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6 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 acht or dil.ie/205

 

n m. (Engl. loanword, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 128 ) decree, edict, contract, condition (cf. 3 acht): a.¤ marga no connradh, Trompa na bhF. 6013 . an dlighe ┐ an t-a.¤ sin . . . do ghairm tar ais, 7690 . do bhí an t-a.¤ sin . . . re dibirt gach prēláide, Párl. na mB. 3797 . go ndeárnadh d'a, Párl. na mB. 3787 . íar cclos an acht dhéighionaig sin, 2510 . dochuireadar uile a lámha chum an aicht sin, PCT 1797 . docum acta pairlimint i.e. to a session of parliament, ALC ii 466.10 .

áil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áil or dil.ie/959
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: áill, ál, ál

n also áill (see GOI § 120 ) and ál. ál (: slán), IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . (: ár), DDána 3.39 .

(a) act of asking; request, wish: á.¤ [.i.] íarraid, Metr. Gl. 10 § 8 . O'Cl. dochúas o Dauid co a thech . . . dia glan á.¤ im feis n-aidche, SR 6304 . fo déig ni ragadsi acht sí cona bantrocht día ailseom because she would go only with her women to make the request of him, LU 6149 (TBC). do ail ┐ do etarguide na ndemna ifernaide, CCath. 4166 . gabhaitt na Goill ag á.¤ ┐ acc atach Neill, AFM vi 2208.18 . foirenn . . . do ail cu roghabad inad reampaibh, Lism. L. 2035 . ail .i. abair no dliged nó guide, O'Dav. 9 . cona tárda oircci i n-á.¤ nō a n-ascaid i tír nĒrenn by request or gratis, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.2 ). is denta ail d'egin a pleasure should be made of necessity, CCath. 2703 . ic cuinchid ail nō aisc soliciting requests or gifts, MacCongl. 49.8 . ar a beith i nail tsuthain in perpetual supplication, SG 47.x .

(b) entitlement : ​sruamnach ail ansruth; | ailidh leth go saoithe | secht sé 'abundant is the entitlement of the ánruth; he is entitled to half of that of a sage, (which latter is) seven sixes', UR 53.29 .

The follg. d p. forms are perh. to be referred to this word: ro da hir . . . ailibh ilibh, G 50 (`requests', Blathm. 416 ). airunsur álaib, LU 10042 = airiunnsu rálaib `than (all) desires', ZCP xvii 204 § 5 , cf. Echtrae Chonnlai 184-87 . cruth rochāin co ndrochálaib (droch + cálaib?), vi 267 § 4 . dit álaib fochen, LU 10430 . L. grían álaib `delightful sun', Fél. Sept. 3 .i. alaind no uasnelaib, etc., Fél.² cxl . cf. O'Dav. 181 .

Used impersonally with copula it is desirable, meet, proper: ní á.¤ tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ní ail a tuirem dúib it is not proper to recount them to you, 24c7 . ar ni aill seirge oc cúrsagad harshness is not proper in reproving, 30b29 . 11b21 . ní ail aicsu forsani nothechti `it is not proper to wish for what thou hast', Sg. 149a8 . más amhlaidh as á.¤ a dteacht if their coming is desired, Ériu v 52.5 . is á.¤ a fhis uaib, PH 1067 . cid ail cencop á.¤ , LL 19018 ( KMMisc. 270 § 48 ). acht nach á.¤ cur lámha lat no one thinks it worth while to help thee, Dán Dé xix 25 . sgur dot aighneas munab á.¤ `unless you will desist from your arguments', Content. ix 12 .

In phrase is á.¤ DO wishes, desires: ní á.¤ dún ar condelc friú `we do not wish to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 . mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired', 13b3 . ni á.¤ dún buith fo máam legis, 19b20 . ní á.¤ dún tabart testassa dínn, 24c16 . intan bes ná do when it pleases Him, Ml. 94c17 . bés níp aill do dainib / in dubartsa uile, Fél. Ep. 417 . nochorb á.¤ dó creitem dó he did not wish to submit to him, Trip.² 397 . ní bréc as á.¤ dún immut, LU 8813 ( FB 61 ). mad tairgit in fine ferann dó ┐ ní há.¤ dósum a gabail, Laws iv 134.20 Comm. cipé da mbad á.¤ a acallam in ríg, MU² 560 . isatt ailsiu damsa ┐ bidat ail hi céin bat béo I desire thee and shall desire thee as long as I live, LU 3919 ( SCC § 43 ). cidh is á.¤ don oglaech-sa na táinic ríam? what is the matter with the youth that he has not come? ZCP v 523.30 . is pleasing to: bádat ail cach clúain, LU 9863 `every meadow will be pleasing to thee', PRIA xix 535 . is á.¤ LA: cen imfolang in degnimo són as ail lim `without accomplishing the good work that I desire', Ml. 23c25 . atú mar as á.¤ lem fhoghlaidh, Dán Dé xii 7 . neach lérbh á.¤ a thagháil `one who wanted it', xxi 6 . a gcan mé . . . madh á.¤ liom if I really wish it, x 13 . cid ass á.¤ latt dol?, CRR § 23 . nir bo áill lea or nir bo baeth, Ériu v 209.21 . nir bho hail lais a athair . . . do thaobhadh, BNnÉ 52 § 44 . ?Cf. gach ní is ailt o Dia, Laud 610, 8d (Plummer MS notes). See also áilt.

