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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

afameinn, abamin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. afameinn, abamin or dil.ie/660
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: af(f)amenad

conj. (orig. a vb.) introducing an optative clause would that, I should like etc. See GOI § 899 . Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 304 ff. , ZCP lvii 65 , KP 475 . ` o' aduerbium est uocandi et optandi .i. o .i. afameinn pro vtinam ', Sg. 207b14 . With nasalizing rel. clause: abamin for-n-aidminte `would that thou wouldst call to mind', 161b11 . With non-rel. constr.: afomensa dognethea `would that thou wouldst do it', H 3.18 , p. 41 marg. sup. a menain si congabaind an Chaisc dóib ar ái cormae, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 `I should like to keep Easter for them in the matter of ale', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 126 § 23 and note p. 350 . Preterital af(f)amenad is used for past wishes (of another person): forcomnacair buith a maicc som hi róim affamenad som didiu no légad a macc inn heret sin imbói . . . ┐ afamenad raḟessed in roleg . . ., Sg. 148a6 . Cf. fomenainn, do-ménainn.

aithlegad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithlegad or dil.ie/2729
Last Revised: 2013

n ( legad ) re-smelting, refining; carburizing (of iron): luiriuch . . . d'uriarann . . . arna legad ┐ ar na hathleagad, CCath. 4679 . ór dá aithleaghadh, DDána 100.19 .

aithlégad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithlégad or dil.ie/2730

n ( légad ) re-reading: forbailtig an legad ┐ tarbaigi an t-athlegadh Laccio lecta placet, dicies repitita placebit, Mackinnon Cat. 42.25 .

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad , Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi, 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle, CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

céir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céir or dil.ie/8485
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: céra, cíara, ciarach, chéir

n (Lat. cera? See Éigse xxxiii 71-74 . Cf. 1 cíar) f., IGT Decl. § 42 . g s. ¤e, céra, cíara, ciarach wax (somet. also of other malleable substances): cēir a cera , Corm. Y 254 . cera .i. ceir, ACL i 332.51 . haec cera c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 225 . iar n-aisṅdis dun cér (rectius chéir, edd.) `after speaking of the wax', Ml. 76b7 . cian ┐ ceir ┐ uull ┐ aball, Auraic. 982 . dia nderna donchríaid ch.¤ / comba rosc roglan roréil plaster(?) ( John ix 6 , 15), SR 7683 . ola ┐ cheir fo chomlés (of tapers), 4370 . ceir do legad na cluasaib, LL 198 . mac na cerda cosin c.¤ `let the potter's son take to the clay', Ériu ix 49.6 v.l. ( LL 18785 ). do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do c.¤ , CCath. 2144 . tapar cíara i n-a c[h]luasaib, Anecd. iii 1.18 . acht da nubhall chiara `two balls of wax', BNnÉ 92.25 . c.¤ ag tál le slatchoill slimfheoighe sap(?), DDána 83.17 . baladh céire, IGT Decl. ex. 1206 . mar táithtir truaill cuilg re c.¤ as sword scabbard is welded with wax, DDána 119.35 . bít ag imchar chéri as chopán, IGT Decl. ex. 101 . a comdhathadh do chíaraigh, 1175 . lasuidh c.¤ ghorm `a blue taper gives light' (notes), O'R. Poems 2543 . scribenn i ceir `writing in wax', Lism. L. 4050 . amail ciaro (sic) tré línanairte sicut cera per pannum (gloss.), Aisl. Tond. iv § 2 . imdēnomh cíera `a coating of wax', Fl. Earls 50.17 . ris an cciaraigh mbuig, Desid. 2590 . coinle ceire ┐ geire, Luc. Fid. 3252 . For phr. cúach cera (céra?) see 1 cir.

comairléciud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comairléciud or dil.ie/10660

Forms: -lécud, -lécad

(also perh. with -ě-) Also -lécud, -lécad. u,[m.] vn. of con-airléici. act of allowing, permitting; permission; act of seeking permission : do chomairleciud in popuil asin doiri gl. in remisionem captiuitatis, Ml. 123a11 . ar comarleciud inna lama-sum `letting us fall into their hands', 87a7 . don chomairleciud gl. permisioni, 44d20 . 87a9 . 125a10 . comarlecud dó lom di midc do chumusc ar usci, Mon. Tall. 136.10 . im ar comarlecad do saigid ar corp doridisi, ACL iii 225.7 . ní tucusa comad chomarlécud do E., LU 10905 `until I had E.'s leave', Ériu xii 185 § 14 . iar comarlecudh do P. in mithisiu when P. had granted this respite, TTr. 2098 ( LL 406b41 ). ro faoidhsiut techta co Niall . . . dia comhairlécciudh dhōiph dul i n-aghid Uludh to ask his permission to march against, ZCP xiv 224.9 . robad ┐ comarlécud dé, Alex. 1031 . goro goireadh Ó Domhnaill de gan comhairleccadh d'fior ionaitt an rígh, AFM vi 2344.3 (`without consulting'). a comairlécud by permission (?), Alex. 1026 .

