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ad-daim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-daim or dil.ie/417
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atadomu, atmu, addoimim, -atmaisu, addaim, at[a]im, -ataim, atamaid, ataimet, atndaimet, -atamar, adaimter, atmaid, admha, atnóimed, addomed, atma, ma[d]-damut, a[d]-da(i)mthur, att maither, adrat(h)mae, madrodma, adrogma, adrodma, -ardama, rodmaiter, adrodmaitis, atom-didmae, adndidma, aideb, aitemha, -aidemtha, ademad, -atamar, atamur, addámir, atdámuir, atamatur, adrodamar, adro[da]marsu, -árdamarsu, adrodamair, -árdámar, -ardamair, atramair, adrodamnatar, adrodat, adrodat, -ardat, adrodmad, adrodamas, at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, aititiu, atmáil, atmaithe

v Indic. pres. 1 s. atadomu `I acknowledge thee', RC xxvi 52 § 289 . atmu, TBC-I¹ 409 . addoimim, Mon. Tall. 159.26 . 2 s. -atmaisu, Acr. 10d1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. addaim, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . at[a]im gl. confitetur, Ml. 42b26 . -ataim, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). With inf. pron. at naim, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440 - 1 , O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)a ; atnoim .i. fulang, 2019 ( H 4.22, 37a ). 1 pl. atamaid, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 pl. ataimet, Ml. 131d16 . atndaimet (with inf. pron.), Críth G. 279 . Pass. sg. -atamar, Laws v 314.11 . adaimter, 284.30 . Ipv. 2 pl. atmaid, LU 4663 ( TBC-I¹ 201 ). Cf. 2 s. admha (from subj.), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 9 . ?Impf. 3 s. atnóimed, Metr. Dinds. i 6.16 (leg. addomed, Gloss.).

Subj. pres. 3 s. mani atma , ZCP xiv 382 § 46 ( Laws ii 308 ). slan dineoch adamae, O'Curry 66 (H. 3. 18, 24b). 3 pl. ma[d]-damut, ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). Pass. a[d]-da(i)mthur, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 (sic leg. xv 239 ). att maither, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Perfective. 3 s. adrat(h)mae, O'Curry 65 (H. 3. 18, 24a). madrodma, SM Facs. 19a ( Laws v 384.5 . ). Cf. adrogma, iv 104.24 , adrodma, O'Curry 25 (H. 3. 18, 11a). -ardama, Ériu xii 144.12 . Pass. pl. mad rodmaiter , Laws iv 212.2 . Impf. pass. pl. adrodmaitis, O'Curry 879 (H. 3. 18, 394a).

Fut. 2 s. atom-didmae, Fél. Ep. 494 . 3 s. adndidma, Imr. Brain § 51 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with stem aitém-: 1 s. aideb, Leb. Gab.(i) 96.3 . 3 s. aitemha se, O'Curry 1447 (H. 3. 18, 646a). Condit. 2 s. -aidemtha, LB 141b12 . 3 s. ademad, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.14 .

Pret. 2 s. -atamar, SR 1406 . atamur, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 s. addámir, LU 10930 . atdámuir, 10954 . 3 pl. atamatur, TBC-I¹ 2920 . Perf. 1 s. adrodamar, Acr. 28a2 ( Thes. ii 9 ). 2 s. adro[da]marsu, 7a1 ( Thes. ii 3 ). -árdamarsu, 10c2 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. adrodamair, Trip.² 1714 . -árdámar, LU 10735 . -ardamair, 9171 . ? atramair, Leb. Gab.(i) 274.14 . 3 pl. adrodamnatar. O'Curry 69 (H. 3. 18, 25a) = Ériu i 214.6 . Pass. s. adrodat, ZCP viii 314.1 . The form atroat .i. aititnighit, O'Dav. 114 = 154 may be for adrodat (supra). Cf. also Laws i 156.26 Comm. -ardat, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . O'Dav. 1301 (see Ériu xii 200 ). adrodmad, Laws iv 100.8 Comm. (cf. O'Dav. 114 ). adrodamas .i. rodaimed, Auraic. 135 (adrodmus, v.l.).

From the mid. Ir. period on as simple verb at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, with fut. stem aitém- and s-pret.. See also aitit(n)igid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

Vn. aititiu, later atmáil. Part. atmaithe.

(a) acknowledges, admits, concedes, confesses: issamlid atadaimet cia chrechtnaigthi nathir mani eple de `they recog- nize them', gl. ei admovent (sic leg.), ut pangat, colubra; cum pupugerit, si de genere sit, uiuere, si non sit, mori, Sg. 181a5 . glé lim atom-didmae `that Thou wilt acknowledge me', Fél. Ep. 494 . adndidma F. mac n-dóu `F. will acknowledge him as his own', Imr. Brain § 51 . atndaimet do thoísiuch, Críth G. 279 `they acknowledge him as leader', notes. adtaimet immac do Etarscel they acknowledge him as son of E., Ériu vi 135.58 . uair atodaimet fir h-Erend úasaib ar allud. LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). secht n-aile . . . nad usa adrodmaither a ratha sureties for which are not easily agreed upon (?), Laws v 270.14 . —gaib it láim mo fáesom . . . —atmu, ol C., LU 4896 ( TBC-I¹ 409 ). atdaim nafoeige, SM Facs. 46a `one adopts what he does not disallow', Laws iii 8.y . ma'd-rodma fine, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). atamatur a moirseiser made the like avowal, TBC-I¹ 2920 . ní árdámar A. dó (i.e. the reason for his illness), LU 10735 (TE). ni ro-ataim in topur d'fagbail `did not confess that he had found the well', RC xxiv 198.11 . pennit dib linaib . . . conidatma nechdar de, Ériu vii 158.32 . admaim mo clodh d'O. I acknowledge ny defeat by O., Fier. 72 . admhuighis ríoghan na hAlban gurab í máthair Bhranduibh do rug Aodhán, Keat. ii 6358 . cia admhas m'anamsa accepts(?), Dán Dé iv 1 . gach duine . . . admhuigheas . . . teagasg . . . Iosa Críosd `professes', Donlevy 392.23 .

(b) consents to, accedes to, grants, allows: adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail ar Choirpre allowed P. to be taken captive, Trip.² 1714 . atdámuir Mongán fobith a énech granted (a request), LU 10954 . adrodamnatar Pátraic ┐ fir Érenn . . . a buith samla[id] agreed that it should be so, Ériu i 214.6 . co nach nadmadh nech a rādh / coimes (sic leg.) aigi is Crīst so that none need allow it to be said that he is in rivalry with C. (one of the reasons why man is not permitted to know the length of his life), ZCP vii 301 § 5 . atdamam pennait forainn we are prepared to do penance Lism. L. 2166 .

(c) avows, reveals, makes known; declares: atmam `we declare', ZCP viii 272 § 63 . ni fuighthear aoinneach . . . aiteumhus nach urusa . . . who will assert, MS. Mat. 575.21 . gach comaoin . . . aideomhaidh `will declare', PBocht 25.25 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir / an fedh do chóidh ó chígh chuain showed how far he had travelled, Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . addamhat combaoi fíon . . . leó, Hugh Roe 8.8 . sul do aidéumhadh ēinpheacadh dhīobh (of confessor who is entrusted with sins of others), Parrth. Anma 2932 . Cf. atmad .i. abradh, O'Dav. 12 .

ainble

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainble or dil.ie/1178

 

n [, f.] (anbal). Somet. used as opp. of féle, see ainféile. shamelessness, excess; wickedness: anbli .i. nemnari oc cungid neich, RC xxvi 22 § 58 . fogni feile do anble, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii f. 143b). as a.¤ .i. is ainbfial no as latrandta, O'Curry 1908 (23 P 3, 23 (21)d). ainbhle .i. ainféile no olcas, O'Cl. ainbli gnuisiu, Gael. 50 , 129 ( Blathm. 409 . ). tabair dam dilgud hi fus / dom' ainblib dom' aneolaus, SR 820 . cia robai do anble a rád / airmi aidbli nan-ilgrád though it be vain to say it, 821 . a.¤ angluinne, TBC-LL¹ 5638 . celid serc a.¤ ┐ olc, LL 18748 . —forriuth a n-enech . . . —is anble sin, ol F., IT i 141.28 ( Comp. CC 7.y ). eochair éta anble, ZCP vi 270 § 10 . descaid a.¤ ainecna, Anecd. iii 15.z . tír co n-a.¤ is co n ecóir, Rawl. 78b12 . cáinti a cane .i. o choin, ar is anble ┐ aursaire a ndan dib līnaib , O'Mulc. 202 . drisiuc . . . .i. is cú ar amainsi nó ar anble, O'Dav. 724 . do Bhrian nar fhoghluim ainbhle (.i. amhnáire, ainfhéile no olcas), Hard. ii 290.2 . In cheville: cen a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.1 . LL 1910 .

airsaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsaire or dil.ie/2377
Last Revised: 2019

 

n name for some kind of unpleasant noise, din, clatter(?): for lār tigi i fail a.¤ fodla, Ériu xix 83 § 11 . a.¤ fodhla .i. áit ambí gáir fán roinn, O'Cl. cāinti a cane .i. o choin, ar is anble ┐ aursaire a ndan dib līnaib , O'Mulc. 202 . is oc Tuaith Dé arrícht ilach ┐ éigem ┐ airsaire ... airsaire ar ainble 'it is the Tuath Dé who invented war-cry and outcry and tumult ... tumult in iniquity', BBCS xxxix 28 § 8 . As n. pr. Broimm . . . Ochsud ┐ Ersaire, the three `drúith' of the Tromdám, LL 3446 . See comirsire.

blaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blaisid or dil.ie/6052

 

Forms: blasaid, mlaissiud, blasad, blasacht

v (earlier mlaisid) also blasaid. tastes: at manna milsi blaissetar, LL 346ay . fer no blaissed a loimm, 13381 ( RC viii 54.6 ). cach aen rot-blaisi `whomsoever tasted it (sc. the well of Zion),' Ériu ii 114 § 39. nach beoil rodm-blaisiset a thorad, 116 § 51. slóg (i.e. aingil Dé) ná blaiste (: naiste; blasda, blaisfe, blaisenn, v.ll.) bíad, KMMisc. 254.3 . co m-blasind ní do thorud chroind bethad. Ní blaisfea iter, MacCarthy 58.14 , 15 . tiagait . . . co mblaiset in lind somblasta-sin, PH 6364. dona daoinibh bhlaiseas a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh na n-ósdóireadh, TSh. 3751.

Fig. tastes (of); savours; has experience of: athgabail treisi . . . i cinaid . . . do beil, Laws i 156 , glossed set treisi ro blaissis (sic leg.) ot bel, 162.7 Comm. o blaisfidid (sic) don braen do neoch dober slainti doib .i. do Isu Crist, YBL 151b9 . an tan bhlasaid í (i.e. mil na mailíse), TSh. 7442. ní bhlaisfeam é go milis . . . mur Rígh na glóire, Desid. 1416. gur bhlaisiodar an Tíodhlaice Neamhdha, Donlevy xii 15.

With bás, bethaid, etc.: cia roblais bethaib (read bethaid, edd.) na blasfe bás (= quis est homo qui uiuit ┐ non uidébit mortem), LU 1417. acht ma blaistí bás (= nisi mortem gustaveritis), Lat. Lives 27.2 . ro blaisi bas iar tiachtain in tíre gen taraidh, BB 381a43 . ? atoncomnaic dib-línaib ar cach beoil blaisid écc, RC xiv 243.17 . cach mil beo ro blais bethaid, SR 8184. Der Báil bec di bith ra blaiss, LL 17354.

Vn. earlier mlaissiud, later blasad, blasacht.

bráthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráthair or dil.ie/6585
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bráithre, bráthar, bráthre, brāthri

n r, m. Later with n p. bráithre, g p. bráthar, and k-infl. in pl. See GOI 214 - 215 , Stokes on g p. form bráthre, KZ xxxviii 461. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 32.

