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2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas , 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

aithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithis or dil.ie/2716

Forms: a., aithis(s)i, aithisse, athais, -scél

n f. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 214 . n a s. a.¤ , n a p. aithis(s)i, g p. aithisse, g s. (mid. Ir.) aithise. Later also athais.

(a) insult, reproach, reviling. gl. dedecus, Ml. 100b4 (opprobrium, Psalms lxxvii 66 ); contumilia, 62c15 ; calumnia, 54c11 ; opprobrium, 36a1 ; improperia, Wb. 6c29 ; conflictio, 29b10 . aithissi, Ml. 90d17 . dorat Saul athissi foir, 54c16 . trisna aithissi (trisnaithissi MS.), 110c9 . donaib ulib athisib gl. ad probra . . . omnia, 33c7 . iarna aithisib, 54c10 . figor na n-aithisse, Thes. ii 253.15 . trist do tabairt for nech nó a.¤ `to lay a curse on anyone or revile him', Mon. Tall. 141.24 (§ 36) . atrubairt-sium a.¤ móir ra Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 6136 . ail dno .i. ail leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbrethri cidh tria cuidbius cid cen cuidbius, BB 299a13 . dobert cach dib aithisi mbriathar diaraile, D IV 2, 77va39 . ána athise `quick to revile' (of women), Tec. Corm. 30.z . a.¤ do-berar do Dhia blasphemy, ITS xxix 107.30 . ag sgeith blaismhémiodh aor ┐ aithisiodh, Desid. 4293 . athais gach aoin orra (a curse), BNnÉ 257 § 215 . aitheis oireachtais the reproach of an assembly, IGT Decl. ex. 1015 . As quasi-vn.: ag a.¤ ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 473 .

(b) disgrace, ignominy: is aithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cen precept don aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . ni aírmithi ar a.¤ a mbás nisin ar asreracht, 15d12 . ar athis leusom a nintamail fria ndeu they are ashamed, Ml. 138c10 . ar aithissib dunni, 91a6 . domrosat fo baithis gil / nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir, Trip.² 1633 `ne me laisse en la disgrace de personne', Études Celt. iii 101 . ba ha.¤ leis a ingen do brith macc do, Rawl. 143a26 . beth fo athis he would be disgraced, LU 2932 . nar bad athis do Mend . . . dunad ┐ longphort d'ḟalmugud dó, TBC-LL¹ 4540 . nach raibhi athais na mebul do Priaim in gach ulc doronsat Grec fris, BB 422a6 . d'a.¤ as an insult, Dán Dé ii 19 .

(c) Concr. blemish, disfigurement: athais maíli fair, BDD² 1163 . d'imgabáil a hathise / ar nách acced nech a cned `to escape her blemish', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.66 . bid athis duit (of a healed wound), LL 14348 . ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . on ┐ ainim ┐ a.¤ , RC xxiv 278 § 15 . corab athais for do curp-su, YBL 172b50 . trí aithise . . . d'O. . . . a bheith cluaslom dó ┐ a dhéad do dhubhadh ┐ a anál do bheith bréan, Keat. ii 4399 .

COMPD. ¤-scél: aithisscél ` shameful tale ', CCath. 5580 v.l. (aitscel, text, cf. aithscél(e)?).

cuilén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuilén or dil.ie/13507

Forms: culían, -é(o)in, -íoin, -íuin, -én, -ian, coileán, cuilen, cuilenu, cuilen

n o, m. (cú ?) IGT Decl. § 35 . Somet. also culían. g s n p. -é(o)in, -íoin, -íuin. v s. and g s. also -én, -ian. Treated as syntactical f. in: cuilen mhiadhach, IT iii 72.25 . an culēin fear-chon . . . gach ēan-ruibe dā raibh uirri, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1043 (referred to by ris, 1046 ). ? cnesbruinne in chuilein caemhgnimaigi sin, MR 300.3 . Later coileán.

