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ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

 

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha, O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

1 cubat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cubat or dil.ie/13393
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (Lat. cubitus) cubit: c.¤ fri fut a lame, SR 4251 . Cf. c.¤ fir co fot a láime, Celtica iv 30.419 . dá ch.¤ . . . / bid i l-lethet cech oenchláir, SR 4239 . chubait i lleithet cech cláir, Celtica iv 30.415 . lethet a thened fri dá mile déc c.¤ tomsithir, LU 2108 ( FA 17 ). coire . . . atracht a fhiuchad de cóic c.¤ déc, PH 1265 . L c.¤ a tighe a múir. CC cubhat ina hairdi, CCath. 18 . secht cubait dec deimnigthi / ag nim suas . . . (of tur Nemruaid), Auraic. 2604 . ? c.¤ n-oll .i. uilleann .i. edlenn (Ogam `ui'), 5664 `great equal-length' (2 c. ?). comloi iairn . . . sé cubait a tighi, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 1 (= cubitus, Gloss.) = fedha, 123 § 1 . dá fhichid c.¤ ceart, DDána 29.5 . an iomad cūibiod (cuibid, cúbaid, v.ll.) as cionn gach cnuic, Trompa na bhF. 7131 . ? tri .l. comḟad timchell forsin sluag caslach norda, YBL 140b14 = . . . comad forsin sluag . . . , LL 3693 (but see Ériu lx 14 n. 55 ).

See under 2 c.

dairbre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairbre or dil.ie/14260

 

Forms: dairbhre, dairire

n o; gender undetermined; collective meaning (II) points to neuter. Hogan's exx. CRR p. 193 insufficient.

I An oak, oakling (the passage CRR 37 does not establish a meaning oak-branches ). dairbhre .i. dair O'Cl. colpach ina mórgabla nó ina dairbri bega dairt ina craebaib, Laws iv 148. 24 . dodechaid sídi gaithi...coro sétea ammíasa uadib amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 (= LL 254 a 3 ). crothais dóib dairbre ndall, LL 114 a 41 (= ScM. 21 , 30 ). dorochair in d.¤ dess (= dair Mugna in the preceding line), ib. 200 a 25 . gárid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, ib. 144 b 2 . imda dairbre ardmessa, Reeves Ad. 286 . in dairbri forsa ndesid in tén, Todd Nenn. 216 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach illáim cech fir...┐ tuargabtar ria naiss na glasgésceda darach sain, CRR 37 . in dairbre fora ndessitar robai for crith cona ḟremaib a talmain, Tig. 1054 . édiud dairbri Breici dia brut, Leb. Cert. 4. 26 . dḟácbáil a bruit ac Bearnos im dairbri mBreici mbuadhach, ib. 18. 15 . fa lomlan dainglibh uile cech duille im dairbribh Doire, Reeves Ad. 288. 20 . fuaim doininni fa dairbre, Anecd. ii 24. 7 . fo d.¤ nduillech, Acall. 1590 . Druim Lethet co llínmaire: dercain donna ara dairbhre (prob. plur.), Anecd. ii 24 , 14 . dos dairpri rúaidh, B IV 2, 134 b = Fianaig. 14. 14 .

II A grove of oak-trees, an oak-wood , in place-names. rí Dairbre, LL 127 b 50 = MacCarthy 164. 11 . do righ Dairbhri in daighsleibhi, Leb. Cert. 74. 14 . do bhrú Dairbhri Ó Duibhni, ib. 46. 10 . Oilén Dairbri Valentia Island Cóir Anm. 32 . Cf. Hog. Onom. 326 . Leb. Cert. p. 47 n. , 49 n.

MOD. dairbhre, dairire, in place-names.

deichelt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deichelt or dil.ie/15123
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: degiult, dechiult, dechealta, dechelta, degcelt, dicelt

n o (`dé + celt double garment, cf. uestis duplex, Judges xvii 10 ,' Plummer MS. notes). Probably neut.: dechelt n-amra, Corm. Y 1059 . ishé i[nde]chellt, Wb. 27b16 , only instance in O.Ir. Glosses, and reading doubtful. Appar. f. in: deceelt chorcra, ZCP xxv 99 § 6 . d s. degiult, dechiult, ACC § 124 . n p. dechealta, Acall. 3869 . a p. dechelta, LL 237b4 ( TTr. 1521 ). Often spelled degcelt through association with deg-. dicelt, ZCP vi 271.20 . degcelt .i. brat, H 3.18 532 . dechealt .i. brat, O'Cl. dechelt .i. degbrat no degétach, H 3.18, 643 . decelt .i. brat ┐ leine, Corm. Y 373 .

Outer garment worn by both sexes, robe, cloak: mo mind óir . . . mo delgc ┐ mo dechelt duit, ZCP ii 134 . d.¤ ríg, LL 51b15 . no benad-som a trí choicait ṅ-dechelt díb, TBC-LL¹ 978 . is bec na raséit a ndechelta dá n-airbruinnib, LL 237b4 ( TTr. 1521 ). rop imda cend cen cholaind ┐ coland cen dechelt, LL 44a36 . dechelt datha, Fen. 140 . dechealt édaig, SG 38.11 . dobreth dechelt n-amra uimpi, Corm. Y 1059 . nach salchadais na dechealta nuaglana, Acall. 3869 .

