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airlégaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlégaid or dil.ie/2197

 

x see ar-léga .

airlégend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlégend or dil.ie/2198
Last Revised: 2013

 

o vn. of ar-léga . act of reading aloud, reading: an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund `the four books of the Gospel are to be read aloud', Mon. Tall. 138.1 (§ 29) . airlegend dó uird na baiste cen aithgne a litri có sin, Trip.² 96 . robu bind lee a guth ocund erlégund, 2742 . ? deog liubair amail ata lebar fata Leth-glindi, a urlegenn ar uisci its recital on water (as a test), Laws v 472.24 Comm. co cualatar . . . a airlegend, Three Hom. 102.24 . ut est in hac figura ceallach coimdes a airlegind sis ┐ suas, BB 311b27 . in tan bói sim occa n-airlegend (of letters), IT i 19.37 . dolluid A. i n-airlégund a eipstle, Alex. 785 . ogham nach coimhghléighearr colg, | agus an t-oirléigheann ard, Sages, Saints and Storytellers 165 § 4 . Of conferring orders: do erleghadh na ngradh fair, BNnÉ 17.22 .

airléigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airléigid or dil.ie/2200

 

x see ar-léga .

ánrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ánrad or dil.ie/3757
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anrada, anrai, ánradh, ánrath

n o, m. Note also g s. anrada, Laws v 112.28 Comm. and perh. n p. anrai, Celt. Rev. iv 206.13 . ánradh, ánrath m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) poet of the second order, next in rank to an ollam (see Bürgschaft 14 ): ānrud nomen secundi gradus poetarum .i. srut[h] án in chāinmolta ūad ┐ sruth ina mmōine chuige tar a n-ēisi, Corm. Y 40 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh ┐ sruth indbais do, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne, IT iii 5.9 . seacht ngradha filedh: ollamh, anradh . . ., 112.14 . secht ngraid file .i. éces, ansruth, cli . . ., Laws iv 356.28 . anruth . . . ar cetharda asberar .i. ar aíne a forcedail etc., 4 Comm. fichi set do anrud ┐ biathad da fear dec, ┐ turtugud cuig la dec, v 68.17 . .xxx. i cléir cac olloman ┐ a xu. i cléir cach anraid., LU 302 . ní h-ármiter na fosceóil sin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 189b51 . adbretha anraidh, IT iii 31.20 . craeb airgdide uaso, uair issed no bíd uasna hanrothaib. Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib, RC xxvi 10.z . do scoil ollaimh nó ánraith (:dánboith), IGT Decl. ex. 354 . Compd. ? ¤-bard: anruth bairdne (anradhbhard v.l.), IT iii 5 § 2 .

Of other professions: umaide ┐ cerda ┐ lega . . . nochanuil ni dia nansrothaib, O'Curry 323 ( H 3.18, 178a ) = da tanaisdibh, Laws v 94.y Comm. in tollam cruitiri ┐ timpanaidh ceithre bai a neineclann cechtarde dib ni fil ni dia nansrothaib acht screpall, O'Curry 324 (ib. 178b ).

(b) Name of noble next in rank to king (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.): cadeat tra imdegla fechemon ar nadmaim . . . ? Ata triar dod-n-eim la Féniu . . . .i. ansruth ┐ daul (= dál) ┐ a[e]nach. is é ansruth imid-ndich .i. ansruth a athir ┐ a tsenathir ┐ ansruth fadesin. ar ní ansruth cert oinfer hi si[n] the kind of a.¤ who protects him is one whose father and grandfather were a.¤ 's and who is himself an a.¤ , for a single man (one generation) is not a sufficient a.¤ for this purpose, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . ansruth .i. fer imdith a mennut ┐ a crich an a.¤ is a person who defends his home and the territory of his people, Laws iv 348.20 Comm. ( Bürgschaft 14 ). anruth .i. ardnaiscidh, ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig erenn, 358.19 Comm. (he binds but is not bound as is the case with the king of the Érainn, Thurn. Bürgschaft 14 ). airi fine [idna, ansruth], dae, 344.3 .

(c) hero, warrior, champion: bress Elggae, anblod ānruth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . anblod, anreth (.i. anruth), § 3. duthain cach ānroth, ACL iii 229.z . archu anrath (leg. ánruith), CIH iv 1390.24 . arcu ánrada, 1522.25 . ac marbad in arcon anraith, i 320.17 ( EIF 116 ). inanchinged .i. inanroith (g s.), Fél.² xlv gl. 25 . Ailech ágmar rogab ānrath airech Eōgan, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . la ánrathu, LL 31033 ( TTr. 214 ). eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, LU 10281 . ní rega . . . condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad, 4863 = ānrothaib, TBC-I¹ 375 ( TBC-LL¹ 879 ). re hucht na n-ánrath, Studies 1921, 419 § 12 . óig ┐ anraidh na h-Easpáine, ML 44.6 . damhsaibh ┐ danradhaibh, AFM vi 1876.13 . co ndruing do anradaibh ┐ maithibh oile amaille fris, ii 1026.10 . As n.pr. Ánruth Mór macc Amairgin, CRR 46 § 40 . See Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 - 131 .

