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áil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áil or dil.ie/959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: áill, ál, ál

n also áill (see GOI § 120 ) and ál. ál (: slán), IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . (: ár), DDána 3.39 .

(a) act of asking; request, wish: á.¤ [.i.] íarraid, Metr. Gl. 10 § 8 . O'Cl. dochúas o Dauid co a thech . . . dia glan á.¤ im feis n-aidche, SR 6304 . fo déig ni ragadsi acht sí cona bantrocht día ailseom because she would go only with her women to make the request of him, LU 6149 (TBC). do ail ┐ do etarguide na ndemna ifernaide, CCath. 4166 . gabhaitt na Goill ag á.¤ ┐ acc atach Neill, AFM vi 2208.18 . foirenn . . . do ail cu roghabad inad reampaibh, Lism. L. 2035 . ail .i. abair no dliged nó guide, O'Dav. 9 . cona tárda oircci i n-á.¤ nō a n-ascaid i tír nĒrenn by request or gratis, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.2 ). is denta ail d'egin a pleasure should be made of necessity, CCath. 2703 . ic cuinchid ail nō aisc soliciting requests or gifts, MacCongl. 49.8 . ar a beith i nail tsuthain in perpetual supplication, SG 47.x .

(b) entitlement : ​sruamnach ail ansruth; | ailidh leth go saoithe | secht sé 'abundant is the entitlement of the ánruth; he is entitled to half of that of a sage, (which latter is) seven sixes', UR 53.29 .

The follg. d p. forms are perh. to be referred to this word: ro da hir . . . ailibh ilibh, G 50 (`requests', Blathm. 416 ). airunsur álaib, LU 10042 = airiunnsu rálaib `than (all) desires', ZCP xvii 204 § 5 , cf. Echtrae Chonnlai 184-87 . cruth rochāin co ndrochálaib (droch + cálaib?), vi 267 § 4 . dit álaib fochen, LU 10430 . L. grían álaib `delightful sun', Fél. Sept. 3 .i. alaind no uasnelaib, etc., Fél.² cxl . cf. O'Dav. 181 .

Used impersonally with copula it is desirable, meet, proper: ní á.¤ tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ní ail a tuirem dúib it is not proper to recount them to you, 24c7 . ar ni aill seirge oc cúrsagad harshness is not proper in reproving, 30b29 . 11b21 . ní ail aicsu forsani nothechti `it is not proper to wish for what thou hast', Sg. 149a8 . más amhlaidh as á.¤ a dteacht if their coming is desired, Ériu v 52.5 . is á.¤ a fhis uaib, PH 1067 . cid ail cencop á.¤ , LL 19018 ( KMMisc. 270 § 48 ). acht nach á.¤ cur lámha lat no one thinks it worth while to help thee, Dán Dé xix 25 . sgur dot aighneas munab á.¤ `unless you will desist from your arguments', Content. ix 12 .

In phrase is á.¤ DO wishes, desires: ní á.¤ dún ar condelc friú `we do not wish to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 . mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired', 13b3 . ni á.¤ dún buith fo máam legis, 19b20 . ní á.¤ dún tabart testassa dínn, 24c16 . intan bes ná do when it pleases Him, Ml. 94c17 . bés níp aill do dainib / in dubartsa uile, Fél. Ep. 417 . nochorb á.¤ dó creitem dó he did not wish to submit to him, Trip.² 397 . ní bréc as á.¤ dún immut, LU 8813 ( FB 61 ). mad tairgit in fine ferann dó ┐ ní há.¤ dósum a gabail, Laws iv 134.20 Comm. cipé da mbad á.¤ a acallam in ríg, MU² 560 . isatt ailsiu damsa ┐ bidat ail hi céin bat béo I desire thee and shall desire thee as long as I live, LU 3919 ( SCC § 43 ). cidh is á.¤ don oglaech-sa na táinic ríam? what is the matter with the youth that he has not come? ZCP v 523.30 . is pleasing to: bádat ail cach clúain, LU 9863 `every meadow will be pleasing to thee', PRIA xix 535 . is á.¤ LA: cen imfolang in degnimo són as ail lim `without accomplishing the good work that I desire', Ml. 23c25 . atú mar as á.¤ lem fhoghlaidh, Dán Dé xii 7 . neach lérbh á.¤ a thagháil `one who wanted it', xxi 6 . a gcan mé . . . madh á.¤ liom if I really wish it, x 13 . cid ass á.¤ latt dol?, CRR § 23 . nir bo áill lea or nir bo baeth, Ériu v 209.21 . nir bho hail lais a athair . . . do thaobhadh, BNnÉ 52 § 44 . ?Cf. gach ní is ailt o Dia, Laud 610, 8d (Plummer MS notes). See also áilt.

athchummair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchummair or dil.ie/4742

adj (cummair) concise, brief: trachtad . . . athcumair do dénum, CS 2.5 . As adv. sgrúdaim . . . mo choinsias go hathchumair, Parrth. Anma 783 . tig pailirthis go hathchumair i lonntréadach, Ó Bruad. iii 2.9 . as m'aisling do shlím-bhíodhgas go h-athchumair, O'Rah. 22.17 . As subst. summary, epitome: atbert G. an athchumair so síos, Hy Maine 12.30 . mad [ferr lea]t athcomair comáirmi do dénam `a compendious way of counting', O'Gr. Cat. 291.31 .