Fig. dá chubat, ni dechelt tair, | bid il-lethet cech oenchláir, SR 4239 . Noe i n-iarthur Rechet . . . fuair cach ṅdechelt ṅdagferaind, LL 163a4 .

deiscéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiscéimm or dil.ie/15266

 

n (dess + céimm) lit. a step to the right, apparently a definite measure; full pace: se traigthi i ndeisceim, Laws iv 276.24 . deisceim dá traigh co leth eside, O'Dav. 1048 (see Gwynn, Ériu ix 157 ). deisceim ┐ tua[th]ceim cach leth imaire .i. ceim da leith deis ┐ da leith chli .i. lethet cach imairi dibh no secht foit arathair, O'D. 2350 ( Rawl. B 506, 40a ). mata ac iarraidh conaire isedh dlegar deisceim ┐ tuadcheim do legud do (i.e. if a man's land lies between that of two co-tenants he must have access to the common woods, etc.), 2270 (23b). Cf. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. airceann, traighidh.

díaisnéithe, díasnéte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díaisnéithe, díasnéte or dil.ie/15916

 

adj io,iā = díaisndíse: a Dé diaisneithe, Hib. Min. 42.29 . cumachta díasnéte in chomded (diasnethi, v.l.), FA 12 . co cuala briathra diasnéte na n-aingel, 2 . lubra tromm dhiassneti, PH 373 . o thodern[um]aib diaisnetib, 5933 . fo smacht ┐ fo geilsini díasneti, Cog. 48.10 . co failti diaisneidthe, YBL 166ax . is diasneti farsinge ┐ lethet na flatha nemda, LU 2477 ( RC iv 256 ); cf. as diaisneíd a ffuair . . . do ghaibhthibh, AFM v 1662 . Cf. doaisnéithe.

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

dígainde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígainde or dil.ie/16284

 

Forms: dhíoghuinne

n , f. (dígaind) abundance; compactness, stoutness: rofas in crand ir-remet ┐ i n-airde ┐ il-lethet ┐ i ndigainde luxuriance of branch and foliage (?), LB 221b63 . fig. laoidh chumainn 'n-ar nocht sí díoghainne a díoghraise do Mhaon `the vehemence of her affection for M.', Keat. ii 2561 . Attrib. g s. tuir dhíoghuinne dheaghchumdaigh . . . do clochaibh troma, ZCP ii 361 .

do-foirndea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-foirndea or dil.ie/17657

 

Forms: dofoirndea, dofoirnde, dofoirṅdet, tofhóirndet, tóirndet, dofhoirde, dofhoírdet, tornebad, tororan-som, dosrorann, dosrorainn, dofoirndither, thórnter, dufornditer, tórann, toirndide, toirndithi, dufoirndither, rothairind

v (* to-fo-rind-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 603 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofoirndea, Ml. 2d2 . dofoirnde, Sg. 59b1 . 3 pl. dofoirṅdet, Sg. 26b16 . tofhóirndet (rel.), 72b5 . nád tóirndet , 25b12 . With omission of ¤n-, dofhoirde (3 s. rel.), Sg. 203b4 . dofhoírdet, 203b11 . Condit. 3 s. tornebad, ZCP viii 306 . Perf. 3 s. tororan-som, Ml. 29b8 . dosrorann, SR 4422 . dosrorainn, 152 . Pass. pres. s. dofoirndither, Tur. 55 . thórnter (rel.), Sg. 59b18 . pl. dufornditer, Ml. 65c16 . Vn. tórann.

(a) expresses, signifies (usual sense in O.Ir.): gl. significare, Sg. 59b1 , 18 ; exprimere, Acr. 11c3 ( Thes. ii 5 ). inna trisecht tra dofoirndea sin in treodataid, Ml. 2d2 . dufornditer a ngnimae inna rig tri delba ban the deeds of the kings are represented by figures of women, 65c16 . tororan-som trisin doit in gním gnís in do[i]t, 29b8 . is aimser derb dofoirnde inna hilur (the word `dies') expresses definite time in its plural, Sg. 66b10 . dofoirnde in son ┐ a folad inchoisig expresses the sound and the substance which it signifies, 9a12 (`it determines the sound'). is he candadas inna ndegnimae són . . . dofoirndither trisin mbrat find, Tur. 55 . in brat-sa is ed doforne co mbēra-sa mac (interpretation of a dream), Lism. L. 798 . imrum Maelidūin dofóirne rūin richid rāin, Anecd. i 74 § 223 . ised doforne na .v. bairgena iar sians .i. na .v. oessa in domain, LB 149a6 . cid doforni sin, a chleirigh? what do you mean? BNnÉ 306 . cid toirnes gāir gāithi, Hib. Min. p. 39 . tucad int ainm sin iarsin n-inde thoirnes, PH 6934 . na dā descipul . . . issed dofornet sin, 4551 . atat cethri forcométésa . . . asa tórniter rúin ┐ sians, 3510 . amal rothoirned comach a chuirp . . . tria brissed na bairgine, 5315 . ? a cossa ┐ a llama in .l. eolach dosruarannsom which he indicated, BB 495a42 .

