14 . os Banba brecbuic, MacCarthy 184.10 . panathir breccborr huge spotted panther, Rawl. 78a19 . di sciathaib . . .bána breccbudi ` yellow-spotted ', TTr. 1403. geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuir mbláith, KMMisc. 170 § 12. lis ballach breicderg, Acall. 2738. Brec-derg (name of a drinking-horn), 157 . da sheir birrdha brecduba, RC xiii 5.10 . a barr bre[c]glas, Hail Brigit 20 . dá ech . . . brecglassa, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). gusan mbrúgh mbraenach mbrecṡolus ` light-bespeckled ', Ériu iii 162 § 16. ra beind breccsholais búabaill, MU² 230.

With adjj. formed from nouns. mergeda . . . a . . . breacamlacha `variegated (and) emblematic', Marco P. 61. medon fethech brecbaindech `spotted with pustules', RC xxiv 196 § 11. la fichit brandub brecboirdnech, LL 7285. brat breicbreidech, RC xxi 398 § 33. da n-ocht ṁbliadan brecbuidnech varied and crowded years, LL 14958. o earradhaibh breac-dathacha a banntrachta, ML 38.22 . amail buinne . . . mbreachlasrach with motley flashes, CF 774. brat breclígda immi `of varied hues' (Gloss.), BDD² 1165. gus an mbuinde . . . mbreclinnteach mBuada, MR 104.8 (2 brecc ?). sluagh . . . breacmeirgeach with many-coloured standards, MR 214.y . bloiscbem brecthentech, Lec. 171 ra 26 (brēicthinntech, ZCP viii § 38).

? cumasc slaite breaclíte ┐ lethrannaigechta moire, BB 291a34 = cumasc slaiti brecht, etc., IT iii 84 § 71.

In nn. loc. in compds. see Hog. Onom.

búachaillid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búachaillid or dil.ie/7196
Last Revised: 2013

v (búachaill) herds, guards: is eisiede cat buachailles .i. cometar ccusna buaib isin lis , O'Dav. 915 (? for original cat búachaill/búachalla, , Celtica xxv 148 ).

1 búaile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaile or dil.ie/7236

Forms: buailtibh, bailti

n f. (see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 118 . Perh. ext. applic. of 2 b.). Freq. with dental inflection

(a) cow-house, byre; cattle-pen; (temporary) cattlefold, booley at times of summer pasturage: buaile gl. vaccaria, Ir. Gl. 174. buaile dam gl. bostar, 1044 . dáistir immon mboin . . . isin mbuaile, Trip.² 155. co bualid in oendorais, LL 28758. talgud do ceathra i mbuailaig do ceile (involves liability for compensation), Laws v 466.1 , glossed: do ithe in feoir .i. diguin buailed gemreta `to eat the preserved grass of a winter booley', 468.5 Comm. isin buailidh galair . . . i mbuaili g. an infected cowshed or booley, O'D. 2384 ( Rawl. 506, 47a) . i mbuaille bedgaid, Laws v 140.8 Comm. d'innsaigidh a llías ┐ a lánbúailtedh, RC xxvii 260 § 1. ba nád buailte `nor boolies' BNnÉ 151.3 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead `not to raid . . . cattle-folds', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 .

Possession of a b.¤ gave a certain legal status or qualification: .9. fir deg aga mbia buailti ar son na ngradh flatha (as witnesses), O'Curry 285 (H. 3.18, 157). sloinntech oirrig no taisig ag nach bia ach buaile, 287 (H. 3.18, 158). leath do biatachaib ┐ leath dfearaibh buailteadh, 286 (H. 3.18, 158).

Fig. is búale rantor co rían / is cúane n-ardchon is án (cemetery of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4203 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 16.15 ). a buaili biast (to the body), PH 8255. a mbuailie bais `in the stall of death', RC xii 98 § 131. i mbuailibh bais, CCath. 6023. buaile long Mhic í Mháille ` dockyard ', RC xlix 169 § 7.

Note also: bebsat buale febra fáebra (rhet. `cow-droves', CRR 6 ), LL 22728. cúicc buailte décc bó . . . i ccreich `fifteen herds of cattle', AFM iv 1134.16 . (of battalions) go bhfacadar . . . na buailtibh (a p.) bir-ghéara bodhbha ` pens, folds ' (note 2), CRR 19.

(b) yard, enclosure; paddock: i n-eatarfhásach na búailedh `of the milking yard', BS 142.20 . colladh ina buailidh brú (`on the fringe of his (lord's) enclosure', Celtica vi 225 § 73 ), Ériu xiii 20.3 , cf. O'Dav. 219. lis ┐ buailidh ┐ faithce, Laws ii 50.23 Comm. i mbuaile fo iadhu `in an enclosure', iv 96.24 . céd bó ro theand buaili ac brugaid `which crowded a farmer's paddock', Leb. Cert.² 168.