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea : thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

2 branar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 branar or dil.ie/6545

n (cf. We. bra(e)nar; see Stokes, KZ xli 382 ) b.¤ m. g s. -air, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) fallow land ; act of tilling, preparing (land for new crop) : gan do bhuain, nó do bh.¤ ar a uídh neither reaping nor preparing for tillage, AFM v 1782.24 . fearann branair `fallow (sic leg.) empty ground', Eg. Gl. 336. gan ghort ní dual deaghbh. `every good lea must be ploughed', Aithd. D. 65.29 . treabh go tarbhach b.¤ samhraidh na subháilceadh ` fallow-field ' (Vocab.), TSh. 6938. i n-am branair is móna `in time of fallow', O'Rah. 184.18. Fig. téid naonbhar ban dá bh.¤, / d'aindeithbhir lé apghaghadh (of the bringing up of Hercules), TD 13.38 . ag óigh do bhaoi ga bh.¤ , DDána 48.23 . do bhí a bheatha da bh.¤ `twas his life prepared the soil', Arch. Hib. i 96 § xi . b.¤ álaidh troighigh thinn ` lea ' (of Christ and His wounds), Aithd. D. 66.29 . Note also (fig.) : is mo dhearca dá bh.¤ do-ghnídh dearg an tuar sin (of tears ?) Keat. Poems 1428.

casaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. casaid or dil.ie/8296

Forms: casad, casta

v (cas) twists, bends : cas `turn', Eg. Gl. 139 . Trans.: do chas chéibh `made her hair wavy', Magauran 913 . casaidh si na neoil a na celi (of the wind), Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.4 . is uime ro-m-castur ┐ ro-m-piantar `I am twisted and tortured' (the soul in hell), PH 8260 . ro chasaisseat féthi a cuirp indte became cramped, Alex. 163 = rocassa[i]t, BB 490a2 . cassait a inde ┐ a inathar (a form of torture), PH 793 . Of weapons, etc.: nochassad crann gáid i ngonaib `turned in wounds the deadly spear-shaft', Metr. Dinds. iv 114.89 . gres gal comluind castar beimm `[wherein] a blow is delivered(?)', Bretha 25 . curros-cass (i.e. in lethga) . . . go rola rot rourcuir di whirled, CCath. 5600 . rachasustair na da fhaga . . . bai 'na laim `brandished', TTebe 965 . do chas ḟagha mur budh ḟéthlann / do bhas tana, IGT Decl. ex. 449 . With follg. prep. (for, do, la) causes to meet , in pass. meets : go ccasann maithius Dé . . . / orainn it directs . . . towards us, Párl. na mB. 401 . cuisle beag a casadh dhó, MacCongl. 133.12 . no go gcasdar inn uile lea cheile a n-aondacht chreidimh, Luc. Fid. 5695 (see Ephesians iv 13 ).

Intrans.: casaidh fannmhuine . . . / ós chionn chiabh . . . gclaon `bends over', Magauran 985 (see n.). 's go hÉirinn ní chasfainn choidche dhom dheoin I would not return, O'Rah. 168.6 . gur chasadar fá dhlíghe na ngrás, Párl. na mB. 2346 . Gramm. of a consonant that turns, i.e. is in metathesis with a vowel (historically a case of syncope resulting in a group of two consonants folld. by vowel): an connsuine bhíos ar lár fhocuil dá shiolla no ar tús fhocuil éinshiolla, madh pearsa an focal, ar a dheireadh síos chasus mur so: iomramh ┐ do iomuir, IGT Introd. § 66 . a ccrothaidheacht na cconnsuineadh chasus, § 2 (2.33). méd na bfichdeadh lochdach a ttús comhfhocuil, ó do chas sé i.e. the syncopated form of a noun is not permitted as first element in a compd.(?), § 138 .

Vn. casad. Part. casta.

comardad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comardad or dil.ie/10745
Last Revised: 2019

o vn. of *comardaid (see comardaigid). comardadh, IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) act of competing, rivalling, emulating, comparing: rivalry, equality (FRI with): c.¤ fris to compete with him (in the matter of the curadmír), LU 8552 ( FB 41 ). nirbó menma lea nech do ch.¤ fría[e], ar ḟebas a crotha ┐ a delba, TTr.² 366 . bátar fir Eirenn co mbladh / gan chogad gan chomardadh rivalry, SG 149.37 . síol Eogain d'argain / ┐ cosc a chomardaig, 65.8 . ar nárab rath Cuinn c.¤ cin comarbus necht, 319.28 (retoiric). comardud Gall friu that the foreigners should rival them, Cog. 188.13 . mac ris nar chóir comhardadh, DDána 84.31 . cúis comhardaidh . . . fris an rígh sin, Dhá Sg. Art. 1513 . righ cúiccidh da ttabharthar comhardadh ionaidh ré Righ Érionn, ITS v 12.15 . Cf. comairdid.

(b) Legal balancing of liability (in case of mutual injuries between two parties) (see Laws Gl. p. 159 f. ) (cf. also comardugad): is ann ata an comarda[d] gin frithe (see frithaigid ff.) an inbaidh do rinne in cedfer fogail ┐ targadh dliged ┐ nir gabadh uadha acht fogail do denam reis ana haighi, O'Curry 1760 ( 23 Q 6, 35 ). is [s]lan don fer deiginach go trian ┐ c.¤ itir in da trian (i.e. in the case of mutual wounding the inflicter of the second wound is immune from one-third of the liability for the injury inflicted by him and the balancing of accounts is made on the basis of the remaining two-thirds), 1759-60 (ibid.). c.¤ itir in da trian, ┐ gidh be dibh ag a mbe an iumarcra icait re ceile, ibid. comardadh eturru (sc. trees etc. left on the land) ┐ in aithgin `an adjustment between these and the compensation', Laws v 500.31 Comm.

