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Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríg or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: brígh, -íghe, brígh, brígh, -ígh, ígha, briocchaibh, bríge

n ā, f. brígh f. g s. -íghe, IGT Decl. § 39. brígh (cháel) f., § 14.5 . brígh m. g s. and n p. -ígh, ígha, § 38 .

(a) power, strength, force, authority; vigour, virtue: de fortitudine .i. dinb.¤ gl. de ui, ZCP vii 479.34 (Enchir. Aug.). ciob.¤ gl. qua vi, 480.21 . brigh .i. neart, feart, no míorbhal, O'Cl. brig .i. firt, ut est / a muir brigach buan-sam ( Fél. Ep. 30 ), O'Dav. 257. brigh .i. uallach ut est Maudorn mor uisceda brig forbhailidh, Ériu xiii 55 § 26 = Modharn mor-uisage brioghach, etc., 13.1 . doadbadar híc b.¤ inna persine dodiccfa gl. Dominus dominantium, Wb. 29c4 . nírbo sain mo b.¤ leu `I was of no account in their eyes', Ml. 88b4 . is bréc b.¤ in domain / . . . / is sí in b.¤ uile / serc mór do Macc Maire ` might ', Fél. Prol. 145 - 147 . fororcennta a ṁbríga `their powers have been ended', Prol. 87. oté cona mbrígaib `virtues', 34 . a bruth ┐ a b.¤ (of God). LU 2022 ( FA 9 ). cen brīgh without might, ACL iii 320 § 90. bec cech brīg is cech bunad every power and substance is as naught (in comparison with Munster), Bruchst. 62 § 143 , ZCP viii 561.19 . bríogh do chonganta `the power of thy help', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . mor m-borrfad (sic) ┐ bríge rolinsat muintir A. great . . . haughtiness (Meyer), Alex. 392. brīg fīna 'na uisge (a lake), ZCP vii 303 § 3 . in brig etarglethi the power of decision, Cóic Con. 24 § 24.

Med. virtue, force: gu comfhurtachtaidinn an t-uisgi na brīga uile ana n-oibrigthib = confortat omnes virtutes in suis operationibus, RSláinte 2929. maille ré gníomhughadh na bríogha díleaghtha, TSh. 1581. Also in pl. (us. of persons): o vilibh briocchaibh with all his strength, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 4. ro-fuasnaigthea mo uli thimthirechta ┐ bríga `my . . . energies were confounded', PH 3860.

Gramm.: is follus nach mór b.¤ articuil linni, Sg. 26b3 (see (b) and (d) infra). do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh a voiced consonant gets the (metrical) value of a voiceless consonant, IGT Introd. § 105 , cf. 106-7 . ar son go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh become semi-vowels (of i, u), § 9 .

In chevilles: b.¤ ron-fethis, Fél. Aug. 7. hūasal brīg, ACL iii 312 § 1.

Attrib. g s. L. lócharn bríge `a vigorous lamp', Fél. Feb. 7. breasa briogha ┐ ella idhna (of childbirth), Ériu v 80.28 . la borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . ? for brosna brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm on mighty twigs (?) (kenning), Rawl. 109b44 ( RC xxvi 30 n.1 ). Cf. techt for brosnai brige .i. fertsi carpat, H 3.18, 722.15 . lind brīge strong ale, Corp. Gen. 87.30 .

In more abstr. meanings.

(b) value, worth; advantage; validity, virtue, efficacy: is becc in b.¤ frissandéntar a saithar sin gl. ut corruptibilem coronam accipiant, Wb. 11a9 . aní tairci in b.¤ móir sin duibsi `that which produces that great privilege to you', 12c31 . is follus . . . nan máar b.¤ labrad ilbélre is not of much avail, 12d28 . ni mó b.¤ cach he alailiu gl. non est seruus neque liber, 19c19 . nand mmáa sin a b.¤ `that it is of no more account than that', Sg. 150b1 . issí a b.¤ liumsa a techtae som huaim `that is all I care for', Ml. 117d4 . Cf. . . . nī mōr brīg sin `that is no great matter' (Stories fr. Táin), TBC-I¹ 537. is mór b.¤ / do mac aithig guin maic ríg, Fing. R. 259. is cert in b.¤ doberid dún great store you set on me, forsooth! (ironically), LU 5959 (TBC). In phr. amra b.¤ (bríge) in lit. and ironical senses, see amrae . Note also: rabad amra b.¤ duit fadessin mad dia tóetsad latt C. it would be a wonderful achievement on your part (?), LL 9362 (TBC) = ba hamra dūindi dia ndingabtha fēin, TBC-I¹ 1495. amra bríge[lium] . . . Máel dúin, RC ix 488.17 . na ríg aile / fūaratar b. o cech dune `won respect from every man', Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 28 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach co r-riga I do not know what good it is, Ériu v 30.2 . sét co mbríg (`substance' LMU² 18 ), LL 34560. fis a mbrígha dobeir dḟilidh informs poets of their value, IGT Decl. ex. 75. gá brígh dhóibh gan dol a n-éigean ? what good would it have done them not to have fought? O'Hara 4311. cá bríogh dhó ar gcionta do chlódh `easy for Him', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4. cisi brigh / an dal oc Insi na righ what's the point of . . . ?, AFM i 386.1 . ? cutal .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī mā a b.¤ quam ledb de cute, O'Mulc. 257.