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga ). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ar-léga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-léga or dil.ie/4177
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airlégaid, airlégend, arlega, airléch

v (* air-lég-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 561 ) reads out or aloud, recites . In O. Ir. glossing Lat. lego and compds. Later as simple vb. airlégaid. Vn. airlégend. arlega gl. recitat, Sg. 211b13 . intan arallegthar a briathar, Wb. 9b3 ; 18a24 . aralégatar gl. legendo, Sg. 213a9 . airléch gl. pellige, 24a14 . con arlégid si gl. ut . . . legatis, Wb. 27d14 . co[n]arlégthar gl. ut legatur, 25c30 . act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi . . . et doberthar ind æpistil . . . conárlægthar duibsi gl. et cum lecta fuerit . . . ut . . . legatur, 27d13 . condaarleg gl. uerba portauit, Ml. 43b14 . arléga P. in n-epistil, Trip.² 2689 . mad noeb aridléga `if he who recites it is holy', Fél. Ep. 178 . cuindig in epistil in domnaig . . . ┐ arusléga do dóinib domain, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . araléga (arléga, airleaga v.ll.) nascríba `thou shalt recite it', iii 108 § 56 . aralegasu fiadosom ind riaguil `thou shouldst read the Rule aloud in his presence', Mon. Tall. 160.12 (§ 78) . ardléga fer díb in n-ogum, LU 4807 (TBC) = ardolēga, TBC-I¹ 315 (cf. 1 ard compds.). airlegais in mac bec in n-ainm, LL 8622 ( TBC-LL¹ 1232 ). is asa medon airlegthar int ainm, Auraic. 5828 . erlegthar in epistil fo'n uli domun, PH 1174 . sliocht a chneadh an uair fhéaghthair / páis Dé is aisde airléaghthar, DDána 54.3 ; is understood, Sages, Saints and Storytellers 170 . no herleghta aca som hí gach día, BNnÉ 63 § 89 . o ro h-airléugaitt na litre, AFM vi 2334.12 .

Of sacrament, orders: ro erlég in mbathais administered baptism, Trip.² 94 . is é ró herleg gráda fair-seom ordained him, 302 . ro erlegh gradh righ for Aedh consecrated, AU i 500.16 . airleghfaidh an Coimde fein gradh nespuicc fort, BNnÉ 17.23 .

ar-neget

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-neget or dil.ie/4227

 

Forms: irnigdid, airnigde

v (* air-ni-guid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ) prays. Indic. pres. 3 s. lase aranneget gl. orando, Ml. 61b1 . maini lega arnegat ina cridiu `if he cannot read he prays in his heart', Ériu xix 64 § 26 . 3 pl. arneigdet . . . fri dia gl. sine intermisione orate, Wb. 25c23 . Ipv. 2 pl. irnigdid, Wb. 22c8 . ? Indic. impf. 3 s. pridchad, baitsed, arniged (? leg. arnegid he prays , note), Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii).

Vn. airnigde. See also airnaigid.

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

 

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

borb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borb or dil.ie/6398

 

adj o, ā. See ZCP xxviii 68 - 69 .

(a) foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth: dangníid borp gl. stultus fiat, Wb. 8d9 . a galatu burpu gl. O insensati Galatae, 19b4 . is b.¤ dásachtach . . . cech duine o'n gentligecht, PH 724. b.¤ anbfhossad `rude', 727 . adrad na ndee mbalb mb.¤ , 730 . b.¤ ┐ dúr o cridhe (= stolidus ingenio et durus corde), 4656 . is borbb (: ord) nad aithgiuin a cheird ` uncultured ', Ériu ix 48 § 26. is b.¤ nách rofiarfaige / rīchedh an Rīgh, ZCP viii 201.29 . is b.¤ sráinfius cách a clann `it is senseless for anyone to overthrow his children', Fianaig. 74.13 . is b.¤ duid sin da rad rium-sa ` foolhardy ', Stair Erc. 1002. duine b.¤ neimh-leitirda (stultus et insipiens, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1199. = rudis, 1509 . comad b.¤ fiadh Dia inti legas in Gaedhelg `rude', Auraic. 49. is b.¤ nad léga uncultured, Fél. 188.10 . sé b.¤ brogda bachlachda uncouth , LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). comtinol sloig buirb barbarda . . . do gallaib insi Orc, Cog. 152.14 . Of stone, etc.: mó na ail b.¤ chloche i clud `rough-hewn stone' ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138.31 ), LL 29915. ní slios b.¤ unpolished (?), DDána 119.34 .

In chevilles: míad nad b.¤ , LL 3732. b.¤ in breth, MacCarthy 46.15 .

(b) fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant: lassar b.¤ `fierce flame', PH 2105. lámh as bh.¤ re biodhbhadhaibh, DDána 21a.11 . drong . . . nach b.¤ mbreath `whose decrees are gentle', Studies 1920, 567 § 17 . baránta b.¤ . . . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1072. bríathra borba = grievous words, Proverbs xv 1. buidhne borba, Keat. Poems 1225. do choibsegud . . . in galair buirb ra-s-básaig ┐ ro-s-bánaig `violent sickness', CRR 2. in muir b.¤ baeglach, ML² 672. íoc-luibhe borba (of troubles, hardship, etc.), TSh. 8195. do budh b.¤ ren a brethnugadh co madh tualaing a fhaisneis `it were pride . . . to deem', BCC 431. b., díscir, fuileach `fierce, cruel', Eg. Gl. 99. (in complimentary sense) D. dúin móir / mín beoda b.¤ stern , Caithr. Thoirdh. 49.3 . Prov. b.¤ gach áth bhlaghas a bhruach turbulent (?), DDána 3.36 .

Compar. burbbu borbgnīm mebaid for Ulto fiercest of any fierce exploits, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 48. Fig. is burba an mhuir se na mailíse, TSh. 2067. Adv. co b.¤ severely , Smaointe B. Chr. 2532.

(c) As subst. b.¤ na haineolach `silly . . . person', Laws v 6.11 Comm. a buirb ┐ a aneolaig, PH 2214. a latrandu ┐ a burbu (= uos latrones et stulti, cf. Matthew xxi 12 ), 4530 . b.¤ cráibthech co nanecnu, Ériu i 198.2 . nobuirtís na buirb ` clowns ', TTr.² 1875 . nī mess buirb, ZCP vi 267 § 9. ba lua fri borba (in list of impossible undertakings), BB 419b39 (burbae ?). gorbo saigin buirb ar baoth-mhacaib a mbēimenna, ML² 1731. badach (leg. bágach, ed.) cach b.¤ , ACL iii 228.33 . Of animals: ni mo bar fis no fis na mborp archeana the knowledge of the beasts, YBL 157b21 . fuil b.¤ ainindli a n-aimsir laith `fierce . . . animals', Laws v 152.5 .i. cullaig ┐ tairb ┐ reitheda . . ., 154.28 Comm.

