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6 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 a or dil.ie/7
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á

conjunction, nasalizing and followed by nasalizing rel. clause when, while . Orig. neut. sg. of article, see GOI § 890 . With neg. an(n)ad: anataibrem, Wb. 15d25 . annád foirpret, Sg. 48b5 . With ro: ar(r)u, ar(r)o, anru: arocelebrus, Wb. 14d31 . arrucestaigser, Ml. 2d3 . Also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ).

In O.Ir. glosses usually in phrases glossing Latin participles: arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . annongeiss cách gl. testificans, 30b4 . anataibrem do neuch gl. nemini dantes, 15d25 . a fortéitsi aém ref. to adiuuantibus, 14c3 . anambet ecailsi gl. non discutiendi `when they will not be to be examined', Ml. 15d7 . anas lie uilnech and Isu gl. superaedificati ipso summo angulari lapide . . ., Wb. 21c6 . arumsa loiscthe gl. adustus, Ml. 118d1 . a lléicfimme gl. relinquentes, 14d8 . arrucestaigser frisin nebride gl. cum Ebreo disputans, 2d3 . nad necmai andumenmarni gl. aestimantes, 15d5 . continuans .i. a comoicsider, Sg. 59a2 . andonaidbdem gl. ostendentes, 211a12 . an as suidigthe gl. positum, 4a11 . andocoisgedar ne comaccomol .s. gl. sequente, 15b4 . andonaithchuiredar .u. gl. redeunte `when u returns', 18b6 . ambas cete gl. cantato `when it shall have been sung', Thes. ii 17.34 . ( BCr. 32b5 ). anaslui grién foa fuined gl. occidente, 33b18 . andusleicet inna rind gl. residentibus `when the planets sink', 18b10 . Note also: conid gau dóibsem . . . anasberat nadṁbed ad plures , Sg. 40a15 . annád foirpret `when they do not increase', 48b5 .

With impf. indic. andummecitis gl. dispicientes, Ml. 34c6 . annumfindbad[a]igtisse gl. beatificantes, 39d14 . So also in Trip.: P. . . . anno cluined inna briathra sa dorothlaig . . ., Trip.² 118 . anno cníted . . . is éd ro ráde . . . = suspirans . . . ait, 405 . A Latinism, GOI § 519 (see also note p. 682, and Stokes, KZ xxix 376 ). Note also: ferais L. faelti fris . . . a n-asbert saying, LU 3430 .

In literary texts: a lluid fon loch con(f)aca[e] in muirdris, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . mairg Ultu arro génair . . . in gormac, MU² 323 . fer dorigne sin amdar lana a .vi. bliadna, TBC-I¹ 543 . ar-roldatar (irroldatar, v.l.; leg. inróldatar, Immrama 86 § 2 ). fairggi fergaidh when they went on the angry sea, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.§ 2 . inba siu as . . . indbasi hée ┐ inuuisi ron, . . . inuaisi cú `when I was a deer', etc., ZCP ii 315.9 . a m-luidset co leth lenna `when they had got halfway across the sea', Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294 ). a ronecam-[ni] do lesa, ACL iii 294 § 13 . a mbātar ann oc fledōl co cualatar ēigem na caillige, ZCP vii 306.5 . i n-bása isind ecclais so `when I was in this church', BNnÉ 93 § 203 . a mbuí ann, Stair Erc. 387 .

adúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúar or dil.ie/595

 

Forms: adḟúar

adj (ad + 1 úar). Also spelt adḟúar. very cold: iffernd aduar, KMMisc. 150.52 . síon adhuair earrchaidhe, AFM v 1730.6 . sind aidchi adhuair, SR 3966 . luathghoetha adhuaræ, CCath. 4361 . for srothaib adfhuara, PH 8147 . drumann slebhi aird adfhuair, ZCP vi 293.33 . na n-airer n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 190.54 . lie rīg n-Aidne n-adfūaire, Ériu ii 16.14 . As adv. ge ber anocht co hadfuar, Acall. 3526 .

áirgech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirgech or dil.ie/2030

 

(áirge)

(a) adj. o, ā having numerous herds: tír na ngort n-airgheach, Measgra D. 45.23 . an fhian airgheach (: airmeach), Top. Poems 120.20 . ? Conall oirgheach aighthidhe, Irish Texts iv 45.9 . gleann A. na áit airgheach a place for the herds to lie down in, Isaiah lxv 10 .

(b) subst. o, m. herdsman: tainic airgech . . . cuicce armentarius , BNnÉ 218 § 103 . tainic a airgeach go Ciaran, 122 § 61 . aircceach i Cheallaigh, Ériu iv 61 § 54 (= buachail bo, § 55 ).

airitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airitiu or dil.ie/2148

 

Forms: airitiud

n, f. Vn. of ar-eim ( GOI § 837 ). Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 513 . Also airitiud.

(a) act of receiving: eritiu briathar ho neuch anall, Ml. 59a15 . ar is tri humaldóit robói ind aritiu hísin gl. dico enim Jesum Christum ministrum fuisse circumcisionis, Wb. 6d5 . a.¤ lóge ar mo precept, 10d31 . re n-airite gráid `before ordination', 28c6.20 . i núrt airiten fochricce do fíríanaib, 13b27 . i n-áiritiu indocbále `in the reception of glory', 4b9 . do a.¤ hirisse `to receive the faith', 19c13 . occa n-airitin na forcetal sin, 16a12 . isind airite gl. inpertitione, Ml. 24a14 . a.¤ in tsacrafaic `to receive the sacrament', Mon. Tall. 146.24 (§ 51) . cen airitin a cobsen `without receiving his confession', 147.30 (§ 54) . cach a.¤ iar coir, Laws iii 36.7 (or in meaning (d) ?) ūasalgrād saccairt do eritin lai[s]-sium, BColm. 30 § 31 . do airidin graidh espoic fair, Lism. L. 216 . airidin .i. gabháil, O'Cl.