Pup, whelp, cub; kitten : inna leon mór son lasa mbiat in chuliuin, Ml. 75b2 . cuilen, Blathm. 209 . cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh (prov.), Cáin Ad. 8 . culian .i. c.¤ .i. cú lénas cách, Thr. Ir. Gl. 13 . ní boíd ind imbert moithchulióin sin, LU 5701 (TBC). culén din chúani chétna, 5026 (TBC). cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 . ro lāmnastar cethri cuilēnu, Corp. Gen. 196.7 , 8 . aiste in ch.¤-sin `the nature of that whelp', PH 3438 . a cuilenu (n p.) (of wolf-cubs), Ériu xvi 83.40 . tescaid a cuilena a bruinn (of a lynx), CCath. 4143 . cuilen mílcon, MR 14.7 . i ndegaid in cuilein, Grail 2029 . coileán con, Oss. iii 100.z . cuileáin cuaine cath-leomhain, Keat. Poems 1046 . mathghamhuin ar ccaill a cuiléan = robbed of her whelps, Proverbs xvii 12 . cuilen gl. catulus, Ir. Gl. 498 . c.¤ caitt, LB 164 marg. inf.

As laudatory term of warriors: bruth ┐ barand in chulíuin se (sc. Etarcomul), TBC-LL¹ 1932 . cuileoin in chaille, LL 1265 (of the Túatha Dé). a meic Medba . . . / a chulian ard ardenig, TFerbe 445 . a chuiléin ghaiscid, SG 353.11 .

As term of endearment: mu buidhén on bhrudh, / mu c.¤ mu cean, RC vi 178.128 . mo ch.¤ carthach, Ériu xiii 19.24 .

As n.pr. m. im Cuilen mac Etighen, RC xvii 351.21 (Tig.).

dlaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlaind or dil.ie/17019

n plate of metal (?): is d.¤ óir lenas dia slaitt (of a shield), PRIA xix 540 ( LL 146b8 ). Leg. laind.

dochle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochle or dil.ie/17342

n , f. (dochell) churlishness, niggardliness: óes doichli ┐ diúltada, FA § 27 (LB). tuc corra diultada ┐ doichle úad for a thech, LL 117a42 . tech n-áoighedh d'feraibh Erenn gan diúltadh gan táom doichle without a particle of niggardliness, ZCP i 62 § 33 . cen fír doichle ina hétan, MacCongl. 97.8 . fri aes lenas doichle daille, ACL iii 294 § 6 .

gleslige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleslige or dil.ie/26073

n some prickly or adhesive plant (burdock ?) : na toiglean dris, na droigean, na glesligi .i. lus lenas a nedach, Laws iv 276.10 .

lenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lenaid or dil.ie/29895
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -lenai, lenid, lenaid, -len, lentar, lia, -lia, -ruilli, -liad, -lilibh, lile, -lile, lil, lilith, -lilfi, -lliles, lilfes, lilit, lil, lilis, lilis, lili, liligh, lil, -lil, lil, lil, lil, leltar, leldar, lellatar, leltar, leltar, -ruildetar, lilis, lenad, lenamain, lenta

v Indic. pres. 2 s. -lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). 3 s. lenid, Wb. 5c16 . lenaid, Sg. 9b17 . -len, Mon. Tall. 129.2 . pass. dia lentar , Laws i 266.4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. lia, Cóic Con. 16 § 3. 3 s. -lia, O'Curry 1886 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). With perfective particle: -ruilli, O'Dav. 1364. impf. 3 s. -liad, RC xi 446.55 = ZCP iii 249.19 . Fut. 1 s. -lilibh, Ériu ii 227.x . 2 s. lile, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 (sic MSS.). 3 s. -lile, Laws i 192.2 Comm . RC x 68.15 (lil, v.l.) (used for subj.). Dinds. 127. lilith, Ériu v 242.178 . -lilfi, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). rel. -lliles, Wb. 10a5 . lilfes, Hib. Min. 82.17 (= linfes, LL 19089 ). 3 pl. lilit, Trip.² 2122. Lism. L. 3477 (citation). Pret. and perf. 3 s. lil, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis, LL 11244 ( TBC-LL¹ 4453 ). LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). lili, RC x 68.8 (liligh, lil, v.ll.). -lil, Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. Poems 2 ). ro lil , Ml. 54d7 . Fél.² cxxi 32. Trip.² 887. TBC-LL¹ 1058 . rod lil , LU 6182 ( TBC-I¹ 1698 ). diar lil , PH 6538. 3 pl. leltar , Irish Texts i 12 § 36 (Vita Brigitae). ro leldar , Ml. 96c13 . ro lellatar , Corm. Bodl. s.v. Morann (ro leltar , Y). ro(m) leltar , LU 9401 . 9435 . -ruildetar, 3265 ( SCC 6 ).