See 1 lúa, lúar, sundelb.

Compds. With nouns (incl. vnn.): borb erlabra (= stultiloquia), PH 6879 , re borb-airlech fierce slaughter, MR 156.10 . rias a mbaoí an boirbbriseadh, AFM v 1646.17 . clochan da borbchon, Acall. 3675. ri borbdigail ar gach nech notuillfed, Fen. 116.5 . is blagh . . .dá bhoirb-éachtaibh . . . máthair gan mhac, TSh. 1168. do borb[ḟ]hrichnum `unskilled service' (in maintaining a mill), Ériu xvii 72.z ( Laws iv 216.22 Comm. ). borbgal na curad, LL 17284 ( RC xlvii 311.z ). Brandub na mborb-gíall, Ériu i 130.26 . ri Firu Bolg ba borbgne uncouth of form, LL 938. bráu borb-leṅg `wild-whirling mill-stone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 . biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha `(he started it off) at a great pace, Ériu v 178.33 . 'na borb-ruathar in a furious onrush, ML 52.33 . a bhille bhig bhoirbsgéalaigh `with rude tidings', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 3 . ben M. na mborbṡlatt ṁbind of the . . . strong scions, RC xlvii 307.11 . borbtsoillsi na maidhne, ZCP x 305.5 . See stúag. i-ndeirge mborb-tuile . . . `of fierce passions', Laws v 456.27 Comm. séideadh borb-thonn (= spiritus procellarum), TSh. 6197. With n. pr. ag borb-Eōgan, ML² 163. With n. loc. la Dond ṁbrogda ṁborb-Emna, Metr. Dinds. iii 374.2 .

With adjj.: fear bríoghach boirbeódha `fierce and viva- cious', AFM v 1484.15 . With adjj. derived from nouns: co bithnertmur, borbaiccentach ` cruelly ', ZCP vi 32.7 . rucastar bern bruitti borbainbthenach, Caithr. CC 16. an bith [b]orbamsach (ammus ? amus ?), ZCP viii 212 § 60. an mhuir bhorb-bhaoghlach, ML 46.13 . tri trom-gairi borb-buadnusacha `fierce, exulting . . . shouts', MR 178.10 . mucnaid cach borb-chraideach `every dull-minded person is sullen', ZCP xvii 67 § 62. an boirbfreagartach biodhbadh, ZCP x 276 § 2. do [shluagh] bhorbghasda, DDána 87.9 . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha, TBC St. 3238. borbpecac (of sacrificing a woman to the Nile), Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.11 . borb-ráitech ` menacing ', MR 194.9 . i srothaibh borbthonnacha, TSh. 1981. na briathra borbuathbasacha sin `wild and terrible words', Aen. 2283.

1 caill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caill or dil.ie/7742

 

Forms: caille, caill, cailli, coillidh, -e, cháill, coille, coilli, caille, caille, coilled, c., caille, coille, cailli, coille, caillidh, caillig, caillti, caillted, cailtib, choille

n f. g s. caille. a d s. caill, cailli, -e. Later also with dental infl., IGT Decl. § 191 (d s. coillidh, -e). n s. in cháill , Ml. 104b5 . a s. coille (: cloinde), IGT Decl. ex. 338 . coilli, TTebe 1831 . g s. caille, LU 7001 . na caille (na coilled , v.l.), Auraic. 398 . d s. c.¤ , Thes. ii 298.12 (Hy. i pref.). coill (: ursoinn), IGT Decl. ex. 454 . caille, Anecd. i 11.27 (caill(e), SCano 359). coille, LL 18608 . cailli, RC xxvii 280 § 34 . coille (: coinne), DDána 30.4 . caillidh, ZCP xi 63 § 11 . caillig, Alex. 695 . n p. caillti, Ériu xvi 84.108 . g p. caillted, TTebe 2661 . d p. cailtib, LU 8504 ( FB 35 ). Note also n s. an choille , Ériu viii 195 § 4 (reading uncertain). Somet. appar. inflenced by caílle, to which some forms included here may belong.

Wood, forest : c.¤ a ca(i)lle .i. semita ferarum (terrarum , MS.), Corm. Y 339 . silua [.i.] coill, Ir. Gl. 115 . c.¤ .i. densitas arborum , Sg. 106b9 (cf. ola, rós compds. Cf. Études Celt. xi 108 ). fulacht cacha chaille, Laws v 482.26 . c.¤ gabala `an appropriated wood', O'Don. Suppl. mes .i. na coille gabhala, O'D. 2202 (Nero A vii, 140a). ropar cocle cridi / ropar caemthe caille (of warriors), LL 10512 ( TBC-LL¹ 3524 ). triocha magh tugsad a coill (: Floinn) `thirty plains they cleared of wood', Content. iv 23 . tar cailli fo thuaidh, AFM ii 740.12 . doire coille, Atlantis iv 172.16 . do thréig a brat clúmha an choill, IGT Decl. ex. 1261 . fa hiomdha cnuas do chuilleadh, Measgra D. 39.33 . co tucdais amus caillea ┐ foraigechta fortho ambuscades and forays, Cog. 74.13 . In names of plants: sug in cuqumiris coille juice of the wood cucumber, ACL i 327 § 59 . rois cælli, Auraic. 1320 .