In Laws of allowing a wrong-doer to escape: an comarlégad, a legad fon coill, O'Curry 359 ( H 3.18, 198 ). lanfiach . . . isin comarlécud, O'Curry 357 (197). leth in cinaid i comarlécud in furfocraig cid ria ndenam cinaid, 356 (197). fiach comairleicthe no leasaigthe, 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 c ). Cf. lesugud ff.

comlécad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlécad or dil.ie/11424

n (-egad?) (léiciud, legad ): is comléagadh da ndire ┐ da neneclanna lapse equally(?), O'Curry 387 ( H 3.18, 218a ). is comlecad da neneclannadh . . . ┐ deneclann a cenn ┐ a coibdelach, 385 ( 217a ) = comleghudh d'eneclann[aibh], O'D. 2391 ( Rawl. B 506, 48c ). is and ata in comlecadh a da nindlighedh aighidh in aighidh `illegalities counterbalance each other', Laws iii 216.21 Comm.

do-coisig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-coisig or dil.ie/17430

Forms: dodtoisged

v (cf. 1 taiscid) keeps, preserves: tocoiscid .i. taiscid, ut est tocoisigh T. minn óir .i. ata oca taisced, O'Dav. 1563 . do neoch dotcossaid biadh .i. teguscas biad do, 418 . docoiset .i. do theacaisceadh, ut est, sesedh loighe in lesa docoised, O'Curry 569 ( H 3.18 284 ). doberar flaith nime dontí lasa legthar ┐ notlega ┐ dotocossig innech bis icon legad who watches over, LB 12a32 ( Trans. RIA xxiv 214.11 ). torad a laam ished dodcoisged (? leg. dodtoisged, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 609 ) that used to support him, Wb. 9a6 . mionn n-oir bis for cionn ind rig. Iss ann docoisigar it is there it is kept, RC x 218 § 8 . docosechtatár diúrad in biid they stored up the leavings of the food, ix 478 . ma duscoisis . . . ní bo cres nach cinēl duit, Fianaig. 16.8 . ? docoissecht (dochoiseat, v.l., gl. .i. doronta) esstadae indib do foichill na plagae were reserved, set apart (?), ZCP iii 243 ( Tochm. Em. 45 ). ed doschoisich ní fo cossail | cesacht glegrach, Anecd. i 59 § 73 = ed docoisig: nī fo coisil, ZCP xi 153 . See do-foscai.

éicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicin or dil.ie/19719

Forms: eic

advb. (dat. of éicen)

I Of necessity, surely, of truth, indeed; used in asseveration, protest or emphasis (see Corm. s.v. nairne ): ecin (v.l. ecen) .i. deimin, ut est, cest in fil tomus forsin mbairdni? fil ecin .i. atá co deimin, O'Dav. 803 . éigin .i. go deimhin, ní hé éigin .i. ní he go deimhin, O'Cl. An ex. of the original meaning may be: is fochen a Buidb. ceinip fochen bid eccin, ol in B. if not welcome it will be so of necessity (? cf. I (b) below) IT iii 239. 122 .

(a) Freq. in response to a question or statement;

(a) In affirmation or asseveration: forcantar écin (gl. nonne perdocentur) Ml. 34b12 . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? is cenel ecin, Auraic. 857 (= eiccen, 3735 , but the YBL reading is eic, 231a1 ). indad eiside...? at e eicin 'tis they indeed TBC-I¹ 626 . in fail coma gaba-su ...? fail écin, ar C., TBC-LL¹ 1763 . ZCP iv 40.1 . badam slánsa, mád áil daitsiu, ol A. bid áil écin, or sí, IT i 124z . teilc traigid dam, a C., or F. tilcfeseo on damsa arisi, ar C. samlaid eicin, or F., TBC-I¹ 2151 . amlaid sin, ol in gilla. is amlaid eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.24 . is oebind duit, ar iat. is oebind ecin ar se, YBL 329a7 = TMoméra 152.6 . ro ḟorcongairsiot a thabhairt dia saighidh. dorattadh eiccin `he was brought accordingly' AFM v 1864.3 . With another adverbial particle: i fuarais? ar M. fuar omm écin, ar Mac R., TBC-LL¹ 1770 . nach é Iliach? bar D. is me ám écin, bar Iliach, 4632 .

(b) In denial or protest: ni cumgi...ol in t-ara. cuimcim eigin, ar C., TBC-I¹ 685 . nach tussu em dodnarchosaig? nach me ecin, 565 . 1218 . ata in macc ina chotlad (says Ibar of Cú Chulaind). nidam macc eicin, ol C. I am not a boy indeed 645 . ni fhetar nach diobh duitsi. ni diobh éiccin, ar S., BS § 46 .

(c) After interrog.: cóir duit arechus dúin fris sút, a meic bic, ar I. ced ón écin? ar in mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1262 . 1300 . [a]tūsa i ndulig, ar I. cid són écin? ar in mac bec, 1338 .

(b) In statements generally, certainly, indeed, surely; at any rate: ní ed asbiursa: indingentar, ar dogentarsom éicin, Trip. 242.15 . comad he Ísu écin Jesus to a certainty PH 3095 . is demin écin certain indeed 3855 . nā bī a n-espa, is ed timarna in Rí | lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, dēnadh ēgin na ní (v.l. éiccen nach ní) let him be doing something, at any rate ZCP vii 310.23 . is doig écin indisfit dún, PH 3758 . atchuala agá phriotchadh nár bhó maith...daoine do mharbhadh...conadh aire sin ro chinn eiccin ina mhenmain gan guin duine, AFM v 1462.10 . Ir, nir b' eiccen (i. deimin) laoch bud lia, Leb. Gab.(i) i 234.25 (= ni roibe BB 19b11 , roibi, Lec. 539b ). robas co foda il-leanmhain an madhma ra macoib Miledh. do-rochratar eccin dá thoisech do muintir mac M. there fell, however 270.5 . Esp. to emphasize some word or member of a statement: guid he co ndingbai oenbliadain ecin a plag dinn one year at any rate PH 344 . corob ann écin connesat he here precisely 3506 . ni hindut fén...acht induind fén écin, 7898 . ni cuincithea anallana...acht is indiu écin connagar, 7934 . nir bo foda an uidhe ruccsat an ló sin eiccin, AFM vi 2198.14 . bá de eiccin ┐ do imtheacht na n-iarladh...tainicc..., AFM vi 2362.17 . roba cinnte...lasna maithibh sin...go ttiubradais tachar d'Ua D ... ┐ ni thuccsat eiccin acht saighin iomruagtha `they did not, however, but merely came to a slight skirmish' AFM v 1432.8 .

