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Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIr. m. nom. acc. gen. daᴸ , f. nom. acc. diᴸ gen. daᴸ , neut. nom. acc. gen. da n-, m. f. n. dat. dib n-, deib n- (Sg.).

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( Zeuss 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb. 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . ML 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg. 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur. 2 . BCr. 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Bvi 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ).

Mid.Ir. m./neut. nom. acc. dáᴸ, díᴸ , f. nom. acc. díᴸ, dáᴸ . m. f. neut. gen. dáᴸ, dá n-, dat. díb n-, díb; dáᴸ, dá n-.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg, LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc, SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith, LU 119 b 29 ( na dí sreith, AFM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim, TBC-LL¹ 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert, 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil, LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r., BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig, TBC-LL¹ 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Todd Nenn. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo, Mon. Tall. 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh, AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile, FDG 698 . dí salm, LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám, TBC-LL¹ 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiach. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFrag. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan, LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech, MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib, TBC-LL¹ 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC-LL¹ 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana, LU 80 a 32 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . fora da nechaib déc, BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir, CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib, LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna, LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó, BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill, YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch, TBC-LL¹ 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha, FB § 45 . dá naill nórda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 Y. da nag, CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech, ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind, MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC-LL¹ 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic, Mon. Tall. 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Ml. 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two BCr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OCT 5.5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb. 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg. 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib, TE 10 LU. dún d.l., SR 1782 . foraib d.l., FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg. 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. 1 lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg, LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid, MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do, LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó, LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFrag. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó, RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó, LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó, Mon. Tall. 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó, LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde, LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde, TBC-LL¹ 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail, LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb. 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí, AFM v 1334. 21 . BS 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B IV 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 ( coba do, BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann, GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna, ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul, M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hog. Onom.

forlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forlann or dil.ie/23722
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: forlaind

n o, m. (for + lín, Celtica iv 46 ; for + lán, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 173 . For the later fórlann see ib. 175 n. 5 ).

(a) superiority in strength or numbers, odds Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 . eochair forrain forlonn, ZCP vi 270 . forlonn (.i. dias) for oenfer xv 327 § 18 . forlonn līno , TBC-I¹ 1179 (= LU 5656 ). co saidig tar comlond do briusiud for forlond, TBC-I¹ 3264 (= co saigit secht comlond, etc. TBC-LL¹ 5326 . forlund a mmét ria mór-rím, Metr. Dinds. iii 164 . forraigtis forlunn fria macco, Rawl. 118b51 . fodrorraich forlond féne | i comlond ..., LL 132b28 . rob inchomraic esein d'F. no d'A., ┐ rob forlonn debaid na desi ... n-a agaid a aenur it was unfair odds having the two against him MR 246.19 . g s. fuaparta forlaind , TBC-LL¹ 5441 . M. macc Fergaile ind forlaind, LL 184a23 . Of a person : forlund cét more than a match for a hundred Metr. Dinds. iii 84 . ba forlann somh ┐ Ua N. d'aén aonta O'N. and he united had the odds on their side AFM v 1766.18 . IS F.¤ DOM (LIM) : cor bo forland do Thuirn Aenias do chomruc ris to fight A. was too much for T. Aen. 2970 . ba fórlann dá gach carb ... lucht dá long the crew of two vessels was too heavy for each ship Caithr. CC § 77 . níor fforlann linn nar n-aghaidh ar ccomhlann do Ghaoídhealuibh we did not think an equal number of G. too many to cope with Duan. F. i 5.25 = ii 346 § 42 .

Attrib. : cóeca duma ... | ar in maig féraig forluind thronged (?), rich (?) LU 2848 .

(b) in wider sense unfair domination, oppression, ill-treatment: ní coir forran no forlond ... d'imbirt fair (of excessive mortification of the body) PH 5980 . cuirim forlann ar gach túaith, Duan. F. i 78.23 (a monster speaking). roḟoemhadh ac ḟeraibh M. in cain sin ciar forlunn, RC xliii 54 § 55 . fuair an gobernóir mór fforlainn ┐ ffoireiccne ag gabhail tre F., AFM vi 2122.2 . fórluinn ifrinn the pains of hell Psalms cxvi 3 .

fo-slig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-slig or dil.ie/24099

