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borrfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borrfad or dil.ie/6420
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: borrfaid

n o and u (borr. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ) (act of) swelling up, expanding, increasing (often fig.): rolín tra att ┐ b.¤ a tengaid in a cinn = intumuit caput eius cum lingua , Lat. Lives 77 § 70. b.¤ mara romra surge of a great sea, SG 376.3 . do bí b.¤ bisig ar a ghalar `his disease increased mightily', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.23 . for b.¤ with expanding power, MacCarthy 180.10 . iar mborrfadh da clainn ` exaltation ', 422.3 . doluidh Ailill . . . co mborrfadaibh (: corrtharaibh), ZCP xii 358.14 . is cosmail lemm . . . / fri b.¤ nō side builg (of a vain person), ZCP vi 267 § 9. a inghen Dondc[h]ada druin / ara fil borrfadho ban who indulgest in the exaggerations of women (?), Fianaig. 42.3 (see Éigse xiii 311 ). niro thallastar a úaill . . . nach a b.¤ . . . i nErind (of Cú Roí), LU 9047 ( FB 79 ). inund cumachta ros car. / inund úaill inund b.¤ , LL 3248. rop é rí in borrfaith cen brath `of brave show', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 23 = in ri borrfaid, Rawl. 164a8 . rí in borrfada 's in bissig `of magnificence and betterment', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29. tria b.¤ n-aicenta `pride', MR 78.26 . do thraoth méad borrfaidh Bhanbha / ar n-éag d'onchoin Eachlabhra, Magauran 4255 .

Of swelling, becoming swollen with rage, wrath, fury; fierceness: b.¤ barainn (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 3561. lasa réim ┐ lasa mb. tra ronucsat láith gaile fer nUlad uli im Chonchobar, LU 8578 ( FB 44 ). a bruth ┐ a bríg ┐ a b.¤ , 8622 ( FB 46 ). b.¤ Cuind focroithfe Éirinn, Airne F. 274. in domon im-medon a áese ┐ a borrfaid, a utmaille ┐ a dívmais `its indignation', TTr.² 831. co mborrfadh ┐ barainn, uaille ┐ diumuis `with rage and fury', BNnÉ 303 § 14 . im burach do thene, Laws i 166.27 .i. im borrfadh mhar dogni, 170.20 Comm. lá borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . As attrib. g s.: ó mac Bregoin borrfaid (: tolcaib) `of B. the wrathful', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.21 . na bruige borrfadha (? read borrfadhacha) ainbisigh `rough . . . farms', MR 100.14 .

1 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 broth or dil.ie/7014

Forms: brutus, bruthu

n (see Bidrag 156 ) beard, ear of corn: b.¤ .i. arbhar meas no toradh ` corn, fruit, produce ', P. O'C. b.¤ gl. arista, Thes. 361.2 . Note also: brutus gl. corimbos, ib. 363.16 , where Stokes would read *bruthu, acc. pl. of b.¤ , KZ xxxiii 79. enbroth .i. en usce ┐ b.¤ arbor, brot (= (ON) brauð, ed.) autem nortmanica est lingua , Corm. Y 523 , Corm. 18. anbruich .i. an uisci ┐ b.¤ , Harl. 5280, 11 cited Bidrag 156 . leacht Fingin reill a brotha (: Lotra) ` rushes (?), sedge (?)' (Gloss.), Mór M. 268.7 .

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua , 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua , 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

1 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dál or dil.ie/14344
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Dál

n o, n.

I A part, share : dál .i. rand, Corm. 14 , Corm. Tr. 52 . daal lingua Hibernorum partem significat Beda i cap. i . dál .i. rann, Cóir Anm. § 249 ; O'Cl. dáil .i. roinn, ib. This is probably only an attempt of the grammarians to explain the original meaning of dál II. Similarly O'Flaherty supposed the meaning proles posterity.