(a) brother: brathair . . . quasi fratair ar frater rotruaillned ind. Frater quasi frauter eo quod fraudat ter .i. patrem et matrem et fratrem , Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 , Corm. Y 111. b.¤ gl. frater, Ir. Gl. 1047. In O. Ir. gl. frater and used in both a lit. and transferred sense, see meaning (c). In later language in lit. sense (a male being related to others as child of same parents) replaced by derbráthair q.v. Cf. brathair glossed dearbhráthair, Laws iv 240.6 , 16 ; 258.8 , 12 . ingen et athir siur et brathir, Wb. 10b4 . frater brathir . . . is brathir deit iar colinn et in fide domini , 32a15 . far mbráthir fadisin, 4c40 . Timotheus et bráthir in hiris gl. T. frater, 14b4 . lasin brathir gl. fratrem meum, 10c13 . don bráthir hiressach, 10c1 . nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . ainm bráthre gl. fratres, 7d8 . ua mbraithrib gl. a fratribus suis, 34a6 . fria mbraithrea `to their brethren', Ml. 100c26 . da brathir iudas ┐ ionathan gl. Ionathan fratrem, 75d4 . a brathir `his brothers', Tur. 128. amnair b.¤ máthar gl. auunculus, Sg. 61a21 . ingen bráthar gl. neptis, 67b4 . macc bráthar athar gl. patrui patruelis, 56a2 . bráthir athar gl. patruus, 1 . bás bráthar Iohannis (sc. Iacob), Fél. July 25 . amal sóersai Ióséph / de lámaib a bráthre (: ma(i)thre; brathar: mathar, v.l.), Ep. 528. fognífi do síl do sílaib do bráthar = . . . seminibus fratrum, Trip.² 740. ingen fria brathair (one of the relationships between couples in Cáin Lánamnae), Laws ii 344.3 . tellach brathar for araile itir cotta (one of seven `entries' for which no díre is paid), v 206.5 . mandras arma / brathar athar (rhet.), LL 35337 = athar athar, Fing. R. 467. is si ba hara dia brathair (Deichtine), LU 10564. a brāthri (n p.), ZCP viii 304.z . dia braithir, RC xxiv 176.12 . roind Conoill ┐ a bhrāithriuch and of his brothers, ZCP xiv 246.3 . Domnall a fradhir, , AI 356 (s.a. 1253.2) . mar aon ré dá bhráthair a mháthar, Keat. ii 5523. Fig. bladh Tuathail bhíos gan bh.¤ `is without an equal', RC xlix 174 § 38.

(b) kinsman, cousin; fellow-member of the same kindred-group (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 138 ), oft. translated ` tribes- man' in Laws. Opposed to derbráthair: la hua brathar a athar .i. la hiarmo der[b]rathar a shenathar the grandson of his father's cousin i.e. the great-grandson of his grand-father's brother, Auraic. 118. na .u. braithri . . . sech macu a braithri (on distribution of a woman's estate in the gelḟine) `kinsmen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.19 . finnatar . . . brathir scéo mbroga (rhet.), LU 3476 `kinsman and lands', SCC² 373 (? leg. bráthirsi mroga, Binchy, note). ro-n-ain Moedoc mainech / ar is brathair bagach `kinsman', Fél.² Apr. 11. Loith .i. brathuir Abraam `A.'s first cousin', Maund. 55. is brathair focus dam-sa he `a cousin of mine', Grail 2455 . ar id b.¤ (braithre, v.ll.) a n-urraid dib línaib `their freemen on both sides are akin', Leb. Cert.² 804. a braithri budein . . . `kinsmen', Ann. Conn. 1238.3 . braithricha, 1289.6 . dochum a braithrich, 1248.5 . d'fhios a bhráithreach, Keat. ii 638.

(c) brother, member of a religious community: in b.¤ (brathir, v.l.) `the brothers', Ériu iii 100 § 24. Rí na mb.¤ mbocht `Lord of friars', Dán Dé iv 14 . brathair minur `a Friar Minor', Ann. Conn. 1244.11 . esaonta . . . eittir braithribh Dúin na nGall ┐ na manaigh `the friars ', AFM vi 2046.5 . bráithre . . . Oird San-Froinsiais ` Franciscans ', Donlevy xxi 21. bráithre túata = lay Brothers, RSClára 89a .

(d) Gramm. word of similar declension: a mbráithri .fer. (bráithreagha .fer. comha, v.l.) masculine words similarly declined, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.1) . b.¤ dísbegaid masculine diminutive: b.¤ dísbeagaidh cnoc no cnocán, slat no slatán, no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. § 114 (27.33) . See immarbág, imdugud, siur.

Compds. dochum a brātharfinne, BColm. 84.11 . bráthar-marbthach gl. fratricida, Ir. Gl. 319.

coimtig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimtig or dil.ie/10321

 

adj (see Plummer, Ériu ix 35 )

(a) frequent, usual, customary : coimdi[g] .i. minic nó gnathach, ut est Ní coimdi[g] tin mo t-samla, O'Dav. 581 . is coimdig linn inso gl. quod dicimus, Sg. 198a6 . 54b8 . 90a6 . nad mbi coimdich laiech . . . duna be etc. it is unusual to find a lay person etc., Ériu xix 60 § 8 . ní comtig a comamre, Imr. Brain 10 . gach maith . . . [etir ?] cuimtig ┐ eccuimdig, etir gnath ┐ ingnath, IT i 137. 27 . is comtig fothrucud inti (a pool), Fraech 183 . bid comdid . . . an c[h]eall frequented, BColm. 80.30 .

(b) likely, probable : nad ch.¤ linnai, Ml. 131c3 (`customary'). is comtig conna fuaratar etc. (derb, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 631 . in tṡechta Fergusa ni bu comthig la nech n-aile (superhuman attributes), Ériu iv 26.8 . ni combtig co mbadh eol daib you would hardly know, CCath. 5082 . niruó coimdich coro chin etc., Hugh Roe² 162.24 . Legal: fo aicned coimded no eccoimded (of places where objects have been found), Laws iii 320.19 Comm. mad eccoimded: mad coimded `unlikely place . . . likely place', v 320.12 , see s. éccoimtig. Cf. coimded ?

(c) proper, fitting, suitable, appropriate : dál as chomtig fri dáma, Hy. v 14 ( Thes. ii 329 ). cethri catha coimtide, SR 4762 . cinnas . . . nachar chomtig dun díb línaib comrichtain ?, LU 10316 . erred fir cluas (chlous, v.l.) catha / ni comtig cen ildatha should have, ZCP iii 214.12 . do ni na badh coimdigh `passend', TBC-LL¹ 2231 (nar choir, v.l.). m'a cuit coimtidh chomadais, BB 257b19 . ni comtig lium in delb rig ata orm, Fen. 118.10 . co rob si digail bud comdid ind, RC xxiv 280 § 18 . narb imaircidhe ┐ nar cumdid, YBL 180b3 .

Compar. is coimddigiu neutur and gl. frequentior, Sg. 92b2 . 127b2 .

comríachtain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comríachtain or dil.ie/11665
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ríchtain, -rochtain

n (ríachtain). Also -ríchtain. -rochtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 128 n. 8 . Cf. con-ricc. act of meeting, encountering; meeting, encounter : fogur . . . na fial sin oc c.¤ , LU 2068 ( FA 14 ). re coimríac[h]tain dúin comrac n-immairic to meet in battle, TBC-LL² 3418 . ar comriachtuin doib dochum troda, ALC i 570.6 . Of sexual intercourse: cinnas . . . nachar chomtig dun díb línaib comrichtain (Cú Chulainn to Emer), LU 10317 . ni fognunn . . . saothar, na coimriachtain, Rosa Angl. 44.22 . gradugud na coimriachtana. Ériu ix 64.28 . gan coimhriachtain ré fear, Ó Héodhusa 48.4 . comriachtain (lanamnus, v.l.), Ériu x 146 § 3 . Note also: betit debtha . . . im chomríchtain tossaig nó derid `as to who shall lead the van . . .', TBC-LL² 228 . fri comrīachtain friss to be equal to it (a gastronomic feat), MacCongl. 75.13 .

cummae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cummae or dil.ie/13852
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cumbai, chumbu, chummai, cuma

io, n. vn. of con-ben. ? g s. cumbai, Corp. Gen. 203.5 . d s. chumbu, Críth G. 139 . On chummai, Ml. 115b3 see below. cuma f., IGT Decl. § 3 (coma proscribed form). Verbs § 67 .

1 act of cutting, carving, hacking, destroying , butchering : dá mér in[n]a chumbu chóir (of a flitch of bacon), Críth G. 139 . direnaiter crotha cummai `díre is paid for maimed figures', BCrólige 64 . brisiud cnama ┐ cumma tuinne, LL 13868 . cumbae hUae mBriuin `destruction', AU i 326.x . i[c] cummai ┐ oc letrad trénḟer, TTr.² 1529 . athcuma . . . .i. . . . cuma co aith, Laws i 234.26 Comm.

2 act of shaping, fashioning, composing : i doríndi uaím ┐ cuma ar tus, MacCarthy 286.23 . uaim, ┐ cumu, ┐ druinuchus `cutting out', Laws ii 154.7 Comm. in áirc . . . iarna cuma ┐ iarná cumdach shaped, LB 123a45 . dia chuma ┐ dia midhemhain na criche, RC xliii 68.13 . ica cumma ┐ ica certugud (of ship Argo), LL 30959 ( TTr. 140 ). mac in tṡaír . . . / do chumma in chláir ina chirt, Ériu ix 49.1 . cuigeal . . . aca . . . a (= do ?) chuma shægail cach duine (of fates), TTebe 1321 . celcc do chuma, BNnÉ 89.39 . gan an creidemh do chuma ré na chéill acht a chiall do chuma risan ccreidemh, Mac Aingil 116 - 7 . ? im chuma(id) bíd fris `preparing food', RC ii 388.2 . ? gan beith ag cuma re ced do sasadh attempting, undertaking , BCC 68.11 . mithid dam comma Ceilbe `to make verse on C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.1 . lucht cummæ in sceoil-si, CCath. 6160 . an bhrég do chor a ccuma / ar son na séd saoghalda, IGT Introd. § 60 . cuma a fheart ní fhéadainnse `I can not describe his wonders', PBocht 11.12 . clū a ceardcha na cuma, O'R. Poems 2068 ` composition ', Gloss. gan lucht cuma ar cráoib N., IGT Decl. ex. 170 . le cuma a aignidh féin `by means of the inventions of his own brain', Content. xvi 183 . gur chuirestair . . . glósnathe filedh fuithe da cuma ┐ da cumhdach, BNnÉ 265.26 . ? Cf. bíodh re gach cuma dar ceangladh / urra urrlamh, DDána 111.26 . ? ní da cuma i tarmforcenn, IT iii 28.5 .

3 shape, form, appearance : in cétach co cumma glan, Metr. Dinds. iv 220.15 . fuath ┐ cumma in choindelbra, LB 121a50 . doradsat cuma na Trae furre, Aen. 1208 . cetharochair a cuma `fouredged was its shape', CCath. 17 . aluinn cuma do da chos, BS 18.23 . cuma crut[h]ach, Marco P. 103 . ? cuicthi i cuic cummi, ar is cuma la .u. cinta dosliat . . . .u. cumbae cinad, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 375a ). ba cruthach . . . eter méit ┐ chórai ┐ chummai, TTr.² 362 . gan locht cuma ar craoibh n-Aise, DDána 99.33 . ní chongbann a chuma anos, O'Gr. Cat. 555.z . ? dá mbeith Dia ag cuma (leg. a gcuma) fa cheart in His true form, DDána 23.1 . cuma, deilbh, Eg. Gl. 151 . imdheanta, faicsiona, cuma, 412 . a chuma ar gach neach a-nos / gomadh truma an bhreath bhéaras it is apparent on each one, Dán Dé xxi 25 .

4 In prep. phrases: ní bátar i nHére óic a cumma dóib like them, LU 1513 (MU). tolcha corra . . . / ar choma chíge cédmhná (proscribed), IGT Verbs ex. 578 . i gcuma báis, PBocht 4.47 . lecc lógmar . . . fó chuma grene ┐ ésca resembling, Todd Lect. vi 67.8 . ar cuma an oirnigh doníther don bradan `in the form of', BCC 108.28 . a ccuma na ccreach archena `like the rest of the prey', Hugh Roe² 208.14 . cumma cáich like (with) everybody else, LU 3110. 3163 . cumma cháich, Ériu iv 98.6 . i cumai caich, Lism. L. xx 16 . hi cuma chaigh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.23 . hi cumaidh cāich, ZCP vi 259.2 .