(c) Metr. correspondence, rhyme : comarc .i. comardud na filidechtai, Fél.² cxxvi gl. 5 . comharda[dh] slán `correspondentia sana' (Molloy), `Reim' (Thurn.), IT iii 134.24 . comharda briste `correspondentia fracta', 135.z . dligther c.¤ do beith iar bfeudaiph airedhaiph, Auraic. 3822 . aontugud co ndeiliugud amal ata bas ┐ las, ┐ is iar c.¤ n-aircetail ata, 3967 . geangcthnúidh ┐ seantúir cóir do chomhardadh, IGT Introd. § 27 . claen comhardudh (? -daidh, ed.), IGT Metr. Faults § 2 . ag réidhioghadh comhardaidh, Introd. § 28 .

1 cud (-th)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cud (-th) or dil.ie/13432

Forms: caut

n o. Also caut (Lat. caput with loss of p, Goid. 81 ). Expld. as head : descud . . . cind .i. des don c[h]. .i. don chind īatside, quia fit c.¤ .i. cend, Corm. Y 471 . c.¤ .i. cenn, Goid. 75 § 4 (Dúil Laithne). caut .i. cenn, H 3.18, 67b7 . `cudh' (add. nó cuth, v.l.) cenn, Metr. Gl. 31 § 62 . cudh no cuth .i. ceann, O'Cl. c.¤ na ciuili (.i. cenn na luingsi), ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.). foxladh do ch.¤ re curach .i. delu[ghu]dh cinn re coloinn, 488 § 5 (B. na f.). fethol chuid Ailinne `the shape of A.'s head', RC xiii 222.43 . Preceded by prepp. in B. na f.: ōs a cīn .i. os cut cend a leabhair, ZCP v 483 § 4 = os cudh (.i. ceann) a cín, iii 378.10 . scéinti [míl mbec] lea hanail ho ch.¤ head first (?), in the end (?), LU 10599 ( CCC 5 § 5 ).

1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

derscugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derscugud or dil.ie/15728

Forms: dearrscaithi, dearscaithi

o, m. vn. of do-róscai.

(a) excelling, surpassing (with DE); pre-eminence: ind dærscugud (gl. comparatio), Sg. 40a10 . o d.¤ don comparit di hilib a cheneiuil fessin `the surpassing by the comparative of many of its own kind', 40a8 . do derscuguth di posit `to surpass the positive', 42a5 . tre d.¤ fir `through the pre-eminence of the man', 29a4 . a d.¤ do doinib `that He excelled men', Ml. 129b12 . nírbó menma léa ben . . . do d.¤ dí ar chóemi, TTr.² 365 . do dhearsccughadh dona tighernaibh in order to outshine the lords, AFM v 1426 . berid diib d.¤ he excels them, Críth G. 259 . romclaeietar mo dubailce co fuilet mo naimdiu ic derrscugud dim, D IV 2, 67vb5 . rug dersgughadh do Lochlannaibh i n-niurt cloidhimh, TFrag. 170 . an dimais .i. saint ┐ acobar a derscaigti fein ac nech desire for one's own pre-eminence, 3 B 22, 6b23 . ? Pl. dearrscaithi ┐ miadhamlacht De, BB 15a44 = dearscaithi, Lec. 528a9 .

(b) distinguishing, differentiating: targid cach ben díb . . . log damsa ar d.¤ a delba do na mnaib aile for setting her beauty above that of the other women, LL 229a34 . robo buideach in Coimde deseom tria derrscochad a egna ┐ a eolais sech mainib in tsaegail (of Solomon's choice), YBL 166b50 . atragat . . . do d.¤ chomrome to decide, LL 34a43 = do chinniud, Ériu iv 100 . Of the degrees of comparison: i nd.¤ .i. possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait, Auraic. 643 .

dochraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraid or dil.ie/17377

Forms: dochrud, dochrud, dochuirde, dochruidi, doc[h]raidi, dochrud, dochraith

adj i. O.Ir. dochrud, -chruth u. (do + cruth). Used primarily of appearance unshapely, unsightly, ugly; applied to conditions and to moral actions or qualities, unseemly, indecorous, degrading (referring strictly to impression produced on an observer): dochrud gl. indecor, Sg. 65a12 . is dochruth comirsire na desse unseemly, Wb. 13a6 ; 10b16 . g s f. inna aisndísen dochuirde (leg. dochruidi?) cacophony , Sg. 203a4 . pl. doc[h]raidi gl. indecora, Ml. 68d2 . Adv. in dochrud gl. deformiter, 122c10 . in docrig (id.), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). Of appearance: sé docraid adétig, FB § 37 . ba docraid a ecosc (deformis esse . . . videretur), Lat. Lives 88 . ba d.¤ ó gnuis, RC ii 392 . ben dub dúabais d.¤ , BDD § 38 . dá brói dubai dochraide léa , LL 401a22 . dochruth lee a delb, Lism. L. p. 325 . d.¤ cach dona the unlucky person passes for ill-favoured, Tec. Corm. § 13.22 . d.¤ cach daer, ACL iii 229 . bid in peccthach suairc sochraid, | bíd in fírian fird.¤ , LB 226 marg. inf. comaittreb salach dhocraid, PH 4331 . a Ifrind robrén rodochraidh, YBL 151b31 . i gcaidreabh . . . piast ndochraidh, TSh. 1109 .