Later as secondary vb. with stem len-. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . The stem lil- tends also to become generalised, hence lilf-, lilis, see above.

Vn. lenad, lenamain. Cf. líth. Part. lenta.

I Intrans. remains, continues, survives: no feidligfed .i. leanfad (sic leg.) a mbescna, ACL iii 12 § 19 . ni fada dho lean in scél, BB 31b9 . ro llen berla n-ebra / ic lucht in domuin, Rawl. 69a26 . o roclai-sium cath for deman ni len claoine evil no longer survives, Lism. L. 2146. Esp. of names: ro lenastar int ainm as Cothraige the name C. survived, Thes. ii 309.49 ( Hy. ii 6 gl .). les-ainm lènus (one of seven kinds of satire), Laws v 228.26 . ni fes in lile itir in t-ainm, i 192.2 Comm . it lethdire fir dia mbí aír no lesainm . . . dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). ó bheith da corp sa ghlaisi / do lean ó Dhubh Dubhghlaisi, Duan. F. ii 22 § 13.

With various prepp. With A pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenab ass ní bús mó / . . . / maithfettsa duit mo liubhru, Anecd. ii 37 § 5 . lenaid as in ecclais, BNnÉ 309.y (`[they will] follow the church thence', but perh. rather cleave to or uphold (ipv. pl. 2) the church; perh. read ar, cf. Arch. Hib. i 90 xi below). In phr. l.¤ as sin it follows from that: ma theid [an eglais ar sechran] . . . lena as sin nach ttegasg an Spiorad naomh í, Luc. Fid. 366.14 . nir lean as sin gurab . . . olc leis onor . . . do thabhairt do neithibh oile, 217.13 .

With CO cleaves to: mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai anall, Críth G. 362 `do not adhere to him', p. 71 . fir Eirenn tar ler lilit / co Brighit is co Brenuinn, Lism. L. 3477.

With DI (somet. perh. DO) clings to, adheres to, cleaves to, stays with, follows : ro leldar díb són gl. rotae axibus adhiserunt, Ml. 96c13 . lil in chertle dia dernainn, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). Cf. Anecd. i 69 § 165 (ICM). leltar da clam do Brigit, Irish Texts i 12 § 36 . bes ar Emer nocon err in ben día lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). luid Fergus . . . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin. Lil di sudiu . . . Etarcomol, LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis Cu Chulaind . . . dena sluagaib, LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). coraigis . . . in cend risin colaind ┐ leanaid de fochétoir, RC xxiv 62 § 23. marcach in mara mongaig / ní lenand do sithlongaib, LU 3990 ( SCC 45 ). nogo len uisci do bir / ni lean cin neich diaraile, Ériu v 24.27 . do lensat de `they clung to him' (of one taking cattle in distress), Laws ii 50.10 Comm . na len diom-sa, TFrag. 208.16 . dobert dono uball do ara liad di lar amail no liad ind uball sin, RC xi 446.55 (`follow the ground'). Fig. a lliles dind ancretmiuch bid ancretmech, Wb. 10a5 . lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, 29a23 . ro lil dím m'ernigde ┐ ni dechuid huaim gl. nunquam a me promouit oratio mea, Ml. 54d7 . lenaid din gutai thóisig gl. ex superiore pendens uocali, Sg. 9b17 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid, Wb. 5c16 (`it is clear that he adheres to the previous utterance'; ? continues with, carries on with). acht co ro lentar don cedna provided that one persevere with the same, RC xxvi 366.21 . lia do fír .i. len din conair fugill is fir, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . lilisiu . . . / donaib félib, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 . ro lil menma mnā Cāier do Nēde, Corm. Y 698 (58.18) . ro lil ainm de .i. Mogh emi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.19 . conid de rod lil Goll de that's why the name G. stuck to him, LU 3178 . adbert M. gan a losgudh do denamh nach lenadh a cin don tir, Ériu iii 152.4 . cīa fot lenfa desin? . . . Nad lenab ō shunn how long wilt thou carry this on? MacCongl. 65.17 , 18 . ná lean díom i n-a ndearnas, Aithd. D. 34.15 . níor lean dá nós, Keat. Poems 1453 . grádh Dé ┐ gach ní leanas de, TSh. 9091 . an dream dá leanann sal na seinchion, 5247 . leanann dá slighthibh saobha, 5011 . coir ord ura dlige dia lentar leir which is assiduously adhered to, Laws i 266.4 (glossed: .i. mada lentar de co leir, 292.28 ). Appar. with DO in: fada leanus an léan dáibh (: ḟagháil), Ériu viii 193.35 .

