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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

1 adarc, aiderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adarc, aiderc or dil.ie/307

Forms: adharc

n ā, f. adharc f. IGT Decl. § 12 . See ZCP xxv 11 . horn (of an animal). hua nadarcaib gl. cornibus, Ml. 63b17 . tob di humu fochosmailius nadarcae, 2b16 , 116c8 . is and ro lásat a n-adarca díb, TBFr. 427 . co mbertatár a puple inna n-adarcaib and carried off their tents on their horns (of cattle), LU 6208 (TBC). isin adhairc go na slibac, Laws iii 370.8 Comm. caithchi cethra . . . caitce a nadhairce, iv 146.6 Comm. dobeir les tarb ┐ a aiderc i na laim, Aen. 1069 . gúal adhairce charcoal made from horn, see gúal. is gnáth úirlis uí Dhubhda gan adharca bruic `badgers' horns' (something imaginary, non-existent), Ó Bruad. i 76 xiv . adhlacadh a adhairce níor fhéad i gclais `he never could bury his horn in a ditch (i.e. cannot be prevented from exercising charity)', ii 206.7 . a chocóil na hadhairce (of a cuckold), O'Rah. (1909) 296.13 . Of a colour: tri .l. c. n-anart n-imda / co ndath n-a.¤ mirrda mán, LL 296a23 . ( SG 362.14 ). si glaucus . . . .i. madh ata a ndath ghlaucus no mar adhairc sholuis, 23 K 42 , 120.8 . Drinking-horn: do bi a.¤ . . . ar altair . . . do theighedh tri gloine dfhin . . . san aidhirc sin, L. Chl. S. § 22 . Inkhorn: an adharc duibh, ZCP x 230.27 . do lebar ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend, Acall. 608 . Cupping-horn: aran inadh a curtar na hadurca, Rosa Angl. 24.11 . curtur adurc maille fuiliugud ar cul in cinn, 204.10 . gibne .i. a.¤ lege, Corm. Y 732 . Horn as musical instrument: gilla adhairc gl. cornicen, Ir. Gl. 1018 . adarca fur[ḟ]occra, CCath. 5616 . foran adhairc nfurfhocurtha `on the warning trumpet', Stair Erc. 173 . adharca áigh ┐ cuisleanna catha, TSh. 6703 . Part of the shaft of a weapon: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 (= TBC-I¹ 1159 ). in cnairseach da dorn deg itir a hiarann ┐ an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind a.¤ dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . Perh. confused with adart in: claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, ardarcc (sic) ōir bric im chechtar de, TBC-I¹ 2852 . See TBC-LL¹ 4397 cited s.v. frithadart.

In phr. aidherc reithe, name of a metrical fault consisting of the absence of a stressed word between the consonating and rhyming words of a couplet: aidhearc reithe i nda aisde .i. i rrannaidheacht big ┐ i rannaidheacht moir, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 34, 35 .

adná(i)r

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adná(i)r or dil.ie/514

adj (ad + nár).

(a) very shameful: roég do ghalur iongnáth do badh adhnár d'aisnéis, AFM iii 142.2 . lá an Luain budh hachlán th'éara / athnár an uair aithmhéala, Dán Dé xxv 14 . Frequ. with LA: rob adhnar lá O. a oirccne do léccadh uadha, AFM v 1762.10 . ba hádhnair ┐ ba hathais leo, iv 902.25 . gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui se, Stair Erc. 1134 . is adhnair leisan fein the fian are much ashamed, CF 638 . As subst.: go ndearnadar adhnáir 'committed villany', Jeremiah xxix 23 .

adj (b) very modest: a ghnúis adhnár, O'R. Poems 573 . codladh adhnar aenaidc[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . As adv. rosnas Ossín dó a chrand / co ha.¤ ` submissively ', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.86 .

2 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aicde or dil.ie/770
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aice, oigi, oigdhe

n Also aice. f. oigi, oigdhe (if same word) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Prob. same word as 1 aicde.

(a) material, substance: sruithium a.¤ .i. feirius, Anecd. iii 44.3 . sruithem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dlūthaib dlūmaicdib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . sug na srona robo i aicdhe ina tinne oir `the mucus which had become the material of the golden chain', RC xii 344 § 38 . suifid a.¤ i n-órdathu, xxvi 48 § 257 . tre-fot .i. tri foide meini (menn, MS.) dibertae as cach tir dib co ndenta oena.¤ dib tre druidecht, Corm. Y 1265 . da aic[dhi]i sechtmogat eter ael ┐ bitumain, etc. `building materials', Auraic. 266 . aigdi, 2580 . ni frith . . . oenchrand . . . na hoicdhe bud chúibde do chumm in tempuil, LB 222a19 . cia du tarclamtais a trelmu ┐ a naicdida tools and materials, ZCP iii 7.13 . aicdi in duine ac[a] denum (of the foetus forming in the womb), O'Curry 557 (H. 3.18 p. 275a).