II A division, a sept, tribe; the land inhabited by a tribe. dál .i. rand. inde dicitur Dál Riata ┐ Dál nAraide, Corm. 14 , Corm. Tr. 52 . Only in tribe-names. g s. dáil: luid Patraic a crích Dáil Araidi, Trip. 168. 5 (cf. ib. 164. 10 ). Dáil Chaiss, LL 354 e . d s. ropo do Dail Chonchobair dosom, Thes. ii 325 4 . de Dál Araide, LL 311 a 32 . do D.¤ A., ib. 349 c 39 . doDháil (sic) Chuinn, Rawl. 112 b 45 . a s. la Dál Mesi Corb, ib. 27 .—For the neuter gender cf. tribe-names such as: Dál nAraidi ( LL 311 c 1 ), D.¤ nAulaim ( LL 331 b 6 , f. D.¤ nUlaim, Onom.), D.¤ mBairdeni ( H 3.17, 790 ), D.¤ mBaiscinn, D.¤ mBec Cuind ( Lec. 128 ), D.¤ ṁBuachalla ( LL 331 a 44 ), D.¤ mBuain ( ib. 349 e 61 infra ), D.¤ mBuinni ( ib. 331 b 16 ), D.¤ mBundruini ( LL 331 c 5 ), D.¤ cCais ( BB 182 heading), D.¤ cConchubair, D.¤ nDruithne, D.¤ nDuibne, D.¤ nEogain, D.¤ fFiatach, D.¤ nlmde ( LL 318 c 21 , Expuls. 150 ), D.¤ nIochair, D.¤ nOengusa, D.¤ nUidne ( Expuls. 149 . Dál Uidne mic Chonrui, H 2.17 , p. 157 ), D.¤ n-Uisce. Onom. CRR p. 109 sq. , p. 150 .— For a list of territorial divisions beginning with Dál see McNeill, Population Groups 65 , and Onom.

MOD. Dál in place-names.

enbroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enbroth or dil.ie/20060

Forms: enbret

n gruel (?): enbroth .i. en usce ┐ broth arbor, brot [brauð] autem nortmanica est lingua , Corm. Y 523 = enbret LB. See Marstrander, Bidrag 156 . Cf. follg.

escra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escra or dil.ie/20480
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: esgra, t-escrai, escrai, escra, esgradh

n m. esgra, IGT, Decl. § 2 . a vessel for dispensing water, wine, or other liquids (apparently intermediate in size between a large jar and a drinking cup, but small enough to serve as the latter occasionally): escra .i. core mbis ag dail usci, Corm. Y 565 . escra tomais fīna, 539 . escræ .i. ab æs ┐ ærea .i. uma-dailem, 569 . escræ o ess ┐ ære, O'Mulc. 427 . escra .i. soithech, ┐ deifir eitir eascra ┐ cingit .i. cos gairit asin escra ┐ cos fada asin cingit, ZCP xvii 267.20 . escre ł sciathrach gl. scutras, Études Celt. xxii 211 § 35 . quoddam argenteum vasculum unde potentibus personibus potus hauriri soleat quod hybernica lingua vocatur escra, Acta Sanct. 172 . bó bainne domite a bleoghan a n-escrad da orlach dec, Laws ii 176.17 Comm. dorochair a escra féig finn-argait al-láim in daleman isin dabaig, TFerbe 198 . in t-escra, BColm. 52.29 . cilarn umha a laim dhi, eascra arguit isin laimh eli a pitcher...a goblet RC xiv 46.20 . dabach aircid...escrai oir fora ur, copan di ór for a beolai, MS. Mat. 619.8 (= ZCP iii 459.23 . escra ...airideog, xiii 373.6 ). in t-escrai orda, 619.25 (= ZCP iii 460.17 ). co ngeibed in n-escra, co ndaled isna curnu RC viii 150.15 . adbert Ioseph...escra in airdrigh do thobairt i mesc sacraigi na Candanda, YBL 64b16 = escrai nargait, 287b20 . esccra nargait, LB 116b10 = scyphum... argenteum Gen. xliv 2 . g s. ind escrai-se, SR 3584 . don fleisg bís re beal in escra, O'Dav. 884 . flaithemh oen-escra (a designation of rank), Laws iv 344.4 . cos escrae the shank of a goblet (fig.) O'Mulc. 464 . a c[h]os escra, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 71.3 = Bruchst. § 73 . cos escradh, O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 . abartach escrai (a kind of dispenser), Triads 231 . pl. escra, Laws iv 322.2 . Marco P. 72 . na miasa ┐ na hescradha, 52 . esgradh, TFrag. 8.11 . eirgidh foireann...cosna tunnaibh ┐ eascrada dimhora do dergor léo...┐ linaid cuach nó cupa asna heascraibh sin... do gach aon, Marco P. 79 . rogabad fledol...leo a cornaib ilbreca ecoir ┐ a hescraib forórdaib, YBL 329b31 = TMoméra 160 . d'easgraibh óir, TD 25 § 19 . g p. ced eascra n-airgit fri dail leanna, MR 56.23 = FDG 474 .

gnáthaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthaigid or dil.ie/26198

Forms: rognathaigsetar

v (gnáth)

I Trans. is accustomed to, practises, frequents, inhabits : rognathaigsetar (gl. adsueti sunt), Ml. 34b2 . nibo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún ... bancomarchi, LU 3352 ( SCC 14 ). (no) gnathaigeth Victor co torraimed indí Pátraic V. was accustomed to watch over P., ACL iii 10.9 . na gnáthaig ní as sia do scél, SR 6031 . na gnathaig in tūaith do not consort with the people, KMMisc. 264 § 24 . is do is dír anní is psalmus dondi ... gnathaigtir hi croit, Hib. Min. 282 . forcetul no gnáthaiged A. dona slúagaib, FA 32 . is é seo scél gnáthaiges Héli, § 33 . Coirpre Gnath-choír ro gnathaighed coir who practised justice, Laws i 156.14 Comm. ; 66.12 Comm. arnā ro gnathaighit curu i n-ecmuis a cend lest they become accustomed to making contracts..., v 286.25 Comm. ar na ro gnathaigead neach toitim gill, 378.14 Comm. na seoit gnathaither do breith i n-aenach, i 234.30 Comm. cia ros gnathaig gletin ngéir, LL 138a16 . aiste i ngnathaigther in senchass in which history is practised, 38a36 (`Metrum in dem die alte Tradition bekannt gemacht wird,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 76 ). leaba i ngnathaighed siumh troisccthe ... do denamh, BNnÉ 275 § 256 . mogēnair gnāthaighes ... ge[n]mnaideacht, ZCP viii 215 § 74 . amail gnathaighther as the practice is, BNnÉ 125 § 3 . fó indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther le cinedhaibh na Uén[et]ecdha, CCath. 2380 . is mó do gnáthaighidis, 1413 . nognáthaigtis in ṅgarb-slíab used to frequent..., Metr. Dinds. iii 304.10 . port ragnathaig Find fir-fial, ii 72.2 . rosgnáthaig écomnart `hardship has been her lot,' Ériu iv 98.2 . cia gnaithochas let laidiri thu (of a sword = ... tua virtute utetur), ITS xix 84.z . gnáthuighid teanga na Scot (= lingua Scotica utuntur), Keat. ii 967 . Proverbs xv 2 . cailleacha ghnáthuigheas bheith ann who reside there, TD 34.52 . foiridh se ... dá ngnáthuighther (of a prescription) if taken regularly, O'Don. Gram. 450.26 (from Med. MS.).