With FOR (AR)

(a) stays attached to, clings to: co rralsat sis anchoram; ro lend ar bendchopor in derthaige, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy. v Comm .) = for bendchopar, IT i 39.8 . Fig. ro lil in doíri sin forsna cellaib, Trip.² 887 . conid de ṡodain ro lil in t-ainm aurdairc fair .i. Cuchulaind, TBC-LL¹ 1058 . cur re teachta i dteagh nimhe / ná lean ar eachtra eile, DDána 10.33 . leanaidh Eoin ar an eaglais (i.e. became a priest), Arch. Hib. i 90 xi .

(b) proceeds against : bí leam, ná lean ar mo dhíomas `punish not my pride', Aithd. D. 97. 36 .

(c) Of reciting a tale, urging a request or explanation, continues, persists in: lean . . . ar aithris éachtmhar sheilg Fhinn, Oss. vi 16.9 . ní leanabh air I need say no more, Dánta Gr. 81.11 . ni lenfa me ort tair eis sin I shall not importune thee further, BCC 368.7 (§ 345) . ní leanamh (= -abh) tairis sin ort `I shall not press it further', Keat. iii 1502 . da leana ar cialla mar soin, Content. v 42.

With FRI remains with: do chuaidh D. ┐ ar lean ris ar tír `those who were along with him', Rel. Celt. ii 204.30 .

With I

(a) remains in, continues in, sticks in, clings to: dris na droigean . . . .i. lus lenas a n-edach, Laws iv 276.10 Comm . is ainceas do an fod lili a ndeguidh a athgabala, ii 52.x Comm . go ros lil desidhe teidbinniuss ciuil . . . isin leath tes, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.16 . len .i. tarisim, ut est len a ndiamair, O'Mulc. 784 . dochótar a ceithri cosa isin cloich [┐] feidligit (.i. leanait) innti a fuillechta semper, ACL iii 20 § 49 . míla géra . . . / ro leltar im srúb, LU 9401 . do len mo chos is tuir taeis, SG 243.36 . muilcheand moradbal cnam . . . co leandais na longbraigid, YBL 177a21 = BB 257b15 . cor[o] lensat a nglacca i mburd na luingi, CCath. 2121 . an eass ina laim ro lean, Duan. F. ii 74 § 29.

(b) persists in, perseveres with: ní ro lil in cléirech isna coibsenaib, SG 415.7 . leanamaóis is an charthannacht, Párl. na mB.. 4034 .

With LA cleaves to, follows : cia ba nóidenán ar áes / ni lil la [macc]u ingaes `clave not with', Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. I § 7 ).

With TAR pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenabh tairiss 'I will not pursue the matter', BCC² 246 § 8 .