Of manner, condition, morals, etc.: ba d.¤ nochaitis in bec bíd . . . ní bíd mías ná clár occu nā fuine, LB 155b52 . ni biamm indus ṅd.¤ we live in no unseemly way, Alex. 858 = i ndeis docruth, BB 498a34 . co mba d.¤ leo a cuirp cen fial impu, MacCarthy 56 . fri denam cuil rodochraidh (of fornication), Anecd. ii 14 . adarta dochraite in etraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 . a mogada dochraidhe base, vile , CCath. 3564 . briathra docraidhe ┐ taithairecha d'eisdeacht, Lib. Flav. i 21 va 5 . an ghéag gan ghuth nd.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 112.27 . d.¤ fia[d] dóinib in bás sin shameful, ignominious (of crucifixion), PH 2378 . foghebha bás dochrudh, ZCP i 262 § 30 . ruccsat a ceann ┐ a chorp go dochraidh go hÁth C. ignominiously, AFM iii 4 . do chengail R. iat co dochraidh, RC xix 368 . gurab í is doichte ┐ is dochraide chaenglas é it is the body (colainn) which binds him most tightly, ignominiously, TSh. 7531 . ball d.¤ an `uncomely' member (cf. 1 Corinth. xii 23 ), one of the ignoble organs of the body, in med. treatises opposed to ball uasal (spiridálta), such as heart, brain, etc.: a mbald fuar dochraidh, 3 C 19, 272 va 21 . As subst. that which is unseemly, shameful: in loc dia mbu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . dognitis cech ndochrad (sic MS.) and, Ml. 22a4 . tresin dochrad-sa fris unseemly behaviour towards him, Mon. Tall. § 36 . duairc les d.¤ a cuirp gil (of Adam and Eve), SR 1355 . Unhappy, in sad plight (?): ón uair dorochair in rí, | Gaidil Cruithnig dochraidi (`im Nachteil'), Festschr. Stokes 5.3 (but see dochraide). dochraidh .i. drúis ut est dochraidh an chuirp, O'Curry 1365 (H. 3.18, 624). dochraith .i. druis, O'Cl. ; dochraith lust, concupiscence , P. O'C. ; prob. an inference from use of word applied to sins of the flesh.

do-feth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-feth or dil.ie/17635
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dofaeth, dufáid

v (*to-(fo)-eth- ? See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 ) comes, goes: dofeith la turcbáil ngréne fer find, Imr. Brain § 16 (dofeth, dofaeth, v.l.). dofeith (dofeth, dofét, v.l.) in slúag tar muir, § 17 . dofeith (dofet, dofeth, dufed, v.l.) sóire lea sláini don tír, § 21 . (prov.) urraid cách ara ní (ar ní, v.l.) dofeith (dofet, v.l.), Anecd. ii 64 (see O'Don. Suppl. s.v. do-fed ). dofed andes a ndáil Fiadhatt . . . Columb Cille C.C. comes from the south to meet the Lord (?), ZCP viii 197 § 1 . triar for fecht feili dofhidh on which he goes, Auraic. 2247 . dofethet Ulaid hi ndún (= a nd.¤), IT iii 551 ( TFerbe (Eg.) 63 ). dofethet (dosethet, MS.) iarum co rancadar costad a chele, IT ii2 229.56 (dotoegat, Eg.). ? Pret. dufáid a lecc inna degaid, Trip.² 781 (dofoid, v.l.). do fhōeth Ailill mac Māgach, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 84 § 12 .

éistid, éitsid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éistid, éitsid or dil.ie/19896

Forms: éitset

v (fr. prototonic st. of in-túaisi; cf. imper. pl. 3: éitset frisin precept, Wb. 13a11 ) listens, hearkens, attends:

(a) with fri (re, le): dlegar coimet in étsechta na ro etsium...fri hecnach, PH 6875 . esti frinne co n-aicillem thú, 8117 . estid friumsa...cor indiser díb araill, 3748 . 2962 . estid ri haidid cach ḟir list to the fate of each MacCarthy 150.5 = LL 127a36 . éisttidh lea léghadh, BNnÉ 261.37 . le Maodhócc erlamh eistigh, 261.16 . ro eist Dia re do geran, ZCP vi 286.24 . RC xvii 155.5 . muna éistidh tú ré guth do Thighearna, TSh. 9689 . nachar éist ris an mbocht, 4629 . Impers. conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam, PH 7840 . éistior rum `hearken' TD 28.3 . éistfidhear rinn my suit will be heeded Dánta Gr. 9.11 . ní héister rem aintreisi `my debility is not attended to' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332 x .

(b) with acc.: eist a forcetal, PH 418 . ro éisd Dia itchi Rónáin, BS 122.22 . BCC § 231 . dá n-éiste ar ndán IGT, Decl. ex. 88 . do ráidh... nách éisdfeadh éandán aguinn, TD 8.22 ; 28 . ro edsit oifrinn ann, D IV 2, 45[43]v b3 . do eistimar aifren, Maund. 257 . eist an chaiscc celebrate Easter BNnÉ 60.34 ; 57.12 ; 59.12 . Pass. labra uaidhe ní héistior `no utterance is heard [heeded?] from her' O'Gr. Cat. 466.21 . isse adubhrudh san ndligheadh | cunnradh é ō ēistfidhear, B. Fermoy 195b .

(c) abs.: estid ┐ sochtaid, PH 39 .

(d) with do: inn esti dūin, ZCP xii 295.6 . dá n-éisde d'Íbh Cuinn, Content. ix 19 .