In transfd. senses. Of weapons: doleccatt . . . sloig . . . a ngai uili fair co mbadar ina caillid trit, BB 437b29 . cleth caillti . . . do slegaib, MR 224.1 . Of a fleet of ships (in ref. to masts): na coill bhárc bhréideadh súaithnidh, Studies 1921, 74 § 9 . Of a family, group of people etc.: rogab fos ic finib Flaind / dligid a doss a derb-ch. he claims refuge amongst his own people(?), Metr. Dinds. ii 58.18 . gur thagh don choill réaltainn ríogh and chose a guiding star for His people, PBocht 1.11 . do crapadh i nglasaibh araile don choill chéadna, Ó Bruad. iii 18.3 . In phr. néoill caille clouds as dense as a wood (a portent): adchondairc . . . na neoill coilli comdluithi, TTebe 4842 . atcim neill caille uasaib, RC xxxix 8 § 5 .

In phrase fo ch.¤ in outlawry, in hiding, at large , etc.: foglaid . . . fo choill oc cosnom rigi an outlaw . . . in hiding disputing the kingdom, Ériu v 36.15 . midhach mairg is scal fó caill / is fer baeth ag mac Sidhmaill, SG 100.18 . an chlainnsin Ch. fa choill, IGT Introd. § 150 . nocha leicc dhamh dol fón choill do not let me become an outlaw, BS 83 . ar ndol fān gcoill d'iarraidh subh / ní fā ghuth do-chuaidh sí, O'R. Poems 1961 (see note). creach fa choill in secret, O'Hara 3077 . mé riamh ón chreideamh fa ch.¤ excluded from, Dán Dé xxiii 32 . ód thromaicme a-tú fa choill, DDána 67.3 . an uair do bhádhassa fa choill ┐ fa ghruaim ag Fionn `when F. outlawed me', Oss. iii 136.4 . go rug an bás céim 'n-a choinne / a ghrás féin fa choille ar Críosd (? ref. to Matthew xxvii 46 ), DDána 30.4 . léicid fo ch.¤ leaves off, discontinues (?): ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill (gl. on: asrenar log n-enech in snaite), Laws i 98.18 Comm. aen trian dfir na athgabala ┐ in athgabail do lecan fo ch.¤ , iii 392.8 Comm. ? log enech dathgabail inbleogain fo chaoill, ii 18.25 Comm. logh enech do gres fo caoill dathgabail cinta ┐ inbleogain, 20.6 Comm. fo chaille, 38.5 Comm. doeim pecach an eclais .i. is slan don eclais na biubaid do lega[d] fo caoill to release, allow to escape(?), O'Curry 2649 ( Eg. 88, 55(56)d ). Note further: rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a c.¤ , O'Curry 875 (H 3.18. 392b). cuir chailli contracts with banished persons, ZCP xiii 22.21 ( Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xviii 396 ). ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh / clann ler coilleadh a riaghail, DDána 10.1 `outlawed band', Ir. Monthly 1929, 210 . an ḟeracht choille outlawry, brigandage(?), IGT Decl. ex. 850 .

In n.loc...: son a garma / macraide caille Fochlad, Thes. ii 312.6 (Hy. ii). See also Hog. Onom. (c.¤ , -e).

Compds. coillbile Crích Mis (a warrior), Ériu iv 214.11 . dob é an coill-bhile cineoil, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 30 . ó chrích chaillghil na gcaladh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 73 § 6 .

cengalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengalta or dil.ie/8611

 

Forms: cengailte

later cengailte, part. of cenglaid. tied, bound, joined : capull c.¤ harnessed , LU 2937 . .vi. c.¤ carpat c.¤ , BB 240b9 . cathbarr cáem ceṅgalta co foraib óir, LL 32647 (TTr.). lega lanmaisecha, logmura, cengailti co cerdmail le hor na hAraipi set, ZCP vi 284.34 . do togaibh a lamha cengailte suas her joined hands, Smaointe B. Chr. 293 . gus in crislait . . . cengailti, MR 300.6 . atá tú ceangailte = thou art snared, Proverbs vi 2 . aithenta cengailte `obligatory Commaundments', RSClára 62a . Of troops, companies shoulder to shoulder, in serried ranks: dariṅgnit catha comdluthi ceṅgalta díb, LL 32462 (TTr.) `in close array', Plummer MS. notes. ina tri cathaib cengailt[i], Acall. 6509 `serried', Gloss. in cipi . . . cengailti, Cog. 154.22 . gona gallaibh ┐ gaoidhealaibh ceangailte coirighthe ina timcheal, AFM iii 410.17 . With prepp.: a beith ar aenmnái chengailte bound to a wife, Acall. 6407 . do bhí ceangailte dá cloinn / . . . / gach éin-fhear do bheith i mbroid it was the destiny of her children, Dán Dé xxi 18 . ceangailte dhá chéile, 1 Corinth. i 10 . tré sa bhfuilmíd roichengailte imá mholadh `most bound to prayse him', RSClára 33b .

comman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comman or dil.ie/11502

 

Forms: comna(e), comna(i), comna, commann, commaín

n (Lat. communio) n s. appar. also comna. g s. comna(e), a d s. comna(i), pl. comna. Somet. infld. by commann (see Fél. Ep. 189 , LL 4258 infra), and in later lang. by commaín.

In sg. and pl. communion : comann .i. comunion no commaoineacha, O'Cl. coingi (= cuindchid?) comna no lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.23 . baithas ┐ comna, iii 32.30 Comm. Ériu i 219.4 . co tabrath coman di, Vita Br. 26 . intan dobert commain dó (c.¤, v.l.), Thes. ii 319.53 (Hy. ii). ba comnai ┐ ba cretra in ḟuil-sin `Communion and Creature', RC ix 20.9 . is cretar, is communn (of Fél.; sic also v.ll.), Fél. Ep. 189 . fri tabhairt comne do, Mon. Tall. 156.32 (§ 71) . saigid fir gráidh fri comnai (chuimne, cummi, v.ll.) `for the sake of communion', Ériu ii 208 § 32 . arole senntond dicōid do c[h]omnai, ZCP vi 259.1 . ar daigh cumna [┐] sacarbaici, Grail 874 v.l. éc fri commain ┐ aithrige, Ann. Inisf. 1062.2 . can chommaind (:dodaiṅg) (a death), LL 4258 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim . . . Erc, Ériu iv 160.22 . comaind in Coimded `communion', MR 232.22 . áoinní da mbenann d'oifficc na marbh nó an chomuinn = Communion, RSClára 80b . gnath leo aifrionn ┐ comaoineacha do beith aca, Rule of Tallaght 9 . tiagaid . . . do chomáoinechuibh = shall communicate, RSClára 97a . comaoineacha do ghlacadh, Parrth. Anma 610 . Dardaoin na ccomaoineach Holy Thursday, 3571 .

