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bun(n)sach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bun(n)sach or dil.ie/7464

Forms: bon(n)sach, bunsaig, bonnsach

n ā, f. (`seems founded on Icel. vöndr, Eng. wand', Stokes, Eg. Gl. p. 179. ). Later bon(n)sach. rod, stick, staff: dá bunsaig . . . bunsaig (a s.) co rrúsc dub . . . bunsaig snaisi gil . . . na bunsacha a stick with black bark . . . one pared down to the white, LU 1734 ff . (ICM). feib bith bundsacha tria curcais (of spears in warrior's body), BB 437b30 . bunnsacha breacca `rods', Celtica iv 10.62 ( Gen. xxx 37 ). do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe ` wattle ', AFM iv 900.13 . bunnsach no ech-lasc switch gl. luitheach laime (sic leg.), Laws v 484.17 Comm. Perh. also in: tres bundsach gl. i fubtud cach omnaig, Laws i 178.1 Comm. im chumluth ngus candail (leg. nguscandail ?) .i. tres bundsach, O'D. 79 (H. 3.17, 68).

In Laws Comm. in phr. b.¤ chomairce `a rod of safe conduct, given to ollavs to ensure their safe passage through different territories,' Plummer MS. notes. ollum .i. . . . is oll in ni didnes a bundsach comairci dar na tuataibh, v 28.14 , see 30.10 , 14 . is a comgrádh dlighis cach . . . do gabail for a comairce, ┐ curab co nuiriasacht ┐ toircsin cirt, muna[b] bunnsach coimirce, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53 ( 54c )). is[í] in bunnsach comairce, .i. comairce gin biatha ┐ gin uiriasacht, 2627 (ibid.). bundsach comairce tar na tuatha gin uiriasacht . . . gin tomhailt mbidh, gin taircsin dlighe, 2628 (ibid.). dá cét isin bunnsaigh [comairce] cen eiriasacht, cen egairdeis, O'D. 979 (H. 3.17, 778). Cf. teora bunsacha uasaib hi fraig (of poets), LU 7665 ( BDD 124 ).

Freq. toy or boy's spear or javelin as oppd. to weapons used by adults: urcor flescaig, is eiside macc bundsaige ` spear-youth ', Laws iv 138.16 . mac bondsaide . . . .i. mac dana indenma bonnsach isin aeis sin, O'Curry 241 (H. 3.18, 135) = 559 (277). Perh. also: in bunnsach i nairecht. Masa cinnte leis co roisi tairsib is fiach fian cluithi, O'Curry 2381 ( Eg. 88, 29b ) ( Celtica viii 150 ). a scíath slissen laiss ┐ a bunsach (youthful Cú Chulaind), LU 4868. focherded a bunsach ríam, 4869 . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 33139 ( Fraech 47 ). nabad scarad mac ṁbec im bunsachaib baísi that it would be no child's-play, LL 32783 ( TTr. 1995 ). cor cluiche nó bunnsaige (forbidden on Sunday), Ériu ii 206 § 25. do thréig bonnsacha bláithe / ar ruaidhshleaghaibh rionnáithe, DDána 105.3 . birán bunsaigi baisi oppd. to airm croda chura[da], TTebe 3213 . ag lámhach bonnsach (in list of youthful games), TSh. 524. Note also: bonnsach `a Dart Javelin ', Eg. Gl. 88. do chaith Saul an bhunnsach, 1 Sam. xviii 11. nochan fuaratur bir na bundsach isin tsligid-sin met with no opposition at all, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

Other applications: for bunnsachaib na gréne = radiis (Gloss.), Lat. Lives 82.x = for[s]na goa greine, Vita Br. 54. ic buadnaisi a bunnsachaib a briathar `to threaten with the scourges of his words', MR 168.5 . dá bhonnsaigh `two spindle- shanks', Ó Bruad. i 76.z .

éigrinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éigrinn or dil.ie/19771

adj (neg. of grind) uncertain, inaccurate: cach réim tic ar Erinn | ní hégrind (sic leg.) dochím-si ZCP iii 31.32 . mar nach aithrisder uaidh | go nderna... | lámhach éigrinn acht aonlá (: ghéigṡlim), 23 L 17, 52 a (= Louth Arch. Journ. v 20 ). éigrinn go ndaingnidhe a dháil | céidrinn ainmhire ógáin, 92 b .

2 lámach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lámach or dil.ie/29510

n o (lám)

(a) handling, skill with weapons (or always in sense (b) ?): nim laéch gan l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3045 . bud croderg al-lamach, CRR 30.y . ar beodacht ┐ ar l.¤ , AU ii 362.1 . lucht gacha lamaigh, ZCP vi 24.y . ní chuala ar lámhach Logha/ leithéid lámhaigh Murchadha I have heard naught of the feats of L. to compare with M.'s, DDána 85.50 . ar thoradh luais ná lámhaigh, Comp. CC 120.10 .

(b) hurling (of missiles), shooting (of firearms): luath-urcair lamhaigh, MR 116.16 . foircend lámhaig target, Corm. Tr. 109 (note by Mac Fir Bisigh). tarla dhamh lámhach dar leam / do ḟeadur as é m'ḟuigheall, IGT Decl. ex. 1361 ( Prolegomena 42 ). lámhach éigrinn, DDána 82.14 . trí soighde go séan lámhaigh, 78.12 . go ro chaith i mbaoí do phudar . . . la lionmuire a lámhaigh, AFM vi 2072.19 . lámhach líge / lámhach gaethe, léaghamh líne (attributes of chief), Keat. Poems 766 - 7 . ag lámhach bonnsach ┐ biorghaoitheadh, TSh. 524. tugaidh lāmhach uaibh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.7 . ag lámhach re bogha, Psalms lxxviii 9 . lucht lámhuigh `the shooters', 2 Samuel xi 24 . In phrases: l.¤ laeich: ba nert níad ┐ bá l.¤ láich lais (of Achilles), LL 244a26 `hero's hurling', TTr. 2036 . is gal curadh, is lamach laech lais, Aen. 754. lúth is lámhach vigour and marksmanship: dias . . . do chind ar luth ┐ ar lamach do chach uli `in activity and sure aim', Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . mná is macraidh / ag déanamh lūidh is lámuigh, O'Gr. Cat. 508.6 . fras lámhaig volley: do sgaoilsead frais lāmhaigh i n-aon uaim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 15.27 . do sgaoileadh frasanna lāmhaigh friu, 34.14 . do sgaoileadh lámhach riú, 45.7 . Cf. gabhait . . . ar beith ag comhscaoiledh lāmhoigh re aroile (part of pyrotechnic display), Fl. Earls 188.14 .

? amail carr a tabair (a mberar) lámhach / tria condall fand fērach, Corm. Y 944.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach , DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

macnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. macnas or dil.ie/31213

Forms: macnus, macnus

n o and u, m. macnus, IGT Dec. § 38, p. 88 . Sport, dalliance (generally in bad sense), wantonness . macnus `pleasure, luxury', Eg. Gl. 459. céol ┐ cuideachta, meadar ┐ m.¤ , ZCP iv 408.16 . roboi oc macnus for Fechín he was wanton to F., RC xii 342 § 37. cia a n-aghaidh a ndéantaoi bhur macnus? against whom do ye sport yourselves? Isaiah lvii 4. má dho-rinne mé m.¤ `if I have lived riotously', Studies 1924, 87 § 17 . na cúig fhir déag ba mhó meisneach ┐ macnais `the most daring and lustful', Keat. iii 2812. ag measgán mhearbhaill mhacnasa na colna, TSh. 7522. do mhúchadh a mhacnais, 275 . Of sport, play as oppd. to reality: ní ba m.¤ meanman a n-éirghe a vain imagination, Carswell 125. ag lámhach macnuis as chran̄tábaill at play-shooting , Rel. Celt. ii 172.6 .

soláthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soláthar or dil.ie/38415

n o, m. (? 2 so+láthar) act of gathering, collecting, procuring, providing : méit éigin fiadhan da muintir fein . . . do tsolathar to collect a number of witnesses from his own retainers, O'D. 1958 - 9 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)b ). ag solathar a litreach d'fhuaslughudh ar espucoid Daire `making a collection to redeem (from the merchants who had advanced the annates) the papal briefs appointing him to Derry', AU iii 304.16 . ag s.¤ na séad . . . saoghalta, TSh. 10613 . neithe do sh.¤ dá oighre, 4609 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar | do-ní seacha s.¤ he went not into his mother's territory, he provided for himself outside it, DDána 96.29 . atá d'fhiachaibh air an bhfear s.¤ do dheunamh d'á theaghlach, Donlevy 350.6 . ar mbeith dúinn ag s.¤ dheaghneitheann, 2 Cor. viii 21 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ┐ a shalāthar féin as power of providing for itself (of a bird enfeebled by age), Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Of collecting literary materials: fer . . . deghsolathair `an industrious man', AU iii 476.22 . le sgriobhad agus le s.¤ gach neithe dar bhean le naomhuibh Eirenn, MS. Mat. 551.35 . Bolg an tSoláthair Miscellany, Flower Cat. 395.15 . Of the thing acquired: Corcumruadh cona cíos . . . a sholathar ferainn i ttiribh tuadhmumhan ┐ a beathaighthe ecclaisi maille fris `its acquirements in land', AFM v 1600.y .

spairn, spairnn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spairn, spairnn or dil.ie/38557
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: spairne, sparna

n f.(Mid.Ir. barann, O'Rahilly, SGS ii 27 , LEIA S-176 . Or < Eng. sparring, Éigse xiv 56-58 ). g s. spairne, sparna, etc., IGT Decl. § 42 (95.19) . Cf. also § 45 (99.22) v.l..

(a) fight, conflict, battle, struggle, striving : sbairn fa n-aghaibhthir t'umhlocht, TD 22a.55 . sbairn 'na n-aghaidh dob aicmeil, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . i sbairn fa cheann blaighidh beirn, DDána 91.24 . sbairn re lúdh 's re lámhach , 98.42 . olc do t'din do sbairn, Celt. Rev. iii 206.6 . a n-áth na médla is maidm air | sbairn an chédgha nír chosain, IGT Decl. ex. 970 . ag dénamh sbarna . . . a núrnuighthibh, Colossians iv 12 . gan ghliaidh gan spáirnn, Hackett xvii 10 . sochaide ro tuit dot spairnn through thy prowess, RC xxiii 420.19 . an ghaoith 's an fuacht le fuaim na néall i spáirnn contending, Hackett xix 32 . re linn mhic Cuinn, nar thím i sparruinn, Ó Bruad. i 38.15 . an saorbhrugh . . . | 'na chnámh spairnne aca dá sraoileadh a bone of contention, Keat. Poems 1572 . i gcummus na spáirnne, Hackett xl 242 . spairnn . . . ré dhuanaibh sin to vie with his poems, Content. xxv 11 .

As vn.: gorbhaird bhíos fa chíos na fléise ag spairnn, TD 35.10 . ag spairnn riú im ríoghacht bhFódla, Content. xvi 154 . is mairg | atá fán saoghal ag spairn who strives after worldly things, Measgra D. 77.14 . ar mbeith damh ag sbairn `striving', Colossians i 29 .

(b) wrestling (perh. original meaning, Éigse xiv 56 ): ro iar spairn fair challenged him (to a bout of wrestling), Stair Erc. 2393 . dá mbeithea ag spairnn ré duine, Mac Aingil 85.14 . geall sparnna do chor challenge to a wrestling-match, 19 . gur bhriseamair an t-oidhridh le spreoighiocht na sparuinne sin (a man fighting with an eagle), Celt. Rev. x 142.7 . do bhí ag spáirn ris `wrestled', Gen. xxxii 25 . ní . . . ré feoil donímuid sbairn `we wrestle not against flesh', Ephesians vi 12 .

Compds. ¤aicme: sparnn-aicme airm-ghéar `a battling race', Content. xxix 25 . ¤dímsach: d'aicme líonmhair spairnndíomsach | préimhe Tháil haughty in combat, Hackett xxii 11 .

? tegma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? tegma or dil.ie/40340

adj tiúnta ar lámhach ┐ teghmha ar troid ` inured to fighting,' Rel. Celt. ii 200.18 .