Forms: fusilis[s]u, fosligim, foselgatar, fuslegar, foruillecta, forḟoillechta, foillged, foillget, foillcid, foillech

v ( sligid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 632 ). The meaning of the root may be preserved in the gloss on Ecl. v 80 : damnabis .i. fusilis[s]u .i. re[o]s facies ut uotam tuam multi adorarent , Thes. ii 361 . Smears, overlays: pres. 1 s. fosligim (gl. lino ) Sg. 183a1 , (delino) 173a7 . pret. 3 pl. foselgatar ... a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . Pass. pres. s. fuslegar de imman delg `some of it is smeared round the thorn' Thes. ii 248.7 . perf. pl. lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . forḟoillechta ... di littin they were smeared (of singed cows) LL 169a24 (the protot. stem is represented in the parallel passage : foillged [foillget, foillcid v.l.] littu ... 'mon búar, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 ).

Part. fuillechta, q.v.

For vn. see 2 follach, foillech (foillech) and 1 foillged.

léine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léine or dil.ie/29805

Forms: léne

n and t, f. léne, IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) . a s. -léini (: ṡéimi), PRIA 1953, 88 § 2 . léni nde[n]dguirm, LU 9680.

(a) linen cloth : o bias [in lín] ina snath urlumh no [i]na leinidh `linen', Laws ii 418.27 Comm . anart léined imbi, LU 5412 (cf. lín-anart). corba dluithither re cleith lenad arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (leined, v.l.). cubat do léinid lín / im chorpán, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 .

(b) name of a garment worn next the skin by both sexes, freq. made of linen, somet. of silk, descending somet. to the knee, somet. to the ankle, tunic, smock : l.¤ gl. camisia, Ir. Gl. 38 . líín a líno . L.¤ a línea , Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 27 . lendān . . . quasi lend-fūan .i. brat ┐ lēine uimpe, Corm. Y 830. nomeilinn léini mbithnuí `smock', PRIA 1953, 88 § 2 . bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún, Triads 222 . at-chíu a léne lígdae línidi, BDD² 1030 . léne leburchulpatach . . . dei sítiu, 8 . lene cona dagculpait bes fiu dá screball, O'D. 948 ( H 3.17, 663 ). lēne gel culputach co glūn, TBC-I¹ 3172. lēne co nechlaim i custul cota ṅglūn, 3160 . lénti co ndercintliud co horcnib sís, LU 4493 (TBC). tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac (of women), 8257 ( FB 20 ). lene cona clar argait immi o a glun co ḟodbrunn, IT ii 177.93 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch a llenith immach, i 119.24 ( TE 4 ). léne de ṡról ríg . . . i custul fri gelchness co glúnib dó, TBC-LL¹ 2454 . lénti sémi . . . sítaidi co tendmedón traiged dóib, 183 . secht ngoine dēac for sedlach a lēniod, Ériu ii 15.20 . do brutt nō da léinid nō do inur, i 220 § 14 . léinte rogharbha . . . re creataigh gac manaigh, Études Celt. i 86.17 . léinteacha sróil ar shiol nGaeidhil, / is Goill na n-aonbhróin iarainn, AFM ii 772 n.e . fear na l.¤ leasaighthe, Aithd. D. 3.23 . go l.¤ ghiorr nár gheall buinn `shirt', TD 44.10 . gussin gcēidlēinidh dorōine sī . . . dia haonMac, Fl. Earls 198.3 . an l.¤ aifrinn the alb, Parrth. Anma 4278. Cf. `quibusdam nationibus sua cuique propria uestis est, ut . . . Gallis lenae', Isidore, Etym. xix 23.

lepaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lepaid or dil.ie/29968
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lepa, dental, leabaidh, leaba, leapthadh

n i, f. (leth + buith, Greene, Celtica ii 337 f. but see Éigse vii 260-61 ). Later also lepa with dental inflexion. In Mod. Ir. with pl. in -ach(a). leabaidh f., IGT Decl. § 189 , leaba f., § 4 (dental stem) (in both with g p. leapthadh, a form not attested by exx. for this word). Pl. in -ach(a) also recognised in IGT Decl. § 189 with the reservation .c. do chanamhain.