(b) traces, marks out, delimitates (a design, site, etc.); common meaning in Mid.Ir.; for transition cf. follg. exx. from glosses: toirndide (part.) gl. templum auro et argento distinctum, i.e. marked out, Ml. 143c1 . toirndithi descriptos (toros), well-defined (muscles), Acr. 26v3 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dufoirndither gl. (tuum mihi nomen . . . in contumeliam pudoris) impingetur, is brought against one as a disgrace (the Ir. may mean is made to express or possibly glossator connected impingere with pingere = paint, portray), Ml. 86a2 . Hence: dofornde P. crois isind licc cona bachaill, Trip.² 857 . dobert C. a sleigin do ┐ doforne ogum n-ind, IT ii1 178 . indelba .i. anmand na n-altora . . . arindi dofornitis intib delba na ndūla adortais, Corm. Y 752 . co roroind (toroind?) sigin na crochi i fragid in tempuil, PH 2095 . With transference of obj.: gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith he traces out (a circle with) one of the legs (of the fork), Ériu v 72 . Esp of a site for building: tair cuccum . . . ┐ toraind in reclés, Trip.² 970 . dororaind Patraic Ráith nAirthir, 953 v.l. (doraind, text). in glóruill . . . | dosrorainn i coic [c]ressaib marked it out into five zones, SR 152 . bid amne ind eclas . . . | feib dosrorann int ardrí, 4422 . daroraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 . is e toirrnebhus mu relec (= cemiterium designabit where meaning seems rather will retrace, point out ), Lat. Lives 112 = ise foillsigfides moligisea, ┐ tórindfess morelicc, Three Hom. 100. 8 . eirgid in clerech ┐ tornid in chill, ZCP xiii 26 . conid he roclaidh ┐ rothorainn (dororaind, v.l.) an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . toimhsis ┐ tóirnis a tempull, 207 . rothórainnsett an chill ┐ an relecc, 14 . co rothóraind si dóib in dún cona heo, RC xvi 281 ( Dinds. 161 ). Macha, is lē rothornedh Emoin, 45 ( Dinds. 94 ). rochum cathraig . . . dia luirg rostorna is dia deilg, Metr. Dinds. i 6 . tóraindter rátha . . . lib damsa, RC xxvi 132 § 2 . dofóruinn impi tóraind na ratha, ACL iii 326 . toirneas an tiprait, Lism. L. 967 . for Feicc doroirned ar lecht, Fianaig. 10 § 4 . Occasionally confused with do-airindi lowers: co rastocaib ┐ co rastoraind he took it (the statue of Saturn) up and set it down again (for rastairind), LL 230b1 ( TTr. 975 ). rothoraind a rosc forsna huigib, MR 24 = rothairind, FDG 171 . See also do-rinda.

domain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domain or dil.ie/18059
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: doimin, domun, domna, domnaib, domnu, domna, doimniu, dóimne

adj Also doimin. domun, Ériu ii 5.12 . n pl. domna, LL 117b18 . d pl. domnaib, Lec. 189b14 , 29 . Compar. domnu, Hy. v 18 ( Thes. ii 248.3 ). ? domna, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.15 . Usually doimniu (-e).

I Adj. i

(a) deep: air ind loith domuin for the deep mud, Ml. 60a6 . ni bu d.¤ , Thes. ii 348.26 (gl. ní bo ances, Hy. v 85 ). (Of hell) is ísel tra ┐ is d.¤ a sudigud, RC iv 254.21 . arrecat abaind let[h]ain nád bo d.¤ ara cind, ix 482 . tar aibind d.¤ , Laws iv 126.19 Comm. ar in muir ndomuin ndilennda, KMMisc. 315.31 . sreabh nár dhomhain (: omhain), 3 C 12, 409.3 . cuas domhain, TSh. 2526 . lethan-chlais lán-domhain, AFM vi 1896.6 . rug leis ós cionn deirce doimhne é, Eochairsg. 115.39 . gléasfaid duit féin leabaidh domhain (i.e. a grave), Keat. Poems 358 . Béal Essa Ruaidh is doimhin cóst, 349 . ata an tobar domhain, John iv 11 . creácht cabhanach d.¤ , 3 C 19, 24vb22 . pl. lathach[a] dóimne tuilbréna, FA § 30 LB ( IT i 190.26 ). i nglennaib doimnib, ib. i clúsalaib duba dóimne . . . íchtair ifirnd, PH 8245 . co srothaib fota fír-dóimne, 8311 . for glenntaib doimnib, 8293 . sáidte doimhne doleighis, SG 339.15 . na gona doíghne, CF 88 (Eg.). i lochthiprataibh lándoimnibh, MR 102.4 . .xxx. coire domhin, LB 130b39 . tonna doimhne díleannda, 3 C 12, 429.17 . as na hionadhaibh doimhne (= de profundis), TSh. 4281 . 'na nduibh-néallaibh doimhne, 2077 . Compar. domnu murib deeper than seas, Hy. v 18 . ní domnu ni muir `nothing is deeper than the sea', Thes. ii 248.3 . inber bud domni a cheili, CRR § 25 . go mbia an loit níos doimhne . . . ná croicheann a fhéola, Levit. xiii 3 . Adv. dognīther an clais co d.¤ , ZCP viii 560.26 . cuir 'sa crecht gu domuin ar na nige, 24 B 3, 87.1 . In n.loc.: i nGlenn d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ p. 650 . i n-imsligi Glindi Domain, p. 651 . Of eyes deep-set, sunken: batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . suile doimne maille re gluasacht imda, 23 P 10, 78 . na suile co domuin asteach, 50 . Possibly in meaning high in: a ttemplaibh doimni marmoir, 3 C 19, 91 va 35 .