II Intrans. dwells, is accustomed to be : cendacuil ... hi ngnáthaiged Petar ┐ Eoin, PH 5439 . nognáthaiged co menic i n-airimlib Lacha Rí, ACL iii 224.18 . is a Roim do gnathaiged, YBL 166b5 . O'Gr. Cat. 513.13.

immurgu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immurgu or dil.ie/27968

Forms: immorro, im, imr, imurgu, immurgu, immurgo, imargu, immurco, immargu, imarcco, immoro, ummoro, immurro, imuro, imorú, imoru, imoro, imora, imuro, immorru, amorra

adv Mid. Ir. immorro. Rarely written in full in MSS., generally in contracted forms im, imr. Spellings: imurgu, Wb. 33a5 . immurgu, Ml. 34a16 . immurgo, Mon. Tall. 148.11 . imargu, 129.10 . immurco, 138.21 , 155.31 . immargu, Ériu vii 162.27 . imarcco, D IV 2 40rb39 . immoro, LL 238a40 . ummoro, IT iii 504.587 ( LL 257b13 ). immurro, IT iii 76.15 . imuro, 37 n. 21 . imorú, Hib. Min. 16.29 . imoru, ib. y 0 . imoro, 18.18 . imora, Alex. 931 n. 9 . imuro, Plummer MS. notes (< Laud. 610, fo. 82b1 ). immorru, Imr. Brain § 61. amorra, C I 3, 45b1 .

Immurgu (? imm-ro-gáu, GOI § 907 ) never occurs at the beginning of a sentence and was stressed on the second syllable as its use in poetry shows: amorra ┐ cheana ┐ idir ... focail nach berar ara cheill iad ┐ as c. comardadh riu adhon ... ni bia mo mheithealsa amorra | gan leith-shearsa leanna, C I 3, 45b1 . aniú iomorra gan mearbhaill, Content. xxii 10.

Used as conj. and adv. with adversative force or emphasizing the previous word or phrace, however, moreover, well, then, now, indeed, in truth, but , etc. :

I With adversative force serves to contradict or modify a previous statement or something implied in it, or to express contrast with what has just been said = however (autem) : ní thucci mo menme immurgu gl. nam si orem lingua spiritus meus orat mens autem mea sine fructu est, Wb. 12d11 . ithésidi immurgu beta hícthi `it is they, however, (and not the aforementioned) who shall be saved,' 3d29 . is beo ind anim tri sodin is marb in corp immurgu trisna senpecthu, 4a6 . dosnicfa cobir cid mall bith maith immurgu intain dondiccfa, 5c5 . rubu fersom muintere ... nirbu choimdiu imurgu `he had been a man of (the) household ... he had not been a lord however,' 33a5 . ní boi immurgu hi cridiu gl. humanitatem quidem uerbis, Ml. 34a16 . ní ar indí asndarobartis immurgu inna briathra hisin, 31b22 . ba cunda[il] sem immurgu `he was sage however,' Thes. ii 291.6 . denúas dotiagar hisatech ... sis iarsuidiu ... dotiagar ass immurgu `from above is the coming into the house ... beneath, afterwards, is the coming out, however,' Thes. ii 292.20 ( Ml. Poems II ).