(b) act of accepting: a.¤ colno dond macc, Wb. 7c13 . a nemfairitiu `not to accept it', Mon. Tall. 141.12 (§ 35) . issed asbert helair a airidiu `H. replied that he should accept it', 128.18 (§ 4) . ar airitin sēt uad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, Corm. Y 81 . rucus airitin iairnn i ṅgell I have decided that iron is to be accepted as a pledge (a legal decision), ZCP xv 314 § 8 . dia toirge in cheili daorrath do airitin on flaith if the client offer to accept base clientship . . ., O'D. 237 (H. 3.17, c. 189). muna innisi intí ór cennaigh is fiach cubusbraith . . . uadh; muna innisi intí risi rec is fiach airitin (sic) no ditin uadh. Deithbir itir in f. a.¤ ┐ in f. d. . . . an a.¤ doní do féin ┐ doní do neoch aile: in ditiu imurro do neoch aile doní í, 853 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). imscarad imtoga co n-a.¤ (.i. ac in ceili) ┐ logud (.i. acon flaith on cheile) . . . acht ni ima teilge logad n-airiten, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). mad a.¤ . . . lais in aithir beth fo cinaidh, i.e. if the father accepts responsibility for the crimes of his son, Laws ii 174.7 Comm. , 178.21 Comm. teora hairite for ceilsine, airite seoit a ndingabar dia dernainn, airit itu (sic) taoib a timceall ar deisal, a.¤ beoil a fonascar ceilsine, O'D. 678 ( H 3.17, c. 497 ). Cf. taige (= -de) .i. in t-airited receiving stolen goods, Laws v 458.12 , 13 Comm. in t-airitiud, .19 Comm. ? ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha, Laws v 118.8 . ni hairitin fri Dia it is unacceptable to God, LB 251a53 . a chomairle do áiritin, PH 4092 . aiccept .i. acceptus .i. airiten, Auraic. 1113 .

(c) act of receiving (a guest): a.¤ Maicc Maire i.e. the Presentation, Fél. Feb. 2 . na nói ngrad . . . biait foimti frit' airitein ready to receive you, SR 840 (= beid foimdi friat airmhidhin, 24 P 27, 17 ). is ges damsa . . . dám oenmná da airitin íar fuin ngréne, BDD² 566 . ? a.¤ cach meic do forcital, Laws iii 34.21 . a.¤ (airitiugh v.l.) .i. biatha[dh], ut est foratha a.¤ oighedh do cach ina moam, O'Dav. 68 . Cf. Laws v 120.22 Comm. Note also: Maelmore do airitin ann beos `M. was taken (i.e. captured) there also', AU iii 344.9 .

(d) act of receiving for safe keeping; hence tending, looking after: ascomren aire échta tara cenn, ná[d] té(i)t tír ná humachaire ind acht lestra[i] lóge bó. beirthius dano dia n-airitiu(th) sechtair co cenn cairdi (of vessels), Críth G. 365 . a airitiudh amuich (of stolen goods), Laws i 56.16 Comm. bassa collid giallasa i n-airitin átha mo thúath, LU 9318 = Anecd. iii 53.2 . ? la araid airitiud la errid imdegail, LL 13839 . oc airitiud a cethra, PH 1031 . d'airichill ┐ do airitin forin coblach to lie in wait for, Alex. 330 . go sleaghuibh . . . leo ra hairitin aigh ┐ irgaili for maintaining, RC xliii 48 § 48 . ise connic ind uli dúl . . . do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451 .

airnem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnem or dil.ie/2320
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o (see Sprache xliv 42-43 ) whetstone, whetting: cotis .i. líe .i. a.¤ frisa melaiter erna, Corm. Y 326 . mar altain d'aithle a hoirnimh, Dán Dé xxv 22 . Note also: co mba sithethir remithir a.¤ n-óclaích, LU 6471 = airtimh, TBC St. 2329 (cf. airtem). airtnemh, O'Cl.

áittigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áittigid or dil.ie/2835

 

Forms: áttaigid, áittiugad

v (áitt) also áttaigid. IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) inhabits, dwells (in), settles (in). With direct obj.: níor áitigh a athardha, TD 32.19 . ro áitigh C. priomh-cathair isin nglend, BNnÉ 127 § 19 . go dtógbhaidh tú teagh ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9707 . With prepp.: nochan ar m'ferunn áitigter ann, SG 320.36 . áit i n-ar háitigheadh riu, Keat. i 202.6 . go n-áitigheann an eagna a bhfochair na Humhla, Desid. 2463 .

(b) founds, establishes, builds: is ar an gcarraig so áiteochad mo eagluis féin (aedificabo), Eochairsg. 4.19 . gibé aiteóchas ar fhundaimint an chreidimh ór nó airgead, etc. (si quis superaedificat), 108.8 . ? si i ngach éineing átaighthir `it is imposed in every spot' (of a tax), TD 27.28 .

Note also: muna áitighe gurab bréag `unless you prove that it is a lie ', Content. xvi 178 . Vn. áittiugad.

báe, bá(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báe, bá(a) or dil.ie/5125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bái

n io n.? (báe nde, Celtica xviii 42 § 8 ). Freq. in negative constructions and perh. originally meaning something, anything (of consequence, value, etc.) (cf. 1 ní (d)), the meaning profit , etc. being an extension. something advantageous ; benefit, utility, profit : bá .i. tarba, ut est ni beir in ben ba on fir dinnab cethraib .i. nocha mbeirinn in ben tarba on fir . . . ┐ ni toighlen ba don iarraid .i. tarba, O'Dav. 279. Cf. Laws ii 164.8 Comm. esbae . . . nī ba ní etir, quasi es-baa, Corm. Y 517. ba .i. maith, O'Cl. scel n-amhra . . . cen baa di goi `without a trace of a lie ', Blathm. 102 § 37. ni torbe do bóu gl. ad nihil [enim] utile est, Wb. 30b6 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí anything at all, ZCP xi 83 § 30. ní roichim baa (.i. díghaltus nó cathugadh) fort I cannot gain by thee, v 524.18 . ní taurga ndam báa nde no good will come to me from it, Anecd. i 42.3 . nocho taircci baa dam, ii 9 § 13 . lanamnas eicne no sleithe: ni techtat ba acht comperta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 § 35 ( Laws ii 404.14 ). a ba (.i. a maith), Laws i 50.13 Comm. bái nad ba an advantage that does not die (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . béd combá glossed: gníomh co maith, Leb. Gab.(i) 48.10 . Eochu Bai bladach ba ba, Rawl. 148a2 . líag uachtair ba ba, LL 29008. b.¤ ferainn landed property: a mbai ferainn ┐ a cain ┐ a cablach their profit from land, LL 389a20 . cech cáin ┐ cech bai f[er]uinn (sic leg.), 23 .