Perh. in secular sense in: i commuin (commun, comain, v.ll.) fáth `into the communion of sciences', RC xxvi 26 § 101 ( LL 24514 - 5 ). ? i comanaib tratha, O'Curry 788 ( H 3.18, 368a ) = comardaib, Laws i 102.25 . Pejoratively: inde fir comna cuil cuige cirt .i. . . . coirpdire . . . ar in fer dorinne in comna cu[i]l sin, O'D. 773 ( H 3.17, 555 ) `guilty compact(?)', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. i focus comna gaite, O'Dav. 900 . ? Euphemistically of sexual union: sacart ic denam comna / ic baisded, bec a tarba `practising coition', Fél. 228.32 = saccart occ dēnum comna / a bhaistedh becc a thorba, Bruss. 5100, 91b cited Contribb. 447 `keeping company'. o tri tondaib .i. tond fhola ┐ tond comna ┐ tond sceathraigi, cited Auraic. Gl. s.v. comna . tonn fola ┐ tonn sgeithi ┐ tonn comna, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18, 169 ) = 2100 (H 4.22, 75a) `illusio nocturna(?)', Plummer MS. notes. ? cach ferda .i. gach ball ferda ┐ cach comna ferda . . . cach comna banda `condition', Auraic. 1463 - 5 = cuma, 4566 - 8 .

1 créda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 créda or dil.ie/12812

 

Forms: credo, crédha, cré

n (Lat. credo). O. Ir. credo (crédo ?). crédha f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.7) . Later also cré. creed, us. Apostles' Creed: trisin credo, Tur. 68 . nad ngeba (leg. ngaba) a paiter nach a credo, Laws ii 120.6 (printed as Comm.). crédha na filidheachta (heading), Ériu xiii 38.1 . gabar sailm, gabar c.¤ , Acall. 3955 . can phatir can chreda, LL 39379 ( Cog. 10.11 ). paidear ┐ cré, Rule of Tallaght 90 . cin co lega acht a ch.¤ , Ériu v 22.28 . geibh ad chridhi do chrédha, IGT Decl. ex. 58 . cré na n-asbal, DDána 15.3 . cré: Dé, 1 . Paidior is Cré, Párl. na mB. 422 .

dílegaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílegaid or dil.ie/16394

 

Forms: dílegud

v Later form of do-lega , q.v.

(a) extinguishes, destroys: dílegfaid a maith a n-olc (bádfid, LU), FA 24 . do-ragha diliu ┐ dileaghbaid (bid dilgedach, Lec. 545a18 ) gach mbeo triasin fingail moir doroindi cain, BB 22a14 . dílegh ar cinta, LB 74b7 ( Trip. clxvii 14 ) (cf. do-luigi). dilegfat claind Ádaim, SR 2429 . radíleg . . . a dindgnai, TTr. 557 ( LL 224b41 ). rodilegad ┐ roscrissad peccad Adaim, LB 234b3 .

(b) dissolves: aga losgud noco ndileghthai iatt, Aisl. Tond. 104.2 . ? co ronlá a lúaith lasin sruth . . . co romberb ┐ co rodílég cech n-anmanna bói inti, LL 159b49 . dílegthar an tadbar leisin leighios so `let the (peccant) matter be solved by this medicament', O'Gr. Cat. 181 . is iad so na sughanda dileaghas e (sc. linn dub) .i. sugh borraitsi (etc.), 23 P 10, 165v64 . Intrans. do dhilegh in snechta, TBC-LL¹ p. 217 .

(c) digests:

(i) Trans. a tabairt (sc. coriandrum) a haithle na codach ┐ dileaghaidh an biadh, 23 K 42, 410.15 . tabhradh in liaigh da airi go ndileghthar go maith isin gaile é ionnus nach aireochaidh d'és a chaithme cuirrineach na tinneas . . . oir mar do ni in bainne ar na dhilegha go maith furtacht mor is mar sin do-ni urchoid mhor in tan nach dilegtar go maith é, 3 C 1 9, 127 v. an biadh ṡines an lamh do chum an bheoil, chognaid na fiacla, ┐ dhileghas an goile, Luc. Fid. 61 .

(ii) Intrans. tairrngid na neiche seo an biadh on gaili nis tusgad na dileaghas se and, 23 P 10, 154rb21 . Part. digested, dissolved: an tan bias an lathairt dileaghtha legar an cuisli, 3 C 19, 11rb21 . as cóir na hadhbhair dhileaghta . . . d'ḟolmhughadh ┐ ní cóir na hadhbhair omha d'ḟolmhughadh ( Hippocr. Aph. Lib. I § 22 ), 23 K 42, 11.20 .

Vn. dílegud.

dílegthith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílegthith or dil.ie/16398
Last Revised: 2019

 

n i m. (do-lega ) gl. exterminatorem (accus.), Thes. ii 29 ( BCr. 43b2 ).

1 dílgedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dílgedach or dil.ie/16408
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (do-lega ?) destructive (?): doroa in diliu, ┐ bid dilgedach (┐ dileaghbaid, BB 22a14 ) cach mbeo, triasin fingail moir dorinde Cain, ITS xxxv 198 § 190 .

dílgend, dílgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílgend, dílgen or dil.ie/16412

 

o, n. (cf. dílégand). Vn. of do-lega (see GOI § 737 ).