(b) structure, building, manufactured article: a.¤ .i. ecdoe graece, aedificium latine, .i. cumtach, Corm. Y 84 . aicdhe .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-admat no cech n-a.¤ bes áil dó, LU 2602 . nách n-a.¤ do dénam . . . do adbar, 2728 . adram in coimdid / cusnab aicdib amraib, IT iii 43 § 54 . cluined mo glanitgi / coimde na ndron a.¤ (aigde MS.), ACL iii 220 § 6 . ro rádi P. nád mbíad a.¤ dognethi di fiuth na cailli sin that nothing could be made from, Trip.² 2283 . amal ní confil ní arachoat a nargat nglan acht á techt in aicdi, Ml. 31d10 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa, folongar lethḟolug a míad cháich asa a.¤ dogní, Críth G. 486 . batar gobaind Chonchobar oc denam aiccde don rig, IT ii1 178.122 . teora primaig[d]i Erenn . . . barr Breoin . . . fi[d]chell Crimt[h]ain . . . ┐ mind Laegaire, Anecd. ii 3 § 5 . techta fuillema gill a.¤ airgit, Laws v 396.8 . in tuma ina cloithib ar cuicthi na tanalaig ar treisi na aicdib urluma ar aine finished products, i 188.36 Comm. cid ina tanailgib, cid na aic[d]e urrlaim, iii 204.1 Comm. aisic in ethair co na ramadaib ┐ cona aicdib urrlama fittings, 212.9 Comm. in goba acht mo (= má) do rigni in oigdi do gach coimaitech, v 14.y Comm. in soer . . . do rinne in aice . . . dfiur na hoige, ii 36.5 Comm. in bendachadh na haicdi, i 132.26 Comm. a tri ranntar an aice .i. trian d'adhbar ┐ trian do biúdh ┐ frichnam in fir lais i ndentar the cost of an a. is made up of three things, a third for materials, a third for sustenance and a third for the work of the man by whom it is made, O'Curry 2083 (H. 4.22, 70a). na uli aicdi ica recar a les fiallach borbfrithgnama, O'D. 937 ( H 3.17, c. 658 d). ro-fitir intí ro rec in n-aicdi ┐ ni fitir intī ros-cennaig, ZCP xv 307 § 2 . trí ná dlegat turbaidi: athchor maic, aicdi cherdai, gíallaigecht, Triads 156 . mac cerdai no fir fo gní nach aicdi éicin di ór, MR 78.19 . Various applications: bid hé corp ar n-a.¤ / admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 (of the structure of the Martyrology). radharc ar aicce an fheallsaimh (ar aittibh feallsamh MS.) / fhuair an t-am fa céidleanbhsain the work of the philosopher, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 113 . ba coemi esium a oenur inat doine in t-shaegail . . . cid oen a.¤ amra dognithea dib (of Christ), LB 148b32 . Coiri da Ruad in roglas / a.¤ sruthaidi senbras (of a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.y .

(c) literary composition, poem (see also oige): feirrde an aigdhe (oige v.l.) a cur i ndlús, Content. v 48 . n-a oigdhe d'uaim, DDána 38.13 . a fighe d'oige iomshláin (of a `marbhna'), 118.17 . gach oige dar innigh mé, Content. ii 212 n.4 . oige dána ib. snáith th'oige, ib. do bhí . . . / . . . / geall gach oide 'gá ucht ṡlim / a hucht a oige n-inghill, DDána 73.33 .

Compd.: ar gcall a n-oigeaghaoil / gan rann dá oigealaoidh `after losing their poetic lover . . . they got no stanza of his artistic work', Aithd. D. 19.8 .

Note also a.¤ menman .i. doréir menman cáich nom molaim, RC xxvi 24 § 82 . O'Cl. Cf. aiced.

aicsenugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicsenugud or dil.ie/815

Forms: aicsenogud

n (accais) act of giving a reason or cause: is he a.¤ les in quoniam so, Ml. 47a8 . quia fri brethir sís .i. aicsenogud, Sg. 189b1 . aicsenogud gl. tui causa, Sg. 215a10 , aicsenogud in .de. (i.e. in de te loquor), 216a3 .

aidilccne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccne or dil.ie/877

Forms: aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice

n , f. (aidliccen). Also aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice.