(c) meaning (of words, sayings, etc.): brígh na cédlitre = tenour , RSClára 53b . bríogh na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . fios a bhríghe (of a prov. saying), Measgra D. 25.16 .

(d) In phrases with prepp. and verbs: issed tra as brig la dia `what God deems worthy', Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). ní laugi a bríig less quam tú gl. ita illum uocauit (sic leg.) ut té, Wb. 6b12 . nibo mór a mb.¤ linn gl. quibus neque ad horam cessimus subiectioni, 18d10 . cinip mór do b.¤ lat bráithre indíu, Trip.² 1888. lasa becc brigh a anma fein `who cares little for his own life', CCath. 2804. See also (b) supra. ní bía brig desium `this thing will not matter', Mon. Tall. 154.10 . nícon bia b.¤ hisinnísin, Ériu ii 222.6 . ní b.¤ daoib / loighed t'innmhe `no disadvantage to thee is thy possession's scanti- ness', O'Gr. Cat. 459.1. las an mbrígh mbicc doronsat do chenel E. `regarding the K.E. as of little account', AFM v 1766.z . ni fuil brig acainn innut `we have no reliance (?) in thee', Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.17 . beg a brígh a mbrat órdha `little he cares for', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 8 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . 'na dtaisibh ná tabhraidh bríogh `care not for', Dán Dé xxxi 25 . díoth carad ná cuir i mbrígh, DDána 26.7 . ni denam brig de we pay no attention to it, LL 31760 ( TTr. 949 ).

In prep. phr. di bríg, see 1 de, di. Note also: tré bhrígh na Urnuighe-se `in Virtue of', Donlevy 436.21 .

Compds. With nouns. brigbunad `powerful stock', Ériu viii 68.10 . fogne búada buan brígrun, SR 7244. With adjj. idir dhá thuinn . . . bhríogh-aidhbhle, ML 82.1 . A. brigaesta, ZCP xxx 122.21 = annis gravis, 201 . meirge righ Breatan bríghmhir vigorously active, MR 228.13 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. cutal or


adj ba cutul in comthochmarc (: Lutur) `futile', Metr. Dinds. iii 82.64 . in chomairli at-biri-siu / is [s]í ním déni c.¤ , Sc.M² 3 `weak', Gloss. Expld. as empty, blind (of nuts): cutail .i. forbas, O'Dav. 461 . cutail .i. caoch no fas, ut est arna fargaba í cein cutail .i. i cáe tuill no a cae for forbais cutail (.i. fás) .i. caoch, 502 . c.¤ .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī ā a brig quam ledb de cute , O'Mulc. 257 . is c.¤ caille .i. cnú cāech nó dule feda, 757 . cutall .i. fás, O'Curry 93 ( H 3.18, 66b ). cudal .i. saoth no olc, O'Cl.

See cútha(i)l.

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .


B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

1 fúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúath or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: fuath, fuath, fúatha, uathu, ḟuathu, fúatha, uatha, fúathcraibdig

n o, n., later m. n s. fuath ṅ-eperta, Sg. 137b9 . g p. inna fuath , 3b20 . a p. fúatha, LU 9251 . uathu, 8663 ( FB 49 ). ḟuathu, LB 209b14 (for d p.) Later g s. in sense (b) fúatha, Moling § 20 . ind uatha , § 21 .

(a) likeness, form, semblance ; in Glosses often like Lat. figura in an abstr. sense, later generally of a visible form or shape , whether of a natural object or its artificial representation ; in this sense the word seems to have become obsolete during the Mid. Ir. period and is frequently glossed in MSS. fuath .i. dealb, Lec. Gl. 5 . Stowe Gl. 390 . Metr. Gl. D 11 . f.¤ et delb a bāis som (gl. configuratus morti eius) Wb. 24a8 . fúad folid (figura substantiae) 32b3 . hi fuath (in similitudine) Ml. 38c6 . fuath n-eperta a figure of speech Sg. 137b9 . fuath laburtha, PH 5655 . hona fuathaib (corporum imaginibus) Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). fuath fir the form of a man TBC-LL¹ 3321 . f.¤ ┐ fóscugud muintire nime, LU 1985 ( FA 5 = delba LB). senoir ... i f.¤ tsacairt, Grail 2820 . neach co n-eccosc rig ┐ co f.¤ flatha 3228 . peist ... ┐ f.¤ cait fuirre, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . fuath na cruiche, Trip. 8.25 (gl. .i. delb, ACL iii 8 ). fuath ┐ cuma na heclaisi sin (a description) LB 158a42 . boi fuath da piastt a ndornnchur an cloidim, Grail 2867 . f.¤ tige fotai, (of Long na mban [or Tech Midchuarta]) LL 30c3 (= Dinds. 1 § 26 ). emancoll ... .i. coll dar coll ina f.¤ (i.e. it is shaped like one letter c athwart another), Auraic. 5527 . fuath lochad (i.e. golden mice, i Reg. vi 5 ) SR 5431 . f.¤ doim de uma, PH 1239 . fuath finemna di ōr, Alex. 581 . doconcadar arna rindad a slesaib in tempaill f.¤ (.i. dealb) na Trai, Aen. 310 .