(c) In extended applications: ? do dhéantar . . . trí buailte . . . ar an magh-sa (buaile `a palisade ', ed.), ML 78.11 = bailti, ML² 1099. mar bís bradan i m-buailid `in a weir', MR 232.14 . it lúaithidir roth mb.¤ mill-wheel (driven by the water) of a weir (?) (see Gloss. s.v. roth), BDD² 1216. rothán mbuaileth, 1151 (cf. ZCP i 98 f .). búale . . . di scíathaib, LL 31424 ` fence ', TTr. 609. buale di chollaib, 32299 ( TTr. 1487 ). da n-o pill for buailidh bhar mbertha `over the pen of your shaving' (line ?), ITS v 112.24 .

In nn. loc. Buaile Pátraic . . . .i. fert mbec co crois and, Trip.² 1599. See Hog. Onom.

canánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canánach or dil.ie/8131

Forms: canónach, cananach

n o, m. (canóin). Also canónach. canon regular; canon of cathedral chapter: cananach gl. canonicus, Ir. Gl. 437 . A. . . . do ecc a Lis Gabail ina chananach, Ann. Conn. 1373.4 . pian na manach ┐ na c.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 4 . Conaing . . . cenn c.¤ Rosa Cré, AFM iii 10.7 . a tticch canānaigh, Beatha S. F. 2872 . guidhim Auguistin óghach / gona (sic leg.) chéadaibh canónach, Dán Dé xxv 65 (Canons Regular were named after St. Augustine). go canānchaibh . . . thempaill Petair, Fl. Earls 172.31 . ar mbeith . . . dó ina ch.¤ i dteampoll chaidrealta (of Calvin), Eochairsg. 22.9 .

Fig.: is iat clann G. ro ba chanánaig choraidh ar in gcomairle gcruadchroidigsin (i.e. prime instigators, leaders), Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.10 .

1 ceisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ceisid or dil.ie/8517
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cesaid, cesacht

v Also occas. cesaid. IGT Verbs § 78 .

(a) complains, grumbles : Sdeaphan mór tré dhochar ndis / Pól dá chlochadh is níor cheis, Dán Dé xxvi 54 . a ben na cuile, ná ceis, Laud 615 87 cited Meyer Contribb. Prov. ceasann an bolg lán, Hard. ii 399.8 . ? scīath rígh Muige Tulcha Lis / cuire cumtha cīa nār ceis?, ZCP viii 227.18 .

As a rule with FOR (AR). (b) Of thing complained of: uair ni chesend nech dib som for a focraic fein `since none of them grumbles at his own reward', RC xxv 246.22 ( LU 2654 ). mad ar a būar cessed nech, ZCP viii 217.23 . as teann cheisim ar mo dháil, KMMisc. 354.25 . ar chrechaib nīr cheis in fer `never complained of having to make raids', Ériu xvi 162 § 21 . ar [chlaoine] na gclann ná ceis `complain not of their waviness', Magauran 956 . an uair cheise ar an gcroidhe `when thou lamentest thy evil heart', Dán Dé xviii 21 . ro c[h]eisedar na flatha ar n-a fedhmannaibh, ML² 1730 . With RE: ní cheis re comhrádh macaoimh 'she does not complain at the chattering of a child', Giolla Brighde 26 § 17 . In difft. idiom with words meaning fame , etc.: Midhi mac Bratha . . . / . . . / do ceis a tairm ar gach fini, / conad leis ainm Midhi moir his fame imposed itself upon(?), Ériu x 78 § 24 . leathar leis gach breath ma mbia / cá neach ar nach ceis a clú?, Magauran 3900 . Cf. sense (d).

(c) Of persons: ro ches air co mor = indignatur, TTebe 2514 . c.¤ in rí ar Fithirt finn, SG 367.38 . ní cheis mé ar a chloind d'ú Chréide, IGT Verbs ex. 699 . ? marb m'aes cumt[h]a ar nar ceis / duinn-e fa hurchra aindeis, BCC 390.7 .

(d) belittles, thinks little of, despises (see TBC St. 1447 - 8 note): cessis in caur forru . . . ┐ ba nefní leis a caingen ora maid in cath remi deemed them but feeble opposition, LL 32287 (TTr.). ceisis Medhbh go mor air iarna fhaisgin, ZCP viii 548.34 . Perh. also: [na] aonar [ar] cath [do] cheis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 15 . In this idiom most freq. with menmae as subj.: tincais Medb ar Con Culaind ┐ cessis a menma fair `in her own mind she belittled him', TBC-LL² 1409 ( TBC St. 1447 ). rogabsat a ceill ar in slog . . . ┐ ro ceis a menma dul tarsu felt confident of overcoming them, BB 436a48 . ōtconncatar in becān slūaig . . . roches a menma forru, Fianaig. 78.1 . nir' cheis menma Fhinn ar an bhFhéin riam co sin a gcath ná a gcomhlonn never lacked confidence in, Acall. 1097 . cessis a menma cu mór forthu-sum, CRR 25 . nir-cheiss a menma na aicned na innithim forthu-sum, 27 . ro ceis menma D. ar Dal cCais ara nuaite, Cog. 212.10 . ro cheis menma cechtarnae dhiobh co mor forsan arccatt felt sharply that the money was inadequate, Hugh Roe² 282.z . With difft. prep.: is airesin . . . ro cheis menma Criomhthainn do A. B., Misc. Hag. Hib. 20.27 .