(a) what is needful, need, necessity: athgabail trebaire ┐ adhilce .i. ima dliged adhluig, Laws i 254.7, 20 Comm. iar naidilgne uird according to the right order, iii 40.28 . triasin adailgne sin (of the Incarnation), Rawl. B 512 fo. 67d (Plummer MS notes). nach feichim dodaincie illessaib ┐ aidilgib (adalcib v.l.) co cenn mbliadna, Anecd. iii 25.16 . o rob erlamh gach nadhailge, ranaic Golamh a les , Leb. Gab.(i) 222.17 . Of what is needed for war: do chor bhídh ┐ gach n-adhailcce archena isin mbaile, AFM vi 2034. 20 . na baí aidhilcce neith fair ro bhadh lainn lais do cum choccaidh while he wanted nothing which he deemed necessary for war, 2142.19 . lá lón ┐ lá gach n-aidhilcce rangattar a les , 1986.8 . cona congaibh théchta da gach n-aidhailge `with proper equipment' (of soldiers), Hugh Roe 126.10 (fo. 34a) . ic innell ┐ ic imluadh a n-adhelge (adhelcce, adelcce v.ll.) arcena ┐ a n-arm catha o sin amach, CCath. 4644 . ?adhailgne .i. dligheadh, ailghean no mín, O'Cl.

(b) need, strait, difficulty: inna adlicne indigentiae, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.491 ). ?ticfa[dh] rim, manbad m'ōigi / adhalgi na hēnpōigi, RC xxxvii 351 § 14 . omun ┐ uacht ┐ gorta ┐ aigilge, Aen. 1301 . fri airchisecht ar n-adlice, ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). ba hádhbhul méd a n-aidhilgni, CCath. 2355 v.l. (adhailgnighi, text). aidhble na haidilgne a mbatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.1 . lás in adhailcce ┐ las an ccuimhge a rabhattar d'esbhaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.2 . tria aidilge airberta bith, 2140.15 .

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

aimles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimles or dil.ie/1122

Forms: aimhles

n ( les ) aimhles m., IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) disadvantage, harm, mischief: ni fes cuich les cúich amles to whose disadvantage it is, LU 10822 . in fer fris rodálusa ní ar chul no amles ticht ar a cend, 10769 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig / tíagu cech fordul a húair, 4720 (TBC). muna thaithnet a gubreatha ar [a]imleas neich aile to the disadvantage of somebody else, Laws ii 328.18 Comm. fiach aimhlesa, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). cur rem aimhleas do b'ail lé `it desires to attempt my ruin', Dán Dé xix 2 . ceim fri ha.¤ negalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ní bu báes, nī bu amless / umlae dond áes bad chomdas `humility . . . would be no disadvantage', 63 § 3. d'aslach a aimhlesa ar a eascarait, MR 306.18 . In phrase do-gní a.¤ x harms x: ropo mór do thech . . . cia doriṅgned and t'amles, TFerbe 286 . uchān a Dé mo dī lāim . . . dorōnsat mōr domn (sic) a.¤ , ACL iii 233.6 . nach dingne[d] a.¤ a mathar, Ériu v 148.32 . As quasi-vn.: ro bá oc amless m'anma, Trip.² 1435 . do amlius fer mBruidne to injure, BDD² 1186 . ni biadh acht oc a.¤ Édaine, Ériu xii 154.12 (TE2). doriacht Forann caladh thes / dia faghal is dia n-aimhles, RC xxxvii 347 § 47 . ag innell ┐ ag a.¤ ┐ ag órdugad sírchogaid do dénam orro, Caithr. Thoirdh. 139.38 .

(b) evil report, false charge: ni creidem-sa a.¤ air, ZCP vi 54.31 . an seanshuileach . . . do dalladh laiss a loss aimhlesa, AFM iii 350.18 . a.¤ an sdibaird ar Sir Gyi calumny, ZCP vi 55.24 . litreacha aimleassa letters containing false charges, Expugn. Hib. 73 . dorinnedh aimhles damh uirre fa ḟior eile I made a false charge against her, Ériu v 196.611 . d'ḟiadhnaisi ḟir an aimhlis of the mischief-maker, TD 17.61 . amlus .i. brath, Laws i 234.4 Comm.