In O.Ir. combined as strengthening particle with cammaiph and 1 noch and 2 ocus : camaip immurgu oen cháractar f, `we have, however, formed one character f,' Sg. 9a22 . noch immurgu ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib `however they notwithstanding did not cast the power of God from them,' Ml. 16d2 . guth sechmadachti ┐ todochaidi immurgu `a word of the preterite and at the same time of the future,' Sg. 147b7 . issinn aithrech a ndoriṅgénsam risin fer ind ingen immorro atbélat a bbéoilside, TBFr. 246. vir immorru a virtute anima in tribulationeis ` `vir,' however, (i.e. in contradistinction to `homo'),' ... Hib. Min. 457. persa na laidhe imorro Dubhthach `but the author of the poem (i.e. as opposed to the authors of the Senchas) was D.', Laws i 4.13 . muna fidir imurro ... [is] slan dí `on the other hand if she does not know she is guiltless,' iv 60.y . uball quasi aball, aball immorro ō burg Etāile dianit ainm Abellanium A., however, comes from ..., Corm. Y 1272 ( Anecd. iv 111 ). ni tarat immurgu do Chonnachtaib acht dā c[h]ois na-mmucce, Sc.M² § 18. his taithbingith immargu nachiddeni ar oen in cethardi-se `on the other hand anyone who does not do it for one of these four reasons is a fault finder,' Ériu vii 162.27 . lecsiu immurgo ildeth (sic) nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it, however, to God to judge the mind of such' (viz. and do not refuse them the sacraments), Mon. Tall. 148.11 . bes biaid immurgo láad muindtirisiu ní nodglanai tene brathai `thy monks, however, (viz. in contradistinction to mine) shall perchance have sometimg for the fire of doom to cleanse,' 130.2 . achd ni Maolrúoin imargu asrubart frissim ón `it was not, however, Maelruain that had told him to do this,' 129.10 . éisem ro ba anmchara dí-si, bái sí immorro oc a thothlugud-som `he was her confessor but she was soliciting him,' Ériu i 68.2 . inghen immorro tusa ┐ nī rochinnis t'óighe co se `you, however, are an unmarried girl and have not dedicated your virginity so far,' ACL iii 309.12 . `cid on, a maic ... nach fetur-sa' `nat fetur-sa immurgu' `I do not know it however' (=even if I should know), BColm. 76.5 . ba dímicin mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra ... roptar buidig immorro do Chonchobor ar a degthindnacul dóib all the same they were thankful to C., Ériu iv 24.13 . do bhríogh go mbí onóir ar an seabhac ré linn a bheatha ... an chearc iomorra, léigthear san laithigh dhi ré linn a beatha, TSh. 923. atá an eaglas Romhánach na héineaglais ... na heiricidh iomoro as beag dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile, Ó Héodhusa 34.7.

II With emphasising force, moreover, besides, now, then, verily, indeed:

(a) to add an additional statement : nísnaiccilled san immorru acht dusnéced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61. dorigne Dia imorro in rigthech uachtarach do shlog amra airchaingel `moreover, God made for the ...,' Todd Lect. iii 38.1 .

(b) to continue a narrative now, then: is e imorro a n-airem na slog sin `now this is the reckoning of those hosts,' Todd Lect. iii 42.26 . ro-érig immorro Conchobor mochtrath ar n-a barach `now C. arose early on the morrow,' CRR § 14. dála iomorro Cairbre Niaidh Fear, CRR² § 28. ó thainigc immurgu cusna dēdenchu (sic leg.) `now when his end was approaching,' BColm. 106.1 . is e adbar, imorro, fa tainic an diabul `now this is the cause why the Devil came,' BCC 378.25 . a n-inbaidh na huaire ... sin immorro `at that particular time then,' Fl. Earls 114.3 .

(c) as strengthening particle indeed, verily (sometimes with slightly implied opposition to a previous statement) : `is anim dún nad-fil is taig' `atá immurgu' ol Conall oc tabairt chinn Ánlúain assa chriss, Sc.M² § 16. "úair ní th'ari-siu téit ria" "téit immorro" ar in gilla `for it is no business of yours' `it is indeed,' said the servant,' Ériu i 134.5 . cade didiu bar fisse? or Fiachnai. nī ansa immurgu, viii 157.20 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this, indeed, is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man,' Mon. Tall. 133.11 . "in ba i tossaig no fain deriud?" "i tossaig imorro" or sisi, Mór M. § 1. ni ar meth gascid ... dorochrabair-si acht forlond do imbirt foraib ┐ ummoro tra, ar si, darochair far comlund lib-si, IT iii 504.587 .

2 nó, noe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nó, noe or dil.ie/33205

Forms: nau, naue, noa, noib, noe, nae, noí, noi, naoi, nau

n ā, f. (in O.Ir. a w-st., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 93 ). O.Ir. n s. nau tholl, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv 1 ). g s. naue, 272.8 (Adamnán). noe, Sg. 69a24 , 132b1 . a d s. (Mid.Ir.) noí. n p. noa, Ml. 67d23 . d p. noib, 122a3 .

