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cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

Essu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Essu or dil.ie/20601

Forms: Éssu

npr., m. Joshua (son of Nun): Ml. 63b5 . mac Nún | Essu, SR 5006 . Essu (: lessu), 5009 . gen. aés Éssu meic Nun, 5270 .

1 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 les or dil.ie/29990

Forms: lessu, leas, lesmac, lesmac

n u, m. a pl. lessu , Wb. 27a28 . leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .

(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the Laws, seems to be relief, redress, remedy . les(a) airechta redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also cause, case; affair, matter : is dithre o lesaib airechta is excluded from redress in the assembly, Laws i 84.12 . is luga ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre (a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a boy), O'Curry 281 ( H 3.18, 151 ). athgabāil arindī atgaib cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 . no ainfaind-se al an dalai n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l.¤ anas it is his relief that is delayed, Laws i 250.22 . im saige lesa suing for redress (after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H 3.17, 440 ). ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H 3.17 150 ). secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v 254.2 . fris tobug cach a l.¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius, i 256. 6 , 10 Comm . na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . . nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima l.¤ uodein, cid im l.¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief or for the relief of another, 86.23 Comm . cach duine um a l.¤ fadeisin, v 284.5 . less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 . arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir `die für ihre Sache reden', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). asbér fris do lesu amuil bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H 3.17, 662 ). tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd. iii 27.17 . cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa `do not sue for their claims', Laws v 118.10 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 . atat .iii. [meth] fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?), O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe i.e. when he is engaged on the affairs of the `túath', Críth G. 598 (opp. to fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs'). gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa túaithe huli insin, 507 . dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 . breithem tuaithe fri l.¤ tuaithe, ┐ breithemh fri l.¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). cisne lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba, meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws i 230.21 . ni daim enecland anadh cach l.¤ bes dir aurfognum ┐ imchongnum, 228.17 . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 . o rogleset in l.¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which they came, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . . gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach cúise, O'Cl.

In phrases with vbb. do-gní l.¤ x acts in the interests of x, looks after x: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce, Laws ii 86.y . dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 . ingen Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim a ll.¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 . rap áil do Choin Chulaind less Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC-LL¹ 2881 ). indis scēla dūinne, ar siat, ┐ dodēnum do l.¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 . tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l.¤ intī saltras in lā dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it, ACL iii 225.31 . gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas san lá, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 .

Also do-gní do x: Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní ard-less, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.14 . do rinne leas nó díoth dhúinn `for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .

ro-icc l.¤ see s.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually ro-icc do l.¤ Also once in Carsw.: gach uair dá rigfe sé do leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 . na halmsana . . . do roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l.¤ (unto those who have need), RSClára fo. 110a . an tan regar do l.¤ leis na Sethruibh a ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a . innach rigend an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l.¤ (where the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers), fo. 90a . Cf. also ro-s-furic a less in coimdiu (Dominus his opus habet), PH 4373.

Cf. ríachtanas a l.¤ : gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a leas, Laws iv 162 n . in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H 3.17, 495 ). ro-riachtanus a leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). See also s.v. ríachtanas.

fri l.¤ x engaged upon x's affairs : gad ar techtaire .i. re l.¤ fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v 492.4 - 5 Comm . ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re gach l.¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i 39 § 6 (`fit for every need'). Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm. 14 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha frim l.¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 . ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 . inmain triar . . . / ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do ragat lemsa rom (leg. rem) l.¤ , SG 382.9 . a nglacadh go lompuisneach re na l.¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára fo. 147a . ? inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).