Cf. a Eochaid airtt fuath ara falnather iath aneoil, Rawl. 125b12 (inc. of poem). a fuaith airt Eochaid ib. 46 (expl.). Eochaid ... fuath n-airt .i. fuath dea ara c[h]oeme, ZCP viii 301.19 = f.¤ n-airt .i. fuath .i. delb dé fair, Cóir Anm. 167 (see alternative explanation s.v. 2 fúath).

(b) a hideous or supernatural form, a spectre, apparition, monster, etc. (general later use, cf. similar use of English shape; but in this sense prob. from 1 úath with prosthetic f) : co faca in torathar... .i. fuath aingeda cona muintir duibh, Moling § 15 . fuad becc biorach ... i ndeilb mna (description of a `piast') BNnÉ 108 § 2 . fuath is amuid is arrocht, TD 4.29 . fuath (arracht) doidealbda, Leb. Gab.(i) i 50 . éitchi indát fúatha Hérenn, Ériu iv 100 § 35 (cf. 1 úath, int húath, § 38 , § 39 ). risna fuathaib ┐ risna haslingib facessa dóib, TBC-LL¹ 5009 (of a disturbed night). na tri fuatha a hIbarglind, LL 207a52 . baidhbh ┐ brainén ┐ fuatha (haunting a battle-field) ITS v 184.17 . Cf. f.¤ mar a[n] corp do c[h]uibrech (of the body as prison of the soul) ACL iii 240 § 35 = Aithd D. p. 306 . Fúath ┐ Fanntais (names of Vulcan's oxen) LL 221b13 ( TTr. 319 ).

See 1 úath.

Compds. In sense (a) ¤chlérech a sham or dissembling cleric: is tuidecht dar riagail ... a ndenat na fuathc[h]leirigh ZCP vi 271 § 6 . ¤chráibdech a hypocrite: pl. fúathcraibdig ┐ brécaire, LU 2205 ( FA 28 ) = RC xxvi 158 . ¤ ledb a pattern-leather, a pattern for a needlewoman: usaite lē in torad dogni o laim in n-uath ledb ina fiadnaisi .i. fuath in gresa, Laws i 152.23 Comm.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ledb or
Last Revised: 2013


n ā, f.

(a) strip of skin or leather : l.¤ , Corm. Y 832 . cutal .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī mā a bríg quam l.¤ de cute , O'Mulc. 257 . treithi seter in teni, tresa an leidb `through the leather' (of a bellows), Laws i 144.2 Comm . gur' fhobair [an sinnach] for ithe a liubhair, uair ba sanntach um na leadhbuibh batar uime dianechtair, Lism. L. 4052 . gur lān-millsed uile iad, co nār f[h]āgaibsed leadhb ar láthair dīb (of cows), ML² 43 . nir an léadhb ar a chloiginn, Duan. F. ii 238 § 17 . ledhbog na ledbh (of a dead pig), Irish Texts i 28 § 25. leighiob, ZCP v 230.1012 (Midn. Court). As a term of contempt: an leighiobh gan bhrígh seo, 215.420 . See 1 fúath compds.

(b) weal: ferr l.¤ luge, RC xlv 18 § 2 (`a weal is better evidence than an oath', Gwynn, xlvi 268 ; cf. BFF 81, 133-34 ). indeoin in daghdha . . . ro laighed re grisaigh ┐ ro eirgedh re lasair ┐ do bidh a leadhb ar muin gach fir arna marach, H 3.18, 433b37 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ledbach or


adj o, ā ( ledb ): nár cheaduigh sí bheith leadhbach riom `my being treated shabbily,' Ó Bruad. iii 226.z . leighiobach liosta, gan tuigsint, gan eólas, ZCP v 211.248 (Midn. Court). Cf. Dinneen . See lebach.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ledbad or


vn. formation from ledb . act of thrashing : am' leadhbadh le cána, 23 O 15, 26.12 . lionnsca gan lúireach ag leadhbadh truith `to trounce a ruffian', Ó Bruad. i 74.2 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ledbán or


n [o, m.] ( ledb ) small strip (of hide): cocholl do chroicnib broc ime . . . [┐] minleadbán ina láim, SG 21.34 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ledbóg or


ind ( ledb ): leadhbóg na leadhb (of a dead pig), Irish Texts i 28 § 25 . Cf. leadhbóg a piece, a fragment, a tatter, an untidy woman', Dinneen .