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aicídech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicídech or dil.ie/796

 

adj o, ā (aicíd) accidental: gabaidh examlacht aicidec cugi da rer blassa an talman a mbi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.14 . mar as aicideach gac ni aindeonac ┐ mar as [s]ustaint gach ni deonac, 66.24 . an flichidheacht aicídech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.31 . As adv. adermaid co tuicter in leiges do leth in fiabrusa o da modh .i. trit fein ┐ co h-aicideach indirectly , RC xlix 22 § 5 . (anthera) foiridh gach uile ainteas tig go nadurda no go haicideach artificially , 23 K 42, 355.22 . an tan cuirtear go haicideach a ngarrgaduibh é (of the onion), 340.8 . is co haicideach ata (sc. in gaire) a glanad leanda duib = per accidens purgando humorem melancholicum, Ériu ix 63.23 .

1 cara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cara or dil.ie/8205

 

Forms: carae, chare, c., carae, carit, carit, charait, cairde, chardde, charaid, charaid, caruit, charuid, cairde, cháirde, chardiu, cardiu, caraid, cairde, cairdeadh

n nt, m. GOI 207 . Earlier carae. n s. chare, Ml. 29c16 . c.¤ , Sg. 12b7 . carae, Blathm. 142 . a s. carit, Wb. 30b27 . n p. carit, Wb. 5c7 . Ml. 44c1 . mo charait , 6 . a p. cairde, Laws ii 380.14 . a chardde , LL 32598 (TTr.). Later forms: n s. mo charaid , Párl. na mB. 210 . v s. a charaid , TSh. 8887 . d s. with f. adj. (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346-8 ) ha caruit cumachtaig, TTebe 3673 . am charuid mhóir, Desid. 5782 . n p. cairde, Ériu xiii 44.25 (proscribed, IGT Decl. § 6 ). v p. a cháirde , TSh. 958 . a p. im chardiu , LU 3493 ( SCC 26 ). cardiu, 2432 . ZCP iii 27.21 . PH 5797 . caraid, TTebe 2322 . Stair Erc. 2272 . TSh. 7129 . g p. cairde, Párl. na mB. 152 . cairdeadh, DDána 108.12 . m. only, IGT Decl. § 6 , but later also f. (see above and Desid. p. 249 ); bhudh í an ch.¤ (: thí), O'Hara 1272 (see n.). an ch.¤ chéibhfhionn, Ó Bruad. ii 28.7 (taken by Ed. to refer to female).

Friend : coscc carat `a friend's advice', Wb. 5b32 . manum gaibi ar charit `if thou takest me as a friend', 32a16 . is and asgniintar in charait intan mbither in periculis , Ml. 108b4 . c.¤ gl. amícus, Ir. Gl. 413 . diammad ch.¤ dam, LU 3320 ( SCC 11 ). lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . a charaid claechmodha `Freunde des Wechselns', Ir. Recht 41.23 (see cláechlód). bid caro sochuidi, IT i 142.20 . mac Muire mo ch.¤ , 40.35 . ní diultach mo charae (: barae), Fél. Ep. 371 . mástat carait, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ). comainm carat (of the yew-tree), Auraic. 5656 . c.¤ ceathra (of the elm-tree), 5619 . da thigerrna carad companaig .i. don easpug, Ériu x 68 § 1 . is tigerna ┐ is c.¤ bunaid A. `original friend', TTebe 2324 . c.¤ an tí do ordaigh é `love be to Him', PBocht 8.12 . a gc.¤ anma confessor, O'R. Poems 2072 . rogha [cairdis] c.¤ maoir `the best of friendships is the steward-friend', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 1 . mo charaid ┐ mo chomharsain, TSh. 4243 . rena ccáirdibh spioradálta, RSClára 105a .

Less freq. relative (cf. Celtica i 369 ): huam chairtib gl. domesticis `from my kinsmen', Ml. 86d6 . ? ar id carut a ngenelaighe `their tribe relations are friendly', Laws ii 160.23 . E. ro marbh a caraid ┐ comgael, Stair Erc. 2272 . favith rogoidis voin ott caroid Críst gossip, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 3 . ? Cf. do ghaeltuibh ┐ cairdib na naidhiun `gossips of the babe', Marco P. 21 . gurob mó is c.¤ don nádur fuil derg naid leanda ele `red blood is more akin to the nature (of man)', Reg. San. 26.19 . comtar carait ┐ ind ingen he and the maiden were lovers, RC viii 150 § 2 . mairg . . . / . . . dian c.¤ Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 ( SCano 209 ). ní fhuighbhe an bhaintreabhach bhog / leannán ná céile carad (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1146 .

Compds. (cf. GOI 208 ). With nouns: etir maccu rígan ┐ caratban concubines , LL 31643 (TTr.). iar s eter caratnáimta ataaid `false friends', Wb. 23c28 . In n. pr. Gúbretha Caratniad Tesct[h]i (title of tract), ZCP xv 306.1 . With adjj.: craibdig . . . .i. caradbethadaig .i. caraid cách a mbethaid, Fél.² xxxi gl. 16 (1) . imrad Cainnig caratchoem ` friendly-dear ', RC xx 148.1 .

gaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaíne or dil.ie/25178

 

Forms: Gaíne, Gaeine

n , f. (? cf. LL 140a24 ).