In Mid.Ir. the n s. is variously written (see exx. below); the forms noe, nae point to pronunciation noí. Occas. treated as a d-stem. Early obsolete, surviving in compds. in later Mid.Ir.

A boat (generally a small one, propelled by oars):

(a) filius navis . . . scoticâ vero linguâ Mac Naue, Thes. ii 272.8 (of Colum Cille's maternal grandfather); cf. ingen Díma maic Noee, LB 31a55 (of his mother) = Dimai meic Naei, Lism. L. 810 . sain écosc noe a peculiar species of boat (gl. celox), Sg. 69a24 . nai a naue [ = Lat. nave] dicitur, Corm. Y 985. noe co lin seasa a boat with a number of benches, Laws v 474.10 . fo imrim noe no leasdair, 474.8 . oin nae for muir the loan of a boat, 278.3 . long fri huath . . . no fri muin, Auraic. 6134 (name of the letter m in `Ogam n-eathrach'). loiscter in nóu, Lism. L. 4303 . lá ina tinnscanad nae, RC ix 458.21 . a d s: co mboí isind noi . . . .i. isin churuch, LU 10055. cimbith quasi cimba [ = Lat. cymba] .i. on noi oen-ṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 , cf. O'Mulc. 225 and see Ériu xi 97. a noi niamduinn tar ler londruadh, Anecd. i 52 § 19 (naoi v.l.). marbhan i nnoi a corpse in a boat, AFM i 272.4 (poem), see Bruchst. i § 96 . in naoi , Lism. L. 4298 (a s.).

(b) coro laad i nnoid oenṡeched for muir é, LL 22b28 . issind noid credumai, 168b6 = isin naid, BB 374a6 . intí ga rabus bádud . . . is slan dō ge no deachsat fora ech no 'na noid, H 2.15A p. 46b ( O'D. 1187 ). asa naoed, ib. fer na noad . . . fer na noededh . . . fer na noedhe, ib. ( O'D. 1188 ) = f. na naeead, Rawl. B 506 f. 61d ( O'D. 2453 ).

pl.

(a) imdi noa occai, gl. navium potens, Ml. 67d23 . ? mebdatar a nnói, ZCP viii 313.35 . lēgiss cairptiu, carais noö he forsook chariots, he loved boats (i.e. became a pilgrim across seas), 198 § 19 (of Colum C.). ra batar . . . ina nóib fora n-iarraid, LL 232a18 .

(b) co mbetís nóthe ┐ longa ┐ lestair erlama léo, TTr.² 568. conacutar . . . nóethi beca cruinde . . . for in sruth, Alex. 689. is amlaid tangadur gan eathra gan naethe, BB 32a32 ( Ériu viii 25 n. 1 ). tarclam lucht .iii. noad do techt tar muir, Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294.4 ). luid trí nóithib, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.13 .

Compds. ¤airchinnech: d s. dund nau-eirchinniuch, gl. naviclero, Thes. i 498.21 ( Ardm. 188b1 ). ¤coblach a fleet of boats: nocoblach mar di Gentibh oc Loch D., AU 913 (i 428.13) . for fairinn nochoblaigh, 912 (i 426.10) . coimhleang nóchobhlaigh for Loch Ribh, AFM ii 622.4 . ¤combádud shipwreck: is e foroerlangair in noecombádad fo thrí (of St. Paul), PH 1654 , cf. 1660 . nochombadud, 7043 . co facadur in naoi for nóchombáthad, Lism. L. 4298 . nocombadadh, CCath. 793 v.l.

See noedin.

ochen?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ochen? or dil.ie/33428

n antifana . . . erat ei de fine ad finem in nomine Domini Dei Patris et Filii atque Spiritus sancti Jesu Christi benigni hoc autem dicitur in Scotica lingua ochen, Ardm. f. 9b1 = Thes. ii 45.6 , Trip. 303.13 . A refrain ?