Vbl. of necess.: menip cesti for a eladain `unless there be a question as to his science', RC xxvi 17 n.4 . nibath cesta ar ar cloind, Fen. 320.y .

Vn. cesacht.

clannaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannaigid or dil.ie/9369

v (clann)

(a) plants : ce ro clannaigeadh se roid ┐ . . . arbar fair, O'Curry 1901 (23 P 3, f. 23). nos clandaigim forsin faithchi mo lis , Ériu iv 134.6 (nosclandaim, v.l.).

(b) Fig. implants, establishes : clandaiged dliged cosced indliged `let him plant law', Tec. Corm. § 2.11 v.l. (clandad, text). clannuigheadh dlighedh .i. fasdadh, O'Don. Suppl. fr. Tec. Corm. cumhachta ó n-ar nAthairne / . . . / do ghrádhsa go gclannaighe, / . . . im spioraid, Aithd. D. 57.6 .

(c) begets (children) on (fri), procreates: a log do na setaib o ra clannaiged he boden (gl. luchar set dia cholainn), Laws v 410.19 Comm. ro forcoṅgair Dia . . . na ro chummascdais fri clanna Cain ┐ na ro clannaigdis friu, Rawl. 70a2 . Cf. 4 . ni roclannaigset acht triur dona maccaib, 69b11 . co tuc da ingena Labain .i. Lia ┐ Rachel co ro clannaigh friu ┐ co ro clandaigh fria n-inaltaib, BB 5b26 . ro clannaigsedar iar sin isna fearannaib sin `took root', RC xx 423. 21 (ro silsat, v.l.). Perh. in sense (d). Note also: níor chlannaigh fa choim na neamh / ní nach fuair fios a airrdhean `planted', Studies 1918, 281 § 12 (`or "propagated", or taking the verb as intransitive "there has been propagated", ed.'s note).

(d) increases, multiplies : ro forbair a sil . . . ┐ ro chlannaigestár co rrabatár cethri míli . . . lanamna and, LU 1281 (H). con chlannaigset dia n-ēis / clann mac Mīled, Corp. Gen. 119.9 . dona mórulcaibh ro síoladh ┐ ro clannaigedh i nInis U. . . . allos écca an Aódha . . . , Hugh Roe² 346.x .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

cnúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnúas or dil.ie/9778

n o (cf. cnú) nut-harvest, (hazel) nuts; produce (in general), fruit: c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 . cnuas cacha feda, Laws v 482.26 .i. a mes ┐ a cno, 484.13 Comm. dentar lim-sa dúas ni gó / do chnuas na cno cumraide, LL 5270 . cnuas gar um gach lís re línd, BB 25a7 . in c.¤ (of hazelnuts of Crimall), KMMisc. 194.12 . co n-iomad coll caomh is c.¤ `nuts', BS 136.2 . ceatha cnuais ┐ toraidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 n.4 . trí cnuasa / . . . uas a slatuibh / /cnuas ic tuitim . . . / cnuas fó bláth is cnuas abaigh, Acall. 455 - 6 . cnuas a fiodh, iasg a hinbhear, Measgra D. 52.42 . Attrib. g s. coill fhionnshlat chnuais `fruitful wood', O'Hara 2132 . craob chnúais `a nut-laden bough', O'Gr. Cat. 384.10 . cnoc na gcleath gcnuais, Ir. Syll. Poetry 32 § 8 . Note also: bensat giallu iar congail / as siar im chnuas nuach, RC xvii 145.14 (Tig.), taken as n. loc., AFM i 200.1 `rich treasure', CS 56.6 .

Transfd.: an cnuassoin croinn an álaidh, Aithd. D. 77.11 . ní lacc celg dá cnuas, Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.16 . cnuas sin do ghéag-craoibh na ngrás (of salvation), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 . an loingeas san chuan mar chnuas as a bounty, Hackett² xliii 156 . an chnú do chnuas Mhac Mílidh (of chieftain), Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 9 .

Compds. With nouns: cnuaisleigheas a restorative of fruit, DDána 91.5 . íar ccruin[n]iughadh an chnuastoraidh sbioradālta, Parrth. Anma 5315 . With adjj.: a Éire chraobhach chnuais-gheal, Keat. Poems 1377 . in crann cnūasadlescboc (of bishop), Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 21 . fá chríoch . . . gcnuaistigh gCuinn, DDána 75.38 . coiccedal na ccraobh ccnuastort[h]ach, Anecd. iii 5.6 . don chraoibh . . . cnuastruim (of family stock) `heavy fruited', Content. xxix 18 .

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