(a) excellence, a fine thing; choice, quality: gaine .i. maith, H 3.18, 625 . gaoine .i. maith, O'Cl. Míchol mór, mó cách ṅgaine (: dagdaine), SR 5919 . as gáine leam ... ór as mac rucad ann, Acall. 547 . Cf. 551 - 2 . tancas sund tria gáine ngnó, dia cáine dia cét-gubo, `for the delight of her beauty,' Metr. Dinds. iii 8.1 . rongáet Fergna fo gaíne `... in his flower,' iv 176.5 . ger[bo] gāeth, nīrbo gāine | marb in mac ..., ZCP xiii 15 § 4 . gach flaith ghebhus gort n-gaíne (: somhaíne) `... rightful inheritance,' Leb. Cert. 240.21 . rucsat leo fo gaíne a ngeall ... among the pick of their pledges, BB 387b34 = fo glére a ngell, Metr. Dinds. iii 398.1 . fo ghaoine freastail ocus friothalma, ZCP xiv 220.6 . nos friothailet do ghaoine cecha maithiusa, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224.17 . occ fledhuccadh ... do gaoine bidh ┐ leanda , Hugh Roe § 70b . In chevilles: fri gaine ngart, MacCarthy 410.3 . gáine gaile (: Māile), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 11 . ? gaíni a comráid do neoch aile acht dósom, LL 267b6 ( MU 36 ). co cruaidh iar ngaoine gan creancha, AFM ii 962.24 (poem).

(b) a feat, a prank, a jest: is cluchi ┐ is gáini lem-sa cach comlond ... darónus, TBC-LL¹ 4160 . cluchi cach gáine cach | go roich Fer[ṅ]diad issin n-áth, 4164 ; 4170 ; 4176 (v.l. cluithe cach caine cach). ben rognathaig gaíni dligthig, LL 140a24 .

(c) npr m. Gaíne, CRR. § 31 . Acall. 551 . Duan. F. i 25.25 . Gaeine, Acall. 552.

2 linn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 linn or dil.ie/30275
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lend, lind, lend, lind, línd, frissalind, aldind, lenna, lenda, leandai, lind, lindai, lindi, lindaib, lindain, lennand, lennand, lendand, lendann, lennann, lenann, leanna

n u, n., later m. Also lend, lind. Somet. written for 1 linn, q.v. Earlier forms: n s. lend, Thes. ii 42.21 (s-stem, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 37 , but merely a spelling of lind, GOI § 307 ). lind, Sg. 73a8 . línd, Ir. Gl. 221. a s. frissalind, Wb. 7d9 . aldind, Mon. Tall. 152.1 . a l.¤ , Irish Texts i 3 § 8. g s. lenna, Laws iii 336.3 . LU 1717. lenda, Ml. 129d14 . PH 5228. leandai, 1194 . 6045 . d s. lind, Laws ii 196.5 , l.¤ , Bruchst. i 30 § 66 . n pl. lindai, Anecd. i 14.1 . lindi, Ériu v 38.10 . d pl. lindaib, Anecd. i 14.1 . Occasionally, especially in pl., as n-stem, perh. by analogy with cuirm. n s. lindain, Celtica ii 50.88 . n pl. lennand, BDD 146. a pl. lennand, Alex. 867. g pl. lendand, Corm. Y 849. lendann, Alex. 1003. lennann, RC xlix 3.16 . lenann, O'Gr. Cat. 176.30 . l.¤ (ón digh), g s. leanna m., IGT Decl. § 71.

(a) In general sense drink, liquid : lend gl. licumen, Thes. ii 42.21 . lind .i. deoch, Lec. Gl. 375 (cf. Stowe Gl. 453 ). laith .i. lionn, Eg. Gl. 436 . frissalind serb in chúrsactha, Wb. 7d9 . lin[d], bíatha[d], Críth G. 49 . l.¤ l[ech]daigthe gl. limpidum liquorem, Tur. 109a . ni fuair lind dighi dó `found no drink for him', RC vi 175.41 .

(b) More specifically brew, ale, beer, intoxicating drink: a cervesia (.i. on lind), Corm. Y 219 . indliged for in l.¤, sceith no seirbe, Laws v 166.9. Comm . crossan líath ic lind, IT iii 84 § 71 ( Bruchst. i 30 § 66 ). ba somblas a l.¤, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (Vita Brigitae). ni ale cach otrus(a) la Fene l.¤ `not every one on sick-maintenance is entitled in Irish law to ale', BCrólige 49 . is ed lind ind Erinn ain, Anecd. i 14.8 . lind dermait dé `the liquor that causes forgetfulness of God', Mon. Tall. 129.32 . bá cáem léosom a llind sin (of wine), LU 6004 ( TBC-I¹ 1536 ). ba derglaid .i. ba l.¤ derg (of ale), Hy. v 38 n . co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048 ( FB 79 ). a tincor do lind ┐ do bíud, LU 8071 ( FB 4 ). dorat Find fiach a lenna / do Chachiur, RC vii 292.59 . ni chuingem nach lennand (lenna v.l.), Alex. 867 . a tiag leanda , 535 . da dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116.1 . baoi oighen . . . ag fer an baile sin ag denomh lenna, AFM iv 788.8 . ag ól s. ag imbert ar linn (:Eirionn), Duan. F. ii 350.51 . nua bid . . . ┐ sean leanda , ML 158.22 (TMoméra). i ndíol an leanna, TSh. 4655 . lionn ionnsgagaidh fermented beer (?), IGT Verbs ex. 402 . ar fhíon, ar leamhan, ar bhrannda, Párl. na mB. 3963 . lionn bracha 'malt ale', Giolla Brighde 78 § 20 (fig. of person).