For vn. see étsecht.

eterbreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eterbreth or dil.ie/20790

n ā, f. (breth) a judging between; arbitration: tuilledh ele...d'eittirbreith Maodog, BNnÉ 262.10 (-brethaibh v.l.). n p. eittirbretha Maodhócc mín, 261.11 ; ib. 27 . adbar fa n-abarthar sin | eittirbretha leá brethaibh, | siad do bheith eidir da rann, | 's a[n] naomh da mbreith go comntrom, 262.14 .

? etráinid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? etráinid or dil.ie/20902

v (etráin ? or perh. eter + 1 anaid; cf. etrantach) interferes with; checks, wards off: mani etrantis na coin in muicc ropad ḟasach lea co hAlpain, LL 167a33 = mene etraintis, Dinds. 74 .

feidligud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidligud or dil.ie/21471

Forms: feidligtheo, feidligthe

n u, m. (vn. of feidligidir) remaining, persisting: f.¤ do hi fochaidib, Ml. 63b15 . is dligthigiu a cumscugud quam a f.¤ its permanence Sg. 22b12 . g s. serc feidligtheo oco, Ml. 15a5 . feidligthe, Sg. 16a14 . rop [f]err léa a feidligud i n-ógi to remain a virgin TTr.² 1856 . folamastar fedlegud (.i. anmain, ACL iii 28.6 ) hi toeb Clare, Trip. 200.21 . mad ail leind fedliugud i tír na mbeo, PH 8068 . an lánamhain sin d'feidhliughadh i n-óitid ... go cenn seacht mís remained youthful Irish Texts iii 15.16 . fédliugud isin cinded ecoir persisting in the wrong resolve PH 5259 . feidliugud a timnaib De, ZCP iii 30.6 . ni chumaic demun fédliugud fri re n-oenuari i talum ..., LB 260a11 (= feidhliuccudh, RC xxvi 364 ).

fo-eim, -foím, -fóem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-eim, -foím, -fóem or dil.ie/22650

Forms: fóemaid, fáemaid, foemaim, fuimiu, foím, faemhuidh, -faemhann, fáemit, foemtaitt, faema, rofaomae, rofaemadh, ḟaemadh, foremais, foet, foet, ḟoet, fáet, forroet, ar-foím, for-étt, fhaomh, faemastar, faemastair, aemasdar, foetatar, ḟaemsat, fáemóbh-, fóemhōghaidh, ḟaemabh

later as simple verb, fóemaid, fáemaid. Ind. pres. 1 s. foemaim, LU 8488 . ni fuimiu , ZCP viii 314.21 . 3 s. conda foím , Ériu iv 163 § 27 . faemhuidh, -faemhann, Lism. L. 2923 - 4 . 3 pl. fáemit, LU 9036 . (With suff.) foemtaitt, ACL iii 303 § 12 . pres. subj. 3 s. ron faema , SR 8223 na rofaomae , Mon. Tall. § 54 . past subj. 3 s. rofaemadh ZCP v 502.22 . acht con ḟaemadh , ZCP xiii 174y . pret. and perf. 2 s. foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 (forfáomhais St) 3 s. ni foet , RC xxv 346 § 2 (cf. ni foet , ACC 96 ). nad ḟoet , TBC-I¹ 1336 = fáet, LU 5807 ( ni forroet , Corm. Y 698 belongs to ar-foím. cf. also ní for-étt , Ériu xiii 26.30 ). gur fhaomh , PBocht 5 § 27 . nír faemastar , TBC-LL¹ 2186 . ro faemastair BNnÉ 322 § 29 . nír aemasdar , YBL 394b18 . 3 pl. ni foetatar , Anecd. iii 63.10 . nar ḟaemsat , LL 141bz . Middle Ir. fut. stem fáemóbh-: fóemhōghaidh, ZCP xiii 174z But: ní ḟaemabh , IGT, Verbs ex. 583 . See ib. § 67 , where the short vowel is queried, and in some copies condemned. Vn. fáemad, fáemachtain q.v.

In general sense accepts, cf. ar-foím.

(a) accepts, receives (person or thing; DI or ó from), often with notion of approving, countenancing: ni rofoemus sai ... mnai, ZCP iii 237.8 = nír forfáemusa, LU 10323 . úair nad fáet úad a targid dó since he did not accept from him what he had offered him LU 5807 . ro thairgedar do Ercuil a righi ┐ nir fhaem-sam sin, Stair Erc. 490 . fu[a]cair ... do chlannaib S. ... na roḟaema duine dib | ingena ... Caín command the children of S. not to take unto them the ... daughters of C. Rawl. 76a22 (= LL 141b27 ). ochtor do sil Seth ... naroemsat Chain ib. Rawl. 76a 26 (= nar ḟaemsat LL). ní roḟaem nech ... in n-ardríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 342.63 . ar na roḟoem in gilla hi bus hi as the youth (Joseph) did not consent to join her LB 115b1 . tri bliadna deg ... rofaemadh Niall was accepted (as king) BB 50b20 ( MacCarthy 422 ). duīne ... conscelaigetar do briathraib esbaib ... ni rofaemtha cucut thou shalt not admit to thy company ZCP iii 29.12 . ni ḟaomha luighech laimthech, Ériu xiii 20.12 . do aomh sé Muire mar mhnaoi, Dán Dé ii 13 . a anim ararb urusa aslach cech uilc, ┐ ná ro ḟóem in maith itir, PH 8116 . cén mótá uathadh na ro ḟaomh baitsiodh nā creideamh uadh, AFM i 130 . faemais R. inni sin donti náemh F. accepted that (blessing) from F. BNnÉ 321 § 24 . in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem heeded not MR 40.6 . hit ēsin a n-anmann | dia faemtatar togarmand from which they received their appellations ZCP xii 246 § 20 (corresponding to: conid uaidib ar-femat anmanna, 245.2 ).

