Search Results

Your search returned 25 result(s).

airlégend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlégend or dil.ie/2198
Last Revised: 2013

 

o vn. of ar-léga. act of reading aloud, reading: an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund `the four books of the Gospel are to be read aloud', Mon. Tall. 138.1 (§ 29) . airlegend dó uird na baiste cen aithgne a litri có sin, Trip.² 96 . robu bind lee a guth ocund erlégund, 2742 . ? deog liubair amail ata lebar fata Leth-glindi, a urlegenn ar uisci its recital on water (as a test), Laws v 472.24 Comm. co cualatar . . . a airlegend, Three Hom. 102.24 . ut est in hac figura ceallach coimdes a airlegind sis ┐ suas, BB 311b27 . in tan bói sim occa n-airlegend (of letters), IT i 19.37 . dolluid A. i n-airlégund a eipstle, Alex. 785 . ogham nach coimhghléighearr colg, | agus an t-oirléigheann ard, Sages, Saints and Storytellers 165 § 4 . Of conferring orders: do erleghadh na ngradh fair, BNnÉ 17.22 .

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

? anosud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? anosud or dil.ie/3754

 

ind tormach o recht litri .i. canoin . . . .i. a.¤ senchus mar, O'Curry 764 ( H 3.18, 360b ).

beithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithe or dil.ie/5597
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beith

n [io], m. Also beith f., IGT Decl. § 14.

(a) birch-tree, birch-wood: ássaid beithi tria doirnnin `a birch grows through its handle' (of a bell), Trip. 248.11 . samalta ra cír ṁbethi like the top of a birch-tree, MU² 586. ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barralaind barrglas, TFerbe 65 . One of the `athaigh feada,' Laws iv 146.24 ( Auraic. 1154 ). gecca do crannaibh nemhthorthacha eile . . . .i. b.¤ ┐ fernocc (`beeches'), BNnÉ 239.29 . a bheithi blaith bennachtach `O birch, smooth and blessed', BS 66.9 . ar barrdhos úr b.¤ bhuig, Magauran 1244 . is airi remitet (? sic leg. cf. 5488 ) b.¤ sech gach fidh, ar is and rosgripad ogum, Auraic. 2800. a n-aonfleisg do beithi on one birch-stave, 2804 . (on the four woods in the Cross) bethe bán i mbúi in sgríbenn, ZCP viii 107.11 . ba bethe a titail, 13 = ba bethe clar a titail, Goid. 66 n . cethri fedha na croiche .i. cupriss, cedir, giús, b.¤ , ZCP iv 235 n.23 . Note also: bethe gl. `haec buxus' arbor, Thes. ii 226.33 .

(b) the letter b , see Meroney, Early Ir. Letter-names, Speculum xxiv 27 , cf. Thurneysen, ZCP xvii 295. b.¤ dno on b.¤ ro hainmnigheadh ar cosmaillius fri cois in bh.¤ ut dicitur: Feocos foltchain in beithi, Auraic. 1157. vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi seven b's on one stave of birch-wood, 2804 . atait dano litri coibhnesta i nogum . . . amal atat beithi ┐ fern ┐ ifín, BB 301b19 . ní aithgēonad á sech beith he would not know a from b., ZCP v 483 § 5. beithe bogtha the letter p Celtica x 116 . gan bh.¤ bogtha do rádha innti (viz. in the Aibghitear), IGT Introd. § 1.8 . beth, crann bethe, bethluisnion `ye alphabet . . . from the first 2 letters B and L', Eg. Gl. 705.

In n. loc. Buindi in b.¤ , RC xviii 10.29 (Tig.). Buidhi an bh., AFM ii 1000.16 . As landmark: gonice in béith edar da álterin `as far as the birch tree between two Alterins', Goid. 109.21 (see Ériu xvi 98 n.2 ).

As n. pr. f. ?: foracsat mac slán slattra / Aes is Bethe bán bechta, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.18 .

See beithe-luis(-nin).

coibnestae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coibnestae or dil.ie/10023

 

Forms: coibnestai

adj io, iā (coibnius) related, akin : coibnestai gl. affines, Sg. 11b3 . mīnigud na crōeb coibnesta, Corp. Gen. 129.2 . litri coibhnesta (of b, f), BB 301b18 . na ciniuda comnesta, TTebe 1390 . is coibnesta `x' do `g' ┐ `c', Sg. 11b5 . as coibnesta do brethir (of participle), 159a3 . na gcinedh n-aile ata coibniusta doib, Rawl. 70b21 . ba siur side cobnesta do M. `near female relation', Trip. 414.2 . iscobnesta friu diblínaib, Sg. 162b2 .

As subst.: ho choibnestaib gl. consanguineis, Ml. 36a2 . a c[h]omnestai kinsmen , Trip.² 161 . cen coibne . . . .i. . . . cin coibnesta, Laws iv 26.18 Comm. cona mbráthrib ┐ chobnestaib, TTr.² 1825 . oc scarthain meic re hathair . . . ┐ coibhnesta re a ccenel, Cog. 42.23 . ní midet a coibnestu, PH 6856 .

1 condail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 condail or dil.ie/12045

 

n (cf. con-dáili?). Gramm. internal division of word by the insertion of meaningless syllables (see Auraic. Gloss.): fer . . . fefrier a chonnail, 1801 . c.¤ litri , 2166 . na da c.¤ , 2147 . a condaill .i. a caindeligud, 1501 . Cf. secht cubait, cen nach c.¤ `without any dividing', Metr. Dinds. i 32.53 .

croichet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. croichet or dil.ie/13075

 

n (-ó- ? Cf. crúachait) (Lat. cruce-m, Stokes, IT iii 223 ) ` upper part of the hip, rump ', Contribb. 533 . croíchet in eich, IT iii 52.22 . [bíathad] na mbocht de croch[t]aib saildi `flitches of bacon', Mon. Tall. 128.13 . Of portion of cooked animal at feast: c.¤ fresabratt rig, Laws i 48.13 Comm. crochet (crochait, v.l.) do sai litri , IT iii 188 § 10 . crochcuit .i. croc cach n-ard . . . cuid āesa airegde ind sin, Corm. Y 273 . See 2 croch, 2 lón-, 3 les-.

1 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díles or dil.ie/16403

 

Forms: dílsi, -e, dísle, disliu, dilsim

adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. = -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth G. pp. 83 - 84 ).

I Legal senses.

(a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart (for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim: diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of the owner of the shore', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse, Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit' become the property of the client, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv 194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something in return (?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim . . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?), 212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is theirs by right (of women whose marriage has been dissolved), 292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . . d.¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 . Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé, digraiss deilm, | ferand d.¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis `his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession , Keat. Poems 1529 .

(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman is forfeited by the person by whom it is given', 60.22 Comm. ni fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now', RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d.¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is their own special property, free from the King of F.' (Corr. p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .

(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences: d.¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary article involves liability, Críth G. 222 . d.¤ a osolggud di maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not involve liability, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt, Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat. 79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct, and who therefore cannot sue for compensation), Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan. F. i 18 § 25 .

II General senses.

(a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate: ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not belong to thee', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate, Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d.¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat. Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A. was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 . rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d.¤ from their own land, 3446 . Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d.¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg dílis fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 . conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 20.264 . inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142 § 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex. 434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 . brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr. Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its own appropriate case, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 . Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms), 3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true (genuine) nun, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d.¤ cen fhigurdacht `a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d.¤ diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .

(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca senmoir nar d.¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici, 3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a breith mar bus d.¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .

(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.). a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2 126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 . ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 . aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg. 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Corinth. x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', AFM vi 2060.1 .

(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .

(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC-LL¹ 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d.¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ). co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l. léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .

Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to thee than to them', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 . Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).

Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= proprie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag labairt go d.¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

dírgidetu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírgidetu or dil.ie/16730

 

Forms: diriatai, dirgiata

n t, [m.] (dírge, cf. dírgetu, straightness, direction:) proper regulation, correctness; rectitude, righteousness: ragaid cech oen assa richt .i. assa dírgidetaid, LL 188b9 . ní denad ní d'oene acht iar ndirgidetaid Dé, RC xx 272 ( ACC 97 Comm. ). fo dirgidetaid na nóeb, 274 ( ib. 100 Comm. ). rochoill . . . a recht ┐ a dirgidetaid . . . oc feiss Temrach .i. mind óir na rigna thall a tig Midchuarta, LL 159a39 . asé roshíol reacht, riaghail ┐ dirgiatadh gacha haoi . . . iar ccóir law, rule and direction for each science, AFM i 116.6 . Frequent in Laws as gloss on recht: a dirgidetu litri , Laws i 38.15 Comm. (gl. o recht litre, 30.26 ). o dirgidetaidh na litri , 17 . in ae fo dirgidetaid the law case at hearing, 84.19 . fri rachta .i. fri dirgetaid cana, iii 18.9 . orguin in broga ris na coir dirgetaide isin geimre, iv 88.16. ditiu in fer elos a dirgetu De, v 292.7 . Also written diriatai, dirgiata: aige rechta litre .i. don ogae 'ca mbid diratai na litri , i 42.33 . na cethre díriataidh so, 280.y Comm. recht fetarluig .i. isi in diriatai roloprustar a Paitir do Maisi, 282.1 . Cf. dirgiatadh, AFM i 116.6 cited above.

filidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. filidecht or dil.ie/22071
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: filidachtae

n ā, f.

Earlier filedacht, Sg. 213 a 10 , Ml. 46 b 8 ( UR 124 ). (a) the art, office or practice of the `fili'; poetry; also divination (see fili) : f.¤ .i. écsi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 , s.v. féle (Corm. LB). hi filedacht in poetry Sg. 213a10 . g s. inna filidachtae Ml. 46b8 . is filideacht ealadnach ropui acu in tan sin et is ierum aricht filideacht osgarda, Auraic. 2464 . f.¤ ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend, LU 9777 ( RC vi 165 ). tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn, Laws i 16.1 . isna teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend, v 92 Comm . sui litri ┐ sui filidechta ┐ sui bérlai Feine, Corm. Y 970 . i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, 538 . Adna ... ollam Herenn i necsi ┐ i filidecht, Rawl. 107b18 ( RC xxvi 8 ). do bhádar ..., beag nach, trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht almost a third of the men of E. were practising poetry Keat. iii 1227 . can dothéig? ... a hAlbain iar foglaim filidechta, or ind ingen. In fil imbass forósna lat? or M., LU 4526 . la f.¤ ┐ oirfitiud, PH 8337 . do tuathuib fian filidhachta (i.e. of fiction or romance), Anecd. ii 65 . finn-sgéal filidheachta (a fable, folktale), TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . Dist. from `bairdne' (the art of the bard) : reim dano .i. re huamma ai a hinni in tan is filideacht, re huam in tan is bairdni .i. ni huaim tomais dligthig, Auraic. 780 . is he augtartas filidechta na ṅGóedel ┐ is hé a hord : dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna in cech raind, IT iii 31 . letheneclann na filidhechta dona bardaib, 49 § 90 . go beith 'na ḟile dhó, ┐ go ndéineadh dá leabhar déag na filidheachta, Keat. ii 5196 .

(b) a poetic composition; charm: gl. carmen Ir. Gl. 1002 ; poema 833 . filidechta drúidechta (= incantationes magicas) Lat. Lives 9 .

fo-gleinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gleinn or dil.ie/22768

 

Forms: fogliunn, glein, fogleinn, foglenn, foglainn, -foglaind, fogl, fodgiguil, foglēsed, forogeglaind, roeglaind, foglaim, foroeglantar, foglenar, fogliunn

v (glenn- `gather'; cf. as-gleinn, do-glenn, do-eclainn) Pres. 1 s. fogliunn, Thes. ii 228.26 . 3 s. fod glein , Ml. 37b12 . fogleinn, Trip. 240.9 (2837) . foglenn, O'Dav. 989 (= foglinn, Ériu xiii 38.14 ). foglainn, O'Dav. 696 . -foglaind, IT iii 6. 7 . subj. pres. 3 s. fogl, Ériu iii 104 § 39a (this may belong to fo-glen). ? fut. 3 s. fodgiguil, ZCP iii 448.9 (from fo-glen?). past subj. 3 s. foglēsed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . perf. forogeglaind, YBL 125b43 . nad roeglaind , TBC-LL¹ 3742 (= naro foglaim St). 3758 . pl. foroeglantar, Otia ii 96.6 (see notes). Pass. pres. s. foglenar, O'Dav. 989 (= Ériu xiii 38.14 ). Vn. foglaimm, q.v.

The primitive meaning ` gathers ' seems implicit in: ro fogluind A. o descippluibh Griguir na hí rogníthe hi cennuthaig Cantuariorum, Anecd. iii 64.3 . o thossach ... na staire co creitem na Saxan o scribendaib na n-arsata adiu 's anall rofogloind Béid ┐ rothinol, ib. 12 . na hí ... rognithe ... hi cennathaigh L. ... rohoglaind o guth biu in t-uasalsacart Cimbericht (leg. ind uasalsacairt; = litteris reverentissimi antistitis C. ... viva voce didicimus Beda preface ) ib. 23 . Cf. also: abra .i. inailt ... arindī foglennat feis lamtoruid, O'Mulc. 6 . Hence studies, learns: fogliunn, gl. doceor, instituor, moneor PCr. 59a4 , 5 , 6 ( Thes. ii 228 ). sainred n-eulais leu is in dān frisgníat sech cāch fodglein olchene, Ml. 37b12 . ni direnar hi ngradaib nad foglaind nad foglainnter húad, IT iii 6. 7 . is ed ... is téchta dó ... co roḟóglainde ┐ co romhidea in eclais conid rigan `to give heed to and respect' PH 4166 . clesrada ... nad roeglaind ac neach aile ríam, TBC-LL¹ 3758 . oc Scathaig forogeglaind Cu Chulaind na clesa, YBL 125b43 . is e in Cae ísin forfoglainn recht Muisi, Laws i 20.3 Comm. intí ná rofoglaind litri riam, Trip. 8.19 (94) . in tan ... rofoglaind [Patraic] ind ecnai, Trip. 28.2 (253) . na cetri filid ocar' foglaindsit Tuata De fios ┐ eolas, RC xii 58 § 7 . na ... desciplu foroegfoglainsetar ina fessa spirutalda, YBL 327a13 (= foroeglantar, Otia ii 96 § 26 ). as tri anmain fedha foroighlenat (leg. foroiglenatar ?) a ndān, Laws iv 360. 1 Comm. in dā cenël sechtmogat ō rafoghluinti na hilbērla, Auraic. 2532 ( YBL 221a48 ).

Cf. foglamaid, fogles.

fogrugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fogrugud or dil.ie/22793
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fhograigthi

n u, m. a sound, resonance: in guthfogrugud (gl. vociferatio) Ml. 51c7 . bindḟogrugud a gotha, TBC-LL¹ 5215 . bindfogrogod in claidib, LU 7367 ( BDD 99 ). amal fogrugud doní sruth, TTebe 1337 . pl. stocfhograigthi `trumpet blasts' 748 . In gramm.: is iad na consaine ann na litri ná déanann foghrachadh trompu féin ┐ do-níad araon re guthaighibh 'the ones that are consonants are the letters that do not make a sound through themselves but make [it] together with vowels', FS Delorez 7.19 .

Cf. fograigiud.

légaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. légaid or dil.ie/29740

 

Forms: léigenn, légad

v ā (Lat. legere, GOI 573 ). Also léigid, ibid., 686 n. 203 .

I Trans.