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

aincride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aincride or dil.ie/1211

Forms: ancraide, ainchride

n io, n. also ancraide, ainchride (cride)

(a) wrong, injustice, injury, vengeance: cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib, Wb. 9c20 . ní dílgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib, 22 . ancride in dermait, Ml. 23d12 . denma uilc tar æsi ind anccridi, 38d20 . cid i n-ancride ṅduit-siu gl. in tuam etiam exprobatur iniuriam, 44c19 . inna ancride inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, 27b15 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . co n-écid do P. a n-ancride boí ara chinn, Trip.² 2203 . nir'bo maisi les cena gan a aincridi do iarraid for Grecaib `not to demand of the Greeks (redress for) his wrong', Aen. 27 . ba hadbulcuimnech le hIunaind a a.¤ la Troianaib how she was wronged by the Trojans, 1154 . cena ancraide ┐ cana anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b9 ( TTr. 761 ). a n-ancridi ┐ a n-écora, LL 220a20 (ib. 217 ). ro ba menmarc leis ancraide a aithrigtha do digail do Iuba fair, CCath. 3043 . Attrib. gen. ticfait iarsein tedmand ili ancride `hurtful', RC xxvi 44 § 230 .

(b) enmity, hate: robai ancride ic cach dib diaraile, LL 408a25 ( TTr. 2211 ). ó ro fhidir sidhe ainchridhe a cheneoil . . . d'ua Dhomhnaill, AFM vi 1932.16 . ag imirt a eccraitti ┐ a aincridhe fair, 1934.8 . ainchridhe . . . do beith aige don B. sin, Fl. Earls 60.6 . ní ghabhann Dia asgaidh fhir an anchroidhe of him who hates (God and his neighbour), TSh. 5282 . filleadh ainchridhe turning aside ill-will, Studies 1921, 589 § 9 .

aineladnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aineladnach or dil.ie/1290

n o (eladnach) unskilled person: isedh is aneladnach ann . . . isedh is eladnach, Laws i 110.y Comm. mas ealadnuch robuí oca coimed . . . mas ainealadhnuch (of guarding cattle), ii 76.9 Comm. cetrur aneladhnach do muindtir an bo-aire, v 342.14 Comm. fo aicned eladnaig no aneladnaigh according as he is trained or untrained, iii 320.8 Comm. , cf. v 214.13 Comm. As adj. gnimrada borba . . . aneladhnacha uile . . . ar na recar a les ealatu, iii 174 n.1 .

airchissecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchissecht or dil.ie/1724

n ā, f. Vn. of ar-ceissi ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ). IGT Verbs § 112 .

(a) act of compassionating, sparing, pitying; pity, compassion: do thabhairt díglae foir nípo dia a.¤ , Wb. 4c21 . is ar airchissecht dúibsi ni dechud sa cucuib, 14c40 . ar is mou ruicim les m' airchissechtae indaas digal do thabairt form, Ml. 22c14 . hond erchissecht gl. [diuina] propitiatione, 32d23 . inna erchisechttæ gl. misserandi, 120a5 . dlegair airchisecht `he deserves pity', Mon. Tall. 144.25 (§ 46) . cia dom chartib . . . dom airchisecht this is one of my friends come to comfort me, LU 6301 (TBC). ? tiumargain cin aircisecht .i. t. in bidbuidh do gin aircisecht in feichemhan toicheda, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17, 442 ). na bad scarad . . . athig ri shétig ac iarraid a airchisechta, LL 243b23 ( TTr. 1995 ). dia rom cur misi dot airchisecht, YBL 158b46 . bid uaite bar nairchisechtai i.e. there will be few to pity you, Alex. 223 . don cholainn tugas treiseacht / móide iarraim m'oircheiseacht, Dán Dé xi 2 . bud étrumaidi a iargnó ┐ a oirchisecht agum my regret and pity for him, MR 122.10 . In passive sense complaining, lamenting: ac écáini ┐ ac airchisecht, TBC-LL¹ 3657 . ni roloing cen airchisecht without pain, TBC-I¹ 1606 .

