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ainmer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmer or dil.ie/1448

adj (mer) very wild, fierce: bríathra ainmheara annradh, IGT Decl. ex. 465 . fa ghlár ainmhear an fhileadh, Content. xxv 3 . léim ainmhear, 7 . asna hiarladhaibh uaisle ainmera ` vigorous ', AFM v 1572.8 .

airchillte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchillte or dil.ie/1714

is tuilchinnti techt dá léim / bert is uirchillti eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 , Verbs 543 . Appar. part. of ar-foichlea, hence pre-ordained .

1 airide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airide or dil.ie/2091
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airidi, airidiu, airide, aridi, aeridi, airidin, airidni, airiten, hairidhni

n (air + 2 suide?) Decl. varies. As io-stem g s. airidi, Críth G. 224 . d s. airidiu, LL 3763 . n p. airide, O'D. 393 ( H 3.17, 299 ). a p. aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . g p. aeridi, LU 3685 . Also as n-stem: d s. airidin, LL 7491 . n p. airidni, CRR § 3 . g du. da airiten , YBL 419a5 . Also f. g s. na hairidhni , BS 39 .

Part of the standard furnishing of a house, associated with, but distinct from, imdae. See Críth G. 228 n. , SCC 39 n. 485 . arsiasir airimdha esrada sceo airidhíu `he presided over(?) front couches, strewn (couches), front seats', Ériu xvi 179 § 2 . cuslennaig ḟéil fidchellaig / i n-airidiu airthir (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 3763 (cf. cuslennaigh . . . a noirtiur fhoitsi, Laws iv 338.14 Comm. ). díles n-indles n-a.¤ do brúud . . . forrán a chuile a chumat dírech n-airidi, Críth G. 226 `(the fine for) pillaging his kitchen is the same as for stripping a couch' p. 30 . direch n-airidi nó es nue dia esair stripping of a dais, new straw to cover it(?), 228 and n. eter imda ┐ aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . a ha.¤ . . . ┐ a hinuta soillsi (of a house), O'D. 393 ( H 3.17, c. 299 ) = a hairmedha, Laws v 326.12 Comm. dogní toil maic Dé do nim / is grian etrocht a mbi sam / is airithe Dé do nim / is lestar glainide glan, Fél. 156.10 (`he is a dais of God in Heaven'). da imdai dec tar a da leithi triar in gach imdáei ┐ ví fir dec hi cechtar a da airiten (of the Teach Midchuarta), YBL 419a5 . co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind a.¤ , ZCP viii 120.17 . atchonnarc triar n-aile isind airidi, BDD 120 ( LU 7642 ). tuc Cerball lua da choiss friasi ┐ si fo chossaib sinn airidin, LL 7491 . conid corustar asa imda go riacht ind aridin ina suidiu for lar, IT ii2 241.x = asa imda for lar i n-airrthur in tigi, Lec. tuc leis anund [in congna] co laechlar in tigi . . . cor' lín o airidin co hurlár, Acall. 2935 v.l. ro-loscit ar ṅdúnaid . . . connach arddi íat 'nas a n-airidni ┐ a n-immellaige, CRR § 3 , § 15. Cf. connarbdar airdiu a déntai andat a immélaig, TBC-LL¹ 1314 . imdhadha ┐ airighne `bunks or sleeping benches' (of a boat), Éigse vii 284 . rolincc . . . léim tar colbha na tuilgi co ráinic cenn na hairidhni síos, BS 39 . fochla didiu cach suidiu n-ai[r]echda; faitsi cach n-a.¤ , Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.y ). faitsi gach n-a.¤ nó gach imdae, O'Dav. 841 . airidhe .i. aurshude, O'Mulc. 78 . eridhe .i. irsuidhe, 426 . Cf. 2 airge?

aithbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbe or dil.ie/2550
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a.

n io, [n.]. Later f. a.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of * aith-ben, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 461 . See also LEIA (cf. taithbe).

(a) ebb, reflux (of sea): tuile ┐ a.¤ .i. tempestas et tranquilitas , Thes. i 3.30 . in aithbiu gl. remeat, Thes. ii 24.35 ( BCr. 34c4 ). muir . . . dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for aitbe la gemredh. Leith-bliadain for thuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . is tuile ┐ a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . céin no bíd in muir for línad . . . céin ba ha.¤ , LL 21088 . an tan ba ha.¤ an muir ba forreil an tor uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . co rangattar . . . taran ffersait, ar ba ha.¤ ann an tan sin, AFM v 1610.33 . tond a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 104.7 . a.¤ .i. trághadh no laghdughadh mara, O'Cl.