2 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aiscid or dil.ie/2475
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ascaid, asgaidh, aisgidh

i, f. vn. of ad-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . Also ascaid (perh. orig. separate word. Cf. escaid and see O'Brien, Celtica iii 171 ). See also LEIA asgaidh, aisgidh f. IGT Decl. § 149. Verbs § 71 .

(a) act of seeking, requesting; request, boon, favour: ag aisgead aithne bis i cill, O'Curry 268 ( H 3.18, 151 ). tucad disi ind ascid sin, LU 3151 . fálti fir connaig ascid sin, MU² 61 . conatuigh di ascaidh cusin righ, Lism. L. 1541 . rosgáid im ascaid andsin, Metr. Dinds. ii 70.49 . aisceadh bháis iarruim anocht, KMMisc. 368.1 . ba lond la H. in ascaid sin (the request for head of John the Baptist), PH 906 . ni ha.¤ charad ar charaid that is no friendly request, MR 306.16 . do shir mar aisgidh oram / sibh d'fhaigsin, DDána 58.14 . a n-iarraim gidh aisgidh dhoirbh, Dán Dé iii 21 . ní ro héradh eisiumh imon aisccidh sin, AFM vi 2232.4 .

(b) gift, present: tabar ascid dún . . . di búaib, LU 1561 . ros-b ía lind ┐ biad ┐ ascada, Sc.M² 4 . ránic cucum-sa . . . do chuingid aisceda, BDD² 266 . toirg dóib . . . aiscidi, 323 ( aisceda, LU 6803 ). ní . . . de ascedaib síde, TBFr. 16 . níba hascid a tharb trén / moa mbia comrac arm ṅgér, LL 8239 (TBC). bidh ascaid cluichi la Cesair sin ┐ bid nairi . . . daibsi, CCath. 5528 . etir eru ┐ aisced, RC xii 72 § 42 . do thabairt ascad . . . do, PH 2838 . ferr damh (dám?) asgath, ZCP x 51.10 . rucad tra in t-immun-sa . . . i commain na n-aisceda tuctha huad, Lib. Hymn. 63.36 . mar asgaidh . . . dhuid, Dán Dé xv 22 . do riodhnacht asccadha ioṁdha d'eochaibh . . . dó, AFM vi 2136.10 . an asgaidh chruidh, TD 3.39 .

Of a special type of gift for which a return had to be made at the end of a year (see Cóic Con. p. 73ff. ): dedhbir itir in cumain ┐ in a.¤ ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt . . . is ed is a.¤ and .i. ae scidh .i. scith lais inti do beir gan ni 'na haigid co cenn mbliadna, O'Curry 1209 ( H 3.18, 483 ab). ar id tri tidnacuil for sétaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ a.¤ ┐ aurgais . . . nach a.¤ no nach urgais nad [ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, Cóic Con. 73 § 50 . comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais, 19 § 11. aisceda lanamnais .i. doberat na lanamna di araile, no do-beir cechtarde dib di araile .i. siur no ingen, 51 § 106. do commainibh ┐ do aiscedaibh ┐ d'urgais, Laws ii 192.1 Comm. (glossing cach idnucul). Cf. O'Dav. 164 . See airgais.

In phrase i n-a.¤ without payment, gratis, for nothing: athgabail ro gabadh ann i n-aiscidh . . . cin fogeltadh cin bleith bo, Laws i 228.25 Comm. ar comlogh no a n-aisci, ii 86.20 Comm. i ndeoladchaire [.i.] i n-aiscidh, iv 166.19 Comm. ro ḟáidh le bur n-inghin i n-aiscidh .i. le Fiondabair et ní tuc tindscra no coipche dhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 761 n. 10 . ní a naiscced dogeibhther anni iarrthar, Ériu v 138.125 . múnadh na n-ealadhan i n-aiscidh aca, Keat. iii 1486 . is ór i n-aiscid sút `that is gold thrown away', Mer. Uil. 139 . do reacabhair . . . a n-asguidh for nought, Isaiah lii 3 . ár fo-géba i n-ascid `thou shalt overcome him easily', MU² 1038 and Gloss. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, go ffrith i naisccidh é so that he was captured easily, ZCP x 14.5 . Without requital, in vain, etc.: nár tháeth i n-ascid that he may not fall in vain, LU 6202 (TBC). goro marbtar a n-a.¤ , RC xii 90 § 109 . tuitfet-sa anaisci don each `I will fall on purpose from my horse' (i.e. fall without giving fight), Fier. 32 . ní cubaidh rinn ar faghail a n-aisgi (said by a leader exhorting his followers against superior numbers), ZCP vi 46.19 . gidhedh nocar marbhadh in asccaidh sin uair fuairsium feisin bás, AFM iii 522.5 . mac iarla . . . do thuitim in aisccid lá a easccairdibh `unrevenged', v 1778.5 . sūaill a n-aiscidh rohsīress I made few requests in vain, ZCP vii 305.30 . ná sireadh sé i n-asgadh (: asbal) oram `in vain', PBocht 26 § 35 . nocha racha an flaithius a n-aiscidh o P. can a digail, TTebe 1143 . In phr. léicid i n-aiscid goes to waste : nā léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 .