(b) advantage, good, benefit, profit, interest : ni ar less ro bói and gl. quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 . ni táirci lessu utmille `restlessness causes not benefits', 28 . is oc bar less ataat `they are benefiting you', 25c16 . ni aurdallat dāna sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31 (Audacht Morainn). nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.). ni fes cuich l.¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 . aithne eich techtaire fri himrim a leasa `for his [sc. the owner's] benefit', Laws v 190.18 . cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who opposes (the granting of) these benefits (ref. to the cleaning of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels), Ériu i 219 § 7 . is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ). na tiagat ceím forddail acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 . na légid bar leas do lot `your interests', Cog. 122.28 . cen chessacht lessa begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing after prosperity'). ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 . robé l.¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, ACL iii 232.x . mās é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica iv 120 § 39 . eochoir leasa `the key of profit', Studies 1918, 98 § 2 . ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 . madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 . l.¤ ┐ líth advantage and prosperity : ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC-LL¹ 216. o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 . as cómhairle ar l.¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v 8.20 . dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh (? = hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23. ? ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content. xxii 17n .

ar l.¤ x for the benefit of x: leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich / sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 . ar a leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 . bheith dé Luain ar mo leas-sa `to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 . na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa `the band set to ruin me', PBocht 24.5 . go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas, an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Also ar l.¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar tar a ceand `for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .

In moral sense: tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less rochuala, LL 19086 . do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall. § 23 (135.15) . a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht róid-se . . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 . nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.

Especially l.¤ anma: ní l.¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i. ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC 12 ). bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu iii 106 § 48 . ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l.¤ a hanma (for the health of her soule), RSClára fo. 67a . Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.

Attrib. gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 . lucht lesa supporters, advocates : gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith meise, PBocht 21.15 . lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh `favorers', TD 21.23 (votaries ?). mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For lóg lessa see lóg.

(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to `fled' for special guests): boi leor l.¤ oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). boi l.¤ lán .i. boe-seom co tabrad a lánl.¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ). ceathrur do dus . . . / is triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran, Auraic. 2246 . dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas roghnathach, 2250 . cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl.¤ im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-biathad, LL 187a48 . cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See also s.v. gnáth.

(d) care(?); manure(?) (see Dinneen , s.v. leas): an treabhadh ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3 (`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).

The follg. exx. are obscure: ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 . nam iarrair cosin nalaide cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500 ( TBC-I¹ 1020 rhet.). ré bliadna nir luaid l.¤ / cruaid lé ┐ tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short). timpān ri cotlud! ar cách, / l.¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?), Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en'). lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 . sona go ttigit leasa `all is well till claims arise'(?), Duan. F. ii 134 § 40.

Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute, not properly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense): ¤ainm nickname, sobriquet : gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi a cheile, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). mifocul mna dia raile .i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i 148.6 Comm . im on lesanma, 236.28 . tubu n-ainme no l., ii 156.19 Comm . l. lenus (one of the seven kinds of satire for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 . mac na mbachlach cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( ScM. 12 ). ní l. dait . . . Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ). ó tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . . Gulban, Irish Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤anmad vn. formation from preced.: in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws i 240.21 Comm . ¤athair: lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . ¤chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland, LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ). idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na heagluisi, Luc. Fid. 2815 . ¤macc stepson: lesmac gl. priuignus, Thes. ii 231.13 . l. .i. prius genitus gl. priuignus, Sg. 38b6 . lesmac, Corm. Y 798 . robo lesmac di é, LU 319 ( ACC Introd. ). lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, ACL iii 313 § 13 . feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.). Tiberius .i. l.¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503, fo. 7a (Plummer MS. notes). ¤máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . l.¤ gl. nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 . huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé (of Brigit), Irish Texts i 5.9 . breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leasmháthair na subháilceadh an conách (noverca), TSh. 8337.

1 lés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lés or dil.ie/29993

n (ON ljós, Plummer MS. notes)

(a) light, radiance; light of the day (usu. l.¤ (in) lae), of the sky : leos .i. soilsi, idem et lēs, O'Mulc. 785 . `l.¤' soillse, Metr. Gl. 19 § 57. ? grínniud lōess (lois, leos, v.ll.) .i. dībud soillsi, Corm. Y 827 . l.¤ .i. solas, no soillsi [les .i. cainnle, v.l.], OC'l. samaiges crích fri aidchi / arnā caite l.¤ occae `lest light should be consumed at it(?)', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii ). ? ria ndul issin fargge / gleam ar lessu re n-aidche, LL 5030 (`let us make our lights clear', s.v. gléid). teora bliadna boí cen l.¤ / Colum ina dubreclés, LU 651 ( ACC 24 ). do chonnairc sí taithnemh . . . an chloidhiomh idir í ┐ léas, RC xxix 134 § 48 . ni fhaicfitis less na soillsi `neither splendour nor light', Ériu ii 134 § 115 . léas beag dá shuaraighe, Keat. Poems 345.