(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents (to do something), with neg. refuses: eircid, for C., cussin fer ... Foemaimsea sin tra, for Cú Ch., LU 8488 ( FB 34 ). ba si comairli Ulad forro ... fáemitsium dano ani hisin, LU 9036 ( FB 78 ). ba dirsan duit nách athesc ... Fergusa foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 . ca tindscra chuinghi ... ? Mo beith ... ac in ḟir. In fáeme-si siut ? ar P. Fáemaim ... cach ní adera-su rium do dénum, Acall. 6680 . faomaid umaloitt do denum, BColm. 56.10 . nír faemsad na cleirigh anmain, KMMisc. 319.4 . nír aemh codlud lea máthair, Lism. L. 258 . admháil Iosa ... níor aomh aon-asbal eile no other apostle confessed Jesus Dán Dé xx 14 . ro faemabair mo mharbad, Ériu iii 160.8 . rofóemad leo a bás ... menisoerad mo Rígmac they had agreed to slay him SR 3133 . faemais F. ... a breth dosan mar dubairt `agreed that he should receive his award' Ériu iv 226 § 50 . eirgedh ... cu F., dia fhis in bhfaemhann an cis-sin ... Faemhuidh F. in cís-sin ┐ geallaid a thabairt uadh, Lism. L. 2923 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F. acht conḟaemadh F. provided F. would consent ZCP xiii 174y . do aomhadar cáin do dhíol uatha, Keat. ii 3954 . nír faemastar Fer b. [cen] in comrac do denam F. would not consent to relinquish the fight TBC-LL¹ 2186 = nir ḟoem F. cen in comrac, etc. St. nir fhaem orumsa ... dul isin glenn would not go in to the glen for me Comp. CC 86.12 . gach itchi nár ḟaomhus ort which I did not grant for thy sake ZCP x 348 § 13 .

With ellipse of vn. obj.: muna faoma am imdaigh if thou wilt not come to my couch ZCP i 134y . ro innsidar nar faem Bibus leo that B. had refused to come with them vi 278.32 .

Passing into sense undertakes, attempts (to do something): is snámh a n-aghaidh srotha sin ... ┐ ní ḟaomhaim-si é, Todd Lect. iv 90.26 (perhaps = I do not accept the task). faemait ... teiced ceilgi rompo take to feigned flight CCath. 3101 . ro faemustar in t-athleim `made a second leap' MR 234 4 . cradh Cind Faelad ... do faemadh la Findachta, BB 50a46 ( MacCarthy 416 ). (ellipt.) ó ró thuit C , ... ┐ ro ḟaomhsad Laighnibh as a láithrib catha `betook themselves from their positions of battle' (= gave way ?) Todd Lect. iv 104 § 45 .

(c) accepts (ill-treatment, etc.), submits to, allows: is tūscu ro ḟaemomais-ne sin inás do ticfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum, CCath. 1682 (foidenmis; no fodemmais v.l.). gur fhaomh a ghabháil `deigned to be made prisoner' PBocht 5 § 27 . mina faemair do gabail unless you consent to be captured ZCP vi 36.12 . do aomhsad a léirscrios tar sáile amach, Hackett xv 37 .

(d) yields, concedes, grants, allows (with DO of pers.): dona fíb nochretitis ... ┐ no fáemtaís a n-anmchardine dó LU 2262 ( FA 32 ). faomhuis ... don mnaoi ... | Ráith Ráithleann do bheith da ghairm | ...mar ainm ar an múr [sic leg.], Ériu i 99.5 . foemuis Magnus doibh oirisium for dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . inní nár faematar a athair nā ṡenathair do fémad dó to yield to him what ... never yielded Cog. 142.19 . ro fhaomhsat Tuath De D. an righe do Breas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 164.13 . neamh dá humhla go n-aomhthaoi may heaven be granted to her meekness (used to be ?) Ó Bruad. ii 122 z.

Cf. Cenel nA. ni theiged hi Caisiul co núe, ar ni foetatar ni assa cuit i mBruig Rig ...; is N. namma di maccaib C. dobert mbruig Rig do Chaissiul. ni foetatar a maic olchena, Anecd. iii 63.10 .

foigde, faigde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foigde, faigde or dil.ie/22848

Forms: foigde, foighdhe, foighe, fóigh, f., foigde, foighi, foighdhe

n , f. see ZCP ix. 60 . foigde, Wb. 25b8 , 9 . foighdhe 60 IGT, Decl. § 3 p. 45 . Later also foighe and fóigh. Cf. foigid, Trip. 80.23 (886) .

(a) begging, soliciting , absol. or with obj. gen. of pers. or thing; sometimes with IMM of thing: do foigdi to beg (gl. fratre ambulante) Wb. 26b9 . utmuille et déess et f.¤ mendicancy 25b9 . oc foigdí, 26b14 . f.¤ `mendicancy' 25b8 (contrasted with divitias). in n-aís déed caras foigdi cáich, 25c19 . for foigdi a-begging 25b11 . tanic Bricri d'ḟaigde Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 6133 . ic faighdhe ubhall, Lism. L. 1425 . is bocht ré ré fear na faighdhe, Dán Dé xxxi 22 . a ccur fri fuacht, faighdhe ┐ gorta beggary AFM iv 818 . amail tanigc ... co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . dodechaid do saighid E. ... dia faigdi 'mo oendeirc to beg from him his only eye Dinds. 64 . g s. gréssich foigde na pronn constant in begging for dinners Wb. 31b23 .