Hence decline, decay: a.¤ flatho Oengussa, AU i 212.16 ; 'the ebbing of the power of Ó.' Seanchas 139 . tuile a.¤ elta nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). aithbi oll a[r] [t]h'airmitne `may thy honours ebb utterly', Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ra bítis a tigi / i tilchaib cen aithbi, LL 6594 . sai gan aithbhi néinígh, AU ii 518.15 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh / léim aithfe dá n-imdheadhuil, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . a tairthi mar an g-craeibh g-ciníl / do sgaeil aithfe d'Eibilín `have come to an ebb with E.', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.24 . bái trí tráth forsind ḟaithchi / Temrach co trumma aithbi (cotromaithbi v.l.) greatly wasting (of an exposed child), Ériu iv 94 § 9 . ? prímdae bréo nád athbi (aithbe, aithbi v.l.), Fél. Apr. 15 (Plummer, MS. notes considers this and follg. ex. as finite forms of a vb. *aith-ben-). co cléir nóib nád athbi, Aug. 12. ? Of defeat in battle: corrabatar fó sár theichle iarna a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 46 ( LL 183a35 ). Of decline in old age, death: a.¤ dam-sae bes mara / senta fomdera croan, PRIA lv (1952-53) C 88 § 1 . ní frescet a.¤ na éc, Imr. Brain 11 § 18 . a.¤ Loegaire meic Néill the death of L., LL 6090 . rí crúaid Cnucha i cath Aichle / fúair trucha ┐ trena.¤ , LL 15176 . ? dá n-anadh rem' aithbhi-sea, MR 306.10 .

(b) act of avenging (sense of aithe): do-chuaidh dá aithbe ar Ultaibh 'went ... to avenge him upon the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 5 . go ro dheónaigh Dia a dhíogail ┐ a aithbhe for na gallaibh . . . an míimirt . . ., AFM vi 2252.4 . ac díghailt a sháraigthi ┐ ac aithbhi gach uilc, SG 24.15 . gé aithne oirne gan fhíoch / do dhíoth a.¤ a coindi (sic MS.) ar chách thy death makes everyone [wish to] avenge it when he contemplates it(?), Dán Dé xxvi 10 .

aithléimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithléimm or dil.ie/2733
Last Revised: 2019

n (léimm) second leap, rebound: trí athleim gl. resultando, Thes. ii 5.26 . ro lingestar leim . . . ro faemustar in t-athleim, MR 234.4 . i sás anas gan aithléim 'it remains trapped in a snare', Éigse xxxvi 38 § 2 .

1 al

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 al or dil.ie/2852

Forms: ol, oll, all, ala, allae

Also ol, prep. folld. by accus. Earliest form presumably oll, later all, GOI § 825 . See also KZ xliv 375 , Ériu ii 87 - 8 . Also written ala, etc. Follg. mutation doubtful, see Celtica v 98 f. Appar. with demonstr. in olse, ibid. 95 ff. , see 6 ol. See also olṡuide, 1 suide. With suff. pron. 3 s. n. allae, see separate article.

Beyond. Cf. ind-oll gl. ultra, Sg. 220a6 (earlier form of innonn? Cf. GOI § 825 ). a.¤ gl. ultra (definitum), 217b14 . cath na Luacrai all Maig (sic) Slecht, ZCP xx 222.27 . midtir oim fri uatha almna almaca (almnai almacu v.l.) (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.1 ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 57 ). mairg d'Ulltaib madh ala Bóinn beid, Ériu xiii 20.5 (leg. al B., Celtica vi 226 ). ránic axalu la arbriu archangliu, LU 687 (ACC) to be read: roānic axal / ul(a) airbriu, Celtica vi 243 n.5 . ? crion cách ala methus melctheme, Ériu xiii 20.4 . Cf. p. 220 and O'Dav. 1228 . Perh. also (written ala) in the formulae in Irish Texts iv 14-15 , e.g. fir chometa co ala ait ochtmad, etc. (cf. 1 aile?). In etymological explanations: Almu .i. almóin .i. fri moin aniar, RC xv 308 . allaid .i. al-fid .i. ala[i] ri fid (sic leg.) on the other side of the wood, Corm. Y 298 . mag alcuing ... ar cuing a da cich dar derc a lened ... ┐ is friss conerbart mag alcuing, ZCP iii 245 § 52 (Tochm. Emire) (cf. alchaing).

Obsolescent even in O. Ir. period, and somet. confused with other prepp. For dar in: ac toidecht dam all muir móir, Ériu ii 88.4 = dar muir, Anecd. i 26 § 15 . ? For ar in n. loc. Síd al (ar, fer) Femen (-in, -un), Heldensage 62 etc. Sid al Femin, ZCP iii 16.2 . Note also leim alboilcc .i. suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat nó léim dar ais dond aroid for rith, O'Mulc. 759 . See bolg.