(a) reads, studies : ara tuicce arro legais, Wb. 28d7 . ni hed in sin ro légsid in euangelio, 7b23 . ro legsat canóin fetarlaici . . . amal ru-nda-legsam-ni, Ml. 24d24 . inní nad roilgisid si gl. etiam non legistis, 17b18 . ní roilgius `I have not read', Sg. 148a10 . lēgais canōin la German `he studied', Hy. ii 12 ( Thes. ii 312 ). légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra .i. ro leg rúne, LU 829 - 30 (ACC). fir leighes suiscel .i. in tsai canone no an fer leiginn, O'Curry 2492 ( Eg. 88, 40a ). lē[i]r ra lēg cen luithe lochtai / suithe sechta, ACL iii 303 § 8 . cit súid nod-légat, Fél. Ep. 81 (of the Félire). don Choimdi[d] nī comharba / nech nā lēga a recht, ACL iii 313 § 14 . firithir lebor légthair, LL 6192 (see O'Brien, Celtica iii 174 ). legais suithe filidechta laiss, LL 13615 . is tol lind . . . coro legthar . . . he (sc. in libar ro scrib A.), PH 24 . gidh liter nír léghasdair, IGT Decl. ex. 1399. ní aithrisim scéal, ní léighim cruadh-nod, Keat. Poems 1423. Fig. léighfidh sé aigneadh gach aoin, Aithd. D. 58.23 . Dīa fēin romfēgustar, / as lēir romlēgustar, ZCP viii 214 § 70 .

With cogn. accus.: ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, Wb. 19a6 .

(b) reads aloud, recites : cech mallacht ro scribad ┐ ro legad, KZ xxxi 254 . legh a Uríel na litri sea. Ro raidh Uíríel Adham, BB 16a26 . samhail a ḟlatha léigh dhamh, Content. xv 48 . mar do léigh do láthair Iosias Ríogh é (sc. leabhar an reachta), TSh. 7319.

(c) reads of: du i failet na teora soillse ata dech legthair .i. soilse ind Righ . . . , Ériu ii 144 § 161 . an galar-so léaghmuir shúas, Párl. na mB. 1291 .

II Without expressed obj.: affamenad som . . . no légad a macc . . . robu anfiss dosom in ro lég fa nacc . . . ┐ afamenad ra ḟesed in ro leg, Sg. 148a6 . acht ni imathormaig cubus ┐ aicned . . . glossed: cubus .i. na cresen .i. in luchta legas; ┐ aicned .i. na fer firen .i. in luchta na legand, Laws i 144.28 , 29 Comm . (`cf. the legit ut clericus of English law. This is also the test for distinguishing báeth and gáeth: baoith .i. na leighes, ┐ gaoith .i. leighis, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, fo. 21 )', Plummer, MS. notes). seacht ngraid eacalsa, liachtreoir .i. leghthoir iarsani legas, Laws v 22.5 Comm . légais fer díb . . . saer alaile i.e. one was a cleric, Trip. i 200.4 (`a leech'). a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . ní maith ciall neich nat léga, IT iii 50.6 . lámh thréan . . . / do léagh ar sgoil Sgathuighe who studied, Aithd. D. 16.48 . ar chloinn Ír do léaghadh leam `of Ir's race I have read', Content. xxx 10 . léightar ar an ainmhídhe dá ngoirthior talpa, Párl. na mB. 3138 .

Vn. léigenn, also légad.

léigenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léigenn or dil.ie/29778
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: legend

n o, n. (Lat. legendum) vn. of légaid. n s. a legend , Ml. 84d4 . Originally used only of Latin ecclesiastical learning (as opp. to senchas, fénechas, etc.).

(a) act of studying, reading : ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come', Wb. 18d6 . ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, 19a6 . ro bá óc legund, Sg. 148a15 . ar legend leo, 8 . is huise a legend gl. legendus, 59b6 . (accentum . . . acutum) . . . legendo (in grauem conuertitur) .i. o légund .i. hi filedacht in reading, 213a10 . a tanic do néblégund a tír do legund `to read whatever sacred reading had come into the country', Mon. Tall. 136.21 (§ 25) . mac becc oc léigiunn a tṡalm la Mael ruain, Fél. 12.12 . fri toeb legind mic Coin [Ulad] in addition to the instructing of Cú Ulad's son, Misc. Arch. Soc. 146.6 .

Attrib. g s. áes léiginn clerical students ; learned monks, teachers ( Church Org. in Ir. 344 ): ind áisso gráid et legind `the clergy and students', Wb. 29a13 . in t-oes graid don ernaigthi / . . . / oes legind do forcetul, LB 261b49 = YBL 408b42 . a llán di lebraib .i. dia tudecht do áes légind to instruct students in them, LU 9638 ( ZCP iii 210.20 ). both léiginn cell, study : ainm do boith légind, LU 1146 ( ACC 122 ). fer léiginn professor of sacred scripture and theology in a monastic school, often a bishop, abbot or `airchinnech' (see below). Colgan, Trias Thaumaturga, translates as Scholasticus, seu Lector Ardmachanus, Trias Thaum. p. 298 = fer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 524.z (A.D. 1012). Archischolasticus, seu supremus Moderator scholae Ardmachanae, ibid. = ardfer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 596.17 (A.D. 1056). Taicthech . . . fer leginn Aird Macha quieuit , Ann. Inisf. 808 (cf. dormitatio Toictich, abbatis Ard Machae, AU 809 ). sai litri .i. in ti ac ata saidecht na litri .i. in fear leginn, Laws v 102.8 Comm . dorat . . . rí Erenn deich mbú cecha bliadhna . . . do fer leiginn Ard Macha . . . ar leighinn do dhenamh do macaibh leighinn Erenn, AU ii 160.x , z 0 . ro-fer leighinn do bhí na espuc a Ráth bhoth, ALC ii 224.2 . ro chinnset clérigh Ereann na badh fer leighinn i ccill i nErinn an fer na badh dalta Arda Macha cédus, AFM ii 1146.13 (which Colgan translates sacrae Paginae seu Theologiae Professor, Trias Thaum. p. 309 ). feras léiginn see feras. mac léiginn clerical student : canas tic mac leghind / ticim o Chluain chelbind / iar leghadh mo leghind, IT iii 93 § 142 . a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . mac légind . . . .i. Ninnid scolaige, Three Hom. 76.13 .

(b) reading aloud : éisdecht re l.¤ láinbinn, SG 158.22 . gid cantar na sailm . . . / gé atá léighenn uas in linn, 105.5 . ag radh leghinn isin leabar so, Ériu xi 198.37 .

(c) learning, doctrine : la hógi alt légend `perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . mac Mail da lua in leginn léir, 114.18 (= Bruchst. i 58 § 130 ). lēgenn Pātraic, ACL iii 303 § 13. légend Hérenn Ross Ailithre Ireland's centre of learning, Triads 17 . ro alt . . . ind ingen . . . fri légend ┐ gáis ┐ eladain, LL 279a48 ( SG 413.28 ). ar a mhed do ḟilideacht ┐ do bhriathraibh ┐ do legeand rothaisigh, Auraic. 78 . Eo Mugna . . . / dariac[h]t anall ra leas leigind / crand adceas a n-Eirind uill for the benefit of learning(?), Ériu x 82 § 55. léigheann cruaidh, DDána 59.23 . legend na hecluissi, BCC 254.25 (§ 250) . do ghlac an eagluis san ccomhairle Thrionta . . . le leighean S. Auguisdin, Luc. Fid. 3495 . ar órnáid an léighinn ┐ na liteardhachta, Párl. na mB. 139 . See noíbléigenn s.v. noíb.