1 téit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 téit or dil.ie/40447
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tíagussa, tiagu, tíagu, nontiag, tiag, tiach, tíag, tíagso, tiagasa, tégi, thégi, notheig, téig, téit, teit, tét, dét, tét, núntet, tet, teit, theit, téit, téte, déte, theite, tete, dete, tiágmini, tiagmai, tiagam, diagmani, tiagmeni, for-téit, tiagait, tiagat, tiagat, tiagtae, tiagdde, tiagta, tíagair, tiagar, tíaghair, noteged, tarateged, teged, theigtis, notegtis, ercc, airc-si, teig, téig, teit, tēiti, téit, tét, táit, táet, for-tat-tet, tiat, tét, táet, taett, tiagamm, tíagam, airciub, arcib, argib, ercib, eirgiu, tiagat, tiagar, tíagar, thiasusa, tíasa, thíasa, tias, tias, tesi, théisi, thēsi, théise, tési, teis, téis, teis, théis, thes, téis, te, té, te, tēi, tias, tīasam, tíastaisi, thíastá, thessid, tiasuit, tiagaid, thíasat, -ait, tiasat, tíasat, tíastae, tiasda, tiasair, tiasar, tīastar, tíasar, tiastar, nothéisinn, thiasta-so, tíasta, notheised, notésed, tesed, -téssed, notesad, na-thiasmais, notésstae, nutiastais, tiastais, rigasa, annurig, ragsa, reg, regai, rega, mosregae, regasu, regaid, rega, rigas, regus, rigmi, regmi, regmai, rechmi, -regaid, regait, regat, regda, rigthir, regthair, regthar, rigtha, rígad, noregad, nandrigad, -regad, regtais, noregtáis, -regtais, lodsa, lud, lod, lod-sai, luid, luid-side, luid, luid, luid, luide, llude, lodmar, lotair, lotir, lotar, dochood, docoadsa, dochoad, docoatsai, -dechudsa, -deochadsa, -dechad-sa, dochūad, docoid, docoith, ducoid, dochoid, duchoid, dichoid, duchooid, duchoaid, ducuaid, dochoid, dochuaid, -dechuid, -dechuith, -dechaid, -deochaid, dodchommar, dochuamar, -dechummar, dochuabair, dochuabar, docotar, dachotar, dochotar, ducuatar, cotar, dochótar, dochuatar, -dechaddar, -dechatár, -deochotar, dochoas, dochós, dochúas, docuas, docúas, -dechvs, -deachas, digthim, dichtim, dachubat, doscuat, dacumat, dachuat, doscuchad, dā cubat, doscuet, decomad, doscuaid, dichuat, -dichet, dicead, digtith, díchtheth, -dechus, -dechus, -dechos, -dechus, -digus, -digius, -dighes, conicius, docui, cuissiu, dechais-[s]iu, -dechais, -digis, -dichis, docói, doco, dochoi, do cae, dodchoid, -decha, -dich, -dig, -dech, -dechsam, connicsim-ni, digsem, -digsid, -dechsaid, docoiset, do-coísat, docóesat, dochósat, dochoiset, -dechset, -digset, -digsit, -dechsat, -deochsaindsea, -dechsaind, dochōised, docoissed, do coisead, -digsed, -digseth, -dichsed, -dechsad, -dechastái, docoistis, dochoistís, -dechsaitis, -dechsitis, -digsitis, docoised, -dechsad, docoéstis, tiagasa, tiagusa, tégim-si, tiag, téig, tēigi, -teig, téit, tet, tēt, tiat, tēiti, teite, -tet, -ttēd, -tēd, -téit, -tiat, teige, tet, degas, tíagma, thīagma, tiagmait, -tíagam, teigthi, tegthi, teidchi, tíagait, tíagad, tiagat, tíat, -tiagat, -tiaguid, -tiaguit, -diagait, tiagait, tegat, ra-thaegat, tiagtha, tiagait, tíagait, tiaghar, -tiaghar, tíagthar, tiagar, tiaghdur, tiaghtur, notheighedh, thegaid, tiagadh, théiged, théiged, -tiagad, tégtis, teigdis, -teigtis, téigthea, teigthi, airc, aircc, airg, airgg, hērcc, ergc, tíat, téiged, tiaga, ēirgidh, tiagum, tīagmaini, tiag, tiagam, aircid, airgid, eirgid, eir[g]eid, tiagat, tiagaid, téighed, eirced, tiagar, tíagair, tīachar, tiasur, -tias, -theis, theis, -tiasur, teisiu, -téis, notéis, -tiasair, teis, theis, -tiasum, ratessemni, -tíassat, -tiagsad, -tēset, notēisinn, -tesed, -tēised, -tessed, -theissed, tesid, nothaesad, -tíasad, doniasadh, -toised, teised, -thíastaís, -teostaiss, -tiestais, tiag-, téit, theigsetar, ragasa, ragsa, rach, regad, reghat, regut, ragatsa, ragut, ragaid, regaid-se, regait, -reg, -rag, -rach, ragai, rogai, rage, raga, racha, -raga, -rada, -rado, ragaid, rachaidh, -raga, -racha, -rachaidh, -rachuidh, ragas, ragus, rachas, regma, ragma, ragmaine, raigma, régmait, ragmait, -ragam, -ragum, ragthai, ragaid, -racthai, ragait, rechaid, regat, regut, rechtait, raghdait, rágdait, ragdáit, ragtháit, rachdaeid, rechtair, ragthair, rachthair, ragthar, ragar, rachar, -raghthar, -raigther, -raghtha-sa, reched, notragad, ragad, -ragad, -rachad, doragad, noregadáis, noragdais, -ragdais, -rachdais, -ragtha, cor-rachtae, -rachtea, luid, luith, lauid, lud, luide, luidi, ludi, luide, luidi, ludi, ludai, laide, luidi, luid, luid, dolai, dluídh, ra-luid, -rulaid, -luid, lodmar, lodomar, lodamur, lotar, lautar, lodur, lodatar, lodadar, luiditar, lotarset, lotsat, dollotar, dolotar, tollotar, tulatar, ra-lotar, lodadar, luid-, lodma, luidinn-se, luid, ludfamar, luidhes, luidis, luidhius, lodsam, lodsamar, -lodsaid, -ladsaid, -lodsaid, luidset, luidsed, luighsit, luidhsiot, luidsiut, lutsat, luidhsidar, docuad, dochúadusa, do-cūadas, rochuadhus, -deachad, dochodaisiu, do-cūadais, dochuadais, -dechais, dochóid, dochaidh, dochuaid, rochōid, rochúaid, chuaid, -dechaid, -dechuidh, -deochaid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, deochaid, docuamair-ni, rochuammar, -deochabair, dochótár, dochotar, dochuatar, rochuadar, rocuadur, ro-digset, -dechatar, -deachatar, -deachadair, -dechsat, -dechsatar, docoas, docos, cós, docuass, dochuas, docuas, rocúadhus, -dechus, -dechas, dechar, -digusa, -dechus, -deochus, -decharsa, -dechor, -dechur, -dech, -digser, -diccsiur, -digis, -digis-[s]iu, -digese, -digsiu, -díchiseo, -dechais, -dechis, -deachadais, -dechasu, -deochais, -dechair, -dig, nosdig, rosdigh, -dech, -deoch, -dechsum, -dechaisti, -dighset, -diccsed, -dechsat, -dechaind, -digthea, -dechta, nodhighsedh, dhigsid, dic[h]sead, nódechsad, dheachsad, -digsed, conigsed, -digsith, -dechsad, -dechad, -deachaid, -dechasta, -digsitís, -dechsaitís, -dhechdais, téighim, teim, -tēigim, -teim, tiag, téighi, -téighe, -teir, teit, téid, téd, -teit, -téid, tiamaid, -téimíd, tiagait, tiaghaid, téighit, téidhid, téid, tiaghuid, nostiad, tiad, tiaghaid, -thiaghaid, -tiaid, tiagar, tiachair, teigther, tegther, -tiagar, -tiachar, -tiaghair, -tiachair, téi-, tia-, do-éi-, do-ia-, tiad, ēid, do-éid, chum, -teighedh, -theidheadh, théighdís, teighdis, -tecdis, -teghth, -teighthi, eirg, éirigh, téigh, téidheadh, éirghidh, téighidh, tiagar, eirgear, eargar, eirg, eirgeadh, eargadh, eirgeam, eargam, eirgthear, eargthar, eargaidh, dtéighedsa, —téidhe, théighe, ragat, rachad, reachat, —rach, racha, racair, raghair, rachaidh, raghaidh, rachaidh, —ragha, —racha, —rachaidh, raghas, rachas, reachbhas, radhmait, rachmait, rachmaid, —ragham, —racham, rachaid, rachthair, rachtar, raghar, —rachaind, —rachthá, rachtha, ragad, rachadh, rachadh, —raghadh, —rachadh, —rachfadh, —reachadh, ragtais, rachdaois, —raghduis, —rachdais, —rachdaois, ragthai, luid—, luid, roloduir, lodamar, lottar, lodor, —deachodhus, chuadhais, dechadais, —deachais, dochuaidh, dochóidh, docháidh, chuaidh, chuaidh, dechaidh, dheachaidh, —dechaid, —deachaidh, —deochaid, do cuamar, do-chuamair, do-chámar, do chuadhmuir-ne, —deachamair, do-chuabhair, do chuadar, do-chódar, do-chádair, ra chuatar, chuadar, do choidset, dodeachatar, dechadar, —deachatar, —deachadar, —deochatar, —dechsat, —deachsad, do-chuas, do-cuas, cuas, chuas, —deachar, —dighear, —deach, —dechuir, —dechair, —deachair, —dhech, dheach, —dech, —deach, —digh, —deacham, dechuid, ndeachud, —dighthir, —deachainn, —dechtha, —deachtha, —digsed, —diccseadh, —deachadh, —deachaidh, —deachmaois, —dechtais, —deachdís, —deachadaois, techt, dul, t., tiagar

(see Ériu xii 227 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 145 , xxii 204 ). Irreg. vb. with forms from various roots.

FORMS.

A. Early forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tíagussa, Wb. 17b18 . tiagu, 20 . tíagu, LU 4721 . nontiag, TBC-I¹ 241 . tiag is also used as absolute form in fut. sense, Ml. 58c6 . tiach, Sg. 210 marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxii ). tíag, LU 10934 . tíagso, TBC-I¹ 1299 = tiagasa, LU 5769 . (According to Zeuss 443 , Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 these are imper.). 2 s. cia leth tégi , PH 8216 . cid thégi , Lat. Lives 82.6 . cid notheig , SR 3094 . masu ead no téig , BDD² 285 . 3 s. téit, Ml. 3a4 . 47a17 . 103d27 . 109a2 . teit, 24d30 . 27c10 . 67d24 . 94c10 . Sg. 38a1 . tét, Ml. 21c3 . nicon dét , 53a17 . dia tét , 56b1 . amal núntet , 77a14 . dia tet , Thes. ii 255.6 . dia teit , Ml. 100b9 . ni theit , SR 447 . ni téit , Laws i 102.4 . rel. téte, Wb. 9a3 . 9d5 . 20a12 . Ml. 28c19 . Sg. 30b12 . 92a2 . 129a1 . déte, Wb. 11d7 . theite, Sg. 114b2 . tete, Ml. 22b1 . 62b20 . Sg. 188a13 . dete, Ml. 93b12 . 1 pl. tiágmini, Wb. 15b28 . tiagmai, LU 4706 . cosa tiagam , SR 7968 . rel. in tain diagmani , Wb. 3a15 . tiagmeni, 15b28 . 2 pl. [ for-téit, Wb. 14c3 , see Ériu xii 228 ]. 3 pl. tiagait, Wb. 5c16 . 11d12 . Ml. 14a5 . Sg. 196a1 . cona tiagat , Ml. 51d3 . ni tiagat , Thes. ii 12.33 . rel. tiagtae, Ml. 125a2 . tiagdde, Sg. 104b1 . 119a2 . 120a1 . tiagta, 54b6 . pass. tíagair, TBFr. 260 . RC iii 345.15 . rel. tiagar, Ml. 15a2 . tíaghair, Hib. Min. 297.

Impf. 3 s. noteged, Ml. 54c18 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . tan teged , SR 4502 . 3 pl. ind úair theigtis , 1113 . notegtis, Mon. Tall. 161.22 .

Imper. 2 s. ercc, Mon. Tall. 154.7 . airc-si, BDD² 1445 . ná teig , SR 1152 . na téig , LU 6023 . 3 s. ? teit, LU 5936 . ? Anecd. i 10.2 . tēiti (with suff. pron.), TBC-I¹ 1591 . na téit , Wb. 10a15 . ? 9d31 (see note). The form téit in Wb may represent tét, which is to be inferred from the compds. táit, táet, for-tat-tet ( Ml. 43b11 ) and Mid. Ir. tiat (see infra). Cf. also Strachan, OIPG 83 and Bergin, Ériu xii 228.6 . tét, RC ix 484.14 . táet, 488.7 . taett, BColm. 74.22 . 1 pl. tiagamm, SR 3628 . tíagam, LU 4951 . 2 pl. airciub, Blathm. 90 § 6 . arcib, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . argib, Bethu Brigte 10 § 29 . ercib, Otia i 115.5 . eirgiu, ZCP iv 243.3 . 3 pl. tiagat, Ml. 54b12 . pass. tiagar, 16c5 . tíagar, TBFr. 14.

Subj. pres. 1 s. cia thiasusa , Wb. 23c31 . Irish Texts i 10.21 . tíasa, BDD² 1438 . cia thíasa , Rawl. 82b18 . re tias , Lib. Hymn. 167.185 (ACC). i tias , Rawl. 106b19 . 2 s. tesi, Mon. Tall. 136.17 . théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . thēsi, théise, ZCP xi 80.16 , 20 - 21 . tési (with imper. sense), LU 5270 . rot teis , SR 1273 (but see Wortk. vii p. 641 ). ní téis , Ériu i 199 § 19 . dia teis , LB 261a60 . 3 s. ma théis , Wb. 14a14 . cia thes , Ml. 23d23 . ma (sic leg.) téis , Mon. Tall. 137.14 . arna te , Ml. 36a23 . arna té , 126a4 . forsa te , Thes. ii 249.9 . nād tēi , ZCP iv 43.9 . rel. tias, Thes. ii 39.25 . Cf. SR 1660 . 1 pl. cia tīasam , Thes. ii 299.30 . 2 pl. tíastaisi, TBFr. 413 . má thíastá , LU 4764 . ní thessid , 4809 . Cáin Ad. 27 . 3 pl. tiasuit (as imper.; tiagaid, v.l.), IT ii2 191.1 . cia thíasat (leg. -ait), SR 1845 . mani tiasat , Mon. Tall. 147.21 . cén co tíasat , LU 8083 . rel. tíastae, Fél. Ep. 470 . tiasda, Laws iv 144.2 Comm. pass. tiasair, ZCP vii 311 § 19 . tiasar, Laws v 320.11 . tīastar, Sc.M² 5.11 . ní tíasar , Ériu i 199.3 (tiastar, v.l.). rel. tiastar, LB 261b1 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . 2 s. no thiasta-so , LL 284b14 . co tíasta , ZCP viii 310.16 . 3 s. notheised, Wb. 32a17 . notésed, Ml. 23b12 . 54a21 . ara tesed , Sg. 21b9 . -téssed, Thes. ii 310.1 . notesad, Ml. 34d6 . 1 pl. na-thiasmais, PH 5009 . 2 pl. notésstae, Wb. 9b19 (sic leg., note, but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 654 ). 3 pl. nutiastais, Ml. 117d3 . na tiastais , SR 3407.