For use as conjunction see 2 and 3 ol.

2 alt, allt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 alt, allt or dil.ie/3017
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m., f., neut. Ériu xliii 208 , LEIA A-63 . height, cliff: all ┐ a.¤ ab altitudine , O'Mulc. 36 . Ériu xiii 61 § 2 . a.¤ ar a.¤ is cnoc ar cnoc, Duan. F. i 41.25 . teid . . . Ænias for bend aillt `went to the top of a cliff', Aen. 271 . tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . a imluadh taran allt n-adhuathmar, Lism. L. 4834 . ba cuma nobhíttís isin allt sin ois allta ┐ miola muighe, BS 72 . eter cnoccaib ┐ alltaib ┐ ardaib, PH 502 . go ndroigheanuibh gheineas as áltuibh ┐ as cnocuibh, Deuteronomy viii 7 . ? tuc brosnaigi ar almaib a.¤ , LL 16772 . ? doníther linne . . . droichitt na n-a.¤ , RC xxix 118 § 15 `leap' (cf. a.¤ .i. leim , O'Cl.).

Of a downward drop, valley; abyss : ceithre coin allta dom rébad ┐ mo breith dóib triasin raithnig ┐ mo thuitimm i n-allt mór 'valley', CCellaig² 11.355 . eadram is allt na cróine `the pitch-black abyss' (of hell), Aithd. D. 49.37 . ? fochairt i n-alt in maro depths (?), LU 1725 (perh. for 1 all, cf. all moro, RC xi 452.2 ).

Compd. ¤-dorcha: don tuinn a. from the towering dark wave, Measgra D. 50.27 (faltdorcha dark-maned, v.l., Gloss.). See 3 ailt.

5 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 alt or dil.ie/3020

ind (a.¤ .i. léim , O'Cl.) see 2 alt.

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

3 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ara or dil.ie/3915

Forms: ara, araid, faraid, araib

n (-ae) d, m. ara (on ghilla) m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Also araid, IT i 272.23 ; ZCP viii 231 § 26 . faraid, ZCP iii 45.10 . Note also d p. araib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 12.34 , 36.15 . Derived from *are-seds by O'Brien, Celtica iii 170 . See also Vendr. Lex.

(a) charioteer: aire ┐ arae ab auriga . . . amail remetet ara choimdid, O'Mulc. 54 . lēim dar ais dond aroid for rith, 759 . faitsi . . . ainm do suidhiu ind arad, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.26 ). ni-caīn-cotli are senfonnith, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . dorochair arae Aiffe, RC xi 450.119 . ara ara bélaib isin charput a charioteer in front of him (i.e. the fighter) in the chariot, LU 9274 , 10232 . Foich ┐ Fochlam a nda a.¤ , 4729 . dufoid P. in carpat . . . cen arith nand, Thes. ii 242.12 (Ardm.). eter araid ┐ errid, IT i 325.27 . imasaí a charpat ┐ a arai[d], BDD² 13 . noí n-araid foglomma la tri primaradu ind rig, LU 7610 (BDD). ní gonaim aradu, TBC-LL¹ 1260 . tendsat araid Ulad a ṅglomraigi i mbélbaigib a n-echrad, MU² 285 . do-rigenta furopra ic aradaib Ulad, 308 . brechta druad ┐ arad, LL 1059 . ní dernae bésu arad practise not the ways of a charioteer, Ériu i 200.7 . t'a.¤ ┐ t'each, IGT Decl. ex. 794 . Appositional gen.: Cairpre arad (: scarad), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.3 . ria nĀed arad (: nDanar), Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 47 .

(b) In more general sense of messenger, attendant: a.¤ .i. giolla, O'Cl. luid in t-a.¤ (.i. in buachail) do thaig in druad, IT i 40.19 . aes ciuil . . . ┐ araid, Laws v 108.20 . araid dano ┐ oblóre . . . oc dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . daetain . . . d'aradhaibh, ZCP vi 37.z . a ngille ┐ a n-aradha, AFM vi 2198.18 . aes uirmheata ┐ aradha, 2130.10 . oen gilla arad leo, ┐ assan i.e. one servant to drive the donkey(?) (of the flight into Egypt), LB 141b19 .