II

(a) some, any; some...or other; a certain (L. quidam): eirc ass co locc écin, airm na bia nach n-aittreb doine some spot where... PH 2504 . is oen ecin uaib nom-mairnfise some one of you 5130 . Mart. Don. Mar. 30 . nech eicin uaibh, Lism. L. 1013 . CCath. 2803 . do neoch ecin aile anyone else PH 6040 . no choimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib Conchobuir, TBC-LL¹ 880 . ni thardsubair etach no tiugnach écin dam PH 6159 . ni ruibend nech hi fhus cen peccad écin ina chomitecht some sin or other 7943 . o mud écin in some way 7979 . o nach mud écin, 7003 . is bés don tsleigsin nachis imrethet impe...na fethana acht gar ré coscur éciṅ TBC-LL¹ 5228 . (of two men): ná tiocfadh...acht fer eiccin dibh that only one of them should come AFM v 1490w . da ceim deg...da taib egin don grein `to one side of the sun' Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.21 . cuid éigin do bhríogh a bhall, TSh. 2222 . nuimir éigin dá fuil leth asdigh da cúig dég any number being less than fifteen O'Gr. Cat. 316.30 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech the keys had gone astray some how BCC § 296 . i laithigh nó i ndris nó i n-achrann éigin oile, TSh. 10422 . tabuir bennacht...a duine trocairigh eigin, LB 152 marg. inf. fear éigin ealadhna, TD 33.15 . ar láimh Oirghiallaigh éigin, 9.45 . do féadfaidhe go gcuirfeadh neach éigin i n-iongantas `someone might wonder' Keat. ii 228 . muna ttugaid ar chuid éigin tuitim, Proverbs iv 16 . trath (uair, lá) é.¤ sometime (day), once on a time: lá éigin, TD 1.9 . ná bíodh ar son a séad...acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `that once upon a time they were' 16.21 . do bhrígh go mbí críoch...ar aní, ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe tráth éigin, TSh. 3153 .

(b) In referring to an indefinite quantity or number, some, a certain number, about; (here perhaps: cosced a chrantabaill d'ḟeraib hErend, ocus leiced écin cotlud dona sluagaib some sleep (?) TBC-LL¹ 1697 ; but it may belong to I: let them at least sleep): timchiol da fhichid eiccin tunna saloinn some forty tons of salt Fl. Earls 26.22 ; 86.27 ; 174.26 . meide eiccin tuile a certain amount 64.13 . no biodh eiccin forchoimédaighe...for ind an tslébhe a certain number of watchmen AFM vi 2128.5 .

esba(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esba(e) or dil.ie/20390
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: n-espai

n io, m. (báe good, profit) uselessness, vanity, folly; idleness, play, wantonness: easba .i. diomhaoines, O'Cl. BCC § 399 . mad espe dom a nopridchim if it be useless Wb. 19d17 . bad n-esbae dam du frecur ceill-siu that it is useless for me to worship Thee Ml. 132b3 . fretech cech espi `renunciation of every vanity' Mon. Tall. § 56 . is espa (.i. is feles) a techt, TBC-I¹ 169 (= LU 56b22 ). esba .i. filus, O'Curry 1388 < H 3.18, 630 . ba hespa ecóir imlúad trenḟir ri comai cluchi, LL 228a36 = TTr. 819 . guide cech maicc lére...ní hespae, Fél. Epil. 430 . oc clesrad ┐ oc espai dona slogaib = variis lusit artibus (of a pet fox) Todd Lect. v 85.14 = IT i 46.25 . dia ndernur uabur no esba commit arrogance or folly LL 279a30 . u. na hespa, 33 . YBL 164a5 . érniud mo chesta...corop espa olloman a poet's sport (?) LL 141b29 . In Laws, with ref. to acts performed without serious intention, in the course of play, sport, heedless trifling (opp. to torba, which refers to an act committed in course of business): in torba no in t-esba, iii 96.13 . re becdeithbirius no re espa, 250.27 Comm. mas re hesba atait maraen `if both are (riding) for amusement' 258.10 Comm. a n-esbo `their idle offences' v 150.26 Comm. Of an idle person; one at play: slan don torbach in t-esba the person on business is exempt as regards the idler (if he accidentally injure the latter) iii 258.16 Comm. gen. as attrib.: bud ferr rann espa ocus ríg-scéla 'amusing (?) staves', Cath Almaine 2.21 , cf. TFrag. 34.11 . raind espai ┐ airchetail, LL 12832 . fri forluamain n-espai `idle volatility' Ériu vii 172.18 . Cf. Ailill Cethech...cethech .i. beimnech ut dicitur bemnech fer espai, Rawl. 124a15 . bá saethar n-espa dóib tíchtain a vain labor LL 220b22 = TTr. 255 . dercad espo, Aisl. Tond. 95.16 . gan ridh [reith v.l.] n-espo frivolous running (on Sunday) Anecd. iii 21.5 . re heirim n-espa...re heirim torba riding for amusement...on business Laws iii 258.15 Comm. scian espa useless dagger (a contemptuous epithet) IT iii 102 § 191 = Bruchst. § 73 . In stricter sense useless, invalid: teora nadmand aspa invalid covenants Laws iv 54.6 . i n-esba idle, unoccupied: na bi a n-espa, is ed timarna in Ri, | lubra, legad, ernaigthi, denadh egin na ni, ZCP vii 310.22 . forcetul nó scribend nó cecip tarba, arna beither ind-espa...ut Dominus ait: non apparebis ante me vacu[u]s , iii 29.31 . Cf. comhcetlud a n-espaibh, BNnÉ 305.28 v.l. im raind a tíri d'espaib | dorigset mor d'imresnaib, SR 5125 .