(d) In Laws (mostly Comm.) written law (as oppd. to that preserved orally): besid n-ecnuigiu .i. i leabruib .i. a leginn, Laws ii 280.14 Comm . deir in leiginn: criminosus criminosum accusare non potest (sic leg.), O'Curry 674 - 5 ( H 3.18, p. 329 ). Cf. O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, col. 521 ) and adeir in lex `qui in possessione (sic leg.) etc.', O'D. 624 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). ni fuil in legend cen saire (i.e. all learned in the law are entitled to some degree of nobility), Laws v 102.7 Comm . Differentiated from fénechas: breitheam tri mberla (.i. fenechus ┐ filidecht ┐ legend), 100.18 Comm . breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias . . . breitheamh bus eolach isna teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend. . . . Berla bain .i. bus eolach a legind du neoch taidleas feneachus de `who is learned in the written law as far as the feinechus is concerned therewith', 92.16 - 21 Comm . Equated with fénechas: tri cuir . . . nach airmead liubair na Feine .i. im (? in) leigind .i. liubair in feinechais, 438.5 Comm .

(e) text, a reading : ind legind gl. lectionis, Ml. 35a11 . is ed adfet a legend gl. secundum lectionis fidem, 84d4 . i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind `in construction and in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 (gl. in lectione). is ed lēgthair 'sind lēgund, ZCP iii 23.32 . legeand, gramadach, is gluas, Auraic. 54 . leighend rochruaidh (of a Latin hymn), BCC 206.33 .

(f) instruction, education, study : ni recar less legind and there is no need for instruction there, Wb. 12c3 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcheneul ┐ co ndaglégund, LL 279b24 ( SG 414.17 ). o tainic aimser leiginn dó when the time came for him to be taught, Lism. L. 812 . légend la sobeóil senōir being instructed by an eloquent elder, Ériu ii 65 § 11 . adubairt go mbiadh fri leighenn iarsin, Irish Texts iii 14.13 . léighionn caguidh is cunntois `training in warfare and computation', Studies 1919, 439 § 4 .

(g) an Léigheann Órdha = Legenda Aurea, DDána 59.30 .

(h) In phrases. do-gní léigenn do teaches, instructs : denad in eacluis leginn do let the church instruct him, Laws iii 40.12 Comm . do-rinneadh lēighean dō iar sin `he was educated', Celtica iv 69.158 . ar leighinn do dhénam do macaibh leighind Ereann, AFM ii 1170.z . tíachtain léiginn see tíacht; note also: conabu indligthech na graidh eagna cin co haithighdís egluis, uair atá [tiachtain] léighinn acu(d) ina aighidh because they can plead that they are engaged in teaching(?), O'D. 331 ( H 3.17, col. 256 ) (cf. Laws v 124.22 Comm .).

Compd. ¤ḟer: bean Ḟéilimidh ní ḟeich í / dí gu breith léighindḟir lé, IGT Decl. ex. 1840.

liter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. liter or dil.ie/30335

 

Forms: litir, litir, litrae, litre, litri, litir, litri, litrae, litre, litrib, litir, litir, litear, litreach, litri, litreocha, litreacha, leitri, litrioch, litreach, litreadh, litribh, litreachaib

n (with voiceless -t-), also litir. f. (Lat. littera). Earlier forms: n s. l.¤ , Sg. 6b11 . litir, 20b3 . g s. litrae, 3b2 . litre, 6b25 . litri , Laws i 16.9 . d s. litir, Sg. 17b3 . Laws iv 208.29 Comm . n p. litri , Sg. 10a3 . litrae, 3b2 . a p. litre, Sg. 17b1 . g p. l.¤ , Sg. 4a8 . d p. litrib, Sg. 17b1 . n du. di litir . . . in di litir , Ml. 2d2 .

In later lang. (also as k-stem) n s. l.¤ , Ir. Gl. 230. litear (litir proscribed form), IGT Decl. § 54. g s. litreach. Stair Erc. 2486. n p. litri , Auraic. 2747. litreocha, IGT Decl. ex. 1398. litreacha, ZCP vi 280.33 . leitri, Keat. ii 181. g p. litrioch, Auraic. 2721. litreach, IGT Introd. 5.24 . litreadh, Parrth. Anma 6287. d p. litribh, PH 2877. litreachaib, BNnÉ 179.12 .

(a) letter of the alphabet : huas litir suidigthir leo gl. supra literam, Sg. 17b3 . nephaccomoil inna teora liter i n-oen sillaib, 7b9 . bad l.¤ sain .g. ┐ bíth character naill di, 6b11 . ata ind aipgitir ina . . . comcengal litrioch, Auraic. 2721. caireachtaire .i. fuatha na l.¤ , 336 = na litrech, 2687 (YBL). gan díoth na litre as lugha `not one letter harmed', Dán Dé 4.23 . is í an leitir úd `tau' an leitir dhéidheanach d'aibghitir na hEabhra, TSh. 712 . na leitreacha tosaidh `initials', O'Gr. Cat. 294.30 . coro scrib do letreib orrdai, Grail 3231 . Fig. an cló ór buaileadh boill do cholla / a chúig litre na luit úd `those wounds are the five letters left by the nail marking Thy limbs', PBocht 8.19 .

Hence in plural art of writing : is accu sidhe ro hairicit litri artus, CCath. 1569 . intí na rofoglaind litri riam, Lat. Lives 44.26 . Note also: cairt do léagh gach éinfhile / a laoidhibh ┐ litreibh prose writings, O'R. Poems 1050. comórtus and so risin litir so tsuas, O'Gr. Cat. 330.12 (of hand-writing competition). le leitir loim shoileir an bhiobla with the clear unadorned text of the Bible, Luc. Fid. 326.10 . do réir na litreach `literally' (Gloss.), Beatha S. F. 878 .

In phrases, recht litre written (i.e. Christian) law: toairngertatur do nicfad berla ban bias .i. recht litre, Laws i 16.4 = in berla mban mbiaid, O'Curry 758 ( H 3.18, 358b ). More part. of law of Moses: doratad do Moysi acallaim in Chóimded gnuis do gnúis dia tarut recht littre dó, RC xii 432.z . Distinguished from recht aicnid of the Patriarchs and recht in spiruta nóim given by Christ, the Law and the Prophets : atat teora aimsera ann .i. aimser rechta aicnid, i rabatar uasal-athraig; ┐ aimser rechta litre i ra-batar fáide; ┐ aimser rechta in spiruta nóim, i tainic fén .i. Crist mac Dé, PH 3526 . recht litre i ra-batar fáithe, 5472 . Cf. ateoch frit huili thuicsinchu rechta litre im Moysi . . . rechta fatha im Eliam, Ir. Lit. 32.18 . See also 1 recht. aige rechta litre, perh. same as fer léiginn and suí litre (see below) i.e. cleric learned in Scripture and writing : ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop, ┐ aige rechta litre, ┐ suad filed, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ). aige rechta litre .i. don ogae 'ca mbid diriatai na litre . . . fer leiginn eclaisi rig tuath. Laws i 42.33 Comm . l.¤ domnaig dominical letter : fis na leitreach domnaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 290.27 . ag athrughadh an litir Domhnaigh do bhí ann .i. G ┐ ag ordughadh C 'na litir Domhnaigh go deireadh na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 10.2 , 3 . See domnach. suí litre perh. learned ecclesiastic : crochet do sai litri , IT iii 188.8 . Note also breth litre judgment according to the Law : dálais Moyse . . . bretha lánmaithe litre, Ériu iv 136.10 . fear na litri ón ló nach mar / na fichdi bó ní bronntar poet (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1913.

(c) letter, epistle, dispatch , freq. plural (cf. Lat. litterae): scriobhtar litre, ┐ scribhenna uadha go gaoidhelaibh, AFM vi 2000.27 . ro faided litri ┐ scribenna uad docom Antoin, CCath. 3294 . leithoir litreach, ZCP vi 284.6 . deascán . . . do leitreachaibh naoimhchléire Éireann is Sacsan go aroile, Keat. iii 42 . scríobh dhamhsa litreacha d'ionnsuidhe mo dhear-bhratharsi, Maguires of F. 21 . cur corustur legaiti ┐ letri leu i nErinn, Ann. Conn. 1245.5 . do chuir a' Gen. Eoghan litreacha na sithchana go C[aptin] Achadh in dá Charad, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.28 . In sg.: bá hed baoí isin litir, AFM vi 1930.22 . an trath cuirfidhthear petancia i. litir, chugad, ITS xxix 202.10 . scríbhinn na litre, Ezra iv 7 .