In phrases. attá b.¤ do x de y y is advantageous to x: ní baí báa di (leg. do) sodain de sin, LU 6947 (BDD). bāi baa dō-sam de, O'Mulc. 726. ni roibe ba de sodain do L., IT i 272.25 ( FB 38 Eg.). cia rofessair h'athair ni fuil bá duit de, RC ix 456.19 . briathra banda sain arse ni ḟuil baa díb, LL 32733 ( TTr. 1942 ). ní bhaoí bá do sodhain, AFM vi 1900.3 . Cf. ni marat, ni fil a mbá, RC xxiii 304 § 2 (translated `there is not what has died'). ni bæ son it does not matter, Vita Br. 24.28 . ni baa aní sin, LU 4541 (TBC). ní bá sin or Cu C., 5723 . Cf. ní dénaimsea baa de sin I make light of that, 4849 = ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859. nirbo baa dosom ón that was of no avail (of an injunction), LL 37040. hore nárbu bae la ludeu creitem did not want to believe, Wb. 5b12 . nirbo bá leiss sárgud meic sethar a athar he preferred not to, LL 32562 ( TTr. 1763 ).

Predic. and attrib. g s. ní bái lib manducare dominicam cenam `ye deem it not profitable', Wb. 11d4 . nī būi dō, Bruchst. 41 § 4 ( ni baoí ní dó, TFrag., 62.3 ). ? Dauid co triath[aib] darb' bai, SR 6353 (: na huamai). fó lóe in bruit bái of the good cloak, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 s.v. fola brith. do sluagaibh in betha baoí (: mnaí), TBC St. 3748. ni bethu ba, LL 15775.

Compd. ? ¤ḟis. In pseudo-etym. gloss: corus bescna .i. coir seis, seis choir in bafesa gnae no aibind `the true rule of the pleasant or delightful knowledge', Laws iii 2.5 Comm.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie ' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bé(o)laid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bé(o)laid(e) or dil.ie/5688
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (béoil) fat, greasy; juicy; plump, well-covered: bearr .i. gairit, ut dicitur bearr cach belaid bean `every stout woman is short' ( Ériu xi 89 ), H.3.18, 64b15 = berr gach beoluig ben, O'Mulc. 183 a. trí .lll. ngabar ndubglas it é . . . bolcsróin bruindideirg béolaide, BDD² 464. ote cendbeca urderga bruinnederga beolaidhe (peulaicche, v.l.), Anecd. iii 49.19 . buí fodhord móar imbe lie máthrui la Túaith Déi, ar níbtar béoluide a scénai úatha 'there was great murmuring against him [Bres] among his maternal kinsmen the Túatha Dé, for their knives were not greased by him', CMT² 32 § 36 (i.e. he did not offer them food). staci cach bíd belaide `pieces of every palatable food', MacCongl. 81.20 . tar baitsechaib būana belaide `perpetual pools of gravy', 85.19 . loch do braisig belaiche / fó barr úscai olordai, 37.30 . blonoc brothrach belathi tuirc trebair taiscelta, 87.15 . Becnat Bēlaithi, 77.8 . in tan cotacaithedsi coiri . . . do (bo, Facs.) thiughbraisci belaigthi, YBL 177a17 (= BB 257b11 ).

bréc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréc or dil.ie/6611

 

Forms: bréci

n ā, f. GOI § 209. falsehood, lie ; deception: fabhall .i. brég, Eg. Gl. 634. is tri intleda ┐ bréic dagniat gl. callide, Ml. 28c8 . ní radat som fri sudib acht breic ┐ togais, ref. to subdola, 31a18 . 61a6 . in sacart nád b.¤ `the true priest' (of Christ), Blathm. 805. is b.¤ bríg in domain `the might of the world is a lie ', Fél. Prol. 145. is b.¤ uile acht Issucán, 44.13 . conid b.¤ amlaid sin cétfaid na fairni út the interpretation . . . given by those authorities is wrong, LU 5022 in marg. ni bui do bréic in betha frecnairc cosmailius etc. in all the pomp of this world, Alex. 631. apair friu . . . co n-id b.¤ in ni ro-raidis, PH 2245. is ed a ḟir . . . ┐ is edh on a brecc the right view . . . the wrong view of it, IT iii 86 § 86. mass ar brēic atām if we are on a false track, ACL iii 241 § 4. ( Aithd. D. 70 ). irnaidi fri bréic a false expectation, TFerbe 800 . ni do brécaib a slight invention (?), exaggeration (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 104.25 . saor ó bhréig an bheatha ché `free from the deceits of this world', Dán Dé v 48 . nombeir a breig a durnn Cuculaind (sic) takes himself by guile out of C.'s hand (?), RC vi 183.19 . a mbréic falsely , BCC 353. labhras bréaga = that speaketh lies, Proverbs vi 19. brég thairngire `a lying forecast', O'Gr. Cat. 392.25. is bréag bhuan ar bhréig dhiombuain (of poetry), DDána 72.18 . lucht na mbréag scandal-mongers , Dánta Gr. 38.13 . In chevilles: ni bu breg, Blathm. 387. ní breg (: cēt), MacCarthy 434 § 5 .

Attrib. g s. lying, false; sham; fraudulent: bres bréci `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 . no-melltais na dee bréce-sin na doine, PH 1949. ulcha smeartha .i. feasog bhreige, RC xv 63.23 . galar bréige `feigned illness', Atlantis iv 118.34 . maith bhréige an bheatha `life's deceitful show', Dán Dé xxviii 40 . sgath bhrēige `a blossom that will bear no fruit' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1293. fíadhnuisi bhréige = false witness, Mk. xiv 56. mic breice suppositious son, BCC 353. bás bréige do léigean chugat `to feign death', Keat. ii 2510 . See turbaid.