Compds. ¤chirrtha: dorus . . . domhuinchiorrtha (of a wound), ML 88.19 . ¤loiscthe: tinneanas tineadh . . . domhain-loisgthe, ML 114.4 . ¤lot deep wound: don lig uamha an domhain-luit, 3 C 13, 860.6 . ¤tairnem: Fir Domnann ō domain-toirnem na hūiri isna bolcaib (i.e. raising the earth from a depth), ZCP x 163.21 = domhan-toirneadh, ITS xli 30 § 295 .

(b) Fig. profound, intense, thoughtful, etc. : cech recht rodomain, ZCP ix 452.26 . grian ar bhfis is dál domhain `the bottom of my knowledge is a deep thing', Content. xxiv 6 . beannughadh doimhin duit (opening line of a poem), O'Gr. Cat. 394 n. 2 . ré croidhe domhain, Psalms lxiv 6 . codlad rodomain a naimsir ainiomcubaidh (a cause of headache), 3 C 19, 61va31 . go dtéighid na drochnósa so comh domhain sin is an anam, Donlevy pref. xix 20 . smuaintighthi foluigheacha doimne, 3 C 19, 81va32 . Note also: ni tacair denum domuin dind soscélu to make a mystery of, Wb. 13a21 . Compar. atteoch frit do deshe[i]rc | as doimne innā fairggi, ZCP viii 232 § 10 . ? sochtsat, duba domna (domnu, v.l.) de the deeper sorrow, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.15 .

II As subst. bottom, floor (of a vat, the sea, etc.); depth, depths: ní frith d.¤ isin dabaig .i. más, Fél. 244.23 . co dommain lestair, Mon. Tall. § 74 . (of a pot or vessel) lethet a bela co d.¤ , Laws v 40.19 Comm. tar d.¤ an dercu over the bottom of the hole, RC xii 86 § 92 . fó d.¤ in tsrotha depths , CCath. 192 . dorala d.¤ in mara etrum ┐ hé, Acall. 6064 . berid in gaeth tri longa ele i ndomuin in mara, Aen. 257 . rotionnlacadh í a ndomhain an fhásaigh into the depths of the wilderness, Ériu v 168.84 . memuid domuin carpait P. the floor (?) of P.'s chariot broke, Trip.² 2280 . In follg. ex. perh. height: co domun dringthiar he climbed to the height (of heaven), ACC 68 ( RC xx 262 ).

domne, domnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domne, domnae or dil.ie/18141

 

Forms: doimne, dhoimhne

n , f. (domain). Also doimne.

(a) depth, depths: bec do domna diadachta, ACC § 122 Comm. (RC xx). am gáeth im muir ar domni (song of Amirgen), LL 12b39 ( IT iii 61 § 123 ). ? cichsi domni, SG 80.3 (rhet.). cia doimne in abann?, 75.15 . cia doimne na Boindi?, YBL 136a14 . co nach étir in chned cen fis a doimne do legius, PH 7644 . tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimhne (of a trench), Laws iv 112.3 . ina airdi . . . ina domna (of a vessel), O'D. 929 ( H 3.17 658a). créd é an leithead . . . ┐ an doimhne, Ephes. iii 8 . maille re fad ┐ re leithne ┐ re duimhne, 23 A 4, 137.3 . doimhne ┐ arde ifrend, Lec. 346b46 . domni ifrind omon leam I dread the depth of hell, 347a20 . tre grein do beth a ndoimne because the sun is low (i.e. in January), 23 P 10, 22b6 . (Of a disease) teit se a ndoimne na mball mar doracad tarrngi goes deep into the limbs like a nail, 58.4 . (Of serpents and their bite) in tan tét a ndoimne na mball gabaid dassacht cuga, 24 B 3, 2.14 . da seachnadh na súile an tshoillsi ┐ a mbeith . . . ag dol a ndoimhni receding, 23 K 42, 190.15 . (Of salt in bread) furtachtaighe int uisci chum dul a ndoimhne it helps the water to penetrate (the bread), 3 C 19, 17ra28 . sa lobra . . . ata in tadhbhur a ndoimhne ni is mó in leprosy the (malignant) matter goes deeper, 38va31 . gach méid uíd a ndoimhni is misdi iad (of wounds), 111vb13 . a náit clochaidh mar nach raibh doimhne thalmhan aige depth of soil, Mark iv 5 . créd é doimhne shaidhbhris eagna ┐ eólais Dé, Romans xi 33 . an mhéid . . . dá nach feas doimhne Shatain, Rev. ii 24 . ar dhoimhne a bfis profundity of their knowledge, Content. xviii § 88 . ba haithnid dō doibne ┐ geri inntlechta na mban, Grail 3187 . da bhfaictheá duine ag filledh ó ath ar a dhuibhne on account of its depth, Mac Aingil 142.5 . cech doimhne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper, ZCP viii 560.1 .

Depths, deeps (s. and pl.): moluidh an Tighearna . . . a dhragúna ┐ a uile dhoimhne , Psalms cxlviii 7 . dobhérair suás mé ó dhoimhne na talmhan, lxxi 20 . na gaetha ag seidedh na fairgi a ndoimne stirring the sea from its depths, 23 P 10, 16b29 . in muir d'imthecht tar a doimhnib, SG 242.10 . Of night: na feacadar samhuil . . . do doimhne ná do dhoishininn na hoidhche sin riamh such a night for gloom and storm, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 .