(c) act of seeking (esp. for lice) (cf. 2 escaid); examining: dorala ic ascaid chinn a brathar, Fél. 70.z . robai ina suidhe oc ascaid (ic aisce v.l.) a bruit, Corm. Y 502 . rosc ┐ rúsc .i. ōn ro-aisced bīs forru asberthar, 1122 .

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

 

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamhathus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

anfabrachta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfabrachta or dil.ie/3542

 

Forms: anfabrachtaide, anbrachtach

adj (anfobracht). Also anfabrachtaide, anbrachtach: aenghilla bec anbhfhabracta ` consumptive ', Lism. L. 1444 . tuc fer . . . a mháthair for a mhuin . . . ár ba hanfhabrachta, 1468 . gilla anfhabrachtaidi nar' fhet a lamha . . . na a uile bulla arcena do gluasacht paralytic(?), 4851 . do thóruma ingine ánbrachtaige (paralisseos), Lat. Lives 95.4 . As subst.: cethrar do dhainibh galair . . . .i. anbhfabrachta ┐ dasachtach . . . , Lism. L. 1440 = duine abrachtach una paralytica, Lat. Lives 76.6 . Note also: teidhm galair . . . do gabail M. . . . co ndernai anfabrachtai de, AU ii 90.11 = anbobracht, AFM ii 996.x .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

 

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

bachall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bachall or dil.ie/5092
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bachla(e), baichle

n ā, f. (Lat. baculum) g s. bachla(e), baichle. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 192.6 .

(a) staff, crozier, pastoral staff: bachal quasi bachul .i. a bacula, Corm. Y 112. clocc ┐ menstir ┐ b.¤ , Thes. ii 241.17 (Ardm.). sénais Brigit lia bachaill, 341.4 (Hy. v). taibrith mo bachail immon fot so, Vita Br. 17. co tarát bachaill nÍsu dó (name of Patrick's crozier), Trip.² 282. ermted na bachlai, 2297 (see airmtiud). in tImblech/ro sáer Ailbe dia bachail (: Cathail), Ann. Inisf. A.D. 742 . comadh eadh ba meirge dhóibh . . . b.¤ Cholaim Cille, TFrag. 230.5 . cor'benadh an Bernan Ciaraín fair co lois na Bachla Issa (a sign of excommunication), RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). ro ghellsat a eascaine . . . ┐ a cluic ┐ a mbachla do bein fair, MR 38.14 . Cf. AFM iii 268.4 . iar tabairt mind Muman ┐ clocc ┐ b.¤ da cheli doib after swearing by . . . a crozier, Ann. Conn. 1277.2 . damna trostáin ┐ damna bhaichle, SG 38.12 . clérech a bhachla the clerk who carried his staff, Lism. L. 3131.

? g p. na daoine luigheas lámha nó uailse (= uaisle) . . . riogh nó tighearna atáid ag denamh bhachlagh mbrégach dibh (= are making them a false support), Carswell 219.20 . ? In npr.: a Mail Bachal `thou servant of the rods', Thes. ii 290.14 (Sg. Poems iii). `croziers (?)´ CSANA 3-4 iii-iv 287 .

In phr. (gaibid) bachail(l) takes holy orders; goes on a pilgrimage: D. do bachaill D. is taking orders, Trip.² 2227 (glossed: .i. do berrad, ACL iii 26 § 67 ). b.¤ Beicce B. assumed the pilgrim's staff, AU i 154.z (A.D. 707) = Becc . . . do gabháil bachlae, AFM i 306.10 . b.¤ A. . . . peregrinatio eius , AU i 256.1 (A.D. 782). rind reimiteit b.¤ (i.e. a king precedes a cleric), Laws v 12.y Comm. i corraib b.¤ .i. i n-aes graid, RC xxvi 40 § 216 ( LL 24785 ). dia rogba(i) ind ḟlaith bachaill, Críth G. 574. imbad cách dia eclais dúthaig do gabáil bachla ba nabad i n-oenchathair `whether each should go to his local church to take the staff or … in one place´ Celtica xviii 40 § 1 . bedg a n-ailithre, . . . gabail bachla, Laws v 296.17 . tarrngaire bachla a promise to go on a pilgrimage, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50b ). Cf. .xxuii. ríg rofollnaisetar fo bachaill hi Caisiul co ré Cinn Gécán (i.e. were both kings and clerics), Trip.² 2308.

(b) hurley-stick: cet mac . . . oc ain liathroidi. . . . Geibid . . . Moronoc a mbachla, Ériu v 28.8 .

