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aimir(t)ne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimir(t)ne or dil.ie/1118
Last Revised: 2013

 

n adj voracity, voracious , see Ériu xiii 214 . coimhédaigh sibh féin ar na fáigheannaibh fallsa thigh (leg. thig) chugaibh a gculaidhibh caorach, agus atá leath a sdigh na madruidhibh allta aimeartnacha 'but inwardly they are ravening wolves' Matthew VII.15 (NT) , Éigse xiii 324 .

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

ainfis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfis or dil.ie/1353
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainbhes, ainbhis, ainbhesa

n (1 fis). ainbhes (ainmhes, ainbhḟis v.l.) (g s. and n p. ainbhis, ainbhesa) m., IGT Decl. § 38 . See ZCP xxv 89-90 . ignorance, lack of knowledge or information: leath fiach cach a.¤ `half fine for each case of ignorance', Laws ii 52.6 . cuic seoit cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (sic) dethbere do a.¤ no aincheas, 48.12 . cidh is fis ┐ cidh is anfis ┐ cidh is aincis, iv 228.14 . elguin ┐ toiscidh anfis ┐ eitge, i 262.2 . targud eicne no anfesa, iii 114.19 Comm. aititiu ainfesa in codnaid, v 496.7 Comm. na hiumurcruidh rucad a n-ainfius, ii 52.9 Comm. mad étged no anfes lethfīach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . comláithre lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. § 2.19 . a.¤ lanfiachaig , O'Dav. 1404 . pa hainbfios (of a man arrested for a crime in which he has had no participation), ZCP vii 305.17 . is aire is fó anfis conatigh a ghell `that he stipulated an unknown pledge', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). a chur dom agallamh . . . on ainfhios (gan ḟios v.l.) secretly, IT ii2 111.41 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . ni maith int anfis, Auraic. 734 . [tonn] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.15 . hi n-glassaib ┐ gebendaib ┐ anfissib, Alex. 1098 (`in Verborgenheit'). ro h-athchuirid na hainfeasa, MR 100.9 . is mesea in fíada fíreólach foillsiges cech n-a.¤ do chách, Ériu iv 144.9 . do chlaochlóidh peacadh an tsinnsir an t-éolas i n-ainbhfios, TSh. 2897 . maith an leigheas í ar an ainbhios (of the Creed), DDána 15.3 . ní d'ainbhfios mealltar mac Seaáin, L. Cl. A. B. 237.1 . mince as aimhleas dí ná dhamh / ainbheas do ghabh sí ar a son, DDána 21.5 . méad bhar n-ainbhis . . . i riaghlachaibh an chogaidh, Content. xvi 70 .

In phrases. is a.¤ DO: ni anfius dúib gl. ipsi enim scitis, Wb. 25a11 . arnap anfius doib uili, c31 . robu anfiss dosom in rolég fa nacc, Sg. 148a6 . nā cairigh . . . bēs is anḟis dō, Ériu viii 156.26 . ni hainfis dúinn tra inni imarubredh forainn, BB 415a31 . mad aínbfis dono daím (leg. don dāim?) in tir in ro scuirseat a neocho, Laws iv 106.26 Comm. atá i n-a.¤ x is ignorant of x: tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd / 'n-a ainbheas go bráth ná bíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . fiarfaig a ainm da rabair ina ainmfis if you don't know it, ZCP x 223.17 . atá x i n-a.¤, y y is ignorant of x: in ni no bid n-a aínfis, RC v 201 § 18 . atá mór neich n-ar n-anfis there are many things we don't know, LL 206b54 ( Duan. F. i 29.12 ). atá ina a.¤ FOR (AR): suil raibh 'n-a ainbhios oruinn lest we be ignorant of it, Aithd. D. 75.25 . éinneith . . . atá 'na ainbhfhios ort, Desid. 7024 . ní bhia i n-a ainbhios oram / Dia's an saidhbhreas nach sirim, PBocht 57.17 . With OC: cia rét fil i n-anfis ocond fairind do-fucat in Comdid oc nách fil nách n-anfis, LU 2671 . With fo-gaib: ní foicbea anfis de 'because of it you will not be at a loss', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 21 .

Attrib. g s. cen precept dond aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . urcar anfis fir hi ceó, LU 3864 ( SCC § 38 ). athgabail anfiss, Laws i 246.x . dar lem ni h-echtra ainfis, MacCarthy 406.16 . beich anfeasa . . . beich feasa i.e. swarming bees whose owner is not known . . . is known, O'D. 2316 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 32c ). ?Adv. gaibiu anfis, ibu [anfis] . . . .i. cia beith a fis ocund, cenco fil, íbthar i n-anmum Ísu in ignorance(?), Trip.² 549 .

áiriltnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áiriltnigid or dil.ie/2112

 

Forms: áirillnigid

v late deriv. of ad-roilli. Also áirillnigid. merits, deserves, earns: roairiltnigh tréna dhegáirilledh go ffaccaidh sé aingle nimhe, RC xxv 388 § 2 . adrualaid .i. ro airiltnig, LL 311b34 . is ar a almsanaib . . . ro airiltnig rath in Spiruta nóib do thaidecht fair, PH 6109 . ro airiltnighium uile ind aentaid, Lism. L. 3913 . ar cach oen roairiltneig / . . . / ┐ airiltnigfes . . ., ACL iii 319 § 78 = for cech aen aditroille . . . ┐ aditrollifea, LB 261a84 .

Used in Laws Comm. to gloss do-slí, áilid etc. cuic cinta dosliat cach . . . .i. cuic cinta tuillis no airiltnigis cach, Laws i 238.23 . ailid . . . curu .i. airiltnigid no dligid . . . curu, v 460.21 . ni dosli secht leath-cumala .i. in ni a tuillter no n-airiltnidter secht leth-cumala, 434.30 . duilgine cach aesa danu adroille duilgine, 264.15 (text) glossed do neoch ro airiltnighes in dan do denam, 266.13 . ocht neich aileas .i. . . . is e ní airillniges no dliges do breith leis, iv 22.22 Comm. ni tuille fiachu . . . .i. noca nairilltnighinn feich ann he is not entitled to fines, BCrólige 8 gl. 2 .

airlám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlám or dil.ie/2168

 

n (lám) custody, possession: do bhí urláimh na Banbha / ag cloinn Míleadh . . ., Content. xv 72 . leó féin orláimh an oinigh (: congbháil) `with them is the custody of hospitality', TD 10.16 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a newly appointed Lord Justice), Hugh Roe 140.11 (fo. 37b) . rug E. . . . leath Eireann as ár nurláimh, ML 62.34 . Caisiol na ríogh do eadhbairt do chraibhdheachaibh cen orlaimh laoich na cleirich fair, AFM ii 966.16 . a rogha urlaim (sic) intan dleghar urláim fair, O'D. 647 ( H 3.17, c. 481 ). i n-a.¤ in (to) the possession, custody of: rohaithned iarsin i n-ērlaim espuic C[h]orccaige, MacCongl. 43.5 . fáccbhaim fós an mBachail mbáin / ata accam im urlaimh, BNnÉ 271 § 242 . ro fháccaibh araill ele diobh i n-orláimh Iarla Desmumhan, AFM vi 2164.12 . dá dtugdaois cách é 'na n-orláimh / sé d'foghbháil nárbh orasa, TD 16.44 . dul 'na hurláimh as usa / 'ná cungmháil a cádhusa (of worldly wealth), L. Cl. A. B. 172.19 . In phrase d'a.¤ : clódh nach fuil aca d'urlāimh `a victory beyond their power', Content. xviii 27 . énmhac ríogh gan ollamh d'urláimh / ní fhuighinn d'uaislibh bhfer bhFáil . . . acht tú, L. Cl. A. B. 191.33 .

Freq. in legal phrase a.¤ choitchend handing over of a pledge to a third (neutral) party or authority: (There is no way of determining the quantity of the second -a- in the legal exx. infra, and in the preceding modern exx. there may have been recomposition, ed.) in gell do tabairt i nurlaim coitcind, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185a ). ma ro fuataig in set on urlaim coitcenn, 2160 (Eg. 88, f. 4(5)b). urlaim coitcenn do damthain don eisinnraic, 2265 (ib. f. 19(20)d). ro det a cron iarsin do mend .i. ro damasdar . . . a cur a n-urlaim coitchind, O'Dav. 1362 . common custody, pound(?): smachtgille .uii. maid na bo (.i. a n-urlaim coitcinn) fri cert `in gemeinsame Für-Hand', Cóic Con. 23 § 21 . is sed is smachtgille .uii. maid ann .i. cutrumus .uii. maid na bo iar fir do tabairt i n-urlaim coitcinn ré aithne na conair[e] fuigill is cert, 32 § 30 . [lan]gilli na bo . . . do tabairt a n-urlaim coitcinn re aithne na conaire fuigill as fir guro-gabat do laim tagra, § 28.

airscartad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airscartad or dil.ie/2382

 

u, [m.] vn. of ar-scarta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 616 .