fothrucud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothrucud or dil.ie/24202

Forms: fothrugud, fothragadh, fathragadh, fothaircthe, fothaircthib, fothorcadh, fothracadh, foirthicadh, foirticidh, -adh

n u, m. n s. in fothrugud , Hy v 38 . fothragadh fathragadh, IGT III § 65 . g p. fothaircthe, d p. fothaircthib Sg. 217a4 , cf. fothorcadh (fothracadh v.l.), Anecd. i 68 § 160 ( YBL 8b ), foirthicadh, RC xxix 144 § 68 ( Eg. 106, 49b ), g s. ? foirticidh [leg. -adh ? See below] RC xxix 110 § 3 ( Eg. 106 45a ).

(a) bathing, washing , generally, but not exclusively, of immersing the body: fothrucad ... .i. in corp uile fou, Corm. Y 597 (where it is distinguished from indlat). na derntar isin domnach ... folcad na f.¤ na nige, Ériu ii 200 § 17 . coraig in cloich isin tsruth | dēna fuirri f.¤ | ...co riae in t-usce do brāgait, SR 1598 . co n-acca in n-óclaig oca f.¤ isind abaind, LU 5224 (= ḟothrocod, TBC-I¹ 745 ). dogní [sic leg.] C. a fatracud washes himself IT iii 195 § 36 . arna ḟ.¤ na ḟuil, LL 171a50 ( CRR 4 ). fuil righḟlatha ┐ t'fothragad eisde, RC xliii 120 § 123 . tige fochraicthi (= fothraicthe), Alex. 594 . R. do écc in ndabaigh ḟothraicthe, AFM iii 354.11 . Freq. of washing as a rite of hospitality: boí ... día réir co fothrocud ┐ co folcud ┐ co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048 ( FB 79 ). as liomsa ... tosach fothraiccthi re bfleidh, ZCP viii 219 § 8 . tosach failte is fothraccaidh (: cain), BNnÉ 255.20 . cf. doroinedh umhla fosaich ┐ foirticidh doibh (which is evidently a corruption of ... umalosaic ┐ fothrucud ...) RC xxix 110 § 3 . o ḟothraictib (-ruicib v.l.) teeib na ḟuaraib, Alex. 866 . dāla in fothraice ... as to bathing ... Ériu v 24.25 . doronait gretha glanḟothraicthi leo, LL 174b44 ( CRR 24 ). dognither gríthgretha do glanḟ.¤ dóib LL 253b45 ( TFerbe 84 ). dorónait gretha glanfothraicthe dóib LL 109b41 ( R.C. xiv 416 ). do rindedh fliuchcaomhna foilcthe ┐ fothraicthe dhóibh, ITS v 82.23 (other exx. s.v. fliuch-). Folld. by defining gen.: foithraicedh criadh (as a cure) a mud-bath (?) ZCP x 303.14 (H 2.12; corresp. to TBC-LL¹ p. 517 ). fothrugadh luaidhe a bath of (molten) lead Ériu iii 164y , cf. lind luaidi do legad ... ┐ fuil ... do theistin isin lind luaide ┐ fothrucad do ass, YBL 137a21 = ZCP iii 227 ). fathrucud fín, Ériu vii 200 § 8 . a bḟothraigthibh fola (of corpses on a battle-field) ML 130.26 ( ML² 1745 ). (Fig.) tobar féile ... do cháidh faoi da fothrogadh, Aithd. D. 18.33 .

Cf. édach na manach dia diunnach ┐ fothraccadh, BNnÉ 296 § 31 , where it may mean washing (clothes), but probably belongs to (b) below.

Of annealing: a dhá ṡleagh ... ar na bhḟothrughadh [sic] as fuil nathrach (perh. merely `dipped' in their finished state), OCT 176 x ( Atlantis iv ). cf. a nDia a lochthobar na leag | cia an foth[r]agadh nach fuairsead ? Ó Héodhusa p. 3 .

(b) a bathing-place, a bath: fothragadh (gl. balneum), Ir. Gl. 822 . in t[h]erma .i. hi linn nó hi fothrugud, RC xviii 385 (cf. YBL 137a cited above). ocna fothaircthib (gl. ad balneas) Sg. 217a4 . corice in fothracud hi Raid Both `the bath at Raphoe' Cáin Ad. 23 . don cloich fothraicthe (stone for heating water), Laws i 68.18 Comm. cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass IT iii 195 § 36 .

See next.

1 fulacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fulacht or dil.ie/24930

Forms: -aicht, -achta

n u, m. (cf. fulacht m. g s. -aicht and -achta, given under decl. of beandacht, but proscribed as a faulty form, IGT, Decl. § 25 ). The original sense is uncertain ; recess, cavity (?) ; cf. caide i nduine aitreibh an ghotha ? .i. i bfulachtaibh taoibh ┐ tromchridhe, Ériu xiii 36.5 . 24 . ceithre huide [an ghotha] .i. a f.¤ go druim, a druim go bruinne, a bruinne go braighe, a braighe go beola, 36 . im-foilge guth i bfulachtaibh taoibh, 37.21 (= i bfolachtaibh toib, O'Dav. 1094 ).