I In Laws as technical term harbourage, house-room (l.¤ is a very common metaphor for `protection', Críth G. p. 71 ): caide leabaid. Tír, teach, teine (i.e. sharing or being allowed to share another's land, house and fire), O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). l.¤ daltu, comaltu, fiur, mnaí . . . he is entitled to harbour his fosterson . . . , Críth G. 340 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d]lenat a lepthai cucai anall that the fines for harbouring them may not adhere to him, 362 . niss len lebaid ni hi (leg. indí) tossaig i n-aurlise i.e. they are not bound to shelter one who reaches their precinct(?), Ériu xvi 180 § 16 . mac huar . . . co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith, O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20b ), `i.e. a son in respect of whom his father has given notice that he is not to be sheltered', Plummer MS. notes. See ZCP xiii 23.13 . apa sceo leaba faonan comlaithe (?-thre) coir, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44a ) (`? "apa and "leba" alike constitute complicity', Plummer MS. notes). lepuidh lethe la cocur. Cumal ┐ leth in cinad for lepuidh fini, cid for lepuidh anfini isin mbiathadh iar ndénum cinad i cain, ┐ leth in cinad namá in urradus, O'D. 970 ( H 3.17, 679 ). direnar .i. nach duine direnar cin biid accradh inna apuidh, no a lepaidh, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, 251 ). ma ainfine ro be na gnais is lepa, ┐ ma fine is apa, ar is apa la fine ┐ leba la anfine, O'Curry 2548 ( Eg.88, 46a ). focrai n-aptha .i. foccrai leptha la apuid, O'Curry 808 ( H 3.18, 373b ). Plummer, MS. notes, suggests that this may mean that apad-sheltering is l.¤-sheltering which has been forbidden by express notice, but that would make apad-sheltering more serious than l.¤-sheltering which it is not. Granting l.¤ to a criminal or proscribed person makes the host liable to the payment of fíach leptha, i.e. the fine for harbouring. Certain people (king, briugu and higher(?) ecclesiastics) may harbour without incurring penalty unless they are aware that the person harboured has committed a crime. If they are so aware they incur a share of the penalty due for the crime and if they protect the criminal against the consequences of his crime they are liable to the full penalty for the crime. slan dno righ ┐ briugaid ┐ cealla a tuaith a meodhan on trath coraile. Ocus go fis fogla annsin, ┐ fiach forro o tsin amach ar biadh ┐ leba; ┐ lanfiach forra dia nosditnit, O'Curry 2566 ( Eg. 88, 47b ). This is probably also the meaning in: infíd . . . dóib Iṅcel C. do bith i ll.¤ ac Nemiud mac Srobcind, Ériu vi 148.26 . echtrannfaid felle for cach dind, connach ain l.¤ na luge, glossed: fellfaid cach for i[n]ti bias fora l.¤ , RC xxvi 40 § 206 . ni-s-fetam tra olc frisin ti ata it l.¤-si, PH 2221 (`under thy protection'). ná geibh tosach leaptha dhé / rett aes cumtha, Acall. 588.

Also with leptha (hardly pl. Perh. abstracted from phr. fíach leptha). `It seems that leptha and aptha denote degrees of responsibility for sheltering or otherwise aiding and abetting a tribeless man who has committed some offence, and that leptha denotes the graver and aptha the lighter responsibility', Gwynn, Ériu xiii 230 n . on: mesir leptha ar leth, mesir aptha ar trian, 41.31 . Cf. O'Curry 2548 ( Eg. 88, 46a ). isedh am is aptha ar trian doib fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun. Issedh is leptha ar leth imurro cach fine otha sin amach `"aptha-sheltering at a third" to them applies to the tribe of the native on whose land they are. But "leptha-sheltering at a half" applies to every tribe from that out', Laws ii 180.3 Comm . cumul ┐ leth an cina for lebtha n-ainfine isan mbiatha ria ndenam cina, ┐ da trian na cumaile ┐ trian an cina for lebtha fine isan mbiatha ria ndenam cina, O'Curry 2551 ( Eg. 88, 46a ).