(b) a request, boon: rocuinnig f.¤ ... cosin siair, Ériu iii 196 § 19 . luid ... do chungi[d] fagh[d]i feraind, BColm. 34.15 . do iarraidh faighde ferain[n], BNnÉ 314 § 7 . d'iarra[i]dh faighdhe ech ar an nGamannraidh, Celt. Rev. ii 24 .

(c) free victuals, entertainment, hospitality (given as alms or social obligation): foighi (gl. epulum, epulae) Ir. Gl. 815 . foighdhe ` quarters, lodging or entertainment for stranger or guest ' P. O'C. díothadh (ón fhoighdhe), IGT, Introd. § 49 (cf. díthat). cūic la dēc in sodsnadma (sic) ┐ cūicidh in foighde (of rights of free quarters and victuals), Laws ii 30.10 Comm. atat .iii. fesa do rig, a fuirired a faigthe a dligid ... a faigdi o doroimle a fuirired, O'Curry 805 (< H 3.18, 373a ). ar nā taidled fer ... a thechsom do aigidecht nó ḟ.¤ LL 117a45 . ainm an ḟir tug foighdhe nó aoidheacht uaidh `free entertainment' Keat. i p. 172 . co tánic gilla ríg M. ar búannacht da tig-si ... Tucad in chét-bargen ... i fiadnaisi in gillai conduaid, uair ní fitir in challech nach do ḟoigdi chena tánic in gilla, Ériu i 132z ( LL 46b ). a faide fri domataid ┐ a gaire fri sendataid (duties towards a fostermother), Laws ii 348.11 Comm. (= faighdi, v 96.26 Comm .). fās faigde, iv 344.5 (= a barren hope i.e. one from whom it is vain to solicit alms or entertainment? Expl.: .i. fer ro creca a déis ┐ a ferann ┐ a selb ... ┐ is fas dno, cia foighe, mana gata, no mana creca a enech ... is fas do dno, a faithche fria galar ┐ a repaidh mana tabra nech ní do ar Dia, 352.11 ). nach fuil ni ar bith agad fein acht iasacht ┐ faighdhi (rendering quia nihil habes quod non accepisti), Instructio 140y .

Late spellings: tainic aíghe uasal do tigh D. co ndernad fóidhi dó, Lism. L. 1251 . an tan tangadar boicht Dé dh'iarraidh foide air ┐ gan ní 'na laimh lea riarfadh iad BNnÉ 162 § 26 . an lucht senma | nar an ag Caoimgin ré fóigh (: cóir) who did not stay for hospitality 150 § xvii 10 . triallait [na boicht] imtheacht ┐ gan anmhain re fóigh (: dóigh), 149 § xv 10 . fuaras foighe ó nár bhuidheach m'inntinn, Tribes of Irel. 42.14 .

Cf. alltánach oirc ... mír fáighdhe fuair, Irish Texts i 27 § 16 .

? formaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? formaigid or dil.ie/23761

Forms: bhformaighthear

v g (cf. foirm) forms: an ni lea bhformaighthear ... ┐ lea gcruthuighthear an ni do bhios firinneach, Luc. Fid. 367.13 .

fota, fata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fota, fata or dil.ie/24135

Forms: foto, fota, fota, fotai, rofattai, fottai, foto, fotu, fotti, fote, fota, foto, fodo, fotai, faidi, faidi, ḟotai

adj io-iā (but acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xvi 458 , orig. foto g s. of fut ; see fot. Cf. Ml. 60a10 ; Bruchst. § 96 , cited below) fota, LU 1365 . fota, fotai, Hy ii 56 . rofattai, Mon. Tall. § 21 . a s m. lasind fascad fottai , § 61 . a s n. foto, Ml. 60a10 . d s n. fotu, Ml. 82d10 . g s m. fotti, AU 718 . Cf. cu grenlaich fote , Ardm. 17a2 (= *Grellaig fotae ?). fota, AU 745 , 798 . g s n. foto, 745 . Cf. inge C. fodo (metri gratia) TFrag. 62.4 = Bruchst. § 96.4 . n p. fotai, Sg. 5b1 . In later Mid. Ir. sometimes with slender stem in pl. lúba faidi , Acall. 5201n . g du. f.: cectar in da fleisc faidi , BB 242a34 .

Long

(a) of space or distance : fada (gl. longus) Ir. Gl. 677 . uide foto, Ml. 60a10 . cendidi f.¤ , BDD 82 Y (= LU 7140 ). flesc f.¤ , LB 117b52 . folt ... fata, TBC-LL¹ 213 . ulcha ḟata, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai a tall fair woman ZCP viii 112.30 . pn As sobriquet : Fercar f.¤ , AU 696 . dom Chummain ... mac find Fotae Fiachnai, Fél. Nov. 12 = Cumain Fota mac F., 242.13 ; Cuimmini fota, Rawl. 90g34 (= LL 351c1 ; Cummeni longus , AU 661 ). C. Foto (: dō), Bruchst. 41 § 4 ). fid f.¤ an extensive wood YBL 109a30 ( Ériu iv 156 ). creacha foda distant forays TD 8.37 . fada ōn Ierusalemh soir far to the east of J. ZCP viii 116 § 26 . In early Mid. Ir. the compar. and superl. seem to be supplied from sír (q.v.) : issía thiagait, TBC-LL¹ 6040 (= as faide St). asna a tháeib bas siriu uaim, 1287 (= bus faidi St). but : san cuid dob foide uadh the part most distant from him BNnÉ 52.21 , faide, Acall. 1866 . foidi, 1865 . With -de : ni ragam do Ierusalem ... ar bid fatite Hiruath uaind Herod will be farther from us LB 139b1 ( Hom. Leg. 72 ). gan aidide dhaodh | Faidide an feur `non obediendo Aodo eo altius gramen' Molloy's Gramm. 212 (ch. xxii) . fatiti, Moling § 19 . faidide, Acall. 6811 .