Fut. 1 s. rigasa, LU 3250 . annurig, Ml. 87b18 . ní ragsa , RC iii 346.11 . ni reg , Ériu iii 106 § 45 . 2 s. regai, PH 1378 . rega, 2328 . mosregae, Thes. ii 318.6 . ní regasu , TBFr. 310 . 3 s. regaid, Sg. 36b1 . Sc.M² 15.8 . nā rega , MacCongl. 29.5 . rel. rigas, Thes. ii 1.14 . regus, Irish Texts i 16.12 . 1 pl. rigmi, Wb. 15c23 . regmi, Fél. Prol. 291 . regmai, TBFr. 415 . rechmi, LU 3423 . 2 pl. -regaid, Lat. Lives 54.y . 3 pl. regait, Thes. ii 316.30 . 319.2 . ni regat , PH 6744 . rel. regda, ZCP xii 245 § 9 . pass. rigthir, Wb. 9a23 . regthair, Ériu i 44.18 . regthar, TBC-I¹ 1236.

Condit. 2 s. ní rigtha , LU 3275 . 3 s. ní rígad , Wb. 11a22 . noregad, Ml. 118b6 . nandrigad, Thes. ii 242.6 . -regad, Trip.² 1713 . 3 pl. dia regtais , Ml. 99b10 . noregtáis, TTr.² 138 . -regtais, Lat. Lives 58.5 .

Pret. 1 s. lodsa, LU 1351 . Ériu iv 134.3 . o na lud , RC xiv 400.13 . 2 s. can lod , 406.2 . ? lod-sai, IT iii 244.24 . 3 s. luid, Ml. 16c10 . luid-side (sic leg.), 55c1 . luid, 74b5 . Thes. ii 240.2 . 242.11 . ho luid , Wb. 3c37 . dia luid , Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.14 ). 55c1 . rel. luide, 127d3 . a llude , LU 10932 . 1 pl. lodmar, TBC-LL¹ 4114 . LB 215a70 . 3 pl. lotair, SR 3457 . TBC-I¹ 26 . lotir, LU 10575 . lotar (perh. rel., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Thes. ii 250.15 . 316.5 . SR 6666 . pass. see ethaid.

Perf. 1 s. dochood, Wb. 17d7 . docoadsa, 18d6 . dochoad, TBFr. 332 . ? docoatsai, RC xii 64.z . -dechudsa, Wb. 14c40 . -deochadsa, TBFr. 282 . -dechad-sa, TBC-LL¹ 29 . 2 s. dochūad, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . 3 s. docoid, Wb. 21a12 . 31d19 . Ml. 32d10 . 43d27 . Sg. 217b16 . docoith, Wb. 11a22 . ducoid, Ml. 63c19 . dochoid, Wb. 14a19 . 14c20 . 14d30 . 28b30 . duchoid, Ml. 74a12 . 84c9 . dichoid, Mon. Tall. 127.10 . duchooid, Thes. ii 241.11 . duchoaid, 1.14 . ducuaid, Ml. 65c9 . dochoid, SR 7753 . dochuaid, 2592 . Fél. Ep. 267 . -dechuid, Ml. 54d3 . 54d7 . 65d12 . 98b8 . Sg. 148b3 . -dechuith, Wb. 16c7 . 22b11 . -dechaid, SR 1720 . -deochaid, 2797 . 1 pl. cia dodchommar , Wb. 23d23 . dochuamar, PH 1580 . -dechummar, Ml. 63c14 . 2 pl. dochuabair, SR 1443 = dochuabar, LB 111b36 . 3 pl. docotar, Wb. 29a8 . dachotar, Ml. 38b2 . dochotar, 124c26 . ducuatar, 66c16 . do cotar , Snedg. u. Mac R 10.15 . dochótar, TBC-I¹ 150 . dochuatar, SR 1701 . -dechaddar, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . -dechatár, LU 8377 . -deochotar, IT i 74.4 . pass. dochoas, TBFr. 356 . dochós, LU 9743 . dochúas, SR 6301 . docuas, Trip.² 2171 . docúas, IT i 130.8 . -dechvs, TTr.² 833 . -deachas, Ériu xii 192.8 .

Perfective pres. (expressing completion of action and possibility). (Cf. Études Celt. iii 224 ff. ). 1 s. na digthim , SR 3203 . conna dichtim , LU 5180 . 3 s. dachubat ... doscuat , Corm. Bodl. 36 - 8 = dacumat no dachuat ... doscuchad , Corm. 38 = dā cubat ... doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 = decomad ... doscuaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 xix 318 . dichuat, Críth G. 306 . -dichet (: fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 3 . KMMisc. 212.13 . Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 421 ). Thes. ii 292.19 . Anecd. v 29.21 . Ériu ii 118 § 52 . AU i 260.5 . AFM i 386.2 . RC xi 457.3 . Laws iv 122.16 Comm. v 272.6 . 388.2 . 394.5 . O'Dav. 714. O'Mulc. 759 . dicead, Laws iv 112.7 . 2 pl. connach digtith , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. 3 s. cona díchtheth , LU 4797.

Subj. corresponding to perf. Pres. 1 s. -dechus, TBC-I¹ 459 . -dechus, Ériu xii 156.9 = -dechos, LU 10644 . -dechus, PH 3123 . -digus, Goid. 101.11 . -digius, TBC-LL¹ 560 . PH 1570 . ZCP vi 259 § 1 . -dighes, x 339 § 16 . conicius, RC xxvii 274.14 . 2 s. docui, RC xii 70 § 40 . do cuissiu , LB 261a79 = dechais-[s]iu, ACL iii 319 § 75 . -dechais, SR 5951 . IT i 21.32 . PH 1564 . -digis, LU 9663 . RC vii 292.43 . -dichis, ZCP iv 45.2 . Ériu i 192 § 1 . 3 s. docói, Wb. 29a28 . doco, Críth G. 540 . dochoi, O'Dav. 683. do cae, Laws ii 242.13 . ? dodchoid, Ériu vii 156.7 . -decha (`lautgesetzliche Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 28b30 . LU 6987 . Laws v 146.7 Comm. -dich (`analogische Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 9d24 . LU 6180 . Anecd. iii 61.12 . -dig, Thes. ii 349.2 . LU 2079. 5178 . -dech, 439 . ACL iii 234.25 . 1 pl. -dechsam, Ml. 62d1 . SR 1549 . Ériu i 122.z . connicsim-ni, RC x 220 § 11 . digsem, BNnÉ 306 § 25 . 2 pl. -digsid, IT i 75.3 . -dechsaid, SR 1375 . PH 3052 . 3 pl. docoiset, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . LU 4749 (= dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 ). do-coísat, ZCP xi 84 § 32 . docóesat, O'Dav. 744. dochósat, RC xvii 172.27 . ? dochoiset, ZCP iii 30.2 . -dechset, LU 5193 . -digset, TBC-LL¹ 553 . -digsit, Laws iv 234.15 . -dechsat, ZCP xiv 158.8 . BB 7a34 .

Impf. 1 s. -deochsaindsea, LU 5906 . -dechsaind, PH 3023 . 3 s. dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 (= docoiset, LU 4749 ). docoissed, Anecd. iii 61.5 . do coisead, Laws iv 100.9 Comm. 104.12 . -digsed, Thes. ii 354.8 . SR 5623 . Trip.² 1268 . -digseth, 151 . -dichsed, Thes. ii 310.14 . -dechsad, SR 5643 . 2 pl. -dechastái, TTr.² 1819 . 3 pl. docoistis, Ml. 34a9 . dochoistís, LU 6752 . -dechsaitis, Ml. 42a6 . -dechsitis, 42a7 . -digsitis, Trip.² 174. 2870 . The following forms, indistinguishable from the subj. impf., are used in condit. sense: 3 s. docoised, LU 5919 . -dechsad, 9104 . 3 pl. docoéstis, 5370 . See RC xxviii 206 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 642.

B Mid. Ir. development of the above system.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tiagasa, LU 5769 . darsa tiagusa , TBC-LL¹ 481 . tégim-si, PH 1570 . The usual form passim, abs. and conj., is tiag: Anecd. i 4.15 . Metr. Dinds. iii 210.17 . Éigse ii 109 § 7 . ? téig, Fianaig. 68.14 . 2 s. tēigi, ZCP vii 310 § 4 . -teig, KMMisc. 260 § 5 . 3 s. abs. téit, passim. tet, SR 8048 . tēt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . tiat, LU 5775 . Frequ. with suff. pron.: tēiti, TBC-I¹ 1722 . ZCP iv 44.31 . teite, TTr.² 524 . conj. -tet, Rawl. 120a2 . -ttēd, MS. Mat. 581.18 . -tēd, ZCP viii 120.11 . -téit, BDD² 280 . LU 2146 , and so passim. -tiat, Ériu iv 104 § 51 . ? ni teige , Laws i 48. 4 Comm. rel. tet, 272.3 Comm. ? 140 n. degas, Auraic. 5552 (tiagas, v.l.). 1 pl. tíagma, LU 5112 . thīagma, TBC-I¹ 628 . tiagmait, Thes. ii 322.20 . -tíagam (in subj. sense), ZCP viii 313.3 . 2 pl. teigthi, TTebe 1316 . tegthi, Todd Lect. vi 61.3 . teidchi, Aen. 1838 . 3 pl. abs. tíagait; also tíagad (-ait, v.ll.), BDD² 223 . tiagat, PH 2119 . tíat, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.80 . conj. -tiagat, also -tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . -tiaguit, iii 70.1 . -diagait, iv 386.18 Comm. tiagait, v 152.2 . ITS xxxiv 38.3 . ? tegat (perh. to do-icc), Laws iv 206.17 (Binchy amends to archaic pres. subj. -tésat, Ériu xvii 66 § 6 ). ra-thaegat (as pret.), TBC-LL¹ 5097 . rel. tiagtha, LB 261a79 = tiagait, ACL iii 319 § 75 . Cf. in tan tíagait , LU 8136 . CCath. 1077 . pass. tiaghar, Laws i 268.12 . -tiaghar, ZCP v 498.16 . rel. tíagthar ... tiagar, BDD² 735 - 6 . tiaghdur, Laws i 266.5 . tiaghtur, 272.16 Comm.

Impf. 3 s. notheighedh, Anecd. i 43.15 . ? no thegaid (confugit), Lat. Lives 87.5 . tiagadh, Ériu v 20.10 . In rel. clauses: no théiged , LU 8931 . ni théiged , Ériu iv 124.9 . -tiagad, BDD² 154 . 3 pl. is cumma tégtis , IT i 193.24 . teigdis, Laws i 154.x Comm. -teigtis, TTebe 2306 . pass. téigthea, Ériu iv 124.10 . teigthi, KMMisc. 158.163 .

Imper. 2 s. airc, LU 5094 . aircc, ZCP vii 306.18 . airg, IT i 74.15 . airgg, TBC-I¹ 1197 . nā hērcc , ZCP iii 227.13 (heirc, v.l.). ergc, Ériu ii 222.4 . 3 s. tíat, LU 5834 . TBC-I¹ 918. 1363 . RC x 74.12 . téiged, PH 4993 . ACL iii 225.9 . na tiaga , PH 410 . ēirgidh, ACL iii 5.4 . 1 pl. tiagum, PH 3756 and passim. tīagmaini, TBC-I¹ 941 (cf. use of tiag as fut. or imper. 1 s.; tiagam, LU). 2 pl. ? aircid, Anecd. i 5.16 . airgid, TBFr. 396 . eirgid, RC xxiv 196.5 . eir[g]eid, ACL iii 225.9 . 3 pl. tiagat, IT i 75.9 . tiagaid, IT ii2 191.1 (tiasuit, v.l.). ? téighed, ZCP viii 212 § 63 . eirced, BDD² 217 (-ett, v.l.). pass. tiagar, Ériu v 28.28 . SG 373.35 . tíagair, LU 8802 . tīachar, TBC-I¹ 254 (tiagar, LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. ce bát é éc tiasur , LU 7882 . -tias, ZCP viii 110.8 , and passim. -theis (: mess), LL 148a17 . ní theis `I will not go,' MR 48.23 . -tiasur, TBC-LL¹ 5971 . 2 s. teisiu, Ériu xii 172.1 . -téis, LU 5271 . Metr. Dinds. iii 380.1 . notéis, ZCP x 47.24 . -tiasair, TBC-LL¹ 1175 . 3 s. teis, Laws ii 130.x Comm. cia theis , AFM i 408.x (in verse). -té, Ériu i 218.23 . 1 pl. -tiasum, PH 5349 . ? ratessemni, RC xxii 42 n. 13 (rot-ficbam, text). 3 pl. -tíassat, BDD² 177 . -tiagsad, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . -tēset, TBC-I¹ 164.

Subj. impf. 1 s. notēisinn, ZCP vii 307.9 . 3 s. -tesed. RC xvi 81.29 . -tēised, TBC-I¹ 595 . -tessed, Irish Texts i 11.12 . -theissed, PRIA xxx 262.16 . no tesid , Laws i 196.12 Comm. nothaesad, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . -tíasad, LU 6148 . Imr. Brain § 63 . doniasadh, O'Dav. 1501. -toised (? leg. teised), Rawl. 119a23 . 3 pl. -thíastaís, LU 8813 and passim. ? -teostaiss, ACL iii 326.9 . -tiestais, Hugh Roe 296.11 .

The following may be exx. of a pret. formed from tiag-, téit: ra theigsetar na sluaig imme da dib lethib, co torchair accu, TBC-LL¹ 4456 (tangatar, v.l.). Cf. CRR 36.13 . dobert ... beim ... do Ch. gur teig lāmh na lainne dā lethtaoibh, ZCP xiv 233.1 . Cf. taod .i. dul, do thaod uainn .i. do chuaidh uainn, O'Cl.