With prec. vb. and follg. prep.: nataibred cách . . . bréic immalaile gl. nolite mentiri inuicem, Wb. 27b12 . ni tartat sénsus breíc im anmin gl. ad fallendum, Thes. ii 2.33 (Acr.). sochaide ma tar[a]t bréic whom she (Findabair) played false, LL 10482 (TBC). maircc dā ttabhair an bith bréicc, KMMisc. 346.20 . immumsa rabertad in b.sa on me the trick has been played, TBC-LL² 3801 . cid do chana duit in b.¤ do imbirt form to deceive me, LU 5054 (TBC). brég do cuireadh ar Cloinn E. the C. E. were slandered, IGT Introd. 5.28 . do chur choire brēige air a false accusation, Parrth. Anma 1430. an té . . . do chuireas breug air ` slandering ', Donlevy 108.11 . ni dingen brég ar mo gelladh `I will not break my promise', Stair Erc. 680.

Compds. With nouns: bréigbhreath `an unjust judgement', Keat. iii 518. dar mbreith ór mbréigceanaibh `deceitful sins', Aithd. D. 72.2 . mar atá an bréag-chrábhadh = quod est hypocrisis ( Luc. Phars. xii 1 ), TSh. 8926. na bréig-dhealbha false images, 820 . ná déin bréigfhiaghnuisi ar neach do not bear false witness against . . ., Mac Aingil 3102 . an brēcḟine lying tribe, ZCP viii 211.7 . de . . . briathraib brec-ingill ban cendḟind Connacht of a false promise, TBC-LL¹ 4019. an bhréig-insi lér fhaoi Art beguiling isle (Éire), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . brethem an brēclaithi / ūair a mbīa an brāth, ZCP viii 210.29 . brēclasrach borb, 211.8 . díol na mbréagrann `deceitful poems', Aithd. D. 43.9 . timoircid na brec-scela, PH 724. dorat brecṡíth dó `gave him a false peace', Trip. 46.18 . cumad bréc-thechtairecht braflaingi do berad, MR 178.6 . lá bréccthingealltoibh `by specious promises', AFM vi 1998.20 .

brécnugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécnugad or dil.ie/6660

 

u, m. vn. of brécnaigid. Also brécnugad. act of falsifying; proving false, giving the lie to, refuting: do bhréagnaghadh ní huair d'ḟior, DDána 74.8 . ag bréag-nughadh an mheasea bhíos ag an saidhbhir sanntach air féin, TSh. 10063. briathra De do bhreugnughadh, Luc. Fid. 5584. an breugnughadh tugamar ar an nídh seo cheana ` confutation ', Keat. i 48.z . slán a bhréagnuighthe orm d'ḟear `I defy anyone to deny that', Content. xxi 8. In cheville: gan breccnacadh `deception', BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

1 brú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brú or dil.ie/7037
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brugha, broinn, bronn

n n, f. Note d. sg. b.¤, , Fél. Ep. 464 , ZCP lvii 156 . n p. (? as g-stem) brugha (= alvos), 23 K 42, 26.1 . Later n s. broinn, Anecd. v 22 n. 5 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 97. g s. bronn, ex. 1773 .

(a) abdomen, belly; bowels, entrails: amal sōeras Ionas fāith/ a b.¤ míl mōir, Thes. ii 304. 5 (Hy. i). de b.¤ céti magni, Fél. Ep. 464. a bróndaib in tríir from the bellies of the three men, Trip.² 2120. niruho herosai . . . den laec[h] imdecht lie mét a bronn `owing to the bigness of his belly', RC xii 86 § 93. a bruindi a tir Arabia: a bru a Lodain `his (Adam's) belly', MacCarthy 25.4 . im stáic do broinn B. `for a steak off B.'s belly' (a man in the shape of a pig), Metr. Dinds. iii 388.20 . giamtar lana na brondanda `though the bellies were full', CCath. 2579. faisbedgarnach na mbruinnech ┐ na mbronnann `of the . . . bellies', 5937 . inne a brond `his bowels', RC iii 181.16 . céin robo beo ní thaudchaid a b.¤ for cóir (an injured warrior), LU 6078 (TBC). fíce secda brond `dry internal piles', Mon. Tall. 152.9 . co ceanglann an reubarbrum an b.¤ , Rosa Angl. 290.6 . sgaoileadh . . . bronn looseness of the bowels, TSh. 1729. See menad .

In sense of bruinne: bru arna tromghuin, IT iii 96 § 150. og tabairt do an gai a broind an maic, Anecd. i 16.13 . dorecgmaing 'sin scíath ósa broind `over his breast', TBC-LL² 1128 . b.¤ ealae (B. na f.) breast of a swan, ACL iii 310 § 4. Note also broinn ar bhráighid ` side by side ', Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.25 .

Esp. womb: cid hua b.¤ gl. ab utero, Ml. 75d9 . isin mbroin mathardi, 44a10 . i mbru a mathar, 71c15 . figor cuirp crist rosuidiged hi linannart brond maire (of the Host), Thes. ii 252.10 (Stowe M.). teuir oenaidchi fo b.¤ `three nights (were passed) in the womb', Thes. ii 291.6 . compert maic Dé . . . i mbroind (bru, v.l.) Muire óige, Ériu ii 198.15 . cotombertsa b.¤ sóer, LU 8280 ( FB 22 ). fot broinn / búredaig `in your bellowing womb', Celtica vi 222 § 67 . inna broind, LU 10602 = it bruinn (Eg.), IT i 139.23 ( Comp. CC 5 ). níra alt Banba da b.¤ , LL 11034 `nor has B. ever nurtured', TBC-LL² 3594 . coro thoed a b.¤ `till her womb should have fallen' (with childbirth), Dinds. 94 . toircheas bronn na banóighe, DDána 9.11 . an lá gheintear neach i mbroinn, TSh. 2388. med do ghail ar broind o mB. `relationship on distaff side' (note), Magauran 2526 . do fágbadh i mbroinn `was posthumous', O'Gr. Cat. 351.4.

(b) body (or part of it) consuming food, hence appetite, gluttony: srīan frit broind, ZCP vi 264 § 5. mar lán mara a-mach 's amuigh / bídh b.¤ gach aoinfhir amhlaidh, Aithd. D. 80.36 . As seat of consciousness, emotions, etc. roscé anni robi ina broind `he disburdened his heart', RC ii 197.18 . is maith cach broinn i mbídh in bēlrad aidhbind .i. teibernighes aircetal ūaithi mind (?), Anecd. v 22 note 5 . do ghabh . . . 'na broinn . . . rún ro dhaingean, Desid. 2155.

? In B. na f.: mo b.-sa ris nī berba, / gorab en lemno luæ, ACL iii 310 § 5. dlicht sāer sāerus broind, Anecd. v 22.17 .

(c) Extended meanings interior, cavity; front (etc.), surface of things, ground, etc.: asréracht . . . / Íssu a b.¤ thalman, Fél. March 27 . cusin bhfialluch ngaiscid bui 'na mbroinn `therein' (in `war-castles' mounted on elephants), Marco P. 114. ros tóccbhaidhther tú a broind áoilich from the middle of a dung-heap, BNnÉ 325 § 42 . b.¤ dhealbhnathrach serpent-shaped hold (of a ship), Measgra D. 48.33 .

(d) In prepp. phrs. With AR (FOR), FRI, TAR: thūaidh atā an cethrar calma / as féile atā ar broinn Banba over B., ZCP viii 109.29 . ar brū na bearna `facing contest' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 395. ar broinn an chatha `in the battle-van', Aithd. D. 26.21 . doronad istada re broinn seilgi `for hunting', Marco P. 49. dá sluagh . . . fri broinn (re hagaidh, v.l.) catha do chur `on the point of joining battle', BNnÉ 7 § 23 . re broinn shollamhna mar soin `at the approach of such a festival', Ériu v 54.19 . atracht . . . neart Cruithneach ┐ Gaedeal dar broind Bretan across B., Todd Nenn. 72.5 . dar broind mionn, ┐ comairgeadh `in violation of relic-oaths and sureties', AFM ii 1072.21 . With DO: pógadh ban do bhroinn a bpósta | peacadh már do gach mhac óg 'kissing women before they are married is a great sin to every young man', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 .

Compds. With nouns: arhirchus bronnbuar oc bánfethig (rhet.), ZCP viii 306.32 ; big-bellied cattle Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 62 § 11 . ? coire breth . . . con-berbha bretha brúchaire breithemhan, Ériu xiii 26.10 . Ioin . . . brunndalta Ísu `beloved disciple', PH 1454. Cf. Eoin bruinde, 8421 . bronndalta do bhí ag Colmán `a beloved fosterling', Studies 1918 , 99 § 10 .

fora bronnfine (.i. . . . fora macaib) on her immediate family (bosom-kin of sons, grandsons, Thurn.), Ir. Recht 28 § 31 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 111. ni mad chine / nad choisc a bronnḟine, LL 19127. sruth ... ṡiris bronnghaotha 'den ... Strom, welcher die Bauchwinde durchwandert', Akten Linz 137 § 5 .

gríss bronn-galair glanas broinn `the fever of an abdominal disease, etc.', Triads 224 . go bronn-lár nó go bolgán na bruidhne sin to the very middle of that hostel (sc. hell), TSh. 6649.

With adjj.: ar losaid bhronn-áird `in a deep trough', Tribes of Irel. 46.9 . do láigh breacca broinddearga red-chested fawns, Acall. 94. a mbárca . . . brondḟarsiuṅga, LL 32149 ( TTr. 1338 ). do b[r]ithemnaib bronngaethaib ` wise-hearted ' (Gloss.), SR 4566. an chíoch . . . bhruinngheal, Aithd. D. 85.11 . ba bronnlan longa na Lochlannach with full holds, Caithr. CC 77. .l. gabur . . . it é . . . bruinlethain, LU 10812. brighmur broinntseng bríatharcert ` emaciated ' (a saint), RC xii 320 § 1. With part. broinn-tesctha, ML² 1797.

canaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canaid or dil.ie/8126
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: canu, caunu, cani, -chanai, canid, canith, canaid, canas, can, canmae, canma, canait, cantae, cantai, canir, canair, -chanar, canar, caniter, -cantar, chantar, cain, can, canad, canam, canum, canaid, cantar, noscanad, -chanad, chanad, chantaís, nochantais, cainte, -cantae, chanta, cantai, chanam, cachna, cachna, cachnaith, cechras, -chechnad, rocachnad, cachnaitis, ro-cachain, -cechainn, cáchain, cháchain, cachain, cachnaitir, cachnatar, cachnutar, cechnadar, ro-cét, ro-cet, ru-chét, cēt, -rochet, ro-chead, ro-ceta, rocheta, rocachaint, cétal, canamain, canta, cainnt

v Ind. pres. 1 s. canu, Ériu xvi 66.50 . caunu, ZCP xxi 281.15 . 2 s. cani, Thes. ii 249.2 . -chanai, SG 26.41 . 3 s. canid, Mon. Tall. 138.7 . canith, 130.24 . canaid, Thes. ii 315.5 . Rel. canas, Wb. 27b27 . LU 3804 ( SCC 37 ). can as, Blathm. 209 . 1 p. rel. canmae, Fél. Ep. 242 . canma, ZCP viii 198.15 . 3 p. canait, LU 1978 ( FA 5 ). Lism. L. 3879 . Rel. cantae, Fél. Dec. 28 . cantai, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Pass. s. canir, Thes. ii 249.1 . canair, Fél. Sept. 11 . Ériu ii 16.17 . -chanar, Ml. 135a6 . Rel. canar, Thes. ii 252.5 . Mon. Tall. 138.19 . ZCP xi 110 § 23 . Pass. p. caniter, LU 3242 ( SCC 3 ). -cantar, Ml. 122c2 . Rel. chantar, Todd Nenn. 38.2 .

Ipv. 2 s. cain, Fél. Apr. 4 . can, ib. v.l. PH 8337 . 3 s. canad, Tec. Corm. 1.45 . Mon. Tall. 164.8 . 1 p. canam, Ériu ii 63 § 2 . canum, ZCP vi 262.5 . 2 p. canaid, Fél. 44.22 . Pass. p. cantar, TBC-LL¹ 806 .

Impf. 3 s. noscanad, Thes. ii 314.8 ( Hy. ii 25 ). -chanad, Rawl. 84a18 . no chanad , Fél. 10.x . Lat. Lives 63.3 . 3 p. no chantaís , LU 10134 . Rel. nochantais, Fél. July 30 . Pass. s. no cainte , Ml. 102c8 . -cantae, O'Mulc. 213 . no chanta , BDD² 124 . p. cantai, SG 411.11 .

Subj. pres. 1 p. cia chanam , RC xlvii 296.12 . acht co ro-chanumm, PH 6882 .

fut. 1 s. ? cachna, Ériu xiii 23.1 . 2 s. cachna, O'Dav. 601 . 3 s. ? cachnaith, SR 2694 . Rel. cechras (sic) .i. canfas, O'Dav. 342 . Condit. 3 s. -chechnad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 . ? rocachnad, Todd Nenn. 38.7 . Pass. p. ? cachnaitis, RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). Later with f-future.

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ro-cachain, Ml. 48b11 (for redupl. vowel see GOI 425 where -cechainn, Ml. 64c22 , 66c12 is also discussed). cáchain, LU 3796 ( SCC 37 ). ro cháchain , 10619 . cachain, TBC-I¹ 258 . Ériu xiii 19.29 . 26.22 . cachain no rochachain, O'Cl. 3 p. cachnaitir, IT i 136.z (Comp. Con C., Eg. 2 ). cachnatar, RC iii 347.1 . ro cachnutar , Laws i 24.7 Comm. cechnadar, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.6 ). Pass. s. ro-cét, Ml. 25b6 . 8 . 57d13 . Sc.M² 21 . ro-cet, Ml. 2b6 . Laws i 70.14 Comm. ru-chét, Ml. 64a13 . ro cēt , Corp. Gen. 406.10 . -rochet, SR 7533 . With act. sense ro-chead, RC xxiv 178.z . p. ro-ceta, Ml. 30a9 . Hib. Min. 6.186 . nad rocheta , Ml. 115b4 . rocachaint, RC xiii 48 § 31 .

Part. a mbas cete gl. cantato . . . mense, BCr. 32b5 . Vbl. of necess. donaib hí beta cheti `which are to be sung', Ml. 126c4 . Vn. cétal, canamain, canta, ? cainnt. IGT Verbs § 73 .

(a) sings, recites . With céol: cansit ceól, LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). dot mac canar ar ceol, Blathm. 198 . ro chachain ceol, SR 4043 . With words meaning poem, etc. (somet. in sense composes): cachainsi . . . laíd, LU 3538 ( SCC 29 ). in aer . . . cantar . . . co indligthech, Laws v 232.11 Comm. ( ZCP xv 310.6 ). ae chanas ica gabail, Auraic. 409 . coro cachoin a guba `sang his dirge', Dinds. 95 ( RC xvi 47 ). conid de rocētt na raind si, ZCP vii 306.7 . chanas fuinn `that singeth songs', Proverbs xxv 20 . See Celtica vi 214 . Of birds: canaid na héanlaithe séis, Keat. Poems 74 .

In religious contexts sings, chants, recites (psalms, hymns, prayers): in tan cita-roichet in salm-sa, Ml. 44b4 . canir . . . biad, Mon. Tall. 131.6 . is amlaid canitir (leg. Lat. canitur?) in Pater, 140.4 . Adomnan . . . rocháchain in n-orthain seo, Rawl. 106b18 . do Chríst cachain ailli `unto Christ he sang praise', Fél. Apr. 26 . is ed chanait . . . Sanctus (of angels), MacCarthy 44.3 . canum don Choimdidh gl. cantemus Domino, Celtica iv 28.367 . dochanattar ind immon, BNnÉ 75.12 . do Chríst cachain figil, Fél. Dec. 8 . ro-chansat cántaic na glóri diada do, PH 4787 . do chan a thrátha, Acall. 1318 . Note also: cansat co léir a leighenn recited (of students), BNnÉ 96.18 . Of celebration of Mass: do chan int esbac . . . aifreann, ZCP xiii 181.2 . i-sin coilech-sin no-chanad Ísu hídpairt ┐ oiffrend, ZCP xvii 229.2 .

Of chanting of spells, prophecies, etc.: ro chansat-side brechta druidechta, LU 4027 ( SCC 48 ). for énchois . . . ro chachain doib in sin uile, BDD² 562 . canar dicheadol, Ériu xiii 24.10 .

Sings about, praises, lauds : trisin mbindius trissa cantar in gnimai hisin `with which these works are sung', Ml. 122c2 . ba moch canait a seíri, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 . iss ed canas in cū cain / a marbad do milchonaib (the dog foretells by its barking), ZCP xiii 8.2 . da bfaghta fer finn-chechnad a man to commemorate him, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 .

(a 2) composes : cīasu Dauīd rodas-can, | is dōibseom do-aselbtar 'although it was David who composed them, they are attributed to them' Éigse xvii 30 § 7 (= isaire eim doaisilbthar intpsailim dona persunnaib remepertaib cesu Duid aoenur rusgab, Hib. Min. 6.169 ).

(b) speaks, tells, announces, utters : ba bind for cach na canaind, LU 1301 . atchuala an ra chansat (of conversation), TBC-LL¹ 136 . inní rochan in t-ainm ogaim announced, 583 . da chan tigerna in toigi `cried out', Ériu iv 112.17 . ro chan riu feb at rubairt D. fris, MR 50.13 . cia nach can `who says not so?', Dán Dé xxvi 36 . adfedhut [na techta] do ar'chansat ┐ ar'canad friu, Marco P. 30 . With specific objects: ro chansad a n-aithiosga ris `announced . . . their proposals', CRR² 11 . is brég rocanuis, ZCP vi 91.5 . cach clessach na chanad cheilg / manach sein sin Gaedilg, LL 18013 . ro canad fírcháin faeilte friu, Acall. 2795 . ní chanuit gó tria bhithu `never tell a lie ', Marco P. 179 .

With follg. vn., or noun-clause: canaim . . . / truagh nach áonfhras tíre atá I declare, SGS iv 62 § 10 . ro chan Día . . . an téigen d'furtacht, BNnÉ 4.7 . canfaither . . . / nach am rig ruanaid (leg. rígr.), MR 120.12 .

Gramm.: Muimhnech, Éleach . . . ┐ gach tír eile chantar do bhainindsce of the feminine gender, IGT Decl. § 18 . trí hórmharg, lochdach ó nach cantur é, Introd. 8.32 .