(b) Perh. base (of an erection, etc.); bottom (of vat or vessel) in the follg.: (of an earthwork?) dá traig .x. . . . a domna[e] its base, Críth G. 569 . da traig .x. lethet a bél ┐ a domnai, 571 . domna .i. mas ut est leth lethat a beoil dia domna .i. a lethid a mais tís, O'Dav. 680 . But all three exx. could also be referred to (a).

fairsinge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairsinge or dil.ie/21168

 

Forms: fairsinge, foirsingi

n , f. (see fairrge)

(a) amplitude, width, extent : n s. ind fairsinge (gl. vastitas) Ml. 102a21 . a d s. ara foirsingi 122a9 . hi farsinge (gl. on : hil-lethu, Hy i 43 ), Thes. ii 305.28 . boí ... día farsingi in tige so spacious was the house LU 8739 . is diasneti ... farsinge ┐ lethet na flatha nemda, LU 2477 . mét ┐ fairsingi ┐ lethe na cathrach, RC xxviii 322.18 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuide lē dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . o tā sdét fírluath fúd, gabh f.¤ ┐ fireitech na ferunn `make for the broad and open country' ZCP vi 36.2 . ar f.¤ na feronn in the open field, at large 285.23 . ní husa ... a coiméd in bur cathrachaibh díb na for fairsingi in muighi, Stair Erc. 1948 . Cf. mar fh.¤ bhealaigh do mhacaibh na mímhéinne to give scope to Ó Bruad. iii 16 . anmanna ghairmid fili mar ḟ.¤ dá slighe, Content. xviii 155 . nach fuláir dhóibh fairrsinge na Fódla dá mbuidhnibh, Ir. Monthly 1929, 331 ( DDána 380 ). d'f.¤ a indtlechta, MR 318.29 . Cf. d'fairrseanga, DDána 54 § 21 .

(b) lavishness, munificence: tossach féli forsinge, LL 345b25 . Anecd. iii 16.8 (= abundance ?). geall feile ┐ fairsinge, BNnÉ 282.16 . a féle ┐ a ḟairsinge do cliaroibh Erionn `his generosity and bounty' AFM iv 664 . Abundance: f.¤ aráin, Proverbs xxviii 19 .

2 fethid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fethid or dil.ie/21847

 

Forms: -fáith

v i goes, makes one's way (intrans. or with cogn. acc.) : a lethet, atuaid fa des | dia fethet ... o Riphi ... co dithreib na nEtheopda, SR 2646 . fethid triasin ṁbuidin amal atrubramar remaind, LL 121a21 ( RC iii 179.12 ), referring to: dodechaid C. triasin ṁb., LL 120b51 . Cf. faidid tresin ṁbudin, 121a36 . ō Ēgipt fethit a fōit | fo thuaid cosin Capadōic direct their course Rawl. 78a3 (= LL 135b13 , PRIA ii 234 ). i nAssia Bic fethit ait | Bethain, Frigia. Lid, Galait, Rawl. 78a28 (= LL 135b38 , PRIA ii 2 238 ). Here perhaps the pret. st. -fáith (see Thurn. Hdb. § 808 ). Cf. feidid.

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

2 forrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 forrach or dil.ie/23848

 

n ā, f.

(a) a pole used for measuring land: perticc .i. a pertica .i. f.¤ tomais tire, Bodl. Corm. (= Corm. Y 1055 ). hence prob. f.¤ .i. slat thomhais tíre, O'Cl. (see Gwynn on O'Dav. 1048 etc., Ériu ix 157 ff .). Cf. f.¤ .i. slat dhubhánachta a fishing-rod ib. med, airmed, f.¤ , Triads 138 . forrag .i. for agrum , O'Mulc. 577 . foirrge .i. tomuis .i. fair righther in chuing (i.e. pole of a vehicle), O'Dav. 933 . hí fórríg (gl. in funiculo distributionis Psalms lxx vii 54 ), Thes. i 5.17 .

Hence (b) name of an early Irish land-measure , reckoned in some places as equal to 144 feet (see discussion in Laws, Gloss. s.v.): dā troigid dēc i fertaig, dā fertaigh dēc i forraigh da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia fot, sē foirrge dia lethet , Laws iii 334.22 Comm. tir cumaile seo ... ┐ bo ┐ samhaisc ro soich ar gach forraigh de, ┐ is e aile dec na bo ┐ na samaisce na tri scripaill ┐ isi aile dec na forraighe in pertach, O'D. 2356 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 41a ). In Laws iv 276.25 Comm. reckoned as 1296 feet. fod foirge, iv 18.19 . teora foirrge in aircenn tire in boairech, H 3.18, 384ay ( O'Curry 844 ) = t. fairge, O'D. 1244 ( E 3.5 , 4 ), cf. Laws iv 138.15 . Perhaps more loosely in: f.¤ fir, MR 286 , cited s.v. 1 forrach.

Cf. 3 forrach.

fot, fat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fot, fat or dil.ie/24132
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fut, f., fut, fuit, fod, fad, fuit, ḟ., ut, fot-, fota

n (n s. orig. fut. u, acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xvi 458 ; see fota. But all the exx. we have of gs. are -o- decl. Probably cognate with Lat. uastus `vast,' GOI § 80 ). o, n.; later m. f.¤ n-aicnid, Auraic. 1343 . d s. fut, Ml. 20a17 , etc. g s. fuit, Sg. 3b5 . 6b19 . fod, fad, IGT, Decl. § 38 ; iv § 98 (for: an ḟaidsin, IGT Decl. ex. 1006 , see section (c) below).

Length

(a) of time or duration: f.¤ lai and (gl. solstitio) BCr. 18c1 . f.¤ saiguil (gl. diuturnitatem) Ml. 145d9 . eter f.¤ ┐ gair Sg. 5a9 , 12 . déca tossach gemrid ... a fuacht, a f.¤ , LU 3607 ( SCC 30 ). ni fil comus for a f.¤ nā for a ngairde, Laws v 314.11 . cipé tí, bid se f.¤ a ṡaeguil that will be the length of his life (i.e. he will die) TBC-LL¹ 1768 . fichi bliadan ... fat flatha Féic LL 128a8 ( MacCarthy 168 ). tri ced bliadain fod a reimhis, Leb. Gab.(i) i 56 . fad láetheadh length of days Proverbs iii 2 . Cf. fot n-anala Padruic hic , O'Curry 1765 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). gearr lá dá ḟad 'na ḟoghair however long TD 5.3 . With prolept. poss. = how long: dirsan a f.¤ co n-erbart it is a pity you delayed so long to speak LU 10745 (= a ḟad, Ériu xii 166 ). machdad limsa a ḟ.¤ co tecat I marvel that they are so long in coming LU 5621 . ar a ḟat leis tíchtain timchell because he thought it took too long to go round TBC-LL¹ 5814 . imbel a scíath ac a smechaib doib a ḟat leo go lectar ... such is their haste to be let ... 5200 (= ar a fad St). siat ac toirsi ... ara f.¤ leo robadar for loingis, Aen. 1157 .

(b) of space. ... a crich iar fut, iar lethet , SR 2640 . boí f.¤ n-aurchora eturro, LU 6787 ( BDD 32 ). críoch L. gidh lór a fad, Studies 1948, 488 . f.¤lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi PH 6352 . naoi nduirn a f.¤ , ZCP xiv 348.1 ( SM Facs. 29az = Laws ii 238 ). boí ... dia f.¤ na lamae so long was the arm LU 9068 ( FB 82 ). is e fod rohordaiged in coimling the distance fixed for the race Aen. 980 . f.¤ ferlāma da crund, CCath. 5604 . rop e airde na froiged ... cubat fir cu ḟ.¤ láime os a chind, LB 120b36 (= fat, BB 241b41 ) = cubat fri fut a lame, SR 4251 . fad láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5199 . fad a láimhe ┐ a loinne d'folmughadh eidir é ┐ cách, TD ii p. 228 (= feadh, i p. 59 ). isin fhad as mo fhedaid dul on grein, ITS xiv 98.x .

See also under (f).

(c) used adverbially in acc., gen. or dat. (of time or space): no theigtis fot n-aurchora riam, BDD 13 St. batar imalle fri L. ... f.¤ a n-ámsire as long as they lived PH 774 . in aine dodena nech fuit na bliadna archena at any other time throughout the year LB 48a9 ( PH 4979 ). ic ēgmig impu ... f.¤ a n-anali till out of breath LU 1902 ( RC x 56 ). na bīd D. fut ind ṡamlaī oc breith na hēnbrethi, ZCP xiii 179.1 . Cf. do luid ... A. cuccaiseom ... f.¤ na geamoidhchi = travelled throughout a winter's night (?) Anecd. i 2.3 . luid B. for teched ... fut n-aidchi, RC xxv 34 § 5 . co trilis f.¤ da lám fair hair twice the length of an arm LL 319b6 = fuit, Rawl. 147a51 . nocha bia turbaid in fat sin air during that time Laws i 198.21 Comm. do an sé an fad sa gan éirghe, Ó Héodhusa 63.6 . an fad bhíos duine ag innsin sgel, Mac Aingil 169 . an ḟaidsin (: aicsin) = so long IGT, Decl. ex. 1006 (marked lochtach, apparently because the gen. `an ḟ.¤ ' was mistaken for n s f. Cf. IGT IV ex. 1031 , and the mod. use cited Ériu xiii 181 ).

(d) with interrog. pron. adj.: ciofut how long ? (= ci ó fut, GOI 289 ) gl. usque quo Ml. 20a17 , 22d10 , 32d5 ; quamdiu 93a15 , 113d10 . ci f.¤ (gl. quatinus) ZCP vii 480 . cia f.¤ atúsa isin chotlud sa ?, TBC-I¹ 1844 ( LU 6359 ). nocon edudur cia fad rocuired orra anadh, Laws i 252.19 Comm. dia innis dam ca fad mo ṡa[e]gal, RC xxxv 204.16 . ca fat co ṅdingentar feis Temrach ? how long will it be till ... Acall. 7544 . ca fad do bhí sibh mar soin ?, TD 28.11 .

(e) as rel. adv.: figlis fut baí as long as he existed LU 640 ( ACC 23 ). i fat bethir ic a marbad, TBC-LL¹ 1782 . fat garde bess tussu i fuss `long or short be thy stay' Ériu vii 221.3 ; f.¤ gairde rabae ..., 223.1 ( LL 208b11 ; 41 ). fat gairit do biath ina leapaid leighis for as long or short a time as he should be Acall. 7186 . biaid Issu cot' imdegail | f.¤ gairdde bessu mo le | ┐ in bachall ..., RC xx 54 = fod goirid BCC 372.29 . foth [leg. fot] gairde bether ac denam na lubra, H 3.18, p. 332 ( O'Curry 682 ).

(f) with prep.:

AR F.¤ (AR FUT; see also FOR F.¤ , IAR F.¤ , below, the three prep. are easily confused in some MSS) through; throughout (= for fut): ro boi L. tri chet bliadna ar fut in mara, LU 2966 . gach dú hi rabhatar ar fud Erenn, Cog. 212.3 . berrad lethan ar fud a chind all over (?) TBC-I¹ 2573 (= iar bhfud ?). geilt ... ro bhoi ar fhud an fhedha, BS 100.11 . do badhusa ... ar fad an oilein, BNnÉ 49.24 (= perlustrantes insulam V. SS. Hib. i 105 ). co rabhatar ... ar fut a céile mingled together (in confusion) AU iii 546 (of hostile armies). mo mallacht ... do na mnáibh do chuir a raib do dubh ... ┐ do lebraib agum ar fud a chéili (scribe's colophon), O'Gr. Cat. 123.3 . In Laws in technical phrase: athgabail ar fut `distress with stay' Laws i 208.19 = a. ar ut ib. 7 ; (contrasted with: a. tulla `immediate distress' ib. 24 ). anad ar fut `full time of stay' 84.15 Comm . dibadh ar fut heritage `in the direct line' (oppd. to: do chūl nō do thaīb, fig. use of sense b) Laws v 292.12 Comm. beiridh dibadh sguithi ... ar fut, ┐ nocha beirinn do t[h]aib ib. 0 . gan briathra ele ... do chor ar a fud = mingle any other words with it RSClára 9a .

With DI: da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia f.¤, se foirrge dia lethet `twelve f.¤ in a t.c. in length, six f.¤ in its breadth' Laws iii 334 Comm.

FOR (AR) FUT through; throughout: nad mbíad ... for a fuot, Trip. 70.22 (= for a fout, 760 ). no beth for fut in betha, BB 412b3 . do bí ... ic á íarraid for fut in domain, CCath. 139 . cuiridh in rí coblach ar fad na Sinna co cluain B., ACL iii 209.5 (perh. for iar bhf.¤ but cf. follg.). go n-imgheann ar fud an fhásaigh, TSh. 2517 . Later sometimes for ut : tainig ... for ut Mídhe, BB 38a42 = for fut M., LL 12a10 . in tan batar ... oc marbad na nI. for ut na cat[h]rach LB 155a20 . tancatar co ro lensat in coicir for ut na coilled 275a10 .

FRI F.¤ : sníset fri fat hi fogail, LL 197b5 ( Metr. Dinds. i. 244 ).

I F.¤ afar, far away: a bfaigsi 's a bfud near and far IGT IV ex. 1040 . rucsat ... tafond ... i fat forro hunted them far away TBC-LL¹ 1451 . ro taifnetar [in t-ēn] a f.¤ fairgi away to sea Aen. 2986 . regaid ind longas hi fat, LU 6617 . na hoilithrigh tainic a fad, BCC § 258 (= de longinqua venientes regione Reeves Ad. p. 61 ). is iat dorat [ = da-rat ?] sund i fat, LU 3836 ( SCC 37 ). rochuir Ultu a fad drove ... far away RC xvii 18 . cuir a bhfagas is a bhfad | fios uait, Studies 1948, 487 . do chuiris ... i bhfad uaim `longe fecisti ... a me' TSh. 4253 . cuir a bhfad uáit briathra ..., Proverbs iv 24 . re ndul i bhfad, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 4 . Cf. ós róen na ndruad find i fat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . Of time, for long: suan hi fat, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). gé táim i bhfad i gceas da n-áireamh, Keat. Poems 539 . i bhfad riamh suil ráinig mise long ere ever I came TD 11.2 . gibé cúis do chuaidh i bhfad | 's nach fuair a freagra whatever question has been long disputed and found no answer Content. ix 19 . ó tá mo dheóraidheacht agá cor i bhfad (= prolongatus est) TSh. 5941 . For: i fout, RC xvii 159 (= AFM 590 ) see 2 fót. At length, in full: tarfas dam ... i fat cach sid fail i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . roaisneis dam ... sudigud na fert i fat, 228 . Cf. amail asber i fut Feinechais ni urnascat ... passim (?) H 3.17, c. 70 ( Laws i 186.13 Comm. ). co n-abuir tall i ḟut ḟeineachuis nach dilius ..., Laws ii 270.16 Comm. na sē ba fuilit a fut feinichais ... it inann ┐ na cuig seoit fuilit isin tSencus ┐ na sē samais[ci] fuilit isin Crich Gablach, O'Curry 2545 ( Eg. 88, 45bb ).

IAR FUT: conacca in cnoi ar fut na haband chuce floating along the river towards him LL 116b17 ( RC viii 56 , iarsan v.l.). a leth tuaiscertach dind abainn iar fut cuit Coirpri `the northern half [side ?] of the river lengthways was C.'s share' Trip. 148.15 (1724) . tanic ... iar fut mara Torrian do Chréit, LL 3a25 . saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen aniardhes, AU 960 . Absol. to the full extent, altogether , is do suigiu ro suide slan ngill iar fut (.i. ... iar fut eneclainni), Laws v 340.20 (346.18) . cuic seoit ana do dec (.i. da tecait da ba .i. iar fut) five `seds' (i.e. which amount to two cows, i.e. altogether) iv 152.15 Comm . na cuic seoit iar fut `with time' i 92.12 Comm .

DAR (TAR) F.¤ along, through: imruláith ... dar f.¤ choicid Concobuir, LU 8576 ( FB 43 ). dar f.¤ Fánat, Ériu iv 106 § 57 .