l.¤ (in) láe daylight: tre nach bhfaic súil l.¤ an laoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.127 . muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, / mar dhlaoi díona ar l.¤ an laoi `as a protecting veil against the daylight', Studies 1920, 263 § 10 . air léas lae by day, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1001 . ar léus lae (the day tyme), RSClára fo. 119b . ? leges lega cen l.¤ (prov. of an impossible undertaking), RC xx 436.x (`medicine-bag', Stokes). Hence i (fri, air) l.¤ (n-)aidche night-time: astoidi da mhagh decc fo thoibaib talman i lles cach aidhche, Ériu ii 122 § 64 . fris' taitin grian fri les cach n-aidchi, 124 § 65. isí [sc. an charbuncail] do-níodh soillsi air feadh an dúnaidh . . . air léas aoidhche, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1003.

Used figuratively (i) of saints: balc l.¤ lir dar doe / Failbe ánle Íae, Fél. Mar. 22 . Lucius l.¤ laindrech, Mar. 4. Cf. June 9 . Maodhóc in l.¤ lánlainnech, SG 25.11 . (ii) illumination (of the mind) (?): itgait fri l.¤, bēs cidh tindta / a cīall friu, ACL iii 294 § 10.

(b) window or opening to admit light (?): focoisle (.i. do-chúaidh) for l.¤ in tighe, ZCP v 526.25 (but perh. read forlés q.v.).

(c) Of the pupil of the eye: doinfidet [in dracoin] luachtiu di lessaibh sell, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . loarn (.i. snimach? recte sinnach) laas tar leas (.i. suil) lond-adbul, KZ xxxiii 83.24 (rhet.).

(d) flush, blush or burning spot on a person's face caused by being satirized: leos .i. imdergad imadergt[h]ar duine īarna aīr no īarna ēcnuch, Corm. Y 826 . grínniud lōess .i. dībud soillsi .i. caindle . . . agaid fir ima leos luinit[h]er .i. imatimchella soilsi, 827 . Cf. O'Dav. 1156 . leos .i. imdergad no leos .i. bolga, ut est asrenar a leos payment is made for causing him to blush, 1154 . Cf. O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153a ). leos .i. imdeargad, Lec. Gl. 460 . leos .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. at, nó gearb, nó léus a ccroiceann a fhéola `bright spot', Levit. xiii 2. ? By extension of the blow which causes such a mark: go mbuailtear trí leusa . . . do luirgfhearsaid . . air, Oss iii 134.x . 140.3 . Cf. Dinneen , s.v. léas.

utmaille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. utmaille or dil.ie/43341

n , f. movement, restlessness, unsteadiness, instability : na bí for udmaille .i. ná bí ag siubhal, O'Cl. s.v. udmall. n s. ni táirci lessu utmille, Wb. 27a28 . Cf. uáilbe et utmaille, 30b21 . utmaildi choirp `restlessness of body' Ériu vii 172.10 . utmuille et déess et foigde nosṅguidsom ... arna robat leu in pecthisi, Wb. 25b9 . ni maith do cleiriuch utmoille, acht muna dichuirther ar eiccin, BNnÉ 302.4 . trí seithir deirmiten: tromdatu, espatu, utmaille ` flightiness ,' Triads 214 . as olc an ferg ┐ an udmhoille cum comairled `anger and haste are bad counsellors,' Ériu v 128.25 . a d s. ar a n-uati ┐ a n-utmailli, Ml. 123a2 ; 5 . eter foss nō utmailli (.i. cid for imtecht), Thes. ii 300.1 ( Hy. i 3 ). ro gabh in long for crith ┐ for utmaille, CCath. 2120 . Cf. 3538 . atcota echlach utmaille, Anecd. iii 11.17 =ad-cota etla utmailli (v.l. eadla udmalle; eclai udmoilli), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 13.14 (R. M. Smith suggests: adcota ecla utmailli `fear begets uneasiness' RC xlv 18 ). nī bī ina ṡocht itir, acht ō luc do lucc iter utmaille ┐ labhrai, Corm. Y 422 . dag-días cen utmaille fill, | dá mac Smucaille `free from shifty treachery' (lit. shiftness of treachery ), Metr. Dinds. iii 270.23 . inísliged he fen, for utmailli ┐ ercraide ind flaithiusa saegulla i fil, PH 4256 . cobsaigh[e]acht īar n-utmaille (udutmaille MS.) ` levity ,' ZCP vi 258.29 . síu nobheinn for udmhaille | ag siredh na mbenn, BS § 40.23 .