(c) Of other liquids. Of milk: biatadh caoga mac dia l.¤ (of a cow), Celt. Rev. iv 214.27 . Of molten gold: ro doirtedh é ina l.¤ leghtha i mbél Marcus Crasus, CCath. 140. Of contents of an egg: ug chirce ar mbéin a llenna esti, LB 155a51 . ? Of tears: nocha glan l.¤ dá leicnib / im do char na ceinnbeirtib, IGT Decl. ex. 265 . Of suppuration: l.¤ chruaidh, Celtica ii 52.102 . lind ainrigin (sic leg.?) a cosmailes gelain uige `a thick suppuration', 50.88 .

In phrases: l.¤ comperta semen: banscal togluasti (leg. togluaisi) lind comperta o rufothaichedar i mbru, Ériu vii 166.31 . l.¤ táith cementing fluid, fig. of chieftain: is é l.¤ táith ár dtíre (lionn táithe, v.l.), DDána 113.41 . lionn táith ó gColmáin do chách `the binding mortar', Magauran 2890 . See also compds. of 1 táth.

(d) Med. of humours of the body: télach neich din imarcraid lenda bís isind churp, Mon. Tall. 88 . do na leigheasaibh . . . folmaighios na leanna, O'Gr. Cat. 176.11 . buaidhreadh na leannann (leannán MS.) is na corpaibh, Eachtra Uill. 2501. do bhuaidhir mo leann, O'Rah. vii 13. With adjj. l.¤ dub melancholy, O'Gr. Cat. 176.5 . cuartana o morgadh lenna duib, RC xlix 7.2 . dobrón, cathughadh, lionndubh, Trompa na bhF. 3906 . gur chuir Ceadmús i lionn dubh n-a deáidhsin, O'Rah. xviii 18 . l.¤ find lymph: sarcacolla .i. gum folmaiges l.¤ find, ACL i 325.10 . l.¤ fuar phlegm: fiabrus aenda . . . mar ata . . . coididiana o morgadh lenna fuair, RC xlix 7.3 . nescóid lenna fuair, O'Gr. Cat. 181.32 . l.¤ rúad reddish bile, choler : fiabrus aenda . . . mar ata terciana o morgadh lenna ruaidh, RC xlix 7.1 . l.¤ ruadh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.27.

Compds. With nouns. ¤bolg udder: secht m-ba . . . go lionn-bholgaib lachtmara, ML 4.9 . ¤bráen: fa lindbraen na maitne dew, Acall. 5219 . ¤braich `liquor-malt' (Plummer MS. notes): cona lestraibh lindbracha, BNnÉ 97.6 (= ZCP x 410.21 ). ¤chrú bloody liquid : dourgbad . . . cnoc lan do lindchrú, Corm. Y 975 (83.26) . ¤ḟuil liquid blood (not clotted) Celtica xii 186 n. 4 : no gu ndernad linnḟuil de, RC xliii 52 § 53 . ¤idbairt drink offering: lindidbairt .i. pro sanguine gl. oblationem, Wb. 22b12 . ¤ól ale-drinking (?): céim o lochaib do línnól, LU 466 ( RC xx 150.24 ). ¤rosc: ós árdaibh . . . a lionnruisc léith limpid eye, Hackett xi 19 .

With adjj.: ¤bráenach: a les-lergaib na Luachra lendbraenaigi, Acall. 2909 . ¤bras of swift waters : os lir lendbras, Anecd. i 61 § 99 . ¤glas: suile lethna . . . lasamna lionnghlasa, ZCP i 127.27 . ¤úar: mo rosc leathanglas lindfhuar `liquid-cool', TTebe 174 .

1 long

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 long or dil.ie/30638
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lunga(i), longai, longae, long

n ā, f. (Lat. (navis) longa. Acc. to Loth, RC xliii 133 ff . a native word infl. by Lat.). See also Sprachen und Schriften des antiken Mittelmeerraums 246-48 . IGT Decl. § 192. For a d s. forms lunga(i), longai see Stokes, IT ii 137 (n s. *longae), GOI p. 186.

(a) ship, boat, vessel: l.¤ bīs for muir, ab eo quod est longa (longua, MS.), Corm. Y 814 (= Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ). l.¤ luath gl. carbassus, Ir. Gl. 574 . on chuirr thussig na luinge (gl. proretas), Gild. Lor. 49 . mór líth . . . / crothass longa lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . ro gab port a l.¤ oc Inbiur Dea, Trip.² 355. .x. mbraine .i. longa, Ériu ii 3.12 (gl. 34) (Amra Con Roí). im loing glano, LU 10044 . seilb luingi, O'Curry 2166 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). teacht is loing, Laws v 296.16 . issed is coimdigh tragha and, cach ait aithidhaid daine ┐ longa ┐ tonna co coitcenn, 324.24 Comm . lucht ocht xxit l.¤ di ḟindgentibh, AU 852. longa crannda, Lat. Lives 108.12 . naī longa luchtmara, ML² 404 . Muircertach Luimnigh na l.¤ , MacCarthy 430.13 . bréid lunga sails, IGT Decl. ex. 2131 . ar bord loinge, Fl. Earls 8.6 . Distinguished from arthrach: do dedhladh ré roile an l.¤ ┐ an t-arthrach, AFM v 1582.10 . slighe luinge a meadhon na fairge, Proverbs xxx 19. ? ardaisti ind aīni / ḟognas na lláidi mar loing, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 77 § 14 (. . . in dána / fognas na llaíde nar loing, LL 5280 ). In n. loc. Mag Lu(i)nge (Lunga) (Campus navis, Reeves Ad. p. 59 n.f.): combustio Maige Lunge, AU 673.