5 In adv. phrases: foróenchummi gl. identidem, Sg. 14b1 . luid . . . C. fon cumma cetna similarly, LU 8874 ( FB 67 ). fon cumma cetna, CRR 26 . TTr.² 988 . a cumma cetno, IT iii 243.255 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, TBC-LL² 2304 . fon cuma sein, Cog. 162.29 .

As predicate of copula in a variety of idioms.

6 is c.¤ x fri y x is like, the same as y: nitachummese friusom gl. mihi autem, Wb. 20c25 . ní c.¤ fri cach crieid, Ml. 85c14 . nídat chummai frisnammoltu dográes gl. nihil commone, 115b3 (artificial pl. form rather than attrib. g s.). nir chumma nech ris im chath `there was none to match him in battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 344.73 . gein bad chumma fri C., i 36.111 . nad rabi remaib . . . fiallach bad cumma gaisced frisin dínisin, LL 32166 ( TTr. 1355 ). Adv. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech `it affects the chief equally with the plebeian', Laws iv 68.4 . Note also: bá cuma dán dib linaib (Cú Ch. and Fer Diad), LU 6003 . ceall bes cuma a cill fein, Laws iii 76.4 Comm. cumma ┐ sed ┐ samail a tri cuaich, BB 35a16 .

7 With ocus: ní cumme et tuss[u] unlike thee, Wb. 6b25 . nicumme et messe, 7b13 . nicumme et sissi, 14a30 . ni cumme ┐ M., 34a6 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni cummæ ┐ vocatiuus , Sg. 208a11 . is cumma ┐ timthirecht bech i lló ánli, LU 7558 ( BDD 139 ). cumme . . . ┐ sengobi `like an old smith', Mon. Tall. 134.4 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, ZCP viii 217.11 . With nó: beag nach cuma cuaille fáil / dhod chréachtnughadh . . . / nó sibh do chrochadh iar gcioth to hang you up after a shower is almost the same thing as rending you with a hedge-stake (to an old cloak), Hackett² xxxi 5 . With follg. clause: is cumma no cinged . . . ┐ no chessed fén he travelled just like a waggon, LU 6844 ( BDD 41 ). With follg. clause with vb. in subj. impf. it is just as if: is cumme et ní imdibthe gl. circumcisio tua praeputium facta est, Wb. 1d17 . Without conj.: is cumme bid pugnator asberad gl. pro: pugnator, Ml. 67a8 . iscumme nibad móidem, Wb. 2b14 . With amail: is cuma dhuille an ḟeadha . . . / amail nobeith grāin chatha, Ériu iii 164 § 20 .

8 As adv. antecedent of rel. vb. equally, in the same way : is cummae mbis menmae cechtar de fri togais alali gl. par ad dicipiendum, Ml. 31a23 . condibcumme donduccam uili gl. ut idem sapiamus, Wb. 24a22 . iscummae ṁ bis ualitudo enartae ┐ ualitudo sonartae gl. tam . . . quam, Ml. 61a33 . conid cumme aramber biuth huacechrét `equally', 69a18 . cumma arangairtís gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla repelled both hunger and thirst, RC ix 474.21 ( LU 1695 ). cumma no slaided riam ┐ iarma, LU 5921 (TBC). is cumma tégtis fir ┐ mná i cathaib, IT i 193.25 . is cumma gebes a rer, o rig ┐ o aithech, PH 4011 . Cf. cuma frisidngair `of equal status corresponding to him', Bretha 2 .

9 With forms of as-beir (ráidid) and follg. clause as he was saying it etc.: cuma do-bi aga radha ┐ ad-bert in læidh ann asa haithli, ZCP viii 548.12 . is [c]uma ro bui aca radh[a sin ┐ ro] leic, Grail 4103 . cumma dobátar oc a ráda ┐ doṡáidseat a slega, LB 274a21 ( SG 55.19 ). cuma dó oca ráda ┐ do scáil, SG 56.18 . as cuma do bhái aga radha, ┐ dorinne an duan so, BNnÉ 267.15 . Cf. 1 cuma (ant am, v.l.) rabadar-sum . . . ragreis, TTebe 4417 .

10 is c.¤ la x y x makes no distinction between y (and someth. else): coma .i. ab eo [quod est] communis. Inde . . . cuma lem .i. is coimdes cipē diib, Corm. Y 221 . iscumme lessom tect fosmachtu rechto et fognam doídlaib he makes no distinction between submitting etc., Wb. 19d11 . is c.¤ leissem bid. f it is the same, he holds, as though it were f, Sg. 10a11 . is c.¤ limm etir ph.f. , 4 . is cumma lem bed i taulchuba ḟína no beth mo chend I feel as if my head were in a vat of wine, Fraech 45 . Hence x doesn't care about y: cuma .i. inann no maith ut est cuma lium cid toll mo lenn, O'Dav. 365 . ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia a woman who will sleep with anybody, BCrólige 44 . couma lē cip srīan cotagaib, ZCP viii 103.z . cuma lē gan Iarla ann she won't miss an Earl, Aithd. D. 38.9 . cuma lim, for F., Airne F. 238 . conid cuma les bas ┐ betha d'fagbail cares not whether he lives or dies, TTebe 4019 . cuma leamh . . . / mo shaeghal, BCC 192.23 . is cuma leis tús nó deireadh, TSh. 865 . nír bhó cuma lá haon . . . cia haca las a mbeith ball dia bhallaibh `contended with each other', AFM vi 2370.17 .

11 is c.¤ do x it is all the same for x: cuma dhuit .i. ni meisde dhuit, O'Cl. is cumme dó bidimdibthe gl. nonne praeputium illius, in circumcisione reputabitur? Wb. 1d20 . nibu chumme dúib ce bad hé frisandénte it would be a different matter for you if you did it to him, 9c24 . is cumme duit legens est ┐ qui legit , Sg. 193b5 . nech dia mbi c.¤ eibirt ┐ aicdi, Laws i 118.22 Comm. is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 ( BDD 147 ). is cumma dúit . . . Nī dīgēltar foraib, ZCP viii 318.24 . i gcruth gurab cuma dhó a bhás nó a bheatha, TSh. 96 .

12 Without follg. prep.: cuma a dteasda uan dom aois it matters not, Dán Dé xvii 5 . teagh ríogh Ch. cuma a luadh, DDána 119.23 `níor mhiste', Gloss. cuma(dh) dhe no matter, Luc. Fid. 4177 .

In n. loc.: Ath Cuma in tSheisir Ford of the Slaughter of the Six, AFM i 244.y .

Compd. cumagnais `equal customs', expl. of comaithces, Laws iv 68.1 .

Cf. caumu.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIr. m. nom. acc. gen. daᴸ , f. nom. acc. diᴸ gen. daᴸ , neut. nom. acc. gen. da n-, m. f. n. dat. dib n-, deib n- (Sg.).

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( Zeuss 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb. 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . ML 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg. 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur. 2 . BCr. 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Bvi 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ).

Mid.Ir. m./neut. nom. acc. dáᴸ, díᴸ , f. nom. acc. díᴸ, dáᴸ . m. f. neut. gen. dáᴸ, dá n-, dat. díb n-, díb; dáᴸ, dá n-.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg, LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc, SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith, LU 119 b 29 ( na dí sreith, AFM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim, TBC-LL¹ 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert, 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil, LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r., BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig, TBC-LL¹ 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Todd Nenn. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo, Mon. Tall. 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh, AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile, FDG 698 . dí salm, LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám, TBC-LL¹ 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiach. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFrag. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan, LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech, MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib, TBC-LL¹ 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC-LL¹ 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana, LU 80 a 32 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . fora da nechaib déc, BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir, CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib, LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna, LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó, BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill, YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch, TBC-LL¹ 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha, FB § 45 . dá naill nórda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 Y. da nag, CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech, ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind, MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC-LL¹ 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic, Mon. Tall. 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Ml. 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two BCr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OCT 5.5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb. 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg. 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib , TE 10 LU. dún d.l., SR 1782 . foraib d.l., FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg. 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. 1 lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg, LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid, MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do, LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó, LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFrag. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó, RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó, LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó, Mon. Tall. 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó, LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde, LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde, TBC-LL¹ 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail, LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb. 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí, AFM v 1334. 21 . BS 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B IV 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 ( coba do, BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann, GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna, ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul, M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hog. Onom.

fadéin, féin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fadéin, féin or dil.ie/20990

 

Forms: cadéin, céin, fad—, fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—, cad—, fad—, bod—, cad—, feis—, fadessin, fodessin, fessin, —dessid, féssin, fadéin, féin, céin, faden, féin, fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein, cadessin, fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne, fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin, fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne, fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne, cades(s)in, cadésin, cadessine, fadisin, fanisin, fadéin, ba—, bo—, bu—, fadesin, fes(s)in, fesne, faden, fadesin, féin, fadéin, fodéin, —dén, fadessin, bo—, bu—, fes(s)in, féin, fén, féin, péin, fodéne, ba—, bu—, féine, fessin, fodeisne, feisne, budein, budeisin, badeisin, fadesin, fesine, feisne, féin, fesine, feisne, féisin, cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, f—, cadessin

cadéin, céin, etc. adj. and pron.; fad— (later fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—) is taken by Pedersen Vgl. Gr.(i 271 , ii 153 ) to be an element of the verb to be. For cad— see below. The stress falls on the second syllable in the forms beginning with fad— (fod—, bod— etc.), cad—; in fan—, can— the position of the stress is undetermined. In feis— it falls on the first syllable.

The following forms are found in the Glosses. The absence of the mark of length may be accidental in some cases. The following rimes have been noted: fadessin: sessir ZCP iii 43 § 11 . fodessin: dessid (perf. of saidid) SR 1388 . fessin (with masc. poss.): —dessid, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.38 . féssin (fem.) : dēiscin, SR 2138 .

1 s. fadéin, féin, céin 2 s. faden, féin 3 s. m. n. fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein(?), cesin, cadessin. 3 s. f. fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne. 1 pl. fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin. 2 pl. fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne. 3 pl. fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne ( fēin, LU 159 , SR 4466 ). cades(s)in, cadésin ( cadesne, LU 1773 , cadessine, Rawl. 118b47 ).

There is no certain instance in the Glosses of 1 s. fade(i)s(s)in. In Ml. 66d13 the edd. of Thes. say that `fadesin' seems meant for `mea', but it is more likely that it belongs to `exercitui.' Cf. iudicio .i. fadesin, 51b16 . In later documents we have noted: ni fliuchaim fadesin ..., TBC-LL¹ 1307 . missi fodessin, 1005 . corbom gaeth fodeissin, BDD 15 . See also II (f) below.

The forms fadisin (3 s. f. and 2 pl.) and fanisin (1 pl.) are early lost; fadéin (fo—, ba—, bo—, bu—), fadesin and fes(s)in or fesne continue in use throughout Mid. Ir., but lose their specific characters, being employed indifferently in all persons and both numbers and genders. In Auraic. 650 the form faden is given for sing., fadesin for pl., in combination with a pers. pron.: me faden, etc., sinni fadesin, etc. During the Mid.-Ir. period féin comes more and more into use in all persons, genders and numbers and finally survives alone in the mod. language. In PH fadéin (—dén, fodéin, —dén) occurs 37 times and fadessin (fo—) 14 times, besides corresponding forms in bo—, bu—; fes(s)in 37 times; while féin (fén) is very frequent. LB favours the spelling fén instead of the more usual féin (LU, LL); dom péin occurs LB 134b30 . Other Mid. Ir. forms are fodéne (bo—, ba—, bu—) and féine.

I As subject of copula clause:

A (from Glosses): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . cf. uilc féssine `evil themselves' (gl. errantes 2 Timothy iii 13 ) Wb. 30c26 .

B (from later MSS): ansruth a athir ... ┐ ansruth fadesin, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . roptar scítha som fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 3619 . cf. corbom gaeth fodeisin `that I myself may be wise' BDD 15 (Y: badessin St.).

II As emphasizing pron. or adj. ( my, thy, etc.) —self. The exx. below are arranged in each section under persons (1 s., 2 s. etc.) and under each person instances of the longer forms are given first. For A, B see above under I.

(a) referring to subj. of vb.:

1 s.

A fadéin (gl. ipse) Ml. 23c1 . in tain ronicub féin when I myself shall come Wb. 18b14 .