Extermination, extirpation, extinction, destruction .

(a) extermination etc. of a population or an individual: horum attritionem oblivionemque .i. a ndílgent, Ml. 83a12 . dilgent nAssar destruction of the Assyrians, Ml. 53d1 . ógdilgend internecio, Sg. 52a9 . dia ndilgiunn to destroy them, Ml. 23c15 . diligent exterminatio, Enchir. Aug. 71b ( ZCP vii 480 ). pro magno opera .i. dilgint Assar, Ml. 48b17 . pro assiriorum victoria .i. a ndílgind, 130d11 . na dernai in firflaith, a ben, | ar ṅdibad ar lándilgen, SR 1548 (cf. ni coir dun athamus do thabairt ar in coimdid, no ar ndibud, no ar ndilcend, co na rodilsigea in C. sind do demnaib, MacCarthy 62 = ni coir atharrach saraigthi do thabairt for in comdid iar ndilgind na ro dilsige . . ., YBL 158a52 ). clann Caïn sil Seth na sen, | dorigni in diliu a ndilgen, SR 2724 . fecht dodeochatar o tír . . . | sluaig sin sirden fri slait srén | do dilgen mac nIsrahél, 5612 . do dilgenn (not in riming position), 2514 , 5737 . biaid dilgenn for Ultaib, Rawl. 143 ( Fianaig. p. xii ). do luid Art doa ndilgiund huili, Fianaig. 34 . do-chuatar side dia ndilgiund, LMU , ( IT i 74 ). is he a ferann side rogabsat meic Israhel iar ṅdilgenn ┐ iar n-inarba na Cannana, Rawl. 71a26 . conid aire tucad dilgenn for Cannanaib, Rawl. 71b49 . dílgend a sluaig, TTr. 942 ( LL 230a5 ). do dilgiund Troiana, 505 ( LL 224a20 ). rosanaic Telepus . . . intan rofuabair in cathmilidh a dilgend doráith- TTr.² 732 . is omun liumsa do chlodsa ┐ do dílcend uadib, PH 1793 . co tairnic do (sc. Samson) dílcenn a námat, YBL 296b4 (= LB 127b10 ); similarly PH 8408 . iar ndílgiund saerchland hErend dona athechthuathaib, LL 293a39 (ZCP ix pp. 65, 80). dith ┐ dilceann (dilgend, dilghenn, dilcchenn) in ciniudha daenna, CCath. 1012 ; cf. 4428 , 4825 . gur airccsiod Cúil Cernadha iar ndilgenn a dhaoine dóibh, AFM iii 224.z . nirb iongnadh dioghaltas Dé do dílghenn Gearaltach, AFM v 1796 . téid súil do chrábhadh ar gceall | is áladh dhúinn a dhilgheann, Arch. Hib. i 84(c. A.D. 1660) .

(b) destruction, wasting of a country or building: do dilgend a tíre ┐ dia n-innarba asa tír, RC x 58 . dilgend ┐ loscud na cathrach, TTr.² 539 . Cella Locha Eirne . . . do dilgiunn o genntib, AU 836 (= do dhílgent, AFM i p. 456 ). orgain Cluana hEidhnech ┐ dilgend Cluana hIoraird, FM i p. 462. Ard Macha do loscadh etir tigib ┐ damliag ┐ fidhnemidh uili, dilgenn na tainic riam a nErinn, RC xvii 350 ( Tig. 995 ). ro bad digal dilinni do berta do dilcenn in domuin, CCath. 1028 . dilghionn .i. sgrios no diolaithriughadh, O'Cl.

(c) annulling, extinguishing: in some contexts this meaning approaches the sense of dílgud; the verbs do-lega and do-luigi closely resemble one another in many exx. both in form and meaning, and are often difficult to distinguish: dilgadh ┐ dilgend mo phecthadh, Otia ii 97 . is asti romebaid in loch for thir do dilgund ind air `to quell the slaughter', Dinds. § 158 ( RC xvi 274 ). pennatoir dilgind frepthae cech pecthae, ZCP iii 24 `a penitential for the annulling and remedying of every sin', Ériu vii 136 . dílcend ┐ epeltin na tol collaidhe isna doinib, PH 3538 . ica cartad ind ifirn do bithaittreb pene ┐ regi cen nach ndilgenn, YBL 121a17 .

dingbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dingbáil or dil.ie/16621

 

Forms: dingbál, dingbāla, dingbála, dingbala, dingbhail, digbhail

vn. of do-ingaib. Orig. dingbál, ā, f. IGT Decl. § 148 , Verbs § 68 .

I Act of taking away, removing: dingbail cach cro otrais removal of every wounded person entitled to nursing, Ériu xii 8 § 6 (see note p. 57). as-boinn a dingbail `demands that he be removed', 16 § 18 . athgabail huither do dingbail iar ndifoilgid, Laws i 226.z . im dingbail mic baitsige, 184.16 .

Warding off, repelling, keeping aloof , with obj. gen.: im dingbail tascuir lir, Laws i 122.15 (with gl.: .i. . . . are in puirt nā thora tascur don lir, p. 128). im d.¤ aurcuilte a reir lega keeping away (from a sick man) things forbidden by the physician, ib. l. 18 . im d.¤ mic di mir keeping a child away from a madwoman, l. 21 . re catha im d.¤ cīsa dia tuaith, v 300.24 . siche raet docuiredar hi tracht maru . . . dlegar . . . a d.¤ din purt, i 128.22 . im d.¤ faithe, i 124.1 (with gl.: im d.¤ na n-indili as an faithce, 132.13 ). co n-athchur ┐ innurba ┐ dingbail, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ( Laws ii 300 ). dingbail for curu bél ` evading ', Laws iii 390.16 .