Of papal briefs: acht nach tangadur a litrecha o Roim chuige, AU iii 292.6 . Of letters patent: taisbéanuim mo phaiteinsi féin / . . . tar éis léaghta mo litreach dhóibh, TD 22.7 .

(d) In plural books, histories, literature : ni thalla i littrib na llaidib `poetic letters', RC xlvii 289.8 . Leg. of document proving ownership: litre la caid comarba im ard manach marb-dilsi, Laws v 498.3 ( litt-, SM Facs. 1a ). litre .i. in litir uasal bis ac na comarbaib, ac a faillsiugad a brite uadh, Laws v 498. 15 Comm . l.¤ re cach comarbus, MR 90.1 .

Compd.: ¤threoraid. see treóraid.

mór, már

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mór, már or dil.ie/32548
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: már, mór, mar, mór, moer, mōir, moer, moer, moir, móir, mou, moo, móa, m, mā, mou, mó, má, mote, móti, móite, móide, móitti, moam, moam, maam, maam, máam, moab, moum, mou, mó, má, moosom, moosoun, móir, moir, mór, mórmór, mórmó, mor, mór, māir, móir, mauru, m., mor, máam, mór, mórchatha, mór, mórmór, mórmó

adj o, ā. great . The form már is common in early texts; usual in Sg.; Wb. prefers mór (but: máar, Wb. 12d28 ; in mar , 18a5 a prima manu); in later Mid.Ir. mór prevails. g s m. moer occurs in AU up to 850 beside mōir: Lismoer, AU 591 , 745 , 759 , 832 , 850 ; Cluana moer , 778 ; Roiss moer , 839 . Equative. moir sleb[e] as great as mountains, Ml. 55d11 . Mid.Ir. móir. Compar. mou, Ml. 35c31 , 114b2 . LU 4850 ( TBC-I¹ 362 ). moo, Wb. 3c35 , Sg. 197a11 . móa, Wb. 21d9 . Mon. Tall. § 70 (moa). m, Wb. 6c8 , Ml. 51a2 (usual Mid.Ir. and later form). ni mā , O'Mulc. 257. With de: mou de the greater , Ml. 40c11 , 61c8 . mó de, Wb. 29c4 . má de, Sg. 2a7 . mote, SR 1535. Usual Mid.Ir. form móti, TBC-LL¹ 3303 ; móite, 3752 , later móide; móitti, BColm. 80.1 . Superl. as moam (gl. maxima), Ml. 109c4 , cf. 92c5 . moam, LU 1704. as maam , Ml. 99b5 . maam, LL 36a2 . in máam (gl. primum), Wb. 1c20 (a prima manu). moab, LU 7193 ( BDD 87 ). moum, IT i 144.20 . Later (is) mou, mó, má ( SR 7998 ). moosom, Auraic. 658 = moosoun, 3270 (YBL) is an artificial form. Stokes takes the follg. exx. as compar. and superl. respectively: nos-geib imecla móir ┐ ómon `greater terror', RC x 56.8 ( LU 1897 ). anba moir do na hécnib `the largest of the salmon', 60.3 ( LU 1920 ); prob. a mistake for mór in both cases.

Often doubled for sake of emphasis: mórmór very great , compar. mórmó (mómó).

I As adj.

(a) big, great , of size, quantity or extent, physical or moral: mor, gl. magnus, Ir. Gl. 663. mór, gl. magnum, 809 . mor .i. moo a iur .i. a feoil (i.e. corpulent), Corm. Y 909. bun cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). cruim már a big worm, Sg. 47b6 . deug m.¤ a great draught, Ml. 94c12 . iar lassair máir a great flame, 40c5 . gabais liic mair (móir LU), TBC-I¹ 889. tech mór, SCC 33. coirm tíre máir, IT i 133.1 ( LU 10857 ). immad már, FB 29. drong mor, PH 848. at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, CRR 6. na móra finna tall fair women, ZCP viii 113.4 . amal as már a galar, Ml. 40b9 , cf. 56b26 . i ndigaid flechud mór after great rains, 81c3 . it móra mo chinaid, Fél. Ep. 387. do ghabh aga imdheargadh do bhriathruibh móra blustering (?), Comp. CC 127.27 . amser már a long time, LL 125b49 . céin móir a great while , IT i 73.14 . fri cíana móir, LU 3289 = SCC 8 (where we should expect: móra). etir bec ┐ m.¤ both small and great, Ml. 114b17 . cid bec cid már (gl. quantitas), Sg. 28b7 . immar fa bec whether it be great or small, 73a16 . o bicc co mor, PH 4333. mór ní a great thing, in Glosses used adverbially = greatly: hóre ron-soír-ni . . . mór ní bes n-adblamu foir ar soírad much readier will he be to save us (lit. will our salvation be on him), Wb. 2d14 . cia fíu .i. mór ní (gl. quam), Ml. 146d1 , cf. 17b13 . gl. quanto, 80a5 . mor .i. maith, ut est . . . cen marca mára, O'Dav. 1237 seems due to misunderstanding of the quotation.

Common in geographical names, e.g. Lismór. ardespuc na hAlaxandrech Moire Alexandria, PH 28. comthinol na hAssia Moire, 6 , cf. 199 , 2529 (in all cases of Asia Minor, as distinct from the Roman province of Proconsular Asia = Asia Bec).

Equative. ba móir choire ndarta cechtar a nda odbrand as big as, LL 252b25 . combo móir béolu midchuaich, LU 4882 = mor, TBC-I¹ 395 YBL. LL 290a41 : ní mórithir, transld. `not so great' by Stokes, RC xiii 452.1 , 'not so many', CMMucr. 50 § 40 , we should prob. read with SG 314 y : mór itir; similarly in LL 124b48 (see Hull, Speculum xiii, 58. n. 15 ). Compar. nícon robae ni bed mó nothing could be greater, Ml. 51a2 . amail nach moa soillsi na grene don oenfer indas don sochaidhe, Mon. Tall. 70. fiche bó no [= ná] conglann con | ni mo ar Domnall (= it is as easy for D. to give twenty cows as a couple of hounds), Irish Texts ii 5 § 34. Folld. by dat. of second member of comparison: as mou cech fortacht greater than any help, Ml. 114b17 . ba mó amru arailiu greater than any other wonder, Hy. v 40. mó cech delmaimm, Fél. Ep. 127. compert Iohain . . . as mó scélaib, ib. Sep. 24. fodaim guin, ni mou gabail he is not above capture, TBC-I¹ 362. ba mou epert greater than can be told, LL 49b13 = Hail Brigit § 2. moo turim an ro boí do sciathaib and beyond counting , Ériu iv 28.12 . moo cacha doeinib a ndelbha, ii 130 § 103 . tomus tighe . . . mo secht traigid mo secht cēt above seven feet, above seven hundred, ZCP viii 108.16 . ba moo lē cech lōg Labraid she thought L. greater than any reward, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9. In follg. exx. the superl. is used for compar.: forbrid a mēd comba moam oltas Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2687. is moum .iii. bliadna, IT iii 144.20 = is mó nā teora bliadna, ZCP v 501.33 . With de: robu mou de int erchot (= magis nocuit), Ml. 61c8 . mad i n-agaidh . . . forruimther ind athais, is moide a heraic the greater is the fine, Corm. Y 975 (p. 84) . moitti fochraic cech duine the greater is the reward, BColm. 80.1 . gebis 'n-a láim . . . ba móite leis a menma, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.98 . ní moidi let do menma mo scela-sa do clos thy spirits will be none the greater for hearing my story, ZCP vi 64.22 . fán dá mhac so is móide ar gcás our distress is the greater, Keat. Poems 1113. Superl. a llotár is tech bá moam dib, LU 1704 = RC ix 476. in gním is mó dorónad i talmain, PH 2925. is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, 4500 . ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith a n-as mo dhe only a time and a half at most (lit. what is greatest of it), Auraic. 1350. coic litri and a n-as mo de five letters at most, 1455 = a n-us moam de, 4497 . Folld. by a defining subst.: cid as mó miscais lat? what do you most dislike? IT i 81.18 . briathar is mó gen ┐ tarcassul ro ráided the most derisive and contemptuous words, TBC-LL¹ 1616.