1 odrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 odrad or dil.ie/33497

Forms: odradh, oghradh, t-oghradh

n m. (< odor?) name of a plant, bugloss : odradh, gl. buglosa, ACL i 331 § 25. ? oghradh, gl. singulosus, 333.18 . in t-oghradh , gl. lingua bovina (= bugloss), RC ix 237.10 . duille na sub talman . . . ┐ odrad itir bun ┐ barr, LB 101 marg. inf. (list of `bechlossa' or bee-plants). ? subai ograd [b]uiderad, ZCP xiii 278.4 (transld. Eier `eggs' as if < og, but context suggests a plant-name). derc ar éndath is in t-ogradh, Studies 1920, 418 y . óghradh, odrad bugloss, Hogan Luibhl. freamh odhraidh, 23 K 42, 421.2 .

Scoitic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Scoitic or dil.ie/36550
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: S.

n [f.] (Lat. scottice, scottica lingua ) the Scottic (i.e. Irish) language: is tria Scoitig roagaill ┐ ro agaillsidar-som eiseom, BB 44a27 . is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722 . nomen compositum o latin ┐ scotic, RC xx 154.14 ( ACC 4 Comm . ). focul comsuidig[th]e ō Ebra ┐ ō Scotic, O'Mulc. 860 . i dteangthaibh nach í an S.¤ , Content. v 37 . iad is líomhtha labhras Scoitig `of Scottic . . . most accomplished speakers', Ó Bruad. ii 54.5 .

sulbairigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sulbairigidir or dil.ie/39289

Forms: sulbairiged, sulbirigfer

v (sulbair) is eloquent, fluent (in speech, prayer, etc.): sulbairiged gl. oret, Wb. 12d9 . sulbirigfer spiritu et mente , 12d12 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua , 12d10 . bad samlith sulbairichthe co n-etarceirt gl. qui loquitur lingua , 12d8 . Vn. g s. hua accuiss sulbairichthe gl. urbanitatis `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 .

tengae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tengae or dil.ie/40504
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tenge, tengae, tinga, tengaid, tengad, tengad, tengad, —aid, tenga, teng, teng, theangaidh, t[h]ing, theing, teng, teangaid, tengtha, teṅgad, tengthaib, —adh, —aidh, —thadh, dteangthadh, teanguidh, tengtha, theangtha, tengtha, theangan, teangain

n t, f. n s. tenge, Wb. 23c20 . tengae, Mon. Tall. 142.20 . tinga, AU i 34.9 . a s. cin tengaid , BColm. 26.10 . g s. in (? leg. inna) tengad , Ml. 31b24 . na tengad , PH 7490 . d s. hi tengad (? leg. —aid), Ml. 33d20 . dia tenga , Laws v 142.5 . Also in sg. teng (? orig. dat. only): n s. teng, O'Dav. 1349 = theangaidh, Ériu xiii 29.7 . Anecd. ii 74.4 . d s. t[h]ing, ZCP v 484 § 9 = theing, iii 378.19 (B. na f.). ting, O'Cl. ? ca teng , ZCP xi 109 § 16 . Cf. Duach Teangumha, Keat. iii 692 . n du. da teangaid , Laws v 510.8 . n p. tengtha, Fél. Ep. 125 . g p. teṅgad, SR 825 . d p. tengthaib, LU 2188 . In syll. verse f., g s. —adh, d s. —aidh, g p. —thadh, IGT Decl. § 4 . g p. dteangthadh, Dán Dé xvii 26 . n s. teanguidh, James iii 5 . g s. tengtha, AU iii 136.12 . d du. a nda theangtha , Donlevy v 2 . g p. tengtha, Ériu iv 108.4 . In Mod. Ir. also as n-stem: g s. theangan, Luc. Fid. 200.8 . a s. gan teangain , O'Gr. Cat. 121.36.

