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colpthae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colpthae or dil.ie/10536

 

Forms: colpa, calpa, calpa

adj io, iā. Also calp-.

I stout, sturdy, stalwart (?): buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 (`read buinni colbtha `ankle- rings' ?' ed.). As epithet: Aed Colpdai, ZCP viii 304.25 . Dond Colptha, LL 16061 .

II As subst. io, m. colpa calpa m. IGT Decl. § 2 (p. 39.16) . calpa m., IGT Met. Faults § 147 . thick part of leg between knee and ankle, shank, calf of leg, shin : trilis tara haiss síar. co mbenad a da colptha inna díaid, LU 4520 (TBC). glūne fer la colp[th]a, colpthai fer la traigthe, TBC-I¹ 3551 . druth dala / . . . / colpa saillighi itir da saith, IT iii 103 § 194 . díochuimrigh a cholptha, Ériu xiii 40.6 . etir a glun ┐ colpa, Anecd. ii 79.y . a cinn an c[h]olpa, z. batar inndelldirghe a dha colptai, IT i 120.7 . co mboí oc tīrad a cholptha frisin tenid, Fing. R. 122 . tarrustair a muinter féin for dá colpadhaibh `seized him by the calves of his legs', CCath. 2087 (for da cois cholpta, colpthae, v.ll.). mo dī cholpa ro-clāi dath, ACL iii 233.10 . ō fhosadh a chinn co a c[h]olpa, ML² 1472 . colptha córa cutruma, traigthe tana tónngela, MacCongl. 97.15 . arna calpadaib, Rosa Angl. 34.8 . gemhel . . . / ac snas chúiledh calpthadh `marks the backs of (wrong- doers') legs', Studies 1920, 418.24 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha bending down to the ankle(?), O'Hara 4062 .

(b) shank of an animal: la gabail a c.¤ na muicce . . . conda farggaib . . . in croccand inna láim cossin cholpdu, LL 37251 -3. Of the distribution of joints at a feast: laarg do righ . . . colp[th]a ogtigern, IT iii 188 § 10 . colpta, Laws i 48.13 Comm. druid ┐ aire désa / . . . / dlegait colptha caem, LL 3745 . Hence: colpa gl. tibia, Ir. Gl. 146 . cusna colpthaib gl. cum tibiis, Gild. Lor. 188 . ? fecht and dī oc soud ind eich dar colptha. Docuridar in t-ech fót mór da díb croib, LL 13342 `while turning the horse over shanks(?)', RC viii 50.17 .

(c) leggings(?): troighthīni édaigh ┐ colpt[h]adha nó gamaisi (`sockes and quiltes'), RSClára 21b (`for colcadha?; ed.).

As n. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.vv. colpde , colptha , 1 inber.

1 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díles or dil.ie/16403

 

Forms: dílsi, -e, dísle, disliu, dilsim

adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. = -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth G. pp. 83 - 84 ).

I Legal senses.

(a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart (for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim: diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of the owner of the shore', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse, Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit' become the property of the client, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv 194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something in return (?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim . . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?), 212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is theirs by right (of women whose marriage has been dissolved), 292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . . d.¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 . Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé, digraiss deilm, | ferand d.¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis `his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession , Keat. Poems 1529 .

(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman is forfeited by the person by whom it is given', 60.22 Comm. ni fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now', RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d.¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is their own special property, free from the King of F.' (Corr. p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .

(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences: d.¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary article involves liability, Críth G. 222 . d.¤ a osolggud di maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not involve liability, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt, Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat. 79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct, and who therefore cannot sue for compensation), Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan. F. i 18 § 25 .

II General senses.

(a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate: ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not belong to thee', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate, Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d.¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat. Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A. was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 . rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d.¤ from their own land, 3446 . Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d.¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg dílis fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 . conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 20.264 . inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142 § 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex. 434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 . brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr. Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its own appropriate case, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 . Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms), 3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true (genuine) nun, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d.¤ cen fhigurdacht `a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d.¤ diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .

(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca senmoir nar d.¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici, 3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a breith mar bus d.¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .

(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.). a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2 126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 . ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 . aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg. 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Corinth. x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', AFM vi 2060.1 .

(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .

(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC-LL¹ 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d.¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ). co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l. léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .

Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to thee than to them', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 . Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).

Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= proprie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag labairt go d.¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

lárac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lárac or dil.ie/29581

 

Forms: láarg, loarc, lorac, larac, ládairg, loarc, laarg

n ā, f. also láarg , loarc lorac, larac, ládairg. For discussion of forms see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 123 - 24 , who regards loarc, laarg as the earlier forms. IGT Decl. § 57 . Upper part of leg, thigh, hip (`fork, thigh', O'Rahilly).

(a) Of animals haunch: lón lairci lecht miled (meaning uncertain), Dinds. 42 ; hence lon lairge .i. lon no leis ┐ lá-arg, O'Cl. rochuir a láraic de co Port Large (of Findbennach), TBC-LL¹ 6194 . tuc leis co Ath Mór 'mo anait (moraid v.l., leg. márait?) / a lón ┐ a láraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.80 . cnam larach is leas corach, BB 257b14 . ar mbuain na carr do largaib na nech, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ). Regarded as noble and choice portion at a feast: larac do rig ┐ espoc ┐ sui, Laws i 48.12 . dorecmaic a tēchta do chāch ass .i. laarg (larac v.l.) do righ ┐ d'ḟilidh., IT iii 188.7 . láarg .i. . . . leo ball ┐ arg loech. leo ball no áige no cuibrend do dhaglaech indsin, Corm. 26 ( Corm. Y 804 ). dobér do ḟilid ollomun / ┐ do airig ard / loarg maith mín, LL 3732 = larac, YBL 419b9 . briuga ┐ aire desa . . . / dobér doib . . . / loarg, LL 3737 = larac, YBL 419b10 . ollam filed loarg doib, LL 29a15 . láraig (laarc v.l.) ┐ lón-chrochit (the portion of kings, poets, sages, and yeomen), Metr. Dinds. i 24.156 . bíid loracc cona timthucc ┐ chilórnd cormma ara chiunn ar cach Cáisc, Trip.² 1385 . ag fudáilfide la ríg Laigin . . . indala loracc don rig, alaili do ríg Óa nErcán, 2211 . atracht espoc dib . . . ┐ as ed dorala ana laim cnaim na lairge [th]air, Lism. L. 2080 . in cethramad rand . . . loirgi (leg. lairgi) . . . gamna scamche, Hib. Min. 66.27 .

(b) Of persons: co ndúatar na biasta é . . . coro ḟaide in muir a da láraic cosin port út, LL 22396 (Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a laraic, BB 372b37 , láairg, Dinds. 42 . día laragaib (of warriors), TTr.² 542 . re tesgadh cenn ┐ cnámh ┐ colann láarg (larag v.l.) ┐ méidhi ┐ mhuinél, TBC-LL¹ p. 377 n.11 (H.2.17). laorg (g p.), Fianaig., 94.24 . fri lairge luthain .i. . . . fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204 . mana leóin do ládharguibh / dá ragha a ndeóigh díbhearguigh, IGT Decl. ex. 568. isna lochaib blen ┐ isna lairgibh, Rosa Angl. 184.12 . do bhuail sé íad leis ┐ ladhairg he smote them hip and thigh, Judges xv 8 . thúg an daigéar óna ladairg dheis, iii 21 . Note also: sithbe iairn a dí loairc / lathar n-amra, LL 4984. Humorously in mock genealogy: a c[h]lérig . . . meic láirce, meic lūabann, MacCongl. 33.22 . Of the whole leg: co riacht anair . . . l.¤ ós bund `thighbone from the sole upwards', Metr. Dinds. iii 192.39 . tindlis a láim, a láraic, / a chois is a chóel-brágait (`ankle'), iv 124.1 . isna lairgibh in tibiis, 23 K 42, 292.4 . ro bris sé muiníl na miledh ┐ lairgi na laechraidhi `legs', Stair Erc. 829. lámha ┐ leithchind ┐ laarga na loechraidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.30 .

In phrases: mell a (dá) lárach buttocks: gerrchocholl co mell a ndá l.¤ , LU 6960 ( BDD 60 . a dá lárcc, Y). tuargabsat a lénta co mellaib a l.¤ , LU 8257 ( FB 20 ). gabaid a lēnid i n-ard-gabāil ōs mellach (leg. mellaib) a láruc, MacCongl. 9.25 . Cf. tucc buille . . . i mullach (mellach?) lairge T., ZCP x 10.11 . log na ladhairge the hollow of the thigh, Gen. xxxii 32.