(b) great = mighty, famous , etc. (a use hardly evident in Glosses, but common in literature): Dē māir , Hy. ii 9 (v s m.). a Dé móir ! Fél. Ep. 312. féil Choluimb . . . in máir maccu-Artae `the great descendant of A.', ib. June 7 . cit móir ríg in domain though great are the world's kings, ib. Prolegomena 149. fāid mor amal Moysi, PH 2267. in tulach a téigdís máir whither chieftains used to go, Metr. Dinds. i 4.26 . congbad máru `let him restrain the great', Tec. Corm. § 2.4 . loṅgais māru Muiredach M. banished the mighty, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18.5 = mauru, LL 313b46 . ba mar 'san aimsir fil sund antí Ruadhan, ba móa 'san aimsir fil gan toidecht, BNnÉ 328 § 59.

II As subst. o, n. and later m. a great amount, a great deal (many), folld. by partitive gen. or DE: ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . a mmór den gantuari the large diet of coarse food, Mon. Tall. § 63. ferr óenfer dont slóg do dul | indá in mor do mudugud to destroy the whole, SR 6984. m.¤ fína much wine, SCC 11. m.¤ ṅdubai, Fél. Ep. 377 (n s.). ro chésas-[s]a . . . mormor ṅdocair, PH 3268. mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28.14 (n s.). fofera m.¤ n-uilcc sund, ZCP xi 85 § 38. is cían do thír, már do muir eturru is Imlech Ibair much sea between it and I., viii 327.36 . m.¤ do chách `much of the world', PBocht 23 § 41. Folld. by pl.: mor fer many men, SCC 44. fail ann m.¤ do rigsrothaib, fail ann m.¤ ṁbíle ṁbroga, SR 504 , 505 . mór cath, Irish Texts ii 36 § 6 . is m.¤ lá tánac-sa many a day, Comp. CC 97.2 . mor mbliadan, CCath. 1052. mor n-uair very often , Rosa Angl. 26.13 . m.¤ n-ughdar, Content. v 43. tógbháil móir bhfiadhan `to claim many witnesses', xviii 23 . m.¤ do mílib fichet many thousand scores, ZCP viii 327.35 . Similarly compar.: adfesar duib in mó I will tell you more, Trip. 222.6 . antí dia mba hail ni bus mó dibh who desires more of them, RC xxv 400.5 . duine is mo doberad d'etach ┐ d'innmus . . . i nErind who bestowed most raiment and wealth, RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). rí is mo ro dall . . . do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2.

III As adv., greatly, to a great extent . in mór, gl. prope modum, Ml. 42b25 . gl. aliquanto, BCr. 33d8 ( Thes. ii 23.25 ). in már, gl. magnopere, Thes. i 6.9 . in mar, gl. supra modum, Wb. 18a5 (a prima manu). gl. adeo, Sg. 39a25 . Superl. in máam , gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . With co: co mmór, Ml. 38c12 , 61b17 . is follus co m.¤ , FA 33. feraid A. fǽlti friss co m.¤ , FB 62. mórán do lucht . . . ┐ go mórmhór na n-ógán especially , TSh. 10359. Absolute (generally with cop.): agait m.¤ a maccáin `greatly play his children', Fél. Sep. 4. is m.¤ moltar side, PH 5616. conid mor dlegaitt dammain forru greatly deserve condemnation, 6998 . Compar. cid mor dliges cech sollamain a herdach . . is in mormo dliges in sollamain-si though all feasts fully deserve their celebration, much more does this festival, PH 3605. is in mormo is coru . . . a choíned far more is it fitting . . . to bewail him, 3369 . cidh mór ro nert cách insin [leg. is in ?] mórmó ro nert Hechtoir much more he encouraged H., TTr.² 311. is mórmó is córa duit cathugud calma, CCath. 555. mó as teann a neartchuaine anos the stronger now are his powerful bands, Content. xxix 33. With de: acht co torchror-sa . . . mote dogentar . . . frit ó do Dia trocaire the more will mercy be shown thee, SR 1535. bid moti bas trēn mo scél, LU 9901 ( PRIA iii 536 § 18 ). is moti no chuired for na mathib int olc fogebtís in maith ra-mor boi accu remi the wealthy felt the evil they were receiving all the more for the superabundant affluence they had hitherto enjoyed, LB 154b8 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam that they are the better heeded for their much speaking, PH 7840. atbert M. a n-anmanda friu ┐ ni móti foretatar som sin (= they were none the wiser for it), 1063 . móide is gránna gráin a ngníomha, | Gaedhil féin . . . | d'imirt an fheill the hatefulness of their deed is all the greater inasmuch as it is the Gaels themselves who practise treachery, Keat. Poems 1197. mó sa mó more and more: mo sa mo ro cumscaigit iat, PH 128. ar gach ló as mó sa mhó fhuilghim d'olc, BS 118 z . cech doimne no roisidh an t-adhnacul ba mó sa mó no geibthi an fuil the deeper the grave reached, the more blood was found, ZCP viii 560.22 . Of time in neg. sent.: na ticfa . . . ní bas mó that you will not come any more, TBC-LL¹ 4668. na labra ní bus mó any longer, PH 788. ná déantar leat éagnach níos mó, Keat. Poems 299. Superl. ni bo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún what we have been most accustomed to, SCC 14. duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib who is the greatest enemy of Ulster, CRR 18. étach is mou no thechtad immbe the clothing he mostly wore, PH 873. an fer . . . is moam rot-c[h]ar who loved thee most, ZCP x 47.11 . conith fobithin is moam bertir anmain in cheneli doine dochum n-iphirnn, Ériu vii 152.19 . teora gua ata moam da-fich Dia which God punishes most, Laws iv 52.24 . it e ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna it is they who drink most abundantly, PH 6238.

IV Idiomatic uses (adj. and adv.).

(a) ní m.¤ dom it is not (too) much for me, I require, I ought to (have, do): [ní] m.¤ duib cia chomallaide . . . it is no great thing for you to fulfil, Ml. 95c3 (gl. non mirum [est si . . .]). cairemain . . . ní m.¤ ṅdemon remor n-imda doib, LL 29b40 (of rations assigned to various classes in the Tech Midchuarta).

(b) is m.¤ limm

(a) I think it much, excessive: is mor leisim in mile cemenn he makes much of going the thousand paces, Mon. Tall. § 71. ba m.¤ leo do thír aurland Temrach `the demesne of Tara seemed excessive to them', Ériu iv 124.5 . masa mhor leo-samh if they deem it too much, Laws iv 218.26 . ba mor, ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul as in baile, ZCP xiii 26.3 . cibé lé n-ab m.¤ a n-abraim riu whoever thinks I say too much, Keat. i 76.45 . Compar. iarmoracht Maoldithruib . . . dus imbad lór cáocai do gabail . . . Asrubart Máolrúoin ni bu móo dan (leg. dano?) lais a rrobuí isind tsaltir n-uli that he did not consider it greater labour to recite the contents of the whole psalter (than only fifty) (?), Mon. Tall. § 16.