Compd. ¤-ṡlúag: coill eachraidh is aradhshluaigh `loss of horses and waggons', Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

In n.loc. du láthruch da arad, Thes. ii 240.16 (Ardm.). Cf. Airecar n-arad s.v. airecar.

ar-dalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-dalla or dil.ie/4053

Forms: airdallad

v (dallaid) blinds: ar-da-dalla amail cēo, ZCP iv 243.22 ( Ériu iii 6.13 ). apair fris, ni aurdallat dāna sona . . . for lubra léim rich gifts must not blind him . . . as regards the poor (?), ZCP xi 94 § 31 . Cf. niba dallbrethach nid urdalla[t] dana nis n-urfaoma o beguib na moruibh, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b).

Vn. airdallad.

arrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrann or dil.ie/4264

Forms: arraing

n a.¤ (ón doigh) f., IGT Decl. § 12 . Also arraing. pang, stitch: mac barrainde Brían Ó Néill / léim arrainne a thriall atúaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 564 . gút ann do chosaibh no arraing ann do ghuailnibh, Hard. i 20.10 . ní liaigheasfadh an arraing atá dul tríom tarsna, 244.y. ta arraingeadha báis tré cheart-lár mo chróidhé, 74.5 .

bedg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bedg or dil.ie/5541
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bidg, bidg, bedga, bidgu, beadhg, bhiodhgadh

n o, m. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 88.11 , GOI § 218. Also bidg. n p. bidg, ZCP xii 378 § 7 , bedga, TTebe 1539 . a p. bidgu, TBC-I¹ 1323. start, spring, leap, bound: bedhg .i. léim , Ériu xiii 77.222 . b.¤ a n-ailithre springing away towards (i.e. sudden departure on) a pilgrimage, Laws v 296.16 . a lelgad (sic) iar n-ar a mbeadg ana ceandasaib allowing them (sc. oxen) . . . to make a start out of their halters, 486.24 . ce fuachnaidh in t-ech risium, acht nar a b.¤ `through a start', iii 180.16 Comm.

With prec. vb. (see also s. fo-ceird, do-cuirethar): foceird Condla . . . b.¤ úadib, LU 10055 ( ZCP xvii 201.5 ). focherd Sūaltaim bedc imach, TBC-I¹ 3000. foceird b.¤ cucai he springs towards it, Fraech 190 . cuirither iasg mbrecc mbedg, Murphy Lyrics 52.9 (MS.). focherd bedc dar na tri lisu `he leapt across the three ramparts', RC xi 452.15 . foceird beadg de co mbai for bruinnibh an fir, Ériu v 122.1 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar bord, ML 122.10 . dos cuiretar bedc as fa thuaid they spring away northwards, IT ii1 175.17 . See do-cuirethar I (c) ff. foling īach brec bedc, Four Songs 20 § 6 .

More generally rush, rapid dash; attack: brëo fri brūach, bruithnech b.¤ `thrust' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1 ( LL 18382 ). tucus scíath ba Dáire deirg / assin leirg dia ngontis bidg `spear-casts', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.10 . rob é in bidc rúanaid / gním n-uabair nEchach, SG 365.4 . go dtugatar ruathar . . . gur ba bedhg do'n mbráth a mbaramail, Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.36 . suairc don rígh don-roigne an bedhg (the feat of banishing the Goill), Cog. 96.13 . ba buadhach a mbeadhg (: Cearb) (in praise of princes), LMuimhneach 135.7 . sudden death, seizure; shock, fright: ar díen-bhás ar b.¤ / . . . / rom-ain Īosa ard `against shock' (`sudden death', Murphy Lyrics 10.4), Ériu iv 236.7 . bud í in phláig díbse is a b.¤ / in lám d'imbert oram, SG 55.37 . na fhacamar bidhg mar sin `a seizure' (of the sudden death of a horse), Magauran 1784 . an glór do thóg mé a raer i mbíodhg, Keat. Poems 94. cruaidh in beidhg (: Deirg, beadhg, v.l.), LMuimhneach 120.18 . tap .i. obann nō bidg (g s. ?), Corm. Y 1232 = Ériu xiii 23.24 , see also Corm. 43. musclais . . . asa chodlud ┐ dotaéd [do] (sic leg. ed.) bhidg (do bheidhg, bheagh, v.ll.) asin imdaig, FDG 37. subita morte periit .i. do bhidhg, AU i 158.6 (709 A.D.). ba marb do bidc oenúaire died suddenly, SR 7170. Seaan mac P. . . . dég do biodhg ina iomdhaidh `of a sudden fit', AFM iv 770.4 . as amhluigh thárla dhó . . . an t-anam do bhíodhg dá fhághbháil, Mac Aingil 1022 (leg. bhiodhgadh ?).