In gramm. term: lorga fuach .i. lairce lorchaine, Auraic. 1692. See lurga.

(c) bed-post: dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot `posts' (Glossary), Críth G. 236.

In nn. loc. See Hog. Onom. s.v. 1 áth. Cf. Vadum Duarum Furcarum id est da loarcc, Thes. ii 266.14 ( Ardm. 12b ).

3 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 les or dil.ie/29992
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: leas

n ā, f. leas (na coisi), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) buttock, hip, haunch ; very freq. in dual buttocks, posterior : coche no less gl. clunis, Sg. 67a14 . catas (crinas) .i. na lessa `the haunches', Gild. Lor. 176 . for di lis ṅgabra `on the haunches of the steed', Fél. 152.23 . ina suidhiu isin sneachta corici a dī leis, TBC-I¹ 1117 ( LU 5600 ). cen chnáim lessi . . . do brisiud, LU 6530 . congeib ó chond a leisi co holl a ochsaille, LL 189a46 . Cf. dar cuimgib a ll.¤ , Dinds. 1 § 8 . ubhall a leisi do dhol asa ionad cavitate sua excidit coxa, 23 K 42, 102.y . co ndechaid a uball asa leis don leim sin, D IV 2, 63rb11 . gluaisidh si cenn uachtarach na leisi a folmuigecht na leisi, ┐ in cnamha uachtaruigh `the upper end of the thigh-bone moves in the hollow of the upper bone', Rosa Angl. 318.13 . loigid in t-otar faon ┐ a [leasa] co hard, 244.6 (cuirem ard fo chorranaib a leas, v.l.). is edh is siética and .i. teindes bis isin leis, 318.8 . moṅg . . . fair co clár a dá leas the small of the back (?), Ériu iv 138.x . do ben legadh di, ┐ do briseadh cnaimh a lesi, BCC 272.28 (§ 267) (coxaque ejus in duas confracta est partes, Adamnan).

(b) thighs(?): ní tuidchid for lesa ban ┐ nícon gignethar [mac amne], Blathm. 19. Cf. clár da less .i. in loc as a teít ind nóidiu, LL 187b 56 (cf. RC xxvi 28 § 109n .). mac lessi, MacCongl. 33.23 (in comic pedigree).

(c) In verse loosely side, thigh : a fhir (a) legas an leac go trom / air leis mínghil mheic Domhnoill, 23 E 26, 274.35 mo leanabh óm leas do ládh (on the death of a son), 23 G 24, 324. 25 .

With ref. to animals: tuc a leis ria ais . . . / co Inis ṅGlais (of the Dond Cúalṅge bearing away the body of the Findbennach), LL 20960 (`buttock', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.93 ). Of the distribution of various joints of meat according to the status of the recipient: laarg do righ . . . colp[th]a ogtigern, cuind arad, l.¤ rigna, IT iii 188 § 10 . larac do rig . . . colpta octigerna, . . . l.¤ rigna, croichet fresabrattrig, Laws i 48.13 Comm . Cf. les-chrúachait below.

Compds. With nouns. ¤chrúachait the name of some portion of the rump variously said to be reserved for the queen, a rí ruirech, a deogbaire, etc.: righan ┐ ri ruireach: —les-croichte, Petrie's Tara 185 § 16 . tanaise suad leschruachait doib, LL 3648 . scolaige leschruachait doib . . . deogbaire leschruachait doib, 3643 - 4 . ¤druimm: name given to group of Ogham letters m g ng st s denoted by lines drawn at an acute angle across the `druimm' (basic line or solid angle of stone, etc.) and extending on each side of it, Auraic. 948. lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, 988 . it e a n-airdi: deasdruim, tuathdruim, leasdruim, tredruim, imdruim, 948 . ¤lerg (?): dam derg . . . do bói a les-lergaib na Luachra swelling slopes (?), Acall. 2909 (`open lands', SG ii 176 ). ocht fichit findairge . . . i les-lergaib na Luachra, 5986 (`pastures', 239 ).

With adjj. ¤baccach lame: a tri náimhde tuathchaecha lesbaccach[a] leisbréna, Acall. 6248 . ¤brén see above. ¤chora (variant of 2 cara): la táeb … leaschorach 'together with… hips and haunches' Celtica xiii 7.33 . ¤lethan wide in the haunch: ech líath lesslethan, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ).