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blén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blén or dil.ie/6122

 

Forms: mlén, bléne, im-blenai, mleen, blen, senblene

n ā, f. O. Ir. mlén. Also bléne [, f.], d s. im-blenai, MacCongl. 122. 14 , 22 . groin: inguina . . . uel mleen , Thes. ii 47.3 . blen gl. iunguis (leg. inguen, ed.), 43.4 . tege carnem, inginem, .i. inbleoin, Gild. Lor. 226. co tarut dam . . . a adairc in a bléin = inter inguina, Lat. Lives 97.2 . ba doirb . . a lesugad ar med satha a seng blene, YBL 177a16 = senblene, BB 257b10 . ro seidigtea na haibli tenedh im blenaib ┐ im cosaib in tshloig, 496a38 `Leisten', ZCP xxx 136.16 . Día féin a comhair a chrochtha / do thonuidh bhléin sochla seing, IGT Decl. ex. 1102. neascoid an loch bhlén = ex inguinum tumoribus, 23 K 42 , 56.5 . See 1 loch. `creek formed by a lake or large river' (O'Don. Suppl.): i mblenai Guirt Cruithnechtai, MacCongl. 122.14 . im-b. chupa `Blencup' (note), AFM iii 646.9 . See Hog. Onom.

Compds. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi. blenarda long-flanked, LL 10358 ( TBC-LL¹ 3377 ). trí céd bó blénghasda `milking cows', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.4 .

lesugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesugud or dil.ie/30025

 

Forms: lesachadh

u, m. vn. of lesaigidir. lesachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (p. 245.6) .

(a) acting with a view to benefitting another or remedying a situation, repairing; a remedial or beneficial action; act of improving, reforming : dligtech cach lesugad , Laws ii 2.4 . ní len lugha lesughadh .i. nocha lenann lugha cinad asa ní do rinnis do lesughadh, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . ni do-gnithar for torba . . . ní heirenar nach lesughadh .i. nocha n-éirnithear éiric ann sin, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). do lesughadh tuaithe .i. is ar daighne lesa oigh don tuaith do niad é, ibid. Cf. les túaithe, s.v. 1 les. co ceand mbliadna .i. ar in re co roib fer bunaid i n-aititin a lesaigthi until the owner acknowledges that it has been (properly) repaired (of a fence). Laws iv 152.18 Comm . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren it can be recovered from him who brings or buys it (of stolen property), iii 240.23 . doronadh . . . lubhra iomdha ┐ lesaighte leis `works and repairs', Cog. 138.y . fer millti ┐ lesaigti na hErenn uli in fer-sin, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . fer leasaighthe tuath ┐ ecclas, AFM ii 1058.12 . in doman do dhul a ṅdíth air, ┐ a animm do l.¤ , PH 7583. th'éunmhac d'iodhbairt a ccroich dár leasughadh-ni, Parrth. Anma 4410 . eaglais sbioradālta na n-anmann do chomóradh ┐ do leasughadh to improve, reform, Beatha S. F. 307 .

(b) Of the sick or wounded, act of curing, tending; cure, remedy: cuingi[dh] a lesaigthi remedium quaerere (sic leg.), O'Curry 2222 ( Eg. 88, 16 ). docuaidh se la do leasugud duine galuir `to tend', Ériu ii 82.3 . ni fétar in chned . . . do l.¤ , PH 7646 . comhairle do chum lesaighthe ┐ sláinte na Sethrach n-esslán (`for the recovery and health'), RSClára 111a . Often coupled with leiges: oc cuinchid a llegis ┐ a llesaigthe fair, PH 4629 . nior ḟéad liaig . . . éolus mo leighis na mo lesaighthe, Ériu v 80.20 . Cf. leigius ┐ leasugadh co ceann secht mbliadhan, ┐ trommughadh orra, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ) (of small boys who have been guilty of some offence). Also: leighius ┐ leasugad isin cnedh, ibid. (here perh. compensation).

(c) act of making good, compensating for, amending, repairing; amends, compensation, reparation : do lesughadh a mhoide, Duan. F. i xx 27 . a leasugud re M. in easanoir tuc se do, Fier. 210 . dobēr-sa lesugudh ad litechus duit I shall make amends to thee for the accusation, ZCP vi 86.29 . romarbhu[i]s mac mo derbrathar . . . ┐ is olc in lesugudh ┐ in lāneruic tú féin ann, 30.7 . bean leasuighthe ar loit an chéidbhean who made good what the first woman destroyed, PBocht 9.8 . do-dhén leasughadh in gach ní dar mhill mé, Dhá Sgéal Art. 765. uireasbhuidh bhur gcreidimh do leasughadh, 1 Thessal. iii 10. é féin do leasúghadh ┐ a pheacu[i]dhe do chur de, Mac Aingil 1262 . go ttug Dia fád láimh féin leasúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt reparation, 3521 . an lóirghníomh ┐ an leasughadh dlighthear ar a son (sc. sins), 58 . aithrighe . . . ina uile chiontuibh . . . re rún láidir lesaighthe, RSClára 155b . táinig don reacht soin fir Éireann do leasughadh a ngníomh `improved in their behaviour', Keat. ii 4022 . dochum mh'anma do shlānughadh ┐ mo bheathadh do leasughadh, Rial. S.F. 1287 . rún leasaighthe `purpose of amendment', Parrth. Anma 4779 . fear leasuighthe an bhriste `repairer', Isaiah lviii 12.

(d) act of looking after, caring for, maintaining, supporting, preserving; maintenance, care : is lá comurba Petair lesúgud na Eurupa, Trip.² 291 . do cach lesugad iar nDia ┐ duine, Laws iii 22.8 ( .i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht, 25 ). in lucht ro herbad dóib do lessugud, ┐ níros lesaigset (of the áes gráid in hell), LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). na hindmasa . . . do-ratait dúin diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 6121 . arfeith .i. airitiu nó l.¤, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra, O'Mulc. 103 . fuair . . . bás gan faoisittin, gan lesucchad na hecclaisi `ministrations', BNnÉ 231.23 . ní bhiaidh imshníomh lóin nó leasuighthe ar bhar laochaibh, Dhá Sgeal Art. 2109. Of children: urailid dliged air a lesccugad `to educate them', Laws iii 542.2 Comm . in dalta icá tai leasugud fria re cian, Lism. L. 1422 (quem nutrire solebas, Lat. Lives 75 ). is coir a lesugudh co maith, uair is e bus righ i n-Edail a[d] diaid-siu, Aen. 644 . dia mbeiredh lenamh . . . a mharbadh, ar ni raibhe aca acfaing a lesaighthe, BNnÉ 40.6 . ba buidheach don l.¤ tucadh fair (of a boy), Lism. L. 3035 . gur tuirsighedh aithre ┐ oidigh . . . dhá leasughadh ┐ dhá ṡíormhúnadh, ZCP xii 396.26 . Of animals: tri C each buada ro batar for l.¤ aige which he maintained(?), Aen. 1605 (`which had been training by him'). Of objects: im chorus etha .i. med do cruaiche .i. im lesugad ind arba, Laws i 134.13 Comm . ma ar fath lesuigthe berur for teched (of cattle), v 192.z Comm . ro gab for l.¤ na hairge, IT i 40.10 . mad messu a bhláth nā (= no + a) lessugud lett indiu é andá in lá tucus bar in lettir i Cruachnaib Ái (of a sword), TBC-LL¹ 5954 . di lessugud loṅg ┐ luchtlaigi ┐ lónti do thecht in tṡlúagid, LL 299bx ( TTr. 936 `to prepare', Stokes). cach airicc urcoiteach robai for lesugud le that she had carefully preserved (tr. `that seemed to her useful'), CCath. 4137 . grúag . . . gan nighe, gan leasachadh unkempt hair, BNnÉ 169.12 . do aithin Flidais do'n bhanntracht an cend do lesugadh, Celt. Rev. iv 24.15 . Specifically of feeding, refection : ma ta leasug[ud] a serraigh isin sine, Laws iii 378.11 Comm . leór a llessaigthi enough to feed them, LL 12765 . ba doírbh lista a leasugud ar med satha a senblene (of Lebarcham), BB 257b10 . in corp do shásad ┐ do lessugud o aireraib na mbiad, PH 5997 . glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae choice entertainment of meat and drink, BColm. 84.6 . do chaithem bíd ┐ lenda ┐ lessaigthi leō, MacCongl. 45.26 .

Freq. in Laws in phr. l.¤ ┐ comairléiciud maintaining and permitting (to remain). One who thus supported a criminal was liable to a fine, fíach lesaigthe: for nech biathus mac . . . a leasugad ┐ a comairlegad ban ┐ mac na murcartha, Laws iii 388.9 Comm . i[s] slan di (sc. in eclais) in lesugadh ┐ in comar-leigenn (sic) dogres, iv 234.23 . leasugadh ┐ comairleghadh neich marbas aitiri, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ). cid deorad cid faenlegach cid furfogradach . . . fiach leasaigthe ┐ comar-leicthe, O'Curry 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). is fiach comarlécthi no lesaighthi masa urcraid, slán masa faendledach, O'D. 1668 ( H 5.15, 1 ). Cf. ? go mor muna lia leasugadh luigdeach luige lugaid lathgaile .i. as mor in gae mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do lughaidh laechdha, no do lughaidh do chorca luighde, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ).

(e) Of land, act of cultivating, tending, manuring; manure : an talamh oirfither accat . . . nach suirfe (iarrfadh, v.l.) lesachadh tre bithe will not require manuring, BNnÉ 321.22 . mór gcré nach tabhair toradh / go bhfaghair lé leasoghadh, DDána 6.31 . um lesughadh a los, RSClára 41b (`to water his plants'). an machaire ar a ccurthar iomad leasaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3207 . as lúghaide a toradh iomad leasaighthe do chur urthe, 3212 .

Of literary works: d'ḟer na ngrēs / lūag a lessaigthi ba bēss, Ériu xix 78 § 4.

(f) Used of some technical process or processes, (i) in brewing: re lesugad na bracha o do berthar uisce uirre, Laws ii 242.6 Comm . (ii) in tanning hides: dlegair leathar l.¤ , ZCP iv 468 § 2 . fear leasaighthe leathair a tanner, Acts ix 43 .

(g) fer lesaigthe, from Laws Comm. below seems to mean a man engaged on certain duties for the benefit of his túath. Cf. aire échta, Críth G. p. 70 . each fir leasaigthi (one of seven pledges on which it is difficult to estimate the compensation and interest payable), Laws v 238.19 ; glossed .i. each in fir is gnath ac denam leas oig .i. each in airi eachta, 242.7 Comm . cnead fir lesaigthe .i. dia mbe cū a coimitecht in fir oc timcell an tire co taesat na muca don coin, O'Curry 219 ( H 3.18, 115 ). More generally, guardian, teacher : ag fior leasaighthe an leinibh, PBocht 11.2 (equated with `oide', ibid). do thréig lucht a leasaighthe teachers(?), DDána 104.8 (`benefactors', Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ).

moínigid(ir), maínigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. moínigid(ir), maínigid or dil.ie/31374

 

Forms: mainiugad, maoiniugad

v denom. (maín). (a) enriches, endows : ni muinegetar mucca cen (sic leg.) a mbas no a llog (gl. a rec) … co n-aurlund (? leg. co h-) a ndithma (gl. .i. a dotma) 'pigs do not enrich except by their death (slaughter) or their [sale] value (gl. their sale)' Ériu xxxvi 202-3 . máinigter comarbai for a thechtu thoigh, SCC 276 . ro-maīnigther in gein, ZCP xii 273.34 . mōenigfid sini sceo ōclach (óglęcha, v.l.) 'he will enrich old and young' ZCP ix 452 § 20 , Ériu xxxvi 206 .