(b) act of helping, assisting, taking care of: ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht to be kindly treated, LU 4366 = dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 . tainic dia oirchisecht on nairne sin i raibhae ó Find, RC xi 131.70 . oirchiosachd aoidheadh n-annamh (a work of charity), Mac Aingil 3612 . corp na maigdine do anorugad ┐ do oirchisecht `to honour and cherish', Grail 3720 . observatio legis et vitae .i. airchisecht cuirp ┐ anmai, O'Mulc. 297 . ro badus ac modsaine dom curp cin nach oircisecht do denum for m'anmain `serving my body when I gave no thought to my soul', Grail 3838 . Of a sympathetic message of warning, frequ. coupled with robud: tæt nech ūaib co robud ┐ co nairchisecht do Choinchulaind, TBC-I¹ 2319 . nach asrelgfedh ó Domhnaill dia orgain gan rabhadh ┐ airchiṡecht úadhasom dhó, Hugh Roe 158.20 . bertais Fergus rabudh ┐ oircissecht d feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 542.22 . adchonncatar chucu . . . aonmarcach le hoirchisecht rabhta `with an opportune warning', Caithr. Thoirdh. 61.26 .

Concrete alms, pittance see oirchisecht.

airchóitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchóitech or dil.ie/1739

adj o, ā (airchót) harmful, injurious, pernicious: ba erchoitech ndoib toimtiu nad rancatar les denma maith, Ml. 35b25 . erchoitechaib gl. nocentibus, 31d14 . erchoitech gl. nocens, Sg. 34a7 . ærchoitech gl. sons, 124b4 . uair nocens aurcotech uil and, ┐ innocens nemaurcotech, O'Curry 708 (H. 3.18, p. 341). leth ind ubuill aurchotig, SR 1294 . ercoidech donaibh naemaibh, Anecd. ii 15.7 . do theilgitar clocha ┐ arma ┐ neche urcoidech[a], Fier. 162 . tigri . . . cenela anmidead erchoideacha, TTebe 2775 . más te fliuch an geimreadh biaidh urchóideach do na plandaibh, Corp. Astron. 18.11 . lé hurrdhubhadh urchóideach an fhormaid, TSh. 10731 . rí urchóideach a wicked king, 1434 . finit do sin ┐ is ercotach in duph the ink is bad, ZCP viii 104 n.1 . is urchoitech a fiacla, PH 7660 . il-luc nat[h]rachda erchoitige, Alex. 642 = earcoitech, BB 494a22 . is urchóidech gainmidhi in talam sin `noxious and sandy', Maund. 114 . gabhais . . . greim do chaoimheirr an chóigidh / 'n-a heing aoibhinn urchóidigh, DDána 96.20 .

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

airgais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgais or dil.ie/2009

n usually glossed airguide, and perh. earlier vn. of ar-guid. See also under ? argais.

(a) ré notlaicc aird aurgaiss (ergnuiss, irguis, aurgais, erguis v.l.) / dogné init chorgaiss `thou shouldst make great prayer', Fél. Nov. 13 .i. airguide . . . no guide uasal, Fél.² clxvi . tan domm-í techt irguis / cid i caisc nó chorgus `when the great boon may come to me', Fél. Ep. 561 . Or subj. 2 s. of ar-guid (?).

(b) Explained in Laws Comm. as exchange of two articles of unequal value, but perh. rather some kind of gift or payment: comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais .i. [er]guidi u[a]is .i. immarcraid on eter [na da] set clamcloithi `Tausch', Cóic Con. 19 § 11 (= urgaiss, ZCP xix 170 ). is ed agur[thar fui]rre, cora ┐ cunnartha ┐ comain ┐ aisgid ┐ [urgais] ┐ dliged lanamnais, 20 § 13 . urgais .i. érguidi uais, dethbir bis itir in da set claochloda .i. set beg dib ┐ set mor, ┐ is les imdenam gurab ar cumain do-rat, da dheoin do-ber nech in tabairt ┐ nocha mbidh iarraid fuirre, ib. urgais .i. cach folad comtoirnigech dib uile, 51 § 106 . debhbir itir in cumain ┐ in aiscid ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt, 52 § 107 . ar id tri tidnacuil for setaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ aiscid ┐ aurgais (.i. claochmodha sét) . . . nach urgais nad-[ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna, is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 156). Cf. urgais .i. claochlodh, ut est rath n-aiscid ┐ urguise nó erguidhi, O'Dav. 1617 . See also under 2 aiscid.

? airgonta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airgonta or dil.ie/2062

adj luit sum . . . ┐ mucc urgonta (urgnaide v.l., see aurgnaide) les ┐ paitt medha, ZCP xii 398.18 .

áirithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirithe or dil.ie/2143

Forms: áiride, áiridhi, áirithi

adj also áiride. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 211 .