(a) act of removing, clearing away. Of expelling an enemy etc.: aurscartad n-echtrand, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . do urscartad na slóg di Maig M., LL 13949 ( RC iii 179.3 ). in n-irscartad comlaind the driving out (of the enemy) in conflict, LL 305b22 ( SG 383.1 ). Ísu . . . tria erscartad iffirn the clearing out (harrowing) of hell, LL 14212 . do'n erscartad do-rat-som fors-in tempul (of the money-changers), PH 4404 . da mbe ursgartad ar fleghuib / eiridh si roim cach co grott, H 3.18, 37.28 . Of removing people etc. when work likely to cause an accident is in progress: slainti easbu ┐ etorbu do cetsceinm na slisne . . . iar ndliged urfocra ┐ urscarta, Laws v 156.z Comm. ised dlegar urfocra ┐ urscartad do riagail riú urfocra do codnachaib ┐ urscartad rob ┐ ecodnach, iii 174.5 Comm. See also s. airscar. Of animals: ? ursgartad in chon araig, O'Curry 1028 ( H 3.18, 432b ) (= eascairi in con, Laws iii 272.9 Comm. ). urrscartadh gu marbadh dani in cat ┐ urrscartadh gan marbadh dani in cu thall, O'D. 2302 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 29d ). Of clearing a space, etc.: caithge raite .i. ime fris . . . ┐ a slaige ┐ a nurscartadh, Laws iv 144.23 . erscartadh na ttighedh o tempal doire do dhénamh, AFM ii 1146.5 . [do] uhí urscardadh an leath thall uile fa chomhair mic rí É. the space was cleared in the farther half of the house(?), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1621 .

(b) = airscar (b): amra an teg h-i sin itir irscartad ┐ dergudha, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.8 ( YBL 118b3 ). aurscartad derggibair fo mrechtruncain uile, TBFr. 73 . eter irscartad ┐ imdorus (a palace), LU 8048 ( FB 1 ). airinich créduma ┐ aurscartud dergibair, 8730 (55) . fora imdorus ┐ a urscartad, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). imdorus duin cona aurscartad, 882 (ib. 395a).

andess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andess or dil.ie/3491
Last Revised: 2013

 

(dess). Cf. aneasan, Bard. Synt. Tr. 215.6 . Adv. of place stressed on the second syll.

(a) from the right: occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). frim andess gl. dessom `to the right of me', Thes. ii 350.32 .

(b) from the south: duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aníar ┐ antuaid, Ml. 67d8 . a.¤ in gel gle, amra (of the south wind), SR 70 , cf. Laws i 26.33 Comm. roerig in gaeth andeas, TTebe 278 . do lluid a-mmaidm a.¤ for Beluch S., Sc.M² 20 . co n-acus . . . a n-indread . . . andeas, BDD² 238 . táncatar rompa anes, Acall. 1008 . With the idea of motion much reduced, in the south: indalanái antúaid alaile a.¤ gl. nam duae arcti sunt, Sg. 67b22 . conidfarcaib la German / andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Thes. ii 311.2 (Hy. ii). huarda a.¤ is uarda atuaid (the frigid zones), SR 157 , cf. Laws i 28.22 Comm. i tāib na ratha a leath aneas, ZCP i 104.32 . mac rig na ṅDeissi a.¤ hé, Acall. 2606 . (cryptic) aninches .i. andes, Goid. 78 § 191 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

With fri south of: fri muir galile andess, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . riund andes atá in slúag, MU² 303 . gia mag . . . in cúlach ruind aness, TBC-LL¹ 1215 . a.¤ do on the south of: amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67d14 . cusin tráigh . . . leth an[d]es d'Ḟ., Acall. 837 . With prec. di: sliab sión diandes on the south, Ml. 67a2 (cf. díanechtair).

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

at(t)oíbi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at(t)oíbi or dil.ie/4951
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atoíbim, attoibim, [at]toibmis, attoibtis, atoifea, atoibfea, attoíbed