(c) In later lang. curl or tress of hair: Muire . . . na mb.¤ bhfionn, DDána 31.28 . a ghéag óg na mb.¤ mbán, Hard. i 16.4 . So in compds. an barr bachalldacht `thick-clustering', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . folt . . . bachaillfhiar, DDána 66.13 . a chúl bachullag, Aithd. D. 41.25 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

1 bun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bun or dil.ie/7448
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bon, bona, -acht

n [u, m. ? See PH 7275 cited below] somet. also bon. b.¤ m., g s. bona, IGT Decl. § 72 (and said to have a `canamhain'). b.¤ .i. fun .i. fundamentum, O'Mulc. 173.

The thick end of anything, base, butt, foot. Of trees etc. trunk, base: b.¤ cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295 § 7. béim do b.¤ chraind, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). b.¤ nomna `trunk of an oak', Laws iv 142.y Comm. glaisithir b.¤ cuilind, RC xiii 5.8 . fear bona in craind, Laws iv 170.z Comm. fria bona na crand, ZCP xxx 138.2 (Alex.). sáidid . . . a mbonai suas . . . for bonu na crand, PH 7275. b.¤ cacha simne `das untere Ende', ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250.z ). geltatar . . . a fér cona b.¤ a talam, LU 4734 (TBC). See melle. b.¤ gach cleithe, Ériu i 22.108 . a b.¤ butt (of javelin), LU 4870 (TBC). bata buna borbremu[i?]r, ZCP vi 71.36 .

Of mountains base, foot: bona gairbenn nGreg, O'Gr. Cat. 336.5. im bhonaibh beann `around the assembly hills', Aithd. D. 36.26 .

Of rivers mouth, estuary: dara se a ainm ica b.¤ , Rawl. 78b1 . o Ghrellaig bháin bona, Gorm. Dec. 16 `of the river-end', Index of Places. b.¤ Bóinne, RC xlix 174 § 35. a b.¤ srotha Níl, Keat. ii 480. Exceptionally source: b.¤ an tsrota ┐ idir iartar . . . teit se a fairgi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.26 .

Of parts of the body: b.¤ a tengad base , Rawl. B 512, 48b (cited Contribb. 290 ). o b.¤ na hingne, Laws iii 352.3 Comm. escra (sic leg.) laimi bona a mer `at the root of his finger' (Plummer MS. notes), v 40.17 Comm. (verse). lethfat buna in litanain lower part of the little finger, ii 232.23 Comm. ar mhíonbh. méar, DDána 79.11 `barr,' Gloss. ar bunuibh in righthigh, Reg. San. 30.14 ` elbows ', Gloss. bēim . . . do b. an erbuill end (?), ZCP vi 80.38 .

Of armies base, foundation, main force (?): b.¤ an tslōigh (of a leader), O'R. Poems 685. b.¤ gach buidhne, DDána 111.30 `cúl, taca,' Gloss. a mb.¤ ┐ a meirgedha `base', Stair Erc. 2108 `the chief banyere', source. cōic mīli ele mur b. dōibh-sein `as a reinforcement', ZCP vi 45.5 . ? do sdéd mear ag cur chúarta / gu b.¤ ḟer an imrúagtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1281.

Various: sech b.¤ Baile in Bile, LL 10307 (TBC). a b.¤ fleagha remains of a feast (?) (term of opprobrium), IT iii 80 § 54 . ? rann ō bon (division of inheritance), Ériu i 214.13 . In more or less abstract applications: cia ré mbean a mb.¤ `what is their real value', Content. xiv 49. gibé heile ris as bh.¤ `whoever caused it', 69 . Ó hE. d'fhíorbh. accam is my real support, O'Hara 2218. a mheabhoir gá mbí a b.¤ `o steadfast mind', 3357 . fíorbh. na faghla, Aithd. D. 16.40 `mainstay', Gloss. b.¤ an ghaisgidh, RC xlix 172 § 26. b.¤ na dtrí dtomhus, DDána 58.17 `bríogh,' Gloss. ag sin b.¤ mo bharamhla the gist of my opinion is, Arch. Hib. i 98 § 3. b.¤ na tiomna-sa, BNnÉ 272.37 . ? sé 'na aonar ar ndul dúinn / b.¤ ar an saoghal ná saoil, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . go b.¤ gnath a gheinealaigh source , BNnÉ 281.4 . ? gnithi manach beothlusach buna, O'Dav. 1530.

Attrib. gs. qual. búanna, -acht, etc.: sreith . . . buannadha buna ┐ bairr levy for the upkeep of permanent and additional mercenaries (?), AFM v 1686.3 (see note). co na buannacht bhona `customary services ', 1600.y . suim Cissa i B. . . . ar an taobh amuig da Galloglacaib Bonna ┐ Bairr ` royalties ', Trans. RIA xv 37.30 . se .xx. tuag do buanacht bona, L. Chl. S. 30 (expld. by ed. as `axe-men to be maintained'). buandacht bona I Domnaill, Prolegomena 48.7 . cf. bonaght bonny, Dymmok, Treatice 8 (Ir. Arch. Soc. ii ).