I As adj. io, iā

(a) certain, sure: ar ní fuirgle nech . . . ní nad airithe, Laws i 84.12 . .i. . . . inni nach demin lais, 23 Comm. airithe .i. deimin nó follus, ut est forsnach taid nac hn-eithech n-airithe .i. for nach fes gait na ethach go follus nó co deimin, O'Dav. 58 . is demin is derb is airithe, PH 6036 . airecht dorimmairg cech recht arithe, LL 343b29 = timmoirgid cách fo recht, Tec. Corm. § 2.30 . gurab áirighthe di dul go hifrionn, Eochairsg. 90.15 . is á.¤ la x x is certain: acht rop airithe laisin muindtir aig dilmuine do Eimeine Ban, Anecd. i 44.9 . ba hairithe les in aird-rig, MR 112.2 .

(b) special, particular, a certain: cia hinad árithe asa mbia eisergi, LU 2527 . ré airithe, Laws v 124.4. Comm. ro aithnedh . . . he i laim airithe, iii 208.12 Comm. seoit sin áirithi ro ghellustar in duine in i nam airithi, 152.z Comm. fri hollamuin nairide, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a). ?in fuirend (sic leg.) ón á.¤ ata cotarsna dona cendsaib, FA 1 LB ( IT i 170 ). ni fil numir bliadan arithe, Rawl. 75a46 . acht ma ni fes caite bliadhna áiridhe inro slechtoid what particular year, AFM i 6.z . in fers árithi-sea, PH 6501 . uirrígh Aruidhe . . . i n-airdiomdhaiáiridhe `a special high-seat', Keat. iii 581 . uachtarántacht . . . ar nuimir airidhe do chédaibh saighdiuiridhe a certain number of hundreds, AFM vi 2056.2 . ticit laithi airigthi anuas for in magh `on certain days', Marco P. 116 . aroile banscāl airigthe `a certain woman', Fl. Earls 34.11 . Adv. co há. in particular: beannacht róm . . . / go lucht an cheóil . . . / go háiridhe a gceann Chiothruaidh, Studies 1920. 568 § 18 . do bīthin teirce a mbídh ┐ a ndighe go háirighthe, Fl. Earls 10.18 . go há.¤ = maxime, TSh. 4620 . Hence at least: déanaidh trócaire oram, go há.¤ a lucht is caraid damh = saltem, TSh. 4581 . co hairithe for certain gl. iam, Gild. Lor. 137 gl. 20 .

II As subst. f. áiridhi, áirithi f. IGT Decl. § 3

(a) assurance, certainty, safe course: is í áiridhe as fhearr dhamh (Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cá fearr áirighthe aice what safer step could she take(?), LBranach 572 . clann Briain ruaid na renn nime / d'féghain nochar bh'áiridhe in a trial of strength with C.B. there was no certainty of success, Caithr. Thoirdh. 128.8 . fleadh ríogh as ḟearr áiridhe which is (our) best hope(?), Aithd. D. 65.33 . sé slóigh ós é a n-áiridhe / ní dóigh é dar n-éaruine, 26 . Perh. also in: atá acum airithe / nocho nfil a macsamla / is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean, SG 55.39 . Note also: gé tá an t-éag 'n-a áiridhe though death is a certainty, Aithd. D. 46.24 . Further: do thréig ortha a áiridhe `patrimony', Celtica vi 174 § 3 . See also lám.

(b) fate, destiny: cóir eagla fan á.¤ (of Doomsday), Dán Dé vi 19 . cinnte daoil ort dot ithe / a thaoibh is olc th'á. `sad thy fate', xxv 43 . rug doimhne an chroinn 'n-a chridhe / chloinn t'oidhre ar a n-áiridhe `it was the depth of that spear-thrust in His heart that brought Thy Son's race to their appointed end', Aithd. D. 67.24 .