B bet fessin i n-aentaid in Athar ..., MacCongl. 41.15 . dogén féin mo chomtocbáil, SR 854 . na dern féin forcraid 1583 . forglim féin, LU 10271 . itchonnarcsa fen hí, PH 99 . atchonnacsa feine F., ZCP xiii 169.13 . Cf. muna beinn badh dheine were it not for me Duan. F. i 192 .

2 s.

A im ní nad techtai féin, Ml. 56b33 .

B coiste fadein (impv.) SR 1151 . nosnicfae fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § b . dia ndingbaitea fessin he, LU 5962 . oldá-su fessin, MacCongl. 23.21 . troisc-siu fessin (impv.) MacCongl. 61.14 . tair-siu féin, TBC-LL¹ 106 . do neoch tharradais féin, Bor. 95 . na ciniudha rogabhais féin, CCath. 563 . mid fen pass judgement thyself PH 609 . in tan tucais fén tú isin croich, 172 . an t-ech ro ainciss feine which thou thyself hast saved BColm. 90.14 .

3 s., m. and n.

A ní doromlad fadesin, Ml. 36a29 . oldaas fadeissin, Wb. 33d9 . tuicci feissin, Wb. 12c26 . daucci feissin tantum, 13a8 . indaas cech terchital dunairc[h]echainn som fesin (contr. with `nach fáith aile') Ml. 64c22 . oldaas fessin, Wb. 24c15 . foilsigthi feisin `it demonstrates it itself' Sg. 211a8 . See also under II (c). (cf. bristi fadesin, Ériu vii 148 § 13 ; hicthi fadesin, Bürgschaft 33 § 3 ).

B pendeth (impv.) fadesin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 (Penit.), dogeni fadesin ind tiuglagin allae sin, Mon. Tall. § 52 . cf. dessid mo rí reil | fodessin, SR 1388 . luid sís fadessin, LL 116b19 ( RC viii 56 ). tucc fadessin a thēig ... chuca, MacCongl. 13.6 . co n-epert budessin, 21.21 . saidis foden, MacCongl. 65.4 . amal chomaides-som fodéin, PH 5310 . co rabe fesin lomnocht, SR 1316 . dorairgertsom fessin dóib anísin, LU 1960 ( FA 2 ). diluidsiom feisin ar a cend, Anecd. v 10 = ticseom féin immach, LL 112b8 ( ScM. 5 ). irbbad (impv.) fessin (f.) fair, TBFr. § 21 (fodesin Y. fodeisne, ZCP iv 42.17 ). cusin aimsir sin a mbui feisne (m.) Anecd. ii 43.1 . amal asbert féin, LU 4067 . ni thic do neoch acht mad doneth féin, LU 2021 . rogab fein for dian-aithrige, Bor. 100 . sáidis fén in crand, MacCongl. 29.11 . ruc fen breith fair he himself has passed judgment on himself PH 603 . ni dlig feine eneclann, ACL iii 223.21 . ro tinntó féin docum na Rómha, CCath. 146 . gach fer ... no aisnedheadh scela C. d'araili dobered fen fuillead friu, 765 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris called himself a Christian Marco P. 64 .

1 pl.

A runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin, Wb. 15a4 (cf. b below).

B as diliu lind oldammit fadessin dearer to us than ourselves TBC-LL¹ 199 (= ina sind fen St).

2 pl.

A daberidsi féissne you yourselves give it Wb. 24c16 .

B cinnus doghníthi fēin fiadhach ?, Acall. 884 . ní thibér ferann dáibhsi, cosnaidh fein ferann dáibh `win lands for yourselves' (O'G.) Acall. 372 .

3 pl.

A (for Glosses see cadessin below).

B atchonncatar buden, PH 108 . nach feadadar fen, Bor. 129 (Lec.). rothomailset fén ní, MacCongl. 31.7 . cuirid féine a gceart ar gcúl, TD 26.15 . amhail do-rónsad féin, TSh. 154 .

(b) referring to a foregoing infixed pron. (when the latter is reflexive this case is not always easily distinguished from the preceding).

1 s.

B nimfogluasfind féin, LU 5960 .

2 s. B toing ... not-geibhid [leg. —gēbe] fadein frisna gnimusin, Bürgschaft 23.1 . dadotfail fodein, SR 1747 . lepaid ratfiasu féine thou shall have a couch LL 297a45 . uair nachat filsiu fein hi cutrummus, LU 8823 .

3 s.

A amal nach fuar fessin inneuch as I found not himself in anything Ml. 57d3 . darrat fessin hi croich, Wb. 28b4 . adidnopair fessin du Dia, Ml. 66b4 . adcomla friu fessin he joins himself to them Wb. 3c13 . nodmoladar fesin who praises himself 17b21 . amal ronsoír fesin soírfed cách crettes and, Wb. 32d13 .

B farrolaig ... Cruitine fadeisin i maig, Corm. Y 825 (fadesin, Bodl.). o chanasca (cutnasca v.l.) fadesin, Aipg. Cr. 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). nech nothoirc [leg. nodnoirg) fadesin, Ériu vii 166 § 5 . ronoirnecht fadesin ib. rasgeoguin fodessin (his arrow) wounded himself PH 6306 . dia nustarda fadéin ingáibthib, 4859 . cf. falloing túath fadessin, Críth G. 599 cited below under (g) (β) B.

3 pl.

A nístuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves Sg. 7a11 .

B nísfáelsad féin nach in curach, LU 1888 . in [ḟ]oirend rosmarb buden who killed themselves Aen. 1364 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. (?): 3 s. gníthisium fadesin `he makes himself' Ml. 30b20 (but the correct transl. is more probably he himself makes him and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) With independent pron. (cf. Auraic. 649 : etargoire n-inchoisc persainni, me faden, tu faden, sinni fadesin, sibsi fadesin, siatsom fadesin. The corresp. text 3271 ff . has budein in sg. and budeisin, badeisin in pl.):

1 s.

A is me féin asbiur i tossuch (gl. per me et Silvanum) Wb. 14c30 . amal bid me féin notheised cucut (gl. suscipe illum sicut me) 32a17 .

B missi fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 1005 (= misi am aonar, St.). ni ba nech aile ... acht me féin, LL 296b22 . messe féin, 304a25 . na hadair dee bréci, acht me féin, PH 7310 . me fen nicon tibér `as for myself, I will not give it' MacCongl. 33.5 . misi féin as meallta, Acall. 982 . do Gaidhealuib mé fene, BCC § 278 .

2 s.

A cani tú féin, Wb. 8d27 .

B tussu fadéin, LL 247a44 ( IT² 208a ; fodein v.l.). tu fodén im fail-sea, MacCongl. 57.12 . in tú féin, LL 300b45 . tú féin, Acall. 353 . cia thu féin ?, 877 .

3 s.

A ni he fessin dobeir grad fair, Wb. 33c3 . he fesin as choimsid, Thes. ii 294.3 . f. sí feisine (gl. L manet per se) Sg. 165b3 .

B amhail bid e feissin, Corm. Y 825 . conid hé féin mac Dé, LU 1426 . ┐ hé fein eturru, LL 298a47 . conid rig he fén, PH 2586 . gur ferr é fein iná thusa, Acall. 2365 . tabhuir armgaisced mh'athar dhamh. dobhér ..., dōigh ba fialnár ... hé féin, 2012 . ba lan d'omun hé fein ┐ a righa, Marco P. 129 . diultadh se e fein, BCC § 4 (= dhó féin, Matthew xvi 24 ). med an tshaethair do bi se fein d'fagail uatha BCC § 33 . f. conid si fein ro innis, LU 2968 (H). i rraba sí fein, Thes. ii 337.33 ( Hy v 38 Comm ).

1 pl. B da deirbṡiair sinn féin, Acall. 398 . nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh, TSh. 30 .

3 pl.

A nandat hae fessin, Ml. 130a8 .

B eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419 . iad féin, TSh. 5492 .

With nech oneself: B a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin one should regulate it for oneself Mon. Tall. § 63 . faisidin na pecadh nach dernadh nech féin d' faisidi, RC xxviii 320§ 43 . nech féin go mór da mholadh | céim as lór da lochtoghadh, 23 L 17, 149a .

(e) With prep. and pron. suff.:

1 s.

A erum féin, Ml. 86b1 . form féin, Wb. 7d15 . 8d26 . leim féin, Sg. 209b30 . uaimm fein Wb. 11c1 .

B immon ní is leamm fodén, MacCongl. 45.4 . uaimm fodén, 111.7 . damh bodéin, RC xxvi 370.13 . damsa fodéni, IT i 125.19 . formsa fein, LU 5963 . damsa féin, LL 302a31 .

2 s.

A det faden, Thes. ii 258.22 (bis). deit féin, Wb. 28d15 .

B deit fadéin tantum, Mon. Tall. § 37 . duit fadéin LU 11011 . let fessin, LU 8831 . fort féin, TBC-LL¹ 1187 . SR 6258 . ocut fen, PH 2350 . lat fén, MacCongl. 61.8 . can deitt fén 75.5 .

3 s. m. and n.

A do fadesin, Ml. 61b17 . friss fadesin, Wb. 6c18 . tarais fadeissin, 33d10 . de fessin, Ml. 65a1 . dó fessin, Wb. 23c16 . do fesin, 23c13 . etir fessin et doíni, 28b3 . foir feisin, Sg. 209b12 . fris fessin, Ml. 12d11 . fris fesin PCr. 59a2 . and feissin `in itself ' Sg. 50a2 . ind fessin (gl. in se) Ml. 129d18 . lais feisin, Sg. 153b7 . tríit fessin, Sg. 43a3 . triit feissin, 73b7 . huad fessin, Ml. 108b17 . huaid fessin 35c23 . uad feisin, Sg. 209b12 .

B dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . dosom fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 4 . cf. cono fadesen ` inclusive ' BCrólige § 39 . lais fodēin, SR 6859 . fris fudein, Ériu vii 144 § 26 . uad fodén, MacCongl. 31.19 . do fadéin, PH 5972 . chuige fodéin, 6169 . dó féin, LU 8920. 2310 . Acall. 920. 1216 . ind féin, LU 2584 . fairseom fessin, 2279 . úad fessin, LU 10167 . dó féine, TD 34.9 . nach ann fein do bi a anam acht a mbethaidh in Tigerna, BCC § 7 . nech...do derrscnugud de féin, CCath. 277 . rocinn aici féin nach rachadh, 396 .

3 s. f.

A lee fadeissne (gl. anima patitur) `by herself' Acr. 11c1 . forrae fadisin, Tur. 79 . huadi fadisin, Ml. 133c10 . di feisne, Sg. 199b6 . inte feisne, 159a4 . friae fessine, Ml. 130c9 . di féisin, Sg. 199b10 . fuiri féisin, 209b34 . fuiri feisin ib. 28 . trée feisin, 25b14 .

B forri fadeisne, Bürgschaft 26 § 74 . anas dír dí fadesne, Ériu vii 138.3 (Penit.). di fodéin, PH 5918 . cruit ar timpan sin, nó cruit uirri bodein YBL 204a40 = BB 347b32 .

1 pl.

A frinn fanisin, Wb. 17b10 . dunn fanissin, Camb. Hom., Thes. ii 245.7 . frinn fesine, Wb. 17b12 .

B triund fodesin, LU 9241 . ca tir trebfaither linn fesin, CCath. 605 . dún fessin, MacCongl. 29.4 . din féin, Acall. 228 .

2 pl.

A triib fadéisne, Wb. 3b22 . duib fadisin, Ml. 68b3 . airib féisne, Wb. 27c19 . diib féisne, 13a26a0 . lib fesin 9d11 . uaib fesin, 27d6 .

B tucabair fuath dib fein = teipsum odio habuisti BCC § 18 .

3 pl.

A dib fadesin, Ml. 31b10 . doib fadesin, 72c14 . intiu fadesin, 53b11 . dib fesin, 129c18 . doib fesin, 53b11 . intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 . 61b17 . leo feissin, Sg. 71b3 . leu fessin, Ml. 91a10 . treo fesin, Sg. 4b4 . uadib fesin, 188a20 . forru fesin, Ml. 73b17 . friusom fesin, 54c18 . samlaib som fesin `like themselves ' Ml. 57c5 . uadib féissne, Sg. 144a1 .