(b) I think much of, esteem, value, etc.: (compar.) is mó lium so d'[fh]águail oldás mor d'innmas I had rather get this, PH 7207. is momo lem and chena nidat bunad Gædelge acht is bunad ceilli I much prefer (to believe) that [grammatical genders ] are not based on the Gaelic language but on sense (?), Auraic. 1461. iss ed is moam lem ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil I had liefest believe . . . that they are based on sex, 4571 .

(c) is m.¤ ocum I think much (highly) of: ni he iarraidh in tṡaidhbriosa as mor ag Dia it is not seeking wealth that pleases God Ériu v 130.44 . gidh m.¤ agaibh a n-iomus though you rate their learning highly, Content. x 26.

(d) nach mór (in Glosses) `that is not great' follg. a neg. sent. (or virtual negative) = very little, hardly at all: huare nad tarbas a morchumachtae ṡom hisuidiu nach m.¤ , Ml. 64d13 (`his great power was not shown herein to any extent', Thes.), cf. 65d16 . cen immormus nach m.¤ almost without sin, Wb. 11d5 . With an affirm. sent. = almost: foraccaib laiss mind ali .i. cosmailius cometa libair Johain nád mór almost the likeness of (i.e. a copy of) the case of the book of John, Trip. 86.9 .

(e) ní mór, folld. by dependent clause in apposition or introduced by má, co, it is not much that (if) . . . = scarcely, hardly: ní m.¤ foracbus . . . coicfher nā rom-giall I left scarcely five men that did not do me homage, LL 147a44 ( PRIA iii 550 § 37 ). ni m.¤ conánic Príaim a ḟrecra P. could hardly answer, TTr.² 747. nach m.¤ do hairigheadh orra . . . doimheanma hardly any dejection . . . was to be seen in them, PBocht 111 § 10. dorala ni ingantach . . . ┐ ni mor masa incretmi he it is hardly credible, LB 152b16 . ní m.¤ ma doerna scéola[ng] indisen scél hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ní m.¤ ma ra ḟácaib comét intib (= hardly any one was left to guard them), LL 232a42 = ní m.¤ forácaib, TTr.² 612. ní m.¤ má ro proinnighsiot they had hardly finished their meal, AFM vi 2288.22 . ní m.¤ gurab lia ceann aca ioná creideamh they have hardly more heads than creeds, Eochairsg. 4.1 . ní m.¤ go dtaithneann re lán, mar adeirthi . . . id dhán many folk are scarcely pleased with (would hardly admit) the statement in your poem, Content. vi 205 . nír m.¤ gur bhean sé fai annsa bhaile he had scarcely taken up his quarters, AU iii 390.19 .

(f) ní mór, folld. by neg. clause, almost: ni mor nach rapsat a gconntabairt they were nearly in danger, Fl. Earls 12.23 . ní m.¤ nach roibhe gne imfhaitchis ar dhroing aca, 30.27 . ní m.¤ nat fáccbad . . . 'na hén-tuinn fhiataile almost (the whole tract) was left a waste of weeds, AFM v 1784.2 . ni m.¤ nach raibh mé ann gach uile olc I was almost in all evil, Proverbs v 14. muna bhfóiridh ceárd na n-áirdreann pobal críoch gCuirc . . . ní m.¤ nár bh'fhearr gan cháirde a bhfoscain-díoghlaim it were almost better to scatter them without delay, Keat. Poems 59. nír mhór nar fhuil dearg a dēar, PBocht 62 § 17. A different idiom is found in ZCP xii 389.14 : is mōr nā marbhtha íad it is much that they were not killed, i.e. they were almost killed.

(g) ní mó, introducing an additional statement after a neg. sent., not more = nor . . . either: ni lemaind labra . . . ┐ ni mo no lémad cid mo aircindech nor would my chief himself dare either, PH 2063. ni tualaing nech mo marbad . . . ni mo as tualaing m'anacal no one can kill me . . . as little can I be saved, ZCP vii 302.29 . ní hindderb lium tocht a criaidh, ní mo is ro-derbh linn ga huair (= as sure as I am that I must die, so little do I know at what time), 301 § 9 . níor éar Niall duine fa ghleo, ní mó éarfas N. never refused a fight, nor will he, Content. ii 42. níor mheasais . . . m'áireamh, . . . ní mó as éidir leat a mheas, xiv 52 .

(h) ní mó iná . . . not more than, only: ní mó nó mo chuid-si . . . millfighther only my portion, Comp. CC 77.6 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). ni mo ina le fulang Dé donither na huilc only by God's sufferance, Luc. Fid. 36.21 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht leó an tan . . . they had only just managed to get away, AFM v 1780 z .

Compds.

(a) mór is commonly prefixed to subst. instead of following it; in later heroic lit. such compds. are very frequent, being often used for alliterative purposes. The follg. are a few exx.: (from Glosses) máarbríg, Wb. 12d28 . mordechur a great difference, Ml. 26b1 . morthomas, gl. tantum pondus, 33c17 . in mórindrid (tantae vastationis), 66c19 . With superl.: ised as maamserc la tuistidi . . . primiti a clainde it is the first-fruits of their children that parents most love, 99b5 . ¤ chaindel, perh. = rígchaindel a large candle burnt in the presence of king or chief: is lór iomorro do shoillse isin tigh sin uile gion go [m]be[a]th ann mūirlēas mórchoinnle 'there is enough light in the house, even though there is no great light from a royal candle', BDC 256.544​ . mór-chath a great battle , SR 6492 ( ¤chad). pl. mórchatha , ZCP xi 81 § 11. ¤chin great guilt, a great crime , SR 6872. ¤chuirm strong ale , Ériu iv 106.9 . ¤gein a great birth (child, scion): do imgabail in morgene (mórgeine LU), TBC-I¹ 240. ¤margad, gl. nundinae, Ir. Gl. 327. ¤rí: linais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrig ārchoin N. fed with hosts every war-dog of a great king, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 (= gach marrigh, LL 387a27 ). trī maicc, trī mārrīg, ib. 2. ¤thimchell a great circuit ; freq. as adv. (absolute or with i n-) all round, about: batar for essama céin móir m., IT i 73.14 . focheird in circul m[b]odba mórthimchull cethri n-ollchóiced nErend, TBC-I¹ 1990. tri cressa i n-a m., FA 8. gan easbaidh . . . d'ar maithib ad mhóirthimcheall, ML 112.32 . ¤thinól: co cualatar in rí do beith mortinol ic Ath Luain with a great gathering (muster), RC xviii 45.27 (Tig.). With npr.: mac moir-Nēill, Irish Texts ii 7 § 6.

Occas. the subst. is modified in meaning by mór, forming a stable compd., e.g. mórchásc = in cásc m.¤ great Easter (distinguished from minchásc s.v. 1 min): do chaithem na morchasc, RC xxviii 322 § 49. See also mórdál, —menma, —sesser.

Follg. a subst. mór retains its adjectival character, being qualified in meaning, e.g. cennmór big-headed , clannmór prolific , SR 6802 ; such compds. will be found under first component.

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense modifying second adj. = very , often merely for sake of alliteration; occas. perhaps forming a dwanda-compd. ¤álaind: (superl.) ingen is mór-ailliu ro boí i nhErinn, IT i 71.8 . banscál is mor-aldom ro buí i nhEre, ZCP viii 310.1 . fled mórchain, RC xiv 412 § 24. dá manaís móirleabra big and long (? very long), Acall. 232. munter mormas, Anecd. i 59 § 79. mórmór very great , mórmó much greater (see above).

Often in adj. formed from subst.: rind Mairt morcathaigh the great battler , CCath. 1031. lucht . . . mórchodaltacha sluggards , Corp. Astron. 92.15 . morcuitech having a large share, Laws iii 462.20 . morghalach very valiant , Ériu v 152. 121 . morghlonnach of mighty deeds , RC xxix 118 § 17. mor-moltach deserving much praise , ZCP x 341.15 . snam mara mórthonnaig great-billowed , MR 172.18 . crann mor-ublach bearing great (? many) apples , Irish Texts ii 10 § 31.