III In phrases. d'á.¤ special, particular; a certain, with adjectival force: atá ag Dia do bhreith breithe / an Luan mar lá d'á.¤ , Dán Dé xxi 26 . go haimsir d'áiridhe, Aithd. D. 19.3 . éacht d'áiridhe, 74.12 . can chett dairighthi on tSabhdán `special licence', Maund. 51 . do réir úghdair d'á.¤ `a certain author', Keat. i 98.10 . a n-áonchás d'áiridhe in one special case, IGT Introd. 10 § 30 . With adverbial force in particular, particularly: cia d'airithe dia nad tabartha ind almsa `to whom in particular', PH 6011 . isin Etāill uile ┐ isin Róimh d'āirigthi particularly, Fl. Earls 192.z . tangatar co Finn dáirithi, L. Chl. S. 47 . Hence at all events, at any rate: ré linn a athar d'áiridhe, ML 8.25 . níor aomh aon asbal eile / 's níor aomhasdar d'airidhe he (Peter) at any rate did not confess Him, Dán Dé xx 14 . As adv. for certain, surely: gealltar d'áiridhe an iorghuil / im Gháiridhe . . ., Aithd. D. 16.30 . seach na heasbalaibh eile / do bhí t'onóir d'áiridhe `thy honour was assured beyond . . .' Dán Dé i 10 . Perh. also: ben ag congmáil mo creiche / ar ḟer d'foghbáil d'áirithi, IGT Decl. ex. 205 . In prep. phrase d'á.¤ ag in store for: atá . . . an bás d'á.¤ agam, Dán Dé xvii 9 . rí gun Fódla d'áiridhe `the king destined for F.,' Aithd. D. 20.2 . gach dream 'gá mbi an ghlóir d'á.¤ aca who are destined for glory, TSh. 8145 . nach fuil d'áiridhe agat / acht seacht dtroighe don talamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 4 . i n-á.¤ : go mbí an choróin . . . i n-á.¤ aca in store for them, TSh. 2775 . go mbíd i n-á.¤ a bhfuasgailte so that they are assured of being released, 4465 . bid in t-ibar inairti (ina áirte v.l.) accut, Cog. 144.8 . ni raibhi dano biadh indairithi isin coitcenn, Lism. L. 2352 . do-gní á.¤ de is certain of: dogniam airidi anois do Troiannaib . . . ar ni fuilet longa aco we feel certain of (defeating) the Trojans, Aen. 2047 . dénuid á.¤ dhe so be certain of this, Lism. L. 722 .

Cf. áirmigthe.

airlise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlise or dil.ie/2219
Last Revised: 2013

n , f. (2 les ) (enclosed) area outside a (domestic) enclosure : lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe i ngait nádbi aí asa airlisi . . . aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a a.¤ , Críth G. 218 - 220 . dairt i muin cach oen seoit do neoch ruicer as airlisi, Laws v 340.22 . senad do sodadh as a nairlisi, iv 52.6 . do airlisigh righ, 352.19 Comm. a taisbena[d] do airechaib 'na nairlisib airech dia ndleghur comar ┐ comingaire, O'D. 888 ( H 3.17, c. 637 ). i n-airlisi airech aird no eclasa, Laws i 96.12 Comm. nach airlisi a mbidh athgabail, ii 70.24 . fer na ha.¤ , 30 Comm. i n-aurlise, Ériu xvi 180 § 15 . cechangsa dia airlisi, BB 299a35 . doronta a n-airlisi (= a n-airusa, Bodl.; a n-arusa, LB) ┐ a rrīgdúine and, Corm. Y 833 ( Anecd. iv 75 ). tech ┐ airlisi ┐ dērgud, Ériu i 220 § 11 . achadh ┐ airleisi, ZCP xii 391.32. xiii 14.24 . nī már n-airlisi (nurlisiu v.l.) n-imderga he should not greatly redden precincts (?), ZCP xi 94 § 29 . ? nī ranna ar airlissi imdergga, 84 § 35 . See p. 103 n. 30 (where Thurn. compares árlius, erlissaigidir). uirlisi .i. garrdha, O'Cl. See airles.

airslocud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airslocud or dil.ie/2404

Forms: airsolcud

u, m. Vn. of ar-oslaici. Also airsolcud (earliest form). act of opening: rosecsat cen ersolcud, Ml. 46a22 . di ersolcud a ngena, 55a18 . dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . ersolgud, Sg. 107a3 . réil ærsoilcthe beoil `manifest in the opening of the mouth', 14a16 . oslaicid a dorsaire. cia condnaig in n-urslucud, LL 12908 . aurslucud les , ACL iii 296 § 40 . idata aurslaicthi a ech . . . éssi astuda a ech switches for urging his horses on(?) (but perh. part., see airslaicthe), LU 6397 (TBC). ar do gheinemhain ūaithe cen erslocadh inne `opening of the womb', Otia ii 98 § 34 . fri erslocud chelle ┐ intliuchta caich, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . eochair erslaicthi in fhlatha nemda (of St. Peter), YBL 166b23 . In concrete sense opening in a cloak: delg n-iarind i n-auroslucud cacha cochaill, BDD² 1365 . ina n-urslocud a mbrat, 1149 . coichline ettech immi co n-aurslocud ara dib n-ullennaib, LU 9277 .