V. freq. with prec. I N-: i mb.¤ na gabla beside the fork, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). a mb.¤ an durrtaighe, Grail 3534 . Usu. in transfd. sense occupied with, adhering to, in charge of, devoted to: ataoi dháibh a mb.¤ do bhágha you have kept your promise to them, Dán Dé xix 25 . 'na bh.¤ guarding Him, ii 23 . atáid trí biodhbhuidh na b.¤ / ar tí ionnluigh na hanman, IGT Decl. ex. 775. an i mb.¤ do bhréagnuighthe `attend to my reply', Content. xxiv 24. fuireach 'na bhon to abide by it (a pact), Luc. Fid. 4142. nír ansat a mb.¤ a siothchána dAodh, AFM iii 464.z. Note also: mo thimpán . . . / atá i mb.¤ a leitrinne / airfided ban in domain is capable of (?), SG 248.38 .

With other prepp.: nī cuirfeam ar ngrād go b.¤ we shall not consummate our love, ZCP xiii 18.6 . do bh.¤ an ghrádha because of, DDána 58.12 . do bh.¤ t'impidhe through beseeching thee, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. fa b.¤ an craind at the foot of, Grail 3073 (a mb.¤ , v.l.). fá bh.¤ mo chlúimh `under the shelter of', Atlantis iv 134.2 . fri b.¤ cruche `at the foot of the gallows', Mon. Tall. 127.5 .

In adv. phrases: ar b.¤ established, in force, in progress: in síd do beth ar b.¤ , LB 114b53 . geis an airmse bíodh ar b.¤ , TD 19.19 . do bhí a nós . . . ar b.¤ , PBocht 11A.10. ó's í is mó atá ar b.¤ do shíor (division of Ireland), Keat. i 110.20 . b.¤ barr top and bottom, entirely, completely: tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim b.¤ barr, LL 8021 (TBC). With prepp.: di omnai . . . / . . . eter b.¤ is barr, LL 4763. mo shaoghal ó bh.¤ go barr, Dán Dé xxiii 18 . See 1 barr. b.¤ ós chionn (in class. verse also disyll. b.'s ch., see Measgra D. Gloss.) upside-down, in reverse, vice-versa, at variance: beag do-ním achd beart bun 's cionn, DDána 13.13 . ag cur an bheatha b.¤ ós ch. (leg. b.'s ch.), Dán Dé xxxi 31 . bun 's cionn gan dul 'na dhiaidh dhamh alas that I did not follow it (?), Measgra D. 58.16 . no bunsginn `or vice-versa', Rosa Angl. 52.18 . buin-sgionn = desuper, TSh. 7001. teilgidh b.¤ ós cionn bríathra = he overthroweth the words, Proverbs xxii 12. am scīth bun's cind upset, ZCP vi 263.15 . With follg. prep.: Luther ┐ Calvin, bhíos go minic b.¤ os cionn le chéile at loggerheads, Eochairsg. 2.14 . bun-os-cionn don Scrioptúir, 3.16 . With agus: glóir an bheatha b.¤ ós cheann / 's an ghlóir ar nach fuil foircheann, Dán Dé xxii 9 . See 1 cenn. b.¤ i mb.¤ together , Magauran 210 .

Compds. With nouns. See bunáit, etc. bo buin-beíme `a cow for cutting their trunks', Laws iv 146.22 . i ndóigh go gcuirfeadh Aodh buinchíos ar Dhál R., Keat. iii 1280. tri bunchuir `bands of interwoven twigs' (of a fence), Laws iv 76.22 Comm. = buncair, 112.9 . bunc[h]ar n-airbed, Corm. Y 581. See felc. bunebe ` cutting the trunk ', Laws iv 168.x. cath na m-bun fhear `of the stout men', Oss. iv 104.y . dia tuc duit mnāi co mbungile `ein Weib mit weissem Gesäss', Bruchst. 30 § 68 ; `a woman of real beauty´ EIS 143 § 23 . do chionn mhaga[idh] is bhuinghrin[n] `jeering, low humour (?)´ Celtica iv 110 § 18 . a chroiceann do chaill buin-scionn , 155 § 190 .

With adjj. lámha . . . bun-cháola, ML 120.8 . bile sa barr bunchasda, IGT Decl. ex. 553. cam buincheart an bunnannsoin with level base, ex. 583 . barr buinchlechtach `that ever does as by his origin he is held to do', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.38 . slat bungel barrglan, ACL iii 238 § 7. a bunsaig ṁbaísi ṁbunloscthi, LL 8320 (TBC). do birfiaclaibh . . . bunodra `dun-based', CCath. 4027. bund-remar barr-cael (fig. of a `clí'), Laws v 28.7 Comm.