v (ad-toíbi) adheres to: atoíbim gl. lenteo (cf. lentesco?), Sg. 145a2 . attoibim gl. lenteo, Thes. ii 228.28 (PCr.). atoibi gl. herenti, Ml. 57d18 . [at]toibmis gl. inherere, 18c4 . co attoibtis gl. ut inherescerent, 63b10 . ni atoifea (leg. ní atoibfea , edd.) gl. adheret, 114c2 . With DO or FRI: no-s-tabair fó lannaib teinntigib . . . ┐ cech oen atoibe (.i. is oentadach) doib `with everyone who adheres to them', PH 1863 . it é ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta for it is they who stand closest to the spring of the wisdom of the Deity, 6238 . Cf. cech oen atoibe .i. is oentadach doib all their adherents, LB 174b50 . fri dechnad mbicc atuibi inso this goes with (comes after) dechnad mbecc, IT iii 27.y . do lethdechnad atuibe inso, 28.1 . Cenēl Crōchnae in cethramad prīmaiccme Hūa mBairrchi, is fri Hū Breccāin a tōebud (atāebait, a n-atāebad, v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 47 (121b5)​​​​​ . Frequ. in phr.: is e leth at(t)oíbi ind aisnéissi la (fri) x co dú i n-epert (-érbart) riam lit. this is the passage to which this passage in x adheres, to the place where he has already said i.e. this passage in x follows on from where he had already said, this is the context of this passage (see RC x 471 ): is he . . . leth atoibi ind aisnéis si lasin fáith co dū i n-epert remi, Trip.² 23 . is e . . . leth ataoibhi in n-aisneis-sea la hEoin cu dú a ndebairt this declaration in John adjoins the place where he said, Lism. L. 1124 . `Venite, benedicte . . .' is he leath atāibe an aisnēs sea la Matha co dū indebairt reme ina ṡoscēla: `Et separaibit', etc. , ZCP xii 367.32 . coibnius . . . inna haisneissen-sa for a cula is e leath atoibe (.i. is aentadach) fri hÍsu co dú i nd-erbart reme, PH 4700 . oentu . . . ┐ coibnius na liachtan-sa, is e leth atoibe (.i. is aentadach) ri Matha . . . co dú i nderna in sláníccid . . . tairchetul a chesta, 5063 . comuaim . . . ┐ coibnes na liachtana-so is e leath atoibe (.i. as dlúith) co dú i n-erbairt Eóin, 6688 . comuaim . . . ┐ cóibnies (sic) . . . na cobigi-sea is e leth atóibe la Isu co dú i n-epert ria sund, 7837 . comuaim ┐ coibnes na hais[ne]sen-sa is e leth atóibe la Daniel co dú i nd-ebert remi, 6196 .

Vn. attoíbed.

1 blad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blad or dil.ie/6007

 

Forms: blaid, blada, blaide, bladh, bladh, blaidi

n u, later also ā, f. ? Orig. n. n s. b.¤ ṅglicc, Trip. 534.10 . a s. b.¤ , LU 4267. d s. b.¤ , LL 16338 , blaid, 15289 . g s. blada, 15297 , blaide, 4372 . n p. b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . bladh .b. (ón chlú), IGT Decl. § 40. bladh .f. (ón chlú, add. v.ll.), § 95 .

Fame, renown; in pl. somet. famous deeds, glories, triumphs (i.e. of a ruler or a king's reign): bladh .i. clú, O'Cl. blath .i. moladh, ibid. cé tara nech lín a b.¤ `though some famous man should come' (ed. n., SCC² 734 ) LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). mo briathar is mo b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3681. ceannach blaidhe .i. bás `purchase of fame', ML 100.16 . rīgfad domhain . . . / muna chosnat fēin a mbladh, K. and H. 28. baile i fuair blaid (: thaig) is bríg `grew to fame', Ériu vii 224 § 40. a b.¤ ┐ a airdercus, TTr.² 755. as fada atú can mo bladh . . . do thogbail `long in raising my renown', TTebe 4061 . do Maolmuadh ba becc a bladh / airdri Cassil do marbhadh, Cog. 88.28 . leath an bhladha ag Bréithneachaibh, O'R. Poems 456. damhna bloidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1122. bladh bréige ┐ āireamh gan fhochonn ┐ clú fáis, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xix 758 . a bratt co mblaid `his noble mantle', Ériu vii 225 § 46. na sinnsir . . . / nach bíodh fa bhladh, PBocht 2.16 . ceōl fa bloidh `famous music', Ériu iv 174.15 . aird-cheannas Éireann / . . . ar bhuadh ar bhlaidh (: ríoghaibh), Content. xxx 20. (Of a prince's reign) sé bliadna ar b.¤ , MacCarthy 156.17 . cóic bliadna ar blaid, 164.9 . foruacht fria blada sin Bruig his triumphs were set at naught at the Brug, LL 15856. ba borrband balc for blada / la D., 15904 . dá ndeich sé bliadna ar bladaib, 24139 .

Freq. in chevilles: forcanat b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . tre blaid mbinn, ZCP viii 106.1 . datta in b.¤ , MacCarthy 144.5 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114.29 .