In gener. of keeping off (an enemy, attack, calamity, etc.): is d.¤ truim don slog averting trouble from the host, TBC-I¹ 1490 . raptar biattaig fir hErend uile d'Fhirdiad ar dingbhail Conculaind dib, TBC-LL¹ 3646 . co tardad fortacht dóib im d.¤ díb na gressi rolad forro, RC viii 50.14 . ic d.¤ mebla dím-sa, LL 223b45 ( TTr. 486 ). cuich . . . bad ferr letsu do d.¤ dit?, Cog. 172.18 . ríg mar D. do d.¤ to resist a king like D., MR 202.19 . tar do d.¤ dochraite dinn, SG 320.33 . With ellipse of gen.: ni furail linn . . . do dingmhail d'fhianaibh Eirenn to ward off (attacks) from the Fianna, CF 325 .

Used of an enemy, passes into sense of holding one's own against, and hence by degrees to that of being a match for, an equal to: dáig na tic de laég a chomáisi do d.¤ he is not able to withstand a calf of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 6161 . ní rabi 'sin domun . . . óenfher da tísad d.¤ Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). a dingbail i comland chruaid | ni raibe i mBanba bratruaid there was not his match, YBL 318a26 . roboi d.¤ deigfhir indum in la sin I was a match for a brave man, Acall. 4780 . is iad so mogha (= modha) Fergusa . . . .i. diongbail shecht céd cathmhiledh a gcró catha ann, Ériu viii 136.16 . Note further: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo diṅgbail-se di shodain they are not capable of holding out against me, i.e. they are not equal to my requirements, TBC-LL¹ 1094 . nit maithe na carpait-so . . . ni thaet mo diṅgbail-se dib-so, 1123 (= ni fuil mo diongmhala-so diob-so, St.). So in gen.: ba hé fer a dingbāla leu `they deemed him (Ferbaeth) a man fit to repel him (Cúchulaind)', TBC-I¹ 1534 . fer do dingbala su, LL 238a42 ( TTr. 1285 ).

II Hence g s. dingbála comes to be used adjectivally in sense a match for, equivalent to, worthy of , at first following subst. and with obj. gen., later also as pred. and with prep. DO.

(a) ara carpait a diṅgbala ina fiadnaisi a charioteer worthy of him, TBC-I¹ 2572 . dí nóe sess-churach cutrumme dingbála tri ndrong ndechenbair fit for (i.e. able to hold) three parties of ten, BDD § 87 . cid . . . nobeth ri hErinn cin mnai a dingbala aci, TE § 2 Eg. ben dingbala ríg, IT i 74 . loimm dingmala ríg, BColm. 60.21 . fer dingmála gach duine, Hy Fiach. 250 . acht co rabat glinni mo dingbala riu provided I have securities worthy of me, MU 4.28 . robui ingen cruthach a dingmala aigi, RC x 187 . rothecht commaim a dhingbala, Fl. Earls 192.18 .

(b) With prep. DO: issí in glan genmnaid dingbála do ríg, LU 3908 . ni fer dingbala dhó misi I am not a man fitted to encounter him, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. conar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a person fit for the bishopric, RC ii 392 . ropad sciath dingbāla dó a shield worthy of him, LL 146b6 = PRIA xix 540 .

(c) Hence as pure adj. used as pred. with prep. DO (rarely gen.) worthy of, meet for, due to, becoming to: dingbala gl. dignus, Ir. Gl. 668 . gl. idoneus, Corm. Y 754 . teghlach fial . . . as lān-dingbāla Conchobuir, ZCP v 502 . ca fiss dóib-si . . . in barbardacht fil inna churp nach fil trumma as dingbála di inna churp there may not be a heaviness corresponding to it in his body, Mer. Uil. 63 . is d.¤ dóib dochar `torment is their rightful due', SG 63.17 . atlochur-sa do Dia . . . do beith d.¤ do gabáil mo flaithesa that thou mayest be fitted to assume, 394.34 . Folld. by dochum: nirbha dingbhala dochum airdrigh Eirenn ben arna hindarba trina mígním féin, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . nír d.¤ sinn dochum a chaithme we were not worthy to eat of it, SG 43.39 . isi bud dingmala docum a cruthaigteora fein do geinemain (of Virgin Mary), 3 B 22, 70a5 . Folld. by LA, with ellipse of DO: naptar dingmala leo in sheoit fouarotar they did not deem worthy (of them) the treasures, Anecd. ii 56 . do ba dhingbhála leis bheith ag foghlaim he did not think it beneath him to be learning, SG 16.15 .

In impers. construction, is d.¤ (do . . .) it is worthy (of), right (for), incumbent (on): co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as dingbala doib, PH 4247 . as dingmala do deghmnai . . . a snim do tabairt fris, CCath. 4057 . as fír nach diongmála do dhuine . . . codladh . . . i lleabaidh Maodhóg no one is worthy to sleep, BNnÉ 276 . ós é lyaigh minister na naturae is d.¤ dō toil na naturae do leanmuin, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33 . Absol. it is fitting, meet: narbo d.¤ a chor fo thalmain a haithle in gnīma dorigne, PH 664 (?). is d.¤ dogabmait-ne ar césad, 2887 . cech aen dogéna bréc, conid d.¤ bás d'fhagbail dó, 2736 .