Various uses with prepp.: conid dibsin ro chead in seanchaid those are the subject of the s.'s lay, RC xxiv 182.15 . is dó rochēt it is of him this was sung, ZCP viii 327.33 . mar do chanais tréan Eoghain / do Fhraoch `as you ascribed Eoghan's power to F.', Content. v 162 . is hē a lecht canair dōu . . . madan i n-Ūachtur Ocha this is the grave foretold for him . . . (in the) battle of U.O., ZCP xii 238 § 62 . cantar Cáilli in druadh / re crích fir na n-arm rindfuar `the territory . . . is called', Ériu iv 226.25 . créad an chúis fa gcantar abhall / ret fhiodhbhaidh chorcra why is thy . . . wood called apple? (to the Cross), DDána 2.7 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris `called himself a Christian', Marco P. 64 . ní uime mar gach n'asbal / rí an chruinne do chanasdar did not speak of him (Judas) as of all the (other) apostles(?), Dán Dé i 11 . port ór canadh CaisealChorc was named, DDána 74.7 . an Niall ór canadh clann Néill, Aithd. D. 17.6 .

In cheville: i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig `thou singest', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 .

ceilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilid or dil.ie/8460
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -cleth, cleithe, cleithi, ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth

v On indic. pres. 1 s. *cilu, *-ci[u]l (- cill, ACL iii 296.37 , cil, Fél.² lxi 7 ) see Bergin, Ériu xi 137 . For ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret., pret. pass. -cleth see GOI 380 , 404 , 422 , 439 . For fut. with short vowel see Celtica xiii 23 (note to l. 189) . Part. cleithe, Vbl. of necess. cleithi, Vn. ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth. IGT Verbs § 34 .

Hides, conceals (ar, for from).

(a) Of objects: nudachelat gl. latentes, Ml. 54c9 . nuda-chéiltis cliatha (do.), 61a2 . nichelt [in] macc sochuide a multitude did not hide the son(?), Thes. ii 291.11 . ō Chríst nād cétla celar `who is not concealed in song', 352.1 . ro cleth cruth shapes have been obliterated (i.e. by snow in winter), LU 859 . rocleith Nia ben Lugnao indala coic lie do Corbmac, ZCP viii 103.3 (B. na f.). gid í Meadhb do célta a clú, IGT Verbs ex. 333 . créd fa cceilfinn ar mo rí[gh] / a bhfuarus uadha do mhaoín?, KMMisc. 368.9 . coro ceilti iatha . . . in talman foraib, Grail 2810 .

(b) Of facts, statements, information, etc. : dia celmis Crist do ergi o marbaib if we concealed the fact that, LB 224a16 . celid . . . diabul in fers = male . . . interpretatus est diabolus, PH 4842 . do ceileadh fios ara bh-faidhibh ann sin, ML 74.3 . docheltatar tra a muinter ar P. aní etc., Lat. Lives 56.9 . go gceilfeadh gach ní do nochtfadh seisean . . . dí that she would keep secret, Keat. ii 5276 .

(c) V. freq. in neg. does not conceal the fact that, a fact ; hence by litotes admits, allows, concedes; states, declares : ní ceilsom tra asné crist inlie, Wb. 4d16 (ref. to sicut scriptum est). nicheil cid dabíd gl. et Dauid dicit, 5b5 . nichélat indécnaide, / leir adfiadat . . . , SR 8181 . ni cheil in banḟaith Fedelm says so, LU 4585 . ní chélam as banchomarle that is obviously womanish advice, 4636 . ní chéltar orut ón I shall tell you that, TBFr. 324 . níchelam inráithe dothét foir .i. samrad, ZCP viii 175.29 . ní cheil mé ar máthair an Dúilimh `I say plainly to', Dán Dé xix 20 .

(d) Hence in chevilles: lúad nad cél I shall declare it plainly, Thes. ii 290.7 . ni-n-ceil (sic leg.), SR 7443 `es ist uns nicht verborgen', Wortk. 129 (950.y) . na ceil, LL 15393 . ni chelar, BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(e) withholds, hoards, stints; suppresses, destroys : do ceiled athair ar a mac, LL 270a8 . ceilter in comrād-sin acu ōsin amach `thenceforth they ceased from . . .', Fianaig. 64.1 . ní chéala a chrodh will not stint, Magauran 4165 . ar a gceiltear fala whom none can hate, DDána 102.42 . cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (as in bean trom etc.) is cancelled, IGT Introd. § 50 . ro ceilid uisceda an tire forro, Grail 1434 . is é an gníomh soin . . . / cheileas a shéan, TSh. 5461 `destroys', Gloss.

(f) With prepp. other than ar, for: ni celt ceis ceol de cruit Crabtene, LU 622 `concealed not music', RC xx 167 ( ACC 20 ), cf. Corp. Gen. 18.25 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 , Fing. R. 384 . nā ceil dam-sa in fírindi, BColm. 100.19 . fá cheann ní céaltair a n-iocht, Dán Dé xxvii 7 .

(g) The following are unclear: nī chēl a dōe ar Loge, Corp. Gen. 404.27 `his arm doth not fail L.', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ). M. celas clú, LL 6384 ( MS. Mat. 480 ) = 380b33 . aro cheil cách corp an rígh `since the body of the king was hidden from all', AFM ii 898.7 . M. cheileas mná, Magauran 287 (`who entertains'? notes).

cermnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cermnas or dil.ie/8769

 

n [u, m.] expld. as lie , deception : c.¤ .i. brēg ┐ togāis, quasi Cermain-fis .i. fis ┐ dān Cermain lais, unde dicitur . . . la siail cen nac[h] c.¤ la dā muic midísen . . . , Corm. Y 397 . la siail cen nach c.¤ coimmilg, 1052 (cermnais, v.l.). a ndāno gan [n]ach cermnass (.i. brēcc), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 1 . cearmnas .i. brég no mealladh, O'Cl. Cf. 1 cermnaid.