Fut. 1 s. ragasa, Fél.² lxxxiv.y . ragsa, TBC-I¹ 463 . TBC-LL¹ 993 . rach, LL 148a18 . regad, TBC-I¹ 509 . reghat, ACL iii 309.9 . regut, Lat. Lives 89.8 . ragatsa, LU 1493 . ragut, PH 1814 . ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . regaid-se ... regait, ZCP xiii 176.17 . -reg, ACL iii 309.18 . -rag, TBC-I¹ 1244 . BColm. 80.3 . Anecd. iii 59.4 . -rach, ZCP viii 552.11 . TTebe 3982 . 2 s. ragai, BDD² 284 . rogai, Mon. Tall. 154.2 . rage, Lat. Lives 60.9 . raga, BDD² 1428 . racha, ACL iii 222.8 . ZCP vii 306.12 . -raga, Mon. Tall. 153.z . PH 1821 . RC iii 185.7 . -rada, ZCP xiii 256.7 . -rado, 11 . 3 s. ragaid, BDD² 1248 . IT i 132.10 . PH 4673 . rachaidh, Laws i 138.10 Comm. -raga, SR 6427 . BDD² 413 . PH 6906 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . -racha, TTebe 1143 . -rachaidh, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). -rachuidh, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. rel. ragas, LU 3925 . TBC-LL¹ 792 . ragus, PH 3813 . rachas, Laws iii 228.x Comm. 1 pl. regma, ZCP iv 46.16 . Anecd. i 2.9 . ragma, BDD² 256 . ragmaine, LU 5396 . raigma, LL 122b39 . régmait, IT i 73.10 (ragmaini, v.l.). ragmait, TBC-I¹ 919 . PH 2037 . CRR 28.21 . -ragam, LU 4768. 8079 . -ragum, PH 1838 . 2 pl. ragthai, TTr. 1632 . PH 1839 . ? ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . -racthai, TTr. 1773 . 3 pl. ragait, PH 3591 . rechaid, ZCP xii 393.13 . regat, Lib. Hymn. 102.52 . regut, PH 991 . rechtait, 6401 . raghdait, TTr.² 1753 . rágdait, PH 5014 . ragdáit, FDG 383 . ragtháit, RC xxii 304 n. 13 . rachdaeid, ACL iii 237 § 31 . pass. rechtair, RC xxvi 374.1 . ragthair, BB 439a34 . rachthair, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . ragthar, LU 5711 . RC viii 154 § 5 . ragar, Todd Nenn. 88.5 . rachar, Ériu iv 17 § 3 . -raghthar, Sc.M² 19.35 . -raigther, Ériu v 240.121 .

Condit. 2 s. -raghtha-sa, BColm. 46.24 . 3 s. no reched , BB 497a21 . notragad, LU 5209 . no ragad , 8833 . ACL iii 5.29 . -ragad, SR 3132 . LU 8259 . -rachad, IT i 271.27 . doragad, CRR 24.17 . TTebe 1072 . 3 pl. noregadáis, TTr.² 1097 . noragdais, SR 4724 . -ragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7 . -rachdais, IT i 118.13 . pass. -ragtha, BDD² 426 . TTr. 1904 . cor-rachtae, RC xxi 156 § 15 . ? -rachtea, ZCP x 44.4 .

Pret. 3 s. luid, PH 6286 . RC xxiv 184.12 . MacCarthy 422.y , etc. luith, Lat. Lives 23.3 . lauid, BColm. 18.25 . lud, PH 1048 . With redundant suff. pron. luide, BDD² 1447 . luidi, ACL iii 3.15 . ludi, LU 6150 . rel. luide, SG 396.21 . luidi, SR 3143 . ludi, ZCP iii 206.3 . ludai, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . laide, IT i 139.13 = luidi, 30 . luid, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . Laws iii 532.11 . With do- (in contexts where the meaning is evidently ` went '): do luid , RC xxiv 196.13 . BCC 424.21 . ZCP x 289.11 . ? dolai, Lec. 221b4 . ? dluídh, BB 234a19 . With ro-: ra-luid, CRR 36.4 . TBC-LL¹ 3251 . 4735 . -rulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . 306.26 . -luid, RC ix 452.8 . LL 210a40 , etc. 1 pl. lodmar, RC vii 290.6 . lodomar, LU 3056 . lodamur, Lism. L. 3817 . 3 pl. lotar, PH 2162 . TBC-LL¹ 1227 , etc. lautar, ZCP viii 105.8 . lodur, x 289.11 . lodatar, TBC-LL¹ 645 . lodadar, RC xxvi 164.21 . luiditar, ZCP iii 19 § 19 . lotarset, 248.29 (lotursat, v.l.). lotsat, BDC 118.215 . With do-: dollotar, TTr.² 1679 . dolotar, Ériu iii 142.243 . tollotar, 136.32 . tulatar, 142.238 . With ro-: ra-lotar, CRR 12.12 . ? With no-: no lodadar , Ériu ii 20 § 3.

The stem luid- is also used in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. to form a regular verb with f-fut., s-pret. etc. pres. 1 pl. lodma, TBC-LL¹ 1801 (teigim, v.ll.). impf. 1 s. ra luidinn-se , Ériu i 72 § 3 . imper. 2 s. luid, MacCongl. 53.13 . fut. 1 pl. ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . pret. 1 s. do luidhes , ZCP viii 219 § 13. 3 s. luidis, SR 2929 . Rawl. 82b27 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.15 . luidhius, MR 320.6 . 1 pl. lodsam, RC vii 302 § 201 . lodsamar, 304 § 213 . 2 pl. -lodsaid, LU 5300 = -ladsaid, TBC-I¹ 823 . -lodsaid, LU 5347 = TBC-I¹ 870 . 3 pl. luidset, IT i 41.8 . Leb. Gab.(i) 50.11 . luidsed, ZCP viii 274.11 . luighsit, BNnÉ 183.3 . luidhsiot, 292 § 8 . AFM i 94.9 . luidsiut, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.2 . lutsat, 96.12 . luidhsidar, Fianaig. 54.17 .

Perf. 1 s. docuad, BNnÉ 300.z . dochúadusa, LU 3726 . do-cūadas, Sc.M² 10.6 . rochuadhus, TTebe 1050 . -deachad, ZCP xiii 176.21 . 2 s. dochodaisiu (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. l. 6 . do-cūadais, Sc.M² 9.10 . dochuadais, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 7 . -dechais, Sc.M² 12.x (Eg.). -dechadais, PH 1547 . 3 s. dochóid, PH 2431 and passim. dochaidh, BB 56b36 . dochuaid, Ériu iii 196 § 13 and passim. rochōid, 196 § 18 . rochúaid, LU 829 . ro chuaid , LL 160a32 . -dechaid, ACL iii 304 II § 3 . -dechuidh, Laws ii 142.13 and passim. -deochaid, LU 9044 . Laws iv 300.6 . Cf. dodechaid, TTr.² 445 . dodeachaid, TTebe 348 . do deochaid , Laws iv 98.16 Comm. In these exx. the context indicates the meaning `has gone' rather than that of `has come.' 1 pl. docuamair-ni, ZCP vii 308.6 . rochuammar, RC vii 296.1 . 2 pl. -deochabair, ZCP xiii 176.10 . 3 pl. dochótár, LU 8265 . dochotar, PH 3717 . dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 4337 . rochuadar, Laws iv 192.4 Comm. rocuadur, CCath. 1995 . Cf. ro-digset, PH 928 . -dechatar, 3944 . -deachatar, CCath. 5501 . -deachadair, AU ii 182.6 . -dechsat, PH 7224 . Lat. Lives 76.8 -dechsatar, PH 2476 . pass. docoas, Ériu ii 140 § 146 . docos, Aen. 406 . Todd Nenn. 88.7 . do cós , AFM ii 672.11 . docuass, Anecd. iii 40.24 . dochuas, 66.24 . docuas, Ériu iv 104 § 51 v.l. rocúadhus, CCath. 2397 . -dechus, Ériu iv 118 § 37. -dechas, Irish Texts i 3 § 7.

Subj. corresponding to the perf. Pres. 1 s. cia ... dechar , Anecd. i 77.10 . -digusa, RC viii 150.z . -dechus, TBC-I¹ 1304 . -deochus, LU 5774 . -decharsa, TBC-I¹ 3576 . -dechor, RC xxvii 280.16 . -dechur, ZCP i 105.3 . -dech, PH 7007 . -digser, Lism. L. 3738 = -diccsiur, BNnÉ 53 § 47 . 2 s. -digis, RC viii 154.20 . -digis-[s]iu (sic leg.), PH 2327 . -digese, TTr.² 1455 . -digsiu, Three Hom. 74.y . -díchiseo, TTr.² 99 . -dechais, LL 286b19 . -dechis, Ériu iii 108 § 52 . -deachadais, Ériu xii 148.12 . -dechasu, Lat. Lives 60.8 . -deochais, Anecd. iii 29.21 . -dechair, TTebe 3985 . Aen. 796 . 3 s. -dig, YBL 318ay . TBC-LL¹ 986 . ? nosdig, Lec. 27d43 = rosdigh, 11c17 . -dech, Fen. 356.19 . Marco P. 110 . -deoch, TBC-LL¹ 879 . 1 pl. -dechsum, CRR 22.8 . 2 pl. -dechaisti, TTr. 1774 . 3 pl. -dighset, ZCP ix 139.7 . -diccsed, Laws iv 118.z Comm. -dechsat, i 106.32 Comm.

Impf. 1 s. -dechaind, TBC-LL¹ 2209 (see note). 2 s. -digthea, PH 2419 . -dechta, Lat. Lives 96.8 . 3 s. nodhighsedh, Marco P. 51 . no dhigsid , TFrag. 136.20 . no dic[h]sead , Laws iv 110.y Comm. nódechsad, TTr.² 443 . nó dheachsad , RC xxv 398 § 17 . -digsed, ii 396 § 30 . conigsed, xvi 151.11 . -digsith, Lat. Lives 47.10 . -dechsad, PH 2937 , etc. -dechad, RC xxiv 44 § 2 . -deachaid (? with ending of indic.), ZCP viii 109.1 . pass. -dechasta, Ériu iv 126.14 . 3 pl. -digsitís, PH 5408 . -dechsaitís, TTr.² 687 . -dhechdais, ZCP v 501.z . TBC-LL¹ 259 n. 2 .

C Early Modern forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. téighim, IGT Decl. ex. 702 . Content. xxi 7 . teim, ZCP vi 48.z . -tēigim, 263 § 10 . -teim, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . The old form tiag (in fut. sense) is common in FDG, e.g. 268 , 388 , 747 . 2 s. téighi, IGT Decl. ex. 653 . ML² 471 . -téighe, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . BNnÉ 32 § 45 . -teir, Luc. Fid. 291.22 . 3 s. teit, FDG 68 . Ir. Astr. Tr. 158.7 . téid, Content. xiv 12 . Keat. i 72.87 , and passim. téd, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . -teit, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.28 . -téid, Dán Dé xvi 11 . TSh. 3042 , and passim. 1 pl. tiamaid, TSh. 5286 . -téimíd, 2397 . 3 pl. tiagait, Marco P. 148 . tiaghaid, Keat. i 200.50 . téighit, Fl. Earls 180.30 . 190.19 . téidhid, Keat. i 202.20 ( téid siad, tiaghuid, MSS.). nostiad, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . tiad, TD 16.36 . DDána 45.10 . This is the usual form in syll. verse, but note tiaghaid, DDána 75.23 . -thiaghaid, TSh. 4783 . -tiaid, Ó Bruad. ii 4.20 . -téid siad, TSh. 944 . pass. tiagar, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . tiachair, TD 10.19 . IGT Decl. ex. 407 . teigther, Maund. 46 . tegther, 91 . -tiagar, MR 120.17 . -tiachar, DDána 27a.2 . -tiaghair, TD 29.5 . Studies 1924, 86 § 6 . -tiachair, 1928, 268 § 18 .

In syll. verse téi-, tia- may become do-éi-, do-ia- (except tiad), and may take conjunct endings, IGT cited Aithd. D. Gloss. Cf. 3 s. da ēid , ACL iii 237 § 22 . do-éid, DDána 98.31 .

Impf. 1 s. chum a déinsi, TD 22.8 . 3 s. -teighedh, Marco P. 89 . -theidheadh, Keat. i 208.23 . 3 pl. théighdís, Aithd. D. 98.14 . do teighdis , Maund. 16 . ? -tecdis (perh. to do-icc), Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . pass. -teghth, AFM iii 346.4 . -teighthi, Stair Erc. 1749.

Imper. 2 s. eirg, DDána 68.28 . Dán Dé i 5 . éirigh, TSh. 5048 . téigh, Gen. xvi 2 . 3 s. téidheadh, Keat. i 48.65 . 2 pl. éirghidh, ii 5642 . téighidh, DDána 29.28 . pass. tiagar, ITS v 66.19 .

IGT (cited Ériu xii 228 n. 3 and Aithd. D. Gloss. ) give the following: 1 s. eirgear eargar. 2 s. eirg. 3 s. eirgeadh eargadh. 1 pl. eirgeam eargam. pass. eirgthear eargthar. But exx. are given only for 2 s. and 2 pl. (eirg, eargaidh).

Subj. pres. and impf. The s-subj. is superseded by forms of the subj. corresponding to the perf., see infra. Cf. 1 s. co dtéighedsa , SG 290.19 , 3 s. —téidhe, Dán Dé ix 15 , ní théighe , Aithd. D. 20.30 , which are formed on the indic. pres. as in spoken Ir.

Fut. 1 s. ragat, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachad, TSh. 8836 . reachat, Laud 610, 24a10 . —rach, Dán Dé ix 3 . Caithr. CC 43.34 . 2 s. racha, DDána 74.41 . racair, Laud 610, 24ay . raghair, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachaidh (sic leg.) tú, BNnÉ 275 § 254 . 3 s. raghaidh, BS 150.15 . DDána 15.13 . rachaidh, Keat. ii 5587 . DDána 7.4 . —ragha, TSh. 4456 . Content. ix 6 . —racha, TSh. 2826 . PBocht 24.20 . —rachaidh, TSh. 2363 . Donlevy ix 30 . rel. raghas, BS 6.z . rachas, Oss. iv 8.z . Dán Dé x 31 . reachbhas, Luc. Fid. 364.11 . 1 pl. radhmait, Cog. 130.z . rachmait, Marco P. 175 . rachmaid, RC xxvi 164.4 . —ragham, Dán Dé viii 7 . —racham, Content. vi 241 . 3 pl. rachaid, TSh. 4311 . pass. rachthair, DDána 43.3 . rachtar, TSh. 4464 . raghar, Dán Dé xxv 46 . Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 .