aithle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithle or dil.ie/2724

Forms: aithliu, atlu, a., aithliu

n [io, n. Cf. d s. aithliu, Mon. Tall. 161.4 , atlu, Laws iv 346.7 ] Vn. of ad-len, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 565 . consequence; remainder, vestige, track: ar niba maith a áidlea (leg. a.¤ , edd.) dúib a n-étsecte `for not good will be the consequence to you of listening to them', Wb. 18c11 . im chath Chind chruaid n-a.¤ `of stern consequences', Arch. Hib. ii 54 iii § 6 . a Rí richid reidig dam / . . . / a.¤ na cesta ṅdúr ṅdub the solution of the hard questions, LL 17729 . aithenne .i. aith-tene nō a.¤ thened remnant, remainder, Corm. Y 76 . foilmen .i. nomen do aithli bruit, 590 . a.¤ .i. seanbhrat, O'Cl. (see Hermathena xxiv 57 ). a.¤ .i. ath-ḟolae .i. is mesae cid indās fola, Corm. Y 45 . ciarbo airmeirb lend aithli / aithforgaib maic M. `the leaving of the weapon' (of men slain in combat), Fianaig. 12 § 16 . ro chuindichset in dias do bi thall a.¤ a ronna `i.e. the other two claimed the reversion of his share' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 2288 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 26d ). olc a.¤ do sochaide, Laws iv 266.8 `an evil heritage to many', Plummer MS. notes. hathle an eich rugscat namaitt `the enemies took the track of the (other) horse', BColm. 90.11 . ? na beth i n-athbe isse air / richt a les athle ard rig, LL 376a32 .

Common in prep.and adv. phrases, where presumably orig. d s. aithliu. D s.(?) as prep. with gen. after; in consequence of, as a result of: ithle (d'a.¤ v.l.) inn echta doringnius, TBC-LL¹ 3983 . athli ar n-orcni ┐ athli ar taichi . . . do loscud in consequence of our ruin and the burning of our houses, KZ xxxi 254.x . ragait a.¤ a mmesa dochom péné, LU 2369 . Aed A. a.¤ Fergail / isse ro gab for Temraich, Rawl. 163a7 . itt é ata nessom d'Uib Néill athli Condacht next after C., ZCP viii 317.5 . hi tír Grec a.¤ ind ilair / luid Semion, LL 761 . With co: co ha.¤ na treisi `till after three days', Laws ii 380.16 Comm. gl. co iar nde treise, 13 .

With prec. prep. With A(S): aidchi cenlai a aithliu na cetaoine `the eve of Maunday Thursday after the Wednesday', Mon. Tall. 161.4 (§ 80) . a ha.¤ a gabala, Laws ii 352.22 Comm. a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do forba after completing seventy years, ZCP viii 111.29 . a haithli na crech mor-sin do denam do, Ann. Conn. 1262.6 . as m'a.¤ `after me', BCC 284.19 . Note also: luidh a athaithli in cata sin, BB 489b43 = luid A. a.¤ in choscair sin, Alex. 152 . athaithli marbtha Cír, BB 7a45 (cf. a ha.¤ infra). With I N-: lá éigin 'n-a a.¤-so, after this, Dán Dé v 25 . 'n-a a.¤ sin, Aithd. D. 38.30 . With D' (= DI or DO): d(o) a.¤ thogla thuir Conuing (heptasyll. line), Todd Nenn. 274.2 . d'a.¤ oidedha m'oide . . . do chur, ZCP xiv 241.9 . d'a.¤ a imshníma, LB 129b34 . chóig céd bliaghan d'aithli Chríostt, Desid. 4108 . mar altain d'a.¤ a hoirnimh `as sharp as a razor after whetting', Dán Dé xxv 22 . gach learg dhlúthta d'a.¤ a hord (of the wall of a building), DDána 119.34 . Adv. phrase asa a.¤ with 3 s. n. poss. afterwards: ar nípam comchirtisea do neoch asa aithli, LU 4248 . assa a.¤ then, TBC-LL¹ 138 . In later lang. asa ha.¤ (with h- from the prep. phr. a ha.¤ ?): ro imthigh fein asa haithli, Stair Erc. 81 . asa haithli, ZCP viii 111.22 . as a ha.¤ `afterwards', Fl. Earls 8.21 (cf. athaithli supra). See aithilte, also under athlad

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