B fer dib buden one of themselves PH 141 . cech óenchéol ... dibside fessin, LU 2035 . intib féin, LU 2557 . 2633 . forru fein, for a sluagaib, SR 4466 . etarru fein ┐ eter a tuisechu, CCath. 254 .

(f) Following a subst. preceded by poss. pron. (exx. are arranged according to person and number of pron., but the adj. occasionally seems rather to agree with the noun, e.g. Wb. 33c5 (a doenacht fesine), and at least for some of the forms this may be the original usage. See Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk 93z ).

1 s.

A mo slántu fadéin ┐ slántu amicorum , Acr. 6b1 . mo saithar féin, Wb. 7a1 . im augtortas féin, 9b5 . manid chretim a esséirge et mo esséirge féinn, 13c10 . mo muinter féin, 14a5 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnáis féin ara hireschi (gl. quem ego uolueram mecum retinere) 32a9 .

B mo derbmbleoghan budhessin, ZCP iv 31 (scribe in Eg. 1782 , Flower Cat. 261 ). tar mo chend uodessin, YBL 327a39 . form ḟeoil fodein, SR 1542 . com thrichait chét fadéin, LU 4648 . mo ainm fodéin, TBC-LL¹ 1053 . láeg mo bo fadéin, CRR 3 . dim glinni fadein, LU 4696 . form dreichsea fodéin, 3892 . mo chuit fodéin, MacCongl. 95.2 . m'ainmsi fodén, 79.3 . mo thustidi féin LU 1682 . m'ainmse féin, 334T0 mo chubrendsa fein, LL 303a43 . mo chrod féin, 304a20 . mu rath féin, Acall. 371 . acam athair féin, 2270 . mo lebar fen, BCC § 34 .

2 s. B im do bruinnedalta uadhessin ; imot noebmathair uadhessin ; im do noebapstalu uadessin, YBL 326b33 ; 36 ; 53 ( Otia ii 94 § 9 , § 11 ; 95 § 19 ). im do noebhdisciplu fadein, Otia ii 95 § 19 . a forus do thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § c . fogéba do dun fadéin, LU 208 . do brathair fadéin, LL 112b32 . cia hainmsiu fodén ?, MacCongl. 77.25 . do thorba fadeine, ZCP iii 29.28 . ni bé dot réir fodéne, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do gnima fessin, LU 10270 . dit daig fesni, 3372 . lessaig do sluaig [sic] fein, SR 3843 . dot imdegail féin LU 5027 . molad do gnima feine | tathair gnima do cheile, Ériu ii 228.5 . do mhathair feine, ZCP viii 109.11 .

3 s.

A ho[a] degnim som fadesin, Ml. 20b3 . a senchassom fadesin `his own tradition' Wb. 30c17 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, 6c19 . a chorp (acc.) fadesin, 13d20 . ho[a] faithsini fadesin, 33c17 . duarbaid a noibi fadessin Ml. 46d15 . dobert goiste imma bragait fadesin, 23b10 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách acht Tiamthe, Wb. 23d5 . na cuinged a thoil fessin `let him not seek his own desire' 11b18 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni as a persain fessin rogab in salmso `it was not in his own person that he sang this psalm' Ml. 90b15 . nítat á airiltin fessin donarbaid in popul, 108b8 . taiccéra cách dara chen fessin, Wb. 6b28 . di hilib a cheneiuil fessin, Sg. 40a8 . a ai[n]mm féssin, 6a7 . di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 ; 7 ; 11 ; 17 . as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . ni bu fua reir fesin boi som, Ml. 14b13 . nadndechuid ... huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . issa thorbe feisin són nammá `it is his own profit only' Wb. 12c25 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feisin, Sg. 40a18 . inna aicniud feisin `in its own nature' 209b35 . a folud feisin, 211b3 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai césad dó, 209b18 . ni a doenacht fesine rudanordan acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 (fem. agreeing with doenacht, Ped., Asp. i Irsk 93z and Thes. Suppl. Cf. 28d21 cited below under 3 pl. ). (f.) a ggnim feisne its [lit. her] own action Sg. 199a2 .

B fria menmain fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 21 . ina insi fadessin, § 4 . for a anmain fadesin ZCP iii 451.25 . a setig dano do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom that his wife also should do penance on her own behalf and on her husband's Mon. Tall. § 86 . an tíi connessai a pectha fadesin, Ériu vii 170 § 18 . tara thúaith fadesin, Críth G. 28 . a thir (a less) fadesin, 251 ; 252 . cóic ṡeóit a thige fadessin, 395 . nan inraic nech ina chais fadesin, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . a charpat fadessin TBC-LL¹ 771 . lucht a chrichi fadessin, LL 262a14 ( MU² 42 ). cf. a sretha sét fadessnei, Críth G. 244 (poss. seems to refer to `āith' kiln). .l. ban a mná fodéin, LU 8375 . fó a réir fodein, 8622 . a gilla fadéin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.23 . co dún a athar budhéin, Acall. 1199 (verse). o[a] chotib fadén, MacCongl. 51.1 . ina beol (beolu) fodén, 65.9 ; 65.19 ; 67.9 . tria thóebán fodéne (fadéne, bodéine, budheine, v.l.), Fél. 352 . gaibid dó a chlaideb fessin attacks him (viz. Goliath) with his own sword SR 5874 (deibhidhe rime with : sin). a ara fessin, LU 8805 . coa mnaí fessin, 3267 . a aicned fessin, 9792 . tanic ... coa ferand duthaig fesin 3199 . tuargaib a tech ... co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna 8402 . dia argat fesin, AU 963 . roráidset ... a muinter féin fri Dauíd, SR 6358 . go rogaid Moisi ... forsin Ríg ... | coro léiced dó a chosc fein | 'sa timargain dia uagréir, 4127 . dia brathrib fein, 3147 . a chommaín féin, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). béim da bíail féin, LU 8028 ( FB 77 ). a n-aimsir a bais fen BCC § 34 . fer a inaid fein, § 27 . cindus do beidis ... ina diaidh fen, § 33 . rena beo fen ib. (f.) a derbhráthair féin , Acall. 541 . a cuit féin, 2341 . léna muintir féin, 2162 . a cóir féine her own rights TD 24.1 .

1 pl.

A cf. ara[r] pecthaigi dano fesin, Ml. 105a4 .

B diar lessugud fodein, PH 6121 . dar ndeoin buden of our own free will Aen. 1575 . láeg ar mbó féin, CRR 5 . ar n-athair féin, Acall. 398 . asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 .

2 pl.

A for n-airchinnech féisne, Wb. 5a11 .

B do for feraib fodeisne, LU 1777 (= do for fer fodein, YBL 4b29 ). far n-ósarbráthair fodéin, SR 3587 . for n-eitteire féin SR 3504 . bhur bhfir féin, Acall. 976 .

3 pl.

A ised asbertis ba [a] nert fadesin immefolnged choscur doib ni bu Dia, Ml. 95a5 . dia luc fadesin, Sg. 154b1 . cen tíchtain á tíre fadesin, Ml. 34d12 . a rriuth aicneta fedesin, BCr. 18b12 . fo a réir fadésne, Wb. 5b3 . nach du Dia ... acht is dia neurt fessin, Ml. 46d10 . inna n-aicniud feisin, Sg. 188a18 . in teist dorat a fili fésine, Wb. 31b19 . a mmuintire fesine `of their own household' 28d21 (her ? Ped. takes fesine as fem. here, Asp. i Irsk 93y ). acuit inna forciunn feisne on their own termination Sg. 213a8 . is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib doib oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b2 . a tola féisne, 30d8 .

B a ndochoisci fadesin, Aipg. Cr. § 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). inda leth fadessin, Mon. Tall. §64 . im rennaib ... a n-arm fodessin, LU 6287 . a n-echrada fadesin, 10591 . a n-indmassa dilse fadeissin, PH 6132 . do reir a n-uird uodessin, 336 . re comalta bodéin, Acall. 2145 . dia fíadnaib fein, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). triana sualchib ... féin 2393 . assa corpaib fodéin, MU² 276 . ara bferaibh féin, Acall. 988 .

(g) After subst.

(α) preceded by article:

A act in duine fadesin (gl. quis enim scit hominum ... ?) Wb. 8b8 . in popul fadesin, Ml. 34d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu nō ind idail fadesin, 36d16 . ind nime fadesin `of the heaven itself' 51c27 . caingníme na forcitlaide fadesine `of the good deeds of the teachers themselves' Wb. 31d17 . as in talam fessin `from the earth itself' Ml. 45d13 . is dund salm fessin is ainm lessom `titulus', 74b1 . it hé inso boill ind senduine et is hé in senduine fessin, Wb. 27b8 . don chrunn fésin is nomen `buxum' ... ni don torud, Sg. 61b13 (cf. do chrunn fessin 61b8 ). atbelat sidi ┐ inna soinmecha fesin, Ml. 57a3 . tresin n-aimsir feissin .i. amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . Cf. is nomen du[n?] chathraig fissin, Ml. 131c3 .

B forsin duini fadesin `the man himself' Ériu vii 138.4 . in file fodhesin, IT iii 96y . ar chairiguth ind uilc fadesin `to correct the evil itself' Ériu vii 162 § 5 . do laim in choimded uodessin PH 4770 . in Fathliaig fodessin, MacCongl. 93.7 . is i so in anamhain fodhen, IT iii 97 § 157 . lucht inotachta na cathrach badhdein those who enter the city itself Fl. Earls 100.6 . in cepp i mbai ind inneoin | is ind indeoin fodēine (: nārfēile), Rawl. 139b27 ( Ériu iv 110 = ┐ ind i. féni, LL 35a6 ). slān uaim don bith budhdēine | la Rīgh ngrēine os mithid, RC xxxvii 352 § 13 . fáilte in Comded fessin, LU 2125 . tri la ria samfuin ┐ tri laa iarma ┐ lathe na samna feisne, 3223 . in Comdiu féin, 2757 . forcraid cech baill do thinól ... corop isin bul[l]sa fein fogaba ciped ... dliges, 2584 . cidat falsi araile di ruinib na esergi ar is todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . pl. Tuadhmhumha ... d'orccain lá Conchobhar M. ┐ la Gallaibh. na Goill feisne do theacht leis co Ross C., AFM iii 68.15 .

(β) without art.:

A (cf. qui in rectum non iudicio (.i. fadesin) ducuntur Ml. 51b16 , where the meaning may be `their own judgement or reason,' i.e. that of the mules ( Psalms xxxi 9 ); the ex. then belongs to f). cosmil fri Crist fessin a athir nemde, Wb. 13d13 . ol Priscien feissin `saith P. himself' Sg. 40a12 . i fogur Dae fessin, Wb. 25b19 . foirbthetu neirt fesin, Ml. 128d18 .

B airecht fodesin, one of the five `cenéla airechta': airecht fodesin, is a suidhi bīt brethemain co sē līnaib deec airecta umpu, ZCP xii 360 ( O'Curry 74 < H 3.18, 57b ). bairdne fadessin name of a metre, or a class of metres: IT iii 14 § 27 . admall ..., is bairdne fadeisin a ruidles .i. blogbairdne ┐ brecbairdne, etc. 22 § 67 . cf. 43 § 52 ( ar bairdni fesin, 109.17 ). duan fadesin name of a metre: duan fadesin ┐ duan cenélach ┐ forduan, etc. IT iii 12 § 18 ( duan fen, § 21 ; in 22 § 67 , 41 § 46 , this is simply duan) : cf. rii tuaithe, di feraib deacc do lessaib tuaithe folloing tuath fadessin fria taiscedhi `a king of a tribe, twelve men are supported by the territory on his excursions for the good of the territory' Laws iv 338.21 = Críth G. 599 , where the ed. reads: folloing ... thaiscidi, and renders `the tuath maintains himself (the king alone) for his private affairs' Mac Neill renders: `whom the tuath itself sustains' PRIA xxxvi C 306 . With npr., etc.: im Pettar fadheissin, Otia ii 95 § 23 . íasacht ṁbliadna do Dund Cualnge, ┐ ragaid lóg a íasachta dó ... .i. coíca samaisci ┐ Dond Cualnge fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 93 . Concobar fodessin, LU 8205 ( FB 15 ). is Día fadesne chuirius nech i bpianaibh, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 6 (= as e Dīa fein cuires pian ar duine, 132 ). bid marb Iacob fodein, SR 3603 . ro iarfacht Forainn fadein do | fiad in tṡlúag, 3293 . cortrascair grianan Bricrend ... co torcair Bricriu fodein ┐ a rigan, LU 8379 ( FB 25 ). Bricriu fodein LU 8178 . atrachtatar Ulaid im Chonchobar ... luid Conchobar fodein ... co D., MU² 191 . ro gaet Connla ic Ath leathan ocus Áth lethan bodhéin ... is Dun E. ... caidhi fochaind a claechlóigh?, Acall. 1189 (verse). Dia fa dhéin, , Dán Dé xxvi 39 . intan baí ic deiscin na n-én | Eua féssin, SR 2138 . Medb fessin, LU 8840 ( FB 62 ). marbais in Liath M. ... ech Ercoil ┐ noscengland Cu Ch. Ercoil fessin, LU 8929 ( FB 70 ; similarly LU 8922 ). Cu Chulaind fessin ┐ a ara, 10176 . Mac Dathó fessin, ScM. 6 . Forgall fessin, LU 10265 . fri tressaib Forgaill fessin, 10267 . pl.: iomaireacc ... eitir Chonnachtaibh féisin , AFM i 402.8 (= inter Connachta inuicem AU 798 ). Adam fein, SR 1303 . gaisced Conchobair féin LU 5048 . Dia féin, PH 7378 . ro chuirestair Eochaid eclacha ... d'iarraidh a mnae. dochuaidh Eochaid fein iar sin d'iarraidh Etaine, IT i 129.14 . adubairt Find féin, Acall. 1401 . fian Conáin. fian Oisín ... fiann Find féin, 1399 . pl. D., ri Alban, do marbad la hAlbanchu fein, AU 966 .