II Trans.

(a) follows (a leader): rata-linestar mac dó a son of his followed him, MU² 164 . Lugaid Loigde lentais slūaig, ZCP xii 379.20 . not-lenfutsa in slóg-sa `this army will follow thee', CCath. 638 . A. gusin lucht rolen, Aen. 53. lenfat amal cech ṅdescipul he, PH 2189 . a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12 . do len an senoir Ioseph hi i ngach conair, Smaointe B. Chr. 1097. Fig. imitates : leanam naomhadh gacha naoimh `may I imitate', Dán Dé xxvii 26 . do lean mé sna peacthuibh Pól, IGT Decl. ex. 765 . do lean Tadhg . . . aigneadh an ois éigcríona `followed the instinct of the foolish deer', Content. xxv 7 . as beg lenus Iosa Críosd in nglaine chroidhe `follow', RSClára f. 142b . lenuid na sethracha . . . gnás na mbráthar mionúr, f. 78a .

(b) follows (a track): ros-len Nel . . . / a lorg, LL 211b21 . in béist . . . ro-sl-len folliuchta in tshlóig, PH 7226 . lorg na lánamhna leanais, TD 20.39 . Fig. co lenand fer na lethfiadnaise lorg Iúdais, PH 7623 . sliocht na gcéidfhear dá bhfuil féin / ní leanann, Aithd. D. 30.23 . an drong leanas an seachrán so, TSh. 4321 . mar go leantar an cion comhgais leó, Keat. i 68.21 . do lean sē slighe S. Froinsias ō aibíd, Beatha S. F. 1716.

(c) pursues, chases (with hostile intent): cor' len ┐ cor' geogain co mor, Dinds. 132 . cethruime uathu isin nesbac [do lenadar amach] . . . sechtar crich `for (injury to) the idler whom they follow outside the border', Laws iii 268.8 Comm . ro-lenastar Iriel . . . iat. Et ro-gab ac slaide . . . in tṡlúaig, LL 177b18 ( CRR 52.x .) lenais Fer Diad C. tar áth siar, TBC St. 3225 . ra lensad co longphort . . . iad, TTebe 4296 . ro meabhaidh for Airgiallaibh . . . ┐ ro lenta co Craibh Caille, AFM i 438.18 . do lean Ioab . . . é . . . ┐ do chuir sé A. i raon madhma, TSh. 997. Fig. persecutes, harasses : cidh imarlensatt na demna hē, ZCP xii 291.19 .

(d) claims, exacts : ná lean cóir meidhe an mheasa `exact not the justice of the Judgment scale', Dán Dé vii 16 . do leanfadh tú oruinn í (sc. an deachmhadh), DDána 25 a. 7 . lenfat mo chert ar Cloinn Dalaig, Irish Texts ii 40 § 1 . leanuimsi i gcéadóir an geall `I go promptly in pursuit of the gage', TD 22.13 . a ndligheann tú mar tá i litribh / leanfa `thou shalt insist on thy rights as defined in documents', Aithd. D. 31.20 . ? adeirid Muimhnigh . . . / ní nach leanaid a laochraidh, Content. ii 11 (`do not approve'). déntar mo dichennad-sa lat-sa, co ro-lenair trocaire Dé iar m'écaib-sea, PH 803 (`and thou wilt get').

Particularly in phrase l.¤ x (ar y) prosecutes a claim arising out of x (against y), calls y to account for x: dá leanta a Dhé a ndearnas `if Thou punish my sins', Dán Dé viii 11 . saoilim nach leanfaidhe leis / an cló do chuaidh 'na bhaithis `will not avenge', iv 10 . ná lean oirn-ne fhuil th'eidhre, DDána 40.23 . Nechtain gum dhín ar cech ndeoraid / lentair ag Síl Eogain orm S.E. are calling me to account because N. protects me, Irish Texts ii 42 § 14 . ól a lachda leanaidh sí / . . . / ar Íosa, Aithd. D. 100.34 . lean ar th'fhaghlaidh a hanuaill claim retribution for its (i.e. my soul's) arrogance from Thy enemy(?), PBocht 3.43 .