Condit. 1 s. —rachaind, ZCP vi 48.15 . 2 s. —rachthá, Desid. 4449 . do rachtha , Mac Aingil 36.13 . 3 s. no ragad , Cog. 50.9 . do rachadh , TSh. 5545 . DDána 6.15 . rachadh (rel.), Donlevy 358.23 . —raghadh, PBocht 23.37 . Desid. 3515 . —rachadh, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . TD 27.32 . —rachfadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 605 . —reachadh, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . 3 pl. do ragtais , Ann. Conn. 1235.14 = ALC i 326.21 . do rachdaois , Luc. Fid. 36.10 . TD 7 26 . —raghduis, ZCP xiii 180.9 . —rachdais, BCC 122.36 . —rachdaois, TSh. 5309 . pass. ro ragthai , Cog. 208.2 .

Pret. and perf. The past tense in Early Mod. Ir. is supplied by the perf. of O. and Mid. Ir., forms of luid— occurring only sporadically as archaisms in a few Early Mod. texts. 3 s. du luid , Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . roloduir, Stair Erc. 1223 . do lodamar , ITS iii 22.2 . 3 pl. lottar, Cog. 28.y . lodor, Keat. i 182.39 (in verse). dolotar, BCC 338.30 (in verse).

1 s. —deachodhus, Aithd. D. 10.10 . 2 s. do chuadhais , Dán Dé ix 18 . do dechadais , ZCP iv 390.9 . MR 34.4 . —deachais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1597 . 3 s. dochuaidh, Keat. ii 1587 . Aithd. D. 1.3 , and passim. dochóidh, Maund. 31 . AFM vi 2162.z . Aithd. D. 10.40 . PBocht 5.39 . docháidh, Keat. ii 1389 (in verse). Ó Bruad. i 32 . Dán Dé ix 2 . Aithd. D. 67.7 . ó chuaidh , Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Ó Bruad. iii 134.23 . chuaidh (rel.), ITS xvii 130.416 . Donlevy 304.23 . do dechaidh , D IV 2, 40c34 . do dheachaidh , AFM iv 892.21 . Fl. Earls 144.16 . 152.3 . —dechaid, ML² 1883 . —deachaidh, DDána 32.2 , and passim. —deochaid, Ann. Conn. 1398.6 . 1 pl. do cuamar, Cog. 76.21 . 100.6 . do-chuamair, TD 8.1 . do-chámar, DDána 3.17 . do chuadhmuir-ne, ML 18.4 . —deachamair, TD 14.8 . 2 pl. do-chuabhair, TD 22a.3 . DDána 26.3 . 3 pl. do chuadar, TSh. 2447 . Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chódar, TD 26.16 . DDána 105.27 . do-chádair, 93.13 . ra chuatar, Cog. 226.27 . chuadar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.8 . do choidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.20 . dodeachatar, AFM iv 838.6 . Fl. Earls 194.15 . dechadar, O'Gr. Cat. 98.5. —deachatar, Fl. Earls 24.6 . —deachadar, Keat. ii 384 . —deochatar, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . —dechsat, BNnÉ 329 § 65 . —deachsad, TD 16.5 . Keat. i 182.26 . pass. do-chuas, DDána 52.15 . do-cuas, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . AFM v 1580.z . ro cuas , 1904.2 . ra chuas , TFrag. 14.1 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. —deachar, FDG 391. Dán Dé vi 10 . DDána 58.19 . —dighear, 38.29 . —deach mé, 26.27 . Dán Dé xxv 66 . 2 s. —dechuir, Maund. 36 . —dechair, Stair Erc. 2316 . —deachair, TSh. 10768 . 3 s. —dhech (rel.), Lism. L. 2711 . BNnÉ 18.9 . gé dheach , IGT Decl. exx. 1097 , 1235 , 1241 . Cf. madh mh'anam dheachus dochum nimhe (rechus, v.l.), BNnÉ 18.9 . —dech, IGT Decl. ex. 1014 . —deach, DDána 93.29 . Dán Dé xv 8 , and passim. —digh, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . 3 C 12, 5.13 . 1 pl. —deacham, DDána 27a.3 . 3 pl. dechuid, Stair Erc. 1951 . dá ndeachud , Desid. 43 . pass. —dighthir, Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. —deachainn, Content. xviii 92 . PBocht 1.30 . 2 s. —dechtha, ZCP vi 46.17 . Duan. F. i 64 § 46 . —deachtha, DDána 86.34 . 3 s. —digsed, D IV 2, 40c17 . 75b34 . —diccseadh, AFM vi 1896.y . —deachadh, Aithd. D. 77.29 . Content. v 41 . TSh. 3385 . O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 , and passim. —deachaidh, DDána 95.7 v.l. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 11. 1 pl. —deachmaois, TD 16.40 . 3 pl. —dechtais, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . —deachdís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1163 . —deachadaois (sic leg.), Content. xxiv 22.

Vnn. techt, dul.

MEANINGS.

Goes, proceeds . Used absolutely, with accus., and with adverbs and prepositions particularising the meaning.

I Absolute uses.

(a) proceeds, goes forward, turns out : nā rega in dál sin `that respite shall not be given,' MacCongl. 29.5 . coná d'athchlaind mar dochúaid `as it was no case of an inferior line,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.31 . maith dochuaidh críoch a bhagair `well did his bluster succeed,' TD 3.37 .

(b) goes away, departs: o dochóid in t-aingel when the angel departed, PH 3470 . téid iar sin `thereupon he departs,' Ériu xii 188.5 . airc-seo a Eochaid lat ainfiuss `be off with thy ignorance,' Ériu viii 157.1 .

(c) passes away, vanishes: madh ro bhui aige in tan do rinne in cunnradh, ocus do chuaidh fri dethbirius `if he had it (the property) when he made the contract and it passed away from him by necessity,' Laws iv 38.3 Comm. tiad na toirthe mar théid clú, DDána 45.10 . bean i ndeachaidh cuimhne a cuirp who has abandoned fleshly desires, 32.2 . do-chuaidh fá chíogh dtighearna `it was brought to an end by the Lord's breast (?),' Aithd. D. 60.1 . Hence: isind lathi luid yesterday , TBC-LL¹ 3605 (ané, v.l.). adaig cétaine dochuaid, SG 57.3 .

(d) dies (also with accus. bás, éc, see II). nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2036 . ni theit oac and re siun a young man does not die there before an old, IT i 133.2 . do cháidh tar ceann a charad `He died for His friends,' Dán Dé xx 4 . ? Here also: gé atú ar ndol do ghorta, Duan. F. i 86.1 .

(e) Miscellaneous absolute uses. is follus issin magin sin téte aitherrechtaigthe ní ashire oldáta maicc ┐ aui `that a patronymic goes further than sons and grandsons,' Sg. 30b12 . ua dluith deinmech am docuas andsin (of a horserace), TTebe 2334 . ma direach an indus tiasda `if they run in a straight direction' (of waters), Laws iv 144.2 Comm. cēini (? sic leg.) tias fo nim as long as I walk on earth, ZCP vi 257 § 3 . dochuadar iar sin ┐ nír ansat gur ghabhsat cuan, Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chuaidh ar sealg ag síneadh continued , Aithd. D. 67.8 . cred teigi `wherefore comest thou ?,' TTebe 4332 . can lod `whence hast thou come ?,' RC xiv 406.2 . ragat-sa ... dar a cheann I will go security on his behalf, Laws v 226.14 Comm. (see under IV 9 (c) and Bürgschaft 35 ). conach cert-tiaghait lucht ind Auraiccepta `do not reach a correct conclusion,' ITS xxxiv 38.3 , `do not rightly say,' Ir. Hist. Stud. ii 331 . ? Gramm. In list of words decl. as masc. o—stems and used only in sg.: Breatnach. Boirneach ... Imleach (an feadh téid) as far as it goes, IGT Decl. 55.10 . coimdhe (decl. like fili) acht gan illrad aigi (an feadh téid, v.l.), 74 § 21.

II With accus.

(a) Of the route, etc. followed: connach rabi dóib conar dochoistís acht for Sligi M., LU 6752 . Cf. uair nachar conair fuigill don tiaghtur do gabhail na athgabala, Laws i 272.16 Comm. crich do teid uisce glaise `a district (boundary ?) through which the water of a streamlet flows,' iv 144.10 Comm. cia heret teit Adam uait, SR 1197 . ind fithis tete in peccad issí téte in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . co na bud inann sét tiastais, PH 7045 . So also of crossing seas, lakes, etc.: co luid Moisi Muir Romuir, SR 2310 . sic mór co ndechus do cois. locha Erenn, RC xviii 301.38 . mad nochtaile ... ni dicead scuithe ar a dluithe ocus ni dichet dam ar a hairde `if it be a naked fence ... the small cattle could not pass through it from its closeness ..., Laws iv 112.7 .

(b) Of the expedition, journey, etc.: ? rechmi cath n-imrind, LU 3423 . do chuadhmuir-ne cuairt chosguir, ML 18.4 . oenach indiu luid in rí, RC vii 290.1 . mairg ragas in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 792 . ar nā tesed in targraidh, RC xvi 81.29 .

(c) With bás, éc, etc. dies, perishes: na tiastais aidid ngorta, SR 3407 . tiagait báas, Wb. 11d12 . mairc dochuaid bās ar Dia, Ériu iii 196 § 13 . is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 . co ndechais gortai, LL 286b19 . cia thiasusa martri, Wb. 23c31 . cid dia tánac isin n-ármag ... co ndeochais uathbás and that you may swoon there (?) LU 4943 . See also under IV 6 (d).

(d) Various objects: luid in mug cétna chét-chol `came the slave to the first original crime,' Metr. Dinds. iii 84.16 . nicon dichet mess moga la Feine gell oir `the estimation of a slave among the Feine does not extend to a pledge of gold,' Laws v 394.5 . da n-ech ... | Gainne ocus Rea regda guis `welche Stürmischkeit erlangen werden' (?), ZCP xii 245 § 9 . a lléim dochúatár ... tarsin cathraig, LU 9129 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega na ní tete `which destroys whatever it comes to,' Ml. 62b20 . ní na téit do menma-su | teiti menma neich aile, IT i 97.19 . in mothar sciath sin ... nad raigther techt trit no thairis that dense mass of shields, it will not be possible to get through it or by it, Ériu v 240.121 . ? ni dichet tegde doichlech, Thes. ii 292.19 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . secht trath namma teigthi tall in olden times they observed only seven canonical hours, KMMisc. 158.163 .

(e) With (neuter) infixed or suffixed pronoun (with adverbial force): connach digtith `so that ye have not so gone,' Wb. 9b19 . dachotar coirp `bodies went thus,' Ml. 38b2 . nandrigad `that he would not so go,' Thes. ii 242.6 . cate lib i mbárach fer i n-ath? téite Lárine or A., LU 6063 . The suff. pron. is frequently redundant: téiti úad, TBFr. 366 . teite Cuchulainn a dochum, RC iii 175.17 . fecht ann luidi a muime do blegon na (m)bó, Lat. Lives 47.12 . With ed, referring to a prec. or follg. clause: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1838 . issed tete a ndíruidigthe ut bene dochum indí as fere `'tis to this that the derivative goes, as bene to fere ,' Sg. 188a13 . iss ed luide intí A. ar tús, in Moesiam, TTr.² 233 . With ón: docoid-som ón `he went that going' (notes), Ériu ii 222.4 . Cf. ráid-siu friss ar com-thé co moch imbárach sund tell him to come to me, TBC-LL¹ 1978 (techt, v.l.).

III With adverbs and adverbial phrases: connach fess ... | cid teite, SR 8116 . cia thé wherever he goes, Ériu iv 100.2 . fēch ca tēighe, ZCP xii 381.23 . é leth luidi for tochmarc thither she has gone a-wooing, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . cid dían ┐ cían nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . nī malodsaid you did not well to go, TBC-I¹ 870 . olc húar lodsai (sic leg.), IT iii 244.24 . cia lín ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . m'anim nī dig immada may my soul not go astray, Thes. ii 349.2 . lom luidh lom tuilith, O'Gr. Cat. 91.2. ó do-coíset rindi im-masech `nachdem die [Speer-]spitzen aneinander vorbeigeflogen sind,' ZCP xi 84 § 32 . ni téit an faosam amach 'na deaghaidh `the exemption (afforded by a living person) does not follow (the distress) out,' Laws i 102.4 . cosmhuil go ragha sé saor it is likely that it will go unpunished, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 13 . ó nach rach i bhfad to make a long story short (?), DDána 91.10 . gealladh dol síos ar ar son may she promise to plead for us (?), 21.20 . mairg ag a ndeachaidh sé síos | cíos Dé `is in arrear,' Dán Dé xxvii 21 . do-chuaidh síos ... | an uaill has abated, Aithd. D. 7.18 .

Frequ. with foll. clause introduced by co n- and expressing purpose: tiagsa con tall a chenn dind aithiuch `I will go to take his head off,' Ml. 58c6 . tiagsa conda tucsa, TBFr. 309 . ragaid dia nom-fóemuid ar th'eniuch `come and yield to me,' RC iii 346.31 . Also with consec. clause: lotar co rancatar co airm i mboí F., LU 3350.

IV With prepositions and prepositional phrases (see also under the various prepp.).

1 With ar and for.

(a) goes upon, sets out on, etc.: ni far cuairt parche docoid, Wb. 21a12 . in slánicid ... corop slán ani forsa te `the salve ... that whole may be that whereon it goes,' Thes. ii 249.9 . do teighdis fein ara ngluinib 'na ḟiadnaisi `fell on their knees,' Maund. 16.

(b) Of sexual union: ech uisci ... do chuaidh ar inghin in t-sacairt `copulavit cum,' O'Don. Suppl. s.v. míol. ní dechaidh Bran ar choin riemh `B. never mated with a hound,' Duan. F. i 40.5 .