III In sense even: na cnuic fen even those hills BCC 18.4 . ar laoidh féin ni fagthar dath not even a poem is credited Content. vi 13 . aniu féin even now xxii 11 . With demons. : ni beith an dinite sin féin even that dignity BCC § 1 . an talam ud fein, § 26 .

The forms cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, etc., are explained by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 153 ) as containing cia or cid with pron. and demons. They disappear early. In tabulating the forms according to usage the arrangement of the f— forms above is followed. The rendering even, also suits several of the exx.

I As subject of (virtual) copula clause:

3 s. B baí brathair laiss Long mac Ebonis cadessin, LU 6107 . Cf. is amlaid no imthiged Medb ┐ nói carpait fóthi ... da charpat rempe díb ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da táeb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon cadessin, TBC-LL¹ 697 (Windisch supplies (a) before the last `carpat' and renders `ihr eigener Wagen in der Mitte zwischen ihnen'; the meaning will be brought out better if we add a comma after `eturru' and render and (her) chariot between them, that (was) in the middle).

3 pl. B Dal Cormaic Luisc in tres primslonnud eirrid cadesin Dál C. L. the third principal stem, these were chariot fighters Rawl. 118b42 (= errid cid in sin, LL 312a11 ). Ethne mathair ... Cormaic ┐ Niad Chuirp ┐ eirrid cadessine ib. 47 (= errid chatha sin, LL 312a17 . Cf. oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b12 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan. & cid iatside ropsat láma in net nathrach, LL 304b19 ( Bor. 113 )).

II

(a)

1 s.

A fuachaidsem ... fuachimm chein, Thes. ii 293.23 .

B atchí Bran | lin tond ... | atchiu cadéin (budhen v.l.) ... scotha, Imr. Brain 35 .

3 s.

A caraimse fos ... oc mu lebran ... caraid cesin a maccdán, Thes. ii 293.17 .

B dagéini dano Lethan fora áth ... anais cadessin ara chind Con C., LU 5314 . guitter dano Lath ... ara chend ... datuitside dano cadessin, 5986 . imtéit cadesin, Críth G. 601 . asbeir cadisin, Bürgschaft I § 53 . crich ína coisce guire noise ... adsuighe crích cadesin, Laws iv 142.24 . cf. ad-suide cadeissin, ZCP xvi 212.7 . indfine co .vii. firu dec: conranna [leg. —t ?] cadeissin finteda, Laws iv 284.7 .

3 pl.

A [cf. ni comalnatsom cid feissne recht, Wb. 20c22 ].

B imcomaircid na fāithe ele ... ┐ asbertatar cadissin: ticfa, etc. ZCP viii 312.32 . foíte días día thabairt ass ... fecsit cadesne for coí, LU 1773 . Cf. doforbartatar in dunat cadeissin, IT iii 239.145 .

(b) ref. to preceding infixed pron.:

? 1 s. B fritamgair céin, ACL iii 294 § 11 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. 3 s. A gabsi cadessin abbaith `took himself as abbot' Thes. ii 242 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). But possibly the subj. of the verb is emphasized and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) in apposition to independent pron.

1 s.

A [cf. os me chene, Thes. ii 293.25 ].

3 s.

B [cf. laech uathmar ... folt dondchas fair, ossē lethgloir cadissin, TBC-I¹ 3302 (om. LL).

(e) after prep. pron.

1 pl. A is comadas duun chanisin, Thes. ii 246.4 (Camb. Hom.).

3 pl. A indib cadesin, Sg. 150b2 . ataat tuisil indib cadésin, 188a2 .

(f) after subst. preceded by poss.

1 s. A mu menma céin, Thes. ii 293.15 . im lín chéin ib. 21 . for mu mud cein, 294.4 .

3 s. B 'na mennat ceisni (: Feirtsi), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 54 (an archaising form on pattern of cadessin, Ed.).

féchemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féchemnas or dil.ie/21404
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: féicheamhnas, -ais, -asa

n u, o, m. (féchem). féicheamhnas (féitheamhnas v.l.), g s. n p. -ais, -asa, IGT, Decl. § 38 . Some examples below probably belong to fethemnas indebtedness Celtica xi 21 n. 16 , GEIL 57 . (Laws, Gloss.): fechemnas (with gl.: .i. lucht tagartha. nó oificc na bhfeithemhan), Triads 170 . a filidecht, a fechemnus, Ériu iv 148.15 . ic feichemnus im a caingin, Laws v 100.26 Comm. log a feichemnusa no a breithemnuis 212.20 Comm . intí nach cuimgech fuighill fethemnuis tar a cenn unable to advocate his suit (?) Laws i 296.19 Comm. ra(i)th fechemnes[a], v 340.17 . raith gabhus rathachus ┐ feichemnus urri; sech is raith is feichemh, codogeibh uile dib linaib 'a surety who undertakes both suretyship and indebtedness; he is alike surety and debtor, he combines both of them', Celtica xi 21 n. 16 . conā fuiglidis fiacha na feithemnasa na coicearta cosin feis n-aili debts or pleading or adjustments Leb. Cert. 6.19 . fechemnus féig (one of the tokens of good pleading), Tec. Corm. p. 55 § 22 . maithim daoibh ... cairde i n-uair an fheitheamhnuis, L. Cl. A. B. 162.12 . budh forderg ... na fuighle feichemnuis dogen-sa friu `the debtor's speech' Fianaig. 84.20 . tarrla frithrusc feicheamnuis ┐ fergi eturro `mutual recrimination' 56.12 . ni feidm flatha ... aiscc feicheamnais do thabairt ar mac deighfhir `to cast reflections on' MR 284.15 . Protection, patronage: adbur righ ... ar feicemhnus coitchend do dāmhaibh Erenn, AU 1443 .

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, fersai, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid, Wb. 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera, 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat , Ml. 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea, Wb. 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret, Wb. 29a9 . pret. s. 2 fersai, Blathm. 85 . s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired, LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 = firfassa, LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes, LU 4546 . fhirfes, B. in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis, TBC-LL¹ 3388 . ra ḟírastar , LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider, 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir, LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad , LL 258b15 . noḟurad, 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed, LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb. 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml. 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with sufficient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arrofera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli, LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh), BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed, LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb. 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh, BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMisc. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Irish Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait, 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC-I¹ 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often intrans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib, 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC-LL¹ 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. Ó Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ?, ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir, LU 10384 = firfaidtir , ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Metr. Dinds. iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir, LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Metr. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid, YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan, ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual, SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices BS 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht, Wb. 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór M. § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Metr. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC-LL¹ 3962 . nā fer bāig, TBC-I¹ 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Metr. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., B. in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. B. in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath, LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō, SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain, 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat comlann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu, IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 . firfait dīabalnāmait 'opposing enemies will fight', BDC 112.137 ​.

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless, LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC-I¹ 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred, LU 5504 ( firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe, IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ..., LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a comrama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset grafaind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile, SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu, LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form, TBC-I¹ 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, MacCongl. 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend, ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh, AFM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Gr. 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept, SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti, LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, ACL iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam, BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

1 formna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 formna or dil.ie/23781
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: formnu, formnu, formnae, formnai, formnada, formnai, formnaib

n io, m. originally n. (formna ndagduíne, Ériu xlv 11 § 4 ). d s. formnu, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). LU 9762 . LL 282b33 . a p. formnu, SR 3992 . formnae, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). formnai, Gild. Lor. 161 . Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 92 from formuin `upper back'. In texts the distinction between sing. and pl. is often obscured by later spelling. n p. formnada is found in late texts (BB, MR).

(a) in lit. sense shoulder, shoulders: na formnai , gl. humeros Gild. Lor. 161 . gen scieth ... for a formnai, RC xii 96 § 127 . samalta ┐ orsnáth cach finna ... dara formna síar, LU 6546 . claideb ... iarna formnu a ... sword hanging from his shoulder TBC-I¹ 3203 = c. iarna formna; formnai 3276 ; 3287 (= c. bara chliu; iarna thaebdruimm, TBC-LL¹ 5340 , 5389 ). seissiur ingen ... ┐ tuignech futairli forro go f.¤ a ngualann, Acall. 5028 . da gilla ... ┐ tuighnech ... forro co formnaib a ngualann, 3745 . ar righthibh a[r] formnaibh fer ronruccadh isin righthegh, ZCP viii 219z . togaibh G., ... ┐ cunnaibh re t'ucht ... ┐ re t'[ḟ]ormna, vi 27.21 . snigis tromṡnechta ... cor ránic co formnu fer, MU² 307 ( LL 264a33 ). co roiched fuil formnada fer, BB 420a50 . go n-éirghe fuil ósna formnaibh, TD 16.67 . ic brudh a formnadh ┐ a cloiccend, CCath. 5758 . atchuala C. fúaim ind usci fri formnaib in miled, RC xiv 422 § 41 ( LL 110b36 ). Of animals: toccbais bleidhmíl ... a fh.¤ a n-airde uas trethan na ttonn back BNnÉ 61 § 83 (of the `fish-island' cf. b). da natraigh ... ┐ a formnada ┐ a cind a n-airde, Aen. 487 .

(b) transf. back, surface, of land, etc. and esp. of the open sea: Arand ... tadall fairge re a f.¤ , Acall. 340 . f.¤ cacha fuinn, MR 100.16 . formna fērtlachtmara ... cacha bruighe 100 z . anmanda ... for a f.¤ (of an island), Anecd. i 53 § 23 . ráncatár formnae na fairgge, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). co mbátár for formnu na fairrce, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). o ro siachtatar f.¤ na farge, LL 283a18 . co ra leth ... dar f.¤ na fairggi (of a mist) LL 235b35 ( TTr. 1394 ). sochtsat for f.¤ na fírfairge, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.16 . Cf. ... a dondúathróic ndondlethair ndegsúata do f.¤ cethri ndamseched, LU 6422 = TBC-LL¹ 2561 (`Schulter' Wind.).

(c) top, highest part, extremity (possibly: ... formni gil, Thes. ii 292.11 comes here, but cf. LU 3036 , under d below); co féice ┐ co f.¤ na bruidne, SG 178.4 (om. Laud, Acall. 3799 ). o ṡiothbaca a ṡāl co f.¤ a chean[n]mhullaig MR 260.5 . ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaib so that the branching tree-tops could no longer support their weight (?) 100.17 . Laignig ... i costad in catha sin | na formnaib na iarculaib in van and rear 188.13 .