Of fig. distance : bid fotai chucca far from it! (never !) PH 5247 . fada ó théarnamh dhamh ... da rabh. ... `I have no chance of escape' Dán Dé ix 12 . fada ó im i n-aisgidh é far was it from being a gift of butter TD 37.3 .

(b) of time or duration : f.¤ in gábud sin, LU 1365 . is f.¤ in troscud itai thou art fasting long LL 112a22 ( ScM. 3 ). saegal fotta, Moling § 42 . cid fada cid gairit in re, Laws v 248.35 Comm. ag glacad aimsire girre no faidi, Parrth. Anma 339.13 .

Long-continued, enduring: ferr in cosmail caol fodae moderate persistent routine (oppd. to : saothar obund no remor) ZCP vii 311 § 15 . a ṡlúag na nglond fata ` long-remembered ' Metr. Dinds. iii 348 (: data, perh. imperf. rime). f.¤ int ainmed a lasting blemish, 156 . f.¤ in col ib.

With cop., folld. by clause in apposition : is fata atai i sruth Tigir, LB 112b22 ( MacCarthy 66 ) = is cían, SR 1676 . bud fata bas chian chuman long will the memory endure TBC-LL¹ 294 . uair as fada atú can mo bladh ... do thogbail I am long in raising TTebe 4061 . gid fada gairit bemait ar aenrian whether we be together for long or short Acall. 5478 . gid fata gair bias tír ... fám chois, 5648 . ni fati nā fead ris a mbligfea bó ... bamar and not longer than the time in which a cow could be milked Cog. 182.8 . Loosely used with pers. constr. : Fada mé ar mearughadh sligheadh, Studies 1950, 319 . Cf. the regular use with DO : is fada dam beith a coluinn, it is too long for me to remain ZCP vii 304 § 17 . Fada dhamh druim re hÉirinn, Measgra D. 125 .

(is) f.¤ co : fada go tuigim mo theach, ACL iii 236 § 1 . gid fada gairit co tí whether he come late or soon Fianaig. 74.7 . as fada go dtreicfindsi tusa it would have been long before I would have deserted you TBC-LL¹ p. 509 n. 1 (St). fada co saoilfidis so they were far from expecting this Measgra D. 153 . nirbo ḟata inn irnaide dóib co faccatar ... they were not long waiting before they saw ... LL 175b26 ( CRR 30 ).

is f.¤ limm co (conj. or prep.) I deem it long until ..., I am eager, impatient for: fada lea Rig co ruacht nem, ZCP vii 303y . fada linn gu lá na graifne, IGT, Decl. ex. 1392 .

is f.¤ ... limm I deem ... long, it seems long to me (of something tedious or unpleasant ; often = I think it grievous, am sorry for (without notion of time) : ba fada la hIta beith na ecmais (= erat S.I. tristis de absentia ...) Lat. Lives 103 . ba f.¤ leó rombátár they thought they were a long time away LU 5880 ( TBC-I¹ 1412 ). foda lásan rígh robadur a aos ciuil BNnÉ 107.1 (cf. rex ... contristatus est nesciens quid illis accidit V. SS. Hib. i 223 ). fada leis an bhfear ... gan tocht da thoigh, TD 4.39 . is fada (v.l. fuaith) lim inní docím anois ... isin aér, IT ii2 133.271 . is fada lem do dhol soir, a C. ZCP vii 302 § 6 . fada lim sgaoileadh don sgoil ... foide iná an sgol do sgaoileadh | gan m'oide ag cor chomaoineadh sadder to me than the dispersal of the school is it to have lost my teacher's kindness Studies 1924, 86 . gid goiritt let-sa ... an denus sin ..., as faide le Brían Banba | gan éistecht rem urlabhra, ZCP viii 218 § 2 . gér'bh fada an cath sin, ba foidi le D. [scarad] le[a]choicle, Acall. 1865 .

(c) in prosody, long (in quantity) : pl. bith ḟotai (gl. ... semper longius) Sg. 5b1 . nach tairis acht a sillaib ḟota, IT iii 101 § 180 . tairissium o ḟotaib ┐ cuimrib ib.

(d) adv. (of space or time) : connaca in scath chuci aníar rodarc a sula co f.¤ dond farrci, LU 9059 ( FB 81 ). bui ... co f.¤ ina thost for a long time PH 92 . Absol. : co raibe fada 'na laighe he was for a long time lying (ill) RC xviii 154 . ro fhetutar f.¤ ria ngenemain ... Crist long before PH 6999 . cidh fada bes fair whatever length of time he shall be upon it (viz the land) Laws iv 132.7 Comm. ná bí ní as ḟaide ag anmhain, TD 24.29 . Cf. fad ó riamh long before 23.6 (cf. mod. fad ó shoin, fad ó long ago ). ma fada gearr beirthear é far or near 22.13 .

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