(c) resorts to, indulges in, becomes subject to: lautar forsna harmu, ZCP viii 105.8 . ? slógh Liag ina laeidhengaib | do lón tiad ar tháballaib, IGT Decl. ex. 374 . ní théighim air rún I keep it not secret, ITS iii 276.1 (1st. ed.). amuil do coisead for nadm ann ┐ ratha `as if upon securities and guarantees,' Laws iv 100.9 Comm. focul for braich lis riasiu do cae for descthu `before it is put to ferment,' ii 242.13 . cia deach in flaith for doma de `becomes indigent,' v 266.14 Comm. na digsitís ar dermat ... úad (of Cú Chulainn's clesa), TBC-LL¹ 2123 . si-se ag dul ar doimheanmain becoming dejected, DDána 37.12 .

(d) is inflicted upon, comes upon (of misfortunes, etc.); is given to: in dígal dochoid for diabul, Wb. 28b30 . in mess ... is hé rigas forru, Thes. ii 1.14 . anfīr docōid form, ZCP vii 307.4 . ni raga urcra forro `no decay comes upon them,' RC vi 183.8 . re a ndeachaidh oruinn d'iomráth `because of all the gossip that has been made about me,' TD 30.6 . na naoi cconnsuine ar a ttéid séimhiughadh the nine consonants subject to lenition, IGT Introd. 1.y . rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru before they enter holy orders, Wb. 29a28 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `for no `foessam' is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe,' Laws iv 206.17 . lóg a enech ... t.¤ fora naidm he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, Críth G. 128 . See Bürgschaft §§ 75 - 6 , 72 . céad urdail ... | rachaidh orthoibh `a hundred times as much ... will be given for them,' TD 31.15 . ní ragha m'umhla ar th-aiceacht `my deference shall not be given to your teaching,' Content. ix 6 . dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co Ailill `it lies upon my honour,' ZCP iv 44.29 . feib do chuaid fair `as he was requested' (?), ML 154.6 . dá ndeach tir ar fhuil na n-Iarladh is buried (?), Aithd. D. 38.13 . ? dá ndeach tir ar thruime ar gcean, Dán Dé xv 8 . Legal, t.¤ x for y y becomes liable for x: is tobach aile teit forra `there is a levying of two days upon them,' Laws i 146.18 Comm. cia forsa ragha in cinsa? who shall become liable for this offence? Nero A vii, 141a ( O'D. 2203 ). cest, cid tēite for fornaidm cāich? ... miach for breithemain what is due? ZCP xiii 24.4 .

(e) attacks, overcomes: ni tiaguit flaithe for eagluis `come against,' Laws iii 70.1 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5642 . docúas iarsin ar in side, IT i 130.8 . ni dechaid coll cána ar goil the breaking of the law did not get the better of valour (?), ACL iii 304 II § 3 . Similarly: ni fetatar cindas noregadáis ara marbad `how they should go in order to slay him,' TTr.² 1097 . nech marbus duine hi cath ... bliadain col-leith ... acht ni te for ind guin ó rumaid riam `a year and a half (of penance), provided he does not pursue the slaughter after the fight is won,' Ériu vii 166.24 . ? dá ndeachud oraind seacha so if they attack me in spite of this (?), Desid. 43 . Impers.: cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib however numerous the guests, the kneading losset never failed (to supply) them, Irish Texts i 3 § 7 . dochuaid ar mo luth my vigour is exhausted, Ériu viii 172.9 . oram rachaidh a rádha `will it be impossible for me to say,' PBocht 12.10 .

(f) Impers. t.¤ oc x for (ar) y x prevails over y: téid ag óigh ar a hoidhre `the Virgin prevails over her son,' Studies 1939, 99 § 11 . dochuaidh aca ar in mbaile, AFM vi 2174.19 . Also with la: fa chaislen Sligidh ┐ do cuas fair leis, AU ii 424.21 .

(g) changes into, is exchanged for, becomes: do chonách ... | téid ... ar dobrón, Aithd. D. 79.14 . do chuaidh a neimh ar neamhghrúig, PBocht 21.32 .

(h) t.¤ x do y ar z x inspires, causes, gives rise to z in y: crú an chígh fa lár do leigeadh | téid dó ar dhéanamh foighidean `calls forth His patience,' Aithd. D. 59.12 . ni ar thime ná ar tlás dochúaidh sin dó, AFM iii 518.8 . Cf. téid mar uaisle dḟine Chuinn it is a proof of nobility in the family of C., Content. ix 2.

(i) Various: ní bar torad precepte nach aili tíagussa `it is not the fruit of any other's teaching I appropriate (?),' Wb. 17b18 (see, however, Hermathena xxii (1932) 272 - 3 ). Cf. 17b20 . docoised ferchend fora beolu a man's head would have fitted between his lips, LU 5919 . do deochaidh tra iarum for aithgin neich bronnair ann `yet it afterwards was exchanged for restoration of the thing which was damaged,' Laws iv 98.16 Comm. raghaidh an taen for an aen `the one will go to the other' (of things which attract each other, e.g. woman and honey, child and milk, etc.), Leb. Gab.(i) 46.22 . ? gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh | ... | 's ní rach choidhche ar mo chomaoin, L. Cl. A. B. 229.104 .

(j) With prepositional and adverbial phrases (see also under cel, cend, cúl, etc.). t.¤ ar (for) cend goes towards, for, etc. luid ... | Dáuid ar cinn ind fir sin, SR 5861 . conndecharsa for a chind, TBC-LL¹ p. 864 . luidh int escop ciuin ar ceal passed away, AU i 596.y . co ndechatar ... for comairce a crochi sought the protection of, PH 3944 . luid in grian fora culu went back, Ml. 16c10 . do luid for iarraid usce `went to look for water,' RC xxiv 198.9 . airg-siu for a imgabāil, KMMisc. 208.15 . dia luid D. for longais re saul went into exile from S., Ml. 55c1 . dochuatar for nefní came to nought, vanished, PH 4261 . go ndeachadh an eagluis ar seachran would go astray, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . tiagat for teiched, Ml. 54b12 .

2 With ass.

(a) goes out of, leaves: lotar asin chathraig, TTr.² 18 . ragáet in mac. raluid a h-altaib `er ist aus den Fugen gegangen,' TBC-LL¹ 4735 = coṅdechaid a altaib dó, TBC-I¹ 2995 . docoid som a foraithmiut dae `he passed out of God's remembrance,' Ml. 32d10 . ri dochoid ... | asa doenacht 'na déacht, SR 7757 . as an ré dochuaidh caitheamh (sic leg.) time has dwindled, Dán Dé xxv 5 . gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh that he shall not relinquish his love for me, L. Cl. A. B. 229.101 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ... as, Celt. Rev. x 142.29 .

(b) With 3 s. neut. t.¤ ass.

(i) departs: luid as for leith, SR 3023 . tíagam ass, TBFr. 194.

(ii) escapes: co ndeachaidh ass a cóir n-éludha, RC xvii 347.24 . nach téid aonduine as ó bhuille an chloidhimh, TSh. 7818.

(iii) elapses (of time), passes away, vanishes: co ṅdechsad as in sapoit, PH 3692 . ni dechaid an snechta-sin as co tanic Notlaic mor, Ann. Conn. 1245.10 . nā dech as da chlú doráith, ZCP vii 298.13 .

(iv) dies: dín ló dochúaid C. ass, RC xx 12 § 20. an fear red thaobh mar théid as, Dán Dé xxv 11 . a ndeachaidh as 's a bhfuilimíd beo, Hackett xxiv 3.

(c) Gramm. `cia ra sir' is cóir ... óir ní théid `s' eiste féin for `s' is not mutated (i.e. eclipsed after m.sg. infix.), Éigse ii 118.68 . ní théid Sealbhadh `r' eiste féin, 80 . Cf. ní théid Sealbhadh oibrighthe uathaidh faisnéise i `m' amach does not mutate `m' (?), 117.14 . Cf. IGT Introd. 12.25 - 6 .

3 With cen (gan).

téid gan déanamh is left undone, Content. xiv 12 . má théid énrand gan tuigse | dom dhánsa ó dhuine ar domhan `if one stanza ... passes the understanding of anyone,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . nī dechaid duine ... gan guin ... ō Eōgan, ML² 1883.

4 With co, dochum.

(a) goes to, towards: isin deseircc et spirut rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . on techtairiu dochoid cuccusom, 14d30 . tíagair chuccu do fhis scél dús cid ro chaínset, TBFr. 260 . faillsigter sin do F. ... ┐ luidh gusan aes dana na tistais cuigi `sent a message,' Lism. L. 3024 . gach aon dīp gabhuss spirut genmnaighechta do láimh is chuca téighit `she joins these' (a religious community), Fl. Earls 180.30 . tiagait ho firinni inna stoir dochom inna toimten togaitach, Ml. 14a5 . lotar ... co rrici in topor, LU 5369.

(b) Of marriage, sexual union: intí immurgu téte a dochumsi `those who visit her' (a harlot), Wb. 9d5 . amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili, Ml. 125a2 . ni pa ferr in rí cosa ragthar one could be married to no better king, RC viii 154 § 5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . téigh a steach chum minnilte, Gen. xvi 2.

(c) Various: racha dochum n-ēcca ind thou wilt die therein, ZCP vii 306.12 . dá ndeach do chóir go lá an luain `if thy justice be put off till Monday,' Aithd. D. 84.26 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn its equivalent has gone to us, Dán Dé xviii 22 . gur ob é an Philpin téd go Burcacuib that he is the P. who is traced back to the Burkes, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . ga tteim do chum leanamhnuibh that I am resorting to syllogisms, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . ? ní théit beo don tsluagh ... | acht aen laech luidhius go h-ois `who went frantic,' MR 320.6 .

5 With de.

(a) departs from, leaves, abandons: notheged dia chonair cid míli cheimmend nobeth in chross would go aside from his road, Lat. Lives 16.11 . muna deachar dhí | ... | ród na déirce if I do not stray from it, Dán Dé vi 10 . ciamad isin dara cét lá ... do deachasum ... de `that he was warned off (the land),' Laws iv 136.4 Comm. ? nocha rachaidh ferann dib a rudhradh da cheile, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). oc fir dia ndich dag-airliud .i. oca mbí degbriathar, TBC-I¹ 1696 . ragaid ... do nirt for nert will go from strength to strength, PH 4673 . an lucht théid don chreideamh cháir who abandon the true faith, Content. xvi 17 . o rachas di `when it goes off her' (of a fit), Laws iii 228.x Comm. dá ndeachadh mh'aire dh'Eoghan should I become forgetful of E., DDána 65.3 . do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of having an engagement, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 . téid a bhláth dhe efflorebit, TSh. 3799.

(b) outstrips: luid díb, feib digsed in gaeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 250.115 . Cf. dá gach mnaoi ... do-chuaidh surpassed , Aithd. D. 1.3 . ar chlú dhíot ní dheachaidh sluagh, ib. note (Magauran MS).

(c) escapes from: indar lem nocha raghthar de you will not escape, Sc.M² 19.35 . ? conná térna ass acht a n-dechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, IT i 76.9 . fear fiadhaigh dar dhocra dul, DDána 59.6 .

(d) t.¤ x de y x fails y, y fails to accomplish x: do leith féin dá ndeachadh dhíom `didst thou fail me of thine own part,' TD 22a.14 . gach raon eile da ndeach díom `if every other road were impossible,' Aithd. D. 84.30 . go ndeachaidh de féin a fhios do bheith aige ..., Eochairsg. 65.15 . With gan: do chuaidh díomsa gan bheith bocht, Dánta Gr. 88.17 . do chuaidh de Chailbhin gan a fhios do bheith aige cionnus ..., Eochairsg. 65.19 . Impers. t.¤ de x x fails: dá ndigh díbhsi, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . tēid do c[h]umhra f[h]rēime an rīogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 11 . go racha do ghlóir Gaoidheal that the glory of the Gaedhil will diminish, DDána 85.23 .

(e) Various: cid docuaidh do[t] tairisi-siu re Tuirn o cein `what has become of?,' Aen. 1651 . ra luidin[n]—se de marcaib `I used to ride on steeds,' Ériu i 72 § 3 . téid do nimh t'othair ... | gur mhothaigh the result is, Aithd. D. 84.28 .

(f) With prepositional phrases: in tan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away,' Ml. 21c3 . dinnis do go rabhadar na guirt ag dul deasbuidh a mbuana that the fields were in need of cutting (were perishing for want of cutting?), ITS xvi 118.30 .

6 With do.

(a) goes to, towards: fo béesad fir téte do chath, Wb. 9a3 . cia loc sainriud dia regtais, Ml. 99b10 . lotar dó they went thither, Sc.M² 22.16 . luid dó, a Mic Conglinne `go to,' MacCongl. 53.13 . lotar ... na echlacha dó `gingen die läufer hin,' TBC-LL¹ 98 . do chuaidh ar bhfear dúasach dhó `is gone thither' =has died (?), Éigse iii 168 § 9 . dial-lathreib cona ragad so that he might not take their place (?) (i.e. Joseph), SR 3132 . raigma do lathiu lanbratha, LL 122b39 .

(b) With vn. constr. expressing purpose goes to, goes for the purpose of: ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come,' Wb. 18d6 . mug luide hua abracham do thochmurc rebicae do ísác, Ml. 127d3 . tíagam día accallaim, LU 3380 . ní rach dá laoidheadh, PBocht 11a .8.

(c) Similarly with other nouns implying action: hóre déte do chorp crist indigne `when one goes to Christ's Body indigne ,' Wb. 11d7 . regait fir Hérenn do brāth, Thes. ii 319.2 . cethri tucaite ara tiaghar do chrois four reasons why men visit crosses, ZCP v 498.16 . rachtar dá bhfios visitabuntur, TSh. 4464.

(d) t.¤ d'éc dies: in dara fer tēite d'ēcc, ZCP vii 307.13 . nó go ndeachaidh d'éag, Ériu i 99.z .

