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lánamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lánamain or dil.ie/29545
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lanomain, lanamnai, lánamnai, lánamna, lanamnai, lánamna[i, lanmhona, lánamnae, lánómnaib, lánamha

n ī, f. (lán + emon, Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 4 ). n s. ind l.¤ , LU 5403 . 6060 . O'Mulc. 132. lanomain, Fél. Mar. 24. Corm. Y 824. a s. lanamnai, LU 11017 (= lánamni, Imr. Brain 53.10 ). lánamnai, LU 11021 (ibid. Imr. Brain 53.14 ). g s. lánamna (leg. -a[e]?), Críth G. 411. n pl. lanamnai, Auraic. 1853. lánamna[i, Críth G. 334. lanmhona, BB 18b16 prob. for lanomna. g pl. lánamnae, Críth G. 384 . lánamna[e], 399 . d pl. lánómnaib, LB 173a40 . Later with a d s. -ain, g s. -amna. IGT Decl. § 10 . Also lánamha (n-stem), § 9 .

(a) of persons married couple : lanamuin .i. lan homo .i. plenus homo duine comlán .i. fer ┐ ben no lanomuin .i. quasi lenamuin ar ni fil etarscarad doib acht ar Día, O'Dav. 1189a = O'D. 297 ( H 3.17, 233 ). lānomain .i. lān-somain ō c[h]ach dīb dia chēlei, ar is lethsomain nechtar de sech araile, Corm. Y 824 . lotar . . . co Ailill ┐ co Meidb, ar rofetatar issí lanamain ro ḟailsad, IT i 77.1 . (Lg.). mac lanamhna nemcholaidhe, Ériu iii 154.31 . di cach lanamain dligthig, BCrólige 3 . itir ín lanamhaín `between the married couple', Laws iv 210.15 Comm . roḟaietur in l.¤ sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 820 . cóig lánamna déc gacha bairce, CS 10.11 . imdha l.¤ san luing / ó áladhaib in ubaill, IGT Decl. ex. 325 . in úair do loigh lánamha, IGT Decl. ex. 312 . a lepthaib na lánamhnaib, 321 . is amhlaid batur in lanamhain sin i coibligi dlighthigh `cum uxore sua in legitimo matrimonio', Lat. Lives 101.2 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha, DDána 29.35 . fā maith sēn ┐ soladh na lānamna sin, ML² 603 . mo bruig, mo lánamuin wedded state, ZCP xii 273.1 . Of lovers: ansait ind l.¤ fo deóid (of Medb and Fergus), LU 5403 . co comarnic ind lánamuin, Fing. R. 371 . is mellach lim ind l.¤ ucut, LU 6060 ( TBC-I¹ 1587 ). Of two saints: án lanomain lígach, Fél. Mar. 24. Cf. is tre fír flathemon tra libarna lána lanamna ban, ZCP xi 89 § 14.

Legal: cáin lánamnae law of relationships between couples, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law i § 1 . The married couple is the chief subject of Cáin Lánamnae, though other pairings are also referred to: cis lir lanamna do cuisin la Feine? . . . a ocht: flaith fri aicillne, eclais fria manchu, athair fria ingin, . . . fer fria bein, § 2. Of numbers of persons attending men of different ranks on circuit: deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 334.

(b) Other applications. Of animals: lanamain cach oenmil / . . . sluag mór dolanamnaib (of pairs of animals in the Ark), SR 2504 - 6 . lanamain cacha fiadmil[a], ZCP i 459.2 . lanamain gach fiadha, Acall. 7371. Of body and soul: ar clíne crád an anma / nár líne na lánamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 314 . Of corresponding pieces of chess-set: fidchell C. / . . . oenfer dia fairinn namma / do-scicher (dos-crenand v.l.) secht lánamna, RC xx 282.12 (i.e. one single piece was worth seven pairs from any other set; `seven couples (of slaves)' Stokes) = LU 1108 . díoth Gall leis 'gan lánamhain / a lann 's a cheis chróirighin lance and spear, Aithd. D. 20.7 . In linguistic terminology, in the phr. lánamain deime the pairs of a neuter, i.e. two non-neuter nouns which are associated with a neuter noun: it é sin na deme thepide ┐ na lánamna demi ┐ a ngeni-side 'these are the derived neuters and the pairs of a neuter and their derivations', Auraic.² 49 § 3.14 . suil ┐ fiacail lanamain in chind. srebann ┐cru lanamain ... in cridi, Auraic. 1808 . a lanamna demi, Auraic. 5079 (trefhocul) . See Authorities and Adaptations 43-51 .