In prov. is būaine b.¤ inā seōid, K. and H. 28.9 . is búaine bladh 'ná saeghal, Imr. Brain 63.2 . As attrib. g s.: cethracha bliadan blaidi `forty famous years', Ann. Conn. 1270.18 . co tuc failte blada doib, LB 238c46 (ACC Comm.).

pn As name of Cú Chulainn's spear: B. ar Bladaib a ainm-side, LL 13941.

Compds. With adjj. isin beluch blad-adbail `high in renown', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.14 . claideb Golai . . . / fri brig ṁbladailc, SR 6183. rogabsat Banba mbladbil of good fame, Rawl. 83a34 . cen nach ṁbríg ṁbládbrais rofeis, SR 1679. os Banba bladbricc ` various-famed ', MacCarthy 424.18 . bricht bladmas, IT iii 40 § 36.

With nouns: mór a bladalt, TBC-LL¹ 3521. samlaithir fri bladbail ṁbla / otha thalmain co hésca, SR 415. B. na mbladbann of the famous deeds, SG 335.34 . bladfhocal ón bladfocal / a Chríst tair dom anacul, 389.15 . nir ba h-aitherrach . . . bisig na bladh-nóis, MR 314.22 . Buais, buinni ar bladaoibh binni `famous delight of melody', Leb. Gab.(i) 64.10 . dar Ard mBresta mbladáibe, SG 373.12 = ṁbladaíbi, LL 6924.

See 1 blá.

1 búaile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaile or dil.ie/7236

 

Forms: buailtibh, bailti

n f. (see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 118 . Perh. ext. applic. of 2 b.). Freq. with dental inflection

(a) cow-house, byre; cattle-pen; (temporary) cattlefold, booley at times of summer pasturage: buaile gl. vaccaria, Ir. Gl. 174. buaile dam gl. bostar, 1044 . dáistir immon mboin . . . isin mbuaile, Trip.² 155. co bualid in oendorais, LL 28758. talgud do ceathra i mbuailaig do ceile (involves liability for compensation), Laws v 466.1 , glossed: do ithe in feoir .i. diguin buailed gemreta `to eat the preserved grass of a winter booley', 468.5 Comm. isin buailidh galair . . . i mbuaili g. an infected cowshed or booley, O'D. 2384 ( Rawl. 506, 47a) . i mbuaille bedgaid, Laws v 140.8 Comm. d'innsaigidh a llías ┐ a lánbúailtedh, RC xxvii 260 § 1. ba nád buailte `nor boolies' BNnÉ 151.3 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead `not to raid . . . cattle-folds', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 .

Possession of a b.¤ gave a certain legal status or qualification: .9. fir deg aga mbia buailti ar son na ngradh flatha (as witnesses), O'Curry 285 (H. 3.18, 157). sloinntech oirrig no taisig ag nach bia ach buaile, 287 (H. 3.18, 158). leath do biatachaib ┐ leath dfearaibh buailteadh, 286 (H. 3.18, 158).

Fig. is búale rantor co rían / is cúane n-ardchon is án (cemetery of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4203 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 16.15 ). a buaili biast (to the body), PH 8255. a mbuailie bais `in the stall of death', RC xii 98 § 131. i mbuailibh bais, CCath. 6023. buaile long Mhic í Mháille ` dockyard ', RC xlix 169 § 7.

Note also: bebsat buale febra fáebra (rhet. `cow-droves', CRR 6 ), LL 22728. cúicc buailte décc bó . . . i ccreich `fifteen herds of cattle', AFM iv 1134.16 . (of battalions) go bhfacadar . . . na buailtibh (a p.) bir-ghéara bodhbha ` pens, folds ' (note 2), CRR 19.

(b) yard, enclosure; paddock: i n-eatarfhásach na búailedh `of the milking yard', BS 142.20 . colladh ina buailidh brú (`on the fringe of his (lord's) enclosure', Celtica vi 225 § 73 ), Ériu xiii 20.3 , cf. O'Dav. 219. lis ┐ buailidh ┐ faithce, Laws ii 50.23 Comm. i mbuaile fo iadhu `in an enclosure', iv 96.24 . céd bó ro theand buaili ac brugaid `which crowded a farmer's paddock', Leb. Cert.² 168.