(e) applies to: is do tiagait ind rétai sin huili dont lathur diaisndísiu `to this apply all those things,' Wb. 5c16 . is do gnimaib amal sodin téit a uideri , Ml. 3a4 . combad donaib huilib doinib notésed, 54a21 . is inunn dia teit lesom an ioseph ┐ an effraim `apply to the same thing,' 100b9 . robad dund sasad diant ainm panis tantum noregad, 118b6 . ? To this: in biait is inmain adrad | cein-mair anmain dia ndichet `heil der Seele, auf die er sich bezieht,' KMMisc. 212.13 .

(f) is given to: cid biad no ragad día n-echaib, LU 8833 . is taisce ragus in apdaine d'fine ... ina do deoruigh, Laws iii 78.10 Comm. ragaid do breth bu-déin duid thou shalt have whatever thou choosest, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . do chloinn do-chóidh a n-aire they paid attention to, DDána 27a.10 . is d'ollamhain ... | téid a ghuala an ollam has the right to sit by the king's side, Aithd. D. 32.4 . Cf. luid in chumal sin du forlóg ochtir achid `that `cumal' went to the additional price of O.A.,' Thes. ii 240.2 . Hence téit x do y y succeeds in doing x: a bhuain díot dá ndeachadh dhuit if you succeeded in taking it off, DDána 102.26 . fear dá ndeachaidh cuma an chosgair `man who could contrive victory,' TD 34.14 .

(g) fares with, turns out for: maith do chuaidh do bhán-fhonn Breagh | S. an uair do hoirdneadh `well for the fair land of B.,' Content. xxx 14 . curub olc do chuaidh dó gan comairli C.C. do gabáil, BCC 380.39 . fech cionnus téit a chomhairled dontí dobeir duit hi see how the advice works with the person who gives it to you, Ériu v 128 § 26.

(h) suits, becomes: amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . bíd cuid do na coimplexuibh da dtéid an samhradh go maith, 23 K 42, 27.14 .

(i) Various: don turus dia ndechaid, LU 9042 . trít chride dochuatar dait, co nderna chrois díb (of spears), TBC-LL¹ 4337 . ? méraidh am chroidhe a chleath Bhreagh | eabh in oighi gé dheach dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1241 . do cuaidh C. di ar ai betha na haidhci sin (of a path), Stair Erc. 1749 . docuaidh in dochar sin don rígh co mór that wrong hurt the king greatly, Expugn. Hib. 63 . ní théid duit-se fa dheireadh | do chisde dar cruinnigheadh `ní fhoghnann sé dhuit,' DDána 53.4 . gach cáil 'na ndeachamair duit `every quality in which I served thee,' TD 14.8 . t.¤ do láim goes to communion: do aes na tet do laim riam `that go not before to Communion,' Thes. ii 255.12 . co ndechaddar do laim, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . ? is mithigh i n-anmain Dé do tháed do láim (seems used here of ordinary eating), Ériu i 44.25 . docúaidh doráith leo a mharbadh `they resolved,' BNnÉ 41.36 . docoidh doraith occo, CCath. 3256.

7 With eter.

Goes between; comes to pass between (of quarrels, reconciliations, etc.): dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab, TBC-I¹ 894 . ? légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra, LU 829 (ACC). air chlaontaibh ... noch a rachadh eadruinn ┐ Dia which would come between us and God, Donlevy 358.23 . teid cirgala ┐ imserga etarro, RC xxiv 174.z . ní rachadh ... réidhteach eadrainne agus sibhsi no reconciliation would have taken place between us, Maguires of F. 52.15 . is e ordughadh dochuaidh eatorra `the arrangement made between them,' Keat. ii 1587.

8 With fo.

(a) goes under: croicend muici Dūisi, | cech oen fō tēged thaebh every one under whose body it went, ZCP xii 244.16 . suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat under which a chariot can go, O'Mulc. 759 . ionnas nach rachadh ... faoi lár be lost , Donlevy xv 11.

(b) undergoes, submits to: in tain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . luid fo recht `underwent the Law,' Fél. Jan. 1 . ar na tiagsad fo graid nepscuip, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, PH 5684.

(c) dies by (the sword) : tiagamm fo chlaideb, SR 3628 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem, MacCarthy 284.1 . tri bliadhna d 'O Neill nertmoir, | in-Ath-cliath luidh fo lannaibh, 422.y (sic leg. with BB 50b29 ).

(d) goes towards, throughout: sic ducuaid inducbal cruche crist fun domun spread throughout the world, Ml. 65c9 . do cuas leis fo crich Sheóach, AFM v 1580.z . téid fo'n gcath arís, ITS i 96.9 .

(e) attacks, assails: cethra foa tiagat coin alltai `whom wolves attack,' Ériu ii 210.2 . sgéala do chuaidh fam chridhe, Aithd. D. 14.12 . dochuaid h. Dubda fuithib, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

(f) Various: do-chóidh ré na feirge faoi set , Aithd. D. 95.22 . berbtar cerc ... co ndeachad a trian fó bruith `until it boil down to one third,' O'Gr. Cat. 197.17. téid 'n-a haonar fat éaruic `she undertakes herself to pay thy ` éiric ,' Aithd. D. 68.16 . téighim gan chleith dhaoibh nó dhamh | fa a bheith i laoidh nó i leabhar I guarantee that they are all in lay or book (?), Content. xxi 7 . a tigerna, teim fēin fod' grāsaibh, ZCP vi 48.37 . ? do-chuaid fa a chró a ferg d'fulang | dulann dó a celg ar Conall, Irish Texts ii 17 § 9 . nocha teigim fo guth cluic I go not at the sound of the bell, ZCP vi 263 § 10.

9 With fri.

(a) goes towards, against; opposes: mani dichset mna ernochta fris, LU 5193 . cet cia theis fri baigh | Aedha he is permitted to contend with A. (?), AFM i 408.x . co ndech comla fri haieór till the firmament be enclosed by a door, ZCP viii 111.15 . luibh shídh do-cháidh rer gcneadhaibh, Aithd. D. 67.7 . ní thēiss hi forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 . tíat Lugaid fris let L. go to meet him (? about that matter, see under (e)), TBC-I¹ 1363.

(b) devotes oneself to, adopts, takes a certain course: docotar iterum fri tola in betho they have given themselves over again to worldly desires, Wb. 29a8 . conn-dechaid re filidecht took up poetry, RC v 201 § 17 . dochuaid re marttra dar cend C., PH 659 . Of Christ submitting to the Cross: rí dochoid fri crann crucha, SR 7753 . With menmae: ar is res do cuaidh meanma an ughduir cumadh mó ... it was this the author had in mind, Laws ii 42.3 Comm. `according to the intention of the author,' iv 10.27 Comm. dochúaid a menma fris ┐ rotholtnaigestar dí in gilla rochalma, TTr.² 472 . ní th-ari-siu téit ria it is no business of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . Cf. a-rís ní rach le bronnadh `never again shall I be engaged in gift-giving,' Aithd. D. 39.40 .

(c) guarantees, goes surety for (see also under I (e) and Bürgschaft 35 ): o testaib coraib cengur do gnim frisi tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . coir cin co ica acht cert aithgin ris i ndeachaidh `but the proper compensation for what he guaranteed,' iv 260.15 Comm. in ti ris-i ndechaidh lamh `for whom he has gone security,' v 226.27 Comm. Cf. in fer ris i ndechaid taib `in whose behalf he interfered,' iii 238.16 .

(d) takes after, resembles: gibe don da fhior re a ttéd (of a child), MS. Mat. 581.18 . is re dolb-gnimaib ... D. do chuadar do chert-chlesa took after, MR 294.17 .

(e) Various: rofhiarfacht doib ... cid ní risi ndechadar on what business they had come, TTebe 4757 . cia doragad risin techtairecht sain, CRR 24.17 . mar go ndeachaidh Solamh ré seachrán, TSh. 3507 . téid re hoighreadh dath do dhearc is as handsome as (?), DDána 106.31 .

10 With i n—.

(a) goes into, enters: is euseph duchoid in egipt, Ml. 84c9 . ara tesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that `b' should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís, Thes. ii 39.25 . Samér (a river) téite a llochaib Éirne i mmuir, Trip.² 2952 . iss ann téit in cach n-oenrind (of the sun), SR 232 . co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige i talmain, LU 8377 . na téged in rí féin isin cath, ZCP viii 317.19 . in la no ragad i coblach ` embarked ,' Cog. 50.9 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 800.

(b) penetrates, invades, attacks: cindas tíagar ina n-inni de? `how is their meaning arrived at?,' Hib. Min. 297 . a bás do chuaidh 'n-a chridhe, PBocht 14.23 . do cuadar siat a tiagernus Ser Gido they invaded the lordship of Sir Guy, Fier. 237 . do chuadur Clann Domhnaill ionta líon a slōigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.12 .

(c) goes into (of numbers, etc.), fits into: da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . adrolaic a beólu co ndechsad óen na rigthige inna croes, LU 9104 . lestar bec, ┐ da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.24 Comm.

(d) goes to, sets about, resorts to, indulges in (of actions and states of being): na téit i llánamnas (non adducat praeputium), Wb. 10a15 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, Ml. 62d1 . luid in ailithri, 74b5 . co ndechuith in crucem, Wb. 22b11 . dochōtar Ulaid ina nōendnin, TBC-I¹ 874 . na cuic seoit tet a lobad di `that are forfeited,' Laws i 272.3 Comm. ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar, Aithd. D. 11.33 . moch do chúaidh grian ina gáibh the sun has resorted early to his rays, L. Cl. A. B. 234.88 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha `enter not into securities for peace,' TD 15.45 . Note also: ragmait-ni 'n-a fhurtacht-sum, CRR 28.21 . teigdis Ulaid ina fuigill `submitted to his adjudication,' Laws i 154.x Comm.

(e) becomes (with abstr. noun denoting the quality expressed by adj. in Engl.); results in: o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in athardacht o'n aingel he took after the angel (?), PH 7434 . téid dealbh a aighthe i n-óige, DDána 67.10 Hence in idiom: t.¤ x i y do z x results in y for z: do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B. 20.11 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman d Ua N., AFM vi 2162.z . Cf. do-chuadar na créatúire se i n-anumhla don duine, TSh. 2447 . With prepp. other than do in various shades of meaning: ag dol a nédánacht air `becoming afraid of him,' Rel. Celt. ii 190.4 . ionnus go dtéid i gcogadh ┐ i gcorraighe ar an gcoguas, TSh. 3042 . do chuaidh Diarmuid, mo thruaighe | fúinne i bhfuaire D., alas, has grown cool towards me, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 5 . decla go rachdais a ndimus ass lest they should become proud from it, BCC 122.36 . do chuaid an tigernus a coinntinn etir Ruaidri ... ┐ Donnchad, L. Chl. S. 56.27 .

(f) Gramm. ends in (of words): ciasu in —is teit `though it ends in —is,' Ml. 67d24 . ní bbá in —anus regaid, Sg. 36b1 . airdiden ind ainmedo téte in —a, 92a2 . uand ainsid téte in —em, 129a1 . cuig coitchind tiaghaid i n-es, Abbott-Gwynn 55.18 .

(g) Gramm. amalgamates with, is assimilated to (of sounds): tíad dá .s. na chéile a ccomhfhocal (glas ┐ smior, glaismior sin), IGT Introd. 12.16 . greim comhfhocuil ... téid san bfocal theagmhus na dhiaigh amalgamates with the following word (of prefixes), 25.9 . Note also: óir i `m' théid Sealbhadh `b' ar Sealbhadh uathaidh fheirinnsgne (e.g. cia ra mbuail) `b' is eclipsed, Éigse ii 118.58 . cáit a tteid caolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan when is a broad vowel attenuated, IGT Introd. 1.12 .

(h) Various: ? dia dia do[r]rogus ré tias in[n]a gnuis `before I go into His presence,' RC xx 148.6 (ACC). dochúaid ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib ┐ ina [n]derritib `he went into their sweet secrets and talks together (of Ulysses trying to prove his identity to Penelope), Mer. Uil. 270 . do chúaidh fúibh san mhuir do mhíne | go bhfuil súil na ríghe riot the sea has become so calm on thy account, L. Cl. A. B. 241.115 . Legal: teit turrtughadh la fogail ann `compensation for damage shall be for it,' Laws i 98.y Comm. ná[d] té(i)t tír ... ind it is not paid in land, Críth G. 364 . coir no deisidhe cia no dechsa[t ?] a cinta ... isin tellach is neso that the nearest hearth should become answerable for his crimes, Laws iv 248.22 Comm.

(i) With prepositional phrases (see also under 1 cenn, 2 dál, dead, etc.); ná digis t'aenur | i cend ríg Temra, SG 365.10 . is se in [fogelt] teit na cenn miach `the feeding which shall accumulate upon him,' Laws i 110.6 Comm. cion Éabha ... | doirb téarnamh ó théid 'n-a cheann `escape from it is hard when others are added to it,' Dán Dé iii 16 . ar co tíasad na coinni, LU 6148 . ara tesed inda commaitecht, Mon. Tall. 159.19 . manip ámlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta, PH 5349 . ducoid cách huainn a leth for assreud `each of us went apart in dispersal,' Ml. 63c19 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg | a leith a grásd do cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . admuinemmar .i. tiagmait ina munigin, Thes. ii 322.20 .

11 With iar.

in fer no-thēged iarsint shligi who went along the road, Sc.M² 2.2 . cruth iarsa luid a chompert-som how his conception came to pass, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).

12 With imm.

cech toisc imma téig `every business about which you go,' KMMisc. 260 § 5.

13 With la.

(a) goes with, accompanies: cona muntir dochoid less, Wb. 14a19 . tiagait ... | la Demun they are given over to the Devil, SR 8351 . Grainde luid lat a Lughaidh `G. eloped with thee,' Laws iii 532.11 . fear ... tete la haes nescairde .i. bhis for fosiubhal imaille ris in lucht na bi isin cairde, H 3.18, 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). go dtéidhe an t-anam araon | le chéile is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . ro gabudh da nathraigh ... lé, ┐ docuaidh leo co hincleith `brought them,' Stair Erc. 101.