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha , Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cáelugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáelugud or dil.ie/7589

 

vn. of cáelaigid(ir). caolachadh. IGT Verbs § 106 . na lámha . . . ar gcaolughadh, TSh. 1091 . Of attenuation of vowels: caolughadh ┐ leathnúghadh, O'Don. Gram. 78 .

cengal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengal or dil.ie/8609
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ceangal

n o (Lat. cingulum). m., IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) bond, tie, binding, fetter, fastening , etc.: c.¤ gl. junctura, Ir. Gl. 149 . gl. compilacio, 911 . nosbeir i n-oen-cheṅgul lé iat co hUltu, LL 2549 . ar n-ergi do A. . . . asa ch.¤ , TTebe 2570 . imrulae Críst fessin asin chengul foríata immbái la hIudaide `captivity', Ériu ii 200.9 . na cnaip, ┐ c.¤ , Cog. 194.12 . itir a chneas ┐ a cheangal catha, MR 286.11 . crios ┐ ceangal, TSh. 10403 `girdle', Gloss. i cenglaib a cuirp in the ligatures of his body, CCath. 3984 . an tan . . . druidius re ceangal na leisi the joint of the hip(?), 23 K 44, 77.11 . da ccenglaibh = compages (of boats), BNnÉ 52 § 44 . noum testamentum, go cc.¤, airgid bound in silver, Mart. Don. xl 20 . idh lúptha um c.¤ céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959 . c.¤ na [m]búidel the band of the flasks, Fier. 48 .

Med. constipation : inti ara mbí cengul ann tobuir clister dó, Rosa Angl. 34.19 . ró ch.¤ costiveness, O'Gr. Cat. 198.z . Of blood : o mnai ga roibhi tochd fola mista re .x. misaibh ar linadh an cuirp go huilide mailli re ceangal na fola, Irish Texts v 16.22 .

Of the last verse or `envoi' of a poem: ceangal, Aithd. D. 98.27 . Keat. Poems p. 22 . O'Rah. 10.68 .

Fig. bond, lien, contract etc.: cen c.¤ flatha uirre (ráith) `the chief having no lien upon him', Laws v 499.26 Comm. ar ní dligh righ Teamrach agra na ceangul forru, BB 249b18 ( Cóir Anm. 144 ). an diabhal lé ndérna ceangal a n-aimsir an pheacuidh, Mac Aingil 356 . c.¤ nā cunnradh, RSClára 66a . ceangal doéilighthi ┐ deismeireachd iomdha . . . orra sin a secure grasp (of metrical rules), IGT Introd. § 2 . eachd, ceangal, aonta, Eg. Gl. 259 .

(b) As vn. act of binding, tying, fixing, contracting : merdrech . . . .i. mer ┐ drech iarna c.¤ joined together (in a compound), Corm. 29.8 . co ruc S. lais L. iar n-a cheṅgul in fetters, LL 21191 ( Dinds. 155 ). a chosa ┐ a lámha do ch.¤ don chroich le tairngeadhaibh, Parrth. Anma 1440 . cloch ar na c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 268 (cf. cloch chengail below). ag ceangal cairdis is ṡídh, Content. xiii 30 . a sidh do cengul re Gyi, ZCP vi 77.24 . robhadar ag ceangal na cómhronna an aidhche sin confirming the division, ML 68.3 . ro mothaig co mor Gaill oca c.¤ dochum becnerta restricting his power, Ann. Conn. 1310.7 . Without obj. gen. (or leg. i c.¤ ?): tusa a Dhé ag ceangal don chroich `hanging on the cross', PBocht 24.19 . druim na baise / do bhí ag ceangal do chlár bhrioc, Dán Dé iii 20 . o nach a[g] ceangal do M[hoir] a-ta since (the name S.) is not closely connected (grammatically etc.) with M., Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.37 . Cf. gai . . . hi cengul dá chréit cróncharpait, LU 10228 . i c.¤ ua na taisib tied around. Fen. 110.6 .

Attrib. g s.: nach béidh fear 'gā mhnaoi cheangail / . . . gan búai[dh]readh his wedded wife, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . Luimnech na cloch cengail of the riveted stones, Caithr. CC 10 (5.15) . ? pípaí, fidli, fir cengail `gleemen', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.257 (cf. Manners and Customs i dxl and Gloss.). giobuil cheangail swaddling clothes, Luke ii 7 . ? tighe ceanguil na gcompán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

cengalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengalta or dil.ie/8611

 

Forms: cengailte

later cengailte, part. of cenglaid. tied, bound, joined : capull c.¤ harnessed , LU 2937 . .vi. c.¤ carpat c.¤ , BB 240b9 . cathbarr cáem ceṅgalta co foraib óir, LL 32647 (TTr.). lega lanmaisecha, logmura, cengailti co cerdmail le hor na hAraipi set, ZCP vi 284.34 . do togaibh a lamha cengailte suas her joined hands, Smaointe B. Chr. 293 . gus in crislait . . . cengailti, MR 300.6 . atá tú ceangailte = thou art snared, Proverbs vi 2 . aithenta cengailte `obligatory Commaundments', RSClára 62a . Of troops, companies shoulder to shoulder, in serried ranks: dariṅgnit catha comdluthi ceṅgalta díb, LL 32462 (TTr.) `in close array', Plummer MS. notes. ina tri cathaib cengailt[i], Acall. 6509 `serried', Gloss. in cipi . . . cengailti, Cog. 154.22 . gona gallaibh ┐ gaoidhealaibh ceangailte coirighthe ina timcheal, AFM iii 410.17 . With prepp.: a beith ar aenmnái chengailte bound to a wife, Acall. 6407 . do bhí ceangailte dá cloinn / . . . / gach éin-fhear do bheith i mbroid it was the destiny of her children, Dán Dé xxi 18 . ceangailte dhá chéile, 1 Corinth. i 10 . tré sa bhfuilmíd roichengailte imá mholadh `most bound to prayse him', RSClára 33b .

con-mesca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-mesca or dil.ie/12211

 

Forms: commascaid, cummascdae, cummasc

v (*com-mesc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 577 ) later commascaid, cummascaid, coimmescaid.