(e) adheres to, cleaves to: ni lenat foidhlenna fatha, O'Dav. 855 ( .i. nocha lenadh a snaithedh donahib lennaib, Laws iv 384.29 Comm .) (garments do not adhere to hooks (or racks) ?). ruilli .i. lenmuin, ut est mac claime ni comail mathair ar nach ruilli aillsi uaithi .i. ar na ro lena loissi oll na claime uaithi, O'Dav. 1364 (? leg. nach[a]). nis lenat cinaidh, Ériu xvi 181 § 17 . teagdais nār lean dath na dīadh, ACL iii 236 § 3 . ro lensad a dhi laim an tuadh, BNnÉ 185.1 . Very common in fig. use: (a) ni leanat peactha nech a mic, O'D. 977 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). muna lia leasugadh Luigdeach Luige Lugaid lathgaile .i. mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do Lughaidh laechdha, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). in tsrotha . . . niges anmand na náem din chutrumma chinad nos lenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ingean laich as lucra a laighnibh / nach lean locht, IT iii 88 § 107 . duine . . . / co nglanc[h]ēill . . . / nīnlen robāes, ZCP vi 267 § 10 . nis-len ecnach ond oes chetlach, Auraic. 5252 = ACL iii 296 § 44 . lenad hires, PH 2412 . congain liom go leanar th' fhoras that I may adhere to your law, DDána 2.7 .

Particularly of a name, nickname or satire: conid de ro lil Colman mac Dairine he, Fél.² cxxi 32 . ro lellatar iarum a dá n-ainm in fer, Corm. Bodl. 14 s.v. Morann (ro leltar, Y; ro lenustar, LB). conid de ro len in t-ainm a mmag do ingor Meic Cecht .i. Mag mBrénguir, LU 7980 . in bríathar dorat andsin / ros len, . . . / cosin nómad nó n-arsaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 130.87 . coro len ainm int salchair he, LB 145b52 . Cf. ondíu . . . lilit gabair far clainn, Trip.² 2122 (`according to Colgan the descendants of these thieves had always beards "caprinis subsimiles"', Stokes note).

Of the preservation of a term or proverbial saying: is ed armit fairend aile . . . conid din tendáil út lentar tendál samna o sin, LU 7045 . ósin ille lentar in senbrīathar has been preserved, MacCongl. 65.9 . ` gach éan mar a adhbha' / oirrdhearc so is ['s] sé leantar, DDána 98.1 .

(f) pursues, proceeds with (a narration, investigation): conid aidid L.¤ . . . andsin . . . nī hē lenfam sund beos, TBC-I¹ 882 . leor lend lenmait a sanaisnís, LL 16157 . dá leanta libh if you investigated the matter, TD 32.13 . do leantaoi le labhra tais / snáithe síodamhail seanchais `the silken threads of history used to be traced', Content. xii 4.

(g) continues: an Ragnall-sa . . . ó na lenmhuid Clann Raghnaill do rágh rena shliochd, Rel. Celt. ii 160.18 . do lenadh an ruáig orrtha, 192.10 .

(h) follows, comes after: ind crosfigeild fri biad cond neoch no-dus-len `with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . maille ris na hurnaighthibh lenus íad, RSClára f. 100a . fūigefem deghṡompla ag an lucht lenfas sinn, f. 37a .

sechem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechem or dil.ie/36757
Last Revised: 2019

ā, f. vn. of seichithir. act of following .