(d) fig. apex, climax, perfection: cléthe .i. f.¤ nó int art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine ut est ... co clethi fine ... .i. co f.¤ na fine, O'Dav. 486 . Aed mac Fidaig f.¤ nert, ZCP iii 262.15 . is rí Fiachna f.¤ gil, LU 3036 = SG 235 (perhaps in lit. sense, cf. Thes. ii 292 cited at beginning of c above). f.¤ síne samraidh, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 39 . diamad ḟer i f.¤ [fornna MS.] a aíse the prime of life TTr.² 1500 . luid dar f.¤ lái acht súail `it has almost passed the shoulder of the day' (i.e. mid-day ?) RC xiv 414.10 ( LL 109b19 ). iar ndul ... i f.¤ a feasa ... ┐ i muinighin a dea ┐ a eolusa, RC xliii 48 § 46 , cf. condighsedh i formnai a dhána `apex (?) of his art', Lism. L. 2303 (see Keat. ii 5446 ff ).

(e) Folld. by part. gen. the choice, the best part, occas. passing into sense the greater part (cf. forglu, sect. c): slechtais L. ... co formnu fer nErend do P., LU 9762 . boí ... día farsingi in tige i tallastár f.¤ lāth ngaile in chōicid, 8739 ( FB 55 ). f.¤ flathi fer nErend, LU 9741 ( RC vi 164 ). .xxx. láech de formnu sluaíg na cathrach, LL 282b33 . f.¤ bó fer ┐ ech TBC-LL¹ 4194 . co ffargaibhset f.¤ a ngregha, AFM ii 738.4 . In pl.: Conaire ... co formnaib fer nErend n-imbi, LU 6915 ( BDD 52 ). So in chevilles: nir línaib fer, formnaib snas SR 5633 . batar ḟlaithi formnaib sell | for .u. coicedaib Herenn, Rawl. 156b36 . formnaib dāl ib. 43 . f.¤ .i. imat ut est f.¤ taircetail, H 3.18. 653 (cf. ... dicetul faidhe f.¤ tairceta, O'Dav. 817 ). f.¤ .i. imad no forgla ut est ... formnaib ech n-allmuire, O'Dav. 927 . ? slog find forderg formnib ech, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 , `for multitudes of horses', Leahy i 182 ).

in muir mor ... ro dáil rí grene ... for formnu féne Forainn SR 3992 may belong to this but sense (a) would suit both passages.

(f) f.¤ casbairdne name of a metre IT iii 89 § 118 .

forndul ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forndul ? or dil.ie/23808

 

ind for galaib aenḟir no ar línaib fer f.¤ , Ériu i 116 § 6 (rhet.). Cf. fornel ?

fornel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fornel or dil.ie/23810

 

Forms: fornelaib

n variant of airndel a trap: d p. fornelaib .i. for ēnaib, Auraic. 114 = airnnelaib, 2394 . Cf. ar linaib fer forndul, Ériu i 116 § 6 ?

? gang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gang or dil.ie/25358

 

ind Cath Cinn Abrat romebaid | for Macc Con līnaib a ngang, ZCP xii 378.14 = LL 146a23 .

immechtrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immechtrach or dil.ie/27820

 

Forms: imbechtrachu

adj o, ā (immechtar)

I outer, external, outside, further; extreme, final, utter: immechtrach gl. exterior, Sg. 39a15 . a tír centarach ł i.¤ `the country on this side or on the outside,' Sg. 39b12 . dosoithær ind i i.¤ in a `the outer i is turned into a,' 57a4 . at-chondarc triar n-inni in dias imechtrach finna dib línaib ... maethóclach eturru i medón the outer pair, BDD² 993. cethri doruis airri immach | na n-irfortach n-immechtrach, SR 406. ba comremur re cuing n-imechtraig cach fail díb, Acall. 5943. rohadnacht ... isin chlud imechtrach rigratha hi Temraig hé (=in cacuminibus Temro), Lat. Lives 22.8 . sessilbhe imechtrach o chathraig outside the city, Anecd. ii 49.8 . cosin traig lescbáin lectaigh | issin n-Espain n-imechtraig remote Spain? LL 142a48 . dul ... isan n-ocian n-imechtrach `into the outer ocean,' RC ix 18 § 12. ro gabh [Césair] i n-oraibh imechtracha in domain uile `in the outer borders of the whole world,' CCath. 2266. fa na críchaib imechtrachaib sin cenmotha na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125. ro teichsiot ... in oilénaibh imeachtrachaibh mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 150.23 .

Used figur. ni hannsa lind tustide ar mac na ar n-ingen óldás in duine imec[h]trach di ar n-genél outsider , Alex. 901. is e in duine immechtrach .i. in animm ágdha no-s-dilsig dia hairfitedaib collaidib, PH 4624. oc tinfisin imechtraig a bethaid `at his last gasp,' 6582 . ropad ed forcend immechtrach ┐ crích dedenach na Troe sin `utter end,' TTr. 926.

Compar.: as imbechtrachu gl. exteriore [ambitu], Ml. 145c11 .

II As subst.: gabul tocbala an tíri | imechtrach na hairdríghe [? i.e. the last descendant of the line of high-kings), Irish Texts ii 10.32 .

indell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indell or dil.ie/28379
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: indel, indell, indell

n o, m. vn. of in-lá. Orig. indel.

(a) an arrangement, agreement, adjustment, contract: indeall no achtugud `adjustment or stipulating,' O'Dav. 1113. dligthur a fastad, amuil inn-lathur inniull ... `wie es eingegangen wird' (of contracts which were illegal or inadvisable but are later acknowledged by the fine), ZCP xiv 374 § 36. cach cor, cach i.¤ `jeder Vertrag, jedes `Eingehen' (Abmachung),' 376 § 39 . cach indell .i. lanumnuis every contract i.e. of marriage, Laws ii 290.z Comm. is dilis iarum, dia-n-[e]acraither inniull `wenn es mit einem Verfahren hineingebracht wird,' ZCP xiv 379 § 43. rucus coscrad comair iarna indiul `die schon eingegangene Vereinigung zum Pflügen kann aufgelöst werden' (one of the Gúbretha Caratniad), xv 308 § 3 . cin ni tardaidter a logh, ar indeall a ndilse `although their value has not been given on the arrangement for their alienation,' Laws v 426.3 .

(b) arrangement, preparation, lay out, gear, equipment (for sleeping, for a journey, of a house, etc.) : ranic a tech mbic cumang ndub ndorchai sech ni raibe tene nó indel no derghau[d] ann `neither fire nor furniture nor bed,' RC xii 70 § 39. ata murindell lim ┐ focichertar deit-siu ┐ rot-bia in curach equipment for a sea voyage ?, IT ii1 178.136 (O'Curry, MSS. Mat. tr. `sea-charm'). an t-inneall imtheachta `travelling array,' Atlantis iv 206.30 . ase inneal do chuiredar ortha coslomnocht ┐ an leinte a ngobhal gach aon aca, Rel. Celt. ii 200.12 . do amhairc in tor ... ┐ do in[n]is innioll in tuir uile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1029. ni hurusa a rīm indiull (? leg. indeb, Ed.) na cathrach sin, Marco P. § 70. an leabaidh nó an t-inneall suain sleeping arrangement, TSh. 4168. inneall ┐ iostas an áruis ... sin, 6654 . téid easbog T. ... go n-inneall easbuig ┐ go bhfuirinn do chléir 'na fhochair ` retinue ,' 9755 .

indell do chur ar to prepare: nach foláir dhuit inneall do chor ort féin, ré haistear aireach do dhéanamh go neamh, TSh. 6945. cionnus chuirfeam inneall orainn féin ré hucht na nguasacht réamhráitte, 6887 . i n-indell set, ready : sleg i nn-indell lasin lóech 'the warrior had a spear ready' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 55 § 15 .

ar indell as, i n-indell as fitted to, projecting from: íarna tescad dona claidbínib ┐ dona gáib robatar for innell asa lúrigh feisin ┐ a lúirechaib a echraide `that were fitted out of his own hauberk ...,' TTr.² 1166. is aire atberthai serrea (sic) de .i. ona serraib iarrnaidi bitis a n-indill as (of the carpat serrda), IT ii2 10 n. 2 .

Especially of battle array, marshalling or equipment: co mberadh gach lorg fri araile dib ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a ┐ ina n-innell āigh (sic leg.), CCath. 4980. coirgis gáe ┐ slegha na sluag ar indill āigh (sic leg.), RC xxiii 422 § 38. d'fisrugad bar n-innill `to ascertain your battle array,' MR 176.22 . óglách dob iongnadh inneall, TD 20 § 20. cuirid an dá shluagh inneall catha orra féin, Keat. ii 5598. do chótar cenél cconaill as a nindeall lá a dhéine ┐ lá a dhioghaire ro chingset `with such violence and vehemence that they went out of array,' AFM v 1358.1 . munbadh dluithe ┐ daingne a n-innill ┐ a n-ordaighthe, 1646.19 .

(c) circumstances, condition, manner, guise: fada do las ar lár m'anman | inneall t'aighthe as ionmhuin linn (to the Holy Cross), DDána 41 § 48. is nua nemnech na slegha sin mas iad i.¤ bar n-arm uile `if the weapons of all of you resemble them,' Ériu viii 22.24 . ar sin ní fheadar th'inneall after that I know not what your circumstances will be, DDána 50 § 21. da dtugtha a hinneall dot aoidh if you were to take notice of its condition, 54 § 16. ionnus gur sháimh leis an gceithearnach an t-inneall ar a raibhe féin `the state of things,' TSh. 3721. dar leis an uisseōicc mōna | ... as sí féin ar imell raith | as ferr innell don ēnlaith, ZCP viii 219 § 11. créd fá ndealbhthar ... na haingil ac inneall n-ógánaigh go sgiathánaibh, Ó Héodhusa 145.3. inghean ro b'iongnadh inneall, Dánta Gr. 28.10 . bídh i ngalar neach is slán | ... bídh i n-innill neach is trú `good trim,' Dánfhocail § 242.

(d) contrivance, device: innell infolgidi aga for [a cind-som] `a concealed apparatus,' CCath. 2655. gan i.¤ uilc ecin and `contrivance for evil' (of the wooden horse), Aen. 435. glese .i. glesa .i. indle no arma, Todd Nenn. 230 n. dobersa ... indnell furig ecin arna slogaib `I shall employ some device to delay the hosts,' TTebe 1739 . fuair Aimpiaraus a oighidh triana indeoil Apaill `Amphiaraus met his fate through Apollo's devices,' 3650 . fo-cheird Cú Chulainn indell 'Cú Chulainn employed a trick' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 55 § 15 . atá murindell lim ┐ fo-cichertar deit-siu 'I have an ocean device and you will use it' 56 § 21 .

Hence snare; metaph. plot, treachery: tria indle ocus chelga Conchobair, IT i 73.15 . isna hintledaib (.i. isna hindlib) `in the snares,' ACL iii 16.6 . ialla ēn ... a gaisdib ┐ līnaib ┐ indellaib, BB 499b14 . do shíneadar líon ré taobh na slígheadh, do chuireadar innle am choinne, Psalms cxl 5. do milleadh ... le hinneallaibh cealg is cruaidh-chlis, ERuadh 514 . ? To this: creidim sa Sbiorad naomh neamhdha | do-ní inneall don iúl chlaon, DDána 15 § 14. By extension, a question: innell int imcomurc ┐ tinnell int eirniud `indell the question and tinnell the solution,' Auraic. 1247.

(e) act of adjusting, fixing, harnessing, yoking: masa duine aile ro chuiristar in duine d'i.¤ a airnil `to set his trap,' Laws iii 456.7 Comm. tidnacul cluaisi diaraili .i. do ae do innell i cul i coméd dia cele ac a roibi in gle fis to arrange your law-case, O'Curry 764 (< H 3.18, p. 360 ). lucht innill na sás, PH 7738. an chúis do cuireadh 'na leith | ... do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill he doubted whether he could settle it, DDána 63 § 14. it connairc Laogh ag i.¤ an gae builg, TBC-LL¹ 3909. na heich do gabáil ┐ in carpat do chórugud ┐ a ilchlesa d'innill, Comp. CC 92.3 . iad féin d'ollmhughadh ┐ d'inneall ... ré hucht ionnsaighthe, TSh. 2652. do-ní inchinn Mheisceadhra d'inneall 'na chranntabhaill ré C. do mharbhadh, Keat. ii 3128. do-ní an domhan dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost, TSh. 7061. an dream mheasas a fhios do bheith aca an mbí an t-othar marbh, do-níd cleite d'inneall ar chomhair a bheóil ┐ a shrón, 1894 . ? To this: inneal .i. friothaileamh, O'Cl. ? na foreilgi (nad forelgi, v.l.) indel gl. (ile renna) neime, IT iii 35 § 16.