(a) mixes together, commingles: conmescatar dacenél indib gl. promiscue, Sg. 61a14 . con-mescat . . . / domblas dho ar fionnacet (at Crucifixion), Blathm. 59 . maith ara cummiscther olc, Mon. Tall. 164.20 . na cumaiscther occut . . . santugud in molta . . .do indithim in gníma = non se miscea[n]t facienda diuinum praeceptum cum tendis implere, PH 6082 . ni riachummaisc M. rí ndúad . . . in mórchoblaig sin, LL 31810 `embroil himself', TTr. 998 . Of Babel: ro cumaiscthea na berlai isind luc sain, LU 49 . arin cumasc rocumaiscit tri gach mberla, Auraic. 164 . conruammesc-sen .i. conremesc impu, 144 . Gramm. an tan chumaisgthear ar a chéile íad (of consonants), IGT Introd. § 22 .

(b) Of persons joins, unites : cor' cumaiscset Gaill Luimnigh fris, RC xviii 45.16 (Tig.). nach comasg . . ./ le chéile is ar gcolainne (of the spirit), Aithd. D. 50.29 . In sexual sense: co cumaiscther ria `to sleep with her', Imr. Brain 60.18 . na rochummascdais fri clanna Cain, Rawl. 70a1 .

(c) In hostile sense joins issue with, attacks, routs : resiu fa cumaiscdis na catha cechtarda sa ar a cheli should come to grips with each other, MR 190.10 . ro cumescit na lámha leo ┐ ro claechlait na bémenna, CCath. 1994 . cotmesca ind [N]emain (sic leg.) forsin slōg attacks , TBC-I¹ 3091 (with 3 s.n. (?) inf. pron.). cotn-amaisc ar in sluag, Fing. R. 875 . do cumaisg . . . ar na láochaibh he fell upon, Celt. Rev. iv 202.14 . cotmescat dond aician make for, RC x 78 n. 14 . mairg cath ar a gcuimeoscai, Caithr. Thoirdh. 38.16 . do coimmesg (coimteasc, v.l.) na hóig ┐ na h-ard-ghaisgedaigh `routed', Celt. Rev. iv 14.20 . go gcoimmeasgann iad idir il-phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6371 . o rocumaisc . . . Alecto a n-Etail `having put I. in a turmoil', Aen. 1728 .

Part. cummascdae.

Vn. cummasc.

corn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corn or dil.ie/12481
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: c.

n o, m. (Lat. cornu but cf. Ériu xxxiii 46 , Indo-European Studies iii 331 ). c.¤ a cornu , Corm. Y 292 . c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) drinking horn, goblet : C. / cartais cuirnd, Corp. Gen. 203.18 . ibthair a cornu, Anecd. i 14.13 = daltir a curnu, SCano 475 B `poured into', n. tairmchell c.¤ ┐ cuibrend, LL 34309 (LMU). eter ór ┐ airget ┐ curnu, LU 1626 . oc ól meda a curn glas, YBL 135b30 . is leis tuctha cuirn ar tus i nHerind, LL 2021. 1 . c.¤ craeslethan, 7275 . ór ┐ airged ┐ cuirnn (a ransom), RC xviii 9.12 (Tig.). clocha némuind an cuirn claín, IGT Decl. ex. 565 . tréigim trátha ar chomhól chornn, DDána 25a . 10 . robudh c[h]uirm gan chorna (prov. of uncompleted task), ML² 1409 . c.¤ lámha righ, Lism. L. 2982 .

(b) trumpet, horn : adharc . . . beann, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 119 . foguth inchuirn, SR 2161 . ceól a cornaib, TBC-LL² 2038 . stuic . . . cuirn chróes-tholla, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.234 . sendait na cornairi a curnu, Hib. Min. 65.15 . gloim a c.¤ for cétaib cend, Hail Brigit 8 . cuirn buabaill, Corp. Gen. 339.26 (see búaball). cuirn caismerta, Stair Erc. 157 . foran c.¤ catha, 278 . c.¤ comaitechta, Laud 610, 136b cited Meyer Contribb. 490 . a cuirn comhairc `noisy bugles', CCath. 3524 . do riacht a ch.¤ dála gu righ Eireann, Acall. 1683 `horn of state', Gloss.

(c) curl (of hair): Fionn, folt na gc.¤ curls, SGS iv 140 § 13 . i bhfult / . . . / dan mongbhuidhe gach c.¤ , Magauran 984 .