Compds. With adjj. ¤airlam: robuail G. builli bígurrlum ina bruindi `a swift, sudden blow', ZCP vi 81.5 . ¤ard: cur meabaidh . . . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha bedccarda (of a river), TBC-LL¹ 3911.

With nouns. ¤airde: bedgarrdhena báis `startling omens', MR 268.29 . ¤bert: roráid tre bedg-bert, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . dul tre bedhccblaid brig gan glaid / co Delccnait na comaentaidh, glossed: tria imthecbt obann, Leb. Gab.(i) 44.11 . ¤díbad: beidgdibudh mor co ro la ár doeine ┐ indeli `a sudden . . . mortality', AU i 496.2 (986 A.D.). ¤labartha (pl. of labairt): ris na bidg-labarthaibh bódhbha `startling . . . words', MR 298.4 .

With verb: bráighe gheal fa ghruaidh shéaghainn | in uaigh is eadh bhidhgfhéaghaim 'a pale neck beneath a distinguished cheek is what I see in the grave and start in horror', Giolla Brighde 50 § 39 .

? teíd gan bhéim le beadhgoráin (: iongabháil), Aithd. D. 60.5 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

beithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithir or dil.ie/5603
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beithre, bethrach, beithrech, ghuaisbheithre

n g s. beithre, bethrach, beithrech. Usually f., but note g s. an ghuaisbheithre , Studies 1918, 281 § 9. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 163. From ON ber(a), Zimmer, ZDA xxxii 285 f. , but this disputed Bidrag 121 . According to Wagner from an OE dialect form beora, beara Ériu xxviii 5 . Cf. Ériu xix 114 , Sprache xliii 172 n. 2 .

Usually taken as meaning bear, but as a rule loosely applied. Freq. as laudatory epithet of warriors (cf. 1 art and Wortk. 43 ): fuil losgann is bethrach ngarg / ┐ fuil leoman lánard, ZCP v 504.12 . (one of the events of doomsday. The birth of Antichrist ?) ingen dotngēna fria hathair / amail nathruigh / dia do bethraigh (sic leg. ?) / an mac geinfeas what a monster, ZCP viii 196.24 . (of a chief) brīg bethri, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 40 ( Corp. Gen. 4.3 ). bethir ar beodacht `a bear for bravery', Ann. Conn. 1404.4 . (of the Dond Cualṅgi) co ruathur bethrach / co mbruth biasta / co mbuilli latraind, IT iii 246.9 ( LL 33011 ). ni dligh buachail b.¤ a cowherd is not entitled to a wild animal (to serve as herd dog ?) O'D. 2418 ( Rawl. B 506, 54.1 col. 2 ). gríobh dhroibhéil d'fheithimh Uladh, / b.¤ oiléin d'fhásughadh (of a leader), DDána 75.44 . fúarais ac léim chluidh chathrach / guin nathrach is béim beithreach, IGT Decl. exx. 2038 , 1882 . ingheiltfid an mart ┐ an bh.¤ = the cow and the bear shall feed, Isaiah xi 7. b.¤ `a bear', Eg. Gl. 100. (to death) cosmhail le b.¤ nimhnig, / le gríbh thú, nó le faolchuin `some fierce animal' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 66.17 . Fig.: as mé an b.¤ . . . / as mé Maodócc mórmiolla (in previous lines M. calls himself leomhan and mathgamhain), BNnÉ 285 § 273 . (of the murderers of Cellach) beithri nach somolta sin, / ceithri comalta Cellaich, Metr. Dinds. iii 414.11 . (of the world) is tú an bh.¤ bhéimeannach, TSh. 2121.

Fig. with complimentary sense brave warrior, hero, chief : for-bris Bresal Bēlach / bethir borb buaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.7 . a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). na beitreacha cruaidi cathbuadacha, TBC-LL¹ 3863. tri beithreaca beodha . . . / triar laoch, IT ii2 146.5 . M. / b.¤ fhaobhrach onórdha, O'R. Poems 1522. na beithre-se Mac Míleadh, Measgra D. 54.60 . beithre `heroes', AFM iv 750.19 . Applied to a lady: a bh.¤ chorcra, TD 15.48 .

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

3 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 bolg or dil.ie/6349
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: balg

n ā, f. (see Heldensage 114 n.2 and O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 163.4 . Acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xi 192 - 195 b.¤ (bolc) `gap' is an invention of glossators). Cf. 1 bolg balg (bháoghail) f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.18) . gap, cleft : `b.' berna, Metr. Gl. 9 § 5. balg .i. bearna, O'Cl. For phr. léim tar boilg see 1 bolg. ? ní bhalg an tír tar a Tadhgaibh / gach Tadhg díbh dhá targaidh techt, IGT Decl. ex. 1096.