(a) freq. in fig. sense of imitating, following (a course of action, a teaching, a method, etc.): im sechim a gníme et im gabáil desimrechte de, Wb. 26d17 . ind leire doratsam fri sechim gníme adim hi pecdib taibrem fri sechim gníme crist in iustitia , 13d15 . cen a sechim gl. (uestigia) relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . do sechim inna ndegnímae ┐ do imgabail inna ndroch-gnimae, Ml. 128d9 . ardotchuibdig fri s.¤ na mbriathar sin, LU 3506 ( SCC 26 ). is ed . . . fodera do Ebraidib sechimm uird alphabeti sui . . ., Lib. Hymn. 65 B 49 . imnochta do sechim dogrēss ar Crīst, ZCP iii 28.z . imon tesmailt is cóir dó do s.¤ ┐ do inntshamail, PH 3981 . oc sechim forcetail . . . Ísu Crist, 2377 . ar seichim Gregda . . . ┐ Ebraide following Greek and Hebrew (models), Auraic. 3417 . sitheam [.i. leanmain], Lec. Gl. 360 . sitim .i. leanmain, do. M 174 .

(b) act of straying (?): doluidh for sechim co mboe etir scuru Enda, BB 405b44 . In the phr. s.¤ sirite (? = pres. indic. pl. rel. of sirid), applied to cattle which of their own accord wander from the territory of their owner: seichme siriti .i. in t-ellach lenas duine cen chet do, ut est, annsom tighradus ┐ rl. sechme siriti ala crich, .i. na sirthoraigh bid ag siredh aiti no aide tar in crich no as in crich, O'Dav. 1407 . imacraidh tainic immach i ndeghaidh na hathghabala, ┐ a riaghail re sechim siridi gu rochet amach, O'D. 2444 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 60a ). in imurcruidh tainic i ndeguidh na hathgabhála . . . is a mbeth amuil in sechium sirite, Laws ii 72.y Comm .

? To this: cath . . . for slūago Muman is mó sechme (`with greatest outcome'), Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 5 ( LL 182b19 ). fri s.¤ (recte sechim) slúag, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.3 .

sirtheórach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirtheórach or dil.ie/37694

adj o, ā (cf. sirid?) wandering, straying; marauding : sluaigh sirteoraigh, SG 24.7 . As subst. in t-ellach lenas duine cen chet do . . . .i. na sirthoraigh bid ag siredh aiti . . . tar in crich, O'Dav. 1407 .

1 slat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 slat or dil.ie/37852
Last Revised: 2013

n (with voiceless-t) ā, f.

(a) rod, lath, twig : virga .i. s.¤ , Ir. Gl. 116 . cur slaiti gl. fenamain weaving, O'Dav. 868 . na slata fige `weaving-rods', Laws i 152.15 Comm . da ba ar tigib s.¤ `wicker houses', v 94.16 Comm . mórfessiur di thrénferaib Ulad oc cor cacha hóenslaite (of building a house), LU 8060 ( FB 2 ). fer ro laa id samlaid cona óenláim ┐ óenṡ.¤ día tá, 4740 (TBC). lotar fon fid ┐ ro bensat tri fidṡlatta, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . a ccadal croicenn do chor im shioth-slataibh slimrighne do dhénamh curach diobh, AFM vi 2314.10 . ní léir san chur claochládh s.¤ | aonchlár dar lat an brugh breac the change of laths (i.e. the line where one joins another) is not apparent (of a building), DDána 119.32 .

With extended meanings: sciath . . . cona shlaitt comthind chreduma, LL 189b1 . ’sind laind óir lenas dia ṡlaitt 'within the golden plate that cleaves to its edge-strip' Ériu xx 192 § 4 . ic gobail eisc . . . cona slait geired, MacCongl. 122.2 . tug builli don tslait echradha do bi 'na láim dí, Comp. CC 116.15 . tuc bulli . . . do'n con-shlaitt boi ina laim, PH 856 . crann gan crathadh nā s.¤ gan snīm (of the yard of a ship), ML² 706 . slatta etha imm ithgurtu `blades of corn around cornfields', Ériu vii 2.14 . s.¤ óir an donnbhrait brooch, pin, DDána 106.27 . an ts.¤ fháinne do fhuair mé `the round brooch', Aithd. D. 6.26 . a bhfuil aca ag righe ruibh | slata idhe gut fhéachain `thy rivals are, compared with thee, brooch-pins on a (neck-)chain', 37.9 . A ceremonial rod, staff, etc.: is é an croinice dobheireadh s.¤ i láimh gach tíghearna re linn garma do ghabháil (as symbol of royal power), Keat. iii 140 . gibe díbh gebhus righe | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 § 218 . nír ghaib sé in slait tigiornais `rod of lordship', O'Gr. Cat. 386.12 . Fig. s.¤ na ríghe an inghean óg `the young maiden is the wand of kingship', TD 20.42 . s.¤ ṡeilbhe an ḟíonḟuinn aga `the wand of possession of the fair land was his', 32.36 . co tucc in maigistir s.¤ a muinti di budhein iarna sharugudh di i ngach egna, ZCP vi 24.11 . slata esbac, ITS xix 68.z . an ts.¤ ferda membrum virile: bun na slaiti ferdha, O'Gr. Cat. 271.34 . As an element in the names of metres: s.¤ airbenn, IT iii 104 § 204 . s.¤ brecht, 92 § 132 .