Compds. ūa rīg Chaissil chornbūaballaig of drinking-horns , Bruchst. § 23 ( IT iii 72 § 29 ). um theagh gcornghairthi gCriomhthain, Celtica xxvi 96 § 1 . ? i cCaisel cornmaigh, AFM ii 820.15 .

crapad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crapad or dil.ie/12771

 

Forms: crapadh

vn. of crapaid. crapadh, IGT Verbs § 67 . act of cramping, shrivelling, contracting : ro gab . . . for c.¤ ┐ for feodugud (of entrails), CCath. 973 . na duili do crapadh `shrink up', RC xxviii 312.30 . na lámha ar gcrapadh, TSh. 1091 . é féin do chrapadh ann = wrap himself, Isaiah xxviii 20 .

crosḟigel(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crosḟigel(l) or dil.ie/13136

 

n (cros + figell) lit. cross-vigil; position of body with arms outstretched in imitation of cross, prayer(s) offered in this position; act of praying, keeping vigil: croisfhighill .i. urnaighthe no faire do ní duine ar a ghluinibh ┐ a lámha sinte a gcrois, O'Cl. cumgabal inna lam hicrosfigill gl. sermo . . . corporis, Ml. 138a2 . oc slechtan ┐ chrosigill, ibid. crossigell slechtain irnaigthi idan, LL 358 marg. 31 . ind crosfigeild fri biad `the cross-vigil is performed with the Beati', Mon. Tall. 129.1 . con-da-acca inna crois[fh]igil, Vita Br. 4 . crosfigell hi forciund cach cet combat scitha a lama, Ériu xix 60 § 11 . croisfigeall hi toi, Hib. Min. 41.26 . heirg itchrosfigill (Adam to Eve), SR 2062 . luidh R. ┐ B. . . . ina croisfighill, BNnÉ 324.13 . ro leicc fora ghluinibh é ┐ dorinne crois-fighill dhe stretched out his arms, 329 § 64 . do léic se a lamha ass a croisfighill, BCC 182.24 . i croisigill fria dia anosa `praying to his God', Ériu v 240.123 . i crossigill risin Coimdid, BB 244b17 . do sin a laim hi crosfigill cosin Comdid, RC xlvi 234.x . Of Moses in the battle against Amalek ( Exodus xvii 11 ): dorochair mór n-armach de / tall tria crosfigill Móise, SR 4080 , see RC xii 434 § 37 . Of Joshua: tan ba scith lais . . . / a di laim i crosḟigill, SR 5090 .

Appar. crucifix in: a psaltair i n-a ḟiadhnaise, ┐ a chrosḟíghil i n-a láimh chlí, Ériu i 86.23 .

cúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúar or dil.ie/13349
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā curved, bent, crooked : c.¤ .i. cam, O'Cl. Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .

(a) Of weapons, implements: ras tarraing da corránaib crúaidi cuara cromṡrona (of spear of Saturn), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). glēs a hindeón comdad c.¤ `of . . . bent anvils', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7180 ).

(b) Of physical features and attributes of humans, etc. a asnada cuara curata `curved . . . ribs', TTebe 1017 . leccu chūar `eine schiefe Backe', Bruchst. 64 ( IT iii 82 § 64 ). nār cuar rus . . . (rhet.), Ériu ii 28 § 11 . beara (.i. lāmha) . . . is cūar (.i. cumang) crobh (.i. glac) (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 § 6 . Of natural feature: forin chnuc c.¤ `on the swelling hill', Metr. Dinds. iv 184, Benn Codail 7. Of an ailment: crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

(c) As subst. in phr. c.¤ cummaisc twisted mass; mixum gatherum; something scattered about (cf. cáer): c.¤ cumaisg .i. ní fa gcuairt no cruinn, O'Cl. doróine cuar-cumuisc don muir (of ships in battle), CCath. 1967 . carracc . . . doníth cuarcumaisc iter ḟeóil ┐ cnaim do cech corp cusa roisedh `a perverse mingling', 1860 . go ndéinid brúirech ┐ cuar commbuaidheartha cumaisg dhíobh, TSh. 6697 .

As n. pr. the Crooked (One): C.¤ , LL 21620 (taken as adj. c.¤ ` crooked ', Met. Dinds. Gloss.). Suibhe mac Colmain Cuaír, BCC 354 (380.20) . ? cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair, Ériu iv 30.8 ( LL 12543 ) Cuar, RC xi 448.77 . cles Cúair, LU 8442 ( FB2 § 30) ; see cúar. In n. loc. oc Dún Chuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.1 .

Compds. With nouns. ic cassadcengal a cuarbel im certmedon da sliasat inn airdrigh `circular openings' (of greaves), CCath. 5210 . croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. cúarscéith chredumai foraib, LU 7087 `curved, or round (?), shields', BDD² Gloss . sleg cuarrind, YBL 41b15 . an nuimhear . . . nár shatail i gcuairshlighthibh `never trod crooked ways', Ó Bruad. iii 170.5 . With adj. and adj. derived from noun: gusan ccael ccuarchumhang (strait of a lake) `curving and narrow' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 30.24 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh cuarlubanaigh with curling loops, IT iii 98 § 160 .

In other compds. With noun and vb. a chromchuarcholtur co lecain camaill `his crooked, bent coulter', etc. (of Samson), Ériu v 156.201 . ? rochiarchuar crapcremsetar, IT iii 102.2 (§ 184) .

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