I

(a) tongue: tenga .i. tē i ngabann si .i. in bēl tall, Corm. Y 1247 (cf. next ex.). tal uime ... ro curthea a teinidh ... ┐ dobertea teanga tairis (an ordeal), IT iii 190.y . etngad .i. cen tenga[i]d, O'Mulc. 473 . tengtha fodlaide amal tenid, PH 5368 . do foillsigheadh dhóibh teangtha sgoiltidhthe mar theine, Acts ii 3 .

(b) the tongue considered as an organ of speech: huare ... as né gnim tengad comlabrae, Ml. 31b24 , cf. 23 . lūrech arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth,' Thes. ii 353.3 . i cinaid ... do thengad, Laws i 156.x . marbad na tengad ... in t-athimrád, PH 7490 . clúas a dūan do thengthaib bard, Hail Brigit 9 . ní gabhthar géill na teangadh `ní féidir buadhachtaint ar an bhfilidheacht,' DDána 82.28 . inn é gíall for tengtha de | ruc Níall cen erchra úaib-si (of men unable to answer), Ériu iv 108.4 . fer do bfearr tenga ┐ erlabra do ghaoidhealaibh ina aimsir, AFM iv 930.y . Hence in idiomatic phrases: do-reilced a tenga dí indiu she has been given a free tongue today, ZCP xvii 199.8 ( LU 10031 but see Echtrae Chonnlai 173 ). bui ... cómlaintius cech uilc isin corp sin ... cenmotha a thenga ... is aire roléced a thenga dó, LB 143a8 . tenga do denam orum, Fier. 224 v.l. =dochraite do rada riumsa, text. Enri hUa N. do denum tengtha maithi re Mac nD. `good discourse,' AU iii 136.12 .

(c) language: et (leg. ut) conf(o)undamus ling[u]as eorum .i. co romelāchtnaigem ... a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431 = berla, 141 . a tteanguidh ar máthar, Studies, 1919, 438 § 2 . Muiredhach na tengadh o Sleibin, RC xvii 361.29 . nó labhradh tenga na ttuath n-echtrann, AFM vi 1920.16 . dá labhrainn teangtha na ndaoine ... gan an grádh agam = si linguis hominum loquar, TSh. 9411 . a ttengaidh Edāillisi, Fl. Earls 90.3 . ré tosuighibh na teangtha Gaoidheilge, Donlevy v 11 . Hence: fer tenghta an interpreter , BCC 308.7 , 8 . fer tengha eile, 262.32 . Cf. a bheith aige amhuil fhir theangan, phattruin ┐ ghuidheadoir a bhfiadhnaise De spokesman , Luc. Fid. 200.8 .

(d) tongue or clapper of a bell: bā sī tengu ind cluic, MacCongl. 123.21 . clocc ... cin tengaid, BColm. 26.10 . a rún thuigeas teangtha clog (Mary), Aithd. D. 97.29 . in bail a mbenfa a th.¤ re bhar cclocc, BNnÉ 16.22 .

(e) part of a cross (? the upright from crossbar up): cedir in cos feibh adcúas, | gius in crann boi etarbhūas | a tenga ba cupris cain, | [ocus] ba bethe a titail, ZCP viii 107.13 .

II

(a) In med. terms. t.¤ con: lingua canis .i. tenga con `common hound's tongue,' ACL i 330 § 127 . t.¤ énáin lingua avis, stitchwort: tenga enain, Rosa Angl. 142.8 . lingua avis pingula, .i. an teangadh eanain is mor a brigh, 3 B 15 (cited Rosa Angl. Gloss. ). lingua avis .i. in teanga enan, RC ix 242.3 . 237.6 . t.¤ orcan some part of the (calf of) the leg: co tarla erchor díb i tengaid orcan Dondgillai, RC xiii 104.19 = SG 385.7 . an affection of this part of the leg (?): (caulis hortensis) item dentar luaith dhi ...┐ cuirtear ar na hiosgaduibh ┐ icaidh an teanga urcan, 23 K 42, 394.y .

(b) In nn. pr.: Scithi tenga eoin (n. of a woman), Rawl. 134b13 . Duach Tenga-huma rig Connacht, Trip. 552.20 .