Cf. na cuir do ghnodhaidhe a n-eadtruime agus na [sic] a n-udmaille, Instructio 204.4 (seems to refer to vagando, p. 80 ). o'd connairc F. Oilill ar in udmhailli sin ... ar na dílsiugadh d'a thuathaib `in this predicament' [i.e. uncertainty, state of irresolution ], Celt. Rev. iv 16.20 . do iompoidh a n-aigneadh a n-udmhaille `their courage turned into unsteadiness' [i.e. irresolution ] ML 142.6 . g s. dobeir demon cuitmide spirat utmaille for cāch, ZCP iii 33.9 . BNnÉ 311 . The sense mental confusion is common: ro fhéch Suibhne suas iarum co rolíon ... folúamain ┐ udmhaille `restlessness and unquiet filled him' BS § 11 . utmailli t'inntinne, Instructio 203.13 .

With menman: is ed ro-toirmisc umpu, cotlud aimsire ┐ utmaille menman wandering of mind i.e. inattention (at prayer), PH 3035 . re himsnim ┐ ré hudmailli menman a los a fir, TTebe 1342 . ní cian tra baoísiumh i n-udmaille moir menman `in a depressed state of mind,' AFM v 1612.13 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman ┐ i n-inirte aiccnidh dUa Neill `caused a giddiness of spirits, vi 2164.1 . ro ghabh ... dásacht ┐ utmoille mór menman Ua D. `anxiety of mind,' vi 2290.16 . ro ghabh udmhaille mhór iad, ML 70.23 .

In Laws of shifting the grounds of action in a suit: útmaille tacrai (tacra fergach, add., LB) `shifting one's pleading' i.e. one of the seventeen signs of bad pleading, Tec. Corm. § 22.15 = utmaille tacrai, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 17 (utmailli; udmaille v.l.). ái útmaille `an unsteady arguing' (i.e. one of the worst arguings before an assembly), Tec. Corm. § 25.5 . mesam ai udmailli, ACL iii 230.151 ( ZCP xvii 68 ).

Of temporary as opposed to permanent residence : nach beth do chuibhdeas leo aithris a haitighthe agas a hiostadh do chur a ccosmhuileacht ris an tir or thriallsad iar mbunadhus, no iar nudmhuille, MS. Mat. 578.34 .

mobility, quickness : udhmaille adhmhaille ` quickness swiftness, fleetness, activity ,' P. O'C. Cuimnigh, ar in t-aingeal, utmoille na cos sin do dortadh fola=meminisse debes quam veloces erant pedes tui, Aisl. Tond. viii § 5 . is lugu a n-utmailli 'na [sic leg. Plummer MS. Notes] ceathrib, Laws iv 98.24 . rogab Eber descert ... | co n-a utmaille cona chommus | co na binnius `with its activity,' Todd Nenn. 252.7 .

As vn. (cf. also exx. with for above) rogab-si fo (leg. for?) utmailli ┐ siubal sechnon na cathrach (of Dido) `she fell into unrest,' Aen. 707 . enlaithi ... do beith ... ac udmaille do sír gan anadh gan fhosad orra `flitting,' RC xxviii 310 § 5 .