1 caithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caithid or dil.ie/7996

Forms: -chaithi, -caithe, -caith, caitheóchat, caithem, caitte, caithte

v 3 s. conj. -chaithi, Wb. 6c11 . -caithe, Mon. Tall. 145.20 . -caith, 146.9 . Cf. do-caithi. fut. 1 s. caitheóchat, De Contemptu 2718 .

(a) consumes, spends, uses . Of food and drink: dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . mani chaithea. . . feoil ┐ saill, Mon. Tall. 51 . nochaithed ceathroimthi na bairgine, Anecd. i 7.26 ( SCano 225 ). ni caithfiter ni de `naught thereof shall be consumed', Fél. 54.30 . rī Cothail caithis proind, Ériu xviii 62 § 17 . co caithinn i n-ōen-adaig mo sháith, MacCongl. 25.y . uair bhar n-airighidh ro-caithsib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.3 . da g[c]aithit in biad, Laws ii 34.21 Comm. acht nar caithid imarcraid (of cattle), iii 262.18 Comm. ro-chaithed praind, CRR 34.1 . roráidset nád caithfitis feis Temra, Ériu iv 126.3 . nochar chaith saith no séire, ZCP i 62.x . dia cathed nech . . . cid dig n-usci n-and, iii 206.8 . meinic do chaithsead a gcuid / do láimh abadh, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ad-chaith blod dib, E 3.29, 40 rb 42 . cor chaith corp Crist, Cog. 196.18 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim epscuip Erc. Ériu iv 160.22 . caith fo thrī'sa bliadain corp, ZCP vi 272 § 15 . ?Cf. corp De rocaithed dar ndīn (of consecrated wafer), vii 304 § 11 . Of clothing wears : cét rí ro chaith cetchorcair, LL 17782 . in t-etach ro caithedh ris, Laws i 218.23 Comm.

Of wealth, property etc., spends, enjoys: céin cor chaithsetar a feib, LU 2829 . na cathid uar seoid, TTebe 2236 . ni tú chaithfes iet (of kine), TBC St. 3638 . ri rochaitetur tuatha ┐ ecolsa . . . somaine `whose wealth was partaken of by . . .', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . mas re hindliged . . . ro caithed iad (of church offerings), Laws v 122.22 Comm. a ghrás ní chaithfe `exhaust', Aithd. D. 96.21 . a lucht caithes in conāch, ACL iii 239 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 80 ).

Of time, span of life etc.: goro cathestar Moysi trian a æísi i clemnus in sacairt, Celtica iv 5.3 . ré buan ro-chaith in treb the, LB 124a39 . roschathetar na hosadha, LL 407b29 ( TTr. 2173 ). ro chathis do re, YBL 140a26 . reimis tri rig do rigaib Erind do chaith he reigned as long as, Lec. 188va34 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . an corp gur chaith a óige, xxi 8 . fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Eabha / gur chaithsead cúig aimseara, xvii 28 . do chaith a ré, Rel. Celt. ii 218.27 . annsa mí sin do caith tu last month, O'Gr. Cat. 297.6 . Of enjoyment of office: ro chaithedar a com-f[h]laithes ar in c[h]ōrugad sin, ML² 1014 . is amlaid caithes C. a rige, TBC St. 766 . Of royal circuit: iss amlaid no caithed rí Temrach Erinn .i. a Temraig i lLaignib used to traverse, SG 80.y . ?Cf. tuath cach thire caithfed de `should be his', MR 132.11 .