(b) increases : is tre ḟír flaitheman ad-mlechti márbóis -moínigter it is through the justice of the ruler that milk-yields of great cattle are increased AM 6 § 18 . cach bec nō cech mór nomuinichither di cech rét etir locc ┐ ēdach ┐ dig ┐ bīad, rop de forcongrai tsenōra a comairlecad 'whatsoever little or much you increase (your store) of everything, including dwelling place (?) and clothing and drink and food …' ZCP iii 29.1 (Regula Choluimb Chille) , Ériu xxxvi 204 .

(c) fattens, feeds, pastures (of livestock): cuich in mait ro mainighis .i. cuich in muc ro leasaighis, O'Dav. § 1241 . cethraimthe cach mairt mainighther coland i(n) sleib 'whose flesh is fattened on a mountain' CIH i 58.15 , Ériu xxxvi 205 . mochen mata moaigther | do na mainigther maid, Ériu vii 199 § 8 = do nach moaigther miad, 6 § 8 . vn. do cach mainiugad (.i. beodilib ┐ mairbdilib), do cach lesugad (.i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht), Laws iii 22.8 ; 'enrichment' Ériu xxxvi 203 . mad radrachus is mes mairt fuirre in cedbliadhain . . . ar ni frithṡailter a mainiugadh iar sin, H 3.18 p. 435 a ( O'Curry 1039 ) = maoiniugad, 446b ( O'Curry 1099 ); 'her increase is not expected' Ériu xxxvi 206 . ro gab go mend mainigad, ZCP vii 309.9 ; 'stammering (or manifest ?) falsehood has begun to increase' Ériu xxxvi 204 . But muiniughadh .i. sealbhughadh, O'Cl. may be meant for this word.

múraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. múraid or dil.ie/32853

 

Forms: múirid, múrad

v ā, also múirid, i.

(a) the orig. sense may be levels, makes level (soil, etc.), hence razes, demolishes (esp. of buildings). cach tailach dara tictis na múrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 = MU 14.27 (`levelled'). ro mursam a tulcha . . . co bfuilit ina bfanglentaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 825 n. 7 (St.), cf. p. 711 n. 7 . múirfidhear cnuic na cruinne, Ir. Monthly 1927, 261.15 . muchum ┐ murum in cathraigh let us raze, Aen. 3083. murait in dai[n]gin ┐ brisid in rigdae, 565 . múirfemait do tṡid ort, Acall. 5078 (`we will wall up', SG ii 224 , but cf. do thochailt ar sída oraind, 5136 ). múrfither bar múr ri miledaib Grec, LL 239a16 ( TTr. 1648 ). cor loisc ┐ cor mur Boroma, RC xviii 37.2 (Tig.). co ro loisc[s]et in indsi ┐ co rus-múrsat, AU ii 148.19 . ro múrsetar Báirc ṁBresail, RC xiii 40 § 10. cathair A. do múiretur ┐ d'airgetur Tuircínigh, Maund. 132. cid . . . do muirthea in raith though the fort were to be destroyed, YBL 315b54 . gur muradh ┐ gur mughaighedh . . . in baile, AU iii 586.1 . In looser sense: nā muirter do mhuir an cill . . . co brath `that the church should never be overwhelmed by the sea', Misc. Hag. Hib. 17 § 16.

(b) in wider sense destroys, ruins (of persons): a betha daenna, . . . sochaide ro múris!, PH 4661. in carracc . . . do múiredh triar no ceathrar roimpi, CCath. 1859. ro mursad cona cloind ┐ cona muintir uile he, YBL 179b4 (`walled in', RC xxiv 285.2 ).