(c) In extended applications: ? do dhéantar . . . trí buailte . . . ar an magh-sa (buaile `a palisade ', ed.), ML 78.11 = bailti, ML² 1099. mar bís bradan i m-buailid `in a weir', MR 232.14 . it lúaithidir roth mb.¤ mill-wheel (driven by the water) of a weir (?) (see Gloss. s.v. roth), BDD² 1216. rothán mbuaileth, 1151 (cf. ZCP i 98 f .). búale . . . di scíathaib, LL 31424 ` fence ', TTr. 609. buale di chollaib, 32299 ( TTr. 1487 ). da n-o pill for buailidh bhar mbertha `over the pen of your shaving' (line ?), ITS v 112.24 .

In nn. loc. Buaile Pátraic . . . .i. fert mbec co crois and, Trip.² 1599. See Hog. Onom.

cáemṡlecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáemṡlecht or dil.ie/7620

 

n (? com + imm + slecht): dugensa leath fria feraib Erenn etir c.¤ ┐ admilliud ┐ amaidichtai, RC xii 92 § 119 .

caisel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caisel or dil.ie/7966

 

Forms: caissle, caiseal, caiseall

n o, m. (Lat. castellum). Perh. orig. n., cf. n p. caissle, LU 10568 , c.¤ n-Oengussa, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.89 . caiseal, caiseall m., IGT Decl. § 53 . stone wall, rampart; stone fort : Caisil .i. cīs-ail, Corm. Y 391 . caisiol .i. ciosail .i. ail an chíosa, O'Cl. oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289.1 . ní bíd clad ná airbi na c.¤ im thír, Comp. CC 3.13 ( LU 10568 ). 'ca chaslib . . . / torchair Cannán `ramparts', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.21 . caisil ard aelta uime (of stronghold of Priam), BB 442b22 . ní fil múr ná c.¤ eturru, Trip.² 1819 . a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, Laws v 488.13 Comm. = a caisil na hatha `out of the wall of the kiln', O'Dav. 976 . da ba ar caislibh, ┐ da ba ar clocanaib ` stone-enclosures ', Laws v 94.12 Comm. tar firt a muir no a caisil, 210.27 Comm. fobairt in caisil doronadh da imsuidhi, CCath. 3513 . fían Dor ar chaislibh corra / tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . ro cuiredh misi i tech fo leith, ┐ caisil etraind, RC xlvi 230.8 . in dúnad . . . / . . . a ch.¤ bā gelchruithnecht, MacCongl. 37.10 . do rinneadar Leath Cuinn caisiol cloch tar Áth Luain, Ériu i 81 § 12 . co nderna casiul caem cloch, Fen. 124.7 . i clusailibh ┐ i caislibh na hinnsi, Lism. L. 3789 .

Of wall of or about church or ecclesiastical site: eclais chruind é-side co tri caslib immpe, ZCP xvii 228.5 . na caslisin, 6. ic dēnum caisil a chilli, ZCP vii 306.20 . gurab caemh re fēgadh / iar ndenam a c.¤ (of an altar), BNnÉ 308.28 . Transf. do bháindéad eagair n-a chaiseal tiugh (of set of teeth), Hackett² xviii 41 .

In n.loc.: ón Chasiul, LU 4453 . See Hog. Onom. s.v. caisel , caisle.

See casal.

calcad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. calcad or dil.ie/8039

 

vn. of calcaid: na leanna . . . donid calcudh leath asdigh petrify , 23 P 10³, 55b24 . See cailced.

1 cárta, cárt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cárta, cárt or dil.ie/8268
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (Engl. loanword. Cf. Éigse x 16 ) quart, quarter: in carta salaind, AU iii 310.8 . meas ar chasc ná ar chártaibh, Keat. Poems 530 . comtrom tri punt no cart saxanach, Irish Texts v 82 § 7 (of a drink). In compds: leath charta do shugh fumiterrae , 23 K 42 , 440.12 .

cenglaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenglaid or dil.ie/8616

 

v (cengal). IGT Verbs §§ 43 , 124 .

(a) binds, ties, fastens : cenglathar err . . . / i ndiaid erri, LU 8951 ( FB 71 ). nos cengland C. Ercoil fessin i ndíaid a charpait, 8928 ( 70 ). ro chenglatar G. imprisoned(?), 239 . roncengail in ben `tied him fast', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.17 . mur chenglus ben bāidh a mac embraces, Fianaig. 94.21 . indiu cia cheṅglaid chúac[h]a / in rí crínlíath cen déta, LL 2942 ( SG 387.27 ). do cengladh le crios cengail (the infant Jesus), RSClára 7a . cenglait a croinn (to extract juice), Marco P. 163 . Of wounds: o rochengail in co[i]s iar coir, Aen. 3036 . do cengladh . . . a lucht gonta i.e. their wounds were dressed, Cog. 214.25 .