In reference to horses, act of harnessing, yoking: cungnum oc indill each, Laws v 490.1 . na heich do gabáil ┐ in carpat do indeall, Comp. CC 91.8 . in carpat serda ... in coemnacar a innell, TBC-LL¹ 2522.

Hence a bond, tie, fastening ? : innel .i. ceangal, Stowe Gl. 442. indeall .i. ceangal, Lec. Gl. 118. inneal .i. ceangal, no cuimreach `a bond,' O'Cl. demon damair indel .i. rodamair a indlead di.¤ no indled .i. cengul no cuimrech, Fél.² Feb. 16 n. demon damair indel (: imbel) `a devil that suffered yoking,' (glossed: indel .i. ro damair a intlediu). Vel indel .i. a chengul `he endured his snares,' Fél. 74.35 . inneal restraint, O'R. ? To this: indel .i. all n-ind, ut est in capite equorum , O'Mulc. 741. assai coni indeoil (? leg. co n-indeol) do credumo impuib `shoes with clasps ...,' Manners and Customs iii 157. Plummer, MS. notes, suggests con immiul.

(f) exercise (of skill, etc.), means: abairt .i. innell, O'Curry 969 (< H 3.18, p. 416 ). icais an gillai tre inndeld a eladon, RC xii 68 § 34. den indel cétnae, ib. focheird Cuchulaind indell ina hagaid na sleigi, imsai in t[s]leig fris makes a move ?, IT ii1 177.100 .

(g) act of contriving ? : dobidg amac[h] iar n-indiuld an misceoil, RC xiii 222.41 = iar n-indill ..., MS. Mat. 473.34 .

(h) Gen. used attributively, prepared, well-equipped, capable, reliable ? : bīdh go hairech innill urnaightheach `let him be careful prepared and prayerful,' Fl. Earls 156.20 . do chonnairc ... síoth-mharcach innill eich dhuibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 7. ar siúr innill aobhdhai-ne `my faithful comely sister' (of the Blessed Virgin), xxxi 10 . do ghabh do ghleódh a hanaim | tré mhagh dtadhaill eól indill, IGT Decl. ex. 1733 (but v.l. inill).

(i) Used absolutely in adv. sense: do-sn-iced uili dogrés i.¤ sin (? leg. in indell sin) in that manner , LL 126a19 .

ar indell, i n-i.¤ as, in the manner: táinig a hEamhain innsigh | slóigh eile ar an innillsin, Aithd. D. 16 § 29. gurob aran inneall sin do chaith an caomh-naomh a betha, BNnÉ 236.3 . gluaississ issin innioll chētna gusin pālāss, Fl. Earls 174.5 .

Compds. ¤chró in the phrase indell-chró bodba marshalled fence of battle ? : atconncadar [a] naimdi ina n-innellcrobodhba (sic leg. with C) [d]o gach leith umpu, CCath. 2753. Applied fig. to Cú Chulainn: in caur ┐ in cathmílid ┐ in t-indellchró (sic leg., Corr.) bodba fer talman Cu Chulaind mac Sualtaim, LU 6409. ¤chróda of cruel appearance ? : samalta ré foscad fidbaidi firairdi anellchroda comdorcha, TTebe 4862 . ¤dírech quite straight, exact: batar gerrgela indildírgi na dé lurgain her two shins were ... rule-straight, BDD² 30. tuc urchor indilldírech ar in muic, Fianaig. 66.10 . "tabhur mh'agaidh risin cnoc" ar M.R.; ocus tugadh on co hinilldireac, RC xliii 76 § 77. in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib he whose cast was the truest, Acall. 7394. gur ro haimsedh go hindill díreach eisidhe do phluicmheall peleir ina oxaill, Hugh Roe 144.1 . ¤gloin: meic Feradhaig indeall-gloin `of the bright equipment,' BNnÉ 281.12 .

1 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lín or dil.ie/30233

 

n u, n. and m., GOI § 309. Also perh. o, cf. g s. l.¤ , Ériu viii 156.z .

I

(a) full number, complement (in numbers): da ḟer déc ba sed a lín-saide, TBC-LL¹ 4530 . dam ochtair a lin, Dinds. 134 ( RC xvi 141 ). tricha buiden l.¤ Maic Con, Fianaig. 38.1 . co lion a muintire his full following, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.26 . líon a thionóil `in full muster', Aithd. D. 3.8 . Note also: ní tet cuach lan tar a lion a full cup holds not more than its measure, ZCP v 487 § 13.

(b) Followed by gen. of noun or vn. number sufficient to perform particular deed, full complement : l.¤ aigh enough to give battle, Irish Texts ii 62.39 . ni ḟail do slogaib ocut l.¤ t'anacail enough to protect thee, RC xiv 426.25 . lin annlaicthe a filed féin, Irish Texts ii 43 § 23 . líon baisdidh anma ort, Aithd. D. 26.17 . ni thalla impi do lin na sochraidi a tabuirt i tech fer fingaili, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . l.¤ catha enough to give battle (freq.): cen l.¤ catha imbi, LU 4826 . líon catha ón chonair do chuaidh / re homhain sluaigh Lacha Laoigh, L. Cl. A. B. 235.127 . ó nách rabhadar líon catha do Chonn, ML 26.20 . mar do chonncadar na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris, Keat. ii 1779. Cf. nirthá do l.¤ na h-adbor cathugud frisna barbárdu, LL 220a25 ( TTr. 221 ). ní fhuil líon a gcoisgthe go ceannsa no power can subdue them, DDána 111.18 . líon a gcomhairmhe `their full number', Duan. F. ii 68.12 . lin a co[e]mthechta do gres `the full number of his usual retinue', BCrólige 26 . líon coinne `in full muster', Aithd. D. 38.25 . líon creiche ar chách do choimhéad `enough to hold the prey against all', Ériu ix 163.10 . cath móna daire Lothair / co líon cuirthe sufficient number to fight(?), L. Cl. A. B. 17.6 . lion faire meic Muire `sentry-guard', PBocht 12.43 . líon feadhma sufficient number for a feat, L. Cl. A. B. 222.61 . líon gliadh . . / fá Bhrian 'na mbeithribh cróda battle-host, 88.29 . l.¤ a hithi, Celtica iv 24.318 . cath . . . for laechraid Lagen l.¤ orggain (leg. orggan, Ed.), Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 33 . lin a sharaighthe, Ériu ii 130. y . gan líon síoluidhe d'fior / d'fagbháil a nEirinn iodhain sufficient men to propagate, Duan. F. ii 226.20 . l.¤ a trascartha, LU 4990 ( TBC-I¹ 501 ). líon a tógbhála, ML 2.18 . l.¤ a urgabala, TBC-LL¹ 981.

Freq. with vbs. of motion, assembling, etc.: ce tára nech l.¤ a blad / ro bad ferr lim tairisem, LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). berair he l.¤ a chuimrig ┐ a chométaid a dóchum na Sabrainne `bonds and guards and all', MacCongl. 25.12 . imma-lluid l.¤ catha, Fél. Aug. 23 . dochuaid Aenias in la sin a cend seda lin a choblaigh `with all his fleet', Aen. 2408 . an líon do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1103 . in l.¤ long trá tanic cach tuisech, LL 232b48 ( TTr. 1162 ). dul líon cabhlaigh d'ógbhaidh na Spáinne don Scitia `with a fleetful of the young men of Spain', Keat. ii 637 . luid Liath l.¤ a maccaem, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). luid . . . Cir l.¤ a sluaig cosin Scithia in full force, Rawl. 74b46 . techt . . . l.¤ a ṡloig sa ṡochraide, Cog. 104.z . co tísam l.¤ bas lia, LL 220a29 ( TTr. 223 ).

Preceded by prep. I and poss.: dírim atchiu-so don dun . . . inall.¤ , ZCP iv 34.3 ( RC xxiv 144.13 ).

Used predicatively with substantive vb.: forond l.¤ atám hi Cruachnaib Ai, LU 8621 ( FB 46 ). atám[ai]t-ni . . . d'feruib feruinn agat-sa . . . lín do c[h]ongbala go cend bliadna, Fianaig. 68.19 . ni fhuilim lin tachair daib I have not sufficient numbers to contend with you, TTebe 2145 . o nach raba lin trodai no tecmala do tabairtt do Chondachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1409.7 . o nach raibhe l.¤ tegmhála friu, ALC i 378.20 . gé taoi lín eachtra 'n-a n-éagmhais `though thou art strong enough without them', Aithd. D. 24.18 . teccaid clann R. . . . an líon báttur co cill ch. `with all the troops they had', AFM iii 222.14 . do bhídh oide an airchinnigh / l.¤ troidi do thromchoindimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1199.

II

(a) number in general sense. great number, of persons multitude : Bran . . . co l.¤ glond `with many deeds', Hail Brigit 24 . cía l.¤ , Críth G. 582 . fer . . . / co l.¤ crechta fora chnis, LU 4547 ( TBC-I¹ 58 ). ciá l.¤ ro lá insé / inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4746 . forland líno, 5657 . l.¤ m-band m-balcbúada, 8289 ( FB 22 ). di cech l.¤ ronalt a húair, Hail Brigit 15 . is ed in lin marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123.10 . fo l.¤ laithe mblíadnae, Fél. Prol. 296 . ní fes ca lin idrocair, Cog. 8.7 . cá l.¤ do marbh mo dalta d'feraibh Érenn, Comp. CC 116.7 . for galaib aenḟir no ar linaib fer forndul in single combat or in battle against great numbers, Ériu i 116.28 . ni guais deit no lat do l.¤ , Irish Texts ii 32 § 11 . dob e ar líon ar tteacht or tticch, / coicer ar ceithri fichtib, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . dobeir bennacht for Patraic / forul a ll.¤ , LU 9489 . is lí sula l.¤ ar slúaig, 10850 ( Ériu xii 180.17 ). cure airdmius . . . tarsin slóg . . . co fessammar l.¤ in tslóig, 4785 . co l.¤ ilach, Fél. Prol. 106. trúag d'Ultaib co l.¤ garta, LU 3544 ( SCC 29 ). ceithri lina isan indsi . . . / óca ogbuith . . . / rigraidh righna, Anecd. i 60 § 80 . agad leigheas go líon gceird `being cured by numerous arts', Duan. F. ii 70 § 15. Cf. ciapa lin ciapa nuaite `whether it be manifold or single', BCrólige 57 .

In chevilles: l.¤ cert, SR 3373 . iar l.¤ chor, Metr. Dinds. ii 54.13 . lin a tuir, SR 4471 . línib sess, 1513 . linaib gal, 1543 . linibh gal, Celt. Rev. x 347.22 . linib glec, ZCP viii 119 § 37 . línib dindgnai, Metr. Dinds. i 132.47 . linibh cuire, AFM i 532.5 . linib la, Ériu xvii 46 § 39.

(b) As quasi-relative as many as (Lat. quot): ind ldín file isund `those who are here', Mon. Tall. 77 . atgníed din died notheche din tich allin nombid con ngalur ann he knew from the smoke which came from the house how many were ill in it, RC iii 344.12 . all.¤ ló fil for cassal do chochaill, all.¤ peccthach do dul dochum nime as many . . . so many, Trip. 398. 23 , 24 . a ll.¤ laa bís issin bliadain issé l.¤ fer no bíd hi tegluch Conchobair, Ériu iv 26.2 .

(c) Legal party: atait secht lina a tuaith toingthi for righ rechtaid, O'Curry 2188 ( Eg. 88, 7a ) = O'D. 1706. See also under III.

III In g du. dá lína of both parties, both : in cumscugud bís hi cechtar da lino `in each of the two', Sg. 162b2 . dus ce da lina no do gella, Laws i 192.14 . cipe dallina inidicoimge `whichever of the two parties commits injury', iv 168.19 . dofuittet tri fichit díb di cechtar dá lína, LU 6667 . gell adcobra cechtar dá lína, 10835 ( TE 9 ). ferthair iomairecc ettorra . . . cechtar da líona, AFM iv 750.18 . Common in phr. díb línaib both, on both sides, etc., see .

Compds. ¤ḟíaclach having many teeth as personal epithet: Lén l. mac Bolgaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.18 . Leand Linḟiaclach mac Bainblodha Banna, Anecd. ii 4.6 .

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