Also l.¤ ḟata long-ship, galley : na longa arambi imrum .i. na longa fada, Laws v 104. 3 - 4 . lucht .ix. l.¤ fata, LL 223a49 ( TTr. 452 ). oiridh do luing fhada í, Irish Texts ii 25 § 26.

l.¤ chennaig merchant ship : do slatsad l.¤ cennaig . . . fona hulib indmusaib, Ann. Conn. 1258.6 . i luing dona longaibh cendaigh, AFM iv 844.13 .

Fig. l.¤ an anma the body: l.¤ an anma an corp, MS. Mat. 568.7 . the soul itself: long an anma d'éis a seolta / —seol an arthraigh budh í an pháis— / is baoghlach mo leabaidh luinge, DDána 30.25 . l.¤ alone, used fig. of the soul: deacair dom luing léim na tuinne / . . . / beag m'eol achd ar fhairrge an pheacaidh, PBocht 1.26 . i dtír go dtí ar l.¤ , 5.5 . Of the Blessed Virgin: l.¤ do chuir a taradh i dtír / ag caladh chiuin, 2.18 . l.¤ an fhlaithis the realm: Iúghoine . . . / stiúroidhe luinge an fhlaithis, L. Cl. A. B. 227.44 .

(b) vessel, container (usually for holding liquid): loing (gl. uas), Thes. i 497.7 ( Ardm. 177b ). l.¤ .i. sítheal, O'Cl. l.¤ lán, IGT Decl. § 195 . § 196 . l.¤ ḟoilchthe[o] `washing tub' (Vocab.), Críth G. 176 . cid bead cenel leanda fodailter and . . . dlegait lan a longa de, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). con facca in n-ingin . . . hic folcuth a luing aircit, IT i 119.13 . Cf. LL 18174 . barr biruir, barr cremlusa / la feis os longaib lestar, ZCP xiii 276.5 . l.¤ lán d'ór, Fianaig. 48 § 17 . l.¤ menathcha `a vessel of meal and water', Cáin Ad. 45 . l.¤ thūissi `an incense-boat', Fl. Earls 234.8 . See also O'D. 2207 below.

l.¤ chaire (coire cauldron ) (cf. longchaire below, and lónchoire s.v. 1 lón) some sort of cauldron : ni assu arailiu i fuillemaib gell la Feine allmaire set, longa caire, srein oir no argit, Laws v 412.24 ( .i. uma a ichtur ┐ iarnd a uachtur, 31 Comm .). ar techta fuillem gill longe caire cach airech febe ro suidiged for .x. setaib la aithgin; mad l.¤ caire rig, ro suidiged for fichit set la aithgin. Mad l.¤ caire occ-airech no bo-airech, ro suidiged for .u. setaib la aithgin, 25 - 27 . is for athgabail .u. ata inbuid a loinge caire do cach, 414.3 . In this sense also long alone: (a. pl.) ro hir dam .x. longa (.i. caire) .x. n-ana . . . .x. cuacha, Ériu ii 4.1 (Amra Con Rói). thug Cian a dheise féin . . . gona naoi gcornaibh . . . , go na loing ┐ gona brannuibh déad, i 95.4 . See 1 longan.

(c) house (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 22 ): l.¤ .i. tech, ut est: in l.¤ Laigen ┐ in l.¤ Mumhan, Ériu xiii 73.153 . in l.¤ Muman ┐ in l.¤ Laigen (the name of two houses or halls at Dún na nGedh), FDG 25 . indithmigud inna luinge a filet .ix. ngrada nime, RC xxvi 140 § 15 (`the vessel'). is tú indara fer dēg do bīdh ina luing ac Finn, Fianaig. 78.22 . dob ferr anad ag Finn féin / ┐ dul da rē[i]r 'na luing `to go submissive into his house', 80.2 . L.¤ na mBan .i. Tech Midhcuarta, RC xv 282 ( Dinds. 26 ). Cf. LL 3850 ff . do dingnuib in Broga . . . .i. L.¤ ingine Foraind. Lecht in Daghda. Mur na Morrígna, etc. . . . Barc Crimthainn . . . Com[ḟ]ot Cairbre (all names of tombs ?), RC xv 292 ( Dinds. 4 ). immráidem fós L.¤ na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth `the Hall of the Heroes' (at Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 18.57 . Tech na Fían, nirbo l.¤ lac, 59 .

(d) bed: l.¤ .i. leaba. longa crédhumha .i. leabthacha, O'Cl. co fáoi .ix. n-oidhchi la cach mnoi . . . for longaib credumai, RC xv 294 ( Dinds. 5 ). ? fo lanamnus (leg. -usa or -uis ?) loing .i. . . . mana facas a mathair oga athair a l.¤ (leg. loing ?) lanamnais, O'Curry 2242 ( Eg. 88, 17 ).