(c) piles up, builds up, constructs, only of constructing a mound over a grave: is ann ro foilged a corp; | fuirri ro múrad mór-chnocc, Metr. Dinds. iii 40.4 . do múiredh in tuluch so air, Acall. 7572 , cf. 1073 , 1085 . ro múiredh in tulach so thairrsi, 1257 . ro muired in fert, 2082 . ? (fig.) gabais i n-allmuirib, mūras mōr ṅdēserce (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 217 § 3 ; he heaped up much charity? but text may be corrupt, perhaps = mórais.

vn. múrad (múired) m.

(a) in strict sense `act of levelling the ground ' (Laws, Gloss.): masa maidm talman na cumangar do lesugad trena muired no trena linadh `by levelling it', Laws iii 254.22 Comm. ar múrad talman ar Conán after levelling (? heaping) the earth over C. (i.e. burying), Acall. 3985. Hence loosely with obj. gen. of person burying: Tephi . . . mairg forsmélad a múrad `her entombment', Metr. Dinds. i 8.42 .

(b) generally the act of razing, demolishing: ro sailset muradh in daingin forna Troianaib ┐ a dilgend iar sin, Aen. 2352 (where muradh seems = levelling the walls, oppd. to dílgend utterly destroying). Cf. 2045 . do thogail ┐ loscud ┐ múrud cathrach Lamidóin, LL 224a21 ( TTr. 506 ). di milliud ┐ di múriud . . . na Troe, 227b15 ( TTr. 765 ).

(c) exceptionally of building (walls), fortifying: a catracha do murad ┐ do daingnedud, BB 434a27 .

techtairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. techtairecht or dil.ie/40286

 

Forms: t.

n ā, f. (techtaire) message, errand, mission, embassy: t.¤ gl. legatione, Wb. 15d17 . frissin tectairecht dia tuidched, 10a28 . buid for tectairecht hó ísu, 13b5 . inna techtairechtae, Ml. 85b10 . ar fóit for techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . angeil ... | do reir Dé fri t.¤ , SR 690 . is é leth ruc tossach a thechtairechta issin Mágnéit do acaldaim Péil, TTr. 773 . cia doragad risin tectairecht sin, CRR 26.10 . in lesugad ┐ in t.¤ `the business and message,' Laws v 194.6 Comm. labhair thall mo theachtoireacht, Ir. Review, 1913, 623 § 5 . daréis na techtairechtedh sin da rochtuin, ALC i 516.1 . a leabhraibh taighleoireachta ┐ teachtairiochta, CRR² 68.7 . t.¤ um chert nō um chomroinn chrīchi, ML² 901 . ci[d] dod tug annosa chugam, ┐ na ttángais ris na tectaireachtaib eile `why didst thou not come at the other messages ?,' TFrag. 80.23 . tagraid teachtaireacht shíodha ris ó Laighnibh `brought him an offer of peace,' Keat. iii 3135 .

In various extended meanings: gu cnoc gabala na ngial, ┐ gu tulaig techtairechta na trom sluag `which heavy hosts frequented,' RC i 40.19 =`to the Hill of Summoning of Hosts' (at Tara), Ériu viii 26.12 . t.¤ loṅgsi A. the account of A,'s sea-expedition, TTr. 1070 . Of the flight of a thrown spear: nir toirmesc tosgainn, turais, na techtairechta do chruaid-urchor craisige C. an triur sin do thuitim, MR 264.23 . As quasi-vn.: forend d'ainglib ac t.¤ do Dia going on errands, YBL 169b10 . ní fhedaim gan teachtaireacht don athair `I cannot but go on a message,' TTebe 1073 . tonna trágha ag teachtaireacht, DDána 29.3 , `giving the news,' Ir. Monthly 1927, 260 , cf. RC xxviii 310.7 .