Freq. in the meaning cooking-pit, fireplace (usually out of doors, in a wood), hence also the act of cooking, esp. roasting or baking: co n-accai in fer ocond ḟulucht i mmedón ind feda ... oc funi in tuircc, LU 4948 . o ro ṡernad Noísi ... fulocht for feda fianchlar | millsiu cach biud ... | araralad mac U., LL 261a25 ( LMU 17 ). (in list of common rights in a territory :) f.¤ cacha chaille .i. in ni ara ndentar f.¤ isin caill .i. ind[i]uin (see indeóin), Laws v 482.26 (484.12) . ag ... for fulucht ... ag ... inbruithe `a calf ... to be roasted ... a calf ... to be boiled ii 252y ( SM Facs. 31a , ZCP xiv 355 ). triar oc dénam fulochta (in an `imda') LU 7658 ( BDD 123 ). (in an encampment :) do hordaigheadh aca ... a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta `their feasts and their cookings' ML 76.13 (1079) . fianbotha folachta, Cog. 60. 10 . dogniat ... fianbotha f.¤ ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe 132.11 (f.35b) . eoin a doiribh ... | rosoichtís f.¤ Fénne, Acall. 732 . ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae um an bf.¤ fiansae, Corm. Y 562 . saigid folachtai co tinntud uad dot tig (a journey permitted on Sunday) LB 204b40 = s. foluchta, Anecd. iii 22 . ce atagtha for fulochtu iarum conusnesta ina carnu `on cooking-hearths' Ériu ii 122 § 63 . cf. um Dheirg ... dar cheird ... falocht i bhfinnḟeadhaibh, DDána 83.21 . i fianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi (where the outlawed Earl of Desmond was captured in 1583) AFM v 1794.1 . cf. féarbhoth [fian-, Atk.] fhulachta ` cooking-booth ' TSh. 5946 (disparaging simile of the world). folach fiann .i. both folachta, Laws i 206.4 Comm. `inadh fulachta so', ar F., `┐ is cian o dorindedh'. `Is fír, ar C., `┐ f.¤ na Morrighna so, ┐ ní déntá gan uisci', Lism. L. xliii . fulacht na Morrigna in so .i. blogh di feoil huim ┐ araili di ḟeoil ḟonaithi ┐ mir n-immi irse ┐ ni legad a n-im ┐ ba fonaithi a n-om ┐ ni ba loiscthi an bruithi ┐ moale nobitis a triur for in mbir, YBL 419a12 . Cf Fulacht na Morrigna and so .i. crand a roth ┐ crand a mol edtir teine ┐ uisci ┐ iarand a corp ┐ da nai rethlen as an moil sin, etc. Celt. Rev. viii 74 . cf. also Triads 120 . isind crand fulucht fianachta `the appropriated tree' Laws i 206.12 Comm. (referring to : im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, 202.2 ; leg. crand-fulacht or crand fulachta ?). oc fulucht draidechtae brewing magic potions RC xii 100 § 133 . dē en foulachtae the fumes of the concoction, ib. bidh e an t-ionadh ainglidhe | a mbia fian bān i foluc[h]t, BNnÉ 193 § 13 .

By extension, the contents of the pit, food cooked: ba do gessib Con C. cen adall fulachta dia chaithim, LL 120a 14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and ib. 18 . co mbert a f.¤ n-uadaib carried off the food they had cooked RC xxv 344.3 . ba ferr folacht Formáoile | tri cháoga damh ... um cháoga muc, Duan. F. i 15.11 . ollamh re fagháil fulachta (= praeparatis ad escam) TSh. 7996 .

In later times certain spots were popularly called fulachta Fian (na bhF.) : do bhíodh do mhéid na dteinnte-se go bhfuilid a láithreacha dubhloiscthe i mórán d'áitibh i nÉirinn aniú ┐ is diobh ghairmid na criadhaireadha Fulacht Fian, Keat. ii 5113 .

The phrase FOR F.¤ camping ; in hiding is perhaps another extension : Ri dochoid fecht for folocht | ... diaro chind Iudas in mbrath | dia mbui i nGlind Iosofath, SR 7737 (hardly a ref. to the Last Supper, as suggested Duan. F. iii . More probably to Gethsemane). But a commoner word for this is folachta, q.v.

geis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. geis or dil.ie/25555
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: geisi, gessi, gessi, geisi, gesse, geisse, geis, geasa

n f. g s. geisi, Trip. 42 , 10.10 . ? gessi, SR 3635 . n p. gessi, LL 220b32 . geisi, Laws v 352.2 . a p. gesse, SR 26 . geisse Rawl. 84a43 . geis, IGT Decl. § 14.16 ; § 115 . In early Mod. Lit. pl. geasa. Connected with guidid `prays.' Cf. geis .i. guide, O'Curry 2016 ( H 4.22, 36a ); ailges a prayer or request, the refusal of which brings reproach or ill-luck. See Thurn. Heldensage, p. 80 , and cf. Corm. Y 62 . Cf. also oll-geisi `great demands,' Laws v 352.2 , which glosses ailgeasa. See further Ériu xxxii 161-62 , Studia Celto-Slavica iii 18 . In older literature generally:

(a) prohibited act or person , a tabu, a prohibition , the infraction (`coll' `milliud') of which involved disastrous consequences. Sometimes these `gessi' were fortuitous, originating in the fact that a certain course of action had produced disastrous results in the past, sometimes they were rules of honour or prudent abstention, often they rested on deep-seated primitive beliefs and ideas. Such tabus might be attached to a rank or office, e.g. the tabus laid on the king of Tara and on some of the provincial kings, Leb. Cert. 2 - 24 (where they are also called urgartha `things forbidden,' and opposed to buada = ada `lucky things' or `things prescribed'). Cf. for opposition of buada and geasa, Hy Maine 13.21 , and of ada and geis, CCath. 1166 . See also Macalister, Temair Breg; Baudiš, Ériu viii 104 seq. Frazer, Golden Bough, ch. xxvii § 1 (abbr. ed.), Celtica xxiii 38-59 . They might bind a whole community, TBC-LL¹ 1190 ; RC viii 56.12 . More often they were restrictions on an individual, either owing to the predictions of druids or soothsayers that certain actions would bring ill-luck, or imposed on him by another who had power to punish their violation, or who trusted to his sense of honour or his fear. For a list of Cú Chulainn's gessi see RC xiv 398.