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤bárc: longbhárca leabhra, SGS iv 64 § 21 (`graceful lony ships'). ¤bard the lowest poet in the classification of the dóerbaird (initial element in the sense 'vessel, container' Ogam xxii-xxv 275 ): it é anmand na ndóerbard .i. culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge . . . ┐ rindaid ┐ longbhard, IT iii 5.z . ocht ndáorbhaird cédamus .i. cúlbard, . . . rionnaidhe, ┐ longbhárd, Ériu xiii 42.12 . longbaird . . . .i. persaind beca conaircetal ┐ adroille ainm don lestar beg bis ina coimidecht .i. longa tre-eochracha di earna, O'D. 2207 ( Nero A vii, 143b ). ni hairmithi longbard ┐rl. .i. nocho nairmim na longbaird bis ┐ a longa faena acu fona lomandaib .i. dlegait bleogan bo cacha hindisi seacha tiagait, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). ¤both: rucsadur a long[a] lethbristi dá long-bothaib léo `shipyards', CCath. 2227 (longportaib, v.l.). fir ód longbothaib ag léim / do béin gormḟochain tigh thúir huts, IGT Decl. ex. 248 . ¤brised in fig. sense, destruction, loss, disaster : do gab truaighe iad fos don longbrisidh ainglidhi (`ruina'), Smaointe B. Chr. 156 . ar an luing-bhriseadh tarla i bhflaitheas Dé, TSh. 10622. Of the Sacrament of Penance: an dara clár tar éis an luingbhristi, Mac Aingil 30 . an longbhriseadh long sin tug dia na ngrás / . . . ar fiannaibh Fáil, Ó Bruad. iii 182.21 . Attrib. g s. causing shipwreck : gur bho criothnaighthe . . . loing-bhriste buaidhreadh . . . na ngaoth . . . arna luath-bharcaibh, ML 48.12 . ¤chaire (cf. l.¤ chaire under (b) above) cauldron(?): meit loṅgcore no miaschuadh, Anecd. i 53 § 26 . ¤dál troops in the field(?): flaith fírghlan fionnGhaola / línmar a longdála fleets(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 50.15 (`establishments'). ? ¤ḟos (see 1 foss, perh. etymol. spelling of loinges): anais longfos ina tír / ar bríg, ar borrfud, ar bāig, ZCP xii 379.13 (loṅgais no longport, v.l.). ¤inat some sort of frame-work used in building ships(?): doronait longinata mora ann ┐ ro sáidhed cinn na cleath isna sailghibh-sin ┐ is fon n-innus sin doronad in longport uile, RC xliii 42 § 40 . ¤rám oar: foghair longrámh is srotha sribhgheala, Aithd. D. 76.16 . imramh na longrámh, IGT Decl. ex. 1370 . ¤ṡíthal basin: loingṡithal bánóir, Acall. 202. Cf. 7148 . ¤thech: facabair ind long i llongthig creda ar doras na hindsi boat-house, Ir. MSS. Ser. 178.6 ( YBL 118b3 ). l. gl. telonium (i.e. custom-house), CRR p. 129 . mná na mbróin os cinn corthair / a longthoigh ḟionn móir Murchaidh house, IGT Decl. ex. 2042 . lán do mnáibh . . . / ag cur corrthair óir eangbhláith / san longthoigh mhóir mhuirearghnáith, DDána 85.40 . atád loingthighe leabtha / fa chomhair na cuideachta `sleeping booths', Ériu v 56.73 .

(ii) With adj. ¤adbal: ó Lumnech l., LL 1035 . ¤lebar: mac rígh loingleabair Lochlann `of the graceful ships', Duan. F. ii 48 § 58.

(iii) With adj. derived from noun. ¤chlannach having many ships(?): ós do thír lisleabhair longchlannaigh, DDána 114.10 . ¤léimmennach: Lughaid . . . longleimendach, IT iii 71 § 27.

tech, teg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tech, teg or dil.ie/40265
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: t., t., t., rigteg, fleteg, tigh, tech, teag, teagh, thige, tige, taige, taigae, taigi, toighe, tigid, tig, tich, teigh, teach, taig, toigh, thaich, thech, tige, tighe, tighthi, taighi, tigi, thige, taige, tighe, tigead, tigheadh, thigib, tighthibh, tighe

n s, n. Later m., IGT Introd. 17.y , cf. Decl. § 164 . n s. a t.¤ , Wb. 33a2 . t.¤ ndagfir, Thes. ii 292.18 . in t.¤ , Sc.M² 6.8 . rigteg, Wb. 23b8 (a prima manu). fleteg, 11d16 . tigh, Ériu iii 164.8 . a s. tech, Thes. ii 292.19 , 340.5 . teag, ACL iii 237 § 17 . teagh, Keat. iii 2839 . g s. thige, Fél. Ep. 94 . tige, SR 3900 . Also taige (analogy of maige, Thurn. Hdb. § 338 ) : ind idaltaigae , Sg. 66a19 . in taigi , BDD² 370 . toighe, TSh. 1956 . tigid, Mon. Tall. 155.7 ( tigi, 9 ). d s. tig, Ml. 57c7 . 120d2 . SR 2930 . BDD² 525 . tich, Mon. Tall. 162.29 . LL 133a24 . teigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 197 . In Mod. Ir. also teach (by confusion with a s.), Keat. ii 4689 . Content. xxviii 12 . taig, Wb. 9b23 . 23b9 . 33a6 . Thes. ii 336.1 . SR 3517 . toigh, TD 1.46 . thaich, LL 133a28 . a du. dá thech , SR 1953 . n a p. tige, IT i 74.6 ,7. tighe, TD 26.49 . tighthi, Fl. Earls 66.2 . taighi, AU i 408.z . g p. tigi, LU 8763 . na rígthige , 9104 . taige, TTr.² 1868 . tighe, CCath. 3590 . tigead, TTebe 2028 . tigheadh, Aithd. D. 38.29 . d p. thigib, LU 8049 . tighthibh, Fl. Earls 174.31 .

I house, dwelling: t.¤ ab eo quod est tectum , Corm. 41 . t.¤ inna fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . is t.¤ ndagfir, 292.18 . ni bíat in-oentaig fri fes, SR 1951 . t.¤ sruithi `household of saintly men,' Mon. Tall. 136.23 . de gíus dogníth a t.¤ , TBFr. 76 . i tig fó dúnud a closed house, TBC-LL¹ 614 . i tech for leith, ACL iii 10.23 . Ardmacha do loscadh tígib templaib, RC xviii 270.19 . in ti dana t.¤ in rot `who has no habitation but the road,' Laws i 128.x Comm. ar dtógbháil toighe, TD 8.4 . teagh caithimh gach fhir othair `the house which cares for all sufferers' (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.22 . i mBeinn Éadair do ghabh teach `made his dwelling,' Content. xxviii 10 . do chuaidh fa thigh air `entered the house upon him,' Rel. Celt. ii 164.21 . adubhairt ... go lingfeadh an teagh isteach `would rush into the house,' Keat. iii 2839.

do-icc, téit etc. i t.¤ makes submission to: Mac Mec Carrthaigh do taidhecht a t.¤ Tairrdelbaigh ... rig Erenn, RC xviii 43.4 . do mhaith an Coimdhe cion Adhaimh | usaide dhaoibh dul 'na theach, Dán Dé iii 2 . do baí Ruaidri ... ina th.¤ had submitted to him, AFM iii 86.10 . do chuir teachta ... d'a thabhairt dh'a thoigh no d'fhógra catha air to get his submission or to challenge him to battle, ML 14.3 .

II

(a) Attrib. g s.: aithech tighe .i. fer tighe householder , O'Dav. 98. Cf. Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . is maith fer in taige i tám host, master of the house, TBC-LL¹ 117 . fear an tighe, TD 12.8 . bennacht ... fora techt muige ┐ taigi ... household possessions, Ériu iii 4.11 . Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 . intreb tige `household furniture,' Laws v 390.x . lucht toighe household , TD 20.54 . tigerna in toigi, Ériu iv 112 § 5.

(b) With qual. adj. or gen. indicating general characteristics, building materials, etc.: teach crannghaile wooden house, AFM v 1398.z . t.¤ ndarach an oak house, LU 1442 (MU). annsa tigh dorcha `in the grave,' BNnÉ 43.15 . Also metaph. a state of darkness, ignorance: ba buith i tigh dhorcha do shil Adhuimh ... co tainic a scel-sa do nim, Ériu ii 98.9 . t.¤ fíthe a wicker-work house: teach fichi forche, BDD² 80 . i t.¤ fithe forchai, Ériu xi 44.25 (cf. 157 ). teg iarnaidi ┐ dá th.¤ cláraid ... ┐ teg talman, MU² 808 . in deoraidh ... muna raib secht tigi ingabala leis `habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. teach óir a golden palace, DDána 29.38 . t.¤ teined a burning house: rí Uladh ... do losccad a ttigh tinedh la fearaibh Midhe, CS 290.11 . aghaidh ar teagh dteineadh (of a foolhardy undertaking), TD 18.33 . gan toighthe trénfhedha, ZCP viii 201 § 12.