(b) In more abstract applications: mē mac L. do chengladh síth the peacemaker , ZCP viii 225.24 . ceanglam síoth 'na shíoth shuthain, Dán Dé x 2 . is í comairle do chenglatar fixed on, determined , Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.33 . níor cheanglais críoch do chomhráidh you have not summed up your statements. Content. xxii 31 . ós da chumachtaib cach ní do chengeolad a talmain a beith cengailti ar neim (of the Pope), Maund. 26 . an súil ccuirr cheanglus maighden captivates , ZCP ii 356.18 .

(c) With obj. and follg. prep.: uair rom cengladh a [n]dubalcibh in etraid I am tied to, Grail 1319 . do cheangail ar na mnáibh rún maith do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 6360 . do chengail ben an druagh int ainm sin orro, ZCP xiii 182.22 . seanchas fhir na n-earrladh ndonn / do ceangladh go Conn sin sunn `was linked to, was traced to' (notes), Magauran 134 . na secht slabraid . . . ro cenglait do na secht coirthib, MU² 867 . cen co cenglad Dia dítt he, PH 7393 `enjoin', Gloss. [dá] cengailter do'n nuimir sin dá bliadain if two years be added, O'Gr. Cat. 289.33 . do chenglas dam í mar mhnaoi phósta, SG 5.17 . ceangail fád bhraghaid íad = bind them about thy neck, Proverbs iii 3 . do cheangail N. ┐ A. . . . cumann . . . ré chéile, Keat. ii 262 . amail do ceingeoltai én a painter, BCC 112.34 . do cengladh oidhreacht iarla c.¤ d. lé coroin tSaxan was annexed, AFM v 1856.12 . cuinchid mnai . . . ┐ cenglaid in tíí G. oicce, PH 1308 .

(d) Intrans.: ceanglam ar-aon leath ar leath let us join forces, O'Hara 1931 (perh. with obj. cunnradh, 1930 ). craobh rér cheangail Rí na ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 1 . do chengail M. . . . le coill o fF. took possession of, AFM vi 2090.2 . go ceingeóladh sé re celi comh daingen re gach cnamh eli that it would knit (of a broken bone), BCC 272.34 .

Vn. see cengal. Part. cengalta.

cenmothá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenmothá or dil.ie/8621

 

Forms: cenmithá, cenm, cinmothā, genmothá, cenmothát, cenmibí, cenmobi, cenmorobai, cenmo, cenmothá, cenmothá, cenmotha, genmothá, -át, cenmóthát

Compd. of cen and -tá (see attá) used as prep. and conjunction. See GOI § 775 . In O. Ir. usually cenmithá ( cenmathá, Wb. 33a4 , Sg. 56b13 , 71b17 ; cenm, 201b18 ). cinmothā, Ériu i 124.10 . In later lang. also genmothá. With pl. ending cenmothát (cenmthat disyll., SR 399 ). Rarely with other forms of subst. vb.: cenmibí, Ériu vii 148 § 8 . cenmobi, YBL 140b1 . cenmorobai, Ériu vii 164.11 . cenmo bui, TFerbe 27 . The general rule for all periods of the language is that the form cenmothá etc. is folld. by accus. (sg. and pl.), exceptions being rare. Cf. cenmothá na .uii. claidseo, SM Facs. 18a8 (emended to cladu-so, Ériu xvii 72 § 14 ). cenmotha dias, RC xxiv 200.15 . genmothá somh besides him, AFM iv 864.1 . See GOI Translator's Notes no. 169 . The pl. form in -át is folld. by the nom. pl. (early exx. being Ériu xiii 18.13 , SR 399 , 3421 ) or stands by itself: cenmóthát besides them, AFM iii 126.9 . See also ZCP xxviii 125 - 6 .

As prep. (a) apart from, besides, in addition to: céin motha .i. leath amuigh no a bfhégmhuis, O'Cl. genmotha .i. anegmais, Lec. Gl. 11 . cenmitha innadeitched gl. praeter . . . detestationem, Ml. 103a7 . cenmithá aní-siu gl. quod est alium mandatum, Wb. 6a25 . cenmithá anisin `besides this', gl. si quid aliter sapitis, 24a18 . cenmithá innahí asrubart gl. praeterea, Sg. 21b10 . cenmathá inna hí asrubart gl. cetera quoque omnia, 56b13 . c.¤ in pennait gl. comdire cac deoradh de fri ri[g] ┐ espoc `apart from the "penance" [in addition]', BCrólige 4 gl.2 . leath ┐ octmhadh ig fir ín craind, ┐ leath genmotha octmadh ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 184.5 . cenmothá fossu without counting servants (in list), TBC-I¹ 162 . cenmotha ind aes ṅdedenaig, Rawl. 69a15 . cenmothat doine do marbad in addition to killing people, AU ii 156.x . amaille re leabhroibh gabhála . . . oile gen mó táid sin, MS. Mat. 556.2 . cenmothát na secht ríg, ZCP viii 326.6 . chriathrastair na criocha . . . genmothat na dúine, Hugh Roe² 170.23 .