(c) rarely with vbs. in adverbial sense (chiefly to secure alliteration): mármoigid eclais ennce 'innocence magnifies a church', CB 34 § 39 . do milledh ┐ do morairgedh mo tigerntus, ZCP vi 77.3 . ro muradh ┐ ro morchlaidhed . . . an port, AFM vi 2022.2 . ro mórmolsat an Coimde, BNnÉ 24 § 7. ro mid ┐ ro mordēch uadh, CCath. 4752. midheas ┐ móirḟéachas iad, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 22. So too in vn.: do midem ┐ do mórdescain bar in slúag, CRR 25. ac mordechsain na mara, Acall. 3211. do mhidemhain ┐ do moirdhechain, AFM vi 2256.22 . do mhóirdhegadh an tíre, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42 a) .

ogae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ogae or dil.ie/33564

 

n m. used in Laws Comm. to explain the term ágae or 2 áige (fine) = the head (of a `fine' or family group); by Atkinson equated with that word. aige cacha fine .i. an t-ogae bis dia fine, Laws v 366.6 . in t-oghai bis don fine, iv 208 x . gell n-aige fine .i. gell doberar tar cenn in ogae bis don finecaire, v 242.4 . aige rechta litre .i. don ogae 'ca mbid diriatai na litri `the chief professor', i 42.33 .

saídecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saídecht or dil.ie/35938
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [ā, f.] (suí, cf. suíthe) skill, mastery, accomplishment (in an art or craft). imas .i. saidecht, Stowe Gl. § 433 , Lec. Gl. § 364 . sáoidheachd, IGT Decl. § 26 . cin co roibh saidhecht aice, O'Dav. 1255 . estidh in sluagh re saidhecht, 1071 . ellach sūithi srūaim nordan .i. ellgid sē sāidhecht do neoch .i. dofaircenn imat toicthi, Anecd. v 26 n. 7 . ollam ag a mbia saidecht na sairsi `mastery of the building art', Laws v 92.24 Comm . sai .i. in ti ac ata saidecht na litri , 102.8 Comm . fuair Mac S. dá suidheacht, | fuair Cathal dá cerduighecht | . . . | a ceangladh dór, Manners and Customs iii 258 . maighister og saidhechta, AU ii 534.13 . senchaidh saighechta `an erudite historian', 556.2 . D. . . . in sartuisech saidecht a n-enech, Ann. Conn. 1384.11 = in sár taiseach, sai an eneach, ALC ii 58.2 . rángadar a saoidheacht slán (of Tuatha Dé Danann), Keat. i 208.z . C. Mac A. saor-ghlan saoidheachta, Keat. Poems 1539 .

sechnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechnaid or dil.ie/36776

 

Forms: sechón-

v ā (sechna) fut. stem sechón-.

Trans. (a) avoids, evades, abstains from, omits, neglects to: saith sechnais beoil, LU 914 ( ACC 73 ) = sechrais, RC xx 262 § 73 (sechnus, v.l.) (`he shunned his mouth's sufficiency'). not sechnaimsea (sic MS.) a ben amal sechnas cách a chárait I avoid (striking) thee, LU 3897 ( SCC 41 , rhetoric). derb ro sechnus drem na llethríg ciabtar lānfir `I have omitted', Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 = LL 182a17 . sechain in fid fann | na loisc in call caem, SG 245.27 . nach forcraid no sechna do dīles praind . . . tabair . . . do bochtaib that you abstain from of your due allowance, ZCP iii 30.1 . dosechain B. in builli `avoided the blow', vi 294.8 . boi oireacht ar a chenn gur ró ṡeachnattar é, TBC-LL¹ p. 907 n. 3 . na seachain an cath, ML 102.22 . seachnaidh bhar dtuargain, 34.3 = sguiridh bar tuarcuin, ML² 433 . sechain . . . beth ic fédmandus do'n diabul, PH 7709 . da sechnait a n-adhlacadh im' ecclais if they give up being buried, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . trí fódain nac[h] sechainter . . . fód a gheine . . ., 236 § 159 . díomus fá sechóntái féin biad, SG 40.29 . a chur . . . ar sligid nach seithénadh ┐ a marbad, TTebe 893 (sechenudh, v.l.). atá ag an óigh iúl na sligheadh | dá seachna an Coimdhe cur linn, DDána 30.10 . mairg ler seachnadh saidhbhreas grás | ar threibh bhoicht i mbí dólás, 35.9 . Seith rer seachnadh móid by whom anger was avoided (?), 41.16 . seachnaidh súil ní nách faiceann, Dánta Gr. 84.1 . noch seachnaid anos ar litribh tīre ele which they now avoid in favour of . . ., Celtica i 97.292 . secnaidh annsin eclipsis da tuismeadh `it avoids producing an eclipse', Ir. Astr. Tr. 100.12 . seachaintear na tortha annsan fhodmur, RSláinte 4736 . ní sechnaid ben ar doman acht a máthair nó a ndeirbsiúr, Maund. 214 . nír sheachain ní budh ní dheit `he shirked naught of service to Thee', PBocht 20.6 . mairg fuair go seachónadh sibh | ar choicéadaibh chuain Ṡligigh | . . . | sein Teamhraigh `alas if anyone found that for the cocket of Sligo Bay thou wouldst abandon ancient Tara', TD 1.51 . dul isteach dá seachnadh sinn `if I fail to enter', A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 15 . na hoibrecha . . . tré sechóntá na pianta-sa, Mac Aingil 331.3 . seachnaim aoibhneas, bím ar nuall-ghol, Keat. Poems 1427 . do thaobh an bhídh do sheachnamuid-ne `the meats we abstain from', Donlevy 118.y .

(b) guards, shields (against, ar); withholds (from, FOR, later AR): doṡeachain é féin aran mbuille sin, Ériu v 180.317 . seachain mo ghnúis ar bhaos ban, DDána 22.19 . sechnam go maith é ar éigin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 44.20 . seachnaidh sibh fein ar ghenntlighecht na muintire ut, Smaointe B. Chr. 2749 . sechnaidh ar imresan ┐ ar drochaislingib é, Maund. 139 . ? To this: tíagsa for cath coí | mór bas bath dom ré | ar cach lá i tú i crí | nad sechna tol Dé that the will of God does not guard it (?), LU 9958 . Sīl Sogain ar nār seachnadh against whom no protection availed (?), ZCP viii 226 § 16 . nach fogain in áine in uair shechaintear biad fort fasting profits not when food is withheld from thee, SG 40.27 . do seachnadh orra an t-iul gnáth, PBocht 26.7 . ? To this: sets apart, distinguishes (from, DI): it iat na hocht litri sechnait in Gaidilc dona haipgitrib aile, Auraic. 4014 .

(c) yields, gives way (to, do): nách n-aidche aile bas áil dúib . . . roborficba ┐ sechnaid innocht duind yield this night (reading in nocht) to us (?), LU 6834 (BDD). rosechain diuice na P. in cathlathair do Sir H., ZCP vi 41.27 . Mac Raghnailte . . . | gabhais fearg an bhflaithfhéinnidh | mar nar seachnadh uaim don fhior | cluain a eachradh nó a áirgheadh, DDána 82.10 . an tan teaguimh connsuine édtrom a ndíaigh shínidh ghirr re huchd connsuine ghairbh no .s. as éidir a bheith gearr no a chur go síneadh mheadhónach, muna sheachantur do dhá phríomhlochd na Gáoidheilge é, mur atá neimhtheachd céille no seirbhe ráidh, IGT Introd. § 145 . fear nach seachnann bealach do shluaghaibh, Keat. Poems 1443 .

(d) With prep. sech, goes past (?): seachnadh seach ifreann ngarbh ngrod | go port na n-apstal, ZCP vi 270 § 15 .

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne, Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .

Load More Results