(b) branch of a tree : trí cnuasa . . . bítís ann uasa slataib, SG 104.9 . mac Céin dá gclaon iobharslat `C's son for whom the yew-branch bends', TD 31.1 . na slata abhla a hEamhoin the apple-branches, 26.39 . s.¤ abhla ós fhiodh (of Mary), PBocht 2.26 . do ghabh . . . slata glassa do chrann critheach, Gen. xxx 37 . domhnach na s.¤ Palm Sunday, Parrth. Anma 456.19 .

(c) scion, youth, stripling : do Ch. s.¤ soichlech, Gorm. Sept. 6 . go ngeinfidhe s.¤ og . . . ┐ gomadh crann mor iar sin, Mart. Don. 156.18 . an ts.¤ oirbheartach ḟortail | mac toirbheartach Tomaltaigh, TD 32.58 . s.¤ réidh is roibhinn briathar, RC xlix 174 § 34 . s.¤ na gloine 's na glóiri, | mac Moiri na mór-óigi, Ériu iv 116 § 27 . slata cumhra chláir Line, L. Cl. A. B. 103.55 . a sh.¤ cheannsa do mhúin Dia (of a woman), Dánta Gr. 42.22 .

(d) a yard (measure of length): ocht slata ┐ da fichit do sgarloit, AU iii 208.24 . a h-éirde ceart, má mheas mé díreach | sé no seacht do shlata is fuighlioch, ZCP v 206.50 (Midn. Court). ceithri slata dēg a ttighi in balla, Fl. Earls 78.32 .

Compds.

(a) With adjj. ¤chaín: Temair Fáil fúair charait caím | dia toracht Sirna slattcaín `the erect comely S.', MacCarthy 168 § 5 . ¤gel: brugh slaitgheal `white-lathed castle', TD 6.5 . muighe slaitgheala, DDána 92.15 . ¤lebar: do-ní an áirc ṡlaitleabhair ṡlim `he makes a graceful smooth-masted ark', TD 7.38 . dod throighidh slaitleabhair saoir, DDána 19.12 . ¤shaer: druim re fraighidh slatshaoir sonn their backs to the finely lathed wall, 85.43 .

(b) With nouns: ¤buinne: slatbuindedha . . . credumha `a border of rods', CCath. 5320 . ¤búalad act of smiting with a rod : an sústadh ┐ an slat-bhualadh, TSh. 6261 . ¤chaelach wattles : slemain slat-chaolaig, ML² 1065 . ¤choll branching hazel : céir ag tál le slatchoill slimfheoighe, DDána 83.17 . toradh slatchoille Ó Néill náir, L. Cl. A. B. 218.3 . ¤chóta: slatchótuidhe slime snáthreamhra do bhréan-chlúmh pucán, PCT 104 . ¤chúl long lock of hair (on the back of the head): anaid na héisc re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . ¤túarcon: in tshlat[t]uargain rolin in cathraig `the work of demolition', Aen. 531 . ¤túairgnech: in golghaire ┐ in slat[t]uairgnidh ┐ in esargain (a s.), 1402 .