Oen do gessib Ulad labrad ria n-a ríg ┐ óen do gessib in ríg labrad riana druidib, LL 263b17 ( MU 12 ). Cf. TBC-LL¹ 4724 . rochoillsiut ... geissi Conuiri, IT i 130.18 . Commonly as pred. with copula (expressed or understood) and DO (in later texts sometimes FOR) of person: is gess damsa ... dám óenmná do airitin iar fuiniud grene, LU 6986 ( BDD 63 ). geiss dó cárna a chomanma do ithi, RC iii 176.17 . fa geis do Fhothud Cananne ol corma cin chinnu marbu ina fhiadnaise, RC xiv 242.20 . CRR § 23 . Ogam ... ba ges do dul sech gan a legad , Auraic. 5943 . is geas damhsa gabháil tré dhorus éuluighthe, Oss. iii 58.5 . Foll. by CEN to express the idea of a positive injunction: is geis dond ríg cen an ro raid B. do dénam do, LU 10480 . ba do gessib C. cen adall fulachta dia chathim, RC iii 176.17 . geis fair ... cen chomrac n-oenḟir do ḟuacra, TBC-LL¹ 1231 . ba geis dissi cen a fothrucud, LL 125a6 . Sometimes gessi were attached to particular places or objects: tosōisom iarum clār clē a charpait fri hEmain, ┐ ba geis dī annīsin, TBC-I¹ 716 . MR 70.12 , MacCongl. 15.11 - 14 . trí geassa robadar for in sléig sin, Cóir Anm. § 41 ( IT iii 306.6 ). Cf. Keat. ii 4388 ; TD 19.9 ; Metr. Dinds. iii 230.56 . Used elliptically (of persons): gabais cach a suide ... eter gess ┐ nemgess those who were tabu and those who were not, BDD § 59 = BDD² 525.

(b) a positive injunction or demand: ní fil nech ... béras sein ... cora ícthar a gesse .i. enchennach Mercúir ... ┐ claideb Ulcáin, LL 220b26 ( TTr. 257 ). budh ghes do scéith Ch. géimedh le foréigin an tí air a mbeidh C.'s shield was bound to cry out, Trans. G. S. i iv 96.4 . ba geis di í féin d'fhothragadh san tobar ... gacha maidne, Keat. ii 3288 . (Cf. for different construction LL 125a6 supra.) An dara geis gan a ainm do thabhairt ... d'aonlaoch, Keat. ii 3386 . Gen. a solemn adjuration, command or prohibition from one person to another with imprecations or threats of misfortune in case of refusal (the ordinary sense in romantic lit.): do bertsat ... gesa agus airmberta for Coincculainn, da ttísadh úadh gan aidmilliudh furre, TBC-LL¹ 2295 . Cf. ITS v 112.22 . BS 102.19 . is olc na geasa do chuiris orm, Oss. iii 54.z . cuirim ort de gheasaibh i n-ainm Íosa a innsin, Eochairsg. 90.12 . geis Ruadháin, R's inderdiction (i.e. against Tara), TD 28.42 . Hence of the imprecations or ill-luck which follow the disregard of the `geis': geis fort ... da caithe tú biadh, Ériu iii 162.16 . g.¤ dó ... muna imre fi[th]chill rum-sa, ib. 12 . cuirim fa gheasaibh atha ┐ aidhmhillte thu ... muna m-beirir me fein lat, Oss. iii 54.20 . Mór tarla ar an ngeis ngnáthaigh `the wonted trouble,' TD 10.19 .

(c) something unlawful or forbidden; a wrong: gen gnim ṅgessi, SR 3635 . gach duine ghabhas geis eagcóir `an injustice,' Dán Dé xxxi § 20 . gach neach dhíbh dá ndéanann geis, § 21 . óicfher les nach geabtha geis, Irish Texts ii 32.9 . ? Ocus cath Ocha ... is mó gessib, Arch. Hib. ii 58 § 3 . In common phrase `cen geis' in poetry gen. as cheville = without wrong, flaw, fault (?): méraid cen galar, cen geiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.58 . blad cen gess, MacCarthy 168.1 . gníomh gan gheis, ML 56.24 . Eoin dalta Crīst cen gheis, Ériu iii 194 § 6. Lism. L. 1286 . A. Ó Dálaigh lv 16. pl. rosderb cen gesse coemruin without restrictions (?), SR 26 . Rawl. 84a43 .