By transf. of the host or harbourer: gabur de budein no dia lepud, ar bi taithidhech leptha n-urdalta, Laws i 190.21 Comm . cach cin dognither a cain dia mbeth di crich no teora cricha itir fine ┐ in biuba ┐ in tí bís og agra is lepta innsaigis for fine i suigiu. Mad iar na dilsiugh imorro, is lepa icas do gres after he has been proscribed it is his harbourer who pays, O'Curry 2554 ( Eg. 88, 46 - 7 ( 47 - 8 ) marg. sup.). ? nach foghlaidh . . . ┐ nach elodhthach . . . is ann a cin fora l.¤ ┐ a codh ┐ a cerchaill, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44a ). The `féchem toicheda' may proceed against the person who granted l.¤ to an offender if it is more convenient to do so than to proceed against the offender's own `fine': [masa] nesa fine na lebtha, ica fine lanfiach; . . . masa nesa leaptha na fine ┐ isé nesa uil ann an tan ata da crich no teora cricha eturru .i. itir an feithem toithe ┐ an fine ┐ ata lebtha a n-aon crich no isin crich is nesa, ica lebtha lan fiach amach, cidh lebtha fine cidh lebtha ainfine, O'Curry 2552 ( Eg. 88 46b ). If the `féchem toicheda' has levied the fine on the `fine' of the offender the `fine' is entitled to proceed for repayment against the person who granted l.¤ Presumably in this case the `fine' would have proscribed the offender before he committed the offence: masa biatha ria ndenam cina ┐ nesa fine na lebtha, ica fine lanfiach amach, ┐ toigbe cuici amuich, O'Curry 2551 (ibid.). An innocent person or one acting under compulsion is not liable to penalty: ni cintach leaptha eandacc omnach, na heicne, na hecnach nad ecumang . . . .i. noco tabar cin a dualgas a leaptha forsin droing seo, O'Curry 1882 ( 23 P 3, 21 ). The penalty may be incurred by merely feeding the outlaw: fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid, ZCP xv 360 § 45 n.2 . cisne tri biada na tuillead leaptha na hapta, cidbe ro caithe? Biad solloman; de sechtmaine; ni tidnaic deorad De, Laws v 438.14 .

II

(a) bed; cubicle, sleeping-apartment (cf. 2 imdae and imscing. It is not always possible to distinguish between the meanings bed and cubicle , but in Trip.² 537 , ML² 1077 , 739 and perhaps Laws v 326.15 Comm . the word may refer to an apartment; perh. also in phr. fer leptha and lín leptha gentleman of the bedchamber, etc.). lebaid .i. le-faid .i. faide nech (faidhnech, v.l.) lē, Corm. Y 841 . lebaid gl. lectus, Ir. Gl. 481 . duine nach ruidenn a nimill leptha, BCrólige 8 n.5 . in tan dobéra do chosa as do l.¤ , Trip.² 1783 . gairmthir . . . Pátraic dochum leptha ind ríg, 537 . dosrat fo óinbrott in óin l.¤ in lectulo, Lat. Lives 27.6 . a leptha ┐ a hachlasga ┐ a inada dorcha (places in a house where lost property is unlikely to be found), Laws v 326.15 Comm . i sslán líno leptha, Críth G. 57 (`for the safety of the bed [-carrying] party', Ériu xii 84.7 ). cen l.¤ aracuili liaig, Críth G. 55 (`against [providing the invalid with] a bed which a leech prohibits', Ériu xii 84.3 ). fo cosaib a leptha, Laws iv 74.x Comm . colba do lepthaib, LU 3686 ( SCC 33 ). lepad luithech do laechraid (of Alend), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.26 . bognisetar a n-araid cossair leptha úrluachra dóib, LL 10561 ( TBC-LL¹ 3586 ). dorigned l.¤ luchair leighis do Chailti, Acall. 7147. tucad . . . lāmh-arm gacha laích ina lebaid, ML² 1077. In names of ancient monuments; Leabaidh Dhiarmada . . . ┐ Ghráinne, Keat. ii 5061 . leapthacha na Féine, 5430 . See also Hog. Onom.

In phrases. feis leptha, see 2 feis. fer leptha ríg, name of a particular office or perh. merely favourite, confidant : fer lept[h]a ríg ūait co brāth, BColm. 68.11 (`a king's bed-fellow'). Cf. Acall. 7753. 3478 . galar na leptae, ALC ii 108.4 . galar na leaptha, 290.1 (where AFM 1536 has `fiabrus'). an ceathramhadh fiabhras, dá ngairthear continua .i. fiabhras leaptha, TSh. 7919 . leannán leaptha concubine, 5506 . tech leptha bedroom, sleeping-apartment : dofer fāilti fris ┐ tuc teg leaptha dō, ZCP xiv 147.2 . do cuiredh a tighib lept[h]a, ┐ [do fresdal]ad . . . iad, ML² 562 . i dtigh leaptha Luiceibhir, TSh. 6241 (verse).

i l.¤ in place of, instead of: i leaba a bhfaca riamh, Ó Bruad. iii 26.9 .