(c) With qual. adj. or gen. of houses adapted to various purposes: t.¤ n-abbad abbots' house: teach nabadh mór Arda Macha, AFM ii 1002.3 . t.¤ n-arm armoury: isin tig arm, ACL iii 8 § 5 . t.¤ mbecc privy: tuighe tíghe bhig, ┐ an tigh beag féin do ghlanadh, J JRSAI ii 344.8 . t.¤ cille church: fáistighe ceall `ruined buildings of churches,' TD 1.54 . t.¤ coitchenn common house (in a monastery) : for lebeunn in tige coittcenn, MacCarthy 16.3 . t.¤ colam dovecote: moilenn is-teagh corr colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . t.¤ cúirte courthouse: i tig na cuirti, PH 2628 . teagh cúirte choisgeas eissíodh, Aithd. D. 67.1 . t.¤ forcetail lecture-room: ina theach foirceudail, Rule of Tallaght 52.18 . t.¤ fothraicthe bath-house: na tige fothraicthi, Alex. 594 . t.¤ ngabann smithy: feidhm teanchaire i dtigh gabhonn, TD 19.16 . na th.¤ ngaeisi `demeure d'étude,' RC xliii 12.27 . t.¤ ngalair infirmary: a tigh ghalair na manach, ALC i 224.8 . t.¤ na ngiall house of the hostages (at Tara, etc.) : god thogra do Thoigh na nGiall ( = Tara ), Aithd. D. 5.12 . i dtigh na ngiall, TD 10.42 . t.¤ n-imacallmae meeting-house, reception-house: téit ... i t.¤ nimacallma fria muintir, Trip. 60.4 . issa t.¤ [n-]immacallamae, TBFr. 148 . t.¤ n-inchleithe privy (?) : isin teach n-inclethi, RC xxiii 418.7 , see Gloss. t.¤ lenda drinking-hall: a taig leanda A., Alex. 535 . t.¤ leptha dormitory: ana t.¤ leptha, TTebe 4200 . neamh ... teagh leaptha ag an Dúileamh dhamh, Dán Dé xxiii 23 . Cf. cotailtech. t.¤ lige dormitory: ina tigh lighi, Anecd. ii 42.17 . t.¤ méirdrech brothel: prostibulum. t.¤ na merdreach, Ir. Gl. 713 . t.¤ midchuarda banqueting-hall (see midchuairt and Heldensage 93 n. , ZCP xv 352 ) : sudigud Tige Midchúarda (at Tara), LU 8050. 8229 (at Emain Macha). slithi mnā oēntama i tig midchuarda, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . t.¤ mór principal building; palace: in tan bá urlam la B. dénam a thige máir ┐ a gríanán, LU 8069 . secht traigid fichet isin tig mór (in a monastic settlement), Trip. 236.21 . a ttigh mōr na hAlmaine, Feis Tighe Chonáin 847 . t.¤ na nouici `the house of the novices,' ALC i 224.16 . t.¤ n-oíged guest-house (lay and ecclesiastical. See V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. , cxviii n. ): a teg noigedsin in spirito (of the body), Wb. 4a7 . for merugud tigi aíged, BDD² 260 . aircinnech tige aiged Cluana mecc Nois, CS 310.10 . teagh aoidheadh Uachdar Lámhann (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.21 . t.¤ n-óil, n-óla drinking-hall, banqueting-house: hi t.¤ n-óil, LU 8825 . a t.¤ n-óla, Acall. 1636 . a Thighearna ar dtighe óil (of Heaven), Studies 1934, 433 § 1 . t.¤ ósta inn, hostelry: a tegh osda, Aisl. Tond. 101.17 . dogabadur tegh osta in aidchi-sin, ZCP vi 29.1 . t.¤ n-othar infirmary: teach othuir an airdríogh, Aithd. D. 3.17 . t.¤ péne penitentiary (in a monastery) : a teg pendi, Mon. Tall. 153.29 . t.¤ rígdae palace (cf. rígthech) : in t.¤ rigdai, PH 845 . i tighibh ruin, RC xliii 8.15 . t.¤ sásaid refectory: de refectorio .i. don tigh shásaidh (sic leg.), ITS xxix 201.27 . Cf. proindtech. t.¤ (na) sét treasury, a place where valuables are kept: scrinire nó fer tige saét, Wb. 7c9 . go tigh na séd, Manners and Customs ii 118 n. 83 . ar dteach séad (of a chief), TD 25.7 . t.¤ screptra library (of a monastic settlement) : Ard Macha do loscadh ... cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra namā, RC xvii 358.26 . an teac screabtra, CS 260.2 . Cf. is direch a mbesaib ┐ hi títhib na screptra et nigri et albi , Corm. 22.1 (a church compared to a chessboard, see 2 tí). i tigh scrutain ghaeisi, RC xliii 8.12 . t.¤ sinnser ancestral home: ni tarcuisne ar teach sinnsior | do bheir d'Énrí a aithdeilbhsion, L. Cl. A. B. 184.125 . t.¤ sorn oven-house: for an teach surn soin (of hell), Aisl. Tond. 102.14 . t.¤ talman underground chamber, vault, dungeon: is t.¤ talman, SR 3196 . airg ┐ airdlestair ┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . do chuir a ttig talmhan é (a seomra fo íadhadh, v.l.), CF Eg. 251 . t.¤ termainn a house of refuge: ar dteagh tearmoinn `our house of safeguard,' TD 34.34 . t.¤ tinnabraid : do theagh tionnabhraidh `chamber of slumber,' TD 24.29 . i dtigh na togha `in the house of election,' 25.32 . t.¤ trota blockhouse : na tighe trota, CCath. 3590 . go nernai tegh trot do tempul 'made a blockhouse of the church', AI 330 (s.a 1203.2) . t.¤ túir farmhouse (?) : mar ba clach aoil gach teagh túir, DDána 119.12 . See Ériu vii 26 . t.¤ n-urnaigthe oratory : teg n-amra n-aurnaighthi, SR 7672 . goirfither t.¤ na hurnaigthe dom th.¤-sa, PH 7572.

III In extended meanings.

(a) dorōnadh tech la Guairi do Senchān ota Durlus nGuaire co Cluain Ferta Brēnaind ┐ Senchan i medōn in tighi sin co nā rīsadh gemlōichet hē na gaeth na fleochud an enclosed passage , ACL iii 4.25 .

(b) Of churches : ? lenfetar indatailcend techt | taige (.i. eacailsi) tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . eclesia ... t.¤ ríg nime, O'Mulc. 182 . as tigh na heagluise `from the communion of the faithful,' Donlevy 142.19 .

(c) Of heaven : nochar bhean de dul 'n-a theach, DDána 59.16 . guais liom ... do theach d'iadhadh oram I dread lest ... Thy house should be closed against me, Dán Dé viii 9 . Also with qualifying adjj. etc. : 'mo mh'inad 'na findtig `in His white mansion,' Gorm. Mar. 19 . nemth.¤ , SR 573 . 2744 . meic Nechtain in núathaig, Gorm. June 17 . núathaig .i. teach nua nimhe, O'Cl. t.¤ nebmarbtath, Wb. 15c13 . ar an teach thall, DDána 6.17 . dá thigh thoghurma `house of summons,' Studies 1932, 141 § 11 . i dteagh na trócuire `the House of Mercy,' 1933, 310 § 30 . so toigh thuas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 .