(d) Hence absol. as attrib. suitable , worthy, fitting, in later lang. used to denote excellence in gen.: a caeim-celi gráduch dinguhala, TE § 20 Eg. is m'[fh]er d.¤ frim lá, TFerbe 482 . da puitric dec lais cona mbiad d.¤ leo with their proper complement of victuals, Metr. Dinds. iii 532.18(notes). síl . . . na ndeigfer ndingmala roc[h]insett o Aeneas, CCath. 6042 . di tuait diles d.¤ De, BB 240b5 . roinn díles diongmála, BNnÉ 258.12 . dober-sa comharthaidhe maithe diongmála dhuit, Ériu v 166.35 . So in Bible, Matthew xix 21 (= τέλειος), Acts x 24 , xviii 26 (adv. comp. = ἀκριβέστερον), Romans iv 16 . As adv.: leiseóchar co dingbala na dighbāla adequately , Fianaig. 72.17 . an tan ghlacthar co diongmhála í (of a sacrament), Ó Héodhusa 206.15 .

(e) Later used also as subst. with gen. (poss.) and followed by de + subst. of definition to denote that which is worthy of, fitting for, an equivalent , a use arising out of (a) by inversion: fuair a dhiongmhala do dheghthuarasdal o'n mbainrioghain a remuneration worthy of him (= fuair deghth. a dhingbhála), AFM v 1814.10 . ní bhaoí aon triocha chéd . . . na baói a dhiongmhála do thighearna isan Tadhcc sin that would not have had a fitting lord in T., vi 2308.12 . Cf. Stowe variant of TBC-LL¹ 1123 quoted above under I.

III As gramm. term privative case: dingbhail, BB 328a21 , Lec. 323a22 = digbhail, Auraic. 1525 (reading of H 4.22 ). If reading of BB be right, word is prob. a particular application of (I) = taking away, removing .

IV In mod. lang. occas. worth, excellence, merit , a sense prob. due to corresponding use of dingbála, see II (d) above: gurab o Dhia thig . . . uile naomhthacht ┐ uile dhiongmhail oibre, Luc. Fid. 227 . creud da ttig brigh ┐ diongmhail do bheith san obair daonna, 226 .

dochraite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraite or dil.ie/17382
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dochraide

n f. (dochrait) dochraide f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) want or badness of friends, friendlessness (opp. to sochraite): nad airillet i nuidib d.¤ .i. . . . cia ro beitis i ndicairdigi ime, O'Curry 435 ( H 3.18 235b ). for rinn sochraite (.i. fo taeb geilfine) na d.¤ (.i. cid uatha imbrathar) . . . .i. on fir dicairdech no degcairdech, 436 (236a). nem-lega tighi do tur, dochruite nduine no truma tuarasdail, dethbir iter in d.¤ ndaine ┐ in truma tuarasdail, in d.¤ ndaine ni fagbann lucht fira, O'Curry 2618 ( Eg. 88, 52 (53)d ).

(b) state of being oppressed, misery, hardship (esp. of a humiliating nature), indignity: atcota daidbre dochraite (i.e. the poor are oppressed), Anecd. iii 12 . dochraide ríg Temrach, BDD² 1057 , 1065 . am din gach dochruiti, IT i 142.3 . tri ái nad eplet faill: ái dochuind ┐ d.¤ ┐ anfis, Triads 153 . d.¤ luirg unrelenting pursuit, Rawl. B 503, 22d . ba mór d.¤ Chairinne oc in rigain ┐ ba hé méid na dochraiti corbo héicin di usce . . . do tharraing, SG 326 . éigim dochraiti . . . fothugud do ríg hErenn form thír, RC xxv 26 . cech dochruide rodāmair | o shil Adaim, Ériu i 41 § 6 . luid . . . do haccāine a dochraite (referring to an ignominious mutilation), ZCP viii 316 . fál dochraite `barrier of oppression', Laws iv 376.16 . i ndoere ┐ i ndochraite ┐ i cumalacht do Eogan enduring slavery and oppression at the hands of E., RC xiii 444 . rogabh toirrsi a cenel fen rempa ar mét a ndocraide dóib the oppression they suffered from them, BB 417a31 . fri hosnadhaigh ban . . . ic a ndochraidi, Leb. Cert. 18 = aga saragud, BB 267a20 . Folld. by FOR (AR): oc imbert écni ┐ dochraite for lucht na críche, Moling § 57 . With Ó indicating source: boī dochraite mōr for clannaib Nemid ... .i. ō Morc mac Deled ┐ ō Chonand mac Febair, ITS xxxix 122 § 242 ( LL 632 ). do innarbu na dochraite robui for Laignib o Mumnechaib, Rawl. 127b41 . ca fáth fá raibe dochraide (docraaide, MS.) ó echtrannaibh orra , Expugn. Hib. 26 . bai dochraitte adbalmor ar Erinn ... ó genntibh ... ocus ó dhanaraibh, Cog. 2 = dochraiti, 221 (LL).

do-lega

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-lega or dil.ie/18013

 

Forms: dolega, dollega, dodlegi, dilegar, -derlegae, dundamlegtharsa, dusleichfitis, dolegfaide, dolégsat, dollégad, duroilged, dílgend

v (* dí-leg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 562 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dolega, Ml. 46d6 , 62b30 . dollega, ZCP xi 85 § 38 . dodlegi, Ériu vii 162 § 3 . Ipv. pass. s. dilegar, Ml. 127b5 . Subj. pres. 2 s. -derlegae, Ml. 74d13 . pass. dundamlegtharsa, Ml. 126d10 . Condit. 3 pl. dusleichfitis, Ml. 84c20 . pass. dolegfaide, Ériu ii 104 § 13 . Pret. 3 pl. dolégsat, Fél. Nov. 6 . pass. dollégad, RC xvi 413.16 . Perf. pass. duroilged, Wb. 2c16 . Vn. dílgend. Later as simple vb. dílegaid, q.v.

Destroys, abolishes, cancels: dolega inna pecthu, Ml. 46d6 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega naní tete fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . dilegar gl. aboleatur, 127b5 . dundamlegtharsa gl. obliterari, 126d10 . arra dodlegi an equivalent which cancels it (i.e. the sin), Ériu vii § 3 . dolegfaide in doman, ii 104 § 13 . aitt dollégad sil nDubthaich, RC xvi 413.16 .

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