(b) Extended applications. The poet's cell : cid dorcha dam im l.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 110.1 . leaptha diamhra 'gar ndídean (i.e. against distractions), Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . berth (in a ship): ic corugud a leptha ┐ a liptiṅgi, LL 219a5 ( TTr. 139 ). an tibrad sibh leaba luinge don tí . . . , Acall. 3751 v.l. Fig. mo leabaidh luinge, DDána 30.25 . grave: úir lept[h]a Petair, BColm. 80.17 . a lec-sa leptha Gúaire, Ériu ii 164.21 . couch, form, nest (of animals and birds): leabaid in daim all[ta] gl. cubile, Ir. Gl. 858 . leaba mhíl mhuighe, DDána 75.7 . eoin is a leabtha ar a lár, Aithd. D. 9.7 . tre fuirired drochcota no drochleptha (cause of illness in a cow), O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 317 ). berth or mooring-station (of a ship): glúastir na loṅga da lepthaib, LL 231b12 ( TTr. 1053 ) See 1 lepthach. cavity, socket or sheath: topacht in grainne [n-óir] ass, ┐ ro lín a l.¤ isin deilgc, ZCP ii 135.26 . a leaba an uair do fhalmhaigh (a sword), RC xlix 169 § 8 . cael a laimhe a leabaidh ghlais (i.e. in a fetter), Irish Texts ii 88 § 11 . airge con anaithne . . . gonadh eadh do-nithar ria leaba leathair diagha (= d'iadad) ima suilib blinkers(?), O'Curry 2510 ( Eg.88, 41b ) ( Laws iii 416.11 Comm .). position, dwelling-place, resting-place(?): suidid fo glún Ch. . . . ┐ ba sí sin a l.¤ do grés iar sudiu that was his (rightful) position, station(?), LU 5207 (cf. Ériu xix 84 n.2 ). tar lebaid na sruthi soer across the noble dwelling-place of dignity(?), ZCP ii 225.x . dobeir goil fa bruach Berta / fuath a leabtha ag cnoib corcra, Irish Texts ii 67 § 34 . do tigh leabtha na crann corcra, 65 § 20. In religious context: lebaid in spiruta náeim (i.e. the body), PH 7731 . id pháirtse a leabaidh do ghlacadh to take his place in your favour, Hackett iv 3 .

1 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lín or dil.ie/30233

n u, n. and m., GOI § 309. Also perh. o, cf. g s. l.¤ , Ériu viii 156.z .

I

(a) full number, complement (in numbers): da ḟer déc ba sed a lín-saide, TBC-LL¹ 4530 . dam ochtair a lin, Dinds. 134 ( RC xvi 141 ). tricha buiden l.¤ Maic Con, Fianaig. 38.1 . co lion a muintire his full following, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.26 . líon a thionóil `in full muster', Aithd. D. 3.8 . Note also: ní tet cuach lan tar a lion a full cup holds not more than its measure, ZCP v 487 § 13.

(b) Followed by gen. of noun or vn. number sufficient to perform particular deed, full complement : l.¤ aigh enough to give battle, Irish Texts ii 62.39 . ni ḟail do slogaib ocut l.¤ t'anacail enough to protect thee, RC xiv 426.25 . lin annlaicthe a filed féin, Irish Texts ii 43 § 23 . líon baisdidh anma ort, Aithd. D. 26.17 . ni thalla impi do lin na sochraidi a tabuirt i tech fer fingaili, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . l.¤ catha enough to give battle (freq.): cen l.¤ catha imbi, LU 4826 . líon catha ón chonair do chuaidh / re homhain sluaigh Lacha Laoigh, L. Cl. A. B. 235.127 . ó nách rabhadar líon catha do Chonn, ML 26.20 . mar do chonncadar na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris, Keat. ii 1779. Cf. nirthá do l.¤ na h-adbor cathugud frisna barbárdu, LL 220a25 ( TTr. 221 ). ní fhuil líon a gcoisgthe go ceannsa no power can subdue them, DDána 111.18 . líon a gcomhairmhe `their full number', Duan. F. ii 68.12 . lin a co[e]mthechta do gres `the full number of his usual retinue', BCrólige 26 . líon coinne `in full muster', Aithd. D. 38.25 . líon creiche ar chách do choimhéad `enough to hold the prey against all', Ériu ix 163.10 . cath móna daire Lothair / co líon cuirthe sufficient number to fight(?), L. Cl. A. B. 17.6 . lion faire meic Muire `sentry-guard', PBocht 12.43 . líon feadhma sufficient number for a feat, L. Cl. A. B. 222.61 . líon gliadh . . / fá Bhrian 'na mbeithribh cróda battle-host, 88.29 . l.¤ a hithi, Celtica iv 24.318 . cath . . . for laechraid Lagen l.¤ orggain (leg. orggan, Ed.), Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 33 . lin a sharaighthe, Ériu ii 130. y . gan líon síoluidhe d'fior / d'fagbháil a nEirinn iodhain sufficient men to propagate, Duan. F. ii 226.20 . l.¤ a trascartha, LU 4990 ( TBC-I¹ 501 ). líon a tógbhála, ML 2.18 . l.¤ a urgabala, TBC-LL¹ 981.