(g) gramm. length (of sound), long quantity: eter f.¤ ┐ gair, Sg. 5a9 . do immolung fuit apud poetas , 3b5 . f.¤ suidigthi ... f.¤ n-aicnid length by position ... length by nature Auraic. 1342 . comardugud fuit ┐ gair, 1353 . dobeir in G. forshail for fot amal ro[n]gab srōn ┐ slōg ┐rl., 1356 . forbaid fuit `accent of a long' [vowel], 824 .

Compds.

I Dvandva - compd. : fotlethet length and breadth: talam dian fonn fothacht f., SR 32 . fatlethet Tephi ... .lx. traiged, LL 162a5 (= Metr. Dinds. i 8 ).

II In other compds. : fot- as first component takes the place of fota.

With subst. : ¤dáil see faddáil. ¤dúscad vigil, watching: gorta, fuacht, fadúsgadh, Mac Aingil 309.10 . ¤fégain : ag faidḟéghuin ḟonn n-ainiúil viewing from afar (?), long gazing at (?) IGT III ex. 427 . ¤fér long grass: faidfhér, O'Gr. Cat. 487.12 (= DDána 326 ). ¤réidigiud : fáth fadréidigthi fergi, YBL 304a4 (`of mitigating anger' MR 161 ). ¤scél : ... na faidsgeóilsi do gherradh, Mac Aingil 169 . ag cur fhaidsgeal ... a measg na bphecadh ib.

(b) adj. derived from subst. e.g. cenn, cos, saegal, scíathán, stuidér : omna faidchennach long-headed IGT, Decl. ex. 69 . a druith na halla | senaraigh corra ... fodchossaigh, IT iii 99.2 . in leanb geinter ann is fotsaoghlach he long-lived C IV 2, 9.17 . iolar faidsciathánach long-winged Ezekiel xvii 3 . má ní tú so go húaignech fadstuidérach with long meditation Mac Aingil 29 . Cf. 2 fúait.

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

íchtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íchtar or dil.ie/27162

 

Forms: iachtair, n-íchtar, ichtar

n o, n., later m. the lower part, the bottom, the furthermost part: í.¤ .i. ic-tīr .i. ic talmain, Corm. Y 779. in pars benar a hichtur ind lithe `the particle that is cut off from the bottom of the half ..., Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). i n-ichtur aetheris ┐ i n-ochtur aeris `in the lower part aetheris ...,' 22.38 (Bcr.). ni dechaid in cloch a n-i.¤ the stone did not sink, Trip. ii 448.1 . i n-í.¤ in mórlocha, Fél.² lxii § 9 . co tarla indní bai ina hi.¤ co mboi for a hoachtar (of a cave), Anecd. ii 57.16 . uma a ichtur ┐ iarnd a uachtur, Laws v 412.31 Comm. cinnas boí thís a híchtur ł a huachtur túas (of a pillar in the sea), LU 1927. ro gabastár a úathroic ... fria fri móeth-ichtur a medóin (of the body), 6421 . lassar dermár ... Dub a íchtur. Derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, 2147 . leagar lib-si earra ocus ichtara bar n-eirriud `the skirts of your clothing,' MR 176.y . í.¤ remur in tṡlinnéin `the fat underside of the shoulder,' Metr. Dinds. i 26.176 . fial in tempuil ... ota a uachtar co a hí.¤ , PH 3365. co mbaidhedh an long ... a n-í.¤ an aigein, Stair Erc. 1431. i nn-ichtur in carbaid, TTebe 2363 . eoin íochtair na fairrge the furthermost parts of the sea?, DDána 98 § 3. a n-í.¤ na huama `in the bottom of the cave,' Stair Erc. 2024.

Attrib. gen. lower, hinder: indeoin, ... .i. in cloch iachtair `the lower stone,' Laws 1 140.18 Comm. a athbro ichtair, IT iii 91.13 . co ngergoibfiaclaib ichtair, 102.3 .

íar (later ar) n-íchtar below, at the bottom: stíall ar chapur hé íar n-íchtur ┐ tugi slinded íar n-úachtur, LU 10122. gus in cris coidligi catha ar n-i.¤ , MR 300.2 . trí troighthi ina lethet iar nuachtar ... ┐ troigh iar n-i.¤ (of a fence), Laws iv 76.9 Comm. iascc ... iaidsidhe o a n-imlindaibh ier n-iochtair (of mermaids), Leb. Gab.(i) 204.24 . co leictis dib sis ... co grian ┐ go ganem nglasruad ar n-i.¤ , TTebe 1967 . as íchtar from below: rabadar drem dib 'ca togail ┐ 'ca tollad asa hi.¤ , TTebe 4106 .

Used of a country or territory, the northern part: Clann Donnchada du teiched fa Culmail ┐ fo ichdur Tiri hOilella, Ann. Conn. 1388 § 2. i n-íochtar Laighean `in North Leinster,' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 8 . Frequent in place names, see Onom. ichtar used for ` north ,' ITS xiv diagram facing p. 94 and passim.

Compds. a n-ichtardescerdach `the right lower (particle),' Thes. ii 255.11 (Stowe M.). a n-ichtarthuaiscerdach `the left lower (particle),' 10 .

imchress

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchress or dil.ie/27415

 

adj (very) narrow, slender (in chevilles): a lethet a tuaid fa des | dia fethet buáid nad imchres, SR 2646. altóir ... | fri aurnaigthi nad i.¤ , 4264 . dorus ind indliss fodess | cain set solus narb' i.¤ , 4414 . dia tánic Dauid andess | dar Iordanan, nirb' imchres, 6938 .

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