(d) a spell, an incantation: cosna gessi (sic) gráda with love spells, Metr. Dinds. iii 216.2 . fair ... atát búada is búan-gesse, 230.56 . ērlama ar gurt co ṅgeiss `a strange ripeness across the field,' Ériu vii 223.32 . is uaidibh (i.e. from the Picts) gach geiss ┐ gach sén ... ┐ gach mana, Todd Nenn. 124.11 . domsoerad ... ar escaine ar aeir | ar ges duine ar gliaid, KMMisc. 255 § 17 . rachuaid im munigin a druidechta ... a gessi ┐ a gentliuchta, LL 222a20 ( TTr. 362 ). faídhis in inghenradh gesa bhar Ch., RC xv 68.1 (v.l. draoigheacht). bhfuil leigheas do gheas le fághail? (refers to Finn's metamorphosis), Oss. vi 16.16 . geasa cruadha d'bhar g-cur ar feoghadh hard spells causing you to wither, iii 248.16 . ag deánamh conjuration no ag cur na ndeamhan fá gheasaibh, Keat. ii 5443 . do bhuail a cheann ar chloich mar gheasaibh ag tuar sonais dó, iii 795 . Nós na mban bhíos fa gheasaibh `under enchantments,' TD 1.18 . Acts xix 13 . nach gabhaid geasa ná gnáithiarmharta greim dhe, TSh. 5956 . a chaor bheo nach beag geasa `of mighty power,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 3.

(e) Exact meaning doubtful: nir'ḟég geiss nó gliaid nó glond `point of honour,' Ériu vii 223.30 . d'ḟiss gessi na ṅgním `to prove the good-faith of the deeds,' Ériu vii 222 § 25 . d'ḟis mo genais as cach geis `beyond doubt,' 229 § 74 . nī dolith (.i. geis) dorōine an Coimdhe gach dūil, ZCP viii 107.12 .

1 gen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gen or dil.ie/25635

Forms: ngein, ngen, gena

n orig. u, n. n s. a ngein (leg. ngen), LL 7204 . n p. gena, Triads 91 . Later f.: n s. gen chon, Triads 91.

(a) a smile, a laugh : gen. foll. by gáire : tibid gen fris, LU 3288 ( SCC § 8 ). is mairg frisi tibi gen | in ben, LU 2977 = SG 235.6 . mogénor fristibhe gen, ZCP vii 268 § 3 . ba gen ┐ fáilte ... ar medón, LL 249a33 ( TBFr. 114 ). ni ro thib gen n-gairi, IT i 77.6 . nochon fhacces gen gáre for a beolu, LL 278b34 . Nach beoil blaiset ni thic faitbiud na gen gairi forra, Ériu ii 112 § 36 . a gen gáre ass frisna dama, RC xxv 30 § 14 . dorinne ... gen gaire ┐ subhachais, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . Keat. ii 5700 . trí gena ata messu brón : gen snechta oc legad, gen do mná frit ... gen chon ḟoilmnich, Triads 91 . gean .i. gairi, Lec. Gl. 358 . Of mocking or scornful laughter (alone or foll. by gáire) : faiphtis gen gaire 'na agaid, TTebe 3210. Cf. 4890 . rotib a gin ṅgairi (v.l. gen gaire) 'ma mac, 2623 . pl. rouadar ... ac genaib gæire im C., 2552 . cas-gen a short sarcastic laugh : dremhan an caisghen tibhes, Fianaig. 16 § 42 . atracht a chasgen as. `Fe ama !' or in fili, `is salach in gen,', YBL 127a9 . Cf. is cass conatbi a gen., Metr. Dinds. iv 244.47 . droch-gen a sour smile, a sardonic smile : dobái droch-ghen air acc bennachadh dó, BNnÉ 173 § 20.

(b) sport, levity : lanamnus donither tre gean, Laws ii 356.27 Comm. Cf. s.v. genaide.

1 lecad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lecad or dil.ie/29685

Forms: leagadh

u, m. vn. of 1 lecaid. leagadh (na cnó), IGT Verbs § 80.

(a) act of lowering, letting down : a leagadh trāth nōna as an ccroich do . . . Ioseph, ┐ Nicodemus, Parrth. Anma 1455 . an long ag lecadh a seoil, ZCP xi 130.19 ( BCC 246 ). muna bheith legadh na seōltae bātor a gconntabairt, Fl. Earls 12.29 . Cf. mar tháinig i dtalamh Éireann / Uilliam Congcar . . . / do bhí amhdháigh as a eachtra / an rí ar bhfaghbháil leagtha leis after he had landed(?), Aithd. D. 38.21 (`as he found himself abandoned'). Cf. also lecaid II. In fig. context: leagadh seóil, sníomh intinne depression, dejection , L. Cl. A. B. 211.14 .

(b) act of subduing : a thoil gá leagadh féin faoi `His will submitting herself to him', PBocht 27.14 . cuímhnig an sparruinn do leaga lé caoineas béas, Párl. na mB. 1435 .

(c) Implying the use of violence, throwing (to the ground), overthrowing: co tarrla leagad dó, Comp. CC 110.18 . triallaid a legad 'mo chloidimh `to fall upon his sword', Aen. 2604 . na comlada do leagadh fó cosaib, Celt. Rev. iv 12.3 . aga imthecht go reith gin legad gin leonadh, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 2 . do eiridh Conán slán de / on leagadh ar a raibhe `from the spot where he had been thrown down', Duan. F. ii 246 § 21 . doiligh liom-sa a leagadh leo (of Our Lord on the Cross overthrown by the sins of men), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . leagadh i n-a líon, PBocht 5.51 . oilbhéim nó tuiseal dá leagadh, TSh. 10464 . caislén cille móire do leaccadh lá Cathal, AFM iii 242.1 . each Aodha do lot, e fein do leaccadh, ┐ a marbhadh iaramh, iv 760.4 . leagadh i mbeol aonaigh é a notable fall, DDána 26.9 (= IGT Verbs ex. 707 ). cumus tárthála ┐ leagtha, 2 Chron. xxv 8 . thig . . . áirdspiorad roimhe an leagadh `before a fall', Proverbs xvi 18 . an té thógbhas a thigh go hárd is leaga d'iarann sé (ruinam), Párl. na mB. 1059 .