Freq. with vbs. of motion, assembling, etc.: ce tára nech l.¤ a blad / ro bad ferr lim tairisem, LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). berair he l.¤ a chuimrig ┐ a chométaid a dóchum na Sabrainne `bonds and guards and all', MacCongl. 25.12 . imma-lluid l.¤ catha, Fél. Aug. 23 . dochuaid Aenias in la sin a cend seda lin a choblaigh `with all his fleet', Aen. 2408 . an líon do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1103 . in l.¤ long trá tanic cach tuisech, LL 232b48 ( TTr. 1162 ). dul líon cabhlaigh d'ógbhaidh na Spáinne don Scitia `with a fleetful of the young men of Spain', Keat. ii 637 . luid Liath l.¤ a maccaem, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). luid . . . Cir l.¤ a sluaig cosin Scithia in full force, Rawl. 74b46 . techt . . . l.¤ a ṡloig sa ṡochraide, Cog. 104.z . co tísam l.¤ bas lia, LL 220a29 ( TTr. 223 ).

Preceded by prep. I and poss.: dírim atchiu-so don dun . . . inall.¤ , ZCP iv 34.3 ( RC xxiv 144.13 ).

Used predicatively with substantive vb.: forond l.¤ atám hi Cruachnaib Ai, LU 8621 ( FB 46 ). atám[ai]t-ni . . . d'feruib feruinn agat-sa . . . lín do c[h]ongbala go cend bliadna, Fianaig. 68.19 . ni fhuilim lin tachair daib I have not sufficient numbers to contend with you, TTebe 2145 . o nach raba lin trodai no tecmala do tabairtt do Chondachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1409.7 . o nach raibhe l.¤ tegmhála friu, ALC i 378.20 . gé taoi lín eachtra 'n-a n-éagmhais `though thou art strong enough without them', Aithd. D. 24.18 . teccaid clann R. . . . an líon báttur co cill ch. `with all the troops they had', AFM iii 222.14 . do bhídh oide an airchinnigh / l.¤ troidi do thromchoindimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1199.

II

(a) number in general sense. great number, of persons multitude : Bran . . . co l.¤ glond `with many deeds', Hail Brigit 24 . cía l.¤ , Críth G. 582 . fer . . . / co l.¤ crechta fora chnis, LU 4547 ( TBC-I¹ 58 ). ciá l.¤ ro lá insé / inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4746 . forland líno , 5657 . l.¤ m-band m-balcbúada, 8289 ( FB 22 ). di cech l.¤ ronalt a húair, Hail Brigit 15 . is ed in lin marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123.10 . fo l.¤ laithe mblíadnae, Fél. Prol. 296 . ní fes ca lin idrocair, Cog. 8.7 . cá l.¤ do marbh mo dalta d'feraibh Érenn, Comp. CC 116.7 . for galaib aenḟir no ar linaib fer forndul in single combat or in battle against great numbers, Ériu i 116.28 . ni guais deit no lat do l.¤ , Irish Texts ii 32 § 11 . dob e ar líon ar tteacht or tticch, / coicer ar ceithri fichtib, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . dobeir bennacht for Patraic / forul a ll.¤ , LU 9489 . is lí sula l.¤ ar slúaig, 10850 ( Ériu xii 180.17 ). cure airdmius . . . tarsin slóg . . . co fessammar l.¤ in tslóig, 4785 . co l.¤ ilach, Fél. Prol. 106. trúag d'Ultaib co l.¤ garta, LU 3544 ( SCC 29 ). ceithri lina isan indsi . . . / óca ogbuith . . . / rigraidh righna, Anecd. i 60 § 80 . agad leigheas go líon gceird `being cured by numerous arts', Duan. F. ii 70 § 15. Cf. ciapa lin ciapa nuaite `whether it be manifold or single', BCrólige 57 .

In chevilles: l.¤ cert, SR 3373 . iar l.¤ chor, Metr. Dinds. ii 54.13 . lin a tuir, SR 4471 . línib sess, 1513 . linaib gal, 1543 . linibh gal, Celt. Rev. x 347.22 . linib glec, ZCP viii 119 § 37 . línib dindgnai, Metr. Dinds. i 132.47 . linibh cuire, AFM i 532.5 . linib la, Ériu xvii 46 § 39.

(b) As quasi-relative as many as (Lat. quot): ind ldín file isund `those who are here', Mon. Tall. 77 . atgníed din died notheche din tich allin nombid con ngalur ann he knew from the smoke which came from the house how many were ill in it, RC iii 344.12 . all.¤ ló fil for cassal do chochaill, all.¤ peccthach do dul dochum nime as many . . . so many, Trip. 398. 23 , 24 . a ll.¤ laa bís issin bliadain issé l.¤ fer no bíd hi tegluch Conchobair, Ériu iv 26.2 .

(c) Legal party: atait secht lina a tuaith toingthi for righ rechtaid, O'Curry 2188 ( Eg. 88, 7a ) = O'D. 1706. See also under III.

III In g du. dá lína of both parties, both : in cumscugud bís hi cechtar da lino `in each of the two', Sg. 162b2 . dus ce da lina no do gella, Laws i 192.14 . cipe dallina inidicoimge `whichever of the two parties commits injury', iv 168.19 . dofuittet tri fichit díb di cechtar dá lína, LU 6667 . gell adcobra cechtar dá lína, 10835 ( TE 9 ). ferthair iomairecc ettorra . . . cechtar da líona, AFM iv 750.18 . Common in phr. díb línaib both, on both sides, etc., see .

Compds. ¤ḟíaclach having many teeth as personal epithet: Lén l. mac Bolgaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.18 . Leand Linḟiaclach mac Bainblodha Banna, Anecd. ii 4.6 .

2 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lín or dil.ie/30234
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lined

n o, n. (Lat. linum ?). Note also g s. lined, LB 129a5 . m., IGT Decl. § 96.

I linen, cloth, thread : bar ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib l.¤ lanchatut indi, TBC-LL¹ 3572 . línanarta l.¤ lángela, 5045 . lin a linio (leg. lino ), Corm. Y 822 , with which compare: in-étgud, ephud lineo (:gleo), SR 6206 = efud lined, LB 129a5 . co caslaib l.¤ gil impu, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). cassal l.¤ gil, Ériu ii 204.6 . cuicel lin, Laws i 152.16 Comm . ro héted . . . ó etach l.¤ gil he, PH 470 . ross is ael is lin lanchuir `flax thread of full twist' (materials of Nimrod's Tower), Auraic. 297 . cubat do lénid l.¤ / im chorpán cach duine díb, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 . do ghabhdar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabharliontaibh (-t[h]eduib, ML² 684 ) `long flaxen ropes', ML 46.24 . ceand l.¤ end of flaxen rope (?), IGT Decl. ex. 510 . cuirfidh an sagart a chualaidh l.¤ uime, Levit. vi 10.

II Of the crop flax, plant of flax : cuscuta .i. in claman lin dodder, ACL i 328 § 81 . a scuapaib lin, Laws ii 372.17 . flesc lin .i. da flescther in lin, i 152.15 Comm . an tan loisgthear an líon lais, TSh. 419 . do búaileadh an líon ┐ an eórna, Exodus ix 31 . do fholuigh íad lé loirgnibh l.¤ , Joshua ii 6. See also barrach.

Of other plants, see Hog. Luibhl.

III

(a) fishing-net: l.¤ gl. rete, Sg. 46b2 . cenelae lin gl. cassis, 24b2 . mocol l.¤ gl. subtel, PCr. 28b , Sg. 63a12 . lína gl. retia, Ml. 39d17 . l.¤ uiscí gl. rete, Ir. Gl. 863 . im corus l.¤ , Laws i 122.15 . aen-tarraing in lin, v 484.10 Comm . a llos a l.¤ is a craind, LU 3071 ( SG 236.9 ). poni na lína isin usci, ┐ fogebthai bratan indib, Irish Texts i 17.7 . tar mocoll ind l.¤ , RC x 60.13 . lína lána ó uscib, LL 215a28 . oc telach a llin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405.33 ( Dinds. 104 ). l.¤ éisc, RC xiv 44.13 . gan soc[h]ar o linn ag líon, Rel. Celt. ii 238.27 . is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid l.¤ gabala `a net of catching', O'Dav. 975 . i líon tarraing 'into the dragnet', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . líon breac 'trout-net', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . a líon breacraidh 'their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 . l.¤ gabala eisc, Rosa Angl. 78.4 . fear l.¤ fisherman, O'Hara 2650.

(b) hunting-net: glenaid luch inna línsam (of cat), Thes. ii 293.20 . lína fíadaigh, Acall. 4424 . do chóirig a línta, 4428 . .l. lín fri haige altai, SCano 9 .

Of spider's web: líon an damháin ealluidh, Mac Aingil 2146 . coimtiugh re l.¤ an damain allaid, Rosa Angl. 78.6 .

(c) In fig. uses: is hed isin a llínn ingaib diabul peccatores gl. in laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . lin mbretheman .i. faill ┐ elgnais, O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). do-gabais al-l.¤ diabuil . . . he, PH 7708 . is l.¤ do ḟastad (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.10 . am lion tarla an file féin, IGT Decl. ex. 1151 . an líon tarraing i dtá sinn (of sin) drag-net, DDána 57.3 (= IGT Decl. ex. 367 ). ata an conach ina ghaisti ┐ ina lin ac an Diabhal a timchill luchta in chonaic fein, ITS xxix 147.15 . do chuir líon ngráidh ar ghabhlaibh `love-net' (Notes), Butler Poems 1989 . iomdha líon do hinnleadh uirre, DDána 32.20 .

Of relationship of Christ and saints: gabhtar leis i n-a líon sealga / San Clára fa gloine gníomh, PBocht 1 . ll.¤ ní fríoth ar feadh an domain / id chorp ionnraic óghamhail / nó gur hinnleadh a líon lais / a dhíol d'innbhear it éagmhais (of Mary), DDána 6.40 . leathan a líon, PBocht 2.11 .

In sense of protecting net : fillidh umam líon gach laoi, Dán Dé ix 12 . Of gospel: conostuicce tre l.¤ intṡoscelai dochum púirt bethad, Trip. 28.6 .

Compds. With nouns: ¤anart linen cloth : l. altóra, SG 38.21 . hi linannart brond Maire (of Christ), Thes. ii 252.10 . imsciṅg linanairt gil, TFerbe 407 . tabair dam in l. imu-m chend, PH 1871 . ¤barr linen headdress, veil : línbarr .i. caille gela, O'Dav. 1149 . ¤brat linen cloth : na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5972 . gor bo lion-brat ledarach . . . ceinn-berti . . . gacha curad `a piece of linen', MR 266.25 . cach teg ar arabi tuigi . . . atrochair na linbrattaib dermáraib de `in immense flakes', MU 26.10 ( MU² 498 ). ? ¤chor see linchor, lingar. ¤étach linen, linen cloth : imarcraid línédaig 'ma cennuib ┐ 'ma muinelaib (of turbans), Maund. 49 . lé línédach mín ó nÉgipt, Proverbs vii 16 . Linéudach Ueronica, Parrth. Anma 5582. ¤ḟolt: lín-folt (lindfolt, LU) find forordae fair `flaxen hair', BDD 75 . ¤ḟuathróc linen apron : gabais . . . línfhuathróicc tís imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . ¤gort flax-field (as humorous n.pr.): Lene ingen Linghuirt, Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤phaitt fig. of cow's udder: ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, Dinds. 46 . linpaite 'na ngablaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 220.45 . ¤scóit (see scót) linen cloth, sheet: do cheangail do linscoid gil ┐ da adnaic he, YBL 145b51 = PH 2916 . da thaisbean damsa in linscoit do chuiris mo cholaind (of shroud of Christ), YBL 148b7 . atnagur línscóiti bá chend Cathail `linen sheets', MacCongl. 103.15 . ba baine linscoit lenead arna langlanad `as white as the linen of a smock', TTebe 480 . línsgoit a léned, Acall. 3710 v.l. Cf. ba baine ┐ linsccoidh láinnithe (líonsgoth lainfighthi v.l.), Ériu iv 50.14 .

With adjj.: ¤glan white as linen : leathanucht líonghlan, Hackett xxxix 253 . ¤gortach pertaining to a flax-field. As sobriquet: Lene ingen Lingortaig, Anecd. ii 56. 2 n. .