(d) t.¤ ifirnn hell : tuarasgbháil tighe Ifeirnn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . TSh. 6176 . Cf. beag cás toighe acht an teach-sain, Dánfhocail 122.

(e) na seacht dtighe `the Seven Mansions ' ( i.e. heaven), Aithd. D. 56.20 . Saor do dhealbh na trí tighe (? heaven, earth and hell), 56.6 . gá rí do b'fhearr trí toighe (heaven, the world, Mary's womb), DDána 61.13 .

(f) family, line (cf. Engl. house) : cineadha uaisle tighe Linox, Keat. ii 5987 . ar mhórán dá dtighthibh onóracha, TSh. 5358 . Cf. fa fhortacht do thígi to help (the people of) your house, Gilbert Facs., IV i plate xiv a 5 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a)(i) taig inside : immaig no taig, SR 4063 . a chos amuig ┐ aroli i taig, PH 1406 . ittigh no amuigh, BNnÉ 265.z . gan comrac atigh nō amuich `fighting neither at home nor abroad,' Ériu iii 145 § 25 . Cf. ara choímthecht a taig immach di maig i t.¤ , Críth G. 585 . See also istech, istig.

(b) With vbs. of motion do thig home : tudecht dia tich `to go home,' Mon. Tall. 162.29 . doristís ... dia taigh cind .x. m-bliadan, TTr.² 693 . a thecht slán da thoigh, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . ? Cf. náir an sgealsa [ag] tiacht do[t] tigh (? sic leg.), Rel. Celt. ii 293.6 .

(c) 'ga thig, 'ga tigib at home : tall bis ... in fecht deighinach, oca tigh imurro in fecht tuisech `within the[defendant's] territory ... at home,' Laws iv 12.11 Comm. a līonmaire thuaid ga toigh, ZCP viii 116 § 6 . dá bhfaghdaois uatha ga dtoigh | síoth ó ṡíol T. `for their own land,' Content. xv 29 . F. is Ch. is T. co taigib, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23.

(d) ó thaig from home : dochúatar iar sain ó taig, Ériu iv 98 § 28 a . ge deach rí conaill a ccēin | ... | ni hēiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tūarastoil, ZCP viii 116 § 10.

(e) ó thigh go tigh ` from door to door ,' Studies 1927, 88 § 20 . gan dul ... ó thigh go tigh, Donlevy 350.12 .

(f) i n-óintig la dwelling with, together with : as nádúir do na grasuibh gan fulang a n-éintigh le pecadh marbhtha divine grace cannot coexist with mortal sin, Mac Aingil 381.4 . See also under oentu.

Compd. ¤elba household : budh tuar doimheanma dá thighealbha, Studies 1932, 434 § 9 (but perh. compd. of tiug).

Frequ. in placenames. T.¤ Duind, Acall. 662 . T.¤ Moling, 2680 . See Hog. Onom. Also in kennings for Ireland and its provinces : a Tigh Dá Thí, DDána 91.36 . ar Mhur Dá Thí Teach Lughaidh, 107.8 . a ghéag cláirThighe Chruachan, TD 3.39 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, 9.3 . a bheithir ó aolToigh Airt, 19.9 .

turgnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turgnam or dil.ie/42518

 

Forms: t., tascnam

n [u, m.] vn. formation from *to-air-fo-gní-. Cf. is iat a dúile ... nontirgnat ┐ norforgnat (God), Alex. 930 = Anecd. v 5.14 . act of providing, furnishing, preparing: turgnom .i. toroma, Lec. Gl. 353 = Stowe Gl. 140 . cen mac i n-inad a athar ... ic tairgnam da thigernu dúthaig, MU² 134 . im morth.¤ a morlis as provision for his great `lis,' BB 30b4 . cisa Mumhan ... do Chaisil ... smacht ┐ biathadh ┐ turgnumh ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60.14 = turtugudh, BB 270b10 . tairgnim do chill `provision for the clergy,' Ériu ix 46 § 11 . ba tirgnom cen deg-rún (of drink offered to a king), Metr. Dinds. iii 220.60 . mo brugaidi-sea ┐ mo biataig ... ┐ lucht turgnuma mo thighi sea, Acall. 3505 v.l. ? cé atá mór ttuath dia thurgnamh | is ing úrgnamh dia thargnamh, Hard. ii 290.7 . na tuatha bátar oga tturgnamh ┐ fo a mamus `that were supporting them,' Hugh Roe 162.6 .

With mention of what is provided: dleaghar do Luighnibh ... | a [d]-turgnomh fris in long-phort | seacht [g]caeca lulghach, Leb. Cert. 102.6 . turgnomh loma ┐ leanda , 168.25 . Of feasts: trīan a toraidh immurro is ed do-ratsat forsin t.¤ sin, ZCP xi 61.8 , cf. Lism. L. xxxvii 27 . Fínachta Fleadhach .i. ar imat turgnum fleadh ina reimis, Cóir Anm. 132 . flead do th.¤ agud, MR 12.10 . turccnamh fleidhe do dhénamh ... la Brian, AFM v 1676.6 . Note also: turgnom catha Findchorad `preparing for the battle of F.', Ériu ii 184.9 . t.¤ (leg. tascnam ?) tar tuind ... | co hiath nErenn, Reeves Ad. 274.8 = ascnam, ZCP vii 309 § 1.