(b) After generalizations, negations, etc. except, but (often equivalent of acht): cenmitha inso gl. excepto hoc, Ml. 92a10 . cenmithá étrad gl. omne peccatum . . . extra corpus est: qui autem fornicatur, in corpus suum peccat, Wb. 9d7 . cenmithá .f. gl. caeteris . . . consonantibus, Sg. 24b3 . cenmithá in consoin gl. reliquam partem, 58b7 . olchenae cenmithá unus , 211a2 . cenmothát tríar, LU 4086 . geinmothá osgar amhrois, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 9 . ní maith sil Ḟergusa cenmotha oen except for one man, RC xxiv 194.13 . genmo 'táid Connachtaigh namá, ML 60.2 . ceinmotha isi, ACL iii 308.11 . a huiledeto genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid `the whole of it except what poets added', Auraic. 21 . Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra nama, RC xvii 358.26 (Tig.). In the follg. acht would normally be required: ni raibhe Seaan cenmotha móirṡeiser was accompanied only by seven, AFM iv 882.18 . ní raibhe lá T. cén mo thá fiche long, ii 1056.22 .

As conj. confined to O. Ir. glosses, where it may be folld. either by principal clause or by a nasalizing rel. clause, see GOI 551 . cenmitha as n-áith `besides that it is sharp', Ml. 72b15 . cenmithá ara-necatar coitchena in or dano gl. praeterea communia . . . , Sg. 65a11 . cenmitha fodailter ind rann insce, 3b15 .

ceólchar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceólchar or dil.ie/8709

 

adj (ceól + car) = ceólach: a Ḟionnghuala réidh roicheolchar, DDána 114.1 . do leath Choinn ch.¤ ` musical ', Ériu xix 96 § 10 . fā chrích slim na sreabh gceólchur, O'R. Poems 1317 . ceolchair sin a chruit an ríogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 111 § 1 ( -char, Manners and Customs iii 287 ). ag síobhra ar dhórd ch.¤ , Hackett xxi 40 .

cerchaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerchaill or dil.ie/8751

 

Forms: -e, cerchaill, cearchuill, cércaill

n f. g s. and n p. -e. Earlier -l. cerchaill n s. (: ngelChuind), IGT Decl. ex. 537 . cearchuill d s. (: ealchuing), ex. 876 . (Lat. cervical). IGT Decl. § 13 . pillow, bolster, cushion : cerchail . . . ab eo quod est ceruical . . . ceruus [.i.] ag n-allaid ┐ is dia biand idhe dognīt[h]er comēt imon clūim, Corm. Y 297 . cércaill gl. ceruical, Ir. Gl. 979 . diam dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, direnar dagc.¤ , Críth G. 229 . iter cerchailli ┐ gaimniu suidi, 403 . comnaige cacha cercailli .i. c.¤ coitcenn . . . .i. do brecanaib ┐ do cerchaillib `resting on each bed', Laws v 486.19 , 488.26 Comm. immon cerchaeill ( 1 Sam. xix 13 ), SR 5976 . a n-errad . . . do brothrachaib . . . ┐ cholcthib ┐ cerchaillib, LU 8071 ( FB 4 ). c.¤ cloiche fona c[h]ionn, Anecd. iii 5.1 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . corop c.¤ cach fót feránach, CRR 6 ( LL 22719 ). fri cercail croicni allta, BB 497a34 . og chirchi i cathair . . . ┐ cerchaill tairis, Ériu v 28.11 . dob i an chroch a leabaidh, ┐ an coroin sbini a cercaill, Smaointe B. Chr. 4051 . cearchoill shuain, O'Hara 3973 . mo chearchuill chodalta (fig. of a patron), DDána 70.22 . céim ar chearchaill going to bed(?), Measgra D. 52.20 . Leath Chuinn na (leg. 'na) cearchuill sgoile `a school-couch', Content. xxiii 17 . cearchall, cluaschan, pileir, a pillow, Eg. Gl. 199 .

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

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