(d) Fig. downfall, ruin : tuitim Shéamais . . . / i gcrích Ṡacsan is leagadh dom shórd-sa calamity, Keat. Poems 138. do eiseirghi daine imdai ┐ do legad daine imda, YBL 148b37 . do leagadh a-dir gach dream `thy ruin everyone foretells', DDána 50.21 (tr. Ir. Monthly 1930, 263 § 21 ).

(e) act of placing, setting; position : leagadh mo shúil, ZCP v 219.553 (Midn. Court). déad is deise leagadh i n-árus a cinn, ITS xvii 109.8 .

Obscure: rama fri clais, screpall a fíu ┐ a leagad aen feacht; . . . bíail fri duir-ime, .i. a leagadh fa di, go ra fíu screpall; figba fri felmag, no fris in n-aile, screpall a fíu, ┐ a leagad fa dí, no sithaile no beoleagadh, Laws iv 130.17 ff. Comm . (`melted').

lechdach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lechdach or dil.ie/29703
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. (based on Lat. [littera] liquida, prob. influenced by legad) gramm. liquid: hit lechdacha lesom gl. sunt liquidae (uocales), Sg. 5a10 . emnad mutae re lechdaig `doubling of a mute before a liquid', 16b7 . fri múit ┐ lechdaig, 20b6 . do lechdagaib, 5a10 . re lechdachaib, 6a8 . indles dono a tapairt for losaiph fedha in tan is fidh aigenta, . . . no a tapairt for legtachaib (sic leg.) no for fonialus in tan is fid saorda, Auraic. 2835. fodhailtear leathghuthaidhi i leaghtachaibh ┐ i neamleachtachaibh 'semivowels are divided into liquids and non-liquids', FS Delorez 7.34 .

leg-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leg- or dil.ie/29734

ind (-é-?) (Lat. legere? or merely an abbreviation of légad ?): lasin litertreoraidh no lasin l.¤-treoraid `reading guide', Auraic. 450.

legad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. legad or dil.ie/29736

u, m. vn. of 1 legaid.

(a) act of melting (away), dissolving; smelting; decaying, perishing; liquifying: cen lobad cen l.¤ gl. (surget) in incorruptione, Wb. 13d2 . ni bia lobad na l.¤ doib iar sin gl. mortui resurgent incorrupti, 19 . bás ón ┐ lobad ┐ l.¤ , Ml. 103c16 . druailned legtha `the corruption of dissolution', 38c9 . imfolṅgai son l.¤ doibsom gl. liquescere, 94b3 . ata corp Cianain gan lobad gan leghad, Fél. 244.21 . ó tharinscan in slíab légad (sic) when the mountain began to melt away, Trip.² 2439 . mas d'egcodhnach ro gabadh an athgabail tar fis faosma . . . sechtmad eneclainne d'fir an faosma . . . ┐ an athgabail do lega[d] as uile and an end to the seizure(?), O'Curry 2682 ( Eg. 88, fo. 58 ). ceir do l.¤ na cluasaib, LL 198 . tuaircnech na ṅgoband ic méinl.¤ miannaig, ┐ ic trenl.¤ turend, 218b45 ( TTr. 132 - 3 ). do glaisiarann cruaidh . . . arna l.¤ ┐ arna hathleagad fecht for a sé, CCath. 4679. ? atcota crodlesc leghadh, RC xlv 65 § 41 (i.e. if a man does not look after his property it perishes?). gach learg ar leaghadh a clúimh the grass (foliage?) of every slope has withered, L. Cl. A. B. 79.79 . lá an tighearna . . . an a mbeid na dúile ag leaghadh ré teas, 2 Peter iii 10 . meall ime agá leaghadh, TSh. 5053 . do shéideadh na teinead air dá leaghadh (of metals), Ezekiel xxii 20 . siled ┐ leagad ┐ fertain (of mist), Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.18 . ag leaghadh go cathach tré n-a athair `as he weeps dolefully for his father', O'Rah. 206.114.

(b) running out, coming to an end : ata in dub ag leagad, YBL 307 marg. sup. Cf. fo-lega. as truag an tairling tuc an meamrum ag leagad oraind, ZCP xii 358.4 (scribe's note in Rawl. B 506, fo. 2a ).

(c) Of a consonant, becoming liquid: dliged lechtha .n. post .m. `the law of the liquidation of n after m', Sg. 11b2 . Cf. lechdach.

légad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. légad or dil.ie/29737

Forms: légam, léigem, légaid

u, m. Also légam, léigem. vn. of légaid. Older vn. léigenn q.v.

(a) act of reading, studying : iar leghadh mo leghínd, IT iii 93 § 142 . diadacht do legud ┐ do scríbad, PH 7371 . nírbo reil do-som legad ina litre le ciamdorcacht na hoidhchi, Grail 1211 . cairt nach léir do léghadh, L. Cl. A. B. 237.11 . ré léghadh leóin as a los `while they read of grief to follow it', Studies 1919, 257 § 11 . ag léaghadh leabhar ndiadha, TSh. 9586. reading out, aloud : gá léaghadh re linn an chunntais / cairt mo locht, DDána 59.4 . tar éis léighthe an reachda, Acts xiii 15 . ag éisteacht ré beathaidh na n-ard-aithreach . . . agá leaghadh, TSh. 404 . léaghamh líne reading, book-lore (among the accomplishments of a chief), Keat. Poems 767 = léigheamh, Hackett xxxix 135 . Fig. of one who is well-read: tobar fis / . . . / léaghadh meall nglanrolla ngeal / ceann foghluma na bhfileadh (of a dead Ó Dálaigh poet), DDána 73.42 .

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