With other objects: ar nā caite lés occae `that light might not be spent therein', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii 55 ). mór n-amsach cóem roscathi `it spent the strength of many a . . . hireling', Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . comram dia chomramaib / Cerbaill rodoscaith `who achieved them', RC xxix 212 § 10 . éc roscaithi, LL 15812 . da chaith gach comhland gu ceill waged battles, Ériu x 87 § 97 . co ro caithe a lan-saire till he have exhausted his full privilege, Laws i 200.1 Comm. caithidh bur ccurpa do chosnamh bar nanma, bar nuaisli, ┐ bar nathardha, ZCP xiv 229.6 . ros-caith imghluaisecht mara . . . hi (an island), i 414.9 . ó chaithesdair an ghaeth a goil when the wind had spent its valour, ML 48.21 . do chaith cérd a chomhachta re dénamh an deighchríosa `exercised his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.7 . caithid . . . / ar ḟeadh n-aonlaithe mh'anáir `exhaust their entertainment of me in one day', TD 15.12 . caithidh umhlacht, DDána 58.28 . caiter an féarsa-sa let this verse be used, O'Gr. Cat. 287.13 . déine aithrighe i n-am chóir / ós ann caithfidhe an cuspóir `achieve thy end', A. Ó Dálaigh xli 7 . Of lord consuming his food-rents etc.: cib ead caithes do biud, Laws v 520.10 Comm. cīos is cāin Ērenn re hedh / i ttír Conaill co caithfedh that for a time he might spend the tributes and taxes of Ireland in Tirconaill, ZCP viii 108.21 . Of territory dwells in, enjoys: ro catsetar crich Candan o chein lived in, BB 238b25 . mas e an ferann ro fagaib se, caithid an fine an ferann, O'Curry 2293 ( Eg. 88, 22(23)a ). caithid . . . / an chaithir do cheannchubhair, DDána 29.28 . ?Cf. ó chaitheadar tar fairrge go cian an táin (of the Irish chiefs who fled to Spain), Hackett² xlvii 11 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ x fri y treats y with x; spends, uses x against y: a c[h]uirp, notc[h]aith fri crābud `apply thyself to', ZCP vi 264 § 1 . ionnmhas Néill chaitheas re clú, Magauran 2035 . ní chaitheadh sé acht réidhe rinn, 4239 . red chosg níor chaitheamar dlús `I was not in earnest in chastising thee' (to body), Dán Dé xix 10 . Mac Muire dá gcaithe an chóir / re gach nduine, xxiii 39 . foirm do chunnraidh . . . / . . . caith rú `keep to the letter of the contract with them', Aithd. D. 31.19 . gul . . . / ná caith re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . caith rer ndaingin-dín duthracht `be jealous in my strong guarding', A. Ó Dálaigh xix 3 . bíodh go gcaithfidhe leighis . . . ris, Rial. S.F. 164 . With prep. AR: do chaith sé fhíoch ar t'aghaidh he spent his fury fighting you, Aithd. D. 8.42 . caith oram, a urla fhiar fix your choice on me, Dánta Gr. 11.33 .

(c) casts, hurls, throws (missile): ró chaith Cc. an gá bulga, TBC-LL¹ p. 565 n. an tonn do chaith Ó Cathail / rim `the wave which Cathal's descendant cast against me', Ériu iv 220.21 . gur chaith orchar ós íseal, Aithd. D. 23.32 . bogha as a gcaithtear croinn, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xii . do chaith an luáithred, 2 Kings xxiii 6 . Note also: caitheas O. léim , Oss. vi 98.17 . With prep. FRI, FOR, LA: do chaithedar . . . ilmilti do liagaibh . . . re hE., Stair Erc. 1549 . gur chaithis sleig form, Sc.M² 11 R.

(d) In pass. with ro is required, needed (lit. can be used?): rochatir . . . / óic is airm don immargail `gebraucht werden', TBC-LL¹ 512 = recaigter, TBC St. 421 . rocaiter a deg[fh]rithailem `he must be well served', MacCongl. 87.5 . ? a mian don cholainn caithtir the body must needs be gratified, Dán Dé vii 19 . Note also: gíd úathad lín in chaire / dochaitter menma aire it must be taken seriously, TBC-LL¹ 2358 . Later in somewhat difft. idiom (act. as well as pass.) in fut. and sec. fut. only is obliged, must : caithfead mo c[h]uid do c[h]aitheam[h] . . . an c[h]aitheachtain a p[h]earsa; l. denmhas neith aige acht ar da fhaistine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 44 . With follg. Vn. phrase or equivalent: adubairt . . . co caithfidis dul leis, ZCP vi 51.12 . go gcaithfedh dul, IT ii2 150.738 . caithfid a n-aisec ina shaegul, PH 7615 . fían Shaxan do ṡeachna . . . caithfead, Ériu ix 167 § 37 . go gcaithfidhe a rinn reimpi / maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce, DDána 11.36 `the indulgence of my Protector must stretch forward to its utmost', Ir. Monthly 1930, 517 . caithfir in tír . . . d'faghbail, ZCP vi 80.21 . do caithfidhe . . . / bláth ar maithmhighe M., DDána 11.9 . túr an tighe / . . . do caithfidhe `that home should be striven for', Aithd. D. 89.40 . do chaithfeá-sa an tslighe-si uile do ghabháil, Desid. 604 . go gcaithfediss foighite do bheith aca, Fl. Earls 22.13 .

With difft. kind of object must have : do chaithfinn dom fheitheamh air / . . . lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl `I require . . . to have', PBocht 15.15 . caithfidh tú síth nach sáoile / do dhíth dáine a crú (gc.¤, ch.¤, v.ll.) an chíghe, IGT Decl. ex. 1267 . caithfed fesd aignedh airech / a mesg chaidrebh comhoidhech, ex. 831 . do chaithfinn m'aithne d'Íosa `I must have some warrant(?) for Him', Dán Dé i 2 .