(b) is let go (unpunished) with: ní racha libh ar labhrais `thy words shall not go unpunished,' Content. xxii 1 . dá ndeach sé liom rem lá | atá im chionn a Dhé fá dhó (even) if it be remitted to me during my life it awaits me doubly (hereafter), Dán Dé ix 17 . ní leó docuaidh gan dighail, Stair Erc. 2191.

(c) t.¤ la x x succeeds: in tan d'fearsabair riu gleo | ní deachaidh leo co buadach, SG 37.10 . nocha dechaidh ret' athair ... a com-éirghe do com Cuinn `thy father did not succeed when he rose against C.', Duan. F. i 4 § 7 . ba doigh lais na rachadh leis tar forsmacht in aird-ri, BNnÉ 322 § 28.

(d) pleases: a dtéid liom `a dtaithneann liom,' DDána 30.6 . téid linn gach ar luaidheamair, Aithd. D. 20.30 .

See also under 9 (b).

14 With ó.

(a) goes from, departs from: ni dechuid huaim, Ml. 54d7 . cia nutiastais huaim, 117d3 . dochuaid a anim o churp | Adaim, SR 2101 . airgg ūaim (sic leg.) be off ! TBC-I¹ 1197 . ni teiged bem i ndilsi na i ndilmaine uad, TTebe 2527 . ó rechaid óm comairle if they depart from my counsels, ZCP xii 393.13 . a mhatal donn ag dul ón chlár `a dark coif (?) drawn back from the brow,' PBocht 2.7 . do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `parted from' (in genealogy), TD 26.16 . téid an sionnach suas ó ṡoin `the fox goes back beyond that' (in time), Content. xi 8.

(b) is sent (on an errand) by: luid techt con-ascadaib húad, SR 3053 . ce dig neach uaithib do Roim, YBL 318ay. tíat aenfer uainn, RC x 74.12 . tiagat techta uainn co h-Ailech, SG 373.35 . More frequ. in pass.: tiagar huáin dochum hirusalem dus cid forchomnacuir indi, Ml. 16c5 . ced leth ragthar úaib ... do chuingid ind fir, LU 5711.

(c) outstrips: leomuin ... ō nach teighedh fiaidh for bith, Marco P. 89 . muc ... rachas uait féin, Oss. vi 134.y .

(d) escapes from: co ndeachaidh ré néllaibh uretroma æieoir uatha, BS 124.15 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse; | saor do-chuas ón chéadfaidh-se, DDána 52.15 . a n-imshníomh do-chóid ó cheilt can no longer be concealed, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 5.

(e) gives up, forsakes: eirg ód bheith mar do bhábhar, Timth. 1917, 61 § 5 . do-chuaidh mé óm fhéagain d'fhior `I have forsaken the glances of men,' TD 1.26 . Cf. úachaid rachadh ó chlainn `an old maid who would be childless,' ITS xvii 165.1070 .

(f) t.¤ x ó y y is deprived of, loses x: téiged uain failte na ceol, PH 4993 . rachaidh a ferand o fine `his land shall pass from the family,' Laws i 138.10 Comm. ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midboth(a), Críth G. 70 . flaitheas Dé dá ndeachadh uainn if I failed to get, Aithd. D. 77.29 . má do chóidh uaim | go holc ... | gach ní ... dá bhfuaramar `if culpably spent,' PBocht 6.11 .

15 With ós.

téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh `I advance to defend it,' Content. xxi 12 . tú an aonchnú do-chóidh ós choill which has surpassed the whole wood, TD 27.27 . dorachad os fhorbha righ in betha, Marco P. 142.

16 With re.

(a) goes before, precedes: co ndechummar for teiched remib, Ml. 63c14 . tiad gnuisi giolladh ndorrdha | reimhe, Studies 1919, 257 § 16 . sul deachad raibhthi romhainn, Ériu ix 163 § 3 . ar na daoinibh ... do-chuaidh romhainn, TSh. 608 . ní théid mo sheise ríogh róm `ní théid sé dom chosaint,' DDána 121.28 . ? ní a gcruth go rachadh romhaibh | tug an feadh nach fuarobhair | do fhreagra `it was not fear lest their power might yield to yours (?),' Content. ix 27.

(b) With personal form of prep. referring to subject of vb. goes on, fares forward: lotar ... rompo, LU 8864 . luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward,' RC xxiv 184.12 .

17 With sech.

(a) goes past, passes: ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, Thes. ii 12.33 . slige dano, doscuet carpa(i)t sech alaile a road, on which one chariot can pass another, Corm. Y 1082 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu till after the Sabbath, PH 2937 . ma thēsi sech rīga, ZCP xi 80.16 .

(b) Various: téid beatha as sáimhe seocha he misses a pleasanter life, Dán Dé vii 3 . a ndul seacha their neglect of it (?), DDána 81.13 . do-chuadar so uile seocha transierunt haec omnia, TSh. 946.

18 With tar.

(a) goes over, across, past: cona tiagat tara cricha corai, Ml. 51d3 . ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.26 . ma (sic leg.) téis immurgu tar domnuch if however it pass the Sunday, Mon. Tall. 137.14 . ba samalta co rachad long ... dar a chraes, IT i 271.27 . chum na gcoirthe chuaidh thort do dhíoghailt past sins, Donlevy 304.23 .

(b) overcomes, overwhelms: da ndeachas dar Dun F. `when Dún F. was overwhelmed,' Ériu xii 192.8 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680.

(c) exceeds, surpasses: ní thét a ccu dar cona, LU 3570 . ni teit indlighedh n-athgabala tar cuic bu `does not exceed,' Laws i 92.14 Comm. docúaidh, a Bruin, gan bara | mo c[h]ara tar do charaid, ZCP viii 225 § 1 . gach ainm iollraidh rachus siolla tar an ainm uathaidh every plural noun which exceeds the singular by a syllable, IGT Introd. 21.z .

(d) transgresses, violates (a law, etc.): ho luid adam tar réir, Wb. 3c37 . is me dochoid darsin smacht, SR 1529 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . Cf. ní rag thorat I will not break my word to you (?), Anecd. iii 59.4 ; 'abandon (?)' PMLA lxii 896 .

(e) becomes necessary for, becomes due: rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire `beidh ort trócaire d'iarraidh,' DDána 7.4 . do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for thee to save me, 11.23 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn `má cuirtear chuige mé,' 95.7 .

(f) passes by, is omitted, lost, forgotten by: an bioth cé do-chuaidh tharainn, DDána 53.6 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . a dtéid thoram | ná léig oram ar airleagadh `those (crimes) I have forgotten,' Dán Dé xvi 11 . ? a laogh féin ó théid thairse since her own fawn had gone from her, DDána 69.26 .

(g) Various: do shealbhaighetar ... dōib féin hí ┐ nach raghduis tairsi mar fhlaithiumhnas (they said ?) that they would be satisfied with it as a principality, ZCP xiii 180.9 . tiad tar úidh an eóil shenta `they miss their way,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 4 . bá hi mbronnaibh a maithreach luidhsiot tairis ` escaped ,' AFM i 94.9 . is and adermuid nech do beith eslan an trath teit tara naduir fein, Irish Texts i 48.10 . dá dhruim ní tiachair thaireis it is not discussed, Studies 1928, 268 § 18 .

(h) With prepositional phrases. t.¤ tar cenn: fine caich dar a ndichet cenn a gell `of the person whom he shelters as to the pledge,' Laws v 388.2 . nī fail ní dom shétaib-se nād tēi dar cend na hingine which will not be given on behalf of the girl, ZCP iv 43.9 . noceilebraitis na cleirig dona laechaib tarateitis cenn on whose behalf they went (to death), Anecd. i 43.19 . t.¤ tar éis: co ndechasa dar th'éis that I may go after thee, SG 414.21 .

19 With trí.

(a) goes through: ragtháit tria chriathar n-átha for ṁbruirech minaigthe dogénat da bar corpaib, RC xxii 304 n. 13 (bid intechta tria críathar, text). co na dig in scuiche trit `that the small cattle could not pass through it,' Laws iv 114.7 Comm. íar ndul triit after it has leaked (cauldron), Críth G. 549 . is trithu nach tiaghair `through them no passage can be forced' (of soldiers), MR 194.15 .

(b) Various: arna te nech tria lugae `that a man break not his oath,' Ml. 36a23 (see note). rachthair thairsiu is tréo they will be utterly overwhelmed, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . do-chóidh tré chách na chéimibh surpassed everyone, IGT Decl. ex. 1255 ,

The following exx are obscure: teit grian adenus fria tuisc, SR 247 . belend dichet chlessamnach, Anecd. v 29.21 (Verba Scāthaige). eirggi guin ┐ gabail | attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3040 . rotraethad o sin amach | laechraid Asar imuallach | mac De na nime nosdig | in rorigi roreidig, Lec. 27d43 .

tiúnta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tiúnta or dil.ie/41004

n (< Eng. tuned, attuned ?) expert: t.¤ ar lámhach , Rel. Celt. ii 200.18 .

tnúth, tnúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tnúth, tnúd or dil.ie/41028

Forms: tnúith

ind o and u, m. , ā, f. tnúith, ā, f. IGT Decl. §§ 39 , 45 , 46 .

(a) rage, fury: bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, TFerbe 647 .

(b) envy, jealousy: cóir are re dígail Dé | mairgc romídhair bid fa t[h]núth, BColm. 100.5 . cen mebail cen mélacht cen t.¤ , LU 2296 . bai t.¤ mór oc Mugaind for Mairind, 4222 . bá sa hairthiur fofertais a tnútha, Ériu iv 163.3 . taom tnútha, v 78.18 . dogabh t.¤ ┐ formad í, 78.13 . na dena tnuth re duine diabhlaidhi, 126 § 17 . nī theilce Ultu di thnuthaib tairperta tarcoba a gāri, TBC-I¹ 1015 . ragaid dála i tnutha, Eg. 88, fo. 21 (22)a ( O'Curry 2280 ). maith an locht airdríogh óige | t.¤ cáigh ris is romhóide, DDána 105.1 . ní thóigeba t.¤ aoinfhir ... th'oirdned orra mar airdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19. teacht fa mhúith a muigh neamhdha | do mhuin tnúith ré a Thighearna, Dán Dé xiv 13 . síol nEabha ag toibhéim tré th.¤ , xxvi 26 . nar ghnáthaigh taom tnúidh, PBocht 5.56 . creud as tnuth ann ? Doilghes fa mhaith na comharsan, Luc. Fid. 154.16 . As quasi vn. act of envying: ag tnúith rem aithgin eile, 475.20 .

(c) desire, greed: indi bíte fri tnúith ┐ adellad ilsétchi, Mon. Tall. 132.1 . coimpleit dúinne gabhaidh greim | i n-aghaidh tnúidhe mar thuirmhim, Dán Dé xxiv 4 . tig dún ... | tnúdh ré séadaibh saoghalta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 6. iongnadh ár dtnúith ris an olc, ITS xi 6 § 11 . Cf. trebad tnúith avaricious, stingy service: marbhnat Dé - ní treabhadh tnúidh | garmac dúinn é - dleaghar dhínn, Dán Dé xxvi.2 . ní [dhlé] a bhos treabhadh [an] tnúidh, PBocht 7.2 .

(d) affection, love: led dhíol as tuar tnúdha `by thy merits which stir my love' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 6. flaith corónta chosnus tnúdh `who wins devotion,' Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . is tusa ar tigernai-ne (sic leg.) tnuidh, IT iii 80 § 55 . cainnt chiúin, radharc tnúith, aghadhghnúis iongantach uain, Hackett xxxii 2 . ato im thost im thnúth, PRIA xix C 548 § 26.

(e) act of striving for, seeking: ni cluintear tnúdh le cor gcosgair, DDána 110.54 . tnúdh re t'uilli a n-imresnaibh | as rún duine deighmeisnigh, IGT Decl. ex. 386 . acht amáin go bfuigbe a fher tnútha dá thréinmilled, Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.13 . is fada mé a g-cúmhaidh gan t.¤ le téurma, Hard. ii 32.4 . As vn.: atáid mná moighe hEamhna ... ag tnúidh faghála a bhfaghthaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 208. 8 . síad ag t.¤ mar theguid d'fhoraois | agha torrcha ó dtuismhid laoigh, xxxviii 117 . díol airgid le búir ag tnúith le na g-carrdus, Poets and Poetry of Munster, 2nd Series (1860) 20.3 . Hence act of expecting, expectancy: hi cuis tnutha `in a state of expectation,' Rel. Celt. ii 270.37 . atá t.¤ agam nach sgaoilfidh aon don cheathrar sin iad, Oss. iii 96.16 .

(f) act of emulating, contending; emulation: oc t.¤ imon tigernus friu, LB 121b15 . roeirig tnuth ┐ trenchosnum eturu im rigi na Tebe, TTebe 141 . bai imchosnum ┐ tnuth mor eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180.10 . níor ghar tnúdh [rem] thighearna, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 11. déanam tnúdh re tréidhibh Eoin | do dhéinimh eoil dúnn 'n-a dhiaidh, PBocht 27.11 . níor comhainm ris nach cóir tnúith, DDána 91.41 . i gcleas tnútha, i lúth nó i lámhach , Hackett xl 241 . mór mo thnúith-se lem thoil féin | ó thanag tar tuinn n-aigéin, lxiii 1 .

Compds. ¤bara fierce rage: s a tnuthbhara ag Manaind min, BB 53a9 . ¤burach ? : coná ro sguirsed ... do'n tnuthburach trascartha tren-fher, MR 256.12 . ¤chomarthach eager (?) : rucsad sum da tren-redg ... t., MR 298.17 . ¤gail fierce valour: is tríath tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 ( FB 71 ). ¤gort field of contention: méad mo cheanfhaghla i dtnúthghort na togharma `in the Field of Summons' (i.e. at Judgment Day), Studies 1932, 577 § 12 . ¤greis act of contending furiously?: is é crīch a ríghbais | bith 'sa cath ag t. (: glúnglais), Fianaig. 82.6 . ¤mer of swift anger: ni dligh tarbh tnuth-mear trodach a thesargain, MR 122.8 .