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

comlepaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlepaid or dil.ie/11431

 

n (lepaid) common bed; act of sharing a bed, cohabiting, lying with: níba suair[c] c.¤ nó comáentu friss `to be his bed-fellow', TBC-LL² 1819 . fuaradar aræn bass . . . isin choimlepaid sin (of two brothers), TTebe 4555 . a coimleaba doclechtsum (:goirmṡeda), Prolegomena 45 § 19 . robatar uli mále . . . / i c.¤ oen Iacoib (Gen. xxx), SR 2980 . is amlaid fosfairnecsa hi c.¤ (of Medb and Fergus), LU 5410 (TBC). fir-[ḟ]aemaid . . . cach aen i n-a comlebaid (of a harlot), Laws v 454.4 Comm. opais an ingen a comlebaid `refused to lie with them', RC xxiv 278.17 . Fig. ar emi scartha frisin pecad iarna ch.¤ `for speedy separation from the sin with which one has been united', Ériu xix 58 § 6 . Legal appar. with sense I of lepaid: ni comleaptha (predic. g s.?) neach na fogla feisear one whose trespasses thou knowest not must not be sheltered, O'Curry 1889 ( RIA 23 P 3, 22a b ). ? im chomleptha comuithech `for the common bed of neighbours', Laws i 126.4 .

cotut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cotut or dil.ie/12700
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ca-, -at, catat

adj pl. caidi ( cotata, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 ). go suaighneadaibh lancadaith, ZCP x 303.2 . go suanemnaib lín lanch., LL 10550 `of hard flax', TBC-LL² 3111 . Also ca-, -at, catat (infl. by calad, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 160 ). hard, severe, harsh: cotud .i. cech secda ab eo quod est cotis , Corm. Y 326 . c.¤ .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . crandscíath . . . co mbil ch.¤ chondúala, BDD² 811 . da clobuinne caiti . . . do iarann, CCath. 5273 . arm cruaid catut (: acut), TBC-LL² 2781 . do thabairt chatha crúaid codait, TTr.² 1775 . dobert crothad cotud furri, LL 12864 . is crūaid codut in cosc `severe', MacCongl. 75.1 . sceith chaidi cathbuadacha, TTebe 1279 . is catad in scel bec he `it is a hard little story', Ériu ii 224.11 . sciath catat comdaingen, Acall. 6955 . cro cad(h)at, MR 262.11 . crandscíath . . . co mbil chothut condúala, LU 7195 = ch.¤ , BDD² 811 . Of persons stern, harsh : nirbat c.¤ arnabat dothcherna, LL 345b4 . É. is C. chatut (: —fuc) `hardy C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.30 .

Compar. as cruaidhe no cloch, as caide no cnáimh, F V 3, 189 cited St. Ercuil Gloss. s.v. caid . ? trian iar na cet codad; leth mad co taide, Laws ii 374.3 Comm. ? leth mad coitethe (of cloth), 372.17 . Adv. co cadut cruaid, LB 156b57 .

As subst.: eter dá cotot feda dense woods(?), LU 10244 = cotadh, ZCP iii 240.9 . cottud .i. sliabh, O'Cl. Gramm. of a word in unaltered form: fer a chotud (of the noun fer), Goid. 73.27 . bein a coutud (of the word ben), Auraic. 5025 . fer a codud, feear a mallrugud, 4986 . a cotot (.i. timorcain fri aicnead no i cind), 5292 . Later delenition and devoicing Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 , IGT Introd. p. iv . an cadad . . . .i. ceilt an tshéimhighthi bhíos ar tús an fhocuil déigheanaigh don chomhfhocal (itte, diúltta, etc.), § 49 . ag so cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (bean throm, bean trom, etc.), § 50 . ní fhuil cadad eatarra le mbéradh crúadhughadh uirthe (lusfort, etc.), § 30 .

Compds. With nouns: na teora catadcaladhcathbhuailedh, TBC St. 4605 . tri ruadh roth fo chotat cosmhailes, TBC-LL¹ p. 809 n. 3 . cenn Fhailbhe chodat-chinn, Duan. F. i 84.12 . In n. pr. in Cruadín Catutchend (a sword), LL 12720 . CRR² 42 . re cotut-congmail in sceit[h] `hard upholding', CCath. 4731 . ? c.¤ curaid cellfetar, LU 10360 (rhet.). a chathcriss . . . do chotutlethar crúaid, 6416 (TBC). re codudrigni in glais-iarainn ` hard-stiffness ', CCath. 2679 . ? anmin cotat tír raithen mag, Laws iv 276.18 Comm. With adjj.: do glaisiarann cruaidh cotat-rigin, CCath. 4678 . léine . . . cotat slemun do ṡita, IT i 119.17 (TE Eg.). léne . . . isí chotutlemon, BDD² 9 .

1 dalb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dalb or dil.ie/14369
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. A falsehood, lie , untruth, fiction, guile. dalb .i. brég a dolo .i. on ceilg, Corm. Tr. p. 58 . dalbh .i. brég, O'Cl., P. O'C. — roráid Dauid ciarbo dalb `olcc dul i céin cen dagarm', SR 6185 . ni relic Dauid dalb tenn (chev.) acht rainn na fadb co coitchenn, ib. 6465 . ní dalb it is no fiction, frequent in poetry : ní d.¤ adfiadar óchéin, SR 1987 . é ni dalbh...roṁarbh Brandubh, AU i 82. 23 (cf. Tig. 605 , RC xvii 166. 8 ). ni d.¤ i cath Temrach tricc : rodmarb Cermna mac Ebric, MacCarthy 160. 3 ( LL 127 b 28 ). ní d.¤ ...romarb Eochaid, ib. 210. 11 . ní dalb deilm as lia, Rawl. 79 b 46 . ní dalb dath, ib. 163 b 32 . ní dalbh as marbh mac Dearbháil, AFM i 544. 15 . Keat. 1829 . — ní do dalb ná thuscurnud, LL 44 a 4 . ? ní do dailb didu, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.82 . na Ruadcinn ní dalb saine : isiat romarb Conaire, ib. 48 b 19 . coro chloemchlae ní dalb daith : forin maig oc Carn Ḟeradaig, ib. 184 b 33 . gaind nach dailb, ib. 265 a 32 . dar[a] éis ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 . g s. iar mbreith dalba (sic leg.), LL iii 16971 . a s. combad uadi cen dailb ṅdet : ainm Essa Ruaid co romét, LL 213 a 51 . gan dailb is gan donairte, Laud 615, p. 10 . gan imroll gan dailb gan dron, ib. p. 21 . pl. dubdalba nisdenai Aed, ACL iii 306. 2 . g p. homo ...uios doghres ar caoi na ndalbh (gl. na mbreag) on the way of lies ZCP iii 378. 2 .—Cf. dalbad.

dalbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dalbad or dil.ie/14375

 

Forms: dalbad

n u, m. A lie , falsehood, guile . cen dalbad ṅdil SR 1835 . luidis Doe cen dalmud (v.l. dalbad) BB 369 b 43 —Cf. 1 dalb.

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