(e) Of grinding weapons: Maine fer neimnech isé rodasinnsmasdair ┐ romheil (.i. rocaith no rolimadh), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 16.i .

Vn. caithem. Part. caitte. Vbl. of necess. caithte, DDána 21A.24 .

1 cathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cathair or dil.ie/8362
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caithir, caithir, cathair, caithri, chaithrib

n originally i, later k, f. Ériu xxvi 95 . Also caithir (see GOI 202 ). caithir f., IGT Decl. § 120 . n s. cathair marked `lochdach', ex. 1884 (see Duan. Finn iii p. 63). g. pl. clōas crīcha Cathriach, Corp. Gen. 9 (Rawl. 116 c 34) , Éigse xvii 429 . a p. caithri (: aithre), ZCP viii 198 § 18 . d p. do chaithrib (for metre; chathrachaib, MSS), Bruchst. i 4 .

(a) stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling : Acher Foglass / fuirec cēt cathrach, Corp. Gen. 2.42 . frithe cathrach (`church', see (b) below), Laws v 320.8 .i. dogabur isin chathraig thall, 322.9 Comm. ben forcurtar i cathuir, 272.6 . cathuir uasal nemid `dwelling' (in list of places from which distraint may not be taken), 266.23 .i. cathuir uasal neimedh na heclaisi, 268.11 Comm. co cathraig Con Roí, LU 9037 ( FB 79 ). ic comét na cathrach (of fort of Culann), TBC-LL² 869 . fo chaithrecha . . . in talman, Auraic. 167 . fa mó na comla caithreach / clúasa na naithreach dwelling-place , Duan. F. i 78.12 . trī dūin tenna . . . ┐ trī cathracha com-daingne, ML² 1108 . lín catha san chaithirsin, IGT Decl. ex. 885 . ag léim chluidh chathrach, 1882 . daingne imda . . . .i. cathir Cind Chorad, ┐ Inis Gaill Duib . . . , Ann. Inisf. 1012.5 . ar lár cathrag Í Maireathig, 1212.4 . na cúirte cloch aolta ┐ na cathracha, AFM vi 2192.10 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of Clonfree), DDána 119.16 . lucht deigheoil 'n-a chaithir chuirr (of chieftain's castle), 66.7 . Of animals: do-lotar na bruic amach asa cathraig, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 15 . Transf. is cathir do chomét (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . c.¤ Chuinn (of Ireland), DDána 93.42 . c.¤ chaolaigh dhuinn (of mop of hair), 74.63 . dá rígcórughad . . . ┐ dá caithir crisdaingne (of two divisions of an army), Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.14 .

(b) monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery : for maig arutacht cathir (of St Bridget), Thes. ii 328.4 ( Hy. v 10 ). folamadar . . . P. congabad c.¤ ic A. Ḟ., Trip.² 1270 . bid úasal do chathir (said to Bishop Erc), 473 . comarba cathrach Ciarain, Auraic. 5268 . indliged na heclaisi . . . [mad indliged] na cathrach . . . is dire cathrach fais[e] doib (`cathedral'), Laws v 172.12 , 13 Comm. bid mór do chathir i fus / be manchach for nem, Ériu iii 108 § 54 .

(c) fortified city, city: ro bói isin chaithir, Wb. 13b1 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . dia mbrith huan chadraig `from the city', Ml. 66c14 . immin cathraich, 48d14 . imm oslucud inna cathrach, 46b5 . ro soirad in chathir di lamaib Assar, 61d2 . for longais hua chathir (leg. huan? Edd.), 74a13 . donchathraig gl. in urbem, Sg. 216b6 . tor cathrach, LU 2786 . co cathroigh n-amhræ Luimnech, ZCP vii 304.x . gusan gcarthaigh iona roibhe Aimpírius, ZCP xxxiii 133 § 17 . cúig caithreacha, Dán Dé xvii 25 . a gcaithridh Chorint, Mac Aingil 5784 . For c.¤ attaig see attach, and cf. ZCP xxv 225 .

Of heaven: nói ngrád . . . / cathrach in Ríg romair, Fél. Ep. 236 . in cathir . . . ina fuil in rígsudi, LU 2036 ( FA 11 ). Of hell: im chuaird cathrach Díabail, LU 2421 .

In n. loc.: coro bris Cathraig Conaind (more usually Tor C.), LL 14698 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd.: bean is teachtaire . . . ón chaithirlios (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.7 .

See catrai.

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